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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1360. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
REPORTED DEFEAT OF THE FEV8
S1ANS ENDES F Ely CE CHARLES.
EPERNAY EVACUATED BY THE FRENCH.
VIGOROUS STEPS TO SAVE PARIS
SUBSTANTIAL SYMPATHY FROM
D JJ BL IN.
WHERE BAZAINE AND MCMAHON ARE.
_> -.?. :-.
Iratest Crom Berlin.
BERLIN, August 25.
Tue Prussian Moniteur says the King's head
quarters are at Bar le Due. The headquart?
ers of the first and second annies is near Metz.
The other corps continued Its march against
Th? Latest from Paris.
PARIS, August 25-9 A.. M.
The Figaro has Just issued the following
"A person who arrived in Paris at eight
o'clock to-night, coming from Epernay, re?
ports that he heard in the city that the Prus?
sians were defeated to-day between Verdun
and Chalons. Groups of Prussian stragglers,
cavalry and infantry, were continually coming
"The combiit commenced at 3 in the morning,
and the news reached Chalons and Epernay at
3 in the afternoon. Nothing definite as to the
numbers engaged. It was rumored that the
entire anny or* Prince Charles was in the fight."
An order wits given to evacuate Epernay to?
morrow. The trains going east, from Paris to
Epernay, are stopped at Chateau Thierry,
which is now i;he terminus of the line.
The animals in the Zoological garden have
been removed. A pan were retained in the
dry, and a part sent to Belgium.
More Prussian spleB have been arrested,
taking a pian of the works on the banks of
the Seine. ?fters were arrested here, and
SOD& with the troops ot McMahon.
A remittance for the wounded has been re?
ceived from Dublin. The Empress, in ac?
knowledging the contribution, says: " This
offering to the wounded French ls received
with gratitude; the generous sentiment which
Inspired the act, and your wishes for the suc?
cess of our arms and the happiness of the Im?
perial family, have proloundly touched his
The Prussian troops closely surround Stras
bourg, yet the government treasurer managed
to escape with .weive million francs.
The Opinion Nationale sr 71 that to all who
think more ol. tuny other thing than of driving
the Prussians i rom* the soil of Franco, it re?
commends the pera Bal of the following pas?
sage from the published Prussian plan of at?
tack: "Paris will never be oars unless that
owing to political circumstances or moral rea
sons which will oblige the defenders to open
to us its gates." Political circumstances, says
the '-Opinion," mean revolution, and moral
reasons mean treachery.
A council ol ministers was in session hali of
to-day, and it was ordered by the committee
of defence that on the approach of the ene?
my, the crops in the environs hf Paris must be
destroyed. Great haste 1B urged on the farm?
ers to store their produce before the enemy
The Sa m of all tile News.
PARIS, August 25.
Th<y ournal Officiel says the sum of all the
news' received at the Ministry, is that the
Prussians push t jeir reconnoissanoes even into
the town of Chalons, and that the northern
arrondissement -of Vessay has been occupied
by the Prussiami. An order has been given,
to oppose the Prussian march by every obsta?
cle which the patriotism of the people can
McMahon and Bazaine.
RHEIMS, August 25.
It is supposed that McMahon and Bazaine have
effected a junction, and support?e by the qua?
drilateral, composed of the fortresses of Mont
medy, Verdun, Thionville and Metz, would
await attack. No important engagements are
expected for two days.
PARIS, August 25.
The-Belgian minister contradicts the state?
ment that the Belgian Government permitted
Jhe, passaga ol Prussian wounded through
TILE JUBILEE IN BORTH CAROLINA.
RALEIGH, August 25.
The treasurer and paymaster have been en?
joined from paying Holden's soldiers by Judge
Josiah Turner, editor of the Sentinel, Judge
Kerr, S. P. HIM and others, prisoners recently
released, were received thissMfcmoon at the
North Carolina Railroad depot by an immense
Concore of citizens. The procession, which
was composed of mounted men, and carriages
decorated with flowers, marched through the
principals streets, amid the wildest plaud?
its. The ladies waived their handkerchiefs.
The procession halted before the court?
house, and speeches were made. During the
speech bf Robbimi, three cheers were given by
the ex-Confederates for the American flag.
On the arrival of the train a national salute
was fired in honor of the prisoners, Tudge
Brooks, and habeas corpus. A large number
of colored persons participated in the ovation.
The nest order prevailed throughout, all the
speakers counselling moderation and concilia?
THE CAUSE OF CUBA.
NEW YORK,August 25.
" Nicolas Ozacrate, special envoy from the
Spanish Government, is here to consult with
the Cuban leaders upon terms of peace. It is
not yet certain whether tho consultation will
take place here or in Havana.
THE O OLH> MAJtKBT.
NEW YORE, August 25.
In tLe Gold Room to-day 1 here was renewed
excitement. Gold opened at 18, declined to
16J, rallied to 17, then declined }. The deal?
ings were heavy a t the various fluctuations.
Quiet during the afternoon to the close. Unit?
ed States bonds ll.}.
WASHINGTON, August 25.
The customs for the week ending the 20th
instant were four and a half millions.
Kennis 4 Co.'s distillery, at San Francisco,
has been seized. The seizure aggregat es six?
Porter succeeds Farragut as Admiral.
THE CHILD STEALEE8.
NEW ORLEANS, August 26.
Louisa Murray, as principal, and Ellen Fol?
l?n, as accessory, were to-day sent before the
Griminal Court, charged with kidnapping the
Digby child. Bail, $5000 eacb.
AFFAIRS IN COLUMBIA.
A Radical .Meeting-Why the White*
are not Armed-Scot t on the Wa r
Path-The "Worm" In Lexington.
[FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT]
COLUMBIA, Augnst 25.
Elliott spoke nearly two boui'B last night at
the Radical meeting. He took thc opportunity
of replying to Judge Carpenter's arguments.
Honored General Butler; honored General
Kershaw, and would honor them more if they
were in the Republican party. He went com?
pletely back on Whitemore, and, like St. Peter,
denied his master. Took up the Militia bill for
Scott's justification, and said that the militia
was organized throughout tbe State under his
supervision; that every maa so enrolled was
entitled to his musket, bnt that it would not
do to put arms in the hands of any bnt loyal
citizens, who would not. nee them against the
government-the same old meaning. He
wound np at last by saying he would vote the
whole Radical ticket, not because they were
the right men, but because they were the reg?
ular nominees of the convention. He would
vote for Colonel Nash, not because hs tras
Colonel Nash, but because he was the regular
nominee, and exhorted his hearers to go and
do likewise. Purvis, Wieg and Elliott, all
concluded in the same strain; each of them
throwing a Blom, at the bolters, but they
are stauding firm, many sayinc that they will
not be controlled in their ballots, even during
There is to be a large meeting at Walhalla to?
morrow. Scott, Worthington, Elliott, and Pur?
vis left for that place this morning; nome of
our speakers have gone too.
Oar town was enlivened this evening by a
runaway. Mr. 8ulzbacber and friend were
driving down Main street, when the horse be?
came unmanageable and ranawav, tht owing
the occupants out and cutting Mr. Sulz oacher
severely on the head. The buggy was badly
The crops are looking fine-some colton so
heavy with bolls as to bend to the ground.
Unfortunately the worm his made its appear?
ance in Lexington and in this county, but baa
not touched the cotton yet. The grass in the
cotton fields is full of them, and it is feared as
soon au that is eaten ont. they will attack
the plant. j _ _ _ LARA.
WAXER FOR COLUMBIA.
The Contract with Senator Sprague.
The Columbia Guardian prints the following
comments upon the contract which has been
executed by and between the city council and
Mr. Pearce, agent or trustee for Mr. Spragne,
of Rhode Island, relative to the waterworks
of the City of Columbia. It Bays:
As will be seen, the city obligates Itself to
pay the sum of $10,000 per annum, for twenty
years, and Mr. Sprague is to establish new
machinery, suction pipes, &c. The members
oi the city council are men with whom we are
politically antagonistic, and we would for that
reason desire to refrain from criticising unfa?
vorably any action ol theirs, not palpably inju?
rious to the interests of the people. In this
Instance we feel constrained to enter, for the
taxpayers of the city, a most earnest protest.
Our objections are:
First. That such a contract is unneces?
Second. That the price paid is exorbitant.
Third. That the whole scheme was kept se?
cret until consummated.
The contract ls unnecessary irom the simple
fact that we already have water works, and
the supply of water ls sufficient for present
uses, and its quality unexceptionable. This,
we think, cannot be disputed.
Secondly, as to the sum contracted to be
paid. We learn from former members and
clerks of the Council that the cost of supplying
the city with water was never more than from
$6000 to $8000 per annum. It ls proposed to
pay Mr. Sprague $16,000-an Increase of from
$8000 to $10,000. This will, ol course, raise the
water tax proportionally, which would be
about 250 per cent. Our people are now groan?
ing under a heavy burden of taxation and
stringency of the times, and regard this addi?
tional amount a gross Imposition.
, In the third place, the scheme has
been kept secret. The taxpayers have not
been given an opportunity of expressing their
opinions nor other contractors a chance lo
compete for the work.
There ls another feature, too, In ?,he agree?
ment which strikes us as unjust to the city,
and throws an air of suspicion upon the whole
transaction. We refer to the enormous penal?
ty placed upon the city upon failure to fulfil
her portion of the contract, which may possi?
bly happen-certainly can be made very easi?
ly to happen. The consequence would be that
our entire community would be left to the
tender mercies of a single individual for their
supplies of water, and the tax would be raised
to the highest possible point that the people
would suffer themselves to pay.
The sophistical argument of thc Scott Ring
in attempting to justify the increase ot the
public offices and of public taxation, that there
are-now a larger number ot citizens to govern,
will not hold In this case. A slave can drink
as much water as a freeman. We had hoped
for better things, but we must confess that
this Sprague contract smacks too much ol' the
phosphate, gold, and other fraudulent acts of
the recent Legislature.
WHAT HARD WORK WILL DO-AN
A coi respondent of the Columbia Pbceaix
"There is life in the old land yet." That
this is BO, the following facts wdl demonstrate :
Last Jauuarv Rev. L. C. Chappell bought a
small tract o? Und in tho upper part of Rich?
land, known as the ." Centre Place." it was a
poor, worn-out place, and had long beeD
abandoned as unfit for cultivation. It bad
grown up in cid fi aid pines, broomeedgd and
rinrs. It was as bard a looking case as oae
could find in a mom h's travel. Mr. Chappell
and bis three sons, only one ofwhou is grown,
went to work, cleared, fenced and ditched fifty
acres and planted them iu corn, cotton, sor
ghnm and potatoes. He had uo labor beside
that of himself and three eons. Yesterday we
saw his crop and are satisfied he will make
twenty bales co ton welshing 400 pounds each,
400 bushels corn, 123 calions sorghum, besides
potatoes, peas, &c. Besides thia, be harvest?
ed about 400 bushels of wheat and oats, which
be bad sown on an adjoining place. See. Mr.
Editor, what well-directed industry can do on
the poorest, worn-out lend in South Carolina.
Settle np tbe State with sensible working
farmers like Mr. Chappell und his boys, and
she will live. To Northern and European small
farmers we would say, "Come on, here's the
place to get your money back. "
-The navy ot North Germany has but one
admiral, Prince Adelbert of Prussia, whose
pay ls $3350 per year, besides $1750 for "table
money." The vice-admiral gets $3200, and
each of the two rear-admirals $2350. A British
admiral gets $8850, besides $7950 for table
money. The difference of economy in the two
navios is nu ucl) tbe same throughout.
THE WAR IN FRANCE.
AL PRUSSIAN COLUMN BETWEEN
CHALONS AND PARIS.
CHALONS ?AND RHEIMS GIVEN UP BY
Prince Frederick Charles Pressing On?
ward to the Capital.
THE MOVEMENTS OF BAZAINE AND MCMAHON
A New Plan of Campaign xor the Pros
LONDON, August 25.
In the absence of official news, it is believed
that the Prussians will not attack Paris, but
turn their attention to the reduction of Metz
and the destruction of Bazaine, leaving the
Crown Prince to cut McMahon's communlca
I tions with Paris, and check liim from moving
! to Bazaine's relief. It ls further believed th at
? the Prussians are strong enough to disregard
McMahon's reinforcements, composed as they
are o? raw recruits.
The Prussian Advance at Sezanne
Belgium and Neutrality-The Minis?
PARIS, August 24-Midnight.
Last night's journals ask what action is to
be taken by the French Government regard?
ing Belgium's violation of neutrality.
General Wimfly, recently operating against
Algerian rebels, commands Failly's corps.
The Ministerial Council is now composed of
the Ministers and Rouher, Schneider, Perslg
ny, Barouche and Trochu.
. It is reported that the Prussians were at
Sezauune to-day. [Sezanne is a town of five
thousand inhabitants, twenty-live miles south?
west of Epernay and sixty-five miles from
Paris.] The Crown Prince 1B reported at
Nothing from Metz, or the armies ol McMa?
hon and Bazaine, to-day. Prussian scouts
have been Been near Chalons and Troges.
Advices from Montmedy to the 23d are
silent regarding McMahon's and Bazaine's
junction. Prussian detachments are reported
at Chaumont and Brienne.
Getting Ready for the Siege.
PARIS, August 25.
The committee of defence have ordered the
destruction ol the food crops in the depart?
ments of Marne and Seine.
The Empress is at the Tuileries. A dispatch
says she Is becoming unpopular on account of
Favorable French News.
NEW YORK. August. 25.
The correspondent of the Courrier des Etats
Unie, in his correspondence, says that there
has been a decided change in the military sit?
uation within forty-eight hours. We look back
upon ourselves, after three weeks of dlsap
pol n tine nt and defeat, and to-morrow perhaps
we shall take the offensive. Such ls the opin?
ion at the War Department and throughout
The correspondent adds: I am assured that
McMahon's outposts extends to Mezleres and
Montmedy, covering Ardennes, the railroad,
and a line parallel to the fronller. The arri?
val ol' Bazaine's prisoners at Solssons proves
Bazaine's lines intact. The work on the forti?
fications ls almost finished.
Another battle occurred at Metz on Sunday,
resulting In our favor. Something decisive is
preparing in that quarter.
The Prussians between Chalons and
BERLIN, August 25.
The government has received an official
dispatch, dated Bar le Due, last evening, to the
effect that Chalons WAS evacuated, an d that
the Prussian column is west of Chalons, mov?
ing rapidly towards Paris.
News via London.
LONDON, August 25.
Strasbourg is well defended and fully sup?
plied. Correspondents concur that France
will only treat for peace beyond the Rhine.
Dense fogs cover the battle-fields.
It is stated that the Crown Prince enters
Chalons to-day, as well as Rheims. Frederick
Charles move3 on Paris direct.
A sortie was made from Toul yesterday.
Seven hundred Prussians wore killed or
Preparations for the siege ol' Metz proceed
with great activity.
The Paris papers are persuaded that Bazaine
is executing a deed of deep strategy.
Later Reports from London.
LONDON, August 25.
Paris is utterly without news from the seat
ot war. The entrenchments around Metz are
completed. It is believed that a deputation of
the Corps L?gislatif has gone to the Emperor
with a demand for his abdication.
The Corps L?gislatif is now permanently
guarded by troops. The announcement ol a
provisional government is Imminent.
Belgium's neutrality has not been violated
in the matter of facilitating the passage ot the
Prussian wounded. Belgium was first inclin?
ed to yield on the ground of humanity, but
There was no sally from Metz io noon yes?
Latest Reports from Paris.
PARIS, Ausrast 25.
La Liberte, from private Information, says
the siege of Paris is improbable now.
The Patrie repeats formally that the Prus?
sians were defeated on Sunday.
An extract from the Journal Officiel says:
"Our ports are free, the fleet will strike boldly
in the North and Baltic Seas, our commerce
and industry is active, our credit good,
and there can be no comparison be?
tween ours and the enemy's finances.
Prussia looked for treachery here, and
uneasily wonders at the promptitude of
i the nation in arming and organizing, and un?
derstands by this time that ii the struggle is
protracted, the better Is our situation. Our
resources in men and money are inexhausti?
ble. Though invaded, France arms the entire
nation. The neutral powers remain friendly,
out comprehend that there cannot be a ques?
tion of mediation."
The Si?cle, In commenting on the statement
that the Imperial headquarters are at Rheims
says: "Who cares ? The Imperial headquar?
ters can only be a superfluity, an embarrass?
ment, a pretext for losing battles. The crisis
is too great to talk of Imperial headquarters
anywhere near those of the commander-in
La Liberte firmly demands of the deputies
to efface all Individualities in the hour of need.
We must not compromise the future of France.
There must be one grand object in view now.
In one day many hundred million;
paid into the treasury, while Prussia f
months sought in vain to procure a lest
The National Guard and Garde Mob
defending Toul very gallantly.
It is stated that the garrison at Brassi
been ordered Immediately to the frontle
The report of an attepmt to assassinat
Mahon is repeated this morning.
Reinforcement continue to go forwar
a number of Arab chiefs have gone.
A corps of Poles will organize for the I
. Preparations for the reception of the w
ed continue. Eugenie personally ins]
Bread is exorbitantly hlg'i in the rear t
"We glean the following from the Noi
THE SITUATION A3 REGARDED IN PAT
NEW LINE OP RETREAT FOR BAZAINE
PRUSSIAN POSITION TURNED AND A JUN
WirH MCMAHON STILL ANTICIPATED.
The Paris correspondent of the New
Times telegraphs on the 22d Instant:
The pretended victory of the Prussl
Resonvllle on the 18th finds little ere
here. Notwlthstaning the dispatch of
William, it ls believed that all is goinj
with the French army. I have, from ur
tionably good authority, the following
The series of battles which conclude
Thursday, only resulted In giving the Pru:
command ol the roads to Verdun, whl
verge at Gravelotte. The communicati
the north with Thionyille still remained
On Friday afternoon, and early on F>at
morning, the main body of Bazaine's
mand succeeded in effecting a withd
from Metz, by the gate o? Thionville, bet
Fort St. Quentin and the Monllusles de
The highway follows the left bank of th
selle, and runs due north till within five
of Thionville, where it strikes off in a r
westerly direction, toward Loqguyon
Montm?dv. on the Belgian Irontier.
great railroad following this line, and con
lng Thionville with the fortresses of ?
and Mezleres, from which latter point it
ceeds due south to Rheims, was still intai
By the latest accounts Bazaine was rep
at Splncourt, near Montmedy, a town o
River Chiers, a tributary ot the Meuse, tw
five miles north of Verdun, and filly
northeast of Metz. It was presumed th;
intention was to cross the Ardennes by Si
to Vouzlers, and thence strike down the
ley ol the Aisne to St. Menehould, where
way between Verdun and Chalons, a jun
could readily be effected with McMahon.
Menehould is thirty miles north ot Vitt
. Fran?ais, and twenty-five miles northea
Chalons. The three places lorm a Irland
which Chalons ld the apex.
At St. Menehould, a great battle will pi
blv be fought, as it is thought that M
hon ls now on his way to Join Bazaine at
objective point. The French position co
all rallroad.Jlnes, and secures the retre
Paris In case of a defeat. Important DO
ment8 in another direction are In progr?s
the French troops, of which I am not at 1
ty to speak, but which are expected to ?
very materially the aspect ol affairs. I
you these facts as the grounds for the c<
d?nce which ls still felt in well-informed cl:
here, regarding the plans of the camps
Events will shortly testify whether this c
dence is well founded.
FRENCU VIEW OF THE SITUATION.
PARIS, August ?
The Journal Officiel this morning, exp
lng the lack of advices from Metz, says:
The military situation is such that this
enmstance need not alarm,' still less disc
age. If the enemy has happened for the
ment to hold Bazaine's army near Metz,
has done so at the cost of the greatest sac
ces. and he is at the same time co m pel le
keep there the greater part ol lils own ar
viz, the corps of Frederick Charles
Steinmetz. What in the meanwhile will
corps of the Prince Royal do ? March dire
on Paris, or Join the other two corps In the
fort, to crush the army of Bazaine. The lal
supposition is the more probable,but we ni
take into account an army reunited at C
lons, or some other point, under the
ders of Marshal McMahon, an army wi
may place the Prussians In the same situ?t
they boast they have put Hie army of Bazalc
that ls to sav, cut off and blocked up. Lei
with confidence await events. In any ci
supposing our armies are deteated at Metz
at Chalons, the Prussians may expect to
counter at Paris other and greater difficult
than any they have met with up tc the pres
time. Paris, they may be sure, will deft
herselt to the last drop ol' blood-to the I
cartridge. She will thus give France all
time it needs to come to her defence, and tl
there will be no hope for those who have co
to brave our ramparts. Not one of them i
return to lils countr.v.
TUE SITIATION AT PARIS -PREPARATIONS I
TUE SIEGE-OPERATIONS OF RAZAINE'S AH
-TUE ROAD TO PARIS, A"C.
There are preparations for combat all ale
the lines. Paris is virtually in a state of sie
and every one accepts the situation. It
generally conceded that the issue of the ca
palgn will be decided under our walls, If
are able to hold out for a week, and we i
able against an enemy destitute of material
carrying on a siege.
AU France will come to the succor o? I
capital, and will severely annoy the besiege
As for diversion In their favor among the fi
bourgs, they need not count upon lt, for at t
time it would be dullen!! to restrain summt
vengeance or the people upon any in
vidual convicted of treason. I visited tl
morning the line of iortifications betwe
Netiilly and Auteuil. An army of workmi
aided by Gardes Mobile and men of milltt
classes, were at work cuttiDg down trees
the Bois de Boulogne as fur as the lakes. T
bastions are supplied with mortar batteries.
Cannon of very heavy calibre have be
mounted on the ramparts, and across t
roads drawbridges have been thrown. (
the side of tho city toward Passy and Autei
a large number ol houses have been d?molis
ed. in short, this part ofParis, once so bea
tiful, ls entirely unrecognizable. On the VI
cenues side I am told the work of defence
pushed with still greater energy. An entrene
ed camp has been established in the plain
SL Maur, which commands the passage of tl
The inhabitants of all the surrounding loca
ties have abandoned their houses and taken r
fuge in Paris. As for the really effective fon
ol the troops to whom our delences ls con
milted, 1 estimate, upon authentic data, in tl
neighborhood of 200,01)0, of whom 15,000 ai
soldiers ot the regular army, 5000 munlclp
gunrds and gendarmes, 10,000 sailors and mi
rines, 70,000 Gardes Mobile of reserves ac
battalions de depot, and about 100,000 Nation
Guards, firemen, Ac. With this effective fort
and provisions in abudance we can hold th
enemy in check for some time.
News from the army of the Moselle is a
ways scarce. What I am permitted to sen
you is in substance tills: Bazaine preserves ii
tact his communication with Paris by the wes
ern route. The last battle, delivered at Jar
mont, had no other result. Bazaine, great!
strengthened by the vast fortifications of Met;
is still master ol'the line ot retreat by way o
Montmedy, Stenay, Vaussiera and trie Valle
of Atsne. He can, doubtless, by thc sam
route, receive reinforcements, and I have rei
son to believe that part ol' the forces latel
assembled at Chalons set out for that destine
lion yesterday morning.
The enemy's army around Metz had alway
been superior in numbers, but decimated b\
late battles, is incapable, tor the present a"
least, of resisting violent attack. The rein
forcements which it has received are compos
ed of landwehr and levies from the Southeri
States, hastily gathered for the Invasion of oui
country. The enormous losses which th*
Prussian army has sustained will hardly be
encouraging to these new comers, and there
is the marked advantage In favor ot our troop;
at Chalons, who defend the soil of their coun?
try from the invader. Indeed, we are all
awaiting a brilliant revenge for Woerth and
Forbach, in the military circle around Metz.
Prussia seems to provoke a war unworthy o
two nations, but oue which, instead of sell
preservation, she forces upon the weakei
party. She has Inundated our country witt;
her spies, and we have been compelled, as s
measure of safety, to expel all susoected Ger?
mans ut the risk ol' injuring some Innocenl
persons. In Alsace and Lorraine the necessi
I ties of the Prussians and exorbitant demands
of ihelr commissaries have exasperated the
I people, who. plundered, harassed and ?
have Inaugurated a guerilla war again:
invaders. Moreover, King Wllllaranas 1
ed a proclamation declaring that evei
vidual not belonging to the French an
j taken In open hostility to the Prussiai
shall be shot. A rising of the people en
will bring a day ot Justice for ail these
BAZAINE IN THE FIELD.
Bazaine ls stated to be in the field
ceuvring lor a new conflict with
Charles and Steinmetz.
THE AFFAIR AT LONGUEVILLE.
From officers of the Centes Gardes ]
further details of the affair at Longuevl
Monday last, which was, In fact, the beg
of the series of engagements extendln
intervals over three days. Sunday aft*
the Emperor, with an escort compris!
Cente Gardes, Empress Dragoons and
darmes d'Elite, left Metz and reached L<
ville les Metz, which must not be confo
with Longueville, near St. Avoid.
At Longueville the Emperor andi hon
encamped for the night. Early Monday
lng they were awakened by cannon
Rushing out of their tents they beheld
falling all about their encampment. T
cort mounted, and Instantly the En
tumbled into his carriage in the utmost
Meanwhile the Prussian re con nols
which had caused this alarm, was easily <
back, and the Imperial carriages, surro
by a strong escort, made their way th
Gravelotte towards Conflaus; thence,
morning, from Conflaus to Terdun. T
cort was without lood, except what they
glean by the way, from Metz until Verdn
Now comes the most curious part of tl
count of this retreat of flight of the Em]
which was made through the very mk
the Prussian army then lying about M
Tour, where the next battle was to i
The Emperor nor his escort had no I
what peril they ran until afterwards, bul
had actually passed during the night th]
just the edge ol the Prussian lineB.
I As before stated, the Emperor was onl
glad to find a third-class carriage at Ve rd
which to pursue his way to Chalons,
the Emperor this morning. He ls Incre
altered, looking not only much older
blotched and puffy, and moves about wi
air quite helpless.
MANIFESTOES IN SOUTH (J ERM ANY.
NEW YORK, August
A Tribune cable special from Franl
\ Thursday, says manifestoes begin to appe
South German papers Insisting that A
must be ceded to Germany as a conditio
An ultramontane member of the Bav
Parliament publishes a letter. He who
reunite Alsace to Its own country will b
first Emperor of modern Germany. Ol
point Frankfort and Munich are of one
French residents here are treated 8
peace. The British Consul, under whose
tection they are placed, has not receli
single complaint. The movement ol troo
the front ls Incessant. Another large pa
the northern army ls on the way to relni
Steinmetz. The chief postofflce of the K
German Confederation ls established at Na
TUE ORLEANS PRINCES.
A special correspondent from Br?ssel
Saturday says: I learn from trustwo
sources that General Trochu Intends short!
Invite the Orleans Princes to share In thf
fence of their country. Troops have been
to Belgian Luxembourg, to disarm fugl
soldiers on the Belgian territory and to f
them Into the interior.
WARLIKE DEMANDS OK PRUSSIA .
The English Government is In constant c
munlcation with the great powers on the
mands made by Prussia for the cessio
Alsace and Lorraine. A Cabinet minister
to-day, those demands meant European i
as neither England nor Russia dared for a
ment lo accede to them.
Italy is putting an army on a war footing
special envoy is expected at once in Lone
Business Is at a stand-still In Germany,
terrific losses of the army are alarming
REACTION IN GERMANY.
The appalling Prussian losses have sei
thrill of horror throughout Germany, and
emits are only to be had from among conn
people and workingmen, nearly all of wt
are raw. Bazaine professes to be mastei
To the charges made against the Frene!
firing on ambulances, Le Presse replies tl
when bard pressed, the Prussians resort
any means of holding their ground, and tl
have been known to range their ambulan
In front to prevent attack.
CONFIDENCE INCREASING IN PARIS.
PARIS. August 22-Midnight
Nothing further has been received from I
front. Confidence in the ultimate success
the military movements now in progress ls
creasing. Gold, which a few days ago v
selling at a premium of 50 per cent., Is n
quoted at IA per cent.
At the n?inistiy of the interior to-night
was announced ihat no definite news woi
be received from the army for some days
come, lt being withheld for prudential reaso:
REORGANIZATION OK THE GERMAN FORCES.
BERLIN, August 23
The German forces In France have undergo
partial reorganization, and, as reinforced a
redistributed, will go into battle in the folio
First army, under General Steinmetz, is co
posed of the First. Seventh, Eighth and Nin
Prussian Army Corps, amounting in all to 10
OOO inlantry and 2S,00n cavalry.
The second army, under Prince Frederi
Charles, is composed of the Second, Thii
Fourth, Tenth and Twelfth Prussian Ari
Corps, corps of Prussian Guards Royal, Sax
Corps, and a division of the Grand Duchy
Hesse. This Is the strongest of the thr
armies. It contains forty-eight regiments
Infantry, with three batteries of artillery eac
and foiir regiments of infantry with two batl
rles each, and thirty-four regiments, two ba
teries each, and thirty-four regiments of cav?
ry. Aggregate in round numbers 220,000 mi
and COO guns.
I The third army corps, commanded by t!
Crown Prince, is composed of two Bavarh
army corps, under Generals Taun and Hai
I mann, containing each eight regiments ot i
I fantry, five battalions ol riflemen, and live re
j iments ot cavalry, one mixed corps of Bade
and Wurtemburg troops, commanded by Gei
eral Von Werder, and consisting of eight re?
ments of Infantry, two battalions of rifleme;
four regiments of cavalry and nine batterit
I of artillery belonging to wurtemburg and s!
regiments infantry, three of cavalry and elgl
batteries ot artillery belonging to Baden; als
the fifth and eleventh Prussian army corp:
containing sixteen infantry and sixteen cavali
regiments, and thirty batteries of artillen
I Total of German forces in France 520,000 met
divided into sixteen army corps.
Up to this lime :;no,000 landwehr have er
tered Alsace and Lorraine to invest and oceu
py places In the rear and relieve regular sol
diers of those duties, so that they may Jol
their own regiments in front. Orders have
been Issued to disband the veteran reserve
which were called out at the commeacemeu
of the war.
THE DEMANDS OP PRUSSIA.
The following statement, from a seml-oui
dal source, foreshadows the demands likely t
be made by Prussia in case ol' a successful tei
mlnation of the war.
I -The lime has arrived when Germany mus
be free lrom French interference and menaces
and have a long period of unbroken peace, j
mere change ol'dynasty%in France would no
be sufficient to insure this, for ihe next sover
eign would seek as soon as possible to recove:
the lost military prestige of France, nod rh?
burdens of armed peace would be perpetual
ed. Suppose France issues from the struggli
with strength unimpaired, and with hci
strongholds (whence she menaces the vallig
ortho Rhine and the Palatinate) Intact, tin
war from which the incapacity of the Frencl;
?ener?is and the. bravery of the German army
ave delivered will be renewed. There can
be no trustworthy peace. Not thus must this
costly struggle terminate. We will only re?
sign "our arms when we have guaranteed
security against a fresh contest whenever it
may suit the political necessities of a French
ruler to renew lt.''
MADRID, August 23.
The successes of the Prussian armies have
caused a revival of the question of the Hohen?
zollern candidature. Tnere are rumors that
General Prim ls in favor of submitting the sub
ject to the people by means of apleblscltum,
THE REFORM CANVASS.
THE REFORM BREAKERS AT TORK
ATTEMPT OF THE LEAGUERS TO BREAK
UP THE MEETING.
Four Thousand Persons Present at
York vi lit, and Six Thousand at
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.)
YORKVILLE, August 22.
We reached this place last night by private
conveyance from Chester Courthouse. To-day,
on the Courthouse green, the Reform mass
meeting was held, and addressed by Judge
Carpenter, General Butler, Colonel McKis?
slck and John Lee, colored. The Radical
leaders determined to interrupt the Reform
meeting if possible, and to bring on
a disturbance between the whites and blacks.
Accordingly, they ha/1 their Winchester rifles
and Springfield muskets stacked in a house
within seventy-five yards of the Courthouse,
from which floated a Scott and Ransier ban?
ner, and secured the services of a brass band
to play in front of the house during our meet?
ing. The white people having heard of the
disgraceful proceedings of the Radicals at
Chester Courthouse, determined that nothing
of the kind should transpire here, and accord?
ingly prepared themselves to punish any one
who interfered. However, notwithstanding
the action of the Leaguers, no disturbance oc?
curred, and the larger portion of those whom
they assembled to aid them attended the Re?
form meetlngand listened with deep attention.
To those of the colored people who remained
at the League headquarters, a mulatto con?
stable and a low white man named Rose made
speeches, full of billingsgate, dark hints of
blood and murder, and threats against those
ol'the colored men who dared attend the Re?
TUE REFORM MEETING,
at which were present about four thousand
people, was called to order by Colonel McLaws.
Among those on the Btand was A S. Wallace,
Radical candidate for Congress irom the
Fourth District, who, after General Butler con?
cluded his address, was Introduced. Wallace,
with unparalleledjmpudence, said that as he
lived in this county, he would extend to his
opponent, Colonel McKisslck, the opportunity
of speaking first, and expressed the hope that
ail would give him a respectful and attentive
hearing Such sublime impudence was never
before witnessed. A man, invited by his politi?
cal opponents to speak at their meeting, not
only declines to speak when requested, but in?
vites his political opponents to give their candi?
date a respectful and attentive hearing. Surely
assurance can no lurther go. Colonel McKIs
SICK declined the honor, and Wallace then de?
clared he was too ill to speak, and the audi?
ence were delighted.
The speeches of the candidates and Colonel
McKlssIck were earnest and interesting, and
their audience expressed their delight by up?
At night, an amateur string band, accompa?
nied by about five hundred citizens, serenaded
Colonel McKisslck, General Law. Judge Car?
penter, General Butler, Colonel W. B. Wilson,
and Captain George Tupper, all of whom, ex?
cept General Butler, made short speeches.
The Radical crowd amused themselves at
the same time by firing pistols and making
hideous noises with the brass Instruments of
AT ROCK HILT..
This ls a small place In York Countv, on the
Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta Railroad,
thirty miles from Chester Courthouse, and
twelve miles from Yorkvllle. To-day, August
23d. there was a grand Reform meeting, at
which were present about six thousand per?
sons, fully two-fifths of whom were colored.
Among those present on the stand were Gene?
ral Walker and General D. H. Hill, of North
Carolina. There were also a large number of
North Carolinians present. Colonel C. Jones
presided. Judge Carpenter, General Butler.
Colonel McKisslck and Mr. John Lee spoke!
All of the speeches were effective-that or
Judge Carpenter especially so. In fact, lt was
the best speech that the Judge has made dur?
ing the campaign.
COMMISSIONERS OF ELECTION.
The paperB contain the list of the county
commissioners of election. Among them Is
the name of Wm. McMillan, white, lor Chester
County, who about ten months ago, was sen
tencec. to confinement in the penitentiary for
Stealing cotton. When he learned of the'sen
tence he lied the State, and while absent was
pardoned by Governor Scott. He will do to
stuff the ballot boxes.
AN ENTHUSIASTIC MEETING AT
The Cnion Reform Club ol' KIngstree was
organized on Saturday, the 20th instant.
Quite a large number of whites and colore d
met In the Courthouse at an early hour, 't
was determined that the audience should hear
the reason why such a movement was neces?
sary before the regular organization took
Dr. John F. Brockinton, having been called
to the chair, E. J. Porter and S. W.Maurice,
Esos , addressed the meeting at considerable
length, exhibiting the gross corruption that
has pervaded every department of the State
government, Irom the highest to the lowest of
its officials, as also the want ol competency in
the members of the Legislature, and their
reckless expediture of the public monies, as
well as the shameful betrayal of the trusts re?
posed In those through whose hands the pub?
lic monies had to pass.
Several colored men-disgusted with the
chicanery and want of good faith on the part
of the carpet-bagger and scalawag members
of the Union League, who only entered there
for the purpose ot their own personal advan?
tage-addressed the meeting and gave assur?
ances that they had been deceived by the spe?
cious clap-trap of the League too long, and
declared they would come out from among
them and vote for neither dishonest nor in?
competent men of either color any longer.
They wanted honest, competent men In office.
Lewis Mouzon and David Bradwell, both
colored, made very sensible remarks, which
were well received. These were followed on
the same side by Madison Carter, Linn Scott
and Ammon Johnson, also colored. Sydney
Burgess, another colored man, made some
sensible remarks, and expressed himself as
willing to vote for any honest man for office.
He stated, with some truth no doubt, that the
antagonism of the black to the white race
could not all be fairly charged to the colored
man. There were faults on both sides-the
whites had never joined them or Invited them
to join In the nomination of candidates. Mr.
Maurice closed the argument by showing that
the object, ol'the Union Reform party was now
to put honest, competent men In office, and
cordially invited all, without regard to race or
color, to unite for this laudable purpose.
The club was then called to order by ap?
pointing Major J B. Chandler to the chair.
The following resolutions, introduced by Mr.
Maurice, were adopted:
1. Resolved That we do most cordially ap?
prove and endorse the pial torin of the Union
Reform party, and Its nominees for Governor
2. Resolved, That the inhabitants of King's
Township, without regard to color or previous
political faith, do forthwith organize them?
selves into a club for promoting and sustain?
ing the said platlorm.
3. Resolved, That the officers o? the club
shall consist of a president, three vice-presi?
dents, a recording secretary, secretary, and a
4. Resolved, That the proceedings of this
meeting be published In the Kingstree Star,
THE CHARLESTON DAILY NEWS, and the
Under ihe third resolution, a motion was
made authorizing the chairman to appoint a
committee to nominate officers, and upon
their rvport the following genilemen were
elected Us officers : s. w. Maurice, president;.
Joseph F. Blakely, first vice-president; Joseph
B. Chandler, second vice-president; Benjamin
Monz?n, third vice-president; E. J. Porter,
corresponding secretary; T. M. Gilland, secre?
tary; James M. Staggers, Sr., treasurer.
It was also resolved that a committee be ap?
pointed by the chair in each township to so?
licit aid in furnishing a barbecue at Kingstree
on the 14th day of September next.
TUR RADICAL POW-WOW AT NEW
A Flat and Stale Affair.
A correspondent sends us the following re?
port of the pow-wow at Newberry C. H. on
The speakers, consisting of Ransier, Elliott,
H?ge and Cardozo, arrived at this place on
the eleven o'clock train; and were escorte 1 to
the stand, erected a few hundred yards from
the depot. (The same place where Judge
Carpenter spoke on the 1st ultimo.) The
speaking was began by Ransier, the "worthy'
candidate ot the Radical party for Lieutenant
Governor, who harangued the audience, con?
sisting of three or four hundred voters, (prin?
cipally colored,) for about an hour and a half.
He was followed by Elliott and H?ge, (whom
your correspondent did not hear,) in the same
strain, telling them that the Reform party was
nothing but the Democratic party in disguise,
also attempting to exculpate Scott from the
charges made against him by General Butler.
In the afternoon, about five o'clock, Secretary
Cardozo spoke from the Courthouse steps, lu
a continued tirade of abuse of Judge Carpen?
ter and the Reformers, (Democrats as he chose
to cali them,) in general. He said that Judge
Carpenter had sold the "land commission"
one hundred acres of land, which cost him
(Judge C.) only SI per acre, tor $12 per acre,
which every one knows to be false. He also
denounced Judge C. in the most bitter terms
for his obscene and vulgar language, but there
has never been more dirty and vuiear epithets
burled at a decent people, than did Cardozo on
yesterday. He attempted to explain the ras?
calities of the land commission, but rambled'
completely off the subject, and never returned.
During his speech he told a few borrowed an?
ecdotes and would walt patiently for applause,
but never received any. A larye majority ot
the colored people stayed at home, and a ma?
jority of those present left before the speaking
The colored people are becoming tired of
Radical politics, and will roil up a good ma?
jority for Carpenter, Butler and Reform.
THE WILLIAMSBURG SWINDLE.
HOW THE LAND RING IS RUN.
"Anti-Corruption" Demolishes Senator
"Anti-Corruption," a correspondent of the
Kingstree Star, replies as follows to a card o?
Senator 8walls, denying his complicity In a
little land swindle described by a correspond?
ent of THE NEWS. He says:
I have read this card, Mr. Editor, attentive?
ly, In connection with some other facts which
be does not state, but which can be proved In?
disputably, and lam decidedly of the opinion
that Mr. Swalls had better not attempt a reply
at all. After stating that he bought the "Crose
Road Tract," (which ls the land in question.)
consisting bf 2138 acres, from Mr. John M.
Hirsch, for the sum of $3000, he says:
..My duty was plain. First, to find out If the
land in queston was worth the price asked.
Upon making inquiries I found that the place
cost originally some $8000, and upon examlng ?
the books of the assessor, I found that lt waa
assessed at $5190. Ascertaining these facts, I
concluded that lt was worth the price asked,
and at once closed the bargain with him and
received the thies."
Now, any one can see by reference to the
clerk's office, that the deed ot conveyance
from Colonel J. J. Tisdale, executor of the es?
tate of Staggers, to Mr. John M. Hirsch, is
dated on the 16th day of October, A. D., 1869,
and that the title from Mr. Hirsch to the State
ls dated on the same identical day. Now,
what time then did Mr. Swalls have for "mak?
ing inquiries ? Does this lact not show of
itself that the thing was all cut and dried
between him and Mr. Hirsch beforehand?
Is lt natural to suppose that the bargain
could have been made with Colonel Tisdale,
titles been drawn up, executed and delivered,
then a sale effected with the land commission
agent all in the same day ? In other words,
ls lt not plain to any man of common sense
that the arrangement on both sides had been
agreed upon and fixed bclore that day ? Yet
Mr. Swalls would have us believe that he
made a bona fide purchase from Mr. Hirsch for
?3000, and made the inquiries of which he
speaks all after the offer had been made to
him. and before he agreed to buy. The truth is.
all this about "making inquiries" is all bosh. Il
any inquiries were made, they were made be?
fore Dr. Staggers was interviewed on the sub?
ject. Moreover, suppose the land Is assessed
on the books at the sum of $5190, who took
a conspicuous and important part in having it
assessed at that figure ? Answer, S. A. Swails,
as county auditor and oue of the board of
equalization. Besides, what difference does it
make if it had been valued at $50,000; if he
could buy it for less, was lt not his plain duty,
as the agent of the State and avowed friend of
the colored man, for whose benefit this com?
mission was established, to buy lt tor the very
lowest figure ? To this every one will say,
yes. Then comes the question: For what sum
did he actually buy it ? I give the following
figures, and challenge contradiction:
Dr. Stagger's bid, (t;aid to Tisdale,).$~7S 00
Interest on this sum. 54 45
Paid Dr. Staggers, (as a bonus,). 650 00
Paid for titles and stamps. ll 00
Total cost of land.$1,493 45
Taking this sum from $3000, which ls the
sum the State ls made to pay, leaves a bal?
ance of $1506 55, which has either gone Into
the pocket ot Mr. John M. Hirsch, as a clear
profit of one day's transactions, or been divid?
ed between Mr. Hirsch, the clerk of the court,
(who merely us?;d his father's name to avert
suspicion from himself,) and Mr. Swalls. I
allege the latter, for Mr. Hirsch, Jr.. has ac?
knowledged in two or three different ways that
he got a part of the mouey.
I now ask the Messrs. Hirsch and Mr. Swails
L Did not M. J. Hirsch and S. A. Swails go
out together lu a buggy some time before the
16th day of October, 1869, to see Dr. Staggers
about the purchase ?
2. It so, why did Mr. Swails, or Mr. Hirsch
either, go, unless they were Interested in the
transaction-that is to say, why did not Jno.
M. Hirsch go ?
3. When the transfer of Dr. Staggers's bid
had been effected, and the titles had been
drawn up, did not M. J. Hirsch go from Mr.
Porlers's law office direct to the house oi Mr.
Swails, get the money from him, and then re?
turned and pay it to Mr. Porter ?
4. How much of the sum of $lo06 ?o did
each ot vou receive ?
These questions are put with a view ol get
tin"- at the truth. Let the iacts come out; if
rascalltv has been committed, let it be expos?
ed: if wrong has been done Mr. Swails and
Mr. Hirsch by charging them with so much
dishonesty, let them show their innocence and
One noticeable feature in the card of Mr.
Swalls is, that he does not deny that he got a
part of the money.
-The steamer Pereire, which arrived at
New York on Monday from Havre and Eiest,
brought back many American families who
had Intended to stay there until late in the
autumn had not the war broken out. Not a .
few of these families had children at the
schools, most of which they say are now broken
up. the buildings having boen taken for hos- -
A correspondent o? the Daily News says thai
in the fattie of the 18th the French were flung
back on St. Quentin, Thornville, Resouvllle and
Gravelotte villages, in the neighborhood ol
Metz, where the battles of the last ten days
have occurred, have been nearly destroyed.
The war news in the I.j^don morning papers
The prize promised by the Prussian Govern?
ment to the captor of the first French gun has -
been awarded to a sergeant of the Flub Gar?