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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1465.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1870.
S?X DOLLARS A YKAH.
LAST NIGHT'S DISPATCHES.
DEFIANCE FROM PARIS.
HOW THU NEWS or THE SURREN?
DER WAS RECEIVED.
PROCLAMATION OF THE MINISTRY.
SPIRIT OF THE CHAMBERS.
UcJfA RON'S LAST'STRUGGLE.
A CIRCLE 01 DEATH.
Official Adrices of the German Victory.
WASHINGTON, September 4.
Minister Jones, at Brussels, telegraphs to
t?)? State Department a full confirmation of
Mr. Washburne telegraphs from Paris to the
State Department, that they had heard of Mc?
Mahon's defeat and the capture of Sedan; but
did not know whether the Emperor was a
prisoner or In Belgium.
Proclamation or tbe Frenrh Ministry.
PARIS, September 4.
The counc'l of ministers have issued the
"2o the French People-Great mhfortune
has come upon our country. After three days
of heroic struggles, sustained by Hie army of
Marshal McMahon against three hundred thous?
and ot the enemy, forty thousand men have
been made prisoners. General De Wimpfen,
who took command of the army iu place-ol
Marshal McMahon, who was badly wounded,
has signed a capitulation. -
.?This cruel reverse will not shake our cour?
age. Paris is to-day In a complete state of
defence. The military forces of the country
will be organized in a few days. A new army
will be under the walls of Paris. Another
army is forming on the banks ol the Loire.
Your patriotism, your unioD, your enerby will
save France. The Emperor has bean made a
prisoner in the struggle. The government, in
aecord with public powers which have been
entrusted to it, will take ail needful measures.
(Signed) DE PALIKAO CHE^REU,
REGNAULT DE GEKOUILI.Y,
T DE LA TOCK D'AUVERGNE,
CLEMENT DU YERNOIS,
Of the CQUDCU of Ministers."
The Disaster Announced In the Senate.
In the Senate, yesterday, the Minister of
War said :
uWe have learned, through various unof?
ficial channels, that Marshal - Bazaine failed in
his recent attempt to free himself from the
hostile armies which held him shut up around
.Metz. His efforts were heroic. The King of
Prussia could not help rendering justice to the
valor of our soldiers. McMahon, after endea?
voring to join Bazaine in the direction of the
north, was obliged to retire to the environs of
Sedan. There were several days of fighting,
with alternations of success and reverse; b?t
we contended against an enemy numerically
our superior, and, in spite ot the most ener?
getic efforts, the attempt seems to have termi?
nated in an unfortunate manner for our
"Other advices, of Prussian origin, are still
more unfavorable, but do not appear to us
wort'ay of credit in all cases, and the govern?
ment is not willing to .give them an appear?
ance of authenticity by communicating them
to the public. Our reverses afflict us. It is
impossible for us to witness without deep emo
tioUjSO much courage and so much devotion
renuerod unavailing; but this spectacle, far
from taking away our energy, augments and
.'Since the present cabinet came into power
it has drawn from France new armies, and
theystUl remain so 6trong that, with energy
and trie heb of the nation, we may yet have
the iast word. Let us hope that God will help
us out, and drive the enemy from our soil."
Jerome David added to the above a state?
ment that the delences of the capital were now
in the bes', condition, and, according to com?
petent judges, well capable of resisting all
efforts ol the enemy. Let us defend Paris, he
said, on t.ie walls and in the streets, and, if it
must be. ve will bury ourselves under its
In the Corps L?gislatif, a statement of the
situation similar to that made in the Senate
was given. Jules Favre declared : "We are
unanimous for defence untU death. [Great
applause.] It is time that compliances should
cease, ii* we wish to repair our disasters." He
concluded by attacking the Imperial power
and proposing to place extraordinary powers
in the hands ol '.enera! Trocha. Against this
course Count dt Palikao and the Chamber pro?
Farther Accounts from Sedan.
NEW YORK, September 4.
The Tribune correspondent, writing from
King William's headquarters, eight miles from
Sedan, on Thursday night, alter the deleat says:*
"OrA'he 30th and 31st the French retreated
en masse on Sedan, and encamped around it.
The French prisoners sty it was believed that
the road to Mezieres was open, and in case of
another defeat, a retreat could be easily
accomplished. On Wednesday evening, a Prus?
sian corps, from Frederick Charles' army and
the Crown Prince's army, were making a
lorced march in the direction ol Douchery and
Mezieres to shut in McMahon's army in the
west and drive them against the Belgian fron?
tier. While this was going on, the Saxons
and Guards, 60,000 strong, composing the
Prussian right, under Prince Albert, ol Saxony,
were marching rapidly to close on the French
on the right bank of the Meuse, which "they
had crossed on Tuesday, the GOt h. at Remely,
in the direction of La Chapelle.
On Thurs Jay morning, at half-past seven
o'clock. King William btarted for the battle?
field". Cannonading was then goiDg on. The
King drove in an open carriage to Chcrange.
three and a half miles south of Sedan. The
French had flooded the low meadow in the.
valley bet?re coming to the raiiway bridge at
Bazille, to stop the Germans from advancing
on the town in that direction, but the French
had failed to mine the bridge at Bazille, and it
was ol immense service to the Prussians
throughout the battle, who threw up earth?
works on the bridge itself to protect it from
the Freneh, who mere than once attempted to
storm it, lu the hopo ol breaking the Bavarian
Communications between the left and right
bank Oi the Meuse. On the projecting spurs
of the hill, the Bavarians posted two batteries
of breech-loading steel Krupp guns, which
kept up a duel till the very end of the day
with the siege guns of Sedan. Across
the Meuse, still further to the right flank,
was an undulating plain above the. vil?
lage of Bazllle, terminating about a mile
anda half from Sedan, at the woods near Bu?
llecourt! Midway there is a ravine, watered by
a tiny brook, which was the scene of the most
desperate struggle and frightful slaughter of
the whole battle. Between this wood and the
town were several French camps, where were
sheltered huge masses of troops, which were
never used. Separated from them by a
wooded ravine was a long bare hill,
where occurred some of the hardest
fighting of the da?, and which form?
ed one o? the keys of the positions of the
French army. When once in the hands Of the
Prussians, the whole town of Sedan was at the
mercy of the German guns. Farther to the
lett lay the Village of Olley, which was seton
fire early in the day by the French shells.
Above the railway bridge, on the line to
Mezieres, was a wooded hill, where the Crown
Prince and his staff stood during the day,
having a more extensive view than ours, where
stood the Klng,BismF.rck, War Minister, Moltke
and Generals Sheridan and Forsyth. The object
of toe Prussian generals was to close a crescent
ol troops, with which they began Into a circle,
by a junction between the Saxon corps on the
right and the Prussians on the left. This took
place at noon, near the village of Olley, on the
Bazille ravine, behind Sedan. This terrible
circle once formed, grew steadily smaller, till
at last the fortifications ot Sedan itself were
THE NORTH CAROLIN J. O CTR A GES.
RALEIGH, September 3.
In the case of J. Turner against Governor
Holden, Colonel Kirk, Lieutenant-Colonel Bur
gen and Alexander Ruflin, Judge Dick, for
himself, and Judge Settle, decided: That a
warrant cannot be Issued against a Governor
for any excess of authority in discharging the
functions of his executive office. Thc court
holds that bench warrants cannot run to the
counties of Alamaace and Caswell while they
are In a state of insurrection against military
officers acting under orders from che Gover?
nor, but warrants will be issued for
the arrest o* Kirk, Bargen and Ruffin, to be
executed anywhere In the State, except in
those counties. The court holds that a court
of impeachment is the proper form for abuse
of executive authority.; also that the subordi?
nate agents of the Governor arc not free from
arrest for any abuse of authority, when out?
side ot the insurrectionary districts. Warrants
were accordingly Issued to Hie sheriff ot Wake
Countv for the arrest o? Kirk, Burgen (now in
jail) and Ruffin, wherever found outside of
A ?amanee and Caswell. Kirk is In Alamacoe,
and is likely to remain there.
United States Circuit Judge Bond, sent for
by Holden, arrived this morning. The object
ol his mission Is not yet known.
GOLD ANH . BOND MARKET.
UBW YORK, SeptemberA.
The bar' statementshows a continued loss
in reser but is more favorable than was
generr expected. Little currency is going
Into tl - Interior. Loans decreased two and
three quarter millions. Specie decrease over
one million and a quarter. Circulation de?
creased a trifle. Deposits decreased a million
and a quarter. Legal tenders increased three
quarters of a million. Gold active, excited,
and very weak; opened at 15?, and reach?
ed 14 on the news of the surrender
of Bazaine, and large sales of long gold for
account ot parties recently prominent bulls in
the market. Late in the day it advanced to
14 ?j on a rumor that Trocha had proclaimed a
republic in France; closed at I4jnl4j. Sixty
twos 13i; lours 11J; fives 12A; new 10;; sevens
10i; eights 10?: forties OJ; Tennessees 62?f; new
U7; eights, Virginias, C7.J; new Ci*; North
Carolinas 5U; new 31; others not quoted.
LONDON'. September 3- Evening.
Continental securities, except French, tend
strongly upwards. At Liverpool everything
is unsettled, but generally tending up. Con?
sols 92il. Bonds 89^. Sugar firm, both on the
spot and afloat. Tullow 44s Gd.
WEEKLY COTTON STATEMENT.
NEW YORK, September 4.
The cotton year ended Wednesday lust.
Week's receipts at all ports GSCS bales, against
5434 bales last week, 5287 bales previous week,
and 5517 bales three weeks ago. Week's ex?
ports from all ports 8702 bales, against 2977
bales last week, and 2099 bales the same week
last year. Stock at all ports 64,355'bales.
against 19,573 bales last year. Stocks in in?
terior townB 14,629 bales, against 16,720 bales
last week, and 718 this date last year. Stock
in Liverpool 494,000 bales, against 418,000 bales
last year. Amount of American cotton in Great
Britain 26,000 bales, against 11,000 bales last
year. Indian cotton afloat for Europe 4C2,770
bales, against 607,133 last year. The market
In New York was firmer In response to im?
provement in Liverpool,, though the actual
advance in prices was slight. The chief fea?
ture ol'the week was the settlement for Au?
gust contracts, settlers of which were forced
to settle at 14^144 cents, a nominal quotation
for spot cotton.
A Card from Secretary Car;lozo.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NEWS.
Gentlemen-On my return home yesterday
afternoon my attention was cailed to an edi?
torial article in your issue of the 31st, headed
"Information Wanted," in which you state
that certain lands in Georgetown and on John's
Island were sold to the Land Commission at
my urgent solicitation, and ask, "Is he now
willing for ail the facts a ad figures to be given
to the public ?"
The question seens to me entirely super?
fluous, tor if you had any tacts and figures to
give, you would glac1 y publish them: but since
you are so considerate as to ask my consent. I
give you iud liberl) to publish any facts and
figures concerning uny ol my official relions
that you possess, or in ?y !>..; able to obtain.
With regard lo tay prim:", affairs. I do not
feel called upon to saiuly aa impertinent
I have the honor to be,
Very respectfully, 4c,
P. L. C.VKDUZO,
Secretary of State.
Mr. Campbell's mission to England results
in giving Canada a voice in the future regula?
tion o? the fisheries, and in placing the Cana?
dian claims for compensation for the Fenian
raids upon the same looting as the Alabama
The Missouri Radicals have nominated
McClungfor Governor. The liberal Republi?
cans, who withdrew, nominated Gratz Brown.
LET IIS Ml PUCE.
iii l'.VP JET OF GERMANY.
SURRENDER OF MCMAHON AND BAZAINE.
THE EMPEROR NAPOLEON A PRI?
SONER OP WAR.
THE PRINCE IMPERIAL A FUGITIVE
THE EXCITEMENT IN ENGLAND A N.D
COTTON GOES UP AND GOLD COMES DOWN.
Prussian" War Reports.
BRUSSELS. September 3-P. M.
Yesterday McMahon was completely beaten
'and shut up in Sedan, with his eastern road to
Bazaine has been completely beaten before
Metz by Prince Frederick Charles.
BEKORE SEDAN. FRANCE, )
K Friday, September 2-1 P. M.'f,
From the King of Prussia to the Queen: "A
capitulation, whereby the whole army at Se?
dan are prisoners of war. has just been con?
cluded with General Wimpfen, commanding,
instead of Marshal McMahon, who is wounded.
"The Emperor surrendered hi rusel i to me,
as he has no command, and left everything to
the Regent at Paris. His residence I shall ap?
point after an interview with iiim at a rendez?
vous to be fixed immediately.
"What a course event0, with God's guidance,
General Fallly was shot. One account says,
by hie own soldiers; another, by order ot'
The Empress ordered Prince Napoleon to re?
turn to Paris. He refused. A decree was then
issued stripping him of his rank ol Prince and
The Etoile of this city says the French have
been utterly defeated, and McMahon and Hie
Emperor taken prisoners. Tile French soldiers
massacre their own officers. Many officers
escaped into Belgium.
The Prussians who entered Belgium surren?
dered. The officers ol' both armies are set at
liberty on parole.
The Prince Imperial of France has arrived
at Chimay, a town of Belgium, thirty-two
miles southeast of Mons. He has been lodged
at the palace of the Prince of Chimay.
The French in Belgium number about 10:000,
with 400 artillery wagons, 2 guns and 1000
Three thousand French, including one gene?
ral officer and two officers of the Imperial etaff,
crossed the border and surrendered.
BERLIN. September 3.
The news of the capitulation of the Emperor
and McMahon was received with prodigious
enthusiasm. Thousands of people throng the
streets, moving in ranks with linked arms, and
singing patriotic songs, shouting and
exhibiting every other sign of enthusiastic
joy. A singing crowd assembled before the
palace, when, in response to the cheering, the
Queen appeared and made a short address. All
the schools are closed. The monument to
Frederick ll ls literally buried witta Hags. De?
monstrations have been made in front of the
residences of Bismarck. Von Moltke. and the
Minister of War. The stores are closed and
the day ls given up to festivities.
Particulars of the battle of Thursday are still
deficient, although at Paris it is thought to
liave terminated favorably to the French.
The Emperor Napoleon certainly made a de?
mand for a truce; tim by letter, and then came
ia personally and surrendered.
A Metz letter of the 2d says thal since the
battle of Gravelotte, twelve days passed with?
out giving the French an opportunity to leave
the saddie. Tiie French were unable to pre?
vent the Germans from seizing the chosen
positions. The garrison, including the citizens,
and refugees, must number 200.000.
MUNDELSHEIM, September 3.
The Prussians captured an officer and foui
chasseurs in the French sortie from Stras
bourg. The second parallel is nearly finished.
The guns of Strasbourg opened a violent fire
this morning and made a sortie, which was re
MBUNCOURT. September 5.
The troops which finally drove Bazaine back
to Metz were the First and Second army corps
and the Landwehr. The conflicts took plac?
around Sereguey and Nourseville.
American War Reports.
NEW YORK, September 3-Evening.
Dispatches have been received from Paris
via the French cable, but the Paris agent o:
the Associated Press is silent, whence it ia in?
ferred that the censor forbids the transmission
of political news.
The capitulation of the French causes in?
tense excitement in the Northern cities.
A special dispatch to the New York Tele,
gram says : "Bazaine, at Metz, surrendered
when he heard of the disasters of the Emperoi
A special to the Tribune, dated Thionville,
September 3, says: "Two bloody but decisive
battles begun yesterday, at 5 A. M.. and lasted
until 3 PM. McMahon was driven across the
Meuse. His surrender is confirmed by a mes?
senger and by a number of Germans. The
enemy is in force near the frontier.
Special dispatches to the Telegram lrom the
seat of war report brilliant Prussian successes.
Twenty thousand French iay dead and wound?
ed on Hie field.
From conflicting telegrams we gather the
McMahon was movie- to thc relief ol' Metz,
when he wa? encountered and driven back by
the Germans; who pursued closely. The pur?
suit Involved aseries of conflicts and serious
work ai Sedan on Tuesday, when McMahon
was perched on the heights of Vaux, near
Carigaan, whither the Emperor came. On that
day 30,000 of McMahon's troops were attack?
ed between Mouzon and Monliers. This waB
the battle of Beaumont. The French were
driven over the Meuse to Mouzon. The en?
counter on the other bank resulted iu drivlDg
McMahon from Vaux. McMahon then faced
about. On Wednesday, between Dousy and
Bazelles, a severe engagement took place,
when the Prussians turned the French right,
necessitating a retirement on Sedan, before
which place the fight was again renewed on
Thursday, when the French were driven into
the fortress at Sedan.
WASHINGTON, September 3.
The Secretary of State has a dispatch from
Minister Motley announcing the surrender of
the whole French army at Sedan, with the
Minister Bancroft telegraphs from Berlin
that Napoleon, In hl3 surrender, stipulated
that it should be without prejudice to the Paris
LONDON, September 3.
The Tribune has the following special from
..he King's headquarters at Vendres, "near Se?
dan, under date of Frida)- :
..The battle of Sedan began at 6 A. M. on
September 1 (Thursday.) Two Prussian corps
were in position on the west of Sedan, having
got there by long forced marches to cut off the
French retreat to Mezieres. On the south of
Sedan was thc First Bavarian Corps, and on
the east, across the Meuse, was the Second
Bavarian'Corps. The Saxons were on, fne
northeast with the guards, I was with the
King throughout the day, on a hill above the
Meuse, commanding a splendid view of the
valley of that river and the field of battle*
After a tremendous battle, the Prussians hav?
ing entered the fortifications of Sedan, the
Emperor capitulated. This was at five P. M.
In his letter to the King of Prussia, the Empe?
ror said : ilAs I cannot die at the head of my
army, I lay my sword at the ' feet of your
Napoleon left Sedan for the Prussian head?
quarters at Vendres at seven o'clock A. IL
On September 2 (Friday) McMahon's whole
army, comprising a hundred thousand prison?
ers, surrendered without conditions. The
Prussians had 2-10,000 men, engaged or in re?
serve. The French had 120,009.
Another special to the Tribune, dated* at
Adon, Belgium, Friday afternoon, says:
Every hotel here is filled with French
refugees from acrosd the frontier. The fron?
tier villages are crowded, and lt is difficult to
obtain anything to eat.
A hundred and fifty French and one hun?
dred German soldiers, while trespassing on
Belgian territory, were made prisoners,. and
conduoted to Namur.
To-night I also saw Paris refugees on the
train. They are not Germans, but Luxem?
bourgers, expelled from Paris on account of
their poverty. The Parisians are preparing
for a famine by expelling all foreigners not
possessed of "means of support. The poor
French are retained, if able-bodied, for mili?
tary service; if not able-bodied, they are sent
into the country.
The fortifications ot Paris are completed.
Trocha is virtually dictator. My Informants
leit Paris on the 2d inst. To-day ls the last
day of grace.
RICHMOND, September 2.
The city is greatly excited by the war news.
The North German flag Is floating 'from ma..,,
windows, and there have been as many fights.
English War Reports.
LONDON, September 3.
The Germans are urging King William to
declare himself Emperor ol'Germany.
The great and pacific news gives universal
relief. The effect is visible In nearly every
countenance. Transactions and prices ex?
hibit a new impulse.
There ls great excitement and anxiety to
learn whether the surrender Involves the ces?
sation of hostilities and the unresisted occupa?
tion of Paris.
The Paris Journal Officiel, this morning, rep?
resents every event of the campaign as a suc?
cess for the Emperor.
A dispatch from Berlin says : "Since Wed?
nesday last Bazaine sought to escape to the
north, but was lrustrated in every attempt.
It is really believed In Paris that McMahon,
acting on the offensive, on Thursday destroyed
the Prussian left, driving the Crown Prince
back of the hills of Ardennes.
Paris telegrams conti aue to say that McMa?
hon may hold out under shelter of the for?
tresses, and that Bazaine, who lacks neither
men nor provisions, is in a good position.
Martial law has been declared la Algeria.
Tlie Russian press is a unit in its sympathy
French War Reports.
PARIS, September 3.
Then; is nothing official from the armies of
the northeast. The battles ol' thc past few
days are considered indecisive, although the
losses have been very heavy. The Journals
consider an ai tack upon Paris impossible now.
The Prussians are not able to leave McMahon
and Bazaine In their rear. It ls well under?
stood in Germany that Paris, Instead of
making peace, will defend itself to the last ex?
tremity. The enrollment of men between the
ages of 25 and 35 will give, in a few days, an
addition ol' 300.000 men to the National
The entrance ol' a French army corps into
Baden, cutting the telegraph and railroad
lines in all directions, ls confirmed.
Ail the cattle from the Bois de Boulogne
have been brought Into the city. The French
grape crop promises an unusual yield.
The journals state the reported insanity of
the King of Prussia is confirmed.
ADDITIONAL DIS JP A TC BE 8.
The following, from the Northern papers,
may throw some light upon the later tele?
grams given above :
FAILURE TO RESCUE METZ.
VARENNES, September 1, via Berlin.
McMahon's efforts to rescue Metz have en?
tirely failed, In consequence of the defeat he
sustained on Tuesday, when he lost twenty
guns. The French losses were Immense, a's
compared with those ol the Prussians. The
Uhlans and dismounted hussars took, near
Sedan, two strong positions, in spite ot the de?
termined resistance of the French.
DEFEAT OF TUE FRENCH NEAR METZ.
LONDON. September 2.
Dispatches from private sources announce
That on Wednesday, August 31st, Bazaine un?
dertook to cut his way out from the shelter of
the fortifications ot Metz. The battle lasted
all that dav and the next evening, when on
Thursday morning he was again driven within
the walls. The losses were extremely severe
on both sides.
METZ TO BE DOM BARDED.
A correspondent with the first Prussian
armv corps writes yesterday: The second
army lent the Crown Prince two and a half
corps ten days ago. These have been return?
ed, as the plan has been changed from starv?
ing out Metz to bombardment. Heavy artil?
lery has been mounted against Forts St. Quen?
tin and Plappeuville.
PREVALENCE OK SICKNESS.
The dysentery and typhus lever prevails in
Metz. A while 'flag was sent oat on the 30th
for waler, surgeons and medicine?. The water
in the Moselle is unwholesome. The same
correspondent telegraphs to-day Irom .Saar
louis : "There is no enemy this side of the
Meuse. Twenty thousand landwehr went hence
yesterday. Dysentery is depopulating Saar?
br?cken. A heavy sortie was made eastward
yesterday from Metz, and repulsed. Heavy
cannonading at Metz was heard here this
KIN? WILLIAM UNDER /IRE.
LONDON, September 1.
A Prussian correspondent, describing a
scene at the battle ol the 17th, near Metz,
says for ten hours the King was exposed to
the enemy's fire. He had taken a seat near a
garden wall, cUse to Rezonville. A worsted
spinning factory, on fire near by, Illuminated
the royal headquarters. A ladder, one end
resting on a pair of scales, the other on a dead
horse, furnished a seat for his Majesty. He
was accompanied by Prince Charles, the Grand
Duke of Saxe Weimar, Count Bismarck, and
the Minister of War, Von Roon. The deepest
silence reigned, when suddenly General Von
Moltke, grasping for breath, approached and
cried, "Your Majesty, we have conquered !"
A hurrah was the response, and the party, all
life now, began a frugal supper of soldier's
brown bread and whiskey. .
SLAUGHTER OF PRUSSIANS AT JAUMONT.
A writer in the Figaro says Bazaine, in one
of the battles around Metz, entrapped the
Prussians, some 25,000 strong, Into the Jau
mont quarries by aid of spies disguised as
peasants. His cavalry then fell on their rear,
and, unable to wheel, the Prussians were cut
down and suffered terribly. Bazaine, how?
ever, is greatly mortified that this should have
been reported at Paris a victory.
THE BATTLE OF CARIGNAN,
Whether the battles of Beaumont and Carig
nan were fought on the same day or succes?
sive days seems doubtful. McMahon has been
caught with his army outside the Meuse, and
attacked by superior forces on both sides and
beaten. He was all ready lo retreat, finding
the enemy at his flank, and his communica?
tions were threatened by the Germans. Ho
wasted no time, but attacked whenever he
could reach the enemv.
The country above Etain and Verd?mes fill?
ed with troops. The Crown Prince of Saxony
held the right bank of the Meuse, while three
Saxon and Bavarian corps advanced on Buzan
cy. The battle of Carlguan, official details of
which are wanting, was apparently a most
Important one. It was fought under the Em
Eeror'seye, McMahon commanding in person,
efeat was followed by rout^and apparently
a hot Prussian pursuit. McMahon could only
fall back-on Sedan, fugitive's from other battles
accompanying him. "Wie 'Belgian frontier is
only a few miles off. Strong delatchmenls
were expected from the Crown Prince near
Rheims to complete the environment of Mc?
Mahon's remaining forces. ~ >
French official accounts ,n*resent McMahon
retiring either on Sedan or-Brezlers, to occupy
the enemy, whom it is no longer sate to en?
gage at a distance from his stronghold.
FIGHTING AT LOXOWY.
A correspondent telegraphs from Luxem?
bourg Thursday: There was lighting at Long
wy this morning. All the heights are covered
with smoke, but if there are any French
troops at Longwy they can only be routed
troops flying belore the Saxon Crown Prince,
in such a positltlon that it would be impossible
that the French could have uccepted, except at
the last extremity. Communications between
London and Paris by rail and telegraph are
TUE EMPEROR'S HEALTH.
A medical Journal Bays it is assured that the
statement as to the debilitated and doubtful
state of the Emperor's health Is well founded.
Dr. Prescott Hewitt, ot Saint George's Hospi?
tal, visited the Emperor professionally. Pain
lui and wearing vesaical and prostatic affec?
tions, added to recent fatigue, bodily and men?
tal, have been such that any moment a start?
ling announcement may be made.
PROTEST AGAINST PRUSSIAN* CRUELTIES Al
PARIS, September 1.
The Alsatians in Paris held a meeting to?
day, which was well attended. Speeches
were made, and the following protest drawn
up and signed:
"The Alsatians at present in Paris protest
against the cruelties of which Strasbourg isa
glorious victim. To pour red hot shot and pe?
troleum bombs into a city ol' 100,000 inhabi?
tants, to burn private property, 'o destroy
cathedrals and museums, to refuse to allow
women and children to leave, to force men to
work in open ditches against their own count?
rymen, are violatious of war which must "oe
denounced to the indignation of the civilized
world. We ask the Corps L?gislatif to decree
that Strasbourg has' deserved well of the
country? and pronounce with power on the
urgency ol sending assistance into Alsace tc
prevent the complete ruin and the surrender
ofa strong place, which constitutes the princi?
pal rampart of France."
PRUSSSIAN VIOLATION'S OK LAWS OF WAR.
PARIS, September 1.
In the Senate to-day the minister of Foreign
Affairs announced that he had sent dispatches
to foreign courts denouncing the conduct of
the Prussians in firing on ambulances, and
threatening to renounce the convention ol
Genevan the practice continues, and declar?
ing If Prussia persists in her refusal to consid?
er ail soldiers of France as belonging to the
regular army, and to treat them as such.
France will retaliate on the members of the
Landwehr and Landsturm.
lu the Corps L?gislatif Jules Favre presented
a petltiou signed by 2000 Prussians, protesting
against tile savage conduct ot the German be?
siegers ol Strasbourg, and demanding that
immediate relief be sent
KEJ MONOS IN BAVARIA,
MUNICH, September 2.
There is Intense delight among all classes ol
people at the prowess exhibited by the Bava?
rian corps, in the German army, in the buttles
near Beaumont. Fiags are flying from the
nubile buildings and "elsewhere, and citizens
have paraded the streets with bands of music,
banners and transparencies. The government
authorities were enthusiastically cheered yes?
terday. There was a reunion of the liberal
deputies in the chambers, to respond to the
convocation of notables who were In session
at Berlin. King Louis was duly notified. A
congratulatory telegram was sent to King Wil?
liam as well as the Berlin meeting. The King.
In reply to the felicitations, expresse:1 his Joy
and thanks for the confidence of Bavaria, and
assures the deputies that the combat of the
giants would result to the honor of Bavaria
and Germany. ?
Among the stores taken by the Prussians at
Forbach were several railway vans full of con?
It ls mentioned as a most curious fact, that
Baron Von Moltke. in his long Hie of war, has
never commanded a regiment In the field.
The Constitutionnel says that the diplomatic
corps will not leave Paris. Thc Empress has
signified her Intention to remain, even In case
of a siege.
The military career of King Winiam I,- of
Prussia, extends over a period of fifty-five
years. His Majesty, who was born in 1797,
was present at the battle ot Warterloo, and
was then but eighteen years of age.
Scientific and other special publications to
the'number of at least a dozen have been sus?
pended in Paris; the cause in two, if not more
cases, was the voluntary departure of writers
for the army.
All the workshops of Lyons and Rouen have
been Invited to furnish large quantities of silk
gauze for the manufacture ot cartridges, the
preparation cf which has not slackened, not?
withstanding the supply ol 123.000,000 now in
It is said the Prince and Princess of Wales
are unusually harmonious in their almost open
sympathy with the French. The Prince's feel?
ings is believed to rest in his great dislike of
his brother-in-law. the Crown Prince of
It ls related that at the battle of Woerth an
officer of cuirassiers had his head carried oil
by a ball. Notwithstanding, the body remain?
ed upright tor a short time, and for about one
huudred metres the decapitated horseman ap?
peared as if he was charging thc enemy.
In addition to the present defences ol Paris,
a vast fortification is contemplated, to be built
beyond the Bois de Boulogne, with the object
of protecting Neullly. .--hould it be made,
what remain of thc trees ol' the wood may yet
escape in the event of an advance on the city.
The North German Gazette professes to be
assured, from the best source, that Euglish
opinion is reconciled to the Une of the Vosges,
even of the Moselle, as thc future boundary
between Germany and France, with a thous?
and million francs as indemnity for the ex?
penses oi the war. These we sha!! have, God
Gustave Pore has executed a picture de?
signed to illustrate the horrors of war. It
shows a burning village, with the corpses of
soldiers heaped np In Its streets, with disman?
tled houses and perishing cattle; over this
scene of ruin and distress rises a. lurid moon.
He has also drawn one portraying the blessings
One .of the Masonic lodges at Cologne has
opened an immense kitchen io the suburbs of
that town for the support and relief of the
wives and families ol those who have obeyed
their country's call. Each woman can get a
good dinner lor six cents, and enough for one
child can be had lor a third ot mat sum. The
women who have visited this establishment
speak highly ol the quality of the food.
A private letter from Gottlngen says that
"last week about 20,000 French prisoners of
war were marched through this city, and
among the number were some of these so
called Turcos, who took more like wild beasts
than human beings/' , The writer states fur?
ther that business Is suspended altogether;
that one ot the largest wholesale houses in
Hamburg, out of twenty clerks, has sent eigh?
teen to the army.
The French papers are filled with wonderful
accounts of the mysterious agencies which
either are, or are supposed to be, set at work
by the Prussians upon French soil. According
to the Patrie, "agente and money were sent to
Africa, and a vessel was also dispatched laden
with arms intended to be distributed to any of
the natives who seemed willing to fight the
French. For a short time these agents assum?
ed the character of priests, and preached a holy
Edmund About, corresponding with the
Parisian journal, Le Solr, amid the sad details
of French defeat, chronicles one Joke. Itap
?ears that the Prussians soldiers use no tents,
o a French soldier somebody proffered the
consolation: "You at least have tents ?"
Vouzavez des tentes. Now the word tente ls
pronounced the same as the word tante, which
means an aunt. This similarity prompts the
reply of the soldier, who says, or is made to
say: "Tames (aunts), indeed; it ls the uncle
we want." Such la the hit of the French sol?
dier, or the French journalist, at the nephew
of his uncle.
A special correspondent writes from Paris,
on Wednesday, that provisions ot all kinds are
already reaching famine prices. Butter, salt
potatoes are double the usual cost, and meat
triple. Tradesmen refuse to sell except in lim?
ited quantities. Preparations are being made
on a vast scale for the wounded. Colleges,
lyceums, schools and convents are oonverted
into hospitals by order ot the government.
The palaces of Versailles, Trlanor, St. Cloud,
Mendon, St. Germain and Ramboullet are to
be Immediately prepared for the same pur?
pose. Many private houses have been given
up. The rich offer their country seats, and
the poor single rooms'* An oraniSns company
has given several depots. Distrust between
the government and the people still exists, but
it ls much diminished. Time has been agr?ai
Ot the rapid marching of the Crown Prince's
army toward's Paris, tue London Times' cor
respondent writes: "There was a company 01
two of the 581h regiment in advance of th<
Crown Prince's Btarf7 and in rear of his escor
ol lancers, Just Co make all safe against an;
evil-dealing from the dense woods whicl
? flanked our route. The usual walking pace o
a good horse is, we all know, considerably
? faster than that ol an ordinary march. Th*
staff never checked that pace ot their horses
Mile after mile that body of infantry, carrying
, knapsacks, coats, cooking tins, Ac, In th?
I very heaviest, and, to my mind, most tryln?
marching order, went on in front of tbi
; horses In that six hours' march, mostly np ?
series of ascents, and they never halted once
except for half an hour in the middle of th?
[ day. In ali that march only five men fell out
[ and two of these I saw running afterwards t<
pick up their places in the ranks. This is :
company which lost all Its office: except ?
lieutenant, at Wlssenburg."
THE BOOMED EMPEROR.
He IM no Match for Blnmartk and Vor
Moltkc - Gross Mismanagement ant
Want of Nerve.
The subjoined extracts are from a letter da
ted Paris, August 14, from a gentleman for
merly very intimately acquainted with the Em
peror of the French: * /
The result of the Prussian war has astonish
I ed every one here, friends and foes, the Igno
i rant, and the best Informed. I use the word
"asloulshed" advisedly, and mean to convey
i by lt astonishment of a stunning character
' Even those who knew or suspected, as Trocla
did, that much of the pretended efficiency o
the French army was superficial, were no lest
taken aback than thc most devout believers ic
the invincibility ot French arms and in the
star of the. Napoleons, at this utter collapse at
the beginning ot a campalgu.
To the few men who were as well acquainted
with him as you and I before he rose to power,
and who knew that, with a spirit adventurous
enough to get him Into any difficulty, he was
' singularly deficient in resolution aad personal
pluck when actually iace to face with danger,
this state of things is inexplicable, without the
strange concatenation ot circumstances which
brought it about, and which from u distance
lt is hardly possible that'you should realize.
Space and time only permit me to give them
with suggestive brevity.
Firstly. Bismarck and von Moltke, who
were really prepared, moved at the right time
with the utmost strategic, logistic and tactical
skill. Our quondam friend, L. N., was really
unprepared, stood still, and when he moved,
moved like an ass. He was directlug every?
thing, and our generals under him, depending
on him, were like men fighting in the dark. 1
wish to detract nothing irom the merits ot thc
Prussians, but give un accomplished iencer, oi
chess player or billiard player, and oppose*him
to an udversary who does not parry, who does
not make a combination in defence, who does
not make a point, then-your accomplished
fencer or player may go astonishingly fast and
Secondly. Where L. N. thought that he
was about to handle a beautifully organized
military machine, it turned out to be all dis
jointed'and out of gear. The subsistence, the
quartermaster's and ordinance departments,
were, in fact, in a disgraceful state ot Ineffi?
ciency. They were all rotten. Things were
only on paper. The extravagance and cor?
ruption ol' which he gave the example, or was
obliged to wink at, had spread far and wide.
Underlings had naturally followed the exam?
ple ol' their chiefs, and all had been interested
and successful In covering up their tracks. It
was the old story of the Emperor Nicholas in
the Crimean war, and of Jeff. Davis m y oui
war. Certainly he had gained five days on
the Prussians, probably ten; that ls to say he
had more men at the iront. Was he paralyzed
at the discovery of the real state of things, oi
by that constitutional want of courage whee
lace to face with a real danger ? ' Or had hi*
body or his mind given way? Probably lt ww
a combination o? all these causes; otherwise
where promptitude of action was advisable
before, precipitation became then his onlj
chance of safety.
The extent and effect of these reverses wat
staggering; so much so, as to have disarrang?
ed all the plans of the more violent and hope?
ful of the Ked Republicans. Men of ali parties
for a while did not feel sure but what the
"round they stood on would op.-n under theil
Feet. But this panic is past. All France is ID
for a long and bloody war, and It must be re?
membered that this Is not the France of 1814
15. exhausted by a struggle of twenty-two
years. She has had no war to hurt her for half s
century. Men already are accustoming them?
selves "to the Idea or a contest beyond anc
without Paris, as against the English in the
CHIEF JUSTICE CHASE STI??(:KE>
The New York Sun, of Friday, says:
We have just learned with deep regret thai
Chiel Justice Chase has been for some time pas
been suffering lrom a paralytic stroke, which,
without entirely destroyinc the use of his
iimbs. incapacitates him "for" walking without
help, and seriously affects his mind. His re?
covery is desired rather than confidently ex?
pected: indeed, il is considered donbttu
whether he will again be able to resume the
arduous labors of the bench, although it wil
be remembered that Judge Grier remained
on the bench lor several years after he be?
came partially paralyzed. The Chief Jus
lice is now at ike country seat of Senatoi
?prague, his son-in-law, on Narraganset:
Bay, where he has the best medical attend
ance that the country can afford. This Intelli
gence will be received with great distress b]
the whole country. The Ohler Justice is on<
of our greatest public men, and citizens ot al
parties will deplore the probability that w<
may be deprived of abilities so eminent
Those also who have believed that he woult
be elected President in 1872, will now looi
about with more anxiety than hope to fine
another man to whom they may give the samt
confidence which they have learned to giv<
to Judge Chase. The Chiel Justice is but six?
ty-two years old, waving been born in Corn
isb, N. H., on January ll, 1808. For the lasl
thirty years, he has figured conspicuously ir
our political affairs.
REFORM MEETING AT BLACK OAK.
A Good Omen for the Friends of Honest.
In respo ase to a call from a previous meeting
held in the village of Pineopolls, on the 23d
August, there was a large and eathualaa?o
meeting of the citizens of 8t John's Berkeley
held at Black Oak, on Wednesday, August 31,
the colored population largely predominating.
The meeting was called to order by the
chairman, Mr. William H. Cain, who stated
the object of this* meeting to be the formation
of a Union Beform club. The committee pre
vlously appointed to draft a constitution for a
Reform club, through their chairman,' Mr. 0.
J. Macbeth, after reading the platform of the
Union Reform party of South Carolina, sub*
milted the following resolutions:
Resolved, That we must cordially approve
of and endorse the platform of the Union Be?
lora party, aid its nominees for Governor and
Resolved, That the inhabitants of St. John's
Berkeley, without regard to color or previous
political faith, do forthwith organize them?
selves into a club for promoting and sustaining
the said platform, and that the name of the
said club shall be the "St. John's Central Re?
form Club." , '
Resolved, That the officers of the club shall
'consist of a president, three vice-presidenta
and a secretary and treasurer.
Resolved, That the president be instructed
to appoint an executive committee, consisting
of a chairman and ten members, and that the
president and chairman so appointed shall di?
rect and control all future operations of the
The resolutions were adopted, and the fol?
lowing permanent officers were- then unani?
mously elected: J. C. Cain, president; Messrs.
T. W. Easterllng, Frank C. Ferguson and J.
E. Dubose,vice-presidents; Thomas P. Ravenel,
secretary and treasurer.
The president, after thanking the meeting
for the honor conferred on bim, In & few ap?
propriate remarks urged the necessity of re?
form in the government of our State, and call?
ed on all honest citizens to join in putting out
of office the horde of plunderers wno are en?
riching themselves on the hard earned support
of our people.
The president then Introduced the following
gentlemen from Charleston : Messrs. J. N. Na?
thans, W. G. Rout, Aaron Harper. J. B. Cohen,
and William Black, who delivered stirring and
able addresses, exposing the swindles of the
Scott Ring In its varied departments; the land
commission embezzlement: the defiant warn?
ing and threat ot Cern m issioner Leslie, when
his report was demanded, that he would, li
forced upon him, expose Governor Scott and
all. concerned_ in that swindle, and many
others; the fraudulent receipts given for double
the amount paid for land, the Commission
thereby pocketing hali the amount that the
State was charged with; the poor lands bought
at one and two dollars per acre, and sold
to freedmen at eight and ten dollars per acre
in plain terms, the stealing of nearly $600,000
appropriated by the Legislature for the pur?
chase of land. The freedmen were caliea on
to say who had received lands, or been aided
in the purchase, to which they Indignantly re- .
piled, "No one had received an acre or a dol?
lar. Nothing but promises." The school
fund, raised partly by the direct'tax o? the
colored men, 1. e., poll tax, like the land
money, had been stolen, or paid out to various,
idle and useless officials, commissioners, trus?
tees, Ac; nothing left to establish schools or
pay teachers unto Just before the election, no
doubt to be closed soon alter. The Phosohate
bill, with its odious distinctions in favor of
the Ring and the venality of all parties con?
cerned, from the Governor to the lowest offi?
cial. Banks, railroad bonds, Ac., no?
thing that could be turned to ? money
account escaped the avarice of the great Ohio'
speculator. Asking the significant question,
How has Comptroller-General Neagle, Trea?
surer Parker, Attorney-General Chamberlain
and the horde .of others become wealthy on
salaries that formerly gave but) a comfortable
support ? The besetting sin of the age and the
ruling partj "peculation." The apparent ab?
horrence ol having a South Carolinian or
Southern man in any office of trust or profit.
And when consistency forced lt upon, them
that a colored man should fill any office, from
where are. they brought ? Massachusetts or
Ohio must furnish the fortunate mao.
But when labor or any dirty work
is to be done, then the colored man
of Carolina is favored*. Governor Scott was the
great friend of the colored man in Carolina, but
when in Ohio he did not deign to know them,
and.boasted when there that he owned 72,000
negroes in South Carolina. Who pays the
taxes for the support of this corrupt State
Government ? Every man colored-ana white,
not only the land-owner, but the tax is paid
on every pound of cotton sold, and every arti?
cle of clothing and food and Implement of
husbandry is taxed, which, of course, is paid
eventually by the consumer. Corruption
and extravagance had ruined our State
under the party now in power; called
upon her citizens, colored and white,
to rise in their might and rid thc State of dis?
honest and corrupt rulers, and Join the ranks
of the Reform party and support Judge R. B.'
Carpenter, who had fought for years In the
Federal army, was a tried friend to the colored
man and a Republican, and for whose endorse?
ment as a man of high-toned integrity, the
voice ot "well done" from the bar of South.
Carolina is sufficient; and General M. C. Bat?
ter, one of oar own men, who has never been
found wanting when right and justice to all
classes required his support.
Messrs. Frank Ferguson and T. W. Easter
ling also addressed the meeting in a few
forcible remarks, showing forth the Irrever?
sible equality of aU races in all the political
rights and privileges of freemen, as guaran?
teed to them forever by the constitution of the
SUte and the United States: urging the neces?
sity of reform and retrenchment by dlsplao
lug the plunderers now in office, and filling
their places with honest men.
The following resolution was then adopted :
Resolved. That the proceedings of tlus meet?
ing be published in THIS DAILY News and
Courier. J. C. CAIN, Chairman.
Tam P. RAVENEL, Secretary.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
The revenue on Saturday was $1,250,000.
National banks have been authorized at Nor?
folk, Va., at Rome, Ga., and at Pulaski.
The property stolen from the Methodist
Book Concern was returned on Saturday.
The ship-house of the polar expedition was
crushed by the ice on the 10th of October. The
crew were saved.
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