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VOLUME X?-NUMBER 1469. CHARLESTON? TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 6, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE FRENCH REPUBLIC.
A GOVERNMENT OF NATIONAL DE?
FENCE ORGANIZED AND RATI?
FIED RF FVBLIC
OFFICERS OF THE GOVERNMENT.
ROCHEFORT IN THE MINISTRY.
TROCHU STILL GOVERNOR OF PARIS.
PARIS, September 5.
The following official proclamation Bas been
isRed by the new government:
The D?ch?ance has been pronounced in the
Corps Leglislatif. The republic has been pro?
claimed at the Hotel de Ville. A government
of national defence, composed ot eleven mem?
bers, and all deputies of Paris, has been
constituted and ratified by public accla?
mation. Their names are Arago, Emanuel
Cremieux, Jules Favre, Jules Terry, Gambet?
ta. Gamier Pages, Rochefort and Jules Simon.
General Trochu will, at the same time, con?
tinue in the exercise of the powers of the
government of Paris, and ls appointed minis?
ter of war in place of General Palikab.
Leon Gambetta has been appointed minister
of the interior. ,
An important traction of the Chambers met
at President Schneider's residence,und seemed
disposed to act independently of the Provi?
sional Government, to whom they have sent
eelegetes, officers and soldiers to place them?
selves under the new government. The
Franc Tireurs of Paris guard the ministers and
public offices. It ie understood that the gov?
ernment will convoke a constituent assembly.
The Journal Officiel urges the nation to make
au unyielding delence, ancf declares that the
dismemberment of France is impossible. It is
said that the King of Prussia declared he was
only warring upon Napoleon; If it become
evident that he ls warring upon the French
people, the, struggle must be one ot extermi?
nation^ The enemy must be made to leel what
united Republican France can accomplish. All
men here must bear arms.
^he following circular dispatch has been
sent by the Minister ol the Interior to the pre?
fects of all the departments:
"PARIS, September 4.
..General Trochu, Governor of Paris, has
been appointed a member of the government
of national defence, which has been Installed j
at the Hotel de Ville. He takes the portfolio
of war, and his colleagues hase conferred
upon bim the presidency."
English Reports. ,
LONDON, September 5. '
The officers of the Provisional Government
are distributed as follows: Leon Gambetta, Min?
ister of Interior; Jules Favre, Minister of For?
eign Affairs; Pierre Mague, Minister ofJrl nance ;
Jules Simon, Minister of Public Instruction;
Emanuel Cremieux, Minister of Justice; Gene?
ral TTochu, Minister of "War; Grevy, President
of Council ; Andred Avoltyon, Secretary
Seals have been placed on the door of the
GOLD AND BOND MARKET.
NEW YORK, Scptembe . 5-Evening.
Discounts 7a9. Gold opened with increased
firmness. The report tba: T:ochu had been
declared dictator advanced the price to U|,
afterwards declined to 13?, the decline being
accelerated by favorable reports from London,
and for some prominent shorts were unable to
meet the clearances. Dur?ngT. M., active and
strong at Uj?aU*. Sixty-twos 13; fours 11|;
fives 11$; now 10J; sevens 10;; eights 10?; tor
ties ?. *
GEORGIA ST AXE BONDS.
ATLANTA, September 5.
The House of Representatives passed a bill
authorizing the Governor to issue bonds to
meet the outstanding bonds and interest due
and falling due before January, 1873. The
bonds bear interest at seven per cent., paya?
ble semi-annually in gold. Bonds ot twenty
three years' standing run to the end of 'the
lime, and will be redeemed in gold coin. Gold
bonds will not be used in funding outstanding
bonds, nor will they be exchangable lor
them. _ _ _
GADSDEK, September 2.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NEWS.
In ycir dally of the 30th ult., I noticed the
"On the 24th of January, in this year of grace.
1870, Mr. Julius Huguenin bought ot Joel
Adams, trustee, the Hopkins T. O. tract of
land, containing 1836 acres for $7000; on the 2d
day of March in this same year of grace, this
Bame tract of land was sold to the land com?
mission lor the modest sum of #12,810 by Mr.
Huguenin. Judge Wigg, of our Probate
f Court, negotiated the sale, and, we presume,
pocketed the extra $5810, for but a little while
has elapsed ere he bousht the fine newly
erected residence ot Mr. N?agle. Mr. Wigg is
Now, it would have been well for your corre?
spondent, ere he put forth the assertions con?
tained in the above, that tie should bave been
accurately informed. I purchased the Hop?
kins T. O. tract in September. 18C9; for private
rea.? .-ns the tract was placed in the hands of
Mr. Wigg, attorney at law, in June. 1870, ior
sale. This property before the war was pur?
chased from the Messrs. Hopkins for
$16,000 in gold. Mr. Wigg did not "pocket
$5810." Mr. Wigg is not my brother-in-law.
Mr. Wigg and I belong to perfectly distinct
political associations, and if your correspon
centintends by the conclusion of his paragraph,
viz, that "Mr. Wigg is Mr. Huguenin's brother
in-law," to insinuate that thern c:vu bc any
oollusion between Mr. Wigg and me, I pro?
nounce the same to be a wilful, gross uuU
JCUCS C. Hl'OCEXlN.
? -It Is said that when we pour milk into a
cup of tea or coffee the albumen of the milk
and the tannin ol the tea instantly unite and
lonn leather, or minute flakes of the. very
same compound which is produced in the tex?
ture of the tanned hide, and which makes it
lettber*as distinguishable from the original
akin. In the course of a year, a tea-drinker
ol average habits will have imbibed leather
enough to make a pair of shoes, if it could fr*
put into the proper shape for the purpose
THE MILITIA. TROUBLES ly S ORTH
RALEIOH, September 5.
Judge Bond, of tbe United State9 Circuit
Court, will have Kirk's lieutenant-colonel, Btu>
gsn, before him to-morrow. He is now in jail
by Judge Brooks's order. Holden mustered
out the white troops of Clarke's regiment here
to-aay. The negro troops are retained. He
says that more negroes are to be received.
SKIRMISH: WITH THE CARLISTS.
MADRID, September 5.
A skirmish with the Carlists is announced as
having occurred near Porto Rico. The Penin?
sula is otherwise quiet.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
A locomotive exploded at Pottsville. Pa.,
yesterday, killing one person and iataliy in?
The heavy loss by the recent fire in Chicago
amounted to two and a halt million dollars,
with one million insurance.
THE PRUSSIAN SOLDIER.
WT'Y THE FRENCH WERE BEATEN.
Th J Mathematical Precision of the Ger
We take the following admirable statement
of the peculiar excellencies of tbe German
military system from a letter of Mr. Fredrick
EapD, dated Berlin, August ll, printed io the
Nation of Thursday last :
In reading tbe French papers, you will ?nd
that tbe defeat is attributed by them to the
(Treater numbers ot the Germans. I admit
that tbu8 far we have been stronger on every
field and at any given point than the French. ?
Bat does this fact speak in their favor ? Their
populat ion and our is about equal. They have
between thirty-seven and thirty-eig'it millions
of inhabitants, while, on the other si Je, the
North German Confederation has thirty, Ba?
varia five, Wurtemberg, Baden and Southern
Hesse three and a half-a total of thirty-eight
and a half millions. The French weie three
weeks ahead of us when they declared war, but
they did not move beyond the frontier for tbe
first blow. Nevertheless, they considered
themselves so strong, and were so sure of the I
victory, that they neglected tbe most ordinary I
precaution?. Why, then, were they beaten ? I
We Germans are better organized fora war,
we have a better and more thorough way of
doing things in that line, than the French, j
They are courageous, gallant, and fall of spirit,
but they do not care for the details of the
service-; they labor under the* mistaken idea I
that everything can be done and carried out
by impetuosity and bravery.
The strength of our organization d>ts not
lio in the one per cent, of tue population which
forms tile regular army, but in the number of
those who baye served their time, and in case
of war are called in as reserve and landwehr.
Every yearlOO,OOO folly drilled xeu aje muster?
ed out "of the standing army, who, in case war,
are liable to active duty in the fi-.id for ump
more years. Thus, wb:ie the standing army
numbers only 300.000, our reserve and land?
wehr are 600.000' strong. They are the flower
ot the nation-none younger than twenty and j
none older than thirty-two. The French have I
only enlisted men. Their las: effort to imitate I
the German system was frustrated by the egot- j
ism of the ruling clashes, who did not feel I
dis wed to devote part of ibeir time, and, in
case of need, their lives, to the service of their
When, the German troops moved towards
the frontier, everything was ready for battle; j
the smallo?t strap of the knapsack, the last
button on the coat of the steward, were in their
places. Formerly, th? normal time for mob?
ilizing the army was a fortnight. This time
less than a week was required; in some in?
stances, the work was done in four days.
Abrain, formerly the forwarding of an army
corps by rai hoad took either Uve, or at the nt
most eight, dave, for it was supposed that a
railroad cjuld not forward more than twenty
or twenty-four trains of troops a day. Each
anny corps requiring one hundred and thirty
to one hundred and fifty traine, the whole
number of trains for ten to eleven corps thus
amounted to from thimcn hundred to eighteen
hundred. We bavo five tr?nk linee running
from east to west at our disposal, and, instead
of ten to eleven days for forwarding the army
to and beyond tb9 Rhine, only six days were
required; instead ol' thirty, we had forty and
fifty tratus a day, the government dispatching
a train about every Parly-five minutes. On
coming from Cologne to Berlin, I counted
sixty-three military trains, each of which con?
tain" about one thousand men. A battery of
artillery (six pieces) occupied five to seven
cars. The service was done with wonderful
promptitude and exactness. Not one train
was behind time, and only two accidents
happened. The soldieis, who were expressly
drilled for this kind of railroad service, entered
and left the cars with as little noise and delay
as the passengers of an express train. I was
present when the Second Regiment of the
Guards-three thousand men-left berlit; they
marched along the pin.form, and each car
huvmg the number it could bold marked on
the -"Utsi^e (ae, for i..stance, forty men or sis
horses, fte.,) they wero seated in about three
After the first week'* service, the employees I
were so ac.-ustomed to their work that they I
dispatched trains laden with soldiers as rapid?
ly ae passenger trains. The whole Second
Army Corp? (Pomeranians) were sent irom
Berlin to Neukirchen, near Saarbr?cken, in
fifty hours, (feeding, drinking and marching
included,) and arrived there punctually to the
This spirit of punctuality and strict obedi?
ence io tbe or Jere of his superior has been.iu
culcated into every Prussian and North Ger?
man from his earlies: youth.. The whole
training of the nation ie pre-eminently mili?
tary, and, whatever bad effects it may have
in other relation and a', other tunes, in emer?
gencies like the present one it is wonderfully
adapted tor carrying ou: even the most diffi?
cult military task. These qualities cannot be
drilled into a man in a month or a year'; they
mast be interwoven with his feeling and think?
ing;, they au-t work by tradition as well as by
present practice. In Prussia these traditions
and practices are now two hundred yean old.
But higher than this personal efficiency I
value the moral tone of thc German army.
Our soldiers go to war to defend their hearths
and homes, to repel an attack, to settle our
relations to France 60 fully and thoroughly
that she will never agaiu venture to provoke
us. It i* a bad job. you can hear every land
wher-mao say, but it must be done; we know
that we ruin our business,'but no v the time
for defeating the French once and forever has
come. There is an earnest resignatiou and
firm resolution in these men which deserves
the highest admiration from every impartial
observer. All classes of society are represent?
ed in this popular armv. Even a New England
reg? noDf could not find so many educated men.
While yon had the scholar, professional man,
and artist by tbe dozen, we have them by the
huudred in every regiment; they constitute ia
our armies the same percentage which they do
in common life. For instance, the other dav,
I read a smalt pamphlet written by a Prussian
sergeant ou the part he had tiken in the Bo?
hemian war of 1866. I he night before the
battle of Kom/gratz he bad a depute, be says,
with a comrade. It was about; the "p?rip?ti-"
of Sophocle's Antigone, and tis friend was
just going to answer him when the dr im sud?
denly called the soldiers to arms. Ibis same
material we have now-ol' couree not all so
well educa1 ed, but on the average as good as
the beBt of our nation. Each one one of tiie.-e
educated men is as good ae two others.
-There are abundant indications to snow
that the Prussians have good reasons for the
formation of a new army to protect them
against loreign intervention. The Russian na?
tional organs -?row more decided in their
opinions that ne supremacy of Prussia is
moro to be feared than that of France; while
Austrian statesmanship ls, not unnaturally,
much disposed to try its hand at co-operative
intervention. The Immense spirit and pluck
ol the German people will be severely tested
before peace is finally proclaimed.
FALL OF THE EMPIRE.
THE BEPVBLIC PROCLAIMED.
THE SENATE REPRESSED AND CORPS
ORGANIZATION OF A PROVISIONAL
HEN RI RO CEEFO R T LIBERA TED
MCMAHON REPORTED DEAD.
"DEATH TO THIERS.''
DISTURBANCES IN PARIS-THE PEOPLE
. SHOT DOWN BY THE POLTCE.
THE PEOPLE DEMAND THAT THE
INVADER BE DRIVEN OUT.
COLLO SA L ARMIES TO BE OR?
LIEGE SELECTED AS NAPOLEON'S
Tile Prince Imperial.
AMSTERDAM, September 5.
A dispatch reports that the Prince Imperial,
instead of escaping into Belgium, surrendered
with the Emperor at Sedan.
"The Empire Ended."
WASHINGTON, September 5.
A dispatch from Minister Washburne says
that the Empire ls ended. The excitement in
Paris ls intense.
Latest from Paris.
PARIS. September 3-Midnight.
Vast crowds are gathered In the streets, but
as yet there ls no disorder.
The prisoners captured at Sedan numbered
The Empress, Eugenie having received as?
surances from the Prussian Government that
she will not be treated as a prisoner, has con?
sented to join her husband and son, who was
also surrendered with his father at Sedan.
The Empress will leave Paris for Prussia ae
soon as her arrangements can be perfected.
General Trochu will at once be made tempo?
rary dictator, and Paris will be defended to
the last extremity.
Montmcdy Summoned to Surrender.
BRUSSELS, September 3.
The Prussians have demanded the surrend? r
of Montmedy. The garrison refused to corn
ply with the demand.
Thc Siege of Strasbourg.
CARLSRUHE, September 5,
The cellars of Strasbourg arc flooded by the
rise of the Rhine. There ls great suffering
and destruction of property. *It ls certain that
the Cathedral has been partially destroyed.
Paris in a Ferment.
PARIS, September 5-3 P. M.
It is now impossible to reach the Corps L?g?
islatif, owing to the enormous crowd sur
oundlng the building.
It is reported that a vote upon D?ch?ance
(the downfall of the Napoleonic dynasty,) has
been carried by yeas. 185; nays 0.
The people are wild with excitement, and
are rushing through the streets bearing pla?
cards with the vote of the Corps L?gislatif in?
scribed thereon. Shouts of "Vive la Repub?
lique !" are heard on all sides.
Regiments passing into the eily are received
by the populace with deafening shouts of Vive
la Liant ! Vive la Republique !
As the regular troops pass, as a sign ol
amity, the soldiers ure singing !.Vot<rtr pour la
The scene is one of indescribable excitement.
Rumors of all kinds are in circulation, and
it <s impossible to ascertain their foundation.
But one sentiment seems to be paramount.
"Hesistance to invasion,'' "All the nation now
to the rescue," are the shouts in which the
people and the troops join enthusiastically.
The National Guard say that order must be
preserved, and the people evince but little de?
sire to create trouble.
There is universal joy at the vote on M- ,
Crowds are beginning to tear down the Im?
perial arms from the front of lhe shops.
There are fears that this may lead to serious
trouble, as the National Guard are not inclined
to permit these disorders.
y IO HT DISPATCHES.
PARIS, September 5.
At 4 o'clock A. M. Commander Trochu, in
replying to the demands of the people regard?
ing the existing affairs, said he had taken an
oath not to communicate anything, and. as an
honest man, he could not break lt, but the
Chamber would answer the people.
At midnight crowds assembled before the
building in which the Corps L?gislatif sat,
and shouted that, as the Emperor had fallen
into the hands of the enemy, it was now time
for the people to rise up and drive out the in?
vader. The Corps, however, adjourned until
to-day, alter giving assurance that the day
should not pass without something having
been determined upon which would be worthy
This evening a large crowd assembled on
the Boulevard Bonne Nouvelle, parading, and
shouting "De cheance," and -'Vive la France.'*
They were charged upon hy the police, who
used their firearms and injured several citi?
zens, some mortally.
Early this morning there were great crowds
on the streets, who eagerly sought the jour?
nals. The popular agitation is very grear, but
the feeling against che invaders is singularly
PARIS, September 5-P. M.
Kerarry has been appointed chief cf police,
and Etienne Arago Mayor of Par:?.
The flags on the Tuileries have been tower?
ed. It is said that the Empress has departed.
The people arc rushing through the Tuileries,
on the walls of which, and throughout the
city, are posted placards Inscribed, "Death to
Thiers."' The members of the provisional gov?
ernment are said to be Favre,Gambetta, Simon,
Keratry, Picaud, Pelletiu and Terry. It ls
said they were appointed by, the Corps L?gis?
latif after the majority had withdrawn. The
Corps is in ?Ci?ion at the Hotel de Ville. Henri
Rochefort, who has been released, is assisting
at this meeting.
The Provisional Government is in office
without the sllghest disorder. All of the min?
ister) are acting with energy. Orders have
been issued for the immediate formation of
collosal armies. The Senate has been repress?
ed, and the Corps L?gislatif dissolved. The
Provisional Government ls In permanent ses?
sion at the Hotel de Ville under the presidency
of General Trochu.
? Belgium Reports.
- It is stated that Liege (a town of Belgium,
fifty-four miles east bf south of Brussels) has
been selected as the place o? residence for the
Emperor Napoleon. The Empress's maids of
honor have arrived here.
Crowds in Paris continue to tear down signs
bearing the Imperial arms, and the highest
stories ol the theatres are ascended to tear the
word Imperial down. The police are no longer
seen on the streets.
BERLIN, September 5.
Congratulatory telegrams are being received
' from all parts of the world. Nearly all protest
against foreign interference with the Germans
in their designs for the adjustment of peace.
It is reported that General McMahon ls dead.
This afternoon a crowd disarmed and broke
the swords of the Parisian police, who did not
respond to the cry of "Vive R?publique P The
boulevards are almost impassable, on account
of the crowds. The National Guard are keep?
STCTTOARDT, September 5.
A mass meeting here bave adopted resolu?
tions asserting that Germany refuses all media?
tion or intervention of loreign powers, and
providing that Allsace anti Lorraine be incor?
porated as portions of Germany; that a lair
compensation for the expenses of the war
must be given; that Germany hereafter mast
be one nation, with one army and one parlia?
ment, and that these are accessary for the
security or peace in Germany and in Eurepe.
LONBOX, September 5.
Last night the citizens of Paris still doubted
the bad news, though they were profoundly
moved, and very anxious. If the government
was informed, it gave no Intimation of the
state of affairs, merely expressing a doubt as
to the positions of McMahon and Bazaine, an d
admitting that these were tidings from Prus?
LONDON, September 5-<; A. M.
The members ol the Provisional Govern?
ment established at Paris are Trocha, Gambet?
ta, Simon, Pelletin, Favre, Terry, Keratry,
Cremleux, Picard and Grevy.
American War Report?.
WASHINGTON*, September 5.
The State Department has advices thal the
Republic ol France has been proclaimed from
the Hotel de Ville. The people are still In pos?
session of the Clumber. Deputies Gambetta,
Simon, Plcaud and others compose a Provi?
sional Government. Rochefort has been libe?
rated by the people.
Baron Gerolr. has a dispatch from his gov?
ernment staling that Napoleon disavows his
former entreaty for peace, and that as the
French Government is at Paris the war must
Prussian Official Report of tb? Cam?
BERLIN, September 2.
The following ls the oilicial report of the
campaign from the commencement to the bat?
tles around Metz:
On the 5th of August the first Prussian armv
found itself between Saarbr?cken and Saar
loule, facing thc Second French Corps occupy?
ing Splcherln Heights, near Saarbr?cken. The
Fourteenth Division attacked as the French
were preparing to leave on trains, and was
supported by toe Filteenth Division and some
Sortions of- the second army under General
telnmelz. A bloody victory was achieved
and 3000 prisoners captured. General Fros
sard retired from Forbach to Metz, leaving his
luggage, private stores of champagne, pon?
toon train, camp, &c.
Meanwhile the First Corps moved on Me ti.
Waiting lor the second army, which had to lay
the railroad track as lt moved along on the
l-l th ol' August, thc first army was placed
thus : First Corps, with Second Division, near
Etang, between Metz and Bonllay, with another
division near Conrrelles, between Metz and St.
Avoid; the Seventh Torps. with the Thirteenth
Division, near Pauge ; the Fourteenth Division
near Donnanrille ; the Eighth Corps In re- 1
serve, near Hie village of Vionvllle ; the Third
Division on the left wing, near St. Barbe, its
First Cavalry near Frontign ; the advance post
close IO the" French line, scarcely a German
mile from Metz, while the body was encamped
on the bank ol' the Nied. The enemy had oc?
cupied, with considerable force, a small water
course between Colomby and Genoullly.
Movements ot'the enemy, about 4 o'clock,
led to a reconnolssance. Energetic resistance
was encountered. The enemy developed great
streugih, and General Manteufl'el.of. the first
corps, and General Zastrow, of the seventh,
engaged promptly, General Galtz's brigade, of
the seventh corps, in advance. The first divi?
sion advanced toward Colomby, and was soon ,
involved '.n.a violent combat, but maintained
itself untu General Osten's brigade eame up,
the conlronting force far outnumbering lt.
General Zastrow arrived at 5 o'clock to the east
of Colomby, taking command In chief and ad?
vancing the whole corns. At 6 o'clock all of
General Gleiner's division was engaged near
Colomby. maintaining itself against a superior
force. At 7 o'clock General Kamekas's divi?
sion was concentrated at Marseilly. At a mo?
ment six batteries were engaged, with others
in reserve, to extricate and sustain Generals
Gleiner and Zastrow. At 6 o'clock General
Waynac's brigade was neut to attack the ene?
my's right near Colomby. The brigade, with
splendid bravery, drove thc enemy, enabling
Osten's brl-rado to occupy the wood ou the
north of Colomby. The twenty-seventh brig
age remained intact as a reserve.
At about 8:3U the euemy withdrew at all
points. Meanwhile, the Seventh Corps, with the
advance of the First, advanced under cover of
cavalry near to the roads connecting Avoid
with Metz and Erang with Metz. The corps
opened the attack with the first division near
Monthais. and tue second near Moissevlile.
Thc enemy in force attempted to advance on
the latter point, was repulsed by prompt ser?
vice of the. corps of artillery and the reserves
of infantry. E?arkness closed tho fight. On
tho extreme left the first division of horse ap?
proached Mercy-le-Haut, their battery advanc?
ing with pauses to fire. The "Cth regiment,
ol the Ninth Corp?, belonging to the left wing
of tho eecood-armv. had advanced on the east.
On the same line, at th* extreme right, ?ie
third division ol' cavalry advanced to Ogg,
where a battery opened on the enemy, north
At eigot o'clnc'i the enemv recoiled at all
points from the left bank of the Moselle under
.lie guu9 of Metz. Pursuit was etopped bv
I he ure of the guns of the fortress. The field
was covered with dead. Few prisoners were
taken and f?w trophies, owing to the activity
of Ihe fortress, the heavy fire of which torc
through the Prussian masses. General Ste-n
metz, who came up, was in time to give orders
for the night, and the fol'.owms day to prepare
for a renewal of the conflict. The result was
that tbe enemv in one quarter of an hour was
driven from the wall bjck into the fortress.
In anctner quarter a large body was left to
retreat on Pane and fall iuto tho hanas ol' the
?econd army, whic? was moving rapidly on
tbe left ba.uk ol tbe Moselle, leaving the first
corps and two divisions of cavalry on the east
ot Metz. The armv he uext day moved to the
left without resistance, passing the Moselle at
Avey ?nd Comy-on. The seventeenth corps
was bi-yonu Aa-Sur-Moselie, the eighth and
ninth at G?ZJ, while the second aimywas
march...g ?.i|j??lly towards Metz,on tho Verdun
road, after victorious rights at Yionville and
Tho task of tbe f?rat corpa this day was to
act as tho right of nil tbe linea of attack, hold?
ing the left bank of rho Moselle, while the
secoud army moved, so that the front would
extend from the north towards tho east, thns
bringing the first and second armies between
Metz and Paris. On the 17th no offensive
movement was made, the Prussians resting m
a sheltered position near Gravelotte, the
seventh corps contenting itst If with repelling
slight reconnoissances near the forest of Vanx
At this moment General Steinmetz recon?
noitering at the-south of Gravelotte', in the
foreBt of Ogoutb, discovered the enemy, three
corps strong, encamped on the heights north
of GraveJotte. The farms of St. Hnbert and
Point Da Joure were occupied about noon.
General Steinmetz, heariog ? cannonade at
Verneville, and having been advised that the
head of the ninth corps was engaged, gave
orders to resume the attack. The seventh
corps deployed on the south and east of the
heights of Gravelotte. A formidable artillery
practice followed, presenting an imposing
spectacle. Fifty cannon, presently augmented
to eighty, opened on the enemy's batteries,
while advancing steadily a'ong tue high road
was a mitrailleur, when the fire was opened on
the reconnoitering party, strong outposts well
sustained were placed.
The enemy mide uo serious attack tint day.
On the 18th the first army remained qui-1, the
enemy equally so, while the second army ad?
vanced to Verneville and Mane Aax-Cheaes to
renew the fight up hil). General Steinmetz
and staff remained by the batteries UDder a
shower of projectile*, hut hardly had an hour
passed before the French batteries grew silent
and tho French began to retire. The infantry
oftheB?venth corps rented in a woody gorge
between Gravelotte and Point Du Joure, but
Galtz's brigade, posted near Ars, to guard the
Moselle valley, was already engaged in com?
bat. It took the village of Vant and the
heights of Fiessy, whore it sustained itself.
Meantime the 7th and o.b corps, coming from
P.ez3nville. opened an attack with heavy ar?
tillery practice, while tho first division of
cdv.nrv took the first sheltered position behind
it, und thc infantry attacked the enemy in tbc
wood of Genivou8. Again the enemy's guns
were silenced, while the infantry encountered
obstinate resistance in Genivoua woods, where
the fight continued for hours.
Owing to the density of the woods the hos?
tile forces intermixed, and the Germans and
French frequently fired into their own ranks.
Emerging at lost irom the wood the Prussians
carried the heights and the firm of St. Hubert
with severe loss. Further advanca waa im?
possible on thia side. The French artillery
waa withdrawn, and the Prussiius became
silent. About three o'clock, supposing the
enemy gone. Steinmetz ordered Hartman's
cavalry to cross the defile witu two boree bat?
teries "and the Fourth Uhlans and pursue.
Ibis was effected at 4P. M. The polners'
found the enemy had not retreated, but was
sheltered from tbe cannonade by troops which
had advanced. Our men encountered a mur?
derous fire from diasBepots, cannon and mi
ti ailleurs. The dead and wouudtd instantly
encumbered the roads. The batteries s )on re?
opened, sheltermg tho cavalry duel, which
continued un il dark, when leaving a force on
the field, the Prussian main body fell back.
At lour o'clock in the morning the Prussian
artillery reopened, tbe French .replying until
silenced. At the left, betwren Verneville and
Armani, Villier'u infantry fire alone was heard
at first, but 60on artillery begun, showing the
approach of Priucc Frederick Charlee. The
German infantry held firmly, awailiugtiie sup?
port of artillery, and kept the enemy busy.
The French nil day used thc chassepot from
trenches at 2200 yards, inflicting dismay and
severe looses, but they were nevertheless in a
desperate cjudilion. Being surrounded and
attacked on all sides, their only chance waa
to retreat to the fonrese.
ASTAJRS IN COZZSTOy.
Pcm and Ink Sketches of the County
Officials-A Strange Story.
[FROM ?VB OWN CORRESPONDENT.,)
BCCKIIKAD, COLLETON COUNTY, AllgUSt 30.
An item of business took your cosmopolitan
correspondent last week pretty, well through
the County of Colleton, in South Carolina, and
li his Jottings by the way will be ol'any ser?
vice to help the good cause of Reform and kill
off old Scott politically, your are welcome to
them, trusting that the Jottings will not be
criticised by "literary men," as your humble
servant makes no pretensions to that art and
science, but is a plain, simple countryman
when at home. He will now proceed.
The roads are bad, and, from what I can
learn, will be worse If the present county
commissioners still remain in office. They'
stand charged, and their chairman particularly,
with gross malfeasance In office, wilful neglect
of their dulles as public men, totally Incompe?
tent-as their chairman, J. J. Klein, acknow?
ledged to a gentleman of the county at Bell's
Cross Roads about two weeks ago at a public
meeting "that he did not know three feet from
two*'-a wilful waste ol public money to pro?
mote the private good ol the aforesaid chair?
man, as exemplified in the building ol' tho road
from Walterboro" to a poinl ol' the Savannah
and Charleston Railroad called Jacksonboro',
by which way the goods ol' that chairman are
transported 'to his store, in the village above
mentioned. But your correspondent will give
a few facts to show how the people's money
has been spent, in a future place.
The grand jury presented the roads aud
bridges In a bad condition, and some small
effort bas been made to pretend to work them,
but in most cases they have been badly at?
tended to, and this arises from the tact that
tue people generally are aware chat there Is
no way to compel them to work as in the days
of "auld lang syne," and this comes from the
Scott faction. I give it lor what it ls worth.
You know how to appreciate truths coming
from that source.
The political meeting at Bell's Cross Roads,
casually mentioned also, has been already
notlced In one of your issues: but yon will ex?
cuse your writer ll he says something of that
staunch Reformer, Mr. J. J. Fox. or, as he is
better known, Captain Fox, of the Confederate
scouts, in the latter days of the past war. He
lt was to whom the inhabitants ot the metro?
polis of Colleton owed their good fortunes in
the preservation of their household goods and
chattels from the hands of the (then) enemy,
and, perhaps, their lives. Since that period
he has connped himself to study, Ignored and
kept entirely aloof from politics until the time
came for him to politically enlist, and now he
stands boldly forth the sturdy champion of the
good cause of Reform, a man seli-made, and
consequently perfectly self-reliant. No political
or public sins to burden his broad shoulders,
he strikes fearlessly, honestly and intelligent?
ly, and his blows for Reform are lelt wherever
he speaks. In good truth, "an honest man is
the noblest work of God." The effects of the
meeting are now very visible, and if the stan?
dard-bearers of the Reform party can only '
have a hearing, old Colleton will be divided
for the first time since the regime ol' 18CC-so I
am credibly informed. ?
The crops in the neighborhood of Bell's and
Its vicinity are very good. Cotton is not large?
ly planted, and a good deal of lt has the rust.
Corn will, from appearances and information,
be more in quantity than since the war. Mr.
James Padget has a fine crop, and believes in
surface ploughing at "mutton time" for corn.
Mr. Hlers arid others have also good crop?.
THE NEWS flourishes even here, and wherever
von go It meets you.
From Bell's to Walterboro1. a stretch of
twelve good mile*?, the country is a pineland,
but hard work enables the people to live. Most
of them carry cotton by wagons to yonr city
and some few have near a bale ready for mar?
ket, and expect to get at least twenty cents
per pound. I onlv wish they may.
Walterboro' ls too well known to give you a
description; a word or two may not be amiss
abot t some ot the people, however, and as
most of them aie public servants, or, rather,
ooly ia name, !Or they seem to rule the color?
ed people, they must claim some attention.
And why ? may be asked. The answer is, be?
cause they merit ir, "for weal or for woe."
First comes George F. McIntyre, chairman of
the Radical executive committee, school com?
missioner, representative, and four other
berths, but whose names have slipped my
memory. He has bought him a house-came
here, 1 understand, with nothing-drives a
fine horse and buggy, keeps late hours,
has a black moustache which he ls ready
to twist, especially after packing the
Radical convention- a manager of " Scott's
Winchester Rifle Law Election" In Octo?
ber, and boasts that he has $10,000 to
carry Colleton for Scott-and himself back to
Columbia, but not lu his preseut capacity
but ia place of Senator Hoyt, who, with Rep?
resentative Thomas Richardson, are in the
field for the Senate. But McIntyre has a
United States flag on a high pole in his yard,
and report says he will be elected, for the mor?
als of the votes are not proof against the
almighty dollar. Hoyt was pointed out, and
looks like he might be not hard to beat. He is
known as "'sheep law" Hoyt, from his intro?
duction of a bill to kill dogs that worried sheep.
He pulls wool over somebody's eves, but the
colored people at Blue House not long since
advised him "to go back where he came from,
as they could not see how the people at home
spared a man that was as smart as he made
himself out to be." Egotism ls written In
every feature. General whipper, ot Beaufort,
was his guest during a day or two of court
J. K. Terry ls sheriff, a moderate Radical.
The people lean a little towards him, as weil as
to A. C. Shaffer, and tboy ought, as they bought
lands and came herc to make Carolina their
home, and are planting the staple somewhere
on Toogoodoo. Terry and Shaffer are credited
with some good deeds.
James W. Grace, county treasurer, is from
New Bedford, Mass., was captain of some col?
ored company; married a Miss Waring, from
this State, and seems to keep more to himself.
The grand jury found his office, ail right, and
so reported, I am Informed.
Jessie S. Craig has the office of Judge of
probate. He is peculiarly gilled with an in?
nate knowledge of the law, and knowingly
discusses ali the knotty points in the constitu?
tion, Ac., and is (in his own opinion) equal to
Chief Justice Chase; those learned In legal
lore, however, differ widely with him,- and
hold to their opinion that he is an Infant yet,
and it will require Methusaleh'B age to edu?
I must uot in my brief sketches fail to men?
tion Mr. Henwood. All such as be the people
gladly welcome. He comes as a Bettler, not
as a carpet-bagger, and has already invested
both money and time-the first In the purchase
of two tracts of land, a nice lot and house In
the village, and has gone to work. Be ts also
committed to the cause of Reform.
John W. Burbidge, Esq., is the county audit?
or. A Republican he ls, but I believe it is ad?
mitted on all sides that he is an honest one,
both as to his political belief and in the admin?
istration of the affairs of his office. His Intel?
ligence Is above mediocre; his business habits
are held in high estimation from one end ol
the county to the other. The people know him
everywhere, and speak well of him. Of course
be has enemies; but you never find a good man
that does not. These are politically so, 1
found, and report him as he was represented.
The census-takers are busy. The father-in
law of Mr. Henwood died from bilious fever,
contracted whilst engaged In this work on the
Combafcee and Ashepoo.
The last-but not least are the county com?
missioners. Mr. Editor, when the whole
county talks evil about you there must be
'.something rotten in Denmark;" and so it ls
here. These county commissioners, composed
of J. J. Klein, chairman, white; Edward Holmes,
colored, and James Nesbit, black, seem,
with the exception ot the last, who has been
only recently appointed by Scott, to stink In
the nostrils ot the people of the county, both
white and black, except those that he gives a
good fat monied Job to. And while the Jour?
nals of the court of the July term show that
the grand jury found their "books, Ac, well
kept and regular," there seems to be behind
the throne a power that keeps any prosecu?
tion from being entered against them. Wit?
nesses can be obtained readily who are wil?
ling, nay, even anxious, to have a chance to
tell, in ? court of Justice, of their departure
from the paths of virtue; but the halls of Justice
are in the hands of the Ring, and the solicitor
does not dare do what he, even with his feeble
knowledge of law, knows to be his duty; for a
gentleman informs me, a staunch, reliable
gentleman, too, that he prosecuted, but could
get the solicitor to do nothing. Public opinion
Is strong against this board of commissioners,
i but they are making money, or they would
not be so deaf to Its voice, and would resign.
No man but one whose very conscience ls dead
to everything but filthy lucre, and whose only
love Is love ol gain, would stand before such a
' storm of unpopularity and try to cry down
I public opinion. A stranger in a strange land
would tell them to desist, and for very shame
to resign. An honest and upright man, doing
what he conscientiously believes to be his
duty, may be deaf to the public voice, and live
down the frowns of society; but one ol' the
other class cannot hope to do lt-may as well
trust to get to Heaven without prayer and
faith. A few brief words as to tbelr misdeeds,
as related to me, and I will bid them
adios. Thc road spoken ol .to Jacksonboro'
has had at least eight thousand dollars spent
to put it In order, and it,is at this date even
Impassable, when that sum, properly expend?
ed, could have put the road in a condition to
last for years. Other parts of the parish or
county needed a great deal of work, and yet
the commissioners spend nearly an tbelr time
and money still upon lt. The mail carrier (C.
Sauls) speaks very seriously of trying to get
the mall to Green Pond, as he cannot travel
that way without serious drawbacks; and, by
the way, that road (to Green Pond) has been
nicely fixed, and the county commissioners
would prefer to travel that line to Charleston.
The one has become too bad. and the other
must take Its place. The frauds are so numer?
ous that I cannot enumerate them; but they
are well vouched for to your correspondent,
and li there ls any decency in the "'Radical
party," they ought to clean out the nest. The
chairman ot the county commissioners attends
all, or nearly so, of the political meetings, but
he can't be understood. A freedman said some
time ago that be was at a meeting on Round
0, and he liked to hear "Mass Fox" speak,
but he thought Klein was drunk, or spok'i
"Gulla," as he could not understand him.
Fox did good service there, I am told, and as
a sequence thereto, has had a suit brought
against him for "libel" by one Jacobi, who
claims to be a. "knock-kneed Justice ot the
peace, and such a peace justice! they had to
shut him up to keep bim away from Fox, and
he was thereby saved something unpleas?
ant to him at least-so people seem to bink.
Trial Justice "Dr. Farmer," of Waterloo,
claims to be the same way ol thinking as J.
L. Orr. Says If he could write, he would have
wrliten just such a letter. Yoiir readers can
be their own judge ol' his decency and re?
spectability; of that, your correspondent
knoweth nothing, and does not care to know.
THE ADDRESS OE THE S?RTH CAR?
A LESSON FOR OUR PEOPLE.
We reprint the iollowing address to the peo?
ple of North Carolina issued in March last :
The undersigned, Conservative members ol
the General Assembly, upon the eve of their
return to you, beg leave to suggest u few mat?
ters for your consideration, believing as they
do, that thev bear directly upon the welfare of
the State. We have a great struggle before us
in the approaching August election-a strug?
gle with a loe bet?re whose columns our ban?
ner has twice gone down. What disasters to
io the State have followed these defeats, we
will not stop to recount here; the story is but
too familiar to you; we but desire to advise
you to that course which seems best to us, for
ridding our State lorever from the calamitous
rule of the Radical party. This Radical
party, in the General "Assembly, have
been, at last, though reluctanctly, forced,
by the potent voice of public opinion,
to granr, what the State Constitution, rightly
construed, already secured lo you, a popular
election on the first Thursday in August next.
Esteeming the free exercise of the ballot, as
they do, one of the most sacred rights of free?
men, all our people, without regard to party, .
condition or color, will receive the announce?
ment with pleasure. The right of the people
to rigidly scrutinize the nets 01 their repre?
sentatives, and to correct all abuses of power
by the peaceful renvHly of the ballot box, ls
one which freemen should never indifferently
exercise or tamely surrender. The election in
August next, alihuugh confined to the choice
ol' members bi Congress, members of the next
General Assembly, the various county officers
and an attorney-general, ls one of sufficient
importance to call out every voter, and Co ac?
tively enlist the energies and time of every
lover ol' the State.
The dominant party are organizing thor?
oughly lor the approaching campaign, and
you imperil every important interest or the
State it you flatter yourselves with the hope
that it will surrender the government without
a despera-e struggle. We feel confident that
an equally zealous and determined effort on
the part of the Conservative people of the
State, will insure them a thrice glorious victory
in August next. But to achieve lt, they must be
united and thoroughly harmonious. In the
presence or a aetermineu enemy we cann?
afford to divide among ourselves. The pa
S"orles or defeats of old political organization
ould be among the things of tn o past I
the battle we are about to join against Rad
calism, reckless extravagance, corrnp?oi
swindling, Imbecility and partisan tyrai
ny, why should we stop to inquir
whether our leaders were in the pas
Whigs, Democrats, Unionists or Secesstor
I8ts, ?o they but lead us to victory an
save us from a defeat, the result of whlc
would be nothing less than absolute ruin t
the State? That man who now attempts t
exhume the buried past, to revive the prejr,
dices born of Issues long since dea-'., zvd whlcl
ought to be forgotten, will, Intentionally o
unintentionally, contribute to the strength <
our common enemy. Let the bickerings c
the past be hushed; let us rise ibove th*
dwarfed idea that would lead u.< to inquir
what a man's politics were In the past; let u
but ask, is he 'on opponent of Radicalism ? I
he honest, is he competent ? Upon this broat
and elevated platform you can invite the gow
of all parties and races to Join you against thai
party, which has levied and collected taxei
.without stint with one hand, and scatterec
them with wild extravagance with the other
that bas introduced into our halls ol legisla
?on, corruption hitherto unheard of there
that has elevated to positions of trust an<
profit, men wholly unworthy of confidence
that has altered and confused our laws unti
the administration of Justice has become cost
ly, and Its attainment uncertain; that ha
sought to subordinate the civil administrarlo!
to military power, by proclamation or martie
law, and petitions to Congress for the suspen
sion of the writ of ?aoeos corpus; that ha
more than doubled the current expenses o
the State Government; that bas enormous!;
increased the State debt; that has ruined th
credit ol the State; that has cast a foul bio
upon her hitherto fair escutcheon, and tha
for want of statesmanship, and that for utte
disregard of the necessities of the people, 1
without a parallel in the history of this or an;
j other State. With such a cause as ours
against such a party, the undivided ranks c
Conservatism must prevail. .-?aw
In the last contest in this State, the princi
pal issue was on the question ot colored sui
frage and the civil rights of the colored race
That matter has been decided, upon solem:
appeal, by the people of the United States
The guarantee of their rights has now becom
a part of the constitution. To that constitu
tion we have ever been willing to defer, to tb
lawB made in pursuance of It we yield, ant
ever have yielded a ready obedience.
The Reconstruction acts of Congress, wit]
the civil and political rights they confer on th
colored race, we regard as a finality. We ac
cept them in good faith. We are one of th
States of the Union. Let us seek to forge
the bitterness of the past, to build ap th<
places made waste by thc unfortunate war
and to promote the harmony and prosperity o
all sections of our great country.
The colored man now enjoys the same pol; ti
cal and civil rights as the white man. We ac?
cept his status as fixed by the Constitution ol
this State and the United States In good faith.
We regard lt as a final settlement of the ques
tion. It now becomes our duty as good citi?
zens to elevate him morally and Intellectually,
The Chief Magistrate of this State, the bead
and front of Radicalism, has seen fit to declare
one of our counties In a state of Insurrection,
and .to call upon Congress to suspend the writ
ot habeas corpus throughout the State. We
declare there is no sufficient cause for this ex?
traordinary action of Governor Holden. There
is and has been no armed resistance. No up?
rising of the oople. No outbreaks to disturb
or hinder the full administration of the civil
law. We assert that there Is not a county in
the Slate in which any sheriff or other, peaoe
officer may not go unattended, and with
perfect safety, and execute any process
upon any citizen of the State. It ls
true that; murders and other outrages have
been committed, but they have not been con?
fined to any particular locality er any political
party, and when Governor Holden represents
to the President and to Congress that these
acts are evidences of disloyalty, he ls guilty
of a wilful libel upon a people whose rights he
has sworn to protect. When he seeks to con?
vince the Federal authorities that these viola
[ tlons of the law receive aid, countenance or
encouragement from the Conservative party
of the State, he knows that bis allegations are?
unfounded, and that he perpetrates a great
wickedness, purely in the Interest of a political
party. He hopes by magnifying these out?
rages, by giving them the appearance of die
loyalty on the part of our people, to procure
the aid of Federal troops in overawing them
in the next election. And ne further hopes to
wreak vengeance on his political opponents
through the agency of courts-martial, hedged
in by bayonets. Surely there never was
so base a betrayal of a people by their chief
executive officer. We denounce crime wherc
ever and by whomsoever committed,, be the
perpetrators white or black. Loyal Leaguers
or Ku-Klux, ii such organizations exist; and
we here declare them enemies of society and
wicked ministers to that spirit of lawlessness
and contempt oi thc forms of law from which
our unhappy country has suffered so much un?
der Radical rule. Secret political organiza?
tions are productive only of evil; let them at
once be disbanded, and let men succeed at elec?
tions upon their merits, and not by force of a
terrorism exercised over their oath-bour.d
confederates. That man who, upon his own
Impulses, or in obedience to the mandates of
others, seeks to punish crime without due*
course of law, himself becomes a criminal. If
crimes are to be punished, If wrongs are to be
avenged, the couthouse should be the place,
and daylight the time. It hos ever been the
boast ot our people, even I nour country's dark?
est hour, that they appeal for protection
only to the guarantees of the constitution
and" to the forms of the civil law. It was re?
served for the Radical party. In violation of
this great principle of civil liberty, ' to drag
men and women from their homes, try, con?
vict and punish them, without due course of
law. Emulate not their wickedness. Our hope
for the security of life, liberty and property is
in a strict obedience to law. The peace, har?
mony and good of society require that every
man should feel secure in these Inalienable
rights. Let the power of public opinion, more
potent than an army of bayonets, be brought
to hear in unmistakable terms to' put down
those who would recklessly disturb the peace
of society. When this ls done, there will re?
main no pretext for that abandoned wicked?
ness, which would make the crimes of a few
men a pretext for depriving the whole people
of a whole State of the protection ol the writ
of the habeas corpus. ? .
In order to make success doubly sure, organ?
ization ls absolutely necessary. The executive
committee appointed at your last political con?
vention in 1869, feel that their power expired
with the campaign of that year, and, as we
understand, will act no longer. We therefore
suggest the followine gentlemen as an execu?
tive committee ol' the State during the coming
Your county organizations should be per?
fected as speedily as possible. Let three
young, active, energetic men be appointed In
each township of each county, to see that the
opponents of Radicalism are fully organized.
Let the township canvassers report at proper
times to a county executive committee,
whose duty lt shall be to supervise the
canvas3 o? their county. Let the county
executive committee report regularly to the
'.central executive committee," at the City
of Raleigh, who will furnish from the records
of the Radical party succinct documents, show?
ing the waste of the people's money. Let the
Congressional executive committee designate
the time and place of holding the different dis?
trict conventions. In the selection of candi?
dates let eligible men be selected-let self be
lost sight ol-let the good of the State be your
aim, and success YO ur battle cry. Let all the
elements opposed to Radicalism be organized'
into one solid irresistible column. Let the
grand army that ls to overthrow Radicalism
uniurl its banner; let the mighty hosts be
marshalled; let the camp fires be lighted; let
every discordant feeling be hushed, and. wltn
serried ranks, shoulder to shoulder, let it
march with triumphant tread to a glorious
Signed, March 26th, 1870.
Arter thc Election-Conservative Con?
FeUo'JO-Citivns-T?e congratulate you upon
the complete and noble victory which you have
lust won at the ballot-box. A victory of truth,
Justice liberty and law, over corruption and
Wb-handed usurpation and tyranny. Let us
enjoy our triumph with the same dignity and
moderation whieh characterized us as a peo?
ple before and during the excitement of the
It was the policy ot some of the leaders ot
our opponents to drive us into violent resist
[ Genii n wed on Fourth Page.]