Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1465.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1870.
S?X DOLLARS A YKAH.
THE ADVANCE ON PARIS
I STRENGTH OF M'MAHON'S ARMY.
ARREST OF PRINCESS MATHILDE.
RELATIONS BETWEEN FRANCE AND
OTHER POWERS SUSPENDED.
THE ENGLISH CABINET RE PORTEL TO
HA YE PROPOSED MEDIA TION.
PARIS, September 6.
Gambetta has placed Niennierkere under
surveillance until the missing paintings from
the museum of the Louvre, which were ab?
stracted under his administration, be returned.
The Cabinet ot Marshal Vaillant, Minister of
the Imperial household, is sealed.
McMahon's army really numoered 120.000.
It is extirpated.
The transportation of prisoners to Germany
The advance ol the Prussians on Paris con?
The Gaulois states that the reported depar?
ture of Jules Favre to meet King William is
confirmed by the fact that he is absent from
his post as Minister of Foreign Affairs.
The reported arrest o? Pi?tre, late prefect, is
All of the large French cities accept the Re?
public joyfully. Decrees absolving citizens
from Imperial oaths and abolishing stamps on
journals have been issued.
Victor Hugo's son is with him here. Hugo
exhorts the people to be calm and to make a
Princess Mathilde has been arrested in Nor?
mandy and is under guard at Dieppe. Her
baggage, consisting of sixty-two trunks, is re?
tained for examination.
As the Corps Diplomatique have not receiv"
ed the circular of instructions usual under the
circumstances, relations between France and
other powers are for the moment suspended.
Nothing has been heard from the English
Cabinet, which, it is understood, have propos?
Pkris journals declare that this is no time to
discuss the form of government, but the one
already established must be accepted, and
everything prepared for defence.
The International Workingmen's Society, in
addressing the social Democracy of Germany,
says that Prussia made war against the Empe?
ror and not against France, who asks the with?
drawal ot the Prussian armies; otherwise, it
will be thd duty of every Frenchman to re-en?
act the scenes of '93. Frenchmen make no
terms with the enemy on their own soil, but
they are the friends and allies of all free peo?
ple. We protest against the intervention of
foreign powers, and implore the Prussian
torces to recross the Rhine.
The Journal Officiel publishes the following
proclamation to the army, signed by the min?
"When a general compromises his command
he is relieved; when a government puts In
peril by its own weakness the public safety, it
Is set aside. This is Just what France is doing
In abolishing the dynasty which was responsi?
ble for all our .misfortunes. She has done
badly in the face of all :he world. This great act
of Justice she executes by a decree under which
all of your conscripts aave been summoned,
and in the same act secures the public safety
to save herself. The nation needs now but to
rise eu masse, and henceforth to count on two
things only: Its own resolution, which is in?
vincible, and your heroism, which ha3 never
had its equal, and which, amidst unmerited
reverses, has astonished the world; and rally
around the glorious symbol which eighty years
ago drove back all Europe united before us at
that time. The name Republic signifies an in?
timate union of the army and people lor the
defence of the country.*'
The prefect of police, by direction ol the
Governor of Paris, orders aU ?Germans unpro?
vided with special permission to remain, to
quit the departments of i . Seine and Seine
et Oise within 24 hours, beginning at 8
o'clock A. M. to-day.
LONDON, September 6.
Meetings to express sympathy for France
have been held in Limerick and Killarnev.
THE WAR IN SPAIN-THE CARLISTS
MADRID, September C.
There is intense excitement over French
affairs, but perfect order has been maintained.
Six hundred Carllsts were defeated in Na?
varre and many were captured; among them
were armed priests. Another band of four
hundred was encountered in Biscay, attempt?
ing to destroy the railroad.
The Unionists are attacking Prim mercilessly,
and say the only service left him is resigna?
It is rumored that a conspiracy bas teen dis?
covered. The adherents ol Monrpensier were
The Carlists are strong in the Basque Pro?
vinces. A band of one thousand was at Cabel?
ATLANTA, September C.
A bill has passed the Georgia House ot Re?
presentatives prohibiting whipping as a pun?
ishment for crime.
Tee Militia bill failed to pass the House.
HONORS TO THE NEW REPUBLIC.
HEW YORK, September C.
Major Hail, to-day. received a dispatch from
the Mayor of Paris, announcing the formation
of the French Republic. Fla^s were at on ce
displayed on the City Mali ia honor cf the
WASHINGTON, September c.
The assistant commissioner of internal reve?
nue has officially stated that the period within
which spirit metres must be attached and ad?
justed for use in distilleries, under regulations
Jun ?7ib, 1870, Series 5, No. 5, is extended pix ty
iluy8 from the 7th Inf tant.
ENTHUSIASTIC MEETING AT DAE
Over Two Thousand Present-Judge
Carpenter and General Kennedy
Make Telling Speeches-They are
Cheered by Colored Militia.
* ?FROil OfK OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
DARLIXOTON COURTHOUSE. September 5.
One of the most enthusiastic and encouraging
meetings of the Union Reform party yet had,
was held here to-day. This being the centre
of his influence, and the home for years
of Whlttemore, it was feared we could not in?
duce the presence so as to get the ear of
the colored people. Bur. Instead of this, the
colored people were out in larger numbers,
and were as attentive, respectful listeners as
the whites. At about ll o'clock the tide began
to pour towards the grove appointed for ?he
Colonel B. V7. Edwards, chairman of the
county executive committee, called the meet?
ing to order, and after a few appropriate re?
marks, called on the Rev. Wm. Brearley to in?
voke the Divine blessing.
Colonel Edwards then stated that General
Butler had been detained by sickness, but had
not left himself without a representative; for
he had requested his friend, General John D.
Kenned}-, of Kershaw, to stand and speak lor
him before the people while detained himself.
He then Introduced General Kennedy, who
was greeted with applause.. His speech was
most effective, earnest and eloquent. He
opened by saying that as he looked upon that
large assemblage of all classes and colors, he
could but exclaim, "Would that General But?
ler, whose place I have been requested to fill,
were here!" In this he was heartily Joined by all;
but while we would have had Butler here, we
would not have had Kennedy away. For an
hour or more he held the eager attention ol'
that large multitude, and it seemed that his
words of earnest eloquence should burn their
way to the hearts of his auditors. He re?
viewed the situation for the past five years.
and showed that our great error had
been In not bowing to the logic of
facts. The June convention of the Union
Reform party had taken the wisest and
most needed" step for the redemption ot our
State. He paid an eloquent tribute to our gal?
lant dead, but said if they could speak, they
would not have us engulf ourselves in the
slough of despond, by unwise udherence to
dead Issues. He then took the facts and fig?
ures to show the enormous increase In the
State debt, in the taxes. In tbe number and
salaries of officers, and used the record to
show the corruptions of the Scott King. He
appealed, in stirring terms. >o men of all
classes, white and colored, the young and the
old, to unite with the party which is to redeem
South Carolina trom disgrace, corruplion and
Of course there were a few understrapjiers
of the Columbia and Courthouse Rings present
here, as at other places, to interrupt the speak?
ers by their interrogations and blatant efforts
to keep the truth from ?arrylng conviction to
the minds of the colored people. But despite
this, the colored people seemed absorbed and
determined to hear. Their countenances, their
remarks, and their intent attention showed
that the truths so ? arnestly and eloquently pro?
claimed fell upon ground not altogether barren.
Judge Carpenter was then introduced, and
nade one o' those bold, masterly efforts of
which we have seen repeated accounts In TUE
S'EWS. I was surprised at the enthusiasm
with which he was received by the colored peo
)le, lor Whittemore, Rainey, Lunney, Ransler
ind all the small orators ot the Radical Rings
lave been poisoning the colored people against
dm ever since his nomination in June. He
old them be knew how he had been slandcr
id to them, and repeated Whlltemore's anec?
i?te comparing him (Carpenter) to the ass
rho wrapped himself In horsehide to get in
be clover-field with the horses, but utas dis
overed and kicked out. Whlttemore had not
pplied lt right. "Congress was the clover
ield, [laughter.] and when Whlttemore got
here they found he was an ass and kicked
lim out." [Great laughter and applause.] He
aid: "They say I am not a Republican. Well,
f aman has io sell a cadetshlp, to lie, to steal,
o commit perjury to be a Republican. I am
lot one. But lt to have fought In the Union
trmy, to have voted lor Grant for President,
o have supported his administration, and to
)o in sympathy with the great Republican
>arty or the North, which condemns Scott and
iVhlttemore, makes me a Republican, I am
He then addressed the assembly, with toli?
ng eloquence and pawer, at norn:- lentrtb; re?
viewed the land commission, Lanny's $5600
jrofit transaction ia this couotv, and the cor
-uptionof the Scott Rt nc in Columbia. He
laid he understood Dr. Lunney was there, (as
ie was,) but mat bo would tell the truth it
lhere were a d<-.z3D devils at the door. Lunney
retreated under the fire, but came back, agi?
tated but failing to avi ate any or his colored
friends. The judge- quickly silenced several of
their sanller gnus as they would interrupt
bim. He concluded by an eloquent appeal to
whites and coloied lo" forget the past, to for?
give, and to unite in puttiug ont the .fire that
is consuming the house, and to redeem thin
no jlo State and noble people from ruin and
rjiTUDtion. TbeJuJge was frequently inter?
rupted by applause, aud has evidently com?
municated some ot that electric thrill to the
ivhtte and colored people of Darlington tba:
be ?as infused into other counties.
As the train moved off a company of colored
troops, well aimed, bto jd on the "side of the
road; and as the car passed with Judge Car?
penter and General Kenuedy, they cheered
lustily. 1 am told they cheered Carpenter and
Butler. It this be so, these gentlemen should
feel not only complimented, but encouraged;
for this would not have been dont* hero this
morning by this company.
Let white and corred caen in every county,
who desir- the del/veranee of South* Carolina,
follow up the impressions created by our stand?
ard bearers, atid Reform will surely trad tri?
umphantly carry the day. X. 0.
THE CA USE IN RICHLAND.
[FROM OCR 0W5 CORRESPONDENT.]
RICHLAND FORE, September 3.
Every section of our Stat?, from the Bine
Ridge to the "deep blue Bea," has sounded the
watchword of' Union Reform," and now from
the stronghold of Richland Rudicxlism-the
favorite "etumping ground'- of Beverly Nash
we echo "Reform.*
In accordance with the appointment made at
i former meeting, the citizens ol the lowtr
township met at Hannaban'a- store to-day.
Ihe meeting was called to order and the chair?
man introduced Captain Wm. L. DePass, trom
hamden, who, in company with General Ken
le-ly, hid kindly come over to polish the po
lit?eil prong ol' the rusty "ForV
Captain DePass was listene.I to with pro?
found attention Oy oui col ired ciuzme and if
plain truths, eloquently spoken, can w?u mc
d3y, his effort will Le re ward-id.
k Radical member of tbe Legislature and
?andidate for re-election was theu invitoU to
aJdrees the meeting.
He said that he was unprepared to speak, as
be did not expe.n to meet such able cbampious
ot the Retorna cause. His attempt, therefore,
to varnish tbe hideous deformities in the pres?
ent administration, waa weak and unsuccess?
ful, for he inadvertently admitted tbat his
political friend.-? were good mon, bot they
would eteal. His remaiEtj were more credit?
able to bis honesty than to his ability, and ae
be bears the reputation of bring among the
most upright of als party, 1 will pas6 bimby
nameless, regretting however, that he keeps
such bad company.
General Kennedy followed, and having re?
plied to the many assailable points in thc
speech ol'the honorable member, he appealed
in the most stirring strain to while and colored
alike to join hands ia the great work of rescu?
ing our noble ship of State trom the mighty
wave of corruption, extravagance and fraud,
which now threatens to overwhelm her.
A colored citizen, whose name I did Dot
learn, was called on to close ti^e meeting with
prayer, and a mote imprea-ive, earnest 9iid ap?
propriate appeal has seldom been heard.
Ibu?-, Messrs. Editors, have we inaugurated
the "Union Reform Club." We have many
difficulties ta contend with, but if every mern
ber will do his duty, we will prove to Governor
Scott that tbe "club" may be a more efficient
weapon '.han the Winchester rifle. ?? J. 8. J.
DEATH OF MCMAHON.
ARRIVAL OF THE PRINCE IMPE?
RIAL MN LONDON.
AN UPRISING TN ITALY.
FRANCE AND ENGLAND TO WAR
UPON THE CHINESE.
KERATRY:S ADDRESS TO THE PARISIANS.
FRENCH MINISTERS RECALLED.
VICTOR HUGO RECEIVES AN
THE GERMANS DRIVEN OUT OF PARIS.
THE NATIONAL GUARD ADVANCING TO MEET
Escorting the Prisoners.
LONDON, September C.
The Bavarian corps escort i)0,000 French
prisoners from Sedan to Prussia.
'The death of General Failly is denied.
Peace Proposals. ,
The Daily News says that Jules Favre, the
new Foreign Minister, has already made pro?
posals for peace, involving the withdrawal of
the Prussian armies, and the abolition of the
French standing armies.
The Times and olher English Journals favor
the French revolution as a clear expression of
the National will. They anticipate no disor?
Abolishing the Signs of Empire.
The names of the streets in Paris are already
changed. Tbe Avenue de L'Empereur be?
comes Ruo Victor Noir. (Noir was killed by
Prince Pierre Napoleon.)
The Mayor of Paris to the People.
PARIS, September C.
Notwithstanding tho supremacy of the mob,
public order is maintained.
Etienne Arago. in taking possession of Paris
as Major In the name of the Republic, issued
a stirring address, recalling the patriotic
events of '92, of "30 and of '49. It concludes
"Citizens ! I speak to you now as our fathers
did In '92. Citizens, the country is In danger.
Rally around this Parisian municipality, de?
fended from siege by a soldier of the Republic.
.Vive la R?publique.' *.
The Orleans Princes Volunteer.
BRUSSELLS, September 6.
The Prince de Jolnville, the Due d'Aumale
and the Duke de Chartres have left Brussells
to offer their swords to the French Republic.
Bazaine Hold? Oat-The Strength of the
PARIS, September ti.
Marshal Bazaine holds out at Metz.
The total loree of the French armies, Inclu?
ding the National Guard' and Garde Mobile, is
It ls stated that Count Pallkao and Henry
Chevreau, late Minister of the Interior, are In
Belgium. They fled during the crisis preceding
the declaration of the Republic.
It ls rumored that a strong Italian column is
marching on Rome.
Sympa thy for the Republic.
LONDON, September C.
To-day congratulatory declarations have
reached France from the Republican commit?
tees of several nations. Great numbers of
Republicans are already leaving London for
Paris. Victor Hugo reached Paris last night.
A Corps Safe.
PARIS, September C.
General Viny's corps has reached the River
Saone on its retrograde march. The corps is
intact, and tailing back in good order.
The Advance on Paris.
BRUSSELS, September ?.
The Prince Imperial has left Hanover for
England. The Empress Eugenie arrived in
Belgium on Sunday.
The Prussians are advaneing on Paris by
Events and Rumors in Paris.
PARIS, September (5.
The police have been incorporated with the
It is reported that the Italian troops have
entered Rome; also, that Jules Favre, the
new Foreign Minister, has gone to meet King
The reported death of Marshal McMahon is
M. Rouher quitted France last night.
The Empress left the Palace by the entrance
on the Quat, accompanied by one servant.
In the morning, Ferdinand de Lesseps, a
kinsman ot the Empress, advised her to sign
an abdication. She proceeded to the hall,
where the ministers were in session to re?
ceive her. The ministers advised her not to
sign. The Princess Clotilde was the last o?
the Imperial lamily to leave the Palace.
The appearance of the Imperial apartments
indicates a hasty departure. The person left
lu charge ot the palace said that all those to
whom the Empress tad been so kind had
abandoned her in her .adversity. Not ono re?
mained to see her oil'. Nothing in the palace
Strong forces are posted around the public
The Provisional Government makes it
known that it will permit no vandalism.
NIGHT DISPATCHES. .
LONDON. September 6.
The Staudard learn? that as soon as a stable
government la established in France, England
will join ber in joint war again?t the Chinese,
to assure the safety of Europeans in China.
The Times says that the crisis may bc post?
poned for several months, but sallen submis?
sion will be the end.
An uprising is reported-in Italy. A great
war is believed imminent.
Tne journals of Paris support the new gov?
ernment in national defence, discarding all
The Journal Officiel de Ja Republique ex?
horts the army to rally around the glorious flag
which eighty years ago drove back all Europe.
The new government has recalled the pre?
sent French ministers at London, Vienna and
A new decree has been issueu requiring the
withdrawal of all Germans lrom Pam.
Keratry, prefect of police, in addressing the
policemen and citizens, said: "The revolution
has just taken place-it has been paei?c-and
it wa? understood that no French blood should
be spilled except on the field of battle. It has
for its object, as In D2, the' repression ol the
foreign foe. France, under the auspices of
Republican liberty, is prepared to vanquish or
die. My power only will be used to defend
you from the blows of those who seek to be?
tray the country."'
The deposits of the Bank of France have been
The Prince Imperial reached Lon(jon t0.
McMahon died at Namur, Belgium.
The professors of Roman Catholic theology
atConomel and Nuremburg demand a new
council to revise the unlawful proceedings of
the Council of the Vatican.
The Republic has been proclaimed al Havre,
Marseilles, Lille, Nantes, Perpignan and
Prussian papers continue their assaults upon
England's pretended neutrality and proposed
The Pall Mall Gazette says the question now
ie, shall France, rid of the Emperor, be com
; pelled to pay lor his sins by the sacrifice of
Alsace and Lorraine? The difficulty is pre?
sently to be solved by the Prussian advance to
Open air meetings continue In England fa?
voring neutrality. A vast meeting of this sort
took place at Birmingham last night.
Grammont has arrived at Dover. Chevreau
is at Brussels.
PARIS, September C.
The destruction of the Strasbourg library
Victor Hugo has retttrned, and received an
Gambetta has appointed Edmund Valentine
prelect of Strasbourg. The country depends
upon his energy and patriotism to reach and
defend his post.
The Prussians are crossing the Rhine in the
vicinity of M?lhausen. Tho National Guard
has gone to meet them.
TBE BATTLE OF S ED AX.
A Fall and Graphic Account.
Losoox, September 3.
The following ls irom the correspondent of
the New York Tribune, at the headquarters of
the King of Prussia, eight miles from Sedan,
Thursday night. September 1st: After their
defeats on the 30th and 31st ult., the French
retreated en masse on Sedan, and encamped
around it. From what I could learn from the
French prisoners, of whom, R3 you may Im?
agine, there was no lack in our quarter, lt
seems that they fully believed that the road to
Mezleres would always be open (othem, and
therefore, in case ol another defeat before
Sedan, their retreat would be easily accom?
OD the evening of Wednesday, Irom fi to S
o'clock, I was at th? Crown Princes quarters
at Chemery Village, some thirteen milos from
Sedan, to the southwest, on the main road. At
hall-past ? we saw that there was great move?
ment among the troops encamped all around
us, and we thought at first that the King was
riding through the bivouacs, but soon the 37th
regiment came pouring through the village,
their band playing Die Wacht Am Rhein, AS
they marched along, with their swinging
stride, I saw by the men's faces that something
extraordinary was going on. Soon thu plain
troops were In the nighest possible marching
order, all their knapsacks were left behind,
and they were carrying nothing but a shako
slung around their shoulders, except that one
or two bon vivants had retained their cmnn
But If camp kettles were ititi behind, the
cartouche boxes were there, hanging heavily
In front of the men's bells, unbalanced as they
ought to be by knapsacks. Soon I learned
that a whole Prussian corps, those lent from
Prince Frederick Charles's second army and the
Crown Prince's, were making a forced march
to the left, In tho direction of Doucher; and
Mezleres, in order to shut in McMahon's array
In the west and so drive them against the Bel?
gian frontier. I learned from officers of the
Crown Prince's staff that at the same time,
while we were watching regiment after regi?
ment passim,' through Chemery, the Saxons
and Guards, 90,000 strong, on the Prussian
right, under Prince Albert of Saxony, were
also marching rapidly to close on the doomed
French army on thc right bank of the Meuse,
which thev had crossed at Romilly on Tuesday,
the until. In the direction of La Chapelle, a
small village 01*0:10 Inhabitants, on the road
from Sedan to Bullion, in Belgium, and the
last village before crossing the frontier.
Anvthlng more splendid than the men's
marching would be Impossible to imagine. I
saw men lame in both feet, hobbling along in
thc ranks, kind comrades less footsore carry?
ing their needle-guns. Those who were
actually Incapable ol putting onecfoot bet?re
another had pressed peasants' wagons and
ev. ry available conveyance into service, and
were' following in the rear so as to be ready
for the great battle which all felt sure would
come off on the morrow. The Bavarians, who,
lt ls generally believed, do not march so weil
as they fight, were in the centre, between us
at Cbe'raery and Sedan, encamped around the
woods at La Marlee, famous for the great bat?
tles in 1641, during the wars of the League.
When I had seen the last regiment dash
through, (for the pace at which they went can
really not be called marching in the ordinary
sense,)-1 rode off about a quarter-past eight
in the evening for Vendresse, where the King's
headquarters were, and where I hoped to find
house room for man and beast, especially the
latter, as being far the most important oh the
eve of a great battle. When I got within
about half a mlle of Vendresse, going at a
steady trot, a sharp "bait" rang out through
the clear air. I brought my horse to a stand?
still, knowing that Prussian sentries are noe to
be trifled with. As I pulled up, twenty yards
off I heard the clicks of their locks as they
brought their weapons to a full cock and cov?
ered me. My reply being satisfactory, I jogged
on into Vendresse. and my mare and myself
had soon forgotten sentinels, forced marches
and coming battles, one of us on straw and the
other on the floor.
At 7 o'clock on Thursday morning, my ser?
vant came to awake me, saying the king's
horsi*3 were harnessing, and his Majesty would
leave in half an hour lor the battle-field, and as
cannonading had already been heard near Se?
dan, I jumped up, seized crusts of breaa, wine,
cigars, ?c.", and crammed them into ray hol?
ster, taking my Ur uk fast on the way. Just as
I got to my horse Klug William drove out In
an open carriage, willi lour horses, for Che
vange. about three urn! a half miles south of
Sedan. Much against my will, I was compell?
ed to allow Mi? King's staff to precede me on
the road lu lb.? scene of action, where [ arriv?
ed myself soon after 9 o'clock, it was impos?
sible lu rMn last, all the roads being blocked
with artillery, ammunition wagons/ambulan?
TUB SCENE OF CONFLICT.
As I rode?n to the crest ot the hill which
rises sharplv about six hundred or ?even hun?
dred feet above the little hamlet of Chevange.
nestled ia Hie grove below, a most glorious
panorama burst on my view. As General
Forsythe, of the United Stated army, remarked
to me later in the day, it would have been
worth coming merely to see so splendid a
scene without "battle's magnificently stern
array.'' in the lovely valley below us, from
the knoll on which I stoo.l with the King and
his staff, we could see not only the whole val?
ley ol' the Meuse, but also beyond the great
woods, Bois de Loup and Francheval. into
Belgium, and as far as the hilly forest ot Numo.
on the other side of the frontier.
Right at our leet lay the little Town of Se?
dan, famous for its fortifications by Vauban,
and as Hie birthplace, ot Turenne, the great
marshal; known also as the place where Sedan
chairs originated. As we were only about two
and a quarter miles from i he town, we could
easily distinguish Its principal edifices without
the aid ol'our field glasses. On the left was a
pretty church, its Gothic spire of sandstone
offering a conspicuous target lor Prussian
guns had General Moltke thought fit to bom
bard the town. To the right, on the i
east of the church, was a large barrack,
the fortifications of the citadel behind it
beyond this, to the southeast again, wa
old chateau of Sedan, with picturesque i
turreted towers of thc sixteenth century,
useless even against four-pounder Krupp
pieces. This building, I believe, is no'
Beyond this was the citadel, in the hes
Sedan on a rising hill above the Meuse, t
southeast, but completely commanded by
on both sides of the river, which runs fn
o? the citadel. The French had flooded
low meadows and valley before coming t
railway bridge at Bazelle in order to sto:
Germans from advancing on the town In
direction. With their usual stupidity, foi
can find no other word for lt, the French
tailed to mine the bridge at Bazeile, and il
of immense service to the Prussians thro
out the battle. The Prussians actually tl
up earthworks on the iron bridge itself to
tect it from the French, who more than o
attempted, early In the day, to storm
bridge in the hope of breaking the Bavar
communication between the right and
banks of the Meuse.
This they were unable to do, and alth<
their cannon shot had almost demolished
parapet, the bridge Itself was never mater
damaged. On the projecting spurs of the
crowned by the woods of La Marfee, of w
I have already spoken, the Bavarians
posted two batteries of six-pounder r
breech-loading steel Krupp guns, which I
up a duello until the very end of the day i
the siege guns of Sedan across the Me
Still further to the right flank, or rather to
east, for our line was a circular one, cresi
at first, with Sedan in the centre, like a
on the Turkish standard, was an undula
plain before the village of Bazelle, te:
nating about a mile and a hali from Sedar
the woods near Rubecourt midway, that I
say, in a line from Bazeile north there
ravine, watered by a tiny brook, which
the scene ot the most desperate strm
and of the most frightful 'slaughter of
whole battle. This stream, whose ni
I have forgotten, if lt ever had one, I
right behind the town of Sedan, from
woods of Flelgreuse. On the north behind
town rises a hill, dotted with cottages
fruit-laden orchards, and crowned by the w
ot La Garlenne, which runs downto the
ley of which I have Just spoken. Between
wood and the town were several Fre
camps, their white shelter tents standing
clear among the dark fruit trees. In th
camps one could see throughout the day h
masses of troops which were never ut
Even during the height of battle they stoot
idle as Fitz John Porter at the second ba
of Bull Run. We Imagined that they must h
been undisciplined Gardes Mobiles, whom
French generals dared not bring out agai
their enemy. To the Prussian left these Frei
camps, separated from them by a wooded r
lne, was a long bare hill, something like <
of the hills on Long Island. This hill,
which was some of the hardest fighting of
day, formed one of the keys of the pi
tlon of the French army. When 01
Its crest was covered with Prussian ai
lery the whole Town of Sedan was comph
ly at the mercy of the Prussian guns, as tl
were not only above thc town, but the to
was almost within musket range of tht
Still lurther to the west lay the village of II
set on fire early In the day by French she
South of this a broken railway bridge, blo
up by the French to protect their right, wo
conspicuous obied. Right above the rallw
bridge, on thc line to Mezteres. was the wo<
ed hill crowned by the new and most hidec
chateau, as he calls lt, ol one Monsieur Pa
It waa here the Grown Prince and his st
stood during the day. havl"ga rather more i
tensive but less central view, and thereft
less desirable than ours, where stood the Kl)
Count Bismarck, Von Roon, the War Miulst
General Moltke and Generals Sheridan a
Forsythe, to say nothing of your correspc
POSITIONS OF THE PRUSSIAN A RMI KS.
Having thus endeavored to give some fa
idea of the scene of what ls in all probabil
the decisive battle of the war, I will next gi
an account of thc position of the difiere
corps at the commencement ol the action, p
nilslng that till movements were of the si
plest possible nature, the object ol' the Pn
sinn generals . being merely to close the cn
cent ot troops with which they oegan lr
a circle by effecting a junction between t
Saxon corps on their right and the Prussli
corps on their left. This action took pla
about noon, near the little village of Illy, i
Bazeile ruvlne, behind Sedan, ol which I ha
already spoken. Once their terrible eire
formed and well soldered together, lt gre
smaller and smaller, until at last the fortifie
Hons of Sedan Itself were entered. On tl
extreme right were the Saxons, one cori
d'armee with King William's guards, also
corps d'armee in reserve behind them.
The guards had suffered terribly at Grav
lotte, where they met the Imperial Guard, ar
the King would not allow them to be again i
cruelly decimated. Justice compels me to st
that this arrangement was very far indee
from being pleasing to thc guards themselvc
who were ever anxious to be in the fore froi
of battle. The guards and Saxons, then abot
75,000 strong, were all day on the right ban
of the Meuse, between Rubeco.irt and La Ch
peile, at which latter village Prince Albert i
Saxony, who was in command ol' two corin
which had been formed info a little extr
army by themselves, passed the night of Thur:
day. The ground from Rubecourt to th
Meuse was occupied by thc First Bavaria
Corps. The Second Bavarian Corps extende
their Iront from near thc Bazellle Rail wa,
bridge to a point on the high road from Dot
cherry to Sedan, not lar lrom the little villa?
Below the hill on which the Crown Princ
was placed, the ground, from Torey to lill
through the large village of Flomig, was bel
by the llrst and third Prussian corps, belong
lng to Prince Frederick Charles, and tempe
rarlly attached to the army of the Crow
Prince. This was the position ol the troop
about 9 o'clock on Thursday morning, Septem
ber 1st, and no great advance took place untl
later than that, for the artillery, at first, ha
all the work to do. Still further to the left
near Doucberry. were 20,000 Wurtemburgers
ready to cast off the French from Mezleres, li
case of their making a push for that fortress.
TUE FORCES ENGAGED.
The number of Prussian troops engaged ii
estimated by General Moltke at 210,000, am
that of Hie French a' 120,000. We know tha
McMahon had with him on Tuesday 120,000 men
that is, four corps-his own, that, was lately
commanded hy General De Failly, now undei
General Le Brun; that of Felix Douay, brothel
of General Abel Douay, killed at Welssenbnrg
and the Fourth Corps, principally compose?
of the Garde Mobile, the name of whose com.
mander has escaped me. McMahon, althougl:
wounded, commanded in chief on the Frenci
side. It is almost needless to say that the
real commander-in-chief of the Prussians wai
Von Moltke, with the Crown Prince and Princt
Albert of Saxony immediately next in com?
COMMENCEMENT OF BATTLE.
There were a few stray cannou shots fired,
but the real battle did not commence until 6
o'clock, becoming a sharp artillery tight at 9,
when the batteries had got within easy range
and shells began to do serious mischief. At
five minutes of 12 o'clock the musketry Are in
the vallev in the rear ot Sedan, which had
opened ?t 11.25, became exceedingly lively,
being one continuous rattle, only oroken by
the growling of the mitrailleurs, which
played with deadly efl'eci o:i the advancing
Saxon and Bavarian columns. General Sheri?
dan, by whose side I was standing,
told me" that he did not remember ever to
have heanl such well-sustained small arms
fire. It made Itself heard above the war of
batteries at our feet. Al 12 o'clock precisely a
Prussian battery of six guns, on the slope
aoove the broken railway bridge over the
Meuse, near La VilMte. had silenced two bat
tories of French ?runs nt the loot ol' the bare
hills aireadv mentioned, near the village Of
Flomig. At ten minutes past 12 o'clock tue
intantrv. no longer supported by their artil?
lery, were compelled to retire io Flomig. and
soon afterwards a junction between rite Sax?
ons and Prussians behind Sedan was announc?
ed to us by General Von Roon, who was eager?
ly peering through a large telescope, as being
THE FRENCH SURROUNDED.
From this moment the result of the battle
could no longer be doubtful. The Freu ch were
completely surrounded and brought io bay. At
12:55 we were all astonished to see clouds of
retreating French infantry on the hill between
Flomig and Sedan, a prussian battery making
good practice, with percussian shells, among
the receding ranks. The whole hill, for a
quarter of an hour, was literally covered with
1 Frenchmen, running rapidly. Less than half
an hour after, General Ton Roon called o
attention to another French column In full i
treat to the right of Sedan, on the road lea
lng from Bazelle to La Gavenue wood. Th
never halted UDtil they got to a small r<
roofed house on the outskirts of Sedan lise
Almost at the same moment General She
idan, who was using my opera glass, ask*
me to look at a third. French column movli
up a broad grass road through La Gaveni
wood, immediately above Sedan, doubtless
support the troops defending the importa
Bazelle ravine to the northeast ot the tow
PROGRESS OP THB BATTLE.
At one o'clock the French batteries on tl
edge of the wood towards Toney and above
opened a vigorous fire upon the advancii
Prussian columns ol' the third corps, who:
evident Intention it was to Btorm the h
northwest of La Gavenue, and so gain the k<
of the position on that side. At 1:15 o'cloc
yet another French battery near the woe
opened on the Prussian columns, which wei
compelled to keen shifting their ground ti
ready for their Anal nish at the hills, and 1
order to avoid ottering so good a mark to tl
French shells. Shortly afterwards we saw tl
first Prussian skirmishers on the crest of I
Gavenue hills, above Toney. They did m
seem in strength, and General Sheridan, wi
was standing behind me, exclaimed, "Ah, tl
beggars are loo weak. They can never hoi
that position against all those French."
The Generars prophecy soon proved co
reet, for the French advancing at least six I
one, the Prussians were forced to retreat dow
the hilllo seek reinforcements from the co
umns which were hurrying to their suppor
In Uve minutes they came back again, th!
time in greater force, but still inferior to tho?
huge French masses.
A DISASTROUS CAVALRY CHARGE.
"Good Heavens ! the French cuirassiers ar
Solng to charge them," cried General Sher
an, and sure enough, the regiment of caira;
aiers, their helmets and breast-plates flash In
in the September sun, form in sections c
squadrons and dash down on the scattere
Without deigning to form in line, (square
are never used by the Prussians. ) the inlantr
received the cuirassiers with a crushing quio
Are. at about a hundred yards distance, loac
lng and firing with extreme, rapid and unfall
lng precision into the dense French squadron?
The effect was startling. Over went horse
and men, in numbers, in masses, In hundreds
and the regiment of proud French cuirassier
went hurriedly back In disorder-went bac:
faster than it came-went back scarcely a reg
ment in strength, and not at all a regiment 1
form. Its comely array was suddenly change
into a shapeless and helpless crowd of flyin
men. The moment the cuirassiers turne
back the brave Prussians (lashed forward 1
hot pursuit, at double quick, the infactr
plainly pursuing the flying cavalry. Such
thing has not olten been recorded In the an
nats of war. I know not when an example t
compare precisely with this has occurred
There was no more striking episode in th
REPULSE OF FRENCH IXFANTRT.
When the French Infantry saw their cavalr;
thus fleeing before the foot soldiers, they ii
their turn came forward and attacked thc Prus
siana. The Prussians waited quietly ant
patiently, enduring a rapid and telling fin
from the chassepots, until their enemy ha?
drawn so near as to be within 100 yards fron
them. Then they returned with the needle
guns the rapid fire from the chassepots, am
the French Infantry could no more endure tin
Prussian fire than the cavalry to whose resew
they had come. The infantry fled in Its turn
and followed the cavalry to the place Iron
which they came-that ls behind a ridge som<
?00 yards on the way to Sedan, where th?
Prussian mitrailleurs with their tearing fin
could no longer reach them. Thc great objec
of the Prussians was gained, since they wen
not driven from the crest of the hill they fough
to hold. Holding it thus against cavalry. th<
Prussians persuaded themselves that it wa
possible to establish artillery on this hill.
The roads now presented a terrible aspect
The French left everything, flying in every di
rection, and throwing away their arms. Th<
Prussian forces pressed forward resolutely, ben
upon cutting off their retrial towards Belgium
The Prussians troops used tho bayonet wi tl
terrible effect. Night closed on the rout ant
pursuit, leaving the Prussians gathering lc
urge numbers around Sedan. The Emperoi
remained at Sedan throughout the battle. At
half-past two o'clock a message was sent to the
Emperor at his headquarters, advising him tc
Hy to Belgium, but the Emperor was too lil to
undertake the journey.
This morning the Prussians prepared to at?
tack Sedan, which was not in a condition to
resist. At 12 o'clock a party of officers, head?
ed by General WImpffen, lett Sedan, bearing a
flag of truce. It was received by the Prussian
advance guard and conducted to the rear to
the Prussian headquarters, where the general
formally surrendered the French army and
fortress to King William. The French party
also bore a letter from the Emperor Napoleon
to King William, stating he desired to surren?
der himself, not having any command. For?
mal capitulation took place at half-past 1
TUE EMPKROK'? SURRENDER-PRODARLE TERMS
King William was profornt-ly overcome
when the Emperor's proffer of surrender was
brought, to him by General Count Lepic, one
of the imperial aids. His Majesty appointed a
meeting at once, and exhibited the most con?
siderate courtesy. It was not fully known by
the Prussians that the Emperor was with the
army until the surrender was proposed by
him. It is said that the Emperor Insisted upon
the surrender of the army r.gainst the urgen?
cy of younger officers. i? he was so much
shocked bv the fearful slaughter ol Wednesday
and Thursday. It is believed that the resi?
dence of the Elector of Hesse-Cassel will
be assigned to him by King William. The
Prince Imperial crossed the line into Belgium
on Wednesday, and was received by the Prince
of Coramen, who married a French lady, (De
Fezonsnal.) and conducted to the chateau of
the Prince's father, the vrince of Chlmoy. at
Chlmoy, In Hainoult. He will probably
proceed to Paris at once, unless a revo?
lution should break out there. We have noth?
ing at all from Paris. It ls most extraordinary
that this morning nothing was known in Paris,
publicly, of the Emperor's surrender. It is
periectly impossible to divine what the result
in that city of the news will be. It is hoped in
London that the war fever will abate there on
this decisive news, but more fear than hope ls
It Is given out from the Prussian Embassy
here that the King of Prussia is prepared to
abandon the claim of indemnity on condition
that he shall be allowed lo take possession ol
Alsace and a part ot Lorraine. It is under?
stood Austria and Russia oppose this settle?
ment, but that England favors it, and that if
France refuses England will Join Prussia to ab?
breviate the war. Above ail things the out?
break of a Republican movement "n force is
deprecated. It is understood th.j Kinj? ol
Prussia is prepared to treat on the basis of thc
abdication of Napoleon in favor of the Prince
Imperial. The Crown Prince is openly op?
posed to extreme terms and in favor of recog?
nizing the Bonaparte dynasty. It is hoped
Strasbourg and Metz will at once capitulate to
avoid the prolonged horrors ol' war, but all
depends on Paris. It is estimated between fif?
teen and t wenty thousand french and Prus?
sian stragglers are in Belgium, who have been
disarmed and sent to Namor and Bruges."'
The Pal! Mall Gaz tte says the new-i will be
resiirded as final, lt tba Emperor hopes by a
hastily pitched u.) peace to find meaDS to
transfer tue throne to his son: it is tho last
and creates: delusion of a li/e of delusions.
He may ?u I it easier to b3gia tim: to end the
war. Peace is by no miana yet certain. There
is no government to make peace. Imperialism
is ??ead. An Orkans government or a republic
ca-i hardly begin by birren 1er. France has
tor the first time to "ac; h^r eye* are for the
first time opened.
EFFECT OP THE NEWS IN BERLIN.
LONDON. September 3.
A special d^natch froto Berlin recaived here
says the rejoicines ov^r the reception of the
glorious new* from S?din baffles description.
It was known at 8 A. M. Tbe whole popula?
tion ponred into the streets and rushed to the
palaoe ol' the Queen. In a very few moments
the Queen came out on the balcony dressed ia
a plain moruinsr wrapper weeping with joy as
ste received the deafening cheers of the multi?
tude. Hundreds of women went down on their
knees with streaming eyes, thanking God fur
the apparent approich bi the close c f the ter?
rible war. The schools closed, and a proces?
sion ot children formed in all quarters. Many
climbed tho statue of Frederick the Great,
crowning it with wreaths and flasrs. An im?
promptu procession of citiz<?DS was gottec np
which marched tho streets. It in the general
belief that France will abandon farther resist?
ance. AU financial circles share in the exulta?
tion, wbicb is shown by the buoyancy of the
market. The people gladly welcome peace on
most g?nerons terms. . ,
THE EFFECT IS LONDON.
LONDON, September 3.
London is wild with delight over tbe Prus?
sian triumph. The streets for twp hours ware
filled witb excited multitudes. Englishmen
congratulate each other ss if there had been
an English victory. 8ympathy with Prussia
was never so strongly manifested.
THE SITUATION ABOUND MITZ.
.... . ' v Braun. September 8.
? lotter from Uetz, dated the 3d, ?ives the
following information : Since the engagement
at Oravelotto twelve days have passed without
giving the French an opportunity to leave the
saddle: The army, in such a case, is neces?
sarily demoralized,- and unable' to oppose the
Germans or prevent their securing chosen
positions. The beleaguered armv, with its
numerous wounded, garrison of tbe city and
suburban refugep, must aggregate two hun?
dred thousand souls. Fevers, are, therefore,
a necessary consequence, and are accom?
panied with want aaa suffering. Bazaine must
have counted on the arrivai of Alo Mahon to re?
lieve this misery. Tbat hope has been destroy?
ed by Prussian movements. The first thought
of the Prussians was that McMahon was
hastening to the defence of Paris, but it was
also feared he might, by hugging the Bclgi tn
shore, march secretly back to Metz, where
Bazine was cooped np, and attack the Pxus*
sians in the rear, with the co-operation of Ba?
zaine Hence the advance of the Prussians in
three 'great columns, sweeping an extended
line of Belgian frontier from along the Meuse
to tbe Aube, effect nally shutting out McMahon
from Metz._ _ _
TUE VAUSE IN OU ANGE BURG
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDU**?.]
BRANCHVILLE, e. C., September 6.
The nearer the approaching election draws
the worse demoralized, becomes the Radical
party in this county. The example that waa
set by them at other precincts io tbe county
was imitated at this place yesterday, which
was the time appointed for their meeting, to
elect delegates to their county convention.
Not one-half of the colored voters of tbe pre?
cinct were present, and only some Ava or six
whites. The meeting VTJB organized, (or rathe:
disorganized, as you will see,) a eli a ir m m waa
appointed, and the election of delegates en?
tered into, which resu'ied in tbe election of
four delegates by the nu non (y of those pres?
ent, which minority tried to confirm their can?
didates by chicanery. But some of those in
tbe majority that understood the manea vre,
objected to tbe election by the minority. A
discussion ensued which finally resulted in a
complete failure to nominate delegates by the
majority, and a disorderly breaking np of the
meeting was the consequence.
Helena bas a tendency u p war 1, and we will
be able to poll a goodly number of votes for
Carpenter and Butler. I will let you hear from
them again. E.
Curious Native Plant [Encrusted with
Sand (Silica) Absorbed by lt? Root?. J
We observe in a recent number of the "Jour?
nal ol Applied Chemistry," a brief paper on
several plants which contain silica in their
branches or leaves. We feel sure that we have
in this locality one which surpasses, in this re?
spect, all those referred to In the above paper.
It ls stated there that the mulberry and cherry
tree contain respectively 15.28 and 21.28* per
cent, of silica; that the stinging leaves of the
nettle are composed of lt, and hence that they
break Into the wound caused by puncture
with them. Silica is found in the leaves of the
common sun-flower and golden rod; also, in
the hard bristles and leaves of the elm, hops
and pellltory. We know, also, that it is this
which gives hardness to the cane, and two
pieces being rubbed together In the dark wilL
it is said, emit light.
Our attention having been attracted to the
large amount of sand lound in heaps ot pine -
leaves which had been burned, wc are inclin?
ed to tbe belief that this results from the inde?
structible residue of sand in their composition.
The amount of this will surprise those who
will be at the pains to examine for them?
A plant, however, which grows In the pine?
lands throughout the lower country of South
Carolina, will, we think, be found to contain
a larger proportion of silica than any other.
The leaves of this little plant arc so rough,
(what the botanists designate as scabrous.)
that lt is called the "polishing weed," and it la
used as a substitute for sand-paper in polish?
ing horns and cleaning tables and household
wood-work. It ls known technically as the
diplopappus llnarifolius aster ol Mr. Elliott's
sketch, and Is not more than a foot in height,
with blue flowers, resembling the asters, with
which, it is closely allied.
A recent examination of these leaves with a
microscope of high power discloses a remark?
able arrangement. The silica coats the entire
leaf as if with a layer of trasparent glass, which
juts out at Intervals into little curved,
sharply pointed thorns made of glass, which
are invisible to the naked eye, and which add
to its efficiency as afine polishing agent. It
possesses no known medicinal properties.
P. P. P.
HIGH FARMING.-The Columbia Guardian
prints these stimulating paragraphs:
? -On a farm, near Anderson Courthouse, the
property ol B. F. Crayton, Esq., twenty acres
in corn will yield from 1O00 to 1200 bushels.
Thirty acres of cotton will average 1000 pounds
per acre. One hali acre In barley will bring
thirty bushels. Everything about this farm ls
in capital order, and the clover lots as beauti?
ful and luxuriant, as they are rare. Twenty
head of hogs to fatten this iall are now fed
daily on steamed food, mainly pumpkins.
Captain Crayton ls also preparing to manufac?
ture tiles for the purpose of under-grading..
"Mr. Richard O'Neale, Jr., on last Thursday,
had already gathered and packed six bales ot
cotton out of a twenty aero lot. He confident?
ly expects to make thirty bales on this lot,
which lies along Boundary street, in Colum?
bia. Farmers, this ls the way, make thirty
bale* of cotton on twenty acres, rather than
twenty bales on one hundred acres. Less
land, less labor, less mule force, less expense
and trouble, and larger crops."
TALKING A STIMULANT TO TH S WOBK OP
WOMEN-Of the effect of cheerfulness upon
work, a New Yoru correspondent writes: Au
acquaintance of mine employs a large number
of wom?n at se Win" machines. He tells me
that when he first concoived the idea of going
into thia particular of business, he determined
to go up to ding Sing and examine the system
as tt was practiced there, and to ascertain a
just data of profit in regard to outlay for labor.
His visit opened his eyes to several things,
and returning to tbe city he made up his mind
to let bia girls sing and talk as much oe they
pleased while they worked, but must work by
tho piece, so that loss of time wonld fall
upon them as well as upon bim. When he was
shown into the great workshops ocenpied by
tho female convicts at tbe groat State prison,
he was naturally enough surprised to find that
the women, though bard at work with their
sewing machines, were just as busy with their
tongues, exercising their two natural gifts,
the needle and the organ of speech, and when
he expressed bis wonder to the warden at each
license, he was told that twice as mach could
be got from them if they were allowed to nae
their tongues than if they worked in the un?
natural condition of the sex, of forcsd silence;
so with tbe peala of laughter, and sometimes
& strain of not unpleasant harmony, drowning
the rattle of the machines, and helping along
pleasantly the wearing hoare of toil. _.