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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1465.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1870.
S?X DOLLARS A YKAH.
TR m mm
JJJD?IMH r DISPATCHES.
TERMS OF PEACE.
BISMARCK DEMANDS ALSACE AND
^ LORRAINE, THE BALTIC FLEET.
AND 4,000,000,000 -FRANCS.
ENGLAND MAKES A COUNTER PROPO?
THK PKVSSIA.VS JWARCHIXG ON.
DEPRESSION nr PARIS.
FRAUDS UTON THE GOVERNMENT.
TBE ARREST OF THE PRINCESS MATHILDE.
NEW \"QRR, september 7.
A special telegram fMm London to the New
York Her?ji tnat the English Govern
ieni and other neutral powers are about to
appeal to Prussia to make peace upon the fol
'Wing basis : The French territory to remain
inviolate,-and France to pay the expenses of
tte war. That there shall be a general dis?
armament in France and destruction of the
forts in Alsace and Lorraine.
. It ls believed that these terms will be ac?
ceptable to the Republic.
A special to the Times from Paris says that
the new government counts much upon the
moral and material support of the United
States as their old ally. The morning journals
call upon Minister Favre to address himself
directly to the Washington Government for
These journals forget the large and influen?
tial German population in the United States,
and this ls the reason that so many American
Republicans favor the Germans m this war.
The corps ot General Vinoyes is pushing into
The Prussians continue their forced marches
The plan of the republican government is to
leave the departments free to organize for
their own defence. This pla??s universally
The Loire of this evening gives a singular
aictmnt of the interview between the Em?
peror and King William; saying that the King
behaved like a brute, and judging from the de?
scription of the meeting, must have been
drunk. But for the intervention ol the Crown
Prince and Bismarck, he would have had the
A special- from Paris to the New York Sun
says that the last person arrested by tbe im?
perial police was General Clusert, and Prin?
cess Mathilde the first, by the Republican
police. She was mnniDg away with 52,000,
It ls rumored that Vernoy has been worsted
ia an encounter with the Prussians.
Every day new Imperial swindles are
brought to light. The seventh regiment re?
ceived blank cartridges, and other regiments
cartridges made of sand.
The appointment of Henri Martin as major
of Paris municipals indicates what will be the
character o? the others.
Everything is quiet in the vicinity of the
There is a strong movement on foot favor?
ing the appointment of General Clusert as
commander of the National Guard. He, how?
ever, wants to command the volunteers or no?
Keratry is exceedingly unpopular.
A special to the Herald last night from Paris
says the people are calm and dejected. Theis
is no spirit, no Are in the people. No one
knows what can be done. The cry is "The
Prussians are approaching."
7!:e government was yesterday busily en?
gaged in distributing places. The police have
been dismissed. Paris has been left unprotect?
ed. Troops are marching into Paris; many of
them bear the appearance of hav lng under?
gone a hard campaign, and must have seen
many battles. They are calm but dejected.
McMahon's course is attacked by 9ome
There is an ugly rumor that there are no
bills to fit many of tte cannon on the fortifica?
There is a story in circulation that 100,000
chassepots have been found in the cellars of
The French women have issu? d an address
lo the women ol all nations. Delegates will
be sent by them to King William.
Bismarck demands Alsace and Lorraine,
tte Baltic fleet and 4,000,000,000 francs.
The Red Republican journals demand the
dismissal of the employees of the late gov
Engineers are mining the height? 01 Mont?
The Emperor's portrait at the Hotel de Ville
bas been destroyed: that ol the Empress Ls
turned to f^e wa'l Not a word is spoken
LONDON, September 7.
The Timec, of this morning, in its city arti?
cle, alludes to the prostration ol business and
unsteadiness of securities, and says that the
price of Federal bonds depend upon the suc?
cess of the Prussians.
WA?HNGTON, September 7.
Secretary Cox i? corresponding with mission
aries and religious organizations to secure In?
The Attorney-General decides that appropri?
ations for specific objects are not annual ap?
propriations within the meaning ot the law.
This allows the lighthouses and publi?? im?
provements to be proceeded with.
GOU> AND BOND MARKET.
NEW YORK, September 7-Bvening.
Gold ranged from u? to 144, with late sales
ai tbe latter prices. Daring tue afternoon lt
exhibited activity, but at the close feU off on
the receipt of better London rond quotations,
?losing quiet. Governments opened steady,
but closed very dull; sixty-twos 12f; foure 11?;
ives the same; new 10; sevens 10 i ; eights 104;
, NBW YORK, SeptetBber 7.
The specie shipments to-day were 9306\OCO.
fbi? bids for the government gold reached
TBE HEALTH OF GENERAL LEE
AND VICE-PRESIDENT STEVENS.
AXLKOHANT Sparsos, VA., September 7.
Alexander H. Stephens bsa written a private
letter to a friend bere, in which he eiatea that
be is slowly resaiBin^ his heaitb, and is
nowbasily engaged in writiog a school history
of thc United States.
General Lee bas rotoraid to Lexington from
the hot springs, and is ca?ed of the rheuma?
The crops in Elstern Virsrir>i:i are suffering
from the drought.
The visitors to the Virginia spring are
rapidly leaving. There is still a throng here.
AmoDg them are Generala ?eiuregarci and
NEW YORK, September 7.
The difficulty between the Erie Railroad and
Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad
has b??a amicably adjusted-the claim tor a
million dollars foi back tolls having been set
aside by the Erie Railroad.
THE WAR IN CUBA.
Colonel Acesta . reports the billing of forty
insurgents in thc Connas region. General
Coro is reported to have surrendered.
OUR COLUMBIA LETTER.
Politics-Thc Citizens and Ute Spraguc
Contract-Mr. Hiiguenin's Disavowal.
[KROAi OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT]
COLUMBIA. S. C.. September 6.
Tho Union Refoim Club of Ward No. 1 met
last evening, and a large amount ot work was
laid out for the diff?rent committees. The
meeting was largely attenced, and all are
earnest ip tho work.
At a meeting of the City Connell this even?
ing, Mr. Wallace preseoted a petition, with a
very largv number of names of the mos - io -
duential Hud the largest loxpayeis and pro?
perty holders of our city, praying the City
Council to rescind the Spracue contract. After
some motions and some dobate, the tvhole mat?
ter was postponed until next Monday evening.
In the meantime there will be called a masB
meeting of our citizens to protest against this
outrage, and call upon the City Council to take
most positive measures in regari to it. The
feeling of the citizens, both white and colored,
ia most intense in regard to this matter, and
the contract will never bo carried ont.
In your last issue, I ssw a card to your
bambie servant, from Mr. Julius Huso .'oin. in i
which he deuies, 1st. being in collusion with
Judge Wigg, in regard to the sale of his laud
to the land commission; 2d, that he is Judge
Wigg's brorher-in-law; and 31, that he belongs
to Jud?e Wigg's political party.
Wo are exceeeiogly happy to know that Mr.
Boguenin denies tue above statements, and
we tender him our moat humble apology for
having misunderstood his position, and offer
him our heartfelt congratulations that be is
free from all three charges.
There is a small Radical meeting here to?
night; about two or *hree hundred persona of
both sexes present, ihe meeting was address?
ed by Edwards, (colored,) and Ho^e. 'i he last
made a speech an hour in length. Adam
Johnson, (colored ) one of the bolters, not,
setting a position, sneaked back into tbe Rad?
ical party and was received into the fold with
many rejoicings, mixed with cheers ot dfrieion.
INCENDIARISM AND HOMICIDE IN LAURENS.
Thc Effect of Joe Crewt'g Teaching?.
A correspondent of the Columbia Phoenix,
writing from Laurens County, says :
The teachings of Joe Crews have at last been
brought to bear on a portion ol our commu?
nity. His advice, in his speech at Waterloo,
as reported by those who heard it. was, "that
thc blacks should never unite with the Whites
in any movement-that lt they (the colored
people) wanted provisions, and could not buy
them, to go into the fields and get what they
wanted. If the whites did not settle with
them the way they thought was right, to burn
them out of house and home-not to leave
one stone upon another-that matches were
cheap: any one could buy a box for five cents."
How long shall we submit to such conduct ?
Shall we sit quietly and allow such incendiary
speakers to go through the country teaching
the credulous negroes to pursue such a course ?
It he was the lriend-as ne pretends to be-to
the negro, he would certainly teach them verv
On Wednesday a young man by thc name ot
William Hunter had two negro men arrested
for stealing wheat. He went to Thomas Owens,
trial Jostice-brother of Y. J. P. Owens, sena?
tor from tills county-and procured a warrant.
Owens sent his constable, Tumbling, and with
Hunter, arrested and brought them to town.
They were carried to Joe Crews's house, where
Trial Justice Freeman lives, to get a commit?
ment. Whilst there, Hunter left the prisoners
in the hands ot the constable, and when he re?
turned he found that one white man (Adam
Crews, son of Joe,) and several negroes had
ordered the constable to release them, and
they did then and there set them free again.
As Hunter returned home he was cursed and
abused, and told to "try it again.*'
On Thursday night, between 12 and 1 o'clock,
the store-house of W. F. Beard was discovered
to be on fire. The alarm was given, and in a
short time the flames ware arrested. The
colored people who were present worked
faithfully, and deserve great credit for their
conduct The building is on the northwest
corner ol the public square-a one story wood?
en building. The fire was kindled between
the weather-boarding and corner casing ,
or column, and also about the centre of the
end of the building, which was fortunatelv
smothered. Matches and lightwood kindling |
were lound; hence there eau be no doubt as to
the origin of the Ure, as lt wa9 doubtless lue
work of au incendiary. <
On Friday night, about half-past 0 o'clock,
the most unfortunate tragedy that ever baj>- ?
pened in our community took place. Thomas
R. Montgomery was shot and killed in hie
room by Thomar A. Tobin. As the matter will
undergo j iidlclalinvestlgation, we will refrain
from giving any more ot the particulars. Mr.
Montgomery was a yoong man. about twenty
one years of age, son of John D. Montgomery,
of Spartanburg, and was clerking for Mr. John
Kyle. Mr. Thomas A. Tobin is a member ol
the firm of Tobin &, Moseley, and was well
known not only here, but you might say. all
over the South,* having travelled extensively
before the war in the iuterest of Hotchklss,
Fenner & Bennett, of New York. He ls a na?
tive ot Augusta, Georgia. Both stood well aud
have many friends. The whole community
lament this sad affair. Mr. Montgomery was a.
consistent member ortho Presbyterian Church
at this place, and truly. "None knew him
but to love him.'' I will sute that from some
misunderstanding, the parties referred to had
had a fight in iront of tho hotel and, when
ported, Tobin went to his room ia the hotel,
and Montgomery to his, over Kyle's store.
Tobin came out of the hotel and asked some
one where Montgomery was. They replied
that they did not. Know-presumed he was in
his room, as there was light up there. Tobin
crossed the street, went up stairs, a few words
passed, when a pistol was fired twice, one
ball entering the lower bowels, and ie sup?
posed to. have cut an artery; thc other ball wus
buried in the outer frame of the door. Tobin
went into his store. The house was surround?
ed by the constabulary and the militia Tobin
refused to surrender until about 4 o'clock A
M., when, after consulting with his attorno;
he oonser.ted to give up, and wae lodgp-.i l?
I write you this that you may know the true
situation In Laurens, knowing full well tait
maov wild rumors will be in circulation.
THE ADVANCE ON PARIS
TROCS V iJiHC LAMES THAT THE CAP?
ITAL IS SAFE.
QRAXMONTS OPINION OF UTE NE ff-SOBN
RUSSIA PROPOSES A PEACE CONGRESS*
PRUSSIA RESPECTFULLY DECLINES.
EUGENIE IN PRIVATE LIFE.
THE POSITION OF AUSTRIA.
FACTS AND EV MO RS.
THE NATIONAL GUARD FAILS TO
CHECK THE LANDWEHR.
TROCHU AND THE MINISTERS.
REMOVAL OF THE CENSORSHIP OF THE
The Position of the United States-Facts
PARIS, September 7.
Jules Favre, the French Minister of Foreign
Affairs, is awaiting the response to a dispatch
sent by him to the Government of the United
States. It is thought that the reply will pro?
duce a great effect throughout the country.
Every French town heard from joyfully ac?
cepts the Republic.
Thc engineers are destroying the tunnels
running east from Parle.
BRUSSELS, September 7.
The Empress Eugenie is the guest of the
Hooven family at Chateau Neyeuse. near
A Peace Congress.
BERLIN, September 7.
Russia ls about proposing a Congress of the
Great Powers. Prussia will certainly decline
to take part in it.
The Prussian Advance-Paris Slaking
PARIS. September 7.
The Prussians were at last accounts ?.t Sis
sone, marching rapidly towards Paris,
Ther* is no news from Strasbourg.
General Trochu reiterates the statement that
Paris is safe.
The Prussians have reached Suone, as here?
Trains are arriving hourly from the front
with artillery, cavalry and Infantry.
The rolling stock ot the Eastern Railroad
has been concentrated here, and sent West
The Republic in Rome.
ROUE, September 7.
The proclamation of the French Republic
caused a profound sensation here. The arrests
by the authorities which were numerous be?
fore, are now greatly multiplied.
Reports from London.
LONDON', September 7.
The French National Guard failed to check
the Prussians crossing the Rhine near Mul?
The wounded at Sedan are distributed in
the villages and farm-houses of the vicinity.
Twelve thousand of McMahon's army are at
Mezieres. Twenty thousand are between Von
zieres and La Chene.
Trochn and the Ministers.
PARIS, September 7.
The news is confirmed that the Orleans
Princes are ea route for Paris.
It is reported that a difficulty has occurred
between Trochu and the Ministry. The Minis?
ters yielded, and harmony is now restored.
The difficulty arose from a proposition for
arming all classes, which Trochu successfully
Immense preparations for defence are going
The army is retiring before the Prussian ad?
But one sentiment .-eenie to prevail amoug
the people, viz: the necessity of defending
Organization ls quietly in progress.
No dissent is expressed in any quarter a? to
I he necessity of the Republic.
There is great rejoicing at the removal of
the censorship over the press. All the war
news, wMh full details, ls now published with?
out hindrance, and the arrival of the Prussian
advance at Slssone is publicly announced.
[NOTE.-Sissonne is a market town of
France, department of Aisne, twelve miles
east of Laon.]
K u f 1 i > h W ar Reports.
LONDON, September. 7.
The Times says that if France refuses to
treat, the Republic will perish, because the
French are more jealous ol their military
glory than of the rights of others.
,The .Times has several bitter articles on the
absence and apathy of the Queen and Princes,
who are deer-stalking while Europe is quaking
to its foundation. The English Ministry, by
herculean efforts, have restrained Greece from
hurliug her vast energies into the contest.
This is thc summing up of England's conduct
in the supreme crisis of Europe.
American War Reports.
New YOKK, September 7.
The New York Herald ha? a special dispatch
from London which say6 that the Prince Im?
perial was strictly private during his journey,
hlB governor prohibiting any conversation on
account of his health.
The Duke de Grainmoni is also in London,
having made his escape via Havn\ He con?
verses very freely, and gays that the revolu?
tionary government cannot stund. All recent
events tend, he says, to prove that it?
members have not the confidence of the peo?
ple. The mea now ia power are those whose
efforts have been directed heretofore to em?
barrassing the government and to Insure the
failure or the war. The Republican agents
were constantly endeavoring to shake public
confidence and to destroy the discipline of the
army. He attributes the loss of several
battles to this cause, and does not see
bow the foreign governments can recog?
nize the Republic. To-morrow another batch
might get up and declare themselves a
Provislonul Government, and Involve the city
in bloodshed. He considers that such a result
will be moro probable If arms are placed in
the hands of the lower class?e. The first new
reverse, or tte appearance of the Prus?
sians before the city, might be the
signal for the overthrow of the pres?
ent self-constituted ministry and the creation
of another. Grammont has confidence in Tro
chu, but apprehends that lie may not be per?
mitted to have his own way. He believes that
France is fully able to vindicate her honor
and to expel the Prussians from her territory.
He declines to express an opinion as to the
future late of the Emperor or his dynasty. De
Grammont had a long interview with Mr.
Gladstone and Lord Granville to-day.
The Instruction? to Lord Lyons, the English
Minister at Paris, are, lp effect, to recognize
the actual authorities, but to avoid, a? far pos?
sible, a formal recognition.
The Position of Austria.
VIENNA, September 7.
It is asserted that the accession of Austria to
the neutral league Is qualified by the condition
that mediation is prohibited.
Resignation of an Ambassador.
ST. PETJSRSBUIIG, September 7.
General Fleury, ?ae French Hinteler, resign?
ed, and immediately left the conntry.
ADDITIONAL DISF ATCHES.
NAPOLEON'S LETTER OP SURRENDER.
PARIS, September 4.
The Gaulois gives the following as the exact
text of the letter ot Napoleon to the King of
Prussia: "Having no command In the army,
and having placed all my authority in the
hand9 of the Empress, as Regent, I herewith
surrender my sword to the King of Prussia."
FROM THE KINO TO THE QUEEN-HIS MEETING
WITH THE EMPEROR.
BERLIN, September 5.
The following dispatches have been received
here from the King to the Queen, dated Varen
nes 8 o'clock Sunaay morning: What a thril?
ling moment that o? my meeting with Napole?
on! He was delected, but dignified. I assign
as his place of Immediate stay Willlamshoff,
near Cassel. Our meeting took place at a
small country-house opposite the western
glacis of Sedan. When summoned to it, I was
Inspecting the positions bet?re the place. You
must imagine my recepUon among the troops;
it was indiscribable. Their exultation was
overwhelming. At dusk I ended a five hours'
ride, and at one in the morning returned
hither. May God aid us further. WILHELM.
TUE EMPEROR'S VISIT TO THE KINO.
A Prussian officer saw the Emperor on Sat?
urday at a cottage near the Prussian headquar?
ters, with two Prussian cuirassiers guarding
him. The Prince Imperial ls reported to havo
been seriously ill at Avesnes. Ou Friday morl?
ing the Emperor rode from his place of deten?
tion to call on the King as a visitor rather
than a prisoner. His barouche was piloted by
two Uhlans, and surrounded by several gene?
rals, the Imperial plquers, in green and gold,
being his only body-guard. The Emperor
smoked a cigarette as he rode.
TUE SURRENDER OF THE EMPEROR.
When the object of the visit of the French
flag became noised as the surrender of the .
Emperor, the enthusiasm was moro than*
French. The bearded fellows discarding their
weapons, threw their arms about the ne-rest
necks and set up the Marseillaise and Parrnnt
Pouria Syrie, which for some time nmg
through the camps until the King silenced lt.
The soldiers shouted around Bismarck, who,
when silence .was regained, said: "Gentlemen,.
1 am nothing in this war; thank the King;
thank General Mollke."' After further uproar
he resumed: "Well, if I am rcponslble for any?
thing, it ls for the powerful aid given to us by
the Southern States, for to them we owe this
latest victory." The population of Sedan
waived a Prussian flag on the ramparts when
the firing had ceased. .
THE TEMP EB OF THE EMPEROR.
It is B lid that a friend, condoi! ag with the
Emperor on Saturday, expressed a hope that
hie popularity in Paris waa not gone. The Em?
peror replied : "It matters not; I shall return
there to exact a reckoning, noe to give one."
MOVEMENTS OF THE EMPEROR.
BOUILLON, September A
The Emperor, with a suite or one hundred
persons, on horseback and carriages, marked
with the Imperial cipher, arrived here at noon,
escorted,by an armed for.*o of Prussians. He
is going to Germany, via Liege. Consent to
his passage had previously been gained from
the Belgian Government. It is not true that
the Prince Imperial is a gu2St of the Prince de
Chimay. He was last heard of at MaubcDge
this morning. The Emperor is reported to be
VEBVIERBES, September 6.
The Emperor arrived here nt five o'clock on
Sunday evening. He altgnted at the railway
station and proceeded to the hotel, where he
slept for the ntsht. He loaves to-night for
Cassel. The Emperor Is accompanied by
Count Chopiene, Prince of Moskowa and
TBE IMPERIAL FAMILY.
BRUSSELS, Septtmbor 5.
The French Prince Imperial has reached
Namur. He coes to rejoin his father near Cas?
sel. The Empress Eugeoie is hourly expected
to arrive here for tbe same destination.
TBE NUMBER OF M'MAHON'S ABM?.
The "Independence Balgo" says when Sedan
surrendered it contained 70,000 soldiers. Last
night 15 OOO more surrendered to the Prussians,
and 3JCO90 took r^uge in Belgium. From
these figures it infers that McMahon's army
did not greatly ex.-oad 115 OOO men.
THE PRUSSIAN LOSSES
are wonderfully small, notwithstanding rifled
cannon, minnies and mitrailleurs. General
F&itly was killed, not by bis own mm, but by
Prussians. When his body was found the
right arm was go:i.\ and there waa a frightful
wound from a greuade io the thigh.
SEBOE OF M-.12.
A dispatch from B;rhu Bays the Germana
have discovered a hidden aqueduct, on which
Matz depends for water. They also captured
Hazaine's dis Dutch bag, the contents of which
show that the French are in a desperate con?
dition. An early capitulation is looked for,
and the Germans aro making noble prepara?
tions for the treatment of the French wound?
ed, with whom the oily must bo filled. The
prisoners taken by the French havj been re?
leased and sent out of the fortress on account
of tho scarcity of food. Complaints com? from
Berlin that Germans staying m France are bar el?
UHFOPULARIT? OF IMPERIALISM.
PARIB. September i-6 p. M.
Some of the shops .if tbe more favored pnr
vevore of the Im penal family are menaced,
and will probably be gacked. In all parts of
the oit? people are pointing out and taking
down the Imperial arms, fearing au attack by
tho mob. lu the windows of tho shops whore
photographs are displayed care bas been taken
to remove those of tho lmpsrial family a id all
those ODnnected with them. The National
Gnard is ont iu force to repress mure serious
trouble. Mobs continue to tear do.vn the signe
contaioing the Imperial arms and meiLla. In
some cases the people have climbed up the
highest stories to tear from the theatre* the
word imperial. Extreme care is evinced to re?
spect the arms of other nations. In one of the
streets a large crowd was upon the point of
teariog down a representation of tho Amcncau
eagle. A6c?i faining their mistake, they shout?
ed loudlv "Viva la Bapobliqu* Am>noainer
Tile police are uo longer to bj seen in the
streets. _ , "
A corree xmdent of the Daily News at Pans
says: At three o'clock Sunday afternoon bc
Baw the palace of the Tmlerhs invade 1 by a
mob, who tore down the throne, destroyed
everything marked with tho Imperial bees and
other Napoleonic insignia, and carried awav
and cast into the 8eine al! busts, staines and
pictures of the Bonapartes.
MEBTIMQS AND RESOLUTIONS.
STUITOABDT, Septem'jtr 3.
A a crowded meeting held here to-Jay tbe
following resolution w.<s adopted:
Resolved, That Germanv refuses: mediation
on the intervention or the powers. Other
resolutions were adopted, demanding the in?
corporation of Alsace aod Lorraine at a Dart
of Germanv. as the oily guarantee against
French greed, and as national compensation
for the expenses of tho war. That the Ger?
mans most now beonenatioa ia one State,
with ono army and one Pirliament, and that
these are the only eecorities for a permanent
peace for Uermauj and Europe.
THE 8 KRX AS-AMERICAN STEAMERS.
JjoxDJH, September A
The steamer* of the Germax-AaaoricaD linea '
which have token refuge in Southampton har?
bor are literally crowded with bunting tiDce
the receipt of the newe ef McUahou'a sur?
THE WAH TO BE COKTINTJED.
WASHINGTON," Septimber 5.
The following official dispatch has just been
received at the legation of the North German
"Emperor Napoleon having declared that
his captivity prevents bim from negotiating
the peace, the Fre.ich Government being at
Pari?, the war will still be continued."
TUE FREy?HSUEREND BR.
Vlt wi of the American Press.
The surrender of Louis Napoleon to King
Willi ard creates great sensation throughout
the United States, as, of course, it does all
over Europe. As the views of the leading
pre? will be read with Interest, we make the
subjoined extracts from our exchanges:
tPromthe New York Times.]
What will become of France now no man
can tell. Whatever may be the counsels
which prevail at the moment, there can be no
question as. to the course which France ought to
pursue. The war ought to end at once. The
Freiich people must oe content to make the
best terms they can. They are in no condition
now to continue a struggle on the scale which
the overwhelming power of Germany would
render necessary. A Republic may be declared
wlthin.four-and-twenty hours, but it will come
too late to chauge the fortunes of the war.
The stars In their courses fleht against France.
Everything now depends upon the nature of
the proposals which Germany is willing to sub?
mit as the basis ol negotiations lor peace. We
do not believe that any third power will at?
tempt to Interfere with Germany in this mo?
mentous settlement. She stands to-day vir?
tually mistress ol Europe. For her, too, the
Republic will come in time-but the populari?
ty of the reigning King, covered as hera with
the glories of the war, may postpone the ar?
rival of this event. It will be a happy circum?
stance If we are able to record in a few days
thal the French people have accepted the de?
cree which has gone against them, and de?
clined to sacrifice any more of their noble
troops in an unequal struggle.
[From the New York World.]
The crash of the Empire is its final and irre?
versible criticism. The Emperor has fallen
clearly, unmistakably, undeniably-because he
deserved to fall, ?nd he deserved to tall, as
all men may now clearly see-and here for us
in America Ia the lesson of the great event
because he was an Emperor. It ls the system
that has surrendered, not the man. For now.
If ever, is the time for all calm and candid
men to do Justice to the great qualities, alike
of mind and of character, which have enabled
Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, for nearly the life?
time of a generation, to All the most conspic?
uous position In the civilized world with so
n.uch skill and. force, with so much prudence
and lorccast. and such a varied capacity as
will injure to his name, in the annals of our
times, a place as marked and as marvellous as
that, of any sovereign recorded In history.
Those mistakes ot his reign, which can be
clearly traced to errors ot judgment on his
own part, may easily be paralleled alike as to
"number and to magnitude In the career of any?
one of the very most illustrious among the
rulers of mankind. His greatest political
blunders have not been greater than those ol
the rim Napoleon; his military misadventures
have been much tess numerous, and lt ls still
premature to pronounce them more disastrous
to his people than those of the grent Frederic.
(From the New York Herahl.]
What ls to be the late of France ? It ls not
our opinion that Prussia will be unnecessarily
exacting in her demands. She will, no doubt,
according to thc laws of war, demand compen?
sation for thc expenses she has incurred and
the losses she has sustained. But there is no
renson to believe that sh* will use her power
to Impose a government upon France, contra
trary ro the wishes of the people. She could
not. do this without losing, morally, the fruit
ot lier great victory." To restrain the French
people In their choice of a form of government
would shock the good sense ot the entire
world. Of course we are here taking lt for
granted that the war is ended. We do not
think that Paris will hold out, now that r?sis?
tance Is simply suicidal. Presuming that the
war IB ended, that Paris is not bombarded,
that the French people are permitted to say
after what fashion and by what means it is
their wish to be ruled, the French people will
be blind to their own interests, will lose, a
splendid opportunity, If they do not go in
heartily and as one man for a republic. Sure?
ly they have seen enough and experienced
enough of the worthlessness of royal and im?
perial figure-heads. In its new role as a repub?
lic, France might soon recover its place as the
I central power ol Europe.
[From the Sunday Mercury.]
What effect the surrender of Napoleon will
j have upon the course ol the war and upon the
temper of the French people in the present
crisis remains to be seen. A grand opportuni?
ty Ls now presented to them of ridding them?
selves at once and forever of thu tyrunuous
system by which they have been sn lung op?
pressed, and if their leaders are wise they will
not allow that opportunity to be Lost. Tnat a
nation so capable of great achievements, whe?
ther in peace or war, as they have shown
themselves-so worthy ot freedom and so equal
as they uudoubtedly are to the task of self
government-should remain in submission to
monarchy, of whatever form, is a calamity not
only to themselves, but to the whole world.
Napoleon has been conquered, but the French
may yet be morally the victors in this war
This defeat may be the means of their deliver,
ance and salvation. If they only play the part
of good mea and true.
[From the New York Evening Post.]
The capture of Napoleon alone might have
been a relief to France, where he had become
merely a name for bolstered incompetency,
and a' target lor epigrams; but the surrender
of McMahon's army is the surrender of the
military power of France. Thtire is now no
army In che field which can stand for a day be?
fore the overwhelming advance of Germany;
and even such fortresses as Strasbourg, Metz
and Paris cease to be of value when they have
no armed support from without. There is
probably no house in France upon the site of
which King William might not make his bed
and sleep in Deacc, within a month, if he de?
termines to do lt. It is the empire that passes
away, while France, once more in charge of
her own destinies, will gain more than she
loses by the humiliation she suffers, if with de?
feat comes the wisdom to accept and improve
lt. The true greatness ot nations is not In
standing armies anti io the employment of
barbarous warriors, but id the arts of peace,
for which free France has resources second to
no people. With her literature, art and poli?
llos no longer corrupted by a despotism, she
may enter upon a lar nobler career than could
have been hers tor a generation to come, were
Napoleon to-day dictating terms of p?ace in
[From the New York Express.]
..Without prejudice to the Reg**! < y*? is the
proviso on Napoleon's surrender. Jut where
will the regency stand and what will become
of it when the people of Paris learn how they
have been deceived, and how remorselessly
and shockingly they have had the situation
lalsifiecl to thora, day alter day ? When it is
known In Paris that McMahon lias capitulated,
that Bazaine is comparatively powerless, and
that the Emperor is the captive of King Wil?
liam-and. apparently, they have all this to
learn yet-what will they do ? How much re?
spect will they feel and show tor the Emperor,
for the ministry, or for the general who com?
mands In the* metropolis ? The revelation
must soon be made. What will be the effect ?
What will follow the empire? Who will suc?
ceed Napoleon ? These are the exciting ques?
tions ol the day and hour. Napoleon ls no
more the ruler of France, but great will be the
difficulty of a successor. When the Emperor
i goes, who shall be king ? or If a king is voted
: down, who shall preeide over the destinies of
France ? An Orleans prince put upon the
throne of France by Prussia would be detested
In France. A legitimist cannot rule there for
the French people would rise In arms against
tills. In any event, the future, whether repub?
lican, kingly or an empire, is full of doubt and
grave uncertainty, iii we know ls that the
days of Napoleon are numbered, and that the
soil of France is at almost all points trodden
by bitter foes. It is only barely possible that
the fate of Napoleon may lead Prussia to con?
sent to something like reasonable terms in her
claims tor the cost and losses incident to the
IFrcm the Washington Chronicle.]
The lli-etarred Emperor may find his best
mend in the German monarch. Better to be
his prisoner than the victim of the infuriated
Parisians. He was sixty-two on the 20th of
last April, ten years older than his great uncle,
who was iuBt fifty-two when he was sent to St.
Helena. The world will have no further fear
of the Napoleons. Their day hos closed.
LOUIB the Last need be sent to no barren rocks
to eat out his own heart. He ls too old to
arouse enthusiasm. Never possessed of the
magnetic power, he can be left free to rumi?
nate over bis miseries. Men have no further
use for kings. The most triumphant one In
the world to-day. William of Germany, will
consult his own Interest by avoiding any ex?
cessive violence to Louis Napoleon, or any
despotic demonstrations. Germany is as full
of Republicans as France, and ot a sterner
Behool, and they. will tolerate no. fetters on
their limb? If sought to be placed there by the
men who proclaimed .their determination to
strike off the Frenchmen's chains. We look,
therefore, lor magnanimity and moderation
from the German monarch.
[From the Tribune.]
The surrender of Biz tine must of necessity
follow. Ho is as powerless to continue the
struggle now as Johnston was after the sur?
render of Lee; and as with the capitulation of
Lee's army all the forces ot tbe Sontheim Con?
federacy laid down their arms, so with the fall
of McMahon the rest go to the wall, Baziine
knows how hopeless is further resistance on
his part, and hi will not attempt ir. Stras?
bourg, Thionviile. all the fortresses of the
Moselle and the Rhine, naturally fal), after a
brief delay, into the bandi of the Germans.
Only at Paris can the bloody scenes be re
npwed: and there the danger is of civil con?*ol
eionB, bot foreign invasion. When at length
the deceived people of the capital realize how
they havo been betrayed, the revulsion of feel
mc will be terrible, an i the military forces
there will bi powerless to prevent the punish?
ment cf the traitors and tbe overthrow of the
semblance of imperialism which remaies to in?
sult them. Wo apprehend tbat the most pain?
ful scenes of the war are yet to follow in the
capital, fbe only encouraging thought ia
that the revolution, which nothing can pre?
vent, and which we tear may be bloody, will
result finally iu tha expulsion forever of every
shred of tDe shattered Napoleonic dynasty
from the country it has rained. Of what may
come after we do not speculate. We fear a re?
turn of the Orleans; we hope for a Republic
wo pray that France may emerge from her sea
of troubl?e ch ia tened, purified, and free-we
join iu thc pteins of victory that chant all hail
to United Germany I
THE WAR1NEWS, FROM A BUSINESS
POINT OF VIEW.
Why Gold Continu?is Steady.
The New York World takes the following
view of the strong features of the financial
situation as affected by the war news :
On Friday night gold closed at sixteen and
a half (16},) the blas of information at tbat
time being decidedly In favor of the French,
and our natural Inclination to regard it as
about time for the tide to turn and the Prus?
sians to meet some reverses strongly as?
sisting the upward influence of the war
news. But on Saturday came news ol' such
Prussian successes as lead to a very gen?
eral impression that thc war is over,
and yet the closing price of gold was no lower
than lourteen and a quarter (144, ) showing
only a decline of two and a quarter on such a
reversal of information as can only be proper?
ly described as astounding. Coupled with tbis,
under the circumstances, very moderate de?
cline in gold, there meets us the other fact
that, stocks and bonds moved with apparent
reluctance in unison with the news, and by no
means present even the limited change notice?
able in gold. Such a state of finance, upon
such information, is certainly remarkable, and
seems to imply either that the business mind
Is not much shaken by the bulletins, or, if
shaken, has had Its equanimity restored by
some extraneous stimulants. Those stimu?
lants lt ls perhaps possible to mention, but, be?
fore so doing, the nature of the news demands
Marshal McMahon's army was perhaps the j
flower of France. To its complete organiza?
tion every energy ot the Empire was bent,
and when, moving out from Chalons, it took
the road to Montmedy, it was, in all proba?
bility, a splendidly equipped body ot some?
thing like one hundred and twenty or one
hundred and fifty thousand veteran French
troops. Public expectation went with lt,
France followed lt with eyes of trustful affec?
tion, and when lt was reported that McMahon
was on the march, Prussia, as well as the rest
of Europe and America, no doubt felt that the
chances were in favor of the Marshal turning
the tide. That he had turned lt wan, In fact,
the first Information; but with one flash of the
cable, England and America learn that the
Marshal ls wounded, his army surrendered,
and the Emperor of the French a prisoner lo
the Prussian camp. Information such as this
ought to have revolutionized che leading mar?
kets of the world; but the effects are only, as
hereinbefore stated, a fall of two and a halt
per cent. In gold and a sluggish movement in
bonds and stocks.
It ls in ali likelihood the case that when the
business mind asked Itself "What, next ?" alter
the news, as it always docs ask that question
alter any important Intelligence, lt said to it?
self "The republic." A proclamation of the re?
public is pretty much synonymous with a pro?
longation of the war; and, with such prolonga?
tion as probable, or even possible, it is not
surprising that the financial tone should exhi?
bit a reluctance lo move as swiftly towards
peace as the bulletins would seem to necessi?
tate. Further still, there ls a sort of financial
sorites deducible from the situation which cul?
minates In high gold and low bonds; thus. If
France is made to pay the Prussian war bill,
German securities are relieved from the de?
pression of immense expenditures; BO reliev?
ed, they become attractive, perhaps from
thc amazing accession of prestige to Prus?
sia, even more attractive than they were prior
to the outbreak ot hostilities; being thus
attractive, German money will seek German
securities, withdrawing from American bonds
to make that investment; and such a ?vlth
drawal on any even moderate scale brings
about Inevitably high gold and low bonds. In
view of these, and some other contingencies
a coalition, say to guarantee France against
dismemberment, or an extension of the field
ot war by a division of opinion on the subject
or such dismemberment-It Is easy to see why
ti> a ti nanci a I contres of Europe and America
discount the war news so heavily as our finan?
cial reports indicate to-day. A great empire,
primus inter pares for a thousand years, an
empire that has survived Cressy and Waterloo,
ls nut, says Business, to be whiffed away into
impotence in a single day.
WHAT YACHTING COST'.
How Sonic of the Fashionable New
Yorkers Spend their Money.
The great ocean race just concluded be?
tween the Cambria and the Dauntless will no
doubt give an i m pet m to yachting amusement
among the American people equal to that caus?
ed by the victory of Commodore Stevens's
yacht.America in 1651, or the first ocean race
in 186G, when the Henrietta wits the victor.
When tho America, to tho astonishment "of
the whole world, won the Queen's cup. and
beat all the yachts in English waters, yachting
as an amusement was but a little in vogue In
this country. At that time (1851) there were
scarcely a score of yachts owned In New York,
and the New York Yacht Club was looked
upon, by the very few who were aware of its
existence, as a drowsy, fossilized association
of old fogies. Now, the yacht club has over
300 members, and about 60 yachts, and.two ad?
ditional yacht; clubs have sprung up-the At?
lantic ami the Brooklyn-with a large member?
ship, and each having between 20 and 30
yachts. So that there are at the present time
upwards of 100 pleasure yachts owned In New
a ork and Brooklyn, which, in point of ele?
gance and speed, will compare favorable
with the same number of yachts any?
where else on the globe. As the dis?
position among our people to engage in
the amusement of yatching is, therefore, rap?
idly Increasing, and will be likely to Increase
Billi more rapidly in the future, lt will doubt?
less be interesting to have a large class ol our
readers to. know what it coats to build and,
maintain a yacht. In answering this question. '
it may be well to state at the outset that main?
lining a yacht ls a good deal like keeping a
team o? horses-the expense attending will
depend a great deal ou die tastes and habits o?
the owner. If he is what ls called a "fast
man," and will be content with nothing short
of the fleetest and best appointed yacht, and
ls, moreover, disposed to entertain a great
deal of company in his yachting excursions, lt
will cost him a great deal more money than It
would to maintain a yacht for the amusement
and recreation o? himself and his family during
the summer months.
COST OF BITLDCCO A YACHT.
Yacht-builders estimate the cost of'eon*
structin| a yacht according to the tonnage.
u . ??? wf? a*"00dyacht couIdhe builtfor
about $60 or ?70 per ton, including the fitting
out and al]the appointments. This waethe
price asked by George Steers, who built the
America. During the war the cost of yacht
bulldiug as ol everything else was" largely in?
crease.!, and yachts built in that period cost
from $150 to $200 per ton. At present the price
is about $50 per ton for the hull and spars, and
$50 more for the equipments. An elegant
JCAM, with all its appointments complete, can
now be built for $100 to $130 per ton. Of
course lhere is no end of the money that may
be expended in.the way of luxurious fur?
nishing for the cabins and extra appoint?
ments. In this respect it ls like a carriage,
which may be purchased for $2600, or
may be made to cost $25,000. Mr. Bennett's
yacht Dauntless, which ls the largest one be?
longing to the New York Yacht Club, is said to
have cost $65,000. - The Cambria was sold by
Mr. Asbury, before leaving England, for about
$30.000, gold. Mr. Osgood's, of the New York
Club, cost from $35,000 to $40,000. These are
all schooner yachts of large tonnage, and fitted
up in most elegant style. The Calypso, a
yacht of 110 tons, belonging to Mr. A. S.
Hatch, is also one ot the most elegant ot the
smaller schooners belonging to the New York
Yacht Club, and cost about $30,000. The cost
per ton of building yachts ls the same, whether
they be schooners or Bloops. The largest
schooner yacht in the New York Club, (the
Sappho, belonging to Mr. Douglas,) ls- 274
tons, and the largest sloop, i the White Wing,
belonging to J. J. and Wm. Astor,) is 55 tons.
COST OF MAINTENANCE.
The necessary cost of maintaining a yacht
dorins the yachting season, which ordinarily
includes the months of Jane, July, August ana
September, ie about as tollowB-ordinary and
extraordinary repairs to the yacht included :
Crew. Fay per month.
Sailors (four) each. 20 to ot
Total about. $300
The number of sailors needed will of conree
depend on the sise of the yacht. For a
schooner yacht of 130 tons, four will answer,
and for sloops of 30 to 50 tons, two will be suf?
ficient. The C03t of provisions every one ctn
estimate tor himself, and gauge the expenses
according to tastes. It would appear from the
above that the necessary costs o? manning a
schooner yacht, which will accommodate a
family of ten persons on a cruise, is not far
from $300 per month, exclusive of provisions
-not by any means an expensive amusement,
in view ot the comfort and beastliness of the
pastime. Many members of the New York
Yacht Club say they can take their families on
a summer cruise iu their vacbt at a less ex?
pense than they *ati stay at borne, and for less
than it would cost to take them to a watering
place. The usual summer cirri -e of the New
York Yacht Club, as a club, is through Long
leland Sound, touching at various pointe on
the route and continuing on to New London,
Newport, New liedford, Holmea's Hole and
Martha B Vineyard. Individual members of
tbe club frequently extend their cruise to Nau
turk, and so on to varions pointe on the coast
of Massachusetts, and run up as far as Maine,
but the clnb yachts seldom go together beyond
Martha'd Vineyard. During tbe winter eeason
it cost? about $10 per month for storage and
vrat ching of a yacht, the yachts o? the New
York Club lay up at various plac?e-Mystic,
New London, Newoort, - Port, Chester, ano
elsewhere. Occasionally one of the yachts
may take a winter cruise in the West Indios,
but the basinees engagements of most owners
of American yachts generally preclude yacht?
ing in the winter time.
X Way to prevent Collisions.
[From the Columbia Guardian.]
We learn, upon undoubted authority, that a
company of white men organized at walhalla
has not been accepted by Governor Scott, al?
though the captain paid two visits to Colum?
bia to secure this small boon, accompanied
once by the senator of the County of Ooonee,
who exerted himself in his behalf In vain. A.
colored company has since been formed in the
same place" and accepted. Of this company,
James Keith, colored, is the captain-a noto?
riously bad man, pardoned out of the peniten?
tiary. This is a tact of such frequent occur?
rence as scarcely to attract attention any
There is evidently a method in the madness
of Governor Scott in sternly refusing compa?
nies ot one race and in religiously accepting
and arming those of the other. It has even
attracted the attention of the colored men
themselves, some of whom are alarmed at the
prospect before them. A fair minded colored
man went into the store of one of our moat
respectable merchants yesterday and unbosom?
ed himself to Mm upon this matter. He said
the thing was making no little talk in certain
colored circles. For his part, he thought it '
unfair abd mischievous, and he feared and be?
lieved that lamentable consequences would re?
sult from it.
Now, a word to our white people. We beg
them to exercise patience and discretion simi?
lar to that shown lately in our sister State of
North Carolina-the precursors of a signal
conservative victory. We say avoid collisions
by every proper endeavor, and shun, as far as
practicable, the opportunities for their occur?
rence. While thus discreet and guarded, we
do not see any reasonable objections to being
prepared, both as indivlauals and as com?
panies. It being the fact that colored com?
panies are accepted with alacrity and
armed with ball cartridges without der
lay, while white companies are ignored
and refused altogether-In fact snubbed and
contemned-it becomes us to consider wheth?
er lt ls not advisable to maintain our company
organizations whether accepted or not. Ana
there can be no possible objection, we con?
ceive, in the present state of things, for every
man looking to his weapons of personal de?
fence, and seeing that everything is right and
the powder dry. We say, If a contest is pre?
pared here, if a collision is systematically ar?
ranged, if a bloody trap ls adroitly set lor our
people, then let them know it, realize
it, and be ready for it. Two can play
at this game. Let us remember, while these
pet companies-the accepted militia-are strut?
ting about In their fine arms and fine toggery,
that there are two white adults to every turee
colored in the State. This is not so great a
disparity but that lt may be overcome. There
are about 30,000 whites who are veteran sold?
iers from the Confederate or Union armies,
icAo need no drilling.* They are equal to more
than twice their number ol" raw troops of equal
pluck, however well drilled.
We say no more Just now. We have said
enough, we hope, to show that a onesided
arming may provoke a conflict, the chances
of which will be greatly lessened by the quiet
preparation of those who are armed against
calmly and resolutely to meet it, while anxious
in every honorable wa7 to avoid it. Organize
to prevent collision; organize to meet it, if
needlessly and cruelly precipitated upon us.
LAG EE BEEB IU MASSACHUSETTS*
BOSTON, September 7. ..
The cities voted tor licensing lager beer and
ale, and the small towns voted against it.
TEE CATHOLIC CATH ena KL IS LONDON,
'This edifice will rival St. Paul's, and will be
among the most nngmflcsnt ? ecclesiastical
structures in the world. A coition of land la?
the vicinity of Westminster abbey has been
Ea rebasad for about ?.550.090. Its extent is
etween thr3e and tour acres, and the price is
sa id to be extraordinarily low tor such a tract
;n the centre of Loudon. Lir?e oontrtbutaons
for the edi?oe have been m ide bv members o?
the Ene! len nobility, and the Hart] ta of Bate
will pay * larc? sun annually nncii it is com?
pleted. Judging from the accocita furoisnaxl,
tho new building will partii-Jly reprodace fcke
splendors of St. Peter's.