Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1465.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1870.
S?X DOLLARS A YKAH.
FAMINE TO CONQUER.
A PROPOSITION TO S UR RENDER
STRASBOURG REJECTED RT
THE MARSEILLAISE NEWSPAPER DE?
STROYED BY A MOB.
PARIS NOT TO BE BOMBARDED.
THE RF, PUBLIC RECOGNIZED BY
CITIZENS ADVISED TO LEAVE PARIS.
UNPLEASANT RELATIONS BETWEEN PRCSSIA
NEW YORK, September 9.
A special telegram to the Herald from Carls?
ruhe, on the 8th, says that a flag of truce lett
Strasbourg yesterday, carrying a proposition of
surender from General Ulric. He proposed a ces?
sation of hostilities; thal two thousand French?
men should remain in the citadel, which should
remain in possession of France, the garrison
of which should be pledged not to fire a gun
nor to take any part in the present war; that
the remainder of the garrison should be re?
leased, the officers to bear ih?>ir side arms,
and that the Prussians should hold the city.
The proposition was rejected, and uncondi?
tional surrender demanded.
Ulric then asked permission for the civilians
to depart, which was refused, except as re?
garded the women and children. Medicine
has been allowed the French command. The
garrison has been given forty-eight hours to
consider the proposition for an unconditional
PARIS, September 9.
The office of the Marsellalse newspaper has
been attacked by the people on account of
General Clusert's reactionary article which
appeared yesterday. The forms were broken
ana all of the papers burned. This action of
the people is doubtless due to Rochefort's de?
nunciation ol the course ol' the paper. . This
proves his Influence with the people. The
journals this morning warmly praise his patri?
otism, and his earnest desire to maintain
Two hundred Kabyles arrived here yester?
day from Algeria, preceding a large force
which ls expected to-day. Sixteen hundred
Gardes Mobile arrived yesterday from the
provinces. By this evening lt ls expected
that this force in the city will number one
The Journals ol to-day again refer feelingly
to the Princess Clothilde, who before leaving
Paris distributed to her poor, sums represent?
ing the aggregate of the yearly alms which
she was accustomed to give them.
The moats around Paris have been Ailed.
The prefect of the police advises all who de?
sire to leave the city to do BO Immediately.
The Si?cle says that lt is assured from the
best of sources that, in answer .to the repre?
sentations of the inhumanity ol bombarding
Paris, the King of Prussia said he would not
have recourse to such extremity. He would
take the place by the aid of famine. As it is
evident that at least 900,000 troops will be
needed to entirely surround the city, thc
Si?cle concludes that all Prussian reserves
will be summoned for the siege. It says that
this is the reason for the creation of seventy
six ijew squadrons of cavalry, and adds that
it is time that France also organized her cav?
Switzerland recognizes the Republic of
It ls reported in diplomatic circles that Eng?
land does uot push intervention, owing to un?
pleasant relations between the Cabinets of
Berlin and London.
TROYES, September 9.
The Prussians passed Vilry le Francaise
yesterday. Their scouts made enormous re?
quisitions on the surrounding country.
Spain Wants to Aid France with Arms.
MADRID, September 9.
Great manifestations of sympathy tor the
French took place yesterday. Twenty thous?
and persons formed a procession, wita ban?
ners bearing Inscriptions flatter' n? to France,
and the bands played the ' . riillalse."
There was no disorder. At a subsequent mass
ireeting, Costellaro said thai "the conscience
of humanity breathes again at witness?
ing the punishment of the Empire, and
the triumph of the Republic. The Spanish
people, delivered from their King, were ruled
by universal suffrage, and would soon Join the
great political movement to form the United
States of Europe. To-day give France your
sympathy, awaking the moment when you
may aid her with arms." [Enthusiastic shouts
REPORT OE MINISTER WASHBURN!!.
WASHINGTON, September ?.
Minister Washburne has forwarded dis?
patches to President Grant, announcing
that he has obeyed his instructions, and
communicated with the officers ol the Re?
public, and states that when he presented
the congratulations of the President, there was
the wildest enthusiasm.
HOLD AND BO*D MARKET.
NEW YORK, September 9-Evening.
Freights-cotton by steam 14; wheat by
steam 8?. Capital freely offered, and the in?
creased ease in money is due to the operations
of the Teasury Department at this point.
Gold opened weak at I3j, but during the even?
ing was stronger. Sixty-twos 12j; sixty-fours
11?; sixty-fives HI; new 10J; seventies 10;;
eights 104; forties 5?. Teuuessees C2; new 60.
Virginias 66l; new 60. Louisianas 70; new 65;
Levees 72; eights 86. Alabamas 100; fives 70.
Georgias 82; Eevens 90. North Carolinas 50$;
new 29. South Carolinas 80; new 69.
GREAT EVENTS FORE8HADOWBD.
BERLIN, September 7.
Provincial correspondence Bays : Great
events may be expected whose consequences
will be of the highest moment. The revolu?
tionist Paris rendere mediation obligatory.
Delbr?ck, the president of the Federal Chan?
cery, has summoned the King of Prussia to
PROTEST AGAINST TUE INVASION.
PARIS, September 7.
A circular has been Issued by Jules Favre,
which, contains the following points: "The
policy of France is peace, leaving Germany
the master of her own destinies. The King of
Prussia had said that he made war against the
dynasty, and not against France; yet the dy?
nasty had gone, and France is free; yet is inls
Impious war continued. Will the King face
this responsibility before the world, and before
hietorv ? France yields not one foot of soil,
not a stone of a fortress. A shameless peace
means extermination of our cause and that of
Europe. We are undismayed. The army is
resolute and provided. Three hundred thous?
and combatants can hold Paris to the last.
They can hold the city for three months and
conquer. If crushed, France will rise and
avenge it. Let Europe know that the minis?
try have no other aim or ambition than peace,
but war proving inevitable, we will continue
the struggle, confident of the triumph of Jus?
THE PRINCE IMPERIAL IN ENGLAND.
LONDON, September 7.
The journey of the Prince Imperial was
strictly private. Commander Dupois, his gov?
ernor, prohibits all conversation and denies
introductions, on the ground that extreme
quiet ls necessary for the health of the prison?
er after the exciting events he has passed
through during the last few weeks. The
Prince looks careworn, but apparently In goyd
health. At 6 o'clock last night, after dining,
he walked for an hour on the esplanade with
his governor. He remained some time at
Hastings. One of his suite states that, upon
his arrival at Dover, the Prince received a
letter from the Empress, in which she an?
nounces her immediate intended departure
from Paris. She states with much feeling that
her first duty will be to visit her husband.
When that duty ls discharged, she will Join
TERMS OF PEACE.
It is announced to-day that Bismarck has de?
clared that Germany do not want Alsace and
Lorraine-only the destruction ot the lortlficn
tions at Strasbourg and on the French Rhine
lrontier, a small war.indemnity, and a reduc?
tion of the French army. It is reported that
Favre ls prepared to offer the abolition of all
standing armies on both sides of the Rhine, ex?
cept for garrison purposes.
HOW PARIS WILL BE ATTACKED.
The Prussian plan of attack on Paris is this:
Advance by Melurs and Fontainebleau to Ver?
sailles, while the army now advancing from
Laon pushes on to St. Denis. This latter
force will make an attack on Montmartre, but
the main attack will be on the other side, the
enemy occupying Versailles and advancing by
the road to Mendon, and thence by the Park
d'Issay to the heights of Clamarl. They will
then throw up earthworks and plant batteries
against Fort d'Issay, and open fire on the van?
In certain parts ol the city the pavements
are to be taken up to lessen the effects of the
Even the ultra Republican journals testify
their respect for the Princess Clothilde.
The Princess Mathilde has been released by
order of M. Keratry.
Some objects which the Empress left in the
Tuileries in the haste of her departure have
been forwarded to her.
Official documents from German authorities
at Sedan state that the Emperor was under
the fire of the Prussian guns for severn! hours.
The Biege of Metz goes on without decided
visible effect upon the besieged. It -is con?
ducted by Gen. Von Mertens.
The Journals notice an order of the King of
Prussia to his troops to take with them all
able-bodied men in the departments they pass
The English government has offered no
terms ol settlement, but through Lord Lyons
and Lord Loftus il has assured both govern?
ments of its anxiety at any moment to act as a
A G BAUD FAILURE.
The Lights of tlie Ring Terribly Cha?
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, September 9.
Tho great Radical meeting, advertised to
tako place here to-day, was a complete failure.
There were not twenty-five persons present,
excluding the members of the brass band. The
meeting adjourned without any of the numer?
ous speakers making a speech. Ransier, Scott,
Worthington, Nash and Whittemore, are ter
] ibly chagrined at the failure. All of the above
persoua with the exseption of Scott wore to
have spokes. *
SHIPWRECK-TERRIBLE LOSS OF
SAN FRANCISCO, September 8.
The steamship Taurangi collided with a
coal ketch near Orkland, New Zealand, and
both foundered. Eighteen lives were lost.
LONDON, September 9.
The English ircn pla'eJ steamer Captaino
<vas lost of Finneslere, France, and all aboard,
five hundred souls tn all, perished.
GALE OFF BERMUDA.
FORTRESS MONROE, September 9.
The bark Virginia Dare, from Callao, reports
a heavy gale off Bermuda on the 31st ultimo.
She lost her sails, stove in her bulwarks, and
sustained other damages. The captain was
knocked down by a heavy sea, and had his
arm broken. The carpener, Charles Toole,
was washed overboard.
PRESIDENT GRANTA PRENC H SYM?
NEW YORK, September 9.
A Washington special to the New York Tri?
bune says that the President is now openly
and avowedly in favor of the maintenance of
the French Republic. To-day, be said he had
hastened to give the Republic our moral sup?
port, and he hoped before the week wa9 out
she would need nothing more. He thought
the Prussian King might be Induced to etop
THE REFORM CENTRAL CLCB.-At a meeting
held last night the following named gentlemen
were elected as the executive committee : T.
Street, George H. Walter, F. W. Wagener, W.
Ingliss, Jr., Henry Gourdin, Elias Garden, W.
T. Burge, Robert Hunter, S. Y. Tupper, E. L.
Roach, B. W. McTureous, E. H. Frost, J. T.
Dill, Richard Holloway, Wm. G. Rout, John F.
O'Neill, Garrett Byrnes, F. J. Pelzer, Alva
Gage. George Shrewsbury, R. E. Dereel. *
SALES-DAY IN GREENVILLE.-The Enterprise
says: The following are th? sales ot Sheriff
Vickers, on Monday last:
Tract of land of estate of Isaac Bierfield,
deceased, 95 acres, puxchasod by Mrs. Bierfield
Tract cf land o? estar; Micajab Smith, de?
ceased 19J acres, purchased by M. E. Smith
Jractoflanl of estate of Sarah Burna,'le
ceased, J10 acres, purchased by E. Burua for
?Met of land of estate of James C Jenkin?
son, deceased. 82 acres, purchased by Oliver
Smith tor $300.
Two fjrey stallions, property of Dr. C. B.
Stone, pnrch i8ed bv L >7e and i 'arsou for $80.
Tract oi land ol Jaans N. Tavior, 18 acres,
purchased bv L. M. lav lor for $230.
Tract ot land of Wm. V. Tnoinas 240 acres,
purchased by Wm. Hughes fer $300.
Tract of land of Dr. Al G. Berry, 209 acres,
purchased by Dr. Jam -si BstriMn tor $800.
-The Jewish Times asseria that there is no
specific "Jewish oath." It declares that ac?
cording to the Jewish law a simple affirmation
is equivalent^ an oath, and that every good
Jewleels bound, by his conscience and reli?
gion, to observe such an oath. "There ls," lt
adds, "no religious position in which a Jew is
to take an oath."
A TENDER OF MEDIATION BY THE
FAVRE DECLINES THE SERVICES OF THE
AUSTRIA AGAIN ARMING.
RUSSIA WILL WITHDRAW HER PROPO?
SAL FOR A CONFERENCE.
PERFECTION OF THE PARIS DE
STRASBOURG STILL HOLDS OUT.
GARIBALDI'S SERVICES TENDERED
The Orleans Princes Snnhbed.
PARIS, September 9. "5
Jules Favre has declined the services of the
Orleans Princes, and begged them to quit
Paris for lear of complications.
More Efforts for Pettce.
PARIS, September 9.
It ls again reported that the diplomats In
Paris have gone lonvard to King William's
headquarters lu the Interest of peace.
The Siege of Strasbourg-The Defenee
LONDON, September 9.
The Prussian works around Strasbourg are
nearly completed, but General Ulrich persists
lo holdiog the place. The river 111 lias been
diverted into the trenches.
The correspondent of the Standard writes
from Paris that an English engineer now there
affirms that the Paris defences are absolutely
perfect. Paris is filled with the Garde Mobile
bearing French and American flags. Minister
Washburne was the recipient of a compli?
mentary popular demonstration last evening
There have been several demonstrations at
Madrid In favor of the establishment of the
United States of Europe. .
The Post this morniDg counsels the Prus?
sians to stop and to make proposals for peace,
by which Prussia shall be reimbursed for the
expanses of the war, bnt which shall leave no
hate rankling In the breast of France. Other?
wise, the Post hopes that the French will hold
out to the last.
McMahon not Dead.
PARIS, September 9.
The papers refer obscurely and mysteriously
toa new engine of a murderous character, de?
signed for the defence of the city.
It is repeated that McMahon is still alive.
His wound is not necessarily mortal.
The Prussian Advance.
PARIS, September 9.
The neighborhood of Solssons is still the
westernmost point at which the Prussians
have yet been seen.
There is a great scarcity of printing paper |
The authorities at Berlin are confident that i
Russia will withdraw her proposition for
peace conference, in view of the persistence
It is reported that owing to the declaration
of the French Republic, Austria ls again arm?
Madame George Sand has saluted the new
Demonstrations at Marseilles.
MARSEILLES, September 9.
Many members of the former police have
been arrested as spies.
A baud of women employed in the tobacco
factories paraded the streets this morning,
singing the Marseillaise.
The authorities arc taking measures to pre?
LONDON, September 9.
The report that the action of the diplomats
at Paris favored peace is emphatically denied.
Diplomatic notes of the most decided char?
acter have been sent from the English to the
Russian Cabinets, suggesting terras most likely
to l>: acceptable to both parties. The notes
claim that the present moment ls opportune,
an 1 would avoid Irritation which would attach
to any negotiations made after the bombard?
ment of Paris.
Queen Victoria addressed a note to the
Princess Augusta, beseeching her to use her
influence to bring about this consummation.
Rochefort'a letter denouncing Ute violence
at Marselllo i had a good effect upon the work?
men, who consider him their particular repre?
sentative. They arree with lum Hut tills is
no time to create difficulties.
Only the women and children are allowed
to leave Strasbourg. The Prussian batteries Are
into the town Incessantly, but apparently with
no result. A practicable breach is impossible
under a fortnight.
PAU?, September 9.
The instruments at the Observatory have
been moved to a place ol safety.
Trocha has issued a proclamation ordering
the Garde Mobile to their posts. The defence
of the ramparts have been entrusted to them.
Garibaldi has offered his services to France.
Miny thousand Gardes Mobile arrived to?
day from Maine and Normandy. They are
6trong and hardy men.
Ddaree has issued a call convoking the Elec?
toral College on the 10th of October next, to
choose members for the National Assembly,
in accordance with the law of 1849.
Favre?s reply to Minister Washburne's letter
of recoguitton is published. He considers it a
happy augury that the first recognition comes
from the United States, whose constitution Is
founded upon independence and civil virtue.
NEW YORK, September 9.
Special telegrams from Paris state tuat the
Prussians are advancing rapidly upon the city.
Their cavalry are within icu miles of the forti?
fications. They have cut the northern railway.
The main Prussian army is thirty miles dis?
PARIS, September 9.
Last night Washburne, in his address to the
serenaders, said that lu his communication, to
which Buch kind reference had been made, he
had only made kaown the sentiments of the
President and of the people of the United
States, who take the profoundest interest in
the great movement just inaugurated, and
most fervently desire the success, happiness
and prosperity ol the French people. Exist?
ing themselves under a republican govern?
ment, they know how to appreciate ito bene?
fits. With warm hearts and language, they
congratulate their lormer ally on the aecom
pllshment.of a pacific revolution-a revolution
free from blood, and claiming the sympathy ot
all lovers of true liberty.
ST. PETERSBURG, September 9.
The semi-official Journal says, in speaking of \
Favres's address, that "France carries patriot?
ism too far if lt carries on a war of extermina?
tion, rather than yield up forts and soil no
longer valuable, which Prussia will naturally
exact to secure Its noble victories. It is diffl.
cult to appreciate the language of Favre, when
he asserts that the cause of France against
Prussia is the cause ol justice and right."
BERLIN*, Septembor 9.
After the nattle of Gravelotte a conlerence
of the med? bera of the North German Confede?
ration decided that the Provinces of Alsace and
Lorraine should be annexed to Germany, and
not to Prussia.
The United States Refuses to Unite
with the other Power? for Media?
WASHINGTON, September 9.
The Cabinet to-day considered the proposi?
tion of Joining the European powers in order
to procure peace between Franoe and Prussia,
but came to the conclusion to Bend a telegram
to our Minister at Berlin, which has been done,
to the effect that this government cannot act
in connection with other nations; but if its
good offices shall be required, lt will be happy
to lend them to bring peace to the two great
powers with whom we have traditional friend?
THE GREAT CAPITULATION.
Detalla of the Surrender-Interview
Between Napoleon and Bismarck
The Terms Agreed Upon.
LONDON, Tuesday, September 6.
A special correspondent of the New York
Tribune brings from Sedan the following de?
tailed account of the .capitulation and inter?
views between the Emperor, King and Count
A DISTINGUISHED MORNING VISITOR.
HEADQUARTERS, DOUCUERT, NEAR SEDAN,
September 3. [
Yesterday morning quite early a carriage
containing lour French officers drove out
irom Sedan, and came Into the German lines.
The carriage was accompanied by three officers
on horsebaok, but had no other escort, and
when lt had arrived among the Germans, one
of the occupants put his head out and asked
them In their own language where was Count
Bismarck; he most see him at once. The Ger?
mans said that Douchery was the most likely
spot in which lo find the Count, though no one
knew exactly his whereabouts. "Forward,
then, to Douchery." The carriage dashed
away, and many a curions glance was cast
alter lt. That short drive waa afterwards
known to be a great historic event. Count
Bismarck may live all the years that a courte?
ous Arab could wish him and never have such
another visitor in the early morning.
NAPOLEON AND UISMAROK'S INTERVIEW.
They met at a small house outside tho town,
on the left bank of the Meuss in a house
where, oddly enough, the inmates, being from
Luxembourg, spoke both French and German.
On his first arrival the Emperor went Inside.
But lt was thought that they could sit more
comfortably In the open air. It was a delight?
fully flue, fresh morning. So chairs were
placed tor them, and they Bat talking for a ,
couple of hours. The Emperor wore the un-, j
dress uniform of a general, with but ono deco?
ration on hts breast, and with the usual kepi
(soldier's oap) of the French service. Count
Bismarck was in his white cuirassier's undress
unllorm, with a fiat cap and long boots. Ii
you picture them sitting outside the small
house, with the staff officers present lying on
the patch o? grass not far off, and the tall pop?
lar trees flanking the chaus?e as far as lt can
be seen, you will realize this striking episode.
NAPOLEON BOES NOT SURRENDER FRANCE.
Napoleon appeared in better health than
last year, but anxious, and careworn. He
asked* to see King William, and said ne placed
himself at his Majesty's disposition. As to poli
litics, he avoided all show of dealing In any,
while a prisoner, with the fate of France. He
surrendered with his army, but could not
yield one jot politically on behalf of the French
Seople, or of the government of the Empress
BISMARCK WANTS COMPLETE SURRENDER.
Count Bismarck, in his turn, placed before
Napoleon the fact that this surrender of Sedan
must be complete-I had well nigh said must
be unconditional, but that would be going too
far. It must be a complete surrender, be?
cause the French were not in a position to ask
The Emperor much desired to see King
William before the articles of capitulation
were signed. This, however, the K ng had
thoughL It better both for himself and his Illus?
trious prisoner to refuse. They could not so
well arrange a hard bargain as could their
ministers and generals. In everything personal
the King was resolved to reat the Emperor
willi consideration; but as to the question of
tlie terras to be granted, that was another
NAPOLEON SEEKS A RETIRED CHATEAU.
When Napoleon and Bismarck had chatted
for a ll ult: while, mostly of indifferent things,
this long-to-be-remembered interview beside
the Meuse was brought to an end. The Count
went to prepare his own quarters in Douchery
for the Emperor's reception, but lt was after?
ward decided that a snug chateau near Frenols
would be more convenient, as Napoleon wish?
ed to be as little seen by people as possible.
Thither he was then escorted by a detachment
ol the First Prussian cuirassiers, and there he
remained while Generals De Wlmpffcn and
Von Moltke discussed the terms of the sur?
render of Sedan. There was a hard bargain
to drive, but proportionate power of driv?
Not an inch of their past gains had been,
neglected by the Germans. Masses of infan-i
try were posted on every line of approach to
the town. Guns were still pointed against the
French, and a numerous body of cavalry was
readv to sweep down upon any stragglers who
should perchance get through in the confusion
of a sortie.
The King had declared that he should reopen
fire if the capitulation was not signed by noon
of the 2d instant. It was altogether a desper?
ate case; a thorough checkmate of a fine but
disheartened army. DeWlmpffen was con?
vinced of this when Von Moltke pointed out
io him how carefully he had prepared his
plans. Sadly and reluctantly the French gen?
eral agreed to sign as the only thing to be
The whole army, including the Emperor,
were to be considered prisoners of war. There
was indeed a clause by which the officers were
io be at liberty to return home on their writ?
ten promise nut. to servo against Prussia or her
ames oaring the present contest, but thev
were to take their men Bafely into German"1
ana hand ihem over to Germany. Aron
horses, artillery and war materials of all kinds
were lo be given up. The Town of Sedan was
to be thrown open to the Germans, and the
French soldiers were to be taken om to the
meadows on Hie head of Hie Meuse, betwenri
Douchery and Sedan, and there encamued till
their departure Tor Germany could be conve
De Wimpffcn spoke bitterly of having hnr
ried back from Africa only to And sucha task
ns this devolved upon him. It was indeed an
ill-omened Journey to Join a force which ne
found outnumbered and defeated, one ml"ht
almost say, before the bartle begun, aud to "as?
sist in an act to surrender that would be L>
his eternal regret.
THE KING VISITS THE EEPEROR.
King William made a visit to the captive
Emperor In the chateau of Frenols yesterday
afternoon. Napoleon remained perfectly calm.
In the beginning of the visit he received his
guest ot lftiT and his conqueror of to-day with
grave politeness, spoke with him fur a few
moments !in an outer room, and then with?
drew with the King into another room, where
no one followed them. The Crown Prince
stepped to the door and closed lt, and the
French and German officers present remained
some little time walting before Napoleon and
the King returned. What they had said to
each other may have concerned the status ol
the captive Emperor. Certain it is that Napo
??n SSL"**' affected .by the courtesy of
King William, and that he expressed to the
Crown Prince In warm terms his sense of the
generous manner in which he had been
THE BOMB OF THE CAPTIVE.
To-day, September 3, the Emperor has
Btarted for Alx-La-Chapelle, on his way to his
future residence in Germany. He ls to be
lodged during his detention in the palace of
Wilhelmh?he, in Cassel, a palace where once
his uncle, King Jerome of Westphalia, lived
and which was then called Napoleon's H?he
The Emperor desired to pass as little as might
be through French territory, and to travel
very quietly. His personal, baggage, his ser?
vants, and his handsomely appointed carriages
have been allowed to accompany him, with, I
believe, a few French officers of his house?
hold. General Boyer, of the Prussian army,
and Prince Synar, late Prussian Secretary of
Embassy In Paris, have been attached to him
The muddy streets of Douchery, with their
crowds of soldiers and teamsters, ol wagons
and led horses, were cleared for a few minutes
this morning, between nine and half-past
nine o'clock, so that a train ol carriages
might pass at a trot, and take the northern
road around the great bend of the river.
The people stared with Idle wondering.
"Who could it be?" Another general per?
haps." Alas ! how many generals there are
In the world, and how many hungry sol?
diers. These people would all Join the Peace
Society to-morrow, If they gave effect to their
ieelings. "Another general-no ! Tis he him?
self !" they cry, as they catch sight of the
Imperial liveries and of the man in that fore?
most carriage, lt ls he, himself. Pale,
anxious-looking, with his face firm set, but
with no overwhelming depression upon
lt. He glances from the carriage-windows,
and bows In return to the stranger at the cor?
ner of the street, who has raised his hat to
the fallen Emperor. There are few who raise
their hats, but they are horribly afraid ot the
German soldier in these parts, and think
themselves as brave as the old Highlander be?
neath Monleoses scaffold if they took much
notice of Napoleon. Then, too, I Judge by
their muttered remarks that the greater part
of them are decidedly anti-Imperialists now,
whatever they may have been before the war.
Tile prisoners are even stronger in their lan?
guage. They have been ruined by Imbeciles;
they have been betrayed; their generals ought
to bc shot.
THE EMPEROR SAVED BT PRUSSIANS FROM TUE
The Emperor found his position so critical
in Sedan after the armistice became known
that he was glad to come over and surrender
himself. He corK control the storm while I
the mr.n were to fight and die for him, but
when 'it came to all being prisoners together,
they were somewhat dangerous In their mood.
I hear that this same angry, despairing aston?
ishment at what lias happened makes lt hard
work to manage the 80,000 prisoners or more
who have been taken first and last about Se?
dan. There was actual danger of bloodshed
this morning when the prisoners began to
move out ol the town. Happily the officers in
command showed admirable tact and firmness.
The French kept their old authority by not
straining the cord too tight, the Germans by
not showing themselves too much on th?
Sedan Is presenting the wildest scene of con?
fusion which you can imagine. Narrow streets
deep in mod, (for we have had heavy rain to?
day;) the sc ldiers half drunk with the stores of I
liquor; tb? houses half burned, and dead
bodies lying everywhere. There are thousands
ol wounded men to be cured lor. Marshal
McMahon was severely Injured at the begin?
ning of the battle, but his life ls not In danger.
The loas among the French In superior
officers has oeen something dreadful. You
ask. what Is to be our next move ? I answer
to Paris-BO say the men, so says the whole
voice of public rumor and public opinion in
the German armies. To Paris, unless the
French will yield up Strasbourg and Metz, and
pay war expenses.
Count Bismarck would be content with less,
but the German people Insist on hard terms,
and the German people must be obeyed. "To
Paris," then, ls the cry, and with their accus?
tomed energy, the muddy, travel-stained le?
gions of King William are off, and away on
the road to the French capital.
DISASTROUS FIRE IN YORKY HIE.
[From the Yorkville Enqulrer.j
On Wednesday morning our town was visited
by the most disastrous fire in its history.
About 2 o'cock in the moraine, the residence
of Dr. J. B. Allison was discovered to be on
fire. Tho fire was undoubtedly accidenial.
The alarm was soon given, and our citizens
turned out generally to fight the fl unes. As
tunal on such occasions, our engines would not
work right, and they were fur.her impeded by
a want of water. The flames soon spread on
both sides of the buming bouse, but wero at
length stopped on the north side by encounter?
ing the brick atore of Carroll. Clark & Cn.,
where a determined effort checked the fire.
Fortunately a gentle wind was blowing from
the nest, or Rawlinson's Hotel, on tho opposite
i side of the street would have been burnt, and
perhaps the wholo block on tb it aide. Tho
wind gradually shitted to the north, blowing
directly alone a block of frame buildings south
of the fire. Bv the utmost exertion tue flames
wore checked jus! before reaching the law of
fice of Beatty & Bell.
Tho buildings burnod were Dr. J. B. Alli
son's residence, J. U. Zurcber's residence and
cDiiIectionary store, H. Kaller & Co'a. shoe
shop, Jumoe Jeffrey'* residence nod store, la.v
office of \Villiama & Williams, Dr. H. G. Jack?
son's office aud G. H. O'Leary's saddlery and
harness shop. The law office or Beatty & Bell
and the tailor shop of J. J. Evans were dam?
aged by the tearing down of part of the build?
ing. The building containing the offices and
an dd I erv shop belonged to the estate of George
W. Williams, deceased. The loss by the Are is
estimated to be at least $20.000. No insur?
Nothing but the energetic conduct of our cit?
izens saved tbe town from a muco more disas?
trous conflagration. Wai to and colored vied
with each other in the emergency, and we bear
ou all sides the praise of the colored men for
their enthusiastic and persevering efforts to
save the property of their fellow-ciOzans. The
cadets of the King's Mountain Military School
won golden opinions from all present,' for tbe
manner in which they rendered their valuable
MOVEMENTS OF TUE FR ES ID EN T- -
WASHINGTON, September 0.
The President and Ministers Joaquin Goday,
from Chili, and Santiago Perez, from Colom?
bia, had an interview to-day, when the usual
speeches were exchanged.
Seiden N. Clark, of Illinois, has been ap?
pointed agent for the Chippewa Indians In
Mississippi, and Erastus D. Kramer is minister
The President remains absent until October.
The Tehuantepec and Nicaragua Ship Canal
Survey fleet, under Captain Shufeldt, consist?
ing of the steamer Kansas, the tug Mayflower,
and a steam launch, Bails early In October.
Commodore Tnomas A. Jenkins lias been
made rear admiral; Captain J. R. Mullany,
commodore ; Commodore Edward Simpson,
captain, and Lieutenant-Commander Lacy
THE CABINET AND MEDIATION.
WASHINGTON, September 9.
The Cabinet was in session to-day. Two
foreign ministers were presented to Secretary
Fish. Secretaries Cox, Robeson and Fish
only were present The other departments of
the government were represented by subordi?
nates. It is rumored that the Cabinet will
tender the mediation of the United States
Government in the Interests of peace.
THE NEW WATERLOO.
THE FRENCH ACCOUNT OF THE BAT
The Battles Previous to the Surrender
Splendid Artillery Service of the Prus?
sians-Bravery of the Emperor Under
Fire-A Desperate Sortie hy General
WlmpiYen-Graphic Description of the
Terrible Scenes in Sedan.
The correspondent of the New York Tribune
at McMahon's headquarters, a French officer,
who witnessed the battle of Sedan from the
French side, and was shut up in Sedan with
the French army, having been released, sends
the following account, dated Sedan, Septem?
ber 3 :
THE EVENTS OF AUGUST 31.
I pass over all that happened since I wrote
you ir om Mezferes, to come nt once to the
events of August 31 and September 1-the lat?
ter the EOddeBt day the French arms have ever
witnessed. Early In the morning of the 31st,
orders were given to bring into Sedan ali the
wagon trains and oxen which had been lett
outside the glacis. By this time the streets
were bldcked up by troops of every kind
which bad entered the town during the night.
I tried to ride down to the Porte de Paris,
where the train was stationed to carry the or?
ders. I was obliged to get off my horse and
make my way as best I could betwen the
horses and caissons, which choked up every
street and square of the town. As I reached
the Porte de Paris, I met the wagon train en?
tering as fast as possible, followed closely by
the rushing oxen and intermingled with the
weeping and terror-stricken peasantry of the
neighborhood flying into the town for protec?
tion. They little knew that it was the worst
piace they could have chosen. The gates on
that side were Immediately afterward closed,
while the troops slowly flied out through the
opposite gate townrd Donzy, where all McMa?
hon's forces were posted, expecting to be
again attacked by the Prussians, who had
closely followed up the French army.
POSITIONS OF THE CONTENDING FORCES.
About 10 o'clock that morning cannonading
was heard six or seven miles away, toward the
village of Bazelle. I went up on the rampart
overlooking the country In that direction.
Thence I could see the Prussian position, and
with my field-glass could watch the firing; but
I could not see the French lines, which were
hid irom me by trees about a mile from the
town. I therefore, at noon, walked out of the
town at the Porte de Balan and ascended on
my left the rising ground which is close by the
town. Not more than half a mile from the
Ste I passed through regiments of reserve
Tantry. Their arms were piled and the fireB
smoking, the soup not having long been eaten.
I continued ascending, and everywhere passed
reserve corps of infantry and artillery. I got
higher and higher, from hillock to hillock, till
I reached a battery of reserve, the guns of
which were unlimbered and placed lacing the
rear of the French left. ThlB battery was so
pointed as to fire over the crest of the rising
ground on which I stood. About a quarter ot
a mlle distant, In front of a little churchyard,
stood also several officers of the different corps
which were stationed on my right and left, all
being of the reserve.
From the point I had now reached, a charm?
ing prospect was within vleAv. The French
line of battle extended right in front, spread?
ing on the slope of the ground which forms
one Bide of this basin of the Meuse. In front
of the centre of the French lines, and lower
down in the vale, was the Village of Bazelle,
which was then beginning to burn, the Prus?
sian shells having set fire to lt. Parallel al?
most to the front ot the French positions ran
the M?ifi'e. crossed by a bridge a little- to the
left of Bazelle. The French right was upon
a knot of wooded ground held by tirailleurs,
the wooded ground extending nearly to the
grounds of Sedan. The left was lost to my
sight behind the inequalities of the ground to?
ward the road to Bouillon. As far as I could
see, on the right and left and In front of me,
were massed regiments of all arms; bnt to?
ward the left, on the second line, was a very
targe force of heavy cavalry-dragoons and
The sun was shining brightly, and every?
thing was plainly visible. The glittering of
weapons, the bright and showy colora ot the
French uniforms, the white smoke curling
under the blue sk, ->r lingering like vapor
beneath the trees, th?, ?id flames rising from
the burning village of rozelle, all seen from
a commanding position, formed a spectacle
such as one hos but rarely the opportunity to
witness. The principal Prussian batteries
were directly opposite the French centre on a
plateau or table-land which terminated ab?
ruptly, and made it a very strong position.
For some time cannonading continued on
both sides. At 2 o'clock a force of
PRUSSIAN INFANTRY ADVANCED
across the bridge In Hie village of Douzy, and
Immediately there began a very sharp fusil?
lade, lasting, however, not more than ten
minutes. I think the French must have lost
ground tn that encounter, although I could
not see it, because of some trees that inter?
vened: but a battery of six mitrailleurs ad?
vanced and opened fire through the trees. Six
volleys came all at once. The Prussians fell
hurriedly back, leaving whole ranks behind,
which had gone down like those leaden sol?
diers which children play with.
At about 4:30 the firing had ceased every?
where. The village, which had been blazing
all day, was still smoking. The French re?
mained in the same position. Though the day
had apparently been without result, Its de?
scription ls a necessary prelude to the bitter
story of the morrow. At 5:30 I leturned to
THE EMPEROR RESIGN8 HIS COMMAND OF THE
The Emperor, who had arrived during the
night, had Issued a proclamation which was
posted on the walls, saying that be had con?
fided the command of the armies to the gene?
rals whom public opinion had seemed to select
as most capable ol leading them, and that he
himself intended to tight as . an officer, forget?
ting for a while his position as a sovereign.
SPLENDID ARTILLERT PRACTICE OF TUE PRUS?
The next moralns.', Thursday, September 1,
I returned, aa soon as the gates of the town
were opened, to my post ofobservafon on the
elevated ground where the battery was still
placed. The French positions did not seem
to me to be much altered, but the right was
now on the other side of Sedan. At 7 o'clock
the cannonade began in earnest, some slight
firing having taken place earlier. The Prus?
sian batteries facing us appeared to be much
more numerous; indeed lt seemed to me there
were batteries everywhere. They roared
from every point of the Prussian line which
then stretched nearly parallel In front of the
French. I could follow the falling ol their
shells which exploded as they touched the
ground, and fell with wonderful precision. I
noticed, also, how quickly they changed and
corrected their fire. As soon as a French
corps took up a position it was instantly as?
sailed by shells. The first would, perhaps,
fall a few feet short or beyond, but the second
or third was sure to find Its way to the troops
and do its awful work among them. The
French shells, on the contrary, exploded gene?
rally before they reached the ground, and the
smoke of the explosion formed innumerable
little clouds at different heights, some so high
that the shell could do no harm, I should think,
lo tlie enemy.
I noticed some inexplicable movements. A
lew squadrons of Prussian cavalry made as if
they would charge a French force which was
toward the left. Immediately
TWO REGIMENTS OF FRENCH CAVALRY CHARGED
In turn upon the Prussian squadrons, which
fell back and fled. But at the same moment a
Prussian corps of infantry opened a murder?
ous Ure upon those too eager French cavalry
regiments, and they came back sadly shatter?
ed from their rash pursuit. About 9 o'clock, I
could not help fancying that the Prussians
were extending further to the left, for, on ask?
ing whether certain new batteries were
French, I was told they were Prussian. The
Prussian line was evidently curling around us.
I have learned since that the Crown Prince
had crossed the Meuse during the night, about
five leagues from Sedan, ana that this had not
been known to McMahon. A large force of
Bavarians must also have arrived after the
commencement of the battle, for lt was Bava
ria? troops who began pounding us from the
left. At 10}o'clock, ?. :,.!.
THE ADVANCE OP THE PRUSSIANS "
was perceptible on both wings at the same
time. Some French Infantry which was close
to the town on the east side gave way, as ic
seemed to me, rather quickly. Soon afterward
shellB were coming from behind my left, and
it became evident that'the'Frenen'position
had been turned, and that a fresh German
corps had taken a position In our rear. ? I: .
The reserves were not necessarily directed
against these points. The battery near_whlch
I stood was already in action, and J thought lt
quhe time to beat a retreat, The; place was
becoming as dangerous as any in the'fltld.
Among the guns close to me the Prussian
shells began falling with their usual beautiful
precision. So I got on the other side of the
slope, and'made my way toward the town.
THE P R C S 3 IA N CIRCLE CONTRACTING.
As the road to Bouillon, which crossed the
field oi battle, was wholly closed to me now, I
ateo'perceived that 1 should be shut up'in that
circle which the Prussians had been drawing
about the a-my and the town, and which was
ultimately completed. I made my way as fast
as I could by the safestnaths. When I reached
the suburb, before the Porte de Balan, I found.
lt encumbered wltu soldiers of all corps, has?
tening, as I was, Into the town. It was a de?
feat, evidently, yet lt was not ll o'clock, and
the battle was destined to continue at various
?joints for some time longer, though continu
ng without any real hope o? victory.
THE FRENCH ROUTED.
To one entering the town as I did, there was
no longer any battle to describe. It was Ont
a retreat and too soon a rout I thought my?
self lucky to get away. lr om the field as I did;
for an hour afterward the rout of those (orces
that had been near by me was complete. Al?
ready soldiers were crushing.against each'
otb r in tbe struggle to get inside the town
Dismounted cavalry were trying to make their
way, some even by the ramparts, leaping down
from the counterscarp; others forcing their
way in by the postern gates. From a nook oi
the ramparts, where I rested a moment, I saw
also cuarasslers Jumping-horses and all
Into the moat the horses breaking their legs
and ribs. Men were scrambling over each
other. There were officers ol all ranks-colo?
nels, and even generals, In uniform which it
was impossible to mistake, mixed in this
shameful melee. Behind all came guns with
their heavy carriages and powerful horses,,
forcing their way into the throng, maiming,
and crushing the fugitives on foot.
TERRIBLE SCENES IN SEDAN.
To add to the confusion and horror, the
Prussian batteries had by this time advanced
within range, and the Prussian shells began
falling among the struggling masses of men?
On the ramparts were the National Guards^
manning the guns of the town, and replying
with more or less effect to the nearest Prussian',
batteries. It was a scene horrible enough to -
have, suited the laney of Gustave Bore bfOF
self. I could-form but one idea of our unhappy
army : that ll was at the bottom of a seething
I hurried bock as best I could to my hotel,
following tbe narrow streets where the shells
were least likely to reach the ground Wher?
ever there was a square or open place, I came
upon the bodies of. horses and men quite dead
or still quivering, mown to pieces by bursting
shells. Reaching my hotel, I found the street
in which it stood choked like the rest with,
wagons, guns, horses and men. Most luckily
at this moment the Prussian fire did not en- -
filade this street for a train of caissons filled.:
with powder blocked the whole way, Itself 02*~
able to move backward or forward. There was
every chance that these* caissons would ex?
plode, the town being then on fire in two?
places; and I began to think Sedan was a place-,
more uncomfortable than even the'battle-field '
over which a victorious enemy was swiftly ad- ,
THE EMPEROR UNDER FIRE.
From friends whom I found at the hotel, r
learned that the Emperor, who had started
early in the morning for the field of battle,
had returned about the same time that I did,
and passed through the streets with his staff.
One of my friends was near him on the Place
Turenne, whena shell fell under the Emperor's
horse, and, bursting, killed the horse ol a gen?
eral who was behind him. He himself wae .
untouched, and turned around and smiled;
though my friend thought he saw tears in his
eyes, which he wiped away with his glove.
Indeed, he had cause enough for tears on that ?
fatal 1st of September. Meantime, shells 'be?
gan to fall in the direction of ouretraet and .
hotel. We all stood under the. vaulted atone
en .ance, as the safest shelter' we could find..
I trembled on account of the caissons stinv
standing in the street, and filling all the Space*
from end to end. It was at this time when we
waited watching painfully for the shell which
would have sent ns altogether Into another
world, that General De Wlmpffeu came past,
A VAIN EFFORT
to rally and inspirit his flying troops. He
shouted, "7ice taiVonce.' En avant F* But
there was no response. He cried out that Ba?
zaine was taking the Prussians in the rear.
News which bad been current all the morning
at Intervals, coming now from the mouth ot
General De Wlmpffen, seemed to be believed,
and a few thousand men were rallied and fol- '
lowed h'm out of the town. People began to- :
have hope, and for one brief moment we be?
lieved the day might yet be saved. Need ! say
that this intelligence was a patriotic falsehood
of brave General De Wimpfien ? Mad with '
anguish, and In direct opposition to the Empe?
ror's orders, he had resolved to rally what
men he could and make a stand. He could,
not have known that he was bound in the
grasp of at least 300,000 men.
A DESPERATE SORTIE.
The bogle and che trumpet ring ont on ali
sides. A few thousand men hearken to the 1
sound. My friend Rene De G ul roy e. of the:
Chasseurs D'Afrique, whom I have Just met,,
ofter losing sight of him for ten or twelve- '
years, got on horseback again and joined the
General. The sortie took place thus : They
went out at the Porte de Balan. The houses
of the suburb are already full ot Prussians, who
fire on the French out ol'every window. The
church, especially, ls strongly garrisoned, ar'1
Its heavy doors are closed. The General s*. at .
off De Guiroye to bring two pieces of cannon.
These soon arrived, and with them the door
of the church warblown in, and 200 Prussians'
were captured and brought back with the
French, who, In spite ot all efforts, were them?
selves soon obliged to retire into the town.
It was the last Incident of the battle-the last
struggle. While this took place at the Porte
de Balan, the Prussian shelling went on and
the shells be^an to fall into the hotel.
followed. A boy, the son ol a tradesman*
around the corner of the street came in cry?
ing and asking for a surgeon. His father's leg
had been shot off. A woman in front of the
house met the same fate. The doctor who
went tc- the tradesman found him dead, and
returning, attempted to carry the woman to -
an ambtuance. He had scarcely made a step
when sae was shot dead in his arms. Those of
us who stand in the gateway and witness such
scenes have got beyond the feeling ot personal
rear. Any one of us, I will venture to say,
would give his life to spare France on this
dreadfiilday. Yet we stand pale and shudder?
ing at the sight of the fate which befalls the
poor people ol the town. I care not to dwell
upon horrors which, nevertheless, I shall
never be able to forget. I can mention more
than one brave officer who did not fear to own
that he shrank from the sight of what had be?
come a mere massacre. Those who were sale- -
ly out of the way as pr'soners, whether officers .
or men, needed no phy. When, after a time,.
it became clear that there was no sign ot Ba?
zaine, the hopes of the French again departed.
A sullen sort of fight still went on. The guns
ol the town answered the Prussians. An ald
de-camp of the Emperor went by on foot, and
I beard him ask the officers near by tc help
bim in putting an end to tbe fire. Such being .
the Emperor's wish, at length
THE WHITE FLAG
was hoisted on the citadel. The cannonade '
ceased suddenly about half-past four. Eager
as we were to know the cause, we cannot leave
the house, for the street ls imposable, and we
have to be content with learning the mere fact
of the surrender, AS night drew on, the.
crowd a lit tle diminished, and by some effort
it was possible to make one's way about the
town. The spectacle it offered was more hor?
rible than war. Dead were lying everywhere^.,
civilians and soldiers mingled lu the slaughter,...
In one suburb I counted more than atty bo?
dies of peasants and bounreols-a few women
among them, and one child. Tue ground wa? s
strewn with splinters of shells. Starving sol- -
CUTTING UP THE DEAD HORSES
to cook and eat,- for provisions had again failed *' -
us as everything has failed s nee this cam- -
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