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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1465.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1870.
S?X DOLLARS A YKAH.
BANCROFT ASD BISMARCK HAND
FREE COMMUNICATIONS BETWEEN PARIS
THE PRUSSIANS UBIQUITOUS.
PORTUGAL RECOGNIZES THE REPUBLIC,
PROSPECTS OP A GENERAL GRAB
FOR FRENCH TERRITORY.
IMPOSING DEMONSTRATIONS IN HONOR
OF THE UNITED STATES.
THE POPE ORDERS NOV-RESIil
TAVCE TO ITALIAN OCCUPATION.
LONDON, September 13.
The Independence Beige says that the policy
ol the American Government occasions no
surprise, when the intimacy of Banorolt and
Bismarck is considered. However, it is denied
at Berlin that Bancroft made any representa?
tions in favor of mediation.
The Journal of SL Petersburg in discussing
the mission of Thiers, expresses the hope that
he will carry home with him convictions fav?
orable to peace, but to do so he must-sacrifice
many prejudices and obsolete ideas. He will
then set France a great example, and make
his own influence more powerful than ever.
The American Consul at Havre ls enthu?
siastically received at all times.
Paris ls greatly excPed over the prospects
of American intervention.
Florence Demallaret, the French Ambassa?
dor at Italy, has been recalled.
Communications between Brussels and Paris
are open via Douai and Qulerrain.
The Prussians werer at Provins, in the de?
partment of the Seine, and at Marne, at noon
on Monday; also at Laval, Trocy and Carle
pSht, in the department of Oise. The chances
of a successful defence of Paris Ie thought to
be hourly inueasing.
PARIS. September 13.
The staff of the Minister of the Interior has
Passes countersigned by a member of the
ministry are required ot all persons entering
or leaving Paris.
A position at Severs, commanding the
Seine and a portion ol' Paris, is being rapidly
The Count de- Chambord exhorts the French
people to resist Invasion to the bitter end.
The cavalry of Von Santy, which escaped
capture at Sedan, has arrived here.
Portugal has recognized the Republic.
American suburban residents were advised
to remain in their houses and raise their na?
The Russian opposition to the dismember?
ment ol France ls so decided that the Czar will
propose a congress to settle terms of peace.
TOURS, September 13.
The arrangements to receive the diplomats
have been discontinued. The Minister of For?
eign Affaira having decided to remain at Paris,
the diplomate will remain also. The people
here are impressed in favor ot the American
Government, and are anxious to testiry,
through Washburne, their gratitude for the
* Thfiri was an imposing demonstration at
Marseilles yesterday In honor of the United
Staten Two hundred thousand persons as?
sembled before the American Consulate. Es?
quirros presented an address, speeches were
made, and the bands played the national airs
of France and America.
MARSEILLES, September 13.
Bands of Spanish volunteers for the French
service are marching through the city, carry?
ing French and Spanish flags.
MUNICH, September 13.
Prussia has been formally notified of the in?
tention ol Bavaria to anrex a portion of ]
France as a military frontier.
FLORENCE, September 13.
The Pope has ordered that all resistance to
Italian occupation shall cease.
AN ARMISTICE CONSIDERED AND SUBMITTED.
PAMS, September 9-6 P. M.
An armistice is under consideraron. The
idea was instituted by the Diplomatic Corps.
The question baa been submitted to the Pro?
visional Government by the Kassian. Italian
and Spanish Ambassadors. Jules Favre bas
received and returned the official visits of tbe
English, Austrian, Italian, American, Turkish,
Russian, Spanish and Swiss Ambassadors and
tbe Pope's Nuncio.
The question of an armistice seems to be
gaining ground. It ia announced now that
several members of the Diplomatic Corps are
taking the initiative in the matter which was
mentioned by them to the Minister of the In?
terior, and submitted to-day to tbe Council
which was held at the Hotel de Ville.
INTERESTING MtiEIINQ OP THE EMPRESS AND
LONDON, September ll.
At 9 o'clock Thursday oigbt M. de Lesseos.
who was not recognized at the time, walked
into the Marine Hotel, at Hastings, an! in?
quired for the Prince Imperta!. M. S. Dopree,
custodian of the Prince, wss snmm med. After
a brief conversation the gentleman left the
house, but s jon returned with two ladies
dressed as 8isters of Cbarity, one of whom
was the Empress Ens enie.
The Empress was ao slrong that she waa
buffered to see the Prince without notice or
preparation. The scene at the meetinq ot the
mother and child is not described, because
those who witnessed it Bay it was indescribable.
Tbe next day the Empress wa3 ill. Drs.
Blackistone and Surtreon werj summoned. It
is a remarkable coincidence that these medi?
cal gentlemen are the same who prescribed for
Louis Philippe, on bis landing at Hastings,
twenty-two years ago.
POSITION Or AUSTRIA AND PRUSSIA-VIEWB OF
LONDON. September 10.
The special correspondent of the ' Tribune"
at Paris sends the following dispatch dned
Friday, which ho wae refused permission to
telegraph : Overtures bave beeo made to
Austria to obtain anarmis'io from Prussia on
the basis of territorial integrity. Rassu is un?
derstood to have offered her good advice to the
French Government and ia now taking active
steps. Her assistance depends OD Frnoce'd
acoateecence in iheBassua Eastern pott cv. It
ib believed here that Bismarck does not want
Alsace and Lorraine, and the English press
goes beyond the wishes of the Prussian Gov?
FORCE Ot THE FRENCH .tnMl'.
The War Office expects to have, by io-mor
row, including troops of the line, National
Guard and Gardes Mobiles. 330.060 min, count?
ing the forces at Lyons and elsewhere, bat
hastily organised and imper?estly armed
Troops and artillery arrived yesterday from
Mezierea and are encamped on Avenue Im?
p?ratrice. Other troops haye lefl for the front.
GOLD AND BOND MARKET.
NEW YORK, September 13-Evening.
Dullness continues; market devoid oi Inter?
esting features. Prime discount 79. Rumors
and hopes of peace abandoned, stiffened gold
13jal4, and closed very dull. Sixty-twos 12J;
sixty-fours lH;'sixty-flveslI?; new 10J; sevens
same; eights 1M; forties 6j?. Tennessees 62;
new 60?. Louisianas 71; new 64; levees 73;
eights 86. Alabamas 101; fives 70; Georgias
83; sevens 8D. North Carolinas 50?; new 29.
South Carolinas 80; new 68.
LONDON', September 13-Evening.
Consols 92j. Bonds 90.
THE MAINE ELECTION.
PORTLAND, Maine, September 13.
One hundred and fifteen towns give Perham
5242 majority, a Republican gain of 168.
Lynch, whose district was the only doubtful
one, is certainly re-elected. The towns still to
be heard from gave last year 1291 Republican
BANGOR, Maine, September 13.
The Democrats are rejoicing over their first
majority in this city.
WASHINGTON, September 13.
There is still considerable anxiety in Radi?
cal circles regarding the result of the election
in Maine. There is no new3 since this morn?
ing. _ _
G LO RV, IA POLITICS.
ATLANTA, September 13.
General P. M. B. Young was unanimously
nominated for the Forty-first and Forty-sec?
ond Congress by the Carterville Democratic
Convention to-day. The convention recom?
mend the nomination of none but those who
HEALTH OF NEW ORLEANS.
NEW ORLEANS, September 13.
Dr. Russell, the secretary of the Board
of Health publishes a card in which he
says: ,4To business men and others who
contempl8.te visiting New Orleans, I would say
that from present appearances there is no
reason why they cannot come now with as
much security as at any time during the year.
The rr rtality in this city since July 1st has
beeT iss than that of any other city of thc
Ur d States in proportion to population.
Tl .re is no occasion for the alarming aud ex?
aggerated reports which have been circulated
concerning the health of our city."
SAN FRANCISCO, September 13.
The Oregon Legislature has organized.
Democrats fill all the offices.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
Revenue to-day only $200,000.
The Bienville, from Havana, is at quarantine
below New York. The Board of Health report
yellow lever aboard. Seven vessels from Cu?
ban infected ports are at quarantine.
A GOOD BEGINNING.
Trie Colored People have had Enough
of Radical Lying.
BRANCHVILLE, September ll.
Oue Thomas B. Pohl was to deliver an ini?
tiatory Radical harangue at this place on Sat?
urday. But the colored men were not as deep-,
ly interested in bim as he seemed to be in
them, therefore but lew were present al the
meeting. Some that were in town on beiDg
aisked if they were not going to hear the
speech, replied that they bad heard enough of
Radical lying already. The speaking did take
place, but not in Branchville nor at the hour
appointed, for when the hour for speaking
came a few Reformers were present, and it
seemed that the speaker did not feel disposed
to face them, for up m being called for he
tried to ex.mse himself by stating that he
would address them somewhere that night,
and said that no Reformers should be allowed
to be present; that they would report the pro?
ceedings to THE NEWS, and they would make
political capital out of it; th it they should
punch them oat, drive them away. Some one
in the crowd cried, "Yes, ehoot 'ein, shoot em."
He then proceeded by reading the coummuni
cation from this place published in THE NEWS
of the 7tb instant. He denounced the writer
as an eavesdropper. But alas, it was too true !
he dared not deny it. The meeting broke up
to meet again at night. Your correspondent
did not attend, but was informed that be did
speak. He referred them to his past political
career, which I can say was not a very bright
one, but did not tell tbem that he bad ex?
pressed bis .sentiments to some one not m my
hours before that, by saying that be was as
good a Democrat at heart as any man in the
Slate; that bis desire is to pacify the feelings
of animosity that now exists between the two
races. But if his Saturday's harangue is a
beginning, we would advise him to withdraw
from the attempt.
There will be a Reform meeting held here
on Saturday next for the purpose of or&anizing
a F oi'orm Club. May the good work steadily .
advui.ee as it has done since the commence?
ment of Reform, and the baud ot thieves that
now rule our State be driven to their rightful
POLITICAL AFFAIRS IN OCONEE.
?FROM AN OCCASIONAL CORRESPONDENT.]
WALHALLA, September 10.
To-day the Radical party met to nominate
candidates for county offices, and the follow?
ing were nominated: For the Legislature-C.
W. Watermao, (Scott's brother-in-law?) H.
Bryce. Jr. For School Commissioner-J. B.
Pucket. For Probate Judge-J. B. Sanders.
For County Commissioners-B. Callas, H.
Hunt, and the other I could not learn.
Our colored company has been accepted by
our Governor, so I am told by the captain, but
arms and ammunition have not yet arrived.
They were out drilling yesterday, and made not
a fine appearance.
Respectable white men, who distinguished
themselves on several occasions from the
seven days around Richmond up to tbe end of
the war. "organized a company and were not
accepted. But a company, a great many of
whom have boarded at the '"big house'" in Co?
lumbia, is accepted.
Several of the colored people are dissatisfied
with the nominations, and say they will not
vote the ticket. Their dissatisfaction arises
from one of the nominees for the Legislature,
Mr. H. Bryce. They say he has too many offices
Some of the colored folks had a -'set-to:' to?
night on the strength ot the drilling and nomi?
nations. One poor fellow had his head shiver?
ed with a bottie, or rather both head ano bot?
tle were shivered. It was altogether among
themselves, who, from the noise they made,
had a lively time.
We aro told that work will commence on the
Blue Ridge Rp.iiroad next week, grading
through town. It has been next week for a
long time, but may be it will come some time.
The engineers are setting the grade stakes.
THE WAE PROBLEM.
WHAT IS THOUGHT OF AMERICAN
SOISSONS REFUSES TO SURRENDER.
THIERS IX LONDON.
REPORTED SURRENDER OF METZ.
HOPES OF AN ARMISTICE AT AN END.
BISMARCK'S INTERVIEW WITH THE EM?
THE UNIVERSAL ITALIAN REPUBLIC
SICKLES UNDER GUARD.
THE CHIMESE PREPARING FOR
The Prussian Advance-Official.
WASHINGTON, September 13.
The State Department has been officially ad?
vised that the Prussian forces yesterday were
within twenty-five miles ol Paris.
The Value of American Recognition.
LONDON, September 13.
The Paris correspondent of the Telegraph
says that the American recognition of the Re?
public is really of but little value. It is regard?
ed as a mere expression of good wilL, without
material weight in the European system.
A Prussian Repulse-Solsson* will not
LONDON, September 13.
On Sunday a Prussian reconnoitering party
encountered the French at Chateau Thierry.
The Prussians were repulsed with considera?
The City of Soissons refuses to surrender.
Thiers is here, communicating with the
Foreign Office at Paris.
Up in a Balloon?
PAKIS, September 13.
Fouville, the celebrated aeronaut, is con?
stantly nn the watch in a balloon for the ap.
proacii of the Prussians. Other balloons have
been prepared, properly anchored, to watch
the entire field.
Sickles in Danger.
MADRID, September 3.
Minister Sickles, who has been rusticating
occasionally, visits the capital. The coach
which he usually uses was halted yesterday
and Sickles called for, but he happened not to
The government now furnishes a guurd to
Agitation in Rome.
ROME, September 13.
Immense posters on the dead walls announce
the proclamation of the "Universal Italian Re?
public." They are signed by the Republican
Re por tu from London.
LONDON, September 13.
The eteamship Napoleon l9 transierring
French refugees to England.
Inquiries are in progress In Paris regarding
the distribution of the immense secret service
fund under the Emperor.
Ex-Queen Isabella of Spain and the Prince
of the Asturias are in Belgium.
LONDON, September 13.
Count Bernstorff, the Prussian Ambassador,
has been in consultation with Earl Granville
at Wilmar Castle since Saturday; both of them
came to London to-day.
Thiers and Granville are now-3.30 P. M.
consulting at the French Embassy.
It Is rumored on the streets that Metz has (
surrendered unconditionally. The Prussian
Embassy credits the rumor, but has no official j
Owing to the unsatisfactory mail arrange- ?
raents, bills from America are constantly pro?
tested. Letter? of advice coming by slower j
vessels arrive too late.
The Times says that if the terms proposed !
by Thiers are at all reasonable England will
China advices received through Russia are 1
unfavorable. The Chinese are preparing for i
war. Further outrages have beeu committed J
on the missionaries.
The ship which was wrecked on the Good- 1
wla Sands ls still unidentified. A letter was
seen on the stern. Tobacco casks have been
found marked with the letter G in a diamond,
and the letter H underneath. Tne vessel was
evidently from an American port.
LONDON. September 13-Morning.
The Post, speaking officially, says: "The
neutrals have abandoned all hope of stipend- .
ing hostilities. Mr. Bancroft is making uo
further efforts towards mediation."
Bismarck's official report to the King, dated
September 2. describes the iaterview with Na?
poleon at Sedan. Napoleon wanted better
terms of capitulation than the Germans offer- 1
ed. Bismarck refused to discuss the subject,
as it was a military question, but was willing
to discuss terms ol peace. Tne Emperor re- j
plied that as he was a prlsoner.sach a discussion
was impossible, but referred Bismarck to the 1
government at Paris. Bismarck replied that 1
the situation at Paris offered no enticing point '
for peace overtures. The Emperor proposed
that the French army should be allowed to
pass into Belgium and there surrender. He re- J
fused. The Emperor stated that ho deplored j
the war. but he had yielded to public opinion
Sn declaring war. The Emperor was not al?
lowed to see the King until the capitulation ;
had oeen completed. :
PARIS, September 13. 1
It ls said that the main body of the Pms- 1
siana reached a point within twenty-five miles '<
of Paris yesterday afternoon.
PARIS, September 13- Evening. '
The Journal des D?bats has a long editorial 1
exalting the patriotism ot Thiers.
NEW YOKE, September 13. ;
A special dispatch to the Tribune from Flor?
ence says: "Cardohua, who is in command of 1
the troops on the Roman frontier, proclaims to ?
the Roman people that he brings peace not !
'.The independence of the Holy See is invio- ,
"The troops marching towards Rome were
received enthusiastically. The garrison of
Monteflascone withdrew belore the Italian ad?
vance without resistance.''
FLORENCE, September 13.
The Italians were enthusiastically welcomed
in the Papal States.
THE CREAM OF THE WAR LETTERS.
Marat Halstead on the Field of Grave
The carnage on the hill where we now stood
had been tn the battle of the 17th, (the day be?
fore.) in the lullest sense ot the term extraor?
dinary. On both sides of the road were rows
ol dead, French and Prussians indiscriminately,
mingled. The centre and climax of destruction
hereabout was the position in which a Prus?
sian battery had stood. Here In a space not
more than fifteen yards by ten, and perhaps
not quite so large, I counted seven dead
horses and forty men. Four of the horses
were still attached to a caisson, which was
open, and contained two-thirds of Its ammuni?
tion. Evidently the four horses had fallen at
once. The wheel horaes had sunk in their
places, instantly killed, for their feet were all
under them, and their swollen bodies strained
the harness, which marked them by its re?
straint with deep creases. About one-fourth
of this cluster of dead were Fflench, and the
evidence ol the situation was that the French
bad shot down the horses and most of the men
about a Prussian gun, and made a desperate
charge to take lt Whichever way we turned
our eyes the plain was dotted with dead
horses, and there were swathes ol dead men
lying as they had been literally mowed down.
We could here, better than from our first
position, see the troops engaged. On the
right we could observe the lightning-like play
ol' fire along tbe edge of a Prussian column as
the needle gun came In play. It was at times,
for a few seconds, a steady glare. The pierc?
ing darts ol'flames when the artillery was at
work, were also quite perceptible, and lt be?
came apparent that the Prussians were gain?
ing ground. The. earth trembled with the
thunder of the contest, or seemed to do sa, and
yet the noise was not so overwhelming as that
at the bombardment at Frederlcksburg, when
Burnside's artillery, to the amount of nearly
two hundred guns, gave the town a rain o?
iron one pleasant December morning; bu; the
musketry fire here far surpassed that which I
heard at Fredericksburg In sustained severity.
At half-past four o'clock there was a violent
explosion of musketry on the right, and after
it continued a few minutes there was a min?
ute in which hardly a shot was fired, and then
another amazing roar. Now there was a new
fire in the village, and another to the left, and
still another on the right The whin's of smoke
from bursting bombs above the lines gr^w
more frequent, both on the right and left,
spotting the dull background first with sparks
of fire and then globes of vapor. A little after
five o'clock the head of the column ol' rein?
forcements we had noticed looming in the
west came upon the field. The men had
marched hard and were bending under their
loads, and going on with that long, springy,
slashing step that only soldiers who have sewn
service can acquire, which they know so well.
The French seemed to be attentive to the com?
ing ol this column, and for a time their artil?
lery fire was exceptionally rapid. The column
of Germans going into action extended from
the battle-field to the west as far as we could
see, and there the glitter of bayonets at a turn
of the road on a ridge declared" they were still
coming. If I had not spoken so often of
rivers of steel in vain efforts to tell or the co?
lossal armies of the Germans in France, I
should say this was one.
THE CLOSE OF A BLOODY DAT.
On the left, Just in the edge ol the smoke,
our new army was massed in blocks en ?chelon
fashion, and other masses npp-ared to be com?
ing out ot the ground, for u wide expanse
where I had not noticed soldiers was covered
with them. The smoke was spreading, the
dust of the column from the west was blown
across the fields, and the sun declining, was
as a shield of brass-the red, rayless orb of
our Indian summer evenings. The Prussian
masses went forward into the hazy fleld of
battle, and the hoarse shouting of the legions
was heard as they advanced. For an hour
the army from the west streamed down the
road and strode Into the smoke and dust that
more and more obstructed the view of the
contest, until at last we could see only a
cloud, In which were glimpses of ponderous
squares and dark lines ol' men, and out of
which issued a voice of many thunders. It
was necessary to think ol our position for the
night, sixteen long miles from Pont-a-Mous
son, and all the villages filled with wounded;
so we returned lo the old place on the King's
hill, and as the shades of evening fell, saw the
outlines and prominent features of the en?
gagement from the well selected point for safe
observation. Here we had the good fortune
to meet a German artist, who had noticed and
taken an Interest In us at St. Avoid. He was
sketching the sunset scene of the battle, and
had a roora in Gorza, where we might sleep
on the floor, a privilege for which we were
duly and truly grateful. This gentleman had
heard the mitrailleurs before, and had called
our attention to the savage whirr that tells of
ils discharge. It would not be inappropriate,
I think, to call the noise that it makes Infernal.
Once indicated to von and you could not mis?
take that noise. 1 Judge from the talk of the
Prussians about it, and the stories that are
afloat concerning its exploits lu killing whole
companies, nnd even cutting down a group ol'
thirty officers at a discharge, leaving but three
standing, that it ls a deadly weapon, and that
lt really lias done such signal execution that
those who have to face it are In no slight de?
siree annoyed and worried.
Everybody had been telling us during the
afternoon that the Prussians were winning the
battle-that they were carrying all the posi?
tions, and sweeping everything before them.
Sadowa had been cited as a precedent-this
was a bloodier battle than that, and it was to >
end the war with France, as Sadowa had ter?
minated the conflict with Austria. But as
lark ness came on the French were still fight?
ing as stoutly as when, seven hours before, we
came upon the field. Certainly there was no <
panic or rout. There were evidences that the
French were being, as they must be, tinder the
conditions of this war, slowly driven before
the overwhelming Germans; but their line '
was still steady, as far as I could see, and
the glitter of the fire of their rifles wa3 ;
bright on their front. It is to-day positive ;
that they gave up the battle-field wholly j
to the Prussians, withdrawing to Mount St.
Quentin and vicinity-that ls to say, close to i
the outworks of Metz. It ls certain, too, that \
the King and his household stopped last night ?
in Rezonvllle, (which, in Itself, tells thatthev
won the day and hold the road to Paris,) hav
lng nothing to eat for supper, I am told, but
black bread and raw pork; and certain, too,
that Bismarck has been In Gravelotte to-day,
for, being here myself, I saw him, with Phil.
Sheridan by his side, riding over the field of
battle, having been out to the road whose tall ;
trees pillared our battle horizon yesterday, to
look at tlte French army, distinctly visible
thence, in battle array, under the walis of
Metz. But last evening, alter 3 o'plock. on
the way to Gorze, as often as we gave atten?
tion wc could still hear raging the tempest of
musketry, as the chassepj: and needle-gun <
crossed their lightnings in the gloom of night?
The Sufferers hy the War-Hospital
Scenes In Germany.
A correspondent of thc London Times-ap?
parently a physician-who writes from Spiche
ren, gives this account ol' the reverse side ot
the medal -of the scenes and sufferings which
lollow a battle:
"Before (lie headquarters ol the division lie
great heaps ol' regimentals and chassepots,
and officers anti soldiers are busy seeking out
souvenirs to send horne, such as red French
caps, braided coats, gnus and chassepot am?
munition. The chassepots are tired off before
being piled away; and from end to end of the
camp there in n ceaseles report oi'salvos anl sin?
gle shots. Some ol'o-ir careless fellows wound
themselves. T.ie numerous captured tents
are reserved fur the march, and the men are
set to carrv them on their heads to the rear.
Some are at work cutting up the red breeches
of the Freddi into strips, and cobbling them
into red crosses for the hospitals flags. I saw
lust now such an international flag made of
red breeches hanging out from the steeple ol
the church, which is filled with wounded.
"Just now four groups passed me at the
crossing of the hamlet roads, bound on diff?r?
ant errands: the first cumin? from the woods
of the Spich?rberg. consists of peasants of the
district; they carry shovels on their shoulders,
and are impressed grave diggers, who, alter
they are wearied out, are relieved by others.
They relate that great heaps of corpses ol'the
French yet lie in the woods poisoning the air;
also that wounded men are still being carried
by them. The number of dead is so great ti
seventy bodies are laid in each grave. Fr<
columns of these grave diggers pass by me,
minding me of the brigades of snow shovelli
who clear the roads in winter.
"The second apparition which is noticeal
is the troop, organized and uniformed, ot t
volunteer wounded attendants from Frankfi
and Its suburb, Offenbach. These fine felic
step out smartly and full of tact in all dir?
tions, and give one the impression that th
are a hearty and practical corps, up to a
ready for their task. What they have broufi
with them for the convenience of the wound
is all comfortable in the highest degree, a
even elegant, while their personal costume
quite homely and modest. The third croup
a simple military escort of the dead, it mov
slowly from the hamlet towards our camp, t
drums beating low, mournful notes signal
track, and while in the remoter corners of t
camp smothered murmurs reach the ear, alo
the path a solemn silence settles down up
the soldiers as the corpses ol their French co
rades are carried to their bed. The foul
group consists of a column of prisoners <
corted from the woods by a patrol of hussa
They halt, apparently startled, as the rou
crosses that of the lunera! procession. "V
ask the prisoners, some of whom are sllghl
wounded, what impression the quick vlei
rions advance of the Prussians had made up
their army. The unanimous reply was, 'Pb
lirez comme des diables, vous courez comme ?
"We have now to make an evening farew'
visit to the wounded. In the school-roou
which this morning were overflowing, all ha
had their wounds fresh bound. Through ti
opened windows a fresh breeze blows in. Tl
dead are removed, and all Beem in a refres
lng sleep. It is otherwise in the churc
French soldiers, operated on and transport
ble, bedded on stretchers, form an aveni
right and left up the graveyard to the chun
porch. In the dusky vestibule we step acre
some severely wounded, who continually ere*
from out of the corners, and with a part
their chaff bedding block the way. The Siste
of Mercy find it very hard to resist the entre
ties of the many wounded. They will beg f
water when they cannot swallow a drop; no
they will be laid on this side, now on the otbe
now they hope to relieve their pangs by havlj
their heads raised, and now they seem to e
perience a lightening of their dying agonl
as they stretch out their cold, staring, rig!
hands, and they seem in that act to close mo:
peacefully their eyes In death if permited i
enclasp our hands.
"In the open doorway of the shed in whi(
the chlel operations of the surgeons were pe
formed the sick attendants were busily e
gaged washing away the pools of blood fro
the operation tables and the floor. The ampi
tated limbs were thrown together and burle
in tbe God's Acre. The surgical operators ha
flung aside their black, wax-clothed, lon
aprons, and put on their uniforms over the
red 6hirts. Peacefully resting from their nervi
straining labors, they sat. smoking a quit
cigar, sharing their allowance of wine wit
their patients in the dark, cool street. As
wandered back to the bivouac of my troop ni
excited brain was in a confused whirl-wet
they realities I had lived through the past tw
days, or were they wild visions dreamed arte
a late evening's carouse ?"
After the Uhlans.
A correspondent describes, In the followln;
terms, a skirmish of Uhlans and Chasseur
d'Afrique, near Jazky: "Suddenly," he saye
"we heard a strange sound behind us. Tw<
regiments of Chasseurs d'Afrique were ad
vanclng in pursuit of the Uhlar.s. They sooi
passed by us, raising clouds of dust. Tin
ground trembled under their resounding gal
lop. We were then witnesses of a thrTnTnf
spectacle, an Uhlan hunt. The Chasseur
d'Afrique, with their splendid Arab horses
divided themselves Into several detach
menls to surround the enemy. Their hornes
neighing furiously, galloped In pursuit of tin
Uhlans, who had Just crossed a plain and dis
appeared In the copse-wood. After a lew min
utes we saw them reappear on its crest, fol
lowed very closely by the Chasseurs d'Afriqiu
In the midst of a whirlwind of dust, furrow
ed by the lightnings gleaming from theil
weapons. While this desperate race wai
being run, a few metres from the spot when
we were, three Uhlans appeared as If by magli
on the plain before us. A Chasseur d'Afrique,
posted near there to reconnoitre, hastened tc
meet them. When they were within range he
lay in the Arab fashion, along the horse's neck,
and discharged his piece. He missed his aim,
but did not hesitate to engage these throe
men hand to hand. The struggle had lasted
for two or three minutes, when a detachment
of Chasseurs d'Afrique appeared. Two of the
Uhlans fled, leaving their comrade grappling
with the Chasseur. He had Just fallen into a
ditch full of water, and the Uhlan was about
to escape, when a staff officer who was with
the Cha6seuro d'Afrique seized him and made
him prisoner, amid the applause of the terri?
fied villagers. The Uhlan was very young,
tall and strong, bis hands covered with blood.
'You are three to one, do me no harm,' said
he to the ofBcer, who assured him (through
me as Interpreter) that he had nothing to
The Most Efficient of the French Spies a
A Rustadt correspondent of the Herald
writes: "The French spy system in this cam?
paign has utterly failed. French officers-like
Americans and Englishmen-have an idea
that there is something so utterly dl9gracelul
to an honorable man In doini: the work of a
spy that they will not volunteer for the duty.
One or two Swiss and a certain English Jew,
not unknown in former days to young men in
London who borrowed money at sixty per
cent., have done the French Government
good work until war was proclaimed. But by
far the most efficient agent they have had ls
a certain Parisian young lady, of what ls
tenderly called the 'half world,' and whose
face is a good deal fairer than her fame.
This 'young person' bas for some months
been attached to the following oi a
Prussian officer of rank - an elder?
ly gentleman who is amorous, but yet
economical by nature. The lady had larger
Ideas on the subject of expenditure than her
lover, and, as he would not open his purse
strings, she tried whether patriotism In the
shape of a little mild reporting to an old
"friend" on the Emperor's staff would be paid
for. The bargain was struck, and the fair la?
borer has been found well 'worthy of her
hire,' only, like many ot her class, her educa?
tion was somewhat neglected In her youth,
and the consequences are that it takes not a
little trouble to decipher her meaning. I
ought, however, to write ol her handiwork in
the past tense, for she ha3 lately lett the Prus?
sian army, and is now trying her luck at Wies?
baden, the only German watering place at
which the pleasures ol rowoe et noir et trente six
quarante are to be had during the unhappy
war. But so long as this young lady remained
with her elderly lover she continued to send to
Metz the only valuable information they re?
ceived of the enemy's movements."
Tho Berlin correspondent of the Times,
writins under dt'e .if August 22, sive:
"At leng'h the first official losses in the field
b-ve been male public. They only fulfil too
completely the melancholy anticipations with
which we saw the troop* going out to tbe war.
Although restricted to officers, and referring
onlv to a lew introductory engagements, they
contain figures which will not easily be erased
from the minds of men. I will just give you a
fent c-x impies. As you may be aware, a Prus?
sian regiment on a war footing bas 3000 men,
with 09 officers. Of these G9 offi.ers the 74th
regiment (Hanoverians) lost no less than 30 in
killedjand wounded at Weissenbuig.
"The 77Lh (also HauovoriaDS) on the same
occasion lost 25 officers; thc 39lli (Rhinelan?
der^,) 2G; the 821 (Hessians.) 19: Ihe 95th
(Thuringiatis.) 16; tho 83J (Hessians,) 14; the
531 (Westphaliaus ) ll; tho 83oh (Nassauers,)
9; the80:h (H asians,) 8, Still worse was
it at Woerth. where tbs Prussians were for five
mortal hours opposed to toe French, who were
stationed on the Lilla and could not be dis?
lodged u-itil taken in dauk bv Wurtemburgers
and Bavarians. There the 381? regiment (Po
Rfincr.j) Iud 32 deid aud wounded officere; the
59:h (Poseners.J 23; the 7 .h. (King's Grena?
diers-Liwer Sdesians and German Posenera,)
35; the 47th (Lower Silesiana,) 29; the 4Sth
(Lower Sileslans,) 33; tba 57 h (Lower Siles
ian8,) 3D; the Otu ( Westphalians,) 28; the 37?b
(W-28tphalians,) 25, ic.
What terrible conclusions must be derived
from these statisttos in respect of the higher
gradee as to the number of casualties among
rank aod file I need not say. but the moat
frightful carnage of all in the earlier p*rt of
the campaign waa at Spicberen, whose steep
and precipitous heights, defended by a tearing
fire from cannon, mitrailleurs and chacse
pots, were thrice assaulted io vain, and at last
carried at the ,>oint of the bayonet. On this
spot 10,000 Prussians, gradually increased to
27,000, and struggled against 40,000 French.
Tbou2b the official list doeH not yet extend to
this sanguinary encounter, there can be no
doubt as to tbe correctness of the private in?
telligence forwarded me. which gives the total
losses at 2297, of whom 811 are dead and 1486
wounded. Accordingly, every twelfth man
was killed or wounded. Some companies lett
nearly half their men on the spot, as, for in?
stance, the 5th company of the 48th (Rhine
landers.) which went with 250 men into the
fire and came ont with 129, and the drat com?
pany of the 8th (King's Own, Brandenburgers, )
which, on the evening of the battle, consigned
107 comrades either to the grave or the hos?
pital. Passing on to tba tremendous three
days' battle near Metz, we have but private in?
telligence, and this only referring to individual
detachments; jet we know already enongh to
imagine the rest. On the 14th, in the action
named after Pan pe or Courcelles, the 48th
(Rhinelander) lost 3? officers and 891 rank
and file; in otberwords, abont one-third of its
complement. A rifle battalion in the same
locality was by the enemy's fire deprived of 9
olits officers and 270 rank and fi'e-i. e., of a
third of the officers and a fourth of the men.
On tbe 14-h as well as on the 16tb-the latter
being the battle of Mars-la-Touror Vionville -
the losses of the Prussians were, comparatively
greater than those of the French, tbe former
being on both occasions greatly outnumbered,
yet holding fast to the enemy with a bull-dog's
tenacity, to give their main force time to come
np nod engage him in rigbt earnest. AtMars-la
Tonr the best blood of the country was spilt
like water. Within a few moments, by the
unexpected unmasking of a mitrailleur bat?
tery. Count Westarp, Count Wcsdelen, Baron
Kleist, Henry Vii, Princa or Reusa, Baron
Grimm, Baron Witzleben, and many otber
noblemen of high rank and position, were
killed. The crane finale at Bezonvi!ler or
Gravelotte, on tbe 18th, where the Prussian
hosts at last assembled in strength, are said
to have suffered a loss or 18,0 J0 combatants,
was worthy of the beginning. Nor did the
French suffer leas. In the three actions near
Metz tbey had nearly 15.000 dead, and 40,000
dead, wonnde I, and prisoners, together.
POLITICS IX ORAXGEBURG;
A RARE AND ROUSING GATHERING.
The Coat of th? Trial Justice System.
[FROM AN OCCASIONAL CORRESPONDENT.]
ORAXGEBURG, September 12.
Sales-day in Orangeburg, on the 5th Instant,
was a day of general gathering. Not that
there was any property for sale, but lt having
been announced that Reform in the Strte, and
not funds for tbe sheriff, was demanded,
everybody came and brought his friend.
The crowd collected In the Courthouse
square at about 12 M., and shortly after Col?
onel Paul 8. Felder, chairman, Introduced
Colonel BenJ. H. Rutledge, of Charleston lame,
who, thoroughly master of his subject, enter?
tained his audience in a speech of nearly an
hour's length. It was listened to with marked
attention and great applause. The people
were respectful and no attempt was made to
interrupt him once. His speech would well
deserve to be written. Facts and statistics
with which lt were replete should be circula?
ted and generally read. His explanation of
the origin, system, and operation of taxation
and its abuse, and the other subjects calling
for reform, was lucid and concise; so plain that
the simplest mind In the audience could un?
derstand. And I believe lt was generally
comprehended, as was his whole speech. And
I have no doubt that it will effect good wher?
ever one ls allowed to think over it lor him?
At the close of Colonel .Rutledge's speech,
by particular request, one Byass, a colored
man, arose. If you ask me who he ls I simply
can't tell you. I don't think he-ls any kin io
"ByasB' pale ale." Some one asked who he was,
and the reply was he was sent on from some
Northern State by express, C. 0. D., to ha
rangde on this campaign and stir up things
Well, imported Byass arose to speak. And
in about two minutes and a quarter he had
so mixed up taxation and trade, statistics and
Scott, Radicalism and rascality, Ring and Re?
form, thieving and things generally, that his
own grandfather, if he ever had one, would
have been surprised. He would have had a
swimming In the head, and lost all 'count as to
the year when the '"Mayflower" brought
over that precious little tea party-for?
got what was the current rate of prices
of able-bodied field-hands, shortly after that
little tea-party went into that "inhuman and
diabolical trade of human flesh and blood,"
and, in fact, would have been disposed to
question the location ol Plymouth Rock, the
Mayflower herself, and his own identity even.
Altogether, our "pale ale" man mystified sun?
dry and divers of his blood relatives, (through
Ham, ) and having exhausted his hour, with
many thanks for Reform courtesy, bowed him?
self off the stand. One long, colored individ?
ual then begged to be heard. The meeting,
amiably disposed, heard him. What he said,
I can't Inform you. I have yet to find one
who knows. I am decidedly of the opinion,
however, that so far from the audience un?
derstanding him, lie himself has not the faint?
est conception to this hour as to which party.
lie was desirions of advocating, or what he
Hon. A. P. Aldrich next arose. His sono?
rous voice and splendid delivery instantly
commanded perfect attention. The Judge had
evidently studied the subject with that care
and thought which its great vital importance
so well demands. He was never happier in
any public speech. It was full of thought and
pertinent suggestions. But I don't know that,
taken as a whole speech, it had the telling ef?
fect which his ready repartee and replies had
upon this peculiar audience. The leaders of
the anti-Reform party here had evidently held
back in order to confuse and laugh him off
with interruptions, and by putting to him
problems or the highest mathematical finish,
lhere was no rude interruption; that is, so far
as manner goes. But Byass and Saspor
tas (egged on by others who- were too
puny to talk themselves) plied the Judge
with question upon question at the close
of every other sentence, (In this way Byass
got a full hour more,) each of which was an?
swered and solved by the speaker with the
most perfect good humor, grace and success.
He never failed in one single reply to satisfy
the crowd and silence the questioner for that ,
time, or turn the laugh on him. His effort was
a decided bit. I have heard of colored men
since who spoke as though be had solved many
doubts, and satisfied them of things of which ,
they knew not before. At the close of Judge
Aldrich's speech, the chairman adjourned the
meeting, and immediately thereupon the ex- !
citable voting man Myers jumped on the stand
(he is the lad, I informed you, swore he would
aol vote for General Butler) and harangued
such of the crowd as remained. I did not
hear his remarks. Being in the ;open air, one
was at liberty to leave when one pleased, with?
out disturbing the congregation. I left. I
learn he was excited. The next I heard of
bim he waa "sidling," not running, "sidling"
rapidly from the uland; calling loudly for pro?
tection, and leaving his new hat behind. This
remarkable denouement was caused by some
imprudent man ia the crowd drawing a pistol,
and objecting to another Imprudent, man giv?
ing the lie direct, (having first knocked down
2d imprudent man therefor.) So I hear-didn't
see lt-only saw the rush off. and know that
..2d imprudent" indicted "1st imprudent" for
assault and battery.
Great expectations ha 1 ? been entertained
that Mr. Thomson H. Cooke would address the
meettag. It waa said he was pining for the
opportunity. I He is a candidate for the Leg?
islature, iii which respectable body, without
funds, he hopes he can better secure his elec?
tion for the vacancy on ihe bench. He re?
ceived five votes at the last session-enough
to encourage vast hopes.) But though he
took extensive notes of the Judge's speech,
and was urged to reply, he said noth?
ing. His pining had been too much tor his
health, and his friends' expectations were dis?
appointed. He didn't come np to time. His
enthusiastic lrieads say they had a right to ex?
pect that one who wanted to be judge would
certainly meet and demolish one who only
bad been a judge, particularly when the latter
had been removed for doing*his dutv merely.
It was a great mistake. And on dit, 'the Radi?
cals say that lo-morrowrs nomination wii.
leave him out He will be obliged to stump
on his merits alone. Pity ! because he was a
strong Democrat in 1868-that ls to say, he
stumped lor that pirty. However, he can fall
back on his trial jvstlce bench, if he can't snc
ceed Judge Carpenter. Scott rc ill keep him Inr
(if Scott oe elected, which God forbid,) for his
Apropos of trial justices' courts. Do the
people known what an unmitigated nuisance
and oppression these courts, created and foster?
ed by Scott, are ? Do they generally know
that they are paying taxes to support offices
which ought not to exist, and which are grind?
ing them down with the fees and costs which
are made to attach ?
In the good old days a magistrate received
$1 for the ?rial of each case; this covered the
trial if It lasted a week. The present lee bill
gives him for trial $3. The intention (though
not expressed in so many words) was that
this, in analogy to the old law, embraced all
the expenses Incident to each trial. This point
Ilearnlrom one of the law-makers was de?
bated in the Legislature, and was so under?
stood. Now, In the trial Justices' court, each
trial will average for the court alone from $8
to $10 at least, without counting sheriff and
clerk's costs. BnMn addition to these charges,
for binding over witnesses, prosecutors and
defendants to their own courts-which they do
here il the party be arrested and tried at once,
and which being part of the trial and incident
to it, ls covered by $3-they put in a charge
of $10 In each case as a solicitors
fee. It seems In this county the Importance*
of the office demands that each trial Justice -
have a solicitor. How many solicitors exist
here I can't tell. They are "voluminous." I
saw one bill of fifty dollars, solicitors' fee for
prosecuting five trial Justices'cases, handed
in for payment to the county commissioners.
Well, they didn't pay that bill. But that's the
way. If these courts go on, the expense to the
county will be four or five thousand dollars for
their support. "What good they do I can't find
out. What ls saved in the Sessions by remov?
ing small cases is more than made up In th est?
courts. Old magistrates did Just as well, and
cheaper. -- .
But I set out to tell yon about the meeting.
I only run off on this as one of the nuisances
growing out of the corruption under which we
live, and calling for reform. I suppose it was
legitimate to amide to it In connection with a
meeting whose object waa to expose the ex?
penses, taxation and general rascality of the
We look for tue 3 udge, enthuslastleally, oo?
the 19th. The whole county, man, woman and
child, will be here.
NOMINATION OF BON. C. W. DUDLEY.
FLORENCE, S. C., September 101 -
To the Eon. C. W. Dudley :
MT DEAR SIR-A convention ot the Union
Beform party of the First Congressional Dis?
trict of South. Carolina was held this day, at
On motion of Dr. J. E. Byrd, of TimmonB
ville, Captain S. W. Evans, of Chesterfield,
was called to the' chair, add Mr. J. J. Lucas, of.
Darlington, requested to act as secretary.
A resolution was agreed to dedaring it ex?
pedient and desirable that a nomination should
be made, and you were unanimously selected
as the Union Beform candidate, to represent
the district in the Congress of the United
Tour acceptance of this nomination, and
earnest co-operation in the canvas's, will be
appreciated by the people.
Yours, very truly,
J. JONATHAN LUCAS",
Secretary of Convention.
BENNETTSTTLLE, S. C., September 12.
Major J. Jonathan Lucas :
DEAR SIR-I have received and have before
me your esteemed favor, communicating the
action of the convention bald at Florence on
the 10th ult., for the purpose of nominating a
suitable person to represent the First Con?
gressional District in the Congress of the Unit?
ed States. For the honor that has been con?
ferred upon my poor aame I am profoundly
grateful, as well as for the courteous terms Lu
which you, as the organ of the convention,
have been pleased to communicate the iatelll -
gence. At a time like the present, and under
the circumstances by which we are surround'
ed, I may bo permltteijlo dispense with any
mere ceremony ol words and come directly to
the point, by announcing promptly and frank?
ly that I accept this nomination for weal or for
woe, and shall endeavor to deserve the gener?
ous confidence which Inspired the action of the
For the present, it will be enough to say
that I hail this event as a complete vindication
of my countrymen, from the slanders that
have been so industriously circulated against
them ever since the close of the war. If re?
bellion and Eu-Klux outrages are to be dread?
ed here, as threatening the public peace, the
world has now before it the strange anomaly
of sucha people selecting for their repre?
sentative In Congress one whose whole life -
has been devoted to the Union! With Carpenter,
Butler, Kennedy and other distinguished gen?
tlemen already before the public, proclaiming
in behalf of the people of South Carolina that,
they accept in good faith the inexorable logic
of events, they have summoned to the field In
the same cause one who must entirely mis?
represent them If they are enemies to the
peace of the country and the integrity of the
The people of South Carolina may have lost
their fortunes-their proud and noble spirits
may be bowed down under the mountain pres?
sure of adverse circumstances-but I claim for
them, and they have demonstrated, that their
sense of honor has never been Impaired, and
that they have done enough to satisfy all but
Radical office-holders, who are now sucking the
life-blood of this State, that they may be trust?
ed implicitly with the best interests of the na?
tion. I claim for them the management and
control of their own internal affairs, and insist
that the time has now come when no stranger
should, without invitation, usurp a place at
This is not a proper place to enter upon the
discussion of the various topics now before
the public mind, and I will,therefore, only add
that, whilst enjoying the honor of this nomi?
nation, I shall endeavor to unite in a proper
spirit the responsibilities which lt imposes.
I have the honor to be, my dear sir, your
friend and obedient servant,
C. W. DUDLEY.
ABOUT FLIES -We n>d the following in au
exchange, cit is not.new, but miy nevertheless
be int* resting to those who did not know it
before : The naturalist recognizes many hun?
dred kinds of flies in this country; bat in om*
household economy we reduco them mainly to
three sorts-housmg-flie3, biting flies, and
blue-bottle or blow-flies. The latter is readily
distinguished; the two former are frequently
confounded, altho.igU easily known apart by
the naturalist or an acute observer. They may,
however, always be identified at a glance by
the position they assume on a wall. A com?
mon house-iiy almost invariably rests with
bia bead downward, and however it m ty light,
works ita way round until thia direction ie as?
sumed. The bitiug flies, on the contrary, as
universally rest with the head pointing up?
ward, acting in this respect precisely Mea tba
equally bloodth.rstv mosqaito. The brother
of an eminent Bussiau entomologist, nov re?
siding in the United States, cb3erved a peasant
in his own countrv killing some of the flieo on
a wad of bia hut" without disturbing others;
and, on being questioned, he gave as a reason
that those with the heads np were "biters,"
and the others were not. A careful examina?
tion of the facts by the entomoloenet himaell
proved the accuracy of the generalis ition tbna
made by an ignorant bat observant man.
A FULL ASSORTMENT just received by
DB, H. BAER,
'alys No 131 Meeting street..