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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1465.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1870.
S?X DOLLARS A YKAH.
STAND FROM UNDER.
FUGITIVES FROM M 'MA HON 'S ARMY
CROWDING INTO PARIS.
NITRO-GLYCERINE TO BE DROPPED INTO
STRASBOURG FROM PRUSSIAN
UPRISINGS I.V ITALY.
PARIS, September 14.
Jules Favre has received the congratulations
of the diplomatic representatives of England.
Austria, Spain and Holland, who will remain
Hundreds o? fugitives from McMahon's army
an$ arriving in the neighborhood of Paris.
The Prussians are pumping the water out of |
the moats around Strasbourg. ?
It Is reported that the Prussians will send
balloons over Strasbourg, and drop nitro-gly?
cerine into the magazines of the city.
BRUSSELS. September 14.
Belgium has not received a formal notifica?
tion ol'the establishment of the French Re?
LONDON, September 14.
The reports of uprising at Nice and Mentos
ne are confirmed at both places. The French
authorities have been deposed, the peoners
released and the Italian Republic proclaimed.
MADRID, September 14.
The press generally eulogizes America for
her recognition ol the French Republic.
England Stands Unmoved.
LONDON, Septempber 14.
Disraeli, in addressing a county meeting,
congratulated the country that parliamentary
and other reforms had removed all opportuni?
ties of interna! disquiet. England was now in
a condition to witness unmoved the vanlsbing
of Empires and the rising of Republics.
More Detailed Accounts of the Popular
Demonstrations in Liomton.
j. LONDON, September li.
The London journals of to-morrow will sure?
ly belittle the really formidable popular dem?
onstrations which took place here to-day in
favor of the French Republic, and against
monarchy at home aLd abroad. These dem?
onstrations were two in number, one in Hyde
Park and one at St. James's Hall. At the
mooting in the. open air, in Hyde Park, Pro?
fessor Beesley made a speech vigorously de?
nouncing the imbecility of tue British Govern?
ment, and charging lt upon the Queen by
name that she was encouraging the King of
Prussia to march upon Paris for the purpose of
destroying the new-born French Republic.
'.What the freemen ol America recognize and
applaud," said Professor Beesley, "the aris?
tocracy of England support a Queen who de
serts her post In aiding to stifle and ?-'iDpress."
The nome of the Queen was received with a
tempest of biases. When these subsided, a
voice in the crowd called out, "Three groans
. for the Prince of Wales." The response was
universal and passionate. The aspect of the
crowd at this time was really appalling.
In the meeting at St. James'? Hail, which
was crowded by persons'o? a better class than
the gathering In Hyde Park, strong resolutions
were adopted denouncing the inconsistency ol
the Prussian advance upon Paris with the pro?
clamation of the Crown Prince in August, that
Prussia made war not upon the French peo?
ple but upon the Ecrperor Napoleon. Profes?
sor Beesley spoke at this meeting also, saving
that England desired no dismemberment of
France, and that If the English Government
were honest it would say so at once and plain?
ly to the King of Prussia. The English Gov?
ernment, said Professor Beesley, ls hostile both
openly and secretly to France, not because lt
loves Germany, but because it hates republi?
canism and fears it. To uphold the present
course of Prussia is to uphold despotism in Ger?
many os well as In France. The government of
England md not recognized the .Republic ol
France. But the day was at hand when the
French Republic would be called to recognize
the Republic in England. Mr. Odger read at
this meeting an address from the Democrat?
ol London, to the French Republicans, which
was adopted by acclamation. The feeling iu
this city against the government and the royal
family is extremely bitter, not only among
the avowedly Democratic classes, but through?
out all ranks o? society. The impression
which has been made by the Times and other
papers of the same standing, that the foreign
policy ol the government has been dictated hy?
the personal prejudices of the Queen and the
interests of her family, has produced a most
dangerous and general indignation.
PARIS, September ll.
This city is to-day beginning to be isolated.
We have had no mail to-day from London, and
no dr-r.tches have come through by the tele
graph except for the newspapers. The gov
ernment exercises a supervision at the office
in the Place de la Bourse, from which alone
dispatches are allowed to be sent. It ls con?
ducted fairly, but is positive. The aspect ot
the city is perfectly tranquil, though not at all
gay. No fears of mob violence are entertained
by any one, notwithstanding the rumor? to
that effect which seem to be spread abroad in
England and Belgium. I repeat that I have
never seen public order more perfect than
since the proclamation of the Republic. Henri
Bochefort, who was much feared, is in office,
and manifests a most conservative temper. He
is of grerc use in controlling the extreme Rad?
ACTIVE NEGOTIATIONS FOR PEACE.
The legations of Russia and Austria are busi?
ly at work in the interest of peace, and lt ls
believed they would already have secured an
annalee had not the English Government
blocked the way by its hesitating and hall' hos?
ENGLAND IN THE WAY OF PEACE.
The English Government is believed to have
a secret understanding with the King of Prus?
sia adverse to the wishes ot Count Bismarck in
order to secure, if possible, the suppression of
COUNT BISMARCK FOR PEACE.
I have lt on high authority that Count Bis?
marck desires neither Alsace nor Lorraine,
and is anxious to secure peace as soon as pos?
sible. But King William is bitterly opposed to
any negotiations with the Republican authori?
ties, and insists upon advancing to Paris to
crush the revolution before the lever can ex?
tend to Germany.
MOVEMENTS AND MASCH OF THE PRUSSIANS -
FEELING OF THE PEOPLE.
LONDON. September 12.
A special correspondent at Rheims, o.i the
Cth, says the beadqparters of tbs Kins were
-;etabliahed here yesterday, and are to remain
till the 9th, to civ9 all the troops time to come
np and concentrate, mein line what can be
spared from Metz. Seven North German corps,
besides two Bavarian and Wurtemburg crop?,
?are on the road unhindered, according to
official report. Six full cavalry divisions are
expected to reach Paris on the 13th or 14th.
When the regiments DOW coming forward
arrive, and the reserves also on the ?way join
their regiments, the German armv will certain?
ly reach and proDably exceed 400 OOO men.
The inhabitants everywhere reproach the Em?
peror, but do not favor * repuDlic. They are
all anxious for peace, and mostly favor the
Comw de Pane. A special at Berlin, the 9tb,
tavs the Duke of mecklenburg with the nr:t
and seventh divisions of the ninth corps, here?
tofore in Schleswig-Holstein, ?nd two (livr?
ions of reserves and landwher, being tbe army
formed at Homburg, in the Palatinate, is ou
the way to Pans. Here and elsewhere all Une
troops and reserve battalions are gone. Guard
and garrison service is performed bv the land?
wehr. Mo8teriog here, and at Tergau, in
Silesia, continues. Landwehr officere absolved
from military obligations years ago, are noti?
fied I J hold themselves ready for eventual
A FOBC2 THAT WILL CBUSH BESISTANOE.
Bismarck has 6aid he will have such a tre?
mendous force in France as must crush resist?
ance, and especially prevent everywhere the
organization of new forces. But for the nation?
al clamor for Alsace and Lorraine, it is certain
Bismarck would be content with Uetz and
Strasbourg held as national fortresses.
" BAIiESE ?>" A TO WEBING PASSION.
It is reported that Bazaine not only ref used
capitulation when informed that the Emperor
and McMahon's ai my were prisoners, and
when the Emperor advised the surrender of
Metz, but declared, ina towering passion, that
he would not respect Napoleon's wishes, and
would shoot any French officer advising a sur?
BUSS IA AND AUSTBIAOPPOSE BEPUBLICAN PRANCE.
It is believed Russia and Austria h ve reject?
ed all overtures, and will not stir for Republi?
Tho Journal de St. Petersberg, semi-official,
tells France substantially that she bad better
yield Alsace and so much of Lorraine as Ger?
THE BECOGNITION OF THE FBENCH B3PUBLIC BT
wae to be expected, bat the Bjrlin Foreign of?
fice thia ks the extreme waimtb of America's
declaration implies a partial withdrawal of
sympathy from Prussia, following so closely
after Secretary Fish's refusal to protest
against the expulsion o! Germans from France.
THE BALTIC BLOCK ADS
H ineffective. Vessels enter and leave Danlzlg
and Konieeburs freely. The French flseet
have great difficulty in getting coal, i he .ex?
pense is enormous. The blockade will proba?
bly soon be abandoned.
THE MOTHES AND SON.
Her meeting with the Prince Imperial on
Fridav mornlag was most ead and touching.
The Prince threw himself weeping into his
mother's arms, sobbing. "0, mon pauvre
papa .'" The Empresa behaved with extreme
dignity and tenderness. No newspaper in
Hastings yesterday alluded to the arrival of
the Empress, the secret being kept by common
consent. In the course of the div ? messen?
ger with letters from tbem both "for the Em?
peror, indorsed by the Prussian Embissy in
London, left Dover for Ostend on his woy io
Wi I Lei m eh ohe. The Em pre es 8?nt for ajfthe
newspapers of the day immediately after ber
arrival, and watches the course of evsnts with
tbe moat lively attention. Last evening ber
Majesty waa indisposed, and a physician was
sent for. By an extraordinary coincidence Dr.
Blackstone was called in. who, twenty-two
years ago. in the same town, attended Louis
Philippe, then newly arrived itt England ni an
exile from France. This morning her Majesty
made her first appearance in public at Hast?
ings. She attended miss in the morning at
the Catholic chapel with M. de Lesseps,
Madame Thierry, and the Prince Imperial. A
great crowd assembled about the chapel. As
she passed through the ranks ot the people all ;
took off their hats with a general impulse of
respectful sympathy, which the Empress ac?
knowledged by gravely bowing, and tue Prince
by takine offhia op." The Empress'face was
fu> I of subdued but visible emotion.
Heoric Defence of Strn?baurg.
LONDON, September ll.
The news from Srraebouie is more favorable
io the defenders. Their conduct recalls the
most heroic ages of history. The inhabitants '
ne with tue army in courage and endurance,
iud though tbe city is literally almost pound
id to pieces, the fortifications are compaialive
y untouched, and the fire of the garrison upoa
he besiegers is kept up witb uoremitting |
i lint and terribie efficiency. The exaspera- ?
ion of the Als it lana daily increases, and the
iountry swarms with guerillas, who harass
he German lines by day and by night. <
Italy Marching on Rome. ?
PARIS, September ll.
Signor Mordini arrived in Paris this evening.
Se brings the assurance that the Italian Gov?
ernment has determined to forestall all revo?
lutionary movements In Italy and Rome by an '
official occupation of the Roman territory, !
without the slightest intention of harming the
Pope, but to preserve the Catholic world Irotn ,
i great catastrophe. Several members of the
College of Cardinals have given in their adhe?
sion to the necessity of this step. The Italian
army now holds all the roads north and south
leading Into the Roman territory. An Italian ,
squadron is at Civita V?cenla. No conflict is
anticipated with the Zouaves, General Kenzler, <
the Papal War Minister, having given his opin?
ion that the Papal forces do not Justify any
attempt at resistance. The Prussian govern?
ment has notified tne Italian government that
lt has no intention of Interfering in any way
with the question ol' Rome. Upon the occu?
pation of the city a popular vote will be taken
throughout the Papal States upon the annexa- j
lion of the Papal territory to Italy.
Thc Emperor at Cawse 1.
OSTEND, September ll.
The Morgen Zeitung, of Hesse Cassel, gives
particulars of the arrival of the Emperor Napo?
leon at Cassel. He was accompanied by Gene?
rals Felix Douay and Lebrun as prisoners on pa?
role, and by a brilliant staff ol' French officers
on parole. The Prussian civil and military au?
thorities of Hesse, in full uniform, received
him at the station with a company of Prussian
Inlanty as a guard of honor, and a squadron of :
hussars keeping back the people. The Em pe- ,
ror, who was received with an imperial salute,
wore the uniform of a lieutenant-general, but
no sword. His breast was covered with or?
ders, and he wore an undress scarlet kepi.
He ls quite corpulent, and looked very gray,
but browned in complexion and well, AS he
ste oped out of his royal railway carriage on
the platform the drums beat and the guard
Eresented arms. By the order of King Wil?
gin, two chamberlains of the Court ol' Prus?
sia are In attendance upon the Emperor.
Latest from i!ie Prussian Headquarters.
OSTEND, September IL
The latest intelligence from the Prussian
headquarters is that, in reply to the proposi?
tions made through the Austrian Legation,
King William declares that he will listen to
propositions of peace only in the Tuileries and
from the Imperial government of France. .
Thc Empress In England.
LONDON, September ll.
The Empress Eugeuie is still at tbe Marine
Hotel, in Hastings, attended by Ferdinand de
Lesseps, Madame de Lesseps, and Madame
thierry. All the ladies of tbe court who came
with ber Majesty to Belgium remained in that
LONDON, September 14.
The Fenians are a^ain quite active. Docu?
ments have been seized ar. Cork revealing a
pian lor the seizure of the Branch Bank of Ire?
DEMOCRACY IN LOUISIANA.
NEW ORLEANS. September 14.
The State Democratic Convention has ad?
mitted all delegates, without regard to color.
The following nominations have been made:
Alien James, auditor: James 1>. Blair, treasu?
rer, after which tue conven lion adjourned
Mr. Ryan has been renominated iur Congress
from the. Third District. Ol her Congressional
nominations have been postpone-' until Octo?
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
Consul Parsons died at Santiago de Cuba,
yesterday, of vomito.
An American, named John C. Kendall, has
been killed while ascending Mont Blanc.
The final verdict of the coroner's jury in
the N ?than murder case, implicates no one.
PARIS IS TRANQUIL.
THE UHLANS WITHIN" FIVE MILES
OF THE OAT CAPITAL.
ROCEEFORT IN COMMAND OF THE
THE FRENCH AND GERMAN NAVIES IN
SIGHT OF EACH OTHER.
A BATTLE BE TWEE V THE ITALIAN
TROOPS AND PAPAL ZOUAVES.
SIEGE GUNS SENT TO THE PRUSSIANS.
GENERAL TROCHU CONFIDENT OF
HIS ABILITY TO SUCCESSFUL?
LY DEFEND PARIS.
The Prussian Advance on Pari?.
PARIS, September 14.
The ministry publish the following:
The railroad bridge at Corbeilles has been
destroyed by the French.
[Corbeilles is eighteen miles southeast of
Pari3, where the Lyons Rill read crosses the
The Prussian uhlans were at Nogent-sur
Marne on Monday, only Are miles east ol the
The Prussian commanders forbid the de?
struction ol bridges under dire penalties.
A large body of Prussian engineers are at
[Champigne is eight miles east southeast of
The (?erman cuirassiers are before Soissons.
Twenty-five hundred Bavarians are at Vau
A proclamation from Minister Cremieux an?
nounces the approach of the Prussians, and
calls for a universal rising of the people to op
pose them. He implores the departments out?
side of Paris to rise against the invaders, and
Invokes the people, by the memories of '92, to
expel the foe introduced by the hatelul and in?
PARIS, September 14.
A party of socialists at Brunswick, charged
with intriguing against the Prussian throne,
have been sent to the Prussian frontiers.
Several Prussian regiments have been
armed with the captured chassepots.
The cause of the explosion of the citadel at
Laon is now being Investigated by Baron Von
Rochefort Command?tile Barricades.
PARIS, September 14.
Henri Rochefort ls In command of the bar?
ricades in the streets of Paris.
The Prussian Plan--Prospect of a Naval
LONDON, September 14.
If the Prussian plan is realized, they must
lave seven army corps before Paris this morn
The French and German fleets are in sight
)f each other near the Island of Heligoland.
A Battle Between the Italians and Pa?
FLORENCE, September 14-Official.
The Papal troops have evacuated the town
of Terreclnl and are fraternizing with the Ital?
General Cadorna's advance is at Civita Cas- 1
tellane. The Papal zouaves at that place fired 1
upon the Italians. The battle lasted some j
hours, and the zouaves Anally surrendered. 1
The Papal troops have evacuated Frasinone.
The Italians hold Corneto, twelve miles from
Civita Vecchia. i
The Fourth Corps is marching on Rome.
PARIS, September 14. 1
The departments ol the Minister of Justice
and of the Governor have not yet been invaded.
The other departments remain under com?
mand ot the authorities at Paris.
Minister Washburne is continually lollowed
by enthusiastic Frenchmen, who In shouts pro?
claim their friendly feelings.
The Emperor enjoys entire freedom at Wil
helmshohe. He looks thirty years older than
he did in 18G5. He is bloated, is bilious, with
feverish looking eyes; looks tired and faint,
and his expressions and movements are slow
and mechaulcal. He retires late and rises
early. The midnight oil is consumed by him
to a late hour. He rises and dresses at half
past four A. M. He wears a plain black suit.
He talks much with the school children, who
collect to look at him.
LONDON, September 14.
German scholars are accompanying the
Prussian armies for the purpose of searching
French libraries for documents relative to
The German Cabinet is considering the
means to achieve- governmental unity.
The direct mail route between London and
Paris is interrupted by the Prussians, who
have also cut the telegraph at Casai, a few
miles north of Paris, on the Calais and Brus?
Heavy siege guns are being sent to the
Prussians to bombard Paris and Tours.
Trochu reviewed the troops about Paris,
and expressed his entire satisfaction with
them, and ol his confidence in their ability to
The latest dispatches say that the Pope is de?
termined to remain in the Vatican. The
Pope repudiates all of Victor Emanuel's propo
sals; but all of the Italian populations have
made demonstrations celebrating the Italian
BRUSSELS, September 14.
It is almost certain that Prussia will refuse
to consent to an armistice, on the ground that
if unsuccessful, military operations, will be de?
layed until an unfavorable season.
THE CREAM OF THE WAR LETTERS.
Thc E:iai|>m:nt of the Prnsniaa Army.
In everything the equipment of the Teutonic
army now in the field, especially of the Prus?
sian portion, is superior to that ot the French.
The moment I saw prisoners from Saarbr?cken
I was struck with the poverty-stricken look oi
the French "liners" us compared with the Ger?
man regulars. The components of the Prus?
sian soldier's uniform are very simple, but full
ot taste and convenience. He-can make a
drinking cup out of his helmet, and can carve
meat with its spike. He wears a bluish tunic,
with red collar, cuffs and lappeis, a stout pair
of dark-colored trowsers; carries a thick, ex?
cellent blanket, a canteen, a cooking caa, and
a well-planned knapsack in undressed calfskin.
His iatlgue cap is flat, bordered with red. He
has an undress uniform ol coarse flax cloth, and
a pair of white pants. The pockets and folds of
his clothing are so managed that he can carry
in them numberless little things for camp use.
When he bivouacs, he plants his gun against
his bayonet, put his side-arms hanging on
them, and caps them with his helmet I have
seen ten thousand of these helmets poised
thus in a long plain, making one sheeny mass,
with which the bright grass and the waving
grain beyond mixed their colors recklessly as j
It does Millais. Field discipline is perfect, too;
a brigade lying in an open lot under the hot
sun. is as gentlemanly as Its individual mem?
bers would be In a town. It is remarkably
quiet, too; there is no swagger or bluster
among the most brawny of the troops. A
squadron ol hussars, with its beautiful horses,
richly trapped, ls a magnificent sight. Each
man sits erect as a statue, with one hand orr
the carbine laid upon his saddle-pommel, and
one might fancy a review of Centaurs taking
place. The officers, from force of habit, con?
tracted in the ancient army when it was com?
posed entirely of mercenaries, still bawl their
orders to their men, instead of giving
them In decent and dignified language.
There is a greater variety of fancy uni?
forms in the Prussian army than in any
other army in Europe. The cavalry have the
greatest wealth of dress, and a cavalry officer
Is a sight for gods and men. The "cuiras?
siers." rather a useless body, I fancy, are clad
in a queer middle-age dress, quite full of splen?
dor. The soldiers wear a metal neimen and
breastplate, and gray tunic and trowsers, taste?
fully embroidered. All the cavalry Is well
mounted, and the artillery has abundance of
good, active, and plenty of spare horses. The
provision and baggage trains are so organized
that they are always close to tue marching
column. The sutlers or "market tenders," as
they call themselves, arc all numbered by
companies, and come up in a compact proces?
sion near the rear. There is always a number
ol women with each regiment as vivandi?res,
nurses, &c. Some ol the young Prussian girls
of noble family have not hesitated to put on
the coarse dress of the hospital nurse.
GREELEY CHARGES HIS TURE.
[From the New York Tribune of Monday.]
Two months ago Louis Napoleon Bonaparte
was Emperor of France. He saw flt to de?
clare war against Prussia on a most frivolous
pretext. In the first place, If Spain saw flt to
make a Hohenzollern her King, it was none of
the said L. N. B.'s business; in the next place,
when the German Prince declined the Spanish
throne, even the pretext was taken away. We
know of few wars more wanton and unjust
than that waged against Prussia by Napoleon
Prussia took up the gauntlet so wantonly
thrown down; her King explaining that lie
warred upon Napoleon, not on the French
people. In a very short time he had routed
Bonaparte*? armies In half a dozen pitched
battles, 6hut up one army In Metz, and sur?
rounded another at Sedan, where It was com?
pelled TO surrender at discretion, Napoleon
himself belntr among the prisoners.
If King William was sincere in his profes?
sions, what excuse is there for prolonging the
struggle ? Napoleon made unjust war upon
him; Napoleon is utterly discomfited and his
rlsoner. We c .nnot see that any one is to
lame lor this but Napoleon for undertaking
to whip William, or William for not letting
him do it. They must arrange it between
Germany was assailed, and she has crushed
her assailant. Her safety was imperilled, but
her enemy is now in her power. We think
she has a right to insist on reasonable guaran?
tees against another French attack, and per?
haps to some compensation for the heavy ex?
penditure toj which Napoleon subjected her;
l)iit she hus no rljrht to make France her
cassai, nor to subject Its capital und all its
provinces to the devastations inseparable from
ivar. In short, she ought either to propose or !
iccept reasonaole lertus of peace.
If siie undertakes to replace the despot she !
aas crushed on the throne lie has madly sub- !
rerted, or In any manner evinces a disposi
,lon to protract the war needlessly ami with '
ntent fc> reduce the French to vassalage, tho 1
sympathies so bounteously extended to her
jiy the generous and liberty-loving throughout '
Jhrlatendom will be wholly withdrawn, and
:he names of Bismarck and William will be
?xposed to the Just execration of mankind. j
Hands o fr: ?
[From the New Tork Tribune, of Monday.] ]
If King William has given orders that Na- (
poleon shall be treated in captivity not as a
leposed emperor but as an actual sovereign, lt
loes not necessarily lollow that he is resolved
not to recognize the Frenoh Republic The
aew government has as yet been formally ac?
knowledged by none ol the powers of the
ivorld except the United States, Switzerland,
italy and SDain; technically, therefore, Napo- .
leon ls still considered the legitimate ruler of
France not only by Prussia, but by Great Brit- I
?tin, Austria, Russia, Denmark, Sweden and all i
the minor States of Europe, several of which
will undoubtedly acknowledge the Republic
before many weeks have elapsed. The Old 1
World monarchies will naturally defer the day i
is long a<* they can, but they have no expecta?
tion of deterring it forever.
The interpidtation, therefore, which som-3 of
the foreign conespondonts have place! upon
the Kind's order m ly b?am'B*ali9i one, and we
sincerely hope it is. We do net suppose an
absoluli3: like tha King of Prussia caa view
with equanimity the establishment of a reDro
sentitive government in the very headquarters
of t o3iri8m; but there is no proof as yet thai
be purposes overthrowin? is. When Napoleon
threatened him because be allowed a <"erm*n
Prince to be nominated for the throne of
Spain, he replied thttt it was not h's duty to in?
terfere, and Spain mast bo allowed to suit her- 1
self, ls it now bis pur jose to deny to France j
what he conc9ued to Spain, the right of cuoos
lug her own ruler and fixing her own form of
government ? The whole civilized world bas 1
an interest in preventing anv such unwirrant- j
able interference with the inalienable rights of
nations. The French people have submitted
for eighteen years to a d?8potism with which
they were not at hoart conteuted; the King of
Prussia has thrown it off for them, and if
vague rumor is to be credited he now wishes
to impose it again. He subverted one govern- 1
ment of France, and as soon as the people have
?etupror themselves, he threatens-so thev
tell us-to subvert another. 'Ibis would be ?
Crime ngainst which all Europe and all Ameri?
ca should cry out, ami one whicn would no?
where be more severely condemned than in the
Germao States themselves. It is not for deeds
such a.! this that the Teutonic rac; bas besn
consolidating itself into a single great nation. .
The progress of Go-many means the progress
of liberal ideas, intelligence, and freedom; and
we cannot believe that the German people will i
consent to an outrage such as Kiog William is
now re Dor ted to contemplate upon the inde
pende-ce of France.
THE GOVERRORIOF RAEIS.
Interesting Particulars about Trocha,
A few particulars concerning General Tro
chu, the new Governor of Paris, may not be
He is the author ol a remarkable book upon
the French army, the matter and style of
which are highly praise I by competent
critics. An objection to it is raised upon the
ground of its being pervaded hy a religious
eplrit, which Is alleged to interiore, at times,
with the otherwise clear perception ol" the
writer. It is a singular objection, and shows
what ure the sentiments ol his critics. The
General is a devounl Koman Catholic, and as?
sorts "that the soldier who is a practical
believer-the Breton especially-makes the
most valiant trooper of the army, because he
has lilith in the Immortality ot the soul, and
this laith in a resurrection helps him lo
die bravely and well." One might on
reading these views imagine one's-self
thrown back bodily into the old Pu?
ritan times, the .'Praise-God-Birebones''
regiments over again in the flesh.
The Generals theory is stoutly denied,
ami probably the hard-he-rted critics are near?
er tlie mark than the General when thev 6ay,
somewhat irreverently, that "in front or the
enemy, a soldier is more intent upon killing
his toe and saving his own Siiin than upon
thinking of the safety ol his soul." Trochu's
book is a formal, energetic, uncompromising
protest against favoritism in any form, the
abuses and perils of which he points out with
unsparing pen. His quill is like a lancet. It
probes the sore to the very bone. He de?
nounces red-tapism, routine, old notion com?
missions, and the whole system of the milita
ry administration o? me ampire, wnicn, a
Sersisted in, "will imperil France nhould she
e seriously attacked." Forbacb, Weissen
burg and Reischoffen seem to hare Justified
the veteran, though young, General's fore?
bodings. This outburst against the admin?
istration of Marshal Lebouf, a thorough
partisan of the old system, brought him
into disrepute with the ex-MinTster of
War, who set him quite aside. When "men"
came into request after the recent reverses,
Trochu lound his place. He stands in repute
as a tactician, although he has never manoeu?
vred w'th more than a division, and then only
at the end of a battle. At Magenta, where he
greatly distinguished himself, the Austrians
were already retreating when he appeared
upon the field. At Solferino his battalions
were most skilfully disposed for striking the
last decisive blow. His advance-suddenly ar?
rested by the terrific storm-was one ol the
finest movements of the day. His division
was always regarded as a certain, solid re?
serve, to be thoroughly depended upon. At
Sebastopol, he led an assault on the left of the
fortress, at the head of a brigade, and was dis?
abled by a severe .wound. As aide-de
camp to Bugeaud, and cbiei of Saint Arnaud's
stan", he gained a large and valuable experi?
ence of the combinations the march ol an
army necessitates, and though he had no op
?iortunlty In the Crimea, nor In Italy, of apply
nghls knowledge practically, upon a large
scale, his manouvres at Magenta and Solferino
demonstrated that ne had thoroughly under?
stood the general plan of these battles, and
determined lils own movements upon it with
mathematical precision. In a subordinate
manner, he lt was who presided over the battle
of the Alma. He notified the deiay ol the
English advance, and lie suggested the change
of plan this delay rendered necessary. His
antecedents, his thorough honesty, his kind
and conciliatory manner, his well-known cour?
age and indomitable energy and firmness. In?
spire the Parisians with the fullest confidence
in him, and "Paris sleeps tranquil."
THE NEW ADVANCE.
Nomination or Wendell Phillips for
Governor of Massachusetts?
BOSTON. September 12.
Wendell Phillips accepts the Labor Reform
nomination for Governor in the following
I have no wish to be Governor ol Massachu?
setts, and flattering as is this confidence, I
thoroughly dislike to have my name drawn
Into Rarty politics, for I belong to no political
party; but I see nothing In your platform from
which I dissent, and the struggle which under?
lies your movement has my lullest and hear?
tiest sympathy. Capital and labor are part?
ners-not enemies. They stand face to face in
order to bring about a fair division of common
profit. I am nilly convinced that hitherto leg?
islation has leaned too much-leaned most un?
fairly-to the side of capital.
Hereafter we should be impartial. Law
should do all It can to give the masses more
leisure, more complete education, better op?
portunities, and a mir share of profit. It is a
shume to our Christian city and civilization
for our social system to provide and expect
that one man at seventy years- of age should
be lord of many thousands of dollars, while
hundreds of other men, who have made as
good use of their talents and opportunities,
lean on charity for their dally bread. Of
course there must be irregularities, but the
best minds and hearts ot thc land should give
themselves to the work of changing this gross
Injustice, this appalling irregularity.
I feel sure that the readiest way to Inrn the
public thought and effort into this channel is
tor the working men to organize a political
party. No social question ever gets fearlessly
treated here until we make politics turn
on it. The real American college ls the ballot
box, and on questions like these a political
party ls the surest and the readiest, if not the
only way to stir discussion and secure im?
provement. If my name will strengthen your
cause you are welcome to it, Allow me to add
that, though working for a large vote, if we
Tail we should not-be discouraged by a small
one. Last years experience shows your
strengt h.and the anti-sluvery movement proves
how quickly a correct principle wins assent If
earnest men work for it.
Wendell Phillips accepts the candidature
lor Governor of Massachusetts upon the Pro?
hibitory Law platiorm. This is in addition to
His candidature at the hands of the Labor Re?
LETTER FROM THE HON. LINTON
ATLANTA. September 14.
The Constitution publishes a letter from
the Hon. Linton Stephens, declining to be run
for Congress from the Fifth District, and de?
claring the chairmanship of the state Demo?
cratic Committee vacant, on the ground that
there was not a quorum present when the
chairman was elected.
NEW YOKI, September 14.
The Republicans of Oneida County have
nominated Ellis F. Roberts, editor ol the
L'tlca Herald, for Congress.
THE LATE ELECTION
PORTLAND. September 14.
The Argus asserts that Maine has gone Re?
publican by about 5000 majority, and that
Lynch was elected by about 1000 votes.
If the senatorial election escapes the caucus,
the Central Democrats will hold the balance of
MEMPHIS, September 14.
An affray occurred over a game of ten-pins
to-day, at Shilly Station, between Samuel
Dlckley, planter, and George Fleming, livery
stable keeper, during which both were killed.
A FEARFUL RAILROAD ACCIDENT.
LONDON, September 14.
An Irish mail train, mostly composed of
passenger cars, was thrown into the River
Trent, at Tonhvorth, Wales, by a misplaced
switch. The loss of life was fearful.
GRAST THTNRS WASHBDRXE I* TOO GREAT
A HURRY,-A Washington letter of Monday
The administration is not well pleased with
Mr. Waehburne's recent condnct in Paris, and
the m inner in wbicb he announced his (.'rati?
fication at the formation of a French Republic.
Mr. Fish, it is said, has officially informed him
that bis conduct ?B cousideied very undiplo?
matic. The dispitcht-s eent to our ministers
in relatiou to the war were very equivocal.
Pretideut Uraut and Secretary Fisb both want
to have better assurances of the stability of the
French Republic before they accord it an abso
lete recognition. They were willing to recog?
nize the de Judo government tor the time being,
and t ) deal with it wnenever necessary, but
they recognize thc fact tliat the war is not yet
over, and that King William may yet chango
the whole aspect of political affurs. Indeed,
as matters look now, be proposes to treat with
Napoleon as the proper ruhr of France and to
utterlv ignore the new government. The ad?
ministration seem; to think that thc policy of
the United States is to <vu:t a little longer, and
so we bow to King William.
-Thc Rev. Mr. Fleming, a distinguished
clergyman ol London, in 1699, in the most
modest manner, at the request of his congrega?
tion, elucidated the Revelations. He cited a
passage which to his mind meant the over?
throw ol the French monarchy in 1789;
another which signified a terrible blow against
the Pope in 1808. another overthrow of the
French monarchy in 1848, and a blow against
the Pope, and finally a great war in 1855 grow?
ing out of Turkey. He said that he had in?
terpreted great events lor a century and a
half, and it was useleBS to go further into the
future. But that the great ware and calamities
preceding the millennium were to commence,
as he thought, in 1870. The remarkable veri?
fication ol preceding events certainly gives
strength to the remaining interpretation.
jruiiiimo J.J? .? .i/u i/.i.
A SnccuRful Reform Meeting.
r.FROM OUR OW;,- CORRESPONDENT.]
MARION. S. C., September 13.
Yesterday we had the pleasure of hearing
our nominees lor Governor and Lieutenants
Governor. Sunday evening Judge Carpenter,
General Butler, General Kennedy and Rev.
Jonas Byrd arrived at the depot, where they
were met by a committee and escorted to the' |
hotel. Early yesterday, crowds came pouring
into the village from north, east, south and
west, and by ll o'clock A. M. about one thou?
sand men were on the Courthouse square,
waiting Impatiently for the treat they lelt was
in store for them.
A few minutes after this, our guests were
escorted by the central executive committee,
and other gentlemen of prominence, to the
stand which had been erected Just ia front of
"he courthouse building. General Harllee, in
u lew words, Introduced General John W. Ken?
nedy, who spoke long and well. He first ad?
dressed himself to the colored men, and then
to the whites, producing a good effect upon
both. General Butler was then introduced by
Colonel W. S. Mullins, who, in endorsing Gen?
eral Butler, paid him a very high and merited
compliment, In the Colonel's usual happy style.
General Butler's speech tools ur all
by surprise. We expected something
good, but had no idea how well a man
can speak when battling for right and
denouncing wrong. Forcibly, eloquently and
earnestly General Butler spoke, showing clear?
ly and indisputably the lraud and corruption
practiced by the Columbia Ring. Many color?
ed men had their eyes opened to the Injustice
done them by their pretended Radical friends
by this argument, and declared they would no
longer be duped. One instance, i? our own
county, where J. H. Jenks sold to the Land
Commission, fer $6 per acre, land which would
be dear at 60 cents per acre, was alluded to In
support of his argument. During his speech.
General Buller was several times interrupted
by the Radical senator, H. E. Hayne, but the
General's replies evidently discomfited the
Judge Carpenter, though hoarse and seem?
ingly much fatigued, vindicated the good
name given him as an orator by THE NEWS.
He was listened to attentively, and will now
receive the support of many who were before
unwilling to vote for him. Rev. Jonas Byrd
made the closing speech, and did it well. He
exhorted his race to come In und stand on the
broad platform offered by the Union Reform
party, side by side with the white man, and
thus free our little State from the misrule
which we now suffer.
The meeting was in the main harmonious,
and the apparent effect is quite encouraging.
In the evening the Rads, had a counter
speechifying, the speaker being one Colonel J.
W. St. Clair, who must be quite a recent con?
vert, since he spoke some few weeks ago In
opposition to Colonel Graham, at a meeting of j
the Rads, in the upper portion of the county.
"If he's a mind to have them friends, Lord
bless him let him go."
While on politics. I give the nominees of the
respective parties for this county :
For the Legislature-Rev. Joel Allen, Dr.
R. Bass, F. A. Miles, J. C. Sellers.
Probate Judge-John Wilcox, Sr.
School Commissioner-James Norton.
Coroner-J. D. Montgomery.
Countv Commissioners-Duncan Murchison,
Dr. W. ?. McPherson, Nelson Tire.
For the Legislature-Colonel R. F. Graham,
Wm. A. Hayne, E. Fryer, Rev. B. H. Williams.
Probate Judge-C. Smith.
School Commissioner-M. K. Holloway.
County Commissioners-W. W. Tucker. J.
W. Johnson, B. A. Thompson.
The rust hos Injured the cotton materially,
and will force the greater portion of the crop
very early in the market. Corn crops are
generally good. PEEDEE.
A NEW COTTON PICKING MACHINE.-The
Louisville Courier-Journal announces a ma.
chine that will certainly pick cotton, and thus
describes lt :
The tnachit.e is called the Southern Cotton
picker, and is the invention of Mr. Wm. Ap- j
perly, assisted by Mr. John Pearce and Captain
John T. Sherley, all ot this city. The machine
consists of lour wheels and running gear simi?
lar to an ordinary wagon, except that all ls of I
iron. In the centre of the bed are a series of I
columns of fullers' teasels, an article used In
giving the nap to cloth. It is simply the dried
Head of a plant, cone-shaped, and covered
with, a number of sharp curved points. These
teasels are contained in a cylinder of wire,
and the entire set are raised and lowered
by means of pulleys. The machine ls mn
directly over the cotton rows, and the frame
containing the columns of teasels lowered
upon the plant. The frame ls raised
and the sharp points of the teasels strip
the plant of all the cotton that is full ripe.
Leaves, stems and unripe cotton are all re?
jected. A down motion of the frame strips the
cotton from the frame by a set of stationary
teasels, and with their points reversed and de?
posit?' it in a receptacle made for it, from
which it can be taken at pleasure. The test
yesterday was very satisfactory, and the opin?
ion was expressed by those present that one
of the smallest-sized machines and two men
would do the work of thirty expert hands. A
company called the Southern Cotton Picking
Company has been formed, and the manufac?
ture of the machines will be carried on exten?
sively. It ls estimated that the machines will
cost from $400 to $1000, according to size.
The rights of various districts in Arkansas,
Louisiana, Alabama and other Stales, have ai?
rea ly been disposed of, although the machine
was only patented last month. The machine
is very simple in construction, and is destined
td work a great revolution in the labor system
of the South.
faner? ?oo?s, &t.
ALL, BLACK & CO.,
Nos. 565 and 567 BROADWAY,
ARE IMPORTERB OF
From ail the principal manufacturers In Europe,
and agents for ail
which they furnish in gold and silver cases, at
the lowest prices. Packages sent per express, al?
lowed to be opened and selections made,
NICELY AND SUBSTANTIALLY DONE
J. L. LUNSFORD, No. 27 Queen Street
I wish to Inform mv friends and the pnblic gen?
erally that the Hospital for SICK FURNITURE ls
still at No. 27 Queen street, where ali the diseases
that Furniture is heir to will be cured speedily
and on the most reasonable terms as usual.
Send in, therefore, au your sick and wounded
patients, and 1 will heal them and make glad the
the hearts of all those who favor me with patron?
age in this line.
I would respectfully beg leave to call your at?
tention to the fact that I am selling the best Sew?
ing Machines to oe found in the market, all com?
plete, for only $ IT. call and examine for your?
selves, and read the testimonials in favor of the
Improved Common Sense Family Sewing Ma?
chine, and then I am sure you will take one home
With you. ?J. L. LUNSFORD,
Nc. 27 Queen street, near Calder House.
PROFESSOR BERGER'S BED-BUG
Costar's INSECT POWDER
Glentworth^ Roach Exterminator
Costar's Rat Poison
Isaacsen's Sure Pop-Death to Mosquitoes.
For sale by DR. H. BAER,
Jnly5 No. 131 Meeting street.
par THE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
Acquaintances of Mrs. SARAH COLLINS, Mr. and
Mrs. J. E. Alden, and ol Mr. and Mrs. John W.
Linley, also the Members' of Trinity Church, are
res pee tinily invited to attend" the Funeral Services
of the former, at Trinity Church, THIS MORJOHO,
at half-past 8 o'clock. sepli-*
HOBBS.-Died. In Aiken. S. C.. Mrs. MART Amr
HOBBH, wife or winiam Hobbs, aged ea years, for?
merly or Charleston, S. C. .
pW PUBL1G STORAGE FOR PETRO?
LEUM.-Having Jessed the extensive storehouse
on Shepherd street, we are prepared to receive
PETROLEUM ON STORAGE.
' HOLMES, CALDER A CO.,
sepli-*?_No. 205 East Bay.
FOR EDISTO, ENTERPRISE, Ac
The Steamer ARGO, having moved rrom Accom?
modation Wharf to the wharr rormerly occupied
by the "Pilot Boy.V will receive Freight at Soutn
Atlantic Wharf on SATURDAYS and WEDNESDAYS,.
leaving as above on MONDAYS and THURSDAYS.
See time table advertised In another column,
pgr SEA ISLAND AND UPLAND COT?
TON will be GINNED and PACKED In a satisfac?
tory manner at Palmetto, on Cooper River, abont
nine miles rrom the Olty, on low terms and at
short notice. For further Information, apply on
the premises, or to Messrs. w. c. BEE A CO., Ad
pit UNITED STATES DISTRICT
COURT-SOUTH CAROLINA DISTRICT.-In BX
THE LAURENS RAILROAD COMPANY, BANK?
RUPTS.-IN BANKRUPTCY.-The creditors of tbe
Laurens Railroad Company, Bankrupts, are_re
quired, by order of the Court, dated August 26,
1870, to render and establish their respective
liens, before 0. G. JAEGER, Registrar, at New?
berry, South Carolina, within thirty days fronv
the publication hereof, or they will be precluded
from any distribution of the assets of the said
Bankrupt. JAMES M. BAXTER, Assignee.
Newberry, S. C., September fl, 1870.
NOTICE.-AT A MEETING OF*
the Town Connell of Monltrieville, Sullivan's Is?
land, held THURSDAY. August 25,1870, the follow?
ing resolutions were adopted:
. . . . *, m
Resolved, That the Clerk of Connell be Instruct?
ed to advertise that all parties who have made ap?
plication for Lots prior to Angust ll, 1870, will
receive their certificates by calling on Ulm, at
No. 16 Broad street, and paying all charges, In?
cluding road duty for this year.
. * . . e . ' .
Resolved, That all persons to whom Lots have
been granted mnst apply lor the certificate of the
same, and pay all charges therein within thirty
(30) days after publication or notice heretofore
ordered, and that in default thereof the privilege,
granted be forfeited.
Extract from the Minutes.
D. B. GILLILAND,
Clerk Town Connell
pa* THE UNDERSIGNED HEREBY
gives notice that ninety (90) days from the date
hereof application will be made for a RENEWAL
OF THE FOLLOWING CERTIFICATES OF STOCK,,
standing In the name of Miss MARTHA E. MC?
CALL, viz: Bank of Charleston (old issue)-4
Shares, date March 24, 1866, No. 7316; 3 Shares,
date Joly 1,1861, No. 6603; 1 Share, date July 1,
1851, No. 8811; 1 Share, date February 9,1852, BO..
6261. Bank of Charleston (new issue)-49 Shares,.
date January l, 1857, No. 4147. Southwestern
Railroad and Bank-ll Shares, date -, No. -;
4 Shares, date Jane io, 1866, No. 1760 ; 4 Shares,,
date July 23,1858, No. 2264. Union Bank-4 Shares,
date July 23,1858, No. 8628.
Junl4-lamo3_A. 0. KAUFMAN.
pa* J. R. SOLOMONS, M. D., DEN
TIST, has returned to the City._sep8
pa* A GOOD THING.-A REMEDY
that will relieve women of those complaints that-'
are peculiar to ladies, ls a remedy without price.
This DR. J. BRADFIELDS'S FEMALE REGULA?
TOR will always do. For sale by
GOODRICH, WfNEMAM A CO.
pm* A TAINTED ATMOSPHERE.
Malarious fevers are most prevalent in the falk
Heavy and unwholesome exhalations then arise
irom the earth, and the great disparity between
the temperature or day and night predisposes
the system, enfeebled by the summer heats, to
epidemic diseases. The. secretive organs, the liver
especially, are apt, at this period or the year, to
become Inert and sluggish, and all the bodily
powers require renovation. The best, Indeed the
only protection against the morbid influences of
the season is a wholesome medicated stimulant..
Pre-eminent among the restoratives of this class,
and indeed foremost among the remedial and
preventive medicines of modern times, stands
HOSTETTER'S STOMACH BITTERS. Its reputa?
tion ls co-extensive with the Western hemisphere;
lt has been a standard article for twenty years;.
Its salariai may be ascertained by the revenue
returns) are far larger than those of any other
proprietary preparation on this continent; and
the testimony in its favor embraces letters or ap?
proval from the most distinguished members of
all the learned professions and from well known,
residents or almost every city in the Union.
These are its credentials. To state what lt ls do?
ing to prevent and assuage the sufferings ol the
human family would require more space than can
be given to the subject here. The dyspeptic, the
billons, tue*nervous, the weak and emaciated,
the desponding, the broken down, And in its reno?
vating and regulating properties a sure and im?
mediate means or relier. It ls a pure vegetable
specific, at once safe and potent, and for which
the whole materia medica affords no substitute.
pm* AWAY WITH UNCOMFORTABLE
TRUSSES.-Comfort and Cure for the Ruptured.
Sent postpaid on receipt of 10 cents. Address
Dr. E. B. FOOTE, No. 120 Lexington avenue, New
SAVE MONEY BY HAVING YOUR
EXECUTED AT THE NEWS JOB
ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED.-?*
pw AWAY WITH SPECTACLES.-OLD
Eyes made new, easily, without doctor or medi?
cines. Sent postpaid on receipt of io cents. Ad?
dress Dr. E. B. FOOTE, No. 120 Lexington aven ne,
pWk GRAND EPOCH IN SCIENCE.
From the time when, in 1834, Dr. RUGGE discov?
ered "Carbolic Acid" and Its extraordinary medi?
cal effects, nothing In the history of Medicine has -
equalled lt. Largely used by the French physi?
cians in treatment of consumptive and scrofu?
lous diseases, lt was Introduced by the Court Phy- -
siclan of Berlin, MAX ERNST HENRY, into Prus?
sia, and from thence to the United States. No?
thing else of the present day can equal HEN?
RY'S SOLULION OR CARBOLIC CONSTITUTION.
RENOVATOR. Patients get better ajler ontu one
dose has been taken, and we cordially recommend
lt to the public-(Editor "Argus." Janl7 lyr
pW FIVE CENTS ADDITIONAL WILL
buy Shoes with silver or copper tips, which wiU
save the buyer the price of a new pair of shoes.
Compared with ragged toes andi dirty stockings
they are beautiful, to say the least. Parents, try;