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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1465.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1870.
S?X DOLLARS A YKAH.
LAST OTGHrS DISPATCHES.
PARIS AT BAY.
A BRIEF ARMISTICE EFFECTED.
THE PRUSSIANS DRIVEN BACK ACROSS
THE POPE AN1> THE DIPLOMATIC
CORPS LOCKED VP IV
THE FOREIGN MINISTERS FLED FROM
i MENDELSHEIM, September 18.
It Is officially reported that at Strasbourg
the works facing lunettes Nos. 52 and
?3 have been completed.
The garrison have exploded mines destroy?
ing earthworks, which protected the besieg?
ers. The works have since been repaired.
( Colmar and Mulhause have been occupied
by the Baden troops.
Telegrams from Prussian headquarters
makes a great reduction in the reported num?
ber of prisoners captured at Sedan. The num?
ber was only 30,000; killed and wounded
FLORENCE, September 18.
Official dispatches from Montoraturdo, on;
Saturday, say that Baron Von Arnier came to
General Cadornas's quarters by order of the
Pope to explain that, for the moment, foreign
military ruled Rome, and that he was unable
to prevent resistance. He Insisted upon know?
ing what course General Cadornas intended to
pursue, to which the General replied that his
purpose was fully set lorth in the royal pro?
clamation, but the King's patience was tried
by resistance on the part ot the foreign troops.
The Baron aiked for twenty-four hours de?
lay, in order that he might bring additional In?
fluence to bear on the Pope. The general
yielded so far as consenting not to attaok Rome
within twenty-four hours, but reserved the
right to move his troops from Encircle to Rome,
Later Paris advices say that the Pope and
the Diplomatie Corps have taken refuge in the
Cos&e St. Angelo. The capitulation of the city
is hourly looked lor.
Advices from Toura, now the actual seat of
the French Government, complain of in ter rup"
tionof mail and telegraphic connection with
Paris and England.
Mercier, French Minister at Madrid, has an?
nounced his recall, and has taken formal
leav e of the regent.
PAMS, September 17.
The Prussians are In front of Colmar and
Mulhause, and are moving towards Lyons.
They even have crossed the Seine at Athis,
but were beaten back Friday night. Can?
nonading is now heard ld that direction.
RTSTBICE, September 18.
The King refuses to recognize the Pro?
visional Government, and declares that he will
only recognize the Emperor or Bazaine.
A committee ot German workmen have
made a protest against the continuance of the
The cattle-plague has attacked the cattle of
the Prussian army. ."'
The ministers of England, Austria, Italy
and Turkey have left Paris.
PARIS. September 18.
The garrison are calmly waiting for the
Fort Vincennes lias been evacuated, and its
guns brought within the walls of Paris.
TOURS, September 18.
The^Departments arrived here to-day.
A great number ot volunteers passed north?
ward this morning.
It is reported that General Durot occupies
the woods of Clamont and Manloen with 80,000
Yesterday there was a fight between the
enemy and three regiments of the line, some
battalions of the Garde Mobile, and a battery
of artillery, which resulted in the Prussians re?
The diplomats being informed that a heavy
attack was to be made on Paris, left hastily
There was hard fighting yesterday and to?
day around Paris.
LONDON, September 18.9
General Vlneroy made areconnoissance, and
found 30,000 Prussians at Cretril. They skir?
mished a while, with a loss to the French of
fifteen killed and thirty wounded. Two hours
of cannonading followed.
Cannonading has ' been Leard to-day in the*
direction of Forts Jovy and Cbaremon.
The French Institute, in the same of civiliza-,
(ion. protesta against the destruction by bom?
bardment o? the libraries, observatories,
museums and galleries of Part?.
The Observer in official type Bays that the
prospecta for peace are cow better than at any
time since the war begun. Lord Lyons, who
is conducting the negotiations between Favre
and Bismarck, has said that a brief armistice
has be^n already arranged.
Recruits for France.
NEW YORK, September 18.
Tte steamship Brooklyn, on her last trip,
carried 150 recruits for France.
Baron H. Rivere, who figured here beiore
the war, was killed at Metz.
The French steamer Lafayette is detained
here for having supplies lor the French army.
TROCHD INSPECTING THE DEFENCES OF TARIS
TWO HUNDRED THOUSAND MEN IN LINE.
PARIS, September 14.
An immense military pageant has been wit?
nessed to-day. The occasion was the review
of the troops of the garrison of Paris. The
avenues contiguous to the scene were over?
poweringly crowded with spectators. The
troops were in position upon the Rue dc Ri?
voli, lrom the Place de la Bastile to the Arc de
Triomphe. They were composed or the citi?
zen-soldiery, the Garde Nationale S?dentaire,
the Garde Mobile, and the detached volun?
teer corpa The troops displayed admirable
disciDline. Major-General Trocho, with a brll
liant'staffof the military, and accompanied by
the Ministry, reviewed the troops in defiling
before the Palace of the Tuileries. Afterwards,
accompanied by his staff, he rode along the
immense line and personally inspected the
condition of the soldiery. The Grand Avenue ?
ol the Rivoli was a mass of soldiers, whose
numbars are computed at 200,000. They main?
tained a martial bearing, and were splendidly
armed, Geserai Trochu was lionized by Ihe1
soldiers. He was saluted by enthusiastic t;
and was everywhere received warmly,
review was a success.
ITALY AND THE POPE.
A correspondent, writing from the 1
quarters ol the Italian army, at Terni, 01
10th, says: Senor Martino passed thr<
that city, returning from Rome, taking
an autograph letter from the King to the
tiff, in which the King simply stated that
8iderlng the Important events that hac
curred, he had thought it his duty to oe
the Papal territory, promising to the Pt
iree exercise or bis spiritual office. Accor
to General Cadorna's information, Senor
tino had been received by the Pope, who
'When the King's troop's enter, I will dei
myself a prisoner.' General Cadonia bell
the Pope ordered the troops not to reals
Italian Government, and that be ardent!'
sires to avoid bloodshed. Colonel Char
commander of the Papal forces, notwithst
log the Pope's order, threatens to oppos*
Italians. His force is concentrated near M
Fdcone, where defensive works arethrowi
The Papal force amounts to 17,000 well-ar
and equipped soldiers, having Remington i
kets and several mitrailleurs. The zou
threaten to massacre the people If a ri si ni
curs. Cadorna told me that ff any act of
tal tty is committed, they will kill the for
troops to the last man, but natives wi
treated os brothers. Three divisions of
Italian army are encamped near Tern
asked Cadorna ll there were any chane?
their now abandoning the enterprise,
stared and exclaimed: "Don't you see
spirit of the army and people ? To drawl
now would be to ruin the government.''
TUT ANSWER. OT THE POPE ILLEGIBLE.
A correspondent at Florence, the 11th, i
the an?wer sent by 8 .VJ Martino [rom the I
proves to be utterly illegible. The C*b
vainly endeavored to decipher it. The
patch ia believed to b3 a trick of Cardinal
tonalli to gain time. So the fear is exprei
that he is now at Ci vi ta Vfccbia for Antw
but it is more generally believed that he
retire to Villa caa; el Gondotfo. The popular
patience :s daily increasing. It is affin
that Favre opposes. the march, to Rome, i
sideling the September Comention still b
TROCHU rf EARNEST.
Your correspondent bad an Interview i
General Trochu yesterday on the subj?
: communicating with the outer world. G<
ral Trochu was kind and liberal in tone,
verv firm as to the absolute necessity ot
bidding all such communications. He allu
to the annoyance and the losses which wt
be thus inflicted upon many innocent pet
in many parts of the world, but spoke of tl
as cruel necessities like all the necessltle
war. He spoke with some bitterness of
tone in which certain English journals hat
hided to the defence of Paris as be io z a po
cal feint. '-Look." he said, "at the calm
termination with which we are now devas
ingsome of the loveliest suburbs and rr
valuable dependencies ot Paris, laying wt
beautiful parks, burning up forests, the w
ol centuries, levelling line buildings with
ground. He asked If these facts did not sp
loudly enough for the resolution which Pi
had taken to fight to the last hour against
ANOTHER INTERVIEW VITH VICTOR HUGO.
The Herald correspondent dined last ni
with Victor Hugo and lamily. His two ec
with their young wives, were present. Th<
lustrlous writer, In reply to some remar
said some striking things. He said be I
come to Paris to share the perils of the c
zens; ne had no public role to AU; but his pi
ence on the ramparts might be useful,
would so daily unarmed, and stimulate
words the ardor of tbe patriotic defender?
the city. He regards the attack on Pa
absurd as well as cruel, as the war was beg
against the Emperor. Now that he
a prisoner, the King of Prussia 6er
him a retinue of servants, and set
us, who never provoked this war, bon
shells. Never was there an act so atrocious
history. "I don't know," continued he. ai
cloud overspread his face, "what part may 1
to my lot to play before the awlul drama clos
but Paris has a choice of a determined <
fence or a cowardly surrender. If lt ehou
though lt seems Impossible to decide upon t
latter course, I can return in exile to my (
retreat at Guernsey. If lt ?elects the form'
I trust tc ?*e e^ery quarter ot Paris, one afi
another, blown to atoms by the enemy; corp
after corpse, battalion alter battalion, buri
In the same grave with my resolute iellow-ci
zens. In that way Paris must perish. Wh
the spectacle may horrify the world, lt will
followed by a resurrection of the De m ocra
of France and Germany, who will avenge t
PUNISHMENT FOR EXACTION.
Visitors to Paris will remember Cottes's ri
taurant. on the corner of the Rue Royale ai
Rue St. Honore. As I left Place de la Co
corde crowds were gazing at the closed shi
tera ol the restaurant, on which was w ri tte
in large letters, in chalk, "Closed In cons
sequence of robbery; forty centimes eight sot
charged for a small loaf worth two sous, ac
one franc seventy centimes lor bock bee
Justice has been done. Closed, by order i
the sovereign people, until the end ol tr.
THE ENTHUSIASM OK THE INHABITANTS
of Paris, and their determination to defen
the city, may be realized somewhat by the fat
that one of the Rothschilds, a young membe
of the eminent banking Arm. bas shouldere
his chassepot, and is now dally doing duty o
the ramparts of the city alongside the laborer;
THE SIEGE OF STRASBOURG-HEAVT BOMBARI
MENT-SUFFERINGS OF THE PEOPLE.
LONDON, September IC.
A dispatch from Burmath, eleven mile
north-northwest lrom Strasbourg, from
special correspondent, who came lrom th
front at Strasbourg yesterday, says that
I heavy fire continued all day lrom th
guns of the third parallel, causing grea
destruction to the walls and citadel. Ai
effort to carry the fortifications by store
I will doubtless be made to-morrow. Severa
fires had broken ont in the oity from th'
I ceaseless bombardment. Early yesterda
morning a flag of truce was displayed by thi
French, and lt was hoped that lt meant an o?
fer of capitulation. Firing ceased, and ai
officer ana guard advanced toward the Pms
stan lines, asking, in the name of Genera
Ulric, a cessation of firing, to enable a partj
of females and a few wounded civilians, wat
had hitherto persisted in remaining, to leave
the city. The request was granted. Some o
the fugitives stated that the "sufferings or the
people were intense. Provisions are served
out in very limited quantities. The mortality
and sickness caused by deprivations continu?e
to be very great. On the 14th the citizens
made another appeal to General Ulric tc
yield to inevitable destiny. The commandei
replied that his position was most painful, bul
he must, at all hazards, discharge his duty tc
bis country. The fall ol the fortress cannoi
long be decayed.
ARMS AND AMMUNITION FOR FRANCE.
LONDON, September 15.
The French are ordering immense quanti?
ties of arms and ammunition from England.
Mr. Lowe, Chancellor ol the Exchequer, in
a speech this afternoon at Elgin, pronounced
in the strongest manner against intervention
and mediation between France and Prussia in
any form whatever. Intervention means aban?
donment of neutrality, but we have no desire
whatever to be drawn into a quarrel not ol
our owu seeking. I seo no reason whatever
to apprehend that we shall be. Mediation we
tried before the war, but when you come to
speak of mediation after the sword has
been drawn you get a totally different set
of considerations. It is no longer a question
of the rights of parties, but a question
relative to power. The sword is au evil me?
diation, but does its work decisively, and if
after the parties have called the sword in we
were to begin to mediate, then we should be
wearing our neutrality exceedingly thin. Con?
flicting nations know their own strength and
what they require for security. If a third na?
tion tries to Interpose between them, what?
ever advice it may give, it must take sides
with either one or tho other, and so cease to
be neutral. Should we advise Prussia to. be
content with less than she demands we should
be actually toking the part ot France against
Prussia and throwing our moral weight into
the scale in favor of France. If, on the other
hand, we advise France to accept terms she
deemed inconsistent with national dignity, we
should be taking the part ot Prussia. That is
exactly what, m my judgment, we ought to
WARM WORK AT PARIS.
THE PRUSSIANS CLOSING JN ON
ORGANIZATION OF A NEW. FRENCH ARMY
FOR EXTERIOR OPERATIONS.
ATTEMPT TO ASSASSINATE THE EX
BAVARIA REPUDIATES THE NORTH GER?
BISMARCK BENT ON TERRITORIAL
A PRESSURE ON THE PRESS.
SATURDAY'S NOON DISPATCHES.
The Prussian? Around Paris.
PARIS, September 17-9 P. M.
An engagement took place this morning on
the road from Melun to Brlecontebert, be?
tween the French sharpshooters and the Prus?
sians. The result ls unknowD. tut many were
The Garde Mobile are burning hay and wheat
stacks abandoned by the farmers, and all
clumps, ot trees on the plains.
The railroad employees have been armed.
Immense quantities of grain and fodder have
been taken irom the railroad stations and
stored in the centre of the city.
Six himdred Prussians appeared within gun?
shot of the fort of Vannes, having crept up
under cover of the woods on the heights.
The advance guard of the enemy have been
signalled at Creteil, within range of Fort
Cbaronne, and four kilometres from Charen
Reports from London.
, LONDON", September 17.
General Vlnroy is at the head of the new
French army, the organization of which has
been begun with a view to military operations
outside of Paris. It is understood that he will
manouvre so as to prevent the invasion of the
departments where the enemy can seize pro?
visions for the supply of the besieging army.
Two corps are nearly ready for the west and
The Constitutionnel says the Prussians will
occupy Havre and Cherbourg, and cut off all
communications between Paris and England.
Galignanl says that in order to stop the lat?
est advance at Neuiliy Sur Marne, on the
northeast, and on the south, at Cretal. a corps
o? Franc-tireurs successfully attacked the
Prussians near Guidues.
The Prussians Under the Wall?.
PARIS. September 17.
The Prussians are at several points almost
within cannon shot of the walls ol Paris.
A number of prisoners were taken yesterday
by the Prussian cavalry and sharpshooters,
and several convoys of munitions of war and
provisions were also captured.
The Prussians now occupy the small woods
around Paris, which were too green to burn.
There was cannonading and musketry firing
all day yesterday In the direction of Bourge.
Many Prussian spies were arrested yester?
day in and around Paris.
Twenty-two thousand of the Garde Mobile
arrived at Paris yesterday.
Eighty thousand workmen are under arms,
and over two hundred thousand Gardes Mobile
and National Guards, composing a new army
are organizing in the South of France. One
hundred and thirty thousand guns have been
distributed during the last ten days.
Marshal Vaillant has been arrested amid hos?
The Prussians are numerous near Villeneuve,
Dammartin and Laplessers. Three thousand
occupy Vlllieurs and Catterets, and ten thou?
sand are at Na?tteull.
% Attempt to Assassinate Napoleon.
BERLIN, September 17.
A German apprentice at Wilhelmshoh? at?
tempted to assassinate the ex-Emperor of the
French. He was arrested and a loaded pistol
lound on his person. He declared that the
bullet was designed for Napoleon.
Bavaria and North Germany-What
Bismarck Says. '
LONDON, September 17.
Bavaria repudiates any desire to enter the
North German Confederation.
The Berlin correspondent of the Standard
gives the substance of a recent conversation
with Bismarck, in which thc latter affirmed
that Prussia would prosecute the war indefi?
nitely, rather than abandon the idea oi terri?
A Pressure on the Press.
PARIS, September 17.
The scarcity of printing paper seems to be
most seriously felt. Galignani's Messenger,
' which was recently reduced in size from this
cause, announces to-day the suspension of its
I publication in a few days.
SATURDAY'S NIGHT DISPATCHES.
Acounta from Paris, via London.
LONDON, September 17.
The news from Paris is meagre and contra?
dictory. The usual lines are interrupted. The
Northern railroad from Arlons to Paris is cut
about eight miles south of Paris, where the
Germans have planted a battery. Heavy
firing was heard in that direction. No de?
Heavy fighting occurred at Riox, another
small town on the Orleans Railroad.
The railroad to Laon is abandoned to the
Prussiaas. The grain ai the various stations
was removed to the city before Prussian occu?
It ls said the Prussian siege train is still
aground ir, the Canal de la Marne.
Many of the old ' Parisian police have been
arrester!, charged with implication in the Bon?
aparte plot. The nephew of the ex-Prefect of
Seine, recently arrested, is believed to be the
head o? the conspiracy.
Interest on French treasury bonds is fixed
at ?? ??er cent.
Frequent interviews between Favre and
Olozaga are attracting much attention. The
latter lelt for Madrid last night.
It is evident the King of Prussia hopes for
assistance within the walls ol Paris, thus car?
rying out his old military trick. Within the
last lew days a great many Uhlans have been
captured, all of whom pretend to have lost
their horses. Two were taken on Tuesday a
great distance from their corps. It is a curious
fact that nil these prisoners speak French per?
fectly. It is regarded as imprudent to keep
Prussian prisoners In the city when the fight
Minister Washburne advises American? re
maining in Paris during the siege tc
in their houses, but to be sure and k
American flag flying from the roofs
dows. The Americans, accordingly, t
The Journal Officiel publishes a dei
morning fixing the price ot butcher;
for the best, at 21 sous. The prefecto
has Issued an order that all wines an
sions found In the Imperial palaces i
distributed to the ambulances.
A more hopelul feeling prevails in P
day, from the announcement that Lore
has gone to Prussian headquarters, ai
elections for the Constitutional Assem
take place on the 2d Instead of the
October. All aoeounts from Paris desci
French as eager for peace.
A correspondent of the Globe, writir
Paris, says the Bed Republicans now at
dangerous to the safety of the city th
Prussians. Some are already-urging tl
tion of the guillotine.
The French iron-clads have been r
from the Baltic and the North Sea to ]
Cherbourg, Havre and other ports frot
ture by the Prussians.
Fourcheon, minister of Marine, is at
There was a grand Republican dem
tion recently at Marseilles. Esquires i
strong discourse In honor ol the United
asserting that the Empire was the Irl
the Southern rebellion, and that the R
cans of France lavored the Union.
American Consul, also made a speech, s
thiztng with the new government.
The following news ls promulgated th
the office ot the French Secretary ot t
terlor: All service of the Northern R
is suspended. The -Prussians have fire
passing trains at Ablon and burned the <
They have crossed the Seine with fifty ca
Prussian cavalry now Isolate Soissons
Parts and Tours.
A dispatch from the sub-prefect at Mul
announces that the enemy have occuplei
town and Cernay, and seem io be seek
new route to Paris.
It is reported that the advance guard c
Prussians have been defeated between
j hause and Cebmar.
"D?monstrations have been made In
deaux in favor of the Republic. The A
can Consul was loudly cheered.
The French Fleet.
Accounts from the French fleet say tht
sailors express much satisfaction at the
peet of the raining ol the blockade and
return to-some point where active servie
be possible. When the fleet- left Cherbi
the Minister of Marine made to Admiral
llanruz a positive promise that not t
should several iron-clad -ships follow hi
brief intervals, eut, what was of the flrsi
portance, that the 'fleet transports w
speedily Join him, conveying a force of ti
or forty thousand troops 1er land operati
TUo promise has been '.broken' in
instances, and the fleet left to its
unaided resources, which have been bi
sufficient to maintain the blockade of
enemy's porte. Much of the service is
OUR and unsatisfactory. Our equation h
dangerous waters, abounding in hidden r
and shallows. No friendly lights to give w
lng In the night, no bioys te serve as mi
for guide" by day, while we are compelled i
s tan tl y to guard against'surprises by the i
my, with small means for retaliation. We
forbidden to attack fortresses, and could
do so with the slightest prospect ot success
the heavy lron-clads draw from twenty-tl
to twenty-eight feet of water, with the ex?
tion of the Rochambeau, which comblnt
formidable armament with comparant
small draught. But little can be done wil
single ship; we might attack and k;ll, but
what purpose ? The forts commanding
entrance are situated so high that lt wo
be almost impossible to elevate the gt
sufficiently to eifict anything, while l
ships would be exposed to a destruct
downward fire, escaping which they wot
encounter more formidable obstacles in I
bay, which is filled with torpedoes and mn
unfavorable by the sinking of vessels c?nne
ed with chain cable?, leaving only a narr
and tortuous channel through which only t
smaller crafts manage to pick their wi
Under such circumstance.', it would be mi
ness to attempt to penetrate far enough
bombard the town by a lew wooden men
war. It would have been a piece of senseh
temerity, and probably resulting in anoth
German, triumph. Hence the complete a
disastrous failure of the French fleet in t
hour of danger. Notwithstanding the nea
coBt to the country, there should have been
fleet here, or one four times as powerful.
The Siege of Strasbourg.
PARIS, September 17.
General Ulric telegraphs to the War D
partment that the situation of the city of St?
bourg is growing desperate, necessitating i
early capitulai io n.
COLOGNE, September 17.
The Gazette ol this city, to-day, gives t
following statistics of particulars : There a
now before Strasbourg 18 batteries, morta
and rifled cannon; these fire collectively mo
than seventy thousand shots into the city dall
The Gazette shows the immense expense
besieging Paris, and that five times the amoui
of the above resources must be exhausted.
The Movement against Rome.
ROME, September 17.
The inhabitants cf the city have received
flag of truce from General Cadorna. in co r
mand of the Italian troops, who have arrive
very close to the city. The truce was received b
the people with great demonstrations of favor
and they will not permit the Papal Zouaves ti
resist the entry of the Italian troops.
FLORENCE, September 17.
The Italians are quietly but rapidly occupy?
ing the Pontifical Territory. General Ranze
1er, commanier-in-chief of the Pontifica
force.0, refused to surren 1er Rome.
Bi, marck Aficr Belgium.
LONDJN, September 17.
It is said that Blemvek his asked an fx
planation lrom the Belgian Government for
havini; allowed 12.03D French soldiers to cross
her territory nncieckeJ. Tbe Indep2ndence
Beige, in tr is connection, says it fears Belgium
has already leaned too sharply to Prueeia.
Miscellaneous War Item?.
LONDON, September 17.
One hundred and tif:y caskB of naptha have
been picked up off thc English coast. No par?
All but the ultra Catholic press ia Spaia are
delighted vr'ubLru e:iJ of the Popejs temporal
Tho Crowo P. ince of Prussia his addressed
a circular to the Gprman people, urging thc
creation of a fund for the sick and wound?d.
The commandaat of the fortress of Laoa bas
been exonerated of the charges of blowing up
the citadel. The work was done by the guard
of the magazine.
. The Esonomist has's stron? article in favor
I of peace. It Bays tbe very object of the war
! was to sustain the principle of German unity
j against tho objects of France. That object is
now attained, and mankind shonld interpose
to eave Parin, and then agree that hereafter no
great city shall be fortified. - '.
Turkey has mastered the reserves of the
THE CREAM OE TBE WAR NEWS.
The German Logaeg.
The war correspondent of the New York
World says : At last I have obtained what
'purports to be a correct statement of the losses
1 of the Prussian army in killed, wounded, miss?
ing and prisoners from the commencement of
the campaign up to the 18th ot August. My
information comes from a private source in
Berlin; and although I cannot affirm .that lt is
infallibly correct, I have reason for believing
that it ls not very ihr out of the way.- I may
add that the information was not sent 'for po?
litical effect at all, but was transmitted from a
medical man in Berlin, connected with .the ,
medical service of the army, to a fellow-aor-J
geon in London. The statement.ls as follows:
Killed, prisoners and mls'sltia:. Wounded.
Wissenburg....t. 4?260 7,174
Eorbn-m and Spichern._16,461 23,040
Borny. .13^52 1^320
Gravelotte, Mars-la-Tour and
Te this awful total of 170,655 killed, captur?
ed, missing and wounded, mnst be added the
losses suffered by the army through disease,
and the killed and wounded In the numberless
skirmishes and little fights that have occurred.
The army has suffered from dysentery ever
9lnce the invasion commenced, and mv Infor?
mant believes that to the above total should be
added at least 10,000 or 12.000 for those who
have died of this and other diseases, or who
are now lying sick in the hospitals. This
makes, In round numbers, 180,000 men to be
deducted from the German force which march?
ed into France. If this force was 500,000 men,
lt ls now reduced to 330,000 plus the relajbrce
m?nts that have arrived during the last eight
days. On the other side are Bazaine, with
110,000, McMahon with 200,000. anf. the new
army raised at Lyoks and the South, r f which
we were Informed ea Saturday, of 200.000 men
-In all ?40,000 men.
BUraarck on tkc Prospect of German
A correspondent at It leims, on the 6th, de?
scribes a conversation with Bismarck, who be?
gan by expressing high regard for General
Sheridan, and gratitude to the United States
for their sympathy with Germany. To a re?
mark concerning the prospect of German
unity, Bismarok- replied that there was no
strenger friend of unity than himself, but care
was required In accomplishing the work.
South Germany having fought by our side, her
wishes must be considered. Her inclinations
cannot now fee compelled. We must obtain
tlie consent of those States to join us. In Ba
vtrla lt seems Impossible to agree on any form
of union, even among those who favor union.
At Baden things look better. No doubt there
is an opening.
News of the French Republic had lust been
I received, ou .which Bismarck said: We shall
not interfere with their domestic affair?. To
a suggestion that there must'be somesettlcu
governmenuto give Prussia a 6ecore guaran?
tee for the payment of the war expenses and
indemnity, Bismarck replied enly by repeat?
ing: We do not want to Interfere with the
domestic affairs of France. Cur people think
we munt luv? thoa? Oerm?n pro. fnccs PtaLntx*
took from us many years ago. We must, at
least, render France powerless .-to menace HF
by the same road. Metz and Strasbourg we
must have, and we ask no more than is neces?
sary to our own safety. We are a very patient
people. They have been telling us that If we
would not fight they would compel us. Well,
we are like the father ol a family., who, after
enduring many InBults, at last consents to fight
a duel, but only on condition that the strug?
gle shall be decisive and shall be fina1.
Bazaine'* Fighting at Metz.
Mr. Halstead, of the Cincinnati Commercial,
In his last letter from Pont-a-Mousson, speak?
ing of the fight, with Bazaine west of Metz,
has the following comment?: No one here
knew anything about the battle except through
King William's dispatch. That tells the truth
as he saw lt, but I do not agree wfth him that
the French were "completely defeated," In the
strong sense of that term. Bazaine was not
complet-ly defeated, as McMahon was and as
Froseard was. He was not put to route. He could
not have had more than 150,000 men to begin
with, while the Prussians had at least 270,
000. I have good authority for the state?
ment that the Prussians had 240,000
men on the field at Gravelotte. Now, when
Bazaine, with his inferior force, was only
beaten back eight or nine miles in three days,
and kept his army in order, Inflicting immense
losses upon his enemy, he cannot be said to be
completely defeated. But we will not dwell
upon that toe long; for the object of the Prus?
sians, next to the annihilation of the French
army, was to place themselves firmly between
it and Paris, and that they did. lt must be ad?
mitted, however, that If Bazaine, with his
ninety or one hundred thousand effectives,
after the series of battles terminating on the
18th, gives employment in the neighborhood
of Metz to thc armies of Steinmetz and Prince
Frederick Citarles, who outnumber him more
than two to one, he ls doing his country good
The Prussian Spy System.
A war correspondent of the New York Tri?
bune writes: I suppose that, all things con?
sidered, one ought not to be too hard upon
the French for their panic about Prussian
spies. Charles Harth, who was shot the other
day in the court-yard of the Military 8chool,
confessed himself a spy when taken, and never
really denied it afterward; and there are facts
enough to prove that King William has studied
well In old Frederick's book, who Bald that
the French had one spy and twenty cooks,
while he had one cook and twenty spies. For
lt is plain that the Prussian system of espion?
age has been long reduced to great perfection. ?
For several years Prussians have been resid?
ing, under one pretext or another, in all the
boroer towns and villages, making them?
selves thoroughly acquainted with the topog?
raphy, studying military positions. fining their
maps and memories with the roads, lanes and
foot-paths, and also making themselves
familiar with the means and resources ot the
inhabitants. Clerks in counting-houses, ser?
vante in Inns, men In breweries, students who
passed the summer in wandering over the hills
sketching the scenery, companies of scientific
men with hammers and baskets, bent on geolo?
gical picnics, all these are recognized to-day In
the persons of Prussian officers entering the
French border towns and villages at the head
of scouting parties or with victorious troops.
It ls sahl, and I see no reason to doubt it, that
one Prussian general has visited, during the
last year, all the towns and villages likely to
be attacked in case or war, in the disguise of
an old beggar match-seller. Another story Is
of a Prussian officer, who, disguised as a
French admiral, visited one of the forts near
Paris, was received with all the honors, shown
over all the works, and in paning made a
speech full of patriotic sentiments to the sol?
diers, which was received with great applause.
The cheat was not discovered until some days
afterward, when one of the officers happened
to mention the matter to the Minister of
Marine ! In another case the Prussian spy was
not as successful. Dressed as a French officer,
he visited a tent a^ some general's head?
quarters and dined with his brother (?) offi?
cers. Something excited suspicion-ne was
arrested, tried, and shot. Tiie Prussians do
not, however, rely entirely on spies for in?
formation-they gel it in every way.
The Siege of Strasbourg-Horror* of
the Bombardment-Scene in the
Tbe Paris (September 1) correspondent of
the New York Tribune writeB :
In the absence of positive news concerning
the movements of the contending forces, the
sensation of the hour has been created by the
accounts of the bombardment ol Strasbourg,
as given yesterday by M. Keller in the Corps
L?gislatif. The facts are already known, and
M. Keller's purpose was to obtain their con?
demnation at the hands of the Assembly. The
Governor of Strasbourg d?clares that be will
rather blow the whole place up than surrender
it. Tb' - Bishop, anxious to save lite, sought an
interviev.- with tne commander of the besieg?
ing forces, a Badois Lieutenant-Colonel Les
zlnaki, and submitted to him that the bom?
bardment was contrary to the usages of war.
Thia allegation having oeen denied, he asked
permission for the Inhabitants to leave the
city. This request was rejected. He next so?
licited aa armistice of twenty-four hours,
which was granted, on condition that within
an hour the Governor of Strasbourg should'
offer terms of negotiation. This the Governor
would not consent to do, and the bombard?
ment was resumed. M. Keller read the follow?
ing passages from a letter he had received In
the morning :
"We shall soon be bete nothing but a heap
ot nilns. For eight days now, we nave been
bombarded eight and nine hours successively
every day. A fourth part of the city is already
burnt. The point aimed at ls the cathedral,
which ls also burnt. The whole ol the roof ls
destroyed. The platform has no longer any
balustrade, and the spire ls seriously damaged.
The new temple and the library are Only a
heap ol ashes. Even the hospital has not
been respecWl; a part 1B burnt, I do not
speak of the suburbs; they are nearly destroy?
ed. The population ls reduced to hiding away
In the sewers ol the cit]-. What I here declare
is I he simple, unexagge rated truth. The Bish?
op endeavored to obt&ln a cessation of the
bombardment. He repaired alone to head?
quarters. The answer was that there was no
time to besiege the city In form, and that they
would force it to surrender from terror. The
Bishop then asked leave for the women and
children to quit. This request. Was refused.
Strasbourg has no casemates for the popula?
tion, hence the city munt surrender to prevent
the whole of the inhabitants from butchery.
Not a cannon has-yet been fired against the
ramparts. The Prussians know we have no
garrison for sallies."
Tlie honorable deputy was several times in?
terrupted by loud shouts of indignation, and
cries of "It IB atrocious ! This is odious ! This,
ls abominable !" M. Keller continued : "Thus,
gentlemen, you see thal; it ls atralnst the popu?
lation that this bombardment is directed;
against women and children who do not know
where to seek refuge, while the men are on
the ramparts and extinguishing the fire. I
denounce these facts and hold them up to the
execration of civilized Europe. I have to add
another monstrosity, greater still, perhaps. It'
is that the enemy employs French peasants to
construct the batteries and trenches around
Strasbourg, and thus our own citizens are
struck down by French bullets-citizens who
could not obtain guns to make war with our
soldiers. This act on the part of the Prus?
sians ls one I especially denounce to the indig?
nation of Europe. Well, do you know what
was the reply of the population after the step
taken by the Bishop? Men, women, chil?
dren, all declared that they refused to sur?
render, and would rather be burled alive under
the ruins of the city. I demaod a unanimous
vote of the Chambers that the heroic popula?
tion of Strasbourg has deserved well of the
country, and that never-Msten to what I
say-never shall that city cease to be French."
Amid a burst of acclamation, which was seve?
ral times renewed, the entire house rose, and
M. Schneider declared M. Keller's proposition
carried unanimously. Th? honorable deputy
then made another statement to the effect that
roving bauds of Badots peasants and regular
soldiers were scouring the department of the
Lower Rhine, and the herders of that ol the
Upper Shine, laying every village, hamlet and
town under contribution, and that the 'Badois
peasants who were thus pillaging the popula?
tions bad not even gun s er uniforms, but were
merely armed with swords.
M. Keller insisted energetically upon the
culpable course of the government In not arm?
ing the populations or Alsace and Lorraine,
and the other departments exposed to these
irruptions, and the House was visibly moved
in favor of a preposition which ; submitted
for the Immediate appointment of a com?
mission to' hear the explanations of the gov?
ernment upon the position of the Department
of the Upper Rhine, and that, in conjunction
?with one to be nominaued bx the government,
and duly invested with tau powers, lt should
forthwith visit the Departments of the Upper'
and the Lower Rhine, and, while encouraging
tlie people to rise .against the Invaders, should
seek Hie means of alleviating their
miseries. The proposition-the final con?
sideration of which w is taken up In the even?
ing sitting-was not adopted, the vote of
urgency upon lt having- been rejected. The
Minister of War declared that the government
had the matter airead}' under care, and that i
these repeated attempts to appoint commis?
sions of this nature were so many proofs of
' the desire of their originators to excite a dis?
trust of the government, which, however,
would continue to do Its duty irrespective of
these attacks. The minister also announced
he could affirm, upon the authority of the
Prussians themselves, that since their entry
Into France they bad lost at least 200,000 men
In the different battles which have been deliv?
ered; and that the dall}' cost to Prussia of the
war amounted to 2,800,000 tbalers, or 10,500,000
ALL ABOUT THE STATE.
Mr. Wm. Murchison, one of the most promi?
nent merchants of Bennettsville, died in New
York, on the 14th Instant.
Mr. Willis Wallace, an old and highly re?
spected citizen ol Laurens District, died sud?
denly last week.
Mr. Richard Johnson met with a painful ac?
cident on Monday evening last, by the acci
! dental discharge of a pistol in his pocket,
! while riding out. The ball entered his thigh
and passed down nearly to the knee. The
wound, t hough not dangerous, is very painful.
Major John Leland, president of the Lan
rensville Female College, was robbed of $175
during last week. Major Leland's clothes
were extracted from the room lu which he
slept by an open window, the pockets rifled,
ano the clothes returned to the chamber.
It is reported from Spartanburg that Mr.
James W. Thompson received a challenge
from one of the winsmith family to settle a
point of offended honor, but the authorities
interfered and prevented the affair. Mr. Win
smith, it ls furthermore stated, is a recent
convert to Radicalism, and a candidate for a
judgeship, ir the law is enforced, it will upset
lils calculations, the penalty being disfranchise?
ment and a fine of 1500.
The Winnsboro' Newa says: "Milly Jack?
son, a negro girl In the employ of a colored
man, as nurse, on the plantation of Mr. John
Cameron, about eight miles north of this
place, having committed some misdemeanor,
was chastised by the said colored man. her
emplover. Shortly after the employer left the
house," the negro girl, through revenge, built
a fire in the cradle containing a colored child
and burnt lt to death, after which she set dre
to the house, consuming it and the child. The
child was only seven months old. This is one
of the most horrible murders that has ever oc?
curred In this county, and she should suffer
the extreme penaity of the law. The negro
girl Is now In Jail In this place."
The tournament at Glenn's Springs, on the
15th, passed off pleasantly, and was a decided
success, notwithstanding the unfavorable state
of the weather. The following were the suc?
cessful knights: Dr. William Smith, "Lost
Knight,"' who crowned Miss Rawlinson as
Queen of Love and Beauty; J. W. Thompson,
"Saladin," who selected the first maid of
honor; James H. Rodgers obtained the third
?rlze. and selected the second maid of bonor;
L L. Davis, "Red Gauntlet," obtained the
fourth prize, and selected the third maid of
honor. The costume ball was a brilliant
affair, and was largely attended. Williamston
Springs will be the next point of attraction-a
gi-and ball coming off cn the 20th. to be fol?
lowed, on the 30th, by another at Rock Hill.
Columbia will lollow suit, during the Agricul?
-A New York letter of Thursday, to the
Philadelphia Ledger, says: "The German
bankers are buying gold to-day-which means
that they have private advices by the cable,
rendering it even more certain than the pub?
lished dispatches that tte talk about peace and
mediation has collapsed, and that nothing now
is to be looked for but a vigorous prosecution
of the war. Should King William obtain pos?
session of Paris, the same parties who are buy?
ing gold to-day will probably be sellers then,
on the accepted theory that Prussian successes
up to that Doint must dispose the French to
accede to terms. Wall street looks upon Paris
as the 'Richmond' of the war, and when .Rich?
mond is captured the last ditch ls supposed to
have been reached. Outside of the Gold Room
and Stock Exchange, however, these views
are not accepted, without much qualification.
There are many who believe that the Germans
will be beaten back front. Paris, and there are
others who think that even If they capture lt,
France will keep on fighting as resolutely,^
before. Merchants and business men engaged
in regular trade are greatly perplexed by these
conflicting opinions, and this induces them to
abstain from embarking ID new enterprises or
making new investments, until daylight is
NEW TO BK COTTON STATEMENT.
' : NEW YORK, September 18..
The'cotton movements show largely in?
creased receipts. Receipts at all ports 17,900
bales; last week 11,000- bales; previous week
6800 bales. Exports 3800 bales; last week' 3700
bales; this week last year 2600 bales; only 27
bales exported irom New York ,this week.
Exports from all ports since Sfptember1st
11,000 bales, against 2500 bales last year.. Stock
at all ports 55^200 bales, against-' 30,600 bales;
Interior 13,200 balesrfagalnst .13,600 bales last
week, and 6800 boles last year. Stock at Liver?
pool 490,000 bales, against 46,000 bales last
year. American cotton afloat 17,000 bales,
against 6000 bales. ' East Indian cotton afloat'
447,000 bales,' against 583,000 bales. ^The'mar
ket here was heavy during the week, ifjth a
disposition by holders to meet buyers and re?
SAILING OF 1MB BROOKLYN.
FORTRESS MONROE, September 18.
The United States steamer Brooklyn arrived
here to-day from Norfolk, and wiU sall as
soon as the storm abates for Portsmouth Sf. H.:
A heavy northeast storm prevails, and the
roads are full of shipping., '
? *" -
FEVER AMONG UNITED STATES
NEW YORE, December 18...
The disease among the troops at Governor's
Island is bilious and not yellow fever. Twenty
seven deaths have already occurred, and
there are nine soldiers down with the disease
The brig H. G. Perry, just arrived, from
Havana, lost her captain from cholera and a
seaman irom yellow fever. Two cases ot fever
are now on board....
VOMITO. AT BARCELONA.
MADRID, September 18.
Ten persons, Including the health officer,.
have died of vomito at Barceipna.
JJA VIS 4 MILLER'S
GREAT REDUCTION IN PRICES,.
QUALITY STILL FURTHER IMPROVED.
We beg leave respectfully to can the attention
. the public^to our Supenor Flavoring Extracts.
As ten years have now elapsed, since we first in?
traduced them to the-notice pf the American pan
lie, we deem lt unnecessary at present to enter
into a lengthy description of their merita, Ac
There ls hardly a elty or town of any note in toe
country Into whian they hare not found- their
? way. The reason or this widespread popularity.
Uand daily Increasing demand ls owing entirely to
their peculiar excellence* and, Intrinsic 'Worth.
Being determined to makethem the Standard Ex?
trae ta of the day, we haye still farther Improved
their quality, and now we firmly and honestly be?
lieve that they, stand without a rtvaL Oar Vanilla
Extract cannot be surpassed for . richness and
delicacy of flavor. It ls a strictly pure and high?
ly concentrated Extract of Vanilla Brans. lo
short, we thins lt the best that is made, at least,
this ls the decision of the best Judges In *L J coun?
try. We don't pretend to compete in price with ?
many of the so-called Flavoring Extracts of tat
day, which are really bot worthless compounds,
undeserving of the name
For quality and style, we defy competition.
DAVIS k KILLER'S
PURE Y E A S'T PO WD BB,
A Substitute for Yeast m maxing Hot Bread.
Rolls and Batter Oakes of every description, hav?
ing the advantage of making the dough or batter
perfectly light, and ready for baking without
delay, and greatly diminishing the liability to *
Many, dyspeptics, who cannot tolerate fresh,
light cakes when made with yeast, can eat them
with impunity when raised hrthls way.'. ' ' -
When used according to directions, lt ts war?
ranted to make rich, sweet, light and nutrition*
Bread and Biscuit, Muffins, Waffles, Corn Bread,
all kinds of Griddle Oakes, also Bolled Paddings,
Dumplings, Pot Pies, Ac
PHIP ARID ONLY IT
DAVIS & MILLS B,
A. J. MILLER, Sole Proprietor.
We have been appointed Agents for the State
of South Caroona for the above desirable foods,
and can offer them to the trade at proprietors'
GOODRICH, WD?EMAN k CO.,
importers and Wholesale Druggists,
mchl2 Bmwflmosnac_Charleston, B. O.
T^rr H I S K E Y.
-A. GUCKENHETMEB ? BROS.,
COPPER DISTILLED PURE BYE WM8KB7.
Pore and unadulterated, sold and shipped; direct
from the Distillery Warehouse to Cliarlestoa,S.4L,
ts now m store and for sale by the following
Wholesale Grocers and Wholesale Druggists of'
this city: . :.
GOODRICH, WINE MAN k CO.,
WAGENER k MONSEES.
WERNER k DUCKER,
MANTOUE 4 OO.,
J. B. RENNEKER,
E. M. STELLING,
RAVEN EL i HOLMES,
J. H. WURHMANN,
.7. N. M. WOHLTMANN,
WM. MARSCHER, t
Tals celebrated WHISKEY, well and favorably
known In the North, East and West, ls an article
of superior ment, and ls now being Introduced la
its pure and unadulterated state in the Souther?
markets, and one that will give satisfaction to all
?overs of a pure and healthy stimulant.
A. GUCKENHEIMER A BROS.,
Proprietors of the Freeport Distillery, Armstrong
County, Penn., and owners of the United States
Bonded Warehouses, Office No3.93 and 96 First
Avenue, pittsburg. Penn. mch!2 smwainosnAO
m HE GREAT GERMAN BEMEDIES.
Professor LOUIS WUND RAM'S BLOOD PURL
F?ING AND PURGATIVE HERBS, (In Pill? or
Powders,) for the cure of all. Acate or Chronic
Diseases, resulting from Impure blood and Imper?
Also, the following Medicines by the same (Pro
fessor LonlB Wundram, Brunswick, Germany :)
GOUT POWDERS. . .
Herb Tea (for Dyspepsia and Nervousness.)!
Rheumatic Herb Tea
Wondwasser (the German ''Painkiller.)
For sale by Dr. H. BASH,
maySO No. iai Meeting street.
JJB. BING'S PILE BEMEDY. '
. For sale by DB. H. BABB?
A FULL ASSORTMENT Just received .bf
DR. H. BABB, .
'nijs_No 181 Meeting street.
gTJPEBIOB COLOGNE WATE*.
tfaita?actared and fer sale bj
Dr. H. BABB.
oed Ml Meeting stn*