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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1465.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1870.
S?X DOLLARS A YKAH.
t UJJL .HU UM* - i 1 v
FALL OF ROME.
PARIS SMUT OFF FROM THE WORLD.
STRASBOURG TO BE ENTIRELY DESTROY?
ED UNLESS SURRENDERED.
A PARISTAS REDOUBT CAPTURED.
THE NORD DEUTSCHE BU2?D.
FRANKFORT ..TO BE THE CAPITAL.
J VILLS ALBARRY, September 21.
The Italian troops entered Rome to-day
through Parta Ria, firing on the mercenaries
as they advanced. At last the Pope ordered
the white flag to be hoisted, and hostilities
ceased. The national forces then quietly occu?
pied the city.
EPERNAY, September 21.
Tonl has been again unsuccessfully attacked.
GIEN, September 21,
Reports arc coming In that the Prussians in?
vesting Paris nave been defeated on the plains
of Hendon and Sernes with heavy loss.:
- .' TOCKS, September 31.
The government have ordered troops from
.ll points of the country to converge towards
Paris. It ls rumored that the Prussians have
COLMAR. September 21.
The Prussian's have completely evacuated
Haut Rhin. French 'conscription has been
resumed. AU is quiet at M?lhausen. Should
the Prussians return the population are pre?
pared to resist.
LONDON, September 2J.
The German forces have occupied Nemours.
It Is said that General Werden threatens to
.entirely destroy the City of Strasbourg if lt does
not surrender. A dispatch from Mendelsheim.
states that on Tuesday, lunette No. 53, before
the WAUS of Strasbourg, was taken by the
landwehr, notwithstanding a galling rifle fire.
The Freemasons in the German and French
armies have given earnest evidence of their
brotherhood and humanity during the war.
The City ol Paris ls entirely shut in. and all
avenues of communication are cut of except
by the way of Berlin.
An official dispatch received there from the
Prussian headquarters before Paris reports
that a redoubt with seven guns has been cap?
tured by the German troops.
Another dispatch from the King to the
Queen, dated Tuesday, says "that the French
abandoned their position near PierrfiUey,
north of Fort St. Denis, at the same time the
Prusso-Bavarian troops, crossing the Seine
near VlUenem ?, attacked three divisions un?
der command ot Yinoy, on the heights of |
Sceaux, and captured seven guns and many
men. Fritz directed the movements. The
weather ls superb."
Professional German politicians have ma?
tured plans for the government of thecew
German Confederation, which will be called
the Nord Deutsche Bund. Herr Delbrouck
will be president.
The Council of Bonn called at headquarters,
and the Baden and Wurtemberg Governments
are busily engaged in regard to their political
Herr Lascar, a National Liberal deputy, ls
going to stump the North German States.
It is proposed that Frankfort shall be declar?
ed neutral, and at the same time the capital of j
the new Confederation. Thus it will hold to
the npw government the same position that
Washington and the District of Columbia do
to the United States. Th! : is the first step to?
wards what has long been the dream of Ger?
man patriota, not merely a German Union, but
a German Union of allied Republics.
MADRID, September 2L
The Spanish towns on the Mediterranean
coast are suffering from vomito. The disease
bas not appeared here.
SHERIDAN ON THE WAR.
LONDON, September 19?
A Tribune corre, oon?ent at Berlin sends the
following extract of a letter from ' General
Sheridan, dated Rheims, the 8th instant:
"There seems little of the war left, except , the
siege of Paris, and that will not save France.
It ls possible that the French troops have not
dont so well as I think they might have done
on one or two occasions which I witnessed,
from the fact that the poor fellows found them?
selves 80 badly handled by their commanders
that they could see no equivalent to be ob?
tained by the sacrifice o? their lives. A soldier
wants success where many lives have to be
sacrificed, but French generalship put this out
of the question In every battle which I have
THE PLAN OF OPERATIONS AGAINST PARIS
is that the French being unable to oppose the
Germans with any considerable army in the
field, the Seine will be crossed by successive
divisions to attack the weakest part of the for?
tifications-those on the south iront Eleva
tions^xlst on that side from which effective
fire can be opened on the French posts. Dur?
ing tie first few days after their arrival the
Germans will be occupied in preparing their
cantonments and in reconnoitering. Invest?
ment, so far as practicable, will follow imme?
diately. Communications on the north are
already cut off, and those on all sides will ?oon
be. There wm be no delay down to the mo?
ment when peace or an armistice is actually
signed, which is not anticipated belore the
SUFFERINGS OF WORK PEOPLE AT RHEIMS.
LONDON, September 19.
The Times German correspondent Lupus,
writing from the headquarters of the King at
Rheims, on the 8tb, says: Upwards of thirty
establishments hore manufacture woollen
cloths, employing 10,000 work people. All of
these are Idle and on the point of starvation.
The full amount of misery cannot be realized.
As yet, the only remedy seems emigration.
The American Consul informed me that hun?
dreds of applications had been made for infor?
mation on tho subject of emigration to tte
PREPARATIONS FOR A GRAND ENTREE INTO PAUIS.
I do not apprehend any bloodshed at Paris,
nor suppose the Parisians are so unwise as to
attempt defence, or the Prussians so barbar?
ous as to proceed to extremities. Nothing
can prevent the latter going to Paris, nor
will they suffer the King to enter the city with
the army. Every one seems bent on entering
Paris in pomp. All the petty sovereigns ol
Germany are making endeavors to be present,
and It ie difficult to say what their vanity may
lead them to. It is to be hoped that the* good
?ease of the King and Bismarck will put a veto
on thjaae proceedings.
* - R CAPTURE OK A KAIL BALLOON.
LONDON, September 19.5
The Post of to-day says a balloon with 50,000
letters from Metz was captured at Neutchatel.
In one of them Bazaine says bis army is well
supplied with everything. The French were
victorious in every fight up to the 31st of
PARIS, September 18.
The Prefect of Neufchatel telegraphed yes?
terday morning that a small balloon had been
found the previous evening, which contained
a package of soldiers' letters, dated September
16, addressed to the soldiers' families. There
was also a slip of paper, signed by General
CofEnieree, commandant of Metz, which stat?
ed that the troops in that city were in good
condition, and their health excellent. The
blockade established by the Prussians was ad?
mitted to be effective, and their only means of
communication with the outside world was by
balloons. This balloon was the second they
had sent out.
THE AMERICAS VOLUNTEERS.
LONDON, September 19. "
General Trochu on the 17th received the ad?
vance guard of the American volunteers. So
says Gallgnani's Messeneer, referring possi?
bly to the ambulance corps and the passengers
who arrived from. America in thc ship Queen
to enlist in the army.
THE GOLD AND BO SD MARKET.
NEW YORK, September 21-Evening.
Wall street was very quiet, and fluctuations
were slight and unimportant. Gold remained
uniform throughout the day. Eighty-sevens
14; sixty-twos 12$; forties 11J; lives 12'; new
loj; sevens 10$; eights 10J. Freights on cot?
ton by steam to Liverpool jdajd; wheat, by
LONDON, September 21-Evening.
Consols 92?a92i. Bonds quiet at 904. Sugar
CAPTURE OF AMMUNITION AND
HAVANA, September 21.
The schooner Guahhana from Nassau, with
arms aud munitions, has been captured off
Cayo Romano. The schooner Magaret in bal?
last from Nassau, with five passengers, was
captured at Cayo Cruse.
A number of prisoners arrived here this
morning from Manzanillo. Among them are
persons belonging to the families of Figuerdo.
Verela, Advarde, Acha and Dilfin.
FEARFUL DISASTER IN THE
NEW YORK, September 21.
The steamer Merrimac, from Rio Janeiro,'
brings details of the disastrous collision be?
tween the steamers Paris and Arary, in the
Amazon. The Paris was- sunk, and 131 lives
were lost. Both pilots are reported to have
INDIAS RAVAGES IN ARIZONA.
SAN FRANCISCO, September 21.
Late advices from Arizoua report the capi?
tal of the Territory In a state of siege A
dozen citizens have been killed and a number
of Mexicans, teamsters and mall drivers,
slaughtered. The mail stations and wagon
trains have been destroyel. The farmers were
abandoning tbeir ranches and thc Indians
were left absolutely free to depredate.
WASHINGTON, September 21.
Thc Revenue Bureau directs that tobacco
stamps are at the risk of owners or under?
writers, and the government will not replace
stamps soiled or defaced.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRE*.
The Emperor of Brazil is expected at
The schooner D. E. Richardson put into
Norfolk yesterday with her rigging badly
There were twenty-lour deaths from yellow
fever in New Orleans yesterday.
THE TIENTSIN MASSACRE.
Condolence of the Protestant MtMion
,arlee for the Martyred Catholics.
an extra supplement to the China Mail, ot
July 13, which furnishes us with the first de?
tailed intelligence about the fearful massacre
of Christians at Tientsin last June, states that
the Protestant missionaries of Shanghai, im?
mediately after the massacre, sent to the sur?
viving Jesuits the following
LETTER OF CONDOLENCE.
We, the undersigned Protestant clergymen
and missionaries residing at Shanghai, lose no
time in writing Lo assure yon of our profound
and sincere sympathy on the present occasion.
At a time like this one unanimous feeling of
common sorrow fills our hearts. The loss ol
the devoted men and women, who have been
60 barbarously sacrificed at Tientsin, is a loss
to all Christendom. Deep and terrible, how?
ever as is the calamity, we cling to the pro?
mise of our Lord Jesus Christ, that He will he
with His people to the end o? the world, and
we are comforted by the teaching of ecclesias?
tical history, which assures us that "the blood
of martyrs is the seed ol the church/' We
pray that full reparation for the past and bet?
ter protection ior the iuture may be secured
for those engaged In the spread of the religion
of Christ throughout the Chinese Empire.
Shanghai, July 5, 1870.
Thomas McClatchle, M. A., Canon of St. John's
Cathedral, Hon? Kong, and Missionary of
the Christian Missionary Society; Charles
Henry Butcher, M. A., Canon of St. John's
Cathedral, Hong Kong, British Consu?
lar Chaplain, Shanghai; William M ur head.
George S. Owen, James Thomas, members
of the London Mission; J. W. Lambuth.
Young I. Allen, member of the Wesleyan
Episcopal Church Mission, U. S. A.; J. W. M.
Farnham, American Presbyterian Mission;
Karl Kreyer, Robert Nelson. Presbyter,
American Protestant Episcopal Mission.
Shanghai; E. W. Seyle, Seamen's Chaplain;
John Wherry, American Presbyterian Mis?
To the Clergymen and Members of ih-e Proust
ant Missions Residing at Shanghai :
GENTLEMEN-In reply to the letter which you i
lave had the goodness to address to us jointly, ,
rest erelay, we have the honor to inform you bow
far we have been moved by the token of your 1
sympathy, and how far again we have appre?
ciated the high sentiments on your part tliat
prompted it. Your mark of sympathy has
seen a double pleasure tto us, since we had
aeon palnlully grieved by some correspon?
dence published Tn the papers, the character
Di which is not less to be deplored for the
falseness of the recital than for the ill-will dis?
played and for the insinuations contained. We
might have immediately re-established the
truth against perversion, and Justified inno?
cence over calumny; but trusting to the sound
commonsense of the public, and feeling sure
that truth must come out under any
circumstances, we had preferred keeping
silence, however bitter is our sorrow, yet it Is
no small consolation for us when we reflect
that God, who ever knows how to bring good
out of evil, knows also how to change for his
greatest glory those present lamentable occur?
rences so saddening to every heart. No doubt
the blood of so many innocent victims, so bar?
barously shed, must rise up to the Altar ot the
Lamb, and cry loud on our behalf, till it ob
.alns for us the soie vengeance we wish for,
viz. : The better spread of the true light on
these people now living under the shadow of
death; the greater freedom for the better exer?
cise of works of charity towards the suffering,
and principally towards the little ones who
were, for our Divine isaviour, objects of such
A, ATMERi, petre Lazariste.
H. BASUUN, S. J.
EL LBMONNIER, Procurator of
ASPECTS OF THE WAR.
ACTIVITY OF THE PARISIANS.
A SIGNIFICANT LETTER FROM
OCCUPATION OP ROME BY THE
CHARACTER OF THE REVOLUTIONS AT
PARIS AND AT LYONS.
THE FRENCH DEFEATED NEAR;
REINFORCEMENTS ARRIVING IN FRANCE.
The Next Phase of the War.
LONDON, September 21.
A letter from Bismarck, dated September ll,
says: "The next phase of the war will be the
Investment, and, in time, it is hoped, the oc?
cupation of Paris. Then-peace ! Those in
power will certainly not desire further slaugh?
ter, when the sole requirements will be an ab?
solute guarantee that the peace of Europe
will not again be disturbed."
Bismarck characterises the statements in
ttfe newspapers on the subject ol Prussian de?
mands as mainly romance. He says that
when the gentlemen of the press approach
him. he gives them civil answers, and their
imagination does the rest.
Reports from London.'
LONDON., September 2L
The City of Florence is cover?d with flags
to-day over the expected news of the occepa
tion of Rome.
The French are marvellously active around
Paris, throwing up earthworks.
Russia is ?aoving large codies.of troops into
The Times says that thc revolution at Paris
is recognized as Republican, while that at
Lyons, where the Red Flag has been unfurled,
is a Socialist affair.
Reports from Tours.
Tocas, September 21.
The repulse ci the Prussians at Orleans is
The Iron-dads for the defence ol' Paris have
commenced operations. Floating batteries
have been constructed to defend the en?
trances to the French rivers.
General R. S. Ripley, formerly of the Con?
federate army, and who ls now In Paris, has
tendered his services to the Committee ot
A large number of troops and volunteers
have reported at Lille. It ls expected that
these and the troops now In the Eastern De?
partment will soon create a diversion.
The members of the French Government at
Tours have been visited by the Foreign Am?
bassadors who have arrived from Paris.
The Paris Constitutionnel says that M. Thiers
ls perfectly satisfied with the attitude of Eng?
land, and now goes to Vienna to receive Aus?
. Bloodless Occupation of Rm?e.
FLORENCE, September 21.
The City of Rome has been occupied by the
Italian troops. There was no bloodshed,
which is altogether attributed to the tender?
ness of the Pope, who forbade any resistance.
The Romans received the Italians with great
A Comfortable Income.
LONDON, September 21. .
The Paris papers represent the joint Income
of the Empress and Emperor at two hundred
The English journals are irritated at Prus?
sian Implacability. The Timeg says that Prus?
sia can afford to be generous.
Thc French Defeated Under the Wallu
LAONT, September 20-Evening.
A sharp battle occurred between Ville Neuve
and Mont Range, near Paris. The French
forces consisted of three divisions, command?
ed by General Vinroy, supported by a strong
redoubt. The French, nevertheless, were de?
Thc French Iron-Clads.
COPENHAGEN, September 21.
Six French iron-clads and two corvettes, a
part ci the Baltic fleet, passed the Belt yester?
day afternoon, going northward.
MADRID. September 21.
It appears now that Olozaga was instruct?
ed to recognize the Republic when England
did, but acted without waiting for England's
LONDON, September 21.
The Papal organ here says that the following
men will constitute the Italian Cabinet under
the new government: Mazaine, President;
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Carrolla; Minister
of tbs Interior, Cemuschi; Minister of Finance,
Forhrize? Minister of War, Porta; Minister ol
Public Works, Flrrari; Minister of Education,
Karim; Minister of Justice, Mussi; Minister of
Agriculture ario1 Commerce, Garibaldi.
MUNICH, September 21.
The Bavarian Minister is informed that on
yesterday the garrison of Strasbourg made a
eortle, but were driven back with heavy loss.
In the battle between Villeneuve and Ne
orthrange, near Paris, on the 19th, the second
Bavarian corps, supported by the Prussians,
3ustained the Franch attack. The Bavarians
took seven guns, over one thousand prisoners,
and drove the enemy into their entrench?
TOULON, September 21.
Transports landed here to-day six thousand
zouaves and twenty thousand chasseurs a che?
val. The Marseilles municipal council voted a
war loan often million francs.
THE CU KA M OF THE WAR NEWS.
Under Paris-Its Wonderful Subterra?
nean Works as a Means of Defence.
The Paris correspondent of the London
Daily News writes:
You know the stage traps in pantomime
time, up which the guards of "the Depraved
Demon of Dumbledownderry" comes up,
armed cap-a-pie, thirsting for the abduction ol
maidens and the blood ol the innocent You
have seeu, too, mysterious men, clad as divers
or colliers, in huge stiff boots and blue Jer?
seys, emerge from the London pavements,
white-faced and mephitlc, and have Bald to
yourself, placidly, "sewers." Combine these
excellences, as Count Smorltork did "Chi?
nese" and "metaphysics,'' and you will arrive
at something far more practical than he. What
think you of the enemy entering a modern city
by its subterranean ways, and, at a given sig?
nai, appearing above ground ? The chance of
the Prussians attempting this lu Paris la actu?
ally b"ing canvassed, and the few people who
have been at the pains to ascerta
themselves, and bj nauseous personal
riehce, what the sewers of a well-dralne(
tal are like, what lt is to walk in them i
follow their coorse, will admit the poss
of a vast force Anding its way below g
to any portion of a city. For example,
street in the city of London has its t
counterpart below. The sewer map of tl
gineer to the corporation, Mr. Hayward
compl?te in its general outline as a map
city itself, and beneath all the larger thor
fares men can walk erect, and in ma
them three or four abreast. The subtern
works of Paris are more wonderful atll
are admitted to surpass those'of ancient I
From the suburb of Asnleres to the Pla
la Concorde, an enormous subway runs,1
is sixteen feet and a half high, elgbteet
broad, and more than three miles long,
sides this *are below the city
spacious galleries running on each
of the Seine, the whole being
vlded with air-traps at regular Intervale
lighted with oil lamps. Descend Into eitl
these, and you find them to be as well bt
those beneath the city of London, and
' facilities for* cleansing them which an
tremely suggestive of their value for s
gleal purposes. The subterranean drain
galleries, are furnished with iron tran
along which small carts run, which are pt
by three men, and furnished with a drop-]
which fits exactly into the drain and p
the mud before it as it advances. On th<
bid waters of the great collector, bet
Asnleres and the Place de la Concorde, a |
sized boat is navigated, and the wildest BI
are abroad respecting its possible us<
the enemy. Most of these may be dlsm
as idle, but I am in a position to s
that a careful inspection of these subt
nean works has been made,.aud that
is preparing Itself, down even to
waters under the earth, for the possible n
tlon ol its foe. If gunpowder will bio'
iron traps, water will spoil gunpowder,
the sanitary rite known as flushing the se
would effectually dispose of an intruding ?
The catacombs, again, into which sevens
feront staircases lead, and which extend
merely under the Faubourgs St. Germait
Jacques and St, Marcel, but under such in
tant buildings as the Palace of the Lu:
bourg and the Pantheon, have had mor
tentlon paid them within the lost two
than has been the case for years. Their
under contingencies which it is inexpedie;
name, their size and value as repositories,
all canvassed eagerly, and nothing shows 1
plainly the anticipations of the people of E
than the keen Interest they display in
topics as these.
The Siege of Parts.
Sl.ould the armistice not he effected,
probabilities are that we shall -hear, from
to day, of pretty sharp fighting outside
walls of Paris. If Trochu has 200,000 tn
at Paris he will, doubtless, essay to use tl
against the Prussians by sorties at dlffe
points on tte immensely long circuit of
Prussian besieging lines.
Some of-the scenes of the attack on Pari
the allies fifty-six years ago will, doubtless
reproduced. Paris then, with a force of al
20,006 mea, and scarcely anything deser
the name of fortifications, 'undertook to
pose the assault of the allies having an a
of80,000. The attempt wes futile, butti
was some pretty obstinate fighting be
the city surrendered. The plan of the
lies was to make a general assault al
the whole line or defence. ?The Prince Boys
Wurtemberg was to attack the extreme ri
of the French in the woods of Vincennes, d:
them from the banks ot -the Marne and
village of Charenton, and thus turn the heit,
of Belleville on the right. The Russians,
der Rayefski, were to make a flank mover?
to attack the important heights or Bellet
and Kom?lnviIle. The Russian ann Frost
bc?y-guard were to attack the French cen
posted upon the Canal de POurcq, the reser
of which occupied the commanding eralne;
of Montmartre. Blucher, with the army
Silesia, was to assail the '.uti of the Frei
line, ts the end of turning and carrying 1
heights of Montmartre from the northeast.
The attempt of the Russians to gain
heights of Romalnvlle was arrested by a het
fire ot'artillery from the French, who, In tu
became the assailants, aud they drove bu
the Russians, taking possession of the villa
of Panda, a place since made too. orlous tn
the wholesale murders characterized as I
Pantin massacre. The Russians, after he
lighting, -repossessed themselves of the ~\
l?ge, but the heights were defended with
much obstinacy, and especially by the boys
the Polytechnic school, that the Russian get
ral ordered a suspension of the attack un
the operations of the Allies elsewhere shou
make ? di version in their favor. The Fren
again made a dash and repohses?ed themselv
of the village of Pantin.
Blucher also encountered formidable oppo
tlon in carrying out his part of the programa
The French, strongly entrenched and prote<
ed by heavy batteries, made u determined 1
sl8tance, and the attacking columns suffer
severely. The reserves of tiw Silesian arm
commanded by Prince William cf Prussi
came to the support of the attack .upon tl
French centre, but the ilefeuJera concentr?t*
themselves on the strong post of La Viliett
and continued to unVr a desperate reslstanc
Upon the left wing ol the allies the Prusslt
Guards and LhiMO of Baden made a dashing a
sault for the recapture of the village of Pat
tin, and earned lt nt the point of the bayone
Meanwhile the Prince Royal of Wurtemberi
on the extreme left, had forced his way to Vii
cenne3 and co-operated with the Russians I
a fresh attack upon the. heights of Rotnali
ville from which they had previously been r<
pulsed. The attack was now successful, an
the victors, following up their advantage, pos
sewed themselves successively of the village
of Belleville, Mesnllmontant, the Butte de Si
Cbamsont, and the heavy artillery which de
fended this line.
The vlliage of Charonne, on the right ex
tremity of the heights, was also carried, ant
the whole line of defence occupied by th
right wing of the French fell into the posses
sion of the Allies. The centre of the Prend
army, stationed on the Canal de L'Ourcq, wa
.now catrled by assault and the defender
driven back to Paris. The whole line of th<
French defences hud now been carried except
lng the heights of Montmartre, which wen
turned, and on the point of being stormed
when a flag of truce appeared to demand t
cessation of hostilities, and the next day th?
Allies entered Paris.
The style ot attack by the Prussians thu
time wlll'be more In the nature of regular siege
operations than was the attack of the Allies in
1814, but It is not improbable that we shall
hear ot righting at many of the points* made
hlstorlcaloy the previous defence of Paris.
Scenes In Strasbourg.
Berthold Auerbach, the German novelist,
writes a series of letters about the siege ol
Strasbourg, from which we make the follow?
ing extract. It shows what is the daily his?
AUGUST 25.-Before Strasbourg-morning_
Strasbourg burns ! In this word are crowded
all the horrors, terrors, anguish of heart, we
experienced In the past night. My eyes yet
smarts from the firefllashes, my hand trembles
still. So was lt to be ! Again is there a night
of St. Bartholomew-for such was the one Just
passed-with detestation to be graven in his?
tory, but not through fault of ours. On those
who must needs deck their heads with glory,
on their heads alone lies the blame. The worst
Injury an enemy can inflict upon a man, upon
a people, Is to force them to acts from which
they recoil with aversion, w e are in the posi?
tion of a man who declines a duel, and yet Is
compelled to shoot down his adversary.
Unhappily, it must be done. But yes?
terday we made offers to the commandant of
Strasbourg to come out, or send a trusty offi?
cer, to convince himself that resistance was
in vain, amt that we could only with the
utmost pain bring ourselves to fire even apart
of Strasbourc. He replied-an inspection of
our position" would be construed as the first
probability of his surrendering the fortress.
He had, however, resolved to defend it to the
last maa and the last cartridge. It was said
yesterday that the broad pillars of smoke testi?
fied that Kehl was again set on fire by the
French. We kept quiet until the break of
evening. The columns ot flame in Kehl flared
up wide, mounting heavenward, and inces?
santly were fire-balls hurled thither from the
citadel. Now began on our side the Are-flash
for flash, blow for blow. They were returned
with interest. There, the citadel blazes
up; the fast-falling night revealed every
fire-flame. Bomb3 soared aloft and de
I scend?d Now, the city was on ^re north
irom the cathedral. It must have f?llen on
inflammable material, for instantly thc flames
[ shot heavenward. From this point, who
could paint the scene ? Here and there it
blazed up; we Baw four, five conflagrations,
two united, and presented a vast roaring fur?
nace. The wind blew from the west and fan?
ned the flames; they dar.'ed up forked tongues
of Ure. A spectator cried out, "See there now
the cathedral towers aloft above the clouds of
smoke, how venerable, as If mutely threaten?
ing and reproving the men who hurl reckless
flames against each other." "If the cathedral
does but remain unharmed," was the cry
that ran from mouth to mouth, and
meanwhile feelings ol deep compassion
were expressed for those within the city.
In spirit we are transported among those
now wailing in vaulted cellars, as they
heard the thunder of the guns, ignorant where
the fires were raging, perhaps even their own
homes. And in the streets the fires must bo
left to rage unchecked. Who could strive to
quench them while each minute further dis?
charges are falling ? How many cry out to
their own dear ones, seek them, and are like
beings bewildered in their own homes. What
shrieking, what misery 1 If one could but
compress together the heart-throbs of the peo?
ple, far louder, quicker, mightier must be the
stioke than the deep roar of the guns, which,
incessantly discharged, lit up the gloom here
there till the eye could no longer follow. Mid?
night had set in before we decided to go home.
We could see each other as In foll moonlight.
The fields, the vineyards, were Ht up; the church
o? Mundelsheim, with its white gravestones;
suddenly tire light grows still brighter. Now
that we had not seen the flames for a time,
they appeared broader, stronger, more vora?
cious. It was difficult to tear oneself away
from the fearfully grand spectacle, and yet it
must be. The villagers we met professed to
know which part of the city would be saved
from the flames. We strove to believe their
assurances that the precincts of the cathedral,
above all, Itself, would remain uninjured. And
yet for a moment lt had seemad to us that the
cathedral terrace, which had been the observ?
atory ol the enemy, was on Are. It was, how?
ever, an Illusion. The flames illuminated our
homeward way. The sky was overspread
with light clouds of a blood red. The fire
must have been visible beyond the Rhine, far
back Into the Black Forest.
Balloons Sn the War,
A New York Times correspondent writes :
The question of balloon service has again
come up, and the aeronauts who have been
trying to get servlceln this war are preparing
their gas. The Germans, also, are not going
to be behind In the matter of -balloons, and
Welles has received a letter from Count Bis?
marck, saying that his offer of services will
be accepted. Ou this side, we have two of
the best balloonists in the world-men of ex?
perience in their line, and thoroughly scien?
tific. M. Nadar Iras offered to organize a bal?
loon service, with the help of MM. Dartote
and Durnof, and place it at the disposition o?
?he commandant at Paris. & will be remem?
bered that lt was these three experienced ssro
.nauts who made the ascension in the "G?ant,"
.-when they visited Lyons, Brussels and Am?
sterdam. M. Nadar has three powerful bal?
loons on hand, which he will Immediately put
upon a war footing. Further, upon the left
bank of the Seine we have M. Godard, whose
name will also be familiar to American maga?
zine readers, the aeronaut to the Emperor.
He, too, will organize a service of balloons,
but the two services, although having the
same end and aim, are to be separate and dis?
tinct organizations. -It is because military au?
thority fails to heal the wounds of professional
Jealousy and envy ? 'Of the value of this ser?
vice there caa hardly be a doubt, for, except
in the very centre of the city, there are no
high points for observation, the towers of
Notre Dame being only about two hundred
and fifty feet in height. There are very few
buildings which could really be used as obser?
vatories In case ot a siege, and balloons would
seem to be most useful on this side."
Carrier Pigeons tn th? Spy Service.
One of our French correspondents writes:
The last discovery ls that the means of com?
munication between spies and their directing
bureau are carrier pigeons. One of these birds
was picked up in the town of Glsors a short
time ago. The poor thing had fallen from ex?
haustion, and being very handsome, was eared
for by his captor, who on handling him found
beneath one wing an inscription in German
characters traced with indeilible ink on the
feathers, which, when translated Into French,
read: CHAL. 160. EMP. RET. The pigeon
was retained, and the authorities have put a
?top to those matches which were formerly so
common between Belgium and the southern
provinces of France.
When we bear in mind that there are ten
thousand of these trained birds which could
convey intelligence In six hours from Paris to
any ot the frontier towns of Belgium, lhere
can be little surprise felt at the French prohi?
bition of the sport. In America, few persons
have any idea of the fervor with which these
pigeon races are kept un. Contests from the
extreme southern provinces to Brussels, in
which one thousand or fifteen hundren pigeons
are sent off, and lr. which the first prize is a
[ servie; of plate given by the Belgian King,
are cot uncommon; and minor races of three
hundred or four hundred miles are of dally oc?
currence during the' season.
So, although partridge shooting ls forbidden
In the Department of the Seine, it is perfectly
admissible to exterminate any ot the feathered
tribe, which bears the slightest resemblance to
a pigeon, be it wild or tame. According to
French law, the shooting season is regularly
opened by an edict signed by tbe prefect, who
makes it coincide with the gathering in of the
crops; but although lt was published as usual
this year, an afterthought told M. Cheveau
that it would be better to save all the powder
for the Prussians, and a second decree sus?
pended the execution of the first until France
was freed from her enemies, whereupon a wag
wrote under the heading of the original pro?
clamation, which was Ouvurture de la Chasse,
the words .4tte Prussiens.
IMPORTANT TO MARINERS.
WASHINGTON, September 21.
The Lighthouse Board gives notice that the
fixed white light ol' the fourth order, varied
by white fla??he3 every thirty seconds, will be
exhibited alter the 1st of October from the
screw pile lighthouse on Wolftrap Shoals,
between the mouths of the Rappabannook and
York Rivers. The light-vessel there will be
removed. The new light will be visible
eleven and a half miles. The fog-bell will be
rung every ten seconds. The Stingray Point
light, fixed red, bears north by west three
quarters west, distant ten and three-quarters
nautical miles. The new Point Comfort
light, fixed white, bears southwest half (south,
distant six and three-quarter nautical miles.
Vessels drawing over twenty-five feet should
avoid the eastern side of the lighthouse by
half of a mile; those drawing eighteen feet
may approach on the north or south side with?
in a mile and a quarter; those drawing over
six feet should not attempt to pa?s between
the lighthouse and the main land.
NEW YORK DEMOCRATIC CON?
ROCHESTER, September 21.
At the Democratic State Convention held
here to-day. Wm. T. Odell was elected perma?
nent president. The following resolutions
were adopted: First, a general indictment
against the Republican party; second, favor?
ing free trade; third, reform in internal reve?
nue matters; fourth, denouncing the Congres?
sional Naturalization act; filth, rejoicing at
the downfall of Imperialism in France, and
the establishment of the French Republic, also
the establishment of German unity; sixth,
sympathizing with the people of Ireland and
Cuba, and all others who are struggling for
liberty; seventh, calling for an extension of
clemency to prisoners arrested for violating the
neutrality laws; eighth, endorsing the Canal
Funding bill; ninth, endorsing the adminis?
tration of Governor Hoffman. John T. Hoff?
man was unanimously renominated for Gov?
ernor by acclamation.
SAILING OE THE LAFAYETTE.
NEW YORK, September 21.
The steamship Lafayette sailed with a num?
ber of passengers. The alleged French volun?
teers who were arrested on board ot her have
been discharged, hut too late to take passage.
THE KNIFE AND TOUCH.
ATTEMPT OF THE COLORED MEN
TO FUT INTO PBACTICE IRE
TEACHINGS OF SCOTT
FULL PARTICULARS OF THE TROUBLES
TWE.VTT-THREE OP THE COLORED
OUTLAWS GIVEN UP TO
THE BULLY HUBBARD TALKS OF MAR?
[8ECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NESTS.]
COLUMBIA, September 21.
The following particulars of the late difficulty
in Laurenfl and Newberry Counties have been
at last received, and are as follows :
Last week, near Belmont, in Newberry
County, James Chappell, by request of Mr.
Moses Anderson, attempted to get a colored
man off ot his (Mr. Anderson's) plantation.
A wrangle ensued, during which Chappell
wounded the colored man with a kn if e. The
matter was arranged satisfactorily, lt seemed,
to ail parties.
But not so. On Sunday a large number of
colored men met In the neighborhood of the
scene of the difficulty, and swore to kill Chap?
pell and burn his house.
After a long deliberation, sixty of the crowd
went to Anderson's place, where Chappell,
Sattewblte and three other white men were,
and told Sa tte white they intended to kill
The five white men armed themselves and
advanced on the colored men, who moved off
to another party of their race who were near
Hearing that the colored men were under
arms and making threats to kill the white men,
they turned out In large numbers. Both par?
ties bivouacked within two miles of each other.
Sheriff Pay8lnger was with the whites.
Monday' morning the sheriff started back to
Newberry, taking Chappell and one Hender?
son with him as prisoners.
Near Longshore's store, the sheriff was
stopped by a company ot armed colored men,
who at fl rot. threatened the sheriff and his
prisoner but finally let them proceed.
Returning Monday to Belmont, the sheriff
met the State constabulary-force, with ft large
number of colored men also, on their way to
the same place.
The sheriff sent these men forward with or?
ders to disperse the colored men at Belmont.
On the way they met reight hundred white
men, well armed and* mounted, who stated
that they had gathered to disperse Joe Crews's
militia, whom they had learned were on the
way from Laurens to reinforce the colored
men at Belmont.
The sheriff then went to the colored men at
Belmont and asked them what they wanted.
They replied that they wanted Justice.
The sheriff said that they should have jus?
tice, but they must give up the sixty men who
had threatened to kill Chappell.
They agreed to do this, but only twenty
three of the sixty were surrendered. With
these the sheriff ptarted for Newberry.
On the way 'ao was met by a terge number
ol colored men '.'rom the town, led by a colored
man who was wounded, and who swore that
one of the sheriff's posse had shot him.
One shot was then fired at the sheriff's party
by the colored men, but no one was hurt
The twenty-three prisoners were then car?
ried into town and kept under guard until
they gave bonds to appear for trial before the
court, which is now in session.
The white men, after the arrest of the pris?
oners, marched toward Edgefleld County, to
prevent the large force ot colored men re?
ported near the Saluda River from committing
The Newberry Herald says: "The negroes
were wholly in the wrong. Ii Mr. Chappell
committed an offence against the law in strik?
ing a man whs grappled with him, to the law
recourse should have been had. But this
seems not the advice ot party or of the Radi?
cal leaders. Their purpose evidently is to
bring on a collision, and the colored people
are foolish enough to be led in the trap. We
don't want this fight. We deprecate it, and
will go to all reasonable lengths to prevent
Citizens came to Columbia from Maybinton
to see the Governor about the threats of one
John Henderson, trial justice, colored, who
said that he and his colored friends would
kili the women and children if any negroes
The Governor was civil to the citizens, but
di l nothing except to write a letter to Hen?
derson. He. however, said that thus far he
bad only heard rumors, but a9 900n as he
could get the facts officially, he would submit
them to the Secretary of War for orders.
He hos ordered the militia of Newberry to
drill only once a month hereafter.
Hubbard, who has been flying back and
forth between Newberry and Columbia for the
last few days, said to-day that martial law
might be declared, and if it be, things will be
woree than when Sherman passed through.
RA DIC Alls M IN .ALABAMA.
SELMA, September 21.
The Radical Convention to-day nominated
Ben Turner, colored, for Congress, defeating
the two carpet-bagger candidates. The color?
ed people are jubilant. The white Radicals
desire to hold another convention.
MORE DEEDS OF BLOOD.
- ... -' '.'C **' -iii ?.? ? i
THE RADICAL POLICY/ IN BARNWELL
Two Colored Men Assassinated toy the
On Tuesday afternoon-a gentleman i'roaj
Barnwell County arrived in Augusta, bringing
Intelligence of two horrible murders which
had been committed rh that county during the
night previous. It appears that on last Mon-'
day night, about halt-past Beven o'clock, two
colored;desperadoes named LewisMcCreery
and Juba Johnson, and armed to the teeth,
visited the house of a negro man living
near Windsor, a station on the South Caro?
lina Railroad, in Barnwell County, and
distant about twenty-five miles from Augusta
city. ' Stopping a short distance from the
cabin they called the inmate by name, and
asked bim to come ont as they wished to see
him on business. Upon his* appearance, the;
asked bim to supply the m. wi th a chew of to?
bacco, which he furnished. They then asked
him if he did not have a good, gun, to which
he responded in the affirmative, and at their
instance produced the Weapon. As soon as he
came to where McCreery and John-JD rwere
standing, they engaged him in conversation,,
and one of them asked permission to examine i
the firearm. Without waiting for a reply, he
snatched the gun away, and the two assassins
commenced firing upon the victim with their
revolvers. He-must have "been- mortally
wounded or killed by the first two or taree
shots, but the ruffians continued firing until
no less than fourteen shots had pierced bis
. With their appetite for blood.seemingly only;
whetted by this Inhuman outrage, they rode'
off in quest of other victims of their hellish
vengeance. Proceedin&abonfc. a mile and a
half, the fiends arri ved at the residence of Mr.
Josiah Keadle, an aged white man, whom they
called out Keadle went to bis door, torch in
hand, when the negroes fired a volley of four
or five shots, one of which took effect in one
of his legs. He, too, in ail probability, would
have been murdered but for the valor of a sav?
age dog, which compelled the murderers to
From this point the negroes rodo to the
farm of Mr. John Redd, about five miles dis?
tant, and called out a colored man named
July Owens, asking him for a chew of tobacco.
Receiving the tobacco, they proceeded to in?
terrogate Owens as to whether Mr. Redd was
at home, and how many others resided bn the
place. They also desired to know Whether
times were peaceable, and received assurance
that everything was quiet; they replied that
"times should no longer be peaceable," upon
which they simultaneously drew their pistols
and fired, shooting Owens down iu his trucks,
and continued firing until four or five shots
were expended, only one ef which took effect.
At this house the ruffians seem to have be?
come surfeited with blood, and determined to
suspend their murderous operations. Owens '
was shot through and through the breast, and
survived through the night, but no hopeswere
entertained of his life at daylight yesterday
morning, the honr at which our informant,
In the meantime Information of the first
murder Was circulated among the people of
the settlement In which lt-had been commit?
ted, and a strong and well-armed party of
white men and negroes organized and started '
in pursuit of the assassins. Guided by torch?
lights, they succeeded in tracking the villains
from the house where the negro was killed
until they ?ame to the residence of the white
man whom they had wounded. They found
the white man still entrenched In his house,
with his arms by his side, ready for use if
another attack upon him should be threatened.
When he saw the posse approaching his house
he thought that his former assailants had re?
turned, and came near firing upon one of the
party-a Mr. Burnett-before he could be
convinced that he was mistaken. From this
place the murderers were traced to the house
of the second negro who bad been killed, and
from there the trail was followed' undi the
Edlsto River was reached. At this point lt
was discovered that the assassins had gone np
the river in the direction of the Charlotte, Co?
lumbia and Augusta Railroad. While the main
body of the pursuers followed up the trail
through the country, one ol their number
Mr. John A. Burnett-got on the cars at the
j nearest station and came to this city that he
might post the Augusta police and have the
negroes arrested if they came to that city by
railroad. Lewis McCreery ls described as a '
large, heavy-built and Very black negro; Juba
Johnson ls rather short and stout.
The negroes killed are said to have been
quiet and ' harmless, and no cause for their
death can be assigned, unless it be the fulfil?
ment of the plan proposed by the confidential
circular picked up atUulon Courthouse, pro?
posing that the Leagues, in order to establish
the supremacy of the Radicals In the ensuing
State election, should, on the 20th instant,
commence the slaughter of colored men,
charging their crimes to the Reform party.
It ls to be hoped that speedy Justice will over?
take these fiendish murderers.
ORIGINAL UNION MEN OF IBIS
RICHMOND, September 21.
Hon. George W. Booker, Congressman from
Virginia, and A. J. Hamilton, Congressman
from Texas, have issued a cali for a convention
of the Southerners who were original Union
men, to be held at Knoxville on the 1st of No?
vember. The subjects to be brought before
the convention will be the acceptance of the
Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments as the
final status of the African race; universal.
amnesty and restoration to every man of "ail .
civil and political rights enjoyed before the
war; compensation to the loyal Union men
lor property taken during the war; a fair dis- .
trlbution of the banking capital in the South
and West; the aboliton of the iron-clad oath;
the giving of citizens' rights to all from whom
duties of citizens are required, and the pay?
ment of the public debt according to contract.
The call states that the convention will not be
of a political character.
TBE BIBLE AND THOSE WHO WIBB
TO IMPROVE IT.
LONDON, September ai.
The Times of to-day ridicules the protest ef
Bishop Cox against the proposed mode of re?
vising the Bible, and says his arguments O'
pose any retieion whatever.