Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1465.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1870.
S?X DOLLARS A YKAH.
THE im mm.
PEACE AFAR OFF.
KINO WILLIAM AND BISMARCK
TBE FIGHT NOT FOR AGGRANDIZEMENT,
BUT FOR SECURITY
ANOTHER AND A GREATER WAR
PREDICTED BY THEN.
King William and Bismarck Intcr
NEW YORK, September 20.
A special telegram to the Tribune says :
"AtMeaux, on the ISth irstant, King Wil?
liam and Bismarck had an interview, during
which I asked King William if there was any
truth in the report that there were English
representatives here. He answered : The
English have asked me .it we will treat with
Favre, and I replied that we would if his gov?
ernment would guarantee to us the possession
of Metz and Strasbourg. This he could not do.
In^this war we are influenced, said Bis?
marck, by no motive ot aggrandizement what?
ever. We have no purpose in view but our
own security. Consequently we must provide
for the next war, which is sure to come.
France ls now without allies, but may SOO?
succeed in procuring them, and it is sure to
commence another war under better auspices.
Tluc is why we demand these fortresses, but
the present government in Paris dare not
agree to the cession of French territory, nor
propably will the nest government. But our
purpose is fixed, and, if necessary, we are
ready to stay all winter at Paris.
I said that the general impression is that
France is too much weakened to begin another
war for many years.
That is not the case, said Bismarck. France
is a very wealthy country, and will remain so
after the war. Within flvi- years she will have
so recovered as to be able to recommence
hostilities. For that reason we must have the
fortresses; but as the Government at Paris is
not disposed to deliver them up, and probably
have no command over them, peace ls not very
near, and we must wail until we can reduce
them. We hear that the garrisons are already
eating their horses.
Then the question of peace, I said, reduces
itself to one for the possession ol Metz und
He answered, Yes, that is it, precisely.
BRCS3ELS, September 26.
Immediate publication of a manifesto from
Napoleon, In reply to the last proclamation of
the government at Tours, is promised. M.
Conts, priv?te secretary of the Emperor, is
said to be the writer ot the document.
LONDON, September 26.
Fighting all day Friday near Paris is re?
ported from Tours, but the accounts are con?
tradictory. The English journals refuse to
The inhabitants ot Strasbourg are still kept
in ignorance ot events outside of the city.
They believe that the French have been vic?
torious and that the army is advancing to the
relief of the city.
The English press compares the war move?
ments in France with those of the late Ameri?
can contest, especially the campaigns of Gen?
eral Grant against Vicksburg and Richmond.
TOURS, September 26.
Several engagements have occurred in the
?pen country, between Paris and Blois, with
no serio'is results, however.
The government here denies the statement
of the Berlin correspondent of the London
Times that Bazaine had made proposals for
surrender. The garrison has been reinforced
and received a large number of mitrailleurs.
The place is now fully prepared to resist an
A great many of the prelects are organizing
for a general uprising of the people.
Several of the journals here dwell upon the
lact that the government allows disorders to
continue like those at Lyons. General Cheseret
is there now, and his influence is said to be
pernicious, his purpose seemingly being to ex?
alte serious disturbances.
GOLD. AND BOND MARKET.
LONDON, September 26-Evening.
Consols 92*. Bonds 90 L
NEW YORK, September 26-Evening.
Discounts 7a9. Sterling unsettled, owing to
ftee offerings. Gold closed strong. Govern
nents dull and lower, closed very dull; sixty
twos 12$; sixty-fours 114; sixty-fives ll j; new,
10^; sixty-sevens 10*; sixty-eights 10?: for?
AFFAIRS IN FORTH CAROLINA.
RALEIGH, September 2C.
The Rev. Charles Phillips, D. D., of David
eon College, an accompr jd scholar, will .de?
liver an address at the State Fair to be hei?
here on the 18th of October.
All is quiet in political circles. There is a
strong expression among the Conservatives
and Democrats to call a convention to amend
the constitution relative to judiciary courts
and county government. There is no disposi?
tion to disturb the present status of the negro,
or to interfere with the req'?rements ot the
SFARKS FROM THE WIRES.
Judge Robert C. Grier died at Philadelphia
Admiral Porter asks to be relieved from
further duty on account ol falling health.
The New England press have renewed their
contract with the New York Associated
The Jamaica cable, laid yesterday, works
well. It will be continued to Aspiuwall.
There were ten deaths from yellow fever in
New Orleans Sunday.
The daughter of Mr. A. N. Walker, of New
Orleans, waa Instantly killed yesterday by fall?
ing from a house. ?
-The colored people gave a grand ball at
Cooper Institute, New York, Thursday night,
in honor ol Hon. Ebenezer D. Bassett, of Phil?
adelphia, the Mluister to Haytl, whole now so?
journing In New York.
THE LOW COUNTRY MOVISG.
Important Electing in Colleton -
Speeches from Carpenter. Ratler.
Youmang anti other?-Enthusiasm of
the Colored People for Reform-The
Good Work Going Steadily Onward.
?FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
WALTEREOBO', September 25.
Colleton lias spoken for Re'orm. On Friday
last, the leiderj of the Union Reform party un?
furled the ample folds of their banner to the
good people of the county. Tho canvassing
party, consisting of Ju Ige Carpenter, General
Butler, Hon. L. F. Youmins.and Mr. Tborue,
a colored speaker from your city, accompanied
by Fordham's Ref irm band, arrived in our lit?
tle ''Aubura" about sunrise ou the morning
of the 233 inst. They were amply cared for by
mine Lost Sauls of the "Vogler House,'and
many thanks are due him by the committee of
arrangements for his kind attention on this oc
cosiou. The living throng soon began to
pour into thc village. The several roads lead
ing to the town were alive with footmen and
horsemen. The "creaking wain,' sulkies,
buggies and carriages soon filled the court'
house square, and by ll o'clock, near twelve
hundred persons, according to the keen eyes
of one of the speakers, surrounded the stand,
which had beeu erected in a grove on the south
side of our stately old courthouse. Represen?
tative meu from all sections were present, giv
ing their stable support to tue movement. We
uotued in the great throng such meu as the
Warrens, tho Varos, tho Bells, the Heywards,
Willis, Williams, Sanders, Ltrisey, Tro wei. Rem
ly, and many such men, who have an influence
well worthy of our good cause. The stase was
occupied by prominent white and colored men
The meeting wa * organized by om1 active conn
ty chairman, J. J. Fox, Esq.," who moved that
?. P. Williams, Esq-, the senior member of the
Colleton Bar, should preside. Mr. Williams,
in a few pert inent and eloquent rem irks, wei*
corned our standard bearers, and called upon
his feJIow-citizsns. white and colored, to unite
in order to redeem our benighted mother. He
then introduced him whose official discharge
of his duty in days gone by and whose entire
I life bas rendered hi9 name, among us, xyn
11 ony m PMS with honor and integrity, Hon.
Leroy F. Youmaos. .Ur. Yonmins for more
than an hour entertained the andi'u-e. He dem?
onstrated plainly by figures and f<cts how, in
South Carolina, the threo constituent elements
of a republic, the legislative, the judiciary
and executive departments, had been used hy
Scott A Co. to impoveri?h the pi-cple and ag?
grandize themselves. Ho handled thc cor?
ruptions of the laud com nitrion ?>nd the
school fund, and took his scat amid a perfect
burst of applause from white and blicks. Next .
came the Judge; and though much impaired in '
voice by his onerous labors, the old veteran. I *
inspired by f he holiness of the cinse, took his
place beton.- th? people bnt to bc greeted by
their enthusiastic outbursts. In eloquent and
scathing terms he arraigned tbe Scott admin?
istration; be bad not come to war against Re
publican- and their principles, for he was one
in name and feeling. Passing trou the Colum?
bia Ring, he paid his respects to the Colleton
finis. beaded by Goorge F. McIntyre. His re?
marks were telling, and opened the eyes of the
peoDle to the tyranny u-ider which thev lived.
He closed with an eloquent address, first to
thc colored people, then to the whites, anil re?
tired amid fhreo cheers for Julgo Carpenter.
Next came the hero Butler, the veteran in war
and peace; his presence was enough to make
the welkin ring, but as he raised his clarion
voice the enthusiasm becamo so immense in
tho crowd that you could imwine you were
around some Grecian Maru' Hill anda DOM
osthenes was speaking. He warmed with lits
subject; soon tbe stick ou which he rested was
laid aside, and thc glance ot hie eagle oyo re
vealed that he was supported by inspiration
He waa conservative, yet imposing, and ho suc?
ceeded in his object. Old Democrats who had .
turned their backs on the movement now |1
favored it. and meu who had become Repub?
licans look him bv the band. I will never for
get bis closing effort ; he had not canvassed
the State for the petty office of Lieutenant
Governor, but it was his bleeding, dying moth
er, whom he was trying to raise from her death
bsd; bis a nbition would be satisfied, when
from the ripling rills of the Blue Ridge to the | '
heave of old ocean, he could eeo the white and
colored races in peace aud harmony, loaming
the arte of peace. He appealed to the women
of the land, (for we were f tvored with a large
attendance of the f?r sex, j to pray fbi the
cause; come out, Boid be. sturdy yeoman and
do your duty and we may yet live in peace.
Arter the General retired, Mr. Thorne addressed
the meeting, and though interrupted by some
vagabonds, succeeded in making a telhdg
Charles Heape, a colored man who deserves
the protection of every honest citizen, was
now introduced and mads an address well
worthy of bis honest self. He bad acquired ?
property, and hs told his friends that the
burden of Uxitiou had tau/ht him tbat safety | c
alone could bo found in Reform. He is ?
member of tho Central Executive Committee ,
for the county, and his activity ie fas* showing
itseif. Neai-the close or the meeting, Jame J T
Fraser, Trial Justice Holmes and Probate f
Judge Craig. Radicals, w ;re allowed to speak. c
Holmes U3ed most indecorous aud slanderous
language ag.unst Jud .re Catpenter, and a row
became immiuent, which was soon stopped bv t
timely intervention. Craig spoke iu the same ?
style, but the Judge replied with most telling .
sarcasm, and thes3 libellers were eoou com
pelted to seek a hiding place from the jccrB of c
the people. i
Thu? ended this very successful mass meet- n
ing. That night the lovers of the "dance" en?
joyed a happy trip on the tip-toe of excitement. '
The Judge and Uenoral were both present. 1
At daybreak the word was ' forward." and,
attended by a caravan of citizens, they were off
tor White Hali, sixteen miles distant. AB we
arrived at the depot, the road WAS moving with ?
the multitude of blacks, win cams from thc c
Combabee, Ashepoo and Edfeto. Trains of ,
cirs had brought maiv Iruu different points
of thc Sxvau?Kh and O.i.n-.rston Road. On
motion of Mr. Gil? G. i rali J, a prominent color- | f
ed Rniorujor ?:>" ?. omoA^eo. Mr. Joel Larisev,
preaiduJ. Mfluiyro, we ware told, had freely
distributed whit-key on the day previous, in or
d?*r that the meeting should bo or .ken up.
With groat difficulty order was procured. The
crowd had been told not to listen; but when .
Youmans, Carpenter and Butler had spoken, '
many, very many, of the sensible pledged c
themselves for Reform. Here is the place th*11
we must work. The good seed has boen sown:,
active gardeners wdl till the soil, and we will |1
reap a good hai vest iu October. Be assured
that the people of Colleton will give their en-1 <\
tire energy to our good ciuse; for we all be?
lieve that, emphatically, "lhere is Lue iu the
Old Land vet."
Colonel Rutted re will address the county at
Walterboro' on the 1st Monday in October.
More anon. D. S. H.
A GOOD yOMUTATIOH.
Hon. C. W. Dudley, the nominee of the
Florence Convention, is a native of Marlboro'
District, and has occupied, with honor to him?
self, and s&tistactioQ to his people, all the
honors which his district could confer upon
him. Ia a life runniog over three score years,
the foul breath ot doubt or suspicion as to the
purity of his private character-the honor,
honesty and integrity of his motives or the
boldness of his political coures, bas never
d ired to assail him. Kia ability as a lawyer
and a statesmau, and his purity and integrity
as a man arc so well-k'iown, that none out a
fool would question tne first, and it would bo
hird to find one so debased and corrupt, even
in these corrupt times, to question thc latter.
His ability, honor, honesty, integrity and
purity of character, stand stove question or
reproach, and his tlectioo would go v-ry far
to wipe out the foul blot nude bv the great
carpet-bagaer, who has made his name im?
mortal by the iufaray ana corruption which
marked his bnet career ia tho Nitional L?gis?
lature. Colonel Dudley's letter or acceptant
ot the nomination will ba found elsewhere in
our columns to day, which wo commend to the
cartful perusal of our readers,
-There is an "Academy of Tonsorial Art?
in New York. The pupils practice on shavlnc
the nnd ol watermelons without damaging
ihe Interior, and when that feat is accompli^
ed thev graduate.
HIS FORCES AGAIN DRIVEN INTO
RUINS OF THE FAMOUS STRASBOURG
AUSTRIA'S REPLY TO THE OVER?
TURES OP FRANCE.
THIERS TO OFFER IMPORTANT CONCES?
SIONS IN THE EAST TO THE CZAR.
CADORNA'S ADDRESS IV THE NEW
CAPITAL OF ITALY.
THE BELGIAN PRESS ON THE PRUSSIAN
BELGKAN SYMPATHY FOR FRANCE
ALLIANCE BETWEEN PRUSSIA AND
BALLOONS AS MAIL CARRIERS.
Bazaine Malees an Unsuccessful Attempt
LONDOX, September 2G.
A special dispatch to the Times, dated Saar
brncken, September 24, says : "Bazaine made
ai'eintonthe side of Mercy-la-Hant and at?
tempted to escape by Thionvllle. There was
a heavy cannonade for several hours, and a
sharp fight at Moulin, seven miles from Metz.
The French were driven back with serious
loss. Bazaine released his prisoners.^
A heavy force of Bavarians are penetrating
the country towards Lyons.
The Strasbourg Cathedral Irreparably
LONDON, September 2G.
The Cathedral of Strasbourg has been Irre?
parably injured by the bombardment, but the
istronomlcal clock is still going.
France, Austria and Russia. .
LONDON, September 20.
Von Beust, the Austrian Premier, is said to
lave given M. Thiers assurances of his deepest
sympathy, but told him that Intervention was
inpossible. It is now said that Thiers will
jfler thc Czar ol Russia important concessions
n the East.
Thc Situation in Tours.
TOURS, September 2G.
The city Is crowded with strangers from nil
^Harter.?, and many persons are sleeping in
A ?evy en masse ls hourly expected.
Tue Baltic fleet has been ordered to cut the
?able between Germany and Sweden.
Attitude of Belgium.
BRUSSELS, September 26.
The Belgian press unanimously denounce
he arrogant demands of Prussia.
Cadorna at Rome.
FLORENCE, September 26.
General Cadorna, '.n his address to the pro?
visional government at Rome, which he hlm
?elt had created, said: "Your task is a sublime
mc. The 20th of September works an era in
roar histor}', for lt makes Rome again the
capital of the Kingdom ol Italy.
Among the political prisoners released at
Rome was Petrous, after seventeen years' Im?
Tor/RS, September 26.
The Moniteur publishes a proclamation from
he Provisional Government at Paris, dated
September 20, reaffirming that the policy of
^unce id to not cede an Inch of soil or a stone
?f her fctlflcatlons.
A message from Versaihes says that the
?russians have undertaken nothing impor
ant; that the gunboats on the Seine are ready
or action, and that entrenchments and barri?
cades are going up everywhere.
Letters received by balloons from Paris give
he following account ol the battle of the 19th
nstant: General Ducrot, who occupied the
leights from Ville Juif to Mendon, made a re
?onnolssauce and encountered the Prussians
vith heavy cannon concealed in the woods.
The French attacked vigorously, and the
.'russians retrected, but reformed on thc
leights of Cbatalon and opened a tremendous
irtillery fire, and compelled Ducrot to seek
helter In Fort Devantes. His artillery was
veil served by the Garde Mobile, who were
?ol and resolute. Ducrot finally withdrew
nto Paris. The Prussians suffered severely.
A large number ot official messengers, hence
br Tari?, have returned.
The omnibus horses of Paris have been selz
;d by the government for transportation.
The Journal Officiel publishes decrees in
reoslng the number of regiments and con?
ferring extraordinary powers upon the general
A division of cavalry has reached here from
he south of France.
A large force of Garde Mobiles passed through
Tours going towards Orleans.
Martial law in Algeria has been suspended.
The Prussian dragoons are at Medon.
The Prussians are in force atBongivale, Real
ind Monierne, and near Chatillon.
Skirmishes occurred at Ville Juif, La Hage,
"hevilly and elsewhere.
The Prussians have apparently abandoned
Their movements indicate an attack on
Later information places the Prussians at
Jourget and St. Cloud.
LONDON, September 27.
Communication between Paris and Tours.
>y balloon?, continues.
The prelects of the western departments,
iccordlng to the proclamation of the mluistry,
ire appealing to the people to risc e.? masse
ind overwhelm the invaders.
Three million francs for the defence have
icen voted by Calais.
Belgium is grieved and alarmed at the fall?
ir? of the peace negotiations.
The Patrie, a semi-official Journal under the
?ld r?gime, now published at RlcMere, is en
husiaetic for the Republic.
A treaty between Belgium and Prussia for
he release of the wounded In the Belgian hos?
pitals has been signed.
Dispatches from Orleans report that Prus
ilan cavalry are at Bazachcs and Auternay.
Prince Albert, with a large force, ls reported
:o be near .the lormer place.
The Prussians are reconstructing the forti?
fications o? Laon.
Belgium Iii ports.
BRUSSELS, September 27.
Yesterday bands of workmen paraded
through the streets singing the Marsellaise and
shouting "Vira la France." The majority of
the people here do not favor the annexation
ol' Alsace and Lorraine.
MADRID, September 26.
The Government has Informed De Rodas that
his resignation, if pressed, will be accepted.
Alliance Between Prussia and Austria.
NEW YORK, September 26.
A special telegram from Berlin mentions that
there is a fair prospect of an alliance between
Prussia and Austria. Holland opposes it.
The Document In Full-His Views Con?
cerning the Means and Conditions of
Peace-The Frenen Government Be.
lieved to be Insincere lu lu EiTorts
2for Peace-Prussia Demands only
What is Net'ess a ry for lier Fut ure De.
The following is the (nil text (received by
cable) of thc important circular letter from
Bismarck concerning the means and con?
ditions ol peace addressed to the North Ger?
man representatives abroad:
MEAUX, Friday, September 16.
Your Excellency is iamiliar with the circular
which M. Jules Favre has addressed to the
loreign representatives of France in the name
of the men at present holding power in Paris,
and who call themselves "Le Gouvernement de
la Defence National." I have learned simul?
taneously that M. Thiers has entered upon a
confidential mission to the foreign courts, and
I may presume that he will endeavor on the
one side to create a bellefin the love for peace
of the present Parisian government, and on
Hie other side will request the intervention of
the neutral powers in favor of a peace which
shall deprive Germany of the fruits of her vic?
tories, and for the purpose of preventing every
basis of peace which would make the next .at?
tack of France on Germany more difficult.
We cannot believe in the sincerity ot the
present Parisian government to make peace
so long as it continues by its language and its
acts at home to excite the passions of the peo?
ple and to increase the hatred and bitterness
ol a population stung by the sufferings ol'war,
and to repudiate in advance every basis ac?
ceptable to Germany as unacceptable ;by
France. By sucha course it becomes Impossi?
ble to make peace. The people should be pre?
pared for peace by calm words and In terms
corresponding to the gravity of the situation.
If we are to believe that negotiations with
us for peace are honestly intended, thc de?
mand that we should conclude an armistice
without any guarantees for our conditions of
peace could be meant seriously only on the
supposition that wc lack military or political
Judgment, or are indifferent to the interests
of Germany. Moreover, the hope entertained
by the present rulers in Paris ol a diplomatic
or material intervention ol thc neutral powers
In favor ot France prevents the French na?
tion Irom seeing the necessity of peace. When
the French nation become convinced that as
they have wantonly conjured up the war alone,
and Germany hos had to light lt out alone,
they must also settle their account with Ger?
many alone, they will soon put an end to their
resistance, now surely unavailing.
It would be an act of cruelty to the French
people by the neutral powers to permit the
Parisian "government to nourish among the
people hopes ot intervention that cannot be
realized, and thereby lengthen the contest.
We arc (ar (rom any Inclination to mix in
the internal affairs of France. It ls immaterial
to us what kind of a government tho French
people shall formally establish for themselves.
The government of tho Emperor Napoleon has
hitherto been the only one recognized by us.
Our conditions of peace, with whatever gov?
ernment, legislating lor the purpose we may
have to negotiate with, are wholly independent
of the question how or by whom the French
nation is governed. They are prescribed to us
by the nature of things, and by the law of self
defence against a violent and hostile neighbor.
The unanimous voice of the Germanic Gov?
ernments and the German people demands
that Germany shall be protected by better
boundaries than we have hitherto had against
the dangers and violence we have experienced
from all French Governments lor centuries.
So long as France remains in possession of
Strasbourg and Metz, so long ls Its offensive
strategically stronger than our defensive so
far as all South Germany and North Germany
on the left bank of the Rhino are concerned.
Strasbourg in the possession of France is a
gate wide open for an attack on South Ger?
many. In the hands of Germany, Strasbourg
and Metz obtain a delcnslvc character.
In more than twenty wars we have never
been the aggressors on France; and: we de?
mand of the latter nothing else than our safe?
ty in our own land, so often threatened by lt.
France, on the other hand, will regard any
peace that may be made now ns an armistice
only, and, in order to avenge the present de?
feat, will attack us in the same quarrelsome
and wanton manner as this year, as soon as lt
feels strong enough in its own resources or in
In rendering lt difficult for France, from
whose initiative alone hitherto the disturb?
ances of Europe have resulted, to resume the
offensive, we at the same time act la the inter?
est ol Europe, which is that of peace. From
Germany no disturbance ol the European
peace ls to be (eared. Although France bad
been trying to force the war upon us for four
years, we. oy our care and by restraining the
feelings cf our natioaai self-respect so inces?
santly outraged by France, liad prevented its
occurrence. We mean now for our future
safetv to demand the price of our mighty ef?
forts." We shall demand only that which we
must have for our defence. Nobody will be
able to accuse us of want ot moderation if we
Insist upon this just ami equitable demand.
Your Excellency will make these views your
own, and advocate them in discussions.
THR SICK MAR'S ACTIVITY.
Preparing to Resist
Silent, bat Certain
A Constantinople letter, of September 2,
to the London Times says:
Although I believe the Turkish. Government
has changed its mind as regards Minding a
squadron of its magnificent lron-clud fleet into
the Mediterranean, yet the most active pre?
parations are guinn on to put all the ves-vl.-? in
a position lo go to sea at a moment's notice.
I have good reasons for stating that Uh* crews
are in splendid condition, well trained in -run.
nery, and would be sure to do excellent "ser?
vice if required for action. They are ult. k?yt
well In hand, and are under exc?dent liUcl
piine. All who know anything m'Ottoman
history are well aware thai, excellent sailors
have always been lound in lin* Turkish navy
men ready lo Karin LI? ih - lust.thungo frequent?
ly very liuuiihWnliy irained. They have
the aauid cia?* of men now that (ought
at Navarin?, willi this difference, however
that f h-'v arc at present carefully Instructed in
all the net-..ii' modern naval warfare, and tue
next naval engagement in which the Turkish
? ivy takes part will hu certain to have a very
dur?rent termination from that of either Sinope
or Nuvnriuo. Under the able and assiduou >
attention o! Hobart Pasha, aided, I understand
in every possible way by the highest authori?
ties connected with the navy, not even ex?
cepting the Sultan himself, the officers are un?
dergoing n scientific course ot instruction
while the Juniors and the naval cadets are be?
ing trained at the naval school at Halki in a
manner which will in a short time Insure to
the Turkish navy quite a new class ot officers
equal In every respect to those of any other
country, only excepting perhaps the officers
of our own and the French navies. As regards
the anny, it is being steadily increased lu
numbers by the Redlfs, cr reserve, who are
arriving in large numbera, vnd being placed
in the various barracks around the capital,
where they are now dally to be seen at drill
I am told that they are very fine fellows, and
Fears of Turkey
the Costa? It
that they go through the various movements
in which they are trained with very commend?
able steadiness and precision. These various
preparations are being made without the least
demonstration or excitement. Only last weet,
when I was going up the Bosphorus, a large
steamer passed by crowded to excess by Re
difs. They were as thick as bees lu ahlve,
or locusts clustering around the columns
and eaveB of a house, yet not a sound nor
a murmur was heard either from the ship
or the shore. An English ship pass?
ing under similar circumstances up the
Thames would have been saluted by vocifer?
ous cheers from the crowds on the banks, nor
would they have been left unresponded to
for In these demonstrative matters we are all
equally ready to join. Very different are the
Turks; Indeed, all Oriental people are alike.
In this respect, for there Is nothing more re?
markable about large crowds of people assem?
bled together In any part of the East than the
extraordinary repose and quietness, and even
gravity, that usually prevail. And as the peo?
ple are, so are the Turkish Government:
Their preparations are going on without a
sign being made or a sound being heard; but
they are not the less effectually pro?
gressing in the attainment of their
object. It ls known that Russia ls assem?
bling considerable forces In Bessarabia;
and it the Prussians succeed in driving the
French army back on Paris-an event which
seems highly probable Just now-people are
beginning to think here that Russia will be
tempted to demand compensation In this quar?
ter. The aggrandizement of Prussia, or the
establishment of a German Empire with the
King of Prussia as Emperor, might well sup?
ply a pretext to the Czar for taking possession
of the Danubian Principalities. These, lt ls
true, are only speculations; but the said specu?
lations have been extended even to greater
lengths. Still, Just now, all people here are.
asking If the war ls going to spread, and If
Russia will be tempted by the present state of
affairs to carry out the policy in which she
was defeated at the time of the Crimean war.
I do not profess to offer an opinion on so
frave a question; but under the circumstances
submit there can be only one opinion as to
the wisdom of the Turkish, government, not
only In maintaining an armed, but strict neu?
trality, and preparing for what might possibly
occur, but also In abstaining in every possible
way from drawing on Itself the very danger
that ls to be apprehended. Some of the local
papers, that set themselves up os advisers of
the public In general, and the Porte in particu?
lar, and notably an English print published at
Pera, urged the Turkish Government en what
ls called the "morrow of the war"-whatever
that may mean-to send two great armies
across the Balking, one Into Servia and the
other to the Danube-the whereabouts were
not mentioned-In order, ol course, to attract
offensive movements on the other side, for
that could be the only result of such an ill
judged measure. I have since heard that a
very hich personage belonging to the Turkish
Government has observed that lt is a great
pity that prudent men should not be editors of
newspapers. Instead ol men utterly without
discretion or Judgment, who are fitted only to
be firebrands. The remark ls a good one, und
might possibly suit some people nearer home
as well as the person for whom It was specially
RUSSIA XAK ISO READY.
Preparations for Wai- National Feel?
ing Toward Prussia and France.
A letter ?a the Baltic Gazette, written In
Warsaw, on the 29th of August, says:
In Russia military preparations are actively
progressing, though at the same time quietly.
A great many bonuM, Intended to complete
the artillery stud, have already been purchas?
ed, and M. Hofmark, a merchant at St. Peters?
burg, has just completed a contract for the de?
livery of 200,000 pondes (a pondes is a weight
equal to about forty-five pounds avoirdupois.)
M. Nobet's factory at St. Petersburg, has re?
ceived an order lor 800 mitrailleurs ?o_de de?
livered on the 1st of October.
The Ultra-Russian journals expect that Prus?
sia will demand the cession ot Alsace and Lor?
raine as the condition of peace, and they de?
clare themselves opposed In principle to any
aggrandizement ol .Germany, but they foresee
that neutral powers will not be able to' prevent
the giving back of provinces once German.
In the event of that retrocession being made,
they demand a suitable compensation for Rus?
sia, without indicating in any distinct way
what they mean by that. In order more effec?
tually to insist upon such a claim, the Russian
army ought to be mobilized promptly. The
letter states that the German victories have
produced great depression among the Polish
nobility, whose sympathies are altogether de?
voted to France.
TURRET AND RUSSIA-THE COMING WAR.
In the Crimean war the Integrity ol Turkey
was felt to be ot euch Importance, firstly, as
maintaining the balance of power in Europe;
Becondl}-, as preventing Russian Interference
in the Mediterranean, and especially In Egypt,
to the endangerment of French and British in?
terests, that France and Great Britain combin?
ed to uphold Turkey as they baa with Russia
combined to prostrute her In the war of Greek
independence-a fatal concession to Russian
policy and statecraft. I":.mee and Prussia
now have their hands mons i .ian lull. Italy ls
probably In alliance with Russia. The ouly
powers really to be considered In the matter
arc Austria and England.
Great Britain has shown herself conspicu?
ously Indifferent. If not supine, In the Franco
Prussian war. Whether she can be stirred
into action on behalf of Turkey remains to be
seen. Her standing army ls the constant
theme of ridicule to her own press.
The chief iuterest of England In un Eastern
war would be in the short road to her Indian
possessions by the Black Sea, the Dardanelles
and the Isthmus of Suez. Hardly less direct
ls her anxiety about Russian encroachments
on her prestige among the tribes of Central
Asia to che north of the Himalaya and the
Austria was apparently neutral in the Cri?
mean war. That really hostile neutrality was
felt at the lime keenly by the Emperor Nicho?
las, who had promptly rendered services* to
Austria In her hour ol need, when she was
hard beset with Hungary and Bohemia. A
motive for Austrian Interference now either
for or against Russia might be found either in
her desire ot aggrandizement at the expense
of her dangerous German neighbor, or In
her fear of a disturbed balance of power In the
East. But she ls busy, under tfye prudent and
sagacious statesmanship of Von Beust In the
work of consolidation. Sadowa did not break
her power, but lt revealed her necessities.
Like England, she has no desire to interfere
unless compelled, and her action would
probably hang on the course of Prussia and
Italy; but she is nearest to the seat ot war,
and would be roused at once to an
armed neutrality. Her military strength
and her financial position fluctuates a little
under the internal changes taking place, but
her army expenditure ls about thirty-seven
millions of dollars; her army on the peace foot?
ing being 209,000 men ol' all classes, of which
102,000 are intanlry, 10,000 cavalry, 40,000 ar?
tillery and engineers, and the remainder gen?
darmerie and Irregulars; on the war footing It
exceeds 000.OOO. The Austrian navy consists
ot thirty-nine steamers, with 63? guns, of
which seven are Iron-clads, carrying a total of
176 guns. The Austrian difficulty ls financial.
Her finances have long been In a vexatious
condition, her expenditure exceeding her in?
come, and the whole debt being nearly six
hundred and fifty milllous of dollars. Her
population ol' Ihirty-flve millions is heteroge?
neous; but lt Includes some ot the most warlike
and energetic races of the Old World. Nor
can any man say what marvellous opportuni?
ties ol' unexpected action on the field ot his?
tory an Eastern war, breaking out while
France and Germany are bleeding to death,
tnlirht open to the "Eastern Empire" of the
Hapsburg, as well as to the Asiatic Empire ol
TEE CHEAM OF THE WAR SEWS.
How Long Can Paris Hold Out.
The Revue des Deux Mondes, of Paris, Sep?
tember C, publishes an article from Xavier
Raymond on the probable conditions of a
siege of Paris. We extract the principal por?
The possible duration of resistance Increases
in proportion to the size of the place. Sebas?
topol was defended for eleven months against
an army ol 200.000 mea, and an artillery
which, at the end of the operations, amounted
to more than 800 pieces. Why tnat long de
?ence ? Because the fortress was not block?
aded, because it could constantly renew its
troops and its munitions. The French capital
would be still more difficult to block up; Its
continuous enceinte is about thirty-six kilome?
tres (about live-eighths of a mlle each) in cir?
cumference, and the line of the torts more
than 100 kilometres. To Invest it would re?
quire a vastly superior army than the one the
Prussians can bring before the walls. The
great extent ot the fortifications moreover pre?
sents a considerable advantage. What Inflicts
most Injury on besieged places is the con?
vergence of the enemy's fire. The town being
ordinarily of no great extent the concentric
lines with which the besieger surrounds it
causes the missiles to cross, and, ably directed
on a few selected points, they could do the
greatest mischief; during that time the forts
reply by fires necessarily divergent, so that,
for an equal expenditure of ammunition, its
guns can only have a very Inferior effect. At
Paris the case is very different, the considera?
ble extent ol' the works sensibly diminishes the
curve ol the linea and the convergence of the
enemy's fire; the attack and defence must
therefore be considered parallel, and conse?
quently if the artillery of the besieged is better
served than that of its assailants lc may have
the advantage. On the other hand, owing to
the long range of the cannon, the forts protect
each other, and at least three of them would
have to be taken before an enemy could arrive
at thc fortifications. As to these latter they
are so constructed that each advanced bas?
tion ls protected by the four others to the
right and as many to the lett. However the
Prussians have Bhown at Strasbourg that they
count less'on th J evil they can do the ram?
parts and the garrison thau on the disasters
they can inflict on the unfortunate population.
In the capital that odious calculation would be
foiled. The German batteries, If established
outside tlic torts, could not reach the city, if
they were brought to the walls thev could hard?
ly send their projectiles beyond the old octroi
barrier. A large space, all the old Paris of
Louis Philippe, would, therefore, be a shelter
for the population. But we have supposed the
siege regularly commenced; could that be so
easdy accomplished ? M. Raymond calculates
that at Sebastopol the allies had the sea and
their war ships to bring their heavy guns. At
the attack on Antwerp the French had before
the citadel ninety pieces, which required 10,000
horses to draw the carriages. Thus, then, more
than fifty thousand would be necessary to
bring to the capital the artillery which assailed
the Russian fortress. Those animals are not
to be thought of. but Prussia doubtless counts
on replacing them by road locomotives.
French Opinion of the Germans-TV h at
M. Aboat Say? of Prussia.
In an article in the Soir, of August 25, enti?
tled "A Holy Wrath," M. Edmund About
writes in terms of extraordinary bitterness
against the Germans. He says:
We did not know our enemies. We were
Innocent enough to believe them almost like
ourselves. In the Intoxication of success they
have been unmasked, and we may read Into
their very souls. * * * What they wish for
i Is now known. They wish to take and carry
away everything that we possess. They have
as yet ruined only two provinces; they now
march upon Paris in the hope of striking a
great blow. * * * What difference Is there
between King William and n brigand like
Possatore or Takos Arvanltakis ? The
difference that there is between a rob?
ber and a petty thief. Their mode of
action is Identical; night marches, ma?
nouvres concealed by the shade ot forests,
tricks on all occasions, attacks when the pro?
portion of the two opponents ls as five to one.
aosaeslnation, conflagration and pillage. Of
all this France ls not Ignorant. We know with
what a race of rascals.we have to do. An anger
-an honorable and holy anger-has soon suc?
ceeded to the surprise ol tue first days. At
the first we were astonished, we did not under?
stand; a town of thirty thousand souls allowed
Itseli to be conquered by five Uhlans because
the thing appeared to be so inprobable. When
our purse or our life has been >> seriously de?
manded of us lt is seriously l hat wo must set
about destroying first the Prunian army, then
Prussia, The companions of King William
who have entered France will never leave it.
If they have poured upon our territory their
entire population, as they boast, so much the
better for ns. We shall then go to Berlin to
crush in pieces in its nest this barbarism,
tit ls stupid feudalism. All the roads will
be covered, but I hope we shall choose
by preference the Grand Duchy of Ba?
den. Wurtemberg and Bavaria. These
are three smali monarchies which owe
their existence to us, for it was we who
spontaneously created them at the begin?
ning of the century. And the Bavarians have
become the valets d'ann?e- of Prussia ! And
the Wurtembergers do themselves the plea?
sure of invading us in their train. And the
tavern-keepers, the ruffians, the smugglers of
Baden and of Kehl-the miserable creatures
who would clean our boots with their mous?
taches If we were to spend or lose our money
with them-have loaded their carriages with
the booty of the noble French people; they are
the ravens of the enemy ! You will repay all
that with usury, unclean rascals. We did not
wish any evil to the German race; whose fault
is It if we have bes?me its enemies, and if
France can save civilization only by destroy?
ing all this Teutonic vermin ? It is necessary
that the 1st of January, 1871, should see all
Europe purged from all these Hohenzollern,
from all these petty country squires, from all
these feudalists, from all these Jesuits In hel?
mets. It is necessary that we should have
upon our eastern irontler a Germany divided,
ruined, and muzzled for a century.
Mc Mu hon Facing Death-Teaching
Kings and Princes-The Marshal's
A French officer who escaped to Belgium
To relate what McMahon did is impossible
steel, fire, melted metal, explosive balls, and I
don't know what other infernal mixturen the
Prnesains there made use of for the first time,
appeared to stream off or to rebonnd from him
like hail from a roof. He went to the front
seeking death. "Leive me. my friends," he
said to us al!; who soutrut to prevent him
from gointr forward, "let me show those
Kings, those Princes, who hide behind their
masses of men, that a marshal of France
knows how to fight, and, when beaten, how to
die." And be emited upon us a sad smile,
which made us weep, and reionbled our rage.
Ah, miserable 1 We kill, we massacre, sud
the living appear to spring np from the dead,
wbicb we heap around us. We climbed a little
mountain of dead bodies that we might reekoa
bow long the butchery would last. Mvytbre,
broken and reeking, fell from my bands when
I saw what masses we had still to deal with.
Tho plain, the horizon, was black with dust.
We were but aute in a large ant-hill. "Mar
shal,'' I said, "we have at least 200.000 men
"No," be replied, gently, "300,000."
At that moment a cloud passed before my
eyes aod we went mad. We regained our
seuse? only ^ hen we found ourselves beyond
tho hotdes of Uhlans who attacked us. We
had been fortunate encgh to reach the Bel?
gian froutier. Wo were safe, bat at what a
sacrifice. ^_ _
RR SUTOR ULTRA CREPIDAM.
Among the many virtues or distinctive char?
acteristics of a people in whom there is much
that is good, with some exceptions, which are
common to frail humanity, lt is rather sur?
prising what a desire Jie new-fledged Import?
ed rulers ol South Carolina have of "showing up
the superior civilization of the North, and the
unprogret .? I veness of the unfortunate Southern
people. Senator Sawyer, in a recent letter to
the New York Lodger, dwells upon national
resources of the South and ol South Carolina
in particular; but lakes care to make us out a
very ignorant people in the science ol' agricul?
ture, stating that the overseers who formerly
scourged i he slaves, knew less of agriculture
than the slaves, Ac. Since the war we have
beard of many Northern capitalists com?
ing South, each desiring, to use their own lan?
guage, of running a cotton plantation. They
have used the labor Senator Sawyer eulogizes
as so intelligent. Many of them were hard
task masters, and retired atter losing thou?
sands of dollars, their superior agricultural
knowledge being ot no avail, and their high
estimate of the intelligent labor of the south
being decidedly changed by sad exnsrlence.
Why will Northern writers, who afe really
strangers to the manners and customs of oar
people, continue to misrepresent us ? It is
just such language, made in the spirit of wll
x? 11 prejudice, that has contributed much to
briug about the four years 'bloodv drama. But lt
ls bard for the politician to make room for truth
and justice. THE CHARLESTON NEWS has given
Mr. Sawyer a ventilation which he richly de?
serves, and has faithfully vlnd-cated our peo?
ple lrom bis ioul misrepresentation- George?
town Times. 1
DISASTER AT SEA.
NEW YORK, September 26.
The steamer Sarah Fish, of Maine, was
abandoned at sea In a sinking condition. Her
crew have been brought here by the New Or?
leans steamship Metropolis.
TBE NATHAN MURDER.
NEW YORK, September 25.
Kepllng was arrested near Beading, Pa.i .
charged with implication with the Nathan
murder. He was in New York when the mur?
der occurred. His arrest was caused by his
extravagant accounts o? bis exploits.
WILL Wosrex VOTE ?- Che recent ?leot?on in
Wyoming Territory may be taken a? pretty
conclusive answer to the questiun whether
Western women will vote in case they are per?
mitted to do so. Two ladies wera nominated
on the Republican ticket,'one for county clerk
and the other for school superintendent of one
of the counties in the Territory, and although
they were not elected, yet they ran ahead of
the gentlemen npon the same ticket. The
ladies almost universally voted. Thc scene at
the polls in Cheyenne is thus described by an
Iowa pape;- :
The ladies, with a few excepticpns, "were
brought to the polls in carriage and omni?
buses, deposited their ballots and immediate?
ly stepped in again and were driven home. One
inotdent of the day waa worth relating. The
oldest woman- perhaps the^ojdesl person-in
Cheyenne, 80 years of ago, wont to the nolls
and voted her firet ballot. When she alighted
from the baggy the whole crowd surrounding
tho polls. Republicans and Democrat, took off
their hats while she marched through and de-,
posited her vote. When she turned to go
away, three cheers were called for, and given
so rousmgly that they were heard tit several
squares. She'll be likely to remember her
mat billot while she liveB. The ladies didnfc
all vote one way by o ny moana. Bat both
parties had ruoners ont with boggies, from
morning till sundown^ gatheriog up all th?
ladies that could be found, lt waa a fine illus?
tration of that respect and reverence which
the men of America have for females, that not
even a drunken rough was beard to offer an
insult. This may have been partly owing to.
the fact that both parties were courting them. -
Trains leave Charleston dally at -0.30 A. M.,
(Sundays excepted,) and 6.30 P. IL
Arrive at Charleston 7.30 A &L, (Mondays ex?
cepted,) and 5 p. M.
Train leaving at 9:30 A. M.. makes ttirough con?
nection to New York via Richmond and A quia
Creek only-going through in 42 hoars, and with?
out detention on Sunday.
Train leaving at 0:30 P. M., have choice of route
via Richmond and Washington, or Bay route via
Portsmouth and Baltimore. Passengers leaving:
Friday by this train lay over on Sunday In Balti?
more ; those leaving on Saturday remain Sunday
in Wilmington, N. C.
This is the cheapest, quickest and most pleasant
route to Cincinnati, Chicago and other points
West and Northwest, both trains making close
connections st Washington with Western trains of
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
S. S. SOLOMONS,
Engineer and Superintendent.
P. L. CLEAPORr.Seneral Ticket Agent.
?REDUCTION OF FREIGHTS.
SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE, )
NORTHEASTERN RAILROAD COUPANT, I
CHARLESTON, S. C., Aug. 7.6.1870. j
The attention of the pobdu ls respectfully called
to the following REDHOED RATES OF FREIGHT
between Charleston and Stations on the Wilming?
ton and Manchester Railroad, to go into operation
on the 20th of August :
1st 2d 3d 4th 0th
Class. Class. Class. Class. Class,
To Sumter. $1.16 90 80 65 36
To Mars Binn*,
In order to show the extent of this redaction,
the following OLD RATES are appended:
lat 2d sd 4th 6th
Class. Class. Class. Class. Class.
To Sumter. $1.80 1.40 1.20 76 47
To Mars Bluff,
To Marlon, J
1.10 90 76 60
1.70 1.40 1.16 70 46
. MCI . M m i
S. S. SOLOMONS,
Superintendent Northeastern Railroad,
OUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
GENERAL SUPERlNTtNDK.N l> Or FICE, 1
CHARLESTON S. C.. to ky ll, 1870. j
On and after Sunday. Mav .sth, the Passenger
Trains upon ' tic Sonta -'.'?'oana Railroad wm nm
Leave Charleston..*..8.S0 A M.
Arrive at Augusta.4.26 P. M.
Leave Charleston.8.80 A. M.
Arrive at Columbia.4.10 P. M.
Leave Augusta.8.00 A. M.
Leave Columbia.7.46 A. K.
Arrive at Charleston.aso P. M.
AUGUSTA NIGHT EXPRESS.
Leave Charleston.-8.80 p. M.
Leave Angosta..6.co P. IL
Arrive at Augusta.7.06 A. M.
Arrive at Charleston.6.40 A IL
COLUMBIA MIGHT EX PR SSS,
..eave OOlUltHH*.7.60 P. IL
Arrive at columbia.e.00 A IL
un ve at Charleston.6.46 A M.
-. SUMMERVILLE TB ALU.
Leave Charleston.5.20 P. M.
Arrive at Summerville..6.40 P. M,
Leave Summerville..7.10 A. M
Arrive at Charleston.8.26 A. M.
Camden and Columbia Passenger Trains on
MONDAYS, WEDNESDAYS and SATtmoATS, and be?
tween Camden and Ringville dally, (Sun<u-\ya ox?
cepted,) connects with op and down Day Pas?
sengers at Ringville.
Leave Camden.0.8? A. IL
Arrive at Columbia.11.00 A M.
Leave Columbia.1.00 P. IL
Arrive at Camden.6.40 P. M.
H. T. PEAKE,
maj 13 General Superintendent.
Ofthebest brands, Including Parker Mills and
CAMERON, BARKLEY A CO.'S unequalled "Ne
Plus Ultra" CUT NAILS.
A faU Stock of Wrought and Cut SPIKES.
For sale by
CAMERON, BARKLEY ? CO.,
Corner Meeting and Cumberland streets,
mch24 arno_Charleston, & a
.g E L T I N G .
A large Stock of Leather and Rubber BELTING
and RUBBER GOODS, including Manhole and
Handhole Gaskets, (all sizes.) Hose, Sheet Rub?
ber for packing, Pare Vulcanized Gum for vt J ves,,
"Regulation" LEATHER HOSE, double-riveted
and of approved manufacture.
For sale by
CAMERON, BARKLEY A CO.,
Corner Meeting and Cumberland streets,
mch34 smo_. Charleston, 8. O.
Oostar'B INSECT POWDER
Glentworth's Roach Exterminator
Cos tar's Rat Poison
Isaacs en's Sure Pop-Death io MusqoJtoea.
For sale by Da. H. BARR,
julys f ?..'' Meeting imet.