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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1465.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1870.
S?X DOLLARS A YKAH.
THE VERY LATEST.
LAST SIGHTS DISPATCHES.
HONORS TO ULRIC.
THE POP E DECLINES TO QUITE03IE
THE BESIEGERS RECEIVING THEIR
PACIFIC INTENTION OP THE CZAR.
KING WILLIAM CONTRIBUTES MONEY FOR
THE RELIEF OF THE CITIZENS
FINANCE NOT TO BE MADF A SECOND-RATE
POWER BY PRUSSIA.
Italian War Reports.
ROME, October 2.
ThePope declines to quit Rome. He will re?
main for the present at Castle Angelo. His
health is excellent.
The civil affairs of Rome are conducted by
a commission of eighteen ministers, with Gal
The political exiles are coming in from ail
LONDON-, October 2.
I; is reported that the Pope advises his ad?
herents to abstain from voting on the plebi?
French War Reports.
TOURS, October 1.
A fight is now progressing near St. Germain.
A dispatch from Toul reports heavy fighting
in the direction of Metz.
It is reported thai General Bourkoe made a
sortie from Metz, inflicting a heavy loss on the
The National Guard will protect Metz if Ba?
zaine succeeds in cutting his way out.
It was reported at Eureux, yesterday, that
Montes was occupied by four thousand Prus?
The commander of Fort DTssy declares he
will not surrender his post upon any terms.
The National Guard now on active duty in
PB?S numbers 375,000.
A richly decorated coffin, escorted by many
of the Mecklenburg rro?ps, passed Toni on the
29th. Two similarly decorated coffins followed
Tte government proclamation explaining
the delay in the election for the Constituent
Assembly, says that it was for the purpose of
facilitating negotiations ior an armistice. *
The government hopes that the couraga of
the defenders of Paris, aided by events out?
side, may bring dcuverance before the elec?
tion; but should the situation remain unchang?
ed, the Assembly will inspire the army and na?
tion with fresh hope and courage.
Dispatches from prefects of departments,
and other officials, show that the circular
of Jules Favre, regarding the failure of peace
negotiations, produced as good an effect
throughout France as abroad.
General Ulric was received at the gates of
Tours by the ministers and an immense crowd
and conducted to the Archbishop's palace and
installed as the nation's guest.
English War Reports.
LONDON, October 3.
The besiegers before Paris are probably re?
ceiving their siege guns to-day. The guns
used at Toul are not going to Parl6; they have
been sent elsewhere.
The bridges and tunnels on the German line
o? communication have been repaired.
The Royal headquarters will soon be moved
nearer to Paris.
The King of Prussia sent five thousand tha
lers to the relief of the inhabitants oi Stras
Echo du Nord, of Lille, says that the Francs
Tireurs killed the Duke of Nassau and lils
The siege of Solssons continues. All sorties
have been repulsed. The French asked for a
truce to bury their dead. The German loss is
trifling. There are no official advices of the
Duke of Nassau's death.
Bismarck denies that the disposition ol Prus?
sia is to make France a second-rate power.
Russian War Reports.
ST. PETERSBURG, October 2.
The Budget for 1S71 shows no deficit. This
indicates pacific intentions on the part ol' the
Prussian War Reports.
BERLIN, October 2.
By royal decree, occupied French territory
outside ot Alsace, add Loraine has been
placed under the governorship of the Duke oi
CHISA PEEP A EISO EOE WAE.
LITERPOOL, October 1.
Chinese advices via Bombay represent that
the Chinese have refused the idtimatum ol the
French, and are preparing for war. The
French await orders from home before pro?
ceeding to extremities.
RESCUE AI SEA.
BOSTON, October 1.
?.The captain of the British brig Nancy, from
Cow Bay for New York, picked up from a
plank, after thirty-six hours' exposure at sea.
a captain's wife and child. the crew, and a
lady with seven children, who were passen?
gers on board a lost ship.
WHAT WILL SOT BE TAXED HERE?
WASHINGTON. October 1.
The new internal revenue law. repealing all
taxes on gross receipts and sales, except of to?
bacco, snuff, cigars and spirits, and abolishing
the use of stamps on all receipts for money
and on promissory notes of less denomination
than 8100, ou billiards, and also all taxes im
posed by schedule A of June 30th, I8W, take
effect to-day, and hereatter no taxes are to be
collected on any of the above named articles.
Schedule A, which censed to exist yesterday,
required taxes to be paid on carriages, gold
watches, billiard tables, gild and silver plate,
Ac. The Texan brokers' sales are not repealed
by law. as was erroneously stated.
INCREASE OF THE VOMITO
MADRID, October 1.
Th?'vomito is increasing on th?- Mediter?
ranean coast. Fifty more new cases and forty
nine deaths occurred at Barcelona on Fiiday.
It is said that a revolution, projected by the
Duke de Montpelier, has been discovered.
TBE BLUE BIEGE BAILEO AB
B O X D S .
Are They a Direct Liability and Bona
Fide Debt ?
Mr. Attorney-General Chamberlain, whose
malignity of spirit pervades even the dull
statistics o? his garrled and sophistical state?
ments of the public debt, says: "I do now
make this charge, that the including of the
Blue Ridge bonds in the statement of our pub?
lic debt Is a trick, a subterfuge unworthy ol
serious men seeking office at the hands of
their fellow-citizens; a gToss and palpable at?
tempt to deceive and mislead their political
lriends and the public."
Messrs. F. J. Moses, Jr., and others, commit?
tee ol the so-called Republican Convention, in
their recent address, wherein the said hero of
Fort Sumter and ex-Confederate Colonel R.
F. Graham descend 60 low in the scale ol de?
pravity as to denounce as unworthy of confi?
dence all who were sincere in their devotion
to the pure principles of constitutional liberty,
involved in that memorable "Lost Cause,"
among whose supporters they were so impos?
ingly conspicuous, who were either lalse then,
or false now, or lalse now and then-these
"honorable" men, in said address, declare "the
attempt (to include these bonds among the
debts ol the State,) too transparently unjust to
'.'Veritas* [lucitsa non lucendo,) Dr. Hicks's
sympathizing anti-Reform friend, says: "At
most, it can only be counted a contingent lia?
bility, not a lomfiilii debt."
I shall show that they constitute an immedi?
ate and present debt to the State, as to the in?
terest, and a debt as to the principal, from
which the State cannot extricate herself but
by the expenditure of another sum of four mil?
Governor Orr, a friend of the administra?
tion, a friend of the Blue Ridge Road, and fa?
vorable to the issue of the bonds, in his mes?
sage of July, 1S68, says of the Blue Ridge
Railroad Company, "The present bonded debt
o? the Company, for which a mortgage has
been executed, amounts to about $230,000.
But as the road terminates upon the edge of
the mountains, stops short of any connecting
lines, and is dependent alone upon a small
tract o? country between Anderson and Wal?
halla, ti has not yielded a sufficient income to
pay even the interest upon the .first mortgage
bondi.'- The italics are our own. He recom.
mended the State to take up these bonds by
its guarantee to prevent the sale of the road
under foreclosure. Howie Journal, 1S68, pp.
Mr. Harrison, president of the company, in
his report at that time, says, "All that is ex?
pected of the State ls that she shall guarantee
the bonds of the company for, say, three mil?
lions of dollars, to be issued in such sums, and
at such times, as the progress of the work may
require ; and that (he State shall provide for
the payment of the interest on the bonds rehile
the ruad is being built" House Journal, 1SC8,
p. 67. And Governor Scott adds. "So that by
in expenditure of four hundred and twenty
thousanddollars, to be raised by taxation in
:nree years, this enterprise would be secured.
The State would have ample security for her
Under the manipulations of the two Gover?
nors and President Harrison, the Legislature
luthorized the endorsement by the State o?
the bonds o? the company to the amount of
tour million dollars, pledging the faith and
funds o? the State to the punctual payment et
"both the principal and Interest." The inter?
est was limited at seven per cent., the first
mortgage was required to be redeemed, and
the State reserved a first mortgage to secure
the bonds. A. A.,1SGS, p. 20. In his message of
November 24th, 186'.', Governor Scott says on
this subject that a new survey and estimate
had been made, and adds : "It was then as?
certained that the great increase o? the cost of
such work over the original estimates made it
apparent that the four millions of first mort?
gage bonds provided for, fell far short of the
means necessary to complete ir, and that it
would requite about eight millions of dollars
lo put the road in running order. * * *
It must bc apparent to every member of the
Senenii Assembly that the first mortgage,
:overing the entire property ot the company,
iud the work but little more than half com?
pleted, the whole investment must remain as
lead capital until the means are provided to
inish the road. * * * * It would be add
ng to a direct investment already made of a
nilllon and a half of four millions ol dollars,
wittier of which can bo made to meet the ac -
:rulng interest without the expenditure of
more capital for the completion of the road.
One ol two- plans should be adopted at once.
The first is to abandon the whole scheme of a
[lirect railroad route to the West, * * * re?
peal the act of September, la?S, whereby four
million dollars-.more of bonds, guaranteed by
he State, woiddbe sunk and made valueless, or
issist the company in their efforts to complete
he work," ?-c. Message aral Documents, 1869,
We have proven by these extracts. Governor
Drr being the witness, that the Blue Ridge
Road, until it crosses the mountains, cannot
pay the Interest accruing annually on ??;?0,000.
President Harrison being the witness that the
state would have to pay the interest on
.bree million dollars which ?IL- estimated to be
.uflicient to complete the road; and Governor
?cott being the witness that unless the Stale
.voukl go on and furnish four million dollars
nore to finish the road, the Jour million dollars
A bonds endorsed under the act o? September
I5t>$, ''would be sunk and made valueless.'' I
vould therefore state this as a liability on the
ian ol the State to pay tho interest on the
montis, what time they have io nm. ami to pay
;he principal at maturity, it being deitiou;t:-?
,ed that the company can pay neither. It is
30 answer to say that the State may make the
lebt good by sending another four millions
liter the S5,soo.000 already sunk in that trans?
lation. Who now is the trickster, iel honest
people decide. CENSOR.
MARINE DI^ASTEK.-The Savannah Republi
:an. of yesterday, has the following :
The French brig "Michel et Anna." of Port
Cendres, loaded with a cargo o? ?tit, arrived
it this port yesterday morning in charge of
Hr. Gibson, tile mate, and lour men belonging
0 the American bark "Addie McAdams." of
S'ew York. Captain Gibson reports that when
n latitude twenty-four degrees north, longi
ude sixty-three degrees aud thirty minutes
vest, the captalu of lite brig hailed the Addie
McAdams and slated that his vessel was full of
vater and sinking-foretop-gallantmast and ,
nainmast curried away, and he wished to be
aken off. tie and the crow were taken on :
ward, but the captain o? the McAdams, thiuk- .
ng ail was nut right, sent Captain Gibson and
bur men tc attempt to take the vessel in port,
["hey lound live feet o? water in the hold and
ilso discovered that the vessel had been scut- 1
led by auger hole? being bored In her bottom. ,
.aptain Gibson p!ii2&'?"I the?? holes and the .
essel has made no water since. He and the
our men have been on the wreck twenty-eight
uvs. and attempted to make the port of Key
Vest, bat was carried northward hythe Gaff
(ream, and finally succeeded in arriving here, j
II food being used up and water all gone.
A FRENCH VICTOR!.
REPORTED DEFEAT OF TSE CRO VTX
P P.IS'CE NEA R PARIS.
FEARFUL LOSSES OF THE GERMANS.
THE: BADEV TROOPS .HITISY oy
PURSUIT ONLY STOPPED BY NIGHT.
THE FRENCH CAPTURE 5000 PRIS?
ONERS AND FIFTY GUNS.
THE FRENCH REOCCUPY VERSAILLES.
THE ROAD TO TOURS AND ORLEANS
EXCITEMENT IN ENGLAND AND ON THE
SATURDAY'S NOOX DISPATCHES.
A French Victory at Vincennes.
LONDON. October 1.
A war bulletin, signed by GambettOj an?
nounces that the Prussians have been routed
at Vincennes, and Versailles, with GOOO prison?
ers and much artillery.
Communication betweeu Paris had been re?
established. The dispatch is generally thought
to be spurious. It is reported that the bridge
at Kiel gave way under the weight of the
Pmssian artillery, and many lives were lost.
The elections for the French Constituent As?
sembly will take place on October ll.
A balloon, with mails Iroin Paris, descended
at Dreux, and was pushed iorward for Tours.
A Flat Contradiction.
LONDON, October I.
The reports of fighting before Paris on Wed
nesday and Thursday are false.
OSTEND, September 30.
Intense excitement has been caused bore by
the arrival of a messeuger from Valenciennes,
with the news of a great battle fought on the
Seine, on Tuesday, the 27th, which resulted In
the complete defeat ol the Crown Prince of
Prussia, under thc guns of Mont Valerien.
The victory wa3 followed by the evacuation
by thc Prussians of Versailles and Rambouil?
let, and the rupture of the Prussian lines ot in?
vestment. The Crown Prince at last accounts
was retreating rapidly northward upon thc
army of King William at Meatix and Soissons.
Still .More or the Battle.
LONDON, October 1.
An unofficial dispatch from Berlin contra?
dicts the news of the defeat ol' the Crown
Prince, but it is certain that communication
between Paris, Amiens and Valenciennes has
been partially reopened.
An unofficial proclamation of the French
victory has been received In Valenciennes.
A ."?lore Detailed Report.
BOULOGNE, October l.
[Special to the New York World.]-Exciting
news has been received from Rouen of the
crowning defeat of the Prussians south of
Paris by General Ducerat on Tuesday, the 27th.
The French forces which had driven the
Prussians from Claremont-la-Roche, Chatillon
and other places, as previously reported, were
strongly reinforced on Monday night by
Trochu, and advanced upon the German posi?
tion at Mooreville and Versailles.
Early Tuesday the battle began at VleFopay
and Velisy, the Gormans contesting the
French advance with desperate energy until
assailed by Iresh columns from under the guns
of Mont Valerien.
The Prussians were gradually driven back
through St. Cloud, the Bois de France and
Vaucresson, where a number of regiments ol
the Baden troops mutinied on the battle-field
and refused to go under fire.
Nearly a hundred of these troops were shot
by order of the German commander, hut Hie
rest still held back, many throwing down
their arms, and dispersed through the forest.
The Crown Prince was finally compelled to
retreat, abandoning Versailles to the victorious
The German column which attempted the '
passage of the Seine Bougival was kept nuder
a terrible fire from Fort .Mont Valerien, which
converted the retreat into a rout The Prus?
sians were driven In confusion beyond St.
Germain, and ui^ht alone put a stop to the
The Germans iost 5000 prisoners, among
whom were many ofilcers of tue staff ol' the
The Freuen also captured upwards of fifty
cannon and mitrailleurs. ?
The ro.ul to Orleans and Tours is cleared of
the enemy. 1
Latest from Paris.
lunts, October ll.
A balloon messenger has arrived here who
left Paris at 2 P. M. yesterday. No Prussians '
were visible near Paris. Complete silence 1
reigned around the city.
No people were seen at the roads leading to l
the city, aud no boals uu the rivets. Tile bal?
looner observed, while over Versailles. Prus?
sians encamped in great numbers. He dropped
among them a number of government procla- \
mations in tbe German langnage, whea they ,
opened a sharp fire on the balloon. On arriv?
ing over Hotidon, the balloon began
to descend, when the ballooner threw ,
overboard large packages of paper,
but saved the letters and other valua?
bles. Thus lightened, the balloou again rose,
and lauded many miles west ul the Prussian
lines. Twenty-five thousand letters were
brought safely to the postofflce at Dreux,
whence they will come to Tours.
A special locomotive was placed ai the dis- >
posai ol' the ballooner, who is named Tissan- :
der, in whlcii lu come tu Tours with govern?
ment dispatches. He says Paris is admirably
d?fende-'!. Hall of a million of soldiers arc be- 1
hind the walls, well armed and disciplined.
Firing from the torts is so accurate that the
Prussians are bathed m their attempts tu erect
batteries. The city is perfectly tranquil;
nearly a!l the shops are open; troops occupy
Lhe 5C?nares and Boulevards for drill, aud at 10
o'clock in the evening all the cares are ciosed.
Electric lights afford admirable protection
against surprises. Neither butter, fruit nor
fresh meat will soon be scarce in the city.
Iuere is pieuty of salt meats and breadstufls
for six months.
The Roman Plebiscite. '
ROME, October J.
The plebiscite will bc voted on to-moi-: o w.
The following ls on the ballots : -Is a Uni
with the Kingdom of Italy under the const!
tional rule of King Victor Emanuel desirable
(Yes ! or no .')
The King awaits the result at Florence.
I recommended you the other day to pla
no reliance on the statements that Russia TV
arming. GortschakoiTs policy is to keep Ri
sla out of the war at present. We have n(
an official contradiction of the statement tl
she is preparing for war.
The rumor of the purchase by Russia ci i
Iron-clad from the United States is denied.
The Moniteur, replying to the Prussian i
ports about the insubordination of the Gar
Mobile, publishes stories of mutinies arno:
Baden regiments at Versailles, and thc shot
ing of German soldiers.
The reports ol' French successes in the neig
borhood o? Fails are flatly contradicted by t
A Rome correspondent, writing on the 24t
says that the torin of the plebiscite adopted 1
the Junta leaves the action of the Italian Go
eminent in regard to the Pope unfettered. J
parties, even the most extreme, are desiro
of seeing the head of the church handsome
Emile De Giradin has published a plan for
campaign, recommending the establishment
two vast training camps and two armies ol c
version, .destined to seriously harass the b
siegers ol Paris and Metz.
The French armies are reported to have cot
menced moving in the departments, btu I a
afraid their evolutions arc confined to pape
The Red Republican movement at Marseill
is gaining head.
The New York Telegram's special from Lo
don says that General Balrbach escaped fro
Metz and has arrived in England with ill
patches lor the Empress from Bazaine.
The steamer Ville de Paris for Havre, whit
sailed to-day for Europe, is detained uni
Monday to carry out military stores. She wi
take two hundred recruits for the Frene
army, Including the French General Paul
SATURDAY'S SIGHT DISPATCHES
French War Reports.
TOURS, October 1.
It is stated that the Prussians surroundin
Paris have orders to keen out of the range <
the French gnus.
The French are clamoring to be led in
The second publication of the Emperor's coi
respondeuce has been given to the publh
Dispatches to thc Empress show that the En
peror intended to return to Paris after th
second defeat of the French army.
The Provincial Government has ordered th<
arrest of Grand Perret and Conneau.
Our lute Paris advices say that the Prussian
have demanded the surrender ol Fort D'Issj
south ol Paris, but the commandant refuse
The government messenger from Tours sue
ceeded In entering Purls.
The Prussians seem disinclined to attack thi
city, and still occupy the heights at respecta
ble distances. They have constructed an en
trenched camp at Versailles, and seem to hav<
gone Into winter quarters. The Prussians oe
The citizens of Rouen have barricaded the
streets, and will resist the enemy.
An encasement occurred near Rouen oe
Thursday between French sharpshooters and
Prussian scouts, in which the Prussians were
Beauvais has been occupied by the Prus?
A balloon from Paris passed over Erreos on
The official Journal of the Republic to-night
publishes a decree fixing the time lor the
election ol the Constituent Assembly, and
prescribing the manner In which the election
shall be held. The total number o? represent?
atives will be seven hundred and fifty. These
are to be elected by France alone. There ls
no provision thus far for Algeria or other colo?
nies. Representatives are to be apportioned
on the basis of the population.
All Frenchmen resident six months in any
commune, and whose names may be inscribed
in the Hst of electors, will be entitled to vote.
Prefects and secretaries-general, actually In
office, may be re-elected. The electors will
vote for chlei of place of canton.
Prefects ol'departments may, under certain
circumstances given at length in the original
document, divide the cantons Into two or
more electoral districts, the voting to begin on
the morning of October 26th, and to end on
the 27th, at evening. The ballots will be
counted the same evening by a committee ol
at least two persons, who are tobe named
PARIS, October 1.
The daily distribution to the inhabitants is
five hundred beeves and four thousand sheep,
to be sold by butchers on account of the go v
ernment at fixed prices.
An official decree institutes a couucil of war
for the Garde National as well as for the army.
Troclui has issued a proclamation on the
subject of violai lng domiciliary rights.
Courts martial have been established at Vin?
cennes and St. Denis. Thieving Is summarily
HAVRE, October 1.
The French frigate Impregnable has arrived
here. She will be stationed here permanently
lor the delence of the harbor and city. The
Protectories is cruising in the channel in the
English War Reports.
LONDON, October 1.
It is said that the Luxembourg officials at
Lhe Hague are negotiating for the transfer ol
the Duchy lo Prussia.
Prussian dispatches reassert that a brisk
combat occurred before Paris on the 24 th and
The bark Pacha arrived without obstacle from
Pi-aasin.il War Reports.
BEIU.IX, October 1.
The termination ol the blockade of the Bai?
lie and North Seas is officially announced. The
prennent says that all haste will be made to
restore the lights, buoys and other facilities for
A dispatch from the King to the Queen,
dated Ferrleres, Friday A. M., says that early
this afternoon the French attacked thc Si xth
Prussian corps, while the filth corps was at?
tacked by three battalion^ ami at the same
lime a brigade made a demonstration against
the eleventh corps. At the end of a two ho urs'
fight the French took shelter under the guns of
the torts. The Crown Prince commanded the
Italian "War Reports.
FLOBENCB, October 1.
The Italian papers publish the address of
the Roman Jews to King Victor Emanuel,
exulting in their release from Papal rule.
It was Intimated to-day that the plebiscitum
(Viii be postponed. ,Ji
Sir Bulwtr'i Opinion of England'?
Policy-The Pope and the Plebiscite
-Bazaine Sends Dispatches to th?
NEW YORK, October 1.
The Times' special lrom London says the
result of rhe Cabinet council yesterday, accord?
ing to the London Times, is the further post?
ponement of action by the Ministry in regard
to mediation. This delay cannot be of long
duration. The tone of the Times yesterday
shows that the government must yield to pub?
Another letter from Bulwer this morning to
the Times, on the duty of England in this
crisis, declares as historical facts that if, when
the Emperor Nicholas told Sir Hamilton Sey?
mour that he meditated marching his troops to
the Danubian principalities, England had firm?
ly protested against it, he would never have
taken that step; and that if she had protested
against Napoleon's undertaking this war, in
the same manner, he would never have com?
menced it. Sir Henry, therefore, deprecates
the ministerial policy of waiting for good op?
The weak points of the defences of Paris
which the Germans rely upon carrying prompt?
ly are from the heights of Sceaux, which ap?
proach the forts within four thousand paces,
the distance between the forts and the city be?
ing only one thousand five hundred paces
more, and so on the western side, north and
south of Mont Valerien.
THE CREAM OF TBE WAR NEWS.
Why De WlmplTen surrendered-His
Plan to Escape Countermanded by
An officer who had not quitted General De
Winipffen all the morning of the 1st, writes as
follows to the Paris D?bats :
On that morning the Prussians, having ter?
minated their movement, attacked us on our
right, in order to drive us on the fresh troops,
who awaited our descent Irora the plateau, be?
fore deploying all their forces. For a moment.
General de Wimpffen was deluded, and be?
lieved in a victory, not as yet knowing that he
had belore him moro than 150.000 enemies. Tn
Hie evening he resolved to open a passage for
his troops to the Belgian territory, or to march
upon Carignan. He would doubtless have
succeeded, as the enemy, half disorganized by
Hie comest, had remained In position on the
field of battle, but the Emperor, who still held
<k facto the chief command, prevented him,
and paralyzed his beet efforts by calling up the
Prussians with a white flag, and by addressing
a letter to the King. General de Wimpffen,
after a warm altercation with the Emperor
anti his suite on the subjeot, returned to his
quarters and gave In his resignation. Napo?
leon refused to accept lt. and wrote to him the
''?General- You cannot resign at the moment
when the army may be still saved by an hon?
orable capitulation. Yon have done your duty
all dav; clo lt still. You will render a great
service to the country. The Klug has accepted
the armistice, and I am walting tor his propo?
sitions. Believe in my friendship.
The General, being then persnaded that only
one course was open; that In retiring alone, us
he could still clo, ne might avoid personal cap?
tivity, but would abandon thc gallant soldiers
who'had braved death under lils orders during
the whole day; seeing also that in so acting he
would ill perform the lunctlons of genertu-ln
chief placed In his hands by the fortune of war,
decided lo remain at the head of the army, to
share the lot of all, and to set his name to' the
capitulation-that terrible act which closes by
an Immense disaster, by an unforeseen catas?
trophe, one of the most brilliant of military
General Peile also refused to adhere to the
capitulation. A letter addressed by him to his
wife suys :
"I am prisoner ol war with the whole army.
Never has any peonle had to undergo such an
affront. Tell your brother that lt he reads the
report of the council of war held for the sur?
render of the army, he will see that two gene?
rals relused to submit. They were not named,
but the world should know that the dissenti?
ents were Generals Peile and and Carre de Bel
Napoleon1! Conduct at Sedan.
The officers of the personal staff of Napoleon
have published a letter, In which they give a
relation of the course ol the late Emperor In
the battles belore Sedan. The letter has a cu?
rious interest as showing the confidence which
must have prevailed among the French in the
last hours ol' the great series of battles before
The letter which appeared In the Patrie on
the nth of September, and which is attributed
to an oillcer of the staff of General Wimpffen,
implicates in so grave and so unjust n mann-T
Hie responsibility of the Emperor In the catas?
trophe at Sedan, that the officers who had the
honor to remain with lils Majesty cannot allow
such assertions to be made without slating
the true facts ol' the case. When the different
commanders ol army corps cume to warn the
Emperor that their troops were repulsed, dis?
persed, and in part driven back Into the town,
the Emperor sent them to the commander-in
chief, In order that he might ascertain lrom
them the actual situation. At the same time
the commauder-ln-chlef sent to the Emperor
two officers of his staff with a letter, In which
he proposed to Iiis Majesty not to save the
army, but to save his person, by plac-1 .
iug 'him in the midst of a strong column, ' '
with which he said an attempt might
be made to reach Carignan. The Empe-1 ?
ror refused to sacrifice a large number
of soldiers In order to save himself; "besides,"
said he. "Carignan Is occupied by the Prus?
sians; but if the General thinks he can save
some portion of the army let him do so.'' At
the same time that the reply of the Emperor
reached the commander-in-chief, the latter
Imparted to Geuerttl Lebrun, the commander
ol the Twelilh Corps, his project to collect 2000
or 3000 men, to put himself at their head, and
to make a gap in the Prussian lines. General
Lebrun answered him, "You will cause three
thousaud more men to be killed, and you will
not succeed, but If you wish to try it I will wil?
lingly go there with you." They lelt each
other, indeed, and less than a half hour after?
ward General Wimpffen was convinced that
his attempt was Impracticable, and no other
course was open to him except laying down
arms. General Wimpffen went back to Sedan,
iud considering that lt was hard for him, who
had only taken the couunand od interim, to
affix his signature to a capitulation, he sent
his resignation to the Emperor in the following
".Sire-i shall never forget the marks of
kindness which you have accorded to me, and I
should have been happy, for the sake both of
France and of yourself, to have been able to
terminate to-day's engagement by a glorious
success. I have not been able to bring about
Hie result, and I t'iink I shall do well iii leave
to others the duty of leading our armies.
"Under these circumstances I deem it my
duty to resign my post of commander-in-chief,
and to ask that i'may be allowed to retire.
"I am, &c. DE WJHPFFENV
The Emperor refused to accept the resigna?
tion. It was necessary, indeed, that he who
had had the honor ol the command during the
??attie should secure, as far as possible, the
safety ol what remained ol' the army. The
General understood these reasons, and with?
drew his resignation. It was then ?I o'clock
in the evening, and the firing had ceased at
nightfall. It is entirely luise to say that the
General was opposed by thu Emperor In his
Ideas and in the orders he was able to give,
for his Majesty only met him lor a moment on
the field ul' battle, between 0 and 10 o'clock.
The General was coming from Balan, and the
Emperor asked him how the battle was pro?
ceeding un that side. The General replied:
..Sire, tilings are going on as well as possible,
and we are gaining ground."
To the observation which his Majesty made
that an officer had just warned him lhat a con?
siderable corps ol the enemy was outflanking
our left, the General replied :
..Very well, so much the better. It is neces?
sary to let them do so; we will drive them into
the Meuse and we shall gain the victory."
These are the only relations which the Em?
peror had with General Wimpffen during the
action, ajd it is equally false to say that there
was the slightest altercation between^the Em
peror and the General. When they separated
the Emperor embraced the Genera! most affec?
tionately. PRINCE DE LA MOSEOWA.
COUNT REILLE, .
General Alds-de-Camp of the Emperor.
Napoleon In Retirement?
A letter from Wllhelmshohe to the New York
Times gives the following In regard to the Em?
peror Napoleon's residence at that place :
In the trae sense of the word. Napoleon HI
b as ret ired int J pii vate life; he keeps hi s boars of
of risine,luuching,dioing, walking and sleeping
as ragularly as an old pensioner at Greenwich.
From Napoleon's behavior at table nothing
would convey the idea of his being a prisoner;
be converses freely with every one. Tbe Em?
peror, us seen on a recent promenade, appear?
ed, as usual, in his undress uniform-a black
coat, red trousers, with blackretnpes, and the
red cap nf a general, wearing on his breast tbe
grand cordon ot the Legion of Honor and four
other orders. He walked quire slowly, his
steps not reminding one in any way of that
firmness he exhibited on the evening of his*ar
rtval. His hands were folded on his back, and
remained so until be returned to the palace,
half an hour after his exit, lt onght to be re?
marked that Dr. Conneau did not leave his
side, though there was a continual cbaoge of
generals on the other side. There were about
one hundred and thirty persons in attendance
upon the Emperor on his arrival, and be
carried along with bim eighty-five horses, his
own property aod that of his generals; but now
he is ''doing it cheaper," as the gunners say.
All bis own and his generals' horses hare been
sold but twenty-two.
Alsace and Lorraine-What Germany
Means to div with Them.
The North German Correspondent (semi?
official, ) says :
We are informed, from a good source,
that when peace has beeu once signed with
Franco on the basis of the cession of Elsaas
and Lothringen-an event which, in spite of
French gasconading cannot be far distant-it
has been decided that these two appendages of
the old Germau Empire, ' instead of being
Voken up and apportioned among different
States, are to form a border territory, covering
and protected by Germany in pc .ral, and
governed, as far as possible, in a judicial-and
economical point of view, according io their
existing customs and Institutions. Tbe for?
tresses of Metz ?nd Strasbourg will, naturally,
bo garrisoned by German troop?, but the pop?
ulation ol the two provinces will, for the pres?
ent, be dispensed from service in the German
army, nor will they be represented in the
Reichstag. The formation of a German out?
lying territory, as a protection against the fili?
bustering designs of Fr ince, is of course only
a provisional measure, intended to romain in
force till the inhabitants, mindful of their old
history and 'ineage, have again heartily thrown
in their lot with German kinsmen. Ibis plan
is based ou the national and political interests
of Germany, which is resolved to put a stop,
ouce for all, to French aggression, and termi?
nate the lone-continued efforts of France to
impeso her "protectorate ' on the South Ger?
man States-in other words, to make them her
SALES OF GOLD.
WASHINGTON, October 2.
The government will sell a million of gold
every Wednesday, and will purchase two mil?
lions of bonds every Thursday during the pre?
sent month. The government will also antici?
pate the payment of the four per cent, bonds
due January 1st, 1871, upon the adjustment of
Interest at six per cent. These bonds were
Issued under the act of June 22d, 1860, and
amount to seven millions of dollars.
SFAI?KS FROM THE WIRES.
The debt statement shows a decrease of nine
The amount of coin in the United States
Treasury ls $96,000,000; currency $37,000,000.
The Cincinnati Fair ls a continued success.
There was a grand banquet last night In honor
of the Green Line excursionists. C. W. Row?
The steamer Rita, for Havana, has been
damaged, and Is now at Milford Harbor, Eng?
Thc revenue ior September amounts to near?
The treasury disbursements for the month
were $17,250,000, the largest Item being $6,580,
000 for Indians and pensions.
Governor's Island has been placed In quar?
antine in consequence of the existence of yel?
low fever there. The same disease Is in New
The President has arrived at Washington.
Thc United States Supreme Court has abol?
ished thc ride requiring :ts lawyers to take the
The total number of deaths from yellow fever
up to date at Galveston was three, with one
new case reported. The city is still quarantin
?d against New Orleans.
A severe northeast storm is prevailing at
Fortress Monroe. The Roads are full of ship?
There were eleven deaths in New Orleans
'rora yellow fever on Saturday.
The Spanish Government has been officially
ulvised of the Cuban emancipation proclama?
United States bor.d3 In Franki ort are quoted
The yellow fever pat ents on Governor's
island, New York, have been removed to the
TUE PROCLAMATION OF THE
[From the Abbeville Press.]
The proclamation of the Governor against
lawlessness and violence in the counties of |
Newberry nnd Laurens, though general in its
terms, seems to be especially directed against
white armed military organizations. The col?
ored have been organized and armed under
the authority of the Governor, and hence, we
suppose, do not come within the purview of
his proclamation. Rut when white men arm
themselves to protect their lives and property
-tho sanctltv of their homes and the safety
of their minifies-that act is unauthorized, and
they reuder themselves ameuable to the pains
and penalties ot the act of March 13,1SG9-to
Imprlsouino-nt and hard labor in the peniten?
tiary. Surely the whites have some lights
which Governor Scott is "hound to protect.'1
Il not protected by State authority, they must
protect themselves. Self-defence Is one ot the
Inalienable rights. In the late troubles in
Newberrv and Laurens, the whites seemed to
have acted purely on the defensive. In New?
berry they funned the posse ol the sheriflr, and
acted strictlv under his orders. When the
necessity which called them together was over,
they 'juicily dispersed.
ALL ARO UT THE STATE.
Mr. Edward W. Davis, of Ridgeway, is (lead.
.The Abbeville'Press says that Mr. Oliver
Spence, residing in the neighborhood of Brad?
ley's Mills, was called out of his house on Mon?
day night last and severely whipped-for what
cause we have not heard.
Juba Johnson, accused of being one of the
party who murdered the two colored men in
the upper portion of Barnwell County, last
week, was lodged in Jail on Monday last.
Peter H. Scott, agent of the Southern Ex?
press, tried October, 1869, for robbing the safe
of the company In lils charge, was discharged
on Tuesday last. He was sentenced to twelve
months in the penitentiary, his Imprisonment
(having failed to give bail) In Jail to be com?
puted, and pending an appeal to the Supreme
Court, the prisoner serves out hi? sentence.
THE VIRGINIA FRESHET,
Property to the Amount of Pour MU?
Hom of Dollars Destroyed - Crop?,
Houses, Mills, Railroad and Toll
Bridges Swept Array - Portions of
Richmond and Lynchburg Sub?
WHEELING, October L
Harper's Ferry adrices of the great flood Ia
the Shenandoah River says that the lower part
of the city ia flooded; many substantial build?
ings have fallen, and others are crumbling;
fifty lives have been lost, and manyare Inperil
RICHMOND, October L
The water here ls still rising at 1-30 o'clock,
and nearly four hundred stores are In seven
feet of water between Fifteenth and Eighteenth
streets. The street cars plied till noon, when,
the water coming m at the windows, the Una
was stopped, and a ferry is new ron on all the
main streets from Fifteenth to Eighteenth.
Just at noon the Manchester end of Mayo's
Bridge gave way and half of the bridge floated
down the stream. All the wharves are far un?
der water, and the Tork River Railroad depot
is completely submerged.
Several small manufacturing establishments
along the river bank are swept off. All day
the river bas been dotted over with small
houses and wrecks bf houses, fencing, dead
cattle, &c, drilling down. The gas works are
The first waves from the Lynchburg freshet
struck here at 5 o'clock this morning, and the
river commenced rising with much greater ra?
pidity than before, when it was only swollen
by t' e overflow. In three hours the lower end
oi uhe city, known as Rockets, was under
water, and the scene there beggars descrip?
tion ; two or three small stores were swept off,
with all their contents.
Families who had remained In their houses,
hoping that the flood would subside, com?
menced crying from the upper windows for
help, when boats were brought and they were)
saved, but the larger portion of the furniture
was lost. Two hundred families itt that por?
tion of the city are houseless to-night, and are
camping out on the neighboring hills. About
noon, the street cars on Main street, which
had been running through the flood with
water up to the seats, gave lt up, and connec?
tion between up-town and down-town was
kept up by ferries.
At this time a portion of Mayo's passenger
bridge, built by the United States military
alter the evacuation, was swept orr, and was
soon followed by the whole structure. The
bridge was three-quarters of a mlle long. The
water then entered Mayo's tobacco warehouse,
thirty-five feet above low water mark. All
teams in the city were impressed to save the
tobacco, much of which ls for the French and
German Governments. With the exception of
about one hundred and eighty hogsheads, the
tobacco was saved.
Just here it was found that all ol the upper
portion of the city was in danger from the
overflow of the canal, down which an lm>
menee body of water was rushing and spread?
ing above the banks. The canal was cut two
miles above the city, and the danger abated.
In the lower portion of the city the street
lamps are under water, and the streets are In
j darkness to-night. The gasworks are being
? submerged. The loss by merchants Is greater
than lt would have been If the telegrams from
Lynchburg announcing the flood had been
heeded. It Is probably $200,000.
Persons well acquainted with the Bectl?n of
the State flooded say that, Including railroad
losses, the loss in the State ls four millions of
dollars. To-night the bridge of the Richmond
and Danville Railroad still stands, but as the
river 1B now (nine o'clock) still rising, lt la
hardly believed lt can stand much longer. At
Morris's large sugar refinery the water burst
up the floors, dropping ail the machinery into
All the large cotton, iron and flour mills,
employing two thousand hands, have been
lorced by the flood to stop operations. The
city waterworks have also been stopped, being
so damaged that they cannot be repaired In
two weeks. The reservoir only contains five
days' supply for the city. All the Ice houses in
the city are on the river bank and are twenty
feet under water. The water Is seven feet
higher .han ever knowp before.
A 'llspatch from Lynchburg says that the
river there ls rising again.
RICHMOND, October 2.
LATER.-The flood on the Rivanna River is
the highest experienced since 1807.
The families of Mr. Jennings and of another
miller on the river were washed away, In all
five persons. Mr. Jennings is supposed to
have been drowned. His wife and two
children are known to have perished.
A young lady of the family clung to
a tree forty-eight hours, and was wash?
ed off and at last drowned. Har death
was witnessed by a crowd on t,he other
bank of the river, but there were no boats near,
by which she might have been rescued.
On the Manassas Railroad the bridges across
the North and South Shenandoah Rivers are
gone. There is no information from beyond
Strasburg. Many lives, says a telegram to the
Dispatch containing these particulars, aro
known to have been lost.
Tlie Baltimore and Ohio Railroad above
Harper's Ferry has been swept away. Scotts
ville, in Albermarle County, has been Inun?
dated, ami the destruction of property was
very great. Eighteen lives were lost. Trains
are running regularly between Alexandria and
A dispatch from Lynchburg this morning
estimates the loss there by the flood at $100,
000; loss to the Orange and Alexandria Rail?
road ??OO.ooO; loss to canal ?250,000, and ios8
to South Side Road 5500,000.
On Thursday, while the water was rising in
the James River, Mr. Ramson, his daughter
and a servant girl, Robert Whitley and his wife
and three children, anda colored wont an, with
her two children, were standing on an abut?
ment of the canal bridge at Lynchburg wait?
ing for a boat to take them off, when a dredg?
ing machine broke loose from above and drift?
ed against the abutment, which carried it
away willi all on it, and the whole party were
WASHINGTON, October L
The Potomac River, the caual and the adja?
cent streams are all flooded. The Long Bridge
is under water. Provision has been made to
avoid delaying mails and passengers.
The weather is clear but very hot.
The chain bridge has been washed away.
The loss of the Orange and Alexandria Rail?
road Is roughly estimated at S500.C?O. A span
of the chain bridge is now lodged against the
Long Bridge. Experts say that both will go..
The only communication between here and
Alexandria is by boat.