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'--171>ipt,p ~ "~ CHARLESTON, TUESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER ll, 1870._ SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.,
? VJJL1 Ali AJ - k-.-? . --?
THE NEXT FIGHT.
A BATTLE IMMINENT NEAB TOVR T.
GARIBALDI LOOKING UP.
DEFEAT OF A SQUAD OF HUSSARS
THE PRUSSIAN REPRISALS.
The Red-Shirt td Hero-A Battle Immi?
nent at Ton ry -Ttu- Situation at
. TOURS, VIA LONDON*, October 10.
During the sitting ol the government, the
crowd gathered around the yard of the pr??
lecture displaying French and American flags.
Garibaldi was vociferously cheered, and made
a speech expressing Iiis belie! -in the approach?
ing redemption of France. He wore, a Gari.
baldian coutume and hat, and looks healthy,
but not sturdy. In a subsequent address to
the National Guard, Garibaldi announced that
he was to command all the volunteers in the
It is understood here thpt a battle is immi?
nent near Toury. The Prussians returned
there in force, and the French, with a consid?
erable army, are ready to meet them.
Tours is full of volunteers and conscripts
from the South. T *"
Gambetta is displaying great ability and en.
The journals of Legitimist proclivities con?
demn the adjournment of the elections-other
Journals applaud the measure. All eulogize
Gambetta's enteiprise and courage in leaving
Paris as he did.
The Prussian Hussars-Severe Repri?
sals-Those Confidential Papers.
LONDON, October 10.
A squad of Prussian hussars were attacked
on the night ol the 7th, through the treachery
of the inhabitants o? the Village of Ablis. The
town was afterwards burned by the Prussians
as a punishment. Numerous bodies of French
have since been dispersed In that neighbor?
hood. A large Bavarian force is south ro:r
T'.'.a villages to the north of Paris, whict
were deserted on the approach of the Ger?
mans, have been repeopled.
Versailles has been relieved from the pay?
ment of 400,000 france, levied by the Prus?
Conti, secretary of the Emperor Napoleon,
writes to the Brussels Journal as follows : "My
nume has been associated wit i the publication
ol two documents, alleged to have been found
in the Tuileries. I submit in explanation that
b the note about Belgium, reported to be in my
Phandwring, was not mine. The Emperor
r never dictated such language to me. The
paper is doubtless one ol thousands from irre?
sponsible parties daily submitted to the Em?
peror. His letter to me I read, and as it was a
demand for money, attended by threats of
publishing scandalous papers, I ordered him
from my office. Permit me to add the report?
ed manifesto of the Emperor in the English
papers is apocryphal."
GOLD AND BOND MARKET.
LONDON, October 10-Evening.
Cot. sols 92$a92J. Bonds 914.
NEW YORE, October 10-Evening.
Gold active, Closing steady. Sixty-twos 12|.
Tennessees 02j ; new 60i. Virginias "62J.
Louisianas 70r new 66. Levees 75J; eights
87. Alabamas IOU; fives 70. Georgias 80;
sevens 90. North Carolinas 401; new 26.
SouthaCarolinas 82; new 60 J.
THE YELLOW FEYER IN NEW YORK.
NEW YORK, October 10.
General McDowell, in the absence of instruc?
tions iront Washington, declines to order the
evacuation of Governor's Island and the de?
struction of the barracks in consequence of
yellow fever now prevailing at that fort. Sev?
enty-one yellow fever patients thus far have
been removed from the island to the quaran?
tine hospital, and the military officers- com?
plain that the medical treatment and provision
for comfort by the city health authorities are
entirely Inadequate. Two latal cases have
lately occurred at Bellevue Hospital, and the
husband of a woman who died of the disease
on Friday is now in Irons for bringing her to
the hospital in a small boat from Governor's
Island alter the diseaie had made its appear?
NEW ORLEANS, October 10.
The deaths from yellow lever on Saturday
were fifteen. On Sunday, ten.
AFFAIRS IN NORTH CAROLINA.
RALEIGH, October 10.
The authorities of the State Agricultural
Society are actively engaged in pushing for?
ward preparations for the coming fair. From
the number of entries already made, and
other Indications, the lair will surpass, by far,
any ever held in the State.
Th? solicitor of the Seventh Judicial Dis?
trict refused to send a bill of indictment be?
the grand jury against those citizens of Cas?
well County arrested by Kirk hy order ol' Gov?
ernor Holden, and bound over by Chief Jus?
tice Pearson to answer the chaise of implica
? tion in the murder of State Senator Stephens.
The solicitor said the evidence was insufficient
to find a bill._
AFFAIRS ZN GEORGIA.
ATLANTA, October 10.
The Senate passed a resolution to-day to in?
vite President Grant to the State Fair, and
tendering, him the hospitalities of the State
during his stay. A committee will be appoint?
ed to meet him at the boundary of the State
and escort him to quarters.
The Senate passed a resolution to adjourn
Sine die on the 18th.
The last building at the fair ground ha3 been
Judge Lochrane, in his charge to the grand
jury, sahl: "In the mass, our people are loyal
rc *b* IUP.S and laithhil to its enforcement, but
occasional violence startles the community,
and manifested sympathy for the individual
frequently gives the ruipearance of indifference
to crimes which does not exist."
Judge Lochrane is an appointee ol Governor
BuUojjlr. _ _
ALL QUIET AT FEKIN.
LONDON, October 10.
Mr. Wade, of the English Legation at Pekin,
telegraphs the Foreign Office September 26,
??thal all was quiet at Pekin and Tientsin."
GENERAL CONNER AND TBE RE?
CAMDEN, October 7,1S70.
TO TOE EDITOR OF TUE NEWS.
Sm : The '-Thieves' Own," of the 5th instant,
in an editorial headed "A Good and Honest
Attorney," clearly shows that what it says
never proceeds from disinterested motives.
It says that General Conner "t?as earned his
fee." This statement ls the result of judging
others by itself. No doubt lt has received its
fee for the immense quantity of dirty work it
has done during this campaign. It has been
the scullion ol the Scott Ring, as well as their
bell-ringer, Wl-sticker and general scavenger.
Its efforts to cast a Blur upon the motives
which actuated General Conner in making his
exposition of the utter lalslty of Chamberlain's
statement of the financial condition of South
Carolina, lalls harmless at the feet of so pure
a gentleman. As to Us insinuation that Gene?
ral Conner does not support Judge Carpenter
in connection with the Relorm movement, I
have to say that in his speech at this place the
General said : "Judge Carpenter came, to us
with the endorsement of Chief Justice Chase
and Attorney-General Slanbery, than whom
none stood higher as men of honor among the
Republicans; he performed the duties of Regis?
trar In Bankruptcy, and afterwards as Judge,
to the gratification of the bar and the people;
he was sought to be accused ol malfeasance In
office, bnt the Republican Legislature exonera?
ted him entirely; it was because of a desire to
show their sincerity that the June Convention
nominated as the standard bearer of Reform,
one who had been an honest Republican, but
not a Radical, throughout, and it has been
only since that time that he had been villifled
by the Republicans of this State." Whether
this be anything in relation to the Reform
movement, or Its candidate, I cheerfully sub?
mit to your readers. REFORM.
TBE ROBBERIES OF THE RING.
What an Inquisitive Individual would
Like to Know.
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
Tour correspondent has been characterized
as having a turn for "Inquiries." It may be so,
and it may be his misfortune; but he doesn't
see it in that light. He is fond of making in?
quiries, and proposes to exercise his turn a
blt, having several on hand :
L When everybody knows that a State
officer-an adventurer from abroad-has filled
his private purse out of vue State treasury
through land jobbing In Oconee County, (and
otherwise and elsewhere,) is the main ques?
tion In the matter whether the lands He eight
miles or less from Poor Mountain ?
2. When a tool of such an adventurer de?
grades himself by becoming tho go-between
and catspaw In a land swindle, has he as just
a claim to our respect as even the adventurer
3. When a scribbling pick-thank and toady of
that tool of that adventurer takes upon him?
self to berate one who is exposing such land
jobbing fraud?, Isn't there some ground to
think that lils reviiings should be taken with
some grains of salt ?
4. And when he talks of proving anything by
witnesses who are "Ignorant, corrupt, dis?
honest and unfit, by reason of their early
associations for decent society," (as Mr. Orr
said the leaders of the.ReputiBcan party are,)
isn't it. ather amusing than otherwise ?
5. And when, as the mouthpiece and subor?
d?nate of such men, he talks about "menda?
cious falsehoods," isn't it at least tunny ?
6. When such authority arrays Itself against
the statements ol respectable residents ot the
country, who have no interests to subserve by
their testimong, doesn't it look a little like a
thief caught in the act trying to throw dis?
credit upon the testimony of the witnesses
who saw him stealing ?
7. When an editor of a newspaper, speaking
ol the witnesses by which he is abie to prove
certain allegations, remarks that "these gen?
tlemen may be unwilling to have their names
bandied about in such company simply to sat?
isfy public curiosity,'" Isn't lt rather funny to
hear the correspondent clamoring in the same
issue lor the publication of witnesses who
know something damaging to their pilfering
8. When a man has stolen money (or cheat?
ed the State out ot lt, which ls the same thing, )
isn't lt reasouable to expect him to try to cover
up the facts of his villany by telling "menda?
cious falsehoods." or falsehoods of some kind ?
9. When such an authority has the effron?
tery to assert "that not a root ofland was pur?
chased In Oconee County, or any other coun?
ty, Ja which the Governor was directly, in?
directly, remotely or contingently interested,"
at a time when the truth of the contrary ls
known to a score of respectable witnesses,
(who are not "Ignorant, corrupt, dishonest,
and unfit, by reason of their early associations,
lor decent society,") Isn't the effrontery well
nigh sublime In its way ?
10. Why did Mr. Dunbar, the attorney, have
to change the papers ?
11. Why were there three checks drawn on
the treasury Instead of one-all in the name of
John Cochran ?
12. Why where these three checks ol so
nearly tho same value-$i000, $7000 and *0'JC2 ?
13. Were all these three drafts not drawn on
one and the same day-the 20 th of May, 1870 ?
14. When your correspondent stated that the
papers were changed so as to ojfer the lands
not in the Governors name, did he not know_
and did not everybody see-that that change
was made so that this very technical denial
might be made?
15. Does the technical denial, when so made,
deceive or impose upon any Intelligent man in
South Carolina or out of il ?
16. When your correspondent shnll have
proven his points, will the statements to the
contrary be '.'?mendacious falsehoods,"' or just
common falsehoods ? CORSAIU.
A BRIG LOST.
FORTRKSS MONROE, October 10.
The brig Executive, of Bangor, lor Port au
Prince, encountered a hurricane September
17, which carried away her spars and caused
her to spring aleak. They rigged jury masts
and bore away for Charleston. October 2d,
encountered several storms, and abandoned
her In latitude 23, longitude 77. The crew was
taken to Norfolk on the schooner Fred. Shep?
pard, for Jacksonville.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
Police Superintendent Jordan, of New York,
One hundred guns were fired at the City
Hall Park, in New York, in honor of the third
anniversary of Cuban independence.
The first frost of the season was seen in Ra?
leigh on Sunday morning.
The President has appointed John D. White
postmaster at Greensboro', N. C., and George
Yason at Newbern, N. C.
THE HEART OF FRANCE.
GAMBETTA IO TSE FRENCH
FITE HUNDRED AND SIXTY THOUSAND
SOLDIERS IN PARIS.
THE RAMPARTS HAVE THIRTY
THREE HUNDRED GOS.
PARIS CAN ONLY BE REDUCED BY
RUSSIA DENIES THE SOFT IMPEACHMENT.
GARIBALDI COMMANDS THE
WHAT THE GERMAN PRESS THINK OF
THE LEVY EN MASSE.
French War Reports.
TOCKS, October 10.
Gambetta has issued a proclamation which
develops no new policy, but urges resistance
cn masse. He denounces monarchy as the
cause of the French danger, and appeals lor
fraternal acceptance of the present authority
until peace comes.
He concludes : "I have a command for you.
Abandoning all other affairs, taking no ac?
count of difficulties or obstacles, co-operate
with all your unrestricted energies in remedy?
ing the evils of the situation. Vive la Nation.
Vive la R?publique-one and indivisible.
Heavy guns will soon open on Pfalsburg.
Heroic sorties are incessant at Metz. The
Prussian commanders order increased vigi?
lance. The commissariat ls removed to avoid
capture. Diplomats at Tours are negotiating
lor quarters at Bordeaux in anticipation of the
removal of the government thither.
English War Reports.
LONDON, October 10.
Paris balloons are followed by Prussian hus?
sars. Two, containing a mass of official cor?
respondence, have been captured. The Prus?
sians are pushing works a* Jerome's Park,
near Meudon, and on Bamborian Hill, near
Sevres. When these are completed they In?
tend to throw up works at Passy, Greville and
other posts west and southwest of Paris.
The Tours government is beginning to pre?
pare the public mind, through the press, for a
session of French territory to Germany.
The Libert? consents to a slight ratification
of the frontier near Weissenburg.
WASHINGTON, October 10.
The following summary is gleaned from spe?
cials to the New York papers:
The Prussian Chambers will be dissolved and
a new election ordered to secure a more trust?
worthy government majority.
Bismarck refuses to release Jacoby.
The siege of Soissons is progressing favora?
The bombardment of Paris is not to be de?
layed an hour longer than necessary.
A new German army Is on its way to Stras?
bourg to check new French army organiza?
Bazaine Is cordially co-operating with the
government at Paris.
The army of Lyons is advancing to relieve
Bazaine. The right wing fought the Baden
troops on Thursday.
Bismarck protests against Garibaldlan opera?
tions. The Italian Government replies that it
is not responsible for Individual action.
The North German Government orders tho
execution of foreigners in arms for France.
A retaliatory order will be issued by the
The Tribune correspondent before Metz, de?
scribing the battle ol t he 7th, ia which both
suffered severely, says the French were re?
pulsed. It concludes, under date of Noisse
vllle, October 6. S o'clock A. M. : "The French
during tho night accumulated ia large masses
on the eastern slopes of St. Julien, towards
Metz. The Prussian lore-posts were drawn
back and reserves called up. Artillery covers
every avenue.' Shells from St. Julien go crash?
ing into Nolssevilie. A furious cannonading
is going on to the south, by Colombey, Mercy,
Leliant and Fettle. The French lort at St.
Privat ls also firing."
French War Reports.
Tonis, October 10.
Pigeons from Paris brought dispatches and
A convoy with Prussian prisoners has ar?
Gambetta declines an ovation.
Fourteen Prussian spies were arrested this
morning and promptly shot.
Prefect Delaforge, who defended St. Quen?
tin, had no military education and was an edi?
tor of a Paris journal.
A strong body or Francs-tlreurs have ar?
rived, composed of gentlemen from the south
of Florence. They carry tho black flag. La
Liberte publishes reports of several successful
sorties by Bazaine. Prince Frederick Charles
has typhus fever. The Prussians nra at Mun
tenon, Maleshcrbes. Lagraud and Chartres.
Several encounters have taken place at St.
General Bourbaki is expected in Tours.
Gainbctti's proclamation to the people says :
"By order of tiie Pujpublican Government I
left Paris to transmit to you tho hopes of the
Parisians and others seeking to deliver France.
Paris presents the spectacle ol two million ol
people forgetting differences to withstand the
invaders, who expected discord. Four hun?
dred thousand National Guarda, oue hundred
thousand Mobiles -mil sixty thousand regulars
are assembled. Foundries are casting can?
non. Women make a million cartridges daily.
Each battalion or the N.itioual Guard have
mitrailleurs and field piecc3, preparing for sor?
ties. The forts are manned by marines, and
supplied with artillery of tiie greatest exce 1
leuce and served by the finest gunners in the
world. Hitherto their fire has prevented the
enemy from erecting the smallest works. The
ramparts on the 4th ultimo had 500 cannon,
and now have 3300, with 400 rounds for each
Every defence has Its men at their posts.
The Nationals drill constantly behind barri?
cades, which are adapted to the genius of the
Parisiaus. The impregnability of Paris is no
illusion, lt cannot be captured or surprised,
nor reduced by starvation. Arms-are now
coming from every, qurrter of the globe.
Workmen and money are now forthcoming.
The provinces must resist torpor and panic,
and all parties must aid the Republic. Soon
winter will come, Hading the Prussians far
from home and decimated by the French
armies and hunger. France shall never lose
its place in the world by the invasion of a half
million of men. Parl6 gives the watchword,
Fit-e Iieiiubliquc-one and Indivisible.''
Garibaldi will command all the volunteers
in the east of France.
English War Reports.
LONDON, October io.
The lack of good regimental officers delays
the organization of the'French armies.
Bismarck recently Informed the Mayor of
Versailles that he had no objections to the
The German press ridicules the French levy
en musse as bombast.
The Russian Coquette.
ST. PETERSBURG, October io.
The Russian movement toward the Turkish
frontier is officially denied.
THE CREAM OF THE WAR NEWS.
How Paris Stands the Siege.
A Paris dispatch to the New York World,
dated as late as October 3, says :
The police duty of the French capital ls now
done by the armed citizens, and both by the
records of the Prefecture and by the unani?
mous voice of foreigners resident in the city,
there has never been a period within the last
five yearB when crimes of any sort were so
few ?s since the closing In of the Investment.
The number of foreigners remaining, within
the city is much larger than would have been
supposed probable. A number of English and
American gentlemen are residing there, as
they say, "to see the great siege out." Among
these are Mr. Henry Labouchere, former?
ly a member of Parliament, and owner
of the London Dally News; Mr. Harry
Stone, the American banker, who says the
only really frightened man he has seen In Paris
ls his own concierge, Mr. Eustls, of Louisiana;
Mr. Lee Childe, of Maryland, and others.
People dine and drive out as If the Prussians
were in Renia Instead of at St. Denis. The
?ene; al aspect of the' city is graver than usual.
KC nothing can lead one to believe thai, there
IF. the least probability of Its surrendering
without a tremendous struggle, for which there
IE no lack either of men, ot means, or of reso?
lution. Imagine the resources of a kingdom
ot ten millions of souls concentrated In the
bands of an army Ave hundred thousand
strong, for the defence of an area thirty miles
In circumference, and you will have the best
working notion of Paris as lt ls to-day. There
was a difference between Trochu and Roche
fort on the one side, and Jules Favre
on the other, about the organization
of the war. Jules Favre wished to sub?
mit the whole question whether the war
should bc continued to a popular vote. Gen?
eral Trochu maintained, and Rochefort agreed
with him, that to do this would be to expose
the country to misconstruction abroad, and to
raise unnecessary excitement at home. They
maintained that the presence of hostile armies
on French soil was itself a vote of the people
for war; that no Frenchman could have two
opinions as to the duly of expelling those
armies, and that lt would be worse than trivial
to ask a question to wb Ich there could oe but'
one answer. Jules Favre finally acqulenced in 1
thle view of the case, and all classes of the
population are now heartily at one In rapport
of the government as it ls. Even the most
stubborn Legitimists of the Faubourg itt. Ger?
main are volunteering. Their wlve3 and
daughters attend the hospitals. Rochefort has
published a notice begging citizens not to con?
struct private barricades. There must be unity
In the system of interior defences.
Tlic Provision Question at Paris.
A late Purls dispatch to the New York Tri?
The system adopted by the authorities makes
the stores hold out as long as possible. Every
butcher receives each morning a certain
amount of meat, calculated upon til; average
sales. Against the meat he Issues bills In the
evening to hlstcustomers, who, upon presen?
tation ol a ticket the next morning, receive the
amount for which they have recorded them?
selves at the tariff of the week. When tickets
have been Issued by the butcher, equivalent to
the meat which he ls to receive, he Issues no
more. Yesterday a decree was promulgated
ordering all persons having flour put aside
to give it up to the government at current
prices, to be distributed to the bakers as the
meat Is to the butchers. The meat supply ls
not equal to the demand, many persons are
unable to obtain tickets; restaurants can?
not get enough for their customers. Work ls
at a stand still. The Garde Mobile and
National Guards, who apply informa pauperis,
receive 20 cents per diem. At present prices,
it is Impossible for even a single maa to pur?
chase sufficient nutriment for this sum. It
was supposed that the peasants invited to
take refuge in Paris would have brought more
than enough food with them for themselves
and their families; but they preferred to bring
old beds and furniture. Besides stores of
flour and numerous sheep, we have 2.',000,000
pounds ol'horseflesh; still the misery among
those who have no money to buy food, unless
the government boldly faces the question, will
be very great. Everything except beef, mut?
ton and bread is at a "laney price." Ham
costs at the rate ol' about G3 cents per pound;
cauliflower, 00 cents per head; salt and butler.
32 cents per pound; a fat chicken, $2; a thin
one, $1; a rabbit, $120; a duck, il SO; a fat
goose 34. Rents, too, are a vexed question;
In a few days those ol October will be due; but
lew cnn pay them. It ls proposed to allow no
landlord io "levy," either before the close ol
the siege or before December.
General Trot-hu Confident that Paris
can Hold Out Two Months..
The ability of Paris to resist a siege ls thus
estimated by a Paris correspondent ol the Lon?
don Daily News, writing September 15:
Yon. in England, appear to consider it a
foregone conclusion that Paris will be unable
to resist an attack. This is by no means the
opinion here among competent authorities. I
know that General Trochu ls now very hope?
ful of being able to hold out lor two months
aud he ls the very reverse of a sanguine dispo?
sition. Had the German forces been able to
Invest this city within ten days of the capitu?
lation of Sedan, they would have entered lt
almost without tiring a shot. Now, however,
time has been given to the new government to
obtain men, arms aud ammunition; they have,
too, considerably strengthened the fortifica?
tions. Surely an entrenched camp, eurround-w
ed by solid forts, with more than 300,000 arm?
ed men within it, with sailors to handle the
guns, with no lack ot provisions, with a good
general at i heir head, and everything that art
eau desire to lend the wounded, ought to be
able to resist. 300,000 assailant*. The southern
earthworks ol Sebastopol protected the north?
ern portion of the town even from bombard?
ment, and why are we to suppose that the forts
and the long walls around Paris will not
do the same lor her? The Provincial
Mobiles who crowd the streets have
now had almost three weeks' hard
drilling. They are not boys, but.men In
the flower Of their a-je After a few engage?
ments before the loris, they will make as good
soldiers as the peasants ol' Bavaria or of Pome?
rania. It ls lelt mat it the city caubnly hold
out for six weeks, the approach ol winter and
the uncertainty ol' their communicallons will
oblige the Prussians to raise the siege, and
then thai they will be ready to conclude peace
ou honorable terms. Surely the gain is worth
the risk, and the French are right not to sub?
mit to the dismemberment of. their country be?
fore they have played this last card. It our
army hail been defeated, and if a French army
were camped before Loudon, I hardly think
that we should agree to cede Ireland to the
victors as a condition of peace. It must be
borne in mind that France is not exhausted
now as she was in 1811. Her resources are
comparatively untouched. She hus men and
inonev in abundance; 500,000 invaders are on
her soil, and she has neany 6.000,000 of men
callable of bearing arms. To conquer the Em?
pire was a comparatively easy task, because,
even in tho last extremity, the Emperor and
and his Ministers would only entrust arms to
Imperialists; but lo conquer the nation Count
Bismarck will And, lo use the homely lan?
guage ot Mr. Lincoln, a very big Job.
German Republican Protest Against
the Annexation of Alsace anil Lor?
The following is the most significant part of
the speech for making which Dr. Johann J.
Jacoby was arrested at K?nigsberg :
The principal question which we are to dis?
cuss is, has Prussia or Germany a right to an
nex Alsace and Lorraine to Itseli ? We are
told Alsace and Lorraine belonged lormerly to
Germany; France gained possession of them
by fraud and force. Now, when we have con?
quered the French, lt is no more than right
and proper that we should take back the prize
-that we should ask for the restoration ol our
stolen property. Gentlemen, do not be led
astray by such floe-sounding words. And,
even ll you were to be offered ali the riches
of the world, do not bow down to the idol of
Force. Test these fine-sounding words, and
you will find that they are nothing but a cloak
for the old barbarian law of Right. Alsace and 1
Lorraine, we are told, were German .?proper?
ty," and must again become German. What !
we ask : Have Alsace and Lorraine, then, no
inhabitants, or are the dwellers in these pro
I vinces sc many senseless things, of which you
can without more ado take possession, and
which you can push hither or thither Just as
yon will ? Have they, by war, forfeited their
rights ? Have they become slaves, whose fate
the conqueror can arbitrarily decide ? Even
the most zealous, the most thorough-coin",
adv?cale ol' annexation admits that the Alsa
clans and Lorrnlners are, body and BOUI,
French, and wis* to remain so. And, even
had they as bitterly as possible offended against
us, it would be still contrarv to all human
rights that we sliould by force make them Ger?
mans-that we should against their will incor?
porate them into Prussia or any other German
btate. Gentlemen, there ls an old proverb,
which, on account ol its truth, has become a
universally admitted principie of morality :
"What you would not like to be done to your?
self, do not to others." How would we
how would our National Liberals-like
a victorious Pole, on the ground of
right, to demand back and annex the
Provinces ol Posen and West Prussia ? And
yet the very same reasons could be validly ad?
vanced in favor of such a measure as the ad?
vocates of the annexation of Alsace and Lor?
raine now bring forward. No, gentlemen; lt
ls our duty to oppose such movements of
national self-seeking. Let us hold firmly to
the dictates ol right-as in private, BO let lt be
in public life. Let us proclaim it as our deep.
Arm conviction that every incorporation of
foreign territory against the will of Its tanabi
tants is a violation of the rights of a people to
decide for itself, and, therefore, as blameable
as it ls dangerous. Unblinded by the Intoxi?
cating success of the moment, let m raise our
protest against every violence to tue Inhabi?
tants of Alsace and Lorraine. He alone who
respects the freedom of others ls himself wor?
thy of freedom.
At the conclusion of this energetic speech,
the meeting passed the following resolution:
The members of the popular party, here as?
sembled, express as their conviction that
neither the declaration ol war by Napoleon,
nor the German feats of arms, give the con?
queror a right to dispose of the political fate of
the Inhabitants of Alsace and Lorraine. On
the ground of a right of a nation to decide for
Itself, in the interest of freedom and of peace,
we protest'against every forcible annexation
ol French territory.
BISMARCK'S IDEAS ABOUT PEACE.
Prussia Does not Desire that France
be Reduced to a Second-tiat.e Power
Condition of the French Empire Af?
ter Ceiling ?lct-. and Strasbourg-The
Logt': of Fact?.
A correspondent at Berlin telegraphs on the
6th instant the following circular of Count Bis?
marck to the Foreign Representatives of the
North German Confederation:
FERRIERES, October L
f-From reports In the public Journals lt ap?
pears that the delegation of the French Gov?
ernment 1B Tours have officially announced
that I had declared to M. Fuvre that Prussia
would continue war in order to reduce France
to the confution of a Power of the second
rank. Although such an expression could
only be Intended to influence a circle unac?
quainted with the language used In interna?
tional negotiations, aud ignorant of the geo?
graphy of France, still the circumstance that
this official announcement bears the signatures
ol Messrs. Creinleux, Glals-Bizoin and Fourl
chon, gentlemen belonging to the government
of a great European Power, induces me to re?
quest your Excellency to put lt in a proper
light in your official lutercourse.
In my interview with M. Favre, the ques?
tion of peace was not formally considered. At
his repeated request I communicated to the
French minister, in general outline, the Bame
views which formed the principal topic of the
circular dated Meaux, September 16. Demands
exceeding those therein contained have never
vet In any way been made by me.
The cession of Strasbourg and Metz, which
we seek, In territorial connection Implies a
reduction of French territory equal in area to
the increase through Savoy and Nice; while
the population of these provinces obtained
from Italv has made that of France 750,000
larger. Wh-;n it is considered that France,
according to the census of 1SG6, numbered
38,000,000 inhabitants without Algiers, and
with Algiers (now tarnishing an essential nart
of the French wac forces, ) 42,000,000, it ls pal?
pable that n decrease of 750,000 changes noth?
ing In the Importance of France as against
foreign countries, while we leave to this great
Empire the same elements of power, posses?
sion whereof, in the Eastern und Italian wars,
enabled it to exercise so decisive aa influence
on the destinies ol' Europe.
These few points will suffice to successfully
oppose the logic of facts to the exaggeration of
the proclamation of the 24th of last month. I
only add that in communications with M.
Favre, I expressly directed his attention to
these views; and I need not assure your Ex?
cellent that I refrained from every offensive
allusion to the consequences ol the present
war in respect to the future position of France
as a great power of the world. BISMARCK.
A SIXTY 31 ILE RACE.
SAN ANTONIO, October 8.
The agricultural fair ol West Texas closed
to-day, and it proved a grand success. The
grounds at San Pedro were crowded every
evening. One feature of the fair to-day was
a sixty mlle race, to be made inside three
hours, In which only Texas horses and saddles
were allowed. This feat was accomplished by
Mr. Cooke, of Bexar County, who rode sixty
one miles in two hours flxty-slx and a hali
minutes. The horses.were ready saddled lor
GREAT EARTHQUAKE IN ASIA.
Over Three Thousand People Killed.
A correspondent of the London Times writes
The Roman Catholic Bishop of Bitang, on
thc confines of Thibet, China and Barmah,
sends to India a terrible ace mot ot'an earth?
quake iu thatregion, affecting au area of one
baodred and eighty by niueiy miles. The
event occurred on the 11th of April, aud his
last letter is dated thc 30th of May. Consider?
ing that th?j missionaries there ?an commu?
nicate only by Sbansh?i, the transit of the let?
ters has been rapid. Last year, it m ty bs re?
membered, there waa a very destructive earth
auake in the, in one sense, adjoioing British
iatrict of Cachar. A shock at five io the
moruiui and a stronger shock at noon was
followed at sunset by an earthquake which
levellod the whole town and killed or bruised
half tho population. The missionaries escaped
to their gardon, and only one of their Servituts
perished. The larse and splendid Lamasorai,
inhabited by three thousand Lamas, f?ll with
Thc Chinese official reports, which Dr. Chau?
vel! u tells us are a little exaggerated, estimate
the loss of human life at 413 Lama priests, 57
soldiers, and 2812 com-non people. A series
of earthquake shocks were felt as far as Pung
mon-taug, where .Mr. ?, T. Cooper met Seer
Snggutsing, the Nepaulese Ambassador, in
1868. The villago aud many others aro de?
stroyed, and so many of the authorities and
the soldiers have been buried under the rains
Of their houses that robbers, like wild beasts,
ron everywhere. To conclude, in the bishop's
own words, "the imperial highway from Pekin
to L'Baesa eeetre, and is said to be now, to?
nally impracticable near Kong-dze-tin by the
fall of a mountain and the sadden upheaving
of a new one."
, .AFFAIRS IS COLUMBIA.
A BRUTAL ASSAULT BY HUBBARD.
Matters and Thing* at the Capital.
[FROM OUE OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, October 8.
Mr. Osborne, lately pressman In the Guar?
dian office, Iniorms me that on Friday night
last he was assaulted on the streets of Colum?
bia by Chief Constable John B. Hubbard, Rep?
resentative H. W. Purvis, and two other men.
The matter seems to have grown out of Con?
stable Hubbard's treading on Mr. Osborne's
toeB. Words followed, and blows followed the
words. Hubbard, It appears, beat Osborne
over the face and head with a pistol, or some'
weapon, in the hand. The other three took
some part. Osborne shows bruises on his
head and face, and cuts with a knife on his
hands and coat-sleeve. Warrants were Issued
to-day by Trial Justice Solomon, but late to?
night Hubbard had not been found.
Friday night Judge Carpenter gave the
crowd before the Columbia Hotel a few words
of a speech. The enthusiasm was Immense.
Some negroes did a good deal of "Jawing" at
bim, but he settled them In his usual summary
and effectual way. He left with as rousing a
cheer as we have had In many a day. He was
awaiting the departure of the Charleston cars,
and left when the ail-aboard was sounded.
Alter Judge Carpenter left, Colonel J. P.
Thomas, and Mr. Joseph T. Walsh, of Horry,
made a few remarks to the gathered crowd.
The State Board of Education held a meeting
the last few days of this week, Superintendent
Jillson presiding. They agreed to recommend
to the Legislature a larger appropriation for
common schools, and suggested a change In
the law authorizing the State to pay for
houses to teach in.
The county, school commissioner of Rich?
land Informs me that he ls taking steps to se?
cure the building designed for the Catholic
school for the use of the white children of the
place; the Howard School being used exclu?
sively lor negroes.
I know* a Republican who says that, ofter
Chairman Ransler had agreed to the proposi?
tion of General Kershaw about securing a fair
election, he (Mr. Ransler) went to a certain
commissioner of elections and advised him not
to carry out his agreement.
Governor Scott gave In his adhesion "very
cheerfully" ten days ago to the proposed ar?
rangement of appointing persons of both par?
ties to stay with the vote-boxes until counted
out; but, five days ago-as soon as brought to
the practical perlormance of his promises-he
decides that he cannot do lt; and this new
Idea, because that course would seem to re?
flect upon his already-appointed commission?
ers of elections.
To-night, while Judge Bacon was ?ddresalng
the meeting In the Courthouse, about half-past
8 o'clock, suddenly the gas was turned off, and
the hall left In darkness. Upon Inquiry, lt
was found that thc metre, where the gas could
be turned off the building, was below In the
office ol William Hutson WIgg, Judge of pro?
bate for Richland County, and candidate for
re-election. Did Mr. Wlgg turn off the gas to
spite the Reformers, or permit somebody else
to do lt ? and, if not, what burglar had entered
his office without leave ?
The opening week ot the University of South
Carolina ls about os promising os the corres?
ponding week of last year. Twenty nameB
were added to the rolls during the week. The
next week may double the number. -?
Smaller institutions of learning open with
about their usual force, most of them being a
shade better than last year. This applies to
the Male Academy, the Female Academy, the
Odd Fellows' School, and the schools of the
Misses Martin, Mrs. Goodwin, Miss McGowan,
Mr. Middleton, Dr. McCants, and others.
THE QRORQIA COTTOS MILLS.
Manufacturers who are Free Traders.
[Correspondence of ;he New York Post.]
COLUMBUS, GA.. September 27.
The thriving City of Columbus is situated at
thc foot of the Chattahoochee River, on the
Georgia side, the river being tho boundary lino
separating this State from Alabama. The
Falls begin near West Point, thirty milos above
this place. Here ia an immense water power,
tho whole volume of the river tumbling over
the rocks for thirty miles, and could be made
available probably thirty times over or more.
lt is in tho heart of tho cottou-giowing coun?
try, tho lands fairly fertile, producing, besides
tho great staple, all tho cereals and a great
varioty of fruits abundantly. Tho country is
hilly (not mountainous.) and climate remark?
able for health. In winter tho frosts aro sharp,
but rarely mako ice over half an inch in thick?
ness, while snow is seldom secu. The sum?
mers are not oppressively hot, Lot so much so
aa July in the higher latitudes; pleasant winds
temper the atmosphere in summer.
Prior to and during tho war there were in
successful operation at this place two cotton
mills, one cotton and woollen mill, several ma?
chine Bhops, foundries, paper mills, wood?
work shops, besides another colton mill three
miles above this place on the fills. All had
been long in Bncceasfal operation, but were
burned by tho Federal troops in the spring of
1865. Since then all havo beeu rebmlt on a
largely increased scale, filled with new ma?
chinery, and in operation. Two other cotton
mills higher np on the falls have also been
built since the war.
The Eagl9 and Phoenix Manufacturing Com?
pany's works, situated here, deserve particular
notice. The company's two main buildings are
each two hundred and twenty feet long by fifty
six feat wide, each five stories high, besides two
pickcr houees, machine repair shop?, dye
houses, finishing house and warerooms, offices.
Ac, all built cf brick in the most substantial
manner, and ou a scale required for their ex?
tensive works. The whole is finished tu excel?
lent style and taste, and appointments all com?
Thia company employs about six hundred
operatives tu the different departments of
their works. They iuu about twenty thousand
cotton spindles and twenty-six hundred wool
Hpindles, and about five hundred and fifty
looma, principally on Colored work, cotton
stripes and plaids and woollen goods, making
agraat vanetv of patterns ana myles hand
bomelv finished. They find ready eale for
their production Sou'h and West.
The- also manufaciure cotton blankets (it is
said the oulv mill mjuufacturiug them in the
United Slates.) They claim that these are
warmer than a woollen blauket of the same
weight, and that moths will'not trouble them.
They nra pleasant to the touch, and more
sightly tb?n nnv blanket, and are handsomely
finished. I am'told tbat they are sold to A. T.
Stewart ? Co., New York.
The mauagers of these mills are froo-spoken
on the tariff subject; say thoy want no protec?
tion; favor the abolition of ail duties; can eeo
no reason why the mas3 of th9 people should
be forced to build up the fortunes of a few
manufacturers. As il now stands, the un?
equal tariff only Berves to enhance the price of
materials, and manufacturers cannot compete
with England in the markets of the world.
They can only supply our own country ut high
prices. This company are principal owners of
tho water-power at this place, and advertise
to sell water privileges at reasouable rates,
rho enterprising managers have just import?
ed fifty first-class weavers from tue neighbor?
hood of Manchester, England.
-An Ice Consumer's Association ls to run
against the monopoly In New York next sea?
E W GOODS!
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL?
Having Ju? returned from the .North, I have
selected such GOODS as will be found, on exami?
nation, to be far below the regular prices. My
MEN'S AND BOYS'CLOTHING,
as well as FURNISHING GOODS AND SHIRTS,
will be found very desirable. Call and Judge for
yourself. The styles and prices will sure to
No. 207 Sing street, corner Pr! naess street,
INDUCEMENT TO WHOLESALE BUYERS?
J. E . YANCE,
SUCCESSOR TO STRAUSS A VANCE
No. 13 HATSE STREET,
Offers his Stock of-Goods, consisting of
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC DBY GOODS?
FANGT ARTICLES AND YANKEE NOTIONS, ;
WHITE GOODS, Ac
Considerably below New York prices, for cash,
good city acceptances, or approved notes.
Purchasers will find it to their interest to ex?
amine the Stock before buying.
J. K. YANCE,
sepia-pac_No. 13 Hay ne Street
?piBST ARRIVALS OF FALL GOODS.
200 pieces of desirable New Styles of DRESS
GOODS from 20c. up
300 pair of 10-4 WHITE BLANKETS, only $8 75,
worth $4 60
100 pair of 10-4 WHITE EXTRA BLANKETS, $5,
worth $0 50
30 pieces, Choice Colors, Empress Cloth, only
65., worth 85
100 Improved Styles and fine quality of "ARABS,'*
only $3, worth $5
125 rolls CARPETS, which will be sold 25 per cent,
below their value.
A magnificent assortment of the .LATEST
STILES PLAIDED AND PLAIN DRESS GOODS.
From our own Importation, the largest and
best assortment in the city.
Also, a rich selection of FLANNELS, CASSI
MERES, Jeans, Satinets, Domestics, Ac.
An early call ls earnestly solicited, and bar
gams will be guaranteed.
FURGHGOTT & BRO.,
No. 437 KING STREET,
oct io Corner of King and Calhoun st ree ts.
ONLY $ 3 1 O N* L Y * S!
Jost received a few copies of DICKSON'S
FARMING, In Extra Goth Bin ding, at tha r educed
price of $3, heretofore sold at $4.
WALKER, EVANS 4 COGSWELL,
NO. 3 BROAD STREET,
CH ARLESTON, S.O.
?JpOGARTIE'S BOOK DEPOSITORY.
SCHOO L B O 0 K S,
ALL DESCRIPTIONS OF SCHOOL STATIONERY.
We call especial attention to our SCHOOL PENS
and WBITNG BOOKS, which are made to our
order, and will be fonnd good and cheap. Espe?
cial attention will be given to orders from teach?
ers m the country.
A complete catalogue of School Booka, with
the prices attached, will be sent free on applica?
CATALOGUE No. 42.
A TREATISE ON THE PBEPARATION AND DE?
LIVERY OF SERMONS, by Dr. John A.
The Living Questions or the Age, by the author of
"The Philosophy of the Plan of Salvation,"
The Illustrated Edition of the Poems of George
Herbert, with over 40 Illustrations after de?
signs by Foster, Clayton and Humphreys, $9.
Milton's Ode on the Morning of Christ's Nativity,
beautifully Illustrated. $2 50.
A History of the Reformation for Children, by
Rev. Edward Nangle, A. B., 3 vols., $2.
The Treasures of the Earth; or, Mines, Minerals
and Metals, by winiam Jones, F. s. A., $i 75.
Sunday Echoes In Week-Day Honrs; Illustrative
of the Collects, by Mrs. Carey Brock, with a
Preface by ttie Right Rev. J. Wilhams, D. D.,
Bishop of Connecticut, $1 60.
The Early Days of EH.-ha, hy F. W. Krummacher,
with an Introduction by Gardiner Spring, D?
D., $1 50.
Cony beare and Howson's Life and Epistles of St.
Paul. The only complete and unabridged edi?
tion, 2 vols In one, with all the original Maps
and Illustrations. Published by Scribner Ss
Co. For sale at FOG ARTIE'S BOOK DEPOSI?
TORY, and furnished at $3. It will be sent
by mall to any part of the country on receipt
Stepping Heavenward, by Miss E. Prentiss. $1 75.
Mark Twain's Innocents Abroad; or. The New
Pilgrim's Progress, Illustrated, fi 60.
Chamber's Encyclopaedia, Revised Edition. Sub?
scribers will please call for Nos. 13 and 14.
Spare Hours. (Horae Subseclvae,) by John Brown,
M. D., 1st and 2d senes, $4.
Passages from the English Notebooks of Na?
thaniel Hawthorn, 2 vols., $4.
The Heart or the Continent; a Record of Travel
Across the Plains and In Oregon, with an
Examination of the Mormon Principles, by
Fitz Hugh Ludlow, Illustrated, $3 75.
A new supply of those valuable Books or Dr.Hall'a?
viz: Health by Good Living, $150; Sleep, or.
The Hygiene of the Night, $1 60; Health and
Disease as Affected by Constipation, and lt?
Remedial Cure, $1 60.
%. French. English and American NOTE and
LEITER PAPERS and ENVELOPES, together
with a General Stock of BLANK BOOKS and
STATIONERY. _." _
N. B.-Oar Monthly Literary Bulletin will be
sent FREE to persons In the country.
W Persons residing In the country will please
hear in mind that by sending their orders to US
for any books published In America, they wUl bo
charged only the price of the book. We pay for
the postage or express.
FOGARTIE'S BOOK DEPOSITORY,
No. 200 KINO STREET (in the Bend,)
jun2S-tuths6mos Charleston, S. C.
Cabinet- iflaking, &t.
NICELY AND SUBSTANTIALLY DONE
J. L. LUNSFORD, No. 27 Queen Street?
I wish to Inform my friends and the public get!' .
era?Y tnat the Hospital for SICK FURNITURE ls
still at No 27 Queen street, where sh the diseases
that Furniture ls heir to will be cured apeedly
and on the most reasonable terms as usual.
Send in, therefore, all your sick and wounded
patients and I will heal them and make glad the
the hearts of all those who favor me with patron?
age m this line.
I would respectfully beg leave to ?all year at?
tention to the fact that I am selfing tba best Saw?
ing Machines to be found ta the maAet, a Doom
plete, for only $17. Call and examina for ya**"
Belves, and read the testimon?ala In faworoitg?
Improved Common Sense "amily Sewing mr
chine, and then I am sure yon wul take one nome
?Itt you. . ;J. L. LUNSFORD,
No. 27 Queen street, near Calder House
aprffl . - *