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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1465.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1870.
S?X DOLLARS A YKAH.
I ROBERT EDMMD lrM
THE CAEEEE OE THE\ f^sEAT
HU Parentage and Ed .^jnioa-Servlces
In the Mexican V*Au?.HU Re,lgm
tion-Summary ? ^ Hts V lc to r les-Thc
Surrender at **i?jp?m?t?|8X_.Hl? julie at
Lexington-Ci> ,99tmot ?ls Death-Lut
Hours-The r.^meralj _
"BIRTH AND LINEAGE.
Robert Fi?mwid Lee was born at Stratford,
Westmoreland oounty, VtL.January 1?, 1807, in
the TC/om where Richard Henry and Francis
Lightfoot Lee were born. Descended from the
Lr.-es of Ditchley in England, one or whom mar?
ried one of the daughters of Charles ll by the
Duchess of Cleveland, hts family has been distin?
guished la Virginia for two bnndred years. Two
of his grand-uncles were signers of the Declara?
tion of Independence. His father was the famous
"Llghthorse Harry*' of revolutionary fame, who
served terms In the Federal Congress, and as
Governor of Virginia, and whose first wire was
also a Lee. Robert E. Lee was or the Issue of a
second marriage-the second son of Henry Lee
and his wife Anne, daughter of Charles Carter, of |
. AT WEST POINT. .
At the age of 12 lils, father died, and he was
placed by his mother lu the Military Academy" at
West Point, where he-remained four years, grad?
uating la 1329, second In a class of eighteen, since
remarkable for the brilliancy of their records.
The young cadet was at once appointed to a lieu?
tenancy In the Corps of Topographical Engineers.
In 1832 he was married to Miss Custis, the daugh?
ter of George Washington Parke Custis,the adopt?
ed son of General Washington, and thus became
proprietor of the celebrated Arlington estate. By
this marriage he had four sons and three daugh?
ters. For years Hrs. Lee has been unable to walk,
but bas borne her affliction with a Christian for?
titude and patience which wonderfully sustain
her nuder her present sore bereavement.
.. THE MEXICAN WAH,. . . .
Through the uneventful years of military life
between his appointment and the Mexican war he
rose only to the rank of captain. His singular
capacities had Impressed themselves strongly on
his superiors, however, and when' General Scott
Invaded Mexico, Captain L^e was appointed chief J
engineer of the anoy under General Wool. In
this branch of the service, General Lee, like the
great Bonaparte, won hin first recognition, and
General Scott Instantly advanced the young of?
ficer, to whose skill he attributed thc reduction of
Vera Cruz. He was placed on the general staff,
and directed almost exclusively the engineering
operations of the army of Invasion. ID every
action subsequently fought during the campaign-1
General Scott takes occasion to mention the skin,
enterprise and wonderful judgment of his young
aid. Lee received two promotions for bia services
la the campaign. In 1847 he was brevetted Major
m recognition of his brilliant co-operation at Cerro
Gordo; and later, at Chapnltepec and Contreras,
he was raised to the rank of lieutenant-colonel.
T RETURN TO WEST rOIXT.
He was furthermore honored with the post of
auperintendent at West Point, retaining bis field
rank. In this position he remained three years,
working energetic reform and augmenting thc I
efficiency of the institute by wise measures and |
profltable suggestions to Congress. Through hui
recommendation, the course or study, which had
hitherto covered bat four years, was Increased to
five, rendering lt as complete" and rigorous as
those in Europe. In the midst of this brilliant
a administrative career, Congress authorized the
if raising of two cavalry regiments, and of the sec?
ond Colonel Lee was appointed lieutenant-colo?
nel. The regiment was commanded by Albert
Sk"ney Johnston. The regiment, when organized,
, la 1355, was sent to Texas, and remained on duty
! on the 2 South western border u a ti 1 1859,
i fighting indians and performing -general
1 garrison duty. On the occasion of
THE FAMOUS JOHN BROWN RAID
at Harper's Ferry, Colonel Lee was assigned to
the command of the forces sent to suppress the
outbreak. He arrived ibero during the night of
October 17,1859, finding Brown and h Ls motley
crew of snppcrtere intrenched In the engine-house,
andcclosely besieged by Captain Simms and the
Maryland militia. Colonel Lee brought with him
ninety marines and two pieces of artillery. He
took possession of the armory ground, close to the
enemj'a position, and put his forces In camp.
At 7 o'clock on the following morning, he order:
ed an assault upon the engine-house, which was
carried by thc Impetuosity of the marines, two of
whom, however, were wounded, and one- Lnsu
gent shot. Frown was struck in the face with a
sabre, and afterward bayoneted; but survived to
expiate his crime npon the gallows.
SECESSION*-BIS RESIGNATION. .
In 1861 Colonel Lee rejoined his regiment, at
San Antonio, Texas, and remained there until the
firing on Sumter.' On the 20th or April, 18filr|
Colonel Lee, after a service or twenty-five year?;
resigned his position la the United States Army,
sending his letter of resignation to General Scott,
at Washington. Ic was in the following terms :
ARLINGTON, VA?, April 20,1861.
General-since my interview with you on the
18th Instant, I bave felt that I onght not longer to
retain my commission m the army. I therefore
tender my resignation, which I request you will
recommend for acceptance, lt .would have been
presented at OB ce, but for the straggle lt has cost
me to separate myaelf from a service to which I
have devoted all the best years of my life, and all
toe ability I possessed.
During the whole of thai time-more than a
. quarter of a century-I have experienced nothing
? but kindness from my superiors, and the most
cordial friendship from my comrades. To no
one, General, have I been as much Indebted as to
yourself for nnlform kindness and consideration,
and lt has always been my ardent desire to meet
your approbation. I shall carry to the grave the
most grateful recollections of your kind consider?
ation, and your name and fame will always be
dear to me.
sa ve in defence of my nativo State. I never de?
sire again to draw my sword. Be pleased to ac?
cept my m?st earnest wishes for the continuance
of yonr happiness and prosperity, and belie ve me
most truly, yours, R. E. LEE.
To his sister, the wife of a United States officer,
My Dear sister-i am grieved at my inability to
see you. lhave been walting
for a* more "convenient season*' which has
brought to many before me deep ?-nd. lasting re?
gret. We are- now tn a state of .r which will
yield to nothing. The whote Sonia ls la a state of j
revolution, Into which Virginia, after a long
struggle, bas been drawn; and though I recog?
nize no necessity for this state of things, and
would have forborne and pleaded to the end for
redress or grievances, real or supposed, yet in my
own person 1 had to meet the question whet lier I
should take part against my native State. With
all my devotion to the Union, and the feeling or
loyalty and duty of aa American citizen, 1 have
not been able to make up my mind to raise my
hand against my relatives, my children, my
home. I have, therefore, resigned my commis?
sion in the army, and aa ve in defence of my na?
tive State-with the sincere hope that my poor
services may never be needed-I hope I may
never be called upon to draw my sword.
IN THE CONFEDERATE SERVICE.
This was the only "deOnltion" of his position
ever given by him. His resignation was instantly
accepted, and he at once took up his residence In
Richmond, as commander or the forces in Vir?
ginia, with the rank or major-general, to which
he had been appointed by Governor Letcher. He
remained In ula State, and set to work to organ?
ize the State troops, declining any command that
took him into the general service or the Confed?
eracy. At this time Montgomery was the Con?
federate capital, and the Virginia troops were vir?
tually independent; but, soon after the assump?
tion of command.by General Lee, the seat of gov?
ernment was transferred to Richmond, and he
was formaUy recognized as one or the Confeder?
ate chiefs, receiving the rank-hitherto unknown
in this Hjonntry-of full general. He was. thus
placed-tnn-d on^he list of the army roster. Cooper,
and AlberrSldney Johnston only outranking him
In priority'?! appointment. He was assigned to'
commAd the forces in Western Virginia, to op
P ose -tr?ne rais McClellan and Rosecranz. Tl
federate campaign in t n? quarter WM re eb;
ly managed, and unsuccessful. General L
recalled, and, on account of his great s?ll
engineer, he was sent to examine the u cf eu
the Atlantic coast. For several months,
thus engaged, Ka headquarters wer? in C
ton or its vicinity.
HI3 G F.I! AT VICTORIES.
In May, 1862, McClellan marched np the pe
lar. The battle of Seven Pine- ' toole ph
which General'Joseph E. Johnston was woi
and General Lee was put lu his stead lo con
of the Confederate forces. Soon folio wei
great bat. les before Ric ti mond, from Meei
vLle to Malvern Hil', in which General Lee's
became famous the world over. In these '
more than 10,000 prisoners were taken-flt:
pieces or artillery and upwards of 35,000 st:
small arius: . From this time forth all the
of the people or the South were centered In
ral Lee. The. whole army was placed !
hands. He it was that ordered all its mo vet
and waa. entitled to the credit for the
tegy employed. He o rd e; ed the
meats which resulted in the famous ti
of the following August-Cedar Mom
Second Man assay, Ac On the 3d ol
tember his army crossed the Potomac, a
the 17th was fought the grand battle of St
burg. General Lee always claimed this as
tory. His army, however, returned to'Vii
at once. On the 13th of December, 1862, occ
the battle of Fredericksburg, one of the
complete successes of the war. In 1863, Mi
the battle of the Wilderness was fought,
success here tod, was complete, but Jackson
Here,'too, General Lee showed the great m
bis heart m that celebrated letter to the it
chieftain, in which he said that for his coan
sake lie could wish It had been himself inste
Jackson' that bau been wounded. ; On the i
May the battle was renewed, and resulted 1
defeater the Federal army anU its retreat,?*
lass ot 17,'ooo killed, wounded and priso
fourteen pieces of artillery, and. 30,000 s
of arms. ? This was caned the battle of C
cellorsvllte. Genera! Lee again marched m
wards, "o He went tn Pennsylvania with hts
army, and.there on the 2d and 64 of July,
fought the bloody battles which, thoagh ra
drawn battles than victories for either side, r
more seriously damaged that army whose K
could not be repaired. In May, 1864, occurrei
battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvanla C(
house, Ac, Ac. General Grant was constantl
poised, but as conatantly renewed his fi
movement until he landed upon the banks ol
James. There were many battles of more or
importance dnring 1S64 and the beginning of ]
April 2d, 1S65, occurred the evacuation of B
mond; and began the retreat of General L
army from Petersburg. April 0, he surrend?
a skeleton of an army to overwhelming numb
And this ended his military career.
<- ? FAREWELL TO HIS TROOPS. .
The next day General Lee took formal leavi
his army In the folio-.-lng address:
AHM Y OF NORTHERS VA., April 10.1865.
After four years of arduous service, marked
unsurpassed courage and fortitude, the Arm;
Northern Virginia has been compelled to viele
overwhelming numbera and resources.
I need not tell the survivors of so many ha
fought battles, who .have remained steadfasi
the last, that 1 have consented to this result fi
no distrust of them, but feeling that, valor and
votina conld accomplish nothing that could ct
pensate for the loss that would have attained
continuation of the contest. I have < eterrnli
to avoid' the useless sacrifice of those whose p
services have endeared them tb their count
By the terms of agreement, officers and ni
can return to their homes, and remain there i
til exchanged. You will take with yon the satlsf
tlon that proceeds from consciousness of du
faithfully performed, and I earnestly pray tha
merciful God will extend to you bis blessing a
protection. With an unceasing admiration
your constancy and devotion to your cou at
and a grateful remembrance of your kind a
generous consideration for myself, I bid you
affectionate farewell. R. E. LBS, General
IK A NEW POSITION.
In Angnst, 1865, General Lee was made prc
dent of Washington College. His name and rai
Boon made that a popular institution. In tl
position he has since remained, closely conflnl
himself to the duties lt imposed until driven lt
spring by railing health to seek recuperation
travel. The Jaunt he then took, tor the first til
Bince the termination or the war, through tl
country he had so heroically defended, If lt w
characterized by a series or ovations which 1
found lt impossible wholly to avoid, can hard
be looked upon as a violation or his selMmposi
pledge to avoid snch demonstrations.
CAUSE OF HIS LAST ILLNESS.
The remote and real cause of his death, (accon
Lng to bis physicians, Dis: Barton and Madison
was the long continuance or depressing li
Qnences Incident to the crushing responslbllitk
which were upon him during the last year or th
war, the disastrous termination of tnestrugg
tor the cause he so dearly loved, and the amii
tiens of his native Sonth since the surrender. A
he saw his Utile army gradually melt away befor
tue countless hosts opposed to .them, and con:
peUed to yield at last to overwhelming number:
and resources; as he witnessed the sufferings o
his "poor boys," as he was accustomed to cal
them, and thought of the condition of their faml
lies and of the Sonth; as bis malls have been ever;
day since flooded with most piteous letteis fron
maimed soldiers or from the widows and orphan
nf the noble men who rollo wed aim, he has borne c
calm exterior, and struggled tor the good of hi:
State and the South with a heroism surpassing
any which he ever displayed on the field of bat
tlc' But the very fibres of his great heart have
been gradually wearing away, until they have at
last broken and the vital spark has fled. Both ol
his eminent physicians concur In the opinion that
General Lee has died rather from moral than
physical causes; that his physical development
was well nigh perfect, and ?bat there was no
merely physical reason why he might not have
lived tor years>to come. The Immediate cause ol
his death was, lu the opinion of his physicians,
"mental and physical fatigue, inducing Tenons
congestion of thc brain, winch, however, never pro?
ceeded as far os apoplexy or paralysis, but grad?
ually caused cerebral exhaustion and death."
HIS LAST HOURS.
On Wednesday, September 28th, he was more
than usually busy. After attending chapel
service, as he always did, he spent the whole
mora'tig attending to various matters con?
nect?.', with the Interests or the college. At 4
o'clock P. M. he went to a meeting of the vestry
of his church, over which he presided. Matters
or great Importance to thc Interests of the church
were under consid?r?t iou, and the meeting was
protracted tor three hours. Returning home just
la time for tea, he was sitting at the table with
his family when he was suddenly attacked and
became apparently speechless and Incapable of
motion. The next morning he rallied, and as
there were no decisive Indications or paralysis or
or apoplexy, lt was hoped that the attack would
prove nothing more serious than a temporary
nervous prostration. AU or the Indications seemed
favorable to his recovery nntll last Monday. He
spoke but little, and that only in answer to ques?
tions concerning his physical condition. But
this showed that he had recovered the power of
speeoh. His Intellect seemed entirely clear, and
he gave most unmistakable evidences that
while he lay tor the most part in a stupor to
which the medicines given him no doubt largely
contributed, be was, when aroused, entirely con?
scious. He seemed so much better on Saturday
that Dr. Madison playtolly said to him: "General,
you must make haste and get up from this bed.
'Traveler' is' getting lazy, and you must make
haste and give him the exercise he needs." The
General fixed his eyes steadily upon him and
shook his head very emphatically, as ir to Indi?
cate that he did not expect to ride 'Traveller"
again. On Monday he became suddenly wone,
and despite the best efforts of as fine medical skill
as the country a nord?, and the fervent prayers or
anxious hearts, he gradually sunk until Wednes?
day morning at .9>i o'clock, when he breathed
his last. The nature or lils Illness was such that
there was no opportunity for protracted conter
sation with him, and he uttered i no word which
can be seized on for sensational reports of his
lasf hours. He waa stricken atthe po9t of duty.
He fell with the harness on, and his calm, quiet
death ls a flt termination of his noble life. . '
THE OBSEQUIES ON SATURDAY.
Dispatches received on Saturday night from all
of the principal cities and towns of the South re?
port that the people everywhere have united in
the most marked public demonstration of sorrow
at the death of General Lee. Business on Satur?
day seems to have been universally suspended.
Our space precludes a notice of these observances
in detail; but in Atlanta the obsequies seems to
have been especially imposing. General Gordon
delivered a most Impressive address. The follow?
ing brief dlspatctrfrom Lexington tells the simple
story of the burial-of the great Virginian :
* LEXINGTON, VA., October 15^..':
"General Len was burled to-day. The weather
was clear and pleasant. Every house in the city
was draped IE mourning. The State dignitaries
and many distinguished persons were present.
Olli eera and soldiers of tho late Confederate army
acted as a gnard of honor. The Episcopal burial
service was read, but the sermon was omitted in
accordance with' General Lee's request."
THE OR ASO EB URO LAND COMMIS?
SION. ' >
BRANCHVILLE, S. C., October 18.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE'NEWS:
Will Judge Andrews condescend to ansWer
the following queries tor. the information of
the voters of Orangeburg County? How feit
that he "never was an agent of the land com?
mission," when this trade with Collier was
negotiated solely through him for the State ?
Collier says that be Bigned a title io the land
in question, in favor of the State, for $1230,
and Andrews's name does not appear once in
the transaction. What right bad he to sell tins
tract of land "to a company of colored men,'
when the title was in Ute State, and not in him?
self F Why did be attempt, .In bis first card, to
create the impression that he did, tri good
faiths pay Collier $1200 for the land, and when
this falsehood was proven,-did be chaoge rua?
bas ? and attempt to defend himself with th?
assertion of sucb a tnnstn as that be had "as
mnch right to buy and sell land as any man io
South Carolina ?"
This, Mr. Editor, must close my connec?
tion with the Andre w.-Coi!iex land transaction.
I think I fully redeemed, in my last communi?
cation, my promise "lo prove" the correctness
of the icionnatioa I.tarnished yon in reference
to this case, aDd it was only the glaiing in?
consistencies in Jodee Andrews8 second com
mnmcatiou that induced me to submit the
Yours, respectfully, B. G. JAMISON. *
The Radicals in Union are whipping and
wounding the blacks ia all directions, laying
the whole blame en the Reformers. Another
scheme is to get up a riot on election day, so
that the election may be set aside..
On Wednesday a senator will be elected to
fill the vacancy caused by the death of the
Hon. Hy. Buck.
The 2fews ls sold out to the Orangeburg
News Publishing Company, and runs up the
names of Scott and Ransler. This is too late
to do Scott any good or Reform any harm.
The Times ls hard at work for Reform. It
says: "We trust on next Wednesday every
man who can possibly find his way to the polls
will go and deposit his vote for the restoration
of his State to decent and honest government.
We have a larger white vote than at first sight
would appear. Surely every man will do hla
duty on Wednesday next, for it is all the more
Important that the lower districts should do
their utmost to overcome disparity in numbers
by a united effort for the general result."
The meeting of the Reform party held on the
Gth was a complete succer-s. Judge Carpenter
was warmly received and heard by a large au?
dience, without Interruption. General.Young,
from North Carolina, delivered a forcible
speech In favor of Reform.
.A rousing meeting was also heid cn Satur?
day last at Mc Al ?ley's mills, In the same coun?
ty. Both parties spoke, and a remarkable fea?
ture was a conciliatory speech from Wimbush.
Whlla advocating the Republican doctrines,
lie counselled a peaceful election and a free
A Radical meeting, announced to be held at
Coates's Tavern, York County, on the 5th, was
attended by none but the speakers.
A public meeting was held on Thursday
evening, at Columbia, in front of the Columbia
Hotel. Colonel McMuster presided, and an
address was made by M. P. O'Connor, Esq.,
which was replied to by Sam Dickerson.
Edward McNairy, colored, who was nomin?
ated on the Reform ticket, In Edgefleld, for
the Legislature, has declined, and Henry
Raiford has been substituted.
Aa arrangement has beca patched up ia
Columbia, ia accordance with the programme
as agreed upon by the Republican and Reform
parties. They will be at the polls from the
time they opea aatil they close, and place
themselves in such position as to see all the
voters, and challenge those whom they think
are not entitled to vote; see that our tickets
are within reach of ail, and make a special
oote ol eseryj Illegal act; take oames of those
guilty, and those who vote un 1er chall?age.
ALL ABOUT THE STATE.
Berry Laney, an escaped convict, was recap?
tured near Camden on Monday night, after along
The barn of Zack Cantey, Esq., of Kershaw
County, Was burned on Monday, before day, de?
stroying a quantity of corn abd fodder. It was
clearly the work or an incendiary.
One night during last week a party of scoun?
drels visited the house or Mrs. James C. Cheek, a
widow lady, living some ten miles west or Lau?
rens ville village. On approaching the house they
aroused her, and warned her to leave the house
with her little children. The lady declined at
first; but the Heads commenced Dring into the
house, when she lett with her little children; the
robbers then entered the house and carried away
$80 la money, a watch and other valuables. No
arrests have been made.
The Edgefleld Advertiser slates that on
last Tuesday morning a shooting affray took
place on the public squuarc. Arthur A. Glov?
er, Esq., having had some conversation with
a mulatto man, named Addison Forrest, one
or the jail guard, concerning money due the
Termer by the latter, turned away to leave the
spot. As he turned, Forrest drew a pistol and
shot.at him, missing him. Mr. Glover hereupon
turned and (Ired upon his antagonist three times,
wounding him severely in the wrist, in the hand,
and In the side. Mr. Glover was subsequently ar?
rested, and gave ball.
-The New York Trlbuae says that the Crys?
tal Palace Association has purchased 22 J acres
of land, used uow for cattle-yards, and lying
Immediately above the Yorkvllle Tunael, be
tweea Third and Fourth aveaues, as a site for
the lmmease structure of glass aad iroa which
they proposed building for a permanent
World's Fair. The proposed palace will be
3600 feet long aad 150 feet deep, with a central
area of eleven acres, ornamented with flowers,
fountains and statuary. The association has a
capital of $7,000,000.
THE STRUGGLE ll FIA!
REPORTED ESCAPE OE BAZA1
. . AEMT FEO St METZ..
A Brilliant and Successful Sortie
Paris by Trocha Claimed by
French, h nt Denied by the Pr n SK I
Garibaldi in the Field-Fall of
?on?-More Eiroris for Peace.. .
By a balloon that left Paris on the 10th In
advices have been received which state, tba
city ls amply supplied with provisions,thens
enough on hand to last three months. Aa c
decree has been published, postponing ta<
ment of rent.for three months. Od?n has bee
verted Into a powder magazine. The grand
house ia full of arms. ?.The fire from Fort
Valerian makes dreadful havoc among the
alans, continually breaking their circle.
A deserter from Metz says that, while brea
saltare entirely exhausted, there isanapp
plenty of other provisions.
The Prussians occupy the heights at Soli
which they have rortlfled. The town ls mas
gallant defence. The Prussians are Infor
Menny. Prussian reserves are moving north
from the vicinity of Breisach and Schlestadt
Gambetta has issued a proclamation o:
gratnlatlon to the people, citing the new evia
of courage Just given by the Parisians, wh
dally demanding to be led In a sortie again s
The formal siege or Solssons and Verderj
commenced. Both fortification.!: are well
piled with artillery and experienced gun
General Debeyer, the Baden Minister, has
appointed to the command or the Baden co
gent. . .. . .'
The Prussian earthworks before Mont Val?
are Irksome to the French garrison, whose fl
Incessant.. The Germana are geierally pas
and will remain so until-all preparations roi
bombardment are completed. The sorties ol
French at Paris have all.been successfully repe
A heavy siege train ' has Josi arrived before I
A recent Paris letter says, ?there is no i
ness, no lack of food or cour ige, on my hon
The Prussian minister at Brussels demand:
punishment of the Independence Beige for pi
sanshlp and untruthfulness. ' .*
Mazzini has been excluded from the amn
proclaimed at Rome.
The German Democrats continue their pro!
aga inst Jacoby's detention. .*
The Emperor convokes the. Austrian and ?
garlan delegations November 21st. at Pesth.
j A special dlspotqh from The Hague says
great agitation preva'ls upon the discovery 1
the King was ab o at to declare war with Rue
Thiers was received by the Freach legation
Florence on Thursday.
TOURS, October 1
There was sharp fighting near Orleans yes
day, but nothing official to-day.
A Paris letter of Tuesday says the Prussl
are moving southerly, the mobiles foUowJ
Troops are sent In other directions as a prec
tlonary measure. Several deserters have b
sentenced to death. There was no balloon
day, the wind being unfavorable. Eleven wage
containing fresh vegetables, were captured fi
The Francs-tlrcnrs attacked the Wnrtembi
cavalry In the forest or Fontainbleau and kil
many, capturing a large amount or stores. Gi
baldl ls near Besancon. New Breisach Is bo
barded constantly, and answers vigorously.
Burnside bas returned to Versailles, and ls
pected back to-morrow. It lt said that peace
go nations are progressing. The people ol Pa
seem determined to oppose any peace based
the cession or territory. Steel guns to carry n
i thousand metres are being manafactired.
Much importance ls attached to Prussian lm
tlvlty. The Parisians desire an attack from 1
Prussians. The following ls official: "A rec<
nolaaance to Laferte drove off the Prussian ram
-The Orleans Princes have been enrolled In t
army now forming at Rouen. The Freien i
bently sent np two balloons from Paris to preve
suspicion. One of which they allowed to be ci
tured had a number of circulars lu the Genni
language, and proclamations lately Issued by t
government. The Arc de Triumphs, at Paris,
to be Iron-clad, and walls constructed around
thus making it a formidable fortress, armed wi
enormous steel cannon now making. A park
artillery stands In the rear of Notre Dome for u
In case or a Prussian attaok on the side to wa:
Berey. Heavy cannon will also be stationed <
the Island or St. Louts, which is already st.ong
Keratry, who lert Paris Ina balloonyesterdt
morning, descended safely at Bar le Due, bavin
escaped the pursuit of the enemy, but was slight
wounded by a sudden tall or the balloon.
On the 13th, a splendid fight took pince at Ba;
neux and Chatillon, from whence the enemy wei
dislodged. During thereconnoissance or our fora
the enemy sustained considerable losses, th
mobiles having behaved handsomely. Genen
Damplerre, commanding the Aube mobiles, wa
killed at the head of bis command. The Prussia
batteries were dismounted. At dusk our troop
withdrew in order. The sailors In Fort de Moi
tranga Handsomely covered the retreat with
cannonade. The chateau of St. Cloud was d<
stroyed by fire. Paris ls more patriotic and detei
mined than ever.
The mobiles disperse groups or people arount
the Hotel de ville. A new political club has beei
formed; among Its members are noted Journa
lats and lawyers. The first session was held oi
Monday night, when an organization was effeel
ed. Military movements among both Prussian
and Parisians Indicate that a great movement l
Max Polon has answered Pletri's letter, In whlci
Pletrl says that Napoleon had no money in th
funds. Polon enumerates the investments
amounting to over 63,000,ooor., In which Napoleoi
was interested, and says he WdS In a position ti
know this was true.
Gambetta has ordered a cessation of all perse
cutlons of the elerey at Lyons and Marseilles.
TOURS, October 15-Evening.
Rumors from Orleans are startling. It is aa
serted that the Prussians there, who are In heavy
force, have surrendered to the French with all
their artillery. The French rorce ls continually In?
creasing. The government has given the public
nothing Trom Orleans for a day or two.
LAST NIGHT'S DISPATCHES.
Efforts for Peace.
LONDON, October 18.
It is credited here that negotiations are qule tly
but actively proceeding with a view to effecting
peace. The main obstacle now ls the belligerent
temper of the Parisians. A Rouen dispatch, dated
Friday night, announces the approach or tte
Prussians. The national guards are preparing to
Baznlnc Again Broken Loose.
Nsw Your, October 15.
A special dispatch to the World, dated Tours,
yesterday, says: "Bazaine has escaped from
Metz, marching with his entire force to the relief
A special dispatch to the Herald, from Tours,
says: "A rumor that Orleans has been evacu?
ated causes immense excitement." A second
dispatch received at 5:25 P. M says: "The rumor
ia confirmed. It ls officially announced that
Trochu led a brilliant sortie In person. The
enemy were repulsed at all points. There ls m??
mense enthusiasm here. Fourteen thousand
Springfield rifles amved hythe Lafayette.''
LODDON, October 15.
The Standard has a telegram from Tours an?
nouncing Bazalne's great victory. Bazaine ap
pears to.be free to march upon ThlOnville. Thia
report la considered doubtful.
. The Frang?an Account .
VERSAILLES, October 10, via London.
Reports or the French auccesses before Paris
are untrue, and bav? been Invented for the pur?
pose of reldndilng'thecodrage of the people. The
Prussians hold exactly the same positions w*h fen
they held on the 19th of September, Two small
skirmishes between the outposts,' which took
place on Thursday and Friday t were the only en?
counters during the week. Solssons, after an ob?
stinate defence of four days, capitulated to the
Latest from Toura.
Totras, October lo.
Ko additional officiai news has been received
from Orleans. It is understood that large forces
are face to face near Fort St. Anbin. A g?n?ral
battle is Imminent. The military authorities' here
are hurrying reinforcements forward. Garibaldi
has been appointed to the command of the irregu?
lar forces in the Vosges, with a brigade of Garde
Mobiles attached.,. Gambetta, .in announcing
Garibaldi's appointment to General Cambric ts,
commanding the Eastern Department, copes he
will support Garibaldi. A decree has been Issued
subjecting generals, who allow themselves to be
surpris"d, to court-martial ?
TUE RIS G IS RICULASD. ,'.'
How Threats and Bribes are Used to
; [SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, October 16.
The Rev. David Pickett, the colored candi?
date, who has been running on the spilt ticket
for senator for Richland Connty in opposition to
Beverly Nash, has withdrawn from the contest..
Pickett confessed to Major Selbels that the Scott
party had threatened to kin him and to burn his
houae ir he did not withdraw, wbli? on trie other
hand they offered him money and office if he
would clear the track. Rumor says that they
gave Pickett no less than five thousand dollars to.
withdraw, and have promised, moreover, to
make him the next sheriff of Richland Connty.
IMPORTANT PROM WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, October 15.
Upon an application from citizens of Charles?
ton, Judge Bond has appointed aa Federal man?
agers of the election In that city, .one from each
political party for each voting precinct. These
appointments are made under the act- amending
the naturalization'laws. Mr. Faller, messenger,
with the appointments, leaves to-night.
There is now no doubt that the, President has
accepted the resignation of Mr. Cox, Secretary of
the Interior, to take effect about the lat of No?
The following sergeants In the Signal Corps
have been appointed : J. E. Evans, Montgomery,
Ala.; J. R. Aden, Augusta, Ga., and D. A. Daboll,
THE COTTON MOVEMENT.
NEW TOBE, October 16.
The week's movements in cotton were
heavy, but still behind last year. Receipts at all
the ports, 70,704 bales, total since September, 272,
0s3 bales, against 282,071 bales last year. Exports
from all parts, 28,462 bales, against 35,240 bales
last year; total exports, 73,215 bales, against 83,
614 bales. Stock at all points, 181,165 bales,
against 113,004 bales; stock at interior towns,
26,32? bales, against 26,527 bales; stock in Liver?
pool, 565,000 bales, against 425,000 bales. Ameri?
can cotton afloat, 31,000 bales, against 20,000
bales. Indian cotton has, durlag the week, con?
tinued to decline, and wa& devoid or animation.
The weather South is favorable, and picking pro?
gressing vigorously. A. table of exports of lead?
ing articles for the year aggregates 499,000,000
dollars, in which cotton figures at 227,000,000
dollars, or nearly one half. The details or cotton
are: Uplands, 224,000,000 dollars; sea island
8,000,000 dollars; manufactured, 4,750,000 dollars!
The previous year's table shows: Exports, up?
lands, 160,250,000 dollars; Bea Islands, nearly
2,500,000 dollars ; manufactured, over 5,760,000
dollars. The above are dollar values.
SPARKS PROM THE WIRES.
A cable dispatch announces the failure of |
Ridley Sons A Co., of Liverpool.
A vessel which arrived at London on the 16th
instant reports having passed a dismasted Amer?
ican steam frigate off Martinique on tho 12th of j
There were thirteen deaths from yellow fever In
New Orleans in the past two days.
The United States marshal at Rochester on Sat?
urday received the pardon papers of the Fenian
prisoners, who were liberated the same evening.
Thc race between the Dauntless and the Cambria
on Saturday resulted In favor of the Dauntless by
The yellow fever is dying ont In Kew York. Ko
new cases have been reported since the 11th
The St. Laurent, which Balls from Kew York for
France to-day, has aboard 60,000 rifles, and as
many revolvers, sabres and bayonets, and five
Sherwood (Democrat) defeats Armstrong (Re?
publican) In the Eighteenth Pennsylvania Dis?
trict for Congress.
The Blood Horse Association races came off at
Nashville on Friday. Morgan Scout won the
three mlle heat, beating Irene Sheppard. Time
6:3S >,'. St Leger won the association purse of $500
in three straight heats.
INFORMATION FOR THE PUBLIC.-It will be
seen by the advertisement In another column,
that Mr. A. R. Stillman has just received a fine as?
sortment of kid gloves, pl aid H , merin o es, Ac, at
No. 281 King street.
MESSRS. Furchgott, Benedict & Co., at the
southeast corner of King and Calhoun streets, are
' still offering strong inducements to buyers of dry
I goods, blanketa, carpeting, Ac, and have a very
full stock in all Unes on hand.
PHOTOGRAPH ALBUMS, in leather bindings,
holding fifty pictures, 75c. and 90c. each, at Ko.
161 King street; also at the Hasel street Bazaar.
octio-mtu CUAS. C. RIGHTER & Co.
COUNTRY DEALERS can purchase their Al?
bums at Kew York prices at the Hasel.street Ba
[ zaar. octio-mtu
A NEW LOT of mercantile Note Paper, five
quires for 60c., at the Hasel street Bazaar and Ko.
161 King atreet. octio-mtu
FIFTY PICTURE ALBUMS, lu velvet, 90c. each.
Hasel Btreet Bazaar and ici King street,
Only at BLACEWBLL'S,
octio No. 121 Meeting street, below Market.
HAVE you tried my dollar Tea, Green and
Black? WILSON'S GROCERY. Jun8
BILL HEADS printed on fine paper at $3, $4,
$5, $6 50 and $8 50 per thousand, according to
size, at THE NEWS Job Office.
BUSINESS ENVELOPES.-THE NEWS Job Office
ls now prepared to furnish good envelopes, with
business cards printed thereon, at $4 per thous?
and. Bend your orders. Every merchant and
business man should have his card printed on
his envelopes. ^
THE C?roroAT?, COi?M.
TOTE TBE STRAIGHT TICKET.
UNION REFORM PASTY,
EXECUTIVE COJ^ITTEE ROOKS,
October 17, 1870.
i The Executive Committee begs to urge upon
every member the necessity or voting the entire
ticket nominated- by the recent convention. Not
only-good 'alta to the-candidates who have ac?
cepted the nominations requ]re lt, bot as a matter
of expediency it ls necessary. Every name struck
from onr ticket Is a vote cast for some member of
the opposite party.' In this contest, as , In ail
others, union ls Btrength; and we t?nno? afford
to injure our excellent prospects of .'a nc ce a s by
division among- ourselves.'- We are 'seeking to-'
br? ak down a party, backed by all the power1. ot
the State Government, wielded by unucrnpnlous.
men; and must present at every point an unbro?
ken front. Even, the most indifferent of our can?
didates, is superior to the best of those of our an?
tagonists, and we must not aid them.
t i H- E. Youno,.
3 Chairman Executive Committee.
THE CONGRESSIONAL SCRUB RACE.
A Curd from Mr. H. S. Tharln. :
. . .. . . 1.:? . 'rtT.ij- . iiiub
The "Thieves' Own," of Friday afternoon,:
conspicuously proved the charge of the subscrib?
er, that lt ls a "dirty sheet,'' in several character?
istic ways: .
1. IL admits that lt .wishes to '-take revenge."
2. lt, therefore, refers to some of my cards,
which lt mendaciously says that It "published,"
whereas lt suppressed., one .entirely, garbled
another, and delayed, as long as possible, the
third. ''- : >- "'
31. It refers to a card of the degraded Hurley,
la which that indescribable creature condenses
hut little soul In Jost three words, which prove
him to be the falsest and most abandoned villain
that the North ever spewed out upon South Caro?
lina's desecrated soil.
if this is the style of warfare to which we are
to be subjected, lt would Indeed be madness to
bandy words wU'n such a "rascal crowd."
The fact Is that my old enemy. Tim Hurley,
who, In presence of Rev. Dr. flick?, said, "The'
Scopie be damned-the politicians elect," linda
imseir outwitted by the man whose single
speech, last Thnrsday night, has turned the tide
against tbe carpet-baggers, and has driven them
to the lowest tricks to defeat the gentleman they
brazenly affect to despise.
What the carpet-baggers need IS brains. Any
fool can lie ana steal ; bnt what ls to become of
his money and of himself without brains ?
Down with Tim Hurley, the Idiot I and let ns
reform the government, by the Irretrievable de-'
feat of the Market street Ring.
As to the paper which ls the medium of their
"revenge," the day will come when no one will
subscribe to It except those who' cannot read.
ir I am to be the. instrument, ta the hand- of
God, to relieve my native State of a "rascal
crowd," whose countrymen North are ashamed of
their deeds, then I have not been silent, long
suffering and patient In vain. My eves have long
been upon the evil in the .land,.and, by'the help
of Heaven and the good people whom such as
Tim Hurley "damn" and despise, I expect to
present to the Congress of'the United States;
when elected, a true account of things la oar
midst. : -J i
The "Thieves' Own," like the kings of old, keeps
its "fool." and that "fool" ls the Idiotic "jester"
whose jokes always, as now, recoil upon bis keep?
er and himself. B, s. TH AWN,
. . The People's Candidate for Congress.
P. S. As there- wUl be ile upon lie published
again Bt me by the Market street King, I decline to
bave any further dealings with the debauched
concern. As.to Hurley, I would not have now
noticed him were, it not to show how powerful
mnst have been the blow I dealt on Thursday
nlgh't to the hitherto nnterrlfled Ring. R. S. T.
HARD FACTS FOB MB. WHITING.
Poor Old Ned!
TO THE EDITOR OP THE NEWS.
In replying to the Card of E. M. Whiting, In
your paper or Saturday, our task ls an easy one,
inasmuch as lt answers the matter at Issue, and
had we not a few more facta to elucidate, would
scarcely have troubled you on this occasion.
Mr. Wltlting convicts himself of What we have
charged bim with- for he admits that he was
Tia's deputy-ergo,, a co-partner-for he had a
JomtInterest; and of this history, as he calls lt,
he saya he ls not ashamed-veil, Ned, that, ls su?
perfluity-and concludes his peroration thus :
"And m continuing to act, I think 1 have sub?
served the best interests of my fellow-citizens,
and given satisfaction." The gentleman certainly
has forgotten a noble precept : "Self-praise ls no
And now we come to the additional facts we
Our first intention waste pot certain Interroga?
tories to Mr. Whiting, but as he might defer an?
swering them until, too late for our purpose, we
thought proper to state what we know, and, in
so doing, will have to go a little out of our way.
We charge that the forty names that endorsed his
card for an Independent nomination were solicit?
ed; that Mr. Whiting bad the first intimation of
Tim's resignation, and worked like a beaver with
the Charleston delegation, for the nomination,
from the commencement or Tim's resignation,
on the Friday preceding the convention or the
3d, and through all of Saturday, nor did he even
remit his labors on the holy Sabbath; that he sub?
mitted himself to the convention on Monday
morning, sanguine or snccess, and that, on the
evening or that day, Mr. Whiting expressed his
surprise to several ol his friends on his
failing lu receiving the nomination, with
thc asseveration, In his own words, that
"he had sixty-eight votes pledged," all
of which will be substantiated by affidavit
If necessary. This does not look, Mr. Edi?
tor, as though any one had the advantage of that
astute gentleman, as he would have you think,
and as he states in his card to Mr. Roche, but
goes to substantiate my former premises, that
Mr. Whiting is no Reformer, and that his ob?
ject ls to distract and divide the Union Reform
party of this county, and will accomplish bis aim
if not looked after. * . FACTS.
To THE VOTERS OP CHARLESTON COUNTY.
As the convention of the Union Reform party,
which assembled on the 3d or October, was
only authorized to nominate condldates for the
Senate, the House of Representatives, School
Commissioners and County Commissioners, and
as the question of the election or coroner did not
arise before the primary meetings which elected
the delegates to tbat convention, my friends
have seen flt to nominate me <*s an old and
faithful Incumbent to that office, I have of?
fered to Mr. E. L. Roche-who cannot claim a
regular nomination for the reasons above given,
the following propositions, to wit: That each of ns
should select three friends who should be autho?
rized to call In an umpire; that they ahold decide
upon the question of who should be the candidate
for the office, and that both of us should abide
by the result. Mr. Roche has seen flt perempto?
rily to refuse, and I have no other recourse than
to offer myseir as a candidate for the office la
which I have been tried and not found wanting,
and to solicit the suffrages of my rellow-cltlze ns.
octl3-3 E. M. WHITING.
FOR CONORESS, R. S. THARIN.-Messrs.
Eailors : Please announce R. S. THAKIN as the
People's Candidate for Congress for this District,
and oblige MAST YOTEBS.
MESSRS. EDITORS-Please announce Louis
DCNNEMAN as a candldte for County Commission?
er ror Charleston County, and oblige.
oct6* MANY VOTERS.
FOR CORONER, E. M. WHITING, ESQ,-Messrs.
Editors : Believing that this ls no time to remove
from office an efficient officer who has long and
faithfully served the public, and who, by his en?
ergy, courtesy, uniform kindness and considers;
Mon, has given universal satisfaction to the
entire community, we would respectfully nomi?
nate E, M. WHITING, Esq., as a candidate ror the
office of Coroner of Charleston County at the en?
octe MANY CITIZENS.
MECHANICS' AND L?BORING MEN'? TICEET>."-?:
fot?WHrr of trie News': Tori w?i pitta? in
noonee in-your columns, for -trie Union: Reform
Ticket, in behalf of trie mechanics and laboring;''
men, and oblige . -: in:-if-Vffifr5MaT
.'CCJM ta . 'ii ?2?93rTj y? v> ?.j .._r, ?930t.
?u .HON. RB, CAB^OT^ ,?J CJ ^
. i For J .le ute nan t-Gp vernor,.... ?(, =j?
. GENERAL M< C. .BUTLER. r??-:ll:.'
For State Senator^
- . V- VejpreeeiU^tlveihu r-cs
FRANZ- MEMBERS} , ABRAM! B?owir, 9 (?^
JOS. EDMONSTONE J, .W._EASTKRLDl(JT
CTBDS FENWICK, A. M. JACKSON,
B. O'NEILL, : ": ? j.C. SHTjriifR,'
W.-H. FRANCIS, GEO. WASHINGTON,- -
JNW'K BSitrdN, .- - S, P. SMITH, .:..a
E.-'D. ENSTON, .?.Sixoo?aLEni.;:u^AQ
RICHARD HOLLO WAT, CABL BERUN,. H C;??
JONAS BYRD, PAOL B. BRAYTON. '
For F robu tt* Jail ge, j .
For county Commtealonera,
Loins D?NNEM AN, T.J3. BROWNING,
. SAMUEL HOLLOWAY.
For Behool Commtaatoner,
E. MONTAGUE GBIMKE.
For County Coroner,
octis-?**'- B; &. Warora/-. . '
THE POOR MAN'S TICKET.-To ?ie votera of
Colic ton County, of all parties, the following tick?
et ls respectfully offered:
. -t r <. por Senator.
ISAIAH BOX. ,
R. J. LIMBHOUSE, JOS. A. SASTORTAS, colored,
THOMAS PEEPLES,, Dr. B. F. BLACK,
CHARLES H E APE ; coi 0 red. ' -
Probate Judge. .<;:?? r ii ?.;.;..'
ALLEN WILLIS. .. .
Dr. A. E. WILLIAMS; JOHN TITLLY, colored,/' ?
Dr. R. LIME HOUSE. "rt'JJ
School Comm I as loner. . SCS?S
SAX HOWELL. .. .,/
.' : ' Coroner. ' " : ~* ' |?
Rev. ANTHONY AIRTON,'colored. " :'"?t
0CU7-3? _ MANY VpnBg?.>f/
! FELLow-Cr.:izF.S8 OF CHARLESTON COUNTY.'
?s. C.-I hereby beg leave, to state to the pabilo
?the motives which Induce me to ran for the office
or County Commissioner of this county. There
are a great m as y or my fellow-citizens, both
white and colored,' who have solicited my name
;t 0 be used as an independent candidate for said
office, knowing my capacity to AU the same.
! I hereby accept th? nomination, and,if 'elected,
|WIU do what honor and justice demands.to my?
self and my fellow citizens or Charleston County
j Yours, Ac, ' ' Lons DUNNMLANN.
Charleston, S. C., October. 10,1870. "" oe tn*
'"'"'* Shipping. '":"?
Np O R LIVERPOOL.
The Al British Bark RANGER, Doty, Mas- a*
ter,havlng the greater part.of her cargo en-SK
gaged, win be promptly loaded for the above port.
For balance of Freight, apply, tot
B. S. RHETT A SON.
octl7-mwf6 _No. 82 East Bay.
?pOR BOSTON-MERCHANTa^ LINE..
FREIGHT ON COTTON~*2 PER BALE. " "
The regular Packet Brig JOHN ' FREE
MAN, Baker, Master, wants 200 bales to ??SBt
up and sall promptly.
OCtli-3 WILLIAM ROACH A CO.
O R LIVE RP O. O L.
The Al. Ship ARRAGAN, la loading. ^AJA
and will be promptly dispatched for theSBrfc
For Freight engagements, apply to
GEO. A. jTBENHOLM* SON, .
octl3 No. 1 Broad street.
The AI mew) American Bark XENIA, ii*
Long, master, having more than one-halfSHt
ber cargo engaged and going on board, will be
promptly dispatched for the above port.
For balance of rrelght room, apply to
STREET BROTHERS A CO.,
: oct7 - No. 74 East Bay.
piACLFIO MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPTAS
THROUGH LINE TO
CALIFORNIA, CHINA AND JAPAN.
FARES GREATLY REDUCED.
Steamers of the above Une leave Pier
No. 43, North River, foot' of.. Canal:
street, New York, at 12 o'clock noon,- of the
and 20th of every month (except when these"
dates faUon Sunday, then the Saturday pieced?,
Departure of the 20th connect at Panama with
steamers for South Pacific and Central American
porta. Those of 4th touch at Manzanillo.
Steamship JAPAN leaves San Francisco for Ja?
pan and China October 1,1870.
No California steamers touch at Havana, bat
go direct from New York to AsplnwalL
One hundred pounds baggage free to each ada; t. ?
Medicine and attendance free. .
For Passage Tickets or other , information apply
at the COMPANY'S TICKET OFFICE, on the
wharf foot of canal street, North River, Hew
York. . IF. R. BABY, Agent.
XTTEEKLY LINE TO SAVANAH. :.^"
THROUGH BY DAYLIGHT.
FOR PACIFIC LANDING, BEAUFORT, HILTON
HEAD, SAVANNAH, DARI EN AND
The favorite Steamer . . . * T ..
ELIZA HANCOXt .
, Captain L. W. BURNS,
win receive Freight at South Atlan?
tic wharf for above points every,_
TUESDAY, and leave on every WEDNESDAY]
INO, at 7 o'clock, arriving at Savannah the same
evening, and leaving for Darlen, Ac, the follow?
ing morning. Returning, will leave Savannah for
Charleston every MONDAY MORNING, at 7 o'clock.
For Freight or passage, apply to
1RAVEN?L A HOLMES,
aepio No. 177 East Bay.
OR F LORIDA,
TWICE A WEEK.
FOR SAVANNAH, FERNANDINA, JACKSON*
VILLE, PI LAT KA AND ALL POINTS ON
THE ST. JOHN'S RIVER.
The Steamer DICTATOR, Captain _ +rJTmmh.
George E. McMillan, will saU from ?aaCgEB
Central Wharf for above points every TUESDAY
EVENINO, at 8 o'clock, arr i vin g back at Charles?
ton every SUNDAY AFTERNOON, at 6 o'clock.
The Steamer CITY POINT, Captain D. B. Vin?
cent, wUl eall from Central Wharf for above p?tate
every FRIDAY EVENING, at 8 o'clock, arriving
back at Charleston WEdNESDAY AFTERNOON, at ?
Fare from Charleston to Savannah, including
meals and berth, $3.
J. D. AIKEN A CO., Agents,
oct i ) No. 6 Central Wharf.
miME TABLE OF STEAMER "ARGO'
JL FOR OCTOBER, 1870. .
DAYS OF LEAVING CHANGED TO TUESDAYS
FOR EDISTO AND ENTERPRISE, VIA JOHN'S
ISLAND FERRY, CHURCH FLATS, YOUNG'S
ISLAND, BEAR'S BLUFF, Ac
The Steamer "ARGO," win re- rwdCZ>
celve Freight at Smith Atlantic J^BSHBat
Wharf, on MONDAYB and THURSDAYS, and leave
as foUows; n
CHARLESTON. _ r, . _*?IH3y- . "
Tu?, ?fth, ?>i5?i??i? ?
Friday ait 2 P M Saturday, 22d/i P M
EESir S?, ? A M Wednesday,26tn; SX A M
Friday, 2?th, 8X A M Saturday,. 29^.8. A.M.
Sont h At lan tlcWfcarf.
N. E.-Freight and wharfage payable on the