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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1465.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1870.
S?X DOLLARS A YKAH.
THE STATE ELECTIONS.
M Altloy COUSTYGIYES SOO REFORM.
BOTH CHESTERFIELD AND MARLBORO'
GIVE HEAVY REFORM MAJORITIES.
GOOD HEWS PROM EDGEPIELD :
CHESTER CUTS DOWN THE RADICAL
Marlon Cou?ty gives Five Hundred
Majority for Reform.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
MARION C. t *tober 19.
The Reform party has gained largely at
Marlon Courthouse, at High uni, at Berry's Cross
Reids, at Hnllins'B, at Friendship, at Campbell's j
Bridge and Ariel precincts.
Trustworthy information received to-night
shows that the Reformers will carry Marion
County by FIVE HUNDRED majority.
[The full white majority in Marlon County,
according to the State census* ls 246 ]
The Day In Kershaw-Heavy Vote In
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO -THE NEWS.]
CAMS KS, S. C., October 19.
Eighteen hundred and twelve votes were cast
in this town'to-day. It is estimated that THREE
HCNbKBD colored men voted the Reform ticket.
The county precincts have not been heard from.
[Kershaw has a colored voting malority of 627.]
Gallant Edge fl titi-A Rousing. Reform
[afECLU. TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS]
BATESTILLE, S. C., October 19.
in Norris township, Edgefleld County, one hun
dred and thirty-four votes were polled-au for
At Mount Welling, Edgefleld Connty, the vote
was: Reform 240. Radical iso. Reform mv
At Ridge Spriggs the vote was 300 for Reform
and 500 for Scott.
[In Edgefleld there ls a colored voting majority
Chester Cata Down the Radical Ma.
CHESTER, October 19.
The Scott Radicals will have oger six hundred
majority in Chester County.
[The colored voting majority la 950.]
Chesterfield and Marlboro' Carried by
We received information, through private
sonrces, at a late h<mr last night, to the effect
that both Chesterfield and Marlboro', have been
Carried by the Reformers ou heavy majori
THE GEORGIA STATE FAIR.
ATLANTA, October 19
The State fair opened to-day with 5000 persons
present. The Atlanta, from Savannah, won the
prize as the fastest Bingle trotter.
The Governor has Issued a proclamation ad
journing the House on the 25th Instant, and re
assembling the Senate on the 21st November for
OUR FIXAS CI Ali FUTURE.
How the War in Europe will Affect ns.
.[From the Philadelphia Record, October io.]
The influenc? which the European war is
destined to exercise In future upon United
States securities, is a matter to us of vital con
sequence. One of the belligerents is a large
creditor of ours perhaps our largest credi?
tor, ?ne rapid recovery of government bonds
from their sharp decline during the panic at
first caused by the declaration ol war, has
been accepted asan Irrefragable proof that
American credit ls beyond suspicion. The
lntepretation is a just one, but we should
not. however, be blind to the fact that our
debt is a question of money-and of real
money. Nothing but produce or coln will settle
this debt, unless bankruptcy should prove the
solvent. A momentary panic may effect the
Srice of bonds, as lt does the rate ot interest,
nt it makes neither a nation or an individual
solvent or insolvent. Solvency is simply a
question of assets beyond liabilities. It was on
account of last year's commercial balances
against ns that England was enabled to draw
from us thirty millions ol dollars in coin at the
beginning of the present war. The shipments
for the present have ceased, not because thir?
ty-two millions cancelled all her claims, but
because ol the large influx of money from the
Continent of Europe to London created by the
war and the lear that other nations would be?
come Involved In the contest. This influx has
been so great that the rate of Interest has gone
down In London from six per cent, to two and
a half per cent. In bank, and to one and one
and a half per cent, in the open market. This
a:cumulatlon^of money has rendered neces?
sary lor the present the collection of the bal?
ance due by us, which draws comparatively a
Moreover, this plethora of money has so
stimulated the money making Instincts of the
London bankers that they have placed large
amounts of sixty day credits on the New York
market at rates which yield them ten to twelve
per cent per annum Interest. These credits
not money-have enabled the manufacturers
of England to place a larger quantity of their
fabrics on the American market than ever be?
fore in the same space ol time. By pursuing
this pollcv'toward our manufacturing industry*
aideofby our unwise legislation, they have suc?
cessfully accomplished the destruction of Amer?
ican commerce, and now would destroy Amer?
ican manufactures. But these credits have
paid no debt. They operate simply as a post?
ponement or an extension of the time
ol payment, and when due. they can and pro?
bably will be renewed, so long as the loreign
deposits are allowed to remain in London; but
the moment a prolongation of the war makes
it necessary for Prussia to ask for another loan,
or the moment that peace shall make the re?
call of these deposits necessary for business,
America must resume her shipments of coin,
because our chief creditors-Eogland and Ger?
many-will have need for it. We say nothing
of France, for she has cut loose from coln as
the measure of value, ls and now so over?
whelmed with debt, and has been so devastat?
ed, that her only resource will be a repetition
of the paper money assignats of 1790
. 11 i9 ?erefore, that thc real financial
issues of the European war are vet to be felt
in our country, because it has been prosecuted
.n a credit; and a credit that negotiates no
paper does not affect the market. When tho
settlement of the expenses of the war already
incurred arrives, we must be prepared to
meet promptly, In coln or produce, at least the
interest on the securities now held abroad, to?
gether with the balance of our commercial in?
debtedness; for these countries will have to
mee their own liabilities and expenses and
cannot be Investors. The aggregate of our In?
terest and commercial Indebtedness for the
last fiscal year was $250,000.000. This year,
with the large decline in cotton and other pro?
ducts, certainly causing a diminution of not
less than $100,000,000 in our exports, and the
largely Increased imports, which are Indeed,
much? greater than ever before, we have pre?
sented to us no pleasant prospect, but rather
a foreboding financial future. ?
THE LITERATURE OF THE SOUTH.
An English VUw.
In noticing The Memories of Fifty Years, a
book recently published in London, giving
.'brief biographical notices of distinguished
Americans and anecdotes of remarkable men,
Interspersed with sceneB and incidents occur?
ring during a long life of observation, chiefly
spent In the Southwest," the London Saturday
Review gives its opinions of the literature of
the South. We quote without comment:
The Southern States at no time contributed
very largely to the national literature of Amer?
ica. Their scattered population, their rural
habits ol life, and something peihaps in the
character of the people, did not favor that fa?
cile and abundant production of ephemeral
writing which is almost as characteristic of the
North as of the most literary countries of the
Old World. The Southern Journals were com?
paratively few in number, had a somewhat
limited circulation, and were published almost
exclusively in a few ebie! centres of social
and political activity. Outside of the periodi?
cal press there could hardly be said to exist a
literary class-a body ot writers by profes?
sion-in the South. But, perhaps for this very
reason, the small number of works tbat were
published at Charleston, New Orleans and
such other Southern cities as could boast of
publishing-houses ot their own, belonged In
an unusual proportion to the. higher classes
ol literature. Southern statesmen, profes?
sors, physicians and thinkers wrote not for
bread, nor irom the cacoethes scribendi that
Infests the studious leisure ol an educated Idle
class, but because they had something to say
on their own special subjects, and they con?
tributed a fair share to the more solid and
lasting departments of American authorship.
The foremost among native men of science ls
a Southern officer who resigned a high posi?
tion in the scientific branch ot the naval ser?
vice o? the Union when his State seceded. No
politician or statesman in the North has left
behind literary remains more valuable than
those of Calhoun, and medical and natural
science have been not less deeply Indebted to
Southern than to Northern writers. History
and philosophy are the studies, lor the most
part, of men whose lives are devoted to
letters, and In these, therefore, the
South has never been pre-eminent; but
her lawyers, her statesmen, her sol?
diers- men whose authorship springs
out of and ls connected with their practical
life-have held their own with their rivals.
The war, however, has for the time being al?
most crushed, has certainly silenced, the lite?
rature of the South. The questions which ab?
sorb all attention, all thought, all passion in
that country, are questions on which the best
and wisest of her citizens-the men whom
their countrymen would most gladly hear
feel lt needful to be reticent. The great sol?
diers of the South-such of them as nave sur?
vived the war-refuse, in their own vindica?
tion, to rekindle the still red-hot embers ot
national hatred, and leave It to their enemies
to tell the story of the conflict; a story (rom
which no ingenuity can altogether efface
the brilliant traces of Southern daring, de?
votion -sind heroism. Of Southerr>statesmen
one alone bas held a position which
enabled him to speak with some degree
of freedom in lace of the victorious
North; and Mr. Alexander H. Stephens
has contributed to the history ol the war the
best account of its remote causes, the most
complete and searching investigation of its
constitutional aspects, that has vet appeared.
For the rest, it seems as if the South had not
yet revived the spirits and the tastes neces?
sary to literary fertility; scarcely here and there
a fiction, a biography, a work of some safe and
neutral character, appears to claim a Southern
authorship. The latest of these is the one now
before us-Mr. W. H. Sparks's "Memories of
Filly Years."' And even here we observe the
painful, unnatural reserve on the subject that
must oe uppermost in the mind of the writer
a father whose sons have perished In the war
tallen under the Confederate flag. Of the war
alone he says little or nothing, while of
every previous political agitation or party
.":ud ia which he or his friends bore a part,
he has a full history to give and numerous
illustrative and amusing anecdotes to relate.
The freedom of personal description and an?
ecdote which American writers assume-and
which Mr. Sparks, though he does not abuse
lt after the too frequent fashion of the New
York and New England scribblers, -has bor?
rowed from them-enables a careful observer
with a good memory to serve up out of his own
Individual recollections, especially li he has en
Joyed the acquaintance of public men and has
been behind the scenes of public lue, a pi?
quant and varied intellectual treat. There ls
also much Interest lu the description of the va?
rious classes and races of the South, with
their distinct qualities, tendencies and social
and domestic manners. We have the gentle?
men of the old Virginia families, much re?
sembling the English, country gentlemen
of the days ol the great war, and taking,
wherever they may settle throughout
the Southwest, a position of leader?
ship and influence ; the high-spirited,
fiery chivalry of South Carolina, approach?
ing rather to the type of the French nobles of
the ancien r?gime, quarrelsome and puncti?
lious, but thoroughly brave and high-minded
at heart, with a State pride as arrogant and as
provoking, but as worthily sustained as the
national pride of France tinder the Grand
Monarque; the homelier natives of Georgia
and North Carolina, and the French Creoles ot
Louisiana, considerably resembling the habi?
tant of Lower Ca nada, conservati ve, courteous,
honest, notable rather for their personal and
family virtues, than for their energy and en?
terprise, but forbidden by the infectious vigor
of their American associates, and perhaps by a
more genial climate, to fall into the stagna?
tion of their Northern antitypes."
GOLD AND BOKX> MARKET.
NEW TORE, October 19-Evening.
The money market is without any new feature,
The call demand ts promptly met at 5a6. The de?
mand for discounts at oank is active at T, and
there is more paper offered than can be discount?
ed. Exchange firm a' 8>ia8??. Gold opened
quiet at 12J? nominal to l2#al2Ji, bnt closed
strong at \zyt. Governments steady all da;*
Late In the day five-twenties 65; new sevens and
eights advanced X, hut all closed firm. Sixes
81; coupons 13??: sixty-twos 12J?; sixty-fours
n??; sixty-fives 12X; new 10#; Blxty-sevens
10X; sixty-eights 10K; forties t%. Southerns
very dull, with few transactions. Tennessees 62 X;
new CO'?. Virginias 62; new 63. Louisianas 70;
new 66; levee sixes 75; eights 67. Alabama eights,
101; fives 70. Georgia sixes 80; sevens 90. North
CaroUnas 46}?i new 27. South Carolinas SO;
LONDON, October 19-Evening.
Consols 92*i. Bonds quiet at S9l?.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
AV. W. Corcoran, the Washington millionare,
n attempting to get on the moving cars at Staun?
ton, Va., yesterday, was struck by a plano on the
platform and narrowly escaped death.
There was a grand display of the fire de?
partment at Norfolk, Virginia, yesterday, In com?
memoration of the surrender of Cornwallis.
Winslow, Lanier A Co's paying teller has disap?
peared Iro.n New York with $50,OC0. The firm
withholds his name, and declines to prosecute.
Two persons have been sentenced, in New York?
to nine years' Imprisonment each, for perjury in
a divorce case.
The st. Laurent sailed from New York, yester?
day, full of rifles, cannon, and howitzers, sold by
the United States Navy Depart ment.
Mr. Jefferson Davis has arrived In New Tork
from Europe by the Cuba.
B. F. Butler has been renominated ror Congress
-A letter from Scranton, Pa, represents that a
respectable and influential German citizen of
Luzerne County, who had been recently natu?
ralized, was refused his vote by the Republican
officer oa account of aa apparent flaw In the
papers. The applicant, however, went away and
blackened his faee, turned his German name Into
English, and h? vote was received by the Republi
can officers without a word of dissent. Then, to
their astonishment, he votod tue Democratic
ticket. He ls threatened wliu prosecution, bnt
he threatens in return a prosecution for depriv
.ng ?lim of his right to vote.
THE STRUGGLE FOR PARIS.
THE G S HM A XS ANXIOUS TO AVOID
A WINTER CAMPAIGN.
The Bombardment to Begin within a
Fortn igr.t-The Germans Capture
Chateau Dun After Ten Hours' Fght
lng-Blore French Sorties-H i n t s of
LONDON, October 19.
The Vienna correspondent of the Standard
says that Prussia will gladly accept any terms of
peace which will relieve her of a winter cam?
It is universally believed that a general bom?
bardment will be opened In a fortnight. The
Prussians lind difficulty in suppressing lawless
ness In their rear and aronnd them.
The expected battle at Orleans has occurred.
The French fled after six hours' fighting, leaving
the bridge over the Loire intact. The forces en?
gaged were about equal. No further particulars.
Three thousand Prussians defeated eight thou?
sand French, mostly Mobiles, at Epical. The
Germans are now fed from supplies captured in
Normandy and Orleans. Burnside's peace nego?
tiations utterly failed.
French War Reports.
TOURS, October 19.
Credit of one hundred thousand francs has been
opened by the Government for balloon service.
Metun was occupied by Cranes-tiren rs 0n the 17th.
The Prussians are levying heavy contributions.
Troops in large numbers continue to pass through
Tours, going northward.
German War Reports.
VERSAILLES, October 18.
Official advices from Eplnal announce that the
new French corps which arrived there a few,days
ngo have fled. A part of them went to Belfort,
the hulk by rall to Dijon. The Prussians occupy
Yes ul, twenty-seven miles from Besancon.
Thiers and Italy.
FLORENCB, October 19.
After interviewing the ministry, Thiers left
for Tours, with the cordial sympathy of the peo?
ple and the government.
WASHINGTON, October 19.
Bismarck has sent a dispatch to Baron Gerolt,
a copy of which has been furnished to the De?
partment of State, dated Versailles, yesterday, in
which he;says: "The object of Germany ls not con?
quest, bnt to seenre a new boundary, which will
prevent future invasion by the French Into Ger?
-French War Reports.
TOCRB, October 19.
Details of the occupation or Orleans state that
the Prussian levies are enormous. They have
taken all the horses. The soldiers, quartered on
the people, ate and drank all they wanted, and
wasted a great deal.
The officers are studying the maps carefully.
The strength of the Prussians is 95,000. The Ger?
mans have evacuated the left bank of the Lohre.
German merchants are undisturbed. The Papal
Nuncio ls expected ?-day.
The news from Marseilles is unfavorable. The
Garde Civique ls troublesome.
Gambetta orders the raliway companies to bold
trains in readiness for more troops at a moment's
There ls nothing official from the large armies
confronting near Orleans.
It ls understood that the French are slowly
falling back, while the Prussians seem to be with?
drawing towards Orleans. Tours is filled with
French troops, Just arrived. A band of Irish.
American volunteers have Just arrived here.
PARIS, October 19.
[Official.] The Prussians captured Chateau Dnn
arter ten honre' fight. A force or National Guards
and 900 Francs-ureure disputed every inch or
ground. The Prussian force was 8000.
German War Reports.
VERSALLES, October 19.
The Germans drove 3000 Mobile Guards from
Crletcuton the 12th. Ga?era! Von Werder re?
ports the enemy In his front as having retired to
Belfast and Dy on.
A dispatch from Chateau Dun says the Ger?
mans have commenced bombarding that place.
The army or the Duke or Mecklenburg Schwe?
rin, twenty-two thousand strong, entered Sols
sons on Sunday. Fifty thousand pounds or am?
munition were round at that place.
It la thought at Lille that the surrender or that
city was brought about by treachery, instigated
by Bonapartes, who are known to be scheming
in the Island or Jersey and in London, to place
the Prince Imperial on the throne, with Eugenie
English War Reports.
LONDON, October IB.
The explosion ol an ammunition wagon near
Sedan created a panic. The gates were closed,
and the drawbridge urteil. The explosion was
caused by soldiers smoking pipis. The number
or killed and wounded ls considerable.
There was a sortie from Paris on the 14th, when
the French were driven J>ack. The French en?
trenching at Vil'ejulf were driven off. Five hun?
dred French Mobile Guard prisoners escaped from
tbe Prussians at Chutean Thleren.
Facts and Rumors from London*
LONDON, October IB.
lt ls reported that Napoleon has 10,000,000
francs Invested through the agency or Brown
Brothers, or New York.
The peace negotiations by Favre and Burnside
have been rejected. It ls stated that the terms are:
80,000,000 sterling Indemnity; Alsace and Lor?
raine to remain neutral for ten years and then
to decide their roture status by a popular vote;
the Germans to enter Paris and sign the treaty
General Beyer, with a flag or truce rrom Ba?
zaine, has visited Bismarck.
Russia demands a revision of thc treaty of 1856.
There has been a spirited fight on the Rouen
General Bourbaki ls at Blois.
The Prussians burnt the bridge at Beaugency.
The French as Vegetarians.
PARIS, October 19.
(Special balloon telegram to the New York
World.) The squares and the pleasure grounds are
planted with cabbage and? cauliflowers. There ls
no anxiety to make peace [peas JJ.
The Germans asked six hours time to bury their
dead at Bagneux.
Tot'RS, October 19.
Gambetta has returned. Dispatches from Bel?
fast report a successful sortie from New Brelsach.
driving the Germans, with considerable loss, rrom
their positions. A sortie rrom Montmedy sur?
prised the Germans, the French capturing 400
men, and camp chests with 20,000 francs, also
two wagon-loads or chassepots. On the following
day the French attacked an artillery train, cr.p
turing a number of cannon.
The commandant ol the army or the Loire bas
issued a general order, threatening to punish in?
subordination with death, and bidding the men
shoot him it he fall in his duty.
The Paris fortlflcatlons keep up a constant fire,
preventing the Germans from constructing works.
Garibaldi was enthusiastically received at Bel
Prospects of Peace.
WASHINGTON, October 19.
A dispatch has been received at the State De?
partment from reliable sources In London, to the
effect that the report that peace ls arranged ls
mach believed, although not yet officially stated.
BULWER OX EXOLAXD'8 X>XTTT.
Slr Henry Bulwer has once more written to
the London Times on the subject of mediation.
Following are salient points of his letter:
It may be that England has, within the last
few years, fallen so low in international es?
teem, that any opinion she may express may
be as Indifferent to Europe as that of ths Bey
of Tunis. This conclusion ls possible, but I
dispnte its accuracy. What I grant is 'that the
people who think they will not succeed in any?
thing, will not succeed; that a government
which thinks lt has no Influence, will have no
influence; that lt is the soul which animates a
statesman, or a State that makes or mars his
or its power, whether in council or In action,
j But, just as I believe that Prussia owes her
j present Droud position to the conviction In
; her minister that he could give It to her, so I
' believe that the Just, well-considered opinion
of England, delivered in a quiet, dignified and
impartial manner, by a Cabinet that was ltselt
conscious of the immense moral power which
that opinion ought to wield, would
weigh with an irresistible pressure on
the public conscience, which sooner or
later guides human affairs, and would
exercise that authority on any present
project of peace which most arise from the
persuasion that no permanent peace would be
Sosdlble that was not In conformity with it.1
av, allow me to go further. Let me avow I
feel convinced that if England, when the Prince
of Hohenzollern withdrew, had then expressed
her opinion in that tone and with that manner
which I now wish her to assume, we should
never have had the disastrous war which has
disturbed, perhaps for many years to come, all
the peaceful relations of civilized lile. In say?
ing this I do not Imply a censure on her Ma?
jesty's advisers. It is true that a government
can form in no small degree, as I have said,
the mind of a people, but it is true, also, that
it cannot do this in a week; and the minds of I
Englishmen at the time of which I am apeak- [
lng were so dimmed and daunted by a ti nid,
mistrustful, and miscalculating egotism that!
doubt whether a minister who felt that appa?
rent boldness was real prudence would have
been understood. Such a warrant o! earnest?
ness, Indeed, was there about us that we could
not even adopt neutrality earnestly, but did so
in that half-and-half, unsatlsiactory, shopkeep?
ing manner that we are at this very moment
despised as a friend by one power, and accused
as an enemy by the other.
FAULTS OF FBANCE.
To the fault of an unjustifiable war, to which
it ? absurd to deny that the French nation
cheered on the chief whom lt had just re-elect?
ed bv almost universal acclamation, has b 2en
added almost every fault which could render a
reasonable peace difficult, though it ia but just
to acknowledge that generous sentiments, ara*
volt against despotism, aod a patriotic spirit of j
independence may have dictated some of the
late errors I deplore. Still, it should ha's
struck the common sense of France that the
overthrow of an established government
without the immediate creation of another
with eome legitimate oririn and sanction,
must be in eome degree an impediment
in the way of negot?tion with any foieign
powei; that tbe armament of an insubordi?
nate population was .not the way to preserve
order or promote internal confidence in a
beleaguered city; and that such language
as that of which M. Hugo bas furnished the
most notable example is rather calculated to
incite a mob against its leaders if they do not
pei form impossibilities, than to nerve a nation
io ila duty to defend itself as long aa defence
can be prolonged without ruin and destruc?
tion. But with these difficulties we bavo to
deal, and we just learn that negotiations for
an armistice and peace have failed. Ton have
stated in powerful and simple language the
alternative-two millions of people are to be
starved ur bombarded; and the works which
it baa required the arl, the wit, the genius and
gradual civiliaation of contonee to produc?
may be lost to mankind. And f jr what ? To
obtain the assent of five or six genMemon,
whose authority to give is disputable, to the
cession of some distant' territory and fortresses
which have been taken, or are being? taken, or
wdl probably be taken without this dreadful
tragedy to desecrate the deed.
The situation is one which, for the interest
of all parries directly and indirectly concerned,
requires the interposition of Europe; it is one,
also, in which all parties may accept her as a
mediator, for their interests and hers are in?
separably combined. I confess I have clearly
in my own mind tho form which that media?
tion should take, but I am loth to state it, be?
cause no one ia more convinced than myself |
tht.t yon often mar a negotiation by stating
crudely and broadly in the first instance the
result you desire to arrive at; still, I do think
that I seo a position in which the neutral
powers might place themselves-a position
sufficiently advantaceous to both the belli?
gerents to obtain from each some not unwil?
ling surrender of conflicting pretensions.
I do not now presume to prescribe any par?
ticular cours9 concerning them to the able men
to whose judgment we have, in a certain de?
gree, confided the conduct of England at this
crisis. If they think, on their terrible respon?
sibility, that peace can be attained without
our interference; if they think that it can be
arrived at by our interference exercised in the
most mild, invisible manner: if they think that
the prese >t moment is not the best to speak,
and see through the gloom which obscures the
public view-the moment when our voice may
be more abvautasreoaaly raised, though everv
minute that is lost with tho dreadful prospect
before our eyes seems to me an eternity-still
even up to this point I will defer to their au?
thority. But ir, on the verge of horrors at the
mere thought of which Christianity and civili?
zation shudder, it is deliberately determined
that the morality of Great Britain is to be that
of a man who will see a fellow-creature
drown rather than run tho risk of wetting his
feet ti save him-if, standing in view of an
immeasurable calamity about to inflict the
world, we are wrapped up m an unchangeable
resolve to remain mute and motionless, with?
out making an effort, without saying a word
to avert it-then, indeed, 1 cannot refrain from
expressing my mournful apprehension that
thc dty is not far distant when God will wan?
dra w; from us a power we have not known how to
use worthily, and that a policy so calculated
to excite disgust by ita selfishness, and con?
tempt by its cowardice, will be as fatal to onr
future interests as to our past renowa.
?J RE AT EARTHQUAKE IN ASIA.
Over Three Thousand People Killed.
A correspondent of the London Timea writes
The Hornau Catholic Bishop or Batana;, on
the connues of Thibet, China and Burmah,
sends to India a terrible account of an earth
1 quake in that region, affecting an area of ono
hundred and eighty by ninety miles. The
1 event occurred on tbe 11th of April, and hm
last letter ia dated the 30th of May. Consider?
ing that the missionaries there jan commu?
nicate only by Shanghai, the transit ortho let?
ters has been rapid. Last year, it may be re?
membered, there wan a very destructive earth
Snake in tho. in one sense, adjoining British
istrict of Cachar. A ahock at five in the
morning and a stronger shock at noon was
followed at sunset by an earthquake which
levelled thc whole town and killed or bruised
half the population. Tho missionaries escaped
to their garden, and only one of their servants
perished. The large and splendid Lamoaerai,
inhabited by three thousand Limas, fell with
The Chinese official reports, which Dr. Chau
veau tells us are a little exaggerated, estimate
the loss of human life at 418 Lama priests. 5T
soldiers, and 2812 common people. A series
of earthquake shocks were felt aa far aa Punsr
mou-tang, where ilr. T. T. Cooper met Seer
iSuffguteing, the Nepaulese Ambassador, in
18C8. The village and many others are de?
stroyed, and so many of the authorities and
the soldiers have been buried under the ruina
ot their houses that robbers, like wild beasts,
run everywhere. To conclude, in the bishop's
own words, "the imperial highway from Pekin
to L'Hassa 6eens, and is said to be now, to?
tally impracticable near Kong-dze-tin by the
fall of a mountain and the pudden upheaving
of a new one."
-The proprietors of the Imperial Opera House
at Paris display a rare economy. The objection?
able word Imperiale has been partly obliterated
from the gilt letter title, so that lt readB Acad?mie
.ale de Musique. They mean, if necessary,
to mak ?lt read Xationale, saving the expense on
MATTERS IN COLUMBIA.
Transfer of United States Troops-Tbe
New Telegrapn Line-Scott's Latest
Dilemma-The Great Grant in Sontb
[FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT.!
COLUMBIA, October 18.
The garrison of United States troops at Co?
lumbia ls to be transferred to New Tort City,
their new quarters to be one of the forts in the
harbor. The orders direct these troops to remain
here until after the South Carolina elections on
the 19tb, and then repair to New York before the
approaching elections there in November. They
will leave here about Friday of the present week
the 2lst. Two companies of the 18th regiment,
now at Atlanta, have been ordered to Columbia.
What officers are to command has not transpired
The motive for removing the officers and men
of this garrison will be explained in dse time.
Ur. Johnson, of Richmond, agent of the South?
ern and Atlantic Telegraph Company, ls In Co?
lumbia, presenting the claims of the new com *
pany to our citizens. Among the directors of the
company are such names as Wade Hampton and
John D. Gordon. The president ls Mr. R. W.
Dorp hi ey, of Philadelphia. The new enterprise
ls, I am Informed, being reoelved with much
favor by our community.
Not? that his Excellency Governor Scott has
followed the unfortunate advice of bis friends In
publishing, under his own signature, a denial of
the acconnt of the famous interview of 1868, j
given by General Hampton, and has drawn out |
the full endorsement of that account by the two
other witnesses of the interview, Messrs. Childs
and Gibbes, our community, and doubtless every
honest man in South Carolina, feel obliged to his
Excellency for putting the matter ao sharply be?
fore the world. Our people knew his character,
but never had lt on record so clearly before.
And, now that he has been Induced to
subscribe to his own Infamy, we hear
definitely some of those additional matters
of the same Interview, which have been
remotely referred to by several parties; all con?
firmatory of the main charge-treachery to the
negroes. Those additional matters are (l) the
letter he gave to somebody In Sumter, lu order to
get the Radical tickets; (2) what he said about his
appointment of anybody the Democrats should
designate as managers, who could control the
Ed gea eld elections; and (3) something about that
proclamation he straightway published. General
Hampton has, In his g?nerons mercy, spared the
wretched man as far as possible; but there are
others who are being forced to the conclusion
that to thus favor a traitor, may do real harm to
honest men and detriment to the State.
It la understood here among military men that
President Grant will pass through Columbia to?
morrow, the 19th, on his way West. He is not to
stop over, but go on through.
The University of South Carolina, at the begin?
ing of the third week, has thirty-two matriculates.
_ _ _ CORSAIR.
THE BOURBONS. *
The Comte de Chambord Claims the
The Phalre de Loire, publishes the following;
letter, which, lt asserts, has been written and
distributed by the Count de Chambord:
Monseigneur ls greatly affected by the sit?
uation of France. He follows with anxious
solicitude the disastrous events which have
brought the enemy before Paris, and now his
bosom swells with the thought that lt is per?
haps .to him, with Providence for his help, that
should be confided the honor of saving our
The French Monarchy, of which Monseig?
neur ls the heir, and which is resumed In his
person, has done great tilings In days past, and
more than once has saved France.
Monsigneur is convinced that this noble
task ls now bis, and that to-day, as ever, right
will triumph over might. He ls, therefore,
about to devote himself to this great work
with all the prudence and energy which the
circumstances require, and he calls upon his
Irlends to accord him their devoted assist?
The cause of Monarchy is now what it has al?
ways been-the cause of France herself. Many
have given lt to events, to Interest and Influ?
ence, and other considerations. But now we
have light. Revolution, whatever Its form,
has never given peace, security or liberty to
the country. From the beginning she has al?
ways oscillated between anarchy and despo?
tism, and to-day, for the third time, her sacred
soil ls Invaded and defiled by the foreigner. *
* * * Monseigneur says, therefore,
to all, "Do not be disquieted, but hope. On
the proper occasion I will present myself. On
the day when France will nave need of me, for
whatever purpose, I shall be there. For lorty
years I have shown that I have not cared for
Eower; but I have always cherished In my
eart the love ol France, and my devotion will
always keep on a level with my duty."
The oath ls abolished, and consequently he
can say that to his friends which he could not
say before. Monseigneur earnestly calls upon
them to avail themselves of the electoral func?
tions, to become members of the communal
and departmental councils, mayor?, adjuncts,
Ac, In order to be present everywhere where
they may advance the moral and material In?
terests of the country.
In a few days a Constituent Assembly is to
be elected. Will lt be able to meet and do its
work in tbe midst of the dangers and, per?
haps, disasters ot the country ? * * * it ls
necessary, then, for the safety of our country
that all parties set aside their Indecision and
susceptibility and come to us, because we rep?
resent right, truth and justice It ls necessary
that all those Frenchmen who have bowed the
head to circumstances, and to the ephemeral
powers which have owed their existence to
circumstances, should at last recognize that
hereditary monarchy ls now the only haven In
which they;can find peace, honor and se?
The Empire has delivered us over to the for?
eigner: the Republic ls impotent in the pres?
ence of so great a disaster, and besides, she
alarms by her doctrines and exaggerations.
There remains, then, hereditary traditional
monarchy, which, in unison with the whole
country, will hunt the Invaders from our soil
or obtain from them an honorable peace,
which peace will be sincere and lasting. Inas?
much as it will preserve intact both the honor
and territory or France.
Monseigneur presents these reflections to
the consideration of all his friends, and earn?
estly requests them to conform to these In?
structions In all those provinces where they
have the right to count on success.
Confidence, devotion and firmness ! God
will do the rest !
September 16, 1870.
-A correspondent writing from Versailles
furnishes the following account of an Interest?
ing scene which recently occurred there. Early
in the evening Bismarck entered the hotel
dusty and hungry; he was attended only by a
few officers. He ordered dinner in the salle-a
manger, which was already crowded with peo?
ple. Recognizing General Burnside at a table
with Generals Sheridan and Forsyth and Mr.
Forbes, he saluted them, and Joining them,
chatted pleasantly regarding Forbes's visit to
Paris. Some one at this time called the at?
tention of the Count to the map ot Germany,
hanging on the wall overhead. "Yes, Ger?
many as lt was !'' was the significant reply.
-Rev. Dr. Bellows, president of the "Amer?
ican Association for Relief of Misery of Battle
Fields," in response to a telegram from Mr.
Sandford, our late Minister at Belgium, dated
Brussels, October 7th, says: "Pray direct the
American charitable movement rather for
destitute than wounded victims of the war.
There are 200,000 starving In Ardennes alone."
He suggests that a new society be organized,
and asks: "Cannot a humane sentiment, such
as once fed Ireland, be again excited In the
American breast toward French and German
CHAPMAN-TROUT.-In Smithville, N. C., on
Thursday, October 13th, 1870, at the residence of
J. H. Tnees, Esq., by the Rev. Wm. M. D. Moore,
WM. 0. CHAPMAN, Esq., or Charleston, S. C., to
MABT HANNAH, youngest daughter of the.late
Captain Geo. Trout. *
?&-TEE BELATIV]?S~AND ACQ?AIN
TAKCES of Mr. and Mrs. Warren Kinsman, are'
respectfully invited to attend the Funeral Services
of their daughter FANNIE, THIS AFTERNOON, at 3
o'clock, at their residence, No. 70 Wentworth
?&- THE FIRE DEPARTMENT ASE
respectfully Invited to attend the Funeral of our
late President, W. H. MISHAW, of Union Star
Fire Company, in full uniform, THIS MORNING, at
8 o'clock, at No. 90 Anson street, withont further
invitation. L. G. BROWN,
on Monday, October loth Instant, JOSIAH EVANS
RINO, son of Alexander Campbell and Mary Lee
King, aged six years and three weeks.
HE G B E A T
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THE CH ABLESTON WEEKLY NEWS !
THE CHARLESTON WEEKLY NEWS !
THE CHARLESTON WEEKLY NEWS!
THE CHARLESTON WEEKLY NEWS!
THE CHARLESTON WEEKLY NEWS!
THE CHARLESTON WEEKLY NEWS 1
Contains an the Newa, Editorial and Miscellane?
ous Reading Matter publhihed in
THE DAILY NEWS AND THE TRI-WEEKLY
Latest Telegraph News,
Commercial and Stock Reports,
Literary Topics and Reviews,
Selected Social Essays,
Personal Gossip, and
information .for Planters.
TOGETHER WITH THE CHOICEST
LIGHT READING, and
From the current Foreign and Domestic
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SUBSCRIPTION TWO DOLLARS A YEAR.
ALWAYS IN ADVANCE. CLUBS
OF TEN SUPPLIED AT
$1 50 EACH.
MAKE UP YOUR CLUBS I
$W Addresa, (enclosing money In Registered
RIORDAN, DAWSON & CO.,
CHARLESTON, S. 0.
FOR SALE.-I HAVE ON HAND AND
for sale another supply of second-hand
Bewlng Machines, of various makers, which I
<vui dispose of very cheap. Call and examine at
No. 27 Qtieen street, j. LUNSFORD.
USS ELL? S. LIST
AGRICULTURAL WORKS, Af.
THE PARES, PROMENADES AND GARDENS OF
PARIS, Illustrated. lvoL, $70: 1 '
CnrtlB'B Farm Insects, with Colored Plates.' iTOL,
Stephens's Book of the Farm. 2 vols., 8vo.
Insect Enemies of Fruit and Fruit Trees, by Trim
Viole's Six Lectures on Agriculture.
Wright's 8000 Receipts.
Touatt on the Dog, edited by Lewis. . y
McClure's Diseases, American Stable, Field and
Farm Yard. .
Stonehenge: The Horse In the Stable and the
oe Field.. : -v.- -
American Gardiner's Assistant-Bridgman, revis?
ed by Todd. .
Bridgman's Kitchen Gardener, a new edition.
Culture of the Grape and WmemaUng, by Robt.
Buchanan, with an Appendix on the Cultiva?
tion or the Strawberry, by Longworth.
Downlng's Landscape Gardening, Illustrated.
Farmer's Barn Book, by Oater, Touatt, Skinner
and Mills. .
Gleanings from French Gardening, by Robinia.
Henry Courtland, or What a Farmer Can Do, by
A. J. Cline. ...
Leavltt: Facts abont Peat, as an Article of FueL
The Sportsman and the Dog; 1 voL, limo.
Woodward's Graperies and Horticultural Build
The House: A New Manual of Rural Architecture,
or How to Build Dwellings, Barns, Stables and
Outbuildings ol ah kinds.
The Garden: How to Cultivate Vegetables, Fruits
The Farm: A New Manual of Practical Agricul?
Ul Barn-Yard: A New Manual of Cattle, Hor.e
and Sheep Husbandry.
Allen's! R. Ll American Farm Book.
Johnston's Elements of Agrlcnltnral Chemistry. '-'
Bommer's Method of Making Manares.
Brack's New Book of Flowers. . ;:
CaldweU's Agricultural Chemical Analysis. V -
Dadd's American Cattle Doctor. .
Johnson's How Crops Feed.
Johnson's How Crops Grow.
Mohr on the Grape Vine.
Oar Farm of Four Acres.
Pardee on Strawberry Culture.
Pedders Land Measurer.
Percher on Horse. ?i. -
Randall's Sheep Husbandry. ..- .
Saundera'B Domestic Poultry.
Tobacco Culture. '
Turner's Cotton Planter's Manual. "
Warder's Hedges and Evergreens. .
Waring's Draining for Profit and Health.
Wheeler's Rural Homes.
Wheeler's Homes far the People. %
White's Gardening far t .a South.
Woodward's Country Homes. , . ..
Farm Talk (Brackety
Fuller's Forest Tree Culturtot. ? ?'?
Jenninga on Cattle.
Jennings on the Hone and his Diseases.
Kavhew'B illustrated Horse Management.
McMahon's American Gardener. I
Norrie's Fish Culture.
The Hore? (Stonehenge.) English edition, im, -
The Mule (Riley.) J
Thomas's Fruit Guitarist..
may? Na 286 KING I
LDrngs, Crjemicals, &*c.
.RUSSELL'S SOOTHING CORDIAL
FOB INFANTS TEETHING.
ALLA J'S INFLAMMATION OF THE GUMS, CTE?
CHOLIC, CHOLERA INFANTUM, OTB ENTERT,
ANS ALL DISEASES TO WHICH
CHILDREN ARE SUBJECT
CONTAINS NO ANODYNE.
RUSSELL'S SOOTHING CORDIAL ls offered to
the f tillie with an absolute guarantee against all
danger from Its use. Read- the following certifi?
CHARLESTON, May io, issi.
Mr. J. B. RUSSELL, one of our careful and lutos
I ligent Pharmaceutists and Apothecaries, has sub?
mitted to my examination the formula far the
preparation or a Soothing Cordial prepared and
vended by him.
It affords me pleasure to express a favorable
opinion ol Its safe and efficient adaptation to t he
particular cases of the diseases of children, which
it ls designed to relieve.
E. GEDDINGS, M. D.
Having had occasion to prescribe RUSSELL'S
Soothing Cordial in severe cases of Bowel Oom.
plaints in children and delicate females, I have
been much pleased with its effects. I consider lt
a valuable medicine in au cases, in which lt may
be advisable to avoid the use of anodyne, and par?
ticularly far family use, as lt ls perfectly safe.
W. T. WRAGG, M. D.
CHARLESTON, S. C., 1868.
Dear Slr-I have used your Soothing Cordial for
Diarrhoea in teething children, and find lt a very
exceUent preparation. It has a great advantage
over most preparations of the kind In containing
no Opium or Narcotic.
When these are required they can be added ia
proportions applicable to the case.
I therefore can recommend Its use in the affec?
tions for which lt ls designed.
Respectfully yours, Ac.,
T. L. OGLER, M. D.
<-CHARLESTON. S. C.. 1848.
I certify that I have most successfully used
RUSSELL'S Soothing Cordial In the Sommer Com?
plaints ol Infants. He has folly exhibited the in?
gredients of his remedy, and the tedious method
of preparation. I recognize the prescription
containing no anodyne whatever-as a moat safe
and efficacious one in bowel affections of children.
When mach pain or restlessness attends the affec?
tion, doses of Paregoric can be added to the pre?
scribed doses of the Cordial according to the age
or the patient. The compound, though more
often, acts in an efficient manner without any ad?
dition ot anodyne.
In the Diarrhoea ol the aged, in increased doses,
lt ls ol great value as a remedy; never dis agree?
ing with the stomach-Increasing appetite, Im?
proving digestion, and acting as a slow but effi?
cient astringent agent.
W. M. FITCH, M. D.
MOUNT PLEASANT, S. c., 18*8.
Mr. J. B. Russell :
DEAR sra-I have used your Soothing Cordial
far children extensively In my practice, and moot
cheerfully testify to its merits. I have found lt,
without an exception, to accomplish all lt claims,
and consLler it superior to anything In use for
Ita freedom from anodyne of any kind recom?
mends it as a perfectly safe preparation in tho
hands of mothers and Inexperienced-nurses.
Very respectfully, Ac,
D. R. WILLIAMS, M. D.
Made by J. B. RUSSELL, Chemist.
Sold by Dr. H. BAER, Wholesale Agent for
South Carolina._oct 13
FLEMING'S WO EM CONFECTIONS,
They t ~s purely vegetable, safe and sure. TM
best in usc For Bale by Dr. H. BAER,
No. 131 Meeting street,
oo'6 Wholesale Airent
PROFESSOR BERGER'S BED-BUG
Cost ar's INSECT POWDER
Glentworth's Roach Exterminator
Cos tar's Rat Poison
lBaacsen'8 Sure Pop-Death to Mosquitoes.
For sale by Da. H. BAER,
jnly? _No. 131 Meeting street.
No. 1204 Frankford Avenue, above Girard Avenue
Manufacturer or Exclusively First-class
Clarences. Landaus, Landaulettes, Ooae
Coaches, shifting Quarter Coaches, Coupes, Ba?
rouches Pbetons, Rockaways, Ac, suitable for
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Designs and prices famished when desired.
Workmanship and finish second to none ia th*
Fine and varied stock completed, on hand aad
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Orders receive prompt and personal attenttoa.
All work warranted. sepis-lmo