Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1465.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1870.
S?X DOLLARS A YKAH.
THE RESULT IN THE STATE.
EDGE FI ELI) GIVES TWO THOUSAND
Tit?- Reformers Carry Greenville, Oco
nee, Pickens, York, ."Urion, Spartan -
borg}, Anderson, Morry. Lexington,
Chesterfield, -ancaster, .Marlboro',
Union and Barnwell.
RADICAL FRAUDS IN LAURENS AND NEW?
THE ELECTIONS TO BE CONTESTED.
We do not pretend'to give at this time any
summary statement of the result of the elections
of Wednesday last. The vote cannot be officially
known until the middle or end or next week, and
the returns now received must, In every case* be
taken with a grain of allowance. It can, How?
ever, be known with tolerable certainty, what
counties have given Re'orm majorities, and this
will e_?Me the public toc?me te orne general
conclusion as to the result throughout the State.
It is conceded by the Radicals that Charleston
City has given the Reformers from five hundred
to six h*. " dred majority-about half the majority
which the official count, is expected to show. The
feeling In the city ls not cheerful, by any mea ns;
but it is felt that Charleston has done her whole
duty, and that equally .good results in the mid?
dle and up-con nt ry will insure a substantial Re?
form victory. Perhaps the gloomy weather had
something to de with the bine looks of the
Reformers on yesterday, and more was due to
the natural .reaction following weeks of intense
which have ?orne In from the different precincts,
are still under watch and ward at the courthouse.
The commut?es in charge of the boxes yesterday,
were as follow?: 1-Tom 4 A. AL to 12 M.-Messrs.
W. S. Frazer and H. E. Holmes, Reformers, and
Messrs. J. M. Adams and W. T. Oliver, Radicals.
From 12 M. to 8 P. M.-Messrs. E. R. White and
F. L. O'Neill, Reformers, and Messrs. P. M. Grego?
ire and J. S. Hubbard, Radicals. From 8 P. M. to
4 P. M. to-day-Messrs. W A. Zimmerman and w.
G. Eason, Reformers, and Messrs. H. Norris and
'James Doiuna, Radicate.
A QUESTION OF FACT.
Trial Justice Levy authorizes a city Radical pa?
per to say that the statement la THE NEWS rela?
tive vto a disturbance on Wednesday between
himself and Depnty Marshal Damon, "is untrue
from beginning to end." We are prepared to es?
tablish by the affidavit of two responsible citizens
of Charleston the following facts: That Mr.
Levy, himself, a candidate for the Legis?
lature, challenged voters so violently and
fl er eely that his presence within the railing
was objected to, and the objection was
sustained by the managers; that Depnty Marshal
Damon came np to put Levy outside of the rail?
ing, as ins true ted to do, when Levy drew back
and threatened to strike him; that Deputy Mar?
shal Damon was abort to retara the com p? i m en t
with Interest, when two citizens interfered and
settled the difficulty. These are Use facts, and,
as we said, they can be proved by the affidavits
of two citizens, if that be necessary.
SENATOR EDWIN BATU).
At a late hour last night no information had
been received as to the whereabouts cf Mr.
Bates, bot lt ls assumed on all sid a i hat there is
no troth in the rumor that he wc* badly beaten,
or beaten at all, on election day. Nor was he
politically beaten. AU the vote.* for the dead
Radical candidate, W. H. Misha w, go for nothing,
k_d ria Radical organ admits that "Mr. Edwin
Bates ls doubtless elected." This ls one Reform
victory. A kind Providence gives Charleston
Senator Edwin Bates, whom we know and res?
pect, Instead of that political Arab and vile d?m?
agogue, Daddy R. H. Cain.
LATER.-We learn that Senator Bates was too
late for the Wadmalaw boat on Wednesday even?
ing, and remained on the island safe and well.
THE ROW AT BIGGIN CHURCH.
A body of forty colored men charged the nolls
at Biggin's Church, m St. John's Berkeley,
on Wednesday afternoon, and carried off the
ballot-boxes. In Radical circles it ls stated
that the raiders were Reformers, but
we are positively informed that they were
Bowenites, who were very wrothy because the
day was going against them. The names of the
ringleaders are known, and they will be arrested.
In the meanwhile only the handle of the box re.
mains, and even Governor Scott's election com?
misioners can't; very well count that. An old color?
ed woman is said to have brought an apron full
or folded Scott tickets into Oharleston last night.
Of course th?ss ?rill be counted m.
MH. T. J. MACKEY AND THK REFORM TICKET.
Mr. T. J. Mackey prints a card in a city Radical
paper in which he says, "I did not vote the Re?
form ticket," and he has, moreover, handed in
the following card for publication in THE NEWS :
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NEWS.
The statement in your issue of this dat?, that I
voted the Reform ticket, ls Incorrect, and I dare
any man to make thc declaration on oath. I vot?
ed for Scott and Ransler, and for sixty days work?
ed earnestly and steadily for their election, and
now rally share with my Miow-Republicans the
exultant reeling that springs from the assured
triumph or the Republic in party. Yen are cor?
rect, however, m your statement that I rode in a
carriage which had a Reform handbill pasted on
one or its panels. It was the carriage or Mr. J. B.
Patrick, one or the chief Reform rallyers, who
tendered me a seat, as my own carriage was ab?
sent, and aided me in securing white Reform vetes
for R. O. DeLarge, and thus overcome the advan?
tage that Bowen possessed under his compact
with the executive committee of the Reform
party, or being the candidate for Congress on the
regular Reform ticket. I did denoance the white
New England carpet-bag element that hos ?>een
la active opposition to every colored Republican,
and every Southern white Republican, and shall
wel?ora?tae fast approaching political whirlwind
that shall sweep lt from jiower lu this State, with
a very few honorable exceptions.
Charleston, October 20,1870. T. J. MACKEY.
All we have to say about this point-blank de?
nial is this : When Mr. Mackey submitted the
foregoing card for publication he told the gentle?
men who received lt that "BE DID VOTE TUE RE?
FORM TICKET," but'that ihe publication of the
ract '-vas injuring Attn trifft the colored people." j
Hence, we presume, his card. Now ir Mr. T. J.
Mackey's words are not proor enough or the cor?
rectness or our statement, we must give the pub?
lic otiier and more credible testimony. It ls
charitable to suppose that when Mr. Mackey
wrote his two cards he had not recovered Irom
the escltement caused by bartering votes, at two
and three for one, on election day. Jam Satis!
At Garrett's Church, on the Strawberry Ferry
road, two negroes living on Bashy Park planta
tien on the Cooper River, were all bat mobbed by
the crowd outside of the church' foi 'no tfte
Reform ticket. And a negro named t.woertVU
l?ge, Uvtng on Seton plantation, opposite Oak?
ley's Depot, threatened to go to Bashy Park to
kill these same two men for so voting.
Other voters who went to Garrett's Church pre?
cinct, with the intention of voting the Reform
ticket, wert so intimidated by the threats of the
Scott negroes, that they frankly confessed that
their courage failed them, and they voted for
Seo? as ordered.
At Wassamassaw Chapel, one of the managers,
Jake Pefrry, electioneered with the voters from
ms seat, until checked by the spectators and
other managers. He was also heard to threaten
from the same seat, one of the voters for Reform.
Several minors voted, against whom proceedings
will be taken.
A company of Scott's militia attempted, on
Wednesday afternoon, to take the ballot-box
from Kit Moultrie, one of the managers at the
church precinct in St. Andrew's Parish. Moul?
trie held on to the box, and delivered it to the
The managers of the St. Andrew's chureh poll
report that while on their way to the city with
the ballot-box they were interfered with by one
B. H. Hoyt, who, with his friends, endeavored te
take away the box, but after some little parley
?tfcev were permitted to proceed quietly. They
state that everything was quiet at the poll, and
no disturbance of any sort occurred until they
BLOOD-SHED AT STRAWBERRY FERRY.
There was an exciting rumor in circulation at
? late hour last evening, to the effect that a band
of armed negroes had charged the polls at Straw .
berry Ferry, firing on the crowd, and kilting
twelve white men. This rumor shonld be re?
ceived with caution; but we know that the bal?
lot-box from this precinct had not come in at 10
o'clock last nigh:.
ARRESTS IN THE CITY.
The following are the arrests made by United
States Commissioner Portcous yesterday : Richard
Jenkins, for attempting to vote twice. Ben Bell,
for voting twice. William Durant, for attempt?
ing to vote twice. Henry Fraser, same charge.
Edward Hamilton, for attempting to vote with?
out being a resident of the city. John Holloway,
tor perjury. Daniel Jones, for attempting to vote
twice. Bell, Fraser and Jones were committed
for trial at the next term of the United States
Court. John Holloway wi l be examined this
morning. The rest were discharged. A number
of warrants of arrest have also been issued; but
the names of the parties are withheld at the re?
quest of the commissioner.
MOCNT PLEASANT ANO EIGHT-MILE TCMP.
At both of these places the election ls said to
have been fairly and honestly conducted. One
Jeffrey Snipes wilt be prosecuted for voting twice.
At the Eight-mile Pump, Ctesar Small, one or the
managers, eectioneered actively for De Large.
The other managers behaved with commendable
moderation and propriety.
AN ILLEGAL ELECTION.
We learn that oae of the polls on Wad m ala w
were not opened until ten minutes to seven on
Wednesday morning. A number of voters were
kept from the polls by the violent threats of the
Scott negroes. A Radical colored man named
Stephen was attacked by the negroes as he was
carrying the ballot-box to the polling place. He
wasknocked down, stamped, and was badly cut
in the face. The ballot box was taken away from
him. It is said that the Scottltes, with few ex?
ceptions, behaved more like wild beasts than
THE WHITE ANO COLORED VOTE.
City of Charleston. 5,182
Mt Pleasant. 120
10 Mlle House. 12
St. James'S antee
32 Mlle House.. 53
Ciao Ho-ise. IS
St. James' Goose Creek
11 Mlle Pump... 18
Whatey's Church. ll
Cross Roads. 04
fit. John's Berkeley
Black Oak. ss
Calamus Pond. ?
Garrett Church. 14
Master House. 122
St. Thomas and St. Denis
Kew Hope Church.
St. John's Colleton
Gregg's Farm. .
St. Andrew's Church. 3
Lamb's Farm. 16;
Cross Roads. 20
Total.I 6/891 11.9671 18.056
Total vote in the county, by census of 1869-70,
whites 78S9; colored 16,871. Total 23,760.
All our reports from Edgefleld Coanty are very
A telegram to Tus NEWS, dated late on Wednes?
day night, gives these particulars :
'*At Hamburg, at 4 P. M., the Reformers were
ahead. At the next precinct, Sheffy's Pond, Scott
was ahead. Early in the morning at Hamburg
two companies of armed negroes were very offi?
cious. The whites armed themselves and the
negroes hld their weapons. The whites remained
under arms all day, but at a distance from the
polls. The election bas been very qnlet. Baccn,
the Reform candidate for Congress, is ahead.
Edgefleld will give a Reform majority:"
A telegram to THE NEWS, dated yesterday,
(Thursday) morning, says: "Edgefleld County ls
certainly for Reform. At the Courthouse, how?
ever, Scott ls ahead."
A letter to THE NEWS, dated Edgefleld Court?
house, Wednesday, 4 P. M., says : "The election
goes off quietly. A good many colored men are
voting the Reform ticket; Others are splitting the
ticket, voting mostly for Butler for Lteutenant
Governor. This precinct goes largely Radical.
This was expected, as nearly half the negroes in
the county, upou the advice of the leading Radi?
cals, vote here. All the white men are voting en
masse for Reform. We shall carry old Edgefleld
for Carpenter and Butler."
[The Radicals claim Edgefleld as certain. So lt
ls-for Reform :] .
A letter te THE NEWS, dated Barnwell Court?
house, October 19, 5 P. M., 3ays :
"The voting has gone on quietly all day. The
polls are not yet closed, and as the tickets have
been considerably scratched, lt h hard to And
out exactly how things stand. Up to this time
about 550 votes have been polled, of which ttco
hundred are for Reform. It is thought that
Robert Aldrich, Reform candidate for the Leg?
islature, and Duncan for county ommiss loner,
are running ahead of their ticket. DeLarge, for
Congress, ls supposed to be considerably ahead of
Bowen. Tbarin received a few votes.' '
A letter to Tns NEWS, dated Graham's T. O,
October 19, says : "The vote here was. whites 176
and colored 193. The managers think that the
Union Reform ticket ls a few votes ahead. The
vote was small in consequence of the heavy
voting at Blackville and Midway."
A letter to TUE NEWS, dated Blackville, October I
19, 6 P. M., says : "The election has passed off
quietly. The vote was 333 colored and 2S3 white.
Of the colored votes, probably 40 were for Car?
penter and Butler, who have a majority of about
30, as nearly every white man voted for Reform.
Four white Radicals voted for Scott. The rest of
the vote was much scattered. "
[Barnwell has, in all probability gone for Scott
upon the State 'icket. The colored voting major?
ity is 1097.]
The Reformers have made great gains in this
.onnty. and the Radical majority, If any, is likely
to be small.
Th? vote, as far as reported to THE NBWS, ls as
Lewlsvllle. 72 512
Easterly's. 99 164
Washington Seminary. 00 91
The voting population of the county ls 1828
whites, and 3041 blacks.
A special dispatch to THE NEWS, dated Orange
burg Courthouse, October 20, gives the following
. White. Colored.
Cedar Grove.81 125
Griffith's. 77 179
Club Douse.32 158
Lewlsvllle. 89 514
Fort Motte. 35 260 t
Jamison's. 36 156
Enott's Mills. 80 125
Easterlin's. 98 164
Rowe's Pump.41 113
A vin ger's.82 184
Washington Seminary.60 100
Elliott's. 24 76
A telegram to THE NEWS, dated Wednesday
night, says: "The city vote is 2800, and the Radi?
cal majority nearly looo. which will be increased
somewhat by the county vote. Two men were
arrested for illegal voting."
A dispatch to THE NEWS, dated Marlon Court?
house, yesterday, says:
"The Reformers have carried Marlon by over
300 majority, with two polls to hear from, which
will increase the majority to about 400. The lists
were properly kept, and we are safe.
A dispatch to THE NEWS, dated Florence, Octo?
ber 20, says:
"This county will give the Radicals about eight
A dispittch to THE NEWS from Cheraw, dated
"At the Cheraw poll the Radica's are 40 ahead.
At Coal Hill the Reformers are 200 ahead. There
are four other polls to hear from."
[The Reformers have certainly carried Chester?
field by a large majority.]
A dispatch to THE NKWS, dated Camden, 'Octo?
ber 20, says : "All the boxes are heard from, but
we can only approximate the result. The Radi?
cal vote le about 1600, and the Reform vote about
1300. The Radical majority will not exceed 225.
[Scott expected at least 700.] Of this majority
about 150 votes are illegal. Most of the offenders
are known and will be prosecuted. The gain for
Reform over the Democratic vote lu 1868 ls about
four aundrea a)i? fifteen. The Radicals gain only
25, although 4.r*o more votes arc polled than in
186S. The whites all turned out, and nearly all
voted for Relorm. Aboat 250 colored men vo ted
squarely for Reform. We consider this election
a glori"-.!' evidence of the progress we have made
in this county."
We learn that upper Williamsburg has gone for
Scott, bnt that lower down, towards Indian
Town, Carpenter ls probably ahead.
[Williamsburg has 873 colored voting majority.]
Colle ton. nc Si
The correspondent of a Bowen-Radlcal paper
"The Hon. W. R. Hoyt, while at the polls at
Glover's Station, (DeLarge's stronghold in Colle
ton,) yesterday (Wednesday) morning, aboat 8
.'clock, and while engaged in distributing the
regular ticket of the Republican party with the
Hon. C. 0. Bowen's name upon lt, was set upoor
by one C. Bran, white, who incited the colered
friends of Mr. DeLarge to make an attack upon
him. One of the mob gave him a severe stab in
the back with a knife. Thc wound ls very pain?
ful, but is not believed to be serious."
In Bowen circles it ls admitted that Lady's Is?
land and the main land wdl give DeLarge a ma?
jority, but it is claimed that Bowen carries Beau?
fort town, and the low country.
A dispatch to THE NEWS, dated Laurens Court?
house, October 19, says:
"The impression now prevails that we are beat?
en on the State ticket by about 600 votes. The
commissioners of elections positively refused
to make the arrangements for insuring a fair
election recommended by General Kershaw and
Mr. Ransler. THE ELECTION WITH cs is AN OUT?
A dispatch to THE NEWS, dated Newberry Court?
house, October 20, says:
"The whole number of votes polled lo this coun?
ty is: whites 1622, blacks 2927. [The voting popu?
lation is only 14S1 whites and 2386 blacks.] It ls
estimated that the Radical majority is about 800.
The number of votes at the Courthouse, at which
place there were three boxes, was 609 whites and
"The election is a fraud, atul will be contested.
Evidence is abundant to prove this, and ls being
collected by United States Marshal Rifer. Large
numbers voted two and three times, and scores,
who arc known to be under age, also voted. The
constabulary force, who were both candidates
and commissioners, behaved very badly. By
6 o'clock in the morning, and before the polls
were opened, the negroes swarmed around the
precincts. They came from all p uta, and were
here before day. The officers or the garrison,
who leave here for Columbia to day, will corrobo?
rate the statement that THE WHOLE AFFAIR WAS
A RASCALLT FRAUD. Thc election must be gone
Edgefleld and Barnwell for Reform.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
AUGUSTA, October 20.
At Granltevllle 553 votes were cast; 410
white and 143 colored. Rerorm majority estima?
ted at 440. At Mobiey's 238 votes were cast; 223
white and 15 colored. Rerorm majority 226. At
Ridge Spring 1217 voles were cast; 472 whites and
745 colored. Radical majority estimated at 200.
At Edgefleld Courthouse 1400 votes were cast.
Radical majority estimated at COO. Hamburg
gives over 100 majority for Scott. Barnwell
Courthouse gives 150 majority for Scott.
There arc twenty-one precincts In Edgefleld
and a great many In Barnwell County, many of
which have not beeu heard from. But it ls known
that the negroes In the vicinity of the small pre?
cincts passed them by and crowded to Edgefleld
Courthouse, Ridge Spring, Hamburg, Barnwell
Courthouse and other prominent points, to which
lt appears that they had beeu ordere J. This ac?
counts Tor Radical majorities at thc prominent
polling places. BARNWELL AND EDGEFIBLD CAN
BE COUNTED FOR REFORM.
EDGEFIELD TWO THOUSAND REFORM
Glorious N" e W s from the Mountain?,
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, October 20.
Abbeville and Laurens have gone Radical.
Fairfield casts three thousand votes and gives a
thousand Radical majority.
Newberry casts four thousand Ave hundred
and fjrty-nlne votes, and gives eight hundred
1 Radical majority. The const abolary and com
commissioners behaved badly, and the citizens
are tabing testimony to contest the election.
There was almost a fight, but no blcwe.
Chester gives nine hundred Radical majority.
Greenville,Oconee and Pickens have gone for
Anderson gives three hundred Reform ma?
Edgefleld, it is rumored, has TWO THOUSAND.
Lexington, it ls rumored, gives one thousand
Spartanburg ls estimated at one thousand Re?
Union gives three hundred Reform majority.
Tork gives three hundred Reform majority.
Richland gives seventeen hundred Radical ma?
Chesterfield, lt is rumored, gives nine hundred
Marlboro'goes largely for Reform.
S Barnwell gives five hundred Radical majority,
but ictfl elect three Reform representatives.
VIOLENT EARTHQUAKE AT.THE
CLEVELAND, OHIO, October 20.
A terrible earthquake occurred this morn?
ing, lasting fifteen or twenty seconds. Tall
buildings swayed to and fro. The occupants
fled tnto the streets. The same shock was felt at
Mead ville, Pennsylvania We cannot trace.lt
NEW YORE, October 20.
A violent earthquake occurred throughout the
country at eleven o'clock to day. It was dla .
tinctly reit here.
Sen E SECTA DY, N. Y., October 20.
People fled terror stricken to the streets.
QUEBEC, October 20.
The buildings swayed and the people rushed
into the streets here.
BRUN8WICE, MB., October 20.
The shock threw down chimneys. The direc?
tion was northeasterly and southwesterly.
ST. CATHARINES, CANADA, October 20.
SARATOGA, October 20.
Some bulldtngs were mnch damaged. The shock
was preceded by a rumbling sound.
TROT, October 20.
Five hundred school children were panic-strick?
en by the shock.
BURLINGTON, October 20.
The Bhock clopped clocks and destroyod crock?
ery, but no serious damage.
BOSTON, October 20.
The buildings sensibly vibrated, and there was
much alarm among the people employed In the
upper stories. The block of granite corner or
State and Merchant's Row was cracked ; another
block was forced outward three or four Inches.
The shock lasted thirty seconds. The shock was
reit at Montreal, Sackville and Bangor with much
WASHINGTON, October 20.
Earthquake dispatches from nearly all points In
New York and the North, report no serions dam?
age or loss of life.
PHILADELPHIA, October 20.
There was a heavy rain here all day. At the time
tbe earthquake was passing through tho Rastern
States a remarkably black cloud rested over this
city, and at IUM the rain fell In torrents.
POUOHEEBPSIE, October 20.
The ahocK of an earthquake tool: place at Rond?
?n: this morning. It shook the hous-s to their
foundations, and sent, people staggering about.
PORTLAND, October 20.
Asout 300 feet of the bed or the Ogdensburg
Railroad across Otter creek settled ten reet during
ITHICA, October 20.
At eleven o'clock thia morning there was a re?
markable shock or an earthquake. There were
three shocks, the longest lasting a quarter or a
minute. The people fled from the houses.
ALBANY, N. Y., October 20.
The earthquake had a marked vibration. A
mrubllng noise was heard daring the shock.
The mercury In the barometer was violently agl
CooPERSTOWN, N. Y., October 20.
At ll A. M. the shock of an earthquake was
reit. It was very brief.
ST. LO UIS LINKED WITH THE SOUTH
ST. LOUIS, October 20.
The first passenger train crossed the Missis?
sippi below St. Louis, and were transferred last
evening from Belmont, Mo., to Columbus, Ky.
The trains contained prominent citizens who
were Invited to the State Fair at Atlanta, Ga.,
and the Cotton State Fair at Augusta, Ga. At
the latter place the track will be laid M the Fair
Grounds aud the train will be exhibited at the
fair. This enterprise Inaugurates a regular pas?
senger traffic between St. Louis and a'l points
South without delay or change of cars.
WASHINGTON. October 20.
' The Government authorities have no know?
ledge of the reported proposition rrom Spain to
The Guerri?re will cruise off New York harbor
to enforce neutrality.
j The Board or Trade or this city, by Invitation or
the chief signal officer of the army, held a meet?
ing and appointed a permanent committee to co?
operate with him tn giving rall effect to the pro?
visions of the recent act of Congress, providing
forgiving notice or the approach and force of
THE ATLANTA FAIR.
ATLANTA, October 20. '
There was a largo attendance, notwith?
standing the inclemency of the weather, and the
articles arrive rapidly. The success promises to
be unprecedented. The Federal flag was hoisted
and lowered again. Thc hoisting was the result
of a mistake, and had no political significan ce.
The trotting match for the citizens' premiums,
amounting to two thousand dollars, occura to?
THE YELLOW FEVER.
NEW ORLEANS, October 20.
The deaths from yellow fever yesterday were
spven. The thermometer tell twenty-five degrees.
There was twelve hours rain yesterdiy, and th e
mercury this morning is fifty-six, and blowing a
half gale from thc north.
MONTGOMERY, October 20.
A large meeting was held herc to-day to al d
the sick"of Mobile who are suffering from yello w
fever. The City Council appropriated five hun?
dred dollars, and the subscription list of citizens
amounts to over one thousand.
SELMA,, ALA., October 20.
Benj. .S. Turner, colored, candidate of the
Republican party in this district for Oongress, ls
making a vigorous ennv^ss on the broad plat?
form or universal amnesty, universal suffrage,
and universal repudiation of the war debt.
The Brotherhood or Locomotive Engineers 1B In
annaal session at Nashville. One hundred and
thirty-three delegations are represented from
THE CIRCLE OF FIRE.
THE GERMAN HOSTS COMPLETELY
Germany Declares the Efforts of Neu?
trals for Peace to. be Useless-France
Mast Herself Sue for Peace-The Thun?
derer Denounces the Arrogance of
Prussia-Activity of the French Fleets
-Tourg to be Isolated, ?Sic.
LONDON, October 20.
The French war ships are in sight ot Ham?
borg off the mouth of the Elbe. Preparations
are made to meet the French vessels In the Weser.
The Germans have opened thirty-three post
offices In Alsace and Lorraine.
The London Times, m an article on the conti,
nental situation, censures Prussian arrogance In
the terms for peace. The Times approves the lan*
guage that a government yielding a foot of terri?
tory as a condition of peace cannot retain Its
power a day. .*
Ten French frigates are anchored off Dunkirk,
with Cres banked.
It 1B rumored that Lanrlen comes from the
French government to London to negotiate, a
Though the Prussians are. beyond range of the
French guns, Paris is completely encircled. The
main portions of the besieging army are massed
in four formidable bodies, connected by telegraph
and by good roads, admitting of rapid reinforce?
ments to any assailed points.
It is said Thiers will orgeat Tours immediate
peace. It is believed at Havre that the United
States will intervene to save Paris from bombard?
ment. The two s'des of Paris not protected by
the river will be defended by the inhabitants with
determined courage. They will contest every
Inch of ground. '.
The Berlin Provincial Correspondence says that
reports or peace overtures should be received
cautiously. No peace can be made until France
ls taught the need of peace. The Prussians will
be ready to attack Paris no later than next week.
Preparations are progressing by the Prussians to
Isolate Tours. Communication with Tours may
cease at any moment. .
A circular has been Issued by the Italian Gov?
ernment that the Pope ls perfectly free and inde?
pendent. AH Italy asks ls a notification that the
Pope desires1 to leave Rome, In order that the
honor and respect due his office may be paid
Later China advices are more pacific.
Nsw YOBE, October 20,
The World's special from London says that a
squadron of German hussars were surprised at
Aithls; a hundred were killed.
Keratry has gone to Spain, where lt is rumored
that a Republic win soon be proclaimed. The
Italian Government peremptorily refuses to per-'
mit an Italian prince to be complicated in Spanish
A Herald special from Berlin says the capitula?
tion or Metz ls reported.
The ministerial organ declares that peace ne?
gotiations by neutrals are useless. France must
herself sue Tor peace.
The Etoile Beige says that Troc hu and some
other members or the Provisional Government
favor peace, but Gambetta ts Implacable.
E YENING DISPATCHES.
French War Reports.
Toona, October 20.
The Prussians are retreating towards Paris,
avoiding battle with the French forces on the left
bank or the Loire. The Prussians still hold Or?
leans, and have nearly destroyed Chatean Dun.
Paris dates of the 15th says the best feeling pre?
vails, and dally sorties take place. The Prussians,
owing to strategical reasons, have withdrawn
leave to the Americans to pass their lines, and
advise them to leave Paris by boat, gdng down
the Seine. They promise protection by that route.
Dispatches from Rouen, Lille and Belfast show
the determination to resist the Prussians ls as
strong as ever. A large Frenoh force Is assem?
bled at Besancon.
Garibaldi has issued a stirriog address to the
At Marseilles, yesterday, there was an immense
pacific manifestation, and many thousand un?
armed citizens demanded the restoration of Es?
quires. The crowd dispersed without disorder.
Three regiments of Infantry, zouaves and Turcos,
with horses and a large quantity of ammunition,
arrived ac Toulon since Monday, and were sent
to the front.
At New Brelsach a sortie took place on Satur?
day, In which two hundred were killed and
wounded and thirty captured.
The French Foreign Office has Issued a circnlar
to neutral powers denying the responsibility of
the present war, and state that the Prussian rep?
resentations about the state of affairs are utterly
untrue. France desires peace-a durable peace.
Balloon News from Paris.
' TOURS, October 20.
M. Dubost, delegate from the Paris Govern?
ment to Tours, who landed in a balloon at Roc roy
yesterday, brings news of another engagement
near Paris. It began In the morning at Haute
Brines, and lasted three hours; was resumed In
the evening and terminated after three hours
more fighting. The Prussians, who attacked
in both actions, were repulsed with heavy loss.
Dispatches from Rocroy, which contain the above
intelligence, gives no date of the affair.
According to the latest advices from Paris,
Trochu ls giving way to the Increasing demand
of the National Guards, and has given consent to
their organization into mobilized regiments, as
an active force for sorties and service beyond th e
walls. He also announces that he bas a plan for
a general attack on the besiegers, and when ma?
tured will bc carried out on a formidable scale.
In the meanwhile he will accept volunteers for
sorties and night surprises.
Thc Paris Official Jonraalof the 15th positively
declares that-Burnside has no mission from the
Prussian authorities, and that when he visited
Parlshe was an officious agent.
THE SIEGE OE PARIS.
Military Tlew of the Sltuatio n
Strength of the Fortifications In Pres?
ence of the Besieging Force-Adverse
Opinion to their Power of Resistance
-Causes of the Military Panics
among their Defenders.
[Correspondence of the New York Times.]
PARIS, Saturday, September 21.
Now that the investment of the capital ls
complete, the strength of its for titi cat lo ns must
be a point of the greatest interest to the outside
world, and people at your side will be anxious to
learn if they are solid enough to resist a deter
mined attack from without. Beyond doubt they
are well constructed and formidable ; but I doubt
very much If they, or any works constructed of
stone and mortar, can stand long against Krupp's
cannon, at ranges which the enemy can now
easily attain. Since the experience gained in our
great war, I have strenuously maintained the
vast superiority of earthworks over any other
system of fortification whatever, and I should
feel very much safer here If every inch of these
works, bastions and all, were covered with heavy
mounds. I can but think at this moment that tho
next few days will put an end to all military re?
liance upon works constructed upon the old plans
of rortlflcation, good enough for the days preced?
ing rifled cannon.
THE EFFECT OF KRUPP'S OUN8.
I believe that 1 have given the general oplnon
of military engineers, when I say that no works
constructed solely of stone can stand against
Krupp's cannon, and the only thing we now have
to consider ls the range, or the distance at which
these splendid pieces can be used. I do not wish
lt to be understood that I am giving a "puff" to i
these pieces, for I believe that there are superior
guns, and should certainly prefer, for my
use, Yavaseur's large, steel breech-loaders;
speak or Krupp's gunn generally, and be<
tiley are the ones to be used against onr v
The qucJtlon comes, then, as to how near the
my will be allowed to mount these guns,
the defeat of the French at chatillon, and ii
cupatlon- or the redoubt there, the .Prusi
gamed a very Important point. They hold a hi
which dominates Fort Vanves, and at a distan
about (I believe) 3000 yards. From that- j
Fore Yan ves can be reduced in arew hours,
battery ls also only three and a half En
miles from Vanglrard, and fire can not onl
opened upon the main fortlfleatlonB, bat upo
city itself. Supposing that the troops are di
from Fort Yan ves, these guns can then be i
ed forward, and an effectual lire opened npoi
main works. No troops can be keptb?hl
mass or stones while these terrible projectile
crushing against them; .but as for the ass
when the breech is made, everything dep
upon the Spirit of the soldiers within the n
As for the people, they can do nothing better
to give an example or coolaess and- bravery,
it may as well be acknowledged at once that
fore organized troops an armed mob could
der but little service, if it did not really em
raes the defence.
THE muss LAN ENTRY.
Judging from the present Indications Ian
dined to thick that the Prussians will walk
Paris at their first serious attempt Or com
great deal depends upon the side upon which
attack ls made. It ls a fact worthy of n<
here that thc disgraceful panics or the 18th
10th occurred in the Republican stronghold
the Faubourg du Temple and La Yltlette, the1
places or all others which should have Bhow
instances or sublime and patriotic heroism
was "the people" from that quarter who m
the revolution, who marched throagh the str
In bands crying d?ch?ance, who Invaded
boulevards, the Place de la Concorde, and <
the legislative chamber; and lt ls the crowd f
this quarter which now talks BO loudly about
rlcades, and of defending' them with the
drop or blood. The even ts or the two days
ferred to shows ns that these are the people
are ready to sacrifice every friend they hav
the world lor the cause of the moment, and '
are very anxious to shed any blood bnt their i
for the pleasure of talking treason when they
1 ATE BATTLES.
The battles of the 19th were very import
and they ended in lavor or the enemy. 0
over the fact as much as we may for this fli
populace, no tblaklng man can fail to see. an
regret, the advantages la position gained by
Prussians ou them. On the night of the ist
body or infantry appeared in front or Fort
bervllliers, and boldly attempted to throw n
redoubt. It was then fight, and opening
upon them, the rort drove the enemy away v
some loss. The report of a Pru SH lan d croat
which ten thousand men were ?illed s
spread through the city, content with their
piolt, and praised for their go -4 snooting,
artillery rested upon its guns; but in the mi
lng they found a well-built fort before th
and before 6 o'clock-twenty-two pieces of-a
lery were firing upon the fort. On the other i
or St. Denis there was fighting also, and consli
able damage was done to the enemy; bnt, I
assured, nothing Uko aa much as reported tv
The French fire too soon, they fire at too lon
range, and they fire too lost. I am now speak
more particularly or small -arms, bnt the sam
true ot their artillery. ,1 know very well the
Acuities ol making men fire regularly and
order, but, with the new guns, many or the d
cuines we once bad to contend with should dis
pear. The heavy guns from the forts began fir!
as soon as a single Prussian came in Blght,.a
during the day 25,000 cartridges were expend
So great an amount of ammunition should hi
produced results far greater than I have reason
suppose followed this firing. A piece of. woe
where some Uhlans appeared and dlssppeai
was shelled lor some hours to no good purpa
and no end waa gained by this waste
powder. But the Important battle or the ll
took place upon the southern Bide or the-city. ]
a long time I have believed that the enemy wot
attack'by the heights of Clamart, and I have a
seen that the Seine and the Marne were impi
tant points to be defended. I should nop wr
this If I had not put the opinion on record 1
niedlacely after the capitulation of Sedan, rt w
along the Seine that former besieging armies rt
their severest trials, and more than one army r.
been nearly decimated in crossing those t
rivers. But these positions were given up - wit
ont a struggle, and the enemy made the passa
of thc Seine without opposition. Once in poss
sion or the country about Juvisy the way w
open to the very torts around Paris, and no <
gagement took place nntU the redoubt or Cha
lon was reached. This work wai unfinished a
only partially mounted, for the gans were to ha
been taken out two days ago, bad not thc b
weather stopped the work. Why these strong po
tiona were given up ls Just now explained by sor
remarks ol General Troc hu, and it must be confe;
ed that bli reasons were illustrated sooner tbi
any one had cause lor anticipating. His first td
was to defend the Seine and to dispute the pi
sage or the enemy, but. after the disasters whit
had befallen the army, and the raw state or mai
of his troops, he could not trust his men. Evi
il willing to place confidence la them, there wi
no General at band in whom they had confldenc
for there was not one here who would cot rt
the risk of being summoned, perhaps upon th
field of battle, to give a declaration of princlpl
or to swear eternal allegiance to the Republic
the National Guard. For this reason, Gener
Trochu reluctantly gave up the defence or tl
Seine, and tell back to a point within support in
distance or the forts. But at the very lost mi
ment arrived General Ducrot, having escape
from the capitulation at Sedan. It was then tr
late to defend the river, but General Ducr<
thought that he could not hold Chatillon and tt
wood of Meudon, at least for some days. A r
connolssance, made on the evening of the 18tl
showed that the enemy had already entered it
wood, and, while one portion ol his force wt
pushing on to Versailles, another had turne
race toward Clamare. Troops were being rapid
ly pushed across the Seine, occupying positloi
near Jnvlsy, or were up as far as viiuajcir, an
twenty thousand were already sheltered in tt
wood beyoud Chatillon. General Ducrot decide
to attack them on the morning of the lath, i
S o'clock the tire was opened. Before a Prussia
was seen, the French began to fire into the woo
with small arms, and this fire was kept up brlsl
ly as thc force advanced, but Without brlngin
a response. When near the wood a strange sys
tem of tactics was adopted, or which more anor
Presently a wreath or smoke arose among th
trees, and a well-directed volley was poured int
the advancing force. The cavalry lmmedlatel
turned, and, as it was forced to do, broke throng
the infantry, leaving a bad impression upon th
fresh troops. At this time General Ylno
occupied the extreme left res'lng upon Foi
Blcetre, his force stretching along t h
plateau In front or Vlllejuir and his rlgft
resting upon General Ducrot's left. Th
second zouaves was on the len of Ducrot's div
sion, a regiment greatly cut up In the battle
wich McMahon, and reorganized by incorporate
young men from the city. The enemy, still undc
coverer the wood, sent another volley into t bj
regiment, throwing lt into the greatest con fusioi
and another volley caused a complete panic. Tb
zouaves broke, and in an utter rout, withot
having seen the head of a single Prussian, and, 1
a terror-stricken panic, fled to the city. The pani
also spread to some regiments near, and, in utte
confusion, some fifteen thousand men fled to tb
forts, to announce that aU was lost, and to sa
that the Prussians were close upon them. 1
was a case or pure fright, and In vain th
chagrined officers tried to rally their men. Onl
a score or two responded, and the retreat wa
sounded. This was taken np by other regiment?
and General Ducrot, seeing his fore-! leavtn.
the field, was forced to order a retreat, behind th
guns of the redoubt. For the first time th
enemy began to move, and, seeing that he wa
being flanked, the guns of the redonbt wer
spiked and left to rall into the hands or the Pms
elans. The General and hts stan*, or the few mci
which remained or lt, were the last to leave Cha
Meantime the'-fugitives had reached the cit;
and, throwing the forts into a state of alarm, th
drawbridges were raised and the men put In pc
sltlon to repel an assault; but as time went oi
there was a large collection of fugitives without
and, ns no enemy appeared behind them, th
bridges were again lowered. Instead ol arrest
lng these men upon the spot, and or sendlni
them back under guard to And their arms, the;
were turned loose Into the city to spread cou?ter
nation there by their tales of disaster and defeat
"We entered the fight this morning one hundre<
and sixteen strong," I heard one or these band,
paying, "and we eight are all who came ou
alive. Wc are the saved." Saved by their legs
as were all the rest, s?ve two, that being, as rai
os I could learn, the sum or their casualties
But unless the reports are wrong, these young
men are not whollv at fault. Doubtless, the older
zouaves were demoralized by the terrific battles
; before Sedan, and the new recruits had nem
befcre been under fire. Fortunately ft*-O. m
I panic was stopped ror a time by a brigade ol
Breton Mobiles, who could not be induced to fly
before they had seen thc enemy, and It was with
some difficulty at last that their officers got these
young men away, when to fight longer would
nave been useless. But the fact soon became ap?
parent that an overwhelming force was massing
For an attack. From the first, the French officers
have been surprised by the rapid marches or the
Prussians, and by the rapidity or their concentra?
tions. Trusting to the reports or the evening be?
fore, General Ducrot still believed that he bad ta
do with a fur ce or the enemy twenty thousand
strong, and that be had the advantage of num?
bers; but during the night the Prussians had
been largely reinforced from the corps of General
Yogcl Von Falkenstein, which had crossed the
Seine at Villeneuve St. Georges, and made a
forced march to the wood of Meudon. It ls pro
baMe that there were fifty thousand men before
General Ducrot, for, although ihe French papers
estimate the force at 110,000,1 do not think that
the extent or cou n try mentioned would admit of
the operations ef so large a force, and 1 doubt
very much if even flve-and twenty-thousand were
BLUNDER OF PCCROT. 'J
Ec Toro going farther I mast remark upon oner
singular fact, already alluded to above. I am.
not positive aboutit, bat my impression is that
Ducrot 13?ailed a cavalry general, yet Uso, he
did a thing which no cavalry officer should have -
done. Remember that twenty thousand men
were known to be concealed In the wood of Men?
tion, and an a tack upon their position was de*
termin?e! on. In the effort to dislodge the ene?
my, of course the artillery must be well advanced,
but not too close, nntu companies of skirmisher?.
or sharpshooters bad felt the enemy's position;
and developed the Bpots where the greatest Bum?
bera were massed. General Ducrot began 'by
pushing forward' his artillery at o o'clock la.
the morning, backed by infantry and pre ~
ceded by a brigade of cavalry, wbieh, marchi
lng by fours, went forward to make a reconnois- "
sance. I could not have credited this news had I
not seen lt in the officiai journal The enemy
were known to be there, and when the first firing
O' gan, lt Was well known, or should have beem
'known, that the' cavalry was worse than use
leas, for In Ita rapid retreat through the Infantry;
lines.'the chances are ten to one that it wlJF -
throw fresh troops Into confusion. ' Any general tf
who will send forward his cavalry in-that man?
ner, instead of infantry skirmishers, cannot be
held blameless if a pai-lc occam.
Some of the troops in this engagement fought
remarkably well, and tbe Breton Mobiles, for the-,
fl rat time under Ure, conducted themselves ad?
mirably. But the palm mast be given to the gen?
darmerie, which stood its ground manfully and-'
in perfect order, doing its duty faithfully to the "
last, not aman breaking ranks, even when their
brave llentenant-colonri feu with a ball .through -
his shoulder.: They did splendid service, giving
us another instance or the immense advantage*:
of drill and-discipline. On all sides of the city
these men have behaved nobly, squads of four or
five defending places given up by other troops,
and nearly always bringing in prisoners, or arms,
or horses as tokens or their valor. - ,
Every day brings ns several reports or lament?
able mistakes made by.the outposts In firing upon-'.
their own troops, and particularly upon .the
mounted gendarmerie. The extreme state ol ex-,
cltement into which a small skirmish throws the
National Guard and some or the Mobiles make lt v
extremely dangerous for these brave men, who
stand firm against the enemy until actually ' ?
driven in by numbers. Two of them were killed
last night beyond Fort Aubervllllers.
EXCITEMENT IN THE CITY.
"After these engagements the city was thrown"- V .
into a great state of excitement by the fuyards
from the army, who dispersed .through the
Btreets, relating their false romances. Large
groups of citizens surrounded these men, und -
listened with eager Interest to their tales, while,
la certain quarters already designated, real pan?
ics were caused. As the.fugitives grew more'
numerous, the public began'to understand the
true Btate of the case, and a feeling of indigna?
tion arose. Some men were caught throwing ! -
their cartridges into the Seine. Tue stories told
by these men were numerous, and far from in- .
genlous. Some claimed to be the sole survivors
ot their regiments. Others. bad used i all their
cartridges, ont a far greater number put them-,
selves upon a high Republican; sentiment, and ?
said that their officers were traitors,, sold to the
King or Prussia, and whole regiments were about
to be given up'when the treason was round out,i
This cry drew immediate sympathy, and for a
time the crowd cried, "Death, to all Bonaparte ...
ls ta," and WK) load la accusing of treason every" '
man who had ever served the Empire, Later in,
the evening General Due rot's force entered the
city, and the truth was. known. Orders were
Siven to arrest the fugitives, and the National .
uardwentabontthcta.sk. General Trocha Is?
sued an order, threatening the punishment or
death to any soldier who throws down his arms
in the face of the enemy. The same night coun?
tercharges were made, and the report spread that?'
the old zouaves,' who had fought under the Em?
pire, had really sold themselves to the enemy.
The results of the day show that General Trocho*-,
was right In his estimate or hts men, for they '
would not stand against the enemy la the field.
The dlKgrace or the zouaves bas had a good effect,*
however, and the next time men win be more
careful how they leave the field before the enemy I
come-in sight. The position captured by the
Prussians at Chatillon is, in my opinion, a very
Important one, and one which they will use to .
great advantage as soon as heavy guns: can be
mounted upon the redoubt. . ,- .
GOLD AND BOND MARKET.
Niw Tou, October 20.
The reatare of Wall street ls nigh rates for
gold, owing to speculative manipulation. Some
gold was withdrawn irom the market to-day. -
Rumors or a greenback lock np was untraced.
The capitulation or Metz was discussed and gen?
eral ly discredited. Gold opened weaker at 18#; ?
very quiet all day. sixty-twos is. Tennessees -
62X; new so}*. Virginias ?3; new OStf. Louisi?
anas 70; new 60; levees 75; eights 87. Alabamas
lol; fives 70. Georgias 80; sevens M. North Car?
olinas 47M; new 27. Sooth Carolinas 80; new 87.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
A heavy gale at Augusta, Me., on Wednes?
day, prostrated thirty large ice houses at Swan
Seely A Taylor, cotton seed factors in New Or?
leans, were burned yesterday. Seely was
wounded by the railing walls.
China, Crockers, tot.
^-M. G. WHILDEN ?t. CO
HAVE REMOVED THEIR
WHOLESALE CROCKERY, CHINA
GLASSWARE ESTABLISHMENT .
FROM No. 137 MEETING STREET TO No. 29
HAY NE STREET,
Extending through to No. 02 MARKET STREET,
entrance on both streets.
Mr. w. s. L ANN EAU will have the WHOLE?
SALE DEPARTMENT especially under his charge,,
and Mr. STEPHEN THOMAS, Jr., will be found at
the RETAIL STORE, No. 266 KING STREET, cor?
ner Beaufaln, and will manage that branca.
Our customers and friends will find a complete
ASSORTMENT OF GOODS at both Stares at SEA?
Wv. G. w HiLDKN. .S. THOMAS, JB..TV. S. LANNIATV
CROCKEBY, CHINA AND GLASSWARE
WHOLESALE OR RETAIL,
NO. 29 HATNE STREET,
No. 62 MA?KET STREET.
SILVER AND PLATED WABE
CUT AND PBESSED GLASS *
CROCEEBY AND CHINA-'
No. 265 KING STREET,
For sale by
WILLIAM G. WHILDEN A CO.
rJIHE GREAT GERMAN REMEDIES,
professor LOUIS WTJNDRAMJSBLOOD.rust
PYING AND PURGATIVE HERBS, On Pills or
Powders) for the cure of all Acute or Chronic
from impure blood and Imper
r^so^the?ro?owtogMedt?toesby the same (Pro?
fessor Louis Wundram, Brunswick, Germany :)
Herb Tea (for Dyspepsia1111(1 Nervousness.)'
Rhenma*c Herb Tea.
Wand waaser (the German "Pal siller.)1
For sale by Dr. HJJ AHR,
marso So. ttl Meeting street- -