Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1465.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1870.
S?X DOLLARS A YKAH.
THE STATE CAPITAL.
Whipper Call? for an Examination of
tb? Blue Ridge Railroad-Scott and
Parker at Loggerheads still-Supreme
Court-A no th or Accident on the -Green?
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO TOE NEWS ]
COLUMBIA, November 23.
Both House and Senate met at noon to-day.
Glover, Hudson, Cous&rt, Williams, Long, Milton,
Jervey, Duncan and C. D. Hayne qualified and
were sworn in. The speaker of the House ap?
pointed William Hayne, colored, reading.clerk of
The House and Senate met lu joint assembly to
bear the result of the late election announced by
the speaker of the House Committees were ap?
pointed in both Houses to make arrangements for
the inauguration, and In the House to wait on
the Governor and Lieutenaat-Governor to Inquire
wh|p lt would snit their convenience to qualify.
The committee reported they would be ready on
Monday next at one o'clock". Resolutions In accor?
dance were passed.
Whipper int reduced a concurrent resolution ap
pointing a committee of five from the House and
blank from the Senate, to investigate the aflalrs
of the Blue Ridge Railroad, with power to call for
persons and papers. Wilkes asked Whipper If
any fraud was Implied on the part of the presi?
dent or directors. Whipper replied that he had
the very best of reasons for Introducing the reso?
lution, and thought lt his duty to Investigate
every transaction bf a body of men who had the
power to sell out the last cent of the State's in?
terest; and he thought there was a movement OD
foot to do it. The resolution passed.
Whipper Introduced a resolution, which passed,
suspending rule nine for the rest of the session.
The rule prohibits the speaker taking part In de?
The House adjourned at 2 O'CIOCK, to meet on
Kim pt on and Judge Porter are in town. Scott
and Parker are still at loggerheads.
In the Senate, Clinton, colored, of Lancaster,
and Dickson, white, or Clarendon, qualified. P
B. Tomklhs protested the'seat of Clinton.
A bill to amend and extend the charter of the
Planters' and Mechanics' Bank of South Carolina
was introduced by Corbin, read the drat time,
anoSeferred to thc committee on petitions.
A petition was read by Nash from the commis
Bioners of Richland for permission to levy a tax
of six mills on the dollar for county purposes.
Referred to committee on finance. ...
Senate adjourned till Monday.
In the Supreme Court In re A. C. Spain, Esq.,
the Chief Justice delivered the judgment of the
court. Rule discharged. ' ' .
TlwrcJHeofCoogan vs. .Parker was resumed.
Mr. Buist was heard: for plaintiff in error. "Mr.
Cohen for d?fendant in error. Mr. Corbin In
reply. . ...... - -
The oase of Seabrook vs. Melllchamp was
etruclroff. * 1V
At 3 o'clock P. M."the court adjourned until
Friday, the 25th Instant, at 10" o'clock A. M.
Another accident occurred on the Greenville
Road this morn inp. A freight tram ran oft an
embankment, two miles above Helena, One bag?
gage car was badly smashed. The engine and
caboose remained on the track. The passengers
on the down train were transferred to the up
train. No delay and no one hurt. The cause
was the spreading of the rails. The trains wll1
run regularly to-morrow.
TKZ NEW GENERAL ASSEMBLY.
A Sit?ten of the Outs and Ins-Complex
lon* of the Legislature-The Radical
Majority-A Lively Debtte-Jo?
Crews Re bu lt cd-The United States
Senate and the State Printing.
[FROM OUB OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, November 23,
The peeing and organization of the Gene?
ral Assembly was attended this noon by a large
concourse of citizens. Great interest was man
ifested. The proceedings in both houses were
of a formal nature. The o meera elected wire
decided npon previously in canons, and, of
course, the thing all went one way. Some lit?
tle iv.erest was manifested In the subordinate
offlcvs, bnt as there are so many fat offices for
the "trooly loll" under the present maladmlnls
Hon, there seemed to be something provided for
THE ASPECT OP THE LEGISLATURE.
Perhaps lt was the new and gaudy surroundings
of the House; maybell was the not-at-home feel?
ing manifested by the members, that led one to
think that the coming session wiU prove a more
orderly and beneficial one than the last. At any
rate, to-day's appearance of the. House was not
so bad. A few members stiU evince a desire to
make bnfl oas of themselves, and forget (if we
may be allowed to ball) to hide the knowledge
they do not possess.
The Senate stiU retains its respectability, and
gives promlS9 tor the future.
"OCTS AND INS."
In looking over the Senate as lt was assembled
this morning, one's thoughts could but go back
to those unlucky ones who had, perforce, gone
ont if om that small body of "ins," and become
part and parcel of that very large body of "outs."
Parson Cain, somehow, ls missed the most. Seen
flitting about from one house to another, we are
reminded that' those grandiloquent tones and
forcible jestures will not interest ns this session
Daddy Cain was shrewd, and used to give some
very keen answers to the broad hints that he had
"What, Mr. President,'' asked he, on the pas?
sage or the phosphate hil!, "should I stand on har?
ren, shores, witness the grand, majestic ship of
State, laden with legislative fruit, beardown upon
me, and allow lt to pass by to ambrosial cUmes ?
No; I.will hail thedear old hulk, and Jump aboard
and be watte*, too, to fairer lands."
Hoyt, from Colleton, takes his seat ta the gaile*
ry this time. His quondam opponents can lind
nothing bad enough to say about hun. The same
may be said or his. opponent, McIntyre, of
House fame last .v'<ar. Donaldson, or Chesterfield,
is among the ^ats, and seems in an unfortunate
way. Cha-;.ged with coasting hlmseir in, he still
remain^ nut, hut ls sanguine of representing
Ch'^te'rfleid yet. Jitlson thinks school books
preferable lo engrossed bills, and Cardoso, a mu?
latto, takes his place. Wright was willing to ex?
change much In the Senate for little on the Su?
preme Bench; and having gratified his ambition,
would doubtless like to trade over again. Dr.
Lnnney. from Darlington, standa aside to make
Way-,for the ponderous Whlttemore. lt's re?
freshing to see one deny oneself for ones' frieg?s.
Raftey remains in the Senate,- as does that
wheel-h?8?C<u^, aitli<w?b?ie former did not
answer to his Aime to-day.
. In the House, DeLarge, Ransier, Elliott,
UoBon and Neagle are the most prominent
Those who are re-elected include Dr. Bose
Boston, Bowley, Crews, Dennis, Grima, c. D
J. N. Hayne, Kuh, Meade. Moblcy, Mose!
O'Connell, Simons, Thompson and Whipper.
COMPLEXION OF THE GENERAL AS3EUBL1
The following will be found an accurati
complete statement of the complexion o!
present General As-embry :
The Senate couslsts of thirty-two members
teen of whom are for the long tenn, and
over. One of these, Henry BUCK, died durin
last year, and au election was ordered to fl
vacancy. Another (Wright) resigned. Of
eighteen, the following were re-elected: Dm
Dickson, Johnston, Maxwell, Nash, Swails
Wimbush. The following are new senators:
roughs, Cardozo, Clinton, Duvall, Holcombe
max. Mlsbaw, McIntyre, Smalls, Whlttemorc
Wilson. Mlshaw and Lomax have died sine
election, leaving thirty active senators. Th'
low inp are white: Allen, Arnim, Bleman,
roughs, Corbin, Dickson, Duncan, Duvall, Ko
Green, Hayes, Hayne, Holcoml-e, Leslie, il
gomery, McIntyre, Owens, Ros?, Whitten
Wilson-twenty. The following are colored:
ber, Cardozo, Clinton, Johnston, Maxwell, N
Ralney, Smalls, Sw?lls and Wimbush-ten.
There are five Democratic members, all wi
as follows: Bleman, Burroughs, Duvall,. Fe
and Holcombe. There ls one independent w
member, Wilson, from Anderson. Of the Rat
members, the following are white: Allen, An
Corbin, Dickson, Duncan, Greene, Hayes, Le
Montgomery, McIntyre, Owens, Rose and Wh!
more-thirteen. The'folio wing are colored: 1
ber, Cardozo, Clinton, Johnston, Maxwell, Ni
Ralney, Smalls, Swails and Wimbush-eleven
The House stands as follows: Forty-one m
hers reelected, eighty-three new; forty^n
white and seventy-ttve colored. There are lu
House twenty-two Reformers, one Independ
and one hundred and one Radicals; twenty
white Radicals and forty-nine colored Radlc
One member has died, leaving the Radicals a i
Jorlty of exactly one hundred, including
speaker of the lower House. On joint ballot
Radicals have a majority of one hundred :
eighteen; the blacks of sixteen.
The Senate Is organized with the following cc
Printing-Allen, chairman; Owens, Wlmbu
Hayes, Foster, Maxwell. .
Judiciary-Corbin, chairman; Leslie, MoHtgo
ery. Wilson, Holcombe.
Education-Hay ne, chairman; Duval, Mclnty
Railroad'-Leslie, chairman; Swails, Rose, J
Dim, Bleman, Barber, Allen.
Finance-Green, chairman ; Owens, Fosti
Hayne, Nif h. Duncan, Swails.
Contingent Accounts-Leslie, chairman; Nai
Rose. Arnim, Wimbush.
Clalms-Hayes, chairman; Wimbush, DIcksc
Burrows, Nash, Johnston.
Military-Swails, chairman; Burrows, Cardo:
Sreen, Hayne, Maxwell.
Public Buildings-Allen, chairman ; Dunca
Holcombe, Arnim, Cardozo.
Mines and Mining-Corbin, chairman; Wli
msb, Smalls, Maxwell, Burrows, Arnim, Mci
In corp .rat lons-Arnim, chairman; Dixon, Ma
well, Kiernan, Smalls.
Roads, Bridges ami Ferries.-Owens, chalrmai
Sash, Holcombe. Swails, Barber. .
Agriculture-Dickson, chairman; Duval, Wilso
Penitentiary-Hayne, chairman; Rose, Joh
?ton, Bieman. Holcombe.
Elections-Corbin, chairman; Owens, Haye
Montgomery, WU-on, Barber, Burrows.
Comity Offices-Arnim, chairman; Whlttemor
foster. Dickson. Corbin, Hayes, Duval.
Engrossed Bills-w hit re inore, chairman; Ca
Enrolled Bills-Maxwel1, chairman; Haym
Retrenchments-Joel Foster, chairman; Blemai
bis creating some loud smiling.-REP.]
PAST PRATING FOR.
n the election of chaplain for the Senate. Mi
?sile desired to indefinitely postpone the mattel
Ie did not wish to vote against any one's praj
ag for them, but he considered lt a place for rt
renchment to come in. He wanted to make tbi
>olnt: Rev. Mr. Adams had pray ed a l the lae
iesslon and they only got worse and worse, an
heir votes showed it. Mr. A.. however, drew hi
>er diem with striking regularity. It was a last
ng outrage to pray for this Senate. He though
hom Sit past pray Idg for, and that the ministe
) ray ed for the $6 per day rather than the good o
Mr. Corbin hoped the good old tlme-honorei
?ustom would continue, and his counsel pre
COMMITTEE OF TUE WHOLE.
As soon as the House had organized lt wen
tito a committee of the whole on the state of th<
jountry. Rather unexpectedly remarks of an In
:endiary nature were made. Whipper, -colored
ipened the ball, and spoke for some tim? abou
>rotecttng now those men who had during th<
campaign, as he said, exposed their lives. Tbi
'Hon." Joe Crews followed. Hi evidently ha l
iperit some time In preparing himself for th? ef
ort? Ills voice was lifted to the pathetic key,
md his eyes at least seemed as if they were not,
nfLCt, lu good working order. To those uaac
nstomed to Uncle Joe's touching appeals, anil
o those who have not seen him behind the
cenes, his remarks were touching, lt reminded
me too forcibly of the report of the Investigating
?ommlttee of last wluter, and seemed too
nuch like- thc Becond book of Mtrtyrs. Joe
vas closely questioned by the Radical members,
ind his remarks evidently taken with large
?rains of allowance. In answer to a question,
le'sald he was told that there were twelve per?
ons who were killed, but he had not gol their
lames. He thought it was the duty of the Gene
al Assembly to sustain hun, and all that he ask
d for himself was protection. He had been
iromlsed that the law should- be enrorced, and
.elleved that Governor Scott had done all that he
ould for him. [Joe seems to know thaj Scott's
annence in this Legislature ls pretty much ss
trong as lt was in the last, and doesn't want to
rray himself against the Dr.] He did not doubt
ut that If the whole of the constabulary were
ent to Laurens they would be, every mother's son
r them, murdered.
"Have you made a proper statement of these
jctstothe authorities';"' asked Davis, colored,
"What hj.ve they doae ?"
"Nothing," answered Crews. "There ls a plan
n foot, though, but lt ls private. General Grant
lid: 'I have no cavalry that I can send you.'"
Davis here got on the rampage, too, and ex
lalmed that thc present state of affairs w^g
oiLingnew. lt had continued from the murder
r ."^adolph. Ho wanted tho Legislatur^ to take
Tendons measures-to arm every ?xaoo\ boy, If
Crews then gave his versi^'of Q|3 trip to Wash
igton. in the midst of waich he was interrup'ed
j an anxious Inquire';, who wished to Know If
?ere was a railroad, running in the locality of
aurens. This, of course, brought down the
ouse, and Hutt .?red Joe so much that he brought
is remarks o,t the state of the country in general,
nd Laurels in particular, to a close.
One riember desired to try the experiment of
jading men to Laurens to see whether any one
"juid kill them.
After some dRQcuity, W. D. Wilkes, of Ander
ou, obtained the floor, and proceeded to answer
he appeal of Crews In a very able and dlgnl
led manner. In au instant he secured the atten
lou or the House, and not only caused great com
aotiou among the Radical members, but excited
he curiosity and admiration of his friends. He
innounced himself as a strictly no-party man. He
poke for and In the iuterest of peace. As a na?
ive South Carolinian, he was deeply humiliated
it what had happened In Laurens, and would do
di in his power to pass any laws that would pre
rent the recurrence of such things. He argued
n favor or reason-eatreated his fellow-members
o employ reason, and to check the present dis
ila y of passion. He was bound by no party lines.
Although Interrupted frequently by frivolous
I questions by Mobley ami others, he made a
lasting impression. At the conclusion of his
speech he was approached by DeLarge and others
ana warmly congratulated.
TUE UNITED STATES SENATORS HI Pi
Although the number of caudtdates for this
high office sjems to hare simmered down to three
or four, frere ls still reason to suppose that the
bold jame of gaining votes to s jil oat, which was
being consummated by so many some six weeks
ago, will be attempted. So many were the candi?
dates at that time, that it became quite n standard
password arnon? the Rad-publicans, "Are you a
candidate?" From Scott, along down the line to
Sancho Sanders, the fever had spread. Scott's
little game was a nice one, and it seems was just
as n eely foiled. The State constabulary were dis?
tributed in the upper country with Instructions to
organize the party and to run themselves into the
Legislature. The negroes, however, having noth?
ing but "turkey-buzzard," blocked the little game,
and Messrs. Constables are some where up a tree.
Space ls too valuable to show up all these Inge
When the election will come off lt ls impossible
to say at present; but if the election of a judge
for this circuit last winter bc any foreboding of
what we are to be Indicted with, then it had
better be to morrow and over with it. Money will
tell, and he whose purse ls the longest will have
the .surest race. Mr. Chamberlain's chances are
slim. lie ls trying a tumbling feat on- two horses
going in dur?rent directions. He now says that
every office In tho State would, if he had lils way,
be filled by the black man.
MOUE RECKLESS EXTRAVAGANCE.
But a glance inside the new hall, prepared for
the lower branch of tho Assembly, will show how
determined the present administration ls to con?
tinue and Increase the already enormous expense
of government. General Denals has certainly
displayed considerable taste In his selection of
furuishlng materials; but lt is an easy matter to
spend another's hard-earu'jd money, and trie-tax?
payers feel lt when they gaze on chandeliers large
and costly enough to light a good sized cathedral.
What with gas from lunes and the abcut equally
expensive valuable gas from the gashouse, poor
old South Carolina ls Indeed burdened.
Beside all this, there ls a very evident desire to
Increase thc number or attaches. In the Senate
lt was proposed to have three doorkeepers Instead
of two, as provided for by law. Ia the House, an
amendment increasing thc attaches from nine to
thirty-one was carried.
THE STATE PRINTfNG.
Among thc many fat pickings of the present
government the State printing has proven to be,
during thc past year, a most sweet morsel. So
tempting lt seems to have been that every legis
tor and lobbyist of any influence has been striv?
ing to secure at least a share of thc plunder. The
wisc ones have lt that Mr. Denny has pocketed
during the past year from this s mme, outside of
his berth as county treasurer, the sung sum of
twenty-five thousand dollars. Mr. D., of course,
clings to his hsrltagc with great tenacity, and lt
will be a strong combination tint will oust Wm.
Some timo since a. combinai ion was started by a
certain piloting company lu Charleston, and by
dint of constant hobnobbing with thc great pan
Jamderura, ensconced In the lower corner of the
Statehouse, ? sum of money was raised, and Den?
ny bought out. Denny still continued to do bu?
siness in his own name, and there seems to have
been some falling through or arrangements.
At present, two strong combinations are tus?
sling with each other. Tho Daily Union, as cor?
rectly reported to your Journal, ls a sort or fun?
gus growth, or reeler Tor the present lucky State
printer and some or his mends. Perhaps Mr.
benny says, "deliver ns rrora our Mends," but
that ls neither here nor there.
Tho second combination includes some two or
three young men or good business capacity, prac?
tical printers, and represents a capital of over
one hundred thousand dollars. They stand the
best chance for success.
The Phoenix, or this morning, announces its in?
tention or putting In a bid. but reels not at all
sanguine or success. O' course the highest mar?
gins offered wlU decide thc matter.
All those persona who are not candidates for
the United States Senate seem to bc putting their
Angers in this pie.
THE NEW YORK COTTON EXCHANGE.
How thc Institution will Ut nt fit the
This institution, organized in New York,
has been only seven weeks in operation, and has
already produced highly b?n?ficiai results. As
much as three hundred and fifty thousand bales
of co; ton has changed hands, and lt has exercised
thc most wholesome Influence In giving stability
to prices. The prejudices against such an Insti?
tution are rapidly giving way. It was thought in
some way to bc connected with monopoly. It
was conceived to give an lufluenco to capital con?
centrated at a centre that attracts and enjoys
nearly all the An uncial resurces or the country.
These views are rounded en misconception. Let
us calmly examine their grounds: ?
L New York, from geographical position, com?
mercial canses and financial resources, ls neces?
sarily tho centro where the sales or produce and
all the most Important negotiations for money
1 New York comprises the largest body or per?
sons engaged In trade, who are acquainted with
Its rules and are familiar with all i< a complexities.
As a consequence, lt has ample materials for the
formation of the various boards or committees
essential to the operattous of Buch au institution.
3. New York, by its connections and correspun
dence with thc most civilized portions or the
globe, is the natur il organ or comim-rclal Intel?
ligence for those parts or the United States, even
the most remote rrom the great centres of com?
mercial information in Europe.
But on ab-tr- ct considerations and in reference
to the interest of the producer such an Institution
will be found of unquestionable benefit to the cot?
ton trade. As regards disputes between buyer
and seller, differences are easily adjusted when
ti;ere ls a common arbiter. There are many such
differences in a market tor a staple so valuable as
cotton. A common standard as to quality is In?
dispensable. Accordingly the New York Cotton
Exchange has made low middling tho standard.
Thia ls the basis or all contracts, and disputes as
to grade receive a ready solution. In selling
for future delivery the buyer diminishes lils
chance of loss by paying differences before the
maturity of the coutract, while the seller has the
opportunity or realizing upon a falling market,
[q this way there ls preserved au e ?uallty cf
Tte objection to sales for future delivery, like
imitar sah-s for gold. Iles In the held for specula?
tion as alleged to be extended, bat there ls this
dluVrence: Gold -ls the regulator or all other
values, while lt IB Impracticable to check specuia
tiou In an article In such universal request as cot?
ton. The great benefit, however, or Bales in ad?
vance, ls that they give steadiness to prices, and
prevent ruinous fluctuation. This results rrnin
sales In an extensive m trket that gives a tone to
prices. The laws or trade- ultimately regulate
values: but ir the market ls adjusted by the influ?
ence or ?blindant capital, supply and d mand are
so equalized as to remove the causes or fluc?
tuation. Let us Illustrate this position: Thc
receipts or cotton at all the ports exceed
those or last year at the sime time io.ooo
bales, with larger receipts at the inland
depots. It ls not Improbable that the re?
ceipts one month hence will be lu excess 100.000
bales. Now ir this prospective excess could bo
reduced hy only 60,000 bales, ic will prevent thar,
pressure on the market which has a', times been
so Injurious to the Interest of planters. It will
distribute the supply over a longer period or time
and tend to equalize prices. There will be no ac?
cumulated surplus tn marker.
Let us, on the other hand, suppose a deficiency.
The planters will be admonished to hurry their
crops to market, as lu the other case to withhold
them from market until lt was relieved or a
threatened excess. These considerations lead to
the conclusion that ir all our great agricultural
staples were brought within the Influence or the
same causes, lt would diminish speculation in?
stead or promote it.
-Pr. Max Hirsch, editor or the Gewerkvereln.has
just been convicted in Berlin or the offence of In?
sulting Ring William by the publication or an ar?
ticle In his paper complaining or the kind -treat?
ment which che ex Emperor Napoleon III was re?
ceiving at Wilhelmshuhe. pr. Hlrsoli was sen?
tenced to an Imprisonment of two months. King
William seems to be Influenced by his feudal no?
tions or the "divine right of Kings.?
LATEST PEN PICTURES, DISPATCH
EE- RT AV RIAL MESSENGERS.
The Question of Food and thc Distribu?
tion or Supplies-Story of the Pigeon
Express- f lie Hopes of Trocha-Re?
viving thc Spirit? of the Besieged.
A fresh supply ol letters from Paris corres?
pondents reaches ns by way of London. The
latest date is October 00. We select from the cor?
respondence received interesting passages :
TH K FOOD Q0E8TI0N
ls still the I m por ant one of the day, and the prob?
lem ut distribution has not yet been soi v d in a
satisfactory manner. The pour are still (October
21) forced to form queues . before the municipal
staiis. receiving their quota of fresh meat only alter
long hours of walting. Hither the municipality
should open more stalls or return to the first
syst em of allowing the botchers to make th - dlstrl
SMon. In every quarter stalls are opened for
e sale of horse meat, but it has not yet come Into
general favor. The poor will not buy lt through
a feeling ofjea'ousy of the rich as much as any?
thing. . "The rich want the beef, and ihey w uki
put un off with the horse.'! ls -the cry, and it is In
vain ?hut the papers publish Btorlcs ofrtchfami*
l>ea which are reduced to the use of this meat.
A stall bus been opened just across the street,
and so far as appearance goes, the meat ls ele?
gant, but. Ike thousands of others, I should have
to DO very hungry before eating lt. I have had
four . days of life, when I was very glad to eat
mule meat, but s i long as there ta bread and veg?
etables, I shoul I pass the horse. It may be all
Imagination, but lt ls hard to swallow a piece of
this meat without having the reproachful eyes of
some faithful animal fastened upon your face.
Despite thc attempts to make lt popular I do not
think horse moat will ever be eaten ex?
cept as a last resort. To overcome the repug?
nance of the poor lt ls proposed to open shops
where the meat will De sold ready cooked. One
cannot imagine a better looking table piece than
.a roast of horse, for In appearance the meat ls far
superior to beef.
KEDUCTIOX OP JUTI0N3.
To-?Jay (October 26) the ration of fresh meat has
been considerably reduced, each person receiving
only about half a pound for two days. This ls the
ration of beef, mutton or pork only, for horse
meat and asses eau still be bought at will. Don?
key steaks now command a very high price, and
the be*>t parts of the horse are so dear that the au?
thorities will soon have to ration the poor wi;h
that meat. It ts evident that thc consumption of
horse has greatly Increased within a week, and
one .?ees long trains before thc stalls where horse
ls sold, as one formerly saw them before rhe other,
shops. This ls doubtless due to the dif
culiy of obtaining omer mear, but there
is a great deal in habitude or custom.
One muit confess that the repugnance to
horse-flesh is an idea merely, and this repug?
nance once conquered, one can eat horse with a
relish. The donkeys eeemed to serve as a step?
ping-stone to this end, for donkey-meat weat off
rapidly, and when there was none, those who had
eaten "lt took to horse without difficulty. To-day
the butchery opposite my windows has disposed
of five horses and two donkeys-the heads and
lungs alone remaining unsold to-night. The gon?
ers 1 use of horse-fl-sb will considerably prolong
the siege. I was told that, at the ordinary ration,
there remains beef and mutton for eight days
only ; but as the ration has been rednced 0 le-half,
and as one hair of the population is content to
eat horse, this will give ns meat for twenty-four
That Is, I believe, a few days over the tiru- de
rounded by General Trocha; Rc hopes to bo ready
for an attack-that ts. he hopes to have some
kind of assistance from without-In about twelve
or fifteen days. That he is confident of success is
seen by a remark which he made this morning, to
an AUK rican going out of the city. "It ls not
worth the trouble yon take," remarked the gene
ral. for before another mouth everybody can leave
who wishes." Aud why sho ild he not succeed?
Thc Germans have, say'three hundred thbusand
men. at the highest figure, before Paris. One hun
.dred thousand must be detached to meet the
enemy without, (if, indeed, the ottlclal statements
are true concerning that army,) und General Tro?
cha has 2&n,00J able-bodied men -under his
command, without counting the National Guard?,
who can do rampart dnty. At all events,
thc trial mast be m ide, and no one oan predict
the result. Atone moment I feel a ray of hope:
at another, I dcpalr of a victory over that
strong, steady, victorious army without. The
very sight of old Von Molkc's photograph, or a
glance at thc firm eye and compressed lips of that
aged King, makes one dread the day when the
Dual conflict must come. One looks in vain for
hope In thc face of Trocha, In the sullen counte?
nance of Rochefort. or In thc weak and smirking
self-complal-<anee of Jules Favre. Gambetta bas
a brow which one can look upon, and an eye of
Ure, while the calm dignity of Keratry's face
commands respect; bur I nope lt will not be ?den
sive to the French If I say that 11 Oner group or
heads than those given In thc portraits of tue Ger
mah chiefs were never placed in Paris wlnduws,
VEGETABLES NEEDED. '
Thus far there has been no lack in necessary
vegetables, althonuh the price has been raised a
little. Potatoes are stilt abundant, and to-day
the very finest of cauliflowers have been offered
for sale ou the stre.its. A bunch of chicory, large I !
enough for a comfortable salad, ls still sold for 11
five or six sous. It seems that In the strip of land
covered by the Ure of the forts trter? yet remains
a Urge quantity of vegetables unfathered. Last
week tim Government sent out a few hundred
boys, gu irded by tue soldiers, to dig potatoes,
and forty cart loads were* brought In. Now the
Minister of the interior Issues a decree organiz?
ing ?body of citizens for the purpose of gunering
the vegetables In the environs of Paris. Each
man thus engaged will receive ono franc per
diem, or seveuty-Ove centimes, with the privilege
of a certain amount of vegetables. Tue military
ls ordered to protect the men engaged In this
work. Tals ls a timely order, and lt will doubt less
?ive us a supply of fresh vegetub'.es for many
days to come.
BT riQEON' EXPRESS.
* Communication with'he government at Tours
has now boen established with tolerable regular!
tv, thanks to a tew men who, for some years past,
liave had a fancy for carrier-pigeons. These birds
have been bred with great care, und only a few
have been tried In bringing In news of the Chan?
tilly rac?s. Bat their instincts are almost unerr?
ing. Contrary to the cene ral suppositio 1, the
best birds aro not the parents-ihose which
hare raised-but the young birds of from eight
to ten months. The prize-birds-that is. those
which t ok drat prizes at the Exhibition I j
here-are ' valued at 400 or 500 francs, or I 1
from (80 to $100. A geutleman who had
near a hundred of these valuable pigeons I j
was lately sent out to Tours tn a balloon. 1
carrying thirty of his peta. They are .'oosci
with dlsp itches from time to tine; they
Dy direct to the cote, and are carried back in a j
balloon. The dispatches brought by pigeons are 1
now photographed, being reduced tn size S J that 1
a dispatch or the length of this paragraph can
be put upon a piece or lin : paper, no larger than
a twenty-five cent piece in sliver, with large '?
magnlfytug-Klasses, the writing can bc easily 1
read. The paper ls very carefully bound around
a Bingle feather npon the body, and care must '
be taken to fasten it so that the 'tension wld not
Incommode 1 he bird, or he ??ay pause to pluck
out the feather. Several birds arrived without
dispatches, and, as. I; wa3 clearly due to the
waut of expcrtcn<'G In fastening the paper, thc 1
owner of the pigeons was sent out to Tours.
EFFORTS AT ANIMATION.
Attempts are being continued to animate ns by
a little music and occasional dramatic perform?
ances. Tn-day wa had a religious ceremony at
the Madeleine, cherubtni's requiem In Ut Mineur,
and the funeral march from Beethoven's Heroic
Symphony, were the musical selections accom?
pany ng the mass, between which and theotfer
t orv we hud an address iroui thc Abbe Dnquerry.
It was admirably suited to the occasion, and his
picture sf the desolation of France at the present
moment created a great sensation. Tne Abbe has
lost none or his old fire and power of language.
The musical department was the gratuitous con?
tribution or ihe .society ur Concerts ur the Conser?
vatoire, which mustered in force, and d d Its part
excellently. The ceremony waa for the beueOt or
the wounded, sume hair-dozeu of whom occupied
seats at thc side of thc left nave. Mlle. Havert,
of the Theatre Francois, collected. Sha seemed to
have great success.
Experience of an American Lady.
Au American lady, long resident or Paris-a
distinguished artist, who ls still pursuing her
studies and dolug her work amidst the turmoil or
the siege, and who ls following the sortie parlies
to gather fresh materials Tor her paintings-writes
every ten days per balloon to her husband, who
was compelled to return to this country on im?
portant business. In a letter of recent date she
writes as follows:
I am doing something In painting every day.
There ls scarcely anything thought of but the
war, the siege, and to get enough to eat, and to
make a Ure. This week our portion or meat for
each grown person is cut down to about one
eighth ot a pound per day, and will soon be to
one-tenth of a pound. It ls thought there wlU be
fresh meat about a month longer. Now people
begin to eat horse meat freely. Two weeks ago
hori-es were suld for ten cents each, or given
away, for want of food. Now these same horses
would br Int 300 francs to eat.
Paris ls in gool condition, when we think it has
stood the siege almost six weeks. General Trochn
says be has bis plans and that he is sure or suc?
cess withouk the provinces. He is waiting for
guns to te made. He called for subscriptions for
1500 more cannon, and to day's papers say that
the lists are already filled for looo. A large num?
ber arc to be delivered by November 15.
There are several hundred thousand French?
men learning rapidly to bo soldiers. But I near
that General Trochu doo3 mt intend to make any
great attack before > tie last of November. It has
certainly bees a great thing that the French have
kept off the bombardment of Paris almost six
weeks. The forts and the boats on the seine have
dismounted thc batteries as fast as the Prussiaus
have mounted them.
1 weat outside of Paris as far as the village of
Issy, during the last great combat, when lt is sup?
posed that the French lost soo and tho Prussians
(who got lu between two or three fires) 12C-0. I
saw the smoke and flash of the cannon, the move?
ment of the troops, and the burning of the palace
of St. Cloud. I met some of the Prussian prison?
ers as they were being marched Into Paris. Ali
Paris ls working to keep off the Prussians, and,
when all Is ready, to make a grand attack. I shall
not be surprised if we keep along about like this for
several weeks longer. I think Paris can stand
the siege for three months longer by living upon
Last sunday Mr. Fran?ais, Mr. Cordler and son,
Rosa Bonhenr's sister and husband, all dined
with me. They all seemed to enjoy lc very much,
and said I had a delicious little dinner.
No charcoal is to be nought; coke and coal are
scarce, and very little gas is allowed to be burned.
The streets are so dari; and still that I am almost
afraid to go out with the bonne in the evening at
7 o'clock. I do not need to go ont often/ Purls
ls very quiet and orderly.
THE POPE A PRISONER.
Reported Interview wita Archbishop
Spalding-\ Taits. About Rome, the
Pope, thc Council and Italian Unity
The "Interviewers" of Washington are get?
ting to bc as notorious as those of New York.
We published some talk reported by one of these:
enterprising Individuals with Mr. Creswell on
politics. Now wo And one of them talking with
the venerable Archbishop of Baltimore, the mat?
ter or which ls published in the Washington Re?
publican. In this conversation the Archbishop is
represented to have spoken In regard io the Pope,
the Vatican Council, Italian unity, Aa, as follows:
Why, slr, the Pope ls a prisoner to all Intents
and purposes. The guards outside his palace
belong to the Italian Ring. The few inside are ?
tne Pope's, but they are powerless for anything.
The ou tani- world has no idea of the state of
things tu Rome at this moment. Those who write
from there to the papers are carried away by the
ignlaftiluus they call liberty, and can speak or
nothing bnc the glorious dawn of freedom and tho
unltlCitlon or Italy. Those who shout loudest
about liberty have no more Idea of thc true mean?
ing of the term th in our own Indians, ir lt be
liberty to murder priests, outrage nuns, set re?
ligion and the head of the church at defiance,
desecrate the altars of God, and revile the things
aud the traditions which have been held sacred
for eighteen centuries, then there ls an abun?
dance of lt. But as for any true conception of
the thing, as for understanding that freedom In
Its best and broadest sense ls perfectly compati?
ble with reverence ror law, the established usages
of society, thefo?ms of religion, and all else that
enters Into the necessary compact beCwccu scien?
tific aud political progress and Christian morali?
ty, there la an utter want.
AB to the Invasion of the Papal terri lory by
King Victor Emanuel, lt was an act that tran?
scends In guilt any outrage of the ceutury. It
wa<t done In violation of solemn treaties guaran?
teeing the independence of thc Pope. Advantage
was taken of the difficulty In which France was
Involved to steal away the territory which the
PopeB have had for centuries. No reasons were
assigned, no provocation complained or even, no
declaration or war ma le; but troops were set tn
motion and marched'down .upon Home like a
gang of trained brigands. This was done on the
film-iy pretext of political necessity, as ir any
necessity could justify roobery and spoliation.
There was more than injustice lc the crime. To
violate the sanctity of a territory which all the 1
world agreed t>.hold sacred, and belonging not ;
to the Pope, but to the millions or Catholics
throughout the world, was flagrant sacrilege.
This territory was essential to the free exercise
or the Papal power. It bore to the Christian
world the relative position that the District or
Columbia holds to thc United States. It was
considered that a small territory, like that or
Rome, enjoy lug Independence or all thc neigh?
boring States, would guarantee tho pontiffs an im
Imunty from embarrassment In the execution of
the duties pertaining to their sacred office-as the
District of Columbia was found essential to give
to the Congress and Government of the United <
State a place of meeting and transacting the
business or the nation untrammelled by thc influ?
ence or any particular State or section. The de?
sign of the Papal territory was similar. It was ,
wise In conception and conducive to the strength
and Independence of the Papacy.
The plebiscite submitted to the people was a dc- i
oeptlon. At least fifteen thousand strangers to
Rome were allowed to vote, and money was free?
ly distributed to insure a voce lu favor of the in?
vaders. Ten Napoleons bought as many votes, j
Children were made electors, and the vilest char- ,
acters lee loose from the jaUs had a voice In the
plebiscite. The respectable element of society la 1
Rome set their faces against the act and the pre- 1
tensions of the Italian Government. The whole ,
project was conceived and carried out with a wily
pretence of serving the Interests of Rome and
saving it from some sunposltlons enemy. The
Klug knew that the outrage he was about to com?
mit would arouse the Indignation of all Christen- I
ilom, and hence the strenuous e farts he made to. ,
cover np the lnramy he was about to perpetrate
hy assuming to take upon himself thc protection ?
of the Uoly See and submitting a plebiscite to the
people for his own oieatures to vote upon, .
The Ocumeti leal Council would have lasted a
year or so longer ir lt had not been for this treach- 1
emus invasion. The bishops had to fly ror their '
lives. An Oriental prelate, who happened to ,
wear a long beard, was sec upon in the streets
one day and uearly killed. Several priests were
assassinated, and murder at this moment stalks i
through the streets or Rome unchallenged. Dur?
ing the hot summer a number or bishops 1?re .
Rome, leaving about two hundred, what might be
called a quorum, behind. All would have re?
turned in the winter, and the Connell wonld pro?
ceed wh h Its business. We had a great deal to
do before we could have adjourned. There were '
forty Importune questions left untouched on the
breaking up of the Council. The dogma of inf alli- ,
hihtv was disposed of, but that was not th: mose
lin "brunt matter we had lo consider. 1
We did not meet specially to define and settle I
the dogma of infallibility, for that was virtually ,
decided before we met. The final vote taken In
the fourth public session, held on the l8tn of July,
stood-placet 633. non placet 2. It was an error
to call lc an (Ecumenical Council. Ic was a simi
iar council to those which have previously been '
:i-ld to consider all matters directly or Indirectly i
affecting the church. Thc doctrine of Infallibility <
was one of the questions which needed a fixed
status. This has been given to ic, and lt ls now
iet tied forever. Subjects on church discipline, on
Hiing of vacant SHCS, oriental orders and foreign j
missions, had to be left untouched.
In regard to Papal Infallibility, the Archbishop
states the proposition clearly and tersely. The
Pope ls, of course, noe infallible as regards his
temporal powers or decisions, or lt may be even
as regards his private morals, although no man
living ls personally purer than Plus IX ; but he ls
infallible as the head of the Church, which ls In?
fallible. The infallibility question was settled by
the Ocumenlcal Council finally and beyond ap?
peal, and lt was decided by an overwhelming vote
after a full discussion.
TROOPS FOR GEORGIA.
WASHINGTON, November 23.
Sherman has gone to Cleveland. He will
retnrn on Saturday. All claims to be adjudicated
by the Mexican Commissioner which were not
filed prior to February 1st, 18C9, will bc rejected
by the commissioner. Uuder this rule two cases
have already been rejected. A namber or troops
have been ordered to Georgia, to aid In enforcing
the execution or the Congressional election law
in that state at thc approaching election. Atlanta
will be the point or distribution.
INDIANAPOLIS, November 23.
The Immigration Convention met to-clay
with Colonel A. T. Shaw, or Memphis, temporary
shairman, who made a speech. A committee on
credentials was appointed. A resolution was
adopted in vi1 lng the Governors or all the States
and the senators and representatives In Congress
to take part in the deliberations. The call showed
the following Southern States to be present: Ar?
kansas, Mississippi, North Caro Ina. Missouri,
Tennessee aud West Virginia. The Convention
-The Mayor of Strasbourg has sent an official
letter of thanks to the Burgomaster of Cologne for
his generous efforts tn getting up a subscription
for the Inhabitants of that ruin, whloh was once a
city. The worthy mayor, however, seems to be
rather behind the times, as his communication
bears the Imperial eagle, and the Inscription,
A G EXEU AL BATTLE AROUND PARIS
Renewed Excitement In England-Tar?
key Willing to nave the Black Sea
Opened-Successful Sortie from Paris
-Concentration of German Troops
Around Pari?-The Germans Abandon
Northwest and Southeast France
Plans of the French.
LONDON,. November 23-Afternoon, j
The news ls more warlike. There ls consid?
erable excitement on tue stock exchange.: Ru-'
mots are current of hostile dispatches iron Russia.
The Moscow papers ar?lese insolent and confi?
dent than those at St. Petersburg.
The Duke of Cleveland, writes the Times, argu?
ing against a war with Russia, says: England
ls without an army for foreign service, and with?
out allies except Austria and Turkey, both of'
whom are bankrupt.
Russia's reply ls expected on Thursday. It is
generally thought lt will be unfriendly.
Late Calcuttaftadvices announce that the threat*
ened Russlan'compllcatlons have completely pros?
trated ouslness. The market is overstocked with
Manchester goods. Heavy losses are expected.
The war office distinctly contradicts the reception
of a reply from Russia.
LONDON, November 23.
It ls reported here to-day that Turkey, for the'
sake of peace, ls anxious to have the Black Sea
A semi-official statement has been received
from Vienna to-day to deny that Austria has pro-1
posed a conference relative to the Eastern ques?
tion. It ls also denied that Italy declines to co?
operate with England and Austria for the en?
forcement of the provisions of tbe Paris treaty.
The Times has a special telegram from Constan?
tinople that.the Sultan invokes the Interposition or
the guaranteing parties.
The Morning Post has information confirming:
the report that Italy will act in concert with
England and Austria.
PBSTH, November 23. '
In the Diet, yesterday, Count An drossy, on be?
ing questioned, declined to give any lorormatlon
as to negotiations with Russia touching the Black
Sr. PETERSBURG, Ncvember 23
To an address from a Lithuanian regiment, the
Czar replied yesterday: "I hope there will be no
war; but If God wills it, you will prove your
known devotion "
VIENNA, November 23.
Soldiers whose terms expire are only dismissed
upon .furlough in view of the probability of war.
Nxw YOBX, November 23.
A special telegram to the Tribune from Vienna
says: "It ls reported that the refusal of Turkey
to co operate with England ls officially denied;
also the statement that Benst had submitted to
the proposition fora European Congress. Aus?
tria, though desiring peace, wlT act promptly
with the other European powers."
. The War in France.'
LONDON, N?veme ?r 23.
Reports from the north or France axe favorable
to the French. The sieges of Montmedy and Me*
zieres were suddenly raised. The besiegers mov?
ed towards the Interior of France. Lille is well
armed, provisioned and garrisoned. Waruke
manufactures are progressing actively. Engi?
neers think LDle nearly as strong os Metz.
? Four French lron-clads are In position off Tor?
bay. Another ls at Buxam coaling.
tm the 13th Instant the sharpshooters in General
Trochu's army made a sortie from Paris aa far as
Champagny, three miles southeast of Vincennes.
At-that point a large body of Prussians were dis?
lodged, and the stores collected there destroyed.
The Parisians returned to camp without serious
Rn mora arc lu circulation that renewed efforts
Tor an armistice wera made lately.
The stories that the manufactories of M. Schnle
1er. at La Cruzot were sold to au American
:ompany are authoritatively denied.
The annexation of Bavaria to North Germany
s Imminent. The annexation treaty with War
tembnrg was signed to day. All foreigners, In*
Eluding neutrals, are forbidden to leave Paris.
The Prussians had already forbidden them to pass
the Prussian lines.
BBUSSBLS, November 23.
The Independence Beige has Paris advices by
balloon to the 19th. The organization or the Clvlo
Guards, composed mostly ol foreigners, ls com?
pleted. Ulany citizens,.unfit for active service,
are enrolled in the guards, who execute orders of
the government, distribute rations to the citizens
and soldiers, and perform other services of a mili?
tary character. The morale of the people ls ex?
The Germans were massing on the northern
?tide of the city, near St. Denis.
Advices from Tours are to noon yesterday. "The
Prussians threaten Nogent. Leratron and Lemana
with 30,000 troops. Another force ls moving on
reatan. It ls denied that the army of the Loire ls
to move towards Paris.
Several commands In the north of France, In?
vading Bourbaki's, are suppressed. The entire
command ls assigned to General Farr. Bourbaki
s expected at Tours, to take command of the 18th
army corps In the army of the Loire.
VERSAILLES, November 23.
Dispatches yesterday report several skirmishes
louth of Laloop, In all of which the French were
successful. The S3d French regiment captured
one gun from the Prussians.
TOUBS, November 23.
Last night Bourbaki arrived. A great battle ts
Imminent. The design appears to be to press the
enemy'B centre at Etamps by a column or 150,000
men moving from Augerolles, while simultaneous
attacks will be made all along his extended line,
west and northwest of Etamps.
A correspondent who visited the entire Frenoh
line from Nevers to Rouen, says there is an en?
trenched camp at Ronen with 150,000 National
Guards and Gardes Mobiles, and from there one
unbroktn line of entrenched camps extends to
Evreux and Le Mans. Between Le Mans and
Boulvlre there ls an extremely strong force
amounting to s?tfy two guns, manned by sailors
and Mobiles from the south of France. Le Mans
ls garrisoned by Pontifical Zonaves. From Le
Mans the lines extend west to Orleans, and
northwest to Augerolles. The correspondent IB
forbidden to give further details, but says the
whole strength ls underestimated at 300,000,
while the equipment, zeal and discipline are per?
A special telegram from Havre says a column
or fifteen hundred Prussians advanced from
Mantes, along the north bank of the Seine to
Vernon, where lt was encountered by a detach?
ment of the army or the north and routed. Fifty
were killed, and a number taken prisoners.
Nothing has been heard from Evreux.
NEW YORK, November 25.
A special telegram to the World from London
gives advices of the abandonment on the part of
the Germans of. the northwest and southwest of
France. Confirmed dispatches from Berlin to?
day state that all thc German forces are concen?
trating around Paris to form a defensive semi,
circle from Etamps via Chartres and Dreux to
Mantes, with Frederick Charles on the south,
the Duke or Mecklenburg on the west, and Gene?
ral Man teu ffel on the north.
General European News.
BEELIN, November 23.
.The election In Schleswig, generally resulted In
favor of the candidates who support the proposi?
tion for annexation to Denmark.
The treasury agent ls In charge of Collector
Rodney W. Daniela's office, In -B?rralo, N. T. Dan?
iela ls accused or using customs ronde for private
IMP OS IN G MEMORIA, lt V titi M <
IN HONOR OF GEN. ZEE.
RALEIGH, N. 0., November 23. .,
Memorial observances, in honor of General
Robert E. Lee, were celebrated to-day according
to the published - programme. The procession
formed at the ex eco tl ve mansion 4a the folio w
lngorder: Music, chief marshal and assistants,
soldiers of the late Confederate States anny,
clergy, eulogist-ex-Governor Z. B. Vance,
State officials, members of both Houses of
the Legislature, city officials, Masonic fraternity,
Odd Fellows. Friends of Temperance, Ure depart?
ment, Sunday-schools, citizens. The flag o ver the
capitol was at i.aif-mast, by resolution of each
bouse or the Legislature, which a-ljourned to par?
ticipate in the solemnities. The bells tolled dar?
ing the movement or -the ?procession: Busi?
ness generally was suspended, and the stores
and private nouses were-'"arrayed In"';'the
insignia of menning.-' The ? torno ut of trie
citizens waa unusually large,-'and' the whole
population seemed to have ' partiel sated in
the solemnities. Tacker Hall was crowded to
tte utmost capacity, about twelve hundred per?
sons finding seats, while a far larger number
were nnabl? to obtain admittance. A poem by
Mrs. Downing was most beautifully read by Maj it
Seaton Gales, and -the oration by Governor
Vance was surpassingly eloquent and. most ap?
propriate to thesubject and occasion-atribute to
the memory of a great soldier and a good -man : 7
BK A HT SUTLER ON THE WAR I'A III.
WASHINGTON, November 20.
Bailer, in his. speech, at Boston, said that
the work of the Republican party having been ac?
complished, the party will split on side issues. He
claims that the Democratic party ls equally divid?
ed. England, he said, thouid be brought to im?
mediate account. It would be cowardly to press
her when she was Involved la war. He blames
the Democratic party for defeating valuable West
India acquisitions, notwithstanding Its time-hon?
ored desire for the acquisition of Cuba. Bailer
suggests non-intercourse with Great Britain
as the best means. to bring ber to terms.
The reparation which England should make
to the United States was her naval stations
at Jamaica, Nassau and Bermuda. He did not
ask Canada, bat Would be wining- for the people
of the Dominion to settle their doctrines for them?
selves by a vote. In speaking of the temptations
to make war upon England, he said that lt would
unite the entire country; would be a war upon
the ocean, and inexpensive; would give os Cana?
da, and as a Republican and partisan her would
say that ?ach a war would perpetuate the Repub?
lican party for more than three generations.
REPAIRING SOUTHERN FORTS.
WASHINGTON, November 23.
The report of the Secretary of the Interior
has the following regarding the Southern forts?
Fort Moultrie, Charleston, appropriation required
$76,000; estimated cost of modifications $16,000-,
Fort Sumter, Charleston, $50,000; estimated cost
for completion $87,000. Fort Johnson, Charles?
ton, $42,000. Castle Pinckney, Charleston, $7000.-'
Fort Jackson, Savannah River, say $16,000. Fort
Pulaski, Georgia, $53,000. Fort Clinch, Amelia
leland, Florida, $50,000; estimated amount re?
quired for completion $100,000. Fort Jefferson,
Tortugas, ] Florida, $8.1,000. Fort Morgan,'
Mobile Bay, Alabama, $6000. Fort Plkey
Wright's Pass, Louisiana, $24,000. Fort Ma*
comb, Chief Hen tenor Pase, Loaslana,. $24,000.
Fort Jackson, Louisiana, $100,000; estimate of
the coat of the work, $191,000;. Fort st. Philip,
Louisiana, $75,000; estimated cost or the work,
108,000. Fort Livingston, Louisiana, $88,000. - -
Also the tallowing regarding the Pacifie Rail?
roads, ba which the South is interested.
"At the close of the last fiscal year, the amount
of subscription to the stock of the Southern Pa?
cific Railroad was $1,800,000, actually paid in
$280,000. It has contracted for the parchase of
the San Francisco and San Jnan Railroad tar the
sum or ?2,700,000 In gold, payment to' be* made
and possession to be taken by the 3lst December
next. The Union Pacific Railroad Company's
southern branch, now the Missouri, Kansas and
Texas Railroad Company; the Kansas and Ne
osha Valley Railroad Company, and the Leaven?
worth, Lawrence and Port Gibson Railroad Com?
pany, were fully heard lu the right of their re-'
spective companies to construct railroads from
the Southern boundary of Kansas through the
"I also considered the objections of the repre?
sentatives of certain Indian tribes, through
whose lands the projected lines of road would
pass. After a most careful examination, I
reached the conclusion that the existing JAWS
and treaties authorized the construction of one
railroad on certain conditions, with which neither
company had then compiled. On a further hear?
lng, lt was shown that the first named company
had completed Its road to a designated point on .
that boundary, and I hold that lt. was entitled to
extend Its Une through said territory."
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
The Pennsylvania Railroad company hare
guaranteed bonds tar building four iron steam?
ers for a Une thence to Liverpool.
Hay ti looks tar 20,000 emigrants from Vene?
zuela, when the Island ls annexed to the United
A collision on the Matanzas Railroad, m Csrj?T,
killed five persons and wounded nine.
_ fiailroaos. _
S" AVAJSI?AHA?D CHASL?STO^R????
PASSENGER TRAINS on this Road raryJaliy M
Leave Charleston...8,80 A M.
Arrive at Savannah.albo P.M.
Leave Savannah.11,15 A. M.
Arrive at Charleston.......6.20P. M.
Connects at Savannah with the Atlantic A Golf
Railroad for Jacksonville, St. Augustine, and aU
points in Florida.
Witn Central Railroad tar Macon, Atlanta, Mo?
bile, New Orleans and the West.
With Steamboats Tor points on the Savannah
At Charleston with the Northeastern and Sooth
Carolina Railroads, and Steamships tar ail points
North and West. m
Through Tickets over this line on sale at Hotels
la Charleston; Sere ven House, Savannah; and all
principal Ticket offices North and South,
Freights forwarded dally to and from Savan?
nah and all points beyond.
Through Bills or Lading Issued to Jacksonville,
Tariff as low as by any other line.
C. S. GADSDEN,
oct6 Engineer and Saperia tendent.
?J^ORTHE ASTERN RAILROAD.
Trains leave Charleston dally at 0.30 A. M.,
(Sundays excepted,) and 0.80 P. M.
Arrive at Charleston 7.80 A. iL, (Mondays ex?
cepted,) and 6 P. M.
Train leaving at 0:80 A M.. makes through con?
nection to New York via Richmond and Aqnuv
Creek only-going through in 42 hoars, and with?
out detention on Sunday.
Train leaving at 6:80 P. M., have choice or route
via Richmond and Washington, or Bay route via
Portsmouth and Baltimore. Passengers leaving
Friday by this train lay over on Sunday in Balti?
more ; those leaving on Saturday remain Sunday
in Wilmington, N. 0.
This is the cheapest, quickest and most pleasant
route to Cincinnati, Chicago and other points
West and Northwest, both trains making done
connections at Washington with Western trains of
Baltimore and Ohio RaLW
Engineer and Superintendent.
P. L. CLEA-OB, General Ticket Agent. ?,
QJBTERN AND WELL PUMPS, OP IM?
PROVED KINDS, FOR SALE BY WM. SHEP?
HERD A CO., Sa 24 HAYNE STREET AND No.
$6 PINCKNEY STREIT. TS