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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1465.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1870.
S?X DOLLARS A YKAH.
THE UNION REFORM CAUSE.
FAREWELL ADDRESS OF THE EX?
To thc Members of tlic Union Reform
The time has arrived when it becomes
proper to announce to you thc termination of the
labors and responsibilities of your Executive
Committee at an early day, anil the dissolution
ol the party as an organization under the conven?
tion of June last.
Had the party been successful, or even so far
supported by the colored people ns to furnish any.
reasonable ground or hope that we might succeed
in the next general election, it would have been
emlnrntly wise and proper to have held together,
to labor'with renewed energy and raith for the re?
demption of tim State by the same means whereby
we had achieved such encouraging results. But
we cannot disguise the fact tr.at though the ma?
jority against 03 returned bj thc ofllcers or elec?
tions is probably rraudulcnt to the extent or more
than 20,000 votes, yet enough remains to demon?
strate that all our efforts have failed to conciliate
tho colored voters to any hcpeful extent. Nay, lt
is even evident that as a people they arc more em?
bittered against the white race than arter the
Demfsratlc campaign or ISO?, and very much !
more so than at thc beginning of the late can- j
vass. Hence there would be no propriety in con?
tinuing efforts which have been so perverted as
rather to alienate than to attract those whom wc
would win to ou?- standards. Oz the contrary, it
is both wise and Just that room should be made
for other agencies to do the work that must be
done to save the perishing Sute. Those who take
oar place In the arena will And t he whites arrayed
in solid phalanx, steady and determined, ready,
willing and prepared to do ?.r.J to dare all that
honor would sanction or God approve, to rescue
their people from ruin and despair. They will
also find by the side of these a falthrul and heroic
band of colored men, who, rising above the preju
dices of ?helr fellows, and appreciating the claims
of honesty and the necessity of good government,
have braved dangers and persecutions calculated
to try the stoutest heart, and vindicated their
rights as freemen by voting, even at the risk of
Ufe, for the men and measures of their choice -a
band to t?e fostered and cherished under all th?
stern vicissitudes of thefuture.
They will find, also, that no barrier exists be?
tween the good people or this State and any or?
ganization of conservatism that can arise m the
next two years by reason of thc .principles an?
nounced and established by the Union Reform
party. On the contrary, we have thereby been
brought into perfect harmony with that type of
Democracy now triumphant in so many States,
and that enlightened and conservative Western
Republicanism which has so nobly and signally
won the great State of Missouri nnder the broad
banner of Tree trade, universal suffrage, universal
amnesty and enfranchisement. This solidarity
" of our good citizens, and their harmony with the
better class of political ?deas now swaying the
great masses ol the American people, and destined,
we trust, to restore their broken unity lu 1872, are
fruits of the Union Reform movement, well worth
the raithrul labor which they cost.
These, however, are not the only fruits result?
ing from ihe liberal policy and the self-sacrificing
labors of the party.-, It has exposed to universal
execration the corruptions of the State govern?
ment, and the persons controlling It, and forced
its officials and organs within the State, and its
friends without, to demand reformation. It has
demonstrated to every fair mind the determina
Hon of the white people of this State to abide by
the accomplished results of the war, and removes
all pretext for further persecution on the part of
the General Government. It hos washed tts hands i
of all the blood that may hereafter now m a con?
flict bf races, so apparently imminent ia certain
localities, by a public aud solemn concession of
legality to the rights of the colored race, acquired
by informal and revolutionary processes, thu3
laying upon the altar of peace all it had to offer
consistent with honor, self-respect and self-pres-,
ervation. Finally, lt has developed the true con?
dition of society m the State, and the real and
vital nature of the contest in which we are en?
gaged, and haB demonstrated, beyoud a doubt, -
that Radicalism lu South Carolina rests upon the
antagonism of the negro race to the Southern
whites. That we have been defeated by this an?
tagonism as apriaciple, will appear from a review
of the canvass.
We enteredjthe contest by laying down a plat?
form on? the rights of race, identical and co?
extensive with the legislation of the Republican
Congress upon that subject. We invited men of
all parties, upon f iat basis, to unite in an effort to
reform the present, "incompetent, extravagant,
'.prejudiced and corrupt administration of the
"State government, and to. establish instead
"thereof just and equal liws, order and harmony,
"economy in public expenditures, a strict ac?
countability of office-holders, and the election to
"office only of men or known honesty and In?
We put forward as the State candidates a prom?
inent Republican, who had proved himself a cap?
able and just judge, and a Democrat and emi?
nently representative Carolinian, popular and
distinguished. Tne people, in their county nomi?
nations geuerally observed the same spirit of
compromise, and selected as their candidates
white and black, Democrat and Republican
giving full effect to tho principles or the platform.
Certainly ir ever a party was orgaulzel outside ol
political Issues, this was. There was literally
nothing in it to repel any citizen or any school or
politics, except the row who, clinging to the issues
of the past, were offended by the liberal conces?
sions made to the colored people. If, therefore,
we could establish our charge against the- then
existing ad nlnlstratton or the State government,
we had a right to count; upon the support of all
honest men. Those charges were, in general
terms, Incompetency, extravagance, prejadlceand
corruption, and there ls not a county or precinct
lu the State where they were not proven to be
true to the conviction of the commonest under?
standing, and to an extent wholly unparalleled
in the annals of civilized governments. These
proofs were never refuted. Some errors In par?
ticular specifications were occasionally pointed
ont; Hat as a whole they stood une mtroverted as
they were incontroversible- inefacebly Impressed
upon the recorded acts or thc government. Had
the battle been permitted to rest upon this issue,
yon would to day have been rejoicing in the restor?
ation or peace and good government to this strick?
en and desolated State. The wicked leaders or the
prejudiced aud benighted masses of colored people,
who looked to them forguldar.ee with tiie simple
faith of childhood, knew too weil where their
strength lay not to avert tin? blessed boon from
their deluded followers. Trna to the principle or
"role ani min," which has ever actuated them
since they came among us, they appealed to thai,
spirit of antagonism winch s;umbered, until they
came and led their victims b'in-led to the sacri?
fice. They pretende J that we were no: In earnest
that our leading mcu did not support us: that our
liberality of principle and practice was but pre?
meditated treachery-a sub: ie and deceptive,
scheme to acquire power; that that pawer, when
acquired, would be used to put them back into
slavery; that we were the same people who had
held them in bandage for so many generations,
and fought four years to rivet their chains, and
could never be trusted. They raked the ashes or
the past to find the old sores of slavery, opeued
them afresh, and revelled in the torture they in?
flicted by the cruel pictures ?hey drew of wrongs
which were either never endureJ.or as exceptional
as child-mnrder In New England. The more
fiercely raged thc mad passions of the crowd, the
greater their efforts to aggravate and infuriate
thesis They told them every conceivable s tory
they could invent to make them believe that we
sought their ruin. Every brawl betwee
ur.il black '.vas magnified int} the begit
war against their race. They were told
would prevent their voting by violence,
this pretext they were arrae.1 by the Si
further to alarm and excite them. Titi
told that we were rebels, enemies' of the I
aid State Governments; that thc Presid?
the Governor, and the great Republican
were our enemies and their ft lends; tb
would never bc hurt do what they
that high taxes were nothing to
they didn't pay thom; that it wou'd b<
for them if the landholder should bo
to sell his lands down to a mere homestead
would then have homes through the opera;
the land commission and other causes; t
the accumulated property here was tho rc
their labor; that it rightfully belonged to
anti that the way to get it was to vote fo
they were pleased to term "the Rcpt
party,' meaning the tuiiag dynas'y in
Carolina.. These were the arguments with
thc pretended friends and self-constitute
visers of the colored peop'e met the solem".
Offering or the whites, ratified by them
larger vote than has been polle.1 since the
To these appeals to prejudice, cupidity i
norance we responded, that we were inc
pf thc frauds imputed to us; that the white
united in support of our measures, and wc
proveby their votes; that we had neither I
clinatlon nor the power to remaud them to sh
nor con'.'! we In any way abridge their rh
we would; that we were not responsible ft
I introduction of slavery; that South Cnroiii
statnte, twice protested against It; that
been continued ia ob.di en cc to a suppose
essity; that thc system, good or bad, hi
merit of redeeming them from heathen barb
to make them what they were; that we wen
ored by the Almighty in being chosen foi
masters and teacher?, rather than their Xor
friends-that was to be presumed. Ile r
well by them when he did so choose; that tl
p?riment of the two races coexisting in thc
I State rpon equal terms, in peace and amity
i yet to be tried; that wc were ready to do our
but If they made our former relations a grou
hostil .ty, we could never be at peace, sine
! could never change thc past; that the State I
not prosper BO long as the- government was
? mi mst c. ed by the one race, in a spirit of hos
to thc other; that the mad appeals to their
sions and resentments could only lead to viol
and blood, If they yielded to them; that w<
proved our claims t o the protection of the l
by accepting the terms Imposed by our
quorors, and that they, not we, were rebels
resorted to arms and violence agalast us in
of peace; that neither President nor Gove
could protect or .encourage them lu such a coi
without violating his constitutional oath; tba
had a right to claim thc support of true Rep
cans, because we had accepted Hie laws impi
by them; that ir they brought on a war aga
thc whites, they would be crushed out or e
tence before the white men or America, who v
nearer to us in blood and nature than to th
that the attempt to tax the whites ont of tl
property would certainly first raia the labor
who were subsiste! from their means; that pt
erty-holders would never sabmlt to be turned
of house and home for the benefit of a few off
holders, whose duty lt was to protect the rig
of person and property; that such a grovernru
would be without thc protestion of the law, i
would perish as lt deserved. In brief, we ext
cd the madness, tue folly and the wickedness
such Incendiary teachings, and exhausted the
sources of kindly persnaslon, but they were
the most part only the more rooted iu prejudl
and the moro violent In Its manifestation.
This summary of the arguments by which I
colored people were led tb fasten upon tho Sta
for the next two years, the same men who ha
so nearly rained us In the past, demonstrates t
existence among them of a fatal hostility to war
os, which cannot now be overcome by gentle ai
kindly overtures, lt ls so violent In som* quarte
as to threaten the existence of society. It h
been fostered and Tanned, and kept alive in a ve
large degree, by those whose duty it ls to pro:?
society. Magistrates and conservators or t
peace have been foremost and nnrebuked in :
cendlary utterances and actions. It ls allied n
only with demagognism-that demon, who
province it fa to prostitute the spirit or liberty
but also with agrarianism, whiclt strikes at t
foundations of civilized society. To this, add I
norance and the leadership of the worst, most u
scrupulous and selfish men, as a rule, and son
idea may be formed of tue dangers bf the situ
A danger knowu ls more than half averted,
ls not our province to suggest remedies. The
will be for your detcrminatioa. Ye: the utterani
or personal views may be pardoned bj your kin
ncs3 to those Tully In sympathy with you, ai
having a commoi interest in ali that cancer:
your weirare as a people.
In the firs: place, let us set at rest forever t
doubts about our position upon the questions
reconstruction, which have been practically sc
tied, anti deal with them as we do w?th otlx
laws. An accomplished revolution becomes lav
A contrary coarse Isolates ns Irom n'l existin
political organizations, and sauts out a'lhopct
peaceful deliverance. Let us retain, iu som
form, a solid combination for mutual protectlo
and.the preservation of peace, law and order, ui
der the lead of the wisest, purest and best citizen
In every community. Ceaseless vigilance, cai
tion and self-restraint, combined, with ad?quat
and visible preparation for defence, will tnsur
the preservation of pease. There are declaration
of virtuous purposes of late from the Executive c
the State and some or our legislators. In ali th
good they do le: us accord to them our heart;
support. In some form, conservatism will sure!;
triumph In the next Presidential election. Unde
whatever name it comes, the leading Ideas wi:
be the same. Free trade, acquiescence In acoom
plisbed facts, equal rights to all citizens, the sn
prcmacy or the General Government, bu: its 11ml
tatlon within the scope of Its legitimate constitu
tional sphere, and the preservation of the rights o:
the States under tte existing constitution.
In view of the probable triumph of these priuci
pies, as evidenced by the resni: of recent elec
tions, we may calculate that laere will arise lt
South Carolina, within the next two years, li
the bosom of the Republican party, a conserva
tum in harmony with those principles." So Tar as
possible todo so, without participating ia it, let ni
welcome, aid and assist its formation, ir no: re
tarded by indiscreet action oa our part, it may bc
made to succeed here two years hence. To bc
plain, any organization in which we took opeu
part would concentrate largely against it the
colored vot ?, under the lead of their worst men.
playing, as heretofore, upon their prejudices, pas.
sions and rears. Our support, therefore, to snob
a party sUou'd be rather negative than positiw.
moral an l passive rat h?j? than active. Let us
hold oarseives free to aet as circumstances may
require, remembering that trie restoration of au
Impartial and economical government in Sontlt
Carolina is of more vital necessity to us than any?
thing el-:e to be accomplished by political combi?
nations. Towards the colored people let us be
kind, conciliatory, just and 'forbearing, but crave,
manly and seir-reliau". Let us give .hem uo pre?
text for violence, but ever be prepared promptly
ty repel it. Should outbreaks occur, let us local?
ize and suppress them, as nearly under the forms
or law as may lie. For lesser outrages and acts
or incendiarism, let us constitute a voluntary
police to bring offender1: to justice, and enforce
order impartially. Let us Increase the productive
and conservative population or the State by most
liberal inducements, dedicating a large portion
or our uncultivated lands to that object, and look?
ing to immigration from on:- sister States as weil
as from abroad. To all .such, come from what
quarter they may, let U3 extend a cordial wel?
come. Above all, let cs cling together as a broth -
erhood, and cnltivate the public virtues manifest?
ed m the example of our ancestors, and the deeds
of our heroic associates, who sealed their devo?
tion to principle with their life's blood.
Ciing to the old State in the day of her adversi?
ty. To forsake her now, and abandon to their
fate the thousands of our countrymen who can
never leave her, would be like desertion in thc
face of thc enemy. Be true to her, to them, to
yourselves-to the graves of your ancestors, to
wives, children and dependents. To men who
have survived what you have in the past ten
years, there can be little to dread bi the future.
Fix your faith upon thc grand old mottoes em?
blazoned upon the nalmetio 'flag - "Animis,
Opibusrruo rarali, Dum Spiro Spero"-remember?
ing that there is a God "whosittethon the throne,
Tour friend and countryman,
J. B. KERSHAW,
Chairman Executive Committee, Ac.
THE GEORGIA ELECTION
Thc Result Uncertain-Democrats Re?
serving their Strength-A Row at
WASHINGTON, December 20.
The election 13 progressing in Georgia for'
members of Congress, Le^isliture and, county
offices. The returns are meagre and unsatisfac?
tory, but lt is believed the Democrats will carry
Augusta-Two thousand votes polled. The Dem?
ocrats ahead-Republicans divided. All quiet.
Savannah-No disturbance. Bra ley, colored
Independent candidate for congres', ls rece.Ving
thc larger portion of the colored vote at the regu?
lar precincts. Other election precincts were
opened in the eastern portion of the city by thc
Republicans. Governor Bullock's managers have
protested against this proceeding as illegal. Sev?
eral negroes were arrested for voting more than
once. There was no violence or intimidation.
Macon-Gangs of negro women were at the
polls electioneering for the Republican ticket.
One negro, who voted the Democratic ticket, was
set upon aud mobbed. A row ensued, and one of
the as?al ants was shot and severely wounded.
The military had to be called out to disperse t he
mob, when quiet was restored. No satisfactory
returns can be elven.
Columbus-Eleven hundred votes were polled.
Thc m jority of voting was done by the negroes.
Thc Democrats are ahead. All quiet.
Atlanta-Elections are quiet. Six Republicans
were arr.sted for illegal voting. Many negroes
were brought to the city from Chattanooga and
other place-. Nothing definite as to ?he result.
Rome-The'Democrats arc over two to one
ahead, several negroes were arrested for Illegal
voting. All quiet.
Union Point-Nothing definile from Greensboro'
and White Plains.
Montezuma-The Republicans are supposed to
Cuthbert-The Republicans are seven hundred
ahead-nearly all the blacks voting.
Fort Games-The Republicans are ahead to-day.
The Democrats will be at the close, as they are re?
serving their strength for to-tuurrow.
Covington-Eight hundred votes wore polled.
The result not known.
Fort Valley-Tho Republicans are ahead lo-doy;
very few whites voting.
The Amnesty Question Resumed-Au
Interesting D c b a t e-Butler's Little
Game-?The San Domingo Squabble
WASHINGTON, December 20.
In the House, after unimportant business,
the amnesty discussion was resumed. Degcner, of
Texas, spoke in favor of a general amnesty, but it
had been buried last week under Arlington Ceme?
tery. Himself and colleagues had therefore con?
cluded that the Interests of the National Republican
party required them to vote for Bingham's amend?
ment; that failing, for Beck's. Manning favored
Bingham said that the question touched the
honor and, In some sense, the prosperity of the
American people. The first vote would be rpon
his amendment, which excluded only careers of
thc United States lu I860 and 1 soi, and those who,
since the first of June last, had held office to which
they were Ineligible, nnd they should vote against
Farnsworth's bill for general amnesty. The coun?
try was not prepared to take that step. Bing?
ham's bill only excepted some two hundred ;ihose
relieved could not by any possibility harm the re?
public; there were about twenty thousand among
those suffering disabilities who were about us
guilty of the blood of their country as the mem?
bers of this Hou3e. If his own were rejected, he
would vote for Beck's, but under no circumstances
for the bill as reported by Butler. ?
Fitch favored universal amnesty. He believed
that Breckinrldge might safely be allowed to de?
fend the principles of secession In the Senate.
Sheldon, of Louisiana, spoke In favor of univer?
sal amnesty, and remarked that his State, which
had twenty-live thousand Republican majority,
had abrogated every vestige of disability by a
vote of one hundred and three thousand in thc
.irtlrraative, to less thin one thonsand In the neg?
ativ ?. Believing with the people of his ?Rate, lie
was in favor of universal amnesty, and he warn?
ed his political friends that the time was coming
when every ene of them would take the same po?
Conner, o' Texas, spoke in favor of universal
amnesty, denouncing the corrupt Southern State
governments, especially that of Texas.
Hamilton, of Florid?, protesied solemnly
agalust universa! amnesty.
Butler moved the- previous question upon the
Bingham asked Butter to keep faith with the
The previous nnestion was seconded by a vote
of 'JO to S4, when Butler yielded to a motion to ad?
Butler's programme appears to be to have the
amendments defeated, then have the bill recom?
mitted, which will defeat amnesty of any kind at
this session. The vote on the amendments o:curs
lu the Senate a struggle occurrcJ between the
friends of a change lu the sugar tariff and San
Domingo. Sherman favored the sugar bill, saying
lt is oniy to clear an ambiguity and ought to
pass. Edwards asked for the reading of the San
Domingo resolutions, and saw no objections to
them, as it ca'led only for information. He was
opposed to the acquisition of San Domingo, and
probibiy should remain so, bu: would be glad to
get the information which the resolution would
Sumner and Morton came Into sharp collision,
and business was much clogged by a struggle for
the precedence of theyanous bills tn which sena?
tors seemed to have a personal interest. A mo?
tion to refer the suuar bill to the finance commit?
tee WB3 lost. San Domingo was resumed and
discussed to adjournment. * .
Tiie finance committee reported :d favor of five,
hundred millions additional five per cent, bonds
and adversely to a proportion making the issue
of gold no'.ss by banks receivable for customs.
TUE COTTON YIELD.
WASHINGTON, December is.
The following, according to the agricultural
report just out. is tho estimated yield perfore,
and total yield of cotton In bales, of the following
States : North Carolina, KS pounds per acre, and
lT."/,ooa bales; South Carolina, 170 pounds per acre,
and 220,600 bales; Georgia, 173 pounds per acre,
and 49AOO j bales; Alabama, 105 pounds per acre,
and 010,000 bales; Mississippi, 205 pounds per acre,
and 725,000 bales; Louisiana, 200 pounds per ?cre,
and 495,000 bales; Texas, 240 pounds per acre, and
465,000 bales; Arkansas, 240 pounds per acre, and
375,000 bales; Tennessee. 190 pounds per ?ere, ?ind
215,000 bales; other States, 175 pounds- per acre,
and 80,000 00'T. The crop is within ld per cent,
of that of 1S69. The top crop lus malured weil,
producing less short and discolored fibre than
usual. The production of sea island cotton is
comparatively short. The report says the sea
islands are now nearly occupied by freedmen,
who are not progressive, and scarcely Industrious
enough tp work.
THE BOMBARDMENT HOURLY EX?
The Military Situation-The Peeling In
Paris-Great Guns BI o vin g-More
Pi gil tl n g-Pr ince William Wounded
Another Prussian Victory-Six Thou?
sand Frenchmen Captured-The -Ven?
tral Powers on Peace.
PARIS, December IT.
Official advices have beea received. The
city ls calm anti the peor-e are confident. There
ls food for a long time. T!ie army and people are
eager for fight. The government has dispatches
from Gambetta to the 12th instant.
The Situation In Paris.
LONDON, December 17.
Thc news from Paris np to the 13th is that fresh
meat, eggs, fish and poultry are gone, but the sup
rly of horse meit will last two months, of bread,
wine and cheese fonr months, and of salt meat
and sal: fish cwo months. General Trochu has
taken possession or all food and wines, and the
popaJation ls now supplied by the military. The
commissariat ls the same as the soldiers. The
surrender of the city is unthought of. Tiie re?
verses at Orleans have not disturbed the equanim?
ity of General Palladines^ Every Parisian ls arm?
ed, and the city can hold out three months longer
without great suffering. The mortality ls large,
but not enough to create alarm. T?tere are no epi?
demics, and no deaths from starvation or want.
The outside works have been pushed forward,
which has compelled the enlargement of the line
of Investment, and consequently has made the
enemy weaker in thc field. From the works the
marksmen command the roads formerly out of
range. The German positions have been enor?
mously strenr'.henel, but they feel a scarcity of
The German accounts of the recent sorties
evade the truth. General Dncrot was entirely
successful, as far as he went. He held the penin?
sular of St. Maur against the German attempts to
recover it, and retired voluntarily after ascertain?
ing the failure of Pal lad Ines. Duero: ls confident
he could have gone through the line of Invest
mont If Palladincs had been successful. The Ger
mau leaders are uneasy on account of their line
being weakened, and fear the success of a mossed
LONDON, December 17
Datei from Paris of the nth instant, state that
thc sortie by Ducrot was satisfactory, and has
demonstrated where the Germans are weak. Du?
crot ls confident of his ability to break through
the German lines at the proper momeu t. The ac
ti e army In t.'ie field Is In good health and spirits,
and ls well fed and 200,000 strong. Preparations
are making for another sortie on a larger scale.
Some of the theatres have been reopened, as lt is
believed tie per ormances will have a beneficial
effect, and besides will relieve thc monotony of the
ordinary round of dal y life. Goods are plentiful,
street cabs are numerous, so their horses, at any
rate, have not been eaten.
?Delay In thc Bombardment of Paris.
VERSAILLES, December li.
The delay in the bombardment or Paris was
caused partly by a qua/rel between Geuerals Bin
mentual and Von Roon. The latter wished to use
the army horses to bring np the guns, while the
former Insisted lt was Impossible to spare them.
Von Roon finally yielded, and four thousand
horses arc now coming'from Germany to drag
tie siege guns from the railway terminus. The
condition of the roads is fearful. Food is very
scarce in the German camps, and some troops
have been without meat for three days.
The Rising In France.
BORDEAUX, December 19,
Brittany ls greatly excited. The people are all
taklug.up arms. Troops going forward nearly
close the roads to the public^' -
Tile Neutral Conference.
LONDON, December 20,
A Berlin special says the conference of the
representatives of neutral powers have agreed to
the following peace basis: First, acquiescence" in
tho annexation of Luxenbourg; second, recogul
tion of thc Gcrmau Empire; third, Indemnity
from France to Germany of twelve hundred mil
lions of francs, the raring of two fortresses on the
German frontier and the cession of a portion of
Prospects of the Great Siege.
LONDON, December 20.
The Telegraph has a special from Brussels say
lng that the late heavy calls for landwehr deao tos
weakness in the besieging force, and its opera
Hons are'more defensive than offensive. One or
two sorties like that oflast night and the siege of
Paris will be raised..
A dispatch from Frankfort says a month is re?
quired before bombardment ls possible. The
German guus before Paris are worthless for such
a purpose, while Vers.iilles itself ls nearly wltUlu
raugeoftbe French guns. Later advices from
Paris say thereuas been no fighting around tue
city since the first of December.
BERLIN, December 20.
The Cross Gazette reiterates that the difficulties
in transporting material and heavy gun's will
soon be overcome, and tpa: further action re
gardin; the bombardment of Paris will be guided
altogether by military considerations.
BORDEAUX, December 19,
The government has announced that the enemy
has discontinued the advance upon Havre. The
Prussians, 21,000 strong, with eleven batteries, at
tacked Nuits and captured ^ after a live honrs'
fight ami heavy loss, lt is expected the battle
will bo resumed to-day.
The Prussians attacked General Chansey and
were easily repulsed. The enemy falls back as
Bourbaki advances. The French re-occupied Vi
eDZon. Prince William of Baden was wounded in
the capture or Nuits.
Another Prussian Victory-Capture of
'Six Thousand Frenchmen-Thc Bom?
bardment Hourly Expected.
LONDON, December 20.
General Wei der captured six thor-and
French at Nuits and pursued them southward.
The French force was ten thousand strong, and
wcro-defeaiea on Monday at Persley and Fon
BRUSSELS, December 20.
Tuc government declines to publish Bismarck's
note i* the reply thereto until the reply reaches
NEW YORK, December 20.
The World's spe?ia? from London says their
correspondent from Versailles writes that the
bombardment of Paris is hourly expe:ted.
WASHINGTON, December ?o.
The coinmiuo? on commerce o! the House
hoard arguments ir. favor of a European line of
The President nominated Rumel, marshal ol
the Western iii;-.ric*, of Texas.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES,
??now fell in St. Louis yesterday to fae depth
of twelve incites.
Governor Letcner ls much better ana out of
John Bright has resigned tn? presidency of the
English Board of Trade.
The strike of the brakesmen on the Erie ls virtu?
ally ended, and freight, is coming forward.
The gas meter exploded.in Cincinnati. Eigiit
immense columns supportlrg thc gas holder were
prostrated. The explosion was heard several
miles. Loss $100,00). No lives were lost.
A St. Louis dispatch says J. T. Jewett has been
appointed Sena:,r Drake's successor.
TILE STATE CAPITAL.
JUDGE VE ll NON BEFORE THE
Thc Bank of the State-Arguments in
Behalf of thc Pire Loan Stockholders
Postponed-Judge Vernon In Luck
Thc Whole Matter Dropped-Legisla?
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE MEWS.]
COLUMBIA, December 20.
In the Supreme Court, the case o? Dabney,
Morgan & Co., against the president, directors,
Ac, of tho Bant or the State, vf as continued. The
court declined to hear argument from Messrs.
Simons & Culst, representing the Ure loan stock?
holders In America, nntll arter January, when
they might be heard If the claims represented by
them were not then paid. The argument was
continued by the Don. A. G. Magrath for the bill
The case against Judgf Vernon for contempt
came up to-day, at 1 o'clock. Messrs. Pope and
Melton were heard for Judge Vernon, and Whip?
per made a speech In opposition. At thc close of
the argumenta resolution was adopted tim": as
Judge Vernon had been proved guilty of con?
tempt, he bc ordered to purge hlmseir of the con?
tempt or receive a public reprimand from the
speaker. The judge then declared that lt was not j
hts Intention to throw contempt on the House,
and the whole matter was discharged.
In thc House notice was given of a bill to repeal
the exclusive pori lons of the phosphate act; also
of a bill to provide for surveying certain S ate
lands in Christ Church Parish. A bill was Intro?
duced by Mobley to provide for the appointment
of an advisory board and land commissioners for
In the Senate a joint resolution of the House,
authorizing and directing the State auditor and
county commissioners to levy certain taxes, was
referred to the committee on finance.
. THE FINANCIAL BING.
Operations of thc Shaving Machine
How Appropriations are Exhausted-j
A Nice Little Game.
[FROM OUr. OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, December 18.
I do not think T am at all out of the way
lc asserting that the entire financial management
of the State, from county treasurer up 'to State
treasurer, fa a systematic and barefaced swindle.
Without any extended comment, I desire to pre?
sent to you a rew facts In point.
There are so m my cases tint I hardly know
Where to begin, lt might do to give the excep?
tions; but, ir the truth must be known, there ore
none. Ia the first place let us look at
If any money ls paid oat of the State treasury;
for honest labor, lt must be to the teachers of the
public schools. For, leaving out of the question a
few incompetent teachers, all of them have per-,
formed their duty arduously ir not well. As in all
badly managed governments, there ls In the State
of South Carolina an almost endless system of |
red tapelsm to be gone through with before any
claim can be presented in proper shape to the
State treasurer for payment. The teachers, being
In tho main Ignorant or the details of the so-called
system, labor under great difficulties In prosecut?
ing their claims. These difficulties are increased
In a great measure by the inability, as well as the
disinclination, of a majority of the school commis?
sioners to furnish information. When, after much
pains, and perhaps expense, the teacher receives
from the superintendent of education his warrant
on the treasu rer, he Imagines that he has arrived
at the height of pecuniary felicity. The stereo?
typed answer of the urbane clerks o' Mr. Parker's
department, that "the appropriation le exhaust?
ed," however, Invariably brings them a realizing
sense of their Impecunlosity.
THE SHAVE BUSINESS.
This, of coarse, doesn't refer to barbers, though
it ls a barbarous joke on the victims. By the
"shave business" we mean a practice which
prevails among tho would-be heavy financiering
mlod9 or th? capital. A practice tolerated and,
perhaps, admired by some In the vicinity of Chat?
ham street, but not calculated to merit the com?
mendation of the simpler people raised here?
To go Into particulars. The teacher, when he
casts about to discover when, If ever, and where,
if at any place, he shall receive pay for his hard
work, generally rans across some disinterested (?)
Individual who makes mention "of some friend of
his, inst around the corner, who will, at a great
sacritlce or bis personal Interests, accommodate
him by advancing .about one-hair the amount of
the claim, taking the very great risk of getting
repaid hy the State.
THE BANE AND TBU3T COMPANY.
The South Carolina Bank and Trust Company, it
is hardly necessary to add, represents the party
round the corner. Under the charter granted
them by the State, this company were enabled to
do almost anything under the sun, and a license
for sheer gouging seems not to have been left out.
Every one seems to understand that a claim of
any kind can be shaved at this Institution, and
seems to know as well that some special provis?
ion ii mode against a loss on the pnrt of the bank.
MANAGERS OF ELECTIONS.
Every one knows that not one ont of five man?
agers Of elections appointed ever presents an ac?
count for pay for services, ir those who did pre?
sent accounts only knew how near to impossible
lt was to have them paid, they would withhold
them altogether, and save themselves and their
friends much trouble?
On thoi*xtnte book of the State wo find that
an appropriation was made last year of fifteen
thoassm dollars, "for the expenses of the gene
rai election or 1870, accounts to be audited by the
State audit jr, and paid on the warrant cf the
comptroller general." Now, flrteen thousand dol?
lars is not such a large sum, but lt is jost about
'three thousand dollars over and above what could
be paid if e/ery manager and commissioner took
the largest amount the law would allow him.
There w-:re ninety-three commissioners of elec?
tions, whose services at full time won d come to
$2700; services of 930 manag rs, aUowlng ten polls
to each county, $5180; cletks to commissioners
WOOld cost $1SC; clerks to managers, $ieco; mile?
age of commissioners (twenty miles each,) $180;
mileage for managers (twentt miles each,) $1860;
amounting in all to $11,362. This wouli leave
over six hundred dollars for printing, Ac, and
then leave a balance or three thousand dollars. I
am giving yoi these figures only to show that
thre could be no possibility by which the appro?
priation could honestly be expended. And yet lt
is notorious ihat the poor creatures who are fool?
ish enough :o apply to tho treasury to have their
accounts paid are always anticipate and Inform?
"THE APPROBATION IS EXHAUSTED."
ir so. how is it '-exhausted?" lt seems that
the great legal minds at the capital decided, pre?
vious to the election, that the canvass, especially
that portion o.rit conducted by the Radical party,
was the neutral election referred to In the law.
As opinions can bc readily obtained to account
for deficits and tricks of all kinds, this affair will,
doubtless, be elucidated to us at some time, and
we will be aa muddled as ever, perhaps more so.
"IP so, HOW MUCH ?"
Now, fifteen thousand dollars ls but a little
amongst one. We cannot venture to calculate
how much it would be divided amongst the many
sharks following our old ship of State, barnacled
with the corruption of the past few years. Ob?
serve, the ln?ultissimai meanness used to shave
these creditors out of a paltry five perc?nt. on
olalms of two dollars or so each, the percentage
amounting at the most to not more than $7SO,
lt ls almost enough to make one feel toward these
gentlemen as a favorite satirist said he felt
toward a certain bed-bug: '-Mad enough to cuss
him to his face.".
There are otter classes of claims, such as those
against the land commission, constabulary office,
adjutant-general'? ofllcejand comptroller-general's
office, which have to be ground ont through simi?
lar mills. A history of the process is already
given in substance, only different men and differ?
ent places are dealt with. I will tire yonr readers
no longer now, but leave further exposes until a
futn-e time, when county as well as State officers
will be Impartially shown np.
THAT SPECIAL TAX FOR CHARLESTON !
It has been frequently asked what is the object
of that twenty thousand doljar special tax which
it ls proposed now to authorize the county com
missioners of Charleston to collect? The usual
blind ls used that it is to go for school purposes,
but we learn to the contrary. There are a large
number of claims outstanding against the com?
missioners, which have been bought np lately by
certain parties for forty five and ffty cents on the
dollar. This special tax ls to be used for the pur?
pose of paying off these claims. Some one will
pocket a handsome profit, and that ls all there is
toit. "Enough," jon will say.
ANOTHSER liAY'S .. OER. ?
Thc New C'onnty-The Impeachment
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, December 19.
THAT NEW COUNTY. *
The bill, of which notice was given by Mr.
Perry on Saturday, to form a new county out of
portions of Oconee, Pickena and Ac derson Coun?
ties, to be called Pendleton, with the county seat
at Pendleton, ls the reviving of au old Idea. The
bill has not yet been drawn up, but will be pre?
sented as soon as the survey and measurements
now In ingress are completed.
OE ANOS OF SALES-DAY.
Mr. Perry's bill to amend the law lu relation to
Bales-day in the Eighth Judicial Circuit, proposes
an entire change m the sales-days In that circuit.
By the provisions of tho bill, the sales-day will
fall upon such a day that it will not be the same
for any two adjoining counties. Saturday will
bethe sales-day all through the circuit. On thc
first Saturday sales will be made at Oreen ville and
Abbeville; on the second at Anderson, and the
third at Walhalla. This will enable parties to go
from one sale to another without sacrificing any.
TaS LAND COMMISSION.
There are some fonr or five bills now before thc
Legislature, having for their obj Jct some modifi?
cation of the law providing for an appointment of
a land commissioner. They are aU 'entitled "Bill
to amend an act,entitled an act to provide for the
appointment of a land commissioner, and define
his powers and duties," and they will have either
to be consolidated into one general bili, or have
their titles changed.
Mr. Wimbush's bill will effect mainly "the term
of ofltce and salary of the land commissioner."
The bill or Byas provides for an election of
land commissioner by the Joint assembly, and he
to hold office for two years and during their plea?
REDUCTION OF COSTS.
The following resolution looking toward the
reduction or the costs under the new Code waa
Introduced to-day, and will come up for discus*
iPhereas, The costs ander the present Codeare
excessive and greatly more onerous than hereto?
fore In this State; therefore.
Resolved, That the Judiciary be Instructed to
inqul e whether Borne change of the present law
in respect to "costs" may not be made which will
be of benefit to the people at large. .
THE IMPEACHMENT TRIAL.
The Impeachment trial is dragging along slow?
ly. There seems to be an Intention to let the mat?
ter run along until after the holidays, and, at any
rate, until after the contempt case is settled. To?
day a resolution, otrered by Arnim, that ; he mes?
sage of the Douse bc referred to a special commit?
tee of five, to have power, too, to make or adopt
rules for thc guidance of the Senate daring the.
impeachment, was adopted.
CRIMINAL LAW AMENDED.
The bill, of which notice has been given by Mr.
tteedlsh, to amend the act defining the erimia al
law, amends the seventh section of thal, act,
which reads as follows: "Every entry Into ?u
ciosed or unenclosed land of another, after notice
from the owner or tenant prohibiting the same,
shall be deemed a misdemeanor."
The word "unenclosed" Is stricken out.
Besides that already telegraphed yon, the
House transacted the following business to-day:
Notice of bills: Prendergrass, to amend an act
providing for the appointment of a land commis?
Keport of committees: Agriculture, unfavora?
ble on bill compelling building of fences around
cultivated lands; same, lavorable on bllltopio
vide for the erection of suitable fences.
Iutroduced: Joint resolution (Perry's) author?
izing thc payment of additional compensation to
Judge Orr for holding extra courts; Joint resolu?
tion (Warley's; authorizing county commission*
ers of Clarendon County to levy a special tax for
the purpose of building a courthouse and jail;
Prendergrass, to amend an act appointing land
The following extract of the answer of Treas?
urer Parker to the resolution asking why teach?
ers' claims have not been paid, wUl show the real
reason to all who are at all familiar with the
The cause of delay In the., payment of these
claims arose from the delay or the State auditor
(which delay was caused by the tardiness or the
counties to send In their returns promptly as in?
structed by his circui.tr) to render the return to
this office, thereby making it necessary for me to
step payment until accounts of "free schools"
could be properly apportioned. By reference to
the report or the auditor, (annual) lt will be seen
that five of the counties to that date have failed
to make the necessary returns.
The report of the auditor of those who have
done so bas bat recently been received, and,
no further delay in pav ment will .ensue than that
(say one week) caused by making the transfer
and appropriation of the account to "free
schools. _ _
IMPEACHMENT OF OOF. HOED EN.
A Conspiracy Confessed.
RALEIGH, December 20.
To-day, at ll o'clock, the board of managers
appointed by the House to conduct tlje impeach?
ment of Governor Holden, attended by the speak?
er and the House or Representatives, proceeded
to thc bar or the Senate and formally submitted
the articles of impeachment. After the conclu?
sion of thc ceremonies, the Lieuteaant-Governor
vacated his seat as president of the Senate, and
shortly afterwards took oharge of the Executive
office. Governor Holden made no opposition to
the surrender of the office.
The court of impeachment will cm vene as soon
as Cluer Justice Pearson eau arrive in the city.
By the confession o' a dying negro it has been
ascertained that ai! the barn-burning and depre?
dations committed in this and adjoining counties
ror the past year was the result of a planned con?
ti piracy on the part of the negroes or the Union
League. Forty names are In psssession ot the
authorities. Some arrests have been made, and
'officers ate in hot pursuit or others.
RICHMOND, December 20.
The steamer for New York this evening
carried five prisoners for the Albany penitentiary,
to serve terms varying from between one and five
years, for mail robbery, counterfeiting and vio?
lating internal revenue laws. A shipment of
three thousand barrels of flour was made rrom
here to-day for Rio Janerlo.
-The cable tells us that if King William "ac?
cepts the German crown he will assume the title
of Kaiser von Prensen and Schirmer von Deuts ch
land." Literally translated, this means "Empe?
ror of Prussia and Protector of Germany."
A LARGE VARIETY OF NEW GOODS
FOE THE HOLIDAYS,
At Extremely Low Prices.
STAB SHIRT BMPOBIUM^ '
MEETING STREET, OPPOSITE MARKET.
(Elolbittg ano irnrnisrHns Q&aohn;
DERBY SACKS '
PRINCE OF WALES FROCKS - .
ENGLISH MORNING. COATS .
. DRESS FROCKS
SILK AND VELVET VESTS, and
?LOW PRICED BUSINESS SUTFS?
SHAKER, BEITISH, and
PATENT PANTALOON DBAWEBS
SC ABLET AND WHITE SHAKES; FLANNEL
COTrON FLANNEL AND JEANS
SHIETS, DEA WEES
CARTWRIGHT AND WABNEB'S ;
SUPEB 8TODT COTTON
SCABLET AND WHITE ALL WOOL
COLORED AND WHITE /MERINO
TRUE FIT SHIRTS
BISHOP AND PABAGONB
THE TEUNK PAPER COLLARS AND,
ENGLISH BUCK, CALF
DOG, KID, BEAVER
SILK, CLOTH, and
VIENNA TRAVELLING BAGS
TBUNKS, LAP EOBE8 and
ROBES DE CHAMBRE and "
For elegance, ease and comfort to the
wearer, these Goods are recommended wita
J. H. LAWTON ft CO..
ACADEMY OF MUSIC BUILBIN?U
SUITS FOE THE HOLIDAY'S.
NEW SUPPLY OF ALL STYLES OF
MORNING COATS, BUSINESS COATS,
DERBY SACKS, DRESS FROCKS,
Of Chinchilla, Beaver and Waterproof, m Glenga?
re and Cape Styles.
ROBES DE CHAMBRE
F ?RNI8HING GOODS.
The Leading Styles of
CRAVATS, BOWS, TIES, SCARFS, Ac, 4c,
MERINO AND LAMBSWOOL SHIRTS AND
NEGLIGE SHIRTS, CARDIGAN JACKETS.
OF FRENCH KID, CALFSKIN AND .BEAVERS,
ENGLISH BDCE, DEER AND OASSIMERE.
STAB SHIRTS, COLLABS AND CUFFS,
Of all Qualities, loM^y me for the past 30
TAILORING DEPARTMENT supplied with a
Full Assortment of imported and Domestic
Cloths, Beavers, Coatings and Cassimeres, made
up at moderate prices.
B, W. MOTUREQUS, Superlatendent. d??A*