Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1578.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 12, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
FAIDHERBE'S VICTORY !
THE PABIMA SS CZAMOB FOB A
A Notable Banquet at VergkiUri-CTiati
ley't Movement--H nrrying np
The following ia official: General Faidherbe
genda the followiug dispatch to the Minister of
War, under date ol January 3:
"We have fought a battle near Bapaume,
which lasted from 8 in the morning to 6 In the
evening of Monday. Wo have driven the
Prussians from all their positions, as well as
from the villages which they occupied. The
enemy's looses are enormous. Ours are
PAWS, December 22.
The government, considering the difficulties
they have to contend with, have effected ap?
parent Impossibilities. Nearly everywhere
Work has been suspended, but, since the Re?
public hr.s been proclaimed, subsistence, cloth
lng, Ac, have been provided for the multitude
and the destitute Inhabitants. and refugees
the outskirts cared for. The losses sustained
?by General Ducrot's army ia the late sorties
are so great as to render it necessary to recon
stitute the army of Paris. General Blanchard
division has been broken up. General'*'De
Malroy's division has been transferred to the
third army, under General Ylnoy. "*Botn
generals still hold important commands.
General Blanchard is reported to be
brave, determined and prudent. Al?
though admiring the dash and heroism
Ducrot, he and his brother officer fear the
final result of-the struggle wi!': be unstfecessf ul
ll"this system ot fighting is continued. They
favor the. adoption of the wily tactics ol the
Prussians. A dispute is said to have arisen
between the Governor of Paris and the mern
bera of the government, but no serious con
sequences are anticipated. All are actuated
by a desire to save the country, whatever may
be the fate of Paris. The resignation, courage,
heroic exertions and extraordinary good order
of the Inhabitants, form one of the brigh?st
pages in the history of France. Out of forty
seven Sisters of Charity attending the small
pox hospital, eleven have died.
The French Army of the North.
HAVRE, December 3*f. J
. Genera! Roy yesterday carried the Prussian
positions on the heights of Bouille, Ork al and
jjhateau Bobert. The affair lasted six hours.
The loss was stn ".li on both sides.
LOKDO?C, January I.
Fut tiier accounts from Havre admit thM
the Prussians retook and- held: Bouille for a
short time, but were afterwards driven back
. with considerable loee. The French assert
that the Prussians at one time offered to sur?
render, whereupon the French Are ceased,
but, as the party approached the enemy le
receive the surrender, lt was fired Into at
point blank range, and the battle was re?
General Manteuffel reports the affair as fol?
lows: On Saturday, (December 31,) five bat?
talions left Booen. .They encountered a French
brigade and drove lt into the Castle of Robert
le Diable, which was subsequently stormed by
the Prussians. The French lost 100 killed and
? LONDON, January 4.
More reliable Information has been received
as to the movements of the French anny of
the North, under command of General Fald
herbe. It appears to have occupied the towns
of Achier and Bloncourt after a trlflng resis?
tance from the Germans. The towns of Emi?
lers and Behalgnes were also carried by the
French after hard fighting. Losses heavy oh
A dispatch from Lille reports th a1; vague ru?
mors are current there of a battle on the 2d,
between the towns of Sap logue s and Bapaume,
in which there was heavy losses on both side s.
Jfee Prussians are said to have been defeated
alon sc the whole line.
. VERSAILLES, January 3*)
Via LONDON, January 4. (
The bombardment of. the forts on the east
side of Paris continues with such effect that
only Fort Negent now replies to Hie German'
BORDEAUX, January 3.
The weather is moderating, and the artillery
for the defence of Paris is now so numerous
and >-well manned that the oe erny will-be un
able to make any serious Impression upon the
fortifications. It appears that Gen. Von Moltke.
alter the battle at Pont Noyell?e, between the
armies of Generals Faidherbe and Manteuffel
sent a message to Gen. Trocuu that the French
Army of the North had been annihilated. Gen
Trocha paid no attention to the statement.
It is officially explained that the fort on
Mont Avron was not casemated. As the men
had no protection, General Trocha ordered
them to remove the guns and evacuate, the
works. The fort was not injured by .the ipoes
aaut firing of the Germans, and its garrison
lost only eight killed'and twenty-wounded
during the three days' bombardment.
NEW YORK, Jauuary 4,
A Tribune special lrom Parte, December 31,
reports that the coal having all been used for
manufacturing cannon by the railways and
mills, the trees of the Bois de Boulogne and,
Boulevards are being cut. Children are dying
tar want of milk. Bread ls plentiful. The
Prussians continue field operations in spite of
the cold weather. An attack on Fort Valerien is
expected immediately. The superior range of
the Prussian guns compelled the evacuation of
A Battle on the Bonier.
LONDON, January 4.
A telegram from -Basie reports fighting on
the 1st, on the Swiss frontier) in consequence
of which two hundred French troops retreated
into Switzerland, where they were disarmed
by the Federal soldiers.
A severe engagement is reported, on the 2d,
at Delle, in the department of Haut Rhine,
near Belfort. No particulars.
[Both these dispatches appear to relate to
the same affair.]
General Foreign News. -
LONDON, January 3.
. The appointment of the Marquis of Harting?
ton as Secretary for Ireland will be, popirlat, as
the Marquis favors mixed education.
The Bank of, France takes the balance of thp
Spanish loan. ? v f j ;
A multitude bf people attended the funeral
of General Prim.
Slr" John Pakington, in a speech deHvered in
Somersetshire yesterday, intimated that the
Tory programme for the approaching Besslon
of Parliament includes the support of large ad?
ditional appropriations for both the army and
"a*vy. ^ , t ^
An ? ADglo-4merlcan committee,' of which
Thomas Hughes,'M. P., ls chaffitfanv'??-s coni
menced Hs Bitting for the purpose ol aiding in
the establishment of a lasting ]>eacc between
Engl and-and America, .
The loreign office announces that the .Con?
ference of the European powers has been post?
poned a few days to await the arrival of Jules
Favre, and to allow other plenlpoten tiaries to
receive further instructions. t
THE' HAOCE, January 3.
The new Dutch Cabinet ls formed as follows:
interior. ThonVcke; Foreign, Guericbe; Jus?
tice, Jolies; Colonies, Yandoon; Finance,
Blushe; War, Boors; Marine, Brolx.
LONDON, January 4.
King Amadeus made his entry into Madrid
on Monday, and was received mo6t enthusias?
tically by the people.
MADRID, January 3.
Amadeus, immediately upon his arrival, vis?
ited Prim's widow. He then proceeded to the
hall of tho Cortes and took the oath as King of
?pain. The enthusiasm of. the.people was Im?
mense. The King has consulted Rosas, Sor!lia,
'RIvero and Olozaga on the formation oi a con?
stitutional ministry. -
. LONDON, January 4.
1 Advices from Borne say that Card baal Acto?
nel ll received cordially the ambassador sent
by King Victor Emanuel to announce his arri?
val in Rome.
The Parisians Denounce Trocha, aaa
Demand a Sortie.
BORDEAUX, January 4.
Paris advices show that there ie intense ex?
citement among the populace, who demand a
grand sortie. A number of the Mayors of the
city called upon General Troc lui, and invited
him to give way to this desire of the people.
Some of the Paris journals accuse Trochu of
feebleness; and a number of the Bordeaux
newspapers, in noting this expression of opin?
ion, appear to coincide in lt.
It is understood that orders have been sent
to the generals in the field to hasten the
movement upon Paris. A" new general has
been tent to command the French forces at
Havre. Tbe evacuation of Rouen by the Ger?
mans ls considered certain, m Maa te u ff.; 1 ls
forced to concentrate hi? troops In the north
on account el the forward movement of Gen?
eral Faid herb? along the valley of the Oise. '
General Ohansey continues to gain suc?
cesses over the enemy with hts flying columns.
The Algerian cavalry routed a body of Prus?
William the Victorious-The Danubian
LONDON, January 4.
At the Now Year's banquet?t Versailles King
Willam gave a toast to the German princes,
to whloh the Duke of Baden replied in a speech
rejoicing at the restoration of the old German
Empire, and concluding with a toast to "Wil?
liam the Victorious."
Letters from Paris state that the citizens
Buffer greatly from lack of iuel and food, the
severity In the latter particular being mitiga?
ted, however, by the official distribution of
stores by the government.
It ls announced that Austria will arrest and
detain all French prisoners who escape into
tier ter Kory during the war.
.The Prussian Government has declined to
second the Austrian demand upon the Powers
Tor fresh guarantees for thc security of the
navigation of the Lower Danube.
BERLIN, January 4.
Certain Berlin bankers have been sentenced
to a long Imprisonment for participating In
the subscription to the recent French loan.
TOPICS OP TUB IF AB.
Reiaforcemeat.4 for natl Condition of
thc Pru.ulan Army.
Even the oldest landwehr-men have now,
says the Berlin correspondent ol thc Dally
Sews, been called out-those who entered the
army ?In 1863. Some of them, who were then
twenty-three years old, having availed them?
selves, and having been permitted to do so, of
the extreme term accorded by the law, have
reached the maximum-of forty years ol age.
This extraordinary levy, which permits thc
formation of four more divisions of landwehr,
has a very particular object. The. men are to
be the future garrison of Paris, partly, too, of
Uetz and of Strasbourg, where they will finke
the place of the present garrisons. By this
means two more army corps will be set free,
niter the surrender of'Paris, for further opera
lions that might become necessary. It ls, how?
ever,, presumed that these operations will not
axtend beyond what ls necessary to complete
the occupation of France as far as the Loire, the
?acme and the Rhone, and to clear thai part of
the cou n try from every vestige of French lo rees.
Nothing is lacking tor the outfit ol the new arm -
imeuts, neither muskets, guns nor swords,
tvhlch will partly be provided out of the enor?
mous booty ot French arms. Toward the middle
)f January the newly-drilled recruits will pro?
ceed to Franco, to take the place of such of
the reserves as have completed their service
n the standing army and may now return with
eave for some time, afterward to pass over lo.
the landwehr, garrisoning thc fortresses at
dome and watching the French prisoners. Tho
numerous cart-drivers which the counties
[Kreise j have had to furnish to the army, will
Ikewise be supplanted by a new set. Yolun
eer drivers ar? also engaged. They will re?
ceive wklie In Germany sixteen shillings a
lay, without lodging and food, and when lu
france fourteen shillings, with lodging and
cod. ' Tile Boyal Saxon Artillery, which hith?
erto lias been left at home alone, ls now like
vise making off to France.
Vcw Ramon Regarding tho Chances of
The correspondent of the Dally News, at the
leadquarters of the Crown Prince of Saxony,
vrites from Margency on the nth of Decem
Will there be, after all, any necessity for a
lombardment ? Paris may not be utterly mad
-not maniacal enough to clln^ to a hopeless
esistance, after the dissipation ot expectations
vhicli must have been lormed in a very san?
guine spirit. Ii Paris will tardily listen to
eason, now that the armies of the Loire, of
lie West, and ot the North, are practically an
ululated, it is possible that an opportunity
vin offer for a termination of the siege on
erms lo which she may without derogation
uumit. She has made her effort, and failed,
'hat ihat'effort has been worthy of her, nobody
aquainted with the circumstances will deny.
Viii she now be still more worthy of herself,
ind bow with grace to the inevitable i Ii so.
here ls reason lo hope that, as regards this
dclnlty at least, the war may speedily termin?
?e. It is reported that Count Bismarck kv
ireparcd to transmit, if, Indeed he has not al
eady transmitted.an ultimatum to the aulhorl
les in Paris, offering terms for acceptance
mhla a week. These terms, If their nature
s correctly stated, are such as Paris need not
.e ashamed lo accept. Her citizens are to be
parod ronnlBitlonft No troops will be billeted
ipon them. The thousand and one objects of
Ine art in the Queen of Cities will be sensu?
ously respected. The officers of tho army
rill oe treated with the fullest consideration
Tie iv are other items in the proposed ultlina
um or a decidedly tempting character, accord
og to the rumor I have heard, which, in Hie
.bsence ol'continuation as lo its authenticity,
leeduot 6e further alluded to. It may, how
ver, be assumed that the rejection ot such an
i : tl ornum, il tendered, will be followed, when
vents shall have taken their natural course,
>ud Paris shall have bee forced lo a capltula
ion, by the rigorous enforcement of Ihose ex?
ilions ?rom which a present cession would
Value or Versailles News.
Tho Pall Mall Gazette, on December lClli,
ays that lt has more than once had to caution
ts readers that the English correspondents at '
rertallie3 represent? as a rule, an exclusively
; orman view of affairs. '
The correttpondents are carelully prevented
from seeing anything which the Germans do
not care to have published, and arc further re*
strained lrom disclosing even such limited In?
formation ats they can pick up, if it does not
exactly suit the authoritlei to have lt known,
Tho correspondent of the Telegraph makes the
following candid confession on the subject:
"The English correspondents at Versailles are
virtually condemned, much against their wills,
to occupy thc positions of sinecurist-, with the
additional d?sagr?ment that their sinecures
are, lor u variety of reasons, made as disagree?
able as they well can be. The intelligence
trbteh it is their duty to communicate to the
public is of t wo sorts-military and political.
With regard to many matters of interest,
coming under the former category, with
which they may be acquainted, their
lips are necessarily sealed-or, to use.
a .figure more suitable lo their im?
mediate functions, their bands are par?
alyzed; while, as to reporting auythiug
seen In the neighborhood of Paris during the
last lour days, the dense white fogs that punc?
tually wrap'up this part of the world In their
damp folds lrom morning till night, and night
till morning, take very good care that they
shall have no Opportunity of exercising their
eyesight uppa anything that* exists or takes
.place at a d istance of more than fifty yards.
So tar as th? political part of our information
ls concerned, the correspondents are, as a
role, worse off than, say, the editors of Italian
or Spanish newspapers In their native dimes.
Versailles li> cut off from humanity with re?
spect to naws, save for a few thin wires
that discharge their meagre budgets of faits
accomplis, negotiations and intrigues Into the
penetralia denizened by the royal stans, -who
being in absolute possession of a monopoly,
are as sublimely uncommunicative about
tidings that the readers of your telegrams are
probably made acquainted with even before
they reach tne telegraphic bureau of Versailles,
as they are about incidents of local importance,
lor the concealment of which there-is not thc
least motive save the North German military
consigne of reticence at all hazards."
..THE EAST EUS QUESTION.
The Rancian Repudiation of the Treaty
of 1850- A Siew Sebastopol Wanted.
Writing from St. Petersburg, on December
12, the correspondent of the London Daily
New s says: -
It would appear that Russia has, for a long
time psst, entertained the Idea of repudiating
the treaty or 1856 as soon aaa favorable op?
portunity offered, for I learn from a perfectly
reliable source that, as a s nbs ill uto for Sebas?
topol, which, of course, could not be rehabili?
tated as an arsenal and port for ships of war,
another locality has been selected, and the
works carried on there so silently and secretly
ever since the year 1863 that nothing ' has
transpired on the subject, and even hete. In
the northern metropolis of the Empire, the
people have been kept In happy Ignorance of
the preparations already mads lathe extreme
south. The site chosen for this new and Im?
portant place ls the town of Potl, at the mouth
of the River Rion, on the eastern coast of the
Black Sea. and only some few miles distant
lrom. the Turkish frontier, which separatee
Clrcass a from the Russian province ot Geor?
gia. It is close to the lake known to ancient
geographers as the Paloostoma, and lrom Its
close proximity to Clroassia must always be a
standing menace to Turkey. A railway has
already been commenced, connecting Poti
with TTflis and the Caspian Seo, down the
valley of the River Kur. Though the town
and thc railway terminus are both on tho left
bank ol the southern arm of the Rion, the
docks and other works of the new portare
being constructed on the northern side, as
offering greater facilities for the object
tn view, and the sum expended on them
till the end of last year amounted to 1,167,
OOO silver roubles. As, however, neither
the wooden piers that were built out into the
sea nor the dredging operations that have
hitherto been carried on without intermission
are able to keep the harbor free from the ac?
cumulation ol mud and sand brought down by
the Rion and deposited at Its mouth,
an alteration in the plan of operations
has become necessary, and piers, faced witn
solid stone masonry and filled np with con
crete, are now being pushed out info-the sea
lo n great distance, so as to allow ships of war
drawing thirty feet of water to enter and leave
at nil times. The width ol the basin so formed
is to be 3000 feet, thus affording safely and
good accommodalion tor a large number of
vessels, lt IB lurthe proposed to build a heavy
dam across the Rion, which ls navigable for
some considetuble distance into the Interior,
in order to prevent the sand lrom silling up
the port in future; but In that case-as tue
river navigation is much made use of by the
small crail of the inhabitants-lt would bo
needful to make a lock or basin with flood
gates to admit the passage of the vessels. On
the other hand, lt ls proposed by the engineers
to utllltize the Lake P?ucostoma, which forms
a natural basin, and lt would not be difficult to
but a channel of communication through the
neck of land that separates lt from the Euxine,
though the cost in either case Is estimated at
Abstract of Count Beast's Dispatch in
Reply to Prince 6ortschakofK
' In a special edition of the Eastern Budget wo
find the following abstract of Count Beust's
dispatch bf the 7th ultimo, In reply to the note
ot Pr!noe Gortschakoff :
The dispatch begins by expressing the satis?
faction of the A ustro-H ungir?an Government
that Prince GortschakofTs note shows a desire
for a peaceful settlement of the question of
the Russian declaration relative to the
Black Sea. In view of the approaching Con?
ference, Count Beust declines to enter into
any discussion on thia question, but he
observes that if Prince Gortsclinttc-fTs
theory of the intimate connection between
all European treaties were accepted, the
consequences would be dangerous to the
foundation;! both of Inleraatlonal law and of
popular rights. The course of time might
render changes in certain cases advisable in
treaty stipulai ions, but no such change can be
admlited without a previous appeal to the
powers by whom the treaty was concludedk
Austria bad, il Is true, recognized tire advisa?
bility of making a change In the Treaty of Pa
ri?, but she at the sumo lime expressly slated
that any alteration must be effected solely on
the basis ol a previous understanding with the
powers. As to the alleged cold reception
which, according to Prince GortBChakoff,
was given to the Austrian dispatch or
18G7, Count Beust observes . that the
dispatch tc Count Slackelberg, alluded to tn
the Russian note, is dated November, 166G,
aiid could not, therefore, be au answer to Ini?
tiative taken by Austria on the 2d of January,
1B67. The dispatch concludes by strongly re
S..dialing the Russian view that In his note of
ovember last Count Be'ist accused Russia of
reopening t.he Eastern question. Ho merely
pointed out that'th? Russian declaration might
cause a lively agitation and possible complica?
tions in the East. Austria will enter the Con?
ference without deciding beforehand as to the
course which should be adopted. Uer sole
wish is to maintain peace In the Fast, and to
settle the point?- at Issue without Impairing the i \
oiher guarantees. 11
NEW YORK, January 4.
The steamer Rio Janeiro, from La Plata for
Kew York, was badly damaged three hundred
miles south of Rio. The steamer Humboldt
was sent to her relief.
The Rostock, from Philadelphia, with petro?
leum, is wrecked off Langue vorn. The crew
The steamer Adelaide, from Baltimore to
Norfolk, exploded her Bteam pipe.
SPARKS PROM THE WIRES.
The state debt ol' Pennsylvania is $111,000,
Mr. Miller, clerk of the Senate committee on
commerce, tell dead In the capital.
The Princes Editha, who claims lo be Ibe
daughter of Lola Montez, has been committed
to a lunatic asylum.
The election of Governor Clayton as United
States senator from Arkansas ls assured.
Judge Taft delivered the opinion of the
Supreme Court of Ohio, favoring the constitu?
tionality ol the subscription by Cincinnati of
$10,000,000 to the Cincinnati Southern Railroad.
BLOODY WORK IN UNION,
A WHIT IS M A.N MUBBBBBB BT
Both. Sides of tn? Case.
The Columbia Ph ce nix prints the lo lowing
account ot a cold-blooded murder commuted
In Union County by the State militia:
? On Saturday night last, while Mr. M it. Ste?
vens-a peaceable man, who lostan arm in
the Confederate service-was on his way to
Union, with a load ot goods in his wagon
among other things, a barrel of whiskey-he
was halted by a party of militia, numbering
about twenty-five, under command ot Captain
Walker, and a demand made upon him for
whiskey. Stevens gave them a bottle full,
which was immediately consumed, lind he
was ordered to give them more. Thia he
declined, stating that the liquor belonged
to other parties. They then threatened
to take it, when Stevens told them it
would be at their peril. The answer was
a volley of bullets, which _ killed him In?
stantly. A white man named Robertson was
in company with Stevens, but. succeeded in
making his escape. On Sunday the body ot
the poor dray r?an was found about two hun?
dred yards irom the road, and underneath the
body were two breech-loading cartridges, the
same as used by the Governor's militia War?
rants were issued and llfteen colored raen ar?
rested on suspicion. On Sunday night acting
Deputy Sheriff Daniel Smith, with a, posse,
went to a house to arrest a party of lour, but
they were denied admission. The inmates
were informed that Smith had a warrant for
their arrest, and they must surrender. The
parties inside immediately commenced firing,
and Mr. Smith was severely wounded. Finding
that harsh measures were about being re?
sorted to, the inmates surrendered. While in
Jail one of the militia made a full confession
and statement of the case-charging Captain
Walker and his militia with the whole affair.
Walker attempted to escape, but was over- .
hauled about twenty miles from Union, as he
was getting on a railroad train. He refused
to give himself up at first, but when told that
there was a warrant tor his arrest, and he must
fro back, lie gave in. There is intense excitement
n Union, and on Monday night, as we learn
from passengers, the town was Qred In four
places, but no damage was done. A promi?
nent colored man, named Bates, who is now
In Columbia-with the intention, as he de?
clares, of laying the whole matter before the
Governor -also charges Walker willi the
crime, and declares, also, that he knows who
fired the first shot. If the arms are to be used
for murdering unoffending whites, the sooner
the militia are deprived of them tho belter.
The-Columbia Union gives the Radical ver?
sion ot the affair, which must be take a with
about a bushel of salt:
Somewkat conflicting reports of a serious
trouble at Union Courihouse reached bure on
Monday, and irom what could be gathered, the
following appears to be the gist of thc matter:
It appears that on Saturday, a white man
named Stevens was killed in the highway, a
few miles from the Town of Unlonvfile, and
that the news ot this event having leached
the town, squads of men, of six and eighji,
were formed, taking upon themselves tba re?
sponsibility of visiting the houses ol those
persons who were known to belong to the
company of State militia organized there, and .
laking from them the State arms. They MJC
cecded without serious molestation in this,
until they viBlted thc house where three broth?
ers by the name of Ellison, or Ellis, resided,
when they were refused admittance, upon
which a large party collected outside, ano. an
indiscriminate firing commenced, in which
one other white man was killed, and one white
and one colored man were severely wounded,
at this juncture, lt ls stated, a colored man
was sent to the parties In the house, advising
them to surrender, which they did, ned were
irom thence carried to jail. ,
Mr. MoWey, a member of tho General As?
sembly, learlng i he rage ol the citizens; took
refuge In a hay-loft, where he remained se?
creted until about 3 o'clock Monday morning,
when he, In company with another colored
man, by the name of Walker, who Is employed ,
is page in the Uottse of Representatives,
walked fifteen miles and took Hie. cars lor
Alston. After proceeding so far OQ their
lourney as to cross Broad Biver, into lWrlield
County, two men oh the truln undertook to '
irrest them, presenting warrants for the arrest
of both Mr. Mobley and Walker. The tormer
resisted arrest forcibly, and Walker resisted
under advice that the constables had no au?
thority to arrest him in Fairfield County, when
Conductor Hill was prevailed upon to run the
mrs back over tho river into Union County.
?gain, where Walker was arrested and taken : .
i way by lbs? two men.
It'ls reported that much excitement prevails;
it Union Courthouse, many ot the people
being employed standing guard at tin; street
corners, on account of tears of fire.
THE WOES OE A COLOBED CADET.
Thc Career of a Tawny Representative
of South Carolina ut West Point.
A Washington dispatch to the New York
Herald says : . ?
James W. Smith, the colored cadet at West
Point, ls again in trouble Ho has been tho
cause ol' no little annoyance to the oilier stu?
dents ever since he entered the Academy. All
the while cadets have quietly Ignored him.
ind a constant appreciation of this fact may I
lave contributed to render him anything but 1
imiable. His acquirements before entering 1
the Military Academy showed that he had ;
Ability above that of the ordinary negro, but i
.he pursuit of bis studies at West Point has 1
,hus lar failed to Indicate any brilliancy In him. I
The curriculum of the Academy is well, calen- I
ated to test the Intellectual powers ot e.ny one. '
Tried according to this standard, lie is pro- i
?ounced by unimpeachable authority to be i
rather below the medium ability, while lt is 1
?presented that the higher branches of <
nathemallcs would unquestionably bother 1
lira. It ls somewhat doubtful, however, 1
vheiher he Will have the opportunity ct fiuish- I
og his course at the ucademy. Twice he has i
jcen brought before military tribunals, and J
mother similar ordeal ls awaking him. Tito i
irst was a court of Inquiry, which Reco mmend- I
sd that he be tried on a charge of making I
alse 6tutements; but in deference lo his I
tnomalous position, and in order to give him <
i very opportunity, tho war department con- 1
loned this, his ilrsi offence, in the hope that <
he lesson would be useful to him. Thc se- i
iond was a court-martial, before which he 1
vas arraigned for being engaged in ans y
iffray, and tor making false statements, i
?oth courts were organized with a spo?
liai view to entire impartiality, and were I
somposed of officers, none of whom were 1
itali oued at West Point, and most of \
vhom were not graduates of the acatle- t
ny. On his trial before the general court- I
uartial, ot which Major-General Howard, ?
ibief of the Freedmen's Bureau, was presl- j
lent, ihe assistant professor of law and i-t'aies
it the Military Academy, by request, acted as I
lis counsel, and with such good faith and <
ibility thai he was accquitted on the first 1
marge, and the War Department remitted the I
lenteuce on the second. Thesu Tacts demon- :
itrate that even-handed Justice has boen ac- i
;orded him by thc authorities ol' the iustitu- i
lon, as wellasby the War Department. But lt
?vould seem that this want of veracity may jet I
prove the ruin ot him. He was recently i
.eported In the usual manner for delin- i
juency on drill. He made a written ex- :
planaiion of the alleged offence, and this
explanation ls represented to contain un- i
ioubied evidence ol what appears to bea
chronic weakness of this colored youth
?alsiflcaliou ol'facts. Upon inls charge he ls
to bc again arraigned before a new court-mar?
tial, which will soon bu appointed for the pur?
pose of trying him. Beiore the third and im?
pending tribunal ihe case will rest altogether
on its merits. Without doing any wrong tn
Lhe colored cadet, lt ls but Jusi to tue young
gentlemen at the academy to state that, not?
withstanding the natural prejudice against ap?
pointing negroes as cadets in tlial academy,
the other students did not unnecessarily annoy
him, as some suppose they did, bul. simply,
quietly ignored him, and refused to affiliate
with him. Smith was appointed frc m South
Carolina, on the recommendation of Mr. Huge,
member of Congress irom Columbio,, and It is
a curious incident that in the recent election
H?ge was defeated for Congress by a negro.
A SHOCKING AFFAIR.
Captain George Bntler Killed in Bilge
[SPECIAL TELEGBAK TO TBB NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, January 4.
Captain George Butler, the elder brother, of
General M. C. Butler, was killed on Sunday In
Edgeileld County, near the Savannah Biver.
Captain O. N. Butler passed through the city
this morning, en route for Greenville, with the
remains of Captain George Butler.
[Further particulars ol this lamentable affair
will be found in another column.
FIRE AT CHESTER.
Mor* Incendiary Work.
[8TE0IA2, TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
CHESTER, 8. C., January 4.
A fire broke out last night In this town, con?
suming the stores occupied by Alexander,
Robinson ? Atkinson. Simon Jacoby, Ben?
nett A Brandt, M. H. Hunterand John McKee.
The residence of Mr. McKee was also burned.
The total lose is at least $40,000, which Is not
covered by Insurance.
No positive evidence has, so far, been ob?
tained, but it ls believed that the fire was the
work of an incendiary.
WASHINGTON, January 4.
Congress reassembled to-day.
The Senate passed Sherman's bill authoriz?
ing an additional Issue of three hundred mil?
lion five per cent, bonds for funding purposes,
and agreed to Sumner's resolution calling on
the President for copies of all papers relating
to San Domingo negotiations, Ac.
The following were introduced: A bill for
the relief ot distillers ot brandy from grapes;
encouraging mining; Incorporating mmrag
schools; paying for army stores taken from
citizens, of Alabama who. had enlisted or did
service In the Federal anny. A resolution
was passed Instructing the committee of|
il nance to inquire into, the ?xp?dlency of im?
posing a stamp tax upon applications for
offices. The bill relieving J. M. Best, of Padu
cab, was. discussed. Best's house was de?
stroyed to gire rang? to the Federal artillery.
The question Involved was whether the de?
struction was ah incident or the fight, or prop?
erty taken for the use of the army. Ad?
In the House a bill relative to a centennial
lair was discussed. Banks gave notice that
he would call up the San Domingo bill on
Monday. The President sent a message ve?
toing the bill for the relief of the bondsmen
ol certain defaulting officials. The Indian ap?
propriation is made the special order for
Wednesday. A bill was reported for addition?
al appropriations for the Louisville and Port?
land Canal. Adjourned.
Thc following nominations have been made:
George Newcomb, collector ot customs at
Beaufort, North Carolina; Charles M. Power,
collector ol'customs at Cherrystone.
WASHINGTON NEWS ANJO GOSSIP
Thc Financial Outlook for 1871-Policy
of thc .National Treasury-The St. Do?
mingo Expedition-John H. Surratt,
The Washington correspondent of the Bait!
more Sun writes under dato of the 1st Instant:
The financial policy of the Secretary ot the
Treasury, and the condition of the department
at the .commencement of the new year, have
given rise to inquiries from various quarters of
the country, especially from the West, where
a stringent money market bas elicited com?
plaint that the secretary keeps locked up
lu the Treasury a most extraordinary cur?
rency balance, lt appears that on the last
day of the year 1SG0 the coln balance' was.
In round numbers, seventy millions, aud
the currency balance eight millions. Yester?
day the currency balance was twenty-four mil
Hone, and the coln balance eighty millions,
there being a difference of sixteen millions In
the currency balance. This large currency
balance the secretary finds himself compelled
to maintain. It will be remembered that he
recently stated that, since the commencement
of tue new fiscal year,'this balance had been
unusually and, tor Immediate purposes, un
necessarily large. The act of July 18, 1870,
which authorized an increase of national bank
notes. Imposed upon the secretary, he says,
the duly of providing for the redemption of
equal amounis of their three per cent, certifi?
cates, while the decrease In thc coln and cur?
rency revenues, from the legislation ol' last
session, makes lt' his duty to reserve in the
treasury a sum sufficient to enable the depart
mont to comply with the law without resorting
Lo extraordinary means. This accumulation,
which the secretary now Insists ls an absolute
measure of safety, lias not affected unfavor
ibly the financial condition ol' the country,
but. on the contrary, has kept the Treasury
ya ? proper basie to meet the great reduction
in revenue. This reduction In customs alone,
which was estimated In Congress at about
:liirty-fire millions of dollars In gold, will
reach at least forty millions a year. There ls
ike wise nearly as large a reduction In Inter?
nal taxation. To-morrow, however, the coln
valance will be reduced to forty-eight millions
ay the payment of thirty-two millions of coln
nterest; but really there will remain but thirty
?lght millions of coln In the Treasury, for
:here are ten millions ol uncalled-for but ac
srned interest, which the Secretary may be
required to pay out without a days notice.
Thus, as a matter of lact, the new year opens
.vit ii an actual coin balance ot but thirty-eight
Thc necessity for the large currency balance
ios been generally explained above In tho
anguageofthe secretary, but a few figures
viii" make lt clear. Of the fifty millions of au
Iiorlzed additional bank-note cerculation,
;hlrty millions have been applied for from the
South and West, fifteen millions ol which will
probably be granted, and six millions of which
nave already b en Issued. As fast as this
japk-note circulation is issued the secretary ls
compelled to redeem the certificates In green?
backs, and therefore requires a good currency
balance on hand for an emergency, for, at.the
rate the applications come In, five or six mil?
lions of currency may be required in a brief
There ls no reason to anticipate any lmpor
tant change In what ie known as the gold
jelllrig and and bond-purchasing policy of the
secretary. He says he reasonably anticipates
that the total reduction of the public debt for
the next, fiscal year. Including payments on
account of the sinking fund, will bc about
fitly millions of dollars, though he reasserts
what he slated In December-that the esti?
mated expenditures for the next fiscal year,
iucluditig payments on account ot the sinking
lund and for the interest on the public debt,
are so nearly equal to the receipts as to Justify
and demand the greatest, caution In dealing
with the revenue and business of the country.
It ls very evident, theretore. that lhere will be
no further reduction of taxation at this session
of Congress. Thus stands the financial situa?
tion ol the country as represented at the Treas?
ury Department on thc first of 1871.
It is the present intention to have the Senate
resolutions for the appointment o? the San Do?
mingo annexation commission taken up In the
House on Wednesday next, and debated till
Thursday night, when a final vot?is to be reach?
ed. Thc administration feels confident that it
has the strength of a two-thirds vote required
to get them before the House. Indeed, the
President was yesterday for a long time in con?
ference with Secretary Robeson, at the Navy
Department, regarding the details of the naval
expedition of the proposed commission, and
found that the Tennessee, now fliting ont at
the navy-yard here, could leave within a week.
Jndge Advocate-General Hdlt denies the re?
cently published statement that he proposed at
the time of the trial to give np Mrs. Surratt it
John Surratt wouid come forward, and that
-therefore Mrs. Surratt was held and executed
as a hostage. Fer contra, another of the coun?
sel for the government, and Holt's associate,
says the original statement is true.
JOHNSON.-Died at WUllsron, S. C on the 24? h
December, 1870. after a brief illness, HOLLIS |
JOHNSON, tn the 74th year of his age, for many
years a resident of this city.
.BANE.-The South Carolina Railroad Company
having declared a dividend of ONE! DOLLAR per
Share from the net income of the Hoad, the same
will be payable on the first of February next, at the
office pf the Southwestern Railroad Bank,
JantMuthaia J. M. HA RL EST ON, Cashier.
p&-1 0. 0. F-R. W. GRAND LODGE,
OF THE STATE OF* SOUTH CAROLINA,-The j
M. W. Grand Master will Install the Officers of I
the nut;ordinate Lodges, at Odd Fellows' Hall,
on the following evenings, at 7 o'clock:
Schiller, No. 80, on SCMOar, 1st January.
Jefferson, No. 4, on TUESDAY, 3d January.
South Carolina, No. 1, on WEDNESDAY, 4th
Howard, No. 3, on THCRSDAY, 6th January.
Marlon, No. 2, on FRTDAT, ?th January.
The officers and members or the Grand Lodge
are requested to attend and assist in the Installa?
tion 3. By order of the M. W. G. M.
dee31-stnwthff Grand secretary.
OFFICE OF THE CHARLESTON
GASLIGHT COMP ANT, DWDEMBUR SS, 1870.
The Board of Directors of this Company havi og
declared a Dividend of FIFTT CENTS per Snare
on the Capital Stock, the same will ba paid to
Stockholders on and after MONDAY, fl th January, |
The Transfer Books will be closed from this
date to 10th January, 1871. W. .1. HERIOT,
dec28_.Secretary arid Treasurer.
^. OFFICE PF MOUNT PLEASANT |
AND SULLIVAN'S ISLAND FERRY COMPANY,
CHARLESTON, JANUARY 2D, 1871. -Thc Board or |
Directora having declared a STOCK DIVH)EVD
OF (2 60 AND A CASH DIVIDEND OF ti 60 PER |
SHARE, from the earnings of the Company for
t he past als (6) months, (being si the rate o? IA
per cent, per annum upon Its paid up capital,
payment of the same will be made to Stockholders
oh and after the loth Instant, at the office of the
Secretary and Treasurer, Broad Street, corner of
State. Stockholders will piesse present their
Scrip. IIUTSON LEE,
Jan2-5_Secretary and Treasurer.
ps* IMPORTANT TO OWNERS' OF
SEWING MACHINES.-JOHN CLARK, JR., A CO. S
BEST SIX-CORD SPOOL COTTON, on black
Spools. For sale at retail by D. lt. HASELTON,
No. 307 Klug Btreet._deo6-lmo
THE SOUTH CAROLINA LOAN
AND TRUST COMPANY, CHARLESTON, S. C.,
DECEMBER 24, 1870.-SAY1NGS DEPARTMENT.
Depositors are requested to leave their BOOKS to
be credited with the January Quarterly Interest,
due lat proximo.
AU Deposits made on or before the 20th Janu?
ary, will near Interest from ISL January. ' Interest,
6 percent., will be compounded quarterly.
THOMAS R. WARING
i1cc24-stnthll _ Cashier.
^ A CARD.-JOHN BINNS, AGENT,
respectfully Informs the* merchants and business
people generally, that he has engaged In lils old
business or. DRAYING, and holds himself ID readi?
ness to engage In hanlin g for any person that needs
his services. By uniform charges and personal
attendance to business he hopes to share a por?
tion of the public patronage, Caa bs seen at the
PIMPLES ON THE FACE.-FOR
Comedones, Blackworms or Grubs, Pimply Erup?
tions sad blotohed disfigurations on the Face, ase
PERRY'S COMEDONE AND PIMPLE REMEDY,
Depot No. 40 Bond Btreet, New York. Sold by
Druggists everywhere. decl5-thstn8mos
par FOR MOTH PATCHES,
Freckles and Tan, use PERRY'S MOTH AND
FRECKLE LOTION. The only reliable and harm?
less remedy known to science for removing
brown dlscoloratlona from the Face. Prepared
only by Dr. B. c. PERRY, Ne. AA Bond street,
New York. Sold by Druggists everywhere.
?&- MEDICAL NOTICE. -PATIENTS
suffering from Diseases pertaining to the GEN1T0
URINARY ORGANS, will receive the latest scien?
tific treatment by placing themselves-auder the
care oi Dr. T. REBNSTJBRNA, office No. 74 Basel
street, three doors from the Post?nico.
jSS-THE GREAT MEDICAL WONDER,
DR. HASKELL'S ELECTRIC OIL fells all pain In
two minutes. Cancers, Bolls, Tetter and Old
Sores, cured tn 48 hours by DB. HASKELL'S CAR?
BOLIC CANCER SALVE. For sale at retail by
G. W. AIM AR, COHEN'S MEDICAL DE
DR. n. BAER, POT,
A. 0. BARBOT, DB. C. J. LUHN,"
ED. S. BURNHAM, W. T. LITTLE A CO.,
M: H. COLLINS & CO., ALFRED RAOUL, M. D.,
GRAMAN A SCH WAKE, DB. W. A. SKR1NB.
E. H. KELLERS, M. D.,
And at wholesale by DOTIE, MOISE A DAVIS,
sole Agents for South Carolina novll-3mcsn*w
pB~ THE BODY AND ITS NEEDS.
Considering tho extreme sensitiveness of the hu?
man body, and that lt ls unprotected except by
artificial covering, from the action of cold, lt ls
not strange that at this season lt ls liable te i any
disorders. The. skin exercises a powerful influ?
ence over the stomach and bowels, and when Its
functions are interrupted by sudden chills that
seal the pores and prevent evaporation from the
surface, Internal congestion ls apt to ensue. The
digestive organs never perform their office prop?
erly when this ls the case, and the waste matter
of the system, which should be discharged m part
through the perspiratory glands, having no other
outlet than the bowels and the kidneys, constipa?
tion and a variety of venal diseases are more or
less prevalent. Dyspepsia, where it exists, Is also
aggravated by these causes. The most effective
preventive of, and remedy for, disturbances of
this nature IS HOSTETTER'S STOMACH BIT?
TERS? Acting as a stimulant and tonic, lt rouses
the stomach and the Intestines, Unpining to those
important organs both activity and regularity.
It also operates as a suporiflc by toning the ves?
sels of the skin and promoting the free passage of j
exhausted mai ter through that natural sieve of j
the system. Being a mild diuretic, lt gives a
healthful impulsa to the action of the kidneys,
where there ls a tendency to dropsy, and as a
blood d?purent and nervine, has a highly benefi?
cial etfect in rheumatic, cases. Ic corn?mes In
happy proportions the tome, alterative, aperient,
antiseptic, diaphoretic. and snllblllous proper?
ties requisite fdr the restoration of a system gen?
erally disordered, and has no eipial as a winter
medicine. - dec31-eo*o
DIVORCE S ,-ABSOLUTE DI?
VORCES legally obtained in New York, Indiana,
illinois and other States, for persona from any
State or country, legal everywhere; desertion,,
drunkenness, non-support, Aa. sufficient cause;
no publicity. No charge until divorce ia obtained.
Advice free.. Address,
MOORE A RICHARDSON,
. Counsellors at Law,
dec2?-iyr 18? Hroaiway, Sew York City.
pm* EPIPHANY SERVICES. -AT THE
suggestion of the Rectors, a united service or the
Episcopal congregations wai be held at st. Phil?
ip's Church, on FRIDAY, ?th instant, at ll ?. IL,.
with sermon and Holy communion.
Theahove in place or services announced in
each Church. . ,_ janS-thft* ,.
^CONSIGNEES PEE SCHOONER
FREDERICK FISH, Darts, Master, from Portland,
Maine, arc hereby notified that she ls Tuts DAV
L discharging cargo at Son them Wharf. Alrgooda
remaining on wharf at sauset, will be stored ts
owners'risk an.1 expense. J. A E?SLOW A CO.
?&* FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF
CHARLESTON, CHARLESTON, S. C., DECEMBER.
30, ism.-The ?Innnal Election for Directors of"
this Bank will be held at the Banking House, on
TUESDAY, January 10,1871, between the hours of .
10 A. M. and 2 o'clock P.M. . . ' r. '
Jan6-thto2 WM. C. BREESE, Cashier. ''
?&r EXPRESSLY FOR THE LADIES.
Married and Single, all classes and conditions,
are liable to sailer from derangements or t*e ajav
tem, painful Irregularities, nenroua irritability
and many' troublesome complaints tba*, invite
premature oki uga. These complaints may all at
cured, controlled or relieved, by tbs ase of toa
PHILOTOKEN or Female's Friend. Sold by rae
Drmrglsts at >i per bottle. ' |g?5S*B
?W\ THIEVES! KNAVES ! STY?ND
LERS !-These ure mild ternw with which to dial?
i goa te those ad ventaren, who hare been m da ced
by tba high reputation which Dr. SAG E'S
I CATARRH REMEDY has won to offer for saie a
j worthless Imitation of tua celebrated medicine.
Remember that. Dr. Pierce's private stamp, whisk
[~ls three and a half inc bes long and aaa upon lt hil
i portrait, aadtha warda tr.. & Carrul cala of Genp?
? iness," ls upon every package of the genuine.
? Sold by druggists or by mall sixty cents. Address
Dr. R. V. PIERCE, Bnflaf, ?. JaaB-thstqgpAC
I SIG NE ES by British Bark YTTHURI are hereby
notified that she baa been entered under the Flve
: day act. All gooda not permitted st ? the expira
j tlon of thia tuna will bs sent to Costomhouaa
! Stores. . RA Yt KEL A CO.
SAVANNAH AND CHARLESTON RAIL?
PASSENGER TRALNB on-this Roa4d#n dilly a?
follows: ^ .
Leave Charleston....y.?A.M. . '
Arrive at Savannah.~fcse P. M.
Leave Savannah.-.?UIA.M. .
'. Arrive at Charleston....5.20 P.M.
Connects at Savannah with the Atlantic A Guli
Railroad tor Jacksonville, St, Augustine, and all
pointe ia Florida. ...
Wita Central Railroad for Macon, Atlanta, Mo?
bile, New Orleans and the West. ' '1
With Steamboats for points ou the Savaznaa
At Charleston with the Northeastern and South
Carolina Railroads, and Steamships for all pointa
North and Went. .
Through Tickets over this line on sale at Hotels*
m Charleston; Sc re ven House, Savannah; aad oil
principal Ticket offices North and South.
Freights forwarded dally to and from savan?
nah and all points beyond.
Through Bills or Lading Issued to Jacksonville,
Tariff as low as by any other line. -
& S. GADSDEN,
oats Engineer and Superintendent.
Trains leave Charleston daily at-0.30 A. M.,
(Sundays excepted,) and fl.30 P. M.
Arrive at Charleston 7.30 A M., (Mondays ex?
cepted,) and 6 P. M. * . ? .
Train leaving at 9:30 A. M., makes through con?
nection to New York via Richmond and Aqnla
Creek only-going through In 42 boora, and with
out detention on sunday. *
Train leaving at 0:30 P. M., have choice br roots -
via Richmond and Washington, or Bay route via
rortsmonth sud Baltimore. Passengers leaving
Friday by this train lay over on Sunday In Balli?
more ; those leaving on Saturday remain Sunday
m Wilmington, N. C.
This 1B the cheapest, quickest and moat pleasant
route to Cincinnati, Chicago and other pointa
West and Northwest, both trama making dose
connections st Washington with Western trams of
Baltimore anti1. Ohio Railroad.
S. S. SOLOMONS.
Engineer arid Superintendent.
P. L. CLSAPOR, General Ticket Agent.
gOUTH CAROLINA? RAILROAD
O ENE "AL SUPERINTENDENTS Oy?TC?, \
CHARLESTON, .'r. C.. &>!?/ ll, 18?0. J
On and after Sunda?. May ^ath, tbs Passenger
Trains upon 'tie Sou:c -jalonna Railroad will ral
Leave Charleston.-.fcsu A. if.
Arrive at Augusta.4.23 P. M.
Leave charleston.8?W A. M.
Arrive at Columbia.-.4J9 P. JL
Leave Augusta..8.03 A. SL
Leave Columbia. A.".7.45 A. M.
.Arrive at Charleston.AM P. M.
. AUGUSTA NIGHT XXTBXS8.
Leave Charleston.8.80 P. M.
Leave Augusta.e. oe p. M.
Arrive at Augusta.7.06 A. M.
Arrive at Cliarlcston...in".A M.
COLORIA NIGHT HXTKRS8. .
Leave Charleston.7.30 P. M.
Leave Columbia.7.30 P. M.
Arrive at Columbia.8.00 A IL
Arrive at Charleston.?.46 A. M.
Leave Charleston.2.50 P. M.
ATrive at Srjnmervllle..4.10 P. M.
Leave Summerville..UO A. M
Arrive a: Charleston.>.6.26 A. M.
Camden and Columbia Passenger Trains on
MONDAYS, WBDNXSOAVS and SATURDAYS, and be?
tween Camden and Ringville dally, (Sundays ex*
cepted,) connects with up and down Day Pas?
sengers at Klagville.
Leave Camden...-.Mi A. IL
Arrive at Columbia.11.00 A. M.
Leave Columbia.;.too P. M.
Arrive at Camden..'.-a-x....^"Pi
H. T. PEAKE
maris General Supermte?doBt.
HE COTTON STATS8
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY,
MACON, G E O R GI A.
ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLLARS
Deposited with SUte authorities of Georgia.
FIFTY THOUSAND DOLLARS
Deposited with State authorities of Sooth Caro
Una for Security of Policyholders.
OFFICBBS AT MACON, GZOBOIA:
WM. JOHNSTON, President.
WM.S. HOLT, Vlce-Presldeht.
GEO. S. OBEAR, Secretary.
aF. McOAY, Actuary.
JOHN W. BURKE, General Agent
W. J. MAGILL, Superintendent Agencies.
Recommended by the following gentlemen, who
have examined its Charter and prospectus:
OoL WM. JOHNSTON, President Chartotte, CAA.
O sn. WADE HAMPTON, Columbia, & O.
CoLL. D. CHILDS, President Carolina National
Bank, Columbia, S. 0.
OoL JAMES G. GIBBES, Columbia, 8. CL
Colonel JAMES H. RION, WlnOBbOM', 8. C.
General M. C. BUTLER, Edgefleld.
General ROBERT TOOMB3, of Georgia, fte., Ac
BURDELL BROS. Agents,
Corner Broad and State streets.
T. L. OCHER, M. D., Emmlntog Fhyaldan.
april awl yr