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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1578.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 12, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE STATE CAPITAL
A DULL BAT'S WORK.
The Charleston Schools-Ret am of Gov?
ernor Scott-The State of thc Country.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE HEWS.]
COLUMBIA, January 9.
In the Senate, Corbin gave notice of a bill
abolishing the land commission. Kayne, from
Marion, endeavored to start a discussion on
the condition of affairs in Union, but failed.
Corbin introduced a bill appropriating twenty
one thousand dollars as a deficiency appropria?
tion lor the schools in Charleston County.
"Whlttemore introduced a bill regulating
licenses ol retail liquor dealers, which are to
be not less than fifty dollars, and shall be
granted by the county commissioner outside of
The House was occupied all day on a resolu?
tion authorizing the Governor to request drill?
masters from the President of the United
States for the State militia: The Governor
was berated.ln sound terms. The House meets
to-night as committee of the whole on-'the
stfte cf the country. Attorney-General Cham?
berlain and Treasurer Parker have arrived.
Crews, Governor Scott, Hubbard, Waterman,
Leslie and other prominent persons'arrived
this evening. N
OUR REPORTS HT 31 AIL
A Trifling Set of Solong-A Pleasant
Pill for Oconee-Iiively Religions De?
bate- C o n g r e a > Instructed Against
Amnesty-Amending the Election
Law-The Land Commission-A Batch
of General Legislation-Whittemore's
Indemnification Bill, &c. -
[PROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, January 7.
It is conceded pretty generally here now,
and among many Radicals too, that the pres?
ent Legislature ls a complete criminal and
disgusting farce. It ls asserted as well that
unless a change for the better ls brought about
SOOD, a thorough revolution in political mat?
ters will take place in the State. A little
Joking now and then, a useless measure once
in a while Introduced by an ignorant member,
or an hour a week spent in. personal crimina?
tion, might be tolerated, or even serve to
lighten the monotony ol legislative routine;
but such trifling now makes up the great bulk
of the doings of our Solons.
Both houses met yesterday-, and met again
to-day. They did about five minutes* decent
work, spent the remainder ol the time In
body-talk, and adjourned. They did not ad?
journ over Saturday as usual, it ls true, but
they might as well have done so.
About the only, man of notoriety who has re?
turned to town up to the time of present writ?
ing is Tim Hurley. Governor Seott rematns
still in the land ol bis childhood, and will not,
lt 13/ stated, be bick before next Tuesday.
Parker. Leslie, Chamberlain, and other?, are
satisfied to let the crowd here run things as
TAXATION IN OCONEE.
A Joint resolution was introduced in the
House to-day, by Doyle from Oconee, to amend
the joint resolution Jnst passed, authorizing
the assessment ot State and county tines. The
resolution will not effect the rate of Sta e tax?
ation, which ls niue mills, but will add one
mill lor Oconee County, making four mill" ?ho
rate there. A resolution of the same Impure
was introduced in the Senate by Senator Bie
man. The object ot this increase of taxation
is to make np a deficit of $2200 in the county,
occasioned by the defalcation of the county
commissioner. David Sanders, one of Scott's
appointees. It seems that although Sanders
was the regularly appointed treasurer, that
one Alex. Bryce, Jr., a prominent Radical ol
Walhalla, manipulated the funds. It ls rather
hard to have the county taxed lo make up a
deficiency ol this kind.
AN EXPERIENCE MEETING.
The larger port iou ol the session of the
House to-day was frittered away In a laugha?
ble discussion as to whether the speaker should
be Instructed to allow the chaplains of both
bouses to hold religious services in the hall of
the "Reps." on mundays. Every ene had
something to say about the "preaching resolu?
tion," and Byas and Jamison made themselves
prominent. Dennis did not favor any such
resolution, desiring no doubt to
PRESERVE THE CARPETS,
w lrfch, unfortunately for him, are not paid for
yet. He said he remembered, when preaching
, was held In the old hall, he lost all tbe papers
in his desk, and once found a key broken off
in the lock. Jamison was indignant, and ex?
claimed, "Do you want to turn the House
into a Methodist Church ?" So much discus?
sion stirred up little Charley Hayne,
THE F?NST MAN OF THE HOUSE,
who desired the speaker to lnlorm him
whether or no the remarks of Byas, who was
then speaking, were asermon on the resolu?
tion; and when the speaker answered in the
negative, he remarked that he thought the
ruling wrong. Jamison again "raised" and
shouted, "We don't come here lo pray for
men's souls. It these meu can't pray enough
at night, the devil is welcome to them." To
settle the matter, Hayue offered
which was as follows:
"Resolved, That the minister he instructed
to go into Hie Conni les of Laurens and Union."
The House refused to adopt it. Jamison
thought that, the chaplain of the Senate wanted
to come over to the House because their
HEADS WERK MORE "STNOPTIOUS."
A motion was made to lay on the table, and
Byas exercised Iiis constitutional perogative
and called the yeas and nays. And thus ended
an hour of South Carolina's legislative buf?
ILL-ADVISED MEASURES. <
As a result, no doubt, of the stories, truthful
and otherwise, coming from the upper coun?
ties lately, the following two resolutions were
to-day Introduced in the House. The former
by Lee, of Edgefield, and the latter by Davis,
Whereas, Certain bills are now being con?
sidered in the Congress of the United States,
providing generally for amnesty to all persons
now laboring under political disabilities by rea?
son of their participation In the rebellion
against the Government of the United States;
and, whereas, in our judgment; ample relief is
afforded such persons by the third section of
the Fourteenth amendment of the Constitution
of the United States; therefore, be it
Resolved, By the House or Representatives,
the Senate concurring, that our senators in
Congress be instructed, and onr representa?
tives be requested, to vote against all such
laws granting general amnesty and relief to
persons now under political disablltles.
Resolved, That a copy of this preamble
and resolutions be transmitted to each of
our senators and representatives in Congress.
Resolved, By the House, the Senate concur?
ring, that his Excellency the Governor be and
he is hereby requested to furnish to the Gene?
ral Assembly inturmatlon why a sufficient mil?
itary loree for the protection of life, liberty aud
property has sot been stationed in suoh
counties in this State as have been hitherto
riotous and refractory; and, further, why have
not the outlaws in them been brought to con?
dign punishment; und why tlie providions of
section 2 of article 13 of the constitution have
not been enforced; aud, als?, to inform the
General Assembly what further legislation is
necessary to effect the purposes herein stated.
DUTIK3 OT CO UN Tl' COMMISSIONERS.
Mr. Whlttemore Introduced to-day a bill
amending the act deilnlmr the Jurisdiction and
duties or county commissioners. The princi?
pal provisions of th? bill are, that all orders
on the county treasurer shall be paid within
ten days from dale of issue and in the order in
which they are Issued; that the county com?
missioners shall aot draw upon the treasurer
for more than three-fourths of the tax levy in
each county In any one year, nor shall any or?
der*^ drawn-upon him, unless he lias the
funds in the treasury to pay the Bame; th<
chasing directly or indirectly -of any
drawn upon the county treasurer for lese
its price-value ls made a misdemeano
punishable by forfeiture of office. The ci
auditor is made ex-officio clerk of the b
All after the word "constitution" in the
line of section 18 is stricken out.
The following is briefly what was doi
the House and'Senate to-day:*
SENATE_The. following resolutions
adopted: Resolution (of select commit?
take order in Senate on notice ot Hoi
Representatives, ot impeachment of T.
Vernon, judge ot the Seventh Judicial Ci
resolution (oy Mr Whlttemore) to re
committee on education to report on t
amend an act to establish and maintain t
tem of free common schools for South
The following were read aaa referred:
(by Mr. Corbin) lo increase the salaries <
justices of the Supreme Court; bill (b;
Corbin) to amend an act entitled "An act
vidingfor the general elections, and the 1
ner ot conducting the same," approved M
The following passed a second reading,
were ordered to be engrossed: Bill (
committee on charitablelxstltutlons) to ac
an act entitled "An act to establish a !
orphan asylum;" joint resolution (by
Swnils) authorizing the county commissic
of Williamsburg County to levy a special
bill (from committee on incorporation;
change the name of the Gap Cree lc"and Mi
Saluda Turnpike Company, and amend
renew the charier thereof; bill (by Mr.
bin) to authorize aliens to hold property
(by Mr. Corbin) to incorporate the Chark
REDEMPTION OF LAND SOLD FOR TAXES
The committee on finance reported to
favorably on the bill or Swalls to provide
the redemption of certain lands sold undei
order of General R. S. Canby for taxes,
the provisions of the bili all the laud bougl
by the sheriff for the State, sold under th?
der of General Canby, of December 3, 1
are entitled to be redeemed within a perle
six months after the passage of the act, u
payment cf the taxes, interest and cost.
REFUSAL TO CONFIRM.
The Senate went- Into executive session
day and refused to confirm the nomlnatio
Hon. Simeon Coriey, as commissioner of
Bure.'.u of Agricultural Statistics, made
GENERAL ELECTION LAW AMENDED.
Among the many bills introduced and gi
notice of to amend the act providing for
general elections and the manner of cond
lag the same, approved March 1. 1870, is
introduced by Mr. Corbin yesterday. Seel
one ol the bill amends section three of
act, so that of the three commissioners, on
least shall be from each party, and one at lt
of the managers shall also be from each pa
Section thirteen ot the act is amended
striking out the words "each box shall be |
vided with a sufficient loc1:, and shall be loci
before the opening of the poll and the keys
fained by the commissioners, and shall not
opened during the elections," and insert
the words "each box shall be provided wli
sufficient lock, and said box shall be publl
opened and inspected to see lt is empty (
secure, and then then locked just belore
opening of the poll, and the keys retained
the managers, and shall not be opened dur!
'Section fifteen ls repealed, and in 1
thereof a section- inserted by which, at I
close of the election, the managers and ch
shall immediately proceed to open the ball
box and count the ballots therein, and ma
such statement of the result thereof, and si
thc same, as (he nature-of the section may
quire. If, on counting, tWo or more ballots
lound folded together compactly, the sai
shall bc destroyed and not counted, ff-nu
ballots are found than there are names on t
poll Hst, all the ballots are to be re) urned
the box, thoroughly mixed, and the exec
drawn out by some one wlthont seeing the;
Within three days after the election, the chu
mon of the board of managers, or one of thei
designated in writing by the board, shall d
liver to the commissioners of election the p<
list and thc written statement of the result i
Section eighteen, relating to the counting)
the rotes by Hie commissioners, is also r
pealed, and another section offered empowe
lng them to count and make statement
election from the returns of the managers, ar
to transmit the same to the boasd ot Stal
canvassers within three days ol their meetin:
In lieu of section twenty-seven the lollowii
is proposed: "That upon such statements the
shall then proceed publicly to determine an
J declare what persons have, by the grealei
! number of votes, been duly elected to sue
office, or either of them."
LAND COMMISSIONER'S REPoRT.
This has become a standard and well-wor
subject of legislation now. The resolution b
Mr. Reedlsh to require, on January C, 1871,
report from the land commissioner, came ti
on general orders in the Houso Friday. .
concurrent resolution by Dyas, compelling
report by the 15th Instant, was taken up os
substitute. Various amendments were offers
and discussed, one of them being to co m pc
the advisory board to report the transaction
of the office prior to the time of the presen
commissioner. A good deal of -'hinting" wa
Indulged In. Mr. By as said he knew of soin
things which he was sorry to have known
and, on account of these things, he thought 1
best to leave the amendment conceminj
former transactions out,.as it might kill tin
Mr. Jamison did not affiliate with the moniei
men, but lie thought he understood what wai
going on generally. He spoke for some time
but, getting clear away from the subject, th?
.speaker interrupted him by saying that al
though the gentleman's discourse on humai
nature was very entertaining, yet he mus
confine himself to the question at issue.
Alter some further discussion, the rcsolutloi
passed, as follows:
Resolved, By the House of Representatives
the Senate concurring, that the laud cominis
stoner ls hereby required to make a report tc
thc General Assembly by the 15th of January,
1871, of all the transactions of the land ollict
since hu entered upon the duties tbereot. und
that the advisory board make a report of thc
transactions of ihu former land commissioner.
STATE ORPHAN ASYLUM.
The bill introduced Friday in the Senate by
Mr. Cardozo from the committee on charitable
institutions to amend the act establishing a
State Orphan Asylum, is an old bill of last win?
ter, which passed the House and received one
reading in the Senate. By the provisions of
the bill the trustees are empowered to bind out
orphan children, provided that they shall
always make it a condition that the children
6hall receive a good common school education;
and are also empowered to hold control over
such children during the continuance of their
In the Senate, Cardozo introduced a bill to
amend the act incorporating the Slate Orphan
A bill to alter and amend the charter of the
Town of Manning was passed and sent to the
Swalls Introduced a bill to authorize the
county commissioners of Williamsburg to levy
a special tax to rebuild the jail.
Whittemore offered a petition of merchants
ot the Town ol Timmonsville, recommending
the passage of a bill abolishing the lien law.
A bill to provide Cor the protection of per?
sons dud property and the public peace, and
to tax real estate for the expenses of the
same, was taken up on its second reading on
the report of the Judiciary committee, and read
a second time section by section.
Bill (by Cardozo) to renew the charter of
the Camden Bridge Company was read a sec?
ond time and referred to the committee on In?
Whlttemore offered a resolution that the
committee on education report by the 10th
instant on the bill to amend the education act
recommitted to them'.
The following bills were introduced by Mr.
Corbin: Bill to incorporate thc Charleston Ri?
fle Club; bill to authorize allens lo hold prop?
. HOUSE BUSINESS, FBIDAT.
Mr. Levy presented tho petition ot Rinah
S. Cohen for the renewal of certain stock. Mr.
S. Cain gave notice of a bill to prevent per?
sons from holding more than one office ot
trust in the State at one time. Rivers gave
notice of a bill to prevent accidents to ral ts
and flat-boats in the rivers of the State. Mr.
Smart gave notice of a bill to provide for phy?
sicians' Hens on crops. A bill ceding the Juris?
diction of the Slate Ot South Carolina to the
United States of America over such' lands as
may be acquired for public purposes by the
Bald United States of America, was passed to
a third reading. A bill to causo owners of
plantations and farms to keep lawful fences
around their cultivated or cleared grounds
was laid upon the table.
A bill to renew and extend an act to provide
a mode to perpetuate testimony in relation to
deeds, wills, choses In act ion, and other papers
destroyed or lost-during the war, was read a
A bill to prevent and punish vagrancy was
For the resolution, by Mr. Reedish,to require,
on January 6.1871, a report from the land com?
missioner, a concurrent resolution, as a substi?
tute, was offered requiring a report by January
15th, 1871. After the adoption ol the resolu?
tion the House adjourned.
TUB IMPEACHMENT CASE.
Nothing of importance has transpired yet in
this case. The committee appointed by the
Senate to adopt rules for their guidance, and
to consider the message of the House announc?
ing the appointment of a committee to draft
articles of impeachment, reported yesterday
morning through Whlttemore, who offered
this resolution with a long whereas:
?fesofued, That the Senate will take proper
order thereon, of which due, notice shalll be
given to the House of Representative.
Why Whlttemore should be the first and
foremost in this matter, seems to be a matter
of grave conjecture all around. Hardly
had the House committee reached the door
of the Senate chamber the other day before
he offered a resolution similar to the above.
He was not, however, successful in endeavor?
ing to put the resolution through under a sus?
pension of the rules, as several objected to
such unseemly haste. The resolution was
passed to-day without discussion.
INCREASE OF SALARIES OF TUE SUPREME JUS?
Among a batch of bills introduced yesterday
by Mr. Corbin was one to provide for the in?
crease of the salaries ot the Justices of th?
Supreme Court,- so that the chief Justice shall
receive five thousand five hundred dollars,
and each ol the associate justices five thousand
ALIENS TO HOLD PROPERTT
Accordlng to the present law, no alien can
hold property In this Stale and bequeath It to
his heirs. The property is escheated to the
State. In the case ol the death ot foreigners
there sometimes arise sope considerable em?
barrassment. Frequently bills come up before
the Legislature granting the land thus es?
cheated to the proper heirs and owners. The
bill of Mr. Corbin, introduced yesterday, pro?
vides that real and personal property or every
description may be taken, held, acquired and
disposed or by an allen in thc same manner in
all respects as by a natural born citizen, and a
title to real and personal property or every de?
scription may be derived from, through, orin
succession to an alien in the same manner in
all respects, as through, from, oe in succession
to a natural born citizen.
WUITTEMORE'S INDEMNIFICATION' BILL.
Tliis bill, ostensibly to protect persons, prop?
erty and the public peace, and to tax public
property for tho same, came up yesterday in
the Senate on Its second reading on thc re?
port of the Judiciary committee, and was con?
sidered as in committee of t he whole section
by section. The recommendations ol the com?
mittee were adopted as follows:
That I he whole or the first secilon be stricken
ont, as the right to sue for damages for inju?
ries to the life, liberty'or peace of any citizen,
as well as the right to cause criminal prosecu?
tions to be instituted for the same injuries, ls
already a part ot the established common and
Etatute law of this Slate; that the penalties bo
inserted. These penalties are fixed at irom
fifty to two thousand dollars fine, and from
three months to three years imprisonment.
That portion of the fifth section empowering
the Governor to increase the number of con?
stables was stricken out. The whole ot tho
tenth section, settling persons aggrieved on
State lands, was stricken out, and the follow?
ing sections added to the bill:
"EC. 9. In all cases where any dwelling
house, or thc building, or any property, real
or personal, shall be destroyed in consequence
of any mob or riot, lt shall be lawful for the
person or persons owning or interested in
such property to bring suic against the county
In which such property was situated and belog,
for the recovery of such damages aa he or they
sustained by reason of the destruction thereof,
and the amount which shall be recovered iu
said action shall be paid in the manner pro?
vided by section 8 ol this act.
SEC. io. No person or persons ?hall be enti?
tled to the recovery of such damages, If it
shall appear that the destruction of his or their
property was caused by his or their Illegal con?
duct, nor unless lt shall appear thal he or they,
upon knowledge had of the intontion or at?
tempt to destroy his or their property, or to
collect a mob for"that purpose, and, sufficient
time intervening, gave notice thereur to a con?
stable, sheriff or trial justice ol Ute county In
winch such property was situated aud being;
and it shall be the duty or such constable,
Bheriff or trial justice, upon receipt ol'such no?
tice, to take all legal means necessary ror the
protection of such propel ty so attacked, or
threatened to be attacked; and, if such consta?
ble, sheriff or trial Justice, upon receipt or such
notice, or upon knowledge or such Intention
or attempt to destroy such property in anywise
received, shall neglect or refose to perform his
duties in lite premises, he or they so neglect?
ing or refusing shall be liable for the damages
done to such property, to he recovered by ao
tion, and shall also be deemed guilty of a mis?
demeanor in office, and, on conviction thereof,
shall forfeit his commission.
SEC. ll. Nothing in this act shall be con?
strued lo prevent the person or persons whose
property ls injured or destroyed hom having
and maintaining his or their action against all
and every person and persons ensnged or par?
ticipating in said mob or riot, to recover full
damages for any injury sustained; provided,
however, that no damages shalljbe recovered
by the pany injured against uuy ol the said
rioters for the same iujury l'or which compen?
sation shall be made by the county.
SEC. 12. It shall be lawful for (he county
commissioners of the county against which
damages shall be recovered under i he pro?
visions of this act, to bring suit or suits In the
natue ol the county, against any aud
all persons engaged or in any manner partici?
pating in said mob or riot, and against any
constable, sherill or trial justice, or other offi?
cer charged with Hie maintenance of the pub?
lic peace, who may be liable, by neglect ol
duty, to the provisions or this act, for the re?
covery of all damages, costs and expenses in?
curred by said county, and such suits shall
not abate or fail by reason of loo many or
loo lew parties defeudant bi lng named therein.
The bill was then ordered to be engrossed.
THE OAKES FAILURE.
The committee or the creditors ol Oakes,
Ames & Co. report that the assets exceed
the liabilities. Creditors representing eight
million of dollars granted an extension with
seven per cent. Interests.
THE WILMINGTON ELECTION.
WILMINGTON, N. C., January 9.
The election for Town Aldermen took place
to-day. The entire Republican ticket was
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
The Fenian prisoners are coming to New
York on the steamship Cuba. Halpin still re?
fuses to accepta conditional pardon.
The Spaniards In Cuba claim to have cap?
tured the wife of President C?spedes, and
another woman and man, carrying a large
amount of specie to the Insurgents; also an in?
surgent mall intended for Nassau and New
An earthquake at Arequiba, December 21st,
damaged many buildings. No lives were lost.
Thc United States steamer Saginaw has been
wrecked on Acian Island, In Hie Pacific.
Lieutenant Talbot, executire otlicer; Peter
Francis, quartermaster, and two sailors, were
The oil refinery at Green port, New York,
bas been bu ned. The loss is estimated at one
Lieutenant-Governor David K. Floyd, ot
New York, ?B dead.
The paper mill of Thomas Riels, at Newton
Falls. New York, has been burned!
THE WORK GOES ON !
A S UMBER OE M X XOR EX O AO E
X E XT 8 .
Destitution at Amiens-Thc Uhlans at
LONDON, January 8.
The Times' special from Versailles says the
American Consul having been permitted to
leave Paris, has-arrived here. The Prussian
guns could easily shell the city. Several
houses in Paris are on fire. There was not
much firing to-day. The French redoubt at
Notre Dame de Clement was captured and the
gunR turned upon the French. Prussian loss
LONDON, Jasunry 9.
The Times' special correspondent with
Prince Frederick Charles's array, describes
fighting along the Loire, in the forest ol' Ven?
dome, and at Montvlre on the G th. He says
Ihe French retreated westward. The Prus?
sians, following them, met with little resist?
. Private advices from Versailles express con?
fidence that only Fort Valerien will be able to
withstand the Prussian bombardment.
Dispatches to the evening of the 8th report
Bourbaki marching on Nancy and Belfort.
The Prussians have reoccupied Auxonne.
The French, have entered Lemur. The Prus?
sians, generally, are withdrawing from the
The French marine Infantry repulsed a Prus?
sian detachment near Brlare.
Favre Btlll waits an invitation to the Confer?
The Uhlans have appeared - under the walls
Great destitution prevails at Amiens and In
Faidberbe officially says he thought the
Prussians would not deny the French victory
this time, but finds German bulletins for the
second time annihilate his army. He proceeds
to dtecuss more glaring Inaccuracies in ihe
German reports. The French, on the night of
the 3d, occupied the villages they had con?
quered, and went Into camp only on the fol?
lowing morning.' As to pursuit, the only sup?
port to the claim ls' that, on the morning of
the fourth, two 6quadrous ol cavalry charged
the Frencli rear guard; one was annihilated,
and the other wheeled off and fled.
The Germans, on Friday, attacked the
French positions nt Ville Chauve, Ville Por?
cher, St. Cyr and Snrgault, and forced the
French lines at Neuville. Subsequently, tho
French, assuming the offensive, recovered
these positions and entered St. Arnaud, the
Prussians retiring toward Vendome, leaving
many wounded and- prisoners. Tue Germans
have reoccupied Lalor'ch and threaten Nogent
VERSAILLES, January 7.
The Germans, beyond Vendome, encounter?
ed two French corps. A severe encounter en?
sued, and the French were repulsed. The
Germans occupied Azay, Jlontvlre, and inter?
HAVRE. January 8.
General Roy, defeating ten thousand Prus?
sians, mostly from Rouen, occupied Bourga
churd, and threatens lo drive Ihe Prussians
Irom Pont Andemer.
NEW YOKE, January 9.
A Herald special soys that eight suspected
Bonapartlst agents h?ve beeu arrested in the
department of the Same and elsewhere. They
will probably be court-martlalled. The special
adds that the reign of terror is commencing.
. XEGRO RIOT IX LOUISIAXA.
NEW ORLEANS, January 9.
Thc Times reports a negro riot at Brashear
Cily, In which a white boy 'belonging to a cir?
cus was killed.
The steamship Railroad Train has been fired
TME FIQUTIXQ OE THE FUTURE.
The Ballooning System.
This ls an age of novelties; not perhaps of
Ideas, for originality In that respect is so ques?
tioned and relined nowadays that we begin to
be believers In the somewhat caustic observa?
tion o? the Hebrew klog, that there is nothing
new under the sun. But the practical applica?
tion of resuscitated principles, says the London
Examiner, is carried' out so largely, that we
begin to wonder sometimes whether human
ingenuity will ever find an insurmountable
boundary and a limit lt cannot pass. The wars
of ihe lust len'years have given a wonderful
stimulus to inventive genius for improving old
and designing fresh instruments of destruction,
and society is indebted to Hie present sanguin?
ary contest for one or two novel ulds to whole-,
sale slaughter. When this unhappy war shall
have ended, Europe will be flooded willi books
about lt, historical, political and technical; and
we shall be greatly disappointed if we do not
see some record ot the doings of the intrepid
aeronauts who have rendered such signal ser?
vice in France by preserving a means of com?
munication between thc invested capital and
the provinces. Their operations have been
doubtless irregular, awkward, and not always
Bitccesstal; but their art is in its infancy, aiid
crude as may have been their efforts they have
had a valuable and beneficial influence on the
defence. Blame as wc may the. vanity and
rashness which led to the war, thc mendacity
and recklessness which have* characterized lt
on the part of the French, it is Impossible not
to admire the Indomitable perseverance and
courage they have displayed under crushing re?
verses. The balloon post is one novelty called
Into existence by this war, and there ls little
doubt that the important service lt has renderd,
and the comparative success it has attained,
will stimulate the promoters of orinl naviga?
tion to overcome the difficulties still attending
lt, till in the course of another decaue lt may
be a perfected and recognized means ol transit.
There ls an JEronautical Society In this coun?
try, and they have had to submit to a great
deal of good humored badinage from the public
on account of their somewhat eccentric doings;
but they may take comfort that the siege ol
Paris has demonstrated thc ulillity of their ob
iects, end we hope they may derive some useful
lints from the experiments there made. What
is to bethe status of "ballooning" in future
warfare cannot be decided In the present ele?
mentary stale of thc art. The Germans, with
questionable austerity, have treated the occu?
pants ol one or two captured balloons as KU Illy
ol' a breticn of military law, and have sent them
before a court-martial; on what charge and
with what result we have not heard. This ls
carrying matters with a very high hand. Inas?
much as balloons may convey Information be?
tween different points of an invaded country of
material usc to the defenders and detrimental
to the invaders, a balloon may iairly be captur?
ed, Its contents seized, and its occupants treat?
ed as prisoners of war. Just the same as a vessel
attempting to run a blockade; but beyond this
the spirit of reprisal should not. extend. The
good sense ol' civilized goveruments has
already decided against the use In warfare of
explosive bullets, and probably some agree?
ment may be come to in the future whioti.
while preserving the Just rights ol'belligeren ls,
may prevent the pure air ol'heaven from being
made the scene of bloodshed. Earth and * sea
are already consecrated to deeds of violence
and death-surely tho air may, by mutual con?
sent, be neutralized. As we have said, aeros?
tation ls yet in Its infancy, but it is both possi?
ble and probably that diplomacy in future
years may have to settle delicate questions ol'
right and rule, belligerent and peaceful, in tho
possession of the heaven above, as they have
ot the earth beneath and the waters that sur?
A CONSERVATIVE VICTO UT.
The Chester Elections Carried by a
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO TBE NEWS.]
CHESTER, January 9.
At the municipal election held in the town
ol Chester to-day, the Conservatives carried
the town and elected the council by a majority
of one hundred abd ninety, out of two hun?
dred and sixty-five votes. The following are
the officers elected: A. H. Davega, intendant;
W. H. Hardin, J. Heyman, G. W. Melton and
J. A. Bradley, Jr., wardens.
WASHINGTON, January 9.
In the Senate numerous petitions for the re?
moval of political disabilities were presented;
also a memorial from the. New Tort Chamber
of Commerce upon the Importance of a cable
from the Western coast to Asia. The Judiciary
committee reported a bill that presidential
electors and members of Congress be elected
The House bill appropriating $2000 for an
amanuensis for Schenck, and the mint bill,
were considered. Adjourned.
Bills were introduced and referred for an
additional federal Judge in Alabama; granting
the right of way through public lands to the
New Orleans and Northeastern Railway; giv?
ing money arising from sales of public lands
for five years to the common schools of the
South; reimbursing Texas for frontier defence
expenses; relinquishing the government title
to certain lands in East Baton Rouge; defining
swamp laws; relief for grape brandy distillers.
A resolution constructing a Joint committee ol
five senators and elgin members on ocean tele?
graph, with power lo send for persons and pa?
pers, was passed.
A motion to take up thc San Domingo bill
failed of receiving a two-thirds vote. All the
Democrats and Ambler, Beatty, Bird, Flnkling
bury, Hoar, Peters and Wllliard voting nay.
[It requires only the defection of seven Re?
publicans now to dcieat this measure, which
requires a two-thirds vote.] The bill came up
again, when Ambler moved an amendment
that nothing in the resolution be construed as
committing Congress to ihe policy of the an?
nexation of Dominica. Several Republicans
cried, "that is right." The Democrats filibus?
tered and finally agreed to vote at two o'clock
to-morr?w. Adjourned. It ls understood
that Ambler's amendment will be defeated, as
lt would cause delay, and the resolution will
pass ss lt came from the Senate.
Abbott contests Vance's Eeat in the Senate,
on the ground that the votes cast for Vance
were null, as being cast for an Ineligible per?
son, and that he (Abbott) received a majority
of legal votes.
The Senate judiciary committee have con?
sidered the apportionment bill; also consid?
ered, favorably, an amendment to the bank?
rupt bill, providing it should not divest the
dower of the bankrupt's wife, providing it did
not conflict with State laws.
TUE MOTLET-l'ISU CORRESPONDENCE.
The Motley-Fish correspondence, lu its de?
tails, is mostly personal. Motley declined, to
resign, and attributes his ramovnl to Sumner's
course upon the Dominica question. The fol?
lowing illustrates the anlrans of the corres?
pondence: Secretary Fish, In a letter to Mr.
Moran, dated December 30, reviewing Mot?
ley's course, says: "It may possibly oc?
cur to some sensitive persons that deli?
cacy, not lo say propriety, would suggest
to a retired official of the government,
wishing lo place his views on its officiai
archives, to make a request to that effect,
which certainly would have been most cheer?
fully accorded to a gentleman of Mr. Motley's
eminent distinction and great ability; but Mr.
Motley, having closed his mission, asks no per.
mission, but assumes as a right to place hie
statement on record. Questioning the taste,
and denouncing the right of this assumpt ion, 1
nevertheless allow a place on the diplomatic
records of the country to Mr. Motley's history
ot Hie end of his mission. It Is not for me
to question the measure of Mr. Motley's ap?
preciation of his position in the confidence ol
his government, but I caunot accept his state?
ment that no shadow of a difference of opinion
existed between the President and his govern?
ment and himself as to our relations with
Great Britain." The Secretary then reviews,
with considerable severity, Mr. Motley's course
at length, and states that the instructions
given to Mr. Motley, at the time ol
his appointment, were not fully car?
ried out by him as minister. Mr. Fish cen?
sures him for submitting to Lord Clarendon a
dispatch for verification, before submitting lt
to his own government. The Secretary says,
In commenting upon Mr. Motley's statement,
"As to the unanimity of thc Senate on the oc?
casion of Iiis confirmation, and as to thc cause
of his removal, it remains only to notice Mr.
Motley's adoption of the rumor, which had
its origin in this city, In a source bitterly,
personally and vindictively hostile to the Pre?
sident. Mr. Motley says it has been rumored
I hat lie was removed from the post of minister
to England ou account of the opposition made
by an eminent senator, who honors him with
his friendship, to thc San Domingo treaty.
There can be no question .as to Hie identity of
the Inimical senator at whose door Mr. Motley
is willing to deposit his removal, and it is
unworthy of Mr. Motley's real merit and
ability, and an injustice to the honorable
senator alluded to, to whose influence and ur?
gency he was originally Indebted for his nomi?
nation, lo attribute to him thc cause ef his re?
moval." Mr. Fish says: "Mr. Motley must know
that many senators opposed the San Domingo
treaty openly, and with as much efficiency as
did Mr. Sumner, and that they continued to
enjoy Ihe confidence ot the President." Mr.
Fish proceeds at considerable length to point
out the untenable nature of the ground taken
by Mr. Motley, and shows that tba time chosen
for Mr. Motley's removal was the proper one,
on diplomatic considerations.
TUE COURT OF CLAIMS.
The Court of Claims decided to-day that a
document certified by a department of this
government could not bo offered in evidence
unless there was proof as to Its authenticity.
This question originated in respect to the
archives of the Confederate Governmont af?
fecting the political status of-claimants In the
4 PRINTERS' STRIKE.
SAVANNAH, January 9.
The newspaper printers In this city are on a
strike for sixty cents per thousand ems. Thc
proprietors have refused to pay lt. The price
now is fifty cents, and printers who work o
full week make from thirty to fifty dollars pei
week at that price.
-Brook, in Holland, ls thc cleanest town In the
world. No horne or carriage has ever been per?
mitted to enter lt, and everything is kept witt
most scrupulous neatness. Before entering many
of the houses you are required to remove youl
THE CITY OJbJBHUUJLIjXJV J??OJLJtUjJSM
NEW YOEE, January 9.
The City of Brooklyn, bound hence for Liver?
pool, has been spoken. She was partially dis?
abled and proceeding on her voyage under ?
canvas. The mails and part of the passengers
were transferred to the Hansa.
fU a rr ico.
PAINE-ASUBY.-On Tuesday evening. 3d
instant, by Rev. W. B. W. Howe, at St. Philip's
Church, MOUTON- B. PAINE and HATTIE, youngest
daughter of <he late Major James A. Ashby, U. S.
A., all of this etty.
Sun ev a? STotire?.
?S* THE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
acquaintances of Mrs. CLARA CHRIETZBURG
and of Mr. and Mrs. William Ferguson are res*
pectfuUy Invited to attend the Funeral Services of
the former, at ber residence, northeast corner or
Nassau and Reid streets, TO-DAY, at 2 o'clock.
THE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
acquaintances of Mrs. CATHERINE TULLEY, and
Mrs. J. Barragan, are Invited to attend the Fane*
ral Services or the former, from her?ate residence,
corner of McBride's lane and St. Philip street.
OFFICE OF THE CHARLESTON
GASLIGHT COMPANY, DECEMBER 20, 1870.
The Board of Directors of this Company having
declared a Dividend of FIFTY CENTS per Share
on the Capital Stock, the same will be paid to
Stockholders on and after MONDAY, 9th January,
The Transfer Books will be closed from this
date to 10th January, 1871. W. J. HERIOT,
dec26 Secretary and Treasurer.
jS?-THE GREAT MEDICAL WONDER,
DR. HASKELL'S ELECTRIC OIL kite all pain tn
two minutes. Cancers, Bolls, Tetter and Old
Sores, cured In 48 hours by DR. HASKELL'S CAR.
BOLIC CANCER SALVE. For sale at retail by
G. W. ATMAR, COHEN'S MEDICAL DE?
DE. H. BAER, POT,
A. O. BARBOT, DR. G. J. L?HS,
ED. S. BURNHAM, W. T. LITTLE A CO.,
M. H. CULLINS A CO., ALFRED RAOUL, M. D.,
GRAMAN A SCH WAKE, DR. W. A. SKR1NE.
E. H. KELLERS, M. D.,
And at wholesale by DO WIE, MOISE A DAVIS,
sole Agents for Sooth Carolina, novU-amosnaw
A CARD.-JOHN BINNS, AGENT,
respectfully Informs the merchants and bnstness
people generally, that he bas engaged In his old
business or DRAYING, and holds himself In readi?
ness to eu gage in hauling for any person that needs
his services. By uniform charges and personal
attendance to business he hopes to share a por?
tion of the pi b'.lc patronage. Can be seen at the
Old Postofflce. Jan3-tuths6*
MEDICAL NOTICE. -PATIENTS
suffering from Diseases pe-taming to the GENITO
URINARY ORGANS, will receive the latest scien?
tific treatment by placing themselves under the
care oi Dr. T. REESSTJERSA, office No. 74 Hasel
street, three doors from the Postofflce.
pSf* THE SOUTH CAROLINA LOAN j
AND TRUST COMPANY, CHARLESTON, S. C.,
DECEMBER 24, 1870.-SAV1NGS DEPARTMENT.
Depositors are requested to leave their BOOKS to
be credited with the January Quarterly Interest,
due 1st proximo.
All Deposits made on or before the 20th Janu?
ary, will bear Interest from 1st January. Interest,
6 ptrcent., will be compounded quarterly.
THOMAS H. WAKING
fgf EXPRESSLY" FOR TUE LADIES.
Married aud Single, all classes and conditions,
arc ?able to suffer from derangements of the sys?
tem, painful Irregularities, nervousN Irritability
and many troublesome complaints that Invite
premature old age. These complaints may all be
cured, controlled or reueved, by the use of the
PHILOTOKEN or Female's Friend. Sold by the
Druggis s at fl per bottle. ' Jan5-thstu3
ps* THIEVES ! KNAVES ! SWIND?
LERS ?-These are mild terms with which to des?
ignate th iee adventurers, who have been induced
by the high reputation which Dr. SAGE'S
CATARRH REMEDY has won to offer for sale a
worthless imitation of this celebrated medicine.
Remember that Dr. Pierce's private stamp, which
ls Circe and a hair inches long and has upon lt his
portraP, and the words U. S. Certificate of Genu?
ines?," ls upon every package of the genuine.
Sold by druggists or by mall sixty cents. Address
Dr. R. V. PIERCE, Buffalo, N. Y. Jan6-thstu8D?O
PIMPLES ON THE FACE.-FOR
Comedones, Dlackworms or Grubs, Pimply Erup?
tions and blotched ?lsdgurafMonson the Face, use
PERRY'S COMEDOSE .AND PIMPLE REMEDY,
Depot So. 49 Bond street, New York. Sold by
pB* FOR MOTH PATCHES,
Freckles and Tan, use PERRY'S MOTH AND
FRECKLE LOTION. The only reliable and harm?
less rem-dy known to science for removing
brown discolorations from the Face. Prepared
only by Dr. B. C. PERRY, No. 49 Bond street,
Sew York. Sold by Druggists everywhere.
pS* DEFENSIVE MEDICATION.-IN?
VESTIGATION is as necesaary for the protection
of the human body against disease when un?
healthy intluences are abroad as iron armor and
granite casements are for the protection or ships
and fortresses when assailed by shot and shell.
Hence, lt ls desirable, when those potent enemies
or vitality-damp and cold-pervade the air we
breathe, to put the system in the best possible
condition to encounter them. Thc stomach ls thc
organ by which every other organ is nourished
and sustained, and therefore upon its vigorous
and regular action depends, In a great measure,
the capacity of the system to resist the assaults
or the Invisible enemies or health and life, by
which, at this Inclement season, lc ls surrounded.
HOSTETTER'S STOMACH BITTERS, an admirable
tonic and regulating medicine for all seasons, is
never more needed than in winter, when the tor
pi Tying influence of a chilly atmosphere affects all
the vital functions and renders the body extreme?
ly susceptible. By toning the digestive organs
and the ?Ker and the bowels with this unequalled
vegetable specific, a physical condition is attained
which seems to be proof against all varieties of J
temperature, and tnat ls lolraicaole in the air of |
winter. Defensive medication ls a precaution
which should never be neglected when danger ls j
present, and therefore a cenase of the Bitters at
thlss?asi:i ls particularly desirable, especially for
the feeble and sickly. As a remedy for bilious?
ness, dyspepsia, nervousness and bowel com
plaln.s,. there ls nothing comparable to this whole?
some restorative. Jan7-8n*c
pWDR. J. C. LUDWIG, BAUNSCHEID
IST-Dr. LUDWIG would respectfully inform his
friend?, and the citizens of, Charleston generally,
that lie has returned to the city and Oders his pro
fes3ionr.l services as a BA?KSCUE1DIST, In the
cure atv1 relief of many diseases appertaining to
the human sysitem. His practice U particularly
applicable to all Diseases of the Skin (and all cu?
taneous infirmities,) Rheumatism, Gout, Neural?
gia, Dyspepsia, Ac.
OlUce lu WENTWORTH STREET, No. 70, north
side, between K ing and St. Phillp street
Dr. Ludwig would respectfully refer to the fol?
lowing gentlemen: ..
Henry Gerdts,, D. Leseman, L. Oronlog, W. I.
Middleton, J. H. Bolles, Miles Drake, James M.
Caldwell A Son, Dr. J. B. Patrick, L. Welskopf, G.
C. Schmetzer, A. Moroso and P. A. McBride.
CONSIGNEES PEE STEAMER
SEA GULL, fro m Baltimore, are ii? reb j no ti fled Uut
ehe ls THIS Di Y discharging cargo at* Pier Na 1
Union Wharves. All goods not taken away at
sunset will remain on wharf at consignees' risk.
JsnlQ-l_MORDECAI k CO., Agents.
pW CONSIGNEES PER STEAMSHIP
CHAMPION, from Now York, are notified that
ehe ls discharging cargo THIS DAT at Ad ger's
Wharf. Goods uncalled ror at sunset win reman?
on wharf at owners' risk and expense.
JanlQ-1 JAMES ADQER k CO., Agents.
^CONSIGNEES PEE MERCHANTS'
LINE SCHOONER B. N. HAWKINS Will send
promptly THIS DAY to Adger's North Wha rf for
Goods, or they will be stored at their risk and ex?
pense. All claims must be made known to dis- ?
charging clerk before removing Goode.
JanlO-l_ WILLIAM ROACH k 00. .
. p?f TE JIPE RANCE MEN ADMIT ITS'
UTILITY.-No attempt has ever been made or
ever will be made to disguise thc character of '
PLANTATION BITTERS. lt contains alcohol;
and no Bitters that does not c on tain alcohol ls
worth a rush. Water will neither preserve the
virtues of tome vegetables nor render them active
in the system. This ls a chemical fact which np
one competent to deliver an opinion on the sub?
ject will deny. Water tonics tarn soar on the.
.stomach,.If they are not soar to begin with,
(which ls frequently the case) and produce and
promote Indigestion, instead of curing lt. Let lt,
therefore, be distinctly understood that PLANTA?
TION BITTERS ls an alcohol restorative. But
mark this: lt ls strictly a medicine; not a ber-.
erage. It ls to be taken In limited quanti tie? and
at stated times, like other remedies and anti?
dotes, and therefore its nae is in accordance with
temperance law, as weil as with that "higher
law," which renders lt incumbent upon every
being gifted with reason to resort to the best pos?
sible means of accomplishing a salutary end. ?
SKA Moss FARINE, from pure Irish Moan, for
Blanc Mange, Paddings, Costards, Creams, Ac,
Ac' The cheapest, healthiest, and most delici?os
food in the world._' . - mwfSnac
JHT DIVORCES .-ABSOLUTE DI?
VORCES legally obtained in New York, Indiana,
Illinois and other States, for persons from any '
State or country, legal everywhere} desertion,
drunkenness, non-support, Ac. sufficient canse;
no publicity. No charge until divorce ls obtained.
Advice free. Address,
MOORE k RICHARDSON,
Counsellors at Law. _
dec26-lyr 180 Broadway. New York City.
p?T- FIRST NATIONAL BANK OP
CHARLESTON, CHARLESTON, S.O., DECEMBER
80,1870.-The Annnal Election for Directors ox
this Bank will be held at the Banking House, on
TUESDAY, January 10,1871, between the hours of
10 A. M. and 2 o'clock P. M.
Jan?-thtu2 WM. O. BREESE, Cashier.
Ehrt] ?oooe, &t.
j ? JJ <:
COMPETITION JJ EFI JE1I> .
IN ORDER TO MAKE ROOM FOR OUR v
WE ARE NOW CLOSING OUT OUR
FALL AND WINTER GOODS
AT PRICES NEVER BEFORE KNOWN DI
Onr Stock ls LARGE and SELECT, comprising:
CLOTHS AND CASSIMERE8,
OILCLOTH, Ac, AC
OCt31 NO. 244 BUNG STREET.
WHOLESALB AGENTS FOR THE
OLD CAROLINA BITTERS.
H. BISCHOFF A CO.,
H. KLATTE A CO.,
B0LLMANN BROTH ESS,
J. A. QUACKENBU8H,
WAGENER A MONSEEB,
MANTO US A CO.