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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1578.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 12, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
.PROGRESS OF THE SIEGE.
THE BULGI AS S SCESIIXQ DAJfOEB.
Desperate Fighting in the East-Bis?
marck and the Britishers-The New
LONDON, January 10.
The Brussels Echo of to-day says th? militia
are again summoned to the Belgian Irontier
Staff officers have already arrived in the neigh?
borhood of Longwy. The Prussians continue
the investment ci Givet, near the Belgian
Berlin letters to London journals assert that
the London Conference will likely consider
the question of peace should Paris surrender
during its session.
La Patrie says the financial ls worse than
the military situation, and proposes to return
Colonel Pratt, director of the Anglo-Ameri?
can ambulance at Orleans, has gone to Bor?
deaux to negotiate an exchange of wounded
prisoners, of whom there are now large num?
bers on both sides.
Count Bernstoff, Prussian minister, receiv
ed^the following telegram from Bismarck:
"VERSAILLES, January 8.
'.The report of the German commander at
Bouen respecting the sinking of the English
colliers has ?ot arrived, but the facts are
known. Tell Lord Granville we sincerely re?
gret that our troops, to avert imminent dan?
ger, were obliged to seize the British ship.
We admit the claim for indemnity. Il unjusti?
fiable excesses were also committed, we re?
gret them, '.nd will call the guilty to account.
Further explanations represent that the ves?
sels were seized for fear the French would use
them to land troops.
William Meinzell, member ot Parliament
lrom Limerick County, has offered the Pope a
residence on his estate in Ireland.
Shaw Lefebvre has bean appointed home
VEKSAIU.ES, January 9, P. M.
Last night the fire from our batteries south
of Paris was increased, and buildings inside
Fort Montrouge were burning all night. To?
day there is a dense fog, and the bombard?
ment ls not so heavy. The return fire of the
French ls weak. The Germans lost on Sunday
The column advancing on Le Mans reached
8t. Calais yesterday, meeting with slight re
BERLIN, January 9.
Voa Werder has been heavily reinforced.
The Prussians in the Department of Yonne are
concentrating at Joigny, on the Paris and
hf ons Ballway, and reinforcements have ar?
rived there from Germany.
The fighting when Danjoutin was carried by
storm is described as desperate on both slaes.
The German loss was heavy.
BERLIN, January 10.
The second instalment of the German loan
has been taken by contractors at an ad*, ance.
STUTTGART, January 9.
Count Von Taube has resigned the Ministry
of Foreign Affairs. He is succeeded by Von
THE INVESTJUEy'T OF FA BIS.
Prospects or the Fall ot the Capital
Bismarck's Share of thc Responsibil?
ity-A Protracted Investment Proba?
Writing from Versailles on December 14, the
correspondent of the London Times says : .
If the good people who are exercising them?
selves over the war were only to know how
their "resolutions In public meeting assem?
bled" are viewed, they would, perhaps, think
lees of the beneficial influence they exercise
over the belligerents. No one at all acquainted
with the Freue h people here imagines they are
one whit more disposed to make peace and sur?
render Alsace and Lorraine than they were.
On the other hand, the Germans call out the
landsturm and create two new army corps,
adding 60,000 to the number of combatants
In the field. All the States north and
south are filling up their ranks. And Paris ?
Well, two months more at least. So that the
14th ol February may witness the arrival ol
tte ever-recening day. You must not be dis?
pleased at lt or "sick" of it, for the war will
go on until France can get more men to fight
tor her. The present position of the various
armies ls a proof that the plans of the grea'est
strategists are frustrated by the accidents of
war and by circumstances which, if foreseen,
were not duly appreciated. The army ot* the
Crown Prince and the army of the Crown
Prince of Saxony are encamped round a city
which was not considered likely to make any
defence at all. The first' idea as to Parie was
that lt would surrender when it was eu. round?
ed; the second, that lt would yield after a short
term of privation; the third, that it would suc?
cumb when a lew shells had fallen into it.
Then it was resolved to try starvation,
pure and simple, and various periods
were arbitrarily selected-tour, six, eight,
or ten weeks-as the time during which
the city might hold out. The councils of
the German chiefs seem to have been un?
decided as to the bombardment. At an carly
period of the investment I have no doubt the
measure was in contemplation. Siege trains
were formed, the heavy guns from Strasbourg
hurried up and parks establisher gabions and
fascines stored, and magazines formed. Th- n
two sorts of fire were opened against the pro?
ject-one from the fons of Paris, developing
immense artillery power, and rendering tl,e
establishment of a superiority o? tire at least
questionable; the other from moral batteries,
which caused various Influential persons to
view the proposed bombardment with dis?
favor. To the hearts of some the voice of hu?
manity spoke; with others the good opinion o?
Europe had its weight Others alleged philan?
thropic, social, moral and aesthetic reasons,
while they really disliked not the bombard?
ment, but its possible failure. Among those
who were accused ol' prolonging the anxieties
of Germany and the sufferings, or, at
any rate, the endurance, of the army,
was Count Bismarck. It was said in
Germany that he opposed the bombard?
ment. The Imperial Chancellor denied the
soft Impeachment. His counsel is not sought
In the Military Cabinet, and the military mem?
bers of it alone are responsible for the atitude
of the armies and the measures adopted by
them. Count Bismarck does not incur HDV
censure which may be directed against their
operations in the field or out ol lt. The phases
of iee ll ag which I have indicated li a ve mostly
been patent enough, and the last resolve ot
the leaders of the army seemed to be that
Paris should be starved out without a gun .
being fired against it. I think there are evi?
dences ot a change in favor ot a more actively
aggressive policy. It may be the influence ot
fiopular feeling which ls growing impatient,
t may be the desire to show the members of
Beichstag that preparations are in hand to
quicken the appreciation ot hunger on the
part of the city. The guns which nave been
parked will, I think, be put in position in a
6hort time. They will, at all events, contribute
freatly to strengthen the Prussian Iront, and
ring a powerlul fire on any ouuall lrom
Paris. As tc the effects of a bombardment
proper, I have already expressed an opinion
quantum valeat-l mean, bf course, physical
effects, for the moral results on the population
are beyond conjecture. The investing armies,
then, will hold on round Parla to the end, and
never depart until they are forced to raise tho
Biege or see the city in their power. It is now
evident that ll Bazaine had held Metz lor a
fortnight more those armies would have been
placed in a most critical position, and that la
all likelihood the investment of Paris would
have been abandoned. Il not, then the Crown
Prince would have had to beat the army of
the Loire with corps detached from his for?a
to the rear, and have had with the armies thus
diminished to have checked the sorties, neces
sarlly much more vigorous when encouraged
bv the guns ot another French force beyond
them. But Prince Frederick Charles having
come up in time to meet and roll back the
advancing columns of the Loire army, and
having retaken Orleans, a new series of ope?
rations became necessary. Writing on De?
cember 20, Dr. Russell says: "Within five days
of Christmas, and no sign of the surrender ol
Paris. No chance of the Germans seeing the
inside of the Tuileries in 1870 at all events.
There ls an ignorant impatience on the sub?
ject. People ask, 'Why has not Paris been
taken?' Dat why should Paris have been
taken ? The city has not been attacked. There
were two great miscalculations somewhere.
The first as to the moral and physical courage
of the people; the second as to their means of
subsistence. Long ago, in our morn:ng
marches after Sedan, I n -ed to ask, Waat
will you do if Paris resists ' and the only an?
swer I got was that li weald not resist. The
news from the citv is thr.t there is not sensible
want within, accept on the part of those who
do not contribute to the defence, and when the
period ol'absolute starvation for the garrison
may come is what no one lrom Paris seems
able to indicate. The pressure of short com?
mons and of no commons at all on the
mass of men, women and children who are not
! actively engaged must cause more trouble to
j the government; but that mischief has not yet
come. Then why should Paris surrender?
' Not a shot has yet been fired against it; not
; one German e'iell has burst In its street,
j Hunger, which has hitherto been relied upon,
with Its two million inhabitants, has not
opened one parallel or effected a lodgment in
the place. 'Then why do not the Germans
bombard?' The answer to that I Indicated
long ago. The map and the compass will give
lt to any one. Paris is surrounded by lorts
which He a considerable way from the city.
Behind them Is another line of continuous
rampart, and the intervals between the ions
may be described also as a continuous line-for
earthworks have been established, covered bv
advance redoubts. Although these forts were
constructed before the days of rifled artil?
lery, they are placed so as to command, In mott
Instances, the sites on which an enemy could
plant his batteries against them, even
with rifled guns. The Germans did no', make
_ preparationa for a serions siege, lo to opened
j by fire and carried on by sap, parallfi and bat
' tery. The guns parKed'were powe* Ail of their
kind, but were in no way super) jr to, if, in?
deed, they were equal to, thos? in the lorts.
They bad to be collected from remote arsenals.
The trains which sufficed for Strasbourg would
make a sorry show against Paris. While the
trees were in leafand the woods concealed the
iront of the German lines great progress might
have been made in erecting batteries had the
mat?riel been ready, and had the Germans
faced the certainty that Paris would not yield to
moral demonstrations and mere inconvenien?
ces from suspended communications. Now that
the front ot the lines is exposed there is no
work which the Germans can throw up which
is not exposed to heavy fire, except a few bat
I terles which will be made known by their open
I lng rounds, and be felt before they are seen. The
armament of the forts is very powerful, and
the stores ot amunition are ernormous. At
least there ls no stint. Ton can have a 180
pound shell all to yourself, if you like, any day.
Credeexperlo, I.know the places, and can show
you where they are. What a vast arsenal
Paris must have become ! How prodigious its
resources ! Willie the Germans were content
with investing the place, strengthening a few
positions, throwlug up batteries, which were
to be armed if a bomsardment were determin?
ed upon, and making themselves safe and snug
within breastworks, barricades and lortlfled
posts, to prevent the garrison breaking out on
them, not to enable them tu break In on the
garrison, the defence took courage, and cov?
ered by their guns, seized upon Bites which the
besiegers had neglected or abandoned."
PROVISION SVPPLY IX PARIS.
The captured staff officers of the Saxon
Crown Prince related on their release that
they bad been sumptuously entertained in
Paris, and it was inferred by some correspon?
dents, whose letters we have published, that
there was plenty in Paris. The London Times
correspondent in the capital Intimates that the
"delicacies of the season" are still to be had
by those in the secret, but that the general
supply of good food is sufficient is not proved
by this sort ol evidence. The correspondent
alluded to says, under date of December 14:
Those who have the courage to go to the
restaurants carr still get meat, without any
stint as to quantity, and by no means bad as
regards quality. At first-class restaurants
such a3 the Voisin-one finds either beef or so
good an Imitation of it that lt ls impossible,
with all one's skepticism on the alert, to de?
tect the forgery. I have been told, lo answer
to my inquiries how meat could still be cot,
that a great number of private speculators,
many ol them belonging to the so-called poor
classes, have contrived, either on the sly or on
some plausible pretext, to keep a cow or a
sheep up lo the last moment, in order to sell
to the restaurateurs ready to pay high prices.
Among rich people tho amount ol private pro?
visions stowed away is said to be very great.
They astonish occasional acquaintances by
offering at breakfast, quite as a matter of |
course, fresh butter, eggs, milk, and perhaps
cold beef or a chicken. It ls at first hard to re?
press the uncharitable suspicion that they
must be in secret communication with Ver?
sailles, but the mystery vanishes when one
learns that one:d host had the forethought,
when the siege was about to commence, to till
a garret with poultry, and find a quiet cor?
ner, out of reach of inquisitive eyes, in which
to stow away a cow. I hear that the govern?
ment agents are beginning to lerret out these
supplies-rather indiscreetly, however, com?
mencing by asking significant questions about
them, instead of quietly seizing them as soon
as the right moment for confiscation arrives.
Some of the restaurateurs have private farms
Just outside Paris, within the Bhelter of the
'fortifications, and are thus enabled to provide
such luxuries as fresh butter, eggs and milk
at rather heavy prices, however. A cup of |
chocolat au lait'a pat ol'butter, two eggs, and
bread a discretion, cost 5f. or Cf.; but then the
bread alone can be considered a necessary of |
lile, and this has not yet even been rationed.
There was fe panic about it the other day. and
a report that it was running short, in conse?
quence of a lew bakers shutting up their shops;
but on inquiry it turned out that the shops
had been emptied by an unexpected rush
of customers, each anxious to lay In
a stock of flour for his own private
use, to protect himself against the possible
horrors of the siege when the moment of surr
render has arrived. I have already mentioned
tiiat a few are sanguine enough to hope that !
this moment can he postponed to the end of ]
February, but that the beginning seemed lo
roe a more probable date. 1 have since heard
the first week of January named on very high
authority, but ibis was on the assumption that
the population would not - consent to hold out
on bread and wine, but would Insist on surren?
der the moment all other supplies ceased.
The politician who expressed this view, and
who has every facility for obtaining Informa?
tion, ought to know his fellow-countrymen a
great deal better than I do; but I confess I
have a higher opinion of them, and believe
that Paris will submit to considerable priva?
tion, provided the Provinces continue what is
supposed to be their present policy ot strenu?
ous resistance, be they successful or not.
BLUE TIMES AT VERSAILLES.
The correspondondent of the New York Tri?
bune, writing from Versailles under date ol
December 18, says :
DECEMBER 18-11 A. M.
Since I left this town to pay a visit to Or?
leans, thc aspect of affairs has undergone a
most decided change. There are the same
dining princes. [Do they ever do anything
but eat at the Hotel des Reservoirs ?] the same
guns on the Place d'Armes, and the same
crowd of military uniforms in the street; bat
morally lhere is a great and notable change at
the headquarters of the King of Prussia. A
general aspect of sadness is over the whole
place; there is a wearied, tired look on every
face. "When will it all be over ?" ls the phrase
you hear on all sides. Then one hears great
abuse ol the French for fighting when they are
beaten, when they real ly'ought lo have given
io. "Look at the Austrians when they were
thoroughly beaten lu '66-Uley signed a treaty
of peace, and the war was at au end.'' But
all this laughing at the French, all this
lilting up of hands against the enormilies
of Francs-tireurs and such like, really only
means this : "We have got a mucti
tougher Job than we thought we had; France
ls a very big and a very rich country; we have
the greatest difficulty in maintaining our hold
on a third of lt; how are we to hope to conquer
the whole country ?" No word ol admiration
ls vouchsaled for the conduct of Paris in hav?
ing consented to be cut off for now nearly three
months from all the other world. But a feel?
ing Is growing tip thai "ces Messieurs 'du
pave'' are not quite such contemptible oppo?
nents as Count Bismarck would have us be?
lieve. As I have already written you, the
army ol the Loire fought well even a?ter Its
retreat from Orleans. Look at one fad: it
took the Germans three days' hard fighting to
obtain undisputed possession of Beauge?cy.
Here there has been little done since the last
great sortie. It was reported yesterday that
the French had got as far north as Chartres,
from which they had driven the Prussians. That
this was a fable, I make no doubt. But it is
admitted that the knowledge of General
Chansey's movements U limited. The French
are taking to using their cavalry In i he same
way as do" their enemy, viz: to mask their
movements, and to keep their opponents
from obtaining knowledge of movements ol
troops hy means of their extremely bold re
THE KING OF PRUSSIA AND THE
The answer of the King of Prussia to the
deputation of the Diet, which presented the
address at Versailles on December 17, ls pub
llshed in the Staats-Anzelger, and runs as fol
Jentlemen-In receivingyou herc on foreign
territory, far from the German frontier, the
irresistible prompting of ray feelings is to ex?
press my gratitude to Providence, whtfse won?
derful dispensation has brought us together in
this old French royal residence. 0,d has
given us victory in a measure lor whk . I had
hardly dared/to hope and to ask, when, in the
summer of the year, I first claimed your sup?
port for this great war. This support has been
given to the fullest exteDt; and i thank you in
my own name, and In that of the army, and in
that of the country. The victorious German
armies, among whom you have sought me,
have lound In the self-sacrificing spirit ot the
country, In the loyal sympathy and ministering
care ol the people at home, and In Its unanimity
with the army, that encouragement which has
suppo ted them in the midst of battles and
privations. The grant ol the means for the
continuation of the war which the governments
ol the North German Confederation have ask?
ed lor in the session of the Diet that is Just
concluded has given rae a new proof that the
nation ls determined to exert all its energies
to secure, that the great and palnlul sacrifices,
which touch my heart as they do yours, shall
not have been made In vain, and not to lay
aside its anns until German frontier shall have
been secured against further attacks. The
North German Diet, whose greetings and con?
gratulations you bring me, has been called
upon belore Its CIOBB to co-operate by Its decis?
ion in the work of the unification of Germany.
I feel grateful to lt lor the readiness with which
it bas almost unanimously pronounced its as?
sent to the treaties which will give an organic
expression to the unity ot the nation. The
Diet, like the allied governments, has assented
to these treaties in Ihe conviction that the
common political life of the Germans will de
velop Itself with the more beneficial results,
Inasmuch as the basis which has been obtained
lor lt has been measured and offered by our
fconth German allies, of their own free choice,
and in ngreement with their own estimate of the
national requirements. I hope that the repre
sentative assemblies of those States before
which the treaties have still to be laid will fol
low the governments in the same path. The
summons addressed to me by his Majesty the
King ol Bavaria, lor re-establishing the Imperi?
al dignity ot the ancient German Empire, has
moved me deeply. You request me, in
the name of the ?orth German Diet, not to
shrink from responding to this summons. I
am glad to gather lrom your words the expres?
sion of the confidence and the wi.-hes ol' the
North German Diet; but you are aware that
in this question, touching such high Interests
and grand recollections ol the German nation,
li is not my own feelings, not even my own
Judgment, which can determine the decision.
It Is only in the unamious voice of the German
Princes and free cities, and the corresponding
wish of the German nation and Its representa
uves, that I can recoguize that call of Provi?
dence which I can obey, and trust In God's
blessing. It will be a source of satisfaction lo
you, as well as to myself, to know that I have
received Intelligence from his Majesty the King
of Bavaria that "the assent of all the German
Priuces and free cities ls secured, and that the
official ratification may be shortly expected."
WASHINGTON, January ll.
The postofflce committee agreed to report
favorably upon the San Francisco and Austra?
lia steamships lor twelve years, thirteen trips
per year, with a subsidy of half a million per
Willis Drummond ls nominated i& commis?
sioner of the general land office.
The judiciary committee of the House heard
fifty women to-day upon the pol at that the
Fifteenth amendment conlerred female suf?
It ls not true that the President intends to
send a reconstruction message to Congress.
It can bo positively asserted ilia; what the
President proposes doing ls to transmit to Con?
gress a large number of reports from military
commanders complaining ol outrages in the
South, and In a brief message recommend that
some means be adopted to Becure protection.
Now that the San Domingo Joint resolution
is adopted, there is good reason to believe that
the three commissioners will "be ex-Senator
Wade, of Ohio: Andrew While, president ol
Cornell University; and Bishop Simpson, with
General Frank Siegel as secretary. The expe?
dition will sail os soon as these gentlemen are
TUE FLORIl/A RELEASED.
NEW YORK, January ll.
The United States District Court gave Its de?
cision in the case of the steamer Florida, li?
belled by the United States for alleged viola?
tion of the neutrality laws. The court held
thal the lact of the vessel being laden with war
material was not a violation of the law, and as
there was no evidence before the court to
show that she had been fitted to cruise against
a State with which the United States Govern?
ment was at peace, the vessel was released
and the libel discharged.
THE GEORGIA SENATOBS.
WASHINGTON, January ll.
Messrs. Hill, Milter and Farrow claim seats
as senators from Georgia. Farrow presented
a printed argument in favor sf himself and
Hill. Whitely was not present. Those who
watched ihe proceedings think that the com?
mittee will stand 5 to 2 in lavor of Hill and
SPARKS FR03I THE WISES.
Governor Clayton ls elected senator from
There are half a dozen candidates for sena?
tor from Kansas. The Missouri Democrat's
correspondent telegraphs that Ross, who
voted against Johnson's impeachment, has no
The alumni of Yale College have elected
Wm. M. Evarts, president.
A disorderly meeting against Gladstone oc?
curred at London on Tuesday night.
Major Perry Fuller, collector of customs
under Johnson, at New Orleans, ls dead.
Hon. John Covode, the wx'll-known Pennysl
vanla member of Congress, died yesterday of
THE STATE CAPITAL.
A BLOODY-MINDED CAUCUS.
Generals "Whipper and Elliott Kager
for the Fray-Conservative Course of |
Governor Scott-What Comes Next ?
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, January ll.
The House resolution Instructing the South
Carolina representatives in Congress to vote
againBtall amnesty bills, was indefinitely post?
poned. Whittemore presented rules for the
Senate during the Impeachment of Judge
Vernon. Hayne introduced a bill merging
the bureau of agricultural statistics and
the land commission. Whittemore Intro?
duced a bill amending the tax law so
that taxes will be assessed in the sprinj
and collected in the winter. Nash Introduced
a resolution that a Joint committee be appoint?
ed to investigate the discrepancies in the de?
partment reports. Senator Wilson was added
to the judiciary committee.
The following were Introduced: By Cain, a
bill to provide for widows and orphans of men
killed on account of their political opinions, by
taxing all property within five miles of the
scene of the murder; a bill to purchase and
maintain a schoolshlp In the harbor of Charles?
ton. By Thomas, empowering the speaker of
the House and president of the Senate lo call a
meeting of the Legislature.
The committee appointed to wait on the
Governor In regard to thc up-country troubles
reported to-day that they were received dis?
A resolution appointing a committee of in?
vestigation into the affairs of the up-country,
after much discussion was voted down.
Whipper Introduced a bill declaring martial
law In Union, Spartanburg, Laurens and New?
berry Counties; also a bill assessing those
Forgeries have been discovered In Charles?
ton and Orangeburg county commissioners'
checks amounting to some eleven thousand
dollars. Parties are now here attending to lt.
The commissioners say it is a case of black
A caucus ol the Radicals was held to-night
at the Statehouse. Lengthy speeches were
made. Ransler favored the course of the Gov?
ernor and sending United States troops to the
up-country. Elliott denounced the record of the
Governor as criminal In not organizing the
militia, and favored sending the militia to the
up-country even should it bring about war.
THE GENERAL AS8EMBLT.
Debate on the Troubles In Union.
COLUMBIA, TUESDAY, January 10.
The following concurrent resolution waa re?
ceived from the House: That his Excellency,
the Governor, do lurnlsh the General Assem?
bly willi certain information relative to riotous
proceedings in certain counties of the State,
which was concurred in.
The committee on the Judiciary reported
lavorably upon an act to amend an act entitled
an act providing for thc next general election,
and the manner of conducting the same, ap?
proved March 1, 1870, to authorize circuit
judges to hold courts In other counties than
their own. Ordered for consideration to-mor?
Mr. Johnston gave noticejo? a Joint resolu?
tion for the relief ol persons driven from their
homes by outrages committed in the upper
counties ot the Slate.
The Senate adjourned at 3 P. M.
The House met at 12 M. Mr. Frost, as chair?
man of the committee on education, reported
unfavorably on bills to establish school?
houses in Colleton County; to authorize the
school commissioner of Charleston County to
erect school-houses in Charleston County;
ordered to a second reaidng. Also, presented
the petitions of certain parties for payment of
services as school teachers, which were or?
dered to be returned to the parties, with in?
Mr. Humbert introduced a Joint resolution
to instruct the Governor to send ten com?
panies of militia into Union and Sparlanburg
Counties. Referred to committee on military
Mr. Smllh, for the committee on labor, re?
ported back upon a bill to fix and determine
the number of hours for laborers, workmen
and mechanics, recommending a substitute;
ordered to a second reading.
Mr. Bosemon gave notice of a bill to supply
the deficiency in the appropriation for schools
In Charleston County for 1870.
Mr. Mobley gave notice ot a bill to compel
the Governor to visit the Counties of Union
Mr. Whipper gave notice of bills to declare
martial law In the Counties of Union and Lau?
rens; to make necessary appropriations for
the expense of thc militia; to levy a special
tax upon the said counties tor Hie same; to
provide for the maintenance of the widows
and orphans ot persons murdered during re?
cent disturbances in the up-country.
A concurrent resolution instructing senators
and representatives of South Carolina In Con?
gress to vote against the general amnesty bill
now before the United States Congress, was
adopled and ordered to bc sent to the Seuaie.
Mr. Ande'l introduced a bill to authorize the
commissioners of pilotage of Charleston to
elect a clerk of said board, and other purposes.
Mr. Davis presented a petition ol certain mer?
chants and other citizens of Charleston, pray?
ing the appointment of an additional inspector
The House met at 7 P. M., In committee of 1
the whole, to take into consideration the state
of the country.
Mr. Henderson, of Newberry, said he would
not lay any charge at the door of the Execu?
tive. If h? be negligent of his high duties,
and be inclined to depart from the path of true
Republicanism, let him alone, and he will come
back to us as many others bare done. He
thought the colored people of his county amply
able lo protect themselves, if only, as "Grl
baldy" says, the requisite arms be furnished
them. They were twelve hundred In the ma?
jority, and if this number couldn't sustain
themselves, there was no need ot extraneous
aid. Better to have a general war, and have
ten colored men killed to one white mon, than
that the present state of affairs should continue.
Question by Mr. Smart-Would the speaker
please request that the front seats be vacated,
and invite mourners to the altar ?
Mr. Dannelly, of Otangeburg, said he had
heard nothing but blustering, and talk of mur?
ders and riots, &c, and had seen no measures
taken, as he desired, to promote peace and
harmony between all classes and raees, and
that would redound to the Interest of the whole
Mr. Allen, of Horry. (Democrat) was next
called upon He said from the reports nnd
evidence on all sides given, lt must be admit?
ted that there are serious disturbances In the
country; but the idea that all the disturbances
were confined to the up-country, or all the
outrages perpetrated entirely by Democrats,
was false; that he was prepared to Becond any
measures looking to the preservation ol' the
peace, and the enforcement of the law by all
legal means, but he would strenuously oppose
any interposition of the military arm of the
government, which he felt confident could but
result In a worse and more lamentable com?
plication of malters. These disturbances have
a cause, and if that cause be removed,
their cure would follow. Let the Legis?
lature cease to do evil, and good would neces?
sarily follow. He opposed the Indecent and
unjustifiable attacks made upon the Governor
within the last few days. Governor Scott was
not the man of his choice, but he was prepared
to recognize and respect him as the Chief
Executive of ihe State; and that so far, at least
during the present administration, he was con?
scious of no act of Governor Scott that should
subject him to such malign ment and abuse.
He hoped that no extraordinary and hasty ac
tion would be adopted, but that the General
Assembly would assist the Executive In an im?
partial and fearless administration of the law,
which, in his opinion, was fully adequate to
answer the necessities of the occasion. -
Mr. Jamison, of Orangeburg, said the time
for reasoning and consideration was passed
the time for action had come. Reasoning was
the great fault of the Republican party, and
had caused such disasters to it. He favored
the levy ot a tax upon the wealthy citizens of
the disorderly counties to pay for every man,
woman and child injured. Then you will see
every property holder a vigilance committee,
and all outrages will immediately cease. He
wanted to dive into the pockets of the proper?
ty holders, for to them and to their money
was due the troubles that exist In the tip
Mr. Hurley believed that the difficulty was
not with the white people, nor with the black
people of South Carolina, but with the Execu?
tive, who had failed to execute the laws from
incompetency and cowardice to do his duty.
He should be forced to obey the behests of the
law; and if he would not, the General Assem?
bly must do it tor him. We must, as Charles
Reade says? put ourselves In his place, and see
that the power of the law be vindicated. Suffi?
cient laws had been made and ample appropri?
ation granted to enable the Governor to sup?
press every disturbance In the State since Its
organization, and if the laws had not been duly
executed, of a certainly every dollar of the
money, at least, had been expended. The
whole cause of ali the troubles was the abuse
by the Governor of his appointing power, by
placing into office ignorant, cowardly and In?
efficient men. [Immense applause.]
Mr. Lee offered the following resolution,
which was, on motion of Mr. Bowley, laid on
Resolved, That the committee do now rise,
and recommend to the House that immediate
steps be taken to send the State militia Into
the upper counties of this State, where out?
rages are reported to have been committed.
On motion of Mr. Byas, at half-past 10 P. M.,
Resolved, That this committee do now arise,
report progress, and ask leave to sit again.
FIRE IS IfEWBBRK.
' NEWBERY, January ll.
A fire In Pollock street destroyed the Epis?
copal Church, Daer i Eppler's dry goods store,
and Nash's book store. The loss ls estimated
at $60,000, of which $20,000 Is insured. The
church was not insured.
GLOVER-JENKINS.-Married, at John's Island,
S. C., on the evening of December 29,1870, by Rev.
W. S Bowman, Mr. J. WILSON GLOVER, of Col
leton District, to CAMILLA F., yoaiigeBt daughter
of the late Daniel F. Jenkins, of John's Island.
pa THE FRIENDS OF CAPTAIN WIL?
LIAM L. BARTLETT ?re Invited to attend his
Funeral Services, THIS DAT, January 12th, at ll
o'clock, at St. John's Chapel, Hampstead. janl2*
COWARD.-Died In Yorkvllle, S. C., December 26,
1870, MAUD, infant, daughter of Colonel and Mrs.
A. Coward, aged 2 months and ll days.
"In Jesus' arms we laid her down,
A lovely Jewel for His crown,
He bore her through the river,
And clothed her In a robe so white,
Too beautiful for mortal sight.
And took her to the skies."
PB* PENSIONERS OF THE SOUTH
Carolina Society please call on the Treasurer, No.
2 Broad street._Janl2-1
p?fDR. LTNAH WILL ATTEND TO
the duticB of his profession. Onice No. 54 Society
street. Residence No. 2 Rutledge avenue.
pa NOTICE. - CONSIGNEES PER
North German Bark KEPLER, from Bremen, are
hereby notified that she bas been entered under
the Five Day Act, and will discharge cargo at
Atlantic Wharf. All goods not permitted at the
expiration of that time, will be sent to the public
Stores. GEORGE A. HOPLEY A CO.
paTEE SCIENCE OF MAN.-FOR THE
best exposition of human Fclence, in which man's
character, capabilities, and mos-, appropriate pur?
suits arc given, see the PHRENOLOGICAL
JOURNAL, for 1871, a flrbt-class magazine. No. 1
now ready, containing the Beechen, with several
portraits and biographies; H. B. ClaQln the mer?
chant; R.B. Woodward of California; the Mor?
mons, their religion, mode of government, Polyga?
my, ?c., with 40 U.ustratlons, showing the ase
and abuse of all the human faculties. Only $3 a
year, or SO cents a number. Clubs of ten, $2 each,
and extra copy to agent. Address S. R. WELLS,
No. 399 Broadway, New York._Janl2-DAW2
^51000 REWARD IS OFFERED BY
the proprietor of DR. PIERCE'S ALT. EXT. OR
GOLDEN MEDICAL DISCOVERY, for a medicine
that will equal it in the care of all diseases for
which it is recommenced. For Bronchitis, severe
Coughs, and the early stages of Consumption, lt
has astonished the medical faculty by its wonder?
ful carets, and hundred* of the best physicians
pronounce lt the greatest medical discovery of
the age. Sold by Druggists. janll-thstu3PAC
paTRE GREAT MEDICAL WONDER,
DR. HASKELL'S ELECTRIC OIL kills all pain la
two minutes. Cancers, Boils, Tetter and Old
Sores, cored In 48 hours by DR. HASKELL'S CAR?
BOLIC CANCER SALVE. For sale at retail by
G. W. AIMAR, COHEN'S MEDICAL DE
DR. FI. BAER, POT,
A. O. BARBOT, DR. G. J. L??HN,
El?. S, BURNHAM, W. T. LITTLE A CO.,
M. H. COLLINS & CO., ALFRED RAOUL, M. D.,
GRAMAN A SCH WAKE, Do. W. A. SKR1NE.
E. H. KELLERS, M. H.,
And at wholesale by DOW1E, MOISE A DAVIS,
sole Agents for South Carolina. novli-3cnPSHAW
pa DEFENSIVE MEDICATION. -IN
VESTIGATION ls as necessary for the protection
of the human body against disease when un?
healthy influences are abroad as iron armor and
granite casements are for the protection of ships
and fortresses when assailed by shot and shell.
Hence, lt ls desirable, when those potent enemies
of vitality-damp and cold-pervade the air we
breathe, to put the system in the best possible
condition to encounter them. The stomach ls the
organ by which every other organ ls nourished
and sustained, and therefore upon Its vigorous
and regular action depends, In a great measnre,
the capacity of the system to resist the assaults
or the Invisible enemies of health and life, by
which, at this inclement season, lt ls surrounded.
HOSTETTER'S STOMACH BITTERS, au admirable
tonic and regulating medicine for all seasons, ls
never more needed than In winter, when the tor
plfying Influence of a chilly atmosphere arre?is all
the vital functions and renders the body extreme?
ly susceptible. By toning the digestive organs
and the liver and the bowels with this unequalled"
vegetable specific, a physical condition ls attained
which seems to be proof against all varieties of J
temperature, and that ls lnlmlcable In the air of
winter. Defensive medication is a precaution
which should never be neglected wbea danger is
present, and therefore a course of the Bitters at
this season is particularly desirable, especially for
the feeble and sickly. As a remedy for bilious?
ness, dyspepsia, nervonsness and bowel com?
plaints, there ls nothing comparable to this whole
some restorative._? Jan7-auAC
pa DIVORCES .-ABSOLUTE DI
VORCES legally obtained in New York, Indiana,
Illinois and other States, for persons from any
State or country, legal everywhere; desertion,
drunkenness, non-support, Ac. sufflctent cause;
no publicity. No charge until divorce ls obtained.
Advice free. Address,
MOORE A RICHARDSON,
Counsellors at Law,
dec25-lyr 180 Broadway, New York City.
?B* FEMALE SUFFRAGE IS CARED
for by few political aspirants, bot all unite in
sympathizing with suffering females, and in re?
commending THE PHILOTOKEN, OR FEMALE'S
FRIEND, as an excellent remedy for relieving
pal nial Irregularities and nervous Irritability', as
well as In securing comfort and safety during pe?
riods of trial. Full directions for treating each
complaint peculiar to adult females accompany
every bottle. Sold at one dollar by the drug?
gists. Wholesale Agents, DOW1E, MOISE & DA?
VIS, No. 169 Meeting street, Charleston, S. C.
?St- TWO OR 1HREB COLDS IN SUC?
CESSION will, with many constitutions, secure?
ly establish the seeds of Consumption In the sys?
tem, thus converting what was originally a sim?
pie, curable affection, into one generally fatal.
While ordinary prudence, therefore, makes lt the
business of every one to take care of a cold until
it ls got rid of, intelligent experience fortunately
presents a remedy In Dr. JAYNE'S EXPECTO?
RANT, thoroughly adapted to remove speedily all
Coughs and Colds, and one equally effective in tee
primary stages of Consumption, Asthma and
Bronchitis. Sold by all Druggists. For sale by
GOODRICH, WINE MAN ic CO., Charleston, S. C.
ya- PIMPLES ON THE FACE.-FOR
Comedones. Black worms or Grub?, Pimply Erup?
tions and blotched disfigurations on the Face, use
PERRY'S COMEDONE AND PIMPLE REMEDY,
Depot No. 49 Bond street, New York. Sold by
pm* FOR MOTH PATCHES,
Freckles and Tan, use PERRY'S MOTH AND
FRECKLE LOTION. The only reliable and harm?
less rem niy known to science for removing
brown discolorations from the Face. Prepared
only by Dr. B. C. PERRY, No. 49 Bond street,
Sew York. Sold by Druggists everywhere.
2*- A CARD.-JOHN BINNS, AGENT,
respectfully Informs the merchants and business
people generally, that he has engaged in his old
business of DRAYING, and holds himself In readi?
ness to engage in hauling for any person that needs
his services. By uniform charges and personal
attendance to business he hopes to share a por?
tion of the public patronage. Can be seen at the
p+ MEDICAL NOTICE.-PATIENTS
Buffering from Diseases per taming to the G ENI TO
URINARY ORGANS, will receive the latest scien?
tific treatment by placing themselves under the
care oi Dr. T. REBNSTJERNA, office No. 74 Hasel
street, three doors from the Postofflce.
pm- THE 80UTH CAROLINA LOAN
AND TRUST COMPANY, CHARLESTON, S. C.,
DECEMBER 24, 1870.-SAV1NGS DEPARTMENT.
Depositors are requested to leave their BOOKS to
be oredlted with the Jannary Quarterly Interest,
due 1st proximo.
All DeposltB made on or before the 20th Janu?
ary, will bear Interest from 1st January. Interest,
6 percent., will be compounded quarterly.
THOMAS R. WARING
^SP-DR. J. C. LUDWIG, BAUNSCHEID
IST.-Dr. LUDWIG would respectfully inform his
friends, and the citizens of Charleston generally,
that he has returned to the city and offers his pro?
fessional services as a BAUNSCHEIDIST, in the
core and relief of many diseases appertaining to
the haman system. His practice ii particularly
applicable to all Diseases or the Skin (and all cu?
taneous infirmities,) Rheumatism, Goat, Neural?
gia, Dyspepsia, Ac.
Office In WENTWORTH STREET. No. 70, north
side, between King and St. Philip street.
Dr. Ludwig would respectfully refer to the fol?
Henry Gerdits, D. Leseman, L. Gronlng, W. I.
Middleton, J. H. Bolles, Miles Drake, James M.
Caldwell A s JD. Dr. J. B. Patrick, L. Welskopf, G.
C. Schmelzer, A. Moroso and P. A. McBride.
QREAT LAND SALE AT AIKEN.
?195,000 IN PREMIUMS
Each of whom have an equal chance to
$95,000 IN VALUABLE REAL ESTATE PRIZES 1
Consisting Of FARMS, VILLA SITES, HOME?
STEADS. ORCHARDS, VINEYARDS, ?C., in the
most delightful and healthy climate-the place to
avoid the rigors of Northern winters and to enjoy
a moderate Bummer temperature, exempt from
lung and throat diseases, malarial and other
fevers, at Aiken, S. C., well named "The Southern
Saratoga." Only'forty-eight hoars from New
fork, and eight hours from Charleston.
$95.000 In prizes, to bc distributed among the
shareholders. Only 19,000 shares will be issued,
at $5 each.
The Great Premium Land Sale at Aiken, S. C.,
is conducted on a new and popular plan for the
sale of desirable and valuable improved Real Es?
tate, Country Homes, Farms and Villa bites,
amounting to $95,000 in value, to be awarded to
shareholders on the 31st or JANUARY, at which
time it ls believed that all the tickets will be
This is valuable property, either for residence
or to own as an investment, and ls now in great
demand by Northern people.
1st Prlze-Twenty-Dvc Thousand Dellars.
2d Prize-Ten Thousand Doll irs.
3d Prize-Six Thousand Dollars.
4th Prize-Thirty-five Hundred Dollars.
6th Prize-Three Thousand Dollarn.
6th Prize-Twenty-five Hundred Dollars.
7th Prize-Fifteen Uundred Dollars.
And 87 other Prizes, aggregate value of which
Every one remitting $6 becomes a shareholder,
and receives at once, by return mall, one of ike
following superb Works of Art, together with a
ticket in the above Distribution.
Thus every purchaser of a share is sure to re?
ceive the value of his money immediately, and
may also become the possessor of one of the
This popnlar plan enables all to adorn their
homes with the followlsg choice Works of Art,
which are now ready for delivery to purchasers
of shares, ami are sent Barely packed In tubes by
mail, prepaid, on receipt of the money, as follows;
For $5, One Share la the Distribution, and one
copy of the large and beautiful Steel Engraving,
"The Marriage of Pocahontas," on heavy plate
paper 32x42 inches.
Ur. One Miare In the Distribution, and one copy
of the fine Chromo, entitled "An American Au
I taran,1' printed in oil, with 21 colors, tints, Ac,
on plate papei, 25x34 Inches.
Or One Share in the Distribution and the ele?
gant Steel Engraving en titled "The Day We Cele?
brate," on heavy plate paper, size 23x38.
Or One Share in the Distribution and the ele?
gant Steel I'jate Engraving entitled "Tho Land?
ing of Columbus," on heavy plate, size 28x38.
Terms to Agents and Clubs famished on appli?
For description of the valuable Real Estate
Prizes. &c seud postage stamp for catalogue.
Remittances for shareB should be made with
Postofflce niouev order, or currency In r- glstered
letter. Address" J. C. DEltBY, .
General Manager, Augusta, Ga.,
Postoltlce Key Box No. 334.
Office corner Jackson and Reynolds streets.
Specimens of the Engravings can be seen at
CHARLES HICKEY'S, No. 345 Klug street, who
will also receive orders for Shares jan7-stuth3
rj H E CELEBRATED
GERMAN SOOTHING CORDIAL,
A reliable and invaluable remedy lu COLIC.
CHOLERA INFANTUM, Dysentery. Dlarhcea, and
such other diseases as children are subjected to
daring the period of Teething.
This Cordial ls manufactured from the best
Drugs, all carefully selected, and contains no in?
jurious ingredient. No family should be without
ic. The best Physicians have recommended it,
and Mothers may administer lt with perfect con?
It contains no Opium or other Anodyne.
Manufactured by DR. H. BAER,
Wholesale and Retail Druggist,
No. 131 Meeting street, Charleston.
Price 26 cents a bottle. The usual discount to
LTJrg (?ooos, ?^c.
THE LITE FIR? er
J. R. READ & GO.
STILL CONTINUE THEES GREAT SALE OF
SILKS, KID GLOVES,
CLOAKS, SHAWLS, &C,
AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES.
THE ENTIRE STOCK TO BE SOLD QI
ORDER TO CLOSE DP THE AFFAIRS OF
Parties Indebted will oblige by making lt con?
venient to liquidate their indebtedness at an early
IN ORDER TO MAKE ROOM FOB OUR
WE ABE . NOW CLOSING OUT OUR
FALL AND W Lt?) T?R GOODS
AT PRICES NEVER BEFORE KNOWN DI
Oar Stock ls LARGE and SELECT, comprising:
CLOTHS AND CASSIMERES,
OILCLOTH, Ac., ?c
F?R'DHGOTT, BENEDICT & CO.,
OCtSl No. 241 KING STREET.
JJ R. BAER ' S
VEGETABLE CATHARTIC PILLS
will remedy BILIOUS DISORDERS and
LIVER COMPLAINT-will cure Dyspepsia or
Indigestion, Headache, Costiveness. Loa* ?
Appetite* and have proved of ?reat use in Mo?
ravia, Dropsy, Dysentery, Piles, Pains in the18lde,
Back and Limbs. They will cure Sick Headache
and all Derangements of the Stomach. Tam
Pills contain no Mercury, and may be taten wita
perfect safety by any parsons, and In all situa?
tions of life. ...
Ko family should be without tnem.
Manufactured by DB. H. BAER,
Wholesale and Retail Druggist,
Charleston, b. OL
Price per box 26 cent!. Uiual dltwant wt??