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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1578.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 12, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE STATE CAPITAL.
THE StOST /XPOKTANTMEASURE OF j
Thc Adjournment Fixed for Itlarch rat.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO TBS NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, January 23.
A" resolution fixing the final adjournment
for March 1st has passed both houses. Con?
siderable business has been transacted in both
houses to-day, but it was not of a character to
interest the general public.
A DAT IN COLUMBIA.
Sights and Scenes In th? Capital-The
ulat i vc Investments-Increase In Real
Estate-What mar Be and has Been
Done - Ku Uro Ad Matters, ?Ste.
[FR03I OUR SPECIAL OORRSSPOKBKNT.] -
COLUMBIA, January 22
The first point of interest which a slght-seer
selects in visiting the Capital of South Carolina
is thaGeneral Assembly. The Northern man,
especially, shows a desire to observe the oper?
ations of reconstruction, and the application
ol the new prinoiple3 evolved irom Che war,
as illustrated In the governmental manage
ment of our public affairs. Hence, Columbia
has become a sort of half-way house between
New York and Florida, and every day you* will
find scores of strangers wandering curiously
through the halls ol legislation, peeping in the
public offices, or scanning what remains of
ruin and wreck. OX course, the House of Rep?
resentatives, with Us damask hangings, costly
chandeliers, elaborate spittoons-handsome
enough .to be flower vases-Brussels c?rpete
and rosewood furniture, around which sit the
elect, is the chief plkce pf attraction, and there
ls really field for wonderment In the
rapid, positive and business-like manner
In which the speaker dispatches his duties
and controls the extraordinary body over
which he presides. The Senate is next in in?
terest, and partakes of that historic dignity
which Is popularly supposed to attach to this
department of government. The grave and
reverend Seignors show it down to their very
eye-glasses. The galleries always have a dusky
exhibit fringing the front rail, and are favorite
places for Bleep. The attorney-general's office,
with Ks half dozen solicitors busily engaged in
preparing the germ of future law; the Execu?
tive offices next door, with hungry applicants:
always waiting for the man ahead ol' them to
be turned out frc-ui the Governor's room; the
treasurer's and comptroller's dens, where sick
figi^s are doctored Into convalescence; the
secretary of State's office, where the atmos?
phere is redolent with musty records; and,
finally, the Supreme Court, where hard, dry
men of facts-veritable Gradgrinds-hold forth
verbosely to a- very, very solemn tribunal.
These are some of the sights and scenes in and
around the Statehouse. A public work well
worthy ol inspection, is
now under the charge of General Stoibrand.
The changes that have taken place in this in?
stitution since the administration ol Governor
Orr, by wLom lt was commenced, are veiy
considerable. Three stories of one ot the great
stone wings have been completed, and the
foundation of the other wing has been laid
preparatory to the erection of the cells. Two
hundred and fifty cells are already occupied
by upwards of five hundred convicts, and tho
supply far exceeds the demand for more room
Up to the present time more than a thousand
different criminals have worn the striped uni?
form of this place. These are employed in
cutting stone, ruunlng machinery, quarrying,
making cloth, carpenter work, gardening,
Ac-the labor being adapted to the character
of the prisoners. Some of the latter have
seen better days, and a.e suffering the conse?
quences of acts committed, perhaps, to
avenge offended honor. One of them,
who has been educated, who bas travelled
through Europe and led the life of a
gentleman, which he is unquestionably, is a
nigi? watchman in the Institution, and while
he remains there will as faithfully defend the
trusts confided to him as General Stoibrand
himself". Others of the prisoners whose char?
acters have been proved are permitted, under
proper restrictions, to work for the State In
the town, on the roads and In public buildings,
the superintendent thus showing- that he
knows how to temper mercy with punishment
lo a manner that fully subserves the purposes
of law. The quarry ol the penitentiary is Im?
mediately in front of lt-a portion of the river
having been encircled by a stone wall and
pumped dry. It ls said that there is granite
enough in the quarry to last for several years,
and the rock when properly blasted out is of a
superior quality. Another work ol' great value
now in progress is
TUE COLUMBIA CANAL.
Originally lt was believed that, il fifteen hun?
dred or two thousand horse power could be
obtained, the supply would be ample for the
pnrposes of the manufacturer; but Senator
Sprague, through hi3 representative, Coloriel
Pearce, is carrying out a plan which will give
to the State and city from twelve to fifteen
thousand horse power. Persons familiar with
the locality of the old bridge, at the foot of
Bridge street, may remember an Island in the
river, just above it, and not many yards from
the Solumbia shore. The space between the
island and the shore 1B to be converted Into a
canal, a distance of 250 feet, and a dam thrown
across the river will secure all the power re?
quited. Below the bridge, thc water will be
carried into the old canal, which i3 now being
opened to a width of eighty feet, for a distance
of several hundred yards. Thirteen ample
mill sites and a .water privilege superior to
that ol the great manufacturing city of Lowell
will thus be secured, while the Penitentiary
has but to tap the stream, at a cost almost
Insignificant, to obtain more power than will
ever be actually employed.
The importance of this undertaking may be
better realized by the statement that the value
of a single horse power at the North is estima?
ted at $100, or $10,000 per annum for one hun?
dred horse power. Here are twelve thousand
horse power, which, at halt the price above
named, must luduce.tbe building up of a large
manufacturing Interest. The consequence of
this enterprise ol Governor Sprague is already
app?tent In the appreciation of the value of
real estate In various parts of Colum?
bia, and the investment ol' money in
lands for speculative purposes. To rh .w
WHAT MAT BE DONE,
Dr. E. W. Wheeler, a citizen of Cincinnati,
came to this city about the first ol March two
years ago. Awaiting the completion of the
canal, he bought a lot In the suburbs for $3500,
and improved the Bame to the amount say
$2500. In five mouths irom the time of the
purchase he sold out for $12,000. He continued
to invest in real estate, and last year raised
ai^ baled forty bags of cotton'within the lim?
ite oPthe city. Recently, Dr. Wheeler laid out
eighty building lots In the edge of th? town,
ana within ten days from the completion bi
the survey, sold forty-seven lots at $75 each.
Other parties familiar with Western land ope?
rations have done equally well, and the proba?
bility is that within a year, from four to seven
hundred new houses will be erected in and
around the city. A large Cincinnati firm are
only walting upon the water power to con?
struct a manufactory ol furn! tai re, agricultural
Implements, &c, and are now engaged in cut?
ting and drying lumber for the purpose. West?
ern men who are here' state that Colnmbia pos?
sesses every element ol growth, and predict a
population of thirty or forty thousand inhabi?
tants within ten years. They have visited At?
lanta, and say that there is no reason why that
thrivingtown may not find a rival in the capi?
tal of South Carolina, especially when the rail?
road communications are complete. Speaking
of these, by the way,
THE GREENVILLE AND COLUMBIA RAILROAD
has transferred to the South Carolina Railroad
an immense amount ol cotton Irom the up?
country-on several days as many as twenty
four car loads. Three new engines-the James
L. Orr,.Robert K. Scott and H. H. Klmpton
have recently been brought from the North,
put on the road, and are doing giant's work.
They are said to be among the most powerful
locomotives in the country, and make no -
bones of a train of thirty loaded cars. The
road is being dally improved under the man?
agement of President Bum and Superinten?
dent Moore, and the company propose to
show the people that they will, in good faith,
carry out their early pledges to make it a first
class line-of travel. Bridges, trestles and
cars are being repaired, new fron 1 lld, and
every means adopted to insure saiety and
comfort. The average rate of speed ls four-;
teen miles an boar. A night train will proba?
bly be put on the road belore spring. The
Wilmington and Manchester Railroad are
pushing their branch line Irom Sumter to Co?
lumbia, and are expected here without fall.
When completed the competition will be hot
The readers of Tus NEWS may remember
Ly Brand, the leader of the fine Post Band
which used to dispense music on the Battery
Wednesday and Saturday. He has recently
made South Carolina hie home, and opened a
music store here, with a fine assortment of
pianos, organs and other instruments.
Miss Eugenia Orchard, a rising young artiste
and native of Columbia, has on exhibition a
handsome copy of one of the heads of Titian.
She shows a wonderful aptitude for coloring,
and seems destined for a distinguished career.
WHAT CO JV G It JESS IS DOIS G.
WASHINGTON, January 23.
The judiciary committee of the Senate re?
ported to-day in favor of Hill. Senators Stew?
art and Rice made a minority report in favor
of Farrow and Whitely. The Senate, in exe?
cutive session, confirmed the postmasters
nominated for Aiken, S. C., Newnan, Ga.,
and Huntsville, Ala.
The committee on Southern outrages will
meet to-morrow. Holden, a son of the Gover?
nor of North Carolina, will be the first witness
Stearns has taken his seat as senator from
Minnesota. Sumner presented resolutions of
the Indiana Legislature adverse, ta Dominica,
lewett presented resolutions from the St. Louis
Board ot Trade in favor of widening and deep?
ening the channel of the mouth of the Missis?
sippi. Turnbull gave notice that he would
call up the Georgia question as soon as the re?
port could be printed.
A resolution was adopted authorizing the
committee on Southern outrages to report ut
any time, and giving them leave to sit during
the sessions of the Senate. A bill was passed
increasing the pension of disabled sailors and
soldiers. A bill protecting members of Con?
gress from the importunities of office-seekers
was discussed until the adjournment. _
In the House of Representatives, among the
billB introduced and referred were the follow?
ing : To determine claims for the depredations
of Confederate cruisers; granting lands to the
Atlantic and Great Western Canal; for bridg?
ing the Mississippi at Roonesville; reducing
the coast correspondence, and connecting the
postal and telegraph service.
William W. Payne, from Georgia, took his
seat. A bill regulating rank in the navy was
reported on and passed. It places surgeons
and paymasters ou the active list, and gives
them positive rank, and makes other altera?
tions. A motion to suspend the rules to ex?
tend to all the States lately in rebellion the
provisions of the act of March 4, 1864, failed
yeas 125; nays 67-not two-thirds. The bill
gives equal rights to loyal claimants in all the
The Judiciary committee will report favor?
ably on a bill amending a bill to enforce the
right of citizens to vote. George L. Woods
has been nominated to-day as Governor of
DISASTERS AX SEA.
FORTRESS MONROE, January 23.
Arrived, steamer E. S. Terry, from Newbern,
for New York, for a harbor. She brought the
crew of ?i-e schooner Sarah Watson, of Phila?
delphia, irom Wilmington for New York, which
was sunk by the Bteamer Sea Gull, from Balti?
more for Charleston, thirty miles southwest of
Hatteras, on the night of the 21st. The Sea
Gull was badly damaged, and threw overboard
the forward part of her cargo and made for
Hatteras Inlet. She was seven miies off the
bar when spoken to by the Terry, who took
off the schooner's crew.
The schooner J. S. Craig, of Portland, for
Georgetown, has arrive! She reportB that
she passed yesterday, P. M., five miles north
ot Winter Quarter Shoals, a bark Bunk, with
ail sails set, but torn to pieces. She had about
fourfeetof water over her decks. It Is sup?
posed that she struck and foundered. A heavy
northeast gale prevails.
NEW YORK, January 23.
- The British brig Marla Ferguson, from Mo?
bile for Liverpool, has been wrecked off the
Tortugas. The cargo will be saved.
THE IMPEACHMENT OF GOVERNOR
RALEIGH, January 23.
The High Court of Impeachment convened
to-day. Governor Holden has flied his answer
to the articles of impeachment. It ls very
voluminous, covering two hundred pages of
foolscap. The board of managers will make
their replication to-morrow, and the trial will
then proceed regularly. The managers have
retained ex-Governors Brigg and Graham, and
Hon. A.'S. M?rrignan, an counsel. Governor
Holden has retained the Hon. W. N. H. Smith,
Edward Conigland, Richard C. Badger, the
HOB, Nathaniel Boyden and J. M. McCorkle,
THE END APPROACHING.
TROCHU AT LAST TALKS OPENLY
Faa Int Prices In Paris-Chansey Hur?
rying his Oxen to the Relief of the
Bi sieged - Faldherbf'B Defeat at St.
Quentin - trambet* nu Frantic Ap?
LONDON, January 'J3.;
Favre is expected in London to-day (Mon?
day.) Faidherbe, with his staff, had arrived
at Cambrai. On the 20th the army of the
North was in full retreat. Faidherbo says his
men fought well before St. Quentin, but re-,
treated on the 19th before Prussian reinforce?
ments. The Josses on both sides were heavy.
The bombardment of Longwy is vigorously
continued; the town is burning.
Under cover of a dense fog, the French mass?
ed on the 20th before Mont Valerien, but no?
thing further was attempted. The French car?
ried Montretout by surprise on the 19tb, but
the Prussians subsequently recovered the posi?
tion. Prisoners say other attacks will be made
upon the investing lines, but assert; positively
that the national guard will not fi.'ht.
The railroad station at St. Quentin was
stormed and the town afterwards occupied.
Ten thousand prisoners and six guns were cap?
A shell from Longwy fired a farmhouse
within the Investing lines, and forty Prussians
perished In the flames.
Paris advices to the ISth have been received.
The bombardment damages are not extensive,
and but few have been killed. Large droves
of oxen had passed Rheims lor Paris, ready for
Chahsey's advance. Chansey 13 receiving re?
In the domestic market quotations of Paris,
the following prices are given : Rabbits, 300
francs; chickens, 55 francs; geese, 75 francs;
turkeys, 90 franc?; egg, 2 francs a piece; fish, 8
francs per pound.
VE BRAILLES, January 20.
AH tai. quiet this afternoon, and the troops on
both sides remain In their positions. The
Prussian loss lu the recent sortie was 400; the
French loss was so heavy that they rv.xed an
armistice of forty-eight hours to remove the
wounded and bury their dead.
LAST NIGHT'S DISPA TOURS.
LONDON, January 21.
The conflagration at Longwy has been con?
firmed. The country around Valenciennes
has been inundated in consequence of the ap?
proach of the Germans. The Mobilized Guard
behaved badly at St. Quentin; fully 15,000 ol
them became panic stricken. A Cambrai dis?
patch, dated on the 20th, says there is a panic
among the people at the approach of the Ger?
mans. Faidherbe bas gone to Douay, and
General Favre to Lille. A dispatch froid Lille,
dated the 21st, reports the utmost consterna?
tion prevailing. The women and children are
fleeing the town. Troops are arriving in a
pitiable state. Gambetta spoke, advising
resistance to the bitter end. He denounced
the partisan and cowardly cry of peace on any
terms, and repudiated the desire on his part
to form a dictatorship. He urged the people
and army to do their duty, promising them a
PARIS, January 19.
Jolea Favre ls very sick. The victims of the
bombardment, killed and wounded, so far, are
forty-nine women, thirty-nine children n?d
LONDON, January 22.
Gambetta made another speech, In which
he expressed his confidence in Faidherbe, and
announced fresh levies for the army of France.
Cambrai has been summoned to surrender.
The Germans are entering the Departments of
Calvados and Arne.
Bismarck declines to enter upon negotia?
tions lor Favre's sate conduct to the Confer,
ence. Advices from Paris say that Trocbu, at.
a council on Friday, stated that should the
hope of outside assistance fall it would be his
duty to surrender the city before the Germans
destroyed the public buildings and fired the
centre of the city.
The Emperor telegraphs the Empress Au?
gusta on the 21st: "The enemy yesterday
withdrew Into Paris. The total French loss at
St. Quentin is 15,000. The enemy has with?
drawn to Valenciennes and Douay. We have
PARIS NOT IO BE ENTERED.
Ita Forts to be Garrisoned-A Strip of
Territory from Meta and Paris to be
Held-Th? Corps L?gislatif .to be Sam.
[Correspondence or the New Torfe World.)
VERSAILLES, December 31.
His. Majesty has given up entering Paris
Neither he nor the Princes and potentates
unless H. R. H. of Coburg (?)-nor the army
will march into the city on its capitulation.
When that transpires the forts of the capital
will be strongly garrisoned and provisioned
for full two years. Orleans and other towns
not iu the territory to be annexed will be evac?
uated, the German troops withdrawing to
Alsace and Lorraine, both to be strongly oc?
cupied, as also a strip serving as a line ol com?
munication wilh Paris. Eeltort and Hitsche
which latter has been recently re vi ct nailed -
must be taken.
The surrender must oe unconditional, but af?
ter Its consummation arms will be given to the
Garde Nationale, to be made answerable for
order. The Corps L?gislatif will be reassem?
bled. Most of.the meinberB of the de facto
government belong to it, and may there show
It may vote to dethrone the Emperor, the
Regency, the Prince Imperial; may set up a
new government, with an Assemble Nationale
Constituante, or what not; may determine to
continue the war.
The power whloh calls it together must per
force accept the work of its hands. It believes
Itself prepared for the task. Almost at home,
lt can hold the line Thlonvllle-Belfort, Includ?
ing or supported by the fortresses of Metz,
Strasbourg, and the host of minor strongholds;
far longer and in a very different manner than
the French have done.
Pay lor the war the conquered must. The
territory wanted is already administered by
. It is believed that this substitute for the ear?
lier plan to send three armies through France,
and which is considered a settled Hiing among
the troops, will be hailed by both officers and j
men as a grand change for the belter. Their
sentiments were, to be sure, not asked for.
No more was there reason tor so doing, as they
are now pretty well known in the upper cir?
cles of the hierarchy, even though some mani?
festations ol them reached those superior re?
gions by a roundabout route.
THE HORRORS OE WAR. '
Ghastly Scenes on the Loire-A Yonng
Ladle*' Boarding-School Filled with
Dead and Dying-Not a Drop of Water
in Four Days-Cold, Hanger, Thirst,
Wounds-Hecatombs of Dead Every?
[From the London Times, December 29.]
As the war ls prolonged Its horrors increase.
The bitter weather under which we are shiver?
ing in this country, would aloue involve a
terrible aggravation of misery. In this respect
lt ls long since such Bufferings have been
Inflicted, even in war. But such horrible
cenes as were described by "A Military Corr?
spondenV are but foo probable In such opera?
tions as the Army of the Loire has lately been
engaged in, and lt ls to be feared they have
been many times multiplied within the course
of the present month. That army bas been
executing a continuous "strategic movement"
of retreat, and fighting almost continuous'
battles during some of the severest weather of
the month. Both armies have been strained to
the uttermost, and have had no time to look be?
hind them. The horrible consequence has been
that the wounded have practically been left as
uncared for as the dead. They have, In some
Instances, been gathered off the field of battle,
though there must be numbers who have beeji
left to perish ot cold on the spot where they
lell. But even when carried under shelter
they have simply been heaped together in un?
inhabited houses, and have sometimes lain
there- lor days unattended, unfed, and almost
uncovered. The scene at Beaugency, describ?
ed by 'A Military Correspondent," is one even,
mor? horrible, because a more prolonged
scene ol agony. In a house which had once
been a Pension de Jeunes Filles "every room,
irom cellar to roof, was crowded with dead
and starving men, lying so thick lt was im
SOBSlble to move among them." It was Satur?
ar, and many ol' t he rn had been there since
. the Wednesday, some since the Tuesday. All
that time "not one drop ot water, not one
atom of food, had passed their Upe," nor had
aoy comiortiog haDd approached them. Ii a
broken-legged sergeant had been able to throw
bis own coat over nis more severely wounded
[ o nicer, that was the utmost relief any of them
had obtained, Moreover, the windows
ot the house were all broken, "and
all. these - days and nights of almost
Arctic cold they had been lying on the
bare floor with their wounds undressed." All
the agonies of wounds, ot cold, of hunger and
thirst, with all the horrors of death, were en?
dured for days together hy these helpless suf?
ferers. The battle, In tact, had been raging
for three days around Beaugency, neither side
'gaining snob, undisturbed possession of the
town as to be able to think of the wounded.
Even on the second day German shells burst
in hospitals where French volunteers were
tending German wounded. That night there
was only one doctor in town capable of per?
forming amputations, and there were two
hundred desperately wounded men in one
building alone. "The dead lay thick among :
the dying, and as the former were dragged
out their places were instantly filled. Misera?
ble objecte, with broken jaws or laces half
shot away, wandered about pointing to their
dreadfulivounds and making piteous signals
for water, which lt was Impossible lor them to
swallow. Officers and men, veterans and
boys, all lay in one undistinguishable mass ol'
misery. Every-moan that the human volee
can utter rose from that heap of agony." This
was on Thursday. How many more scenes
like the one we have Just described might
there have been seen at Beaugency on Satur?
day ? And how many more in the numerous
villages over which the storm of conflict has
passed between Beaugency and Vendome ?
GERMAN WAR NOTES.
-In the Twelfth Army Saxon Corps there
are one hundred and twenty schoolmasters
who have volunteered. ThlB Is certainly a
case where the schoolmasters are abroad.
-All the German officials selected for duty
in the occupied French towns, tn addition to
their other qualifications, are required to know
French thoroughly and familiarly.
-Marshal Bazaine has a beautiful wife who
bas joined him at Cassel. He seems to have
made up his mind to an extended residence nt
that place, as he has just rented a villa, which
he has contracted to retain till next April.
-A patriotic goldsmith of Carlsruhe has of?
fered to set in silver, free of charge, the bul?
lets extracted from the bodies ot Prusslarxvol
un teers, that they may serve their owners as
ornamental and honorable mementoes.
-One of the French prisoners in Magdeburg
has Invented a machine for the manufacture of
brick, which is said to beat anything known
heretofore of tbat character. He bas sold his
Invention to a German firm, who have paid
him over $15,000 for it. The inventor was
formerly a poor day laborer In France, but
after being taken as prisoner to Magdeburg,
was put to work In the neighborhood or a
brick yard, where he watched the operation,
and in his leisure hours worked out his
-A certain Prussian regiment, alter partici?
pating with credit in a recent battle, waB al?
luded to in the order of the day as a regiment
of heroes. The day afterwards a private in
one of the companies was reprimanded for
some slight slovenliness in his get-up, by an
officer, who wound up by calling him a "pig."
Fritz stood like a statue of grief while the re?
proof was delivered, and as soon as his supe?
rior had passed on, be turned with a broad
grin to his nearest comrades and said, "Now,
see here, you fellows, to what wonderful trans?
formations a soldier is Bubject! Yesterday I
was a 'hero,' and to-day I am a 'pig !' What
shall I be to-morrow, I wonder?"
-Not Bincc 164!) has the editor of the Al?
manack de Gotha been so much perplexed
with his annual labors. The German war and
the capture ol Napoleon have turned all things
royal and imperial quite upside down on the
Continent ot Europe, lo say nothing of the
change ol rulers in Spain and the overthrow
of the Pope as a temporal sovereign. In the
Almanach de Gotha for 1871 France is intro?
duced with the significant headline ol "Maison
Bonaparte. Ligne Imperiale, actuellement non
r?gnante," and the fact of the Papal downfall
ia recorded, but no account ls given of Victor
Amadeus as King of Spain, his accession hav?
ing been too recent an event. For the rest,
the Almanach ls the same highly interesting
publication lt has always been
-German engineers are busy In perfecting
a plan for the improvement and additional
security of Strasbourg. The city, as it now
stands, almost turns IIB back to the Rhine; and
ls walled up In that direction, though it ls but
a short distance from the river. It is proposed
to leave lt open in that direction by demolish?
ing the walls, and building new houses quite
down to the water's edge. This will give the
city a river iront and uninterrupted communi?
cation witifc the other side ot the Rhine. The
fortifications will be carried down to the river
on each side of the town and continued on the
other side; and will Include within their area
the non-fonified German town of Sehl. Stras?
bourg, when thus reconstructed, will be capa?
ble of containing 400,000 inhabitants, and, In
addition lo the value of the new city lots cre?
ated by this extension, gains a new and mag?
nificent public park on the Rhine.
THE PROSPECTS OF COTTON.
A Munt hester View of thc Condition of
We take the following from Benjamin Whit?
worth ? Brothers' Monthly Cotton 'Circular,
dated Manchester, January 5,1871:
During the past month the Liverpool market
has experienced a gradual decline In prices,
and if it has occasionally shown some appear?
ance of strength through the heavy buying of
the trade, the enormous receipts at the Amer?
ican ports and the threatened heavy arrivals
in Liverpool have immediately subdued such a
tendency, and allowed values to take their
natural course. The stock-taking at the end
ol'the year Bhowlng a deficit of 34,000 bales
?less than the estimate has had no effect, as
the deficiency was at once accounted for from
the quantity of cotton taken by the spinners
directly from the ships not having been duly
reported, and as it ls a well known fact that the
trade have covered largely either by direct
imports from America or in arrivals, it mast
naturally follow they will be to that extent In-v
dependent ot Liverpool; we, therefore, look
for a further settling of prices before it ls po?*
s i ole tor any reaction to begin. What is to be
the crop in America ls invariably answered by
very full eslimates, varying from 3,750,000 to
4,000,000 bales, consequently consumers look
very complacent ly on the future value of cot?
ton, and would buy much mure sparingly were
it not that they are so heavily in contract, and
the present rates leave them a fair margino!'
profit which they ate anxious to make secure.
The war in its effect on trade seems almost
to have gone out of consideration, so remote
does the end appear. . * . We almost
cease to look lor any serious change in our
position by a sudden end to the war, and be?
lieve that any reaction for a rise, which such
an event would occasion, would be very tem?
porary; still, in looking to the future, we can?
not ignore the tendencies of such an occur?
The trade in Manchester have not been in a
better position for many years, every spindle
seeming to be at full work. The consumption
cannot oe much further extended, and when
we consider the increased average waight of
cotton bales since 1864, eqnal to a supply on
last year's quantity of 300,000 bales, and look
at the present consumption as fully 56,000
bales per week, we may readily understand
that the trade Is doing almost ail lt can. In?
deed, the buying on Indian account has been
to such an extent that it ls almost unaccount?
able, and, we fear, may have been Unwisely
extended, as the margin Is so much against
the merchant, that such losses must ensue as
in all probability.will bring down many of|
the weaker houses and cause serious com
Ellcatlons herealter; we cah bat hope,
owever, that such will not be the case:
In looking to the future we can but believe
that everything depends almost entirely on
the question of supply, and as we are assured,
on all sides, that we are beyond any risks on
this head, that from America, India, Egypt
and every cotton-growing country , we shall
have above an average, we may rest contented
that prices cannot ramble Irom their present
basis, and we look for little or no Improve?
ment until the next pl m tl ag sets in,* when
prices will be ruled by the acreage sown for
another year's supply. We are rather disposed
then, in considering all the bearings ci the
cotton trade, to slightly reduce our range of
prices, and look for 8jd. per p*ound for mid?
dling Orleans being a lull average fer the
coming year. At 8d., or undera we think
prices are safe lor spot colton, and, when
middlings can be laid down below that figure,
we would recommend every confidence.
DONATIONS TO THB MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION
FAIR.-Oil painting from Mrs. H. Deas; sola
cushion, Mrs. W. Middleton; pair of toilet mats,
Mrs. J. Gilfillan; two pair or table tldys, Miss X.
Strauss; one pair of table tldys. Miss s. Nathans,
of Atlanta; two boxes of toilet soap, Mr. Elias;
one box of rancy soap, Mr. Simmons; box of in?
fants'shoes, Mr. O'Neill; toilet case3, Ac, Dr.
Sarine; toys and fancy articles, Mr. Kinsman;
Jar of preserves, Mr. Klink; bottle of cordial sn?
bottle or oysters, Mr. Welch; material for opera
Jacket, M. L. Cohen; material for dressing dolls,
Stol I, Webb A Co.; flannel for an Infant's shawl
and material for other garments, McLoy A Rice;
material for fancy articles, Mr. Strauss-the litter
made apb) ladles of -cokesbury; turee beau tl ru i
worsted rigelette; and an Infant 'a sack, from a
lady friend. : .
_.funeral flo tu en.
pa* THE RELATIVES AND FRIENDS
of Mr. and Mrs. W. B. RYAN are requested to at?
tend the Funeral Services of the former, at st.
Mary's Church, Basel street, THIS MORVINQ, at 9 \
??-THE FRIENDS OF THE REV. AND
Mrs. J. B. Mach arc Invited to attend the Funeral I
Services of their youngest son, JOSEPH, at their [
residence, No. 95 Beautaln street, THIS AFTER?
NOON, at half-past 8 o'clock._Jan24-*
^THE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
acquaintances of Mr. WM. G. FINNEGAN, also of ?
his father, Captain Geo. Finnegan, and brothers,
Ceorge and Robert, ate respectfully Invited to
attend the Funeral Services of the ronner from
his late residence. No. 18 Market street, THIS DAT,
at half-past 3 o'clock, P. M., without .further no?
tice. _ Jan24-?.
THE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
Acquaintances of Mrs. ANN O'GORMAN, and ef |
Mr. and Mrs. James P. Chase, and Mr. and Mrs.
P. A. Chase, and or' Mr. John Barns and family,
are respectfully requested to attend the Fanerai
of the former, at st. Mary's Church, Hasel street,
Tms AFTERNOON, at 3 o'clock._jan24??
>r* THE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND ]
Acquaintances of Mr. and Mrs. Ai P. Ford, and ol
their daughter, Mrs. P. Somers, are respectfully
invitel to attend the Funeral Services or Mrs. A.
P. FOBD, at the Monis street Baptist Church,
Tms (Tuesday) AFTERNOON, at 2 o'cluck.
??-NOTICE.-ALL CLAIMS AGAINST
THE PALMETTO PIONEER CO-OPERATIVE AS?
SOCIATION must be presented for payment on or j
before the 15th of February, 1871. Tho Corpora?
tion has determined to close their present business
carried on at the corner or Meeting and Market
streets, and no debts contracted by any person on
their account from this date will be paid.
MB* ASSIGNEE'S NOTICE OF AP?
POINTMENT.-In the District Court or the United
States, for the Eastern District of South Carolina.
In the Matter of HENRY CAMPSEN, Bank?
rupt-In Bankruptcy.-To whom if may concern:
The undersigned hereby gives notice of his Ap?
pointment as Assignee of HENRY CAMPSEN, of
tbe City or Charleston, in the County or Charles?
ton, and State of South Carolina, within said Dis?
trict, who liss been adjudged a Bankrupt, upon
his own petition, by the District Court or said
Dated at Charleston, this lTth day or January,
A. D. 1871. F. E. SCHBODER,
MW MEDICAL NOTICE. -PATIENTS
Buffering from Diseases pet taming to the QENITO
URINARY ORGANS, will receive the latest scien?
tific treatment by placing themselves under the
care oi Dr. T. REENSTJERNA, office No. 74 Hasel
street, three doors from the Postofflce.
RAFTER WAR, PESTILENCE AND
Intemperance, Colds lead to the greatest destruc?
tion of human lire, mainly because a did is too
often considered a very ordinary, trifling affair,
jost as well left to go as it came, and hence sys-,
tematlcally neglected, until a simple, curable af?
fection ls converted Into a serious and generally
fatal Pulmonary disease. The more prudent,
aware that a vlo ent Cough or Cold should never
be trifled with, but on the contrary taken care of
from its Incipiency, promptly make use of DR.
JAYNE'S EXPECTORANT, a curat.ve which has
sustained Its reputation for over thirty years as a
remedy always efflcaulous, and sure to exert a
beneliclal influence on all the Bronchial and Pul?
monary organs. Sold by all druggists, and by
Goodrich, Wincman A Co., Charleston, S. C.
M?r IF YOU HAVE A DISCHARGE
from the nose, offensive or otherwise, stopping up
or the nose, at times giving nasal twang to v .ice,
partial loss of the sense or sm-:-li, taste or hearing,
feel dall and stupid, have pain or pressure In thc
head, take cold easily, you may rest assured that
you have Catarrh. Thonsands annually, without
manifesting half of the above symptoms, termi?
nate lu Consumption or Insanity, and end in the
grave. R. V. PIERCE, M. D" of Buffalo, N. Y.,1B
the proprietor of DE. SAGE'S CATARRH REME?
DY-a perfect specific for Catarrh, which he seads
to any address, postpaid, for sixty cents. Sold by
most druggists everywhere. Janl9-thstu3D&c
f?T- EXPRESSLY FOR THE BENEFIT
OF FEMALES.-Utility, safety, comfort and beau?
ty, all secured by the use or the PHILOTOKBN, or
PernRlu's Friend. Get a Pamplet. Full directions
accompany each bottle. Sold by the Druggists
for^ $1. Wholesale Agents, DO WIE. MOISE A
DAVIS, No. 169 Meeting street, Charleston.
?&~ PIMPLES ON THE FACE.-FOR
Comedones,. Blackworms or Grubs, Pimply Erup?
tions and blotched disfigurations on the Face, use
PERRY'S COMEDONE AND PIMPLE REMEDY,
Depot No. 49 Bond street, New York. Sold by
Druggists everywhere. Wholesale by DOWIE,
MOISE & DAVIS, Charleston, S. C.
#3- FOR MOTH PATCHES,
Freckles and Tan,, use PERRY'S MOTH AND
FRECKLE LOTION. The only reliable and harm
less remedy known to science for removing
brown discolorations Hom the Face. Prepared
only by Dr. B. C. PERRY, No. 49 Bond street,
New York. Sold by Druggists everywhere. Whole
Bale by DOWIE, MOISE A DAVIS, Charleston, 8.
?a-WbL McKAY, AT NO. 140 MEET
LNG STREET, viii make advances on any and
everything sent to him on consignment.
Jan24 . _i
?*- CONSIGNEES PER STEAMSHIP
CHAMPION, from New York, are not.fled that
she ls di ?ch a ryl cg cargo THIS Dir at Adgerti
South Wharf. Goods remata[rr?Tuncailed for at
sunset will be stored at owners' risk and ex?
pense. TAMES ADOER A 00.,
Jan24-l :_ Agenta^
NEES by Bri Uah B?rk viNco, are hareby noti?
fied that she aaa been enured ander the Five Day j
Act. All gooda not permitted at the expiration of j
that period, .will be ilent to Customhouse Ste res.
jana* .. , ? RAVENEL'A CO.
CONSIGNEES FEB SCHOONER
G EORGI ETTA will send -for Good? ta Adger's North :
Wharf, or pay. expeiwotoi storage, ..No claims al?
lowed after Goods are removed.
Jan24-1 WILLIAM ROACH A CO.
CITY HALL, MAYOR'S; OFFICE,
CHARLESTON, g. O, JANUARY 20, 1871.-The
time for issuing. Licenses for 1871 is hereby ex?
tended to the 26 tn ?nt, Including that d ay.
TPoUce and Detectives win govern theiris?lves
accordingly. O. PILLSBURY,
janai-3 . ._,, , . Major.
POR is the characteristic of winter* Vegetation
dies or falls inte a state of trance. The. whale i
aspect of inanimate natures teaches us that there
is a paralyzing influence lathe air, and ought to
teach ns that our bod lea require an marease of vi?
tal power to contend -rith lt. Bom or even tie
warm blooded animaU bary thenksetres in the
earth and remain in a ?tate ox partial stupefac?
tion until nae seaton ia over, and the elixir of the:
spring sunshine stimulates their stagnant Mood,
and restore? their rigor. But man although he
feels the influence of the seusan, can protect him?
self ?gain?t tts lndemeaey. Be han foal to warm
him externally, and caa tone and atreagthaa his j
Internal organization and endow it with the. ex?
tra amount of vitality' which the circumstances
require. Of all Inrrfronurts that nave ever been I
recommended1 for th * parp?se, HOSTKTTER'S j
STOMACH BITTERS le tan pareas and the beet.
Fortified by the dally nae ol; this wholesome vege?
table tonic, the human system may defy the
chills and damps o: winter In any latitude. Its |
effect ls to p roinote a brisk and regular e Ircula.
lion of the Meed, and. aettvtty la alf tb* secretive
argana. Without tho-sllghtBst tendency to pro?
duce fever, lt imparts, a haalthrol glow to the au
face, and stimulates the exterior vessels to dip
charge, In the form of gentle Perspiration, the'-]
useless matter eliminated from the blood.' Thus
the system is kept unotogged. Fever and ague,
biliousness, indigestion and colic, all of which are
the common consequences of the searching damps
and low temperature of winter, may be avoided
(as well assured) by a course of this genial tonio
^r-THE GREAT MEDICAL WONDER,
DB. Q ASKELL'3 ELECTRIC OIL kitts all pain in
two minutes, ?aneen, Bous, Tetter and Old
Sores, cured ia 48houri by DE. HASKELL'S CAR?
BO LIC CANCER SALVE. Vor aale At retail by
G. W. AIM AR, COHEN'S MEDICAL DB
DR. H. BAER, POT,
A. 0. BARBOT, ' Dn. G. J. LTJHN,
BD. S. BURNHAM, W T. LITTLE A CO.,
M. H. COLLINS A CO., ALFRED RAOUL, M. fi.,
GRAMAN A SCH WAKE, Da. W. A. SHRINE.
E. H. KELLERS? M., D.,
And at wholesale by HOWIE, MOISE A DAVIS,
sole Agents for South Carolina. nom-amosDAW
(Clotljing and i'urnieijirtri ?coos
TO REDUCE . STOCK, WE OFFER THE
GREATLY REDUCED PRICES.
BEAVER OVER SACKS, $38 and $40, to $35
BEAVER OVER SACKS, $35, to $28
BEAVER OVER BACKS, $30 and $32, to $25
BEAVER AND MELTON OVER SACKS, $26 and
$28, to $20
BEAVER AND MELTON OVER SACKS, $18 and
$22, to $15
BEAVER AND MELTON OVER SACKS; $14 and
UNION BEAVER OVER SACKS, $10, to $7
UNION BEAVER OVER SACKS, $7, to $5
BEAVER, KINO WILLIAM, $28, to $20
BEAVER, KINO WILLIAM, $20, to $15
CHINCHILLA D. B. SACKS, $25, to $20
CHINCHILLA D. B. SACKS, $15, to $12
CHINCHILLA D. B. SACKS, $12, to $10
CHINCHILLA D. B. SACKS, $10, to $8.
WE HAVE IN STOCK,
A FULL LINE OF GOODS,
FOR Iff ENS' WEAR.
J. H. LAWTON ft CO..
ACADEMY OF MUSIC BUILDING*.
tikis <&tfpbs; &t;
CLOSING OUT SALE.
STILL SM WER RE1I10P?
'??ty '? ' . '?': ?.'.?. ?:'? ? .-.ff.?*.;
. I :-' p? -..'if.,.';'
J. R. REMO &?O
. r: . ? .:.:-r-..
CLOAKS, J ;
Fi Mi fifrOBS.
-?'- " ' .*.*;.<:.;. . J.
Together wita ?ll other artleiM la the t?tore^are
now being offered, at STILL GREATER REDUC?
TION IS PRICES, in order to close ou ? the Stock.
?rery article totie sold without reserve. . ^
Terms exclusively O ASH. .
As lt is desirable that ;our business should be
closed at an early date, parties indebted .win
-oblige ns by UqnHtsUng their bil]? as soon as poe*
Bible. Those ItOldii g bills against BS will please
present too same fr r , ay ment.
J. rt. rt JS A. D A ID cr. '
SM. 34* and 437 KING STREET,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
PARIS, January 21st, 1871.
Sell off without regard of cost. Peace wm be
concluded. * GENERAL TUMBLE.
Shall act accordingly, at once. The following
articles will con vince" you of lt :
8 cases of 4-4 FINE LONGCLOTH, only 10c,
4 cases of 4-4 Kine Longclotb, only 8?c, former?
io cases of 4-4 Fine Longcloth, only WK toaoe,
formerly 16 to 29e
3 cases 10-4 Fine Sheeting, only 87J?C, formerly
2 cases 104 Brown Sheeting, only 37 x c, former?
- 2 eases IW Pillow-case Sheeting, only nxc,
500 doten, ATl-Ltnen, Hock Towels. $1 per doten,
worth tl 2i
500 dozes, All-Unen, Damask Towels, ll 25 add
U, worth $l so and $6 60
100 pieces 22 ?nth Diaper, $13?, worth $4 SO.
A large and well selected stock of TABLE DAM?
ASKS, Crashes, Napkins and Doylies, at cones*
pondlngly low prices._?
?pURCHGOTT, BENEDICT A CO.
DRESS GOODS DEPARTMENT.
l case of New Style "HENRIETTA" PLIID,
only 3" Kc, worth 50o
l case or Plain Color Mohair Poplins, 20c per
yard, worth soe
loo pieces Black Alpacas, 16 per cent, lower than
20 pieces Black Silk J, from $1 60 to $4
1 case Irish Silk Poplins, $1 per yard, worth
50 China Silk Dress Patterns, all shades and
colors, at $12, worth $16._'
?pURCHQOTT, BENEDICT & CO..
Nos. 244 and 437 KING STREET.
Fine 6-4 WATERPROOFS. $L worth $160
All-Wool CASSIMERES, 76c to $1
Jeans, all colors, from l6Jic
Large variety , or Black Cloths, Doeskins and.
Beavers, at a great sacrifice.
JJOSIERY, NOTIONS, RIBBON AND
All m want or the above articles will find lt to
their own advantage to examine them. They are
or our own importation; quality guaranteed, and
can be found lower than anywhere else.
To gain room for Matting, we are selling off our
j full and complete stock of CARPETS, Oil Cloths,
Rugs, Druggets, to suit every one In want of
octal Na 244 AND 437 KING STREET.
ffetpepapcTf, JUagUjim?, #t.
JJ URAL CAROLINIAN.
What is the Duty of the Hour, IX Wyatt Aiken ;
Cotton Culture m India British Commissioner's
Report: Pear Culture, David Z. Evans, of Mary?
land; Best Grasses for the Sonta, Dr. C. L. Hun?
ter, of North Carolina; Golden Lily o? Japan, H.
A. breer, ot Philadelphia; Guava and Dates In
Florida, W. N. Hart, of Florida; Angora Goat In
the South. D. H. Jacques; The Sheep acarus,
Chas. R. Dodge, of Washington; Tannl.ig, (new
?rocesa.) C. F. Panknin; Goethe and Frederica, P
Alse, many other valuable and interesting
Stogie copies, 25 cents. Subscription, $2 per
RURAL CAROLINIAN. J
no72fi Charleston, s. a
GOOD ADVERTISING MEDIUM.
GREENVILLE, S. G.,
Has the largest real circulation of any paper
la that section. Subscription price $1 a year.
G. E. ELFORD, Editor imdfroprietor.
G. G. WELLS, Associate Editor. ?*4L