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Extracta from J. M. SUTHERLIN'S ADDRESS to .the
Agricultural and Mechanical Association of Butler
County, a, November 2 iii, 1870, viz:
It is, I think, obvious to every one, who thinks on
tho subject, that fertilizers are now a necessity for
In order to show the superiority of a thorough
system of culture with fertilizers, and comparatively
small body of land, over the old system of a large
body of land of first-rate quality under the most la
vorable conditions, I will now give you my experi?
ence fully and fairly carried out, with a desire to
arrive at the best result of which both were capable.
I purchased a large plantation of eighteen hundred
acree, about one-fourth of which I put in cultivation
for cotton and corn, under the able superintendence
.>f my partner in the concern, wbo has the rcputa
ion of being one of the best and most successful
Ranters in the country. "We had eighteen hands
md thirteen mules for working it, and laid down
?bout two hundred and fifty acres of excellent land
Tho season was favorable and neither worms nor
.Hst affected the crop. Wc obtained sixty bales of
jotton as the result, and I believe this is a/air avcr
?ge return under the old system.
Let us now look at the other side of the question,
i tried the experiment with sixty-seven acres of poor
land, cultivated it with four mules and four hands,
with some additional help in picking, fertilized with
$010 worth of manure, and obtained a crop of fifty
bales of cotton. This, however, docs not end the
comparison; the cost of the land in one case, say
two hundred and fifty acres, involved ac outlay of
$3,125 in purcliaso money, in thc other case the
quality of land cultivated could have been got nt $.'>
per acre, in any agricultural district, being a total of
$335, etc., etc.
I have already told you what I produced with fer?
tilizers under v/hat I have named as the 9sw system
of things. I must now give you a statement of the
fertilizers used, and the practical conclusions I came
to in regard to them. I tried
1st. Crushed colton sc-d alone.
2d. Crushed colton seed with flour of bone in equal parts.
3d. Cotton seed meal (oilextracted.)
4th. Cotton seed meal and flour of bone in equal parts.
5th. Gillum'* fertilizer.
6th. Langdon s fertilizer.
7th. Creighton & Son's fertilizer.
8th. Solu le Pacific Guano.
' 0th. Peruvian Guano, dissolved bones, plaster and salt,
loth. Compound Acid Phosphate of Lime and green colton seed
llth. The latter composition, with an equal part stable manure
added to the compost heaps. '
On a careful comparison of results, I found that
the 11th or last composition gave the most favorable
results, j ielding nearly one bale and a half of cotton
per. acre, and at much less cost comparatively than
any of the others.
BRIDGEPORT, Ala. River, Sept. 19,1870.
Messrs. MARSHALL & CONLET,
Agents Pacific Quana Co., Mobile, Ala. :
In response to your polite note 6cnt to me recently,
relative to the use of Soluble Pacific Guano, and
other fertilizers, on cotton, I would say that my
lands are very old and pretty nuich worn out, of a
loamy gray soil with a good clay*subsoil, aud twen
y-fiveyeurs ago were very fine cotton lands. The
yresent has been a remarkably dry season in my im
hediate neighborhood, not having had my land thor
)ughly wet since my crop was planted up to this
5me. My cotton weed is small, but notwithstand?
ing the severe drought and unusually hot sun, it
ihed off but little of its fruit. Owing to the dryness
Df thc season I gave my cotton but one thorough
plowing. Having no rain to produce grass, I let it
alone, and iu this way I account for it holding its
fruit. I expect to gather about five bags to the hand
this season ; last year I gathered three bales to the
hand from the same land not fertilized.
(Signed) AMOS JONES.
Increased Yield 150 per cent, from 80 lbs. Guano
and 25 bushels Cotton Seed per acre. Net
Profit at least 210 per cent, on Investment,
GREENEVILLE, Ala., Nov. 28,1870.
Hon. JOHN K. HENRY,
Agent Pacific Guano Co., Greenville, Ala. :
I am much pleased with tho Soluble Pacific Guano
purchased of you. My sons applied 80 lbs. with 25
bushels cotton seed per acre, on 27 acres of land that
would not have mude more than 400 lbs. cotton per
acre without manure, and they have gathered from
this land eighteen bales and I think a bale has been
lost. I fina, also, that this superb fertilizer is of
great strength ? the second year, in fact, on my fkrm,
nearly as much so ns the first. I feel confident, how?
ever, that this fertilizer will give the best results on
land which has not been kept clear of grass in past
years, as the vegetable matter in such soil seems to
add to its power.
(Signed) . J. A. PERDUE.
Increased Yield 200 per cent, from 200 lbs. per
acre. Net Profit 387 per ct. on Investment
GARLAND, Butler Co., Ala., Nov. 30,1870.
Hon. JonN K. HENRY,
Agent Pacific Guano Co., Greenville, Ala. :
You are authorized- to publish the following state?
ment : I bought Soluble Pacific Guano of you last
6pring, and applied it to lands which would not have
made, without fertilizing, more than 300 pounds of
seed cotton per acre, and I have made about 900 or
1,000 pounds per acre, or three times as much, by
thc use of this great fertilizer, nod only used 200 lbs.
per acre. I am greatly pleased with the result and
hope to bc able to Ute it much more freely in future.
(Signed) THOMAS BENNETT.
'jicreased Yield 260 per cent, Net Profit 525
per cent, on Investment.
GREENEVILLE, Ala., Dec. 1,1870.
Iou. JOHN K. HENRY.
Agent Pacijw Guano Co., Greenville, Ala. :
I purchased Soluble Pacific Guano of you las*
??ring, and applied to cotton on land that would not
ave tuade more than about 250 lbs. of seed cotton
er acre without it, and I have gathered 900 pounds
iv acre. I also tried Zell's fertilizer, and Langdon's
also, but I am very sure the Soluble Pacific Guano
is superior to either, at least it gave the best results
in proportion to cost, and I expect to use it in pref?
erence in future.
'Signed) _ L. A. ROBERTS.
PACIFIC GUANO COMPANY'S
COMPOUND ACID PHOSPHATE OF Lill,'
FOR COMPOSTING WITH COTTON SEED.
Manufactured ai the Company's Works, Charleston, S. CV
Cotton Seed, as is well known to all who have given
attention to the subject, abounds in Ammonia, lt af?
fords an abundant and cheap source of that essential
element of fertility! It is deficient Ia all the other ele?
ments necessary to a good fertilizer ; hence, when ap?
plied to crops without the proper addition of Soluble
Phosphoric Acid and other fertilizing substances, it is
not a complete fertilizer.
In order to utilize Cotton Seed as a source of Ammo?
nia for the above purposes, the PACIFIC GUAXO COM?
PANY bas brought into market an article under the
above trado mark expressly for composting,with Cotton
Thc Compound Acid Phosphate of Lime contains Sol
uble Phosphoric Acid, and tho other clements required,
except Ammonia; hence, when composted with Cotton
Seed as directed below, the Ammonia is supplied and a
perfect fertilizer is obtained at the lowest cost to the
The Compound Acid Phosphate, for composting, 4c,
is manufactured at the Company's \V0rk3, near Charles?
ton, S. C., under the personal direction and superin?
tendence of Dr. St. Julien Ravenel, Chemist, kc, hence
the integrity of its composition may be relied upon.
DIRECTIONS FOB COMPOSTING.
To prepare the Compost-Take a given weight of
Cotton Seed, which can bc readily done by ascertaining
the weight of a basket well filled, and using it as a
measure for the given weight. Thus : measure out, for
example, 400 lbs. ; after veiling it well, empty upon it
an equal weight of Acid Phosphate, say two sacks of
200 lbs. each ; after mixing well with hoes or shovels,
pack into a heap, and repeat tho operation, enlarging
the heap to any desired extent.
The Compost heap may bc placed in a pen made with
rails to support the sides of the mass, simply covering
the top with boards lapping each other to conduct off
the rain. Nothing further is required until tho proper
time for application arrives.
In this manner the Compost may be easily made, and
its effects cannot fail to give the highest satisfaction,
while its economy must commend it to general use.
The most suitable time to make the Compost is when
the Seed c'omes from the Gin. Thc longer tbe heap is
allowed to lay undisturbed, the better, as it can lose
noLe of its value, and the decomposition will be more
If not convenient to be made at time of Ginning, it
will be sutficiently decomposed in from three to six
By decomposition of thc Seed in contact with the
Acid Phosphate there can bc no loss of Ammonia, as is
the case with thc ordinary rotting of Cotton Seed. Thc
whole of its Ammonia is securely held until liberated1
in the soil.
By reason of the bulk of Cotton Seed, it is available
for fertilizing purposes only on the plantations; and to
bc made capable of its highest utility must be used as
The Compost when made is applied as other fertil?
izers, at the rate of from 400. to COO lbs. per acre, or
more at the option of the planter.
Compost prepared with Compound Acid Phosphate
of Lime and Cotton Seed, us above, was used to some
extent last season with satisfactory results so far os has
orno to our knowledge.
COMPOUND ACID PHOSPHATE
"Wc take thc following extracts from thc officia?report
made to thc "RUHAMA HOOT-AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY"
of Jefferson county, Alabama, published in the Southern
Argxis, Selma, Ala., of thc 9th and 11th November,
I37C, to which wo nsn attention, ns evidencing tho value
of the COMPOUND ACID PHOSPHATE^ compost?
ing with Cotton Seed:
From the Selma (Ala.) Argus.
Thc October meeting of thc Ruhama Horti-Agricul
tural Society was calied to, order by O. S. Burwcll, the
Jas. Wilson being called on to report his experience
with Compound Acid Phosphate for composting with
cotton seed, desired to bo excused because it might
seem incredible. Thc Society not deeming him excus?
able he stated lhat two rows with Compound Acid Phos?
phate compost jiclded eighteen j.ounds of seed cotton
at the first, and thirty pounds at the seec-.d picking;
that two rows alongside without fertilizers of any kind,
vieided one ana a hali'pounds seed cott( n at thc first
and two anda half pounds at thc second picking. Air.
Wilson :ninKs that aDout 200 pounds bf Compound
Acid Phosphate, composted with nn equal weight of
cotton seed, were applied to thc aero in thc drill.
W. II. Wood expressed the opinion, that on John T.
Reed's farm, the rows of cotton with, and the adjacent,
rows without Compound Acid Phosphate composted
with cotton seed, exhibit a difference about equal io
that reported by James Wilson.
W. II. Wood's Homes' Prolific cotton, with Com?
pound Acid Phospbnte compostea with cotton 9oed. will
vi c. ti aA tba rate of a 'jaie OT more TO -BI acre
Dr. J. "W. Scars, distinguished for intelligence and
scientific attainments, ascribed the highest merit to the
W. H. Wood attributed a large proportion of his cot?
ton where the Compound Acid Phosphate was applied
to its agency.
Rev. A. J. Wnldrop had used no Compound Acid
Phosphate, but observations on his neighbor's crops
convinced him of its great value. He mentioned one
very good crop that wus almost exclusively attributable
to thc Compound Acid Phosphate applied. All the ap?
plications were made in n clay soil, and the Compound
Acid Phosphate used was bought from John S. Reese &
Co., Baltimore, Md., agents for thc Pacific Guano Co.
Dr. J. W. Scar's Peeler colton, with Compound Acid
Phosphate composted with cottou seed, is several hun?
dred per cent, better than thc common cotton without
cur.no in the same field.
Jus. Wilson's corn and cotton, with two hundred
pounds Compound Acid Phosphate composted with cot?
ton seed, and ten two-borse wagon loads of stable and
stock-lot compost, to the acre, aro from two to four
hundred per cent, better than where the same quantity
of compost wits applied without the Phosphate. The
lice severely injured tho cotton with compost alone, but
did no appreciable damage where thc Phosphate was
Peeler and Monterey cotton, with Compound Acid
Phosphate composted with cotton seed, have restored
to tho farm of J. H. Shields, the crop prospects of a
quarter of a century ago.- The attention of the indif?
ferent is arrested, though passing in a gallop.
Geo. Barton's perfect stand.of Ellison cotton, with
Compound Acid Phosphate composted with cotton seed,
is a case of three-fold increase.
The committee, for the farmers of this section and for
tue information of farmers elsewhere, testify to the
honesty and fair dealing of the Pacific Guano Company,
and of John S. Reese & Co., of Baltimore, Md., their
agents for the whole country.
White Plains, Ga., Nov. 5th, 1870.
I Mr. J. 0. Mathewson,
Agent Pacific Guano Co., Augusta, Ga. :
Dear Sir-In answer to your letter inquiring how.
the Compound Acid Phosphate of Lime, bought of you last
spring, compared with other fertilizers used by me, I will
state that I used ifiu compost with cottonseed, and that
it compared favorably with any I used this year or last
year ei Iber. V here I applied thc Compound Acid Phos?
phate I did not leave any rou s uumanured, but in the
field where I used other fertilizers I left one row with
I out manure, which will afford a comparison. From a
row fertilized with Compound Acid Phosphate com?
posted witli cotton seed, I picked 17A pounds cotton.,
From a row without manure, of samo'length, I picked
5} lbs. These pickings were made up to the 8th of Oc?
tober. I am now picking but have not got the rows to
weigh up to this time, but the fertilized row will beat
ft this time.
(Signed) JOHN JOHNSON.
Baker County, Ga., Nov. 8th, 1870.
Wm. Henry Woods ? Co.,
Agents Pacific Guano Co., Savannah, Ga :
The Compound Acid Phosphate of Lime for compost
? ing with cotton seed, proved highly satisfactory ; more
so than the Guano I used. Thc cotton did not rust as j
much where I applied the compost, and the fruitage
The compost, I think, is preferable to any "Guano."
It is cheaper and has the decided advantage of home j
(Signed) L. H. CARTER.
Augusta, Ga., Sept. 8th, 1870.
Mr. J. 0. Mathewson, Agent Pacific Guano Co :
Dear Sir-You wrote to me to know how I liked the
Compound Acid Phosphate of Lime. The reason I have
not answered your letter before wiis because my brother
in-law used the fertilizer, and I supposed he had writ?
ten to you and let you know how it acted, lt was not
used as directed, but the colton seed wus put in by band,
and the Acid Phosphate was distributed with his cotton
seed planter. The land was an old pine field piece of
ground, cleared up before the war, red land. The corn
grew nneiy and looked like bottom land corn. It never
produced a good crop before. The co.-u did well until
a drought came on aad injured it a good deal, but
it made a good deal of corn. I think the Acid Phos?
phate of Lime, for composting with cotton seed, a good
(Signed) J. W. LESLIE. #
Crawford County. July 6, 1870.
j J. S. Reese <j- Co.,
lip to the present I am entirely pleased with die ac?
tion of tho Compound Acid Phosphate, composted with
cotton seed, cn cern. 1 used ?00 lbs. Compound Acid
Phosphate and 4 bushels of cotton seed to the acre.
My ''ora is fine for Crawford County pine land corn.
lt looks now like it would make 25 bushels to the acre
(Signed) J. A. AVERA.
Fort Valley, Ga., July 18, 1870.
Gen. C. D. Anderson,
Dear Sir-By your request wc have examined several
crops of cotton manured with Compound Acid Phos?
phate composted with cotton SPM. We find it at this
date with less tendency tc rust, more thrifty and better
fruited, than cotton manured wilh anv oilier fertilizer
in market. We regard it as a cheap and valuable ler
tc. .. WESLEY HOUSER,
(Signed) WILLIAM DASHER.
Williston, S. C., Dec. 17th. 1870.
Mr. J. JV. Robson,
Agent Pacific Guano Co., Charleston, S. C:
Yours of the 13th ins*., *c hand und contents noted.
I put 250 lbs. Compound Acid Phosphate aud '?b oush
cls of cotton seed Der acre, and applied i: iu vhe drill on
cotton. Soil, gray land. ' The yield was 1,000 pounds
seed cotton per acre. Without manure the yield was
only 325 ?bs. per r?cre li made the cc tton mature three
weeks earlier. I believe it to be thc best and cheapest
commercial manure now in uso. I will try it on all
my crop the coming year. :
(Signed) M. ?AIB...
Cross Hill, S. C., Dec. 12th/187?..
Mr. J. JV. Robson,
Agent Pacific Guano Co., Charleston, S.C: y
In reply io your circular of the 3d inst., I can say,
that I purchased 15 tons of your Compound Acid Phos-'
phate of Lime last spring, and composted thc 6ame with
cotton Bccd ns instructed, that is, equal quantities, and
I and. my sous were well pleased with thc result. .
We put thc mixture on cotton entirety, 200 pounds to
thc acre on upland and bottom land. Dry summer.
The upland was poor. Average on thc upland 700 lbs.,1
on bottom land 1500 lbs. seed cotton. Matured earlier.
Upland without Guano would have made net more than
350 lbs., the bottom land not more than 800 to 900 lbs.
seed cotton per acre. We put the Phosphate in the drill.
(Signed) W. A. FULLER.
Little Rock, S. C., Dec. 14th, 1870.
Mr. J. N. Robson,
Agent Pacific Guano Co., Charleston, S..C:
I forward you the statement of yield of cotton on the
eleven acre lot ns promised. The lot contains just eleven
acres, floury gray soil on heavy red clay subsoil, slightly
undulating ; had been planted in cotton four years pre'
viously. maturing pretty well and yielding good crops,
viz : About 1,000 lbs. seed cotton in 1866, 1,840 lbs. in
1867, about 1,700 ita. ir. 1 SUS, and about 1,200lbs. in
'i860. I applied in the furrow 1200 lbs. compost (made
of 3 bags Compound Acid Phosphate and 600 lbs. cotton
seed) per acre. The cultivation was moderately good.
Thero was some waste from failure to gather in due,
time. Have picked and stripped from the above lot
seven thousand four hundred and thirty-seven (7,437)
pounds of lint cotton including bagging and ties,- say
twenty-two pounds per bale on seventeen bales* There
are now in the gin bouse three hundred and sixty-four
pounds seed cotton, and perhaps a little Luger amount
yet unpicked on the lot. ., ? .
All of which I respectfully and hastily uubmit, and I
herebv certify to thc facts submitted-.
. "(Signed) . E. T. STACKHO?SE.
Battlcboro'. N. C., Nov. 7th, 1870.
Messrs. TT. IL. McRary $ Co.,
Agente Pacific Guano Co., Wilmington, ?V. C:
Yonr letter, inquiring as to the result of my experi?
ence with the ton of Compound Acid Phosphate, bought
of you last spring, lins been .'ceived, and would have
been answered before this had it not been misplaced and
forgotten until now. I composted it with cotton seed
n<= directed, only I did not give it time enough to let it
remain but about three weeks before drilling time. I
applii-d it alongside of other standard Guanos-it did
as well as any. Wc have not made full crops here this
year with aay kiud of manures, owing to so much rain,
kc. I think thc Phosphate a good thing and expect to
try it again.
(Signed) T. P. BRAS WELL.
Lancaster C. H., S.C, Dec. 17, 1870. ,
Mr. J. M. Robson,
Agent Pacific Guano Co., Charleston, S. C. : ^
"We reply as follows to your letter : V fi
What quantity used per acre? 400 lbs. Compound
Acid Phosphate and cotton seed.
How applied, by drills on hills or broadcast? Drills.
On what crop? Cotton. ?
Ou what kind of land ? Gray land, old field. '
TThat is tho average yield per acre? 1400 lbs. seed
Has thc crop matured! earlier, and to what extent?
Two weeks. V|
Has the crop been increased by its use, and to what
extent? It hus.
Has it given satisfaction ? Yes.
(Signed) HASSELTINE & CHAFEE.
New Market, S. C., Dec. 16, 1870.
ifr. J. JV. Robson,
Agent Pacific Guano Co., Charleston, S. C. :
In answer to your questions in reiation io the use of
fertilizers used by me : I used one (1) ton of Soluble
Pacific, at tho rate of 135 lbs. per acre, on lands which
I suppose would have yielded from 50C to 600 lbs. seed
cotton per acre, and with the use of your fertilizer
yielded 800 to 900 pounds, and but for the exceeding
drough* in cur country 'J am fully persuaded I wdnld
have received i,o00 to 1.2u0 lbs. I am much pleased
with the Soluble Pacific ; 1 ?ike it better than any I
have used. I used one (1) ton Compound Acid Phos
pluij with ?0O oushels cotton seed, onjands very poor
(at the rato of 2'JO lbs. to the acrej which I suppose
would bavo yielded 300 lbs. seed cotton per acre. With
the use of your fertilizer, ! made about 600 lbs. per
acre. I feel confident to say I jost 100 to 200 lbs. per
acre by excessive drought. I think we would do well
to use that manure. /
(Signed) ROBT. MAJOR. 1
COTTON SEED OIL. *
In the calculations wc have published on the first
page of this paper, showing the per cent, of profit made
from the monpy invested in Soluble Pacific Guano, we
left out of view altogether the commercial value of the
increased quantity of Cotton Seed, as a product result?
ing from the use of the Guano. This is an element of
value which, if Drought into the calculation, would
largely iucreasc thc per cent, of profit. The. consump?
tion ot Cottonseed for the manufacture of oil, is already
very great acd is annually increasing, so that Cotton
Sod SSA ("commercial value; especially in localities
within easy access to thc largo cities of the South.. A
bushel of Cotton Seed, say 30 lbs., is worth 25 cents.
Now, as it is shown by experience, as recorded in thc
corresponoenco published in this paper, ;um in an av?
erage season 200 lbs. Soluble Pacific GU JIIO increases the
crop from 100 to 200 per cent, over the unfertilized soil,
it can be demonstrated that the increased quantity of
seta alone, if sold at 25 cents per bushel of 30 lbs., will
pay from one-iuu? to one-half the cost of tho Guano
applied, thus reducing its cost from an overage of $65
per ton, at interior markets, to say $40 to $45 per ton.
?OxTN" S. RKBSS ic CO>