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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1590.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 26, 1371.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
KO MARTIAL LAW.
A WISE CHASGE JTY TUB TAX LAW
The Question of Adjourning - Legisla
[SrBCIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, January 25.
In the House the enacting clause of the bill
to declare martial law in the upper counties
was stricken out.
In the Senate a bill to amend the lax law BO
that assessments shall be made in the summer
months and collections JD the summer months,
passed its second reading. The bill abolishing
the slnklDg fund commission was postponed
The anniversary meeting of the Burns Club
to-night was largely attended; speeches were
made by Governor Scott aiffl other prominent
THE QUESTION OF ABJOVBNMENT.
Nice Disclosures-Lt si it Breaks Loone
The Railroad Kings-The Blue Ridge
[FROM Ont OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, January 24.
The resolution that the General Assembly do
adjourn sine die on the first day of March, was
introduced by C. D. Hayne in the House, on
Saturday, and took many by surprise, it was
k passed by a close vote, after 6ome discussion,
and ordered to be sent to the Senate. A
tion was made to reconsider the vote and los!
It was anticipated that a heavy fight woul
come upon it yesterday morning, but such
not the case; The resolution was sent to
Senate, where, as that body had waited sonn
time to obtain a quorum, it came up as
very first business of the day.
HOW THE SENATE HANDLED IT.
The larger portion of the day's session w
consumed in the discussion ot the resolution
Many spicy things were said, which, if they
were said by any enterprising reporter would
bring him before the bar of the Senate
WHAT IS THERE BEFORE THE SENATE ?
Leslie opened fire in that nervous
suasive manner he has, that always convinces
and pretty generally succeeds, and asked, first,
If there was any thing at present before them
or anything looked tor In the future that could
Srolong the session longer than the 1st
[arch. As for the Impeachment trial, the ver
diet ot the people was tMt the judge should
resign. They did not cere to squander fllty
sixty thousand dollars to impeach him.
THINGS CONTEMPLATED AND FEARED.
He knew just how the matter stood. There
would be a lot of railroad bills and bogus
measures coming up. This will be along
about the 27th or 28th of February. Some sen
atox/will rise up and say: '-There is some very
Important bill about to come up;"' either the
jury bill or some trifling incorporation bill,
something, and one must prolong the time
allow them to pass. But, lying behind them,
there will be two or three big railroad bills
I don't say who the senators will be who will
do that, but I have got my eye on two
them. It will be either the senator from Beau?
fort or the senator from Hamburg.
THE WHOSO PARTT.
Smalls arose here, and said he was sorry
see the senator from Barnwell in such a mis
take. He intended to vote for the resolution
and, what was more, pledged his word as
senator that he would never vote to rescind
his action. As for his intending to urge rail
road schemes, he deemed that a mistake, too
Perhaps the senator from Barnwell would
^ bring in some more of bis Barnwell vs. Black
ville cases, or Barnwell railroad pet scheme
and want them passed.
Leslie facetiously apologised, but wanted to
hear the senator irom Edgefleld speak. Arnim
said not a word, and S wails took the floor.
ONE OP THE OPPOSITION.
Leslie had shown up the scheme of the op
posit ion, and referred to Swails as having sup
ported the Port Royal Railroad aid bill at
previous session, and desiring to extend the
Ume for ?ts passage by calling up the bill con
stituting trial Justices. Swails admitted the
fact, but not the motives.
The ayes and nays were- then called on
motion to lay on the table, ".nd lost by vote
ayes C, nays II.
WHERE TOE FUN CAME IN.
As soon as the vote was announced Swails
moved to amend by inserting the 20th ot Feb?
ruary. Leslie opposed; he knew they could
get away in a week if they choose, but Swails
had made the amendment because be knew
that the House would not concur in lt. "I
don^kuow as there is any respectability in
the Republican party." he continued. "Thia
eternal preaching will do no good. Nothing
but the bottomless pit and every one itu own
into it will awaken the Senate to Its duty. I
can't go into any portion of the State without
the people flocking around me to know why
these things are so. The
PEOPLE OF THE STATE ARE BANKRUPT
to-day, and every senator knows lt. They
can't pay their taxes, and lt will turn out so.
And the senators object is to defeat any ad?
journment at all. I ask you how long do you
want to remain here. This is the same speech
I made last year. Then you wanted the whole
of last year-you would stay the whole year
round. You would stay until the sun should
rise and sink, and sink to rise no more. I
could pick out some of the members who want
to siay here all the year round. From now
until the 28th of February it is about six
weeks. If you can't transact all the business
in that time, go hide yourself. If there is any
hiding place outside of the Slate that I can get
to then I propose* to go there. I saw a crowd
of people on the train yesterday. I don't pro?
pose lo tell you all that they said. They said
we can't pay the taxes. The cotton crop ls a
failure, and we have not any money. Twenty
two cents per pound was advanced us on our
cotton, and It ls only bringing Alleen cents to?
day in New York.
"I want to put my'self right on record as say?
ing that lhere are me? who want to do right
OUTSIDE OF TUE REPUBLICAN PARTY",
who desire economy in expenditures to the
putting ol'good men In office; who do not want
to see men in office whose chief aim is to steal
all they can and then run away. Bu: the Re?
publican party has died out in thia State. It
has become too mean and contemptible to
live. For God's sake dont defeat this thing
Sfrfcils said this was the third time he had
heard that speech. Leslie inquired: Don't
you believe that if the resolution was adopted
with your amendment the House would refuse
to co?cur ? Was not that the reason you of?
fered the amendmeut ? Swails saki it was
not. He wanted to get through the work in
'ess time, and if Leslie was sincere he would
vote for it.
Corbin favored an adjournment on March
1st. He was well aware that that resolution,
unless adopted as K came from the House,
would give them trouble hereafter. It was
better to adopt the r?solu, ion ou the ground
of public policy.
NASU AND THE RAILROADS.
Nash favored the amendment for the 20th.
He objected to the slur thrown at the House.
He knew of no railroad scheme or sinking
fund bill that was coming up.
Leslie jokingly asked him what he was read?
ing before he got up. Nash had been reading
a memorial concerning Sain Thompson'* street
railroad, and it rather got ise laugh on him.
He continued : I am told that the finances of
the State are not ii that beautiful condition
they should be; that the land commission is
being whitewashed, ?fcc.
In repiv to the latter remark, Leslie said
that he had been before the committee ap?
pointed to investigate, and had given in a pqr
lioo of bis testimony, and would finish at the
The resolution as it came from the House
was concurred in by a vote, of sixteen to two
on a call ot' the yeas and nays.
HOW MANY CLERKSHIPS HAVE TOU GOT ?
The above ls now quite the password be?
tween the many young men of leisure seen
strolling around the Statehouse. Some of
t?ejj? have as high as three or four, and lt ls
notorious that those who have the most do little
or no work whatever. Every influential mem?
ber has a certain number of these sinecures at
his disposal, and distributes them around to
his proteges with as much looseness as if lt
was his own money he was spending. If the
clerks of the General Assembly, male and
female, bovs and old men, black and tan,
lame, halt and blind, were strung out In a row,
they would make the most interesting sight
imaginable. A large portion o? the $135,000
appropriation has been spent in these six dol?
lar per dieing, the clerks drawing pay always
from the first day ol the session, even if ap?
pointed on the last.
When the House resolution preventing the
holding ol one clerkship by mor? than one per?
son came up in the Senate, yesterday, lt was
opposed by a few, in an uneasy way, but unan?
imously passed. Some way, ol course, will bc
found to get around lt.
NEW SO?KCE OF REVENUE.
Much after the lashlon of the fees collected
by the comptroller-general, which net him a
fair Income outside of his salary, we are to hare
a bill providing for lees lor the enrolment ol'
acts; the money, however, in this case, is to
go to the State. The parties in whose interest
the bills are passed are required to pay fees as
follows: Banks, whose capital ls not over
$200,000. a fee of $200; capital not over $400,
000, $400 fee; capital SG00,000, $500 fee; $1,000,
000 and over, fee of ?1000. Savings institu?
tions, $100 each; manufacturing companies,
<fcc, $200; railroad, canal, express, phosphate,
insurance and lumber companies, $100; local
express, terries, markets, ?c., $50. In each of
the above cases where the incorporation
extends for a longer period than twenty
years, the fee is double. A fee of five hundred
dollars is to be paid for every act erecting
a new county, and for every act of divorce, on
the application of the husband, $100; when the
application is on the part o? the wife, $50. The
money is to be paid into the State treasury
for the use of the State, and by th? adoption
01 tho bill the revenue of the State will be very
SENATORIAL ELECTION IN ABBEVILLE.
The president o? the Senate, Lieutenant
Governor Ransler, has ordored an election ln
Abbeville County io take ?'lace on thu lGth of
of Februrary, the returns to be made at the
next session of the Senate. We learn that
Captain Jerry Hollingshead has been nomina?
ted by the Radicals. He made himself famous
some time since by the capture of Tolbert. He
ls a conservative mun, and quite an improve- J
ment on the senator whose place he ls to fill.
. WRIT OF HABEAS CORPDS SOSPEXDED.
"Mr. T. H. Davis, from Charleston, is desirous
to make a compromise on the martial law
bill. He Introduced, on Thursday last, as a j
preliminary measure, a bill declaring the
Counties ol Union, Laurens and Spartanburg,
In a stale ol insurrection. Yesterday he fol?
lowed lt up by introducing a bill declaring the
writ of h?leos corpus suspended In those
counties. The bill also vests the calling of the
Legislature on the speaker of the House or
Eresident ol the Senate during the recess, or
y a majority of the members of lhe Legisla?
ture. The writ is to remain suspended until
the close of the session pf the Legislature.
It is not the Intention ol Mr. Davis to entire?
ly suspend the writ of habeas corpus. By the
provisions of the bill, the writ will only be sus?
pended in cases of murder, assault and bat?
tery with intent to kill, and any crime commit?
ted when io mask. It 1B supposed that this
bill will be taken up and adopted by the House,
instead of Whipper's bill declaring martial
law. It certainly will not pass the Senate.
THAT COSTLY FURNISHING.
Mr. Levy, of Charleston, Introduced the fol?
lowing resolution which he Intends to press to
Whereas, It is a matter ol general report
that a heavy expenditure hos been incurred In
Utting up the House of Representatives and
committee rooms attached thereto in the new
State Capitol, and entailing an enormous ex?
pense upon the people of this State in their
/.resent Impoverished condition; and, whereas,
lt should be the duty of this General Assembly.
ID perlormlng their obligations to their con?
stituents, to economize and retrench all un?
necessary expenditures; therefore be lt
Resolved, That the committee on contingent
accounts, to whom the various bills for the
above stated purpose have been referred, look
carefully Into Hie matter, report without delay
to this House, and show bv what or whose
authority this lavish expenditure has been in?
curred, the disposition of said furniture, as
itemized by the various bills, and where depos?
ited, if any in excess of that in rooms above
Be it further resolved, That in consequence of.
this attempt to coerce the State through Its '
Legislature In approving these enormous ex-11
penses, that the supervisor of refitting the
ball and rooms above named be required, un?
der oath, to strictly account to this committee
for any and all the furniture heretofore used | i
In the House ot Representatives, and now re?
placed by the present extravagant and shaine- ,
!ul outlay of money. '
Be it further resolved, That as the various 1
?ountles here represented are each and all by t
Urect taxation expected to furnish their pro- (
portion in liquidation of this debt, that a com -
nittee of one from each county delegation be I
tppointed by the speaker, to Investigate and s
vport upon this uncalled for and unnecessary f
WASHINGTON NEWS AND OOSSIE.
, WASHINGTON, January 25. t
The sales of ordnance are stopped. t
The trial of Bowen, member of Congress c
rom South Carolina, for bigamy, ls fixed for |
february 131 h.
Pleasanton recommends a change in the
rcehousing system which will equalize the
obacit) interest throughout the country.
Objections will be make to seating Governor v
/'layton as senator irom Arkansas, on the t
;round that the Legislature which elected him i
The judiciary committee will report against
he repeal of the law convening the next Con?
fess on the 5th March. The trial ol R. R.
lutler, member of Congress from Tennessee,
ar forgery, commences to-morrow. Boutwtll
,rgued before the ways and means committee
o-day, against the repeal of the income tax.
In the House the bill defining the meaning
if the twenty-sixth section of the act to re?
luce taxation was passed, and goes to the
'resident. Among other things it makes the
luty on imported spirits unilorm at two dol?
ors. Tho sundry pension bill was passed; also
bill for the disposal of useless military re?
xvations, also gin .ting a right of way through
he Pensacola military reservarlo a to lhe Pen
;acoIa and Barrancas Railroad.
In answering questions, Mr. Dawes said he
:aw no signs of repealing the law requiring
he new Congress to meet on the 5th of March.
Jo thought the session would extend to the
st of April.
In the Senate, General Frank P. Hlair was i j
eated. Blair is appointed upon the commit- 11
ees on the Bacific Railroad.-and education and
abor. The bill lor the repeal of the income
ax was discussed. The balauce ot the day
vas occupied by Fenton and Conkling in dis?
missing the New York customhouse.
THE CUE AN MAILS.
HAVANA, January 25.
The merchants ol' this city ?ompluin of the
treat delay in lhe mails from Southern cities
ii the United States since they have been seut
?y the Cedar Keys route. Letten from
Charleston via that route take from fourteen
o twenty days to reach Havana, while letters
ia New York and New Orleans take only
rom five to ten days.
-General Ducrot's pisition ls a painful one. If
apturcd by the Prussians, lie ls likely to be shot
.u the charge of violating Ina parole. He (fl in
ivor of massing Mie Parn troops ami cutting
heir way tlirougu the German lines anti joining
he outside arniUs. He swears that lie will lake
art in no dishonorable capitulation Use that at
edan aud Metz, involving tuo surrender of 2U0
00 national troops. General Blanchard does not
pprove of this measure, and General Trocha ls
elieved to tiiinK as does General Ducrot, although
either the Gardes Mobile] nor the regalar troops
ould be relied on to enter into the undertaking,
: lt should be attempted.
THE FURY. OF DESPAIR.
DESPERA TE FIGHTING IN THE
LATE S O III U.S.
Chaotic Condition or Paris-Trochu in
Trouble-Fearful Sufferings of the
LONDON. January 23-2 A. M.
New? from Paris of the 20th has been re?
ceived. Letters say that the line of battle on
thc 19th reached from Montretout to La Celle,
and that the French numbered 100,000 men,
supported by a powerful force of artillery.
General Trochu In his report, says: "The day
which commenced successfully did not termi?
nate as we could have wished. The enemy
were at ilrst surprised, but subsequently con?
centrated great masses of artillery and infant?
ry, and; at 3 o'clock P. M., our left receded.
At nightfall we resumed the offensive, but
were unable to hold the heights wekad taken.
The struggle was sanguinary. We have asked
foran armistice." The Germans refused the
French request for an armistice ? to bury the
dead before Pari3, because the application was
merely verbal. The outposts have, however,
mutually facilitated the'removal of Hie wound?
ed. It is said the garrison of taris would not
renew ihe attack up< n the Germans because
General Trochu was apprised of General Chan
Large droves of oxen, intended for Paris,
have passed Rheims, and are ready lor the ad?
vance of General Chansey, who ls receiving re?
inforcements. The Frencli have established a
line of cruisers between Gibraltar and the Eng?
lish Channel. Nine vessels have been appoint?
ed to the service, six of which are lron-clads.
The Prussians have Imposed a requisition of
40,000 francs upon the people of Yvelot, as a
punishment for the sympathy displayed by
them for the French cause. Count Von Bis?
marck has been promoted to be lieutenant
Advices from Paris say that the news of Gen?
eral Chansey'8 defeat was received stoically by
the people and the army.
Hamburg and Bremen took holiday and fired
salutes in honor of the proclamation of Wil?
liam as Emperor of Germany.
The second German corps, under General
Fransekv, is reported to have left Versailles
for Dijon to conrront Bourbaki.
LONDON, January 23-7 A. M.
Count Bismarck has, in a note In reply to
Jules Favre's request for safe conduct, de
r.linod to enter upon any such negotiations.
Bismarck says that, presuming that the au?
thority of the Provisional Government had not
been recognized by the French nation, the
military government formerly allowed Favre
to pass without prejudicing the question of re?
cognition. It ls now impossible to give Favre
safe conduct, because of his declaration "that
an Invitation to take part in lue proceedings
of the conference would be a recognition of
the republic." In conclusion, Bismarck point?
edly inquires whether it Is desirable for Favre
to proceed to London, since the interests at
stake at Paris for Germany and France com?
pletely overshadow the Eastern question *
VERSAILLES, January 20-Midnight.
Great excitement exist9 throughout all the 1
German lines. The sortie yesterday, already
officially reported at headquarters, was the 1
last desperate attempt of the French to break 1
tho lines. During thc assaults upon the Ger- '
man entrenchments many cf the French lead- .
?TS displayed reckless bravery, urging the men
Jesperately, without effect. In some Instances
:he French fought with fury, evidently height
;ned by drink. In other cases all efforts of the i
eaders were in vain. The French, after firing,
:urned and fled, dropped to the ground and ?
:hrew away their arms. ]
The first dash, early in the morning, was
nade in the direction of Boi3 Boulogne to- i
vard the intronchments opposite Fort Montre
ont, and was successful. The Germans fell c
lack from the positions, which were held hy J
he French until evening. An immense mass
>f French kept pouring out, evidently concen- ]
rating for an attack upon St. Cloud. Ver
iailles was In a tremendous commotion. Bodies t
if picked troops moved to the fionfof the i
kine and Sevres amidst the roar of the guns |
if Valerien. A general attack was made
dong the whole line, and west and southwest i
he advancing columns met, the steudy fire of I
he battery of Sevres adding to the roar, and i
constantly shelling the Bois Boulogne.
BORDEAUX, Janury 23-Evening. '
Tho Prussians completed the occupation of
Tours yesterday. , '
in the East, Bourbaki has been engaged (
ince the 17th in a series ol outpost skirmishes
villi Prussians, in which he has generally
teen Successful. At St. Quentin, bn the l^tli, 1
."aidherbe's troops maintained their ground 1
util night, and then retreated to a position
>el?ind the town. 1
Ricciotti Garibaldi captured the !iag of the
'russian line regimeut at Dijon. 1
The following dispatch has been read and 1
nade public by the government here: 1
DIJON, January 22-Evening.
The French repulsed an attack ot the Prus?
sians to-day along the whole ii ne. The enemy
vere pursued, and the positions held by them I
it Daix and Hauteville were seized. The Gar- I
baldians entered Dijon amid immense entliu- 1
?iasin. The Prussians in their flight abandoned
LONDON, January 24-5 A. SI. ?
It is said Count Bernstoff has telegraphed to
Versailles that plenipotentiaries present at thc j
irst meeling ol the conference are unanimous ,
n the resolution to prevent the discussion of i
juestions unconnected with tile Ea?t. (
LONDON, January 24-7 A. M.
The Gerraaus are before Cambrai. They ,
?ave established siege batteries at Rum illy, I
lear the city. Garibaldi operations have 1
jeen suspended in consequence ol Bourbaki^ ,
A Paris correspondent of the London Times, 1
under date of the 21st, says Trochu is general- !
ly cousid?red Incompetent. The Council ol'
Defence only failed to accept his resignation
because they were unable to find a successor. 1
lt is impossible to make Parisians consider the
question of surrendering. They are anxious *
to fight under competent leadership. A ration '
:ir Hour is now hali a pound daily per man.
The poorest people receive bread gratis, with
i p'tflt ol wine each, and a little soup daily.
Middle classes sutler most severely of all. Po?
tatoes ure sold at a franc a piece, and dog
Sesh is worth one dollar per pound.
Thc Situation 'n Pari?.
NEW YORK. January 25.
Tiie Herald's Paris special reports a call for
riot in Paris, but only live hundred disorderlies
responded; subsequently, however, the force
tor the protection of the Hotel de Ville was
strengthened. A new war committee is about I
organizing. Trochu is understood to have
placed himself in the hands of the Provisional
Government, saying, with tears " in his eyes:
"Do with me what you will." Meantime, ru?
mors prevail that Trochu has resigned, and
that Favre has opened negotiations with Bis?
marck for capitulation.
The special gives a terrible account of the
slaughter on the 19lb. The Prussians allowed
the French to approach to within deadly dis?
tance, when, within an Incredibly short time,
the ground was covered with dead and wound?
ed. It was the bloodiest day since the com?
mencement of the siege.
LONDON. January 24.
The Long wy garrison made % successful sor?
tie. Three Prussian batteries were silenced.
It is stated that Favre, In a dispatch to Odo
Russel], declines to leave Paris.
A Havre dispatch says the Prussian- cavalry
have advanced to Bazrouges, Faveul and
Noarbs. The Germans have captured Dole,
with two hundred and fllty cars loaded with
army stores. The franc-tireurs destroyed the
bridge over the Moselle, between Nancy and
Toni. Garibaldi's operations are suspended, in
consequence of Bourbaki's retreat.
y IO HT DISPATCHES.
Ano thu- Hove in the Game.
BORDEAUX, January 24.
After the battle at Dijon the Germans re?
treated towards Mesigny and Savigny. In the
West also the Germans appear to be falling
back. Alencon has been evacuated by the
enemy, who have cut the railway between
Lyons and Besancon at Byans.
Trocha Growing Unpopular.
[Correspondent of thc New York Tribune.]
PARIS, December 24.
There is a strong undercurrent of feeling j
rising against Trochu just now on account of]
his Indecision and many delays. What he
wants ls devil. He ls a very able, honest man;
but Paris wants lor itB deliverer something
more than a man -a hero; if he were godlike,
so much the better, but it would probably
suffice if he were devil enough. As it is, one
may now conclude that he will no more at-1
tempt to act on the offensive. From the first,
Indeed, his plan, of which we have heard so
much, was entirely defensive. He did not
originally intend to take the offensive. It was
enough for him to render Paris Impregnable,
and lu this be has perfectly succeeded. Paris
rendered impregnable, and able to resist
lamine for four or live months-he would wait
lor the chapter of accidents. Who could tell
what might not happen? What victories might
not be gained by French armies, in the Pro?
vinces? What relief might not cone from for?
eign interventions? He was driven out of this
temporizing policy towards the end of October,
pari ly by popular disgust, partly by the urgen?
cy of friend? who wished him well. He began
to prepare the means of attack, and at last,
after interminable delays, he made an attack;
he made two great attacks on the lines of the
enemy. Both ended In failure, and I doubt if |
he will attack again unless he is driven to it
by an overwhelming expression ot public
opinion. He will prefer to resist as he can the
attacks of the enemy, and to walt for the
chances ol rellet from General Chansey. Fabius
Cunctator was a great man, and succeeded at
last in saving Rome; but his policy Is certainly
hazardous, and lt approaches too nearly to that
of a military Micawber to inspire much confi?
dence, especially now when we have barely
five weeks bet?re us. Still there is no use in
despairing. Ii the Micawber policy ls bad, the
worst ol all policies ls that of despair.
TUE \'i?IHi ER TJCIAZ.
JACKSON, January 25.
The Verger case still excites as much In?
terest as any trial before the civil authorities
which has ever transpired. Thc grand jury
Ignored the bill for murder, which ls regarded
by the legal profession and Journals as equiv?
alent to an acquittal. The Pilot, Radical, ad?
mits that Yerger can never be convicted, and
advises a "nolle prosequi" as a. finale. Special
pleas have been filed, but the case will not be
tried IhlB term of court. Yerjer ha? beea.axj
liberty since last May.
SPARKS EEO31 THE WIRES.
The Huntsville and Mary Sanford have ar?
rived at New York.
The headquarters of the Department or the
South are to be transferred from Atlanta to
Rear-Admiral Lee has written a letter favor?
ite to the annexation of San Domingo.
Wm. Varley, known In New York as "Red?
ly, the Blacksmith," killed the notorious
A war ls imminent between Salvador and
The Kansas Legislature has a bill before it
o restore the ballot to all disfranchised per?
ons by reason of the war. It will probably
It is believed that sufficient rain has already
allen to secure an abundant wheat crop in
ralilornla, and the farmers are planling as
?apldly as possible.
Work has been stopped on the building ol
he University of California for want of lunds.
The stage from Murphy's camp to San An
Ireas, Tuolum County, was robbed on Thurs
Jay ol' Wells, Fargo & Co.'s Express box.
There were no passengers in the coach.
In the Italian Chamber oi Deputies, on Sat?
urday, Signor Veronosto, In reply to an Inter?
pellation addressed to the ministry, said lt
ivas Impossible for Italy alone to mediate be?
tween France and Prussia. The government,
however, Intended to seize the opportunity to
: 0-0 pe rate with the other powers In that direc?
tion. In the discussion which followed, lour
members ol the Chamber, of different politics,
warmly expressed sympathy lor France.
TIIK BKD OK TIIK OCEAN.-It has been defi
altely ascertained that the greatest depth ol
the ocean docs not reach 3000 fathoms in any
part where telegraphic lines have been laid.
Thc bed ol the North Atlantic consists of two
valleys, the eastern extending from 10 deg. to
10 deg. the western Irom 30 de::, to.50 deg. west
longitude. The extreme depth of Uli eastern
vallt-v Is under 13,000 feet, which ls less than
the altitude of Monte Rosa. This valley has
been traced southward to lhe equator. It ls
separated from the western valley by a ridge
in 30 deg. west longitud**, lu which the average
ieptb is only 1C00 fathoms. This ridge ter?
minates to the north in Iceland, and southward
it the Aaores, so that it ls volcanic In its
Eharacter at both extremities. Its extreme
breadth appears to be under 500 miles, and
[he Atlantic deepens from it on both sides.
(Explorations carried on in the Mediterranean,
tin: Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, showed
similar uniformity in the level ol the sea-bot?
tom; and thu general conclusions arrived at by
Capt ain Osborn were that in the deep sea lhere
ls an absence ol bare rock, and that lhere are
no rough ridges, canons or abrupt chasms.
Moreover, thut the bed of tho deep sea is not
affected by currents or streams, even by those
of such magnitude as thc Gulf Stream; bul
that it rather resembles the prairies or pampas
uf the American Comment, and is everywhere
covered with a sort ol'ooze or mud, the debris
o! the lower forms of organic Mic-Suture.
-Tiie Parisians aro about to ase .Mon'go/llcr
balloons Inflated with hot air. instead of gas. in
order tu economize the supply or coal. Ttl? hot?
air balloon, says a Kreuch newspaper, has tais
advantage over thc gan balloon-that it can rc
matu in Hie air without grounding for a period
proportioned to thc quantity of luel it carries.
Thc ba?oon Les Colonies, tue approaching itepar
turo of which is announced, win be obie to remain
tinny hours in the ulr for Us voyage out. It will
tafce in for the return voyage to Paris a supply of
luci Builjcient to float lt for one hundred Hours,
more than four whole days. Us return to Paris
ls, therefore, probable. lu fact, the feasibiliiy of
carrying the hot-air balloon about ia a cart, or
smy other conveyance, allows the aeronaut to seek
out the current or air favorable to his return In a
radius or from ten to one hundred leagues from
tue spot at wulcti he descended. Having, besides
this, lhe advantage of rising and railing without
losing any of Ita ascending power, the hot-air bal?
loon can seek in the higher zones of the atmos?
phere a current or combination of currents likely
to secure its return to Paris.
CITY TREASURER'S REPORT.-The annual
statement or the elly treasurer, setting forth the
transactions ot the city treasury for the fiscal
year ending on the 3tst of December, 1870, was
handed in at the meeting of thc City Connell last
Tuesday night, and shows a balance In the treas?
ury of $l?,031 64, at tlie beginning of the present
year. During the past year there was expended
the sum of $343,752 47 for interest on thc city
debts; $24,672 49 for the Almshouse; $29,959 63 for
the Board or Health; $33,166 95 for the Fire De?
partment; $28,823 for ga?; $74,041 52 for the Po?
lice, Inha ling a bill of $2,201 95 for 1869; $82,386 66
for the Orphanhood; $4,856 89for plank roads,and
$76,213 43 for streets. Received $126,230 55 from
licenses, and $628,749 76 from taxes. The account
closes with an ominous charge of $31,91214
among the expenditures cn the score of miscella?
THE STEAMSHIP SEA G?LL.-This favorite
ship, about which mmch anxiety was felt, reached
her wharf In thia city yesterday forenoon. She
has passed through a time of trial, and her es?
cape from sinking is owing to the excellent man?
agement of her officers and the strength ?.' the
vessel. It appears by the captain's report, which
follows, th it she was struck on Saturday night
last about 9 P. M., thirty miles southwest of Hat?
teras, by the schooner Sarah Watson, from Wil?
mington, N. C., for New York. Tne blow was9o
severe that the officers and men of the schooner
Immediately abandoned their craft and went on
the steamer. The fate of the Watson ls unknown,
and as she was 3een for some time after the acci?
dent, sie may yet be fallen In with. The
cutwater of the Sea Gull ls twisted and
mashed entirely out of position; the wood
ends at the stern are dreadfully crashed,
and at about the twelve feet mark the entire ends
of the planks have been cut away, and for several
feet a huge opening appears which would look to
be capable or sinking the vessel In a 9liort time.
The difficulty was quickly met by discharging
overboard everything from the forward hatch
and the liberal U9e of bags and canvass, which
were forced Into the opening. The officers and
crew of the Sea Gull deserve credit for the steadi?
ness with which they remained by the ship, which
was In a sinking condition, on the high seas, for
three nights and two days. The following ls Cap.
tain Dutton's report in reference to the accident:
On the night of the 21st Instant, the weather be?
ing dark and hazy and thc wind W. S. W., we
collided at about 9 P. M. with the schooner Sarah
Watson, from Wilmington. N. C., for New york,
thirty miles S. W. of Hatteras Shoal and twenty
miles off shor-.\ Her captain and crew abandon?
ed her immediately, and jumped on board our
ship. We then backed clear of the schooner, and
saw'her for twenty minutes going off S. E., with
all aails set and in an upright position, then lost
sight of her, owing ro the darkness of the night.
Found on examination that our bow was serious?
ly damaged nnder water, and the ship was
leaking badly; lt was necessary to lighten
her forward in order to get the leak
above water ; all hands went to work
and threw overboard cargo, durin/ which time
the pumps were working freely ; then headed in
northwest for the shore, and kept throwing car?
go overboard until the leak was controlled. After
the shin was lightened, lowered a Ball athwart
her bow, which contributed materially In stopping
the flow of water. On tho .morning of the 22d
instant, while off Hatteras, spoke the steamer El?
len S. Terry, bound to New York, which took the,
captain and crew of tho schooner on board. Ow?
ing to the draft of water, the Sea Gull was un?
able to enter Hatteras Inlet; came to un anchor
outside, and temporarily repaired damages. The
pumps were kept constantly going. At o P. M.
got under way, and continued the voyage towards
Cape Lookout. At daylight on the morning of the
23d. off Cape Lookout, spoke the steamship Vir?
ginia, Captain Hunter, from Philadelphia fur
Charleston. At my request, kindly consented tu
convoy the Sea Gull in the attempt to reach
the port of destination. At 6 P. M. off the Frying
Pan Shoal, bad a.Krong S. W. wind and high sea,
the ship making water freely; was compelled to.
bear away for the laud to get Into smooth water,
so as to keep the leak auder control. On the 24th
the weather moderated', and were enabled to keep.]
on t he coarse towards^Charl?ston, and arrived 1
off the bar ari P."HTT i?mtmuy'wlih trio steam-')
ship Virginia; at half-past 9 P. M. croped the
bnr, but were unable to proceed, In consequence
of a dense fog; at 9 A. .M. tue fog lirtcd, and pro?
ceeded to the wharf, captain Dutton, officers and
crew expressed their thanks to Captain Hunter,
o.*t?:e Virginia, for their kindness In rcmulumg
by the Sea Gull In order to save lire, which would
have been endangered had heavy weather pre?
In order to keep np the regular trips of the line
the steamship North Point has been chartered,
and will take tho place of the Sea Gua temporarily.
BUBIITBSS jr o x i c B a.
AUCTION NOTICE.-Attention is invited to
the sale of a vacant lot on the west side of Ring
street, to take place this day, at ll o'clock, near
the old Post?nico. See advertisement of 'f.. B.
FIRE LOAN_Mr. Samuel C. Black will sell
at the old Poatoffico, thl* morning, one bond or
?600 of the Ore loan debt of tte State.
ENJOY a heaven of rest, by using the Cele?
brated Tonic, Old Carullna Bitte?.
RUSTIC GOODS! RUSTIC GOODS!-Side and
corner brackets, book racks, wall pockets, paper
stands, match safes, and picture frames. Hasel
Street Bazaar and No. 161 Kling street. octis
ATTENTION, TOURISTS.-Stereoscopic views
of Charleston and vicinity, at No. 161 King street,
or at the nasel street Bazaar. novl2
THROUGHOUT the South people will suffer
from Nervous Debility, Dyspepsia, Chills and
Fevers and other malarious disease*, because they
have not used thc Old Carolina Bitters.
PLATS! PLATS! PLATS !-Seveaty-flve
kinds-15 cents each; by mall, post-paid, 20 cents
each. No. ICI King street, and Hasel Street
Bazaar. CHAS. C. KIGDTEK 4 Co.
GAMES '. GAMES ! GAMES !-A fine assort?
ment at No. 161 King street. Also, at the Hasel
Street Bazaar._ _ octi2-wth
TUE most Delightful Tonic known, ls the
Old Carolina Bitters. Try them.
BUSINESS ENVELOPES.-THE NEWS Job Office
ts now prepared to furnish good envelopes, with
business cards printed thereon, at $4 per thous?
and. Send yirnr orders. Every merchant and
business ' sian should have his card printed on
??etDspapcrs, f?laga-incs, &t.
What is the Duty nf the Hour, D. Wyatt Aiken;
Cotton Culture in India, ?rlti-h Commissioner's, I
Report: Pear Culture, Divld Z. Evaus, of Mary-*
laud; Best Grasses for the South, Dr. C. L. Kun
ter.iof North Carolina; Golden Lily of .lapin, II.
A. Dicer, nf Philadelphia; Guava and Dares in
Florida, W. N. Hart, or Florida;'Angora Goat tn
the MO'Jtli. D. EL Jacques: The Sheep Acarus,
Chas. It. Dodge, of Washington; Tanning, (new
process.) C. F. Panknlu; Goethe and Frederica, P.
Also, many other valuable and Interesting
.Single copies, 25 conti. Subscription, S2per
nov?9 Charleston. S. C.
JU 'S T RE O El VED,
CARBOLATE OF LIME, the best Disinfectant
and destroyer of Rats, Mice Bugs, Cockroaches.
Ac. A small quantity placed where they frequent
will at once disperse them.
Pendleton's Panacea, or Vegetable Pain Ex?
A fresh supply of Fleming's Worm Confections,
the most reliable in nae.
Also, a fresh'supply of SEAL OLEUM, the great
remedy for Rheumatism.
For sale, wholesale and retail, by
Dr. H. BAER,
mar30 No. 181 Meeting street,
Olotfjing an? i-armsrjing ?oeba.
E M O V A L.
A BABE CHANCE!
BARGAIN'S SELLING AT COST AND LESS !
The undersigned before his removal on MONDAY,
the 30th instant, to another city, offers* his im?
mense Sto'ok of CLOTHING AND FASHIONABLE
GOODS to wholesale buyers and retail custom, re?
gardless of cost. Call at once at
NATHANIEL A. COHEN'S CLOTHING DEPOT,
Corner Princes? and King streets.
TO REDUCE STOCK, WE OFFER THE
GREATLY REDUCED PRICES,
BEAVER OVER SACKS, $3S and $10, to $35
BEATER OVER 8ACES, $35, to $28
BEAVER OVER SACKS, $80 and $32, to $25
BEAVER AND MELTON OVER SACKS, $25 and
$28, to $20
BEAVER AND MELTON OVER SACKS,. $18 and
$22, to $15
BEAVER AND MELTON OVER SACKS, $H and
UNION BEAVER OVER SACKS, $10, to $7
UNION BEAVER OVER SACKS, $7, to $5
BEAVER, KING WILLIAM, $28, to $20^'
BEAVER, KING WILLIAM. $20, tO j^
CHINCHILLA D. B. SACKS, $26, to $20
CHINCHILLA D. B. SACKS, $15, to $12
CHINCHILLA D. B. SACKS, $12, to $10
.CHINCHILLA D. B. SACKS, $10, to $8.
WE HAVE IN STOCK,
A FULL LINE OFl^GOODS,
FOR MENS' WEIR.
J. H. LAWTON ft GO.,
ACADEMY OF MUSIC BUILDING.
HOMES AND HEALTH.
HOW YOU MAY SECURE BOTH.
$05,000 LS PREMIUMS AWARDED TO 19,000
Each of whom have also an equal chance to
$95,000 In Valuable Real Estate Prizes,
Consisting of FARMS, Villa Sites, Homesteads,
Orchards. Vineyards, Ac, at Aiken, S. C.. well
named "The Southern Saratoga." Only forty
eight hours from New York, and six hours from
Ninety-eve Thonsand Dollars in Prizes to be dlt
trlbute-t among the Shareholders. Only 19,000
shares will be Issued, at $5 each.
The Premium Land Sale, at Aiken, S. C., ls con?
ducted on a new and popular plan for the sale of
desirable and valuable Improved Real Estate, and
is calculated to be a most eileen ve means of at?
tracting the attention or heatth-seekcrs.capitallsts,
farmers, meciianies, and emigrants generally, to
our own Sunny South, and wm thus Help tc build
up our country and enhance the market valne of
The property disposed of In this manner ls sit?
uated partly within the corporate limits of Aiken,
and ls under as high a state of cultivation as any
place In the State, besides embracing one of the
most celebrated Orchards and Vineyards m the
South. This property, valued at
NINETY-FIVE THOUSAND DOLLARS, /
win soon be awarded to stockholders, and ls val?
uable either for residence or to own as au Invest?
ment, being now Tn demand by Northern people.
1st Prize-Twenty-flve Thousand Dollars.
2d Prize-Ten Thousand Dollars.
3d Prize-Six Thousand Dollars.
4th Prize-Thirty-fl ve nundred Dollars.
5th Prize-Three Thonsand Dollars.
6ili Prize-Twenty Ave Hundred Hollars.
7th Prize-Fifteen Hundred Dollars.
And .l.ighty-seven other Prizes, aggregate value
Every shareholder gets a premium sure.
Every one remitting $5 becomes a shareholder,
and receives ar. once, by return mad. one of the
following superb Works of Art, together with a
ticket In the above great distribution:
Tho large and beam ifni Steel Engraving, '-The
Mar inge br Pocohontas," oa heavy plate paper,
Ur, thc tine Chromo, entitled "An American
Autumn,"printed In oil, with 21 colors, tints, Ac,
on plate paper, 25x33 Inches. , .__
Or, t he elegant steel Engraving, entitled "The
Day We Celebrate," on heavy p:ate paper, size
" Or. 'the elegant S'eei Plate Engraving, entitled
. The Landing of Columbus," on heavy plate pa?
per, slae 23X38. , _ . , ,
Terms to Agents a-d Clubs furnished on appll
C??Fo"de?crlptlon of the valuable Real Estate, Pri?
zes ftc send for caialogne.
Remittances f?r shares should b^ made with
1'ostoUlce Money Order, or Currency, ni registered
letter. Address J. C. DERBY,
General Manager. Augusta, Ga.,
Posroffice Key Box No. 334.
Office corner Reynolds and Jackson streets.
tg- Residents In Charleston or vicinity desiring
shares, can leave their orders with Mr. CHARLES
HICKEY, No. 345 King street, where specimens of
the Premiums can be seen. Jan2l-stuth3
AND IBON PILLS.
For sale by DR. H. BAER,
jania No. 131 Meeting street.
OrD ?oois, ?c.
CLOSING OUT SALE.
STILL GREATER REDUCTION
.. - -i
J. R. READ ft CO. S
DRESS GOODS,' .
Together with all other articles in the Store, are
now being offered at STILL GREATER REDUC?
TION IN PRICES, in order to cloae ont the s tod.
Every article to be sold without reserve.
Terms exclusively GASH.
As lt is desirable that onr business should be
closed at an early date, .parties Indebted will
oblige ns by liquidating then: bills as soon as pos?
sible. Those holding bills against os will please
present the same for payment.
J. Xt. READ <fe CO.
Noa. 244 and 437 KING STREBT,
vi sr- ' -t
CHARLESTON, 8. C.
PARIS, January 21st, 1871.
Sell off without regard of cost. Peace mill be
concluded. GENERAL TUMBLE.
" 9H&11 act amnfr-tfIngty at one?. Th? follow!nz
articles will convince you of it : .
6 cases of 44 FINE LONGOLOTH, only 10c,
4 cases of 4-4 Fine Longclotn, only fj^c, former?
lo cases or 4-4 Fine Longcloth, only 12#to20o,
formerly IS to 25c
3 cases io 4 Fine Sheering, only 37>ic, formerly
2 cases 10-4 Brown Sheeting, only ttjje, former?
2 cases 10-4 Pillow-case Sheeting, only l7Jic,
SOO dozen. All-Linen, Huck Towels, $1 per dozen,
worth SI 26
soo dozen, All-Linen, Damask Towels, (?126 and
$4, worth $160 and $5 60
100 pieces 22 inch Diaper, (130, worth $1 60.
A large and well selected stock of TABLE DAM?
ASKS, Crashes, Napkins and Doylies, a? corres?
pondingly low prices.
?pURCHGOTT, BENEDICT & CO.
DRESS GOODS DEPARTMENT.
1 case of New Style "HENRIETTA" PLAID,
only 37 Kc, worth 60c
1 case of Plain Color Mohair Poplins, 20c per
yard, worth 30c
loo pieces Black Alpacas, 16 per cent, lower than
20 pieces Black Silks, from $1 60 to ti
lease Irish Silk Poplins, Siper yard, worth
so China Silk Dress Patterns, all shades and
colors, at t!2, worth $16._
?pUECHGOTT, BENEDICT & CO.,
Nos. 244 and 437 KING STREET.
Fine 6 4 WATERPROOFS $1. worth $1 60
All-Wool CASSIMERES, 75c to $1
Jeans, all colors, from 16>?C
Large variety of Black Cloths, Doeskins and
Beavers, at a great sacrifice._
JJOSIERY, NOTIONS, RIBBON AND
All m want of the above articles will find it to
their own advantage to examine them. They ara
of our own importation; quality guaran teed, and
can be found lower than Anywhere else.
To gain room for Matting, we are selling off oar
fall and complete stock of CARPETS, Oil Cloths,
Rugs, Druggets, to suit every one in want or
0Ct31_No. 244 AWP 437 KING STREET.
JOM S. BROWN,
BEL FAST, IRELAND.
TRADE -j Shamrock i MARK.
* . ( Leaf. j
Manufacturer ol only
FIRST-CLASS TABLE DAMASK,
Snperlor to anv imported imported into the Uni?
ted Macen. These goods are noted for their
beaury of design, elegance of fabric, and dura?
bility of wear.
No. 315 CHURCH STREET, New York?
Notices in ?onkrnptcB.
IN . TEE DISTRICT COURT OF THE
UNITED STATES, FOR SOUTH CAROLINA
JANUARY TERM,1871.-In the matter of CHARLES
WlTSELL. of walterboro', BanKrnpL-Petition for
full and Anal discharge m Bankruptcy. Ordered,
That a hearing be had on tue TBTBTBDJTH
DAT OF FEBRUARY, A. D. 1871, at FederalConn
house, in Charleston, S. C., and that all Creditors.
4c. of said Bankrupt appear at said tim? and
mace, and show canae if any they can, why the
caver or the petitioner should not be granted,
By order of the Court, the 18th day or Jana?
arv; A. V. 1871. DANIEL HORLBEOS,
Clerk of the District Court of the United State?,
Xor South Carolina. Jams-tha