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THE IMG COTTON CROP.
JLV llfTEBXSTIXG BOSTIEW OT TBS \
What ls the maximum Crop !
It seems that we are to have but one long
cotton market. The meagre secelpts at Savan?
nah, amounting to something like 2000 bales,
for the present season, against 8714 last year,
would Indicate a supply scarcely sufficient to
constitute a market.
In view ol* the fact that this staple for the
future will find Its sole market in Charleston,
it becomes important that we should form
some reliable estimate of the crop now under
sale. I think neither the buyers nor factors
are prepared to admit the greatly diminished
production ot long cotton for tho year 1870.
We do not complain ol the incredulity of bu?
siness men in this particular, for planters
themselves found it difficult to realize the dis?
astrous harvest awaiting them. The crop
promised at one lime so well, and we escaped
with so little injury from the worm, that it
looks improbable when the assertion is made in
planting circles that the crop of the present
season will scarcely reach half the crop ol' tho
Nevertheless, the statement ls true. Plant?
ers o? experience all agree that the crop sunk
from the first of August to the gathering sea
soo to a mosf unprecedented degree. Al?
though at the beginning, before any com?
plaints were made, 1 looked for serious injury
to the cotton crop tn view of the sudden anti
extreme vicissitudes of the season and thu
singular cessation of vitality in vegetable Hie
as disclosed in the gardens and corn fields,
Ac, vet I had no Just conception o? the over?
whelming loss which bas actually accrued, for
I had never witnessed anything like lt in
many years' experience.
Although the crop shed the bolls to some
extent, there was ho correspondence between
the loss suffered in thia way and the actual In?
jury suffered in the yield. There, were bolls
enough that came to maturity to have made a
clever crop, but these bolls wera not more
than two-thirds to one-halt the -bulk usually
roached. They were like dwarfed ears of corn
avhea we have a bin of '.nnbblrm" instead' of
full ears. The grain may be Bound, but the
ears are small and the grain small and light.
Good average long cotton boHs should give
from eight to eleven grains of lint to a pod. I
had occasion to weigh ped after nod from a
selected stalk In my gard? n, during the -past
summer, and to my surprise found the pods
making bat Ave grains of lint, although they
wer?flfiparentlv sou nd and healthy.
. The consequence of this diminution in bulk
of pod was. ?hat instead of 840? to 1000 pods
giving a pound of lint, it required, I presume,
from 12001o 1600, ondTO the season progressed
and the vit alii y of the plants' became more
seriously Interrupted, I should net be surpris?
ed If lt required even 2000. Thus lt was that
the crop .sunk so unaccountably below the pru?
dent estimates of experienced planters ol good
judgment: and careful observation. t
The past season was one of extremes, chang?
ing from a wet June te a dry and burning July,
and again to a wet August. There appeared,
too, to be a singular atmospheric condition,
which sapped the lire of all kinds of vegetation.
The gardens all fired abd the plants died om
in the best manured and cultivated enclosures.
So, too, corn, without apparent reason,
"fired" and did not reach half Us promise.
Owing to the poverty or the atmosphere it
failed to give the lungs of the plants the
amount of atmospheric food, so readily ob?
tained tn normal seasons; the leaves lost their
vitality, and the plants perished at the critical
period of forming the seed. This ls a critical
period In all plants. In Wheat, on the best
and most adaptable lands, there are seasons
which, occurring Just at the period of the
formation ol the grain, render the crop utter! v
It seems that our cotton plants, during tho
past season; suffered a like reverse, modified,
doubtless,. by the lonsr-llved nature ot the
. plant and the recuperative capacities incident
Upon examination of crops around me, I es?
timated the loss at lrom 40 to 50 per cent.; in
some instances more than this, lrom what such
crops would without doubt have brought in
fair ordinary seasons. This estimate ls made
by broad inspection of fields in comparison
with results reached.
Now. let us see how near this estimate ls
reached by decline In pods. If the decline
suffered in bulk of average individual pod va?
ried os I supposed from ? to this would give
ns a decline of 7-12 as the'average. which would
leave us with an average ol' 5-12 for the crop
actually made. Let us try this and see how it
corresponds with planters' observations. Cot?
200 lbs, gives.53.80 lbs
150 ?JS.?givci?.62*00 lbs
120 tts, gives.00.00 lbs
*100 tts, gfcres..42.S0 tts
80 tts, grv< s.33 33 tts
60 tts, gives.:.20.00 tts
6)710 6)296 63
118H . . . average pounds per acre-40.41
Now, a flekl to make an average of lis or
120 pounds would usually have acres ranging
in yield as above.
Every planter will upon & mere glance at the
statement above, see a falthlully accurate esti?
mate of what actually did take place in the
broad fields the past season. In some loeal
instances Of peculiarly adaptable -mads the-re?
sults have been modified by the recuperative
capacity of plant, so. that 7-12 to 8-12 were
reu! ! zed, but these were v/ery exceptional. .
Now this comparison, made between t*i*
estimate of the individual value of the pods
and the field resugs, has grown under my poa
without being forced, or even say knowing
where it would reach. Les UB boldly apply
this to the Wbole crop. .
The crop grown tn '69, of 27;0Wbales,calls for j
area of about 162,000 acres; deducting one-thinI
Of Thia area for, the portion planted in upland,
we har? 10?,GOO acres, which, at an average of j
seventy, pounds per acre, woald give us a ?rup
of 25,000.' This enhancement of -crop, in prom?
ise, arose from escape from worm, ?nd a Jar
better crop to Angust, than that, of VJ. NOW,
in ? order to account for tocal exemptions of
season, &c, let us tone down deduction ' of |
7-12 on the crop to 5-12 and 6-12-this would
givens a exqp from.12,500balee to 14,683-barei>
with an average ot 13,500 boles. It Is ' clear
the crop, ?t-between ?hese figures, aa the re?
ceipts show. Let us see. "
Report of cr?p In the Courier ?fid NEWS, up
to20th instant, ls for crop of 187? JW : - /
' Courter.* "Sews?
South Carolina.bales,.4,422 4,614
Georgi*.v. 739 ' 1.143
Now, at th.esame.date last year -ther.e w as
three-eighths of th? Carolina crop to come for?
ward, one-halt ol the Georgia crop, rac? only
one-quarter ol the Florida. *T
By applying these rates to Ihe present crop
we have trb? following as the crop tQ come
forward, taking given rejeipts-as basie:
South C. t olma.*. $$3
Add receipts. S.325
'Total crop.5.. ?....?.12,771 bales.
But the Carolina crop nos. not more than
two-eighths to come fonvardi whilst the'Oeoi
glacrop may have two-thirds, and the Florida
one-half. Instead of one-quarter as last year.
This would give us to come forward:
Soul h Ca> edna. 1,474
, * " ? 6?u?
Add receipts... 8,325
And, striking an average between 12.771 and
14,441, we have ad average ot 13.606, against
planters' average oi 13.500. With last estimate
assumed to come forward, we have:
Total Caroirna crop.Baies. .5,8$s
AgalnsL last year's crop, as reported by Tafc
NEWS: ; 1
Georgia..-. s JTI
Crop 1869-70.,. 23.042
One word for too war and I am done. Up?
lands dur! ; the French revolution of '47 und
'48 did not reach half the present figures, in?
deed, not more than one-third. Now, it, not?
withstanding the war asd the enhanced crop
of 3,80ft,000 oales ot^iplands, this "Staple main-,
tains Itself by more than double prices obtain?
ed in 1847 and 1818, why rhook* not lpn?' cot?
ton, with not half lait venr's crop, reach
double priTes obtained tor'the crap of 1S4?.
whe.. the crop sank'from 40,000 toj 20,000 ? I
Then extra sea islands, brought $1 in cold all
round, an.d ordinary fair from 50 to 75. cents.
If lt ls contended the crop is not wanted, we
ask why was the crop ot 28,000 of last year
bought down to the bottom.
.Again, if the present wars be cited as pre?
cluding fair prices. We answer,'that the war
cannot last always, and these cottons are
bought for use at a period when the war will
be at an end. And to show what a reduction
in supply will effect, in thc face of war, see the
ruling rates of upland in comparison with
former times. So, too, notwithstanding the
terrible American war, it will be remembered
what fabulous prices all classes ot cotton
reached. Shall we be answered with the dis?
tressing deficiency of supply ? We reply, let
the present deficiency in long staple, the great?
est ever known, rnle in the same way. Let lt ?
be borne in mind that the crop ls but half of |
last year's,* and not a third ot that ol former
We should keep the further fact in view that
owing: to the present underselling, planters
will neither have the means or the lndHoe
ment to plant anything of a crop for the cur?
rent year. We know of thousands of acres
going out of cultivation because it does not
pay lo make the staple at present prices.
The planter says to the manulacturer, we
are willing to work for you at living rates;
necessity lorbids otherwise. Very truly,
Jm W. K. POPE.
COMMJERCIJLL NH IFS.
GIBRALTA*, AND A MAHKET-Per scar Nancy
Smith-1450 bales upland cotton.
BOSTON'-Per sehr B ti Hawkins-840 biles up?
land, cotton, 41 tierces rice. 1080 bushels paddy.
000 bushels rice flour, 84 bags cottonseed, 2 bales
rue Cltarleilon Colton, nice mitt Naval
OFFICE CHARLESTON NEWS. I
FRIDAV EVESINO, January 27, 1871. j
COTTON.-This staple was generally held steadi?
ly by rectors, but buyers did *n>t enter the mar?
ket freely and purchased but moderately, the
article presenting a quiet but unchanged aspect.
Sales near 800 bales, say 21 at 13K, IS at 13K, 123
at 13K. 5 atl33i, 60 at 14. 20 at 14.?4', 40 atl4K, 117
at 14>,', 15 at U%, 117 at 15, 35 at 15,',', 31 at I5.'4'c.
We qaote : t '
' LIVERPOOL CLASSIFICATION'.
Ordinary to good ordluary_I3;?'@;4>i
BICE-The market for this groin wes quiet and
no sales took place.
NAVAL STORKS.-There wa3 no badness .of note
tn these articles. ' *
Fasietrrs.-To Liverpool, by steam direct nomi?
naron aplaude; via New Ycrk.J&M on uplands, itfd
on sea Islands; by lau K<&7-16d on uplands, \<\
oa sea Islands; To Havre nominal, tjoastwise-to
New fork, i>y steam, 5?c on uplands and lc on sea
Islands; $2 ft tierce on Doe; by sail. y,c fl Ks on
cotton ;-ft tlerec-on rice; 40c fl barrel on rosl'- :
I7@s ft .Mon lumber; $?:uo ft M on timber. To
Boston, by sall, Kc fi ft on upland cotton.
To Providence, by sail f3 M on boards, fie
ft ft on cotton; by steam $1 fl bale on New
rerk rates. To Philadelphia, by steam, Kc V ft
on uplands; by sall, $7 ft M.on beards; $9on
timber; $3 9 ton on olay, and $3(S3 50 cn phos?
phates To Baltimore, ly steam, Kc fl tts.', by
?Ail, (6 5097 fl M on boards; $308*25 ft ton cn
phosphate rock. Vessels are In demand bs
.ar merchants to take lumber freights from
leorgetown, S. G., Danen and Satllla River, Ga",
ind Jacksonville, Fla., to Northern pons, and Sic
@12 fi M are the rates cn inaner and boards.
EXCHAN?I.-Sterling 60 day bills 10.'.?@I9??
? OM Kine EXCHANGE. - Tbe banks purchase
sight checks at K@K od. aud sell at par.
Markets by Telegraph.
LONDOX. January 26-Noon.-Consols K.}'a
NEW YoRk. January 27-Noon.-Stocks very
stead.*-, but dull. Governments steady, but dull
State s?curltles steady, but very null. CoA Wi
al0?i. Money 6. Exchange, long 0'4: short lo'.?.
Evening.-Money 5 per c?nr. sterling quiet at
9K?9??- Gout lo.^aiOK- 'OoTeruracnts very
strung; Souiherns iinll, with llttt? change. Tv.-n
nessees 64K- Virginias 65; new ci. Louisianas
60: new CO. Levees 72; eights TS. Alabamas V5:
Aves 69. Georgias 81; saveus 86. North Caro?
lin::*-io; new 23. South Carolinas SO; uew ?l?>4'.
NEW ORLEANS, January 26-Sterling 20,'j.
Sight JJ discount. Gold lu.si.
LIVERPOOL, January 2">- Evening.-Conon Anal
ly closed buoyant; uplands SaS'id; Orleans
January 26.-Noon.-Cotton opened steady:
landsS.t8Kd: Orleans 8JSia8?3'; sales 12.uuo bales.
Afernoon.-cotton unchanged: shipped at Or?
leans ?> '?d; Mobile SK- r
Evening.-Cotton quiet; oillclsl quotation of
uplands 8!>id; orleans 8Kd; Sates 14,000 bales spes
aiatiou and export 3,t0).
January 26-Noon.-Breadstuff* and provisions
Armer.-Pork 92s. Beet 117s od.
NEW YORK, January 27.-Nuo.i.-Corfon steads
with a fair deauud: uplands 19}?', Orleans IC,',
sales 3500 bales.
Evening.-Cotton closed rather weak; sales 500O'|
bales at Ufic
BosTON..Jannary 27.-Cort?n quiet; middlings
15Ji.al6c; gross recelfts W bale*: sales 8*00; stock
6Sou; net receipts of the weeK 242; gross receipts
4647; sales of the week 2400.
BALTIMORE, January 27.-Cotton quiet and Arm;
middlings 15X?; net receipts 78 bales; gross re?
ceipts MS; sales lifll; stock 12,066; net receipts of
the weet 109S; gross receipts 400S; exports coast?
wise 1480; eales of the vees 4l?t.
PROVTSJtNCK, Jannar? 27.-Net receipts of cot?
ton for the week, 620 bales.
CITT Po:*T, January "27.-Set'recelpts of Cotton
for ree week, 744;bsles.
NORFOLK, January 27.-Cotton Arm: low mid?
dlings I4Kal*?i?; net,receipts lUS.bales; exports
coastwise 1548; sales 200; stock 9691: net receipts
of the week T0.600; exports coastwise" 10,909; sales
0 the week 1300,
WILMINGTON, January 27 -Cotton quiet and
steady; middlings 14c; net receipts 23$; exports
coas i wise IS; sales 40; stock 289: net receipts
nf tue weeiraiaoj. exports coastwise lits; sales of I
the week 408. 1
AcersTA, January 27.-Cptton active at l4l?c
fur mt i dimes, bat closed quiet at 14Kal4K; salis
1720 balesLjeceipts 1116. ?
SAVANNAH, January 27.-Cotton quiet nnd firm;
middlings 16C: net receipts 4755. baies; exports to
Ureat Britain4ll7: coastwise ISS0; sales 1S00: to?
tal 88,62*; net receipts nf t he ween 29,345; experts
toOreat Briton, 15 079-, Continent >76Q; coastwise
7871 : ".ties of the week 15,500. '? .
alOBua, Jauaary 27.-Cotton qaiet; middlings
UK?;net receipts 384.)bales; export? .coastwise
1061 bales; sales t..un bille?; stock 68,631 bulee; net
receipts of the week 16.111 bale?; experts to Great
Br?tainm?42 bale ; 'ocoatiusat 175? bates; ooa?t
wlse??34.bales: sale?o: thc week isoeoales
GALVESTON", J.mua y 27.-Net>recelpis of cotton
147.0 bale>; exporte to Great Bri tam- i628 bales:
c 'R^tss'lse 1116 bales; sales U00 bales: stockw??,v68
bales market steady; good ordluary lH>4'al3Kc:
uet tempts of tlie wei^k 9969 bal s; exports tu
Ureat Bri tala 8031 bales: tu sitae continent a?ei
balestooastsvise 1284 bales; sales S450 bales.
xaw OKLEAJS, Ju nu? ry 27.-Cotton quiet and
steady; middlings l5Kc net receipts 13.397 nain
Stun receipts 13,092; exports to Liverpool 3154:
to Cork 1916; to Santander t>2C; sales 1500; stock
19<3,">8? For the week-net rec int* .-.4.2:? '.??il
gros? receipts "?0,2-4; exports to Liverpool 02.77?;
to Cork 1916; to Barceioua-Ciio; to Bremen 3401:
to Antwerp 2919; to Gtmoa 100: to Santander 6:0;
to Vera Cruz 545; coastwise 8SS?; sales 48 OOO.
"? PROVISIONS ANO PKOBITB MARKETS.
. NEW YOSK, January 27.-Noon.-Flour quiet
and unchamied. Wheat rather more "steady. Curn
quiet. Poik steady at S23a23 60. Lard unchanged:
BteMTn i3sjai3Kc. Turpentine quiet nt 4Sa4<lic.
Rosin Armer Ht $2 35 for St rot ned. Fsslghts dull.
Evening.-Flour, Southern without decided
change; common to gootl extra $6 95a7_50; good
to chotee $7 Ma8 75. Whiskey stead.' at 95c.
Wheat Armer; demand chiefly sp- cul iiive; svlnter
red and amber western $15$al GJC Cor.f unsettled,
S'laSoc. Pork dull; new 52?. Beef quiet. Lard
heavy; kettle 13%c. Turpentine quiet. Itosin
limier; s^rajnet $2 35. Tallow uucuanged.
Freights flrmer. 1
CINCINNATI, January 27 -Flour and corn un?
changed. Provisions lln.-.'-r. Pork *-.'2 50. Lant
buoyuRt and unsett led; leitleluld at liKc Ka Coa
.-t-adv and lu moderate? (h'maml; shoulders 9Ka
10c; clear sides lSc;wlil*kej struaa ..t 88a89.
Lorihvnx*E. January 27.-Gr.iln and provlMons
Arm. Mi s* pork 523. Shoulders Wc; olear sides
12SC. Lard 12Kal4. Whiskey quiet H so. ,
ST. Lofis". January $7.-Pltt?r advancing:
perMne win er *?a5 25. Com Ihne. WWsKey S8e.- |
Piirk liiitner at 522 ML shonl tua 10c; cl<,ir sides
lSKcflard active at 12?al2K
NEW ' RI.BAMS,'January"2f.-s'u??r Arm: fair
7?4?i"?Kc; prune 9'4au.la: strictly prune MK?. Mo?
lasses lu good iieiiiauii and Brui; common sotare;
prime 47a4S?; strictly prune 50u53C. Cod?e, ?>nm?
New YorJc tt??? Marker.
From ihe Dally Bulletin, Janu irv 21: Tlte gene?
ral tone is K?iil pretty siro:.g. a -d fur the small
lois ch-luging hands sellers manage to ?.in alu
about former rates; but s nee toe hit? advance
there 1MS'b^n snm? arrivais, ami, Wtth^reptfrts
that theo ls likwy lu be au increase of shipment?
from Hu- Sjuut, the boina?cs hasdiaappeared.
Sales lo-da? i-r 6ytC9t;aro|in,i";i: "}fa~*?i mr or?
dinary ti> prime and 80 fur choice, and small l<.ts
Kangoou at 7c. , - , .
From tiie Journal o? Comme: ce: Thc marke' for
ilomestic is steady.. The supp, y here ts small, and
iheadvicesjiom4lie?oii:li, by noting au adrsifos
there, augur poorly Tor luive slii|imeitrs M liens
here ls a elian<e lu Vitiums. \\"e (|u?ii? 7 '., -i .: Tot
.'ommon to pilme; 8KcTor fancy; sales ->J casks.
East India ia rather more active at, steady rates.
300 bags in bond sold Tor export at 3>4'c, gold.
From the Herald : Rice was without d?few?rthy
change. The sa es Include 80 tierces Carolina, at
from 7>ia7Xcperlbfor ralrtogood, and 7>iaSc
lor prime to choice; loo bags Rangoon, In bond,
realized 8XC gold, per lb, and 150 bags do, duty
paul, were disposed of at 7c, the market closing
steady, but very quiet.
From the TimiB: Carolina has besn offered
sparingly, and has been firm, but not active, at
from $7 37a8 25. as the - extremes, per loo pounds.
East india has been dull, but quoted steady at
about $7, currency, free> per 100 lbs., at which
rate some job lots have been placed.
New York Naval Stores Market.
From the Journal of Commerce, February. 25 :
The market for spirits turpentine continues quiet.
Holders are offering no full lots at any cohcesslons.
The demand ls Tor sraaU parcels to meet wants of
the home trade. We qnote merchantable lots at
4S>?a49c. with 70 barrels sold from the whait at
ihe latter price. Rosins-The. strained grades
have met-with rather more inquiry from ship?
pers, and full prices were paid. The fine sorts
arc selling slowly in email lots to the home trade
at unchanged prices. The sales embrace 3000 bbls
strained, part to arrive, at $2 25. and 1000 bbls
good strained and low No 2 ar *2 25. We quote
strained at $2 25; No 2 at $2 40a2 75; No 1 at *3a
4 75, and pala and extra pule at $4a6 25. Tarts
steadily held at ?2 40.i2 45, with a small business.
NORFOLK, January 25 -Coas.-The sales are
2500 bushels yellow at 70c, and 4700 bushels white
at soc to Sic:' the market closlng'-flrm.
PEANUTS.-We have no transitions reported
'o-clav. We quote common at 50c to $1; good to
prime $1 20 to l 90. Market quiet. '.
WILMINGTON. January 26. - TURPENTINE. -
During the week Jim closed the market for thls-|
article has mied -julie firm, and all brought in
has found ready sale at former quotations. Re?
ceipts have been exceedingly light, being lnad
eduate for distillers' purposes, and foot up only
SPIRITS TURPENTINE.-In thi3 article we have
no important alteration to report for the week
just ended. There has been a steady inquiry from
dealers, and receipts have found sale each day
when offered on the market, at 44 cents for South?
ern packages. Owing, however, to the meagre
quantity arriving, end the unusually light stock
In flrst hands, only a few transactions have taken
place. We quote the market as closlug firm, wi,
nearly or quite all the stock here being in export?
ers' hands, and awaiting foreign shipment.
ROSIN.-The. market for al: grades has ruled
quite steady and il rm since our last, and prices
have been fully sustained'. Receipt* both by
river and r?ll continue to be unusually meagre,
aod there's scarcely any stock remaining In
fae'ors' hands, which win accontrbfot the dmited
transactions-ind the market closes nra at $1
TAR-1 st. w i th ou t cha n ge in price. A steady de?
mand has existed, and tue market mles firm at
$1 63. Receipts a-e moderate, footing'up 933 bbu
for the week, ali of which sold at SI 65 per bbl.
Interior Cotton Markets.
COLUMBIA. January 26.-Sales of cotton yes?
terday, loo b?les-middlings 13>?al3~?c
YORKV1LLE, January 25.-Market quiet at $10
ROCK niLL, January 24.-The receipts have
been moderate, with sales of -joo bales for the
week, at l?'?c for stained,mid 1314c for middling.
CHARLOTTE. January 2.'..-Siles today 270
bales at 10>ial3.'zC for extremes. Market un?
ATLANTA, January 25.- The market to-day has
heen quiet.and firm; middlings 13'?'nl3l4'c; low
middling 13c; good ordinary 12?ic; ordinary Ile.
COLUMBUS, January 25.-Our market is active;
low middling !?**.: middling 14?, good style?;
sales 951 bales, receipts 700 bales; shipments 323
MONTGOMERY. January 25.-Our cotton mar?
ket ls veiy strong, with geed demand; good w-di
nary 13?ic: strict good ordinary 13js'e; low mid?
dling Wie; middlings H}?AW?C.
SELMA, January 2".-There were salts yester?
day 10 thc amount of 6? bale?: low middling lio.
There was ft good deinuod. nnd the market closed
very firm at quotations. Good cot) on very scarce.
UccelptS hy Uttllroiiil. Jan nary 27.
SOUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
1470 bain* cotton. 70 bales goods. 125 bM" flour.
2Cars stock. To Railroad Agent, and others.
SORTE EASTERN RAILROAP.
13$ bales un and and 1 ba; sea Island conon.
162 bbls naval stores, cars photpiiatc, lumber and
wood, cotton seed, ?ive stuck. Ac. To (J W Wil?
liams ft co. Frost a: Adcer, W C Bee A co. Graestr
A Smith, A J Salinas, Caldwell A Son, Brodie A
co, T P Smith."Mownw- Son. O W Witte. Pcfzer,
Rodgers* co. J A Pritchard. W McKay,Dowling,
S D stouev, St ?ney A Lowndes, Mr J icob-. ciag
horn. Herring A w, J Green. E Gaillard, J Mar
Marshall Jr. J v Quafkenbush, SFass, E Welling,.
Railroad Agent, and Order.
ll A HISE XE ifs.
CHARLESTON. JANUARY 28
ARRIVED Y ESTE RDA V.
Steamship Maryland. Johnson. Baltimore-left
-u i lusr. Mdse. To Mordecai i-cr?. P c Tienholiii.
T Campbell, T R Lalnne A CTCB O'Neil.. Steffens,
Werner A. co, J P brown, Kiveuel A> Holmes, H
Cobla A co.TI Kia: e A' co, H CferdtsA co, Ii Ills
chou-* co, G w williams A CO.- E ttafes A CO, J N
Kobcon. j A Qaa?keabnsi, j F Taylor-.* co. s it
Marshal., J H Devereux, E s Burnham, Steamer
Emilie, J Thomsou A co, R T Smith, J I) Alkea A
co. W M Grav, and others. /; ,
Sehr Ida Richardson, Bedell. Baltimore-s ,i?iv?.
Corn, oats, flour. Ac To S'reet Bros*A co. f J
Kerr A co, Goodrich, Wlneman A co, and J r
Sehr Ripley Rope?. Wiley. Havana-5 days.
Fruit. To Pau,', Welch A Brande?, and C Bai t
Sehr Marla C Frye, Pendleton, New York-ti
days. Acids, guano and sundries. To w Roach
A co, T J Kerr * co,W O Bute? A co, and Rave
nel A Holmes.
Sehr M E Feraerlck.-.Philadelphia-5days.
Coal. H F Baker A co, and ? W Setentona.
Sehr General R E Lee, Oradick* Cooper River.
16 JO bushels rouuh rice. To J Hanokel. ,
Sehr Southerner, -. North Santee. 1100
bushels rough rice. To W C Bec A co.
SChr Ann S Deas, Garbattl, Weat Point Mill. 71
tierces rice. To Cohen, Handel A co, and stoney
IN THE OFFING. '
A Schooner, supposed to be the II C Fase.
CLSA'.'.ED VESTE RUAI*.
Sehr Nancy Smith, Boyd, Gibraltar and a Mar?
ket- C N Hubert.
Sehr B N Hawkins, Wyatt, Boston-W Roach A
Sehr Wm Denning, Cook, Baltimore, via Bull
Elver-W P Hall.
Sehr H G FHT,- Parsaus, B.tlt!m?re, via Bull
BJver-r-Street Broa A co.
Steamer City Polin, Vincent. Palatka, via Jack?
sonville, Fernandina and Savanuah.
UP FOR THIS PORT.
Bark Rome, Otis. Liverpool, January 21. -
CLEARED PORTIUS PORT.
Sehr J Clark, Dixon, at Baltimore, Jnnnary 25.
MISSING VESSEL.-B*rk R B^Walkew Pettenglli.
sailed lrom Sf Helena Sound, S C, December 8,
for Wood's Hole, and has nor since been heard
from, lt ivfeared she waa l ?s; tn the gales of loth
to J0th of December. The R l> w wa? ?GO tons,
built a* Brookville, Me. In 1S52, aud owned by Mr.
*j-|>ONEY CA*p*OT ?BY IT!
Ft) R SIGHT IS PRICE LJ3 S S ! I
The DIAMOND GLASSES, manufactured b? J. E.
SPENCER A CO., New York, which are nowm'nend
to the public, are pronounced by all the celebrated
Opticians ol the world to be the most Perfect, Na?
tural Artificial i.elp to the human ere ever known.
They are ground umi^-rthf lr own supervision,
from minute Crystal Pebbles^ mclied together,
and derive their name. .. I namond." on account
of their hardness and brilliancy. ?
The scientiiic prmclnle ou walch they are con?
structed brings the cor? or cen:re of the lens di?
rectly in front <>f the eye. producing a clear aud
distinct vision, as m ihe natural, healthy sight,
mid preventing ?ill unpleasant sensation:!, snell as
cllmmecing and wavering or sight, dlaziueas, AC.
peculiar io all others ni use.
They are mounted m the fluent mannen la
frames pf the best quality, of-ail materials used
for that purple. Tnelr [luisa, and durability can?
not be surpassed. ' .?
?ACTiuit.-None genuin?.unless bearing their
trade mark sumped on-<>verj frame.
. . JAMES ALLAN,
Dealer In Watches, Jewelrv.
- ' Sterling silverware a nd Optical Goods. J
. No. 307 King 9tree:.? * *
ct3T.-mws.lyr Charleston. S. C.
gHAMPOOING AND HAIR C?TTLNGI
LADIES AND CHILDREN
Attended at their residences promptly and at
Send orders to
w. ?. MARSHALL, Barber,
Broad street, next door to Telegraph office.
?STON NEWS: SATURDAY,
gripping. ^ '
Y OB NEW YORE.
[ON SATURDAY, JANUARY 28, AT 12
OLD LINK N EW YORK AND CHARLES
ESTABLISHED 1 84 5.
SPACIOUS AND ELEGANT DECK STATE-ROOMS.
The verv fast ana splendid Side-Wheel Steam?
ship CHAMPION, R. W. Lockwood, Commander,
will leave Adger's Wharf as above.
?- Trough Bills of Lading given on Cotton to
Liverpool ac the following rates :*Sea Island.l.'^d. ;
For Freight or Passage, apply to
JAM KS ADC KK A CO.. Agents.
The CHARLESTON follows on TUESDAY, 51st, at
2 o'clock P. M._jac25-4
rJIHROUGH BILLS LADING TO
BALTIMORE PHILADELPHIA* BOS?
AND THE -CITIES OF THE NORTHWEST.
" The fine Steamship MARYLAND,
Johnson, 'Commander, will sall for Bal-,_
ttmore on SATURDAY, 28th Januarv, ai 5 o'ciucs
j?y Philadelphia Freights forwarded to that
city hy railroad from Baltimore without addi?
tional insurance, and Consignees axe allowed am?
ple time to sample and sell their Goods from,
the Railroad Depot in Philadelphia.
The NORTH POINT will follow on the 3d or 4th
PAUL C. TREN HOLM. Agent,
jan26-3_No. 2 Dnion w-narves.
THE REGULAR STEAM LINE-WEEKLY.
The Inen Screw Steamship
V I B G I N I A
Will be dispatched for Philadelphia on '
SATURDAY,. 28th of January, atiaj
M., from Brown's North Wharf.
49-Through Bills LadiBg will be Issued to Bos?
For Freight engagements or passage, having
?ood cabin accommodations, apply to
WM. a. COURTENAY.
Jan24-tnthf84_g*9flj Paton wnarr.
??N ARD LINE.
V &f *| S pr ^
BRITISH AND NORTH AMERItftlK ROYAIS M All.
STEAM PACKET CO.
Table of sailings for LIVERPOOL via
. FROM BOSTON VIA NEW YORK.
SIBERIA.Wednesday, Jan. ll
?LEPiO.Wednesday, Jan. 18
' . FROM NEW YORK, DIRECT.
ALGERIA.Wednesday, Jan. ll
CALABRIA. Thursday. Jan. 12
ABYSSINIA.Wednesday, Jan. is
SIBERIA. Thursday, Jan. 19
CUBA.Wednesday, Jan. 20
ALEPPO. Thursday, Jan. 26
B.USSIA.Wednesday, Feb. 1
"BATAVIA.ThasBdaf, Feb. &
CHINA.-..Wednesday, Feb. S
PALMYRA.Thursday, 1 eb. "
RATES OF TASSAOE FROM NEW YORK.
By Wednesday steamers, carrying only cabin
Single Ticken-First Cabin, $130 gold; Second
Cabin, $80 gold.
Return Tickets-First Cabin, S250gold; Second
Cabin, $160 gold. -
By Thursday and Saturday steamers, carrying
Cabin and steerage Passengers.
Single Tickets-First Cabin. $S0gold; Steerage,
C JO currency. Return Tickets. $100 gold.
Parties desirous of bringing out their friends
from Enrope will pleise applv to
WILLIAM KOACa A CO..
Shipping and Coaimlsjlon Merchants,
General Agents, Charleston, S. C.
JpACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPY'S
niRoron USE TO
CALIFORNIA, CHINA AND JAPAN.
?.?.RES GREATLY REDUCED.
Steamers of the above line leave Pier
No. 42. North River, foot, of Canal._
street, New York, at 12 o'clock noon, of cue 4iL
and goth of every month (except when thew
datcs fall on Sunduy, thc-u the Saturday prcced
Departure of the 20th connect?t Panama- witt:
steamers fur Scuth Pacliic and central American
ports. Those of 4th touch at Manzanillo.
Steamship GREAT REPUBLIC leaves San Fran?
cisco for Japan and China March 1,1871.
No? California pteamcrs touch at Havana, but
go direct from New Yorirto AsplnwaB.
one hundred pounds baggage free to each adult.
Medicine and attendance free.
For Passage Tickets or other Information appl?
at the COMPAN.Y'8 TICKET OFFICE, en the
wharf foot of Canal street, North River, New
lork. F. E. BABY, Agent.
Jp 0 R
F L .0 R IDA,
TWICE A WEEK.
FOR SAVANNAH, FERNANDINA, .JACKSON
VILLE, PILATE A AND ALL POINTS ON
TUE ST. JOHN'S RIVER.
The Steamer DICTATOR, Captain " ?jT^w
George E. McMillan, will bau from nhill 11
Central Wharf for above points every TL'KSDAY .
EVENING, at 8 o'clock, arriving .back, ai-Charles
ton every S?JC?AY AFTEHNOON, at 6 o'clock.
The Steamer CITY POINT. Captain D. B. -Vin?
cent, will sall from Central Wharf for above pom ta
every FRIDAY EVBNIV?, at 8 o'clock, arriving
back at Charleston WsdNESDAV AFTERNOON, at 0
octio'_ RAYEN.EL A CO., Agents.
^yEEKLY LE**- T? SAVANNAH.
THROUGH BY DAYLIGHT.
l-'OR PACIFIC LAN I) INO, HEAUFORT, HILTON
HEAD, SAVANNAH, DAR1EN AND
^ v BRUNSWICK, GA. - . . " -,
j"? i "Che favorite Steamer j> R ]
JE LIZA HA w "C O* X ,
Captain L. W. BURNS,
will receive Freight- at ?south Allan- ? ^.tr-o*^
nc .wharf for above points everyiflSSkflBC
TUESDAY, and leave on every WEDNESDAY MORN
INO. at 7 o'clock, arriving at savannah thenamr
evening, and leaving for lianen, Ac, the follow
lng morning-, Returning, Will leave Savannah foi
charleston .eVerjMONniT,tM0iuuNd, at T.o'cloc*.
ForFreightproassage, applyto .- J.
: .. ? \S RavidfEU HOLMES A CO.,'' w
senl? No. 177 East Bay.
JT^R.SAVANNAH VIA PACIFIC LAND
INO AND BEAUFORT.
Tl'.e fast salltmr Steamer PILOT J ^??T***,
MOY. Captain J. W. Sly, pill """" jSimS?ESLw
Central Wharf for .aboye places every MONDAY
MORNING, at 8 o'clock.
-, . . _ RETCRNLNG, . , o
The: PILOT. BOT 'will leave Bayann alf every
TI ESDAY MORNING, at 7 o'c lock. Beaufort a?il Pa
tlc Landing same day: J. D. AIKEN A CO.,
novio Ageuts, Central Wharf.
JpOli BEAUFORT AND PACIFIC LAND?
ING. FENWICK'S ISLAND. COFFIN'S POINT,
PORT, ROYAL RAILROAD WHARF. PARIS
S ISLAND LANDINA, ST ATI "N- CREEK, 1
r AND OTHER LANDINGS WHEREIN-, ?
DUCBMENTS ARB OFFERED. 1 ?
The steamer PILOT BOY". Captain ??tr^t*.
j. W. sly, will sail fur above ?iuin;3^?>?au?3"U
every THURSDAY MORNING, at 8 o'clock, and when
Inducements offer will-touch at any of the above
Will leave Beaufort on FRIDAY MORNING, touch
mtr at Pacific Landing. J. D. AIKEN A Co., '
Q.BORGETOWN STEAM PACKET.
The Steamer EMILIE, Captain C. . ^fT*?!?*
C. Wime, will receive Fi emin at igfS?SSm I
t'ommereial Wharf, every MTUKDAY and wsa
NESDAY, and leave each port as follows :
Charleston, SUNDAY and WEDNESDAY NIGHT at
10 o'clock. ' .
Georgetown, TUESDAY and FRIDAY MORNING gt
.J "Clock. . .
. m SATURDAY River Freight will be received for
Kt-ithfield and Wev month Mills, and ou WEDNES?
DAY Tor Brookgreen and Waverly Mills..
For engagements, apply to
SHACKELFORD * KELLY,
JANUARY, 28, 1871.
?The British Ship MCSOONGUS, John Gov-,
er, Master, having'a portion of her cargo
engaged, will have dispatch.
jan26 RAVENfiL k CO.
OK G E -N O A
The British Brig FLORA, MUford, Mu?
ter, having nearly all her cargo, engaged,!_
wants 300 bales to complete same. Por Freigut
roomf apply to HUNT BEOS. & CO.,
jan24 Atlantic Wbarf.
The First-clasa British Bark FCMURI,
For Freight engagements. apply to
Janio R. T. WALKER, Boyce k ?o.'s Wharf.
JjlOR FORT SUMTER.
Tlie Steamer POCOSlN.OapiainW. _ _^,ir**S.
II. Gaonop.. ?ill leave as ?dbove?j???!???S?g?
every TUESDAY, THURSDAY and SATURDAY, ac i?
o'clock, from Market Wharf, foot ofMa?ket street.
Heliumng at a qnarter-past 2o'clock.
Jan25-lmp J. H. MURKAY. Agent.
Orrj (gro?os, &z.
IM PO RT AMT
Nos. ?Zi-t and 437 ICIN G STREET,
CHARLESTON, 8. C.
PARIS, January 21st, 187?.
SellofT without regard'i>f, cost. Peiice will be
concluded. GENERAL TUMBLE.
Shall net accordingly at once. The following
articles will convince you of rt : .
8 cases of 1-4 FINE LONGCLOTH, only 10c,
4 cases of ?.! Fine Longcloth, only 5 former
* ly 10c
10 cnse3 of 4-4 Fine Long:loth, only 12.'?to20c,
formerly 15 to 25c
3 casrts 10 4 Fine Sheering, only 37 ?ic formerly
2 cages 10-4 Brown-Sheoilog. only 37Kc former?
2 cases io?! Pillow-case Sheeting, only 17 Kc.
500 dozeu. All-Linen, Huck Towels, $1 per dozen,
worth SI 25
500 dozen, All-Linen, Damask Towels, $126 and
S4. worth $i 60 and $6 co
100 pieces 22 inch Diaper, SI au, wQrth SI 60.
A large and well selected stock of TABLE DAM'
ASK.-*, Crashes, Napkins and Doylies, at corres?
pondingly l'>w prices. _
JpTJROHGOTT, BENEDICT <fc CO.
1 case of New Style "HENRIETTA" PLAID,
only 37Kc. worth r>oe
1 case or Plain Color Mohair PopHns, 20c per
yard, worth 3Cc
100 pieces Black Alpacas, 15 per cent, lower than
20 pieces Biack Silk*. frora SI'60 to *4
1 case Irish Silk Poplins, 31 per jard, worth
SI M .
50 China Silk Dress Pattern?, all s'.iades and
colors, at $12, worth gis._
?pURCHGOTT, BENEDICT & CO.,
Nos. 244 ami 437 KING STREET.
Fine 0 4 WATERPROOFS .$1. worth ?1 50
All-Wool CASSI MERKS, 75c to SI
Jeans, al! calora, from iG??c
Large variety or Black Collis. Doeskins and
Beavers, at a great sa'-rHlcc._
TprpSIERY, LOTIONS, RIBBON. AND
All In want of the above articles will and it to
their own advantage to examine them. They are
er oar own importation; quality guaranteed, and
can be found lower than anywhere else.
To gain room ror Matting, we are selling on*our
lull trod complete Steck of CARPETS, O'.l Cloths,
Rug?, Druggets, to sn!: every one in want ol
OCtSl. So. 244 AND 437 KING STREET.
Cr 11 $ 5,, Cl] emu a le, &c.
A Nit DitcwntTl l
SalVkt^fer the Hdr.
t*t *-*-? r,.r\
1^ Rvsf vyPMna
PBJOWS "VnpA" S?U9
?tidly M ajrthe **dyta,H
"cototefs/^^id M icK0RB "
(?) ia wm. It aces on a
totally dufeent principle. It
ii Umpid^^a4jr?Tit, and per?
fectly iTJPBcbpiifc precipitate!
no tw???jjor fiSmlrnt mac*
ter, require? no tracing up,
and comnuistcatcf no stain to
the skin Or the tinea. Ko
f*ptr euri sin is nec^tory to
conceal itt ttsripd^ppeaiance,
for the tuujmrtmaa that it ii
natwrbmTlx fe, toefl vacan
andpuvxieea, A WWW KSCOYEXY
GT l^feftetffc - VftAUA" ii
in the color of tb
10 dayl after the
tion, the dir
IT IS AS qjtgk AM WATUt
l l? unaaxT.
Prkf? fner ?ote per Uox,
-^>. .'-i'l-jr- '* <
SOLD BY AU>Qtuooiffri.
J17 ****** jr.r.
Sold at wholesale by
. DOWIE. MOISE & DAVIS.
Wholesale Druggists, Meettng.corner Haselstreet.
TO FACTORS W PLASTERS !
the undersigned begs, to Inform bia customers and the public that, In addition to bis Works at
Savannah, he has established extensive Superphosphate Works at the WAPTOO MILLS, opposite this
[ ?tty, which are BOW in acMre operation, manufacturing his weil v.;own fertBiaen, the
. P H O S' P H O- P BRU Viit A IS*
A MMONLVTED SOLUBLE PACIFIC GUANOS-, .
AND WHERE nE WILL ALS5 KEEP ON HAND_ ,
3? o . 1 PEUUVIALIY g TJ~-A :V o,
SOUTH CAROLINA PHOSPHATE,
of the hlgbcstgrade from his Ashep?o Min CH, (crud* and ground i Mtt?ntB milli il? tr percent, ot
Bone Phosphate of Lfmc; and Tr.TT;
. LAND PLASTER ,
These Works have been opened under the Inspection of Dr. OiU. SHEPARD, Jr., Inspector of
Fertilizers for South Carolina, and everv package will bear hts brand certifying to Its Inspection.
Uniformity of quality quarante^d and prices reduced. ?
. Messrs. G. A. TRENIHOLM & SON, General Agents, \ rni-ar vhrnsr e r
- , Messrs. GRAESER & SMITH, Agents, . \ CHARLESTON, S. C.
J. B. 8ARJ?T, *
CORNER EAST BAY ANT/BROAD STREETS, CHARLESTON, & C.
DICKSON FERTILIZER COMPANY,
AUGUSTA, Gr A*.
WARRANTED FREE FRQi\? ADULTERATION*
Time (City acceptance).-. 7<r
DICKSON'S COMPOCND-Caah /X.. 65
Time (CHj acceptance). .......... 7 5
Brnysge to Railroad or Boat, sac KS COO pound-" caeb............._...? ".:ti ?r toa
We use "no interior or adulterating material in oar manaactures. Planters are invited io visit our.
Works. Send tor Circulara.
JAMES T. ClARBIiaftV, Pr. *!d,sntv Angas! Ga. ?
GEO. \y. WITTE, Agent, Charleston, S..C.
THE GBEAT FERTIIIZE?T ft)E C0TT0K AND ALL CROPS.
THE UNPARALLELHD SUCCESS OF THIS
groot FERTILIZER OB ALL CHOPS provea lt to?
be the BEST and CHEAPEST Manure now offer?
ed in the market. - *
It has be eft used by many of the most eml? '
n*nt Planters la the Socrh, and .
IN EVERT SINGLE INSTANCE IT HAS GIVEN
OnjcOTTON Its effects have been particularly
marked, lt is no rare thing for WHANN'S PHOS?
PHATE to increase the yield from ONE HUN.
DREO.te TWO HUNDRED PER CENT., or even
Mr. George C. Dlxcn, an eminent planter of
Cd meron, Ga, says in a letter to the Banner or the
South, November 28, that in an experiment with
seven leading Superphosphates and Guanos, the
WUANN'S proved ltstlf thc best of ah those
tried, paying a NET PROFIT, (even at the pres.
ent low price of Cotton,) of $20 90 p<r acre o?
Cotton. A copy of Mr. Dixon's letter, giving
details.Bwlll be furnished on application.
Wi A F0R SALE BY
FOR SALE BY
Hi, HERRING & CO.,
CHARLESTON,.S. C.,.AND AUGUSTA, GA?
financia 1. ..
AUTHORITY OF THE STATE OF ALABAMA.
100,000 DOLLARS IN. . UNITED STATES CURRENCY
DISTRIBUTED TO TICKET HOLDERS
iL IB UH IMIGR LVf . ASSOCIATION GIFT (MM *
FEBRUARY TWENTY-SECOND, 1871.
1 Girt or.:......$35,000
1 GUtof.".. 10 000
2 Gifts of $5000 are..'.. 10,000
\ ? Gifts of ?2000 are.10,000
'io Gifts of- $1000 are.10,000
20 Gifts or $500 are.$10,000
loo Gins of $100 are...t.10,000
1500 Gifts of $10" are. 15,000
1639 Girts, amounting lo.$100,000
COMMISSIONERS AND SUPERVISORS OF THE DRAWING.
nenf ml JONES'M. WITHERS, lute Major-General In C. S. A, ex-May or of Mobile, ned editor Dally
Mobile Tribune. ?
Colonel JOHN A. ELMORE, of, Montgomery, Attorn ^y-at-Law. . ,
General WILLIAM W. ALLEN, of Montgomery, Planter and late Brlgidler-Geier il la C. S. A.
. , . OFFICE SECRETARY OF STATS, MONTGOMERY. ALA., \
November 20. Is70. j
1 hereby cenify that the -ALABAMA IMMI3RANT ASSOCIATION" U regnl irly Incorporated un?
der the laws 01 tiri?.vate. >vitii u capital of $50,000, and that r io Inc?rporitors are gentlemen ol
means, lutegritA aud hutu standing, CHA*, A. MILLER, aeeretarv of Slate.
[GREAT SEAL or STATE.] . . .
We, the undersigned, cheerfully state -that -we are p?r&tia!ty w^ll acquainted with Messrs.
STOCKS A GREENE, Munagernor >he '-Alabama Immigrant, Association," and we know them to be
gentlemen of high standing, Integrity and reliability in this city, who will seo that the drawings or.
their "Asiodattoii." wide 1 is solvent and responsible, are Honesty and ralrly made. Messrs. EL?
MORE, WITHERS and ALLEN, th* Commissioners or the -'Aisoeiatlon.''aro gentlemen well-Known,
over tue country as or the. highest integrity and honor, who wonld-not lend the ase or ; heir mimes to
any scheme or project that was not strictly honorable aud above suspicion.
FARLEY. SMITH A CO., Bankers.
HOLMES A GOLDTHWAlTE. Bankers.
E. S. MITCHELL, Agent Southern Express -Com?
J. H. PUIN1ZY, Agent TaUahnsse Manufacturing
HENRY E. FABER, Mai or or Montgomery;
JOSEPH w. DI &MICK, Postmaster of the City of
FKAXCis wiuiTER, . Collector ef U.'S. Internal
WM. B. H CG HES, Clerk City Council of Mont?
PRICE OF SINGLE TICKETS has been put at ONLY TWO DOLLARS.
A discount of ren percent, will be made to purchasers of $5), and a dt-cpunt of twetitv per cent,
to purchasers of floe worth of TioRois.
Agents warne i In every part of the country, to whom liberar inducements wdi be offered. Send
for'Circnlars'and read rheTestimonials.
Parties at a distance desiring to purchase tickets must remit their money a 1 per address below.
STOKES & GREENE, MANAGERS,
FAMILY FAVORITE LOCK-STITCH
are the best In ase.
For sale on the Lease Plan, with monthly pey
men ts, on easy terms, or for cash,. All kinda 0;
Machine attachments, Needles, Cottony white
black and colored.) Silk, OH, Soap, Ac,, Ac.
Repairing as usual. Circulars and sample? o'
work sent on application. . . .
D. B. HASELTON, ^
General Dealer in First Class Sewing Ma
coreel and Material, No: 307 King stree;,
angl7 Charleston, s. C
OLD CAROLINA BITTEIIS,
" FOR SAL? BY
E. E. BEDFORD, King streei,
C. D. AHRENS A CO., King street,
B. FELDMANN ? CO., King street,
And.by Druggists and Grocers everywhere.