Newspaper Page Text
^?gfetLUE XL-NUMBER 16?2.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 9, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
I ?^GBIX JDISCZOSITRE BT G
? Another Trae Story of the 3
? I Colonel White-C. C. Bowen .
fe .. ?he Cools-A tfacltey-avellls
I tive-Great Commotion a rx
I \ Pol'tlclang.
J From the^moment that Mr. C. cJ
WL.peared in the Reconstruction Convenn
^Kgate from Charleston, 'and -was s
HJ-graph?c style In the columns of the <
Hf that Interesting individual has conti
H tract to himself a considerable share ol
H tent?on. To begin with, i: was said 1
B dismissed the Confederate service for d
H pay more frequently than the arm j :
? ajlowed.' Then, again, unkind rumor
B he was unpleasantly Implicated in the c<
B murder of Colonel White, In 1864, (ti
B stances of which form the basis of. t
H article,) and fer alleged complicity tn
B^ Vuslness the pei sec ut ed Bowen was an
B mgit have'oame to grief but for tb
^f_^paeaval" Im^frfieSx./wliteh; brought_
Wm- many a joyous heart und an anexpec:
BB to many a trembling crimina!. A little
|BT< J- Mackey, hi msc if a Radica? politic
Hfted a catalogue or charges against th
Bate Bowen. Slr. Mackey said that E
Bpo'.en raro checks; had misappropriated
mm the Union League; that he was a big
Hicendiary, a robber of dry goods, amJ
Nevertheless Mr. Bowen was elected
BKes-s, and, at the time or the
?SP 1S70' lhe circumstances made ic in
IB?) array against him the "grand, gie
U^ctfiar'1 facts connected wdth this pers
Bry. There has been, howwer, an undi
BL excitement in the Wifmunlty.
^feen^'.aened by revelations in connect
Br manipulatory proc^jgej^or Cong
^^Hctions. which, as a patt or the history
^Ballot Box" In America, are prlntln,
^Holumns of THE NEWS. Yesterday th
^Baent reached its heighth when the re
nfconi Line street to the Battery, and wa3
BP^1 from courthouse to curb stcne,
B" bloody viilai?" who murdered Colonel w
|B ma'ie a cleaaLraastllRlild crtmo, anri-'pr
B^ noose big enough to encircle his own n
B. tba tor the tender-hearted Co wen. '
Hj Tile sblqaltocs reporter of THE NEWS
B, hastened to the centres of criminal inter
B learned that oner Eli J. Grimes (not thoora
M Grime "wita bmws down behlnd'^Ha
Bflh affidavit before Trial Justice Caul?eJd,
B'-sing tiier murder of Colonel White, Ind
m was ins Uga: ed thereto by Mr. C. C. we
H ceding to the T. J. c., our reporter vns.li
I that .Sheriff Mackey was in possessio o?
^^apers. Knocking at his official occippt fi
Jpourreporterwasreferod to Jfc Thbrhu
I son. Mackey (as a dlsmte^fltjd pers
I further Information, and thaU mlid-mi
? mali, being properly interv.e^fr*,, fnrnis
I substratum of the curious narrai ve, v
B given below- s?^-**
B "' THE PRELTOE TO TUE DHAKA.
B ' lt appears that on Saturday last, G
B Scott, on the application of Mr. Stephen M
I White, of Savannah, issued a requisition
B Governor of Georgia for the person of on
I Grimes, charged with being the muMerei
B one-1 Wm. Parker White, of tho Twenty-flr
H tallon of Georgia Cavalry, then encamped
fl Waccamaw, opposite Georgetown, in th i
B H10 murder took, place or the night of th
? March, 1864. It may be here remarked tl
K S. MCA. Whites thejio^r the murdered
Bj i 711E rUKSUlf-VN D ARREST.
Bj Armed with t?jgjpaper, Office.- s. J. Cc
|B tne State constabulary, started at once t
^? mission, and, after visiting several points I
Btsia' succeeded In tracing Grimes to S
BBcoagty, Ga., where the arrest-was mail
BPprisoner was in a boase with five or six
?B though for what purpose they were gatliei
E^B not state I, and on being inforrned.by the c
B the object of his arrest, promjpiy iiurr<
himself, not even demanding ipsee?he w
?V As proof ot the extraordinary?onflgetit2
B in him by Officer Crates, the prliwflor was n
^fl restrained by handcuffs, but madAls Jos
|B a genteel, peaceable and voluatary^nannei
Hfcwere accompanied rrom Georgia~by Mr.
I^Bmore, airl-nd of the prisoner.
J ARRIVAL IS CHARLESTON.
HS The parry arrived in Charleston on* T
B evening by the Savannah and Cbarlesto
BB road, and yesterday morning Grimes was
^9 before Trial Justice Caulfleld, and made
confession of all the circumstances attend!
|D? CONFESSION OP THE PK ISON EH.
B He states that his name was Eli G. Grimi
Wa be waa boraap?raised In Lte County, a
B but at pws^nt was a resident of McDuffle C
I Georgia. That he was present at the ki
Bl Colonel Wm. Parter White, on the night of
Bf or March, 18.64, nearOeongitfan. s, c.,
EM so by Captain Christopher C. Boweu^T.
I was ll rat approached by said Bowen lutt?
? part of February, 1864, and told to kill Colo
Ba4ihe_2rst opportunity, That Bowen tuei
S A TURKEY ?iJf.lf;'^*"
|BBa P'ace icom which turkeys are shot,) o
fl^Boad which the Colonel wfs in the habit of
fl^ftlng on his visits to certain lady friend;
Branded prisoner a rifle, wlYioh he (Bowel
Moa clea. .^Iha: prisoner a^fi/gt rejected .th
Boslticu^,'"but subsequently rearing that I
BiWi^ him, (Grimes,) he did enter the
^^B&owev$vCtl ioT his vlctitu- That substqu
SH au! broke*x?ner removed the lock rrom rh
WS the latter w^?sluspringt Informing Bowe.
H the rm> Ti.ar ?^Ktr.^'^ Vhe act qr co
Kr-,euSa^^0f'Tt was da,
|H'lmrTo? the road ie^Zf, ^ bu:)f :1 se
?Boat ?anding and? 8 ?m tb<3~ C3n,P
??.used to km colonel l^L m*?Det a'
?(.'?iMfoo, aaa T 1 <m 6?'?.
' mar, atr?T????e, fonT
?h?shln?t?6hoot him eil?TI*here ei?e' bu? n
W?e s'de of the 'hoaseVan77 PfiS??er T
?that fn wfl-cfi he be ievi Z ^ 'fc* <T
??hg; that the . ?C^S? be *
Blegeorcolonel wm e . Whils . ack one of *
Band infficted a wound o7whlcH BtT*Chea ont
? fays; that prisoner, b*
? into a ditch, una passed ! L, D' ?re,r 1 Ue eau
.?jh? and the ueTmoT nSCrab;e ^ 00^?y
I That Cotoaei^D?D MAN'3 Onsto^
I "^mgtmmSSBgSS? ******
I B0nel *6?* ?Poke to mSffPCtiae- TJlat Co'- J
I ?Peak to .a ^ ^**frT ? toner would
i Daring the coasenu^ce,' ?rte0ner' afterwards
while taey were ?S?r^*?
ftom that time has SJ * t0 ^?estoa, and
He^has sutrered c??2 IA ??SI*T??
suit or the crime S&?f '^H'&Wfr' ,
gently, S'005- 'n^?^subse.
? < J. '" . ' - ~
^stances to Mr. Lumpkin, Mr. Joba L. Larrlmore
and several other respectable citizens of Georgia.
That he ls nowtwenty-fonr years of age and was
seventeen at the time of the murder. That he
would have given himself np long ago, and in?
formed the relatives of Col?nel White, that as
soon as Bowen was arrested, he would appear
against him In evidence, but did not dare do so
while Bowen was at largevirom fear that Bowen
would kill him.
THE CONFESSION CORROBORATED.
Mr. W. P. Larrimore, who was present at the
above confession, corroborated, the foregoing
statement In an ai?davi'-fty himself, and gave
Grimes a high character. He oi'jred to gp on his
bojidind obtain ball for bim tojiny amount. ?
(lt*was 'also remarked that ti; gan was after
warda fourni ia th? ditch, whare tt\e prisoner de?
clared' it to have been thrown, and the bullet
hole was discovered In thesreatherboardlng at
the point described In the cowesslon. Bowen was
in Charleston at thc time the |nurder was commit?
ted. The prisoner states that Captain William
Law, or Savannah, Captain Russo'.!, and Lieu'.en?
an t W. Platte, or Angosta, were present when he
made the confession to Colonel White, the morn
lngafter the fatal shot waa fired}
<^It maj'be parin as -
to the foregoing that wehave been Informed that
at the time of the Investigation, In 1SC1, by the
military court, bf the facts connected with the
murder, this same EU Grimes made an affidavit
that Bowen did not Instigate him to commit the
murder, and had nothing at au to do with it.
THE COMMITTAL operas PRISONER.
Grimes was Committed tb jail by Trial Justice
Caulfield. It ls understood that he will be kept
in strict seclusion, and that no person whatever
will te permitted to interview him.
^LiolWiltJi UAL Ale ASSOCIATION.-The re
port'of this association for the month or January
shows thie receipts to have been $136 72, and the
expenditures $S5 50-leaving a balance or $5122
on band." The association would call attention to
the salesroom at the Depository, N'o. IT Chalmers
street, which ls now wen provided with genUe
men's, ladles' and children's clothing, a: the
most mo ler?' e prices. Orders tor all kinds of
needle and rancy-worlt'wiil be promptly executed.
A good assortment of .preserves ls kept constant?
ly on hand. \_
THE BALLOT-BOX..-After aa interim of two
days In the publication of our nport or the trial
now pending m the United states Courtk bet?re
JnOR? Prjao, TSAgam Bud a. r-Uce for tb? curi?
ous story or the ad ven tures or the ballot-box la
the recentgener.il election. These articles have
^excited general icterest, because, under oath, the
inv most Identified with the success of. Republl
caul; m in South Carolina have testified to Irregu?
larities, yea, to political abominations that may
well make every lover of his country stand aghast
" The trial is still In progress, and the defence are
occupied in establishing their case. Tula is the
'fourteenth day, %nd three more will probably
be occupied before the. trial will be concluded.
Judge Bryan, m administering the duties of hts
Joffloe nnfe~ rtha--s'offl?what vexations ? circom
st aace? Which ?dst ajeeswsr ily attend a poll t ipa;
eontest of this character, has exhibited .patience,
(forbearance and d^altled courte-y to a degree
Ithat deserves the warmis: praise.
Tire GERMAN FIRE COMPANY.-The thlrty
fchlrd anniversary meeting or this compeny f&&
peld yesterday afternoon, at the engine-uoos?la
^balmers stree'. ATcr the'usnal business had
f&en dispatched, at flve'o-'elook an election -for
jfflcers was held, and the ?ollowiug gentk-men.
If ere chosen to. serve ror the ensuing year : Ccr
ijard Rlecke, president," Pto?J. H. Atbera, declined;
Braning, first vice-president; H. Wolken, sec.
""vice-president, vife U. H. Ton Eitzen, de?
ed; M. Be'itz-r, secretary .^-?cc O. Riecks, pro
ted; Wm. Br?nges. treasurer; G. Marjenhoff,
t director; G. II. Schr?ge, second director; J.
ar:enhoff, third director; L. 'Sonwabe, fourth di
ctor; EL II. Sturckeu, fifth director; H. F. Haes
|? H. F. BittersoUn, i. D. Graver, J. H. Neigh
' r, axmen. After the election thc hall waa
ired, and in a'short time the fairer portion of
eton came thronging In. A* fine bond or
c was speedily putin reqal-itlQU',and amid
rascinatl?g varittyor waltzand quadrilhKhe
ant red-coats were so m oblivious of thc storm
u 8 J y a M s s o. x i ? xs.
TALTADLE FERTILIZER.-The attention of
itton planters is Invited to the "Cotton Food' '
iftctured In Baltimore by the Maryland Fer
id Manuracturlng Company. The article
\ been held in high favor by practical
nd well deserves the high reputation it
hushed Tor Itself at the South during the
ison. -Messrs. J. R. PrUigle * Son are the
for the fertilizer In tills city.
A-knsTiCAL FACT.-If all the bedbugs,
?ats, c^ and coaches that have been slain by
Isa? ?2E "Sore Pop'' were laid ont ia single
file, 1 folcuiated that the line would be.twlce as
long tfei Atlantic Cable. Sold by au drogglsts.
8w? Goons.-Messrs. Furchgott, Bene?
dict io. announce an unusually fine opening ol
Bprinjgoda, of their own Importation. Ladiei
admirable stock from which tb make
d graceful selections for the toilette.
ss. R. M. MARSHALL A PRO. will sell
liming at auction, the desirable residence,
I Pit: street. See their auction advertise
ON'SEDISTO OTSTHRS are considered the
ysjers' in the world. Try thom and be satis
i.tc!?' Broiled, stewed, roast?'., or in the shell.
rrebi-1* ? ' . ';
M j SEA KLA^D BAGGISG will be sold 'to-day ai
* Luctlon by J. A. Ehabjw & Co.: See. advertise
ie -? "
e, RED ASH COAL, $8 75, delivered*, by J. A
n Euslow ic Co. Sec advertisement.
e -? ? '
BE convinced of the merits of a most vam
voie medicine, by trying the Old Carolina Bitters
10 f PHOTOGRAPH ALpOMS CHEAPER THAN EVE*
Jj In Velyet aud Leather bindings, " cents; ?4
,, price 90 cea ts. In Yely>*nd Kathe:- bind**'
, s5.c*ts;old pr^iTrrt velvet and i^;"er
ibiriding?, $i^y^ric-" ?1 r* VFt?t?tf* L<?
e kh-Siu?^^*1 *w? 0I<? Prtee *i ?O. r.'t-s
t ?""JI'HASKl.sr. BAZAAH, A:>Di?o l?yKiMG 6T?
( y-?- -
, 'ALL sufferers from Miasma^?, complaints,
C Dyspepsia and Debility, Hud teiief .?>d?are in the
: (use of-the Old Carolina Bitte?.
PAPER HOLLS J PAPER BOILS. .USdld at.3, 6,
fr an0"i2 cents each; former prices, s, io, 16 and
120 cerit? ^ v* " . '
Ko. isl lii.NQ ST., A .VD? Ll A & EI. ST. BAZAAR'.
SMALL. CHROMOS ! ;3MALL .CHROMOS Chro
'mos in Walnut Frames'at ?cents each; formerly
i ,soid at $1 5o. _JSo. isl Riso 'STREET.
. Tjr> CXT?E Dyspepsia, us? ' the Old Carolina
Bitters, A remedy y Southern origin, composed
qr Southerp hetbs of rare efflcacv. Test lt; it can.
. ATTENTION, TOURISTS.-Stereoscopic views
jOX Charlestonaud'viclnrty, at So. 161 King stre?t,
^'orat the Hasel ?treet Bazaar. novia
BrsTTc GOODS ! "Rustic GOODS !-A reduction
jot twenty per cent, on Side and Corner Bracket*,
flijook Racks, ?c., at our stores.
J CHAS. C. RIGHTER ? CO.,
. Ha?el street Bazaar, and No. lei King"street.
AT ?OST ! AT COST l-Large size Chromos.
* HASEL STRBET BAZAAT?
. " ' ** - * 5 "* : " ?
FUSS MB FEATHERS.
JAW ABOUT BOTS IN BLUE.
Whipper's Last Exploit-Thc Forma?
tion of Alktn County.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THU KETTS.]
? COLOMBIA, February 8.
A hot debate occurred In the Senate to-day
on the passage of a concurrent resolution to
call oil the Federal Government for protection
against domestic violence, it finally passed
by a vote of 15 to 8-Leslie and Rose, (Reps.)
"voting with the Reformers In thc negative.
Whipper, in the House, introduced bills to
provide for the support of the widows and
orphans of Dill, Martin and Perrin, and to
grant them a pension of Ave hundred dollars
annually, to be paid from a special tax to be
?levied In counties where they were killed, and
; to appropriate two thousand dollars for monu?
ments for Randolph and Perrin.
The Boase passed a bill establishing liken
County, and a bill compelling county treasu?
rers to collect toe poll tax at the polls.
WOBK OE TBE LEGISLATURE.
j That Lund Scrip-Joe Crews an Noll"
cst ."Man-Kim pt on to. the Fore.
[FROM otra owx CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, February 7.
The chief topic In the House to-day wai the1
schooljbill. The debate thereon waslengthy",
complicated and uneatistactory. Various new
amendments were offered, and the chlei bone
of contention seemed tb be. the powers vested
in trustees; Hurley thought that the regula?
tion of teachers* fees should bo left with trus?
tees, while several other members thought lt
should not. Crittenden opposed the school
terms ?aid down lu the bili. He held that in
the country the school season should com?
mence when the crops were laid by, other
wise poor children, both white and colored,
could not attend. Speaker* Moses, In view of
the Importance of the bill, permitted a larger
latitude to the discussion than he would have
consented to In malters ol' minor importance.
The bill was finally recommitted, and when it
next appears it will be probably lu a more ac?
THE LAND COMMISSION. - y
Attorney-general Chamberlain submitted
the following communicatlou, which was. ra?
ce i ved as inlormatlcn:
OFFICE OF THE ATTORNET-GENEKAI* / \
COLUMBIA, S. C., February c, 1671. j
Bon. F, J. Mosts, Sr., Speaker House of
DEAR Sin-I have the honor to say. ja re?
ply to the re so la tion of the House ol Repre?
sentatives ol the 31st ult, requesting me to in?
form your honorable body, what legal, seeps
are necessary to obtain a mil and completfere
.port of the transactions ot' Che land commis?
sion', that, in my opinion, the most speedy, and
effective means lo accomplish this purpose
would be the appointment of a Joint cornmit
tee of the two houses of the General Assembla
with power to send for persons and papers.
Your obedient servant,
D. H. CHAMBERLAIN, Attorney-Genei^I
The fallowing resolution, offered by Jami?
son, was laid on the table:
Resolved by the House of Representatives,
the Senate concurring,- That the special com?
mittee appointed to Investigate the transac
tiona of the land commissioner be Instructed
to report on Monday next, at 2 V. M. ' *
CHARLESTON COUNT! COMMISSION.
The commit tee appointed to investigate the
transactions ol' the county commissioners ol
Charleston County, consists of Messrs.
Hayne aud Leslie,.on the part-of the Senate;
and Messrs. Boseaion; Singleton, Yocum, Ster?
land and hivers, on the part of the House.
The House struck out the enacting clause ol'
the Senate bill to abolish the- act creating the
State constabulary, and sent word thereof to
REPORTS. . f j
The committee on railroads recommended
the passage of :
A bill to Incorporate the Tngaloo and Chat?
tanooga Railroad, of South Cirolina; t>blll to
regidate passenger fares on railroads; a bill to
charter the Yemassee and Millen Railroad, In
South Carolina; a bill to amend an act entitled
'.An act to amend the charter ol the King's
Mountain Railroad Company; a bill to incor?
porate the CooSawhatchle Railroad Company;
a bill to Incorporate the Columbia, Walterborb
and Yemassee Railroad Company; a bill to. In?
corporate the Columbia Horse Railroad Com?
MORE RAILROAD BILLS.
Two more bills for the Incorporation o? rall'
load companies were Introduced to-day. jThe
first ls the Northweatern Railroad Company,
whose road will run from Aiken, South Caro?
lina, to Charlotte, North Carolina. The second
will be named the Cheraw, Lancaster, Uni?n
and Greenville Railroad, and wt* extend Irom
Cheraw to Greenville, In the- dlreotion of the
counties mentioned. i
i SENATK-WHAT BBCAME OF THE LANI? 'SCRIP.
The Senate -received a message from the
Governor, in answer to a resolution adopted
by that body oh December 22, 1870, requiring
i him to Inform them what disposition had bren.
made of the,donallonaof lands to the Stat* of
i South Carolina, for the endowments ot agrUul
? tural colleges, from the Federal Government.
He replies that the correspondence iipor the
subject had been conducted by the Bon. .V-L.
. Cardozo, Attorney-General Chamherlali and
himself, who were empowered by the Legisla?
ture to receive, sell or assign thu wiora or
any part of the land scrip, comprisiru eleven
hundred and twenty-five pieces, coustetiajj of
one hundred and eighty thousand acres.- That
t the same were duly received.- tr ora, the . United
. States Geve'inaent and . transferred to thc
i financial asentf by whom tbev wtre sold and
the precis Invested in South Carolina State
eli p>r<*Q? stock; The. prices are nrftfknown,
.. but wi be. communicated when /epprted by
. tt^inancial agect. * ' .
fr/ THE CHARLESTON FREfe SCHOOLS. .
j A petition lrom the guabinas ot the free
nacinolstof Charleston wa?received lu the Sen
I a(e, praying that the li\w le so amended as tu
Iffrve the board power to levy a tax to make up
.T any deficiency that may arise - from the State
appropriation, the annual'tcost ($40.000) being
more than their apportionment; ulso, td give
.t?ie board power to electitsown ohairmanand
superintendent, and to allow ide latter to
seleet text books.
THE $17,500 MYSTERY.
The consideration of the report of the special
committee to investigate the moneyed trans?
actions of the committee appointed'to investi?
gate the electoral affairs .of Hie Third Congres?
sional District came- up under the head of
special orders. Whiitemore. moved-to post?
pone till to-morrow. Leslie said the report
was not complete-Joe Crews had not been
sworn-he knows more about it thau anybody
else, and he (Leslie) believed the' committee"
did not want . to see Crews. Nash said
that the committee had -summoned hid* in
writing and he disregarded it Leslie thought
this was merely an excuse, and insisted that
'.Joe'must be found, "alive or dead."' He,
in conclusion, moved that Hie report, be re?
committed with Instructions to compel Crew's
to testify. At lost accounts the sefgeant-at
arms was in quest ol' the refractory individual;
: The committee on the judiciary recommend?
ed thai the bili to authorize the county com?
missioners to assume and pay obligations con?
tracted under tue late township act do not
pass. The Senate rejected the same.
The committee on Incorporation reported
favorably upon tho bill to incorporate the
Savings, Building and Loan Association of
South Carolina, an . the bill LO amend an act
to Incorporate Hie Enterprise Railroad Com?
pany of Charleston, approved Mareil 1st, 1870.
The committee on finance recommended
that the bili to amend "An act to provide for
the conversion" of State seourities," and a
"Joint resolution directing part of a certain
tax to be devoted to the erection of a ceirrt
house and Jail in Manning," do pass. The re?
ports were made the special order fdr to-mor?
row. . i
An act to renew and extend an act. to pro?
vide a mode by which to perpetuate testimony
in relation to deeds, wills, choses In action
add other pipers destroyed or lost during the
recent war. AD act to relinquish all the righi:,
title and interest of the State of South Caro?
lina In and to certain real estate of one Napo?
leon B. Pouncy, of Horry. An act to incorpo?
rate the Logan Fuslleers, of - the Parish ol St.%
Thomas and St. Denis, Charleston County.
'An act to amend an act entitled "An act to
establish a State orphan asylum.
Mr. Whittemore introduced a bill to Incorpo?
rate the Patton University. The corporators
are Wilson Cook. IX T. Corbin, B. P. Whitte?
more and W. B. Nash, j Also, a bill to enlarge
and define the powers of the Charleston City
board oT school commissioners. The bill gives ?j
thc commissioners the power to levy a special I
tax of thirty per cent, of the general tax on all '
the taxable property lor school purposes.
,Mr. Greene gave notice ol a bill tu incorpo- j
rate the Union Gold Mine Company.. j
CONFIRMATIONS. . I
The iollowing trial justice appointments,^
.made by the Governor, were confirmed: York?
i County-Messrs. M. O'Connell, Port Mills; R. j
L. Simmons, Mount Carmel; li. L. Crook'. Hock a
Hill; W.-W. Gaffney, Cherokee Ford; W. B,!!
Williams, Torkvllle; J. C. Bride, Rock Hill; H. J
?h Blair, Blalrsvllle. BarnwellCountv-John"
Cone, Buiord's Bridge G. E. Miller, Millers^
ARRIVALS. . j
Klmpton was looked for last Friday or Sat>??
urday by tue'.finaacial bodies here. In his,
stead came^Bls Tight-bower, Judge Porter,:
whelsnowt?r?rlhg here, and win. probably
show his hand ?hortly..
L. E. Johnson, United States marshal, 1st
also m the citv, in attendance on the United i
States Circuit, Court. He is confident of hold-.
ing bis position, the various rumors to the-,
EXTEND IX G THE ARMISTICE. ;
Q,ueen Victoria'? Speech-A Peaceful.
Solution of tile Kusteru Question-In?
side Pai l?-Longing for Peace.
NEW YORK, February 8.
The World's London special sends a synop?
sis o? the Queen's speech before Parliament;
to-day. She congratulates Parliament upon
peaceful relations, and the prospect of a satis?
factory settlement of American questions.
She bcUevea the Conference will result satis-'
factorHy to the Signatories, hopes Che armistice
will result in peace, and ls anxious to render
friendly offices to that end.
LONDON, February 8.
The Euxine Conference met yesterday pur?
suant to adjouanment. Assurances were given
of a peaceful solution of the Eastern question..
?A Turkish army of observation ls watching
.the disturbances In Boumanla.
The Telegraph has .an account ol the pro?
ceedings Inside Paris to the 3d. Deleschurze,
at a meeting', declared that the government
was composed of twelve bandits who sold
Paris. Disarming proceeds slowly, and will
not be completed before the close of the armis?
The walls of Paris are placarded thus: "A
'bash's Democrats." The ultra-Radicals repudi?
ate Victor Hugo, Louis Blanc and Kollin, and
favor Pyatt, Deleschurze and Tcmalcli. German
I officials In France have been ordered to ab
I stain from a rigorous censorship over the
i press during thc elections, Many suspended
Journals have resumed publication. Theboin
! i*"???mnt nt* nellort continues.
A decree wa3 published at Bordeaux, on the
6th, appointing KmtRim,! i , j, m?u>- -rf wt
Fifty railway wagons entered Paris, on the
3d} with the Inscription, "London gifts-to
Paris." The road via Dieppe ls open. Pariste
quiet, butth?rerls gr?at Buffering. Theelcc
tionh will probably result m the return of
in insurrection In Algeria Is reported.
LONDON, February. 7.
. Tie Post publishes a Calais dispatch o? the
Cih, saying that the Prussians show a de ter?
ni ira C. on to retard the revlctiialling of Paris.
Nim provision trains have been detained by
UH Prussians at Amiens, though the line 1B
eitlrely clear. The Post says the British war
ance and admiralty are actively assisting el
ftrts to re vi ct; ial Paris, and a largo number of
frltlsh transporta will sail In a few days with
provisions. The Telegraph has the following
fr ra the inside of Paris, the 3d Instant: Al?
li'..ugh the elections occur on Wednesday
. nert, up to the present lime everything ls in
' coiualon, with every tendency to reject mem
bet of the National - Defence. . Meetings
j bel in various halls are becoming more
i demonstrative. Some speakers demand the
1 arest'and trial of those who surrendered
Pris. The Liberal Republican conrmlUee de?
cked the government of the 4th of Septem?
ber should be arraigned by'the National As?
sembly to account for their conduet In defend
hg.Paris, and give reasons lor agreeing to
he armistice. The committee also declares
.hat no treaty ratifying the cession of Alsace
and Lorraine should be signed. Paris should
continue her defence and refuse to capitulate.
At a meeting In Salle de la Reine Blanche one
orator declared that France -demanded a
Robespiere, and the guillotine alone could
save the country. This statement was re?
ceived with enthusiasm by the audience. Dep?
uties who favor a continuation ol the war are
loudly applauded at ail meetings. Trcchu has
NLG BX DISPATCHES.
An Extension of thc Arm Ut Ice-A Long?
ing for- Peace-I inpossibility - of Ar?
ranging Terms Before Concluding Ar?
mistice. * -
LONDON, February 8.
The commissioner of delence from Norman?
dy has resigned. General Vander Tann's army
occupies the most of Burgundy. General Pel
'liseer evacuated Loins Lesaunler on the 5tb.
FLORENCE, February 7.
The government insists upon the satisfac?
tion ot just demanda from Tunis and guaran-,
tees for the future.
Odo Russell has been Instructed to sustain
the French demand for an extension of the
armistice. An extensi?n ls expected.' "
The Times, in an editorial on the situation,
says that information received from Purl?In?
dicates a longing for peace. The News Jsays
the Parisians will vote to-day in entire de-'
pendence upon t?ie go?d ?a?h oCGennany. It.
is impossible to complete the"terms of peace
between the assembling nf -the-assembly and.
the expiration of the armistice, when fighting
may be resumed. It is said (continues the
News) that in that event the Geriban power to
overrun France will bc most formidable.
TUE E.VD OF A FREE FIGHT.-Joseph, Jerry*
and Jane Cohen, and Washington Grant, ware
brought beror? Trial Justice McKinlay, yesterday
afternoon, and tried for the stabbing.aajl Ugbrtng
I fracas, which occurred about a weak aga aft the
comer of Line aud 8eara streets.' The whole
batch wei e found guilty, and tho men sentenced
to pay a Hue of sfi ami costs or go to J%u for ten
days, while Jane was let oiT with a One or 12 and
costB or Aye days In jail. ' , \" .'* " '" .
. . '.' . . : -w r
CORN AND CAPITAL
THE SOUTH AND SEE WANTS.
How Planting Slay Profit Both Hf aster
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NEWS.
Iii a previous article I submitted the pro
. position that the pressing want of the South
! was capital, aud not labor. It will not be de?
fied that, outside o? the staple production of
.the South, her present industries are not suf?
fer! ng for want of employees. Tue mercan?
tile and professional pursuits very surely have
-no complaints in this respect. We hear ur
.gent appeals made in the furtherance of manu
.raetures. If there was any positive deficiency
of labor here,' to be employed In these facto?
ries, this would be a grave difficulty in their
iestablishment. ' Tho, fact ls that the erec
. Hon of factories throughout the South,
in ? our present condition,' would -be
an act of positivo charity to a large class
of indigent whites1,' mw without erich
. employment as ' their former method of
Alie renders practicable. Une mechanical
; class are complaining of want of employment.
'So that the broad fields of agriculture seem to
be the'only fruitful source of complaint.
'Tnis, in the face of 3,600,000 bales made in
"the fhtfi year of the most "devastating war
?now?lo civilization. We say this not unad?
visedly. For, with every dollar of bank capl
jtal destroyed; railroads worn out or torn up;
.river transportation In a great measure dissl
pitod;$3;000,ooo,OQQ of mortgageable or sale
> able slave property wiped out; the whole organi?
sation of industry disrupted by drum-head re
. organization, or a. "John Brown's spirit, march?
ing on;" the value bf real estate suck from 60
*to 95 per cent; political reform-revolutionary,
radical, rapacious, ignorant-crowning the
fearful aspect of affairs, it is a wonder that
one 'tone standeth on another.
That we are vouchsafed this much, we owe
to no mau or man-maker, but to God, to the
habitude of accustomed liberty, to the wide
wilderness of territory we occupy, and to
the physical hindrances afforded thereby, to
the scrutiny and persecution of venal and
The boundless forests waive still their ban?
ners of freedom (leap lt? martial Law, and
chant their requiem over the graves of the
fallen breve and the homes of the fallen
free. The South ls free despite the
ukase from Washington, the "orders" of
satraps, the dogged sullenness of the "truly
loll" harpies. Nature stands out against the
''nation" in all Its folly and might. Society
proclaims ils sovereignty jure divino, and a
de facto government, independent of legisla?
tive hails, governs without sheriff.or Jail, pro?
cess or pr*tor. In the condition through which
we have travailed, that there "ls life In the
old land yet," that she "lives and moves, and
has her being," under God, discovers a vitality
born of wide resources and a social grouping
of civilized anti hardy manhood, which dares
to be free so long as the sun shines and the
ri vers run.
That the South has thus struggled up to com?
parative power 1B plain. When we behold her
mighty railroads urging their way far and near
over the face ol the country, tire fact 1B stri?
kingly and irresistibly suggestive ol'what-the
labor present in the South can effect, when
utilized. . j .
Every dollar that could be borrowed has
: been sf rained to recuperation In this regard,
anti, in ?ll the ?OWTI?' appliances of commerce.
Agriculture, however, with ber 8300,000,000 or
exports, mends no county roads, builds no
fences, malees no larm improvements. She
.struggles Irom baud to mouth, .from year to
year,"trembling before every financial crisis.
It Is only necessary .to go through thc fields
und homes ol' the South to admit this shiftless
hopelessness brooding over the country.
Now, there ls a Btrange Incongruity here,
the cause of which should he sought. Planters
tn their distress see their crops swept away by
the s wit t and costly Unes of transportation and
no return made. The merchant, the raliway,
the drayman, the storehouse, the wharf, the
steamer, all must be paid; but the planter,
bearing.them all on- lils mighty shoulders,
groans in his agony and grapples again ano
again with his cruel fate, his grotesque mas?
tery. No less Is thia the case with the laborer,
In the long run, than the employer. It ls im?
possible to have an unsuccessful employer and
a well paid and well housed laborer. The la?
bor, inefficient and indifferent, may be costly
even at low wageO It ls a comparison be?
tween the pay afnrthe performance which
rhakea labor ?Sear or cheap. Even when
the planter complains of bis labor and the
losses accrulngirom the .cost of production,
lt does not appear that the laborer Is paid too
much. It may be that be ls half paid, and
hall-hear ?ed, and passes into a condition of
indolent sell-dependence and vagabondage,
which makes bim unwilling for work, and
only a fourth ot a man In productive efficiency,
whilst he must incur the expense of a whole
man's food and raiment. Whatever this ex?
pense must be, the employers must bear lt io
some way or forego the labor. Let us illus?
trate. Here are ten farms with available
lands for a hundred hands. With efficient,
willing, well fed, well clothed, well paid, first
class labor, ready and willing to work, day In
and day out, with appointed days of recreation
and, merriment, with well appointed homes
and ample comforts surrounding them,
these laborers could cultivate from 1000
to 1600 acres of cotton, with ample pro?
vision crops, manufacture the greater
part of their clothing ol the most substantial
and suitable kind, besides raising the utmost
abundance of flesh, vegetables and fruits.
Time and again this has been done in the
South, on small as weil as large farms,, when
well'conducted. All spare time was put to
use; when the laborers worked they worked;
when they played they played. Potent, profit?
able earnestness stirred the blood of employer
and laborer, and master and man, alike, felt
the glow of industry, the gladness of success.
Nature responded to every manly effort, and
stretched wide her profuse bosom to her honest
sons, to succor their wants and sweeten their
labors with a thousand charming rewards,
glittering from the dew-dipped floweret* to the
bending fields of grain,
Now, institute-euch industry as this, accom
[illsh?ng 2500. acres of well-cultivated land, sl?
owing each able-bodied laborer $1 per day,
clothing and food to laborer and faintly being
furnished from the farm at low rates. ? All the
food, consisting of bacon, beef, syrup, wheat
or rice (vegetables and fruits free) and pota?
toes, could he raised on the plantation. This
for a man, his wile and family, supposing them
to consist in all of five, would amount to $25
per month; the clothing, made on the farm, of
various domestic material, would amount to
100 yards to family, which at 36 cents
average, would be $36, or $3 per month.
Bent of .house, well appointed, with
garden, $3 per month. All these items
would amount to $31 In 26 working days of the
month, and the pay of mau and wife to $52*
.which would leave a cash balance la.their fa?
vor el $21, or $10'. apiece. Now, with,ample
provision crops for stock, ftc-., and family use,
we are prepared to use the cotton-crop for pur
cltese ol' comparative luxuries, making farm
improvements, and developlngjhe system of
plant DK to.its most profitable conduct. Now,
let each farm plant, besides its other.Indus?
tries, 120 acres cotton, cultivated In the most
improved manner. The payment of hands
calls for $1320; the deduction of $120 for lo-t
time and sickness leaves $1200. * NOT, t h in 120
acres? at 250 pounds per acre,yield ns 60 bales,
ot'.?OO 10s., widen, at 15c, gives $4500, leaving
a margin of $3200 for other expenses and family
use. ' By expending $1200 more of this towards
other employees, repair*, &c, we have-Bill!
left $2000. With half this crop lu bad seasons,
we have 30 bales at 25 cents, $3750, and a mar?
gin ol'$1350. At 20 cents, we have.$3000nand
a margin.-of $1000, after paying wages .and
$700 further expenses and repairs. At IS
cents, we have a crop of $2250. allowing *pay
ment-ofwages and $450 for other " expanses,
leaving family margin of? $500. I don't state
coat ol transportation, coinjaisslong, 4c., foi
on a well conducted farm ol tare son ar. least
this amount should be reached In sales of bat?
ter, beef, pork, fruits, ?c., with.? batadsome
margin for -family. Beat in mind au this has
been done on the same sell and uuder the
same sun. ?
This ls the possibility to which I would
strive. Now, with this system, bow would the
ten (arma stand as to property and clear in?
come at the end of a successful season or BO:
Income from cotton, with wages, re?
pairs, Ac, deducted. $20,000
From corn, beyond back nae of farms.... 6,000
From stock, tc. 3,000
- Total income..... . (28,000
Property, ten farms, 800 Obres each, 8000
acres at $10.Wi. $so,ooo
1000'cat tie, at flo..... 10.&00
1000 hogs, at $2..'.:. 7000
600 sheep,.at 14. 2,000
60 mules, at $150. 7,600
Increase brought. 28,000
It is useless to recount the present planting
operations. Tear after year rolls rowd with
demoralized labor, little or no eera, stock
worked down In the effort to cover the d??
ficiences of uuwiUInc and Indtfftffcu labor.
The cost of producing til cotton, with?) to 36
uer cent, a year- tor advances, makes a crop 1
Indeed, but with no profit to planter, no mar?
gin ol'income to laborers; so that'orre after
another planter betakes bim to various shifts
of contracts wltb laborers: in which neither
derive either profit or comfort; The valu* of
property becomes a myth, and the planter'be?
comes a grumbling visitant of agricultural so?
cieties, an earnest advocate of Immigration,
without a dollar either to Jbxward the Immi?
grant, surround him with the comforts neces?
sary to his contentment, or the capital te
make bis labor useful. Sere, too, visions o<
the distant "Chinee" beset our unhappy ex?
pectant,- and he grows enthusiastic over the
golden promises awaiting the advent of the
Asiatic who ie expected to swarm the land and
display the marvellous feat of recuperating,
without the free itself capital, the waste fields
and swamps of proprietors who carry the bare
titles.ol their broad acres but to be loaded with
taxes abd to preserve the unenviable posi?
tion or Southern landowners.
Under such a condition the ten farms Just
cited would stand at the ?nd o? the year's la?
bor, anxiety and trouble
Clear 1 ncome from cotton.$00 00
dear income from corn.v.. 0000
Clear income from stock.<. 00 00
Property-?m? acres, at $2 per acre.. $lo,eoo
60 mules, at $100. 6,000
/ IOU head of cattle. 1,000'
100 head of hogs. 300
Against $28,000 income as above, aaa $130,600
Ia thts exaggeration, or ls lt fact ? The his?
tory ot the ease ls opes rc all. Let each one
Judge lor himself. In'this dire emergency,
'men and brethren, wbat shall we do to be
saved ?" It seems -to me I see the remedy,
and the only one before us Ills found in the
two words, corn and capital. Respond, then,
to the emergency corn and capital! First,
capital and corn 1 Second, corn and" capital !
Third, strive for these night and day ! .Let
them stimulate our labors in the day, and
prop our sleepless eyes through the night, A
people who place before them an Idea axed as
tate, have a sign In the heavens by which they
must conquer, if God so wills lt. -
Yours truly, JOHN W. R. FOPS.
WASTIIN?TCW, February 8.
The Senate concurred in the House amend?
ment Increasing from $16, OW to $20,000 tte ap?
propriation Jor the outrag? -comm'uee. A
p?tition, with- fifteen, thousand signatures,
against the removal ot Governor Vance**
political disabilities, was reierreS to the re?
construction committee, with instructions to
verify the genuineness of the signatures, whole
pages being in the same handwriting.
Trumbull reported a joint resolution that
sillier, from Georgia,, be seated ?upon'-taking
i he oath administered to Hill, and asked ita
present consideration. Edmunds objected,
and it went over. A resolution that the South?
ern outrage committee be increased by two
members, and that it may sit during the ses?
sion of the Senate and . report from time to
time, passed! A bill to* pay Susan M. Shelby,
of Mississippi, for cotton taken by the United
States forces, was postponed. The balance of
the day was consumed in District of Columbia
business. The mixed schools question was
discussed at great length. Sumner strongly
advocated the mixture, and Carpenter advo?
The Cincinnati and Southern Railroad bill
was defeated by a vote of 23 to 12. The Sen?
ate refused to reconsider the vote by the same
Thurman argued, as a friend of the common
schools, that their mixture 'would destroy
tbem. Revels opposed any dteOTimlnation.
He finds the prejudice on account of color
very gr<-at in this country, and lears lt ls in?
creasing. He sees no reason, therefore, and
thinks lt the duty of the nation to discourage
because lt was wicked and not approved, of
by Heaven. . '<??
The' Brooklyn Navy Yard bli! was considered
during the morning hour, and went over
The bill for the better protection of the
Texas frontier, and authorizing the Secretary
War to organize and employ citizens, and
appropriating one hundred thousand dollars
therefor, was considered. Logan opposed the
bill as giving employment to gentlemen on the
Texas frontier who had nothing else to do. It
meant nothing more nor less than war with
Mexico. The bul was tabled by a vote of 75
A Joint resolution wad passed remitting, the
duty on articles sold at fairs for the benefit ol
The bili establishing a national av tem of ed?
ucation was discussed without action. Ad
GENERAL NEWS. /
There ls great: excitement over a canard
that the Tennessee, bearing the Dominican
commission, was lost. It is regarded as a
hoax at .the Navy Department.
Denard Rumley was nominated as Collector
cHstoms'at Wilmington, N." C
The health of Judge Chase ls Improving. He
rides or walks out every flue day.
Th? Ca hin et Speculations-Wh n t Gr ant
Intend? f o Do wi tn the Repealed Test
Oath Law-Bon t wc ll Urged to Resign
Hall Route tn South Carolina-Break?
ers Ahead. j
[MU)!! OUR OWN CORRESTOiWBNT.]
.. WASHINGTON,. February .5.
Whenever a Btory Ja sprung upon the public
Intimating Cabinet changes, lt ts met witt
general-discredit add ..somewhat of ridicule
This has been the case during the preseat ad?
ministration until now, when, strangely
mough, the reports that Grant intends a reor
ganlzatlon of his Cabinet-," at the dissolution 0
present Congress, receive;-more than th?
?sual show of consideration. It is difficult
however, to reconcile the broad assertions 0
,members <>I the presen!; Cabine^ as well a
officials more directly related to the President
;hat no.cha)lges;are' thought of by the Presi
??ni, with the statements of leading Radical
both bouses of Congress that such change
cid positively occur. The onry solutloaresti
the probability that those who deny lt ar?
merely evading questions propounded by euer
fer ic newspaper men and anxious inquirers,
arther than thia, lt ls hot nb^necewaiy'.fi.
premisevlt ls not long before the adjourn?
ment of the session, and the matter will toe
1 definitely solved". -?
It ls not curious that there should arise an
impression that the President will 'Teto tim
bill just passed to repeal the test oath; ont the
Durden of thought does not laver lt. - Grant
has said he "win -have no poltey to enforce
against tne wi ll-of the people,"1 sad the advo?
cate* of the abolition of all dl^ranohSinfe
I clauses consider that Congress expressed tha
will in the repeal of the law Just consumma?
ted. Should he veto lt, he wllk lose the ?ap?
port of more already lukewarm Bepublicans.
then he could gal?, and particularly;severs*
Southern Republicans, including ewer
who intends a permanent location 1
South. Jip tQ yesterday afternoon h?^t__
taken no action; but the time In which, under
the law, he shall approve tt, If he intends to,
does not. expire until Saturday -next, which
will be tho tenth day after its passage. lei?
considered by no means improbable that tho
Presideut will .uelther sign fe nor retqm 'It
with his veto,' but that he will let it bectr?re
dperatlve - without assuming any responsibility
whatever. ?. - .? *
Personal friends of Secretary BontweO aro
intensely aggrieved that he his.been ignored'
by the President, in deference to ?be respect
which is showered upon the nov milltary com?
mission er of internal revenue, an ri the former
ba* ?peen quietly advised to nW against tilt?
MM he is-Meeiving. 4t ls nouew *'
that Bo atwell, withal! the honors and
ties that belong to the Secretary ol the I
rr,-has, practically, never had coutrol over
internal revenue office, a mborcHrmte b?reau
o? ttw treasury. Mr. Delano, as commissioner,
as well as Senator Pleaeanton, iguored the
authority ol Mr. BoutwelL, the only.d'
be JU that Pleasanton ls more open in
regard for the superior legal author!
Idea h ad been en tename^ to create s se patate
department of that bureau, but Congress re?
fused to endorse lt, and the chances of that
[ ?vent are not so goon now as the probabilities
oi'its abolition by rho next Congress. Bout?
I well wTU not resigo., if he goes-rut, it wi ll be
as- a manyj, whoa he- waT'taW pbvoe with
Sumner, and resent Tue usurpations OT the
Executive as vehemently as, in days gone
by, he visited the displeasure of Kew. Eng?
land, ?pon the devoted-head of Andrew John
In the Senate, OB Friday. MT. Robertson pre?
sented the petition "ot cftiaeas of Lancaster
County, South Carolina, praying for the estab?
lishment of a mall route between Rock ??I
, and lAoc^ster Gourthorue Lj that State. The
petition was daly referred to the committee
on po8tofflces and poMtnads.
Rumers are. broached relative to important
action by the administration in connection
with the quiescent foreign policy, which so
far has characteiized it some of the leading;
Radicals have thought tb save the party by
hints ol bringing on a collis!cm with England,
oaaoooant of the fishery question. ' While it
would never receive .popular endorsement,^
la relied on by some of the visionaries who
control the dominant pasty as at least wstrtb.
trylpgon." ^ Eng Binon.
C BEST BY? S CONTUMACY.
WASHINGTON, February ft
The Ecclesiastical Court, In session at
Chicago, has rendered a verdict against Bev.
Chadee E. Cheney as guilty of chargois und
specifications contained in the presentment,
and sentenced him to suspension unit! -fae
shows contrition for the past abd prom.ses
conformity tor the future satisfactory to his
blshep. Cheney's offence was the omission of
the word "regenerate", in. infant baptism, aa
required in the common prayers of the Episco?
pal Church. . . ., ^ tf ? ' ?
SPARKS FROM THJB WIRES.
The lower branch, of .the. New Jersey Legis?
lature ratified the ffft?entn amendaient hy a
vote of 34 to 24..
In the Massachusetts House, the bill opening -
libraries on Sunday -was detested by a voto or
125 to 96. .
Henry Steinway ls dead.
I M A R K El
TO BE DUCE STOCK, 5?E OFFER IHK
BALANCE OF OUR
GREATLY REDUCED PRIC?S,
BEAVER OVER SAGES, $38 and $40, to $36
BEAVER OVER SACKS, $36, to $28
BEAVER OVER SACKS, $30 sad $32, to $25 :.x
BEAVER AND MELTON OVER SA0K3, $? aa*
$28, to $20
BEAVER AND MELTON OVER SACKS, $li an*
$22, ta $16
BEAVER AND MELTON OVER SACKS, $M an*
$16, to $11
UNION BEAVER OVER SACKS, $10, to V
ONION BEAVER OVER SACKS, $7, to $6
BEAVER, KING WILLIAM, $38, to $20 ,
-' . -j
BEAVER, KINO WILLIAM, $20, to $16 ;
CHINCHILLA D. B, SACKS, $26, to $20 ,
'? - ? "': ? '\?rsl
CHINCHILLA D. B. SACKS, $16, to $12
CHINCHILLA D. B. SACKS, $12, to $10
CHINCHILLAD. B. SACKS, $10, to $8.
WE HAVE IN STOCK,
A FTTLL LINE OF GOODS,
> - ..; .
FOR MENS' ???L
.'? *.f--' ?;
J. H. LAWTON ft GO..
AC ADEMX OF MUSIC BUO?IS&.