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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1578.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 12, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
BETTER TIMES COMING.
PROPOSED RAILROAD AMALGA?
MA x i o N.
Honey Pouring Into thc Treasury-Pay?
ing off Old Debts-TUe Judicial Elec?
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLOMBIA, February so.
It ls rumored that negotiations are on foot
to annex the Greenville and Columbia Railroad to
the South Carolina Railroad. If trna can be ac?
complished, no State aid for the former will be
The Senate and House have effected a compro?
mise through the committee of conf?rence, and
will go into aa election for judge to-morrow at
two o'clock. v
The Senate passed the Lunatic Asylum appro-,
priatiou bill and Ute resolution to restrict debate
to ten minutes. The House passed the Senate
school bill with the amendments mentioned in
your Saturday's letter.
The county taxes are rapidly coming into the
treasurer's office, and the treasurer is now paying
off the money which was borrowed to meet the
expenses of ?he government.
A QUIET DAY.
Federal Troops for I nion-The Rall,
road Ring-Executive Appointments.
[FROM OUR OWK CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, February 19.
To-day, for the first time In three weeks,
a bright ..uilian sky gladdened the hearts of our
community, and the fair sex, whom the late con?
tinuous rains had penned up, were out on the
stree;s In full force. The churches during divine
service were more than usually Ailed. At the
Catholic Church, Bishop Lynch delivered an elo?
TROOPS FOR UNION.
Company E, Eighteenth United States Infantry,
Captain stuart, left here yesterday for Union
Courthouse, where they will go into camp for the
present. This reduces the garrison at this place
to about sixty men, much to the discomfiture of
some of our lawmakers, who are-constantly
haunted by visions of the bloodthirsty Kn-Klux.
The following appointments are annonuced at
thr Executive department: Austin Drake, of St.
Louis, Mlssouii, commissioner of deeds; A. A.
Connor, of Orangeburg, deputy surveyor; A. H.
Girard, of Charleston, notary public.
IRE -WASHINGTON INTERVIEWING COMMITTEE.
Messrs. Whipper and suckles left this city last
night, and Mr. Wilkes this motnlng, for Washing?
ton, to carry out the instructions of the House ol
Irepresentatives, to wit: -Inform the Federal
Government of the state of affairs in this State,
ana to ask for United stat es troops.
RAILROAD ii ATTERS. . . '?? J
Railroad matters, though apparently at a stand
si i:i, are secretly verging to a point from* winch
rte? wUl unexpectedly burst forth with startling
force. The lobbyists are steadily at work m the
haUajof tne Legislature, on the street and in the
commise* rooms, and their reasonable argu?
ments will cause mauy to forget the sweet promi?
ses they made to their constituents before the
LAWS IN EMBRYO.
Bills Before the General Assembly.
The following is a synopsis of several im?
portant bills now before the State Legislature:
THE STERLING TUNDEO DEBT.
Under Harleys bili to create a sterling funded
debt, the proceeds of which arc to be exclusively
used in exchange for orin payment of the exist?
ing public debt of tue State, the Governor ls au?
thorized to borrow, on the credit of the State, the
sum of one million two hundred thousand pounds
sterling, such debt to be represented by coupon
bonds bearing G pounds per centum p?r annum.
Interest in gold, principal and Interest pay?
able in tue City or London, redeemable within
twenty years. Section 3 provides that all the
bonds authorized by the act shall :>e used exclu?
sively in exchange for or in payment of the ex?
isting public debt. The bonds are to be placed in
the hands or annan dal agent of the Sta te, to be ap?
pointed by the Governor and approved by the at?
torney-general and treasure* to reside in the City
or London. Section s provides for au additional
annual tax, sufficient to pay the interest on -the
debt; and fer asimilar tax to provide for a sink?
ing lund of two per cent, per annum, on the full
amonntof the debt hereby created, which the
financial agent shul apply to the redemption and.
payment or tue said dent. Section ? pledges the
faith and credit of the State for the punctual pay?
ment of the debt. Section 8 ls as follows: The
honor and credit of this State ls also hereby
pledged to the holders of tbe debt author?
ized by this act, that this State will not,
hereafter, until said debt is fully paid,
create any new debt or obligation ey tue loan or
its credit, or guarantee, endorsement, or other?
wise, excepting for tbe purposes of meeting its
existing obligations, or In and for the ordinary
curran business ol the State, without first sub?
mitting the question as to the creation of any
such new debt, guarantee or loan of its credit to
the people or this State at a general State elec?
tion, and unless two-thirds ot the quallnel veters
of the State, voting on this question, shall be in
favor of a further debt, guarantee, endorsement
or loan of its credit, none such shall be created or
The ?renate bill to amend the act to regulate
the manner of keaplng and disbursing public
funds prescribes that tue State treasurer shall de?
posit one-half the deposits of all moneys which
shall come into his hands, on account of the
State, in the Carolina National Bank.
UNPAID INTEREST ON RAILROAD BONDS.
Thc bill for the protection of the Interests of the
State, wherever payment of Interest now due re?
matas unpaid on bonds issued by any railroad
company, and whereon the gun antee or the State,
ls endorsed, authorizes the attorney general, in
thirty days from the ttnal passage or me ace, to
bring suit in toe name of the State for the same,1
and to appear in behalf of other parties for the
purpose of protecting the interest of the State
therein, where the property embraced in tbe lien
or mortgage is ins..aident to cover the*principal
and interest of such guaranteed bonds, the de?
ficiency to become a debt of the State, to be fund?
ed In Bums not less than $100 each, at the option
of the holders, lu six per cent semi-annual bonds
of twenty yearn, and provides for the levying of
an additional annual tax suttlcient to pay the In?
terest upon the bjnds issued for such deficiency.
PLANTERS' MININO AND MANCFACTCRINO COM?
Tue corporators in this bill, upon which the^
committee report as expedieut to pass, aro John
Chadwick, J. G. Crane, E. W. Marshall, W. C.
Courtaey, Edwin Bates and E. J. Sterling, with a
capital of $250,000 In $10J shares, wita Hoe ny to
increase to $600,000, for the purpose of carrying
on manufacturing, mining or chemical business,
each shareholder co be individually liable under
certain limitations, as to time within which suit
shall be brought, and the act to continue lu force
for thirty years?
'^?HE PROTECTIC?: OF STATE FINANCES.
The bill to accomplish tats object provides for
laying before thc people af ill and complete his?
tory of the State nnauces, aad for tue receipt and
judicious expenditure of public moneys, and pro
pos s to appoint J. L. Orr, J. D. Geldings, J. J.
Wright, P.C. Childs, B. A. Bosemou aud-T. J.
Robertson a State board of financial examinera,?
hold office lor the term of four years, one-half to
be chosen every two years, to determine by lot, ai
the ti rsc session, for the long term. Tt gives the
board power to appoint a receiver, should at any
time it appear that the condition or affairs in the
treasury do not meet with approbation.
SALARY OF UNITED 8 TA T B 8 1
A High Compliment to Judge Bryan.
In-the United States Senate, on Thursday,
the legislative appropriation bt!l being under con ? .
si deration, a dubate arose upon a proposition or
Senator Boreman to strike out from the amend?
ment of the committee on appropriations that
clause which provides for the salaries of the dis?
trict judges at $5000 a year.
Senator Nye hope 1 it would not be done. Sena?
tor Bayard was thoroughly in favor of the amend?
ment, and would even have the salary increased
Senator Robertson, of South Carolina, sahl: I
nope the motion of the honorable senator from
West Virginia (B>reman) will not prevail. The
judge of me District of South Carolina has his
coin open from theist of January to the 31st of
December anno* consecutlvel. . He ls compelled
to hold his court at three different places in
South carolina-at Charleston, at Columbia and
at Greenville, the latter at a dtstance or two hun?
dred and seventy-five miles iroia lils home. He
held ffery district court and every circuit court,
1 think, in that State since ids appointment. He
does more business tuan the district Judges of
S?rth Carolina, Georgia and Upper Florida put to?
gether, and I might say that he does more busi?
ness la bankrupt ey alone than really some ot the
district Judges of ?he United States do alto?
gether, and his salary is but $3500 a year. J send
to the secretary, and ask him to read, a letter I
received a few days ago from some of the most
distinguished lawyer* or Charleston on the sub?
The chief clerk read as rollows:
CHARLESTON, S. C.. February 3,1871.
Dear Sir-We bog specially to bring to your
attention the propriety or tho increase or the
salary of Hon. George S. Bryan, district judge
of the United States for the District or Sont h
The duties incumbent n the position are very
great, abd can only be aroperly appreciated by
those who are familiar with them.
The judge ls compe\ea by law to hold four
terms or the District Court during eaeh year,
and three terms or the circnlt Court-'.he first
at Charleston, lu April; the second at Greenville,
In August, and the third at Columbia, tu Novem
Trie amount or business in these courts, always
large, has. or course, been much Increased by the
In addition to this, it Is necessary that the judge
should reside in the City or Charleston, where the
cost or living ls known to be great, because the
amount or'admiralty business which ls. to be
transacted here requires his attention almost con?
stantly whir- be ls not engaged In holding the
regular session or the Circuit and District Courts.
For the reasons given in the above short form,
we would be greatly pleased ir you would use
your efforts to have the salary increased to what
we think it should be, $5000 per annum.
We need only Fay, tn addition, that the bar of thc
State have the highest admiration for thc learn?
ing and courtesy or Judge Bryan, and would, we
are satisfied, be gratified if the effort which wo
now make, without any knowledge or solid: at lea
by him, ls successful.
We remain, with high respect, yours,
A. G. MAGRATH,
CHARLES H. SLJIONTON,
THOU AH Y. SIMONS.
S. LORO, Jr.,
M. P. O'CONNOR,
D. T. CORBIN,
United states Attorney,
J. N. NATHANS,
B. F. PERRY,
D. H CHAMBERLAIN.
HOD. Thomas J. Robertson, Un'.ed Mates Sena?
tor rrom South Carolina, Wasnl'.gton, i>. C.
Senator Howard opposed thr motion to 'trike
oat, aod Senator Conkllng supported lt. Aller a
long debate, the motion to sttike out was reject?
ed-ayei 28, noes 30.
WHIGS IS THE MINOBIIT?
The Prospects of tlte Nut Ional Democ?
[From the New York World or Monday.] i
General Grant was elected President in No-'
vember, 186S, by a majority ot 134 of the elec?
toral vote, and of 339,617 ol the popular vote.
Two years of bis administration nave been
sufficient to wipe out this great preponderance
and place him and bis party in the minority.
The following table of majorities includes all
the States which voted lor President in 1668,
and tells the story. The opposition rote em?
braces that ol the labor reformers, prohibition?
ists, and all parties opposed to the Republican
(so called) organization :
-MAJ. 1869-70_, .-MiJ. 1868 -,
States. Op'sition. Rad. seymour. Grant.
Alabama.. 1,771 . 3,221
California. 8,061 . 506
Connecticut... 843 . 2,936
Delaware. 2,476 .... 3,345
Georgia. 45,000 .... 44,608
Illinois. 20,880 .... 51,150
IndUaa. 2,668 . 0,672
Iowa. 42,480 .... 46,350
Kansas. 20,170 .... 16,408
Kentucky. 33,203 .... 70,323
Louisiana. 24,477 16,278
Maine. 0,600 .... 26,936
Maryland. 18,363 .... 31,914
Massachusetts. .... P.c-07 .... '77,276
i Michigan. 14,075 .... 30.761
Minnesota. 7,844 _ 16,383
! Missouri.41,083 .... . .... 24,962
Nebraska. 2,673 .... 4,256
Nevada. 1,062 . 1,202
N. Hampshire. 1,453 .... 7,647
New Jerssy. 3,423 2.834 ....
New York. 36.462 .... 10,000
North Carolina 4,221 . . :is,038
Ohio. 13,811 .... 41,193
Oregon. C3l _ 164 _
Pennsylvania.. 2,732 . 28,898
Rhode Uland. 4,108 _ 6,445
South Carolina .... 33,534 .... 17,679
Tennessee. 87 479 .... _ 30,448
Vermont. 21,305 .... 31.777
West Virginia. 2.123 - _ 8,719
Wisconsin. 9,026 .... 24,152
Total...233,515 237,141 184,526 i-24,143
Majority. 1.377 . 339.617
The .?tates of Mississippi, Virginia and Texas
were not permitted to vote ia 1868. Tho Tote
of Florida was cast by Its Legislature. The
vote of Arkansas in 1870 has never been de?
clared. Botb parties claim the Slate by ar
email majority. Even should a majority be
credited to the Radical column, the Asures
above show plainly enough that the heavy
Radical majority of 1868 of nearly three hun?
dred aod forty thousand is all gone, and this
loo In spite of the fact that in 1870 the Radical
party was reinforced by the whole negro Tole,
admitted to the ballot under the tlfteenth
amendment Some of the Radical majorities
In 1870 were fruuclnlent. The actual Radical
majority in South Carolina, according to the
statement of C. C. Bo wen, Radical member o?
Congress (which was published In the
Washington correspondence of the Tribune In
December last,) was not over eight thousand.
The majority claimed la Louisiana is also pre?
posterous. Ii a fair Tote could be had
throughout the Union to-day, the returns
would show a Democratic majority ou the
popular Tote of at least fifty thousand.
The following table exhibits the changes
made In the electoral rote of the States during
the past two years:
Dem. Rad. Seymour. Grant.
Alabama. 8 .. 8
Arkansas. .. .. .. 5
I Caiirorula.. 6 .. .. 6
Connecticut. 6 .. 6
Delaware. 3 3
Florida. 3 .. 3;
Georgia. 0 9 :..
Illinois. 16 .. 10
Inaiaua. 18 .. 13
Iowa. 8 .. 8
Kansas. 3 .. 3
Louisiana.... 7 7
Maine. 7 .. 7
Maryland. 7 7
Massachusetts. 12 .. 12
Michigan.^ 8 .. 8
Minnesota. '4 .. 4
Mbsourl.ll .. ll
Nebraska. 3 .. 3
Nevada. S . .. .. 3
New Hampgh'.re. 5 .. 6
New Jersey. 7 7
New York. 33 33
North Caroline. 9 .. <j
Ohio. SI .. 23
Oregon. 3 3
Pennsylvania. 26 .. 26
Rhode Island. 4 .. 4
Sooth Carolina. 6 .. o
Tennessee.10 .. io
Texas. 6 ...
Vermont. 5 .. 6
West Virginia. 5 .. 5
Wisconsin..*.. 8 .. 8
Total.172 140 SO 214
The Presidential election resulted in au.
electoral majority ior Grant of 134. The elec?
tions of 1869-70 show a Democratic majority
in the Electoral College of 32. The rote ol
Florida belongs properly to the Democrats, al?
though it is not claimed In the above column.
The apparent Radical majority in the State
was produced by the throwing out ol the re?
turns of several Democratic counties. Texas
could easily be swept by the Democrats to?
day, and New Jersey will undoubtedly get
back to her natural place In the Democratic
column in 1872.
Those tables show how grossly the people
are misrepresented in Congress. Il the seven?
teen States which were carried by the Demo?
cracy at the last election were represented in
the Senate by senators of the same political
faith, there would be thirty-lour D?mocrate in
that body, instead of ten as at present. If
Arkausas, Florida and Texas, which are really
Democratic States, were also justly represent?
ed, the Democrats would have an actual ma?
jority in the Senate.
Were the two political parties divided in the
House of Representatives-according to the
popular Tote, the opponents of the adminis?
tration would haTe 122 members, or a majority
of one. Thanks to gerrymandering ani the
bayonet, they haTe but seventy-two.
-A New Hampshire fl?h raiser is hatching
30,000 trouta week.
THE ENTRY MO PARIS.
THE ARMISTICE NOT TO BE PRO?
Indemnities for the Past and Guaran?
tees for the Future Demanded - Na?
poleon Receives a Warning -The
Prussian Government Snubs John
Ball-Preparations for thc Emperor's
En rr y into Parts.
LONDON, February 20.
The Times' telegram from the Versailles
Houiteur says thc prolongation of the armistice
would Injure the position of the Germans. Ger?
many is determined to continue the war if in?
demnity for the past and guarantees for the
future are not given. So food ls now allowed to
pass Versailles for Paris.
The Times' correspondent at Berlin telegraphs
mat the German terms of peace presented are in
an indefinite form and are lu the shape of an ulti?
The police of Paris are searching for arms in
Thiers, in accepting the chief executive powers
after alluding to the unfortunate position of
.7rar.ee, said: "Nevertheless,* terms would be
courageously discussed, and would only beac
oepted if consistent with the honor of France."
Thiers added that the task of the administration
la to pacify the country, restore its credit and re?
organize its labor. When this ls accomplished,
the-country Itself will decide its destl
Napoleon has been warned that he violates a
prisoner's privilege by issuing protests or procla?
. Nsw YORK, February 20.
' A Herald special says that the Prussian Govern?
ment has officially refused to receive Earl Gran?
ville's last noie urging Prussia to declare the
terms of peace and bring the war to a close.
Odo Bussell advises the government that peace
ls absolutely certain, but a revolutionary move*
ment in the South ls highly probable.
Peace 13 regarded as certain at headquarters at
Favre gives assurances that the Assembly will
concede every dojnand except: that of dismember
Thc Entry Into Paris-Tho Emperor's
LONDON, February 20.
A dispatch from Versailles says that tho Empe?
ror of Germany will lunch at the Ecole Militaire,
(at the end of the Champ de Mars.) on his entrance
into Paris, in consequence of fever having been re?
ported at the Tuileries. lt IB tue intention of the
Emperor to return to Berlin immediately after re?
viewing the troops in the Champ de Mars. The.
Crown Prince ls to receive a triumphal entry into
BEFORE THE SURRENDER.
Favre anti Bismarck-Their Negotia?
tions for the Armistice and Surrender
of Paris-Will the German Army Eil*
ter thc Capital ?
[Correspondence or the New York Tribune.]' 4
VERSAILLES, January 21.
Of course there is lillie else talked of here
but the probabilities of the success or failure of.
M. Jules Favre's mission. He returned to Paris
this afternoon at 3 o'oiock, it is believed, to offer
Count Bismarck and General Von Moline's condi?
tions to '.he Parisians. There ls, of course, a great
difficulty apprehended In obtaining tue consent
or the more ignorant classes among the Parisians
to a surrender. Count Bismarck, lt is saki, was
mach opposed to a plebiscltum being taken-na
baa a supreme contempt for both popular forms,
"Let the Governor of Paris and the remaining
members of tho Provisional government hand
over their tte facto power to me, aud we will take
good care that there ls no disturbance lu Paris; a
pl?biscitant ls mere waste or time."'
At the same lime. Count Bismarck asked M.
Jules Favre whether something could not oe done
as to settling terms or peace. The French minis
ter replied that, much as he dcslred.to bring about
a peace between Germany and France, he could
not take any steps in the matter, as he was not lu
communication with the other members of the
Provisional Government, lie had rall power to
treat, ror Paris, Gambetta and the other members
or the government having left him full authority
wheu they left for Toa?, but there bis power
stopped, ned anything further must bedonelar
concert with the members of the government ot
the National Derence af Bordeaux. This, or course,
is jost what the Imperial Chancellor does not
wanr, as he knows the power of Gambetta's fiery
eloquence, and that both in the council-room and
in ice streets the cry of tue Minister or the Inte?
rior would be, "My volco is sritl for war." to,
whK'b. lt is greatly to be feared, the Southon
Fi ance would respond favorably. So Count Bis?
marck-, with characteristic adroitness, asked Jules
Favre whether he could not treat ror peace pro?
visional y and on the express condition that any
protocol agreed to was to be ratified by a Constit?
uent Assembly. To this proposition 1 am luform
ed M. Jules Favre assented, and accordingly tue
capli ulai lon ot Paris and the conclusion or peace
are to be treated or together.
As to the capitulation, Jules Favre ls said td
have pleaded hard that there should be no entry
or thc German troops into Purls. Mont Valerien
and any forts which Count Moltke might uame
would be given over to be garrisoned by the
Prussian forces ; the troops in Paris would all lay.
down their arms-the line sad Gardes Mobiles as I
prisoners of war. the National Guards being sim-1
ply disarmed and allowed to go about their busi?
ness, as they are all Parisians of the commercial
classe-, and would probably not Avant to leave
their homes. The Ring is said to be anxious io
hold a review on the Champs de Mars, but not to
be Inclined to press the entry of the r russian
troops into Paris. Count Bismarck ls reported to
have agreed to the proposition with regard to thc
rons, on condition i hat the Parisians should un?
dertake to keep perrett order la Paris4 to preveut
any attempt at assassination or the German
troops, ali insults, public or private, to the Prue-.
8iau nag and uniform, and the payment of a
heavy amount of money a? a security ror future
good behavior by the city. He is also
said to have agreed to the proposition
as to the National Guards, ami to have
even offered to allow some thousands of the
Gardes Mobiles to retain 'heir weapons, iu
order that they might be n;ed to keep order lu
Paris. Your readers ore, of couse, aware that'
when Napoleon ni and M. Hanssman laid out
Paris anew, they took good care that the new
Boulevards, such as those or Magenta, Sebastopol
and the Prince Eugene, should be so arranged i
that the guns of the dlife eut forts conld complete- '
ly sweep them; and as the forts would, In the
hands of the Piusslans, put the whole or Paris
completely at the mercy of their occupiers, and as
other precautionary measures against bad faith
might easily be taken, it is by no means Improba?
ble i hat Paris may uever actually be occupied by
the German armies. The troops will probably be
satisfied wtth permission to go aud sec the town
they fought so hard to approach, and waited so
patieutly to en er, and their military pride will be
gratified by a review on the Champ de Mara, with
the Pont de Jena In sight. The Pari-daus are so
lond or anything or a spectacle, that I venture to
predict that, should such a review ever bo held,
they will flock tn see how "MM. de les barbares"
go through their racings.
As to ulterior conditions of peace, I believe
(though of course not speaking on authority) that
the terms offered were much che same as at Fer?
neres, except that 1 bear that the cession of
some colonies, such as saigon, was spoken off
Instead of half the fleet. That no ships will be
taken I have good authority for staling, as the
Germans have seen ror some time that it would
suit them much better to buy new ships, of a bet?
ter pattern in America and England, than to take
ships or France, many of which are hair rotten,
and ail or old and bad patterns. The line of
frontier mentioned would, lt ls ?aid, run through
Thlonville, Metz, Nancy, Eplnal ami Beirort. The
areal difficulty, lt ls anticipated, would bc about
Metz, as the French Minister would make a strong
push to have lt dismantled. To this proposition,
I do not believe Count Bismarck would ever con?
sent, as he himself told me, in August lost, when'
we were marching through Clermont-en-Argonnc,'
that the Germans must have Metz. Still l am
certain that there Is a strong disposition not to
push the French to despair.
"It 13 all very well," said an officer in the
guards to me, the other day. "I know we beat
tho French wherever we meet them, nu! the task
becomes more difficult every day, and the French
troops will Improve in quality. Beside-?, sup;.os
lng wc continue to beat the French, and march
down to the Pyrenees, how are we io get the
cost of the war paid ? We shall have conquered
the country, but we shall have "reduced lt to tht
coD'ijtlon of the South at the et-?st* <>f the civil
war in your country. Who ls to pay then ?"
Count Bismarck accompanied; Ju.es Favre nair
wav to the outposts and was markedly cour.eous
VERSAILLES, January 27.
lt is understood that the capitulation or Paris
will be made as glided apill for the inhabitants to
swallow asjs possible. No occupation la to be
stipulated for, but merely a triumphant march of
the besieging anny through the French capital.
Of course, this last clause ls hard for M. Jules
Favre to agree to, and harder still for the Paris?
ians to accept. But to be Impartial, lc is really
difficult to see how the Emperor and his advisers
could aBk for less; the army has surely earned the
right to march In triumph up the Boulevards by
its patient watch of four months and more over
Paris. The men have an ldea^probably as things
now stand, a sadly exaggerated (dea-of tue
beaoty and splendor of the capital they have in?
vested BO Bternly. To go bael? without having
marched into Paris would be, Indeed, for them to
have seen, but not entered, .the Promised Land.
lt is said that M. Jules Favre has made a point of
the non-entry of the Prussian troops into Parte.
But, doubtless, his opposition will be over?
come; for after all, the Parisians have to
drink their cup . of bitterness, and lt
can be of Utile matter whether they drink
lt to the dregs or not, Besides, the ever
r ady genius of Count Bismarck ls sala to
have devised a loophole or escape for Frenoh
pride. His Excellency ls said to hope to be able
to have the treaty of peace signed before the
gates of Paris are opened, and then there will be
no capitulation-nominally, at least (and the
Parisians are terrible slaves of formulai-and the
entry of the Prussian troops will be no more than
the passage of the forces of a friendly power. It
ls said that if Paris and the north of France can
be induced to accept the German terras, Count
Bismarck has promised to assist the Paris Gov?
ernment in quelling any attempt at prolonged re?
sistance lu the south, not only by means of liber?
ated and received prisoners, but also, ir necessary,
by the sturdy support of two. or three Prussian
corps d'ann?e. From all I bear from the north of
France, there is a universal wish for peace In that
part -of the country, combined with a hearty coin
tempt for republican government in general, and
M. Leon Gambetta lu parilcular.
There ls great rejoicing throughout the army at
the prospect or an early peace, bot I think even
those wno are most anxious to return to their
homes and families as soon as possible would be
grievously disappointed if they could bot enter
the tnwn'they have besieged so lone. Even Cari?
erai Moltke would Ond lt difficult to content the
croons with any conditions ot peace which did
not include an entry of the besieging anny Into
Paris. There ls a general migration io the iront
this afternoon, as there ls a good chance of seeing
Perls, and a certainty of not being shot during
the armistice. _
The Semi-Official Declaration Against
According to the Berlin correspondent of the
London Times, who writes to that paper under
date or January 26, the semi-official declaration
to bc made against intending mediators will be
based upon something like the following argu?
In the event of the German-French question
being mool ed at the Conference, Count Bern
Btorff has been instructed to leave the room.
It ls, however, scarcely to be anticipated that
he will need to do so. Of the powers represent
ed In London, Russia, from the.very outset, de?
clined to Intervene in favor of France, austria
assumed the most perfect neutrality in her
note of December last, and Englaud is sure to
perceive the Inexpediency of interceding at the
Sresent critical juncture. Germany il victorious,
ut she has suffered greatly; alie cannot afford
to part with the prize or a victory so dearly
bought. Nor ls tills a quarrel In which, right and
wrong being equally divided between the bel?
ligerents, as ls so rrequently the case, a third party
has a moral right to step in and to endeavor to
settle the matter by au equitable compromise.
Germany has been invaded for the ni ere fake of
gratifying the inordinate appetite of a reckless
and conceited populace. So natural appeared to
the French their supposed right to commit homi?
cide in a neighbor's country, that they did not
oven care to walt for a plausible pretext, but In?
vented a frlvt.'.-ms cause of warr, such as tne nine?
teenth century had not Been before. Again,
however much we may have been provoked, all
we ask for ls what is required to protect us from
. a repetition of the same affront. If we were ear?
ned away by passion we might avail ourselves
or the present opportunity to cripple and
dismember France; tbnt we will do nothing
or the kind, and are satisfied with se?
curing comparative immunity from future at
l neks. Europe has done nothing to prevent
France fi om undertaking this wicked campaign.
Nay, she bas not even declared against it in sol?
emn form, which might have done something to
word dei erring the offenders. Having evinced
such complete l adineren ce la thc introductory
piinses of the war, lt is not likely we shall permit
lier to constitute an Areopnagus to soteen the
guihy from punishment; for this, ami co other,
would bc tlie object of mediation In the present
stale or affairs. Europe shuddered, but left us in
the lurch, when the Turco crossed our frontier;
the Turco ls down, and we mean to bring his em?
ployers to book. The military strengtli displayed
by France In this prolonged campaign ls another
reason why we mus: insist upon recovering our
ancient and secure frontier. A large, populous
and martial country, France has hitherto enjoyed
ttfe advantage or being unassailable, except along
a small H tr: p of her eastern bo'ders. Her south?
ern frontier Is protected by the Pyrenees; ber
western and northern coasts are washed by the
sea, and the northeast is covered by the neutral
Kingdom of Belgium and the adjoining Principali?
ty of Luxembourg. The east, which is alone open
to attack, has the strongest natu: al defences a
country can wish io possess. The Rhine.the Vosges
and the Moselle, are so many tactical lines or the
highest Importance. To render them still more
formidable, a whole wall of fortresses Is erected
at their back; aaa wheo all these obstacles are
overcome, Purls, the largest fortress lu the world,
and which, with a little more foresight, might
have been provisioned for a year instead or four
or Uve mourns, il eli es every comer. Taking all
this together, wc arrive ut thc conclusion that to
vanquish France on her own soil will, under the
most favorable circumstances, always require a
great effort, even on the part of United Germany.
But no attack or so rich and ambitious a race as
thc French can be effectually warded off unless
the war ts transferred to their own soil. To de?
fend our frontiers without following the French
Into their own country would be merely to give
them time to collect a fresh army and renew the
attack. Such being the case, we cannot but
abide by our demand or a safe frontier. That the
territory we ask for is ancient German soil, and
and was taken from us at a period when our In?
ternal divisions prevented resistance, cannot but
confirm our resolve to settle accounts with our
unruly neighbor. Alsace and Lorraine recovered,
we shall be In a position to repulse future in?
vasions without the fearful expenditure or blood
and treasure to which we navo been subjected In
I thc present instance.
Envnesl Appeals for Aid-Thc Clergy
Requested to Co-operate. '
The French relief committee of the New
York Chamber of Commerce make the following
To the Clergy of the Country-it is proposed
that a simultaneous collection be taken up an the
second Sunday in March in all the churches In
the country for the relier of starving France. It
is not sympathy with her cause, but sympathy
with her distress, that animate* this appeal.
Eight mililous of people at least are sufferlug In
wluter for want of food, clothing and fuel.
Neighboring nations-Belgium, Holland anti
Switzerland-are making most generous efforts
to relieve this distress. Will America allow dis?
tance to stine the cry of famine in her car ? We
know Its existence, and must hear Its moan.
As Christians let us show ourselves prompt tb
recognize the claims of common humanity in this
hunger-bitten, naked, houseless, homeless people,
ic ix considered important that the collection
should be a simultaneous one. Let all churches,
on the second Sunday In March, bc engaged In
one good work. A common prayer for mercy on
the famine-stricken will go up to God, and a com?
mon feeling of sympathy and common act of
helpfulness will unite all churches and thnll
heaven and earth.
We appeal to pastors of churches to make this
request from the merchants of New York effectual
by ihelr personal zeal in the work, contributions
caa be forwarded to Charles Lanier, No. 27 Pine
street, New York.
Charles H. Marshall, chairman of the commit?
tee; Charles Lanier, treasurer; Anson Phillips
Stokes, secretary or the Chamber or Commerce;
Henry W. Bellows, D. JJ.
AN APPEAL TO THE FARMERS.
NEW YORK, February 16.
To the Farmers of the Country-One-third or
France has ueen devastated by war, and not only
Its harvest, but its seed wneat consumed. The
committee of thc Chamber or Commerce pur?
poses to send out as mauy cargoes or Bead wheat
to France, to be carefully distributed among the
small farmers, as American farmers win supply.
Wu will liutl vessels if you will lind the wheat.
Th ree receiving stores are open, at No. 64 Pt arl.
No. 3S Water, and No. 32 Moore streets, and ar?
rangements have been made for storage, lighter
age and load mg free of charge. Caunol tue noble
farmers, who have Ave or ten busuofTOf wheat
to spare, get together and load a cir from their
own town, ana send lt to Sew York free lt
Railroad transportation has already b?en offer?
ed ns by Borne companies, and we will pay the
freight on any amount over one hundred bus i els
In any one coosigumeut. The cad is urgent;
time is short. To be u.serul this wheat must be
in France by April 15. Lit there he the utmost
dispatch in your generous gifts or seed wheat to
starving France. Signed as before.
LOADING OF THE WORCESTER AT BOSTON NATT. .
BOSTON, February 17.
The work of loading the Worcester at the wharf
in the navy-jard ia progressing rapidly. The par*
chases thoa rar made by Anery Plummer, chair?
man or the purchasing committee, include 8000
barrels of extra flour, soo barrels or Western
packed mess beer, loo shoulders, loo barrels or
heans, loo barrels or peas, and 500 barrels or pilot
bread. . _
WHAT CONGRESS IB DOING.
Reception of Che Irish Patriots - The
Cotton Tax Question.
WASHINGTON, February 20.
A long discussion took place to-day upon
the northwestern boundary question, when a
commission to determine lt passed, 122 to 72. The
McGarraban case was resumed and discussed all
day, and anally resulted In the adoption of the
minority report favoring McGarraban as against
the New Idria Company.
Conkllng, from the Judiciary committee, re?
ported ntvorably on the bill which has passed the
House to preserve the purity of elections, other*
wise known as supplemental to the act ror the en?
forcement of the Fifteenth amendment. He gave
notice that be would press lt upon the Senate for
early action. The committee on education asked '
to be discharged from the further consideration
of a resolution of the Mississippi Legislature, pre?
sented by Mr. Bevels, for a printing house and an
Institution for the blind. The committee con?
clude that the whole thing ls very much In the
nature ol a swindle. 1 he Congressional and legis?
la' ive appropriations passed.
GEN EBAL NEWS.
The Irisa exiles arrived, receiving great atten?
tion. The departments were Cosed at twelve.
: In the case of Farmington rs. Sanders, from
Tennessee, involving the constitutionality of the
cotton tax, the court below affirmed its constitu?
tionality. Justice Nelson, In the Supreme Court
today, announced the affirmance ot that judg?
ment by a divided court.
THE SAN DOMINGO JOB.
A Rose-Colored Report.
SAN DOMINGO CITY, February 3.
The commission arrived here from Saraann
Bay yesterday. Every one connected with the
party ls In excellent health. A want of coaling
facilities detained the ship six days at Sumana
The commission found that thc inhabitants of
that peninsula were generally In favor of annex?
A full Investigation made Into the ownership of
the land around the harbor showed that no United
States offlcial ls involed in any private transac?
tions there whatsoever. Faoeus and his asso?
ciates and O'Sullivan have a perpetual lease, at a
nominal price, ot nearly all the available water
front for large vessels around the harbor of Sa?
man a. There are no valuable minerals In that
section. The commission ' landed here this morn?
ing, and were formally received by Baez. Mr.
Wade explained the character or the commission
and its object.
Baez said that peace aud astable government
would follow a union with the United States. The
people were all anxious for a onion. Cabrai had
no Dominicans with him. The commanders of
the force he was supposed to command were Hay?
tons, and Haytl was the real mover in the whole
matter. He had information that an incursion
was to be made while the commissioners was
here to influence them, and from his agent had
learned the whole movement. He expressed the
hope 'that the commissioners would examine all
classes, and promised to extend every facility.
Five of the party came across the island rrom Bo?
mana to this place. The commission lind no ap?
pearance ot public disturbances or dissensions.
The season ls very healthy. The officers and
srews of the United States steamers Tennessee.
Nantucket and Yantlc, now In this harbor, are all
well. The commission will be here a week lon?
ger, and will probably visit Azua next week.
Stories of trouble there are untrue. The commis?
sion Intend to start home In about four weeks.
Baez agreed to give ? safe conduct to Cabra! or
any of his officers to come here and meet the com
mission, and messengers will be dispatched at
THE CLERK OF TBE WEATHER.
WASHINGTON, February 20.
The following is a synopsis for the past
twenty-four hours: It is now 7:35 P. M. The
barometric pressure has diminished In the South,
ern and Gulf States since this morning. It has
remained nearly stationery on the Lak?i. A de?
cided diminution has appeared unannounced In
Missouri, accompanied with a rapid rise in ?he
thermometer, which ls felt as far east as cincin?
The barometer ia Missouri is about 1-U or an
inch lower than on Ene and on the Gulf. Fresh
north and west winds are prevailing in the north,
and southeily winds In the som h. The probabili?
ties are that the low pressure w ll make Itself reit
decidedly to-morrow, with northerly winds and
clouds on the Gulf.
THE DEATH OF GENERAL MA?
GALVESTON, February 20.
The illness of General Magruder was not
considered dangerous until within two days of
his death. About 8 o'clock, on Friday night, he
became delirious, and expired near 3 o'clock,
next morning. His funeral was largely attended,
and took place at the Episcopal Church, where
the usual burial services were read by the minis?
ter. The body was then escorted to the Episco?
pal cemetery, and there Inferred. The last words
of the General were spbken on the day previous
to his dea'h, when, In reply to a question, he
sahl, "Idon't thiaki am long ror this world."
There was no display about his funeral obsequies.
S ABE TT OF THE TENNESSEE.
WASHINGTON, February 20.*
The safety of the Tennessee is fully con?
QUABANTISS, NSW YORE. )
February 20-7:50 A. M. J
The steamship America, from Rio Janeiro via
St. Thomas, has just arrived, and brings news of
the safe arrival of fie. Tennessee at San Domingo.
THE IRON CHAIN.
RICHMOND, February 20.
Io-aay the House, after a long fight and
much filibustering, which lasted until after night,
passed the bill incorporating the Washington and
I Richmond Railway Company, (thus giving the
j Pennsylvania Central Railroad Company a con
I nectlon with Southern roads) by a vote of sixty
8FARKS FROM THE WIRES.
Mexican advices to the 12th state that a
Prussian corvette has captured five rich prizes In
The Arkansas House has adopted a resolution
Impeaching Chief Justice Maclure.
Governor Aiken, of South Carolina, has been
appointed a Weat Point visitor.
Captain Grindle, of the ship Old Colony, has
been arrested at New York for cruel treatment of
his men, and held to ball in the sam of $10,000.
Commodore Peter Turner died at Philadelphia
The jury in the case of Graves and Boston,
charged with hanging a boy at Memphis, Teno.,
returned a verdict of murder la the first degree,
with a recommendation to mercy.
Thomas Mason and Thomas Bracken were fatal?
ly stabbed at New Orleans yesterday.
The Cotton Exchange wa9 opened at New Or?
Aa Appropriation of Twenty Thousand
?.8PSCUL TKLSGRAJt TO TEX NUTS.]
WASHINGTON, February 20.
The committees on-commerce and appropria?
tions bave agreed to recommend an appropria?
tion of twenty thousand dollars for the Improve?
ment of Charleston harbor. ?LX RIME.
COTTON TESS ELS ARRIVED O VT.
Lrmcfooi, February *>.
Arrived, Jenny Prince. Savannah ; Alhambra.
New Orleans; J. B. Barris, Qa! ves ten;
GRANT AND TH? LATTRENS TROU?
BLES. '"' "
A ni ia lon of Represent atlritg of Laurens
County to Washington and what
Came of lt-Their Reception by the
President-Encouraging Pro.pects for
[From the Laurensvllle Herald.;
This community is naturally curious to Know
what has been accomplished by our recent mis*
sion to Washington. From what we have gather?
ed from the gentlemen sent, we regard their visit
to this "Heart or the Nation" as well-timed, and
promising Important results, both now and in the
In the first place, they were fortunate In secar*
lugan uninterrupted Interview with the Presi?
dent, of an hour or more, in which: he' accorded
them a patient hearing to a long written docu?
ment prepared by the chairman, Colonel W. O.
Simpson. In this paper mere was a review of all
the exciting causes, tne many aggravations and
the incendiary schemes and harangues, which
prepared the way for the unfortunate occureuces
of tue 20th of October last. This was followed by
a truthful statement of all the facts or that airalr,
as well as the subsequent developments to the
present time. With this paper was flied the pre?
sentments of the the grand Juries of Laurens and
Richland Counties on the same subject, and the
famous, or rather in ramous "Waterloo speech" of
Joe Crews, with the signatures attached. After
some verbal Inquiries and explanations, the
President received these papers, and promised to
lay them before the investigating committee of
the Senate. In this, the main object ot their mis?
sion, the committee felt gratified at their suc
In the next place, they were brought into free
communication with Senator Bayard, the Demo?
cratic member of the Senate's committee on
"Southern outrages." His opinion was that the
raising of that committee was a mere party move,
aimed more particularly at North Carolina and
Georgia, to force them back to the Republican
track. He said they were engaged with North
Carolina at that time, and would probably devote
the balance of the .session to that State. He
thought that any effort to press upon their atten?
tion any matter connected with, eur State would.
Just then, be Impolitic and Ill-timed. He promised
to give our committee due notice when the proper
time should arrive, so that the right class of wit?
nesses might be summoned, and tne truth elicited.
He, with many others, commended tbe manly
spirit of our people in thus sending on to seek an
investigation, rather than wait to be summoned
as criminals, to account for ''outragea" And we
all know that this mission was not Bent m the in?
terest of any olass or party, but that it was the
spontaneous effort on the part of all good citi?
zens to vindicate our noble old State from the vile
and malignant asperstonsof the traitors and for?
eigners m oar midst.
Besides these mala results, the committee mei
with many encouragements, and imparted much
needed informationin their private and familiar
intercourse with those in position, a detail ol
whl-;h would, of course, be improper lu a news?
paper account. Their chief eacouiagement was
the assurance from those who ought to know,
that nothing caa be more certala lu the future
than the success of the great Democratic party In
(Eloping ano fnraisrjirig ?ocos.
TO REDUCE . BTOOK, WE ' OFFER THE
BALANCE OF OUR
GREATLY REDUCED PRICES.
BEATER OVER SACKS, $38 and $10, to $35
BEATER OTER SACKS, $35, to $28
BEATER OTER SACKS, $30 and $32, to $25
BEATER AND MELTON OTER SACKS, $25 and
$28, to $20
BEATERAND MELTON OTER SACKS, $18 and
$22, to $15
BEATER AND MELTON^ OTER SACKS, $14 and
UNION BEATER OTER SACKS, $10, to $7
UNION BEATER OTER SACKS, $7, to $5
BEATER, KING WILLIAM, $28, to $20
BEATER, KING WILLIAM, $20, to $15
CHINCHILLA D. B. SACKS, $25, to $20
CHINCHILLA D. B. SACKS, $16, to $12
CHINCHILLA D. B. SACKS, $12, to $10'
CHINCHILLA D. B. SACKS, $10, to $8.
WE HATE IN STOCK,
Hi FTJLL LINE OF GOODS,
FOB AIGNS' WEIR.
J. H. LAWTON & GO.,
ACADEMY OF MUSIC BUILDING.
pOGAJRTJE'S BOOK DEPOSITORY.
? NEW CATALOGUE No. 4.
I RELIGIO CS AND DLVOTTONAL BOOKS.
j : COUNSELS ON HOLINESS OF LD?3, translated
from tTae Spanish of Lob D. Granada, wita s Lifo
Of the Author, edited by Rev. Orby stripier, M. A.,
|2 50; The Bidden Lire la the soul, from the,
French-"Oar life is Hid with Christ in God.?
$2 60; Sickness, Irs' Trials and Blessings, $160;
! Oharaetertsrics or Christ's . Teachings. Draw?
rrom the Sermon on the Mount, bs.C. j. Vaughan, "
D. D, $l 50; Bearing the Cross, or The Divine
Master, with niostratlons, 76 cen ta; The Divine
Pilot, with Illustrations, 7? cents; Sunshine and .
Starlight, w cents; Aid to Those That Pray, m
Private, 60 cents; The Treasury of Devotion, a
Man nal or Prayer ror General aDd Daily Use, Ber.
T. T. carter, fl ; Morning Motea ot Praise Medita?
tiona opon the Psalms, by Lady Pepys, $l 25- The
Soul's inquiries Answered In the Words of Scrip,
tore, by G. w. Koos. Il coats: the same, tnt?V ?
leaved wittrdtary. tl 26; Bright Rays and Bavrrvi.
lng Showers, by Rev. James Smith, 75 cento; also,,
by the same author, The Pleading Saviour. Tl
cents; Daily Bible Reading*, 75 eenrs; Green Pas?
tures, GO cent?; StUl Water?, so cents: Food ror
the Soul, M cents; The Believers Triumph, .75
cents: Our Church and Her services, by Bisnotf
Oxeuaenj paper, ?0 cents; Why 1 Am a' Cnnrcn- S
maa, hythe Rev. George W. Randal,D. D., til;
A Methodist in Search of the Church, 60 cenwt;
SUfldaj Echoes In Week Day Hours, a Tale Hies
trative of the Church Catechism, a oompaalt*:
volume to "A Tale Illustrative of fae Collecta,?f
$1M; The Church Idea, an Essay Towards flmg
by Rev. W. R. Huntington, $1; Defence of Church
Principies, by several Clergymen at Ipswich and?*
Norwich, 1853 i, 80 cents; The Eucharistic Weed*
by Rev. E. A. Hoffman, 60 cents. New Sand ay
School Books: The Exiles of Lucerna, by McDnff; -
76 cents; A Seqael to "Peep of Day," 60 centn?*
Rath and Amit Alice, by Mrs. Bulfinch, $1 26
Ned, Neille and Amy, by Mrs. Seymour, $1 25' The
Victory of the Vanquished, a Story of the First
Century, by the author, of the "Schonberg-Cott*
Family, " $116 ; ShBoh, or Without and Within, by
W. M. D. Jay. $2; By The Sea, by the author of
"Alice Tracy." 1176. The Children's Hour Serlsd?,
vis: Jessie Oglethorpe, or a Dan tater's Devotion:
Horace Hazlewood; Archie Mason; Tau! .ana
Marie; The Orphans or Auvergne; Miss Matty, or_
Our Youngest Passenger; Found Afloat-each
THfc HEROES OF ASGARD, Tales rrom Scandl-.
navlan Mythology; by A. and E. * Keary, with Il?
lustrations, fl 60; When I Was a Li'Ale Girl, by
the author or "St. Olaver." $160; Stories About,
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continuation of "Advice to a Mother," by Oha
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Other Worlds Than Ours, second edition, $2 60; -
Huxley's Lay Sermons, Addresses and Review's,.
ti 76: Tain's italy, Rome and Naples, Florence? .
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indices, two volumes m one, f2 60; Da Chauler'?.
My A ningi Kingdom, numerous HlnstraUonB,
fl 76; Fronde's short Studies on Great Subjects,
tl 76; The Child's Bible, with New and Original
Illostrattons, a Continued Narrative in the words ,
or the Bible-No. 36 completes the Old and New
Testament, price per number 25 cents.
HST Persons residing In the country will please
bear In mind that by send lng their orders to na
for any books published la America, they will be
charged only the price of the book. We pay for
the postage or express. >
FOGABTTE'S BOOK DEPOSITORY,
No. 280 KING STREET (in the Bend,)
feblitntha_ Chartaston, 8. 0.
EUSSE LL' S LIST
o? . ..
ILLUSTRATED - HOLIDAY GIFT BOOKS.
FLOWERS FROM THE UPPER ALPS, with ;
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Ascents; Great Hnntc The vol?mes may be pur?
chased separately at fl 60. .
Etchings by John Leech, containing Ulustra
rlons or "Jack Brag." "Christopher Tadpole" and
"Hector o'Halloran," one vol., rollo. f3.
M?nchhausen-Adventures da Baron de Munch
hansen. Traduction nouvelle par Gautier IDs.
Illustr?es par Gustave Dore
Also, a large and choice collection or the newest.
Juvenile and Toy Books. declf
OLD CAROLINA BITTERS,
FOE SALE BT
E. E BEDFORD, King street,
C. D. AHSENS ? GO., King street?
B. FELDMANN & CO., King street,
And by Druggists and Grocers everywhere
"TOENZINE, DOUBLE DISTILLED,
FOR CLEANING CLOTHES.
For sale wholesale and. retail by
Dr. H. BAER,
No. 131 Meeting street.