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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1578.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 12, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
MORE TROUBLE EOR FRANCE
-i CIVIL WAR BET WEEK THE FAC?
TIOUS CONSID ERED IMMINENT.
Tlie Victorian? Germa ns Homeward
Bonnet - Ala rm i ns Reports of Dlsor
L tiers In Paris-Tuc Reds Defiant To.
wards the Government-Policy of the
Xapoteoniste-The Ultimate Triumph
of the OrleanlUs Predicted.
NEW YORK, March 61 j
The World's special from Versailles, dated
to day, says : "Numerous contentions held at
Bord?aux and Versailles wUhdeput'es to the Na?
tional Assembly, including Grevy, Oamber.a and
Favre, compel the belief tba? civil war will soon
occur, ending In the restoration of the Orle?nlat
rule. Extensive emigration from the ceded ter?
ritory will occur. Lauge bodies wiil come to
VER3AILLE3, March 5.
The second army has commenoed the homer
LONDON, March 5.
The Xapoleeoists deny the alleged intrigues.
The Emperor will wait the decision or the people.
LONDON, March c.
The limes' Versailles, special says the prescribed
limits io France are being rapidly evacuated by
the Germans. The movements ase conducted
quietly and orderly. Mon: Valerien and all other
foruteround Paris wjli be evacuated on the 7th,
Rouen on the 12th, and thc ?eft bani: or the Seine
on the 19th. Forty thousand troops from the
provinces are new marching into Paris. The re
^ spective starf3 have arranged that tho incoming
French and the outgoing Germans shall move by
different routes to avoid the chauce of a collision'.
Napoleon is hourly expected in England.
Victor Emanuel, writing to the .Emperor Wil?
helm, expresses surprise and indignation over
the hard terms Imposed upon France. The Ger?
mans allow trains bearing Freuen troop3to eater
Pa-la. The Frene!? prisoners heretofore held by
Germany and neutral powers arfl returning to
BORDEAUX, March 5.
ricard has arrived. The transfer of the As?
sembly to Fontainbleau is probable. Several
members of the Radical Left have gone to Pari*.
Disquieting rumors are current regarding the
state of Pans. A council of ministers was held
at 5 o'clock, this morning. Private telegrams
hence to the Department of the Seine are forbid?
den. ." .
PAT.:?, March 5? >
The reports of disorders are" false. Quiet pie
vails. The negotiations for ad ?Qnite treaty com?
mence at Brussels the loth jot March. The gov-' '
ernment is. ready with five hundred million fran
to free the vicinity of Paris from the Germans.
Regiments of the Ute will quiet Paris. Forty^,
thousand ploted men will form a provisional
Nsw YORK, March &
A Special dispatch from Paris to the Tele^am
to day states that tire etty ls in great exciteu t
consequent oa the determined action of th#Revo-|
lutioobt party. The Revolutionists have er?r|nch
ed themselves at Mont Martre with a battery of
guns, and the government has brought up troops
or the Hoe to resist any attack the Revolutionists
may make on the c ry. Reports 6f the organiza?
tion or the Revolutionists are very much exagge?
rated ; but the raot that there is an organization
of a very formidable ?hrractcr is too obvious to
be denied. v
THE TREATY OF FE AC E.
The following is a r?sum? of the text of the
preliminary articles of peace, signed by MM.
Thiers and Favre on the part of France, and Bis?
marck, Bray, W?chter and Jolly on the part of
THE CESSION OF TERRITORY.
ARTICLE 1 provides that France renounces all
right to the terrttorlw Damed as follows: Tho
line of demarcation between France anti Ger?
many, as at first proposed, is retained,'with one
excepuou. lt commences in the nonhwestern
frontier, at the canton or Cattenom, in the De?
partment of the Moselle, runs thence to Ttliou
ville, llrley and G r/e; skirts the southwestern
and southern bcur daries of the arrondissement
of Metz, thence pro- Md* In a direct line to Coate: <
eau'Salino, and at 1'ettonooait. tn that arrondis-"
s?ment, turns and follows tho crest or the moun?
tain.s between the-valleys of the Rivers se il le and I
Vtzonze, in the Department or Meurt he, to the ]
canton of Schirm ck, in the northwestern corner
of the Department or the Vogues; theare* it roas 1
to Saales, dividing that commune, and after thut 1
coincides with the western frontiers of the Upper ;
and Lower RhlBe Departments until lt readies .
the canton of Belfort: thence it passes diagonally '
to Ute canton or Delle, and there terminates bv I
reaching toeSwiss frontier.
An alteration made at the last moment in these
boundaries gives BelXort to France and eedes ad- (
dltlona' territory around Metz to Germany. t
Thrselines are to make the-bound ary-of tile ?<
territory which the German empire shall possess.
-forever. A high commission ls to be formed,
composed of representativas of both nations, to I
regulate,the frontier. The rollowing modtflca :
tlons nre, however, allowed: In tue depart
ment of Moselle the villages of Marie aux ebenes '
and of Vionville are to belong to the Germans, <
and In the department of Baut Rhin the cit v and ,
fortress of Beifurt are to romain In possession of
the-French. . . <
THE WAR IKDBMNrrV. *
ART.- 2. lt ls agreed in this article that France
shell pay to Germany ave milliards of francB as a <
wai- indemnity-one milliard, at least, lo 1871, .
aud toe rest lathe soace of three years from thc
ratification of the treaty ol peace.
THE EVACUATION'OF FRANCK. 1
ARTICLE 8 provides, that'the evacuation of 1
France by the ?*nnau forces snail commence on :
the ratification of the treaty by the National As- ?
seraoly. The German troops wtir then Immedl- '
ately quit Par?and- -he ten bank of the Stine, 1
and Rho the Departments of-C.'ier. Inure- et Loire i
and Seme Interieure. The French troops will re- ?
maia behiud the Loire till the signature ora de?
finitive treaty or peace, excepting m Paris, where
the garrison is net to exceed 40.000 men. The I
Germans are to evacuate the ruht bank of tue j
Seine gradually af?er the ?l/oKtrjrr-of a definitive
trew of peace, and 'the payment of huir a roil-i
lion of Tranes. Arter the payment of two mil?
liard?, the Germans are to huh) only the Depart- ,
men's of Marne, Ardennes, Meuse, Vosges and
Meurt he, and the foTtres-; -or Belfort. After the
pajmeit Q; ihree millards, the Germans are to :
Keep only 50.000 troops in France, bot. ir sufficient ,
money guarantees are given, the Germans will
evacuate the country complete y at once; other- ?
wise the three milliards wal carey in tere-1 at the -!
rate of fire percent, per annum from the-railflca
'tion or tjhe treaty to final payment.
THE INHABITANT? OF THK CEDED TERRITORY.
Awr. 4. The'German troops- are to make no lur
tliertrequlsltions, bm the Ftencu Government will
find food lor the-army of u3r.-uph.tibD. In the
ceded departments favorable arrangements will
be made wah the Inhabitants and lime will be'
given them to move out if they please.. No obstar'
c!e will be placed ia the way of th-ir emigration.
PRISONERS OF WAK TO BE KELEA5?D.
ART. 6. lt 13 provided In this arik-le that all
prisoners of war shall be libera* ed Immediately ?
arter the ratification or the treaty. The French
railways ere to lead carnages and ens ines to the :
Germans at the sam; price as they charge the
FINAL SIGNISO OF THE TREATV. .
ART. 7. Immediately on the ratification or :he
treaty, it will be definitely signed at Brussels.
MANAGEMENT.QF THE OCCUPIED DEPARTMENTS.
ART 8. In this it ls agreed that tlie manage?
ment or .all the occupied departments shall be i
handed over to Freuen om rials, subject, how
ever, to trie German commanders, in the interest i
of the German tromps.
OTHER MATTERS. ' 1
ART. 9. Itu Well understood that the Germans
have no authority over tlie. departments not occu?
pied bv them.
ART. io. These presents are to bc submitted
and done by the 2oth of February.
THE AGREEMENT FOR THE OCCUPATION OF PARIS.
The subsequent convention provides as follows:
Article i prolongs the armistice to the 12th or
Articles provides for the ocnpatlon of Paris
by 30,000 German*, add agrees to the separation
or the French and German trbops.
Article 8 agrees that no more requisitions"shall
be made by the German tr-upa. If any"are made
the mistake will oe rectified.
The treaty winds np with the usual words.
"Done at Versailles, thjs 26ch of February, 1871."
James Flak, Jr., has given twenty thousand
doUarsbalito answer the s-uit or Go-h.m Gray,
for an unfulfilled cotton contract in 18?.
THE NATION AZ OAT ITAL.
?WASHINGTON, March e.
Among tba bills which passed ia the Senate,
but failed in the House, vas one relieving some
six thousand Southerners ci politloal disabili?
Congress appropriated shout one hundred and
Over four millions has been subscribed to the1
The President has recogulzed Denis Donohue
a? consul for Great Bril ain for New Orleans and
the district comprising T.enisiaaa, Miss ssippi and
Arkansas, to reside at New Orleans, and H. T. A.
Rama's Tor Maryland, Tennessee, virginia, tv est
Virginia, Kentucky and Missouri, to reside at
The Supreme_Court, in the case of Virginia vs.
""Vest Virginia, involving the jurisdiction over. Jef?
ferson and Berkley Counties, l?as decided in"favor
of West Virginia.
In the case of McTelgltt, a confiscation ca?e,
wherein the couit excluded the defence, be?
cause the defendant was within the rebel lilies,
the court held that the liability to ?ult involves the
right to deiend. This decision, was unanimous.
Ttie>!awyer* think the decision will open'all cases
whereto the d?tendants, by reason of 'war, are
beyond the reach ol processes.
The following array movements will take place:
.The regiments on duty on the frontier will te
moved to the department of the South, redezvous
Jog at Louis- Mle. The seventh cavalry has also
been transferred to the department of the South.
The sixth cavalry is transferred from Texas to
Missouri. Charleston is made the headquarters
ror thc third artillery.
Ajnong the appropriations are $175,000 for
courthouse and postofllce buildings. ?
It ls understood that the President opposes the
proposed early adjournment. He wants the San
Domingo question settled.
E. G. Ralniord will be appointed assessor of the
Second Georgi 1 District. Henry Glover will be'
appointer! collector of the Second Gear?ia Dis?
trict, vice Morzell, who will resign April first, to
take the treasurership.of the Western and Atlan
XU I if O S IN NEW y O UK.
Tire Coal Sensation-Tlie German Feel?
ing-The Charleston Ne WK in New
York-The Western Bishops-John
Brougham's New Comedy.
_ . .
[FBOM OOR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
NEW YOBX, March 3. .
The weather ls mild and muggy, suggestive
of London, rather than New York. Dense fogs
are frequent. The snow and Ice in the streets
have melted into maddy slash, and the 'walking
ls wretched. Our etty cars and omnibuses ?re
,all over-crowded, and ?Me annoyance to those
woo have to travel much through the city ls very"
gre^. The mildness of the weather is a fortunate
circumstance for those who are Battering from the
coal famine, tr any-such there really be. The aver?
age retail price of coal to-day ls $13, which ls
high enough lo all conscience, and more than the
poor can afford to pay. At the same time,
the recent excitement about thc coal fam?
ine was greatly exaggerated by the local
papers. There ls no such scarcity of coal as
was alleged. I have yet to hear of any diffi?
culty In procuring fufil. No special economy U
observed In private houses, at least, and there
does not seem to be any probability of coal going
up to $20 a.ton, es was freely predicted by tue
From several of the German club houses In the
city the German flag ha? been flying for the past
few days in honor of the Germau triumph at
Paris. Quite a scene took p!ac* in the Chamber
of Commerce yesterday, where a German mer?
chant resident here introduced a resolution con?
gratulatory to the German arms. Several mem?
bers rose excitedly to their feet and protested
against thc Introduction of such a resolution.
The sympathizers with the French appeared to he
in the majority-any way, tfteobnoxlous resolution
waa referred to some committee or other, which
ls tantamount, to committing it lo thc tomb of
The recent article in TOE CHARLESTON NEWS
entitled "The, Troth about -Charleston" lias at?
tracted considerable ' attention among thc mer
:hants I. ere who are in the Southern trade, ?nd
las been reproduced in one or more of bur city
)apers. lt certainly explains aw?y certain peca
larltfes of Charleston which were'not hitherto in
elligently comprehended by tourists who madp^
lurried visits to the city, and rormedTir.9ty lm-*
iresslons from what they saw. * . ;
Wendell Phillips ls to lecture here next week
>n tht "Topics pr the Day."' His lecture ls one of
no cours? or tue Mercantile Library Asso?
rt tien, who will give the entire receipts to
ho French Benevolent Fand. Lecturers draw,
rat limited audiences in New York, as a general
thing: and Wendell Phillips 1B po exception to the
ru'e. George William Curtis lectured here the
sifter night, bot only a very limited circle knew
jr ci>red anything about it. Female lecturers
renerally do better than those or the Eterner tex.
Inna Dickinson ls the surest card.
' Bishop Armitage, of Wisconsin, ls now In the
?ltjt trying to Interest Episcopalians lu Hie Kern
?er Hall, at Kenosha, Wisconsin. This is a school
Tor girls; and lt ls now proposed to raise ?io?.coo
.'or this institution, so as to make it a permanent
memorial to the late Bishop Kemper, whose
name ls held ia esteem "ID all the churches."
rh 3 school ls Intended to educate women freely
is teachers, and especially to educate the daiight
irs of clergy m en-Who ?re unable to' pay for thtirj
instruction. Bishop Kemper was known here
setter, than any ol the Western bishops, and
?here is.no doubt that a large sum will be raised
in Se w Tort? ror this object.
John Brougham, an old favorite.in New York,
had quite au ovation at W?llack's Theatre last
night, where hl3 play or "Romance anti Realiiy"
?ras produced for the first time for flveyearB.
Brougham knows how to wri'e.- a clever and
spark.lng comedy, aad In rollicking lr:sh parts
ls without a rival, ne took a part In his comedy
last night, and was received throughout with the
mos: coi dial applause. TKOTATOR.
TBE STATE OF .UK WEATHER.
WASHINGTON, March 6.
The following, is a synopsis for the past
twenty four hoars : The weather has continued
fair and clear, with falling barometer in the
South Atlantic States. A rapid diminution of
pressure on Lake Erie culminated this morning
in a small ?rea or decided low pressure, which
moved rapidly to the middle Atlantic with high
winds. The- baromerer ls now low on the east
atlantic, "with fresh win ls and threatening
weather. Tue pressure liai been variable in Ten?
nessee, and is now falling. It has been low at
the Rocky Mountain stations, and hae fallen In
Iowa. Fair weather and freBh winda are proba?
ble ror Tuesday la the Middle and East Atlantic
States and the lower lakes. A serious disturbance
ls .indicated as approaching tho Northwestern
States. i _
SJfARKS FROM THE WIRES.
The State Fair buildings at New Orleans
were burned yesterday. Loss eighty thousand
dollars; Insurance Bfty thousand dollars. Tow?
er's statue or Washington, belonging to the State,
There was an earthquake last Sunday night In
BUSINESS ENVELOPES.-THB NBWS Job Office
is now prepared to furnish good envelopes, with
business eards prlnPed thereon, at $4 per .thous?
and. Send your orders. Every merchant and
business ?an should have his card printed on
his envelopes. 1
THE MG IN DESPAIR !
XHE CONSOLIDATION BILL OS ITS.
The' Case of Judge Thoma*-Tile GOT.
trnor Requested to BtmoT? Him-A
Kn-Klux Sensation* Story from Ches?
ter-Closing np the Work of the Ses?
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THBJ?EWS.] ?
COLUMBIA, Monday Night, Man*
Boih Souses of th^peneral Assembly work?
ed assiduously to day to dear their calendar.
In the Senate, a large number of House bills re
calved ituir third reading, and the rule making-,
lt illegal to. pass bills on the last day of the session
The House disposed of the Senate bilja, and
postponed the remainder of Ure calendar till next
session. The House also sustained the Governor's
veto or the bill appointing trustees for the De La
Howe free ECUOO).
The Senate took up the case of Judge Thomas,
and the testimony taken hy the committee was
read. The Judge ls now (9 P. M.) defending him?
self in person on the floor.
The House went Into a second reading of the
Secute bili providing for the taxation of prop?
erty, taking the valuation or property out ot the
hands of .he assessors and authorizing the audit?
ors to perform that duty.
The railroad ring are much enraged on account
of the Governor nos having signed the consolida?
tion bill. They ta'.k or rescinding the resolution
to adjourn. ' ?
Wimbush received a telegram to-tjay from the
clerk of the court at Chester Courthouse, stating
that the Ku-Klux had attacked Jim Wood's house
on Sunday night and that a fight ensued, in the'
course of which Gailand Smith's horse was
killed, and lt is claimed that several of his party,
members of the Ku-Klnx, were wounded. No
colored men were hurt There are two hun?
dred colored men at the courthouse for protec?
tion, and much excitement prevails. The story
.should ?ie taken with many grains of allowance.
LATER.-The Senate haa-adopted ah address to
the Governor, requiting him to remove Judge
Thomas, hy a vote of twenty-two to seven, and
has sent the same, to the House for concurrence.
OUR COLUXBIA LEJU'ER.
[FROM ont OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, Sunday, March G.
The owner of "Little Mack," not r/eing satis?
fied with his display yesterday, has otfered to
"trot" him again against "Gray Eagle,'Mn
thirty days from the date of last race, for tiooo.
Messrs. Boyce ? Co. accept the wager, and a con?
tract to that effect will probably be signed la fl
day or two. The vaoquHied horse was evidently
not In the best of trim on race-day-his restless?
ness showed a want or training, which, if over?
come, will make bim thc winner In the next con?
test. One or the most celebrated- driver*, north
or Mason ? Dlxon'B line, has been, sent for in?
take charge of the horse.
THE GREENVILLE AND BLUE RIDGE RAILROAD.
The senate amendment in the shape of a sub?
stitute was laid before the Donse this morning,
ali er l o'clock, and adopted by. the following
Those voting ay* were-Messrs. Adaraspn, Bas
comb, Berry, Boston, Briggs, Bryan, U Cain, E.
Cain, Corwin, Crews, Dannerly. J. Davis. T:A.
Divi-, Denni!?, Elliott, Ellison. Farr, Ferguson;
Ford, Gautier, Gantt, Gardner. Garey," Giles, Uood
son, Goggins, 8. Groene, J. A. Green, Gunin, lis?
gool. Hardy, Harris. Uart. Hedges, Hudson, Hum?
bert, Uumphiles. Hunter, Harley, Jackson, Jami
sou, Jervey. Johnson, Jones, Keith, Lang. Lee,
Levy, Llttledehi, ?.lovel, Marido-ks. McDaniel, T.
I). McDowell. W. J. McDowell, Mead, Milton. Mol?
ley. Moore, Mickey, Nehemias. Nerland, O'Con?
nell, Pendergrass. Ramsay, Keedlsh, Rivers. Saun?
ders. Simon.?, A. L. Singleton. J. P. Singleton,
Small, Smart, Ab aliani Smith, Sumpter, Tarlton.
W. M. 'ihomas, J. W.Thomas, 'ihompson,Wli!pper
Voting nay-Messrs. Andel!, Brsemon, Byns.
Crittenden. Doyle, Duncau. Dusenburv." Frost,-'
Holmes, Kuh, Logan, Ly e. Mlle?, Bbaukun. lt. M.
Smith, Taylor, Warley, Williams, Wilson and Wof
The House having concurred in thc other amend?
ments, the title wus then ch mired to nn act and
ordered to be enrolled. It now, ns coon as ratP
lied, goes before the Governor for his actl n. It'
ls generally believed that he will veto lt.
The following message from the Governor was
read in the House at an ear-y hour thl3 morning:
STATE OF SocTti CAROLINA, )
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, . J
COLUMBIA, March 4,1871.)
Gentlemen of the House of Representa t lets:
1 return to your honorable budy, iu.wlilcn lt or?
iginated, the joint resolution to appoint trustees
for the De La Howe Free School. Abbeville Coun?
ty, without my signature, for the lollow-iug
lt proposes to change t he present board nt trus?
tees', wit uou*. any allegHilonorilieirlncapaclty. in?
efficiency or misappropriation orthe rund entrust?
ed to their charge. On the contrary, lt is assert?
ed by respectable citizens or Abbeville County
that they have managed, satisfactorily and suo
cebsrully. tue nuances of the estate ror more than
thirty years. A majority or the trustees proposed
lu the joint resolution now under consideration
aro persons or very little experience in finance;
aud, while their Integrity or good intcutlons a>e
not lmpnnged, I regard lt ol Hie highest impor?
tance that sufficient guards should be provided
Tor the security of tr.e fund and Its proper ap?
plication to its benevolent purposes. I would
therefore suggest that, tn the formation or such a
law. the proposed trustees should be directed to
give ample security for the fiithfui performance
ol their duties and the funds entrusted to their
care. .- . v
Regretting the necessity for my disagreement
with your honorable boHv,
I ara, very respectfully,
BOVERT K. SCOTT, Governor.
LETTER FROM THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR ?
The following letter from Lieutenant-Governor
Ransier was received and read after midnight in
STATE oFSoimi CAROLINA, SENATE -CHAMBER, )
COLUMBIA, March 3,1871. (
To Vie Honorable the Speaker ann Members
House of Repr?sentative?:
GENTLEMEN-In looking ?over a bill from ihe'
HouBe of Repreeentailves,"providing for the crea?
tion of a debt-of the Sta'e, to be known as the
"Sterling funded debt." now pending in the Sen?
ate, 1 observe that lt U provided that the presi?
dent of the Senate shall be one or a commission
to approve certain appointments to be made un?
der the provisions or said '?HI.
While l accept, the comniimer.t of the House of
Representatives in so rar as its action rerers to
me officially in connection with a matter of so
much moment to Hie people or South Carnlina.-for
reasons most, sr Msrai:iory to myself.'lnvolvlug pos
sibly, my own Independence and integrity or
character, I beg leave to say that, against the re?
quest of his Excellency the Governor, und others,
l shall not consent to serve on such a commission.
A. J. RANSIEK,
And ex officio President of Senate.
THE LAURENS TROUBLES.
History of thc Difficulties from the Be?
ginning-Where the Responsibility
Rests-Conduct of the Arch-Agitator,
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NEWS.'
There has been much said lor over four
months about the difficulty In Laurena o'n the
20th or last October, without any particular ac?
count of lt that 1 have ever seen or heard o tieisg:
given by anybody. Being an invalid at the time,
but able ta be out of my room, 1 had nothing to do
but to look on-consequently, seeing the whole
adair, lam able to ?ive a fair and intelligible re?
ist iou orthe transaction as it occurred.
To begin at the beginning, Joe'Crews has, ror
more than three years, been trying his best to en?
gender strife and bad feeling between the whites
and blacks. This has generally been done by
calling them as often as possible away from their
labor to attend public meetings and secret con
I daves, where he would teach them to be lnwlent
to the whites, to insult them in all manner of
ways, to steal from them, hum their buildings,
and, in particular cases, to shoot them, telling
them that If they were caught Governor Scott
would pardon them; and wlien he got the guns
he put them into the hands of the most turbulent,
worthless .negroes that he could Und in the
county, paradlngvthem through our"streets and
tile roads or the country, firing orr their guns in
Eurha mariner, at such times and places, as was
best calculated to excite alarm and distrust
among the-people, all the time telling the negroes"
that at the right time there would be a fight be?
tween the whites and blacks, and that he, Joe
Crete?, itxna<l spill the lout drop of the blood in
his veins righi In their front
. Tlie older and more-staid citizens of the county
had. ror months, been using their utmost dili?
gence te keep down, the ire or the young hot?
heads among us, with a determination that when
the fight came on it should be brought on by Joe'
and his party. In this w? Succeeded, Mitha sequel
win g ?J ow. Thus mutera stood on thelooming
or the election. We have no doubt but Joe in?
tended to have the fight on the day or the election,
and-but for the presence or that sterling officer
and gentleman, Lieutenant-Colonel Smith, with a
company or United States soldiers, he would have
Colonel Smith, with his command, ?eft early
the next morning, which left Joe foot loose. Our
court being In session, there was many people In
town, both white and black.." Jochad evidently
got tired of waiting on the whites, and concluded
to pitch in, taking good care to keep his worth?
less hide out or reach or harm. About, nopn he
had alibis constables, with twenty-five or thirty
negroes collected In hu office, waiting orders,
where was stored several hundred guns, with
plenty ammunition^ .Soon arter 12 o'clock, one or
the constabulary came up to the. southwest cor?
ner or the square, Borne sixty or seventy
yards from Jo-'s oillce, and got ia to a
quarrel with one of the citizens, which
was soon stopped by the crowd that
had pattered around, and we thought f very thing
was going to be quiet again, wheu a pistol m the
hands ol one or the dowd accidentally went orr
"as he was putting lt. in his pocker/the t)an rrom
which grazed the coat collar of one or our citi?
zens, and passed off over the heads of the crowd.
The constable who had been standing near im?
mediately ran for Joe's office, and I Crossed the
street and turned rorrnd racing Joe's office Jhst In
time to see a volley or rour guns fired fro ji Joe1*
door towards the courthouse, where several men
were standing. Firing lmmedlaiely commenced
on the part of the whites, and was also contiuued
rrom the whole lenirth or Joe's building, up stairs
and down. There were some forty or fifty shots
fired from the rron.t or Joe's building, besides a
large number from the rear and buck yard, when
the citizens brcke open the doors or ?'Tinpot,"
(as Joe's bjilldlng was call.) and soon c'.eaned thc
house or constables and negroes, many or them
Jumplnsr from thc second story windows. In
Trom six to eieht minutes the whole affair- was
over, the negroes and constables all gone, and
th<? citizens looking calmly on ror whatever
might come next. A survey or the ground re ?
vealed one negro killel, one mortally wounded,
and one slightly. Why more were not killed and
wounded on both sides will always remain a
As regards the others that were killed away
from the town, I have no knowledge as to when
they were killed, nor by whom, r?r I was not out
of town for over a week afterward, and then had
tobe carried out on account of my reeble health.
I will say, however, this much; that without ex?
ception, they were the-most obnoxious characters
that ever could be found In any community, and
Wade Perrin (whose body the menagerie so lately
made an object of worship.) was a head and
.shoulders above his compeers in scoandrcUsnj,
generallv, and in enforcing the teachings or his
infamous leader. Joe Crews; and I have no doubt
but that they were overtaken by persons who
knew them well and shot them as they woifld a
sheep-killing dog. As to wno stier, them will
probably never be known to any one but them?
selves, AB to the negroes whom Joe has procured
to swear that they saw some or these last named
parties and knew who killed them, they have'slm
ply been hired to Bwear to a Ile, which can be
doneatauv time with four-flftbs or the negroes
in thriteotlan*?f the country for -leas ;tban" five'
dollars, and most of the other firth, if tlie price
ls higji enough. As evidence number one,
I will state that, one of the negro witnesses that
Joe had in Columbia to swear as to who killed one
of the aforementioned parties, he wil be Imme?
diately arrest e l for perjury whenever he gives
that evidence here. He was many miles in a
"ilfferehr. direction all that night. These are the
means that Joe empl ys to father among ns in re?
gard to a calamity that he himself was the agent
when fie Tour guns were fired from Joe Crews's
door on the 20th day or last October, a longer for?
bearance on our part would Have been imbecility,
and should have earned fortis the appellation or
cowards. .We had ror the sake of peace berne
all before that which could have r.een expected of
human belngp, and we were not capable or bear
lug any more. 1 regret with most, ir not ai!, of
our citizens that wc were obllred to purchase
peace upon these terms; but much or this regret
would lie banished ir Joe's worthies carcass was
now rotting in the earth, in place or Home pr the
Def to? that fell ?.euramo bu scoundrellsm", mal?
ice and cowardice.
We mn? bring this already long article to a
close with a- ?hort history or Colonel Joe's
achievements on that day, which may weil be
termed "Tlie Extraordinary Exploit or a Militia
Colonel/' Wnea Hie quarrel at the southwest
corner or the squaie wasprogrcs-dng, the valiant
Colonel came out ol hls oltlce on to the pavement,
looked up towards the crowd for-a moment,
turned short rouud, walked rathtr brisker than
usual down to the postofllce, dodged in,.turned
rouud. poked his head out of the door, and look?
ed np ttte street toward where the quarrel had
been, which was by this time perfectly quieted
dowu, and the crowd was returning toward the
front or thc tlouithoose, when the firing com?
menced as before stared. Tnis distracted my at?
tention ror a moment, and I lost sight or .toe;
bur. a night or two afterward, while sitting 1J
my front door, I heard one negro sar to another.
"Tou jest autter to see how massa Joe did run. I
tell you what he made de dirt fir across dat
depot lot." I have no doubt but that this
?treat warrior, this valiant Colonel, who. dur?
ing the late war, fought so gallantly
thc enrol lng officers with jugs of whiskey, who
Was not even a!raid to swear to anything that
would keep him oui or the war, was badly fright
eued. Ile has a love ror that precious carcass of
h:s that is not appreciated by any one else that I
know or In this vicinity. Qis whole lire has been
one or turbulence and contention, and ir he shall
at last die in lils bed. he will have good luck. I
know Joe Crews and 1 know this peopje. and I
here seriously, solemnly declare that the very rael
that he-Crews-ls altve to.-d.iy and aole to walk
this eirtU, ls thc strongest cridencc that could be j
produced lu any case, under any circumstances,
that tho people o- Laurens are a law-abiding peo?
ple. In any < ;her place that I know of, he would
lia v. been killed years ago. More vi thc same sort
TUE SPRING FASHIONS.
Early Opening of Spring Styles-Dress
material for .Street, House anti Party<
Wear- Vcv Costa me si-Hint* Concern?
ing Ul?. Spring Bennets.
From the latest fashion anide of Jennie
June, the acknowledged authority upon all the
delicate frivolities or feminine dress, wc make the
following extraes, which will be or interest io
our lady readers:
A SPRING OPENING.
A spirit of enterprise in accordance with the
demands and necessities or the time induced one
or Oi : great Jiouses to give a grand exposition of
fashions lu February, which revealed many of the
'secrets of the coming spring. The display of
silks was very larg? and varlciL. aod luCluded
many novelties. The rlcir reversible stripes, which
were remarke I as haviog made their appearance
in New York some mouths ago, are ths latest Ly?
ons novdtv, and are not yet. to be obtained in
London. They do not, however, n\eet with much
success here. New York ladles hare a prejudice
in ravor ol single colors, (which shows their na
tural gootl taste,) and have really create I the
enormous demand ror the rich p ain poul', de
soies and grosgrains, which survive all changes
Smell checked and hair-striped silks are an ex?
ception to the general indifference to stripes and
figures. They belong to a different class or rab les,
present Mes so fine as to be almost Impercepti?
ble, and which sollen into a delicate neutral tint,
which is charmingly adapted for ?niis ror spring
and early hummer wear. These st) les have
usua'iy been rather diftlculttoobtain.but owing to
the enforced vales or French-houses, they are this
seamen the most promlnoutfeature ur the Impor?
tations. MaDillies have been sold at prices vary?
ing rrom one dollar to one dollar and fifty cents
per yard-the ruched style or trimming requiring
twenty to twenty-live yards for a suit. The Jap?
aneso* silks come next lu the line or thc direct
spring importations, and are a^reat improve?
ment 'ti the goods sold under that name last
year. J hey are composed or silk and thread,
like t he '-popUnettas" or a rew years ago, and the
best are ol ?>pitalneld's (English) manufacture.
There Are three styles and prices-Yokohama
grey, at eeventv-flve cents per yard, solid colors,
(which are quite new,) in lively shades of green,
brown, bright blue and mauve, Tor one dollar,
and tine hair-stripes, in very delicate colors, ror
one dollar and tw?-nty-flve cents.
The "Venetian costumes" for spring wear are
imported in robe patterns. They consist or a
cotton auu wort mixed fabri", with a striped
border ror trimming, terminating In a willie
fluffy- edge, which, when cut, forms a fringe
two inches deep. These would answer for either
i'ouse or street wear. The new wool satin cloth3
are rather heavy ror tue approaching season, but
they nre in beautiful shades of grey, brown and
blue, and form a handsome and most useful base
Nra cashmere costume; that )s to say, a skirt
over which thc costume is draped. They are'?ot
dear, according to -Un prices we have to pay, at
eighty-seven cents and a dollar per yard. The
washing satins (cotton) will largely Uko the
place of piques as the summer advances. All
the prints aud cambrics exhibited'are In striped
patterns, french, English and American. The
I French are forty-nro cents per vam, and are
I much bought for wrappers and for cutting into
strips to tr m childrens' linen dresses and aprons.
Best English prints and cambrics are twenty-five
cents peryard, .and American goods offne same
widthybuUnferlor quality, fifteen.
Black silks are so far reduced lu price tliat a
very excellent guaranteed make"can be-obtolned'
irom three to five dollars per yard. Cheap black
silk is never an economical purchase, and less so
than ever now that-the making up .requires so
much labor, and ls so much more a work of art.
A very good plan for ladles or Ural ed means^d
.always do lt myself,) ls to bnv the^mallty or silk
required Tor a ceremonlons dress, fflfte lt long ror
the first season, or even for two seasons, and
then have it cat into a walking dress, and replace
the first with a new one. Two black silk dresses,
along one and a short one, are worth six of any
other kind or degree.
The new suits and costumes ror spring all sug?
gest more or less the- pretty and convenient tu?
nics and casaque dresses which were introduced
ror the first time last summer, and lt one*? ob?
tained a fashionable vogue- The black cashmere
costumes, trimmed with black velvet and guipure
lace, or lace and passementerie, have reappeared
with very litte modification from last season's
style, and are as ladylike and distinguished as
eyer. The only limit to the extent to which they
win probably be worn ls In the difficulty or ob?
taining cashmere, color haring entirely dlsap
pearea, and the supply or black being restricted.
Kew poplin suits are made with one skirt, and
th% casaque coat, a sort of polonaise,* out with
sirle lappets, and a postillion" basque over a
straight skirt, canght ap high at the sides.
The most popular method of trimming ls to ar?
range a flounce In clustered pleats upon the lower,
.skirt, place streps or ornaments of velvet in ;he i
spaces, and simply finish the npper skirt and
jacket with a broad band or velvet. ' Black cash?
mere costumes are worn over black silk walk lug I
skirt?, and also oversklrts or gray Irish poplins,
or Japanese silk, trimmed with black velvet.
The^mist fashionably worn costumes are of e
different material, though not always of a de?
ferent color, from the skirts over which they are
worn. One of the simplest yet most distinguished
consists or a straight upper skirt of silk, tr.ramed
With a broad band of velvet ; walking skirt of vel?
vet without trimming, except the double piping
of silk which form* thc edge. The Jacket waist
with postl lion basque laid in large hollow plaits
ls made ror out-door and dinner dress, accom?
panied by S small pagoda sleeve cut up on the
back andtilmtnedon the outside to mutch the
body on the Inner edge with soft feathered satin
rufhldg. Anew and very dressy style of over
skirt la cut square and very long at the back, but
is rounded upon the sides, and laid in very large
Jtieati where lt jolus the apron froqt. Theene?
ls to make the centre of the back hang straight,
wlth>lUtle apparent fullness, while the sides are
very bouffant. The postillion Jacket ls the proper
bodice with this oversklrt, as lt ls plain on the
sides And has the full postillion basque at the
back. .The cost basquine, on the- contrary, with
ItsTslde lappel? and pointed back, m^y be worn
with the straight oversklrt simply looped high on
the sides, or with a dresB trimmed with flounce*,
and worn without an oversklrt.
THE DEMAND FOR NOVELTT.
BecanBe Pnns has been closed for a few months,
people are beginning to talk or old styles as ir we
were suffering rrom a lack or novelty. The truth
If, tl?e French styles of one season were alwavs
repeated The next, and as yet we have hardly "had
time to enjoy the pretty and convenient designs
which last summer gave us, and which Ladies liv?
ing far In the Interior have only by accident seen.
Any very gt eat change for the present would be
a r- a! mUlortune. for nothing can be more grace?
ful; more becoming, and, at thc same time, more
simple and useful than the styles we have. Those
who want entire change-ought to be'sent back to
the multiplicity or cumbersome petticoats, the |
straight, ugly folds of thc dress, too short for
grace, too long for comfort; to the fiat boots, the
huge boni.ets, the long, flapping veils, and wide
cardinal capes, with arm-holes Ta which, the el?
bows were encased helplessly of twenty to twen?
ty five years ago. A Very brief experience of this
kind would make them return with thankfulness
to the moderu costume.
It is too early SB yet to speak definitely of
spring bonnets. It may be sarely assumed, how?
ever, that the st mw gjpsey In ? m od in od form
wilt be the prominent style, and black velvet,
grasses and flowers the best worn trimmings. It
ls not at all likely .that the new shapes will be
greatly enlarged In size, the profusion of hair still
worn forbidding-lt, and the small bonnets being
recognized everywhere infinitely more becoming;
but sh y. will doubtless Include the former
"uoli!ts.""crown. brim and curtain, which the
little "saucer" wholly ignore), and be piquant. If
not serious and distinguished. One of the pr?t
tlcst model? or new roiinVI liars ls u miniature
c.istor. lt ls especially adapted ror brown or
biack straw, and I* 1)10 rage ror brides? travelling
hats. It ls trimmed with a broad band or velvet
with :?ng ends two reuther tips nr one, and an ai?
grette and a Jewelled horse shoe for luck.
NEW DISCOVERY ! !
Salvation for the Hair..
CLEAR A\WATER !
WITHON^SEDIMENT ! ! .
OPE?^r^THE LIGHT ! ? !
For Restoring to Gra^JJair its
PHALON'S "ViTALL^irTers ut?
terly from all tjj^iair coloring
It is lydpid, sweet smelling,
pr?cis?tes* no muddy or slimy
paris no stain to the skin. Hold
it to\he light and it' is clear and
cloudless: It leaves no mark on
the scalp; yet it reproduces in
gray haiH??enatuitalcolor that
time or sicK??fittmay have
bleached out of
is for one sole purposejnat of
reproducing,with absolute cer?
tainty, the natural^wlor of the
hair. It is not^intended as a
daily dressiug?nor for removing
scurf or dandruff ; nor for cu?
ring baJ?ness; nor for stimula?
ting XM.Z growth of the hair.
Thest objects may be accom?
plish Jd after the color has been
fixed vith the Vitalia, by Pha?
lon's domical Hair Invigo
THE ViTAL??*?it a harmless
and unequaled prepluationfor
the reproduction of me origi?
nal hue of gray hair,ald noth?
ing else. This is accxdnplished
in from two toten applications,
according to theJdpjth of shade
required. Sojdroyall druggists.
Sold at wholesale by
DOW IE, MOISE & DAVIS,
Wholesale Druggists, Meeting corner Hasel street.
?pENZINE, DOUBLE DISTILLED,
FOR CLEANING CLOTHES.
For Bale wholesale and retail by '
Dr. H. BAER,
No. 131 Meeting Btreet.
IJTHE BEST AND THE CHEAPEST,
WAGONER & MATHE WES
IMPROVED BICE DRILL.
Price reduced to......$195
The first premium was awarded to this DRILL
.by a committee or practicar planters at the South
CaroiloalpstltareFalr, In Charleston, and again
at the State Fair in Columbia,
NOVEMBER, 1870. .
MONROE'S ROTARY HARROWS.$22, 24, 26 50 ,
NISHW1TZ PULVERIZING HARROW.$90
For sale at aboye prices, by
J. E. AUGER A CO.,
. - Na 62"East Bay,
. rebSSrStuthe- - Charleston, S. a
OF THIS CITY,
ARE NOW MANUFACTURING THEIR
Which will be furnished at $50 cash, or $55 on lat
'November next with City acceptance, and their
"DISSOLVED PHOSPHATE," for composting with
Cotton Seed, at $33 cash, or on 1st November
with 10 per cent additional.
"PrjKE GROUND PHOSPHATE"' at $15 oash.
Contracts for the Fertilizers may be made in ex?
change Tor Cotton.
ORDERS SENT WILL RECEIVE PROMPT AT?
J. D. AIKEN, AGENT.
?^TTATTSON * CLARK'S
SUPER PHOS PH ATE.
.TRADE ~| w.C. j MARK.
The standard of this Fertilizer ls guaranteed'.
It ls manufactured from the South Carolina Phos-1
pliate Rock; For sale by
Ii b2l-tnths Sole Agsnt for Sonth Carolina.
?gO WEN & MERCER'S
APRIL 18, 1870.
Molstnre determ.lned.at 112 deg. Fahrenheit.. 3.80 I
Insoluble Phosphoric Acid. 6.08
Equal to Bone Phosph. Distal ved.. .13.27
.Insoluble Phosphoric Acid. 13.75
Equivalent to Bone Phos, hate.30.02
Total Phosphoric Acid.19.83
Total Phosphate of Lime.43.29
Lime, Sulphuric Acid and Alkaline
Salts, not separately estimated... 46.37
The foregoing analysis authorizes ns to pro?
nounce "Bowen ft Mercer's" Phosphate a well
balanced and reliable manure. The amount ol
Ammonia which lt contains kn aid or that sup?
plied from natural sources, furnishes a sufficient
stimulus tor promoting the growth and maintain?
ing t lie vigor or the plant, willie its liberal supply
or soluble Phosphoric Acid In combination witn
.Lime, must give a satisfactory fruitage for the
first year. *The Insoluble Phosphate of the same
base, by slow chemical chances, subsequently
going on in the soil, wi I Increase Its capability for
producing a better crop for thc succeeding year.
A. MEANS, inspector,
- Savannah, Chatham Co., Ga.
For sale by
r PAUL C. TItENHOLM,
? Agent for Sonth Carolina,,
SOWSOSPHAfE OF LIME.
PUT UP IN BAGS OF 150 POUNDS EACH.
PRICE PER TON OF ?000 P0UND8:
CASH, $57 50; APPROVED ACCEPTANCE,
PAYABLE 15TH NOVEMBER, $62 5fc
FOR SALE BY
COHEN, HANCKEL & CO.,
. No. 46 EAST BAY.
KO tons No. 1 PERUVIAN (Chincha) GUANO,
uoo bbls. Land Plaster, ground from the best
Nova scotia Rock, and warranted pure.
loo tons Pure Dissolved ami Ground Bone.
150 tons Whit dock's Vegctator. The Vegetator
has been successfully used, and bears a
very high reputation. It ls second to no
other Fertilizer, except Peruvian Guano,
offered in ihis market.
100 tons "Ralston's" Dissolved Bone and Ammo?
loo bbls: Eastern Island Fish Guano, at $35 per
ton of 2000 pounds.
For sale by T. J. KERR ft CO.
For salea lot of A No. ] C!..ncha Ieland"GUANO,
in store and to arrive LOUIS MoLALN,
;an i No. 31 Broad street.
SURE POP !
DEATH TO RATS,
NEVER FAILING. . .
BOXES DOUBLE THE SIZE AS OTHERS.
HERMETICALLY SEALED AND
Sold a' Wholesale by
DOWIE, MOISE & DAVIS,
And at retal by all Druggists. * Iebl-6mo .
PROFESSOR BERGER'S BED-BUG
Costar's INSECT POWDER
Glentworth's Roach Exterminator
Costar's Rat Poison
Isaacson's Sure Pop-Death to Mosquitoes.
For sale by . . DR. H. BAER,
Hv?_Xti. isl f-feettng street.
jQK BING'S PILE REMEDY.
For sale by DR.B. BAFB,
jnlyfi . .
CUrrj ?00?8, ?'r.
S P R I ? Gr
LOUIS COHEN & CO.,
Nar 348 King Street,
i Beg leave to announce th* tn ey have jost re?
ceived foll lines or Choice and reaeonaMe
DRESS GOO DB. BLACK SILKSs
FANCY SILKS, JAPANESE SILKS,
_ SATINS, POPLINS,
MOHAIRS, PLATO FOR CHILDREN,
. . -PRINT*, LONQCLOTHS, SHEETINGS.
.RO?IERY, 4C., 40., 40...
. Q '
WE BEG TO DRAW PARTICULAR ATTEN?
TION te- our fall linee of TJBES'J PIQUES, and
GUARANTEE PRICES, or everything In oar line,
F?LLT IN CONFORMITY WITH THE SPIRIT
OF THE TIMES.
JW A CALL IS RESPECTFULLY SOLICITED.
LOUIS COHEN ft CO.,
Na. ?4,8 KEVG STREET, ?
inmediately goata or ta? "Bigfoot."
JMJROHGOTT, BENEDICT * CO.
TO THEIR, FRIENDS AND THE PUBLIC
That, owing to the
SPECIAL FACILITIES AND QUALIFICATIONS
Of their Resident Partner In New York,
They are enabled to purchase their supplies of
FINE AND STAPLE DRY GOODS,
Beth Foreign and Domestic, la aa oases rrosa
AT THE LOWESTJOASH FIGURE,
And thus,to offer
EXTRAORDINARY? INDUCEMENTS TO CUS?
TOMERS, . 4
Their prices will be found from
TWENTY TO FIFTY PEE GENT. LOWES
Than those of any other Dry Goods House ? ,
in the South.
They invite an inspection of their Sto:k, which is
made upjof ^
NO AUCTION GOODS,
Bnt which will be found to consist of aa immense 1
THE CHOICEST AND LATEST NOVELTIES.
? 1D? THEIR LINE.
Comparison, SB to quality, with the heat:goods,
offered elsewhere,.-. .
IS CHALLENGE" D ,
And competition as to price
Every article sold by ns ls warranted to be pre?
cisely as represented.
? our motto ls
"QUICK SALES AND SMALL PROFITS,"
And Cns tome rs who wish to
. SAVE MONEY IN BUYING .
Will do well to give us a ceil.
FURCHOOTT, BENEDICT & CO.
No. 487 King street,
Corner of Calhoun.
No. ?44 King street,
Near "The Bend."
gPRING AND SUMMER" IMPORTATION
Millinery and Straw Goods,
ARMSTRONG, CATOR * CO.,
Importers and Jobbers of
BONNET, TRIMMING AND VELVET RIBBONS,
Bonnet Silks, Satins add Velvets, Blonds, Nets,
Crapes, Ruches, Flowers," Teath?rs, Ornaments,
Straw Bonnets and Ladies1 Hata Trimmed and
Untrimmed, Shaker Hoods, 4c
Nos. 237 and 239 BALTIMORE STREET,
Offer the largest STOCK to be found In this
country, and unequalled in choice variety and
cheapness, comprising the latest European nov?
elties. p ?
Orders solicited, and prompt Attention given.
m SHIRTS m mm
IN THE CITY ARE TO BE FOUND AT.
STAR SHIRT EMPORIUM,
MEETING STREET, OPPOSITE MARKET.
PRICES GREATLY REDUCED.
STAR SHIRTS MADE TO ORDER AT SHORT
, NOTICE, AND A
PERFECT FIT CUAKtAMTEEP,
?fotnepapers, ?lagcL mes, Ui.
and read the following articles : Does Farming
Pay in the south ? D. Wyatt AU:tin; Commercial
Manures with Experiments, Edward McIntosh;
Carolina Rice in Italy, F. Peyre ?orcher: Esparto
Grass, Eugene W. HUgard; The Fig, a Neglected
Resource, P. J. Bercimans; Rcperiments wlt?
Tomatoes. R. Chlsolm; Irish Potitoes for vrmter
User B.W. Ravenel; Is the South a Stock Oonn
.trv f D. Wyatt Aiken; Bee Hives and Bee Charm?
ing P. J. Quattlebanm; Histor? of Charleston
P?n^v^ne?aartlcles, varied correspond
enM and much edltorUl matter in this the LEAD?
ING SOUTHERN AGRICULTURAL MAGAZINE.
Subscription, $2 per annum.
RURAL CAROLINIAN, A
feb 2 7 tigs Charleston, S. 0.