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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1578.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 12, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
V \JXJ KJ JJXMU Al.-J.1 vxuvu^.
HOLDEN FOUND GUILTY.
A WARNING TO CULPRIT GOV?
Guilty on Six Articles-Not Guilty on
TTJ^ .Articles-Holden Removed and
RALEIGH, March 22.
The high court of impeachment, sitting for
the trial of W. W. Holden, Governor ot North
Carolina, voted to-day on the eight articles of j
Impeachment preferred by the House, with
the following result : A two-third vote was
requisite to convict. Forty-nine members
were present. Not guilty on the first article
ayes 30, nays 19. Not guilty on the second ar?
ticle-ayes 32, nays 17. Guilty on the third
article-ayes 37, nays 12. Guilty on the fourth
article-ayes 33, nays 16. Guilty on the fifth
article-ayes 40, nays 9. Guilty .on the sixth
article-ayes 41, nays S. Guilty on the sev?
enth article-ayes 36, nays 13. Guilty on the
eighth article-ayes 36, nays 13. In order
was then" passed removing Governor.Holden
from office, and disqualifying him from hold?
ing any office of honor or profit in the State.
On this order the vote stood : 36 affirmatives,
13 negatives. AU the senators were present
except one. The completion of the Senate is
thirty-six Conservatives and fourteen Republi?
cans. One Republican was absent, Mr. Fly, of
PROCEEDINGS IN O&XQRESS.
WASHINGTON, Maren 22.
The Senate tabled the resolution to adjourn,
30 to 23. This shows the strength of'Ku-Klux
legislation in the Senate.
The cases of Blodgett and Goldthwalte were
discussed, but gave way to the regular order
of business, being Anthony's resolution limiting
business, which was amended so as to include
legislation on the South, with a rider by
Robertson, of South Carolina, for a general
amnesty. Trumbull said, during the debate,
that the judiciary committee was unable to
agree upon a bill regarding the South. Mor?
ton wanted the committee to report to that
effect, when "possibly the wisdom of the
Senate would be equal to the task. Thurman
characterized the various Ku-Klux bills which
had been introduced as entirely outside the
The vote to legislate for the South was 31 to
18. This was followed by a number of amend?
ments, including tariff modifications. Finally,
Anthony's r?solution was adopted-36 to 18
Resolved, That the Senate will consider,
at the present ?session, no other legislative
i business than the deficiency appropriation bil);
the concurrent resolution lor a joint commit?
tee of' Investigation into the condition of the
Statis lately In Insurrection, and the resolu?
tion, now pending, instructing the committee
on the judiciary to report a bill or bills, that j
will enable the President and the Courts of |
the United States to execute the laws in said
States; and the report that may be made by
the committee on the Judiciary on the subject.
The Senate then adjourned.
Hubbard, Bell and Parker, Democrats, from
New Hampshire, were seated. Young, of j
Georgia, noticing a newspaper statement that |
he had expressed a desire to charge through
the House with a body of cavalry, shouting
and killing, said the statement was -simply
ridiculous and preposterous. He bad never
felt, from the day of his admission, or given
utterance to, sentiments that could warrant
any such statement. He concluded, "Like
the people whom I have the honor to repre?
sent, I desire and Intend to obey the laws ol
my country, and to do all in my power for its
peace, prosperity and glory." Edwards, Dem?
ocrat, from Arkansas, was seated.
Colonel John W. Forney is nominated for
coUector of customs at Philadelphia, and John
Bowles is confirmed as suryeor of customs at
END OE T H J?. RICHMOND
BICDMOND, March 22.
The Senate tooday finished the long railroad
war In the Legislature by passing the House
bill for the sale of the State's interest in the
Richmond and Petersburg Railroad for a hall
million to H. E. Eilyson and others ot this city,
thus defeating the proposition of General
Mahone to buy it Later in the day an affray
occurred between General Mahone and John
Lyon, the attorney for Walters of Baltimore,
In whose interest the State's Interest ls bought.
Blows were exchanged and a pistol fired by
Mahone. No serious injury was done.
THE STATE OF THE WEATHER.
WASHINGTON, March 22.
Synopsis of the past twenty-four hours : The
low pressure on Tuesday evening, on the coast
of Maine, has contlnned to prevail, with
cloudy and clearing up weather, and brisk
northwest winds. The pressure has but slight?
ly Increased in the eastern and middle States,
and is now again falling, as i? also the case on
the Gulf coast. Clear weather has generally
prevailed In the Southern and Gulf States, but
is now followed by cloudy weather. The storm
centre indicated on Tuesday evening, west ol
the Missouri River, ls BOW in central Indiana
and Illinois, with brisk northeasterly winds on
Lake Michigan, brisk northerly winds in Iowa
and brisk som h and southwesterly winds in
the Ohio valley. Its influence is shown In fresh
southerly winds on the Gulf, and Iresh north?
easterly winds on Lake Superior.
Probabilities : It Is probable that the area of
lowest barometer will move to the northeast
with high winds on the lakes, cloudy and
threatening weather in the middle and eastern
Atlantic States. * Fresh winds arc probable on
the (jplf and south Atlantic coast.
Hotel Arrivals-March 22.
W. J. Hosbln, South Carolina; George C.
Lord and wife, Miss Lord, Charles H. Lord and
wire, Mr. and Mrs. Charlee Thomdyke, Misa Cor?
nelia Edgar, f. A. Haw and wife, Boston; Ey ra B.
Tuttle and wife, Brooklyn; H. V. Nlemeyer, Jr,
South Carolina Railroad; James A. Mc Da vi ci, H.
N. Clark. J. S. Mathe wes, Ocaia, Fla.; R. Peters,
Atlanta; Josiah Oakes am wife. New York; A. B.
Phelps and lady, Georgia; E. Willis, New York;
T. C. Mcintyre, Master McIntyre. Marlon; George
Savage. Florida; M. Tosterdelt, J. M. Davis, New
York; Michael Hoag. Ohio; A. F. Lee, New York;
George Lee, Massachusetts; c. Davenport, New
York; N. D. Robinson and wire. George Thacher
and wHe. George F. Pierce, Boston: Mr. and Mrs.
C. W. Chapin. Jr., New York: J. A. Runnell,
Mississippi; Grace Rnmrtll, Springfield; B. F.
Clyde, Philadelphia; S. B. Dow, South Carolina.
T. C. Pendergrast, wife, daughter and niece,
S. Throckmorton. Clcctunatl. 0.; w. K. Hawk?
ins, New York; Wm. H. H. Davenport and wire,
Pro'ess<*-Wm. W. Fay and wife. Jno. E. i-aven
port, George S. Claire, George W. Keene and wire.
Wm. S. Boyce, Mr?. M. B. Breed. Lynn, Mass.;
Hi.-vare! Gilliat, T. H. Babington, England; Miss
Deacon, Miss Adam, Boston: A. J. Reed, cine. .
na:i, o.; Frank Arnim, South Carolina; Mrs. W.
Connan, Miss Colman and maid, Savannah, Ga ;
M-ss Wallace, New Jersev; Rowland Redmond,
Ireland; Mr. and Mrs. J. W. H. Stollin and child,
New York; A. B. Watford and wife. Harrisburg.
Pa.; Mr. and Mrs Lawrence, New Jersey; J.
Nedds, wire. iianghter and son. Wm. Becker and
wife, New York; J. Lawrence, North Carolina. '
m T. " PAVILION HOTEL.
T.B. Butler, and son, Mannlnir, S. C.: A. Mor?
gan, Gi-rgetown: w. s. rjt>ey. George's Station:
James M. Ljwe, Georgia; j. Butterfield, Durand.
THE REVOLT AT PARIS.
The Situation at Montmartre Unchang?
ed-All Trains Searched by the Insur?
gent*-Bismarck made a Prince -
Kaiser Wilhelm on the Throne of
PARIS, March 21.
The insurrectionary official journal urges the"
National Guard to exercise vigilance for crim?
inals attempting to re-enter ParX The city is
quiet. Cabs have resumed their tripe, and the
theatres are open. A proclamation Bigned by
General Duval, and dated elmply "Paris," de?
mands an election lor Mayor of Paris, with
deputy mayors in all the arrondissements.
The proclamation says it is not the intention
of the Nationals to separate Paris from France,
but only from the Empire and the government
of National Defence, and irom their measures
of treason anJ cowardice. It concludes with
an appeal to the people to sustain themselves
"as we are doing, and to follow our example
in opposing oppression." A decree further
postpones the maturity of commercial bills,
and prohibits landlords from expelling lodgers
for non-payment of rent until the issuance ol
LONDON, March 21-10 o'clock.
The council of Rouen voted an address to
the government deploring the insurrection in
Paris, urging prompt measures and offering
support. Similar addresses were received
from private citizens. It is hoped the address?
es will have a eood^ffect on the working
classes. The government at Versailles has ad?
dressed a reassuring circular to the depart?
ments, informing them that the situation In
Paris is no worse. Revolution is unanimously
disavowed. Chanzey and olher officers are still
detained, but with hopes of an early release.
The mayors of Paris refuse to hold the com?
munal elections. The government promises a
speedy intervention by' the army now% before
Versailles, and concludes with assurances that
the greater part , of the country is calm. A,
meeting of Paris editors declared the conven?
tion of electors to-merrow null, and public
opinion against the committee which ordered,
it. The committee is implicated in illegal and
criminal acts, and now is the time for the Na?
tional Guard and parties to come forward and
put an end to the deplorable affairs. The Paris
correspondent of the Times telegraphs that
many persons were shot without a trial on
Sunday. The Nationals will shoot Thiers,
Vlnoy and Palladmes if captured. A strong
reaction has commenced among the respecta?
ble portion of the inhabitants; consequently
.the committee are seek i ny. to .have Admiral
Salsset command the National Guard. Ver?
sailles resembles a camp. The prisoners of
Metz and Sedan are offering their services to
LONDON, March 21-Midnight.
It was stated in the House of Commons that
Lord Lyons was "instructed to follow the
French Government to Versailles. Every ar?
rangement is made to protect English life and
property in Paris. Advicesfrom the interior
of Paris to 10 o'clock to-night represent the
city as tranquil. A placard, signed by the
mayors, Informs the citizens that the Assem?
bly at Versailles voted for and urged the pro?
posal for the election of a municipal council,
and expresses the hope that tne National
Guard will prevent further conflicts until the
Anal decision ot the Assembly.
Slr Henry Bulwer has been elevated to the
peerage as Baron Dallon and Bulwer.
' Napoleon, who arrived yesterday, meeting
the correspondent of the World, an old friend,
said: "My return to France is only a question
of time. Sooner or later she will summon me
to save ber from the Incapables who are now
displaying their folly and madness In shedding
her blood and plunging her into anarchy. My
pretended deposition will never be ratified by
the people. There are only two parties in
France who possess real strength, the Repub?
licans and Imp?rialiste; but the empire alone
ls able to conduct France to true and perma?
nent liberty. The Orleanists possess only ima?
ginary strength. They dare not venture an
appeal to the popular will." The Emperor is
in excellent health. !
BERLIN, March 21.
The German Parliament was opened to-day j
by Emperor William, who, in person, deliver?
ed his speech from the throne. The Emperor
said: "When I see the German Reichstag for
the first time aiter a glorious but trving strug?
gle, which Germany has victoriously prosecu?
ted for independence, I am impelled first to
give thanks to God for historic successes with
which He ha3 blessed the faithlul unity of
German allies. By heroism and discipline o?
the armies and devotion of the people, we
have what our forefathers struggled lor
unity of Germany and security of her fron?
tiers. Our conviction of ,fulure uuity was
veiled. The ever-present enthusiasm of the
people rent the veil when the Fatherland was
threatened. The nation unanimously rose in
her defence, .ind traced its firm will in Indeli?
ble characters on the battle fields ol France lo
be a united people." !
PARIS, March 21. ?
The insurrectionary central committee will !
respect the conditions of peace, but consider
that the bills of Indemnity should fall on the
authors of the war. The situation at Mont- j
martre and Belleville is unchanged. . Business
and labor are stopped, and there are frequent
light alarms* A demonstration of the friends
of order was made to-day. The procession
proceeded towards the headquarters of the in?
surgents and found bayonets barring the way.
An angry altercation ensued, when the Irlends'
of order retired.
MARSEILLES, March 21.
The Insurgents hold General Chanzey and
Admiral Soissot as hostages, and will shoot
Chanzey if they are attacked. All the function;
aries of departments have tendered armed"
support to the Assembly.
LONDON, March 22.
The report that a French transport, with
three thousand prisoners, is lost, with all on
board, ls regarded as absurd, and is partially
BERLIN, March 22.
Bismarck is elevated to the rank of Prince
ol the German Empire, and Moltke has the
grand cross of the. order of the Iron Cross.
VERSAILLES, March 22.
Thiers has announced that the government
will not declare war against the insurgents
unless Instructed by the Assembly.
PARIS, March 22.
The National Guards search all trains. They
hold all the fortifications west of Paris.
BERLIN, March 22.
The Emperor delivered his coronation speecli
from the marble throne of Charlemagne, which
was brought from Air la Chapelle for the pur?
BAPTIST ?.DVG ATIONAIi CONVEN
MONTGOMERY, March 22.
The Southern Baptist Educational Conven?
tion meets at Marion, Ala., on April yi. Dis
?tlngulshed speakers are engaged. Schools
and colleges throughout the South are requeu?
ed to sena delegates. ..
TONE OF THE STATE PRESS.
BLAIN TALK FROH THE UNREPRE?
[From tire Wlnnsboro'-News.]
The power of Justice to conciliate, favor and
qidet prejudice 1B Immeasurably great, and a
people would Bubmit to the rule of monkeys
and gorrillas, far more to that of negroes, if
Impartial justice were the rule of government.
It ls not that our legislators are ignorant and
-unintelligent, but that they are brutal and cor?
rupt, and the flt instruments in the hands of
wickedness and vice for the perpetration of
legislative and executive crimes, of which the
whites of this State complain, ft is that they
are dishonest and sympathize with all manner
of stealing as legitimate business. A bitter
and a stern resentment, therefore, is evidently
spreading, and a deliberate purpose is being
cherished to resist such rottenness by force,-at
the very first opportunity, or in other and very
plain words, to fight out of this filth.
Take the su iject of taxation. It is proposed
to collect two taxe3 this year; one this spring,
and another next fall. These taxes would be
more cheerfully paid, if. the people could be?
lieve in their necessity. But they seem but a
part of a plan of extravagant and useless plun?
der. Moreover, it is not clear to the taxpayers
where the money they have already paid has
gone. The poll-tax, for examDle: the State
auditor says that but $40,000 of lt has been,
paid, and ninety thousand Has not been paid.
Now we simply don't believe it, and would like
to see the proofs. A great marry negroes have
paid their poll-tax, and a great many employ?
ers have paid taxes for them. The poll-tax, we
believe, bas been much more generally paid
than ls by some believed. Where is It, and
what has been done with it, that it should be
reported as unpaid ? It is very easy to report
lt unpaid, and to say that it cannot be collected
from people that have no property. But proper?
ty-holders have their Just grounds of suspicion,
and they have the right to state them, and to
ask to see the proofs of the correctness of the
report that they may verify lt. The zeal for
education exhibited In the management of the
poll-tax strikes some ot them as akin to the
z?al for "land for the landless" exhibited by
the land commission. It the tax be not paid,
as is alleged, or if lt be paid, and then misap?
plied to other purposes than education, as we
believe very possible, In either case, "there is
something rotten in the State ol' Denmark."
Now hadn't the government better satisfy the
people on this and kindred subjects, belore lt
attempts to collect a second tax next fall ? We
think so. Perhaps the tax may theo be paid.
The opportunity of resistance may not then
have come. But we countenance a Judicious
prudence. We whites, who don't hobnob with
negroes, are tired of this government, and
intend to change it. The will will find a way.
The Triple Tax.
[From the Barnwell Sentinel.]
Now this Is confiscation, downright legisla?
tive robbery. The taxes of two years forced
into one, and an additional tax to pay interest
in gold. This is the astounding fact the peo?
ple have to look in the face; the planters are
called upon to pay this enormous tax or have
their lands sold. How are they to do il ? This
year the reduced price of cotton has not en?
abled the planters to do more than pay expen?
se?, leaving no surplus; many will tall ^hon
and owe a balance to their creditors. Last
year not a few found it impossible to satisfy
thc demands of the tax-gatherer; this year the
number will be increased.
Now the question is, will the land own
?er patiently stand by and see his land sold
for taxes, on an assessed value far above what
they can be sold for, either by himself or the
sheriff, or will they continue to resist this rob?
Human patience will be exhausted when
this outrage is attempted. No people on the
face of the earth will submit to be taxed out of
their property by a band of adventurers* who,
owning no property themselves on which
taxes can be levied, are recklessly grinding
out of thepropertylholder a fund upon which
to steal. We repeat, the people do not Intend
to bo taxed out of their lands.
Thc Taxes-Public Dissatisfaction.
[From the GreenvlUe Enterprise.]
The extra vant taxes levied by the majority
of the Legislature of South Carolina, their op?
pressiveness and injustice, the fraudulent
schemes and waste of the public money, which
they are Intended to support; the useless
olllces, the high salaries, the corruption of the
Legislature In Belling their votes, the horrible
and Intolerable rule of ignorance and dishon?
esty, all have made a deep Impression en all
the people who have any honest interest In
the Slate Government. We now record thc
fact that there is, and of right ought to bc, a
solemn determination among all the honest
men of the State not lo stand a repetition of
these tuxes, but unanimously to resist them,
"peaceably if we can, forcibly if we must,"
There ls no doubt ot the iact that the votes
of committees and of members of the Legis,
latiire have been bought by money. We un
he8ltallBgly avow the principle that every rep?
resentative and every olliciul who sells his
vote and influence ought to be put to death by?
law, lt ls pure and simple robbery. The peo?
ple-we mean people by those who are not
Idiots or fools-are making up their minds.
Scoundrels who self their votes and levy
high taxes, must be stopped.. We hope
another year may see a people in this State
united as one man to resist these horrible
frauds aud exactions. Let them dare Bell their
voles again and rob and plunder. The most
stupid negro In the State will come to see that
his interest is on the side of honesty, and
every white man, except the thieves.
Will the People Submit !
[From Hie Barnwrll Sentinel.]
It is well known to all parlies that this paper
has at a 1 times recommended a strict obedi?
ence to the laws, though in many instances
: un laws are ol a partisan character, and op?
pressive in their nature. . The taxes are enor?
mous, ai:d-are sucking the life-blood Irom
j mauy of our people, notwithstanding all who
I can are meeting the demauds ol' the collector
I promptly. But the point where forbearance
has ceased to be a virtue has been reached.
The State tax will be sixteen and the county
six mills on the dollar. If this thing is at?
tempted lo be done, we will not hesitate lo ad?
vise our people Lo openly resist it in an organ?
ized and efficient way. If the ignorant and
heartless majority ot negroes in the House of
Representatives presume that the white tax?
payers ol'the State will silently submit to their
own ruin and degradation without a struggle,
they certainly mistake the character of the
white race !
JFrom the Laurensvllle Herald.]
The militia being disbanded and disarmed,
will this give satisfaction to the people ? With?
out any hesitation we answer in the negative.
Taxation and representation must go hand In
hand. Our people have been taught to regard
this as one of the cardinal principles of a free
government, as a right bequeathed them by
their fathers, and one that they will never
willingly lei. die. Under the present order of
things who has Hie hardihood to say that the
property holder and the intelligence of the
country are represented ? Whom do we find In
the halls of legislation ? Negroes in every re?
spect ignorant ol their duty; scalawags without
character and without money before they were
turner1 'TOSB in the public treasury, and corrupt
carpel baggers who left their country for their
country's good. To this sweeping declaration
there are a few honorable exceptions, but un?
fortunately for the- people the exceptions are
indeed lew. Now, the intelligent man claims
representation because wisdom and education
are necessary to contrive the meaus for good
government-and he is right. The taxpayer
claims representation when bis money is voted
away-and who dare gainsay his right ?
Tlie people then ask no more than iheir
right; good men in the halls of legislation and
a true representation, and until these are
?rained dissatisfaction will continue to exist.
These are the two prime causes of trouble and
dissension. Let them be removed. In this
way, and this only, can peace and harmony be
sflude lo prevail.
TUB SOUTH CAROLINA CENTRAL RAILROAD.
The Sumter Watchman ls authoritatively inform?
ed that Mr. w. H. Peronneau, treaiurer, ls now
authorized to put under contract, for grading,
the whole line of road from Sumter to the con?
nection wlih the Northeastern Railroad. Ar.
rangements have at length te;n made by which
means sufficient wl'.l be realized to complete this
part of the road, and the work ls to be pushed
ZAWS OF THE STATE.
Acts and Joint Resolutions, Passed
by thc General Assembly of South
Carolina, Session of 1BT0-'71.
AN ACT to make appropriation and raise sup?
plies for the fiscal year commencing Novem?
ber 1, 1879.
SECTIOS 1. Be it enacted by th? "Senate and
House of Representatives of the State of South
Carolina, now met and sitting in General As?
sembly, and by the authority of the same :
That the following sums be,and they are here?
by, appropriated for the payment of the vari?
ous officers and expenses of the State Govern?
ment, that ls to say:
For the Governor, three thousand Ave hun?
dred dollars; for the secretary of 8tate,
three thousand dollars; for clerk to secre?
tary of State, one thousand dollars; for
the private secretary of the Governor,
two thousand dollars; for the adjutant and In?
spector-general, two thousand five hundred
dollars; for the comptroller-general, three
thousand dollars; for clerk to the comptroller
general, fourteen hundred and ninety-nine
dollars; for the State treasurer, two thousand
five hundred dollars; for the chief clerk to the
State treasurer, fifteen hundred dollars; lor a
bookkeeper to the State treasurer, eighteen
hundred dollars; ior auditor of State, two
thousand five hundreu*dollars; for the State
auditor's clerk, one thousand five hundred dol.
lars; for the superintendent of education, two
thousand five hundred dollars; lor the clerk to
the superintendent of education, one thou?
sand dollars; for the chief Jnstioe of the Su?
preme Court, four thousand dollars; for the two
associate Justices, seven thousand dollara;- for
the eight circuit Judges, twenty-eight thousand
dollars; for the eight circuit solicitors, eight
thousand dollars; for the attorney-general,
three thousand dollars; for the attorney-gene?
ral's clerk, one thousand dollars; for the clerk
of the Supreme Court, who shall perform the
duties of librarian ol said court, fifteen hun?
dred dollars;.for the State reporter, fifteen
hundred dollars; for the keeper ol the State?
house and State librarian, one thousand dol?
lars; for the superintendent of the South Caro?
lina penitentiary, two thousand dollars; ior the
three health officers, three thousand nine hun?
dred dollars; for the watchmen of the State?
house and ground^ six hundred dollars each;
for the county auditors, thirty-one thousand
five hundred dollars; for the derk to the audit'
or of the County of Charleston, one thousand
dollars: for additional clerical service, five
hundred dollars; for the three code commis?
sioners, ten thousand five hundred dollars; for
the Governor's messenger, three hundred dol?
lars; for the county school commissioners,
thirty-one thousand five hundred dollars.
SEC. 2. For the contingent fund of the Gov?
ernor, twenty thousand dollars, out of which
shall be paid the expenses of the bureau ol
agricultural statistics, to be drawn upon the
order of the Governor; lor the contingent fund
ol the treasurer, two thousand dollars, one
thousand dollars of which, ll so much be 1
necessary, lor fitting up the office of the State
treasury; for the contingent fund of the attor- i
ney-general, five hundred dollars; for the con-1
tingent fund of the comptroller-general, five
hundred dollars; for the contingent fund of
the State auditor, five hundred dollars; for the
contingent fund of the adjutant and inspector?
general, five hundred dollars; for the contin?
gent fund of the superintendent of education,
five hundred dollars; for the contingent fund
of the secretary ol State, five hundred dollars;
lor the contingent fund of the State librarian,
one hundred and fifty dollars. The above ap?
propriations to be drawn on the order of the
heads of the several departments, lt so much
SEC. 3. For the purchase of books for the
Supreme Court library, one thousand dollars,
if BO much bc necessary, to be drawn on the
order of thc chief justice; for contingent ex?
penses of the Supreme Court, under section 7
of an act ratified the 18th day of September,
18G8? five hundred dollars; for an attendant on
the library aud rooms ot the Supreme Court,
eight hundred dollars, to be paid quarterly on
the warrant of the chief Justice on the treasu?
ry, the said attendant to be appointed by,
and removable at the pleasure of. the said
ORDINARY CIVIL EXPENSES.
SEC. A. For the-interest on public debt, four
hundred and eighty-two thousand five hun?
dred and ninety-four dollars and forty cents
(482,591 40;) for the support of the Lunatic
Asylum, thirty thousand dollars, to be drawn
on the order of the Governor; lor the support
of the State Orphan Asylum, ten thousand
dollars, to be paid in accordance with the law
establishing the same; for the quarantine, ex?
penses, three thousand dollars; for the keeper
of thc Lazaretto, eight hundred dollars, to be
drawn on the order of the comptroller-gene?
ral, accounts to be first approved by the Gov?
ernor; for tlie physician of the Charleston jail,
one thousand dollars; transportation and
clothing for discharged convicts, three hun?
dred dollars; for the Catawba Indians, one
thousand five hundred dollars; for the current
priming of the General Assembly, thirty thou?
sand dollars, if so much be necessary, to be
paid on the order ol the clerks of both houses;
for the payment of claims passed by the Gene?
ral Assembly fifty thousand dollars, if so much
be necessary; for deficiency for legislative ex?
penses, filty tho^and dollars, Il so much be
necessary; for deficiency for payment of com?
missioners and managers of election, ten
thousand dollars, if so much be necessary, to
be paid In the usual manner.
SEC. 5. For past dues for construction, and
continuing the construction of the South Caro?
lina penitentiary, eighty-thousand dollars, to
bc paid on the order of the Governor; for re?
pairs on thc university bitildlngs, six thousand
dollars, to be paid on the order of the Gover?
nor; lor indexing the records of the surveyor's
office, two thousand dollars, to be paid upon
the order of the secretary ol' State.
SEC. G. For the support and maintenance of
free common schools, one hundred and fifty
thousand dollars, In addition to the capitation
tax: Provided, The said sum ol one hundred
and fifty thousand dollars be apportioned
among the several counties of the State, in
proportion to the number of children between
the ?ge of six and sixteen; further, that each
county shall be entitled to the amount orthe
poll tax raised in said county; for the support
of the South Carolina University, twenty-five
thousand dollars; lor the support of the South
Carolina Institution for the education of the
deaf and dumb and the blind, ten thousand
dollars, to be paid on the order of the Gover?
nor; for books already purchased by the State
for the use of the common schools of this
State, thirty-four thousaurf^?nd twee
lars and fourteen cents ($34,020 li,)
paid on the order of the superlnten
education; for purposes Indicated in
section of act approved March 9th, 18
SEC. 7. For defraying the expenses
militia, ten thousand dollars, ?Ive thou
which shall be used lor fitting up the i
hall in toe City of Charleston; one th
for repairing and fitting up the ars<
Beaufort, to be disbursed by the adj uti
inspector-general upon the order of th
SEC. 8. That all taxes assessed and p
under this act shall be paid In the foi
kinds of funds, viz : Bills receivable <
State, United States currency, national
notes; gold or silver coln.
Approved March 7th, 1871.
j Ax ACT to protect the Interests of the
wherever payment ot Interest now di
mains unpaid on bonds Issued by an]
road company, and whereon the guarai
the State Is endorsed.
, .SECTION L Be it enacted by the Senal
House of Representatives of the State of
Carolina, now met and sitting in Genen
sembly, and-by the authority ol the sam?
j That the attorney-general be, and he is
by, required and authorized to cause to
stituted immediately after the explratl
thirty days after the final passage of thh
for, on behalf of, and In the name of this I
an action, suit or other legal proceeding 1
I court of this State, or of the U
Stares, against each railroad con
which has, also, against all railroad
panies which have heretofore issued t
upon which the guarantee of the State 1
dorsed, and on which Interest ls now du
unpaid, unless within thirty days aftei
final passage of this act, such railroad co
ny or railroad companies shall fully pay
?discharge such interest; for the purpose c
forcing the payment of all Interest due o:
bonds of.such.railroad company, and prc
lng and securing the State against loss or
age by reason of said guarantee, and t<
end, to enforce the rights of the State b:
tue of the statutory or other lien or mort
held by the State, or held to secure the
ment of said bond or bonds, on all or a
the property, assets or effects of such com
SEC. 2. That the attorney-general be,
he Is hereby, authorized to appear for, oi
half of, and in the name of this State, in
action, snit or proceeding on behalf of
other party or parties, against any such
road company or railroad companies, an
bind the Stute in such action, suit orproc
lng, and to protect the interest of this ?
SEC. 3. That if the property Include
the statutory or other lien or mortgage
to secure the payment of the bond or bt
named in the first section ot this
shall not realize enough upon any
or sales of all the property, assets
efTects, under and in pursuance of any or
Judgment or decree In such action, suit or
ceedlng to pay the principal and Interes
such bond or bonds, the deficiency shall
and ls hereby, made a debt of this State,
shall be, and is made, payable as such.
SEC. 4. That such deficiency mentione
the last preceding section may, at the op
of the bolder of the whole or any pori
Uiereof, be funded into coupon bonds of
State, of amounts not less than one hund
dorare each, bearing Interest at the rat
six per cent, per year, payable seml-annua
which said bonds shall be payable wit
twenty years after the final passage of this i
and upon the request of the owner or own
ol such deficiency, the treasurer of this St
shall issue such bond or bonds.
SEC. 5. That an annual tax, In addition to
other taxes, shall be levied upon the prope
Kif the State sufficient to pay the Interest ut
he bond or bonds hereinbefore authoriz
and upon the'Indebtedness arising out of si
aforementioned deficiency at the times wi
such interest shall (all due.
SEC. C. That the attorney-general be, and
ls hereby, authorized to employ such coun
as he may deem for the best interest of I
State, to assist him in perlorming the dut
imposed by this act, and to pay therefor su
compensation as he shall deem just, whl
shall be paid by the State treasurer upon t
certificate of the attorney-general.
SEC. 7. All acts and parts of acts inconsiste
with this act are hereby repealed.
Approved March 7th, 1871.
AN ACT to amend and extend the charter
the Planters' and Mechanics' Bank of Son
Carolina, and for other purposes there
Whereas the capital of the Planters' and M
ebonics' Bank ol Soul h Carolina has been i
ducedhy losses from one million ot dollars
one hundred thousand dollars, whereby tl
Shares, originally worth twenty-five dolla
each, are, at the present time, worth, in r
al i ty, but two dollars fifty cents each, and tl
president and directors of the said bank ha\
petitioned for leave to consolidate their sa
shares at that* rate, so as to bring them up l
their original par value :
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate ar
House of Representatives of the State of Soul
Carolina, now met and sitting in General A
sembly, and by the authority of the same :
That the board.ol directors of the said bau
be, and they are hereby, authorized, to coi
sol?date the shares of the said bank, by callie
In their said shares, and issuing one share i
the par value of twenty-five dollars for evei
ten of their present shares, so that the numb?
of shores shall be reduced from forty thousan
to four thousand: Provided, however, Tin
the said bank shall, at the request of stocl
holders now holding less than ten shares, rc
deem the said shares at the rate ol two dol
lars fllty cents per share.
SEC. 2. That the said board of directors, be
fore reducing and consolidating the sal
-shares, shall give at least thirty days' publi
notice, in one or more of the newspapers c
the City ol Charleston, ol their intention so t
consolidate, reduce and redeem the stock o
the said bank, and, from and after the da;
fixed and so publicly notified for the said con
solldntlon, reduction and redemption of th?
said shares, no one shall be considered or heit
to bc a stockholder of ihe 6ald bank who ho?
not received a new certificate for the consol
idated shares at twenty-five dollars a share
Provided, always, That the bolder of an]
number of original. shares under ten
shall be at liberty to sell and assign
the same to whomsoever he may choose,
by endorsement upon the certificate held by
him, which endorsement shall, without trans?
fer at the bank, entitle the assslgnee to de?
mand the redemption ol' the said shares or the
consolidation of them, wherever he has ac.
quired or holds ten or more shares, at the
price or rate as in ihe first section of this act
SEC. 3. Thesaldboardofdirectorsareht
farther authorized and empowered, from
to time, to increase the number of shares
the capital of the said bank at anytime ?
thirty days' notice o? their intention so rx
published in one or more of the newspape
the City of Charleston, to a number not
ceedlng in the whole twenty thousand ahi
each share to be of the par value of twi
five dollars, and to open books of subscript
for such additional shares, und?r BUCH re?
Mons as they shall prescribe : Provided
ways, That the stockholders shall have pn
ence in subscription to the increased stool
proportion to the amount then held by th
SEC. 4. The said bank is hereby fan
authorized to receive deposits, in such BI
and at such times as the boarif*bf" dlrec
may state, by public advertisement, and
the same with a stipulated rate of interest u
them, at stated periods, the interest to be ]
In money, or to be placed at the oredit of i
depositors, upon the same terras and col
Lions as the original deposits.
SEC. 5. The present charter of the bani
hereby altered and amended, as In the ]
vious sections o? this act is provided, and
all other respects the said charter ls her
confirmed as If those provisions had been or
nally Incorporated In the said charter, and
said charter Is also extended for a period
twenty-one years beyond Its present terml
SEC. 6. That all other powers herein con!
red upon the board of directors of the Plant
and Mechanics' Bank be, and the same
hereby, conferred upon the board of direct
of the bank known as the Union Bank of So
Carolina, which charter is also hereby ame
ed and extended In the same manner, and t
they shall have the same powers as are her
SEC. 7. That the charter of the Peopl
Bank of South Carolina be, and the same
hereby, renewed for the term of twenly-c
years from and after*the sixteenth day of 1
cern ber, which shall be lo the year of c
SEC. 8. That the said bank, during said te
of twenty-one years, shall enjoy all the prl
"lepes, rights, powers, Immunities and bene
which lt now enjoys under existing charter
SEC. 9. That tills act shall be deemed a p
SEQ. 10. That this act shall not be consta
'to exempt any of the banks named from St
or municipal taxation.
Approved March the 9th, A. D. 1871.
AK ACT to establish the Charleston Charita
Association, of the State of South Carollt
for the benefit o? the Free School Fund.
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate a
House of Representatives of the State of Soi
Carolina, now met and sitting in General J
sembly, and by the authority of the same :
That R. H. WiUoqghby, F. H. Frost, J.
Horbach, M. J. Hirsch' and "Oscar B. Little,
South Carolina, and 'their associates of pa
ne rs, shall have the full right, and are here
authorized, to-form themselves Into a part ni
ship association, to be known under the nar
and style of R. H. Willoughby and Company,
such other name as they may now. or herea/t
SEC. 2. That all the rights of corporatlo
known as .banks be, and the same ls heret
vested In the said firm, for the purpose
loaning oas money on Interest, purchasli
and mortgaging real estate, buying peraor
property, and they shall have the same rig!
and privileges now enjoyed by the banking!
s ti tu tiona of-this State; they shall also* ha'
the right to dispose of any and all such pro
erty, real, personal or mixed, that they mi
become possessed of, in any manner, and c
such conditions, as the said firm or associate
may deem fit and proper, and to the adva
tage ot said firm, and to promote the Intere
of the said school fund of the State of Sou
SEC. 3. Be it farther enacted, That, befoi
commencing business under the provisions
this act, said firm shall pay, or cause to 1
paid, into the hands of the State Buperintei
dent of education the sum of one thousar
dollars, ($1000,) to be used for the benefit i
the free schools ol' South Carolina,}and anni
ally thereafter a like amount, for the term <
ten years, or so long as said partnership shs
choose to do business, it being uaderstoc
and agreed that said payment of one thousan
dollars per annum by said association 1B ttl
consideration upon wbteh the privilege ot ir
corporation herein Is panted, and wheneve
said company or firm or association shall fa
to pay said consideration, then their right t
do business shall cease.
SEC. 4. That the association, company o
firm incorporated and established by this a<
shall have full power and are hereby authoi
lzed to establish agencies throughout tb
SEC. 5. That this act shall be of force imm<
diately on and after its passage.
Approved the 8th day of March, A. D. 187!
AN ACT to provide for the protection of pei
sons, property and the public peace.
Whereas, threatenings, intimidation an
violence are used In portions of the Stat
against the peace ol the same; and, whereat
the laws are set at defiance and the officers <
the law hindered, prevented and. obstructed I
the discharge of their duties*, and, whereai
armed, disguised aud lawless persons ai
threatening, maltreating and assassinate
peaceable and defenceless citizens; therefor?
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate an
House of Representatives of the State of Sout
Carolina, now met and sitting in General Ai
sembly, and by the authority of the same :
That if any person shall assault or intim
date any citizen because of political opir
ions or the exercise ol political rights an
privileges guaranteed to every citizen of th<
United States by the constitution and law
thereof, or by the constitution and laws of th!
Slate, or for such reason discharge such cit!
zen from employment or occupation, or ejeci
such citizen from rented house, or land, oi
other property, such person shall be deemed
guilty of a misdemeanor, and. on conviction
thereof, be fined not less than fifty nor more
than one thousand dollars, or be imprisoned
not less than three months nor more than one
year, or both, at the discretion of the court.
SEC. 2. That if any two or. more persons
shall band or conspire together, or go in dis?
guise upon the public Highway, or upon the
premises of another, with intent to injure, op?
press, or violate the person or property ol'any
citizen because of his political opinions, or his
expression or exercise of the same, or shall
attempt by any means, measure or acts, to
hinder, prevent or obstruct any citizen in the
free exercise and enjoyment of any right or
privilege secured to him by the constitution
and laws of the United States or by the con?
stitution and laws of this State, such persons
shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and, on
conviction thereof, be fined not less than one
hundred nor more than two thousand'dollar?.
or be Imprisoned not less than six months sot
more than three months, or both, at the dis?
cretion of the court, and shall thereafter be
Ineligible to, and disabled from, holding any
office of honor, trust or profit In this State.
SEC. 3. That If, In vfolating any of the pro?
visions of this act, any other crime, misde?
meanor or felony shall be committed, the
offender or offenders shall, on conviction there?
of, be subjected to such punishment for the
same as is attache i to such crime, misdemea?
nor and felony by the existing laws of this
SEC. i. That the solicitors, sheriffs, consta?
bles, and all other officers In the several cir?
cuits or counties vested with powers of arrest?
ing. Imprisoning and balling offenders again s t
the'laws of this State, he, and are hereby,
specially authorized and required to institute
proceedings against all and every person or
persons who shall violate any of the provisions
of this act, and cause him and them to be ar?
rested, imprisoned or balled, as the case may
require, for a trial before such court aa shall
have jurisdiction of the offence.
SEO. 5. That the Circuit Courts of this State,
within their respective circuits, in the counties
of which the circuits are respectively compos?
ed, shall have cognizance of all offences com?
mitted against the provisions of this act, and
of all other causes arising under this act.
SEO. 6.' That lt shall be the duty of all sher?
iffs, constables, and other officers who may be
specially-empowered, to obey and execute all
warranwand other processes lsBued under the
provisions of this act to them directed; and
should any sheriff, constable, or other officer
specially empowered, refuse to receive such
warrants or other processes, when tendered to
him, or neglecter refuse to execute the same,
he shall, on conviction thereof, be fined in the
sum of five hundred dollars, to the use
of the citizen deprived of the rights
secured by the provisions of this act,
or be Imprisoned In the county Jail at the dis?
cretion of the court And the better to enable
the sheriffs, constables and other officers,
especially empowered to execute all such war?
rants and other processes as may be directed
to them, they shall have authority to summon
and call to their aid, the bystanders or posse
co ml tatus of the proper county, and all per?
sons refusing toohey the summons or call
of the officers thus empowered, shall be deem?
ed guilty of a misdemeanor,-and on conviction
thereof, be punished. And such warrants and
other-processes shall run and be executed by
sold officers, anywhere within the circuit or
county in which they are Issued.
SEC. 7. That any person who shall hinder,
prevent or obstruct any officer or.other person
charged with the execution of any warrant or
other process Issued under the provisions ot
this act, in arresting any person for whose ap?
prehension such warrants or other process
may have been Issued, or shall rescue, or at?
tempt to rescue, such person from the custody
of the officer or person or persons lawfully as?
sisting him as aforesaid, or shall aid, abet or
assist any person so arrested as aforesaid^
directly or Indirectly, to escape from the cus?
tody of the officer or person or persons assist
lng him as aforesaid, or shall harbor
or conceal any person for whose arrest a
warrant or other process shall have been
Issued, so as to prevent bis discovery and ar?
rest, after due notice or knowledge of the fact
of the Issuing of such warrant or other proc?as,
shall, on conviction, lor either of said offences,
be subject to a fine not less than fifty, no
more than one thousand dollars, or imprison?
ment not less than three months nor more
than one year, or both, at the discretion of the
court having Jurisdiction.
SEC. 8. That any citizen who shall be hinder?
ed, prevented or obstructed in the exercise of
the rights and privileges secured him by the
constitution and laws of the United States, or
by the constitution and laws of this State, or
shall be Injured lu his person or property, be?
cause of his exercise of the same, may claim '
and prosecute the county in walch the offence
shall be committed, for any damages he shall
sustain thereby, and the said county shall be
responsible for the payment of such damages
as the court may award, which shall be paid
by the county treasurer of-such county ?n a
warrant drawn by the county commissioner a
thereof, which warrant shall be drawn by the
county commissioners as soon as a certified
copy of the judgment roll is delivered them for
file in their office.
SEC. 9. In all cases where any dwelling
house, building or any property, real or per?
sonal, shall be destroyed in consequence ot
any mob or riot, lt shall be liable tor the per?
son or persons owning or interested in such
property to bring suits against the county in
which such property was situated and being,
for the recovery of such damages as be or they
may have sustained by reason of the destruc?
tion thereof, and the amount which shall be
recovered In said action shall be paid In the
manner provided by section 8 of this act.
SEC. 10. That no person or persons shall be
entitled to the recovery of such damages if it
shall appear that the destruction of bis or their
property was caused by his or their illegal con?
duct, nor unless lt shall appear that he or they, **
upon knowledge had of the Intention or at?
tempt to destroy his or their property, or to
collect a mob for that purpose, and, sufficient
time Intervening, gave notice thereof to a con?
stable, sheriff, trial Justice or Justice of the
peace of the county in which such property
was situated ancubeing; and lt shall bo the duty
of such constable, sheriff, trial Justice or Jus?
tice) of the peace, upon receipt of-such notice,
to take all legal means necessary for the pro?
tection of such property so attacked, or threat?
ened to be attacked; and If such constable,
sheriff, trial Justice or Justice of the peace,
upon receipt of such notice, or upon knowledge
of such intention or attempt to destroy such
property, in anywise received, shall neglect or
refuse to perform ins duty In the premises, he
or they, so neglecting or refusing, shall be li?
able for the damages done to such property, to
be recovered by action, and shall also be
deemed guilty of a misdemeanor in office, and
on conviction thereof, shall forfeit bis commis- ?
SEC. ll. That nothing in this act shall be
construed tom prevent the person or persons
whose property is injured or destroyed from
having and maintaining his or their action
against all and ?very person and persons en?
gaged or participating In said mob or riot, to
recover full damages for any Injury sustained:
Provided, however, that no damages shaft* be
recovered by the party injured against any of
the said rioters for the same injury, for which
compensation shall be made by the county.
SEC. 12. That it shall be lawful for the coun*
ty commissioners of the county against which
damages shall be recovered under the provis?
ions of this act, to bring suit or suits, in the
name of the county, against any and all per?
sons engaged, or In any manner participating
In said mob or riot, and against any constable, _
sheriff, trial justice Or Justice ol the peace or
other officer, charged with the maintenance of
the public peace, who may be liable by neglect
of duty to the provisions ol this act, tor the re
coverv of all damages, costs and expenses in?
curred by said county, and such suits shall not
abate or fall by reason of too many or too few
parties defendant being named therein.
Approved February 28,1871.