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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1655.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 13, 1871.
THE CUISIS Di THE STATE.
ANOTHER MOHR OF RELIEF FOR
? THE TAXPAYERS.
Hare til? People no Remedy Against
the Usurpation and Frauds at* thc Leg?
islature Except the Ballot-box and
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NEWS.
CAMDEN, S. C., April 19.
I Bee lrom jour paper that the public min?
ls greatly exercised upon the important sub?
ject of taxation ; and well it may be, for on the
one Bide stores us in the face' Internecine war,
and on the other, looming up as alternative,
Confiscation and servitude. \
Between these two, the man born free, and
who has not become unworthy of his ances?
tors, cannot hesitate. But 1B there no inter
mediate, effective, and peaceful solution of]
this question ? I think there may be, and so
believing, with unfeigned humility I will sug?
gest It for the consideration of those who, Uko
myself, have a deep concern in the matter.
I fully concur in the conclusion lately an- j
nounced by the Board of Trade and the
Chamber of Commerce In Charleston ; but,
witb^ deference be lt said, they show us no
certain way out of our trouble.
The real and Inevitable point at which the
taxpayer will be compelled to act, one way or
the other, seems to me to be when the sheriff |
shall make b> levy on the property to be sold
for taxes. If the citizen shall be then Inert )
and quiescent, the property will be sold and j
bought under the gleam of the Federal bay .
net and the dark shadow of the ebor militia.
If he should not be thus acquiescent, then the
conflict will begin. It ls precisely at this point
that I propose the resort to a lawful and
peaceiol remedy. *
In the exigency of our ca>e, the ballot pre- ]
sente a remedy too far off, and utterly hope?
less If it were near-and a constitutional con
** vention of the whole people is liable to the
same objections anti many more. Bot I be-1
lleve that the Judiciary of South Carolina has,
In this matter, the power to save the State
alike from ruin and bloodshed. It is Its
highest duty to do so, and let us give it the
Now for the mod tts operandi. The interval
between the levy by the sheriff and the time
announced for the sale of property under the
tax execution will afford to the oppressed tax?
payer ample time to file his petition before the
circuit court of his county, for a writ of pro?
hibition to enjoin the sheriff. The legislation
under which the levy ls proposed to be made
is null and void-"being without authority of
the fundamental law of the State-being In
contravention and destruction of many ol the
m?st sacred principles' of that grand body ot
unwritten'liberties embalmed Tn the reserved
rights of-the people; and, still further, being
the embodiment of fraud, resulting from bribe?
ry and corruption.
Will the court take Jurisdiction of such a
case. It seems to me lt cannot help lt, for the
very allegations of the petition will compel it.
f No one will deny inst it ia . n ot only the rieht,
but the absolute duty, and common practice of
every court, from the humblest magistrate to
the 'Supreme Court itself, to pass upon the
constitutionality of every act of the Legisla?
ture when presented for its adjudication.
That all the legislation, oat of which the tax
acts have arisen, or which caused them to be
peeped, was procured by bribery and corrup?
tion, and therefore by fraudulent means, ls no?
torious, and I presume can be proved.
But wiu the court take jurisdiction, investi?
gate and render judgment in cases containing j
euch allegations ? Whenever fraud is alleged
iu petitions, bills, ?c., it gives jurisdiction to
the equitable side ot the court, which will be
bound to hearj investigate and determine.
This ls a general rule. But can the court look
into the motives which m. .y have induced the
Legislature to pass any act ? Again I ask,
why not ? Is the Legislature of South Caro?
lina sovereign ? Is lt higher and holier than
other Legislatures, or more omnipotent than
the Parliament of Great Britain ? And yet we
do know that the courts have annulled the
grants ot Kings, the acts of Parliaments and
of l?gislatures, on the ground of fraud in the
procurements of them. Justice is too pure to
bear the slightest odor of the taint of iraud
when once scented, will not rest until all
acts are purged Of its poison.
For the positions I have herein assumed. I
believe.I ein produce, at the proper lime, suf?
ficient reason and adequate authority.
Suppose, however, that? our Judges fall us,
and refuse to scuttle the vile boat which bears
them smoothly on, preferring their own ease
?and emoluments to the laws, rights, liberties
and existence of their country us a Common?
wealth, (which we ought not to ?senme in ad?
vance,) will we have lost anything by the modb
of proceeding I have indicated ? On Ihe con?
trary, we will have gained time; we will have
exhausted perhaps, the peacelul remedies with?
in our reach, and we'will have don? our duty.
But we will not have sacri fleed any right, nor
compromised our honor, and will yet have all
.other remedies before us.
THE BLACK SLUGGARD.
A LIVELY BOW, IN ORANGER VRQ.
!So Bones Broken?
[FROM AN OCCASIONAL CORRESPONDENT.]
OFANGEBORG, April ll.
; . Perhaps a word or two Irom our burg, em?
bracing a brief account of a spirited afluir
which transpired here yesterday, would be ac?
ceptable to your readers. If so, let them hear
thal an affray of a rather serious nature took
place on that day, at the postofflce here, at
which a thrashing was administered and re?
ceived, a pistol ws? fired, and muoli terror oc?
casioned. The parties Immediately engaged
In the rencontre were J. Felder Meyers. Esq.,
editor of the Orangeburg News, and chairman
of our board, of county commissioners, and
Frank H. Green, the newly appointed but en?
joined county . treasurer.. The circumstances
out of wMeh the difficulty arose are these :
Frank H. Green upon receiving his appoint?
ment as county treeeorer, flied a bond In the
office of the.county commissioners, which was
approved by two of the board (Ignorant color?
ed men-) 4n the absence ?of their chairman,
Mr. Meyers. Upon the'return of M>. Meyers
he, acting accordlngto legal advice, pronounc?
ed "the bond unsatisfactory and unfairly ob?
tained, and obtained an order of Injunction
Ironr Juthje Graham, - ta Charleston, which
estopped Mr. Green from the discharge of the
duties of treasurer. In the answer flied by
Mr. Green In these legal proceedings, he made
on oath the most infamous 'charges against
Mr. Meyers, As soon as this came to the
knowledge bf ?the latter, he' determined that
hia personal honor demanded the, infliction of
a castigation 1 upon Green. This he pro?
ceeded" to do at the place mentioned, about
three o'clock yesterday <afteirnobn. I ?frank
Green and his brother, Senator Joseph/A.
Green, had gone into the .postortlce, tn the
back '-room-occupied by iDaMara, the post?
master4. Mr. Meyers with a cane in lils
hand, entered this back room^ and approach?
ing Prank Green, asked "whether he meant
whit he alleged In his answer, regarding
him-" Green replied, "I did." Wherenpon
Mr. Meyers-struck him with the cane, and
taking hold of .him pommelled him severely.
if * ? .
I Senator Green took bold of Mr. Meyers, and
the terrified DeMars called for "help, the
! United States marshal and general aid."
Other pactise intervened, and ?"or a moment
the scrimmage was general. During this
general scuffle several persons drew pistols,
and one in Mr. Meyers hand was discharged,
infliotlng a slight wound In Frank Green's
finger. The interference of other gentlemen
stopped the affrav, and our vigilant town
police arrested all the party and carried
them-before his Honor, Mayer Bull, who
turned the matter over to a trial justice,
when the parties were bouud over to
the session, - where more will be heard
anon. The affair caused the most vio?
lent excitement in our peaceful village, and
men talk of nothing else now. The gross pro?
vocation given to Mr. Meyers, by Green; the
details ol' the scene; the thrashing soundly and
firmly administered and kindly received; the
alarm of our worthy postmaster; the hearing
before our "City Fathers"-all are greedily de?
voured, In groups, as they talk over the-ab?
sorbing matter. The affair has certainly evinc?
ed one point, viz: that Southern men must re?
dress certain grievances, and that carpet-bag?
gers, are-well ! are carpet-baggers !
Our taxpayers meet on sales-day next to
elect delegates to the Columbia convention.
[PROW ANOTO EB CORRESPONDENT.]
OKANGEB?RO, S. C., April ll.
Yesterday afternoon Prank Green, and his
brother. Jos. Green, (both Northern men, the
former recently appointed county treasurer,
and the latter senator from this county,) were
lo the postoffiee, when Felder Meyers, chair?
man ol county commissioners, and a member
of "lae party," went into the office and de?
manded of F. Green whether or not he had as
serted|that he (M?yers) had offered to speculate
on county ordere. An affirmative reply being
given, Meyers Instantly assaulted Green with a
stick, and a scuffle ensuing. Meyers drew a pis?
tol and fired it without effect, beyond a slight
wound. The contusion was general for a while,
pistols were flaunted furiously, and "the party"
was in danger ot sundry depletions, wben one
of the aldermen, with commendable prompt?
ness,: "pitched in" and quieted things. The
parties were turned over by the council-for
prosecution, and the trial will expose some
amusing circumstances. A desperate feud ex?
ists between the rival factions-the carpet?
baggers, as the native Radicals call them, and
the scalawags, as the carpet-baggers dub
WHAT CONGRESS IS DOING.
WASHINGTON, April 12.
In the Senate, Sherman's resolution instruct?
ing the finance committee to consider during
the recess the best system of reducing the tax?
es, was adopted. Robertson moved to amend
the order of business so as to allow the con?
sideration ol' the House amnesty bill. Edmunds
objected, and lt goes over till to-morrow. The
Ku-Klux bill was discussed without reaching a
The House resumed the discussion ol' the de?
ficiency appropriation bill. The Senate
amendment appropriating twelve thousand
dollars for the benefit of the destitute aged
persons In the District of Columbia was con?
curred In. A long discussion ensued on the
amendment repealing the law requiring Con?
gress to meet on March 4, but there was no
action. . _ .
SOUTHERN CLAIMS COMMISSION.
WASHINGTON, April 12.
At the second session of tbe Southern Claims
Commission, to-day, several cases were aetfor
further hearing. The commission considered
claim sixth of Auditor Martin, forv ?rdeles
taken from his plantation In Alabama during
Grlerson's raid. The question, of jurisdiction
over claims for rent of occupied public build?
ings in tho South was presented, but the com?
mission declined to answer until the case in?
volving the point comes up. Public notice is
given of the desire ol the commission to have
the petitions addressed to them l'or allowance
ot claims, accompanied by all the written evi?
dence of whatever character In possession of
the claimants. They also decided that their
rules did not require the Iron-clad oath attach?
ed to petitions to be wholly In writing, but
that a printed form may be used.
A BRUSH ON THE FRONTIER.
GALVESTON, April 12.
An Austin special to the Galveston News
jays that Keard and Miller's train, loaded with
lacon, frono Chihuahua for Fort Bayard, was
itt ac ked near the boundary by a large band of
'ndlans. Keard, his wife and five other Amer
cans were killed. The Chihuahua frontier
Mexican troops pursued the murderers acroBS
he boundary into the United States, killed and
:aptured eighty Indians. The United States
;roops from Fort Goodwin went to protect the
ndiansand collided with the Mexicans. A
ight ensued, in which tbe commanding officer
if Fort Goodwin and forty American soldiers
vere killed. The Mexicans numbered two
I .CASE OE COLOR COMPROMISED.
RICHMOND, April 12.
The suit for SOOOOdamages instituted ia the
Jnited States Court by Judge Wright, colored,
if the Supreme Court of South Carolina,
.gainst the Richmond and Danville Railroad,
ras compromised this morning by the pay
nent of twelve hundred dollars by the rall
oad'corapaoy to the plaintiff. The damages
vere claimed by the plaintiff on the ground
hat he was forcibly ejected from the first-class
?ard on said road, solely on account of color,
lotwithstandl'-; that he held a first-class '
ick.et. The case was partially heard yester
FIRE AT NEWBERS, N. C.
NBWBERN, N. C., April 12.
There was a disastrous fire this morning on '.
liddle street, which d.stroyed seventeen
louses. There was an Insurance to the amount 1
if one hundred thousand dollars.
A NEW CAPITAL OF FASHION.-It has been ru- ?
nored that the Parisian ladies intend to show
heir sense of their country's misfortunes by '
idopting for the future an extreme sobriety of '
lostume. As this is an eccentricity of fashion
nto which their most devoted Imitators iu ;
.thereonnlrles can hardly be expected to follow
Item, another "defeat ol'Worth" may be an
icipated, and the great Parisian milliner will
ease tb give the law to Europe. Under these
Ircumstanees it will become necessary to es- ;
abli8h the, capital of fashion is some other city,
?nd the names ot several places have already
leen mentioned as the future seat ol goverrt
atntibr female costume. The claims ol' the
^rtuguese ^erritory ol' Goa seem to yes worthy
>f great/ consideration, and Should the gover
ior succeed in effecting certain reforms which
ie seeks to Introduce, the dress of the native
nhabitants ol'that colony will form an admir?
able model for the Imitation of English ladies,
in order has been recently issued directlng
.hat "natives found lu publb either underclad
)r dressed i iv clothes too transparent or flimsy
:o answer the purposes of delicacy shall be
punished." If this edict produces the desired
effect, London milliners should lose no time
in putting themselves in communication with
jome leading.. native firm in Goa. A very
salutary change would be effected In English
female costumes, while the milliners would
not in the long run be losers by the transfer ol'
their allegiance to the Portuguese settlement.
Goan fashions might not perhaps change quite
so frequently as Parisian modes, and milliners
therefore would not be required to supply so
many dresses as here to tore; bur, on the other
hand, each dres3 would require a consider?
ably larger amount of material than at present.
THE CIVIL WAR Hf FRANCE
PARIS AGAIN CUT OFF FROM THE
A Battery Established at St. Denis by
the Prussians-The Care of .Hudele I ne
Assassinated-A treats Increasing
Heavy Cannonading-An Attack on
*ort Montrouge-!io German Interfer?
ence unit?, to Enforce Payment of
PARIS, April IL
The Commune authorities have redoubled
their precautions against the departure of per?
sons from the elly without passports. Dgin
browBki reports complete occupation1 ot
Amiens by the Nationals, and effective opera?
tions of the iron-clad cars on "the Versailles
and St. Germain Railway. Affairs at Porte
Maillot have improved for the Nationals, who
repaired during the night damages caused by
the cannonade in the day. They have also
erected additional batteries and otherwise
strengthened the defences around the gate.
It ls said that Fabric! has Informed (be gov?
ernment at Versai lies that the Paris Commune
bas notified him of its determination to stop
traffic on. the Northern Railway, ladmirault
commands the lorces around Mont:Valerien,
and Clssey those on the plain of Chatillon.
PARIS, April ll-Evening.
The cannonading belore Paris has recom
menced, and many shells are falling about
Porte Maillot and in the Champs Elysees.
Placards counselling conciliatory measures to
W8.rds the Versailles government have been
destroyed. The women of Paris have been In?
vited to form military organizations for the
defence of the city. Fort Montrouge was at?
tacked by the army of Versailles at 10 o'clock
this forenoon. A violent cannonade and rifle
fire ls yet in progress.
LONDON*, April 12.
A Versailles special to the London News
says that Sartory camp was raised, and the
troops marched to Paris. The Prussians have
established a battery at St. Denis, the guns o
which point toward Paris.
The cure of the Church of Madeleine is re?
ported assassinated by a Parisian mob. A
Paris special to the London Telegraph says
the churches ol Notre Dame and De Loretta
have been pillaged. Arrests aw Increasing.
' Paris dispatches lo the London Times say a
report was widely spread last night that
Montrouge had been taken. A great offen?
sive movement by Versailles troops is expect?
ed to take place to-day.
NEW YORK, April ll.
A Paris dispatch ol the ll th says: Your
correspondent, to-day, agaiu interviewed the
central committee. They confessed their dis?
appointment and disgust at the work of the
Commune, which has aped that of the revolu?
tionists ol 1793. They say their sally will
alienate Ihe provinces and array all the world
against us. We must resume thc power we
entrusted to the Commune. They are incapa?
ble of legislating or directing military opera?
tions. We who created them must set them
aside. Nothing is left for us now but to anni?
hilate Versailles or be annihilated. Unless we
overthrow Versailles we and the republic are
VERSAILLES. April 12.
The cannonading about Paris was less fre?
quent to-day. and nothing of importance
LONDON, April 12.
A dlsoatch from Versailles states that there
was considerable fighting going on in the
vicinity of-Fort Montrouge und near Issy und
Vanvres. When the dispatch left, the inmates
of Vanvres and Issy and the insurgents wera
gathered in Immense numbers, and were dis?
puting every inch o? ground. The south side
ol the city had not been shelled by Hie govern?
ment troops, but if the Insurgents continue
firing from the forts, and show no signs of
yielding, it ia intended to shell with vigor so.
aito command the whole southern side of the
The sacking of the public buildings by a
mob of men and women continues. Several
attractive city churches were pillaged and des?
ecrated. Paris is cut off from ail communica?
tion with the outer world; no message or mes
Banger can leave without a pass by General
Dombrowskl. The Official Journal of to-day
says Germany will only interfere in the affairs
of France when it shall become necessary for
lae collection of the money due herself.
Napoleon ls ill at Chiselhurst,
TUE NEW GERMAN EMPIRE.
Thc Soldier's Return-The Future Arbi?
ter of Europe-Policy of thc Empire
Germany and Austria-England.
[...'orrespo-.dence or the New York Tribune. |
BERLIN, March 19.
The war being over the German armies are
returning home. In every street and at every
corner you can see the brave, weather-beaten
veterans, who ?have borne with wonderful
energy tho hardships of a winter campaign.
The landwehr is discharged first. Yesterday I
met a landWehrman with his wife and boy in
the street. The better-half carried the needle
gun and the little boy the haversack, the
peaceful warrior walklDg happy and smiling
between them. On one of the car??, which
last summer were marked by the soldiers,
"Express freight for Paris," I now saw the in?
scription, "Love's gifts (Liebesgaben) for
wives and children." All the men are over?
joyed to get back, and their haste to throw off
the uniform proves, better than any long dis?
course, that there is not a particle of the
vaunting military Bpirit In this people. I con?
versed with several of the Lindwch'rmen.
rhey spoke of the war with. cne utmost Indif?
ference, and mentione,? lt in a' business-like
lone as a job which had to be done thoroughly.
I observed no feeling of hatred in any of the
men. "Of course,"" they said, as if exculpat?
ing their enemta, "we cannot expect that the
French love r.a, their condition is too pitiable,
but we could iiot help It; in order to get rid of
them we. Dad to give them a sound thrashing.
Now ve shall have peace, and as to their pro?
scriptive tendencies manifested In the large
r*rench cltlea, they will soon Und out that they
wilt rather lose than gain by such a foolish
It Is expected that by the middle of April all
the Germa? regiments, except those, of course,
which are to remalo for the occupation of some
French province?, will be home again. Tims
the war will have lasted Just nine months; but
nearly one hundred thousand men, who have
been killed on the battle-field or died in the
hospitals, will not return. Nevertheless the
fruits which till? gigantic war has brought to
Germany are no' too dearly bought. The su?
periority ot France ls gone. The foundation
ot German unity and power ha9 been laid, and
the matual position ol' the European powers is
changed in iavor of Germany. After the down?
fall ol the first French Empire the so-called
holy alliance tried to establish its hegemony
Tor Europe; In the course ol years it expanded
into tite so-called European pentarchy, em?
bracing the five great powers, viz: Russia,
Prussia, Austria, England and France, but with
Russia at the head. The Crimean war de?
stroyed Russia's leadership in the "European
concert." and after her defeat France became
the arbiter of Europe. Louis Napoleon by his
Italian war reached the height ol his powor,
from which ne has been thrown by the Ger?
The political men in Germany are deeply im?
pressed with the responsibility which rests on
them, and they fully appreciate the duties
which their greater Importance in the world's
affairs has devolved on their country. They
consequently consider It their first and princi?
pal task to work for Hie Inner development of
Germany! The Empire has as yet been estab?
lished only in- rough outlines. The spirit
which on the foundation ot these outlines has
to build the great political structure, ia as yet
little developed In the masses. The few prom?
inent meh, powerful as their genius and en?
ergy may be, are dependent upon the national
spirit in their practical efforts; and upon its
resources and shortcomings. Fortunately, the
new Empire bas taken its beginning with a
strong military and political power at Its head,
which most now more than ever protect the
new creation from anarchy. Religious, politi?
cal and economical questions of the highest
importance claim a liberal solution. Apart
from the common military law, many benefi?
cial reforms have been prepared in eco?
nomical and juridical matters, which, lt ls
trusted, will now fully awaken to life. The
? unity of measures and coins, the new gold
standard, a common commercial and criminal
law, the prospectbi a common civil law for
the whole Empire, unrestricted liberty of
choosing or changing a residence and doing
business without applying to the government
fora permit, a common poor law-all these
wholesome measures will very soon be devel?
oped into one rule for the government of the
As for their home policy, the majority of the
statesmen have an Inclination for strengthen?
ing the Imperial Government, which, by the
accession of comparatively powerful States
like Bavaria, has been shorn ot some of its
most Important attributes. It will be the same
Srocess which, after the defeat of the rebel
on, has partly taken place in the United
States. The centrifugal tendencies of the Teu?
tonic character are too strong to create a cen?
tralized government; on the contrary, what
ls here required ls a constitutional govern-,
ment, which cannot be Intimidated or crippled
by rebellious States or nullification r?solutions.
Bavaria Is the South Carollnla of the German
The position which Germany has conquered
by her victories over tho French obliges her
to do her utmost to satisfy the expectations of
the world. If the change made by her lo the
relative strength of the European Powers ls to
have a lasting Influence, this revolution must,
at the same time, change the prevailing ideas
ol civilization and culture. That such a revo?
lution will be the consequence of the victories
ol Germany ls perhaps the strongest reason
for the distrust which her successes have cre?
ated among the other nations. It ls. in fact,
not so much the aggressive policy of the new
empire which these nations apprehend as the
inconvenience of accommodating themselves
to new ideas of civilization and to a new
standard of culture and progress. The world
ls In a certain degree accustomed to the su?
premacy ot France in all forms of social life
and taste, as well as in literary, artistic and
political opinions. These lorms being rather
insinuating and dazzling, the French have re?
conciled the people with their rule, and make
their pressure less felt. Now the apprehen?
sion is entertained that the revolution in . the
political power will also . effect a change in
this supremacy. It will be one of the princi?
pal tasks of Germany to win over the world lo
her views of life and to her mode of thinking
and representing these thoughts, a task which
is not at all an easy one, as the Germans are
not celebrated for then* amiable manners or
lor the softness ot their propaganda. A prom?
inent German essayist, in speaking of Prussia,
makes tho Just remark, that ever since her
political existence she has. In a wonderful
degree, cultivated the art of making herself
universally disliked and even detested.
In the same way the world must become
reconciled with the great material power of
the new Empire. That the smaller States are
somewhat afraid oNt Is natural, as in their
dealings with Germany they have no clear con?
science. lu the days of her weakness they
strengthened their self-confidence with Imper?
tinences at the expense of Germany. Not to
speak ol the Northern kingdoms, I only men?
tion tho troubles and the cares of Holland,
which, in spite ol-solemn treaties, with her
'Jusque dans la vier" doctrine closed the navi?
gation of the Rhine. But Germanv now occu?
pies too proud a position to resent old Insults
ol the small Sutes. As lar as the greater and
moro powerful States are concerned*, lt is the
uncertainty ol' the future which creates mr un?
pleasant feeling toward Germany, and this
feeling is corroborated partly by political phan?
tasms and partly by the political insecurity ol
these States. In Italy, for Instunce, the lead?
ing men overlook the fact that notwithstand?
ing its romantic, mediaeval title, the German
Empire ls a very sober and modern State, which
does not trouble Itself with the renewal of the
old expeditions lo Rome, and that all its vital
interests tend to friendly relations with Italy.
Germany ls doing her utmost to win the fa?
vor ot Austria. While the Germans sub?
jects ol the latter power heartily sympathize
with the motlier country, the present ruling
Slavic elements look to the development of the
powerful Northern neighbor with a certain
distrust if not fear. Since I860, however,
there is oo reason why Germany and Austria
should not be on the most lrlendly terms. It
ls not the lani t of the German statesmen that
the Auslralns do not believe in their own
future, and they only deplore that the process
of decomposition ls going on there too fast.
Rut they are far irom meddling with Austrian
affairs, the more so as the German provinces
will, In the course ot time, voluntarily return
to the mother country. The later they do this
the better for both parties. If, however, Aus
strla should sacrifice her German subjeets lo
the Sclaves and Hungarians, In that case only
Germany would be Justified in taking the part
ot her countrymen; but lt ls expected that the
Austrian Empire will not commit political sui?
cide. The English Jealousy against the new
German Empire has In the eyeH of the Ger?
mans a deeper foundation thnn mere envy. It
must be admitted that the great economi?
cal consequences of the war have seri
only Injured English commerce and business;
but thia point ol view ?3 of course quite imma?
terial to thc victors. English policy has for
long years been accustomed to rely on France
and Austria as its natural allies against Russia.
Now France is broken, and the present and
future ol' Austria every day becomes more
doubtful, lt ls, therefore, but natural that
England does not remain Impassive to this
sudden und far-reaching change. England,
however, should look a little more ahead. It
is true she will never find in Germany an ally
against Russia, for a policy, which seeks to
realize its own aggrandizement by throwing
Impediments In the way of its much-dreaded
enemy; but In the furtherance of those ques?
tions which rather concern the Interests of the
civilized world at large, she will always be
sure to obtain a ready support ia Germany.
In spite of the warm personal friendship bo- !
tween the Emperors william and Alexander,
there is not, as has been often alleged,
a defensive or offensive alliance between
the two powers; the Russian people
and the nobility, headed by the Grand Duke,
are ever deadly opposed to Germany. Thus
nothing prevents England from connecting
herself, as under the elder Pitt, with Germany
as the strongest continental power. In this
country, on account of the sale ol arms, I have
observed here and there a leellng of animosi?
ty, but lt is not deep enough to be in the way
ol forming the most friendly relations between
the two European representatives of the great
Teutonic race. Next to the development of
Germany, the state ot affairs in France will,
for the present, be the most important feature
of European politics.
After her crushing defeats, she will have to
undeigo the same process by which Prussia
recovered after 1806. It ls to be hoped, In the
interest of humanity, that she will cali the
moral and ethical powers under her banner for
her national resurrection, an this ls her only
way of salvation. If she be not strong enough
to do this, she will sink to the level of Spain,
and be a passive member of the family or Eu?
rope au StaieB lor general ions.
TH 1? O ERM A y PEACE JUBILEE.
Magnificent Demonstrations in New
York, Baltimore and Washington.
The accomplishment of a victorious peace,
and, with lt, the consummation of that pas?
sionate aspiration of Germany for so mauy
years, the unification of the German Sutes,
naturally aroused the strongest senrlments ol'
patriotic pride and satisfaction arnon'.'
Germans everywhere, and these sentiments
I found an adequate expression ia the demon?
strations in tho Northern cities on Monday
last. A New York telegram sayB: .
Tho Germans have been favored with a
splendid day for the peace celebration. The
east side of the elly la covered with bunting
and other decorations. The procession, bead?
ed by cavalry, and comprising twelve divisions,
started at ll o'clock, and alter a review by the
Governor and Mayor, assembled In Tompkins
Square, where a grand mass meeting was held
In honor of the dav. The city presents a holi?
day appearance/ -The procession, la point of
numbers and enthusiasm, excelled any similar
display ever witnessed In this city. From an
early nour the streets were crowded with or?
ganizations- proceeding to the rendezvous, and
with citizens desirous of witnessing tbe pa?
geant. The ' streets along the line of
mareil were densely crowded, oe were
every window and balcony commanding
a view ol tbe scene, Flags were displayed
from almost every house. The majority o? the
German 'stores were closed, the proprietors
and employees participating In the procession.
In front ot the City Hall was erected a large
platform, from which the procession was re?
viewed by Governor Hoffman, Mayor Hall,
members of the common council, beads of .the
city departments and commissioners, Judges
ol the Slate courts, and many other prominent
persons. As tho procession passed the plat?
form the immense crowd that bad gathered
about greeted it with cheers, and waving of
banners. At the mass meeting, at Tompkins
Square, held after the procession, and which
was a vast assemblage, speeches were made
by Horace Greeley, ex-Governor Solomon, ol
wisconsin; Oswald Ottendorf er, and others.
The Baltimore Sun ol Tuesday says :
The demonstration in honor of the German
peace Jubilee yesterday was one of the largest
and most Interesting ever witnessed In this
city. Tbe procession, its numbers and varie?
ty, Its military and civic features, Its vast forest
ot banners, and elaborateness ol display and
paraphernalia, attested the prolound earnest?
ness and devotion with which lt was gotten
up. One of the most striking and suggestive
teatures of the grand demonstration was the
multitude ot industrial societies, giving vast
and impressive evidence ot the extent and va?
riety of German industries here. A bone and
sinew army ot the productive class was mar?
shalled yesterday ia our American cities pro?
bably greater in the aggregate than the de?
structive army which lately laid siege to Paris.
Of the celebration In Washington, a letter
The demonstration in celebration of the re?
turn ot peace between Germany and France,
was imposing In all its features. The proces?
sion of the different German organizations in
tbe line ol march passed the residence of
Baron Gerolr. which was tastefully ornament?
ed In front with a fine flag ol the North Ger?
man Confederation, surmounted by shields
and banners of various. designs. The
doorway was festooned with laurel wreaths,
streamers and flowers. While the pro?
cession was passing, the Baron came
ont and stood in tbe doorway uncovered,
and bowed, while those in the procession gave
him cheers in passing. The residences or all
the Germans on the line ot march were deco?
rated with flags and evergreens. The trium?
phal car contained eighteen young ladies, all
dressed in white, wearing laurel wreaths, rep?
resenting the .different German fe tates. A
canopy was erected over this car with red.
white and blue colors. Tbe procession passed
the Executive Mansion, but the President was
THE NEW ORLEANS MACES. '
. . NEW ORLEANS, April ll.
The Metuire races were resumed to-day..
The weather was pleasant, and the attendance
the largest so lar. It ls the most successful
meeting since tne war. The first race, two
miles, eight hardies; club purse 1760. Beacon
beat Chalmctte, Virgil, Tanglefoot, Israel and
Chickasaw in thc same order; time 3:58. The
secobd race, club purse of $600; 1,. Corsican
beat. ty. H. Johnson, Style and Woodbury in
the-same-order; lune 2:144. ID toe third race,
$12.?0, two mile heats- Defender 1:1, Pilgrim
2:2, Alaska 3-distanced-time 3:414 and 3:39
The contest between Defender and Pilgrim was
very close, and won by only a few inches.
WE AT HE lt PREDICTIONS.
WASHINGTON, April 12.
Partially cloudy weather, with light winds,
will probably be experienced on Thursday in
the Middle and Southern States and the Mis?
sissippi valley; cloudy weather and fresh west?
erly winds on the lakes, and fresh winds on
the east Atlantic.
-A woman who is in "a slate of mind" over
the question of mules or puffs, writes to the
Citizen and Bound Table thus : "The triumph
which a woman feels on being the recipient of
unlimited male homage, or when she is the
delight of male beings' eyes or the coveted of
male beings' hearts, ls but a rush-light, a
farthing dip to a lambent lamp, filled with the
purest Astral oil, a gorgeous gleaming chan?
delier ot glaring gas, when compared with the
ravishing rush of satisfaction and complacency
and pure Joy which feeds her noble soul when
every woman in the room 1B green with envy
of her. The utter earthiness of man's gross
nature may probably prevent his appreciation
of this exalted sensation, this transfiguration
which takes place In the female bosom at in?
tervals, but most women know it and feel it,
and in fact I know how it is myself."
BARNEY WILLIAMS FLOORED BY A WOMAN.
During thc recent engagement of Mr. and Mrs.
Burney Williams in Philadelphia, a woman
with an infant attended one of the perform?
ances. The baby kept up an incessant erv.
At thc end of ibu play, Mr. Williams was called
before the curtain. The baby was bawling lus?
tily. Mr. Williams looked around for a mo?
ment, and then said: "Sliure, there's a nurse
wanted." A roar ot laughter followed. When
the mirth bad subsided, the woman with tne
infant arose and replied: "No Irish need apply."
There was a tremendous burst of applause,
amid which the woman, with her musical
baby, triumphantly retired.
LAWS OF THE STATE.
Acts and Joint Resolution*, Passed
by the General Assembly of South
Carolina, Session of 18T0-'71.
AN ACT to charter the Town of Florence
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the State of South
Carolina, now met and sitting in General As?
sembly, and by the authority of the same :
That from and after the passage of this act,
all and every person or persons who shall have
resided in tbe corporate limits of the Village of
Florence for two months, are hereby declared
to bc members of the corporation hereby to be
SEC. 2. That the said persons shall, from and
after the passage of this act, become a body
politic and corporate, and shall be known and
called by the Dame of the Town of Florence,
and its corporate limits shall extend one mile
in every direction from the corner of Fr ont and
Dargan streets, in said town.
Ssc. 3. That tho said town shall ba gover ned
by an inion dan: and four wardens, who shall
have resided in the State for one year, and
within the limits of the corporation for sixty
days immediately precoding their election.
The said intendant and wardens shall be elect?
ed on tho second Monday of the month of
April, in eacb year, len days' notice being pre?
viously given, and shill continue in office one
y ear,.and until the elect lattin d qualification ot
tb eir successors; and ju male inhabitants o'
the said town, who shall have attained the ag
of twenty-one years, and resided therein tw
months immediately preceding the.election
shall be entitled to Tote for said intendant an
Bia. a. That tbe said elect ion'aball be hel
in some convenient public place in said towt
from six o'clock in the morning until .six o elbe
in the evening; and when the polls shall b
closed the managers shall forthwith, count th
votes and declare the election, giving notice ?
writing to the persons elected. .The in ten dan
and wardens, /or the time .being, shall alway
appoint the managers to conduct the election
who, before they open the polls, for tbe sail
election, shall take an oath fairly and impart?
ally to conduct the same. And the ihtendan
and wardens, before entering upon' the duties c
their offices, respectively, take the oath'pre
scribed by the Constitution of the State, ant
the following oath, to wit : "As intendan
(or wardens) of the Town of Florence, I wi)
equally and i mpart iaHy, to the -best of my ab i 1
itv, exercise the trust reposed in me, and wi]
ase my best endeavors to preserve .the peace
and carry into effect, according to law, the pur
, pose for which I have been elected : So help mi
God." And if any person, upon being elected
intendant or warden, shall refuse to act ai
snob, he shall forfeit and pay to said towt
council the sum of twenty dollars, for the ns?
of said town : Provided, That no person wac
has attained the age of sixty years shall tw
compelled to serve in either of the said office*,
nor snail any other person be compelled tc
servo more than one year in any term of t hr?
Ssa 5. That in case any vacanoy shoold oc?
cur in the office o ' intendant or any of thc
wardens, by death, resignation or otherwise,
.an election to fill suoh vacanoy sba]] be held,
by the appointment of intendant or warden oi
wardens, as the case may be, ten days' previ*
ons notice being given; and in case of sick?
ness or temporary absence of the intendant,
the wardens, forming a oouued, shall be em?
powered to elect one of their number to act as
intendant during the time.
Ssc. 6. That the intendant and wardens duly
elected and qualified shall, during their term
of service, severally and respectively, be vested
with all the powers of a trial justice or other
inferior court; and the intendant shall and
may, as often as may ba necessary, summon
the wardens to meet in council, any two of
whom shall, wit a the intendant, or any three
wardens, constitute! a quorum to transact busi?
ness, and they shall be known by the name of
the town council ot florence. And they and
their successors, hereafter to be elected, may
bave a commou seal, which shall be affixed to
all their ordinances, mty sue and be sued, ma;
plead and be impleaded m any court of law or
equity in this State, aud purchase, hold, pos
sees and enjoy to them and their successors, m
, perpetuity, or for any term of years, any estate,
real or personal, or mixed, and sell, alien, oi
convey the same : Provided, The same shall
not exceed, at any one time,, the sum of ten
thousand dollars. And the intendant and
wardens shall have . mil power to make and
esta bush all such rules, by-laws and ordi?
nances respecting the. reads, streets, markers
and police of said town, aa shall appear
to them necessary and requisite for the Beran
ty, welfare and convenience of said town,' oi
for preserving health, order, peace and good
government within the same; and all tbe by
laws, rules and ordinances the said conned
may make shall, at all times, be subject to re
visai or repeal by tbe General Assembly of tbii
State. And the said connoil may fix and im
pose fines and penalties for the violation there
of, and appropriate the same to the pnbli<
useB of said corporation: Provided, That nt
punishment ehall exceed exceed fifty dollars
or thirty days' imprisonment.
SEO. 7. That the nrendaot and wtrdensof sait
town shall have full and only power to grant OJ
rei aoe licenses to keep taverns, or retail spirit
nous liquors within the corporate limits of sau
tawn, upon such conditions, and under suet
circumstances, as to them Eball seem right ant
pioper: Provided, That in no instance *shal
tbe pnce of a been se to keep a tavern, or tore
tail spirituous liquors, be' fixed at a less Bun
than is established by tbe law? for this State
and all moneys paid for licensee, and for fina1
and forfeitures for retailing spirituous liquors
keeping tavern and billiard tables within thc
said limits, without licenses, ehall be appro?
priated to the public uses ot said* town : Pro?
vided, That the intendant and wardens, duh
elected and qualified, ebal! not have power tc
grant any license to heep taverns or retad spir?
ituous liquors, to extend beyond the term foi
which they have bees elected.
SEO. 8. That it shall be tho duty of the in?
tendant and wardens to keep all roads, streets
and ways within their corporate limits open
and in good repair. They shall have power to
compound with all persons liable to work the
streets, way s and roads io said town, upon
such terms as they by ordinance shall establish,
the moneys BO received to be applied to the
public use of eaid town; and all persons refus?
ing or failing to pay such commutation shall
be liable to such tine, not exceeding twenty
dollars, as the town council may impose.
SEC. 9. The Bail town council shall have
power to rogulate sales at auction within the
limits of said town, and to grant licenses to
auctioneers : Providod, Nothing herein con?
tained ehall extend to sales by sheriff, clerk of
court, judge of probit?, coroner, executor or
administrator, assignee in bankruptcy, or by
any of the persons out of the order, decree of
any court, trial justice or other inferior court.
SEC. 10. They shall -also have power to im?
pose an annual tax not exceeding fifty cents on
every hundrod dollars of the assessed value of
real and personal estate lying within the cor?
porate limits of said town, the real and personal
estate of churches and school associations
excepted. The enid council shall have power
to regulate the price of licenses upon ail public
shows and exhibitions in said town, to erect a
power magazine, and compel any person hold?
ing more than twenty-five pounds of powder to
store thc same therein, and to make regula?
tions for the rates of storage thereof, and f>r
keeping and delivering the same. The said
Council shall have power to enfurce the pay?
ment of all taxes levied under authority of thia
act, against the property and person cf
ell defaulters, to the same extent and m the
same manner as is provided by law for the col?
lection of the general taxes, except that execu?
tions to enforce tho payment of the town taxes
shall be iaaued under the seal of the corpora?
tion, and. directed to tho town marshal or other
person especially appointed by tho town coun?
cil to col.ect the same; and all property upoa
which a taz shall be levied is hereby declared
and made liable for tho payment thereof, in pre?
ference to all otber debts against the said prop?
erty, except debts due to the State, which shall
first be paid.
SEO. ll. That the said town council shall
have power, witb the consent of the adjacent
land owners, to close all su:b roads, streets
and ways within the town aa they ' shall deem
necessary, by the sale of,the freehold therein,
either at pubhc or private ede, as they may
adjudge best for tbe interest of the said town
and they shall baTe power - to lay out,7adopt,
open and keep in repair"ail such new streets,
roads and WS-^B wrthfn the town as they
may deem Deeeesaiy.for the improvement
and convenience of-fte said town :' Provided,
That no new knreet, road "or way shall 65
opencut wUt:out nrat haying obtained tho con?
sent or the lana'-'oWner or owners torpupa
whose premises any such new street, road or
way may. pass.
Seo. 12.That the'Said town co oben shall
have power, and are hereby authorised, to el co t
two or more .marshals, (in addition to the
sheriff of Darlington, who. shall be a marshal of
the town,) to fix their salaries and .prescribe
their du i i oe, who ah all be aworn in and in vest?
ed with all the powers, and subjected to all * .
the duties and liabilities, that constables now
have, or are subjected, to by law, in add i t'i oa
to the du tie; and ha bili ties speedily conferred '
and imposed opon them by the town eohnoii :
Provided, That their Juris diction an?U.be coa-1
fined wi th I'D the limits of the said towoi'. ' V
Ssa 13. That tba,,aaid town coonoil shall
baye . pow sr to establish a guardhouse, and to
presjribe, by, ordinance,, suitable rules and
r e g ula ti ons tor koo p Lng and governing th e
game, and until such guardhouse shall be oij;
tabiiehed, they shall bs authorised to use a
room in the common jail of Darlington County
for' the confinement of ali persons who may be
subject to be committed for violation of any
ordinance of the town, passed in conformity
to the provisions of thia act. And the said
town council may, by ordinance, or the said
intendant and wardens in person, any
one or more of them, authorise and re?
quire any marshal of the town, or any con?
stable, specially appointed for that purpose, to
arrest or commit to said guardhouse or
jail of Darling ton County, as the case may be?
fora term not exceeding twenty-four boars;
any parsoa or persons who, within the corpor?
ate limits of said town, may be engaged m a1
breach of the peace, any riotous or disorderly
conduct, open obscenity, public drunken?
ness, or in any conduct grossly in?
decent or dangerous to the' citizens of the
said town, dr any of them; and it shall be the
duty of the mat?bale to arrest and commit all
such offenders, when required to io so, who
shall hive power to call to their assistance the
pom comitatus, if need be, to aid-in making
Bach arrests; and upon failure of the town
marshal to perform each duty if required,
they shall severally be subject to snob fines
and penalties as the town council may
establish; and all persons so imprisoned
shall pay the costs and expenses incident
to their imprisonment, which said costs
and expenses shall be 'collected in the same
manner as provided by this act for the collec?
tion of tines imposed for violation of ordi
naaces: Provided, That arab:'imprisonment,
shall not exempt the party from the payment
of any fine the connell may impose for the
offence for which he may have been com?
SEC. li, That the said town council shall,
have the power to collect the taxes from all.
persons representing, publicly, within the cor?
porate limits, for gain or reward, any plays or
shows, of any kidd'whatsoever,'to bo uso d for
the purpose of said town.
Sic. 15. That all the fines which shall here?
after be collected fox retailing, without license,,
within the corporate limits pf th? said towri?
shall be paid one-half to the informer and the
other bali to the connell, kr the nee of the said
SEC. 16. That tbe said town council shall
have power to abate all nuisances within their
corporate limits, and also to appointa boardof
health for said town, and to pass snob ordinan?
ces as may be necessary to define tba dalias
and powers of the said board, and to impose
fines and penalties apon the members of the
said board, for neglect, of duty or ref asalto
sejye: Provided, That no fine hereby au?
thorized to be empowered shall ; exceed the som '
of twenty dollars. . The said town council of
Florence shall have power and authority to
require tho owner or owners of any lot or lots,
in the said town, to keep the 'streets in front
of the said lot or lots deir of all filth add
rubbish, and, also, to make and keep in good
repair sidewalks m front of said lot or lota,
when the same shall front on or adjoin any of
tbe public street a of tbe said town* if, ID the
judgment of the said town council, such side?
walks shall be necessary, the width thereof
and the manner of their construction to be
designated and regulated by the said town
council; and for default or refusal an the part
of sach owner or owners to keep the said
streets olean, or to make and seep in repair
such sidewalks whenever required, the said
town connell may cause the said streets to be
cleaned, or such sidewalks to be made und
kept in repair, and require euch owner or own-, *
ors to pay the costs and expense thereof:
Provided, however, That contracts for clean?
ing tbe said 8 tree ts, or making and patting ia
repair sach sidewalks, shall be let to tho low?
est bidder, tu
SEC. 17. That the said town-<couneil shall
have power to borrow' money" 'for the public
use of the corporation, by issuing, from time
to time, as occasion may require, the bonds' of
the corporation, bearing interest at a rate not
to exoeed seven per centum a year, to be paid
semi-annually, tor an amount not to exceed
five thousand dollars;and for the payment of
the interest, and the ultimate redemption bf
the principal, according to the terms of the
loan, the sud corporation sh al I, at all times, be
liable: Provided, That the private proper tyol
the inhabitants of the said town shall be
bound for the redemption of the said lota in
no other way than by the imposition of an an .
nual tax, according to the provisions of this
SEC. 18. That the intendant and wardens
elect shall, during their term of office, be ex-,
empt from street duty. Each town council
shall, within one month arter the expiration of
their term of office, make ont and retara to
their successors, a foll account of their receipts
and expenditures during their term, and shall
pay over all moneys in their possession belong
ing to the corporation, and deliver ap all
books, records and papers incidental to th cir
office to then* successors; and on failr re to do
so they ahall be liable to be fined in's som not
exceeding ono honored dollars, to be collected
m any proper action by the town council.
SEC. 19. That for any wi! fol violation or ne?
glect of duty, malfeasance in office, abuse o:
opprcesion, the said intendant and wardens,
jointly and severally, shall be liable to indict?
ment in the Court of Sessions, and, upon con?
viction, to punishment, as prescribed hi the
preceding section, besides teing hable for
damages to any peraou or persons injured.
SEC. 20. That all acts and parts of acta here?
tofore passed m relation to incorporation of
the Town of Florence be, and the same are
SEC. 21. This act shall be deemed a public
act, and continue in force until amended, al?
tered or repealed.
Approved the 9th day of March, A. D, 1871?