Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1578.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 12, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
OUR GAY GAMBOLTKBS.
THE GREAT EOEEE TEATERS OF j
A Colored Congressman the Champion
How he Straddle? the Blind-A Blt of |
Joe Crewa'a Strategy-A Dead Open
and Shat on the Colored Assemblymen
-How they Lone their Hard-Earned
H?4hes-Sam Dickerson's Dilemma
Hurley to the Rescue-The Columbia
Tiger Chained for a Season.
[Correspondence of tte New York Son ]
COLUMBIA, S. C., April 6.
As in Washington, so here, I find that re?
laxation from the cares of State is found in the
enticing gaine of poker. Your genuine black
legislator, such as ls found only in South Car?
olina, can no more abstain lrom cards than
he can from plunder; and the consequence ls,
that in the Interim of his legislative iuncllons,
nearly all that he steals from day to day is
swallowed up in the straights, flushes and full
hands held by cooler and less aspiring colored
citizens ol'the body politic. Recognizing this
weakness on the part of our colored citizens,
several shrewd and enterprising professionals
have o fl? ned places where nightly gather Co?
lumbia's dusky lawmakers to indulge their
bent, even to the last shinplaster or Hardy j
Solomon's latest endorsement,
k The South Carolina Legislature plays poker
almost to a man. ttl course, In lt are some
who excel in skill and are successful in pocket;
hy but the msjority have but a poor knowledge
W of the game, and are generally losers.
TUE CHAMPION" POKERIST
left Columbia When Jim Rainey went to Con- j
gress.. Jim was said to have been the most
skilful manipulator of the cards in the Legisla- |
ture when be sat In that body. He could sit
down with Whipper, Frank Moses, Ben Byas,
and that crowd, and in less than no time clean
out the whole party. There was much sorrow
felt by Finn, who keeps the crack place In Co?
lumbia, when Rainey left, for the reason that
he and Ralney nearly always played together
for the benefit of the bank, and when they sat
down together generally succeeded In making
tlte bank account heavy. Hamey's greatest,
and strongest hold is In straddling blinds. "Nb ?
matter how high the latter ls, or how much it
costs to get in, ii Rained has the edge, he is
almost sure to straddle. S ometimes, when he
bas put in $10 In the way ol a straddle, he turns
up ace high, and prefers to lose the money
rather than draw; but oftener he gets good
hands, and is enabled to run np a big pot.
Whipper, Ben Byas, and such men, who do not
always have money enough to see the straddle,
are frightened off, and Jim quietly rakes in the
chips. Bainey had more nerve than any other J
colored player around the Statehouse, and
that, of course, helped him out. The negroes
generally were afraid ot him. and, with a few
exceptions, would risa and leave the table
when he called for fifty dollars' worth of chips.
HOW UNCLE JOSEPH DOES IT.
There is one player, however, in Columbia
that was never afraid of Ralney when the lat?
ter payed here. On the contrary, Ralney
rather dreaded to encounter him. This ls a
white noan, who plays very frequently with
the negroee. His name is Uncle Joe Crews.
Uncle Joe is a giant among the poker players,
not so much because of his skill In handling
cards, but on account of the shrewd, lox way
in which he does his betting. Like Ah Sin,
"He smiles as he sits at the table.
With a smile that ls Childlike and bland."
Uncle Joe's smooth, unruffled countenance
remains as placid osan April sun, and fairly
beams with, innocence as he throws down his
"full" or four of ft kind, and modestly rakes
down the pile. Uncle Joe's forte is in leading, !
. on the betters. When the cards are dealt and
i the pdt ls mude np for the draw, he will per
^ - haps draw one card, and as he picks it np just
9 the slightest shade ol disappointment passes ?
' over Els.countenance. The other players
notice it, and mentally ejaculate, "Uncle
Joseph drew to a flush and didn't un." Be?
lieving Uncle Joe to be out of the .game, they
proceed with the bets. It Is Uncle Joe's edge.
The man next him chips. Toe next one raises
it $5. The next $10. The game becomes ex-1
citing, while Uncle Joseph looks on quite
"pensive and childlike." lt finally comes bis
turn. He sees the bet and raises it $50. Con?
sternation sits upon every colored counten?
ance. Whipper turns ashy; his last cent ia in
the pool, and he holds three queens. - He was
certain of winning. Uncle Joseph, with a pen?
sive smile, looks around the table tor responses
to bis Coup d'?tat. A dead alienee ensues, but
finally some darkey who thinks he knows a
think or two says: :
"Mass' Crews, I Nieves you ls a bluffin'. Is1
calls it," and he puts-down Hardy Solomon's!
endorsement of. his lost pay certificate for ?50.
Uncle Joseph's little gray eye twinkles right
merrily as he lays his four kings on the table
and says, "If yon fellers will bet yer money
you nSust expect to lose lt."
TIGHT TIMES WITH THE POSER PLATERS.
Since the adjournment of the Legislature,
poker bas rather, lallen off in interest with the
habitu?s ol" Finn's. Money is scarce, and the
Governor's veto of the legislative appropria-1
tion bill knocked spots out ot Hie legislative
calculation. Speaker Moses lost all his money
on nie horse race, and as he /ailed to make the
State refund lt to bim. pecuniary lines have
been drawn somewhat close with bim. Spea?
ker Moses doesn't play poker much now, be?
cause be hasn't any tiling to play with. The
other members are much in the same way.
Their claims have nearly all been sold to the,
legislative banker. Mr. Hardy Solomon, who
positively refuses to add another cent to the
obligation,, and so distress looks the colored
representation In the lace. There are, how?
ever, several who have managed to put by a
little money for a rainy day, ojid with such the
game still goes bravely on. '. '
General W. J. Whipper, member of the
House from Charleston, and brother-in-law of
the remarkable young colored ladies, a sketch j
of whom was:glve.n in Tfte Bun some days ago,
is perhaps thc
i -WPRST POKER.PLAYER IJCSOCJH CAROLINA,
Whipper was never known to win Si p'otln
his Die. ? He knows nothing whatever ot' .the j
game, and it is said that be frequently lays down
a flush,, being afraid to bet least somebody
may hold three of a kind. He ls guided almost
entirely in his judgment by what other people
do. For instance, if he and old Uncle Joe
Crews are .playing at the same table, and J
Uncle Joe slays out, Whipper plays quite reck?
lessly for him: but let Uncle Joe get in the
Eool once, ana Whipper wouldn't bet a cent if j
e bad four kings and an ace. He says:
? "Old Uncle Joe ls de debbil wid his smooth
lacer I wouldn't trust him."
Jira Rainey always U6ed to go for poor
Whipper,-and of course lor Jim to go lor him
Was to clean him out. That was a natural
cons?qnence. The last lime that Jim went
for the General he cleaned him out of hts first
instalment of pei- diem and mileage-$400
check given that day to Whipper for bis vote
on the Charleston election bili, aud aS500
order on the treasurer for two month's salary
to the Rollin ladles. - Whipper swears Jim
never made such a strike as that before.
: Next tu Rainey, and rince he left Columbia,
the most successful player here is Ben Byas,
the negro member from Orangeburg. He is
the homeliest colored mau in the Legislature,
and- can put up a pack ol' cards in the most
accomplished manner. Byas ls a mulatto,
Tvith very thick lips and with reddish, woolly
hair. He is almost always successful, but has
been known to lose very heavily when
- BOCKING AGAINST UNCLE JOE
and Ralney. The only way Byas can ever get
anywhere near square with Joe ls io put up
the cards. Uncle Joe sometimes gets caught
In that way, but ol late he has become more
cautious, and watches Ben very closely as the
deal goes around.
June Hooley, a mulatto representative from
Union County, and the somewhat notorious
oratorical Incendiary, is also a constant de?
votee of poker. Mobley is tolerably success
idl, and ls very cautious in bis betting. He
never likes to bet more than a dollar, and
never calls a band unless pretty sure of the
pot. He knows nothing of stocking the cards,
but is good on the draw, and is iainous lor
S. J. Lee, another colored member of the
lower house, is always ready to risk his last
bribe at the poker table. Lee belongs to the
cuu-s Lhat Uncle Joe Crews and Jim Ralney
likeoo sit down with. Lee thinks he knows it
all, but I ncle Joe says he has yet to learn the
rudiments of the game. He will try to bluff
when he knows there are threes out against [
him, and he never does more than call lf'he
happens to hold fours. So lt is next to impos?
able for him to be very successful, no matter
"JW much fortune may favor him. He and
John A. Green, the latter the roost pompous
colored gentleman in the Legislature, manage
to dispose of their entire winter earnings
around the green cloth. Green ls a bullet
headed darkey. It is said that he can neither
read nor write. His infatuation -lor poker, as
expounded by Uncle Joe Crews, has cost him
many a hard-earned bribe. He is a legislator,
and belongs to the class of which Uncle Joe
and John Dennis are the acknowledged lead?
ers-the class who resido in Columbia the year
round, and are never seen among their con?
THE NATTIEST COLORED POKER PLATER
in all is W. H. Purvis, formerly ol Philadelphia,
the honored member from Lexington. Pur?
vis was defeated at the last election, but
makes the .-tate capital his headquarters,
where he is kuown as an active looby man.
He is very black, and shows his Northern
tnilulng. He drives a handsome horse and
buggy, and, like the President of the United
States, be may be seen with a fine cigar in his
mouth at all hours. He ls generally success?
ful at poker, although this past winter his
losses have been pretty heavy.
Tom Jones, another very black poker player,
is an importation from your city. He is a
member from Charleston County. Jones is a
smooth-laced fellow, anS impresses one with
the air of a millionaire as he Bails into Hardy
Solomon's bank for discounts, arm in arm with
his particular lriend, General Whipper. As a
poker player Jones ls up to the average, al?
though by no means a match tor Ben Byas, or
the king of all players, Uncle Joe Crews.
Either one of these gentlemen would make
the dusky Jones look sick U' they set about it !
in earnest They are lenient with him, how?
ever, for Jones, they say, is a good tetlow, and
besides he has a wife to support. When it
comes to taking money that should go to sup?
porting families Uncle Joe always refuses. He
has a noble bcart, and would no more bring
suffering upon any one than he would rake
down a pot with a pair of deuces.
THE MOST INFATUATED POKER PLAYER
in Columbia ls Major Samuel Dickerson,
of the South Carolina National Guard.
Thc major cannot be called a legislator,
for he is not actually a member ot
either House; but it cannot be denied
that his well-known principles, freely ex
?tressed on all occasions, have had much to do
n shaping the wise and beneficent legislation
which has so justly characterized the past ses?
sion. The major l? a devoted worshipper ol
the little game, but he is also a patriot, and
hence he is always poor. Every dollar that
be can raise (and the major's dollars are not
?lentiful) is cast into the game ot draw-poker,
[e is not skilful. He does not even under?
stand the game; but if fifty cents can be raised
anywhere the major invests, and always, as it
turns' out. to his disadvantage The major's
singular inlatualion ls fast telling upou his
reputation. He is rapidly losing'the respect
of the citizens of Columbia. They pass him
by without noticing him, when those who
should be his best friends do naught but sneer
and H cc ff. Even his most marked character?
istic-his or itory-ts used against him as one
of irony's keenest weapons. A vile carpet?
bagger named Tim Hurley delights to use this
shalt, and some of thc major's very best efforts
are misinterpreted and mis quoted by Hurley
in the most shocking manner. ' One of Hur
ley'sperversions ot the truth in this respe. : ls
worthy of record, not perhaps to illustrate
Major Dickerson's poverty so much as to show
the heartlessness that prompts the recital of
the sad story. The major hud spent
TWO WHOLE NIGHTS AT A POKER TABLE,
and had lost every cent he hod in the world
one dollar and fifty cents. Coming down
Richardson street next morning Tie met
Hurley. The major looked dejected and hag?
gard. His eye was wild and rolling. He was.
evidently hatching a scheme to raise the wind.
Noticing hje singular manner, Hurley said ;
"Sam, what's the matter ?"
Now the major is nothing if not sensation.
He is always dramatic and-poelic, even in ad?
versity, ant' In bis moments ol despair his burn?
ing eloquence never lorsakes him. The major
slopped short and looked at Hurle}'. His ex
?rewire eye rolled In its wildest manner,
aklng Tim by the arm with a grip like a vice
be said in a deep, resonant voice :
"sir. have you (laughters ?"
Somewiiat astonished. Tim said he had.
"How did are they ?*' the major asked.
"Quite young," responded Tim.
"So have I daughters, sir, and they are fair
and comely td look upon. I want to ask you,
sir, as a father, how you would like to see
your young and blooming offspring tremblinr,
upon the brink of a moral precipice ? How
would you like to see their purity and inno?
cence endangered, and have them driven to
despair by the cravings ol hunger, and made
to suffer physical pain for lack of protection
from the cold, carping winds of winter ?"
Tim said those were things he wouldn't like.
Here the major grew more confidential, aud
sidled up closer to Tim.
. "Sir, 1 tell you this. My daughters are In
danger. Even now the tempter ls lurking
near, almost ready to grasp his victims; und,
sir, it I do not i aise $5 by G o'clock this eve?
ning, I fear it will be too late. If that small
amount ls not lent me by some one of my
friends, I certainly will not be answerable for
the cons?quences. Will you, slr, loan me the
small.sum of $5??'
"Been playing poker again, haven't you.
Sam P asked Tim, in lils sharp, qnlck way.
"I cannot tell a lie. Mr. Hurley, I will not
deny that I have dallied with the fickle god?
dess," responded the major, "but I promise
"Oh, never mind promises. Sam. Hero,''
and he handed the major $5. "Take this, and
save your daughters from the horrible fate
that awaits them." And Tim's little eyes fairly
aanced with lun as ho walked oil'.
The next seen of Major Sam was his dark
form disappearing In a little alleyway that led
to Finn's mansion, and doubtless ere another" I
hour had passed Tim's $5 had been stowed
away into the capacious wallet of Uncle Juc
THE MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT
of Columbia is also well represented in this
poker carnival. Alderman Mlnock is an accom?
plished player, but ihe Alderman is u little like
Major Sam Dickerson in one respect-he has
very lillie money to play with. Alderman Hayue
does better *" Huyne is a man ol some meuus,
and he loves the game of poker dearly. Uncle
Joe always. UK? ;Q ^eD Alderman Kayne enter
the room. Both these" jnen are negroes, * But |
few white men, with the exceptlou ol Uncle
Joe, ever care to mix with their colored
brethren al the poker table.
Speaker Moses, it is said, frequently takes a
little hand at Finn's; but, as I have saki bet?re,
Moses lost all his money on his horse race,
and when the Governor vetoed the appropri?
ation bill, bc lulled to get lt back again. So
his poker playing will probably be deferred
Oil the machine goes to work In November.
The game at Finn's ls very slack now.
Money is scarce. Country member:; dare not
go to their homes, aud are detained in Colum?
bia at incise or less expense, and haven't the
money to venture on the green-. Finn doesn't
trust, and Hardy Solomon gives no more dis?
counts- ergro, the tiger will doubtless soon be
chained up for the summer. A. P.
THE TEXAS PACIFIC RAILROAD.
NEW YORK, April 15.
The corporation ot the Texas Pacific Rail?
road Company held a meeting to-day at tho
office of Marshall O'Roberts. Among the
prominent members present were General
Fremont, John W. Forney, qi the Philadelphia
Press; Senator Nye, of Nevada; Thomas A.
Scott, of the Pennsylvania Railroad; Geueral
Rosecrans and numerous other capitalists ar.d
railroad men. Samuel Sloan was appointed
treasurer, and gave bonds for one hundred
thousand dollars, Judge Pierpont and Marshall
O'Roberts being the securities. By the unani?
mous consent, eleven thousand out of ihe
twenty thousand shares of stock were allotted
to Marshall O'Roberls, thus virtually Becuring
him the entire control of the road, and the
presidency in case he desires lt. General Fre?
mont received five thousand shares, and the
remaining lour thousand shares were dis?
tributed among the balance of the corporation,
and immediately suscrlbed for.
THE FIGHTING IN FRANCE.
FURTHER REVERSES TO THE GOT
EBNMENT TROOPS AT EASTS.
Farther Excesses of thc Reds-Havoc
in the City Caused hy Shells-Reac.
Hon in favor of the Priests-The
Barricades to be Replaced by Earth
works In every Street.
PARIS, April 13.
The houses about Porte Hallot and the rall
w8y station have been destroyed. The present
barricades are to be removed and earthworks
erected in every important street. The Com?
mune ordains that mistresses o? the National
Guards shall receive ibo same pension as
wives. It ls reported that the combat on Tues?
day night was terrific. The only cannonade
maintained by the Parisians is on Chatillon, to
which no reply ls made ; no one has been
wounded. Three hundred deserters Irom Ver?
sailles, principally mobiles, were brought in
from Issy this afternoon.
PARIS, April 14-Evening.
There was fighting last night and this morn?
ing at Neuilly and Asnleres, but it did not re?
sult In appreciably modifying the position of
the belligerents. The Versailles iorces still
occupy the vicinity ol the Bridge of Neuiliy,
and a detachment which the Insurgents are
endeavoring to force to recross the Seine re?
main on the Island ot Grdnde Jatte to await re?
inforcements. The buildings in the neighbor?
hood of the ramparts are badly damaged, and
nearly all the inhabitants have moved away.
The situation on the south side of the city ls
unaltered. All are awaiting the grand attack.
Marshal McMahon is reported at Reull.
There isa comparative lull. The Nationals
are anxious to make an attack, but Cluset in?
sists upon defensive operations. Three gun?
boats shelled Sevres and St. Cloud to-day.
One of the National Guard was shot to-day for
killing his captain. He confessed to his kill?
ing offlcerB. Petroleum Khella are being pre?
pared to be thrown into Fort Valerein. The
church at St. Roche has been seized. -A
woman who falsely denounced a plain dressed
citizen as a priest was terribly beaten by a j
crowd. This is the first reaction in favor of J
Cluseret, reporting tc the Commune, boasts
that the Asseutblylsts afc so easily repulsed
that he has great hopes in his ultimate success.
The Communists are plundering the offices
and churches, and coln the treasures found. I
The supply of milk has ceased. Provisions are
PAWS, April 15.
There was brisk cannonading yesterday
evening. Cluseret claims that he repulsed the
Assemblylsts. The cannonading recommenced j
it Maillot gate and Neuilly this morning.
Reports from London.
LONDON. April 14.
A dlspaich Irom.Paris yesterday states that
twelve shells fired into Paris caused great
damage. The shells are continuing to- fall,
und lt ls reckoned thal property to the value of
two million francs has been- destroyed. The
Qghtlng is HUH going on. A great attack was
expected that must be final.
A dispatch Irom Versailles says the stories
of the government troops being defeated at
Asnleres and Clamare are untrue. The troops
inly retreated to draw the insurgents oat. An
American gentleman who just got out from I
Paris states that it is certainly true that 9000
nsurgents were killed, wounded and missing.
The government is endeavoring to obtain
he use of the Pi usslan guns agaiust Belleville
The Times special from Versailles says the
irrlval ol' General Fabrice, the German admin
stiator at St. Denis, is consequent upon the
.eceipt of a notification from the' Versailles I
government of the intention to make a su
ireme effort for the capture of Purls.
A number of guns have been seized in the
?hep ot an American dealer. Two American I
iontractors have offered to buy the column of :
Vendome and cast it into cannon.
M. Jecker, the noted Franco-Mexican bank-1 j
ir, has been arrested by t be Commune. It <
las been decided to keep Bergeret under ar- j
.est, and to release Assy.
LONDON. April 15.
The bill glvinghnuni.'pal riirhts to Parlabas j
)cen passed by the Assembly. The concen- i
.ration ol loyal troops at Versailles continues. '.
Huers's circular says the fighting of the last I,
wo days was comparatively unimportant. I :
The government troops are well established J '
n th?lr positions. The insurgent sorties have
The Very Lntcst.
L'NDON, April 16.
A terrible cannonade prevailed all last night, !
he attack of the government troops being ?
,'verywhere repulsed. The cannotmde and c
nsihide were resumed this afternoon. Fort I
Pls^y is said to be damaged, otherwise the c
es ni ls are trifling.
WHAT CONGRESS IS HOING. (
Progress of thc Amnesty and Ku-Klu\ j
WASHINGTON, April 15.
The Senate has postponed the proceedings- L
5iellminary to considering the House amnesty j
?lil. Its action was considered unfavorable to (
he bill. I,
Thc Senate amendment to the deficiency ,
ippropriatlon bill ns amended by the House, .
uiihoriziug the reprinting o? national bank
illls add assessing thc banks tor the expense,
vas rejected. Finally a committee of confer- I,
?nee was asked.
The Ku-Klux bill was taken up. The Senate
imendment extending the right ol the Presi- ,
lent to suspend the writ of habeas corpus to |
he end of the next regular session of Con- .
rress was rejected by a vote of 8G to 93. The
imendment requiring the iron-clad oath from ,
Federal Jurors was rejected without a division. ,
sherman's amendment (telegraphed )ast night) ,
was rejected. The other amendments, most .
jf them immaterial, were concurred in, and a
iommittee of conference ordered.
GE EAT STORM IN MISSISSIPPI.
JACKSON, April 15.
A ierrible storm passed over this vicinity
|p.st night The hall fell for fifteen minutes.
Many of the stones measuring six inches in
circumference were found. Several thousand
window-lights were broken, Bheet-iron roofing
perforated, gardens, fields, crops and fruit
seriously damaged, forest trees stripped of
their foliage, and hundreds of birds killed.
NEW YOEE BANK STATEMENT.
NEW YORK, April 15.
Loans decrease four and a hall millions; spe?
cie increase nearly a quarter million; legal ten?
ders Increase me anda half million; deposits
decrease one million. The specie shipments
to-day amounted to a million and a half doi
THE FUTURE OF COTTON.
What a Charleston Sinn Thinks
The following communication appears In the
New York Dally Bulletin, of Thursday last:
CHARLESTON, April 7,1871.
There is no doubt whatever now that the
cotton crop of this last year will exceed '4,000,
000 bales< and if the ratio of receipts. In com?
parison with the four previous years can oe
reeeived as an Indication, we may have even
4.300,000; but such may prove to oe Incorrect
data, because lt ls certainly known to those
long experienced in the cotton trade that
planters always rush forward? their crops to
market-when prices are low and declining, and
hold back their crops when they are high and
advancing, being influenced only by the popu?
lar opinion, and following the current blindly.
It may be, and 1B quite probable, that nearly
all of the cotton has now been, marketed, and
it ia asserted by the best authorities, that fully:
(?even-eights (}) of the crop in the Southwest
have been already marketed; and lt ls certain?
ly the fact that, in South Carolina, Georgia
and Florida, not more than one-tenth (l-io) of
the crop is remaining in the country. It ls not
desired to give any estrmate of the crop, but
to only mention the probable circumstances
The planters in the South Atlantic States,
last year, Invested so largely in fertilizers that
their colton crops have not paid their expenses.
Such, therefore, have been their losses that
they are, this spring, unable to plant as much
land'in cotton as they dlcVin 1870. And lt may
be relied upon that, in this section, the aver?
age in cotton will certainly be reduced, and
that In provisions Increased. The canses
which so disastrously affected the planters
here did not operate upon those of the South?
west. While the planters in most cases, even
there, lost money last year, their losses were
comparatively small lo those ol the Atlantic
States. The best authorities on the subject
agree that cotton can be cultivated so os to
produce a profit lo the planter when sold at 13
cents per pound in New Orleans or Mobile, for
middling quality. The planlers in the South?
west, as we are Irustworthily informed, aro
now pulling actually more land In cotton than
they did last year, and thus we will probably
And" that the Increase of acreage here will
about counterbalance ihe decrease In ibe At?
lantic States. One very important fact must
not be allowed to escape observation, that ls,
the very large Immigration continuously
taking place to Texas and Arkansas. A large
portion ol these-Immigrants till the soil, and
necessarily produce the staple ot those Slates,
and lt ls in this. Southwest. that the large in?
crease in the crop ol 1870 was produced.
Thus far the Soulhern Slates have been
tavored with as fine a-spring as could be de?
sired. The weather has been worm, and suffi?
cient rain bas fallen to be benetlclal. but not a
drop more than necessary. The planting sea?
son has certainly been, thus far, one of Hie
most favorable known lor some years.
Thc present and prospective supply of cotton
appears to be large, but, when we look at the
enormous consumption going on, we are led
to thc conclusion that the world hos not one
bale too much. Even admitting that the crop
of 1870 will aggregate 4,250,000 bales, and that
of 1871 will be os large, we will have an In?
crease in the supply of American cotton of
only 32 per cent, over that ol last year, while
the increase in consumption in Great Britain,
since 1st January lost, hos been over 60 per
cent ; that of the United Stales bas slightly
increased also. It-must be noted that on most
ol the Continent of Europe only American
cotton is used entirely; so In Russia and Spain.
In the Baltic provinces the consumption has
rapidly and steadily increased of late years,
and it ls estimated that about 700.000 bales of
American cotton will be used there during
The spinners of Great Britain have been
lately doing a thriving business, and ore not
afraid of cotton at present .prices. True it ie,
thai a dullness has been caused In the ludia
markets by the heavy export of cotton goods,
from Great Britain, but lt ls a remarkable fact
that'while prices are low whenever one market
fur goods fails others are found, because there
are always actual consumers who are willing'
to buy goods at low prices. Again, when
prices ure low, and now at or below 8d per lb,
manufacturers are not afraid to go un work?
ing, even when they have no orders, as feeling
confidence lu the reasonable rates, they will
not be alrald to accumulate goods.
While, therelore, as we have said, the sup?
ply of American colton is large, we can see
certainly an equivalent increase in the con?
sumption, and under these circumstances we
can only consider presentprices safe, and see
no reason for any further decline; but rather,
If the French should be pacified and resume
their consumption, to however small an ex
lent, and If any disaster irom floods, or an ad?
verse season should occur to the crop o? 1871,
we could only see a heavy advance tn prices.
It must be remembered that the two post sea?
sons were remarkably favorable ones, and the
greatly Increased sizes of the two crops were
attributed to floe growing weather and long
continued picking seasons, and thus far In the
cotton trade three remarkably Une seasons
have never been known to follow each other
successively. It ls evident that the world Is
now consuming all ihe cotton that it has, and
the consumption caa be checked only by a re?
duction of tne supply of raw material, which
would of necessity cause an advance In prices.
Il Is probable that Liverpool has already re?
corded the largest stock that she will have in
1871, and her stock will probablv decrease
from this time forward. X. X. X.
THE COTTON MOVEMENT.
NEW YORK, April 16.
The colton movement for the week shows
i continued Jailing off in receipts and exports,
som pared with many weeks post. The ex
lorts, however, arc largely tn excess of the
?orresponding week of last year. The exports
'roin all the porls for the week are 83,93T
lah's. The slock at the interior lowns is
19.:",ic. and the stock in Liverpool 813,000
mles. The amount of American cotton afloat
for Great Britain is 320,000 bales. The .weather
south has been very wet, and the rains have
jeen unusually heavy. This has interfered
with work lu the field. In some sections the
?vealher has been fine, and planting ls pro
yessing. Far South the plant is up. The cot
;on supply question ls being actively discus?
sed, both here aud ut tho South. In the gene?
ral estimates ol' the present crop there is a
strong leaning towards 4,200,000 as the total
production lor the season.
-The Meuse, a journal of Liege, tells how
Lhe ex-Emperor Napoleon III received the
news ol the revolutionary movement In Paris,
which reached him while he sat In the railroad
carriage in the depot of tliat city, on his way
tb Ostend and Chisel hurst. One of the repre?
sentatives of the Meuse chanced to meet the
Prince dc la Moskowa, one of the Emperor's
suite, and Communicated to him the substance
of the dispatches received relative to the
events at Pails. The Prince Immediately
alighted, and hastened to the door of tho car?
riage occupied by the Emperor. A few mo?
ments after the Imperial comp!rrtment, whlch
had been previously almost dark, became illu?
minated, and Napoleon was seen reading the
dispatches by the light ol a wax candle. His
countenance remained Impassible as usual,
although his companions gave evidence in
their faces o? a Beeret satisfaction at a condi?
tion of affairs that might prove beneficial lo
their master's fallen fortunes.
-The New York Post says: "It is a curious
fact among our hat and cap manufacturers that
different localities use different sizes of hats
and caps as standard sizes. Boston and the
Eastern States use the smallest sizes; New
York and the Middle States use the medium to
largest sizes, and Chicago and the Western
States require the largest sizes. Goods manu?
factured for one market cannot be sold for the
other only in exceptional cases. The South
use a shape peculiar to themselves and of large
ALZ ABOUT TUESUUA
Mr. John Mackley, of Greenville, died on
Saturday night a week ago.
Mrs.. Elija Hood, of Orangeburg, died on
In the election for Council of the village of
West Union, Oconee County, the following
officers were elected: For Intendant. Captain
J. P. Mlckler. Wardens, J. M. Beard, Dr. B.
S. James, Captain R. M. Anderson, A. H. Os?
The Crops. In Barnwell.
The Sentinel says: liWe have had the
pleasure of conversing with two of our friends
who have just returned from a visit In the low?
er pan of this county, and in Colle ton. They
inform us that the' planters, so far as they
observed on their route, are putting in much
larger grain crops, and greatly reducing the
area of land devoted to cotton. Labor seems
to be abundant and willing, commercial fertili?
zers not so freely used, and, on the whole, a
general disposition to devote more time and
energy to the production of bread and meat."
A band of negroes in disguise, a few nights
since, made an attack upon tbe house of Mr.
Pud Shaw, in Laurens County. They demand?
ed money, and fired several shots into the
house. Mr. Shaw is avery old man, himself
and wife living entirely alone, and the villains
no doubt thought that they would hare an
easy job; but lt so happened that ? a young
friend was with him at the time who scatter?
ed the gang by sprinkling them wi''.1 shot.
One of them was severely woundea, and is
now under medical treatment.
The Weather In Union.
The Union Times says: "For the past three
weeks we have had delightful weather, and
farm and garden work have been pushed with
energy. On Tuesday we had a delightful rain,
which set everything to growing finely. The
heavy rain, tallowed by strong drying wind
and baking sun ot last month, nad made soil
so hard that lt was almost impossible to work
it, but Tuesday's rain put it In fine condition.
Fruit trees in this section are loaded. We have
had no frost since the buds began to swell.
If nothing happens our fruit crop will be very,
large. # '
Trouble tn Lancaster.
The Columbia Phoenix o? Saturday says : "A
party of disguised men appeared in the neigh?
borhood of Belair, Lancaster County, on
Thursday night, the 6th instant, and killed a
colored man named Isaac Coles, who was a
commissioner at the recent election, and, as is
charged, stuffed the ballot-box. He ls also
charged with burning a gin-house, and was
generally regarded a dangerous character. A
white man named Lawson H. Long, also a
commissioner of election, was waited upon, as
is supposed, by the same party, received ase?
vere whipping, and was notified to leave the
county in fifteen days. A day or two ago he sent
a request to a citizen requesting an extension
of time, which could not be grau led (rom want j
of author!ty. A, committee of citizens irom
Lancaster waited upon the Governor yesterday
and requested the removal of certain unpopu?
lar officers, as well as the arms now In the
hands of the militia. As satisfactory reasons
were brought forward, the Governor promised
to comply with tbe request."
shred* of State News.
S. P. Klnard, Esq., lias received official noti?
fication o? his appointment as postmaster of
Tbe annual meeting of the stockkolders of
the Greenville and Columbia Railroad Com?
pany will be held in Columbia on Thursday,
the 27! h instant.
The election, held on last Monday for muni?
cipal officers of the Town o? Manning, resulted
In the following choice : Intendant-Jos. F.
Rhame, 40 votes. Wardens-Captain Y. N.
Buller, 04; a A. Blgby, 67; Captain E. M. Brad
ham, 42; A. Setzer, 40. 65 votes were polled.
The fol lo wi nit appointments were announced
on Friday: James A. Gray, trial justice for
Dark Corner locality, Anderson. County. R.
K. Carleton was appointed coroner for Beau?
fort County, in accordance with the act of the
last General Assembly.
During the progress of thT??re, iii Columbia,
on Thursday night, the HtoTe of Mr. J." M.
Roach, corner of Gates and Gervais streets,
was entered and the following articles stolen :
Pilleen or twenty pounds tobacco, fifty pounds
sugar, flfly pounds coffee, eight or twelve
large sugar-cured hams, five small sacks flour,
some whiskey, and a wooden box. The box,
it is s apposed, was taken to pack the stolen
articles In. The authorities are on thc track
ol the robbers.
Judge Platt ls sick, and has postponed thc
L. H. Long, of Belair, Lancaster County,
withdraws from the Radical party, and pledges
his support in the future to all measures of ne
form advocated by the white citizens of the
The legal difficulty mentioned not having
been satisfactorily removed, Colonel Johnson
bas decided to decline the. office of school
commissioner of Union County.
The work of laying the foundation of the
new Methodist Church at Uniouvllie is begun.
Edom Hammond, found guilty ut Lancaster
of the murder of Mr. David Kirkpatrick, is to
be hanged in May.
THE STATE OF THE WE ATHEE.
WASHINGTON*. April 1G.
It is probable that on Monday clear or clear?
ing up weather will prevail on the Atlantic
\ coast, and partially cloudy weather, with gen
tie winds, from the lakes to the gulf. It is
probable that a storm will be experienced .on
the Pacific coast on Monday.
LAWS OF THE STATE.
Acts anil Joint Resolutions, Fussed
by thc General Assembly of South
Carolina, Seaslun of IS70-"7I.
AN Acr to incorpor?e the Coutiuental Tele?
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and
Houso of Representitires ol the state of
S JU th Carolina, now met and hitting in G?nerai
Assembly, and by the authority of the same:
That William Sf. Hill, Ethan A. Hall and
Charles Thurman, and all thoso who shall be?
come stockholders io the company hereby in?
corporated, sua'.l be a body politic and cor?
porate, by the name of the Continental Teh
graph Company, and by that nam > shall have
perpetual ance ;asion, and may have and use a
common seil, and may sue or bs sued, in any
coart of comp?tent'jurisdiction.
SEC. 2. Such corporation is authorized to con.
struct lines of telegraph along, upon, across,
over, under and beside of thc Greenville and
Columbia Railroad, andauy of the public roads
and highways, and under and across any of the
waters witbiu the limits of this State, orso
much or so many of either of tbe fotegoing as
may be deemed expedient, by establishing
suitable offices and the erection of the neces?
sary cords or wires und fixtures, including
posts, piers or abutments for sustaining the
cords or wires of such lines : Provided, The
same shall not be BO constructed as to incom?
mode the - public use of said roads or high
wiiya, or injuriously interrupt the navigation
of said wate is, and also to cooslrnct a line or
lines of telegraph, and to establish offices and
erect such necessary cords or Wires and fix?
ture ?>, including thc posts, piera or abutments,
as and for the purposes aforesaid, and keep,
hold and maintain tbe necessary offices upon,
through or over, any other land, s-it iect to the
right of tho owner or owners thereof to full
compensation for the same, to be agreed upon
by said owner or owners and tbe said corpora?
tion, or to be fixed or determined OB herein?
after provided; and the said, corporation may,
io like manner, and with like power, construct
lines of telegraph to snch place or places w i th
oat nus o?ate, us we voua OJ aireciurt
SEO. 3. Such corporation eh all have fall]
to parchase, lease, receive, hold and e
real estate, or any interest.therein, and m
addition thereto, ase each real estate, o
interest therein, aa may be necessary fe
convenient transaction of the basin ess.
for effectually carrying on the- operalio
Baid corporation; and may appoint such <
tors, officers and agents, and make such
dential rules, regulations and by-laws as
bo neceesary in the transaction of its busi
not inconsistent with the constitution of
State gr of the United States.
SEO. i. If any owner or owners of any
taken or used, or likely to be taken or use
said corporation, shall consider himself
grieved, or likely so to be, or damaged thei
or shall refuse to accept the compensation <
'ed by said corporation therefor; it shall bi
duty of the Circuit Court, to- be held ii
county within whieh said lands are, on the
plication of such owner or owners, or of i
corporation, by petition, stating the fae
relation thereto, and on snob notice to t h<
posite party as such court shall prescrib?
appoint three disinterested per?ons as com
sioners, who shall se/orally fake and snbsc
an oath, before any person authorized to adi
ister oaths.faithfully and impart tally to perl
the duties required of them by this act; ai
shall be the duty of said commissioners,
majority of them, to make a jost and eqnit
assessment or appraisement of all the losse
damage sustained, or which is likely tobe
tained, by reason of any land, or interest th
in, taken or used, or likely to be take
used, for said offices, liens, posts, pion
abutments, and the erection and. operario
.Baid telegraph lines; and such assessmen
appraisal. shall, in any proper case
cases, determine the annual rent or corni:
sation to bo paid by such company for such i
or, in lieu thereof, a Barn in gross as the a
pe nea ti on for allowing tbe fixtures belo
ing to such association permanently to c
j.tinue, audtbe same to be repaired, impro
and renewed or removed, from timo toi time
such corporation shall require, duplicate;
wnich said assessment or appraisement si
be reduied to writing and signed by said ct
missioners, or a majority of them, ode cop;
which shall be delivered to the party allege:
be ?Dj tired, or likely BO tobo, and the otbei
the president of said corporation, on derna
in oaso any damage shall be adjudged to
person alleged to be injured or damaged,
likely so to be, tbe corporation shall pay
amount thereof, with costs of appraisal, wh
said costs shall be liquidated and ascertaii
I in said award; and said commissioners si
I each receive, for their services, two dollars
I each day they are actually employed in mak
! said appraisement; and npon payment of sc
I award, tbe right, title, interest or property
s nibed tn said assessment or apportionxne
I e h.ill become and be vested in and be the pr
I er ty ot such corporation. .
SEC. 5. Tbe capital Btock of such c cr poi at
[shall be fifty thousand dollars, to be dr/it
j into two thousand shares of twenty-five doll
each, which may ba increased, from time
I time, to such an amount as and whenever ai
j jority of (be stockholders present at any ge
ral meeting shall eicot; books of subscript
may be opened to obtain the amount of sU
first above named, at such time and pli
I within this State aa a majority of the perse
first above named shall determine) sud for 1
increased slock in such a manner as the st
I corporation may deem expedient; and i
said corporation shall go into operation
j such limo aa a majority of the stockholde
j may fix.
SEC. 6. Such corporation may lease, sell
convey its property, rights, privileges ai
franchises, or any interest therein, or ai
I part thereof, to, or may unite with, any tel
I graph company organized under or created I
j the laws of this or any other State; may a
quire by lease, purchase or conveyance, ti
I property right B, privileges and franchises, i
I any interest therein, or any part thereof,
any telegraph company organized under <
created by the laws of this or any other Sta)
j and may make payments therefor in its OT
I stock, money, bonds or property, or recei
payment therefor in the stock, money, boni
or propel ty of the corporation to which tl
same may be sold, loaned, or mortgaged <
conveyed, or of any other corporation or co
j porations: Provided, however, that no-euc
purchase, sale, lease or conveyance by at
corporation Bb all be valid until the written coi
sent of the holder or holders of a majority c
tho capital stock shall hare been obtained.
SEO. 7. The stock subscribed for may be issi
ed at such prico o? subscription, and npon sue
terms of payment or exchange, as tbe holde
or holders of a majority of the stock at enc
time shall determine, except that the first sui
I scription price, terms of payment or oxchang
shall bo fixed by the persons first above naa
od; and any corporation or corporations ma
subsenbe for, purchase, hold, sell or conve
the capital stock of this corporation, as ofter
I and to QB great an extent; a? such corporatio
or corporations may deem advisable.
Bsa 8. That said corporation may issue bond
for such an amount as the officers shall fix, an
may secute the samo by a mortgage upon si
much of the property, right*, privileges an
franchises of said corporation as may bs nam
ed in such mortgage, which mortgage may bi
recorded in the office of tba registrar of mes m
conrsyances in tbe County of Bichland, in thu
State, and thereupon, and thereafter, it sha)
become and bo a lien upon all the property
rights, privileges and franchisee, or of any in
terest therein, and of any part thereof, describ
ed in said mortgage.
SEC. 9. Any person who shall wilfully am
maliciously injure, molest or destroy any o
said lines, posts, piers or abutments, or th
materials or property belonging thereto, shall
on conviction thereof, be punished by a fine
not exceeding fire hundred, dollars, or im
prisonment in the Penitentiary at hard labo:
not exceeding one year, or both, in the diacre
tion of the court before which the convictioi
shall be bad, and, in addition tnorelo, shal
pay such damages as shall be caused by bia
or her, to be recovered in a civil action by saic
SEC. 10. the board of directors, as often ae
the interests of the corporation shall require,
aie liersby authorized to and shall fix the rate
or ratos lor transmission or delivery of any
message or messages which may be required
to bo paid in advance.
SEO. ll. Any person connected with such
telegraph company, either as operator, mes?
senger, agent, servant or clerk, or in any other
capacity, who shall wilfully and maliciously
disclose, divulge or communicate, or permit
the same to be done, the contents, or the na?
ture of the contents of any private, message or
communication entrusted to or left with him,
or her, or such corporation, for transmission
or delivery, other than to the party or parties
entitled thereto, or who shall wi If ally refus? or
neglect to transmit or deliver the same, he or
. j she shall, on conviction before any court, be
aajuogea guilty OT a mis a tm rou or, un ?un
eofier imprisonment in the comity jail or
workhouse where BO ch conviction shall be had,
for a term 0/ not more than three mooth)"', or
shall pay a fine not to exceed five hundred dol?
lars, or both, in the discretion of the court.
SEO, 18. All acts or paris of acta contrary, to
or in cone's teni, with this act are, for the pur?
poses of this act, but for no other purpose,
Seo. 13. Thin act shall lake effect immer
Approved the 7th day of March, AD., 1871.
PST RE.AD CA REP O-E'fi'T.' '
FEVER AND AGUE.
The; only prevent! veknown tor Chills and Fever
is the nee of Wolfe's Schiedam Schnapps.
WOLFE'S SCHIEDAM SCHNAPPS
Is good for Dyspepsia.
WOLFE'S SCHIEDAM SCHNAPPS
Is a preventive of Chills and Fever.
WOLFE'S SCHIEDAM . SCHNAPPE
Is good for all Kidney and Bladder Com plain : 9 .
WOLFE'S SCHIEDAM SCHNAPPS
Is used all over the World by Physicians in their
. . fi practice. ' .
WOLFE'S > SCHIEDAM SCHNAPPS
Is good for Gout.
WOLFE'S SCHIEDAM SCHNAPPS
Is good for all Urinary complaints.
WOLFE'S SCHLEDAM SCHNAPPS
Is recommended by au toe'Medical Faculty. |
WOLFES SCHIEDAM SCHNAPPS
Is good for Collo and pam in the stomach.
WOLFE'S SCHIEDAM SCHNAPPS # ;
Is Imitated and counterfeited, and purchasers will
nave to use caution m purchasing,
i beg leave to call the attention or the reader to
testimonials in favor of the Schnapps:
1 feel bound to say that I regard your SCHNAPPS
as being lh every respect pre-eminently pure, and
deserving of medical patronage. At allfevents it
ut the purest possible article of Holland gin, here?
tofore unobtainable, and as such may be safely
prescribed by physicians.
DAVID L. MOTT. M. D.,
Pharmaceutical Chemist, New Yorfc.
LOUISVILLE, Ky., September 1.
I feel that we have now an article of gin suit?
able for such cases as that remedy te adapted to.
i . DB. J. W. BRIGHT.
"Schnapps" ls a remedy in chronic catarrhal
I take great pleasure in bearing highly credit?
able testimony to its efficacy as a remedial agent
In the diseases for which yon recommend it.
Having a natural tendency to the macons sur?
faces, with a slight degree of stimulation, I re?
gard it as one of the most important remedies in
chronic catarrhal affections, particularly those of.
the g en ito-url a arv apparatus. With much re?
spect, your obedient servant,
CHAS. A. LEAS, M. D., New York.
No. 26 PINS BTEEXT, N. Y.. NOV. SI, 1867.
?DOLFHO WOLFE, ESQ., Present: DRAB SIB-1
have made a chemical examination of a sample
of your "Schiedam Schnapps," with the intent of
determining ir any loreign or injurious substance
had been added to the simple distilled spirits.
The examination has resulted in the conclusion
that the sample contained no poisonous or harm?
ful admixtures. I have been unable' to discover
any trace of the deleterious substances walch
are sometimes employed in 'the adulteration of
liquors. I I would not hesitate to nae myself, nor
to recommend to others, for medicinal purposes,
-the "Schiedam Schnapps" aa an excellent and
unobjectionable variety of gin.. Very respectfully
yours, ? (Signed) CHAS. A. SKELY, Chemist.
CHEMICAL AND TECHNICAL LABORATORY-, ) .
18 EXCHANGE PLACE, N. Y., NOV. 25, 1807. j
UDOLPHO WOLFE, Esq. : DEAS SIB-The under?
signed have careinlly and thoroughly analyzed a
sample ol your "Aromatic Schiedam Schapps,".
selected by ourselves, and have found the same
free from au organic or Inorganic substances?
more or less Injuri?os to health. From the result
of our examination we consider the article one of
superior quality, healthful - as a beverage, and
efleotoal In its medicinal qoauties.
(Signed) ALEX. TRIPPEL, Chemist.
FRANCIS E. ENGELHARD, M. D. 3
For sale by all respectable Grocers and Dru
UDOLPHO WOLFE'S EST.,
mar21-3mo3 No. 22 BEAVER STREET, N. T.
JflURCHGOIT, BENEDICT & CO.
TO THEIR FRIENDS AND THE PUBLIC
That, owing to the
SPECIAL FACILITIES AND QUALIFICATIONS
Of their Resident Farmer in New York,
They are enabled to purchase their supplies of
FINE AND STAPLE DEY GOODS,
Both Foreign and Domestic, in an cases from
first hands, '-' -
AT TBE LOWEST CASH FIGURE
' ' And thus to oller
EXTRAORDINARY INDUCEMENTS TO CDS
Their prices, will be found from
TWENTY TO FIFTY PER CENT. LOWER.
Than those of any other Dry Goods Bouse
m the South.
They Invite an inspection of their Stosk, which ur
made up of
. NO AUCTION GOOD3,
But which will be found to consist of an immense
THE CHOICEST AND LATEST NOVELTIES
* IN THEIR LINE.
Comparison, as to quality, with the best gooda
And competition as ta price
Every article sold by ns ls warranted to be pre?
cisely as represented.
Our motto is
"QUICK SALES AND SMALL PROFTTB,1*
And Customers who wish to ?
8AVE.M0NEY IN BUYING
Will do well to give nt a call.
- FURCHGOTT, BENEDICT A CO.
Up-Town Store, I Down-Town Store,
Mo. 437 King street, No. m King street,
Corner of Calhoun. | Near "Tue Bend.**,