Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1671.
CHARLESTON, WEDNESDAY" MORNING, MAY 3, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
AFFAIRS Di THE STATE.
CORRECT I.V PRESSIONS OF TUE
FEELING OF OUR F EOF LL.
Thc Tribune Correspanden? at Use Tax
Payers' Convention-O p i n i o n a of
Prominent Members of thc Convention
-Vnlversal .SitlTrage Accepted-.Vorth?
ern Immigration Desired.
[Correspondence o? the ST. Y. Tribune. 1
COI.VMLIA, S. C., May 12.
The Taxpayers' Convention, which adjourn?
ed to-dny alter a session of four day.*, has
afforded me aa opportunity to learn the views
ol representative white men from all parts ol'
the State. 1 have talked with "up country
men" and "iow-couniry men." with ex-seua
tcrs and governors, with judges, legislators,
ex-Confederute generals, colonels and captains,
with lawyers, merchants, editors and planters,
and I bud them so generally in accord upon
the three or four lending questions that atTect
the interests ol South Carolina, that alter iraih
ering their separate opinions I have found it
tolerably easy to arrivent the general senti
ment of the educated and prope.rty.owninj
classes. Tho unanimity of opinion thal pre?
vailed in the convention was remarkable, con?
sidering the fact that most of the delegates
were men of strong, independent minti-old
political leaders, and generals who won favor
in tho w'jrr-who carno together l'or lhe first
time iu many years; and not less remarkable
) was the calmness and dignity that marked the
proceedings, differing widely irorn that ras
enthusiasm, which we in Hie North are apt to
believe are characteristics of the poop'.} ol']
1 South Curollna. The leading queslion? upon
which I Hud such a harmony of sentiment re
?ier to negro suffrage, the validity and finality
ol the re-construction acts and Norrhern Immi?
gration. The opinions expressed on these
questions may be epitomized as follows: 1.
There is no longer any hope that Hie work of
reconstruction will be destroyed or the consti?
tutional amendments declared void by the ac?
cession ol the Democrat ic party to poweis or
bj any other means. These amendments are
believed to be finalities, wild, by acting in
obedience to them, it ls believed that remedies
can be lound for the evils which have thus lar
attended their operation.' 2. All leeliug ol
active hostility to the Government of Ihe
United States, or hope cf release from Ifs au?
thority, ls rapidly, dying out. 3. Universal
suffrage is recognized and acquiesced in, and
there is no expectation or desire to deprive
Hie negro nf ?he bailct tit any lime in the
future. 4. Immigration of Northern farmers
and mechanics with small capital, and ol
manufacturers and other business men with
larder means, to develop the resources ol' the
country, ?a earnestly desired, and would .be
heartily welcomed. . "
I can best show the views expressed upon
Hie above points by giving a sketch ol a lew
amoug many conversations I have had, and I
select, them as giving the average opinions
pr?valent amoug the members ol the conven
. lion. A gentleuiao, who for tweuty years was
a member ot the Legislat ure, said to me In the
course of a lorwr conversation : -There are
two things that I want particularly to Impress
upon yon. The first is that our people medi?
tate no hostility to the General Government.
There are many who, if they thought there
. was sjsme remote prospect In the future of
recovering the lost cause?, would cherish that
hope; bul no one believes lhere is the sllgb.tc.-t
ground for such a hope. Such noHous are
abandoned as foolish dreams. We were to? |
terribly whipped to ever think 01' fighting
again. You've no idea how completely we
were conquered. We mean to be good
citizens, Uiul to live peaceably and respect
the government. It isn't true that we are
still rebels at heart. There isn't a mnre law
abifliog people in the world thau the people of
Soii?i Carolina, and this ls proved by the
fanduat-lbr two years they tolerated this
^^Frpt and oppressive State Government, car
wdon byraen who are strangers to us, and
who hove* no object but to grow rich at our ex?
pense. The other thing that I want to assure
k you of." he continued, -'is that any Northern
r man who comes li re for the purpose ol' mak?
ing Iiis home among us will be cordially wel?
comed." "But this stale of feeling has cer?
tainly not existed long." I said. "No, not lou.
hgt ii does exist now, and the change is ow?
ing to lln>i;eneral conviction among our peo?
ple that their material interests will be ad?
vanced by Northern immigration, as well as by
the extinction ol' ibo bitterness ol the war..
For the first two years after the war uo rana
from the North, who was a gentleman, would
6tay here anti endure the scornheaped upon
him; and that is one reason why we have no
respect for the tuen who did t hen come andre
nJttln here. They were not gentlemen, or they
woutd nwt have submitted to be treated like
dogs for the sake of their bread and meat.
/Thev were mean-spirited, dishonorable lei
lows. But I tell you that has all changed now.
Nort hern people who come here will be met in
the kindest spirit.'' "But how is it about social
intercourse? Are not the ladies here still indis?
criminately -hostile to all persons wbo come
from the North r* "Yes. they are; the fact is,
our women are uncontrollable and unreason?
able ozyhis question. They disregard consid?
erations of interest; but they only- think that
the Northern people killed Their fathers, hus?
bands abd brothers. This animosity will wear
off before long; but, for the preseut, I would
advise folks who want to settle here to briui;
theifjOwn society with them-that ls. come iii
lillie*colonies of a few families. They will
lind no trouble with the men, who will treat
them with kindness and politeness; but the
women will not Invite them to their houses or
associate with them. 1 must admit this. Ont, [ 1
when I say all Northern men will be welcomed,
I uvi-t make an exception of those who come
for the purpose of getting office, to Hie exclu?
sion of the native citizens: they would still be
I asked an ex-United Stales senator Jf he
believed the negroes would ever be deprived '
of Ihe franchise. "Nobody expects tl.-at. now," s
he replied. . "We accept universal suffrage as I
u part of J.be lundameutal law of the couutry.
which we believe will never be chanced."
..But would you change it if you could ?" I in
(jttlred. "No. It is always dangerous lo at- .
tempt to deprive any- people of rights they have? J
once enjoyed, and, in this casevit would re-" ?
suit in violence and social auarchy. The 1
negroes would forcibly resist an effort to take 1
the ballot lrotn them, aud they would-use 1
mntches. if no other weapons, and would
wa,-te the couutry with Ure. If we bad the
power in our hands to-day to do it we would
not Interfere with the negroes' right to vote.
All we want is to guard against the evils thai
f- come from uuiversal suffrage by providing
some ptfitection lor properly, so it shall not be
confiscated*by outrageous taxation." Au ex
Confederate briiiailter-geueral. talking on the
same subject, said: "1 doa't believe in
universal suffrage without soma check, and 11
I'd explalu why. Government is established
to protect three things-hie, liberty and prop- ,
eily. Now, th? poor man's Interest in the .
liovernmont is ouly that it shall protect his .
life ac? liberty; and if poor men are in the
majoritv it comes about that property gets no J
protection, as in South Carolina at present, *
and government thus fails in one ol Hs most ,
important functions. Intelligent people are j
beginning to see this ami ure hunting for
remedies. We think we have fouud a remedy
that wiii flt the case, a:;d that is cumulative j
voling fdr members ot' the L?gislature, giving
the property-holders at least one-third ol'the .
represen tali vt 3; and when we get forty-odd
men ol Character and Influence in the House 1
ami a dozen in Hie Senate, we will have no
feur of corrupt legislation. But, while I don't
have faith ill universal suffiMge, 1 don't be?
lieve that ihe franchise will ever bc limited
by takim: the ruht to vote from those who
now possess it-the negroes, for example. No
party will ever a^ain dare to propose this, and
as so.on as the prejudice against negro suf?
frage lias died away, as it. is lust doini:, every?
body will be in favor ot the right ol negroes lo
vote, for tiie sake of the .increased political
power they give ns.
Mr. Trenliolin. formerly a member of Jeff.
Davis's Cabinet, went much turlher than this
iu Iiis speech before the convention. He uol j
onlv accepted universal sriffragc ? < an accom?
plished tact, but he spoke of ii as an inevitable
step in the progress of the agc, and asserted
that ali civilized nations aie tending toward
universal suffrage in sp te ol' the resistance of j
monarchs and privileged classes, and that it. is
time all siK.uid acknowledge the wisdom of ihe
principle. The conveutlou look pains to ex?
press Its opinion on the qties iou in these
words, contained In its deel .r.ilion of princi?
ple : "We ti gard the reconstruction measures
11? finalities, and recognize them as a portion
ol' the established laws oi Lbe land." fais, I
believe, is a step in advance or any declaration
upon the subjec t yet made by any assemblage
of in fluent ?al S mthern men; here the recon?
struction acts, 50 lately denounced as tyranni?
cal and odicns, are not-merely reeepted, but
ure accepted as dualities.
Whatever are the faults ol'the white people
ol Soul li Carolina, deception' is not amont
them. There is no people more frank and
outspoken. They hated all Northerners after
the war, and they expressed their feeling
with most unpleasant freedom. They abhor?
red the constitutional amendments and all the
work of reconstruction, and they could Cud
no adjectives tea violent to characterize them.
They detested the Government ol The United
States, and never hesitated to make known
their detestation. And now, when l hey say
with equal lranivness. that they are no longer
hostile to the General Government, that they
accept negro suffrage, and would not abolish,
it ii they could, and that they will heartily
welcome Nortl.ern immigration, we caunot
question their sincerity. This great chango
lias undoubted iv been recent, and has, to a
considerable extent, been brought about by a
conviction tba: it will bc for the great pecu?
niary advantage of the white men; but it is
none the less "genuine. It is probable thal
the views these "men express are not yet uni?
versally received, for changes in puolic senti?
ment here do not commence at the bottom of
society and wo*k np, ont rather at The top,
among the small class of thinking men. But
when new Ideas are accepted by the few who
do tile thi'jking, the3e ideas are speedily
addpted by all classes of society.
In the .movement ol' progress that lias re?
sulted in the acceptance ol' these new ideas by
nearly all thougliliul citizens ot Souih Curo
lina,-the lead has been taken, not by the oId [
politicians, but hy younger men, who first won
prominence us gallant officers in the war. As
examples of thin class may be mentioned G?n?
erai M..C. Buller and General Gary, ol' Edge
field, who have recently established ari immi?
gration agency iu Charleston. If Congress
had provided for general amnesty, and if tile
Republican par: y her?', as ii is ac the North,
were the part.'- of virtue and intelligence,
such men as luese would be active Republi?
cans to-day; but, as lung as disabilities are
kept up and bad men are kept In office, selfish?
ness, extravagance and corruption will-brimr
odium upon thc name ol' ibe Republican parly,
and lilis clas3 of men will remain willi thc
Democratic party, with whose principles and
aims they, with their more liberal views, eau
have but lillie sympathy*
TMJS MILITARY AND THE KU-KLUX.
A Conference in York County.
[From ?he Yorkviile Enquirer.;
A number ol our cilize.is. by invitation,
visited Major Merrill, post commandant nt this
place, on Saturday last, to conler upon Hie
subject of the c." isorderly ami turbulent spirit
which has prevailed in this section of the
Major Merrili expressed his regrets that j I
bands of disguised men had recently been
whipping and otherwise maltreating white
and colored citizens ol' this section. Ile men
tioned Incidents connected-with each of tin?
mosr. recent adi' ol violence, which impressed
those present with the idea that he is kept iu
lorined as to tr e operations of disguised per?
sons in this county. He staled that he had
in his possession "the names of a number of j
the parties who had engaged in tlb se .lawless
acts; aud was also in possession of proof I
amply sufficient to convict some ol the per-*
sons belore any Impartial jury. He seemed to
be amused at the idea that the names of the .
guilty parties wirv not known lo Hie people, J
and asserted tlr.t lie could furnish .them, and
could also have such persons -arrested In a i?r, s
hours. He e.ypresseil ihe beliel that the t
reason wry these parties persisted In such ^
acts, was the certainty they felt that no per?
son would dare to testily against them; and, 1
in this connection he exonerated the civil e
officers of what would appear to be derelic- a
tlon In the discharge ol' their duties, by not"
arresting and bringing to trial the guilty per- 0
sons. For the reason that victims are alrald p
to make com pla. nts, no warrants are issued, i
and consequently the sheriff or other proper
officer rs powerless to make arrests.
Major Merrill frankly staled that his sole P
abject in asking a conference, was that he ?
might induce the influential cilizens of the ,
county to a-lopt prompt and ?tecisive meas?
ures to suppress any further disturbance, ami
thereby avoid ihe consequences ol' military
Interference; thv.t he much preferred that, the ?
Civil authorities should regulate their own ,
affairs; and that he was satisfied that if the *
people opposed -o lawlessness would unite aud I1
sustain each other and the civil authorities In \?
suppressing such acts, domestic disorder .
would cease at once. He referred to the fact
that a large number ot the laborers in the I
northeastern section or the county were t
afraid to sleep In their houses, and that such a -r
state of affairs could not longer be tolerated;
that he was daily expecting notice that the a
writ of habeas corpus had been suspended in
this county, bu; still hoped, by Ute timely
action of the pet plo, the necessity of declariug
martial law would be avoided.
It ls now left lo our people to say whether or
not they Intend ;o regulate their* own civil af?
fairs. To succeed in restoring quiet and order,
men must no longer withhold ihelr expressed
iud- unequivocal disapprobation. Can we
longer permit the best Interests of society to
be imperilled 'without a protest, when th?
remedy is so plain and obvious? 'Any further
repetition of act-of violence In this county,
we feel assured, will be regarded by tile
military authorities, under the Ku-Klux
act, as a dec hil of the equal protection
of law to all of our citizens. The military
will proceed by arresting the supposed guilty
parties to suppress acts of violence, as di?
rected'under ne Ku-Klux acl; and parties, j
ivhen arrested, will be delivered over to the
United States marshal, to -be tried before the
LJiilted States Court ut Columbia, Charleston
)r Greenville. Under such circumstances it
?111 be next to impossible to procure ball. Tilt
nnocent as well as the guilty are liable to be
inspected, and tn? expense yt trial in Hie Uni
,ed States Court, will necessitate costs In pro- | lt
Miring witnesses, cuuusel, fees, Ac, thal few
>f our citizens cn meet.
The Ku-Khix act comprehends all persons
bund in dlsiruis?. or in unlawful assemblies on
he highways, or on the premises of another.
This act "frill be unforced, and rigidly enlorced ;
md unless our people at once determine that
here must be no iiirther acts ol' violence in
he county, we will soon have occasion to ob
icrve the practical operations ol the law in its
inmost "severity and with all Its unpleasant
TELE SFISSSEORQ* HOMICIDE.
Tile Oil: er Sitte offne Cuse.
The Winnsboro' News says of the recent ttti
brlnnale affray it that place:
Mr. John \V. Clarke, county treasurer of |
?airtield, died oa Tuesday night, fi oin ino cr?
eels of a wound inflicted Tuesday inornim*,
jy a pistol shot ired by Mr. Vf. D. Aiken, lu a
jersoual difficulty. Tho matter will undergo
udiclal investiguion, and w? lorbear extend
:d comment. Mr. Aiken and Mr. George H.
IcMaster, it is said, Interfered to part Mr.
Dlarke and Mr. Samuel DuBose, who were ex
manging blows, when Mr. Clarke seized Mr.
ii ken by the throat, and continuing io choke
lim against his protest and wara i ogs :c
lesist, the latter drew a pistol and shot him
.hrongh the bowels. The statement thai ap?
pears iu th? Columbia Union ol Wednesday
.ve know to be in toto false. The verdict of
he coroner's jury was that John W. Clarke
:aine to his death by a pistol shot i:i ihe hands
rf William D. Aiken. Mr. Clarke was buried
il the Methodist Church in this place, ou Wed?
nesday afternoon, with Masonic honors.
The Columbia Union o' yesterday say.::
W. D. liken, who shut and killed County
rreasnrer 'John W. Clarke, at WinnsooiV, oil
ruesday. surrendered himsell to the authori?
ties yesterday, :it:d was bruu^hl lo this city in
charge of Sheriff Duval), ami will have a near?
ing before Judge Melton to-day, ona writ of
IXCEXDIARISJI IN KBRSUAW COONTT.-The
Camden Journal says: -Gu the night ol the
10th instant. Mr. John C. Lov? had his dwetl
Ing-hoHse, kitchen and stable, with bis only
horse, destroyed by 2,v, the work of incen?
diaries. Mr. Love, his wile and live children
were thus leit, in the midst of very inclement
weather, without a roof to cover their heads,
or anything to iusluiu life upon. On Saturday
he came to toen and was kindly assisted by
the cilizeus, boili in the way of money aud c
provlsious. Nu clue as yet has been ibuudto- 1
detect the perpetrators of this horrible crime." i s
THE STRAGGLE FOR PARIS.
VERSAILLISTS REPULSED FROM
TEE GATES OF THE CAF1TAL.
Freaks of Ihe Commune-They Grab thc
Silver Candlesticks of Notre Dame
Stopping thc Church Services-Clieny
Occupied by the Vcrsaillists-ltepulse
of tile Vergailllsts at """ort Montrouge
Thc Government. Asks Prussiun Co?
op?ration - li i s in -j. ri k's SIovcinentK -
Address of McMahon to his Troops.
LONDON, May 18.
The Communists' Official Journal accuses
thc Versalllists ol causing the cartridge ex?
plosion, but the Verile demonstrates that the
explosion was solely the result ol accident,
from Hie fact Hint no shell fell in the Champs
de Mars at the time of its occurrence.
The Official Journal, of Versailles, editorial?
ly dwells upon the difficulties in .the way of
establishing a mili;ary centre against the.In?
surgents at Paris. The article asserts that-the
government is striving to spare the innocent,
and concludes by rebuking those who express
impatience at the delay of the government in
capt tiring the cit}'.
The C?**H?*nnist batteries ol' Montmartre
were to-day bombarding the Versailles works
al the Chateau Becon.
The Commuue has directed Riiratilt to make
reprisals for all acts ol cruelty perpetrated by
the Versailles - commanders. The Commune
has resolved t'? lorin a central club of women
lor the purpose of'disarming runaways. Cle?
ment and Bournet, members ol the Commune,
have been arrested. The committee o? safety
appeal tc the Nutional Guard to secure the tri?
umph of thc Commune, and in so doing de
pcribe the leariii! results which may come from
LONDON, May. 19
Specials say the Versaillists have occupied
Cllchy. There was a sharp. flght at Asnieres
rim Versaillists were repulsed al Ihe Dauphine
gate. They attempted to storm the gate,
The national guard stopped the services lr.
St. Augustine and Trinity Churches, and turn?
ed the Sisters of ?iercy out of their convent
Paris dispatches of the 181 li state that thc
Versatlllsts attacked Fort Montrouge, but were
repulsed, losing several cannon. The Versail
lisls were also beaten in t|ie Bois du Boulogne
md before the Maillot Gate. The Versaillist
lag floats over Fort Vanvres.
Dispatches seem to indicate that the Versail
ists tiuve ljad reverses, and have asked Pru?
dan co-operation, .which has been accorded.
There is nothing, however, definite.
BKKU.V, May 19,
Bismarck goes to Frankfort to-day lo cx
ihange ratifications with Favre.
PARIS. May 19,
The committee of safety decrees the sup
iressiorr of the Revue des deux Mondes, l'Ave-11
dr, le National, le Patrie, le Commune and
everal other journals. No new papers will
ie established until thc end of the civil war.
Yriiers must sign their articles, and are liable
a trial by court mirtial for ultncking the gov
xnment. Officers who hesitate to obey orders |
re warned that they will be considered guilty <
if treason. Many arrests have been made of
irostltutes atid drunkards. A requisition has
leen made for the silver candlesticks in the
burch ol'Notre Dante. Persons without pass
orts are not allowed to leave the city. The
om mitte? of safety Jiave determined to raze
'ai ls to the ground rallier than surrender.
YKR&AUXKS, May 19.
McMahon, in general orders, tells the sol?
ders ol the destruction of the monument in the
'lace Vendome^ which foreign euemies had
ult undisturbed, and exhorts them to redo?
de their efforts to preserve the country and I j
Ls glorious memories. It is said Ihat the
)uc de Broglie succeeds Favre wnen the
reaty is rat!lied. The steam lrigate Galatea
las arrived In English waters from a trip
round the world. 11
SEWS FROM WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, May 19. 11
There was a brief debate in the Sedate, dur- [ 1
ng which Morton, Fenton and Wilson denied
hat they had any agency In tile premature
mbllcalion of the treaty. They and Harlan
lesired that senators be examined by the com
nlttee. The Senate went imo oxecutiv? ses-1 (
ion on the treaty. J j
The outrage committee have adopted the
ollowing: Senators Scott, Pool, Blair; repre
enlatfves Peel, Stevenson, Colburn, Beck and
ran Trump are a sub committee to hold ses- | ?
ions in Washington, with power lo send subs
:om the sub committee throughout the South
his arrangement Justs untrl the 20ih of Sep
>mber, when the full committee will meet and
rrauge Ihe lurther programme. <
Both Houses ol the New Brunswick Legis- *
dare have unanimously adopted resolutions t
oudemuing the treaty where Canadian inter
sis are affected
A dispatch from the Pennsylvania coal
lines announce that the workmen, by a large
lajority, hive voted to resume work on the j l
The Senate confirmed Wara^r as Governor (
f New Mexico, and Putnam as Postmaster at c
fobile. The Senate spent six hours on the j
reaty to-day, and meets ag da ai hail-past ten
3-morrow. It is thougla that a vote will be
cached by Thursday.
There is h?lense excilemea". in base bal! dr?
ies over the game at Chicago. At lue end ol'
ne eighth inning the gam? stood: Olympics,
; White Stockiugs, nothing. Immense sums jj
re sulked at great odd*. The ninth Inning j]
ssulted: Olympics, 3; White blockings 9,
FIRE AT ALEXANDRIA, TA. J t
ALEXANDRIA, VA., May 19.
The markethouse and buildings covering a i
quare, including the city offices, are burned. '
.'he city archives were saved. The loss is 1
'5,000; insurance f10,000. The Masonic lodge
nd Hie only museum containing relic3, were
SA VA NX A H A ND ' ' TH E ll UH. ' '
BOSTON, Muy 19.
The citizens of Charlestown are raising a j
mise ol two thousand dollars to entertain the
larsiuiii Fire Company ot'Savaunab, Georgia,
vho come to Hie next anniversary ol' Dauber
FATAL STEAMBOAT EXPLOSION.
NEW ORLEANS, May 19.
The Times* special, from Galvesloii, reports
he explosion cl Ihe new steamer Stonewall,
rom Galveston for Lake Charles, near High
slain), killing five and wounding several...
Track laying upon the first western division
?* the New Orleans,'Mobile aodTdxus Railroad,
vas completed yesterday to Doimklsonvllle,
listant sixty-three miles from this city. The
?gad will soon be open for traffic to D.'uald
ioaville. . !
SOVH1ERN BAPTIST CONVEX!
Summary of Its Proceeding?
This Ecclesiastical Convention was ot
ed at St. Louis on thc 12th Instant. Th
eales In attendance numbered about
hundred ministers and laymen from Mar
Virginia, Louisiana, North and South
lina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, J
Arkansas, Missouri, Tennessee and Kenl
Among ihe delegates mentioned as pi
were Rev. Dr. P. IT. Mell, of Georgia: R
L. HeJm, D. D., of Louisville, Ky.; Rev.
Dickenson, D. D., of the Religious H
Richmond, Va.; Rev. William Williams, 1
President Greenville Theological inst
South Carolina; Rev. B. Manly, IX D., ol
bama; Rev. A. T. Spalding, D. D., of Kent
Rev. "iV. S. Post, D. D., pf Illinois; Re
Hclman. o? Saline County, Mo., and Re*
Winkler, of South Carolina.
Dr. W. Pope. German paster of the
Street Baptist Church, St. Louis, deliver
address extending a cordial welcome am
hospitalities of the city.
Dr. J. H. Burrows, of Virginia, respo
in behalf of the delegation, announcing
this was the first lime in the history of S
ern Baptists that a convention ?ad met o:
western .fide of the Mississippi, and, in b
of the little slip that lies tip and down ih
lanlic coast, was sure that all- were git
partake ol' the large-hearted hospitality c
Louis and Missouri, and to witness the
pertly and expanding growth ol an
which, iu boyhood, was only known to I
as the outer line of a Ku-Klux o'rtraniza
pceslded over by-Judge Lynch, but non
coming theseat" oF Missouri. We presen
following summary of proceedings:
' Rev. P. H. Mell, D. D" of Georgia, ci
the convention to order, and devotional e
cises were participated In.
Dr. Broaddiis moved Hint Dri Mell be c
ed president by acclamation. Dr. J. s. (
man. ol Kentucky. Inquired If there was
objection, and a member objected. A vot
ballot was taken, and Dr. Mell-ras declare:
be re-elected tor the ensuing year.
The following gentlemen were elected t
presidents: Rev. Dis. J, 8. Coleman, I
lucky; A. Sherwood, Missouri;.'. L. Burrc
Virginia; J. W. IL Williams. South Carolin
Mr. E. Calvin Williams, of Balt imore, 3
was re-elected secretary. Dr..S. T. Sumnei
Alabama, was also elected secretary.
The president elect made his acknowlc
ments for the honor conferred, and coullde
displayed toward him by his election as |
FOREIGN MISSIONS. ?
Mr. James R. Taylor, of Richmond. Virgil
read the twenty sixth annual report of
loreign mission board of the Soulhern Bap
Convention. It was staled that since 18G0 Hi
had been no period when the prospects w
more encouraging Utan this. The follow
sialemenl was made ol the finances of the n
sion board : At the last annual meeting a I
ance remained In hand ol $1505 21, since wu
?25.74? 30 had been received, making a tota
?27.254 51. The expenditures had been
295 81, leaving a balance ol $2055 07, wh
was needed to meei the liabilities of the ye
The report contained particulars about I
iiisslons established hy Ihe board in Chi
Africa and Europe. Il was referred to a co
Dr. Sumner, corresponding secretary, re:
?he report on dotneslic missions.' fl was a vi
roluminous document. The statistical portl
-ave the following particulars respecting l
work of the board in the various Slates. T
lumber of missionaries connected with t
juurd Is 134, Hie number of sermons and r
Iresses delivered during ihe year was 11,3.(
risits to persons and families, 14,590; pray
Heelings attended, 3,522; miles travelled, 10
193; number of teachers-and'Jupils in Sundi)
schools, 0,005; number baptized. As., ri ti ri 1
rear, SS2. The work done Jy Siaie Conve
.?un s amt district associations was also detaile
Rev. J. D. Fulton, of Boston; addressed li
jonvenilon, urging Hie nuion ol the Norlhei
md Southern Baptists.
Thc co tumi nee ou missions to China made
report that the general aspect of our mlssio
?ry work In that empire commends it to tl
sympathies and prayers of the entire Baptl
arbiherliood. Also, in view ot the recei
massacre of missionaries at Tlen-Tsln, and tl
ingression that a general rising of Chine;
igainst foreigners was likely to occur, ari
.vould be connived at, if not encouraged, t
die Chinese officials, the board. corrcsporj
with ihcgoverumenl authorities In relation (
.he sulety of our cilizens as guaranteed L
.reaty between China and Hie United State,
ind Hie following resolution, which wt
. Resolved, That tho general aspect of oi;
nlssjouary work In that empire commends
.o Hie sympathies and prayers of the entlr
Baptist brotherhood; and that In view of tb
.eceui massacre of missionaries .at Tien-Tsir
ind the impression that a general rising of th
Uhlnese against loreigners is likely to'occui
md will be connived at, if not encouraged b,
ihe Chinese officials, Hie board cofresponi
ivlih the government authorities in relation t
lie safety o! our cilizens, as guaranteed b,
.he treaty between China and the Unite!
The report of the committee on colorei
lopulation, which was adopted, recommend
.'bit pastors und conductors ol' Sunday-school*
vheu they need, be-furnished, as far os poss!
ile among themselves, u-id that general am
nl?lslerial schools be provided.
Thc report of Hie committee on the- religi
ms interest of Hie Chinese, ol whom lhere ar*
lome 3000, recommended thal efforts be rnadt
o leach Hiern In Hie English language
The report ol the committee on European
Hissions states Chat a Ciirlit.aa mission will
ie planted in Northern Italy; lhat the opening
>f Route has permuted the preaching of the
gospel, ihe conversion and baptism of several
imminent young men, and the organization
if a Christina church, after the model de?
scribed by St. Paul in that city, and ihm Dr.
^ole, a devoted missionary, has gaihernd a
?las* of candidates for gospel ministry, and lu?
nated an extensive pUn of colporteur and
?iission work throughout the eutjre length ol'
he Italian peninsula.
In Hie couvenliOn, resolutions were adopted
hat ihe loreign mission board be desired to
insider Hie expediency of appointing a gene
-al superintendent of every European mission,
md that our churches be urged to take raeas
ires to provide lor the support of the young
ireLhren already dithered by Dr. Cole ut
lime, the sum of iwo hundred dollars uuuual-'
y being requisite for each young mau.
A resolution was adopted, by a large
majority, expressing ?araest sympathy with
he Baptists iu England in their efforts for the
Joeration of religion from state influence.
.The committed on the enlargement of the
vork of forelgu missions reported that the
lumber of laborers in the foreign field had
leen more limn doubled (lut ing the year, and
recommended that ihe same line or policy be
luthorized by the convention lor tho ensuing
-A San Francisco telegram, of Monday,
lay-: "Pupers have been drawn up here to
lay securing the most extensive an! power
ul railroad combination ever attempted in the
?vorld. It Includes th? Pennsylvania Central
md connections from lao seaboard to Hie
Union Pacific lermluua al Ogden, Utah, and
jn Ibis side Hie California Pacific, not the Ccu
.rai IV.citic, but the Vallejo opposition lino,
which will be extended north lo Goose Lake.
Oregon, and connecting with the Oregon
Railroad tu Portland, and possibly also Puget's
Sound, ilience to tho Christmas lakes, thence
eastward along the soulh side of Hie Snake
River, lu BOUlheTO Idaho, lo a point in easy
connection with the Union Pacific eastward
of Opilen. Tills rome will avoid the heavy
tirade across the Sierra Nevada and complete
a continuous liuo from the Atlantic to Hie Pa?
cific. li will be buitl Iniinodhttely, all the
capital having been secured io Boro pe tor the
entire work. No subsidies will be asked for
the work,.which will be Jinuienced withui
iwo momhs with all Hie force which can be plac?
ed upua the Une. 'fuis is not public here yel,
bul ii may be relied upon as su'jsiantialy cor?
THE HEATHEN CHINEE.
Letter from tfesus. SpofTord, Brothers &
Co., or Sew Vet ?.--Pian for Bringing
Over a Good CIU?S of Chines? to South
The following leUer will be found worthy of
perusal by ali Interested in Chinese immigra?
Messi's. Wm. JiocuJi ? Co., Charleston:
('ENTLEHEN-In a letter Of the 5th to our
house, you speak of bringing Chinese from
their country to your coast, by steamer or
sailing vessel. The writer has lor some time
thought that a good employment for ships of
large capacity could be had by using them for j
this purpose, and though he has not the neces?
sary data for giving the actual cost, he cannot j
but think it would bc the most comfortable
and the cheapest method, and where economy
ol'time is not of vital Importance, lt would oe
the best method; but do not understand us as
suggesting anything which would In the least
resemble the atrocious coolie trade, lor ir they
could not be brought in a legitimate, comror- j
table way, the same as the .better class of |
German abd Irish emigrants come, wc would,
on no consideration, have anything to do with
it. We can, however, see no reason why an
honest, legitimate emigrant business could
not be established, the same as is done with
European countries; why the Chinaman could
uot be brought with his tatnily and allowed to
work lor wuges the same as the European, or.
If he preferred, to buy his owu few acres of
ground and cultivate it for his own account.
From all the accounts I have seen, some
very much 'opposed to, .and some favoring
them, we are of the opinion that they are a
frugal, Industrious race; when decently treat?
ed very quiet And orderly, and that they would
bc a great addition to the laboring population
of ahy country, and vy'iether" regarded from
either a purely philanthropic point of view, or
from a merely selfish desire to aid in the de?
velopment ol our own resources, we think
that any such enterprise is worthy of strong
efforts to have it honestly and properly curried j
out. Your people, however, must so treat j
them after their arrival, and their treatment
on the passage must be such as to be an effec?
tual dlsproval of the charge thal will be
brought that there ls an attempt to inaugurate
another reign of slavery under the name ol' I
Clrnese Immigration; for I do assure you that f
Ute treatment ol' the poor coolie on the guano
islands of the Pacific, and ou some of the
Cuba sugar estates is as much worse than your
old system of slavery as can be Imagined.
We should like you to investig?te the sub?
ject and let us hear from you; Khere may be
reasons which would prove our positions
wrong, as they are merely theoretical, Dut
having several very large roomy ships which
the steamers have driven from their former
Liverpool tracie, and which we send wherever
we can find good employment, we should be
much pleased to place them In some regular I
permanent trade which would relieve us of
coosturuly informing ourselves about trades f
and places with which we are not familiar.
Out* reasons for thinking they could be
brought by sailing vessels are : they would
have a lair wind almost all the way from Chi?
no, round the Cape of Good Hope, to our coast.
Arrangements could be made to get good fami?
lies in China, and they could be landed where
wanted .without the expense and trouble of
transhipment. The saving in time by the
employment of steamers would not compen?
sate for the coal consumed on so long a pas?
sage, besides the steamer must either use a
very great amount ol'room for her coal, or else
she must stop on the way; the latter course
would delay the voyage und be attended with
Our plan would oe to take one large ship
which can carry 2300 tons of cargo dead
weight, and very roomy; flt lt up with a dis?
tilling apparatus, so that a few tons of coal
would dbtll from the salt water all the fresh
water that would be needed to a Ive them a
plentiful supply. Slow the lower" hold full ol
rice, which In some parts of the East can be
bought very low. and which Is their favorite
food, and, with a few barrels of beef and pork,
and salt Ash, would be all they would want,
and then come direct to Port Royal, where
there would be plenty of water.
We would, as far as possible, bring families,
and would suggest tbUt the inducement should
be offered to tue Immigrant of a few acres ol'
land that might be given bim after two or
three years' iaitlilul labor, or that be might
be permitted to buy at a low price ou easy
The many advantages of coming direct to
Carolina, Instead of by the way of San Fran?
cisco, and then thousands of miles by rall, or
by Panama, and theu transhipping, must be
so obvious to you, we will not enlarge on the
SPOFFORD, BROTOEIIS & Co.
NEWS FROM PANAMA,
The 'Rebels Marching on the City-Self?
ridge's Expedition-The Route Re?
garded us Impracticable.
W.vsutSGTON", May ll?.
Panama advices to 12th huve been received.
No war vessels are in port. Five hundred in?
surgents.are within.sixteen miles o: Panama.
Their leader assures protection to the proper?
ty and persons pt foreigners. The President j
of Pauama has lire hundred mililia ami three
hundred national troops Well armed. He has
sent word that should Panama be attacked no
rebel life will be spared.
A semi-official report from Captain Self?
ridge's expedition says that the expeditions
met at the divide, and selected a spot for de?
pression near Paha. The lowest elevation waa
found to be seven hundred and sixteen feet.
Tunnelling ls recommended. The route is now
regarded as impracticable. The expeditions
from botli the Atlantic and Pacific sides suffer?
ed terriblv from sickness.
TU t>' P R ESR IT ER CA NS.
Guicice, May 19.
The Presbyterian Assembly appointed a com?
mittee lo examine the credentials of commis?
sioners. The question ot eligibility of laymen
to the office of moderator provoked a wann
discussion. Mr. Humphrey Is elected tem?
TUE FEATHER-WEIGHT BRUISERS.
NEW YORK, May 19.
??ly Donnelly and Arthur Chambers will
fight within two months lor $2500 and the
THE WEA TURU THIS HAT.
WASHINGTON, May 19.
It is probable that the,barometer will fall in
the Middle and Eastern Slates, with cloudy
weather on Saturday, and that brisk south?
westerly and sou thea- terly winds will be ex-,
perienced from Lake Onlorio to Lake Michi?
HORRIBLE MuituEii IN ANDERSON.-Thc An?
derson Intelligencer says: "A brutal murder
was committed on Sunday last, Hill instant,
Liu; victim beiug a colored womat} named
Adeline agnew, who lived upon the premises
of Mr. Ephraim Cox, three miles below Bel?
ton. It seems iliat. the deceased had a quar?
rel with a colored mun. Shadiick Webster,
with whom she had been living, and that the
quarrel culminated in his cutting the woman
with a home-made dirk knife, the blade of
which was seveu or eight inches in length,
and with which he Inflicted two dangerous
wounds-one of them proving moria!, cuuing
the main artery in the neck, anil lae other
sinning one of her ribs. The woman died in
a few minutes. On Tuesday morning the
murderer went to the house ol' Henry Robin?
son, by whose wile he was recognized, and,
ootaitiing assistance from others, the murderer
was arrested and brought to this place. He
made great resistance lo the parlies making
the arrest. We understand that he does nol
deny the accusation of murder, and even
Stales that he was perfectly calm during the
affair. He is a dar? mulatto, aoout live feet
six Inches ia height. He has been committed
to Jail, and will probably be tried ut the ap?
proaching term ol' court.""
(grand $)ri?e IJislribution.
. TO SE
The undersigned hare entered into an Association for the purpose of introducing Immigrants
into South , Carolina and procuring homes for the same. They propose to establish Agencies
in the principal Cities of Europe and the Norco* and Northwest, and assist Immigrants In
coming to our Sia'e; where they will have homes provided, and aid them in becoming
permanent settlers upon the soil. . * ?
They will be able to offer the best Cort?n, Drain and Truck Land In the healthy portions
of the State, at very low prices, and on long cr?dft, enabling the purchaser to pay for the
same out of the crops raised.
They will also assist Immigrants, when necessary,, to transportation and subsistence for
the first year.
Circulars will be prepared and distributed, explaining our plans*more In detail.
Central Office, ACADEMY OF MUSIC, CORNER KINO AND MARKET STREETS, Charleston,
BUTLER, CHADWICK, GABY & CO.
References in South Carolina :
General WADE HAMPTON,
Hon. B. F. PERRY,
Governor M. L. BONUAM,
General JOHNSON HAGOOD,
Bon. ARM1STEAD BURT,
Hon. JAMES CHESNUT,
Ceneral JOHN S. PRESTON,
Hon. W. D. SIMPSON,
ANDREW SIMONOS, Esq.,
Hon. G. A. TRENHOLM,
.Governor J. L. MANNING,
Hon. J. B. CAMPBELL.
References in New York City :
AUGCST BELMONTE CO., Banters.
MORTON, Bt'SS k CO., Bankers. .
Hon. CHARLES O'CONOR, Counsellor-at-Law. ?
Hon. JOHN B. WARD, Counsellor-at-Law.
Hon. ROGER A. PRYOR, Counsellor-at-Law. ;
Colonel RICHARD LATHERS.
. T. A. HOYT, Esq., President Gold Room.
HUNT, THOMPSON A CO., Factors.
AND! : RS ON, STARR & CO., Mer eli an?s.
PETTUS k CO., Merchants. ;
F. ZOGBAUM k FAIRCHILD, Merchants.
$500,000 TO BE AWARDED TO THE TICKET-HOLDERS OF THE
SERIES OF CONCERTS TO. COMMENCE ON THE FIRST OF
OCTOBER, 1871, AT THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC,
CHARLESTON, S. C., ON WHICH DAY
THE DRAWINC COMMENCES.
THE SOUTH CAROLINA LAND AND IMMIGRATION ASSOJIATION, UNDER THE AUSPICES
of the "Sont h Carolina State. Agrien:tural and Mechanical Society," will give a series of concerts
at the Academy of Music, Charleston, S. C., commencing October 1st, 1871,. for the purpose
of raising a lund to enable Emigrants to settle upon lands selected, by the Association for Homes
ol Northern aod European Farmers and others, m the Stite of Sooth Carolina, and for their
transportation tnrther and support ror the flrst year.
150,000 SEASON TICKETS OF ADMISSION, AND NO MORE,
AT FIVE DOLLARS EACH.
ALL THE PREMIUMS, INCLUDING DEED AND CERTIFICATE OF TITLE TO ACADEMY
OF MUSIC, will be deposited with the National Bank or the Republic, New York.
#300s000 UV GIFTS!
1st Girt-ACADEMY OF MUSIC, Charleston, S.e., cost to build $230,000, having an annual,
rental or abott* $20,000, rrom Opera Hous;, stores and Halls; the buUding being
about 230 feet by 60 feet, and situated corner of King and Market streets, in the
centre of the pity, and well known to be- the finest building and most valuable
property in Cliarleston, valued at..,./..$260,000
2d Gift-Cash*.. . 100,000
3d Gtrt-Cash.....". 26,000
4th Girt-Cash.'.. 10,000
5ih Gift-cash.:. 6,000
.25 Glfis-Cash-each $1000. . 26,000
25 Girts-Cash-each $500. 12,690
350 Giru-Cash-each $100.... 36,000
250 Giris-Cash-each $50..'. 12,600
506 Gifts-Cash-each $25. 12,600
1250 nuts-Cash-each $10. 12,600
2404 Gifts, amounts to.$500,000
BUTLER, CHADWICK, GARY & CO.,
Agents S. C. Land and Immigration Association,
General M. C. BUTLER,
JOHN CHADWICK, Esq.. \ CHARLESTON, S. C.
General M. W. GARY. j.
AGENTS WANTED-LIBERAL COMMISSIONS ALLOWED.
Commissioners and Super-visors of L>ra\ving :
General'A. R. WRIGHT, of Georgia.
General BRADLEY T. JOHNSON, of Virginia.
Colonel B. W. RUTLEDGE, of South Carolina.
Hon. ROGER A. PR YO 3, ol N?w York.
A FAIR AND COMMENDABLE SCHEME I
CHARLESTON. S. C., May -, 1871.
We take pleasure In certifying that we are acquainted with General M. C. BUTLER, JOHN
CHADWICK, Esq., and General M. W. GARY, of tho Arm or BUTLER, CHADWICK, GARY k CO., and
know them 10 be gem lernen or Integrity, and we regard the object they have of assisting immigrants
to homes In South Carolina or great Importance to r.he State as well as to the immigrants, and we
have every.cou?dence that their enterprise will be carried out w.th fairness and honesty to all par
I. nr. HAYNS,
A. G. MAG KATH,
THOS. V. SIMONS,
WILMOT G. DKSAUSSUBE.
GEO. A. TRENHOLM,
B. H. RUTLEDGE,
J AMI- S OONNEK,
.JAMES IL PKINGLS.