Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1671.
CHARLESTON, WEDNESDAY" MORNING, MAY 3, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE CAPTURE OF PARIS.
AX ACCOVXT BT AX ETB-WITNESS.
How the Versaillists Forced an En?
trance into the City- Hand-to-Hand
Fighting-Rout of the Communists.
[Correspondence o." tie New York Tribune. 1
PARIS. May 22.
Yesterday evening, at 7 o'clock, General
Dombrowski received urgent summons lrom
the Peint du Jour quarter to make haste with
succors, as the holders of the positions there
were very hard pressed. Both the cannonade
and fasilade from that direction, and irom our
immediate front at Porte de ia Muette, con?
tinued to increase in warmth as we went
down the Avenue Mozart. Ail the batteries
of.the Versalliis'.s were in foil roar, and it was
not possible, had there been still serviceable
guns mounted on. ire enceinte, :o respond
effectively to the steady and continuous
Are of weighty metal. Some supports
were waiting -for Dombrowski on th?
Quai ?d'Auteu??, sheltered irom the fire which
lacerated the district* by the houses on the
landward side of the quay. Unpleasant ftd
ings waited Dombrowski. when he rode into
the institution ^e Ste. Perin?, which was oc?
cupied as a klcu of minor Etat Major. From
what I could hurriedly gather, there had been
a.kind of a rally. National Guards had crowned
the shuttered parts, ol Uta enceinte, and ilned
the smashed casemates between the gases ol
Billancourt and Point ctn Jottr. and further
northward to and beyond the gate of St. ?loud.
They had held to the positions with consider?
able tenacity under a terrible fire, but had been
driven back with severe loss, occasioned main?
ly by the close and steady shoo-lng ol the Ver?
sal ll i st breaching batteries about Boulogne and
the batteries at Brimborion. The gate of St.
Ctoud, as well as that o? Point du Jour, had.
like that of Billancourt, fallen Into the hands
. of the Versaillists, who having occupied the
enceinte in force, and the adjacent houses be?
hind it, were detaching strong parlies to re?
connoitre up the Rues Lemarrois and Billan?
court, one ol which at least bad been as far as
the railway, hut had been driven back.
Dombrowski smiled as the news was com?
municated to him, and I though: o! his "second
line of defence,"-and of his assurance that the
"situation was. not compromised.'" By this
lime lt was nearly 9 o'clock, and it seemed to
me that the Versaillists must have got cannon
on to the enceinte, the fire came so hoi and
heavy about and into the Institution de Ste.
Perin?. Dombrowski and his staff were very
active and darimr, and the heart ol the troop"
seemed good. Tbere was some cheering at
the order to advance, and the troops-con?
sisting chiefly ol' Irancs-tireurs and men dress?
ed in a.Zouave dre?s, so tar as I could see in
the gloom-were moved briskly up into the
Rue de la Mtmi?lpalfte. . A coup?e of gncs-i
fleld guns, Hear-were got into oositioi on
the Circular Hallway, lo the felt ol the
Rue de la Municipalit?, and, under their
cover, the Infantry debouched with .a rush
OX cavalry I law only a few scattered
prtrkets. Soon there was a tearful disorganiza?
tion, the result of a hot and close infantry
fire that came seemingly from over a wail
which I learned bounded ihe Cimeti?re des
Pauvres, the Federals broke right and left
Some made round the corner ol the Rue de
Michel de Ange (whick bounds the cemetery
on the right,) under the leadership of a young
staff officer whom I had noticed ?a the Cha
teau de la Muette at dinner time. There was
a close Aisiiade and attempt, which was partly
successful, to storm the cemetery, taking ft oh
three sides. It was said thai Dombrowski
himself headed the direct attack, but -the
lo?aiity was too warm for me to satisfy myself
quite tully on this point. Meanwhile there
seemed to be almost hand-to-hmd fighting
going on all around ia the space between the
enceinte and the railway. I could hear the in?
cessant whietle and patter ol the bc Mets ano
the yells and cursing of the men, no: n few o
whom owed what courage they displayed to
profuse libations. Every now und-then there
was'a cheer and a rush, then a vo?ley
which seemed to stay the nish, and
then a stampede back- onder cover. By
104 lt was obvious that The Communists had
nearly lost their courage. Dombrowski I hud
lost sight ot. One officer told me he had bee:i
killed m the churchyard, another that his
horse had been shot under him, and that when
last seen the daring little fellow was flghtln
a Vereallllst marine with his sword. There
came apanic, in the thick ol which I matte
good my retreat behind "the second line of
defence"," which could not easily be recog?
nized as a line oi deience at ali. I fear Dopj
browskl must have been gasconading. Once?
behind the railway ?the Communist? held the
new ground with stubbornness. Cue or two
attacks were made by detached pan les o? Ver
saillis ts: bur their dre gradually died away,
and soon after ll o'clock the quietness had be?
come so creal that I thought the work was
otter lor~the night, and Lhat Dombrowski's
anticipations had been realized.
The panse was deceptive. The Versai?is?s
must have simply held their hands lor a time
lo make the blow heavier when it should fall.
No doubt they had their combinations to exe
cute elsewhere, and were pouring into the
-area between- the enciente and the Circular
Raliway. While they were doing this, they
were packing the thoroughfares with artillery.
We could hear. In the distance In our rear the
general march beales. A staff officer, who
Bpoke English perfectly, ar?d who was as
black ad a negro from pow-.ier and smoke,
came lo where I lurked and told me how he
mlslrusled the pause, and feared that the su?
preme hour had come at last.; The supreme
hour had come, lt was 2 o'clock In the morn?
ing. Suddenly a fierce fire opened on the
railway. "Showers af shell poured upon it and
In its vicinity, and-upon'it a hail of musketry
gatlered. The Communhts did essay a reply,
ut lt was extremely weak. Then there sud?
denly came on the wind the din o? sharp
firing from the norlh. * I Leard Fome t.Sout,
"We ate surrounded : the . Versaillists
are pouring In by the gates of Auteuil,
Passy and la Muette !"' This was enough. A
mad panie set-In. The cry rose ol teuve qui
peut, mingled with other shouts. Xous
sommes trahis. Arms uu? packs were thrown
down and every one bolled at the lop ol lils
speed, the officers leading the way. I rame
on one party-a little detachment o! francs
tireurs-standing last behiud the projection ol
a house, and catling cut thal all their chiefs
had run away and lelt them. Whether this
was the case as regards the higher command?
ers I cannot teil. I do not think Dombrowski
or any ot' his staff were the men to run. But j
certamlv none of them were to be seen.
There was a cry.too, that there was an invasion
Irom the south, and so men stinted and atrug
panic, mingled with rage, men discharged
their pieces indlscrimir.aleiy, aud struck each
other with their guns.
I can hardly tell how I came to be on th?
Avenue du Roi de Rome, ai about half-pa9t i>
In the morning-my wale?' had ran down.
The batlerv had been car.ied efl'. Looking
down the Boulevard de :\2mpereur I 9aw a
batterv ol horse artillery coming up al a walk.
A few'corpses of Communists were lying about
ihe battery. These troops, advancing with a
deliberation so equable, were McMahon's men
coming hilo the Trocadere. 1 did not wait for
them, but made lor a side street toward the
Champs Elysees. I came oat in the beautiful
avenue, about midway between the Arch ol'|
Triumph und the Rona Point: and there stood
several baualions of soldiers in red breeches.
They were packed there seemingly a9 densely
as the Bavarians had been on theist of March,
lmt thev were not so pacific. There was no
firing Lom the bis barricade at the Place de ia
Concorde end ol' the Tuileries gardens, but
National Guards w^re shoving about it, and
now and then making a shot at the dense
masses of the Versaillists, wno were very de?
liberate, aud made quite sure of their ground
before advauciog. They had a field battery in
action just below the Arch, which BWept the
Champs Elvsees verv neatly. I saw several
Hhells explode about the Place de ia Concorde,
renelratlng casually in a northwesterly direc?
tion, I found danger again ?ti the Rue Billault, a
aide street, nearly parallel to the Avenue de la
Reine Hortense, which exiends away irom the
Arch of Triumph, nearly al right angles to the
Champs Elysees. lu this avenue a "person I
spoke with told me the Versallilsls had oome
upon the Communists as they were throwing
up a harricade, and had saved them the
trolle ol' completing it by t-iking it from
them at the j oint of the bayonet. There I aol
very nearly shat in, lor. as I lalkck! thetc was
a shoat, and riere were the VersaiUists, with
artillery at th?lr head, marcbrng down the
I Avenue Friedland toward titre Boulevard
I Haussmann, and I had inst time to dodge
across their fropt. I then-tracked them
I by a side street, and lound they pressed on
1 steadily, firing but every how aud tnen, lill
i they reached tne open space near the top of
\ the Boulevard HauBsmnnn, in front of the
! Caserne de la P?pini?re. Here was a noble
I position, and no mistake.- They could sweep
i the Boulevard Malesherbes straight down to
i the Madeleine, and so open their way into the
Bue Royale, and down it into the back of the
barricade at Its end lacing the Place de la
Concorde There', too, they could sweep the
Boulevard Haussmaun along its whole length,
and, by a steady fire along these thorough?
fares. * r/revent concentration, and cu: tbat
part of Paris practically into three districts.
Recrossing the Boulevard Haussmann, I
made' my wav bv devious paths towards the
Palais Royal". Shells seemed to be bursting
aD over the city. They were time-fuse shell?,
and I could see many ol them burst In a white
puff of smoke high' in the-air. Several fell. on
nnd about the Bourse.as I was passing, and
the neighborhood was silent and deserted, ex?
cept by National. Guards ip small parties or
singly. I could not'tell whether they were ad?
vancing pr retreating. Everywhere barri?
cades were hastily erecting, but I dodged
them all till I got ?to the Place du Palais Royal.
Here iKo barricades were constructing, one
across the Rue St. Honore, another across the
Rue'de Rivoli. For the latter the material
wa3 chiefly furnished by a great number ol'
r iticles, which were hurriedly pitched out ol'
the windows ol' the establishment, and of mat?
tresses 1rom the guards' barracks at the Tuile?
ries^ The Rue St. Honore barricade was
lot med ot paving-stones, cabs and carriages,
and I was compelled, nolens volens, to assist
in the Construction of it. It ls plef.sa-'.t, even
if you art forced- to do a thing, to att?mpt
do" r.g it in a satisfactory manner, and, ob
.servrngtbat-an embrasure had been neglected
in the construction ol'the barricade, I devoted
my energies to remedying this defect. I was
not- sorry, however, to be released from my
task altera quarter of au .hour's wprk, fh,e
more so as the she'll fire was increasing in
warmth and. proximity. I uo?eed that from*
the great barricade at the top ol St. Honore
the Com in mi ii LS had got one gun at least into
action, and were using it to flee somewhere in
the direction ol tire Arch of Triumph. -It was
impossible te fulfil" my original intention,
which wa3 to cross the river to the Ministry of
War. therefore ? .returned in the direction o?
tbe^New Opera. Holtse. Crossing the boule?
vard I noticed that the Versaililsts mdst have
gained the Madeleine, between-wblch and their
position at the P?pi?iere barracks no obstacle
in the shape ot a barricade intervened. They
bad constructed across the end ol tlie Boule?
vard de la Madeleine a'barricade of trees and
casks for artillery. The Communists, on the
o.'Ver side, had a temporary barricade, chiefly
Ol provision wagons, across the boulevard
at the head ol' the Rue de la Pats. By
hail-past 9- o'clock the Versaillists hud
advanced considerably down the Boulevard
Haussmann, which they -swept with a heajy
musketry fire. Two teds were sliet down close
:o me at the end of the Rue de Lafayette.
There was nonreturn fife of any account.
Many Communists-passed me In retreat, de
daring as usual, that they.had been betrayed.
AS I stood, there was ? scramble lor a barri?
cade in the Boulevard Haussmaun, about five
hundred yards nearer P?pini?re than'the Rue
de Lafayette. Ic was carriedJby the Versailllsi
marines. I cotrid Bee them jumping np on
the barricades. Everywhere, as I learn, the
Versaillists were led by gendarmes and sailors
?or marines. The National Guards fell back
dodging behind lamp-posts and in doorways,
and firing wildly as they retreaied. This drew
a still heavier "fire ftom the Versailles barri?
cade. A bullet struck the front of a gas pilla-,
behind which. I stood, and fell flattened in ibe*
road, and a woman stepped out from -Lue gable
of the Rae de Lafayette, picked up the bullet,
and walked coolly back, clapping ber- banda
What Gurions ceremony is going on at the
corner of Hie Rues Lafayette . and Lafitte?
There Isa wagon, a mounted Spahl, nearly as
black as night, and an officer. A crowd is al!
round, and'in the centre ls a blazing tir? o.' pa
eers. Are. they burning the ledgers of the
ank, or" ihe title-deeds of the surrounding
property? No. It is the papers ot" the bat:al
ion which are thus burniug that they might
not bear witness against tlie members. I sup?
pose. A sign surely of the beginning ol the
end. Other signs were not'wanting, ?ngfish
passports were sought alter; but when men
talked cf getting ont it was found that, in the
morning, the Prussians had let out train-alter
train, but stopped each at St. Denis, and al?
lowed nobody to go on. A woman is said to
have been fired on this morning on making au
attempt to get out, ThetJothmunl6ts retreat?
ed, ever throwing up barrlcaaes everywhere,
so that circulation became almost impossible.
They seemed to be neadiug. toward Montmar?
tre, which had opened fire on "he Trocadero,
from which, the chief share ot the Versailles
artillery fire seemed to come. The Ver?
saillists seemed to understand this policy,
and made some baste to counteract it. By 12
they had gained the Place de l'Europe, near
the western terminus, on the way to Mont?
martre, thus completing a definite and well
marked line Irom the western terminus river
ward by Abe Madeleine and the Place de la
Concorde. Of the other side of the river ]
can say nothing. Some say the Versaillists
are as far as the Pont de !a Concorde and the
Ecole Militaire, but there ie no certainty. It
is now 4 o'clock P.M. At about 2 o'clock the
Versaillists bad fairly established themselves
rn the line 1 have described, and" were making
the Boulevard Haussmami terriblyhot quar?
ters doWn tc- the very end. At the same hour
thev began lo shell from their battery at the
Madeleine, the Communist barricade on the
Boulevard des Capucines, at the lop of the
Rue Ue ia Paix. This was a crushing fire,'and
th? barricade was SOAU shattered. As I con?
clude, the Communists seem demorahzed, yet
are wc rking hard everywhere erecting barri?
cades, a'ud the g?n?rale ls soundi'.''-'. No gene?
rals are to bc found.
THE NEGRO STRIKE.
WASHINGTON, June 7. .
The strike hus extended to Georgetown.
Tl:*e coal ordered thence has been sent to
Alexandria. There were several fights at the
coal-yaidE.; several of the rioters were arrested.
Work is generally suspended, but will eotn
mtnee to-morrow at one dollar anda half;
bv:t most negroes demand two dollars.
MUTINY ON THE BRIG BO WERS.
Arrivn.1 ?i the Vessel ut New York-Ac?
count of the Mutiny by 0ne of tile
Officers-Tlie Mutineers Locked Vp
NEW YORK, June 7.
The brig Bowers, about whose late appre?
hensions were felt on account of the mutiny,
arrived lc the Narrows last night. The fol?
lowing is the report ol' Captain Sleeper, who
succeeded t. the command wheo Captain
Amsbury died: While stowing the anchors
on the 2d instant, at 4 P. M., one of the crow
disobeyed orders, and on being spoken to by
the first mate he and Captain Amsbury, who
went forward at that moment, were set upon
by the crew, six. in number. M negroes, and
Captain Amsbury was struck on the head with
a capitan bar and fatally injured. The mate
had bis shoulder dislocated, and also received
two severe wounds on the head with a capstan
bar, ?rom the effects ol which he was disabled
three days. The second mate and steward
were also severely iDjur^ri. We got. the
Captain aft, but ali efforts to save him were
unavailing: he died the same day. The muti?
neers were brought asLore last'nigh: and
LATER.-The mutiue'irs of the brig J. L.
Bowers, brought ."*ro this morning, were ah
colored. When tho o'Viers and assistants
went on board all wai- quit t. The villains evi?
dently not expeciing a surprise, were on Lae
deck. I'orwurd, anti were immediately hand?
cuffed. Thomas admitted lhat he struck the
.captain, but added he was driven to it. Tn e
formality ol' bondiog the prisoners will be
gone through with at once ami the investiga?
tion will proceed without delay.
THE NARROW GAUGE.
FES TI y IO O-THE CRADLE OF THE.
REW RAILWAY SYSTEM.
History of the Initial Narrow Gunge
Hoad in Wales.
[Correspondence of the Philadelphia Press j
FESTIMOO, North Wales, May ll.
Wales, not to' be behind the rest of the world,
boasts its seven wonders, but one of the most
.yvonderful things which it contains is not in?
cluded in the number-I mean the "Festinlog
Railway. . . . .
This litte line has attracted visitorsfrom aU
most all parts of the habitable globe. "Wise
men irom the East"- Russlau counts, Egyptian
oeys,' Anglo Indian engineers, Norwegians,
Prussian?, Austrians, ~Freuch, Spaniards,
Italians-have been to see and criticise the
miniature iron "road. New World visitors, too,
irom the States, the West Indies, the Brazils,
have crossed the Atlantic and made their way
to the Welsh Hills, to inspect the "Tom
Thumb" Railway, as it has been called.
Scarcely a week passes ?but some authorized
commission or some unauthorized self-ap?
pointed inquisitor puts in an appearanee, and
Mr. Spooner, the very courteous engineer and
manager of the line, must sometimes"begln to
wonder whether he ls secretary or showman.
Having just paid a visit to Festinlog and
had a iuiil opportunity of examining the liue,
I have thought that a brief description ol' it
and a few remarks upon some points which it
brings up lor consideration, would not be no
intereetlngto yonr readers.
Ii the Festiniog Railway were merely a
curiosity, I should need to apologize for propo?
sing to trouble you with anything on the sub?
ject, for you have curiosities- of your own in
abundance, both natural and artificial, human
and mechanical. But the Festiniog Railway
is more than a curiosity; it ls a practical illus?
tration of a most import int principle ia rail?
way construction, lt is a fact-worth more
than a thousand theories-which demonstrates
that the railways ol the luture need not be
tho costly and often unremunerative works
which they have been in the past; a fact
which, I believe, ls to brjng about a revolu?
tion in all railway matters aud all that apper?
Any such fact, I judge, will be ot snpreirfe
interest in a country with vast expanses ol ter?
ritory still unpeopled, vast resources Blill un?
developed; territory which must.be peopled,
resources, which must pe developed mainly >
through the agencies of rallways;for railways,
originally the outcrop of- civilization, the off?
spring o? that ever-fruili'ul parent, Neoessifcy,
have uow become the very pioneers of civili?
zation, ihe great plough-shares which open up
the virgin lands thal mankind may rejoice In
the harvests of various kinds which they are
walting to produce. Like the outstretching
branch*?? ora tree, railways, wherever they
spread themselves abroad, carry with them
seeds like to those irom which they sprung,
arid thus population, industry and commerce
are made to cover the earth.
To 'ordinary visitors the Festinlog Railway
begin B at Portemadoc (which is situated at
the northeast corner of Cardigan Bay.) 'and
runs theuee to Dinas and Djiffros, vjllages situ?
ated between Moel-Wyn and Mauod, two 8late:
bearing mountains in the Fesilulog District..
Mori properly speaking, however, the railway
commences in* the mountains, and ends a:.
Portemadoc. tor its primary object was to
carry the slates from the quarries which
abound ia the Festiniog District down to
Portemadoc. whence they are shipped to the
various markets. This still forms the greatest
part ol the traffic on the line, although a large
passenger traffic has been developed during
the last eight years.
The Mne.'which is a single one, was origin^
ally constructed io 1832 as a horse tramway,
and waajnade ol a nominally two-feet gauge,
the exact gauge being half an Inch less than
that. Eight year3 ago Mr. Spooner resolved
on the bold experiment of converting it into a
locomotive passenger railway, retaining the
old way. aud thus setllng at defiance the pre?
conceived theories ol' engineers ns to the width
of gauge necessary lor a line over which steam
engines should run. Years before that the
great "battle of the gauges" had been fought
in the country, and four leet eight and a half
inches had been adopted as the "staudard"
eauge-!be narrowest which was at all consis?
tent with the requirements of railway traffic.
Even that was regarded by some as too narrow,
and lines of aeven-feet gauge were laid.down
at enormous expense, lor- the sake of some
fancied advantages which never resulted. Had
any one ventured to hint that a large traffic
equal to any which was then contemplated
might be conducted on u line ol two-feet
gauge, he woukl have been scouted as a mad?
man. Facts, however, are stubborn thiDgs.
and not easily convicted of lunacy. A large
traffic, both passenger and goods, is conducted
on a two-feet gauge, and, though I am mot
going to say that such a gauge ls suitable for
universal or even general adoption, the Fes?
tiniog exDerlmeut has made K. clear to all bm
the most pig-headed "that a much narrower
gauge than thai generally adopted is amply
Buflxient for the accommodation ot all ordi?
nary traffic, and may be constructed and.
worked at far less cost than the "standard" |
Let us tuen take a trip along the interesting
little railway, and see whit ii ls an* whai it
doe?. Arrrred at Purtemadoc station, we And
the train in waiting-a train wMch looks al?
most like a child's toy, so diminutive ls lt com?
pared with what we are accustomed to see.
One might nearly sit astride tile eugine,'-and
ihe carriages look as though a push woi?d set
them going. The passenger carriages are of
two kinds; In those ol the eldest make the
seats are arranged lengthwise, the passengers
silting back to back, as In an Irish jannung
car; in those of more recent build the se:?is
ure placed crosswise, as in ordiuury railway
carriases, and accommodate three passengers
to each seat, or twelve to a enrriuge; .lo-; sum?
mer to.irists there are open carriages, . with
lengthwise seats and awnings overhead: and
for"the quarrymen, large numbers of'whotri
go up the line every Monday morning
and return every Saturday, there are low,
open cars, without coverings, which each car?
ry a doze.! workmen, 'lue carriage floors
being raised very little above the around level,
there is no need "for platforms at the stations,
and one step lands us in the barrlage. Leav?
ing Portemadoc we pass along a straight and
nearly level enbankmeni, almost a mile in
length, which clarries the line over Traelh
Mawr, or the estuary of the Beddgejart river.
This beim: crossed we Immediately commence
our ascent into the mountain country, the
line from this poiut rising the whole way until
it reaches its terminus"; the gradients vary
from 1 in G0G8 to 1 in 180-the average gradi?
ent beinir 1 in 92 for 124 miles.* We chu hardlv
irelp crediting the Utile engine with a con?
scious pluck and determination as it manfully
climbs these steep' inclines, and draws after
it its long train of carriuges aud wagons.
The line runs through the most enchant?
ing and romantic scenery, and at times
in our upward journey we look straight down
into the beautiful, fertile valley below, three
or four hundred leet beneath us, and along it
to the sparkling sea beyond, while Hie rugged
rocks rise high on ihe other hand, and'we
guze up to the mountain tops. On we go.
?long our winding way, turning and twisting,
as the engine, like a thing ol' life, seems to
choose Its mountain path will) the nicesl dis?
crimination. Al times the curves round which
we sweep are so small and lollow each other
in such rapid succession that neither the en?
gine nor the brake van can be seen by a pas?
senger in the middle of the train, and the
train itsell will be on three uifferenl curves at
once: at other limes the liue lakes a wide
sweep aloQg the side o? a great natural ?baslu,
almost doubling back upon itsell as it'seeks
ita way to higher ground. The curves, in?
deed, form one ol the most marvellous fea?
tures cf this little line. The railway is nearly
all curves, in some cases they are not more
than ]?? chains in radius, yet trains glide rouud
them with the utmost ease, clinging to the
mi'untain sides and following their outlines
with unfailing fidelity. Part of the journey,
by the invitation ol Mr. Spooner, we perform
ou a log ol' timber, some fitly or sixty feet in
length; this affords us capitol opportunity of
judging ol the capabllitles'of Ihe Une, and we
are no less surprised than pleased to rind that
we pass over the line as steadily aud smoothly
os In most first-class carriages on ordinary
lines. The log is carried "on a. couple bf
"bogle'- trucks, and its- passage over the sharp
curves is absolutely imperceptible. As we
approach the lipper end of the railway we
see, on either hand, several branches running
high op into the mountains lo the quarries,
from which the slates are conveyed to Hie
pori below. On all these, Hie gradients .being
? very steepT the trafBc isworked by gravity,
j the loaded trucks comin,' down to the quarry
termini on tlie main lie. add drawing the
empty trucks up by meats ol large windlasses.
The return journey dowithe main line is also
performed, by eravity. 'aking our seat'in a
little open car. we mah a rapid descent to
Portemadoc, spinning long at the rate of
about thirty miles an tour without either
traction or propulsion, Hus serving to show
us very forcibly the gracents with which the
engine had to Contend orthe upward journey.
For its whole course tb line, as will have
been gathered, runs thr^gh a rocky country;
yet. owl air to the 6harf-curves which have
been available through ihe use of the very
.narrow gauge, cutting, unnellifig, Ac.., have
been avoided in a very remarkable manner.
The greatest cutting is 27 feet, the greatest
filling or embankment fl leet,- and there are
! only two tunnels in the 124 mites, one of 730
? yards, and the other of Glyards. :
! The amount of worky ebne by .this little Une
I is astonishing- In 1869-?tween 9800 and 10,
000 tons of goods and miieralsper mlle passed
j over it, and from 8000 to 9000 passengersper
mile, a traffic equal to ".hat on some of our
I 'i'ost flourishing ''stanford" gauge Irhes.
, Seven locomotives are ?mployed, including
I one "Fairlie" engine, The Little Wonder,"
of which I shall have moe to say hereafter,
1 and the rolling stock conisls of 14 passenger
1 carriages, 32-quarrymen,fcarriages, iO goods,
coal and lime truc?, and 852 slate
trucks. The slate trafflerenders the working
expenses exceplionallyjlgb, inasmuch as the
company have to supply and keep io, repair
two-thirds more rolling sock of slate wagons
than if the slate compauitadellyered their pro?
duce at the upper terrains, besides the cost
of oil and grease -and aiflitional stuff'for the
same; then, all the slate wagons have to run
empty one way over thewhole length of the
line. Notwithstanding, bis and other-draw?
backs, and the fact that tie rates are the same
as on most other lines, tie working expenses
of the lln? contrast favorably with those of
olber companies. On the. London and North?
western Railway the pertentage of working
expenses to gross recepte ls 47.84; on the
.Great Western, 48.^16: onthe North London,
52.7; on the Metropolitan 53; on the East In
dian, 49.4; on the Great Mian Peninsula, 63.2;
on the Bombay and Baroda. 70.7. On the Fes
tiniog line the percentage Is 44.5, and if allow?
ance were made, on the tiost moderate scale,
fop the exceptional ci rc ira 3 ta nc es to which I
have referred, the working expenses would
not be more than 31 per cent, of the gross re?
1 was somewhat anxious to know what had
been the effect oj the railway upon the quar?
ries and the port, and was -scarcely surprised
to learn- that both had leen developed In a
very rapid manner. Portemadoc. from being
a little coast-village, with an occasional vessel
In its bay, has become a thriving port, with
numerous wharves and nany strips.
"It's the slates," say soue of the quarry pro?
prietors, "thafhave been the making of the
railway." They lorget thtt there are two sides,
te the question, and that it may be said with
as much propriety, "It's ihe .railway that has
been.the making of the trade and ol' the port.''
So will it always be.
THE S AV Alf SAX FIREMEN.
Arrangements for their Northern Trip.
HEW YORK, June 7.
The Marshall Hose Company of Savannah
will remain here from Tuesday to Friday ol
next week, and will have a proper reception.
After their return from Bostdh they will stay
here four days longer. Several dbmpanles ol
the New York Fire Department *ill be assign?
ed to escort the visitors on their arrival.
? 'TBE INVESTIGA TION."
WASHINGTON, June 7.
The Kn-Klux investigation committee to
dajt examined Deputy United States Marshal
Joseph J. Hester, ol North Carolina; S. T.
Power, United States commissioner atSpar
tauburg, S. C., and Charles D. O'Keele. who
Was formerly a tax-collector in t he loiter Stale,
and driven irom the discharge of his official
duties, as it is alleged, by an unlawful combi?
nation, Ex-Governor Parsons, of Alabama,
will be examined to-morrow.
TUE PRINTERS' UNION.
BALTI?ORE, June 7.7
In the Typographical Union, a motion to
take from the table'the motion allowing'ne?
groes admission to the Union was defeated by.
a vote of 44 to 17.
Richmond was chosen as the next place of
meeting. _ _ _
TERRIBLE EARTHQUAKE IN CHINA
Over Twenty Thousand Square niles
of Country Devastated-Temples, Oov
ernment ?u lld trigs and Dwellings De?
stroyed-Over Two -Thousand Lives
Our Minister in China,-Governor Lowe, has
forwarded to the Secretary ol' State the follow?
ing translation .of a report of a. ter rib le earth?
quake, from the Chinese Governor-General of
the province in which iL occurred:
BKIEF ACCO?NT OF THE EARTHQUAKE AT BA?
THANG IN SZCHUEN.
I have ascertained that Bathang lies on a
very elevated spot beyond the borders of
the province, about 2GU miles west from Li
Tang, and more, than 30 post stations from the
district town of Ta-tsieu. onthe high road to
About ll o'clock A. M.,-on the 11th. of April,
1871, the eurlh trembled so violently that the
government offices, temples, granaries, stoue
and storehouses atuH'oNiflcatlons, with all the
commou dwellings and-tlie temple of Ting-lin.
were at once overthrown and ruined; the only
exception was Ihe ball In the temple grounds
called Ta-choa, which stood unharmed in Ita
A lew ol the troops and people escaped, but
most ol'the inmates were crushed and killed
under the falling Umber and stone. Fmmes
also suddenly bunt out in four places, which
strong winds drove aucut until the heavens
were darkened with smoke, and their roaring
was mingled with me lamentations of the dis?
tressed people. On ":e Iblh the flames were
beaten down, but the rumbling noises were
still heard under ground like distant thunder,
und the earth rocked and rolled like a ship in
a storm at lue mercy ol the wav?s. The mul?
tiplied miseries ol' the afflicted inhabitants
were increased by a thousand fears, bHt in
about ten days matters began to grow quiet
and the motion io cease,.
The grain collector at Bathang says that, for
several days before the earthquake, the water
had overflowed ihe dyke, but aller it the earth
cracked in many places, and-black, felid water
spurted out in a furious manner. If oae poked
the earth, the spurting instantly lollowed. just
as is the case with the salt tfellsand fire wells
.(in the eastern part ol' the province,) and this
explains how it happened that tire followed
Ihe earthquake in Balliang.
As nearly as is ascertained, there were de?
stroyed two largo temples, '.he offices of the
collector of grain lax. the local magistrate,
and the colonel, the Tingan temple, aud near:
ly 700 fathoms ol' wal! around it, and 351
rooms in all inside; six smaller temples, num?
bering 22-1 rooms, besides ?S49 rooms and
houses of the common people. The number
, of peonle, soldiers and lamas killed by the
crash was 2298, among whom Were the local
i magistrate and his second in office.
The earthquake extended from Bathang
eastward to Pang-Chahemah, wesiwarfl to
Nun-tun; on the south to Lln-tsah-shih, and on
the north to the salt wells of A-timtsz, a cir?
cuit of over 400 miles. Ii occurred simulta?
neously over the whole of this region. In some
places steep hills spilt and sunk into deep
pits; in others, hills of level Bpots became
precipitous cliffs, and the roads and highways
w?re rendered impassable by obstructions.
The people were beggared aud scattered like
autumn leaves; and this calamity to the peo?
ple ol'Balliang and vicinity was really one ol'
ihe .most distressing and destructive that has
eve? happened in this ccuntry.
The Governor-General, twice memorialized .
Ute Emperor respecting It, who granted uid to
relieve the misery, reopen the roads between
thc poslhouses, and rebuild and repair tue
offices and dwellings as they were needed.
I Manyare now resuming their occupations aud
i the roads are everywhere passable.
THE CRUSHED COMMUNE.
THE REPUBLIC TO HAVE A BAIR
Communism in the Provinces-Only
French Artisans io be Employed in
the Arsenal* and Navy Yardn- '.Coche
fort'a Trial-Thc Sew Trench Minis?
ter to the CnMed States.
PARIS, June 7.
The Patrie demands vigorous measures 'or
the suppression ? ol'Communist tendencies in
the provinces. The arsenals and navy yards
are directed to employ Frene a instead ol for?
LONDON, June 7.
The Times'special-says the postponement
of Rochefort's trial ls*3ue to anapprehenslon
ol disclosures compromising the movements
for national defence. Felix I'yatt is in Switz?
erland. Thjers insists npon giving the Repub?
lic a.fair trial.
YBRS/ULLE?; June 7.
. Twenty-five women Were killed and fifty
injured by a railroad* accident near Paris. It
ls said that Jules Ferry will be minister to
Schumack?r, murderer of Generals Le
compte and Clement Thomas, has-been arrest?
ed. The trial of Rochfort and Assi has been
Wires have beep, discovered in the sewers
of Paris, intended to blow up the city. Gam?
betta is. still at San Sebastian,
" The Constitutionnel says the first duty of the
Assembly'is to fill its own one hundred and
twenty seats; nest, to assume constituent
powers, and finally to order a'plebiscile for de-1
termination ol the question ol the future form
' IMPORTA ST RAILROAD MEETING.
An important'adjourned meeting ot the rep?
resentatives of the railroad-! on the line be?
tween New York and New Orleans via Lynch*
burg, was convened al Willard's 'to-day. All
the railroads were represented, including Ute
new elements south of Cleveland junction.
For some time lhere was. but .one daily train
run on this lhffe south of Washington. The
meeting to-day organized a second daily irai 5,
taking effect July 1st, with increased speed,
makins the through time between New York
and New Orleans iwelve hours quicker, and
with but otra change of' oar' at Lynchburg.
Further improvements .are contemplated by
ihe extensions toing on soul roi- Chattanooga
and Dalton. . " . "
Preston Smith, president of the Washington
and New York line, .presided. The following
railroad men participated: W. W. Yandergrift, '
Henry Fink, R. C. Jackson, E. G. Barney, J.
C. Stanton, C. T. Williams, A. Murdoch, A.
Scow, G. W. Curtis, John Tacker, R. T. Wil?
son, W. D. Weeks, L. M. Cole, G. Jordan, W.
Keavy, J. B. Yates, also L. G. M, Budal ve, of
Mississippi, was in attendance.
The following railroads w-sre represented:
New York and Washington Air Line; OraDge,
Alexandria and Manassas; Atlantic, Mississip?
pi and Ohio; East Teanesse, Virginia and
Georgia; Memphis and Charleston; Alabama
and Chattanooga; Selma, Rome and Dallon;
South and North Alabama; Mobile and Ohio;
Baltimore and Ohio; Mobile and Montgomery.
Alter the adjournment of the convention the
meeting was called to eonsid;r the organiza?
tion of a fast freight* line from Norfolk to
points south and southeast. The following .
gentlemen were appointed a committee to
perlect the organization: Barry, Williams,
Keatvy, Curtis, Thomas, Waller,. Shaw, Jack?
son, Fink, Kendrick, Rawatii, First, Sewell.
Henry Fink was appointed permanent chair?
man, with authority to call a meeting at
Knoxville on August 5ih of ihe gentlemen
NEW HAMPSHIRE J?ON AT LAST.'
CONCORD, N. H., June 7.
! The Democrats secured the speaker of the
House by a vote of 164 to 163.
GOVERNOR SCOTT?A WEALTH.
What*he Said to a Hurald Reporter
- 011 ihe Subject.
The New York Herald, of Monday last, con?
tains a long account ol anir terview between
one of Us reporters aud Governor Scott, in
Columbia. The bulk.ol-the conversation re?
lated to the Taxpayers'Coevention and the
Ku-Klux. On these subjects oar readers are
already lamiljar with the Governor's views..
The interview closed as-follows :
.'Governor, I have heard il stated that you
are a millionaire and have made au immense
amount of money out ol* vom position. Is thai
"In answering thal question I will say this,
that I have never regarded it as good poilcv
for any man to make a pub ic declaration of
his poverty, us very frequently a large portion
of a man's capital is his reputation as the pos?
sessor of wealth. Therefore it I were to ad?
mit the fact that I was a millionaire, il would
give me a much better standing than if I were
to tell the simple truth, Tie lact is, when I
entered ihe army my properly, which was in
Ohio, consisted mostly ol wild, uncultivated
lauds. The money I received from various
sources during the war w.13 .;rora time to time
so invested. These lands hiive since appreci?
ated in value perhaps four or five limes, and
are worth to day over
ONE riUNDKED THO?3A*.D DOLLARS.
In addition a portion ol tlietowu of Napo?
leon, Ohio, is built on my property, which is
also rapidly enhancing in price,. be 3ide3 af?
fording me an income. This Income I have
invested ic South Carolina. In lact, before I
was nominated os Governor I had invested all
my surplus means, and borrowed additional
money, which I invested io the slocks and
bonds of the Slate to the amount of nearly one
hundred thousand dollars, purchasing the
bonds at from twenty-seven to lorty-two cents
on the dollar. In 18071 found myself the owner
ol perhaps one hundred and feen thousand dol?
lars worth ol State stocks and bonds. Some
of these bouds were sold at advanced rates to
return the loans on which I had made the
original purchase. Of course the appreciation
under'my administration .ha.' made a conside?
rable Increase in their valu-;. To day, if my
property in Soul h Carolina; real and. personal,
were sold at the best prevailing rate,
1 SHOULD HIVE, SAT $70,000.
The stories of my. 1 m mese wealth are simply
fabrications by those who hive no means of
knowing of what my possessions consist."
'.To your knowledge has your name ever
been mentioned by the colored people In con?
nection with ihe Presidency or Vice-Presi?
"I don'i know that I would be justified in
answering in the negative, but the sugges?
tions have come from persons of no impor?
tance and are merely the result Ol' personal
'.What are yoar views with reference to the
finances of the State ?"
"I regard Ihem ia as healtl y a condition as
any State in the Union. Our debt is a mere
bagatelle-ouly eight million!, and odd dollars.
The taxpayers have pledged themselves anew
to its redemption, the taxes tg? being prompt?
ly paid, and expenses will be greatly reduced.
The July Interest will be promptly met as soou
as it falls due. 1 therefore consider that un?
less bad and vicious men combine to destroy
their own State, South Carolina ono day, alni
that not a distara one, will hold as high n po?
sition us she has ever eujoyed. No mau in
South Carolina cari mote i'e?vently pray and
work for that consummation than myself."
EUMOR8 OF A? EARTHQUAKE.
incidents Of (he Recant
A correspondent of the Boston Journal,
writing from Valparaiso, April 10, describes
the recent earthquake thus:
We have had an earthquake, not one of the
first-class magnitude, but stilt Die strongest
that has been felt in Chill since 1851. There
was but little loss ol life, as far as I have
heard, only one child being killed. Still it was
but one step removed from universal disaster
and ruin. ?lad-it lasted btu a lew seconds
longer, or had.it been one degre? more severe,
the taje would have been told in universal
ruin, In cities destroyed, and thousands burled
in an instant into eternity. '
Fortunately I have to tell you of geneco.1
eopslernatlon, and ol scene? rather comic tuan
tragical. My room-mate, who has been
through many a'n" earthquake here and rh
Peru, rushed out ol' the room en dishabille
The house was swaying backward and for?
ward like a tree shaken by the wind. There
was but little noise, other than the creaking
of the timbers, and the usual heavy rumbling
that precedes and accompanies an earthquake
was wanting. The house In which I live is
built against the hiil, and lhere is aa egress by
ihe roof to the hill behind, which we have
often spoken of as-being the safest refuge in
case, of a severe earthquake.. Singularly
enough I did not feel the slightest alarm, pro?
bably through ignorance, as; I find that those
who haye seen mest el earthquakes fear them
mest. But as ihe. rest had all lett, I thought it
best for me io gd too. Not "caring, however,
lo appear in public without ?the custon arv
clothing, I jras making frantic efforts to put
on my pantaloons; but the robin shook so ?bal
Wound lt difiouft to stand. When at lest I
got on my pantaloons J started for the door,
but by this time the shock was over, and I did
not really leave my room. "As the people of j
the.house slowly returned to their rooms, I
saw only pale faces aqd trembling limbs. Dr.
Baker, a dentist, who occupies the'room be?
low me, had a patient In the chair. He san
lor the hill w.iih his patient following him. .
The universal custom here is on the first
symptoms of a shock to rush-at once into th?
street, without, considering that in a narrow
street, lined by tall' houses,, it Is the most dan- j
gerous of all places; Thc streets in nearly all
parts of the city wese filled by people rus'iing
from their dwellings in indescribable confu?
sion, with terror depicted ofi their counte?
nances. Many women fainted, and many
smote their breasts, crying out Misericordia.
Some were dressed, others partly dressed, and
many'Dearly naked. As soon as th? shook bad
ceased there was a natural inquiry as lo the
amount of damage done, and it was found to
.fie surprisingly small.'
The' cornice was -thrown from a new Build?
ing in the Plaza de* la Munlcipaladad,;and a
boy and a giri, who were passing ar 'the time,
were Mured by. the debris, tue latter* BO
severely that she died the next day. The
Walls of the Merced Church were cracked in
several places, and, as' service was being held
at tbetltne, there was a great panic and rush?
ing for the street, in which many women
fainted, and others, in the rush, thrown down
and severely bruised. A like scene occurred
in the other churches. Many houses in vari?
ous parts of the* ci ty "were cracked," but none
thrown ? down. In the hospital many bed-rid?
den patients found sufficient strength to rush
out of doors.
Men in the barbers' shops rushed into the
Blreets with napkins under their chins, some
partially shaved and others just lathered, and
the barbers with either the razor or brush in
their hands. A young American dentist, Ela?
mons by name, was filling a lady's tooth when
the shock occurred. He rushed into the street
with bis instruments in his hands, the lady fol?
lowing bim willi a napkin In her mouth. Cole,
of the New York Herald, was playing billiards,
and rushed bato the street win a cue in his
hand and without his bat, more frightened, he
assured me, than he had ever been In bis life.
A few days before he was expressing a great
desire to feel an earthquake. He says be is en?
tirely satisfied; aud doesn't want any more.
AFFAIRS IN NEW YORK. .
NEW YOKE, June 7.
At the stockholders' meeting of New Jersey
Railroad und Transportation Company, the
lease to the Pennsylvania Central Road was
confirmed by a decided majority. The .old
directors were re-elected.
Specie-shipments to-day were $825,-000.
POPULATION OF OUR MATU.
Recapitulation by Counties.
The following transcript ot the censu? re?
turns of South Carolina, by ce unties, for 1870,
I will be of interest to the readers of THE
Abbe vi le. ...
l? 415 22,189
8.-120 . 4,529,
7.308 13,309 .
7,983 2,421 .
5,654 11,148 .
7.360 17,797 .
8,661 10,522 .
5,311 ' 10.141 .
Total.!-281,C!:9U i 5,2341122? 7 76s|29d| 705,159
TEE WEATHER THIS DAY.
WASHINGTON, June 7.
The rain will probably cease to-night on tile
Atlantic coast and be followed by brisk south?
westerly winds. Partially cloudy and clear
Weather with westerly wluds is probable for
Thursday from New York io ihe Mississippi
River aiid the Gulf. t
Yesterday'-.; Weather Reports of the
' Signal Service, V. S. A.
Key West, Fla...
New Orleans -
29.74 86 SW Fresh.
29.80 75|W Brisk.
29.88 >0|W ?Fresh.
29.91 34 S Gentle.
?TJ EL MB OL D'S BUCHJJ!
.Heimbold's Rose Wash
HembokPs Catawba Grape Plus.
For sale by DR. ll. BAER,
may 15 No. 131 Meeting street.
By Airtkerit^efrtke&t&? ot
'i ? - \: I?..- i-P.-*
ON SATURDAY, A;?j&.-5,1871.
1 Prize or $23,000 amoants to......$35,000
i "Prize or$io,ooo'smouBts*ftfi:...:..: 10,000
1 Prize of <?.ooo amounts to. - 5,000
4 Pri?es, $2,&oo eaeb,' amob*? to........ io,ooo
20 Prizes, $l,ooo each, amount to. 20,000
30 P-rUes,. $?00 each, amount tp. 10,000
75 Prizes, ?200each, amount to......... 15,000
2 Approximation Prizes, $5,00,0each... 10,000
2 Approximation Prizes, $2,000 each... 4,000
2 Approximation Prizes, $1,000 each.. .* 2,000
8 Approximation Prizes, $500 each.!..! 4.000
40 ApproxlmatlonTriz?B,^l^e??n..... s,O??
186 Prizes, amounting jp j.$ii#EvO0O
.ONLY 50,000 TICKETS TjQ BE SOLD.
WHOLE TICKETS, $6.HALVES, .$2 50.
T6 THE fc?Bjjc.
? There are, a p many awuKliaa and humbugs In all
parts of the oounjtry nader the .name ai ''Lotte?
ries, "Gilt Concerts," i.e., where parties, who
invest, have no possible chance, of^drarwiug a
?irlze, that we deem it best to issue this circular,
giving a full explanation or the manner of our
distribution, our references, ic. From these lt
w?l be seen tbat.our d-rawings* are ander authori?
ty of law; ?oat the gentlemen who camp?se oar
Association are responsible, ana la every way
worthy of confidence*-that swore Commissioners,
In no wise connected/wlth the Association, super?
intend the drawing; tuat .tliese Commissioners
are man of the highest standing- in the Communi?
ty, and that parties who invest can rely upon be?
ing dealt with fairly and honestly, -
Every sareguard that the law of the land can
throw around audi enterprises ls pla'ce^upon
these d?stributlon??-Ikey a? cotfdadted. by gen?
tlemen weh Known for their integrity end fair
dea?cg-they *re endorsed hf leading'' bankers,
merchants, officials and newspapers-hence we
appeal to tee pub; lc gene: ali jtforHheir patronage,
w nh .t he assurance that we wui conduct the dis?
tribution with "equal ana exacy astlce to all.''
Respect .'ul ly. STOKES ? CO., Manager-?,
. Montgomery, Ala.
OFFICE BZOBMUMX .OF MATA 1
MONTQOXJEBY, ALA., November 20, 1870. j
I hereby (-entry that tire "Amarna Immigrant
Association" ls regurlariy lnoorporat-ed under the
laws of this State, with a capital of $?0,000, and
that the Incorporators are gentlemen of means,
Integrity and hight standing. .
CHARLES A. MILLER, Secretary or State..
[Gr??t Seal of State.]
We, the undersigned cheerful"* state that we
aTe personally weU acquainted with Messrs.
STOKES'* co., Managers ot the-'"Alabama im?
migrant Association," and we know them to be
gentlemen of high standing, Integrity and relia?
bility tn this etty, who wm- see that tb etf rawing*
of their "Association." which is solvent and re?
sponsible, are honestly and fairly made.
HENRY E. FABER, Mayor of Montgomery.
JOS. .W. DIMMICK. Postmaster Gity-Montgomery.
FRANOIS WI OMER, Collector fj. ? Internal Rev.
WM. B. HUGHES, Clerk City Connell of Montgo?
HOLME-? & GOLDTHWALTE, Bankers.
E. S. MITCHELL, Agent Southern Express Co.
FROM THE ?TY PRESS.
The drawings- of Messrs. STOKES A GO. are
strictly honest and penecfly fair. Their Comiais
slocers are well known and above reproach. They
will pay all- prizes promptly, and deal* en the
.?square."-Daily AaventUer. .
The American people will gratify their growing
desire to make "big furtuues'* quick sad at a
small cost. Io such as will invest m "garosaof
fortune," wecomnjend the Prize Distribution or
ihe ?'Alabama Immigrant Association." T?etr
drawings are square aud fair.-and their solvency
Parties at a distance caa send their remittances
to this Association with the perfect confidence
that they will nave a fair draw, and that tseir
every interest will be protected ?au*, es if-they
were precut. The drawings are all lu p4bllc,.aad
give yon a chance at a "big pile" for a small out?
lay.- Dally Mail. . . . W'
This Association haye had one drawing, and IQ
show how it was conducted, and as .an earnest of
what all their rutare drawings will be, they sub?
mit the following from the sworn. Commissioners
or the Association:
We the undersigned, Commissioners appointed
f> supervise the awtwmg 01 the "AlabeT>a. Immi?
grant Association" hereby certify imu ve have
Discharged that duty; mac t-very number and
prisse.were conni ed into the wheels by one or tao
othgr of ns, and that in all respects we closely
scrutinized the drawing so as to make ic fair and
Just. We were afforded every radii ty by Mesara.
STOKES & co. to discharge oar duties.
J. A. ELMORE, 1
wi'ZALLEN," Commoners. \
E. FARRAND, j
Sworn to and subscribed before me.
J. H. NETTLES, Notary Public.'
Just hjere we deemJt proper to say that these
ar? gentlemen of the highest respectability in
Alabama. Colonel JOHN A. ELMORE ls one of
the oldest and a leading member of the bar In this
State. General J. M. WITHERS ls an ex Mayor of
Mobile, late a Major-General In the Confederate
Army, and now editor and proprietor of the Mo?
bile Dally Tribune. General WM. W. ALLEN ls a
well known planter and late a Brigadier-General
or Cavalry In the Confederate' Army, commo.
dore E. FARRAND was fornierly an officer er dis?
tinction in the Dinted States Navy, and lou a
Commodore la the Confederate Navy.
. Tn e sam of one hundred and twenty-five thou?
sand dollars is distributed to ticket-holders, and
tuc balance of the funds, after pating the expen?
ses of drawing, according to the charter or the
company, goes to the encouragement of Euro?
pean Immigration into the Southern states.
The price of whole tickets, which give yon ad?
mission tc ?uy of the entertainments or the Asso?
ciation, as well as a chance to draw, some or the
magnificent prizes above offered, ls $5 each. -The
price or half tlc sets is $2 60. They will entitle
you to half the amount of thc prize that may be
awarded to the number printed on the ticket.
' There are 00,000 tickets, and each ticket and
half ticket bas piloted upon its face'some com?
ber from 1 to 50,000.
l: U not necessary for any ticket holder to be
present, unless be chooses to be* The whole
drawing will bs under the supervision of the
sworn Commissioners of the Association.
After the drawing is over a circular giving the
prizes drawn by each number will be mailed to
the postofllce address or every ticket-holder. This
wili be done hereafter promptly to all whether
they draw or not
HOW TO PROCURE TICKETS.
Enclose your money either by Express,' regis -
terea letter or a postofllce order, and send ic to
STOKES A CO.. Managers, Montgomery, Alaba?
ma. Write your Postofllce, County, State and
name dlstino.iy. If you have any choice of num
bera state it. and they will be sent yon, or as near
lt as can be.
la best to send for tickets early, In order
to have them well distributed. -
as-All communications strictly private.;
flSj-Ageuts wanted la all parts of the country.
They most be reliable and energetic men.
circulars sent free everywhere. Address
STOKES & CO., MANAGERS
junl-thstn.13 WI MONTGOMERY, ALA.