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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1671.
CHARLESTON, WEDNESDAY" MORNING, MAY 3, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
A DREAM OF CONQUEST.
THE GERMAN ANSWER TO THE ENG
JLISH .il. Ut AI.
Public Letter of thc German-English
Future Politician, John Michel Trat?
Baumwoll, to hla Majesty, thc Empe?
ror of Germany.
We have already briefly alluded to the re?
markable letter published in the Angsburger
Allgemeine Zeltung, purporting to be ad?
dressed by a German resident ol London to
the Emperor William. The sensation which
the letter bas caused in Europe, Justiiles us in
reproducing In THE NEWS a translation o? the
greater portion ot this strange, but not alto?
gether fanciful document. The writer begins:
As a German I have the deepest interest lr
the honor ot your Majesty's arms, In the
growl b of the Empire, and the lasting re?
nown of our race; as an old resident-aye,
citizen of England, lt is in my power to pro?
mote tbe practical and e?sc-atial interests of
my adopted Fatherland, and long reflection,
as wi as the impression of late events, at
for<r<he the ?lew by which both objects-may
be attained in one and tbe same- way. In
. speaking thus-and on this point your Imperial
Majesty may rest assured-I do not express
my Individual views alone. All that my own
experience and Judgment have taught me on
this Bubject I have beard more than once con?
firmed from the mouths o? Englishmen them?
selves, whose loyal patriotism ls above all
doubt, and who can regard the present condi?
tion o? the kingdom only with apprehension.
My long abode in this country and my inti?
mate relations- with so many Englishmen
give me the right to affirm this. They all ieel
ready to exclaim, with Shakespeare, uthe
times are out of Joint." There is no longer
that universal and living patriotism
that once pervaded all classes of the
English people. The respectful and chivalrous
loyalty to the sovereign which was maintain?
ed in this island while .it was already extin?
guished in more than one country of the west
Ead died out. Nothing remains of that sub?
ordination o? classes which once distinguished
English society. There is.nolonger that mu?
tual trust and confidence of one class in the
other that in former times softened the differ?
ences of birth and wealth. Instead of these,
one now sees contempt or hatred of all gov
, eminent by ali ranks. Jealousy o? the power
and rights of the crown, envy ol the privileges
of the nobility, irritable sensibility to the ac?
knowledged or anticipated superiority ol each
individual as well as of each rank, insolence
?. toward the great, and, on the part of the
great, haughtiness and severity, ill-humor and
unfriendliness among the masses, a mutual
desire to supplant and surpass one another,
greedy pursuit of gain, anda not less greedy
pursuit ol luxury and high living.
The above are exclusively social changes;
there are also changes in the Slate which ac?
company, if they do not precede them. The
government of England has been parliamen?
tary for the past three centurie? ; but the Par?
liament was aristocratic; to-day lt ls Demo
. eratic. There, Indeed, Bat Di the House of
Commons a considerable number of Liberal
aye, ultra Liberal-members whom Westmin?
ster, London, Bristol, and other large cities,
used to elect to Parliament, and these repre?
sentatives of the large cities gave expression
on all important questions of the day to the
popular views and wishes; but they did not
rule the Parliament-they could not absorb it.
The majority were o? average aristocratic con?
nection, and gave the tone to the Lower
House. However widely Whip-: and Tories,
or partisans of F.tt and Fox, or Canning and
Brougham, might differ on political questions,
there were things in which they always
agreed. The Lower House was an Assembly
of gentlemen; all were brought up in the old
school, and their speeches were prolific of
classical reminiscences; but no beer-drlDklng
agitator could flatter himself with the hope of
winning any real influence there, nor was any
preaching knight of the counter allowed to
prevail The common ideas of plebeian poli?
ticians found no expression, or, were the;
spoken, they found* no hearers within those
The government was, like the Parliament,
essentially aristocratic. Like all aristocracies,
it knew now to concentrate the spirit and
power of the nation upon warlike attack and
warlike defence. It knew how to hold the
nerve and courage of the English people on
the strain during a gigantic fifteen years' war.
England led her own neets, and besieged those
of her enemies on every sea; through these
the navies of France and Spain were reduced
to nothing for more than a wholu genera?
Wherefore, then, your Majesty, recall to
memory the wars, campaigns and battles that
.culminated In the united triumph of Blucher
and Wellington ? All that ls past. Far be It
fjpm me to assert that the dashing courage o?
jfcgllsh sailors has died out since Nelson's day,
or that the British army no longer contains
as brave warriors as In the days of Waterloo.
But I do assert-and every patriotic English-,
man asserts with me-the capacity which
those fleets and armies exhibited, the Bplrit
that they maintained steady and unshaken In
the presence of enemies flushed with victory,
rebellion at home, and exhausted finan?
ces-that capacity and that spirit no longer
exist. . ...**.*
The diplomatic revelations of the last month
have brought to light the absolute powerless?
ness of England in all International relations.
She once played a leading part In ?the greatest
wars and the greatest treaties of peace. She
took no insignificant part in the treaties that
resulted from a great war in the year 1815,
and which prevented another in 1830. She
ppoke, and her words were listened.to with re?
spect by kings and generals. The stipulations
she wished to offer were accepted, and those
she objected to were left out. It is so no
longer. She speaks, and loreign nations lis?
ten with a courtly but half disdainful mien.
What she proposes-when she ventures to
propose anything-ls scornfully disregarded,
when she menaces (lt must be some half-clvll
l?tid Abyssinians.) the meanced power laughs
at her threats. In a word, she has sunk from
her rank and precedence to comparative in?
It is hardly necessary to assure your Majesty
that this condition of things gnaws at the
heart of every thoughtful and patriotic Eng?
lishman. Indeed, there are very many Eng?
lishmen-perhaps the greater number-blind
or indifferent to the fame and power of their
country. They are perfectly satisfied if the
looms in Lancashire are in motion; li Derby?
shire and Durham are still sending coal, and
if In every new year the fleeis of the Thames
and the Mersey show an increase. But not all
have an interest in cotton, iron and coal, and
tf those who have an Interest in these, not all
re indifferent to J?therland and honor. There
isa considerable and continually increasing
number of English subjects-yet only a small
minority of the whole nailon-who are pain?
fully sensible of its lost prestige; and as
they look with shame upon the present, they
look with doubt upon the future. Yet they
will often seem to 6ee, as their eyes are
opened, the twilight of a better and brighter
day through the clouds and darkness that
surround them. It is the conversation of
such men that encourages me to address to
your Majesty these unpretending lines. From
them I learn-or at least they give me to un?
derstand-that they are convinced that their
fatherland again needs the medium of a
foreign conquest, or at least o? a foreign
dynasty, in order to recover its ancient power
and healthy condition. England, they say,
was first revived and strengthened through
William I, a second time through William III,
and still another new era ol lustre began un?
der the Hanoverian dynasty, "#hy, then."
they proceed to say, ''should not another Wil?
liam ol a foreign race again enkindle and re?
new that superiority which we owe to two
former Williams ? Why should we not be?
come a member and a portion of that empire
which rejolcesin the great and manly warriors
that are masters In France ?"
I address your Majesty only Irom a German
point ol view, and how could I do otherwise
than say : Let your Majesty possess Ormany
and Great Brltain-the heroic art:: of the
German Empire and the magnificent navy ol
England-and you would leave to your suc?
cessors the proudest and most powerful
dominion in Europe ! Fiance, already dread?
fully shaken, would be so broken up that she
would no longer think of rising. Your Maj
?sty could take possession of Its most fertile
rovinces, and divide Its fruitful plain among
your .brave warriors. Austria, bowed down
and helpless, would withdraw from German
soil, and ?our Majesty, lord ot all the West,
might, like a new Charlemagne, send your
commands from Paris or Versailles when j
tired or LondoL clouds or Berlin sands !
I beg vour Majesty not to laugh over :
patriotic fancies, Stranger things than 1
uniting of two great German races under c
bead have happened ia the world's hlsto
Proud as we may all be of our race, (
army and our illustrious Emperor, our pri<
our satisfaction, would be increased tend
it we saw In.your Majesty's hand the sceptre
an empire that stretched from the Danube
the SbannoD, with Hindost?n and Auctra
embraced wilkin its broad fold. Thus wot
vour Majesty become arbiter ol all Europe
States, for none ot them could withstand yo
arms. At the head of the united hosts of Gt
many, and of the 800 : English men-of-wi
you could appoint your own viceroy in eve
capital of the West, and carry out .your'to
policy. Only two great powers besides tt
empire would exist-Russia and Americ
and both of these united would battle in VB
against the powerful Emperor of our lathe
land and the countless navy of England, :
longer weakened and hampered by the spi
of trade and intrigue. * * * *
But how can your Majesty get possession
this ?ne country-of this stately kingdon
That Is the question. Tour Majesty imagln
that the first Intimation of such an lnvasii
would Bet the whole country in fire and flam
and that a sword, rifle and revolver would I
placed in the hands of every man. This w
also my impression formerly, but lt is so i
longer. I have studied these people too lot
and too well to cherish such tears any mor
I will not say that the army would not figl
well li the occasion should arise: yet I may r
call an interesting fact, of which I have bec
advised by more than one Englishman. TI
British army Is not made up of the flght-Iovlr
men of England. There are districts in tl
middle and north ot England where the onl
?reat diversion of the country and chief towt
i fighting. They fight after working hour
they fight cn Sunday,?or the mere pleasure thi
fighting affords them, and yet not a single on
of these people can be induced tb enlist as
soldier. The military profession does not eu!
their taste, and they scorn the pay ol a so
dier. So lt comes that in greater part tt
army of England would be recruited froi
among a few sturdy and brave men, like th
coalmen and miners ot Staffordshire and Tori
shire.. Yet the army is a good one, and ll
cavalry could b<; made the best in Europe, fe
the people know how to ride. This arm
would do its duty If it were ever brought t
face your Majesty's military power; but I dont
if it would.ever be brought to lace it. Let u
suppose lt'were known that your Majesty wa
approaching the English coast. What woul
happen? A great confusion-a chaos of order
and counter orders, marching and cou mei
marching. The War Minister would propos
this, the commander-in-chief that, and til
House of Commons something else. While th
Duke of Cambridge was planning a line of de
fencr on the hills of Surrey, the Minister of Wa
would be chalking out another for the plain
ot" Plumstead. In the midst of this, let you
Majesty imagine the terror of the City ol' Lon
don-a city that cannot think ol or know th
dangers of a siege, and never has seen witbii
her walls a more formidable enemy than it
own "roughs." Imagine, your Majesty, thi
city, filled with the accumulated treasures o
all ages and nations ! Imagine Its fat ant
hearty aldermen, before whose eyes ther
never came anything more warlike than i
parade of volunteers. Imagine the merchant;
and brokers ol the city, lull of reliance 01
their citizen police, suddenly suprlsed by bom
bardment or by storm ! What a panic of ter
ror they would be in ! how endless their on
fusion ! how painful their anguish ! bow JOUC
their cries for help ! The war minister anc
the horse guards would be overwhelmed bj
their petitions and representations, and amie
all the conflicting requisitions the standing
army of En eland, some 130,000 or 140,000 men,
wouid be divided up and lost in half a dozer
invisible detachments. I say nothing concern
lng the Queen. Her Majesty would at once be?
take herself to the mountains ol' Balmoral, and
thus spare her ministers a small portion ol
their trembling auxlety. We will suppose the
brave little army to be lost in ridiculous little
fragmente; there now remain fur us only the
militia and volunteers-also brave men, but
not much to be leared. The friendly stupidity
of your enemy would spare your Majesty al?
most all trouble. The volunteers and militia
number together about 240,000 men-a strong
and imposing army If they were well led; but
I am convinced that they would not be well,
led, or indeed not led at all. Moreover, what
we all know concerning the peculiar habits
and Irritability ot the volunteers, justifies my
prophecies. To the many good old English
virtues which they possess, we mu*t now
add that strong feeling of personal In?
dependence which ls BO commendable,
but at the same time BO incompatible with
military discipline. The British volunteer
has no conception of what it ls to receive
the commands Of any man. It ls, to use his
strong language, "All damned humbug." His
motto ls, "Every one for himself, and God for
us all !"-a noble device, full of independence,
but one which ls hardly compatible with the
duties ol war and the profession of arms.
Were it possible, finally-which, however,
would not be so easy as your Majesty might
suppose-to bring together some twenty brig?
ades of volunteers upon the route along which
a hostile army was moving, half of tbem
would In all probability be found wanting.
They would either, under the influence of
their grand idea ol' personal liberty, answer
the commands of their generals ol division
with that decisive, though not strictly military
formula, which has become traditional In their
annals, "Go to hell !"-or else, through their
patriotism excited to a too willing obedience,
they would fire with wonderful precision upon
one another. In any case youri Majesty may
rest assured that these brave hosts-for the
people are indeed brave-will do themselves a
great deal more damage than, the enemy.
But it is not necessary to take into consid?
eration a real battle. The whole thing will
be brought about without the necessity.ol
coming to blows. Scarcely would Mr. Card?
well, In his plumed three-cornered hat,
mounted on a war-horse held by a tree-high
policeman on entier side, have pronounced
his benediction in a long speech upon the
last regiment of volunteers arrived at the seat
ol war; scarcely would Mr. Gladstone In noble,
half Homeric, half New Testament diction
have inspired the enthusiasm of the Alder
manic Council, when a reaction would have
In the first place, the cost ol resisting a for?
eign invasion will be considered. "What will
lt cost P ic the moral and political catechism
of every good Englishman of our time. Mr.
Gladstone, who unites the mercantile love ol
peace with an evangelical horror ol war,
would begin by persuading himself with
the subtlest arguments and sophistry that
physical submission indicates a true
moral superiority. Mr. Cardwell would go
to bed and take some hot "grist."
Mr. Lowe would Inflict upon his colleagues
a panicky speech upon the imposing of some
impossible tax to cover the expense of the na?
tional defence. The Times, which on Monday
conjured the English people by all ihe great
feats in history irom the days of Marathon to
that of Tilbury Fort to sustain the honor of old
England and the fame of their ancestors, on
Wednesday would begin to Joke over the whole
thing. What its tone on Friday would be
would depend upon how the editor dined on
Thursday evening. But on the following Mon?
day the course of Its policy would take an en?
tirely new direcliou. It would come out with
a sound, well-written, rational article, in which
it would explain that, war was really a sense?
less and frivolous undertaking; that nations,
like rivers, must be allowed to follow their
natural and predestined course; and that, if
England and Germany wished to unite, it
would be quite wrong to -oppose them. The
whole article would nose with a glowing ac?
count ot the blessings ol peace and a fanciful
prophecy ol'the happiness and harmony which
the establishment ol the great Teutonic do?
minion had brought to England, Europe aud
mankind. * * * . ?
The remainder of the press would follow.
The adjourned Houses of Parliament would be
called together to debate with closed doors.
Mr. Gladstone, wide awake and excited, yet
with the most stoical countenance, would de?
liver a speech two hours In length, in which
he would avow bis readiness lo die for his
country, but at the same time express his con?
viction that it wa-* Christian to live for his
country, and that although the British Parlia?
ment would lose much prestige when it be?
came but a part of the Federal Diet, still,
though a provincial legislature, il it only per?
formed its duty intelligently, it would not be
without hooor and distinction. Aud how phi?
losophically deep would he speak on nationali?
ties-on the centripetal force wbich draws sev- .
eral branches of a stock towards a common ,
centre, and on the centrifugal force which
tears them asunder, Ac, Ac. 1
La tbe Upper House Lord Granville would I
speak frankly, but less philosophically. The
whole import and scope of his speech would
run upon the well known "How much will lt
cost?" But how handsomely he would treat
the theme-he, the inimitable master In the
art ol light and brilUant humor, light and
brilliant Tn comparison with the heaviness of
the question which he is discussing. When
not in real earnest lt ls well enough to be
witty; but when important Interests are In
question, and the high lord is ready to throw
them overboard-when colonies are to be
given up and colonists alienated-then lt Is the
most Irresistible, but the most refined comedy.
Nothing could be more gracelul than his
serenity when his role ls to Joke away the
honor and independence of his country, and
nothing could give a better idea ot the cynical
Indifference of which the satiated epicurism of
patrician or Imperial Borne was accused. So
agreeably would he laugh and joke, so charm?
ingly merry make himself over patriotism, no?
bility, national honor and historical traditions
In such a captivating, courtly tone would he
do lt, that half of the peers would forget that
he was nevertheless speaking for the subjec?
tion ot his coun'iy and the other ball would
go oat to ger thotr- suppers. The cultivated
and thinl.ijg people, who see themselves float?
ing away through the ignorant, careless and
rough masses which swarm in the filthy holes
of our cities and threaten to destroy our civili?
zation, would secure a morepowerlul aid. The
fear of a civil war worse than the French, of
an invasion worse than that of the Huns,
would lure them under the protection of a ru?
ler who would not recoil before violence, and
was resolved that anarchy should not prosper.
Finally, an agreement would be reached. The
crown of William the Conqueror and William
of Orange would be tendered, to your Majesty,
and your Majesty would, we hope, condesceud
to accept lt, aiter you had first obtaiued the
abolition of certain formulas which block the ;
nation's way like a blind alley, and had agreed
upon a handsome pension lor Queen Victoria.
This excellent lady, who had always more to
do with sympathy tban with the State, would
willingly purchase the peace of her people
through the surrender of her power. The
Priuce of Wales would be compensated for his
present condition and future prospects by a
yearly salary and an editorial eulogy in the
Times. From this glorious day there would,
I hope, dawn a new era ot pure happiness
and truer sell-respect for the British portion
of the German Empire. With a sound instruc?
tion of tbe young; with a regular-levied and
well-disciplined army, and with the rabble
kept down, this country would still periorm i
great part In the work of modern civilization.
One important pilot I had forgotten-the
landing of a great army on the coast ol Eng?
land. It needs not the hypothesis of the clev?
er author ol "The Battle of Dorking," nor bis
torpedoes, to render the English fleet harm?
less. Audaces fortuna juvat; and happiness
would not stay by you any more than the un?
trustworthy goddess, were you to cherish
tbe faults, the incapacity, the want of unity of
your Majesty's enemies. Of this you may be
sure: the English fleet would remain at the
wrong points and sail In the. wrong direction.
The iron-clads would be top-heavy and sink in
the channel, or draw too much water and run
aground, or run. down Iheir own gunboats.
The commanding admiral would leave the
commands of the naval minister unheeded,
and the naval minister would mislead the
commander of the land army. Io a word, there
would exist such a chaos of misleading, mis?
understanding, mismanagement and discord
that your Majesty's army could safely ?and,
andonee landed, continue its undisturbed and
bloodless march to Westminster "?lace.
Your Majesty's, ?c.,
JOHN MICHEL TBOTZ-BAOMWOLL.
NEWS FROM WASHINGTON.
Cotton Oin Patent ?extended-Bowen1
Pardon Doubtful-Cabinet Sleeting
WASHINGTON, June 29.
Daniel Pratt's patent for cotton gins has
been extended seven years from July 14tb.
It ls reported that the-Iowa Democrat s op?
posed the new departure, and have called a
new convention for August 10th,
Mrs. Petigru King (Bowen) at the White
House to-day failed to see the President, but
was Informed that she would get an answer
from the attorney-general. Other circum?
stances make lt certain that the Cabinet ac?
tion is unfavorable to the pardon of Bowen.
There Is excitement in Iowa over the state?
ment that the Pacific and Bock Island Ball
road land grants are defective.
Alter to-morrow, (30th,) tbe number Of en?
listed soldiers will be reduced to the standard
of thirty thousand men, as required by law.
There was a lour hours' Cabinet session.
The Boutweii-Pleasanton matter was not
touched. The Cabinet was lull, except Delano
The following appointments have been
made: H. W. Wilkinson, collector ot customs
for Pearl Blver, Miss., vice Boss, suspended;
r. C. Humphreys, collector of customs at Pen?
sacola, and William T. Haines,' commissioner
af customs, vice Sargent.
NO KU-KLUX IN MISSISSIPPI.
WASHINGTON, June 29.
M. H. Whittaker, a lawyer from Meridian,
Mississippi, swore that he didn't believe in the
?xistence of the Ku-Klux in Mississippi. The
riots last year'were the result of bad teachings
ay bad men of both parties who wanted strlle ;
sut at present such feeling was very slight.
lo Bhow the charaoter of the outrages, wit?
less instanced a case where a white Rep?bli?
ca school teacher named Price, assisted by
l?verai colored Republicans, nearly whipped
to death adam Kennard, the deputy sheriff'
:olored, who was also a Republican.
SAILING OF THE POLARIS.
Nsw YORK, June 29.
The Polaris sailed to-day for the Arctic re?
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-A broken axle wrecked a dozen freight
:ar? on the Boston Railroad.
-Ex-Senator Willard Warner is appointed
:ollector ol customs at Mobile. -
-The Legislature of Connecticut appropria
ed half a million dollars for a new Statehouse.
-The Democrats at Concord elected rail?
road commissioners by a vote ol 168 to 1C2.
-The Maine Republicans have renominated
sidney Perham lor Governor. '
-At Erle, N. Y., a heavy flow of lubricating
)il was struck while boring lor gas, at a depth
)f 453 feet. There is great excitement.
-Samuel Reed, of Louisville, Supreme
:hancellor ol the Knights ol Pythias, departed
br St. Loils, to organize a Grand Lodge lor
-Miss J. F. Ripley, o? St. Louis, took the
irst prize for Greek scholarship at Jthe State
[Jniversity, Columbia; The award was tumul?
-Twenty-eight persons figure in a Ku-Klux
irial at Oxford, Mississippi, on a charge ol
hanging a negro while disguised. The best
legal talent or the State aud elsewhere have
-The California Eepublicans have nomina?
ted Newton Booth for Governor, lae plat?
form demands the abrogation ot the China j
treaty, the prohibition bf Chinese Immigration,
and endorses the administration.
-A man and woman have been sentenced to
leath, in Topeka, Kansas, for killing the wo?
man's husband. The mao is twenty-two years
Jl age, the woman forty. The tragedy followed
'ourteen years' adultery. The woman often
irged her young paramour to kill ker husband,
>ut took no active hand in the murder.
YESTERDAY Di EUROPE.
COLLIERY RIOTS IN SILESIA.
Communist? Sentenced to Death and
Transportation-The Paris Repnbll
cans Unable to Agree upon a Ticket
The Ragasa at Queenstown-The
Italian Parliament- >tili tar y Review
at Longchamps-Colliery Ri o t s in
Silesia, ?Sec., ?fcc.
VERSAILLES, June 29.
A court martial sentences to death Cre
mleux, Etienne and PelHs3ler, and to trans?
portation Duelas, Marten, Hastorg, Bretan,
Casput and Bar i che. Two ol' the accused were
PARIS, June 29.
The Republicana are unable to agree upon
combined ticket. There are 148 candidates In
th? department of the Seine. McMahon de?
clines Assembly candidature. The sister of I
Delescluze has been liberated.
Gambetta has accepted the nomination to
the Assembly in the Lower Seine Depart?
Gambrlac goes to Berlin as diplomatic repre?
sentative of France. "
The Emperor and Empress of Brazil are ex?
pected here to morrow.
Count de Paris arrived to-day and will call
on Thiers to-morrow. He has sent M Este
reen to Frohsdori to make arrangements ior a
visit of the Duke de Chartres to Paris, and fix
the date when both princes may have aa In?
terview with Thiers.
A State dinner will be given by Theirs to?
morrow after the grand review. All generals
and colonels have been Invited. General
Bourbaki will probably be present.
The police have arrested many girls in
cafes. Two hundred were taken into custody
LONDON, June 29.
The Emperor Napoleon has been re-elected
a member of the army and navy club*.
The City of Bagusa has reached Queens?
A holler explsion at Eiddsgrove killed sixt
and hurt nineteen.
Maillet has escaped from Paris to Belgium.
FLORENCE, June 29.
The Senate ratified the treaty ol commerce
with the United States, and passed bills pro
vidlLj for the public safety and unification of |
the public debt.
LONGCHAMPS, June 29.
A grand review is progressing at this time;
one hundred thousand troops in position.
The Tribunes are elaborately decorated, occu?
pied by Thiers, by the members of the govern?
ment and members of the Assembly. McMahon
commands. The grounds were thronged,
and the scene exceedingly brilliant.
BERLIN, June 29.
There have been terrible colliery riots In
Silesia. The offices of the superintendent of
prisons, and mines have been destroyed.
The Jewish residents plundered. The uhlans
cleared the streets, Killing seven, wounding
thirty and capturing sixty. Martial law has
been proclaimed, Konigsbuette waa the
sceDe of the riot.
THINGS IN LOUISIANA.
NEW ORLEANS, June 29.
The resolution authorizing the construction
of a protection levee along the lake shore,
was vetoed by the major. The veto is sus?
tained. This a three million Job. Many con?
tend that a better protection from an overflow
can be made for a hundred thousand dollars.
Governor Warmouth is convalescing at Pass
Christian, Miss. Lleutenaot-Governor Dunn
Anding the executive department closed, had
lt opened and transacted business.
Shreveport dispatches report that the steam?
boat Bed Cloud, with nine hundred bales ol
cotton, was burned to the water's edee, at
THE REPUBLICANS IN MAINE.
WASHINGTON, June 29.
The Maine Republicana have passed resolu?
tions stating that they have ?no cause for con?
signing the past, with its eventful memories,
to oblivion, and no desire to forget the lessons
of patriotism and loyalty its teachings re?
vealed. They favor a tariff to promote the In?
terests of all sections. They reaffirm their
raith in prohibition, and endorse the adminis?
THE WEATHER THIS DAY.
WASHINGTON, June 29.
It is probable that the threatening weather
on the Gulf coast will extend, with southwest?
erly winda, In the Interior, and rain is proba?
ble In the South Atlantic States to-night. East?
erly winds are probable for the upper lakes on
Friday. Cool westerly winds and partially
cloudy weather will probably be experienced
in the Middle and Eastern States.
Yesterday's Weather Reports of the
Signal Service, U. S. A.
??altimore. 29.BOW W
?oatou*. 29.70 78 NW
?uffalo, N. Y.
.marleston. 29.82 79 C m
Cheyenne, W. T.|.
3hIcago.I 30.10 60 NE
DInclnnati.j 30.03 72 NW
'orlnne, Utah... .
?ev West, Fla... S9.M84SW
^ake City, Fla .. .
dotdle.! 29.81 89?E
?ashville.; 29.97 781W
?ew Orleans_i 2y.su 89,sw
?ew York.| 29.83:73 NW
'ortlmd, Me.... .j.
savannah.! 29.79|83 -1
ir. Louis.I 30.Oil 72 SE ;
it. Paul, Minn..I.
Va,shington,D.?.? 29.85 78!NW|
vllmini!tou,K.C.| 29.78 >6?sw
?or?olk".I 29.87 79 E
at. Washington !.|....|
x6?s\v Fresh. Fair.
79 E G.-iitie. Icioudy.
QCEER DOINGS IN AN ENGLISH PARISH.-One
)1 the most singular elections In history was
proceeding at BHston, England, when our last
.ecelved loreign riles were dispatched. The
iving of the parish ol' St. Leonard's, in that
own, is in the gift ol the inhabitants. It is
?vorth ?700 a year, and was the object of envy
)y several clergymeo, only two ot whom flnal
y submitted their claims to popular vote. Each
if these candidates issued an address, aud on??
)i them made a promise to give the Interest
>n ?2000 every year to the end of time to the
Door of the parish, if he should be elected,
rhe nominations were regularly made, as lor
i member ot Parliament, and seconded; there
?vere the usual groans "and cheers and inter?
ruptions ol all kinds; and some of the speeches
it the nomination were absolutely indecent,
it the latest advices the adnerents of the sev?
eral candidates were parading the sireeL?,
wearing colored rosettes, hooting at each
ather or cheering lor their respective canili
lates, and there was a line prospect that there
would be broken heads beiore the contest was
ALL ABOUT THE STATE.
Toe Advertiser mentions the death of two
old citizens of Edgefleld : Mr. Lewis Cover,
aged Cl, and Mr. Plckens B. Byan, 60.
' The Masons in Camden, last Saturday, cele?
brated St. John's Day, General Kershaw be?
ing the orator.
There was a Masonic celebration on Satur?
day at Pine Bidge, Lexington county. The
address was delivered by Mr. G. T. Berg, of
We clip from a Texas exchange the lollow
lng particulars ot the killing ot a gentleman
well known In Barnwell: ."On Saturday eve?
ning a difficulty occurred at Atascoso between
Mr. Dan Tobin and Mr. Angel Torres, In which
the former was killed and the latter very seri?
ously wounded. The difficulty occurred about
some financial matter-to settle lt resort was
had to a fist fight, Tobin getting the best ol lt.
Pistols were then resorted to, with the above
result. With all bis faults, Tobin had many
good qualities, both of head and heart. He
leaves an interesting family and other relatives
to mourn als untimely death."
. ^ Sumter.
Mr. W. Bonneau Murray, aged 49 years,
died on Sunday evening, the 18th inst., of
apoplexy, near Stateburg.
There was asevere hall storm at Lower Sa?
lem. Sumter County, on the 20th Instant, do-'
lng considerable damage.
The Watchman gives the following account
of some cabbage: " ?Ve saw, last week, a cab?
bage from seed sown this year In the open air
which weighed twenty-one pounds. It was
from the garden of Captain E. W. Moise. These
Moises are some on vegetables, but as they
claim to be descended in direct line from Adam,
the first gardener on record, we presume it ls
in the blood."
The commissioners sppointed by the Legis?
lature to lay off the new county met last Sat?
urday al Aiken, but a quorum not being pres?
ent, they adjourned. The board of commis?
sioners for the erection ol public buildings had
a long session. Senator Arnim, the chairman
ol tbe board, is now In New York, endeavor?
ing to effect a loan, says the Aiken Journal, in
order to expedite the work ol the commission,
and yet not burden the people- with the Imme?
diate payment ol the whole amount of the
cost of Inaugurating tbe new county. We
have heard various amounts suggested as to
the probable cost ol the buildings. As the
pians and specifications are not yet matured,
it ls impossible to state an exact amount, but
the presumption is that the courthouse build?
ing will cost about $25,000, and the Jail about
$10,000, and iron chests, furniture, books, land,
Ac, about $10,000.
The Spartan mentions the death of Mr. T.
P. Tolleson, aged thirty-four years, the last of
four brothers, sons of Mr. A. Tolleson, of Spar
?peaking of the commencement exercises
of wofford College, the Spartan says: "On
Sunday Bishop Wightman preached the com?
mencement sermon In the College Chapel.
It was a grand and characteristic effort, re?
plete with practical lessons to young men
especially, abounding In rich thought, en?
forced by a closely analytical and evangelical
discourse upon the text. General John B.
Preston delivered the address before the Pres?
ton and Calhoun Literary Societies of Wofford
College, on Tuesday. Toe subject of the ad?
dress was the 'Influence ol religion upon civil
liberty.' Need we say that lt was one ol the
most brilliant intellectual efforts we have ever
listened to" All who know General Preston, or
have heard him, cannot but be Impressed with
his powers of.elocutlon. Gracelul on tbe ros?
trum, eloquent In action and powerful Intel?
lectually, he has complete sway over his hear?
ers. His musical voice, commanding personal
appearance, combined with his strength of In?
tellect., make him the strongest and most
popular orator of the State. The address was
an effort In bebalf ol the expansive principle,
that Christianity is a power, both In civiliza?
tion and just government. Let the malicious
dogmas ot a party be foisted upon a people,
they can, as they will, neutralize the Influence
of the propagandist.. Pure religion is the
salutary and saving Influence of the govern?
ment. Property may be swept away, cities
destroyed by the Invading conqueror, yet the
inner temples of theHtvlng God will be pre?
served. These were about, substantially, the
teachings and tenor of thought of the address.
Certainly In our present condition as a people,
there is in this a consoling thought. We hope
the address will be printed."
SAN FRANCISCO, June 29.
Amador County is quiet, .and work ls pro
ceedlng under the protection ol the military.
The proprietors of the mines have determined
never to employ leaguers.
Captain George S. Porter, formerly portwar
den, and one ol the oldest citizens, ls dead.
CROPS IN THE STATE.
the Herald, speaking of the weather, says :
"A modest little shower ol rain fell last Sun?
day alternoon, which settled tho dust and
cooled tbe atmosphere. On Monday after?
noon a more generous shower came down,
which ls an earnest, we hope, that we are to
have a glorious season lor the fruits ot the
earth. Vegetation looks charming to-day, and
as the honored O'Neall, In his annals of New?
berry, says that she is the garden spot of the
State, we are almost persuaded that she will'
be the banner district for the year 1871. The
yield of wheat ls about haifa crop. Tbe oat
crop very fine. More corn has been planted
than at* any previous season since tbe War,
and it IB very promising. Cotton looks well. The
fruit crop will be superabundant. In a word,
rain has been general over tbe district, and,
agriculturally, things are encouraging."
The Camden Journal speaks thus of crops
and weather : "From variouB quarters we
continue to hear that lhere is a great proba?
bility of a heavy corn crop In this dlBtrict.
Cotton does not appear to be doing so well,
but there is every reason to believe that a
fair yield will be forthcoming. We have on
our table a number of blooms taken from
plantations In the vicinity of Camden during
last week. Of all the beat which Old Sol is sup?
posed to contain, the past few days must be his
maximum, lor the r!og-days soarcely afford us
much entertainment in ibis respect. Up to
Monday afternoon we were dally threatened
with a thunderstorm, but twilight generally
found us as dry as ever. Monday afternoon
we were visited by refreshing showers, which
cooled the atmosphere, and gave us a pleas?
ant night. For an hour or two on Tuesday
morning, we had the promise of ralo, but the
fiery god gained control of the elements, and
here we are, puffing and blowing, and sweat?
ing, as badly as ever. Splendid for the crops
though, aud heuce we eau afford to luxuriate
We are still having the usual quantity ol rain
every week, says the Journal, and corn looks
well, and the prospects are that there will be
more ol that staple for sale next season than
during any since the war. Cotton looks rather
badly generally, but some planters have even
excellent crops of this article, and those
whose crops are short will probably get more
for the smaller quantity they make than lor
the larger crop of list season. Everybody
looks cheerful, and the prospect lor all seem
brighter than al this time-last year. Planters
not being able to get the usual advances from
factors have been obliged to cut close to get
along with less. Consequently the crop ls near?
ly made, very little ?sowed on lt, and tbe plant?
er lu most cases feels that he will have plenty
of corn tor next year, and when he sells bis
cotton he car -int the money into his pocket,
instead of p ;'ngltover to his factor. Our
people would soon become better off ll the fac?
tors would act every year as they have this,
and refuse to help the farmer at all. It would
make the latter dependant upon himself, and
he would therefore be very ecouomlcal aud
careful in all his business transactions, and
seeing bow hard lt ls to get along when one
ls thus ihrown upon his own resources, he
would lend every energy to get ahead ol' the
world, and not be cramped for anything. Cot?
ton at present is bringing twenty cents, and
bids fair to remain at least at that price.
pm* NOTICE.-ALL PERSONS ABE
heroby cautioned against harboring or tr natte z
any or the crew of the British Bark Vj NCO, Cap?
tain Robson, from Liverpool, as no deb's of their
contracting will be paid by the Captain or
Jop28-3_HENRY CARD, Agent.
j&TO ALL'WHOM IT MAY CONCERN :
Take notlee that on and after this date I will not
pay any debts contracted by my wife, MARCEL?
LINE REILS, either on her own or my account,
fofany purpose whatsoever, as I have tbls day
applied to the Court for a Divorce from her.
Charleston, S. C., Jone 27,1871._Jnn29-2
PST- NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN
to all Sob-Agents of the Land Commission, that,
from and after the first day of March, 1671, they
will report all their proceedings to Hon. F. L.
CARDOZO, Secretary o? the Advisory Board.
ROBT. C. DBLARQE, L. C. S. S. C.
Columbia, February 28,.1871. maru
pf MEDICAL; NOTICE.-PATIENTS
suffering from Diseases per taming to the GENITO
URINARY ORGANS, will receive the. latest scien?
tific treatment by placing themselves under the
care ol Dr. T. REENSTJERNA, office No. 74 Hasel
street, three doors from the Poa toffl ce.
pm* THE SEASON IS APPROACHING
for Children's Summer Complaints, especially in
those who are Teething. A safe and secure reme?
dy ls all important, and mothers wal and rmoh a
one m DR. BAKU'S GERMAN SOOTHING COR?
DIAL.. To be bad .of au Druggists. apr24-mwf
FREIGHTS RECEIVED DAILY, AND THROUGH
BILLS LADINO ISSUED
AND THE CITIES OF .THE NORTHWEST.
. The One steamship FALCON, Haynle. Com-,
mander, will sail for Baltimore on FRIDAY,
seth June, at 4 o'clock P. M.
?sr Philadelphia Freights forwarded to that
city by railroad from Baltimore wltbont addi?
tional insurance, and Consignees are allowed am
pie time to sample and eeu their Goods from
the Railroad Depot in Philadelphia.
For- Freight or Passage apply to
PAUL C. TREN HOLM, Agent,
Jun26-5 No. 2 Union Wnarves.
Jp O R 31 E W Y O R K .
ON WEDNESDAY, 6TH JULY, AT HALF
FAST 10 O'CLOCK A. M.
NEW IRON STEAM LINE-ESTABLISHED 1870.
The Splendid New Iron Side Wheel Steamship
GEORGIA, Crow eil, Commander, win sall for New
York on WEDNESDAY, (th July, at half-past 10
o'cloctt A. M, from Pier No. 2, Union Wharves.
Through Bills of Lading to -Liverpool ?hy
WILLIAMS & GUION STEAM LINE. To Genoa,
Trieste, Naples, Leghorn, Christiania. Gotten
burg, and to olasgow, by ANCHOR LINE STEAM?
SHIPS. To New Enzland Cities as usual.
insurance by Steamers or thia Line a per cent.
For Freight Engagements or Passage, having
very fine State-room accommodations, apply to
WAGNER, HUGER A CO., No. 20 Broad street,
or to WM. A. COURTENAY, No. 1 Union Wharf.
XE W_Y O Ii K .
OLD LINK v B51V YORK AND CHARLES.
ESTABLISHED 1 846.
SPACIOC8 AND ELEGANT DECK STATE-ROOMS
THE VERY FAST AND SPLENDID
Side-Wheel Steamships or this Une will sall from
Adger's Wharf ?s foUows :
MANHATTAN, SATURDAY, July 1st, at 6 o'clock
P M. ?
ter Insurance K per cent, by this Line.
$a- Through Bins or Lading given on Cotton to
Liverpool, Boston, Pmldeuce and the New Eng
land manufacturing towns at the lowest marke:
ta- state-rooms may be secured in advance
without extra charge.
For Freight or Passage engagements, apply tc
may24 _JAMES ADGER A CO.
JIOR LIVERPOOL, VIA QUEENSTOWN.
CARRTING THE UNITED STATES MAILS.
THE LIVERPOOL AND GREAT WESTERN
Will dispatch one of their flrst-clasB, full pawer
Iron Screw Steamships from
PIER No. 46 N. R., EVERY WEDNESDAY,
NEVADA, Capt. G REES.May 24, at 9 A M
WYOMING, Capt. WHINNER AY. May 81, at 3.P M
NEBRASKA, Capt. GUARD.June 3, at 3 P M
MINN h SOT A, Capt. T. W. FKEE
MAN.N..'.June 7, at 9.so A M
IDAHO, Capt PRICE.June 14, at 8 P M
MANHATTAN, Capt. FORSYTH..June 17, at 3 P M
COLOR A DO, Capt. T. F. FREEMAN.June 21, at 3 P M
WISCONSIN, Capt. WILLIAMS. .June 28, at 2 P M
Cabin Passage $80, gold.
Steerage Passage (Office No. 29 Broadway) $80,
For Freight or Cabin Passage, apply to
WILLIAMS A GUION,
No. 63 Wall street, N. Y.
N. B.-Through Bills Lading to Liverpool issued
by the Charleston and New York Steamers, which
make close connection with the above Une.
For particulars and rate of Freight apply to
JAMES ADGER A- CO.,
WAGNER, HUGER A- CO.,
maye Or WM. A. COURTENAY_
?p?CLFlO 1LUL STEAMSHIP COMFY'*
THKOrOH LINE TO
CALIFORNIA, CHINA AND JAPAN
FARES GREATLY REDUCED.
Steamers of the above lice leave Pier ^ftSttSA
.sc. 42, North River, foot or GansljyUKK
street, Nnw York, at 12 o'clock noon, of the l6tn
..nd 30th of every month (except when tbeat
dated fall on Sunday, then the Saturday preced
All departures connect at Panama with steam?
ers for south Pacific sud central American porta.
Departure of l&th touches at Kingston, Jamaica.
For Japan and China, steamers leave San Fran?
cisco llrst of every month, except when lt falls on
sunday; then on the day preceding.
No California steamers touch a: Havana, but
f;o direct from New York to Aspinwall.
One hundred pounds baggage tree to each adult
Medicine aud attendauce free.
For Passage Tickets or other Inrorraatlon appl
ar. thc COMPANY'S TICKET OFFleiE, on th?
wharf root of Canal street, North River, Ne?
^ erk. F. R. BABY, Agent.
JpOR FREIGHT OR CHARTER,
The Sehr, PACIFIC, or small capacity, jb*
Apply to SHACKELFORD A KELLY, W
J on 80-1_Ko. 1 Boyce's wharf.
.pi SHING E XOUBS I?H-S.
The beautiful Yacht ELEANOR WlH mrtp A*
an Excursion to the Blackfish Bants, rttn-flHl
lng from Southern Wharf every WEDNL^AT aaa
FRIDAY, at 7 A. M., and returning lu the after?
noon, Lines and Bait furnished on board. Pare
The ELEANOR may he chartered at any tune
for Private Excursion Parties. Apply to captain
YOUNG, on board._junio
NCHOR LINE STEAMERS
8AIL EVERY WEDNESDAY ABD SATUR
DAY TO AND FROH KEW YORK
CALLING AT LONDONDERRY TO LAND MAILS AND
; PAS-UNGEua ?*.
The Steamers of thia favorite Une
are built expressly for the Atlantlo Pas-J
senger Trade, and fitted up hi every respect witt
all the modern improvement calculated to Insure
the safety, comfort and convenience of Passen?
PASSAGE RATES, PAYABLE IN CURRENCY, ?
To Glasgow, Liverpool .and Londonderry-First
Cabin, $85 and $75, according to location; Cabin '
Return Tickets. $130, securing bast accommoda?
tions; Intermediate, $33; S ree rage, $28.
Parties, sending for their friends In the Old
Country can purchase tickets at reduced rates.
For further particulars, apply to HENDERSON
BROTHERS, No. 7 Bowling oreen, N. Y..OT to
No. 8 Accommodation Wharf, .
Charleston, S. C.
49? Responsible Agents wanted In town ana
country. jnnao-DAwamos ;
-^TEEKLY LINE TO S A YANN AH, QA.,
SEMI-WEEKLY TO BEAUFORT, 3. C.
The.Steamer. . -??
Captain W. T. MCNELTY,
Will leave Accommodation Wharf . IL
.every MOND AY MORNING, at 8 M3BK
o'clock, for Savannah, Beaufort, Hilton Head and ?
spanish Wells. Betwmtng will leave Savannah'
every WEDNESDAY MORNING. . . ri
Will leave for Beaufort, FacLflo and Ghlsolm's
Lan ? lng fi eve 17 THURSDAY MORNING, ai 8 o'clock.
Ketnrning will leave Beaufort every' FRIDAY
Freight received WEDNESDAYS and SATURDAYS.
Must be prepaid to Way Landings. .
Goods consigned to- cate of Agents will be for?
warded free of storage or commission.
For Freight or Passage apply to
lt AVENEL, HOLMES A CO.,
jnnSO_No. m.East Bay.
JTOR GARDNER'S ..BLUFF
AND INTERMEDIATE LANDINGS ON THE PEE?
DEE RIVER, VIA GEORGETOWN. ?
The steamer BENNETTSVILLE,
Oaptato J. T. Foster, ls now receiving?_
Freight at Accommodation Wharf, and wi
on SATURDAY NIGHT, 1st July..
Freight and wharfage prepaid..
For engagements, apply to *
BA VENE L. HOLMES A CO.,
j0D28-3_ No.1177 East Bay.
jyjO ON LIGHT EXCURSION
FOB BENEFIT OF NEW GERMAN CHURCH
Will take place MONDAY EVENING, - _
July Sd, 1871. Steamer ST. IiELENA???SttUtm
will leave Market Wharf at half-past 8 o'oiook
precisely! A floe Brass Band will be in. atten?
Tickets can be procured from the undersigned,
or at the steamer.
F. W.MEYER, Chairman, C. H. OTT EN,
C. P. GARDNER, F. HABSLOOP,
G. C. SCHMITZ ER, JR,
RAND EXCURSION TO LAKE
WILL BIND TEXIR FAYOBITI STXAMIR I
ARCTIC.......Captain J. E. TURNER, \
LEAVING BUFFALO JULY 19,
CLEVELAND JULY. 20, DETBOIT JULY 31,
GRAND EXCURSION ABOUND LAKE SUPERIOR,
Visiting'every point or interest on that cele?
brated and bean tu ul Lake
The trip will occupy twenty-five days. Promi?
nent attractions on the route are- '
Lake Erle, Cleveland, Detroit. Detroit River,
Lake st. Clair and River, Sarnia, Lake Horan,
Sault Ste Marie, St. Mary's River and Rapids,
Lake Superior, Neeplgon River, (four days for
trout fishing,) Isle Royale, the celebrated Silver
Island, Fort Will am, (one day to visit tbs British
Camp, the Hudson Bay station, and the famous
Amethlst Vein,) Duluth, Superior City, Bayfield,
La Pointe, Portage Lake, (Copper Mmes one day,)
Marquette, (Iron Mmes at Negaunee one day.) the
Pictured Rocks, Point aux -Pins, Detour, Macki?
nac, and Put ln-Bay.
An experienced Physician will be on board the
A sufficient number of Laundresses will be 00
A good Band or Music will accompany the Ex?
As only Eighty Tickets will be sold, application .<
for them should be made at once.
Fare lor the entire trip, including Meals and
Berths, One Hundred and Twenty-five Dollars.
For Passage and alt Information, apply to
SETH CALDWELL, Agent,
No. 1 Main street, Buffalo.
S. D. CALDWELL,
B. F. PATRICK,
Jnn26-21 General Passenger Agent, Buffalo.
jr u o K 1 D A,
The steamer DICTATOR, Captain
L. M. Coxetter, will leave southern,
Wliari every ITUKBAT EVENING, at eM U-CIOCK,
(unth further notice,) for Jacksonville, Fernan?
dina and Palatka, arriving back at uharieanjn
every SATCHDA? AFTERNOON.
mayll _BAVEN EL A CO., Atente,
OR LAKE SUPERIOR.
ATLANTIC, DULUTH AND PACIFIC LINE.
One of the Splendid Steamers METEOR, INDIA,
PACIFIC. COBURN, ATLANTIC, JAPAN, KEWEE
NAW, ARCTIC, CHINA and ST. PAUL, will leave
Buffalo daily (except Fridays and Saturdays,) at
3 P. M., Erie the next morning, Cleveland the
same night, and Detroit at 10 P. M.. dally, (ex?
cept Sundays and Mondays,) for DULUTH and In?
termediate LAKE SUPERIOR PORTS.
Connections are made at Duluth with the Lake
Superior and Mississippi Railroad, ta St. Pani,
and all points In. Minnesota, Northern Wisconsin
and Iowa Also, with the Northern Pacific Bau
road for the Red River Country.
Excursion Tickets, AT GREATLY REDUCED RATES,
will be issued by all principal-Railroads tost.
Paul by this route, returning via all rall. Or Dy
Rail Routes to St. Paul and Dnlnth, returning via
During the months of June, July and August,
EXCURSION TRIPS will be made via the North
Shore of Lake Superior, visiting the Silver Mines,
Fort William, Grand Portage, Ac.
Fur further information, ????pATE10Kf
General Passenger Agent, Buffalo, N. Y.
E. T. EVANS. Manager A D. and P. Line.
S. D. CALDWELL, General Manager U. S. Co.
A FULL ASSORTMENT just received by
DR. H. BAER,
jnjyfi _ Vo 131 Meering street
g'.R JAMES CLARKE'S -FEMALE PILLS.
These PILLS have long been used both in Great
Britain and this country, and are the best ot then
kind In the market. _ _
. For sale Dy DR. H. BAEB,
apr22 No. 131 Meeting street.