Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1671.
CHARLESTON, WEDNESDAY" MORNING, MAY 3, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
_ AN ILLINOIS HORROR.
A MAX LYNCHED FOE WHIPPING TO
DEATH HIS OWN SON.
Sickening Details of his Crime-The
Avidence of the Mother and Sistei
Prompt an rt Awful Retribution
Scene? at the Lynctiing.
[From tbs Peoria (UL) Review, Joly 6.J
A few days ago we gave a brief statement of |
a brutal murder near Onarga, in this State, in
which a father killed his own son. The prom?
inent actor in this dreadful tragedy was named
Martin Mera, sn Irishman by birth, about 44
years of age, 5 feet 8 inches in height, thick?
set and muscular, with a forbidding counten?
ance, a re^tiess, impatient eye, and a deep,
gutters! voice. He1 owned a place' containing
eighty acres about two and a half miles from !
Qnarga. in Iroquois County. His house shows
a considerable degree of refinement, <u>d the
number of books and papers Indicated mat its
owner was a person of considerable Intelli?
gence. He was known among his neigh?
bors as .honest, a prompt . paymaster
and a hard-working man. But he had a
dreadful temper, and when under Its influence
rfc would whk> his horses unmercifully, out
ont the eyes or his hogs, and indulge in other
acts of brutal and fiendish passion.' His family
consisted of his wife, an intelligent lady, aged
about 40, and six children, the eldest 14years
and the youngest about 20 days. - The eldest
boy was named Martin, and he was ll years of
age. On the 15th of June, Mera cami? to Gil?
man and posted two written notices, stating
that bis boy had ron away from home, ano
offering a reward for ali return. He stated
jocosely that he did not know why the lad
should leave, as he had always treated him
well. ? few days after some of the neighbors
ssj began to suspect that something was wrong,
^and on the 30\h Messrs. McConrtie arid G. B
Winters, of Onarga, and others swore out a j
warrant- and started for Mera's bouse. On
their way they stopped at a school which
Mora's oldest' daughter was attending, and
Siestioned her. On promising to protect her,
e said her father had beaten her brother,
and after beating him had pat him on the
stove, and she bad never seen him since, but
believed he was dead. Armed with these,
tacts the party arrested Hera. He.was perfect?
ly calna, and insisted that his boy had run
away. He was released, and eight'men watch?
ed the house in hopes that he wonld visit the
grove and give them a clue to the body, but
be did not do this. The next day he was taken
to Onarga on a warrant for murder, and a
large party went out to look for the body pf
the murdered boy. The search was continued
all day without success, but finally, late-ki the
afternoon, Mr. John Barnes, of Gilman, found ?
sear the hedge south of the house a piece of
clay subsoil that had been cat with a spade. A |
stick was forced into the ground about three
feet, and on being drawn ont it smelled of de?
cayed matter. The ground was removed and the
body of the boy Mari in' was found burled four
feet eight Inches deep. He was enveloped in
a sheet neatly pinned about bis body, and he
4iad on his shirt, pants and cap, the latter pull?
ed over his eyes. The body waa very much
decomposed, but the feet gave evidence ot be?
ing burnt The news quickly spread, and Mc
Courtie went to town to Bee Mera. On his ap-1
proach Mera was saying to the crowd, 'MT Tve
killed the boy, why don't they^fl?d the body !"
McConrtie responded, "Martin, they havel
found the body, and you must submit to these j
"Where dldyou find it, Mac ?"
. "Close by the hedge In the garden.''
? "Have mercy on me, Mac ?"
. "How can you ask loi mercy, never having J
shown lt while your boy- plead for lt ? Np,
slr, do not ask for mercy."
"I did, Mac. I did whip him to death," said
The excitement la Onarga was intense, and '
a large crowd gathered, expressing their de
?? termination, to lynch the prisoner. Daring
this tune Mera seemed perfectly cool, and
?cen expressed his regrets that he did not do
e work more thoroughly. He was finally
put in a wagon and removed to Watseka. the
county seat, where he was lodged la Jail. This
was last Saturday.. On Sunday the coroner
Impanelled a Jury aDd held an inquest The
facts ot finding the body were given above.
The mother and sister of the boy testified as
. follows :
- . A TALE OF HORROR. '
Mary Mera, the wife, and mother, appeared
In court wli.h a child two weeks old. Mrs.
Mera, notwithstanding c bursting heart, told
the tale bf horror calmly: l live two and a half
miles from Onarga; Martin Mera is my hus?
band; have lived there eix years; Martin treat?
ed bia ohlldren ; kindly at times; he has not
whipped much lately; he whipped our boy
Martin on Tuesday night, two weeks a<~o last
Tuesday; he whtpped him very hard; I did not
see bim; my babe was born that day; did not
bear blows, but heard the child's cries; they
were in the kitchen; I was la my bedroom;
*the parlor is between the two; I heard the
child cry, "Y-ea, slr! yes,.sir ! no, sh* 1" the
Whipping continued sometime; my husband
would ask bun; "Will you work ? " The child
did not sert am; I do not know what time the
child went to bed; Mera got up between 4 and
5 ; I was under the Influence of some pow?
ders, and d"d not awaken until breakfast was
over: did cot sleep during the night much;
the little girl came In and asked me if I want
ed breakia; t; I told her I did not want break?
fast; did hot hear any disturbance; about 10'
o'clock the child came Into the bedroom, fol?
lowed by his lather; his father was whipping
him; he whipped him very hard with a horse?
whip, a black snake, about one and a half
Inches at the batt; did see hlmstrke bim a
great many times; all I saw of the whipping
was in my bedroom; ne did not strike him
with the butt-end ol'the whip; the lash was
broken off so as to leave the whip only about a
yard long: be dodged around the room to
avoid the blows, promising'to work, and ask?
ing for mercy; he did not hold the child; the
child went around and around the room, and
my husband gave him some .very hard blows;
toe child plead, ''Don't whip me, lather ! don't
whip me and I will work. Please don't Oh !
don't whip me, father. Sad I will work ! " He
was naked when he came Into my .room; his
father made him take off bis clothes, take off ;
everything; the boy bad just come in from the
field; his face was swollen ?rom the whipping
he received the night before; be was not cry?
ing when he came Into the room; his father)
whipped - him very hard for ten or flt tee a
minutes, the boy all the time begglDg for
mercy, and promising to work; his father
at last stopped, when he told the child to
put on his shirt; th" child made an effort and
failed; his father again ordered him to put on
bis shirt, when he said: "I can't see lt ! I
can't see it!" "You can't see lt?" "No,
father; I can't see you, lather ! I can't see you,
father !" and fell dying; my husband said,
* ?'Have I killed him f and I said, ? Yes, you
have, you have finished him;" he then took
him in his arms and bathed him with whiskey,
and tried to cet him to orink some: h? tried to
pour some down him; he then threw some
liquor over him and tried to revive him, and
having failed, he cried. "Have I killed him,'
have I killed him ?" He rubbed him with
spirits hall an hour; the child raised his hands
once, and moved bin lips, and lt was over; hts
last words were, "I can't see, I can't see;" he
then'pushed the body under my bed, where
it remained until little before midnight; alter
night, Mera went out, ofien staying for a short
time, and then would return; he took the body
out of the front door; he Bald he would give
hie right arm and lng rather than had it hap
Een; he would suffer any torture to have
im back again; he generally treated his
family well; ne ls a good provider; the only
trouble was the boy would tell lies; he
would tell the i bo? to tell the truth, and
mind his lessons; he ls a very high-tempered
man and never knows when to stop; it I was:
on my feet I could have saved my boy, but my
babe was only one day old; I was ou my bed;
he has not always treated me well; he gave
me a crack aside the head one or two times; I
I did want to leave him eome time since, but
he promised bei ter, and we got along very
well afterwards; he has had Borne trouble wiih'
bia neighbors, but never spoke bad of them;
my brother came to see me once and my hus?
band drove him off; the fir-tday I was'up I
went to look for the grave; I told Martin I had
been ont to look tor the grave; he asked,
"Did you flndt it ?" I told him "Nor" ?| don't
think you could," was his reply; when the
mea, came oat to search for the body I denied
it, for my own and children's sake; I knew
thal Martin was a passionate man, and that
our liven were' in danger; he told- me not to
tell ot what happened, and he said, "This isa
bad Jab," and then said, "It was too bad;" the
children were not. afraid o? him except when
he was whipping some of them; I was afraid of
him at times; he is a very passionate man, and
when he was kind he was extra kind; when
the men took him away he said, "This is a
bad job, this ls a terrible thing;" J did not say
a word while the whipping was going on; I
looked at him as much as to say, you have
done enough, but I did not speak, as I knew
he would be more angry; he was not under
the Influence of liquor at the time he killed the
boy: he has whipped the giris a number of
times with a hoist whip; he went lor a neigh
boring woman; on Tuesday morning, about
10 o'clock, I war iken sick; the woman came
and he took her back after dinner; the boy was
healthy; nqrer heard him complain unless it
was the headache; he would have been ll
?ears old on the 17th of June; his shirt was
loody, but do not know where it came from;
lt did not come from his mouth; his face was
swollen in the- morn inc; suppose it was from
the whipping the night before; I do not know
where the whip is; be was in his right mind;
he never acted singularly; he is a man of good, I
sonnd sense, Steady, and adapted to money
making. f- ?.
LITTLE MAGGIE. 1
This little girl,, about seven years old, said :
Father whipped brother with a whip; he put
brother on the stove; he laid him down; he
cried when he was put on the stove;there was I
dre in the stove; he laid him down on his back
on the hot store; brother tried to get away;
his doilies were all off: father made him take
them off himself: father bit brother on the
back and bead; be hit him lots of times; he
threw him in the shed; he then walked in and
stood by the side of the wall; he whipped him
and took him into mother's room; I never saw
him more; I don't know what was done with I
him; lather told me not to say anything about I
it or he would punish me; I loved my orother;
father whipped me sometimes with a whip.
Is a very modest appearing giri oi about U J
??arsofage. She swore: I always lived at]
ome; fainer treated me well at rimes and
sometimes not; he has punished me two or
three times; the last time in December last; I
hb did threaten me four weeks ago; I did
work around the stable helping father; did
housework; about a year and a half ago he
whipped me very hard with a horsewhip; not
the same whip he used on brother;he whipped I
mn very hard in December because I had been I
ata neighbor's and stayed an hour; be otten
threaten td io whip me if I did not do the I
chores; on Tuesday'two w?aeks last Tuesday,
he brought brother in and said he had not
worked, and whipped him, and knocked him
down twice; father continued to whip him
until he could not stand up; "he would whip
tho life out ot him;" two or three times he I
would say this, and brother would plead with
father: "Father, dont whip me any more !" j
He was a good boy, and I liked him; brother
went to bed about 10 o'clock; he said he did
not know why father whipped bim so; he
never toid stories only when father made bim,
and lather would threaten that ll he did not j
own that he did so and so he would whip him,
and to avoid it be would own to things be
never did. I
THE FATAL MORNING.
On Wednesday morning I got up and got I
breakfast ready; father rose when, breakfast
was ready; brother got up, but ielt so badly
that he went to bed again; father made him I
gel up and go .out and feed ' the stock, and
when he. came back father whipped him andr
sent bim to the field; he went for bim and
brought him in; made bim take off his clothing
and then commenced whipping him; he then
picked bim up aud laid bim on*tbe stove; the
stove was bot enough to beat an iron;-1 was I
baking biscuit; father put him on the stove
twice,' brother pleading all the while, "Father,
don't burn me, don't burn me !" He screamed
very loud, and the skin stuck to the stove; his
skin came off from his back and his feet and it
stuck to* the stove; lt smelled, BO I opened the
door, and lather Immediately shut Ii; while
brother was*pleading, father said he would I
burn him until ha would work; he bas whipped I
me very hard, and has said ne would punish f.
me till I could not sit up; I bave a mark on my
arm where he struck me inst December with a
horsewhip; it cut through the flesh and was
sore two weeks; I have seen him strike mother
with his lists and blacken her face; saw him
strike her a number ol' limes; don't know how I
many; mother told me to do always what
lather liked, and we always tried; he whipped I '
brother a number of times with the butt-end
of a horsewhip on the head; he knocked him 11
down three or.lour times; the flesh from his
back and feet stuck to the stove; he whipped
him aiterwards; I never saw my brother since
he went into the oed-room; I did tell a lady
that I never expected to see my brother I
again; that he bad not run away, because he I ?
could not: I was not going to tell, because I ?
father bau whipped me very hard, and I was I
afraid of him; mother was going to leave one I j
time; I do not know what the trouble was; I,
she shows marks where father whipped her; I,
he took brother In his arms and put him on I
the stove and held him there two or titree
% , THE VERDICT. , I (
The Jury on these facts brought In a verdict
that Martin Mera, Sr., had feloniously, inten- I
tlonally and with malice aforethought mur- I <
dered his son. Martin Hera, Jr., on the Ut h 11
day of June, and committed him to appear I
at the Circuit Court on Wednesday, the 5th. | ;
LYNCHING OF THE MONSTER. I I
[From-the Peoria Transcript, July 6.] I \
* Yesterday morning we eave the chief parti- ;
culara in the lynching ot Martin Hera, at *Vat-1 j
seka, on the evening previous, and have since \
learned some luriher particulars from an eye-1
witness. The details of the murder of the boy j
are far more revolting'than yet published, and I,
some ol them are unfit to print. Two al tempt" I
were made to break the jail before the sue-1,
cessful one. On Wednesday evening a mob of '.
eighty-five or ninety men, headed by Dr. j j
Daniels, of Ooarga, went to the . Jail. The 11
sheriff refused to give up the prisoner, and, I ?
upon Daniels attempting'to enter, fired upon (
him. Daniels struck bis arm ap, Wrenched 11
the pistol from his hand, and the mob-then,
with a heavy sledge-hammer, battered down ,
the door of ti?ecell where Mera was confined. I,
The poor wretch begged for mercy,but the mob I j
caught him, securely pinioned- his arms, and ]
carted him into the open air. Dr. Daniels I
then made a speedi, stating that be bad sworn I ;
not to return homo until he had bung the
mau, and asked the crowd if they would stand
by him, and also Baying that lie desired to
have the last pull, at the rope. The crowd \
si g nilled, their intention of going ahead. Dan-1 ?
leis counselled to moderation, and they pro?
ceeded with the doomed man to a tree a short
distance from the town. The wagon upon
which he was seated was drawn under a tree, I
the rope m ac'o last to a limb of tho tree and
around, hie neck, aud he was then told that he
might have twenty minutes In which to pre?
pare for eternity. He spent the first hall of
the time In piteous appeals for mercy, andi
several persons in the crowd brutally de?
rided him. A man advised him to pray, and
offered to pray for him. He said no could
not pray without a priest. Then be called on
the Masons for help, but nobody responding,
he cursed the Masons. Then he called on
the ?alhollcs to save him, but one of them
shoutedr "Call on God. for He alone can save
you." He then raised his voice to Heaven, as
previously reported. At last the wagon waa
pulled from under him, and he was len bang?
ing, AI rii BL he did not move a muscle, but
alter a few seconds bis struggles were fearful, I
until life was extinct. When the crowd had
nearly all uispersed, a lew brutes fired their
revolvers and guns into his body. He was
len hanging all night, his friends claiming his
body in the morning. About a thousand per?
sons witnessed the hanging. The leaders
were quiet and orderly, but some-of the !
crowd betrayed great brutality. In speech'
and gesture. Our Informant describes lt as a
-Semi-official paper? announce that univer?
sal compulsory service is soon to b? intro?
duced into Alsace and Lorraine, notwithstand?
ing the persevering reliance offered to the
law by the Alsatians themselves. They have
peti'loned Bismarck to the effect, but he Is in?
exorable. Only Buch are to remain exempt
from the duty who have Berved against Ger?
many. The new levied troops are, if possible
not to be employed against France. But the
government cannot conceal Its eagerness to
eradicate the old French spirit, and even de?
monstrations and mock processions of little
boys have "been stopped by the iron hand of
Prussian "honor and justice." Having been
eulogized and taken under his special protec?
tion by Prince Bismarck, the population be?
gan for * time to consider .itself a privileged
class. But Oils error has been speedily.recti?
fied by a .special decree warning the Indepen?
dent Alsatians that as long as they have not
declared In favor ol France they must con?
sider themselves Uer mans.
THE MW YORK RIOT.
FURTHER PARTICULARS OF THE OUT?
BREAK AND ITS RESULTS.
' . ? ;
Mayor Hall Assumes thc Responr-fblllty
of Kelso** Order-Tlie Riot, rs to be In?
dicted-ff umber of Killed-Excellent
Behavior or thc Police.
NETT YORK, July 14.
Mayor Hall assumes tbe whole responsibili?
ty of Kelso's order forbidding the Orange pro?
cession, and argues that the result proved the
wisdom ot the order. The police commission?
ers, Democratic and Republican, were unani?
mous in favor ot Kelso's order. The grand
Jury propose to indict the rioters for murder,
and the utterers of incendiary speeches as ac?
cessory. The deaths from the rtot are 66; more
of the wounded will die. The regiments .are
still quarrelling over the question which fired
uselessly. There is no question of tbe excel?
lent behavior of the police. Their conduct ls
LATER.-Two more of the wounded rioters
LATEST.-The funerals were attended by the
Hibernians lo full regalia. There were no dis?
turbances. The militia officers are still quar?
relling over the responsibility lor the unnec?
essary use of fire-arms.
DETAILS RT MAIL.
Excitement Among the Merchants.
The New York papers, which in the main
commented more or less strongly on the pro?
hibitory order, while particularly denouncing
the criminal folly o? perpetuating in this coun?
try the feuds o? the old, give the following
Items of interest in connection with the effect
of the superintendent's order.. ,*
At the close of the business meeting of the
Produce Exchange on Tuesday, Judge W. P.
Bessel, a leading merchant, referred to the ac?
tion ol the authorities in forbidding the Orange
parade, and hoped that his fellow-members
would express their feelings on the subject.
He believed that every class of citizens had a
righi to march through our streets, and that it
is the duty ol the authorities to protect them
In 'their undoubted right. This announcement
created great excitement, and several gentle?
men rose and said that the Produce Exchange
was organized to facilitate the interests of
commerce, and not interfere In other matters.
A member replied that the Produce Exchange
was composed of American citizens, and that it
was their right and their duty to protest against
the course, pursued by the authorities in rela?
tion to the Orange parade. An animated
debate followed, aller which a resolution
was offered tfiat a committee be appoint?
ed to prepare resolutions condemning tue ac?
tion ot the authorities In preventing onec?ase
ot citizens from marching through the streets.
A merchant then rose and. said that be was a
Catholic, and a firm adherent of bis faith, but
he was utterly opposed to*interfering with the
Orangemen, wno bad the same rights to use
the streets for parades as their opponents,
,lhe Hibernian societies. This sentiment
elicited loud applause, after which the resolu?
tion was adopted, and the meeting adjourned
till Wednesday, when the resolutions will be
presented ior discussion. The following ls the
committee on resolutions to report Wednesday
aiternoon: Horatio Heed, Charles J. ! Hall,
John T. Miller. E. 0. Lamson, -Charles H.
Hickox. K. Buchan and W. P. Bensei.
A Damper Upon the Gunsmiths.
Among those who regretted the prohibition
of the parade were, the gun-sellers, especially
those along Chatham street and the Bowery,
lt is difficult to get a correct statement from
almost any of them as to the exact Influence
exercised by the proposed procession on the
munitions of war stocks. Judging, however,
by tbe hints they throw out, and the beaming
countenances they exhibit when the subject ls
mentioned to them, their trade-barometers
showed rather high. One man said that the
sale of arms was twice as good as it was Im?
mediately before the Canadian invasion, nod
that, If lt wasn't for Kelso's 'interference, the
powder that would have been disposed of
Wednesday would have equalled the quantity
lt took to show our patriotism on the glorious
Fourth. The best trade, however, was done
by those who practice the graceful art of gun
scouring and repairing. For tbe last week,
they have been overcrowded with work,
rn ey all charged double prices, and, If things
had gone on as these men fondly boped they
would, lt would have cost at least the original
price ot a musket to have It put in "target
Kelso Accused ot Treachery.
During the proceedings of the Orange cau?
cus Monday, the principal leaders stated that
they had been all along in confidential com?
munication with Superintendent Kelso, and
had at bis request shortened and changed the
proposed route of the parade. Mr. Kelso,
wbbn first approached and asked for. suitable
police escort, had expressed himself willing to
iii ve thc Qrangemen all proper facilities, and
agreed with the committee that they had fully
as much right to march in procession as the
Roman Catholic societies, the Germans, or.
those of any other foreign nationality. He
simply suggested that a shorter route of march
would be advisable, as then he could use the
available force at his command to much better
advantage. Mr. Kelso also pointed out certain
streets laid down in the programme as objec?
tionable, as the residents ol' those neighbor?
hoods, being inimical to the proposed demon?
stration, would have the excuse tor an attack
brought to tbelr very doors.
AU of these suggestions were at once as?
sented to by the committee, and the pro?
gramme materially changed to suit the super-'
intendent'd ideas and wishes. It also trans?
pired that even while the police order was
being prepared' and printed lor. circulation
among the force, the Orangemen were led to
believe that arrangements were being made
to afford them police protection. One dele?
gate stated that ne saw the superintendent at
an nour after that which saw the prohibitory
order reach the Times office, and even then
he was given to understand that, the authori?
ties intended to protect the societies, even If
the presence of the militia was necessary to
attain that end. These statements created a
deep feeling in tbe caucus, as they proved
that the authorities were playing a double and
A Wrath? Patriot.
1 hat the newspapers but feebly portrayed
the stale ot public feeling, he soen bad over?
whelming proofs. Early in the morning a
gentlemar who was entirely unknown to
everybody in the building, and was therefore
not a placeman, hurriedly entered the office of
the superintendent, and looking Mr. Kelso
squarely In the eye, haud?d him a newspaper,
and pointing to the odious order, asked, "Did
you sign that order, sir?" Superintendent
Kelso answered, "Yes. sir." "Then, slr," ex?
claimed the excited citizen, "You ought to
be shoi.'" The startled superintendent sprang
from bis chair, und calling for officer Kirsch,
who ls the sentinel at the dour, directed him to
remove the indignant man at once. The order
was observed with more roughness than was
necessary, and with such haste that the visi?
tor's name could not be ascertained.
Revocation of the Order.
The storm of excitement continued to in?
crease during Tuesday, and at a late hour that
night the objectionable order was revoked, and
the city and Mate authorities united to protect
the Orangemen. Governor Hoffman appeared
on the scene and issued bis proclamation
guaranteeing protection to the paraders to the
fullest extent possible.
Early on Tuesday notices were sent to many
surviving members of the old Know Nothing
lodges asking them to meet at specified times
and places for the revival of the organization.
It is understood over 6000 names were enroll?
ed, lor iheEe organizations during the day.
Great excitement prevailed at the national
guard armories last evening:
A Fenian Appeal.
The council ot the Fenian Brotherhood bas
issued an appeal tb the brothers on the wisdom
and patriotism ot exercising their Influence
among the misguided and miBlaken Irishmen
who keep up and foster the evil spirit of mo?
tion which has ever been the curse of om race,
and the greatest obstacle to the achievement
ot our national independence. Give no conn
tenancetoany Irishman who would disgrace
the name of our country by reviving the sense?
less quarrels of the dead past, and would bring
into this land of- liberty the animosities begot?
ten ol the follies and religions rancor of our
Harper Building Attacked.
The Harper building was attacked by a mob,
who were repulsed. It Is. reported that the
rioters pressed all the conductors and drivera
and passengers on the Eighth avenue railroad
into service, and
Cat the Telegraph. Wires. '.
A procession of two hundred men, without
society orders or badges, passing up Broad?
way, were stopped by thepolloe at the corner
of Tenth street and dispersed.'The police
came, down In stages. The result was several
bloody heads. Many of the stores on Broad?
way were closed at two o'clock, P. M.. the
proprietors being fearful of the consequences
of keeping open. The mose Intense excite?
WASHINGTON, July 12.
James Gordon Bennett, of the New Torie
Herald telgr?phed to Secretary Robeson, of the
Navy Department, this afternoon, asking that
a force of marines from the Brooklyn navy
yard might be detailed to.guard the Herald
building to-night In anticipation of Its destruc?
tion by the mob of to-day.
ALL ABOUT THE STATE.
Mr. J. F. C. DuPre, county treasurer for
Abbeville, has' been tendered the post of
United States revenue collector for that dis?
trict The Abbeville Press, from which we
learn thttfact, says that lt ls not yet certain
whether The tender will be accepted or not
Anderson expects a hanging on Friday next,
July 21, for which day has been set the exe?
cution of Shad rack Webster, colored, for the
murder of Adeline Agnew, colored;
Efforts are being made to establish a na?
tional bank at. Anderson; capital stock to be
A new postoffice hos been established at the
Colonel Myers, ol the 7th- Cavalry, stationed
at Spartanburg, died on the nth instant at
that place, at ter a short illness. We under?
stand that his body will be Bent North. Colo?
nel Myers was an old and faithful army officer,
having been in the service about forty years,
and was fearless In the discharge of the duties
that have fallen to his lot during his lengthy
term of service.
Major J. E. Crosland, ofsBarnwell, will
open a school shortly la Alkea. His character
and reputation as a teacher and loag experi?
ence willi nsure success, and we congratulate
the communliy on the accession. '
Rev. Mr. Porter has resigned the pastoral
care of the Presbyterian Church ot Aiken.
Rey. Hr. McBride, of Wlnnsboro', bas been In?
vited to preach for them to-morow. He will
probably be called, says the Aiken Journal.
The Mountaineer brings the following sad
announcement : "Wiley Bishop (white) was
brought before United States Commissioner,
Captain John F. Porteous, 11 this place, yester?
day, on a charge of lorgery and violation ot
EDSlofflce laws. The evidence against
Im proved that he had received a letter tor a
Mrs. Trammel I, had broken lt open, and find?
ing therein a check for twenty-four dollars on
the United States Treasury office at Charles?
ton, requiring Mrs. T.'s slgnlture, he forged
her name thereto and sold the check to one of
our merchants. Being unable to raise the
necessary amount of ball, he was sent to jail
to await his trial at the next term of the Unit?
ed Slates Court Bishop was elected to the
Legislature In 1868, by the Bepubllcaas of this
county; his term expired In 1870." Truly,
how are the mighty fallen-but yesterday a
lawmaker, and to-day in limbo as a lawbreaker.
John C. Heister has resigned as clerk of the
court of Chester County.. The resignation was
accepted by tho Governor. Judge Thomas
will have to appoint some one to fill the
The Reporter says: "Work waa begun on
Monday last on the new Methodist Church in
this town. It ls to be a brick building, andi
the location selected ls the vacant lot between
Saluda and York streets, adjoining the lot
whereon tho carriage shop of Z. C. Hutchin?
son was situated. This ls only one among the
.many improvements that we observe going
on about us. The horizon around ls lumnl
nouB at night with the fires of burning brick
kilns." Cheater ls bound to be a city.
The Torkville Enquirer says: "On Monday
morning last, the ihreslilog-house, together
with the machinery and a quantity of proven?
der, belonging to'John S. Bretton, Esq., ten
miles south of York ville,was destroyed by fire.
No clue has been obtained as to the origin of
the ure, y et lt ls supposed to have been the work
.of an Incendiary. We have no information as
to the value of the property destroyed."
The same paper also bas the following : "On
Wednesday of last week a difficulty occurred
at the residence of Jack Springs, near Rock
Hill In this county, between Jack Springs,
Willis Hutchinson and his mother, Silin Hutch?
inson-ali colored-in relation to the chastise?
ment ot a niece of Willis Hutchinson by Jack
Springs, who had the niece employed as a
nurse. The parties engaged in a quarrel, the
result of which was that Jack Springs was fa?
tally slabbed In several places, from the effects
of which be died in about half an hour. A
coroner's Inquest was held over the body of
Springs by R. L. Crook, trial Justice, acting as
coroner, and a verdict was rendered charging
Willis Hutchinson and bis mother as principal
and accessory to the killing of Jack Springs.
The accused has been lodged in jail to await
Sheriff Whitman has entered upon the dis?
charge of his duties. B. B. Sams and J. E.
McGregorhave been appointed deputies.
Beaufort ls to have a special session of court
in August. Judge Thomas will preside.
From the following list of burglaries, Ac,
it would seem as if Beaufort would afford a
very eligible locality for a penitentiary. The
material on the spot ls so ample that the Slate
can save the travelling expenses of convicts
by bringing the Penitentiary down, say to
Battery Point ia Port Poyal. We copy from
the Beaufort Republican: ?
Sat urday night some dusky Individual forced
an entrance into the rear yard ot the residence
of H. G. Judd, and took one of the long fire
ladders belonging'to the premises, and raised
it BO as to reach. the second story, went up
softly, and endeavored lo enter the sleeping
apartment of Mr. P. L. Wiggins. This gentle?
man, owing to the excessive heat was lying on
his. sofa, with little or no disposition to sleep,
and was therefore In a condition to hear if not
to see all that was going on. Thinking that
he heard strange noises, he looked towards
his north window and there stood a mahogany
colored Individual Just ready to rush in. The
mejor made u bound and seized his revolver,
but on reaching the window the man had
made his escape by Jumping the garden fence.
Saturday night the house of Mr. Fuller was
entered, hie pants taken therefrom, contain?
ing only $5, and his shirt carried away. The
gentlemau had received his salary during the
day, and the thieves evidently were conscious
ol' the fact-but he took the precaution to stow
it away in a safe spot.
Sunday night a desperado broke into Mr.
Conant's store, and abstracted about $1 In pen?
nies. Tho watchmen must be a somnolent set
to allow this to take place under their very
noseB. _ ,, *
The residence of Dr. H. M. Fuller, near the
Point, must be Included lu -this burglarious
raid-they entered the house from the piazza,
coolly searched the doctor's pockets, took me
wallet to the table, disturbed nothing but
money, which amounted to some,three or four
dollars, then proceeded to ransack a trunk
CIUBB by, and after going through their devo?
tion In that line, proceeded to carry offan
other. and In their journey doorwards, he or
they stumbled, and thus alarmed the lamlly.
The trunk waa dropped, and the colored man
made efforts to catch the rogue, but he evaded
Monday, evening two colored men were ob?
served prowllng-around the residence of Mrs.
A. Williams at the Point The movements of
these Individuals were watched very closely,
as their only desire seemed to be to get Into
the house. At i o'clock A. M. they took a boat
lying in the stream, and pulled away towards
TUE LATEST OFFICIAL BULLETIN
FBOM THE AGRICULTURAL BUREAU.
Certainty of a Short Crop-Two and a
half Million Balee the Minimum and
Three and a half Million Bales tho
Maximum Kattmate- A. Good Prospect
for High Prices.
WASHINGTON, July 12.
The Information received at the Agricultu?
ral Bureau since the last report concerning
the prospect of the cotton orop tends to con-'
firm that report in all respects. In several
Important cotton-growing sections there is no
Improvement, In others there Is a slight fall?
ing off In the condition of the Bland, and in
others lhere ls a slight improvement In
many counties, in the best cotton-growing
States, the crop is a good deal in the grass,
and will give but an Indifferent yield. Alto?
gether, the prospect is no better than at the
last report. In a day or two the official report
will be given to the public.
Later-The Official Report.
WASHINGTON, July \C
The July returns do not materially change
the cotton crop prospect reported in June.
Severe rain storms have continued to ob?
struct cultivation, and check the growth In
the States on the Gulf coast. The States of
Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and' Florida
average lower in condition than at the date of
the last report; the Georgia and Texas aver?
age remains unchanged, and an improvement
is indicated in the Carolinas, Tennessee and
Arkansas. The percentage of each, as com
pared with the July statement of last year, ls
as follows:. North Carolina, July, 1870, 94 per
cent.; July, 1871,.99j>er cent. 8outh Carolina,.
July, 1870, 96 per cent.; July, 1871, 100 per
cent. Georgia, Jnly, 1870, 101 per cent;
July, 1871, 82 per cent, v Florida, July,
1870, 98 per cent; July, 1871, 88 per cent
Alabama, July, 1870, 102 percent; July, 1871,
81 per cent Mississippi, July, 1870, 95 per
cent ; July, 1871,80 per cent Louisiana, July,
1870, 101 per cent.; July, 1871, 75 per cent
Texas, July, 1870? 97 per cent; July, 1871, 93
per cent Arkansas, July, 1870, 101 per cent ;
July, 1871, 90 per cent Tennessee, July, 1870,
85 per cent ; July, 1871,98 per cent. While no
estimate can at this es rly period be authorita?
tively made, this Information leads to the fol?
lowing conclusions: With a reduction of 19 per
cent, relatively low condition, and a season
as long as that of 1870, there should be gather?
ed a crop of 3,200,000 bales, or about as large
as that of 1869; with a season o? average
length, 2,900,000 bales; with an early frost and
very unfavorable season for picking, 2,700,000
bales, the prevalence of insects, with other
unpropitious circumstances, would probably re?
duce the orop to 2,500,000 bales; and a steady
improvement of the plant for sixty days, with
the longest and most favorable picking season,
might carry the aggregate up to 3,500,000 bales.
This ls represented as a fair statement of
the range of probabilities, based on the most
extensive and reliable data and uninfluenced by
the clamors o? the speculators of the Cotton
CROPS ry SOUTH CAROLINA.
Edg? field. .
A gentleman from the neighborhood of
Bench Island Informs the Aiken Journal that
the corn crops were never better than this
year, particularly the highland crop. Cotton ls
also looking well.
The Intelligencer says: ."For the last ten
days, we -have had a season of warm, dry
weather. Partial rains have fallen, but none
of very wide scope. The corn and colton
crops are not suffering. Both are looking fine,
but the cotton ts nearly all weed, as the
growth has been very rapid and unusual."
We regret to learn that In some portions of
the county the crops are suffering consider-'
ably from want ot rain. Planters from the
neighborhood of Dbve's Depot say that they
have not had a good rain in four weeks. From
other places the reports continue to be favor?
able, showing that rains have been plentiful,
and that the yield will be as great as was an?
ticipated. Our own village has been quite dry
for three or four weeks. Yesterday, however,
we had a relrrshing little shower, which, al
though not sufficiently heavy to do the crops
much good, had a good effect on. tue tempera?
ture. We hope that it ls the first of a number
of equally refreshing showers.
The Beaufort Republican, ot the 13lh, says:
"From all portions of our county comes to
us encouraging reports ol every crop that has
been sown. From 8t. Helena, especially, the
planters lnlorm us that cotton has not looked
so well and healthy l?r the past three seasons
as at present. We are glad to note this, for
the experience In the. cotton line has been
verging on the disastrous, bringing an Inclina?
tion among them to turn their attention to
other matters, or to, let tbeir lands Out either
on shares on in ten-acre patches to the col?
ored help. The dry spell during May has had
a tendency to keep the plant pack, but the
copious rains have Anally put it in a fine con?
dition. Bice, near Pocotallgo, is looking well,
and promises ab abundancy of this useful
article. While the neighboring States have
been deluged by rain, we have had no more
than Is absolutely essential for a healthy and
abundent harvest It Is feared by many lhat
the caterpillar will make Its appearance and
destroy tne cotton. That of course, is be?
yond the power of any one to stop. We can
only hope lor the best. At present, things
look well and promising."
NETTS FROST WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, July 14.
No more applications for soldiers1 discharges
will be entertained, as the army is now re?
duced to thirty thousand.
The President remains at Long Branch until
the 15th of August, when he goes to Caliior
nla. He is not coming to Washlpgton unless
an emergency requires.
Tbe Attorney-General has gone to North
The Ku-KIux committee examined Treasurer
Angler, of Georgia, and Mayor Anderson, of
Savannah. Their testimony fully sustains
the deplorable financial condition and bad
management in that State, and of the venality
and incompetence of persons in power.
PROPOSED REMOVAL OF THE GREEN
? VILLE UNIVERSITY.
WASHINGTON, July 14.
The Convention of Kentucky Baptists at
Louisville offer $300,000 to remove the Baptist
University from Greenville, S. C., to an eligi?
ble point in Kentucky, provided the other
Southern Stales will raise $200,000.
THE CALIFORNIA KU-KLUX.
SAN FRANCISCO, July 14.
George Kirk, banished from Virginia City,
returned there, when the Vigilants hung him.
. A RETENUE SCRIMMAGE.
NEW YORK. July 14.
The revenue officers, supported by Atty ma?
rines from Brooklyn, made; a raid on the dis?
tillers, captured one distiller, mashed one
Still. Three marines were wounded.
A SAID ON CUSA.
j Landing of Rafael dnciwU with a
Party of V?n?zu?liens.
NEW TOKE, July H.
Rafael Quesada, with, two hundred Yene
zuelians, bas landed ia Cuba. Spanish reports
I gay they were closely pursued, many killed,
and much-of their stores captured.
THE WEAT HKS THIS DAT. '
. . WASHINGTON, July 14.
The barometer will probably rise on the
lakes, with clear weather from Mlchnraa to
Kentucky and eastward. The area of the low?
est barometer will probably move eastward to
the Bay of Fundy by Saturday morning. Fresh
westerly winds are probable for Saturday on
the Atlaatto coast and.-.the lakes. Partially
cloudy weather with southwestern winds WU!
probably prevail in the Southern States. Dan?
gerous winds are not1 anticipated. Storms
merely local are not considered.
Yesterday'g Weather . Reporta of .the
Signal Service, ?. 3. A.-**.*T P. BX.
'. ? ?
Buffalo, N. Y.
Cheyenne, W. T.
Lake etty, Fla..
New London, Ct.
Rochester, N. Y.
, Mt. Washington.
I Geo tie.
THE COAL OIL REGIONS.
The Present Condition of the Petroleum |
Colonel Forney writes to the Philadelphia]
Press from the oil regions of Pennsylvania a
long account of the present condition of th?1
petroleum field. He says: - -
There are now forty-seven oil districts. Ia
the last month of May these forty-seven dis?
tricts produced 408,797 barrels, equal to 13,187
barrels per day, which, at 14 50 or $6 per bar?
rel, will give you some Idea of the revenue de?
rived from this new branch of industry. Many
changes have taken place under the new
regime, but no revolution has been so effective !
aa the substitution ot wrought-iron pipes, some
two and a half Inches in diameter, for the
original plan of conveying oil in barrels from
the wells to the tanks on the railroad care.
These pipes are frequently carried over a
distance oi three or fonr miles. They are
manufactured In Philadelphia, and are com?
posed ot sections, which screw Into each
other. They are spread over the most Irregu?
lar ground, up and down hills, and when
fastened Into the tanks at both ends the steam
engine ls applied, and the oil Is forced down
nt a very rapid rate until the railroad tank ls
full. There are said to be over 2000 miles ot
this pipe now laid in the district.
The question may be asked why, If such for?
tunes were realized when oil commandedonly
! $125 a barrel, lt cannot be obtained at the
same price now ! The answer ls that the ar?
ticle itself has appreciated owing to the In-,
treasing demand for lt; and as the trade is la
the bands of certain united organiza) lons,
they slacken operations the moment the de?
mand moderates, or store their oil in vast
tanka on their estates, some of which hold
10,000 and even as high as 20 000 barrels. You
will perceive therefore, that while there are
many failures, while many a poor fellow bore?
vainly for the precious llquld,the average profit
ls enormous, and that one or two good produc?
ing wells ls a sure fortune.
THE NORTH GERMAN "EAGLE BIRD. "-The
shape and attitude of the eagle of North Ger- j
manv, to be portrayed on the imperial arms,
have been tbe subject or brisk discussion or
late. By the Federal Council it has been final?
ly determined that the North German eagle
shall henceforth have but on head, which ap?
pendage shall look to the t ghi, and have above
It in a glory the Imperial crown. On the breast
is to appear a shield, and on that shield the
Prussian eagle, each w'ng with six broad and
five narrow feathers; and. finally, the claws
are to be all black,-the red .talons of the old
device to be henceforth discarded, and the tall
ls to appear In "heraldic delineation," which
the New York World understands to be a tech?
nical way of expressing that lt 1B to be puffed
out fan-shape after the similitude of a turkey
gobbler in the first flush of love. The feet of
the bird,-we must add, are not to hereafter'!
Shirts and iTtrmsqitig Qftooog.
j TUB PLACE "FOBTLOW~PK10BS! <
STAR SHIRTS. .
Flt, Quality and Work Guaranteed.
I Latest New York and London Cuts.
' STAR SHIRTS.
Order your shirts now, before the hot
I STAR SHIRTS.
Shirts, Collars, Drawers, Night Shirts.
Made to Orders and Ready-Made.
. STAR SHIRTS. .
At less price than any other first class
Men's Furnishing Goods at
SCOTT'S SHIRT EMPORIUM,
Meeting street, opposite Market.
> .STAR SHIRTS.
(Cigars, Sobarco, Ut.
JJMPEEOB WILLIAM CIGAR STORE I
SPECIE PAYMENTS RESUMED AT No. 310
The Undersigned offers, to Purchasers. Whole?
sale and Retail Consumers of CIGAR-, TOBACCO,
SNUFK, Ac. an extra inducement fir their trade.
SPED iE PA?MBSTS at par exchanged ror
GRKEN'B OKS to the amount rf pnrcha-e made,
without any advanceup?n the Gooda, consulting
or all articles m his line of business.
Orders extended to, him, with Cash or City Ac?
ceptances, will be promptly attended to. An ex?
amination or his Stock la respectluily solicited.
WILLIAM BCBRODER, .
Proprietor or Emperor William Cigar Store.
(g BL LI NX* O^R-A T O O ST^,-,
: ' J. B. EB AD
w Ul sell tbs rom ain (J sr o f h if. , ? *
S U K Kt B E ; Sr T ? . U .K
consisting?r.a variety of
SHAWLS, . . LACHS,
EMBROIDERIES, 1 WHITE GOODS,
AND OTHER FANCY AJOTOLES, - -
" Tte store wm be closed during the monto ol'
Auguat and fart *af September, to rikoergo re
palraprevlous to opening r?r shs FXLlPrK?lo.^
JnlylS-amwg" T*T"--~ - . 7
rjlHE GREAT BUSH FOR BABGAD?ST
. ;y-t r"'i-'Z Js ? '<>:>...
NEW AND BEAUTIFUL' STYLES FOB JUNE
~V<.. :. ') " .-,5; "vt???.:?*?S. .'-'i,'- 'lV?~~? -
. AND JULY.- r ; 7.^ V
GOODS FOR TRAVELLERS AND STAYERS AT
/ ? ' ? ' . '-?^1'
'-: v ' .. . .? ?.?r...l
FUBCHGOTTj BE NEDIOT ri. 0&?p'i?*
Voa. 344 ?ad 437 KT tn a; Street:
, -Keepingtheir. Stoat new and rreah at au te*-,
aona, are getting ta dany by aMtaaieif,.! \'??
NEW TRAVBLLINaiilNEHB JOT ^ ; l?$?,<
Plaid and Chene Japanese Pop Una - ; -u^ *; ;
Fancy OrganJlea and Jaconets for hot wsaiater"
More or their best qnallty Iron Grenadines'
whit* and Colored P?nea . '^ .'.'"/;
Pique Trimmings .. .v. -'
Beautiful New Prints, all the reoent^attepi^?? "
endless variety; Percales, elao -:'?. V; ? ' *'
Black Tamis? for Summer and Morirningl>ree#os
Black Crimes,' very b^rt quality "?>?
Hick 3 4 and 64 Morjaeifnes - > hy ^
Black EnglishOrapea and Crape Yella:- . :- V >
Crape Sets and Collara ;. r'. :r , ?
Embrold^rlei (a liwely lot) :.
Iitaen?dLacfl SetBi. .: . : .
Lace-Trimmed Collars _ .. ,v; .
Maslin Sleeve* . , _ ;
Lmeno?u)? toff q " V <i ^
ALSO, A FOLL LOT Of
CASSMEBBS, LESENS AND COTTONADj5S ~
SHEETINGS ?' '^j?**-'
- 'I^HSDAatASg ' '
.: :': '::'NA>BJNS\. M*
- . TOWELS . ? :
GLOVES .. "K'"^y_ ' ?...' .' L '
itt* . I: : . HonoHS^
BBADXIVnX 8TC-CT ''^T'
LLAMA LACE POINTS ???N?3
SEASIDE UMBRELLAS AND PARASOLS..
Everything sold of best quality, and at the verj-i
lowest prices, and nothing endorsed bocVhat i?
good of ita kind. ,; :-' ..'*.-.f; -.- .. ? :.?ir^^ ?
. FUBXJHQOTT, BErTEDICT A 00^ 1 \fi
jnna2 Hes. at4 and 48i King. B?reefa .
&f|rifljrttcrgi JwptewjCitt?;^ >; **
jp 0.0 KBT ;-X3.^BN ^^irfc-j^;^
Being the Owner of the PATENT RIGHT of th?l
State or Nonn larollna, and the rollo wing named,
Counties in the' stitte of Sontn^Oaronna, vhc:.
Charlearon,'Barnwell. Oolleton, Beaufort, George?
town. WliUameburgY Horry, ?larendoa antfCnea
tarnetd, or thia smal. Cheap and very va Ina Wa
Invention, I offer Cotmty BJghta 'and Machmes at
greatly reduced priesa Mom 1889. win send ona
by express to any addre^faa a sample.) on tua
receipt of $1 by mail,, or will nd a half doten..
(as samples,) by express; 0.' 0. D., ror $3, to any
partlea desiring me to do ao. , . . .. ..'.
N. B. Any person infrtnging 'npon the rtgnti OX
thlo Patent will be dealt with according to law.
Jnlys-semos .~ - : '.-,, ?.NJ AV>BIL*V.:
;. I I . iiSy
iJnsirues? Carps. ?'>>
Q H AB LES* LIEBE NB 0 OD, *
STEAM TCBP.'SmNS DIST IT ,T .REY? .
CHARLX8T0N', s. C.
?mw Highest Prlc*8 paid in Cash for Crude Tor
pentine. .. .. ,.. . .. .
jut* Virgin -; Teuovr Dip --> ... ;r .
Jnlyl0-lmo? . ? ? ? .
TTTTE UTE AND LEARN, - DYE AND
YT FORGET ALL.
THE SO?THHRV DTE HOUSE,
NO. 359 KING 'STREET, ,
Dyes and Oleana, by means of steam. Gentie
men's, Ladles' and Children's Clothes. Pine
Laces and Lace Onitalns cleaned and dons
np with the Soft or Manufacturera' Finish ; Lace
add crape'Shawls and Kid Gloves gleaned an?
. tor Goods received and returned, by Expreea. |
Jun22-lyr <' ' ' L BILLEB, Proprietor. *
.y? i), OL ANO Y,
A TT 0 B N E Y 4 T L AW,
N. E. CORNER BROAD AND CHrjROH STREETS,
Above Messrs. Ellnck, Wlckenberg A Oo.'a
Store. .. Jnlyl-atuta'.
IL L-l AM WHALES,
ATTORNEY AT LAW AND SOLICITOR,
Ka 48 BROAD STREET,
Jnlyl-stnthlmo UHABLXSTOM, S. 0.
PROFESSOR BERGER'S BED-B?Q
Cos tar's INSECT POWDER
olentworth's Roach Exterminator
Coa tar's Bat Poison
Iaaacsen'sSure Pop-Death to Musa ul toot.
For sale by - DB. H. BABS, ??
)vM '_No. 131 Veering wve?. .
! prOMOOPATHIC REMEDIES.
A F?LL ASSORTMENT just received by
DR. H. BAER,
jnlv? Wo tai meering airest.. .
JJLECTBO MAGNETIC BATTERIES, -
MEDICINE CHESTS, PHYSICIANS' SADDLE?
BAGS, AC. ?? *
Fbrsaleby DB. H. BAER,
mario _. No. i3iMee?ng street.
mflE FOUNTAIN 8YBIMGE..
SELF ACTTNO.-NO PUMPING.-NO ALB
. ... .".'-: ... " * '.. .?.??'iS**
The best universal SYRINGE ta the market
It ia recommended-by the first Physicians or th
It ls so simple that lt cannot get ont of. order?
There are no valves, and nothing that will cor?
rode. One will hist a lifo time. _, ,
Dr. JOS. H. WARREN, an eminent Phisiclan, of
Boston writes to the manufacturera: t
"From the fact Of Ita sin.;""tty and correo^
principle ta the structure or yon'? 'Fountain Br
ringe,' and for the easy manipulation, practicable*
result, and comfort ?o the patient, I have recom?
mended this instrument extensively.".
The Profession are Invited to eau and orara ns
For sale, wholesale and retail, by . ,
Dr. H. BAER, ? - '*
/fo. 181 Meeting street,
may30 . Atrent for, south Carolina.
S T B E C E I V Ei>,
CATAWBA GRAPE PrLLS,
Br DB. H. BABS,
m ay 15 ' No. 181 Meeting street*.