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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1671.
CHARLESTON, WEDNESDAY" MORNING, MAY 3, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
" GLIMPSES OF GOTHAM.
STILL HARPISG Oy THE RIOT.
Strong Feeling Against the Military
Were They Justified in Firing 1-The
Ring Throw Hoffman Overboard
Sentiments of the No :i-Belligerent
[FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDKNT.]
NEW YORK, July 15
People are not yet tired of talking about
Orange riot, and its causes and consequences
Within the last few hours the discussion
turned upon the conduct of the military. Then
ls a strong feeling, even among many whe
favored the protection given by the author!
ties lo the Orange parade, that the soldier
acted without discretion in firing into
crowd. It looks very much as if the young
men of the Eighty-iourth became panic strick?
en and fired off their guns without being real 1 j
conscious of what they were doing. It
been ascertained that the two members of th<
Ninth who were killed, Page and Wyatt,
from the dre of the military and not from thai
of the rioters, as was at first supposed,
doubt if a single case of killing .by the Irish?
men has been proved beyond a doubt. The
rioters were certainly throwing stones and
bricks, and a great many excited persons saw
them fire off pistols, but in every case of death
where investigation has been had, lt has been
ascertained that the victim died from the bul
lets of the military.
It is a fearful thing to put weapons in the
hands of a lot of reckless young men, with
%permission to shoot them off ima the midst of
compact crowd in the streets, at their own
discretion. The using of powder and ball
should be the last resort, and only when a re
Sonslble superior officer is satisfied that the
re emergency has arrived. It is evident
that no orders were specially given to the
military - by General Varian to fire, and that
the shooting was a spontaneous thing evoked
by the fears of the members of the Eighty
fourth regiment that the Irishmen were about
to hurt them. The consequence of that fatal
volley was that three-fourths of the killed
were people who had nothing to do with the
disturbance. One poor young man, a South
erner, who was in the neighborhood purely on
business, was slain. An elderly gentlemen
went on the root of his house lu Twenty-filth
street to look at the procession, and received
a bullet through the brain.
The defenders ot the military urge for them
that the mob was closing around them rapidly,
that as they advanced down the avenue the
shower of missiles, mingled with pistol shots
Increased, and that if they had not fired at the
time they did they would have been forced to
do it subsequently, where the street was still
more crowded and wben the entire brigade
must* have participated. The loss of life
would then have been very much greater. It
was the timely warning at the outset that dis?
couraged the mob, and prevented the riot
from assuming larger proportions. This is
undoubtedly the tact. The news of the slaugb
ter on Eighth avenue sped like wildfire
throughout the city, and threw a complete
damper on any preparations which the Hiber
nians had made to break up the procession.
The Radicals confidently nope to make much
capital out of the recent troubles. The inde?
cision of the Democratic city authorities; and
their apparent desire to conciliate the Celtic
element, which ls so strong in votes, enraged
a large class of Americans who have been act?
ing with the Democratic party, and the swear?
ing was very heavy among them on the day of
the riot, that they would never vote a Demo?
cratic ticket again. This, however, was the
language of passion, not ot reason, and It
may be presumed that when the excitement
?p. cools off, the repudiators will think better of
. their angry threats. The principles of Democ?
racy are just the same whatever the local
politicians of any city may do. It Democrats
are not' Battened with their political iconer.-,
they can refuse to vote for them, and select
others. They don't help the matter by going
over to the common enemy. It would be
absurd to hold the Democracy of Ohio respon?
sible for the political antics of Mayor -Hall and
Dick Connolly. The Radicals ot Vermont
would feel themselves aggrieved if they were
asked to take the consequences of the mis?
deeds ot tbe Charleston County commission?
ers. I think this will be the view the country
will take ot this matter eventually, and that
the Democratic party of the nation will not be
so much injured in i he Presidential election as
Its enemies now fondly anticipate.
If the city authorities showed the white
feather, the same cannot be said of the Demo?
cratic Governors ot New York and New Jer?
sey. They came forward promptly and assert?
ed the right of peaceable men to parade in the
streets of their cities and promised them am?
ple .protection. The action of Governor Hoff
iain has given deep offence to some of our
Irish citizen?. He was condemned pointedly
In a series of resolutions passed by the officers
of the Irish brigade, and lt Is announced that
a mass meeting will shortly be held to give
stronger popular expression to these senti?
ments. . Among the leaders in this movement
are General McMahon, formerly United sutes
minister to Paraguay; General Sweeney, Uni?
ted States Army, formerly the Fenian chief,
and John Mitchel. The dissatisfaction among j
these Insh has already had its influence on
what is called the "Tammany Ring.'* It ls stat?
ed, on what has always been regarded as good
authority, that the '-Ring" had a secret meet?
ing on tue day after the riot and threw Hoff?
man overboard as its candidate for the Presi?
dency. The ring leaders have been growing
lukewarm in their attachment to Hoffman for
seme months. They were especially displeas?
ed with his course during the recent session of j
the Legislature. He would Insist upon veto?
ing every bill that had the suspicion ol jobbery
about it. I suppose they are glad to have an
excuse to break with him.
lt is but just to the Irish Catholics at large
to say that they are quite indifferent to the in?
trigues of the politicians; that they care noth?
ing for the feelings of the "ring," and are
glitte as ready as ever to support Governor
[oilman on his merits as a man. The Cholle
clergy of this city, with great unanimity, o.hor- -
ted their parishioners last Sunday to preserve
the public peace, and accord to the Irish Pro
Ik testants the same privlle es they claimed for
themselves, and the opinion is freely express?
ed, and with justice, too, that if the authori?
ties had confided the escort of the procession
to the Sixty-ninth, the "crack" Irish regiment,
the men would have, if necessary, died in the
performance of their duly. At least two
thirds of the policemen are Irish Catholics,
and their conduct on the day of the riot has
excited enthusiastic commendation from
everybody. ^ ^ KYM.
THE STRUGGLE HY Cl'BA.
HAVANA, July 19.
General Palanca telegraphs on the 13 th that
engagements occurred on the day before, in
which one hundred insurgents were killed and
the rest dispersed. Nine Spaniards were kill?
ed and ten wounded. According to Manz?
anilla correspondent of Diario, two expedi?
tions of filibusters, from Venezuela, have
landed. Quesada's proclamation announced
the sailing of three expeditions in steamers (
Virginia, Bolivar and another, the name of
which ls not known. No official confirmation
ot the second landiug has come to hand.
CRUXES AJS'D CASUALTIES.
_ . . CINCINNATI. July 19.
The body cf Captain Biodgett, late of the
steamer Carlisle, missing since midnight on
Monday, was found in the river this morn?
A TJ , PITTSBURG, July 19.
a. M. LiOFerldge, formerly general agent of
the Mutual Benefit Lite Insurance Company,
waa latally shot at noon to-day.
XEWS ERO M NEW YORK.
m - ' , . , ^w YORK, July 19.
The second triennial reunion of the Army ot
the James occurred to-day.
The specie shipments to-day amount to
. Dr. Alva Blaisdell, convicted of defrauding
fthe ret enue, has been pardoned.
The committee of King's County Medical So?
ciety report 1354 cases of smallpox in Brooklyn
for the year ending July 1. Not a few fatal
cases have occurred during the past month.
TSE WAE IA' COREA.
Fall Details or thc American Attack on
the Co<ean Forts-Order of Engage?
ment-'Personnel of Attacking Forces
Description of the Enemy-The En?
The following is a special account of the Co?
rean fight, received by the steamship America
at Shanghai, having been brought thither by
the Palos, which left the- Corea on June 3 to
get stores and bring up some eight-inch guns
from the Ashuelot. The first arrived at Je?
rome -Gulf May 20th, and reported ten days
surveying the channels between the various
islands, tinnily coming to anchor at a point
designated in the French charts as the Isle of
Bolsee. For three days a surveying party was
away, and during that time met some natives,
who sent off a communication asking where
we were from, and hoping we were well.
VISIT OF COREANS TO THE COLORADO.
On Monday of this week, a number of Cor
eans ol the third and fifth rank came aboard
the Colorado, where they were received by
Governor Low's interpreters. They were
shown about the Colorado and distinctly told
that we meant to send a surveying party up
the river, that our mission was peaceful, and
that we sheuid not attack nor molest them in
any way unless they first assaulted us. They
expressed themselves non-committal, and
were glad to know our mission was peaceful,
and, as I believe, were satisfied.
ADVANCE OF THE SURVETING PARTY.
On Thursday morning, the Monocacy and
Palos, with four steam launches, two from the
.Colorado and the others from the Alaska and
Benlcla, left about half-past 10 o'clock A. M. to
go up and pass KaDghoa, an island at the
mouth of the river Salee, and survey. The
8arty from the Monocacy, under Captain Mo?
rea, numbered 170, and Chat from the Palos,
under Commander Rockwell, 50. The launch?
es were manned by eleven men each.
Captain Hemer C. Blake was on the Palos.
Accompanying the expedition were Mr. Cowle,
private secretary to Minister Low. On the
Palos, Messrs. B. J. McCaslln and Edward H.
Julesburg. Paymaster Spaulding, of the Pa?
los, was with Lieutenant Totten, and Captain
Boswell and Mr. Slossen, of the Colorado, with
Lieutenant Mead. The boat parties were
armed with cutlasses, pistols and Remington
rifles. The Benlcla launch carried a twe.-ity
four-pounder in the bow: the others were pro?
vided with twelve-ponnaers, and a good sup?
ply of shel!, canister and BCbrapnel. Availing
themselves of the flood tide, the launches
went ahead, abreast, up the River Kanghoa,
sounding KB they proceeded, the Palos and
Monocacy following at a convenient distance.
The boats, which were unmolested for some
time, prosecuted their work regularly on the
river, which is here quite a miie in width.
The day was bright and beautiful, and all
went well until they approached the narrow
portion of the river, about ten miles I rom the
Colorado. Here a great turnout, of white-coat?
ed Coreans was noticed on a bluff off the lett
bank, with flags flying, and presenting quite a
martial array. A nearer view Indicated their
number to be about 2000 men, clothed in the
costume of tho country, which ls a white coat,
not unlike the present European overcoat,
white pajamoB, tied at the ankle, with white
socks and light summer shoes, such as are
worn by the Chinese. There were two red?
stone torts visible, one on each bank, armed
with upwards of sixty-nine 18-pounders, and
guarding the narrow passage or bend of the
river. The one on the right bank was the
smaller ot the two, and was not noticed at all
during the engagement, except by a shell or
two sent to find ft anybody was stirring there?
in; but the mala fort, built upon a bank rising
nearly one hundred feet from the water's
edge, was evidently the standpoint of the Co?
reans, and from which they expected to lntim
1 date or drive a way in dismay the foreigners.
The launches kept steadily at their business
without heeding the spectacle presented on
the bank. The Benlcia launch meanwhile
drop DC d astern, owing to herleadJin? jauUngu
her screw, sc mat when thersurvoying party
came opposite the fort she was-nearly two
miles off. "
STRENGTH OP THE COREANS.
Mr. Cowle took a good observation of the.
Coreans, und counted more than thirty-six
guns in position. Besides, there were seen
countless numbera of Jlngalla carried by two
men each. -These last; with the bannered
men, helped to swell the array which formed
upon the aide and top of the hill behind the
The turning point of the river was now
reached, and when at a distance ot 150 yards
from the shore a stream of fire was poured
from the large fort, followed In a few mo?
ments by a discbarge ot guns from the fort on
the right bank. Tne launches at once turned
their bows on the malu fort and their guns
quickly replied, while the Palos and Monoca?
cy, coming up on a five knot breeze, rattled
away over the heads of the flotilla with their
eight-inch rifled guns. "
Lieutenant Commander Rockwell, with the
Palos, made splendid practice with the bow
guns, while Captain McCrea, who followed on
the Monocacy, gave to the enemy the full
benefit oi his broadside battery at close quar?
ters, so close that the vessel grazed some hid?
den rocks, which formed a reef above the
bend of the river. Notwithstanding this acci?
dent, which displaced an Iron plate and caused
a leak, the Monocacy kept up a steady and
well-directed fire until the forts were silenc?
ed. Dum g the action there was little orno
breeze, a id the thick smoke from the shore
and river almost hld the combatants. At
Intervale, however, there was noticed red
sand, with mortar from the walls, fly log off in
clouds as -he shells burst in the works, and In
ten minui-ss from ?he commencement of the
firing the Coreans were driven back helter
skelter over the hills.
THE ADMIRAL'S ORDERS.
Admira': Rodgers had said to the surveying
party, "Do nut lire unt 1 you are fired upon,
but If you are fired upon, don't be the first to
stop firing." There were no orders given to
lani, so nat after Captain Blake had satisfied
himself an to the discomfiture of the enemy,
the gunboats and launches were ordered to
move around the bend and anchor a short dis?
tance above the scene of action.
The only casualties were on the Alaska's
launch. A Eailor was in the act of pointing
the howitzer, when a ball struck him on the
side of the head and shoulders-another had
two fingers cut off by the recoil of a guu. Ic
seems strange that, with tue hot close firing
on the part uf the Coreaos that such small
damage should result, but it is believed that
this fortunate issue for the boats is owing to
the larger guns on the fort being elevated'too
much. The gunboats and launches were all
more or less struck by balls, and many narrow
escapes took place, but fortunately none were
After the boats had rounded the point, the
Coreans had returned to their guns, and in
time to open fire upon the launch of the Beni
cia, which, us before stated, was delayed and
left behind. Master Schroder, in charge ol'
the launch, did not hesitate to force a passage
against a l odds and join his companions, and
as soon as the fire from the tort was delivered,
coolly returned the fire and pushed on up the
river. At slack water the boats were headed
down the stream again, but before they start?
ed on tuelr return to the squadron, a few
shells were Judiciously thrown over the hill
into the lort. This procedure settled affairs
for that day.
The Coreans findins that their forts were of
no use, even though the Yankees were around
the corner and out of sight, concluded to evac?
uate. They were seen marching out of their
forts in Mngle file, and making a short route
to the woods in the rear. The works of the
surveying party being concluded, the vessels
returned io the squadron without further mo?
SPARKS FROM TUE WIRES.
-The Democratic State Convention of Ma?
ryland, held in Baltimore, have nominated
Wm. Pl.ickney Whvte for Governor.
-The Supreme Court of Missouri have de?
cided a case upholding the county tax collec?
tors in seizing stock ol delinquent railroads.
-The ship Minerva, from Liverpool, with
255 passengers for Montreal, was wrecks off
Cape Breton. All on board were saved.
-Collector Bobb. of Savannah, ls in Wash?
TEE LANGLEY DISASTER.
FURTHER - PARTICULARS OF THE
BREAKING OF THE DANS.
The Extent of the Damage to the Lang?
lo j- and Bath Mills.
The Augusta Chronicle of yesterday brings
us the following additional details of the dis?
aster at Langley and the Bath Paper Mills, by
which two most flourishing manufacturing en?
terprises have been badly damaged :
On Tuesday morning, about 3 o'clock", the
Immense dam at the Langley Cotton Factory
broke, and tbe contents of a pond of water,
covering some six hundred acres, swept away.
This enormous quantity of wat?r waa precipi?
tated into the pond of the Bath Paper Manu?
factory, and the dam there was unable to
stand the pressure, and went down in a few
minutes. The combined waters of the two i
ponds then swept onward, until they reaohed !
the track of the South Carolina Railroad, near
Horse Creek, where half a mlle ot trestle
work and embankment were undermined and
ThlB ls the whole of the sad story in a few.
lines. The details of tho occurrence are hard
to obtain, owing to the lateness of the hour at
which it happened and the distance of the
manufactories from the' city. After diligent
inquiry, however, we have been able to gather
of the affair, which may be relied upon as cor?
rect. The breaking of the dam at the Lang?
ley Factory was not the result of the heavy
rains which have fallen for the past week in
this vicinity. The rain raised the water in the
pond but very little-so little that it was not
noticed by the officers of the factory. On
last Monday atternoon, the operatives finished
their labors at the usual hour, and left the
building for their homes, little thinking that
in a few short hours a catastrophe would hap?
pen which would leave them for months with?
out employment. Later, the superintendent
of the manufactory walked over the dam
along its entire length, and found no cause for
alarm. The top ot the dam was four or five
feet above the water, and everything looked
perfectly tight and strong. About 1 o'clock
yesterday morning, the night
WATCHMAN MADE HIS USUAL BOUNDS,
ovor the building and premises, but we pre?
sume more anxiously look ig for fire than
water. He extended his waik along tbe dam
from one end to the other, and like Mr. Foster
found nothing wrong. The water had not
risen in the pond at all, and the top of the dam
was still high above the surface. The water
was tailing over the tumbling dam, but in no
unusual quantity. In the waste way there
was not exceeding an Inch and a half ot water.
The watchman, satisfied that all is well, re?
traces his steps and enters the factory. Every?
thing Is still around him. He hears nothing,
until two hours later there comes a sound a's
. THE BUSH OF MANY WATERS,
and looking forth, hastily and affrighted, he
sees the dam broken near the middle of the
structure, and an enormous volume of water
rushing through the aperture. In an incredi-1
ble short space of time more than one-third of
the dam was destroyed. A wall of earth,
about tour hundred yards long, eighty feet
thick at tlie base, and eighteen feet thick at
the summit-a wall which had been the work
of many months and many laborers-bad
crumbled away at the advance of the water
like frost-work before the beams of a noonday
WHAT CAUSED TUE DAM ACCIDENT
ls a question which no man has yet been able
to answer positively. There are of course
several theories, but who shall say in which
one consists the solution of the mystery? It is
evident that the dam was nat broken at first
by water flowing over the top of the structure;
and lt ls equally evident that it must have
been broken near the base or centre. One of
the most plausible opinions advanced Is that a
certain portion of the dam was built over a
quicksand, and that during the nlsrht. there
must have been a land slide in ti"raa~~?
a?oroeaaaaperuire- -tCT thc -n-aier, which soon
made itself master of the situation. Unfortu?
nately when the demolish me nt. of the dam was
completed the destruction there, great as it
was, was not destined to be ali the damage In?
THE PAP EB MILL AT BATH
was to come in for a large share also. The
upper extremlcy ot the pond of the paper
manufactory is in a very shot: distance of the
dam of the Langley factory. When the dam
burst, as above described, the contents of the
enormous basin-covering si r hundred acres of
ground-was discharged with fearful rapidity
into the pond of the paper mill, itself a very
large sheet ol water. This unexpected addi?
tion to its waters caused them to rise with
great swiftness and brought a tremendous
pressure to bear on the dam of the paper
mill. The dam was not able to stand the pres?
sure, and went down ina few minutes, and.
COMBINED WATERS OF THE TWO PONDS
swept on down the valley ol Horse Creek witb
a violence which was simply irresistible. A
short distance from the paper mill runs the
track of the South Carolina Railroad, consist?
ing, for nearly halt a mlle, of trestle-work
and embankment, and the
.NEXT TO SUFFER WAS THE RAILROAD.
The water rapidly undermined both trestle
and embankment, and nearly half a mile of
the track was washed up. Fortunately the ac?
cident took no lives, but it came fearfully near
taking a great many. At three o'clock yester?
day morning the through fast passenger train
lett this city for Wilmington. It passed over
the trestle and embankment just before the
water reached them, and a snort time after
the passage of the train the track was washed
done to all parties is estimated at about forty
The Langley Factory has lost between twen?
ty and twenty-five thousand dollars by the
breakage ol the dam. But the heaviest dam?
age will be found in the time in which it will
take to complete repairs. It will be four
months before the factory can be placed In
running order again, and during this time
fully-two hundredoperatlves will be thrown
out ot employment. The factory commenced
work only about two months ago, and this
early Buspension Is universally regretted.
Il is estimated that the paper mill will have
to expend about fifteen thousand dollars in re?
pairing the dam, and a good many hands will
be lett without employment.
The damage to the railroad was compara?
tively trifilug. During yesterday the trains
came to thia city on thc track of the Charlotte,
Columbia and Augusta Railroad from Gran
itevllle, only one of them-the up night pas?
senger train from Charleston-arriving be?
hind time. A large force of hands was em?
ployed there all day, and by last night the
track had ail been relaid.
ALL ABOUT THE STATE.
The Kingslree Star announces the death in
that village of Mr. Peter Bonneau Mouzon, Sr..
60 years old; also ot Dr. T. S. Steele, at Black
Rennettsv?le is to have a new Methodist
Church. Our Marlboro' friends do not act
rashly. This same project has been talked of
for at least twenty years. Better late than
never. Mr. W. R. Rrewington, the contractor,
is now engaged In the construction ol" the new
edifice. We learn from the Marlboro' Times that
the ladles ol Bennettsville are vigorously at
work endeavoring lo raise funds to pay fox
this church, and we have no doubt they will
Aa apple, measuring twelve inches in clr
cumlerence, sent to the editor of the Marlboro'
Times by Dr. Thomas S. Covington, of that
county, receives a ?rsi-rate notice.
We learn that one ot the inmates in the
colored asylum, says the Union, made for
parts unknown Sunday night, and was found
on the roof of the building yesterday morn?
ing, where he had remained from time of
The same paper also says: "The storm that
passed over here yesterday was quite severe
above, especially at Alston, aod ulso below
the city. The telegraph wires were interier
red wltn above and below. In the city seve?
ral arbors were blown down, and a lew tree
were blown up by the roots."
The down train on the Charlotte, Columbia
and Augusta Railroad met with an accident
Saturday, near Chester, caused by running
into a cow, which threw the engine down a
high bank, rendering it unfit for further use,
as also the tender, and injuring the box car
attached next thereto. The fireman was seri?
ously scalded. It ls understood the wreck has
been cleared away, and the trains are regular?
The Marlon Crescent Bays : "On Friday
last a large number of the best citizens of our
town met In order to express the sense of the
citizens here on the recent action of the Gov?
ernor in pardoning the rioters. After some
few remarks, it was unanimously resolved
that a committee of five be appointed to
draft suitable resolutions, with iu structions
to report at as early a day ns practicable. The
chairman appointed Messrs. W. D Johnson
J. 0. Wilson, A. Q. McDuffle, James C Mul?
lins and W. J. McKerall. By resolution, the
chairman, Major 8. A. Durham, and J. M
Johnson, Esq., were added to the committee "
.The same paper says: "We are Informed
Lhat Ben Finklea, the negro who, about two
weeks ago, outraged a white woman near this
town, killed a negro man last Wednesdav.
The murder was oommltted in North Caro?
lina, not very far from Cerro Gordo. We did
not learn the particulars or the name of the
victim. We are glad to add that It is rumored
that the villain has been arrested."
The taxpayers ot Wahee Township, In that
county, have agreed to levy a tax of three
fourths of a mill for school purposes.
The Marion Star brings the loliowlug item :
'Our Jail was forced last Sunday night and
one of the prisoners made his escape by let?
ting himself down from the third story.with
blankets. Apother was coming down in the
6ame way when he was discovered by Sheriff
Collins who, we believe, is the Jailor. Sheriff
Collins lives In the jail. Where will this
escape be laid? We suppose the ghost of the
departed will be Indicted for lt. This is only
another link In this world's history to prove
bow an innocent man is sometimes slandered,
vilely slandered to gratify the prejudices of a
wicked heart. May the dead rest in peace,
' and his ghost not be indicted for the escape of
f this Jail-bird."
THE WEATHER AND CROPS IN SOUTH
The King3tree Star' says: "The promising
prospect for a good crop that was universal a
KW weeks ago, has been materially diminish
by the recent drought. We learn that in many
portions of this county no rain has fallen for
several weeks, and the corn crop in conse?
quence thereof will fall far short of what was
expected it would yield. In this immediate
neighborhood there has been no rain for
twelve days, and the effect of the hot, dry
weather is visible upon corn. We see from
our exchanges that this-drought extends to
many of the counties in the State."
The Marlboro' Times, in piteous accents,
speaks thusly : "The weather has moderated
somewhat within the last day or two, but lt is
still very hot and dry. We hear of some pretty
good'seasons in some portions of the county,
but crops generally .are suffering severely
from want ef rain. A few days ago there
were pretty good rains below here, reaching
up to within a mlle or two of this place; but
right around Benuellsvllle we hate not had
rain enough to do any good for some time.
The crops and gardens are literally burning
up, and even the people are beginning to pre?
sent a scorched and shrivelled appearance. At
the time of writing this article, lt does not ap?
pear as If we are ever to have any more rain.
Yet we hope it will come after awhile. It has
become so dry about here, that preaching and
threatenings of a flood, if one was now
in order, would have as little effect upon the J
minds of the people as th?se things did in the ,
days of Noah."
The Marlon Star has the following informa?
tion on the weather and crops: "Recently we
have had occasion to see many crops in vari?
ous sections of the State, and we must-pro?
nounce the planters of Marion in advance of
those of any other section. The corn along
me raiiioari mutua nnnears t/v hA.oivnAt.iAi,.?n
the cotton, though theiaroer ls more than re-1
spectable and scarcely less than very promis?
ing. In Richland and Sumter Counties we
learned that the dry weather was at least
threatening, and if it continued would prove
injurious.. In Darlington, so far as we could
hear, cotton ls rather more promising- thun
corn, though both are good. Around Flor?
ence, where we met with a reception so warm
that the recollection of it evokes the tenderest
emotions of our generous heart, crops did not
impress us as more than ordinarily fair. A
ride of a few miles in. the country a day or
two ago satisfied us of the correctness of the
glowing reports ol the prospects of an abun?
dant corn crop in Marlon. If nature continues
to smile upon our tanners, they will Import no
corn for the next year or two. The cotton
crop, wu are told, ls better nt this season than
lt has been for a number of years. This is only
a rehearsal of the crop reports that come to
us from every section of the State. Our peo?
ple ought to be thankful.
"Since the above was In type, we learn that
the crops northeast of Little Rock are suffer?
ing very much for rain."
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, July 19.
Itis probable that the short but heavy rain
will pass over Maryland and New Jersey and
possibly Connecticut, but rising barometer
and clearing weather with lresh northwest
winds are probable for Thursday from Illinois
and Wisconsin eastward to the Atlantic coast.
Threatening weather will probably continue in
Northern Florida, with partially cloudy weath?
er in the interior of the Gulf States.
Yesterday's Weather Reports of the
Signal Service, V. S. A ,-4.47 P. M.
Buffalo. N. Y...,
Cheyenne, W. T
K*v West, Fla...
Uko City. Kia ..
New London, Ct.
Oswego, N. Y...
Rochester, N. Y
St. Paul, Minn..
ea ven worth....
-A young Prussian officer, who doubted
the love of his affianced bride, requested, alter
the battle of Gravelotte, one of bis friends at
home to Inform the young lady that he (the
officer) was among the killed, and to report to
him how she would receive the news. The
friend complied with the officer's request, but
the letter which was to convey the report of
the young lady's demeanor brought to the
officer the terrible news of her death, the
young girl having committed suicide the night
alter his friend's sad communication. The
young officer was so impressed with the catas?
trophe and felt so much aggrieved at the
death of his fair young betrothed, that he wenl
mad. He is now in a Berlin lunatic asylum,
and his case is pronounced hopeless.
A REMARKABLE RACE.
THE QUICKEST MILE EVER RUS IS \
Longfellow Against Kingfisher - An
Exciting Contest-Heavy Betting on
the Result - Longfellow Makes the
First Mile In 1.40 and Wins the Race
-Description of the Horses
The telegraph has already reported the sur?
prising performance at Saratoga, on Friday, of
the new Kentucky horse Longfellow, a four
year old, belonging to Mr. John Harper, the
veteran turfite, now in hi3 eightieth year.
Longfellow ls a powerful brown, Blred by j
Leamington, dam Nantura. The following
particulars of the great "event" are collated j
from New York papers:
The great event of the day was the contest
between Longfellow and Kingfisher, none of
the other ten entries for the cup daring to run [
with them. Tbls race had the appearance of a
match between th?se great celebrities. Since
the entries were made, and during the whole
of last winter and this spring, discussion has
been rife on the merits of these two distln-1
gulshed racers, and large amounts have from
time to time been posted on the issue. Long?
fellow, the winner of the race, and who made
the first mlle in one minute and forty seconds
-the fastest time ever made-ls a dark brown,
four years old, and is owned by Colonel John
Harper, the Kentucky millionaire. Kingfisher,
a lighter brown, ls owned by August Belmont, j
of New York. The race was for the Saratoga
cup and a purse of $1600.
Longfellow has a magnificent dark brown
color, a long, drooping neck, and long barrel.
His hindquarters are rather low, and his
stride is long and low, with a wonderlul sug?
gestion of * confident power. Kingfisher is
lighter colored, higher in the quarter, and has
a short, straight neck, and sharp head. In
place of the easy stride of Longfellow, he has
a quick, sharp gait, which seems to require
great exertion, and suggests a doubt of his ca?
pacity to sustain it for two and a quarter
miles. Both herses were In magnificent con?
John Morrissey offered lo take all odds at
460 to 1000 on Kingfisher. He was instantly j
taken at his word by a dozen, among them
James Barelly anil Lemlte, of New York.
Tommy Johnson, of New York, offered 200 to
500 on Kingfisher, and found no difficulty In
obtaining all the bets be wanted. From the
first, Colonel Harper has evidently felt confl
kent that nothing could stand against Long?
fellow, though he is very cautious in his way
of expressing himself. The run of conversa?
tion among the magnates of the course indi?
cated the magultude of Longfellow's triumph.
Many backed bim to beat Gladiateur's time.
After the race, Colonel Bruce said lhat he be?
lieved no horse in England could compete
with him, and Mr. Belmont offered to bet a j
large amount that he could beat any horse in
the world. Before the start, probably $100,000
was in the hands of the pool-sellers.
THE OREAT RACE.
The crowd of betting men stood gazing at |
him wilh intense interest, and as the two
came up to the starting point and got away,
lt was with the greateac difficulty that John
Morrissey and the constables of the course
could get them out of the way to give the
(torses room. On they came toward the stand, ?
and the crowd actually thrilled with excite?
ment as they passed. Longfellow had drawn j
away at the start, and at the string bad a lead
of two lengths. The difference in the horses
and In their style of running was evident at
once. They rushed over the first mlle. Long?
fellow running long, easy; but swill as a gray
hound, with little Kingfisher leap on leap be?
hind bim. At the mile-post stood ibree of ihe
most experienced turfmen on the ground, with
watches ready to take the mlle-tlme, which
THE QCICKKST TIME EVER MADE
onds^bahind. On^the'next mlle "the totetrar
varied lrom four to six lengths, and - as they
came, on the homestretch Kingfisher's rider
plied the whip, and the gallant little horse !
answering, gained fast on the great Kentuck?
ian, losing the race by only three lengths.
Time-4.02L Longfellow had not been touch-1
ed with the whip, but showed considerable exJ
hauslion as the grooms pressed around to]
wash and blanket ulm.
AX EXCITING SCENE.
The excitement that ensued was unparallel-1
ed. Men rushed about with tears In their j
eyes, vowing that such a hor?e as this was
never foaled. The only perfectly cool person
was Longfellow's owner, old John Harper,
"Uncle John," as he ls universally called, who
tottered along leaning on his cane and shout?
ing .directions to the negro boys who were
grooming the victor.
WHO WON AND WHO L08T.
Turfmen say they never witnessed a more I
beautiful or exciting contest. The amount of \
money that changed hands, notwithstanding
the large odds to which the backers ol Long?
fellow had to submit, was immense. The Hon.
John Morrissey was the heaviest loser. Among
tile large winners were Messrs. Barkely and
Lemlte, of New York. After this exciting race,
around which the chief interest of the day
|.centered, it was natural that the excitement
would flag: some what in the last contest.
Racing is fast becoming a national sport,
and it crops out at all places of fashionable re?
sort, and attracts cosmopolitan assemblies to
its courses. The races at Saratoga, like those
at Long Branch and Jerome Park, have been
largely attended by the. better classes of peo?
ple and made the occasion for much display of
genuinely-fashionable costumes and equipages.
Among the spectators have been such repre?
sentatives ot widely-separated "circles" as
Mrs. August Belmont, Mrs. John Morrissey,
who is one of the most elegantly-dressed
ladies at the springs, and Mrs. Jones, the pres?
ident of the Cook County Woman's Suffrage
Association, of Illinois. The New York re?
ports are hedged in with a descriptive pot
Eourl of chantilly lace, tarlatan, ruches,
oulllonce, French muslin, Valenciennes, lav?
ender silk, chambery. gros grain, lawn, serge
and other bewildering matters appertaining
to the ball or promenade. The ladles are
in high spirits and the season is at its height.
As a contrast to the prevailing extravagance,
notice is made of the old Kentucky farmer,
John Harper, dressed in a plaiu, long drab
coat and a shabby hat that would not bring
twenty-five cents in Chatham sireet. That he
is abundantly able to pay his bills, however,
may be inferred from the fact that he owns
'Longfellow," and has refused $60,000 for him
-which is about $5 an' ounce.
Saratoga dispatches say that Mr. Harper will
start Longfellow for a four mile dash on the
last day of the August meeting, to beat, If
possible, Lexington's time. General Buiord
says he will bet $20,000 Iiis four-year old bay
colt Enquirer, by Leamingion. dam Lida by
Lexington, can beat his half-brother Longfel?
low at that distance. Should ihese two horses
leave together in the dash of four miles, with
Kingfisher and other fast ones doing ihe push?
ing, lhere will be one of the finest races ever
ran In this country.
TBE BREAD l'ROSJPECT.
July Report of the Agricultural Depart?
The July returns of the Statistical Bureau of
the Department of Agriculture show a marked
increase in the acreage of corn, amounting to
fully three millions of acres, of which two
millions are due to the determination of the
cotlon Stales to supply themselves with bread
and meat. It ls assumed that the area In corn
equals forty-two millions of acres, or more
than bali the total acreage of all tilled crops.
The only States failing to Increase their area
In corn are New York, the New England States,
and the Pacific States. The percentage of In?
crease in other States is as follows: New
Jersey, 2: Pennsylvania, lj Delaware, 3; Mary?
land, 1; Virginia, 5; North Carolina, 9; South
Carolina, 12; Georgia, 10, Florida. 7: Alabama,
ll; Mississippi, 14; Louisiana, 15; Texas, 15;
Arkansas, 24; Tennessee, 7; West Virginia' 5;
Kentucky. 3; Missouri, 10; Illinois, 6; Indiana,
4; Ohio, 3; Michigan, 3; Wisconsin, 7; Minne?
sota, ll; Iowa, 15; Kansas, CC; Nebraska, 30.
The condition ot winter wheat, on the lat of
July, was somewhat above ah average. The
spring variety presented a worse appearance
than has been reported tor several years at the
same date. The ripening ot winter wheat ?as
been fully a week earlier than usual, and a
large proportion had been cut at the date of
the return. Never bas there been a better
promise in early spring, and the comparative
prevalence of insects and local injuries from
drought have been the principal drawbacks.
Alter allowing tor the increase in the acreage,
ann the large yield of winter wheat in good
wheat districts, the- IOSB in the spring variety
must reduce the aggregate yield somewhat
below an average.
The hay crop will-be a comparatively small
Potatoes promise an average yield If they
escape drought and rot in the future, nocwith-,
standing the prevalence ot the Colorado bug.;
Continual vigilance has partially arrested loss.
A TALK WITS JOBN Q. ADAMS.
His Views on the New Departure, Negro
Suffrage and the Ivu-Klui Bill-The'
Democratic Candidacy- and the Trne
Isaacs of the Campaign. .
A reporter of the Boston Post has had a talk
with John Quincy Adams on the general po?
litical condition of the country.
Reporter. To Bpeak of platforms, I suppose
you give your adhesion to the Bo-called new
departure ot our friends in the Western and
Middle States ?
Mr. Adams. Why. yes, sir; but the new de?
parture is a very old departure with me. I
think'it was two years ago that we Democrats
in Massachusetts at Worcester "departed." I
remember making a speech there which is
doubtless deservedly forgotten, of which tbe
only part I can recall was an express accep?
tance of the situation. The resolutions, if I do
not mistake, were explicit lu that sense. In
tact I see nothing in the amendments them?
selves, apart from /their procurement, which
need distress any Democrat. The fair purport
and upshot of them is merely to give equal
civil rights and impartial political privileges
to all men, irrespective of color.
Reporter. You don't, then, consider giving
the biackB equal privileges with the whites as
Mr. Adams. No, sir. When the war closed
upon our enfranchised black people-freed, i
you must remember, by u stress of circum?
stances brought on as much by their masters
as by us-we had either to accept them as citi?
zens or hold them in some nondescript condi?
tion of pupilage. The latter would have result?
ed in a far more dangerous extension of the
paternal powers of government than anything
in these amendments. Besides which, lt was
more consonant to Mr. Jefferson's favorite
definition of Democracy, "the right of each to
pursue happiness in his own way, provided
only he respected his neighbor's equal right."
Reporter. But you do not consider the ne?
groes fit for suffrage?
. Mr. Adams. Certainly not; and I was very
sorry that lt waa forced upon the poor crea?
tures in tbe wholesale way it was. It endan?
gers their losing it altogether. The misgovern?
ment in the Southern States ls a fearful Im?
peachment of the attempt to found Republican.
government upon undiluted ignorance. But lt
has been done, and I would not undo lt. I
would modify it.
THERE'S THE RUB.
Reporter. But there's the rub. Will not ac?
ceptance of the amendments prevent any
Mr. Adams. Why, no; I think not. It must
be applied impartially, but any reform In that
regard which is possible at all is as possible
with as without them. Wein Massachusetts
disfranchise, they tell me, filly thousand
voters by constitutional prerequisites, such as
taxpaying and reading and writing. Surely
such requirements "abridge" very seriously a
a man'* right to vote. Their adoption in
South Carolina would reduce the constituency
there to a very manageable shape; I can tell
you. Their adoption in any slaveholdlug
Stale would insure good government. Now,
the respect I have indicated, although it was
urged that these two qualifications were in?
fractions of the fourteenth amendment, and
it must be presumed that a legi sh ture which
had only about forty disloyal men in it, must
have so acted only because the party that
made the fourteenth amendment did not
think that either of these requirements in our
constitution at all Infringed its provisions.
THE KD-KLUX LAW.
Reporter. But about the Ku-Klux bill of
the last Congress. Isn't that measure a long
step in the direction of a torced construction
of the amendments in favor of the Radical
Mr. Adams. Ah, now yon touch the nub of the
whole matter. Just as the R>- ublican party can?
not see anything unfriendly to their own
amendments In the constitutional restrictions
upon suffrage in this State or in Rhode Island,
so they regard that revolutionary bill known
as the Ku-Klux law as a legitimate exercise of
power under some ot these new amendments.
In fact, we have now got far enough in tbe
trial of written constitutions to see that they
are in fact just what they are construed to
mean. Now, this is Inevitable. There is no
sense in crying over lt. The Ku-Klux bill, for
instance, seems to me
AN ABSOLUTE SUBBENDER
of the whole principle of free government.
Indeed, as a bald truth, and between us, the
election bill and the Ku-Klux bill together, ac?
tually place In tho President's hands every le?
gal power that any man who had the will
could desire to raise himself to empire. Tou
look surprised, but lt is literally and precisely
as I say. Control over the army to regulate
elections, and absolute power to imprison by
military force- without habeas corpus, is su
?reme and unlimited despotism in possibility,
et a great mass ot honest men see no harm
in this, and regard lt merely as a proper exer?
cise ot delegated power under the amend?
THE WAT OUT.
Reporter. What, therefore, is your inference
from this view ot the subject?
Mr. Adams. My Inference is that any party
In this country which really desires to resume
the moderate method of government and lone
down from the dangerous rate at which we
have been going, should not be greatly dis?
tressed by any ameudmen:s to the constitu?
tion which have yet been passed, lor by any
fair construction they need never be known
by any Stale which would be content to deal
with absolute Impartiality between mau and
man. And that is Democracy. -
THE TK?E DEMOCRATIC POLICY.
Reporter. But what would be your policy
toward the newly-enfranchised race of the
Mr. Adams. The Democratic party should
have no negro policy any more than a German
policy or au Irish policy. There can be but
one Democratic policy-the United ??tates
Dolley-aud that should be equal and e:;act
justice to every citizen.
GENERAL GRANT'S RENOMINATION.
Reporter. I suppose you think General
Grant will receive a renomination at the hands
ot the Republican party ?
Mr. Adams. Undoubtedly, Mr. Grant will
be renominated, and the issue of the -next
canvass will be upon his administration. Now
the power of the patronage of our govern?
ment ls enormous at present, and the disci?
pline of the Republican party is generally
superb, but it eau hardly carry such a dead
weight as that. The dull incompetence and
stolid ignorance of the President, his shame?
less nepotism and partiality to gilts, bis un?
blushing negligence of duty, may all be
glossed over for we all feel kindly to the man
who ?nisned the war; but the disgraceful in?
competence of the financial management ot
affairs should be unpardonable by a people
supposed to be as shrewd as ours on that
TBE ISS?B OF THE CAMPAIGN.
. Reporter. The issue you would make then
is one ol revenue reform aud Its kindred sub?
Mr. Adams. The Democratic financial poli?
cy must be squarely in toe direction of free
trade and a general reduction of taxation
The shameful ignorance which bas persisted
in wringing such enormous Bums from the
public at such a critical time, when tues
needed all their energy to rally from the ex?
haustions of the war, is far less pardonable lc
my eyes than this negro policy. I saw thai
General McClellan,ln his admirable letter to tin
Tammany Society, gave the cue which ougbi
to be.and will be followed. .That letter and
the equally admlralbe letter of Governor
Hoffman foreshadow the* line to be taken. '
Reporter. What ia your opinion In regard
to D?mocratie candidates for the Presidency ?
Mr. Adams. It Is high time to- consider that
matter. My own view is that tbs locality will
dictate -candidates. The: strength of the De?
mocracy ls and must be In the Weet and South.
New York ls secure and Missouri, for our right
and left wings. The. tug of-war will be in
Ohio, Indiana, Pennsylvania and Virginia. I
think the candidates upon the ticket should
come from those parts. I have myself a high
regard for Governor Hoffman, and h? is also
a very strong candidate,*probably sure of the
succession 1 the party- should prevail-next
lime; but I think he is too wise a man to allow
himself to be pressed in the neil convention.
? i <m , ? . .-. ?q
YESTERDAY rv EUROPE.
:? i . -- -.
The People of Uetz Asir, a Pardon for
Rossel-The Paris Municipal Elec?
tions-Communist Criminals will -not
fie Allowed to Reside in the United
States-The Cession of Guinea to Eng?
land-The Army Purchase System to
l>e Abolished in England-Thc Impe?
rial Brazilians-Prince F rede r I o k
William and Wife Snubbed by thc
Queen-Gloomy Allocation from tuc
Pope-Napole?n in England.
PARIS, July 19.
The inhabitants of Metz have sent a petition
to Thiers asking pardon for Bossel.
The Journal de Paris attacks vigorously the
circular of the Prefect of the Seine, which de?
prives occupants of furnished lodgings of the
right to vote if they have not inhabited 'the
premises continuously for twelve months.
The Parisian press has put forward a partial
list of candidates for the municipal elections
which appears satisfactory to the public.
Bouher announces himself a candidate for
the first vacancy In the National Assembly.
It ls reported that Washborne, the American
minister, has assured the French Government
that no person convicted of criminal acta la
Paris against the national government during
the reign of the Communists, will be permit?
ted to reside in the United States.
THE BAQUE, July, 19. :
The Upper Chamber ol the Parliament ot the
Netherlands, by a vote of 16 to 16, has post
, poned Indefinitely the further consideration of
the treaty for. the cession of Guinea to, Eng?
LONDON, July 19..
The Standard says Gladstone will abolish
the system of purchases of army commissions
by a royal warrant.
Several members of the royal family have
visited the Emperor Napoleon.
Small pox ls decreasing in London.
Princess Helena, wife of Prince Christian, ls
about to visit the continent to seek relief from
an abe alon of the lungs. The Emperor and
Empress of Brazil are Industriously doing
London. The future Emperored Empress
of Germany were snubbed by the Queen on
their recent visit to England. Her Majesty
refused to take. them la at any of her palaces,
and they were obliged to lodge with the am?
The . Pope recently declared to the College
of Cardinals,: . In a Latin allocution, that "ali. ia
lost, and only a miracle can save us." He sees
no possible help from, man, and recommends
his hearers to seek interposition from the
Almighty. - . ,:
According to a London correspondent,
nifUiuuu raw tu rm i ni j ""j, mu fttiiitiuirr-1
strolls along the sunny side of Bond street,
or haunts the bow windows of a clubhouse..
He ls very popular with the working classes,
who cheer him, add he is getting very fat -
PARIS, July 19.
Decrees of the 6th and 19th of September,
1870, levying an impost duty of 3L 60c on
each bale of cotton, has been abrogated, and
lt ls thought the minister of finance, H. Pun*.
yer Quertler, has concluded to abandon th?
proposed duties upon the raw material. :
H : E GE E "A T
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may 30 Agent for South Carolin I?
Just received a full assortment of HOMSOl'A
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