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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1671.
CHARLESTON, WEDNESDAY" MORNING, MAY 3, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
.?'CLERK OF THE WEATHER.
AS HOUR WITH THE SUCCESSOR OF
Changed and improvements Since Jane
-Trie Basinet of the Signal Corps
The Instruments - Taking Observa?
tions-The Theory of Storms.
[Correspondence or the New Tork Tribune.]
WASHINGTON, July 7.
I liave discovered the "Clerk of the Weath?
er." Unlike his Illustrious predecessor la of?
fice v'who, Ittiak, must have served under
one of the earl; administrations, as it is oo'.y
a lew montos ago that an officer of the army
was assigned to this duty, and a careful search
through the late reports of the Smithsonian
Institution fails to disclose tho name of Pro?
fessor iEolus.) No ionger.
"-celsa seaet Aeolus arce
though he still
?-mollitque ?nimos et temp?r?t iras"
"Luct?ntes ventos. tempestatesQue sonoras."
vHaving received my impressions concerning
the office and the manner of conducting busi?
ness there from the report of Mrs. Jupiter's
famous visit, from which these extracts are
made, I.was not at all prepared for the cordial
reception I received, nor to And that so great
revolutions had taken place and so many im?
provements bad been made since that report
was first printed. Instead of a "vast cave,"
within which the winds and storms are conga?
ed, bound down wi tb chains, and held In sub?
jection by the "weight ol lotty mountains piled
#upon them," I found an ordinary three-story
brick dwelling, on the flat roof ol which had
been built a sort of summer-house, supporting
on Us top certain black, odd-looklug machines
-Immense weather-cocks, curious wind-mills,
with little cups on the end6 of their long, slen?
der arms, and flaring tunnels, such as may be
seen around a still-bouse or a corner grocery,
except that these were larger. From an upper
corner window Issued a dozen telegraph wires;
which, having crossed the street, separated
and toqk diverse directions. No loud com
?lain ts nor deafening roar of imprisoned winds
isued from bolted and barred iron doors, but
the entrance stood invitingly open.
Within everything was as mysteriously plain
and common-place. A parlor has been con?
verted into an office by the introduction of
two or three desks, at which sat as many gen?
tlemen engaged in wrlllug. Some curiously
wrought implements standing in one corner
alone suggested the character of the place.
Nor was the presence of the clerk himself any
more imposing. A room which, with Us books
and tables, had nothing to distinguish it from
a thousand other government offices in this
city, was occupied by a quiet, gentlemanly
officer of the army, to whom I was presented.
General Myer,-the chief signal officer, sits on
m "high throne" and bears aloft no "sceptre,"
and yet his command over the winds and
waves is as much greater than that ol his
predecessor in office, with all his blustering
russ and show, as his manners are gentler
than those of iGolus were.
There ls nothing of mystery about the chief
signal office when once you are in. Visitors
are cordially welcomed and, accompanied by
gentlemanly officers, conducted to every de
Sartment, where all the Instruments are care
illy explained, and questions cheerfully an?
swered. The business of every signal station
la the country, as well as ol the central sta?
tion in Washington, is divided Into two
branches, the making of observations to send
to all of the other stations, and the reception
of reports and the publication of them tor the
public use. Besides this, in the office here,
b the reports, as they are received, are arranged
^ ao that they may be sc ten tl dc ally examined
and deductions made.
THE INSTRUMENTS-THE BAROHETSR.
First of all, the observations must be made.
The instrument?-used "arff a barometer, ther?
mometer, vane, anemometer, (an instrument
for measuring the velocity and force of the
wlcut) rain-gauge, and hygrometer, an In?
strument for measuring the humidity of the
atmosphere. The barometers Issued to the ob?
servers are superior instruments of the ordi?
nary form; they are carefully compared with
the standard in the Washington office, and the
instrumental error ascertained. All readings
of the barometer taken for telegraphic trans?
mission are corrected by the observer for tem?
perature, elevation, and Instrumental error.
Careful Instructions are also given as to the
location ol the Instrument and the method of
making observations. The reading hf the ba?
rometer, and also of the wet and dry bulb ther?
mometers, ls registered by means of onoto
~*9tae thermometers used are ordinary stand?
ard Instruments, carefully corrected by com?
parisons with that from which the record ls
made here. Observer sergeants are also sup?
plied with thermometers, which register the
nighest and lowest readings of the day. They
are of the ordinary kind, one filled with mer?
cury, on the surface of which ls placed a blt of
metal; as the mercury rises, lt pushes thia in?
dex before it, but on falling, leaves lt at the
highest point; the other is filled with alcohol,
and .he index in this ls made ol' porcelain. As
the liquid recedes, the index is drawn along
by means of the attraction between them, bat
when it rises, lt passes the index, leaving lt at
the lowest point. Each day the index ls placed
on the surface of the mercury or alcohol, the
one by means of a magnet, and the other by
raising one end of the instrument.
The hygrometer consists of two thermome?
ters placed opposite each other on the same
frame. The bulb of one ls covered with mus?
lin, and ls connected with a little cistern of
water below by means of some bits of cotton
yarn. Tba water ls thus raised by means of
capillary attraction so that the bulb i3 always
wet. The rapidity' with which evaporation
takes place from the muslin on the bulb ls in?
dicated by the different readings of the two
thermometers, and the amount of moisture in
the air ls computed from this by the aid of
tables prepared by Guyot. The two tbermome
, ters are placed on the same frame, and be?
tween them is fixed an Index; a small index,
connected with the large one in the centre,
also slides on the tube of each thermometer.
When the s-nail Indices are so placed as to In?
dicate thee ' ed reading of the thermometers,
the large ind v..c points to figures showing the
percentage of moisture which the atmosphere
JTbe anemometer consists of four small iron
hemispheres attached to the ends of two iron
rods, which cross each other at right angles
in the centre. As these turn, they communi?
cate with lour dials similar to those in a com?
mon gas-meter, and from which the distance
travelled by the wind since the last observa?
tion is read. The self-registering anemome?
ter, by a contrivance somewhat similar to that
employed in the self-registering barometer,
makes a record ot the velocity and pressure
Of the wind for every minute of time.
WTN'D-VANES AND RAIN-OADOES.
The wind-vanes used by the signal officers
are made of sheet-iron, and are arrow-shaped.
The direction of the wind as shown by these ls
recorded by the observers by a carelnl exami?
nation of the vane. A self-registering vane is
used here. The rain-gauge consists of a cylin?
der with a funnel-shaped top, the area of the
end of the funnel belog ten times os great as
that of one end of the cylinder. A me?suring
lod accompanies each, ten inches on the rod
denoting one inch of rain-fall. The self-regis?
tering rain gauge is one of the most Ingenious
instruments to be seen In the office of the
Chief slsrnal officer. The cylinder in which
the rain falls ls placed on the root, and con?
nects with the instrument by means of a tube,
which conducts the water Into a glass receiver.
This is suspended within a larger receiver,
and ls connected by means of comolex
mechanism with a pencil, the point of which
ts placed agalust a card, which la at the same
time drawn along by being attached to a
Clock, so that the whole card la drawn past
the pencil once a day. The boura aro marked
^pn the card by Hoes drawn across lt from top
4fx> bottom. As the receiver fills with water lt
slowly falls, bringing the pencil down at the
same time. When half an inch of rain has
fallen, the pencil bas reached the bottom of
the paper, and the receiver empties Itself by
means of a syphon, at the same time rising to
tb^e top and taking the pencil with lt. Thia
instrument U so delicate that it registers the
thousandth of an Inch of rain.
TH? OBSERVER SERGEANTS-THEIR REPOR""!.
Having been supplied with' these inotru
ments the observer sergeant is ordered to his
station. He immediately procures a room in
the upper story of a building, with windows
lacing north, and near the telegraph office
which is to receive and transmit his reports.
He immediately sets up his instruments and
furnishes his office, and then reports to the of?
fice at Washington that he is ready to begin
observations. Six observations are made each
day at each station, three to be telegraphed
and three to be sent to the Washington office
by mail. Those to be telegraphed are taken -
simultaneously by all of the observers at 8'
o'clock A. M., 4.30 P. M. and midnight,
Washington time. Those to be transmitted
by mail are mude at 7 o'clock A. If., and 2
and 9 P. H.. local time. The morning re?
port, which ls the most complete, is taken
in the following manner: First, the height
ol the barometer is taken, and, after correc?
tion for elevation and temperature, noted in
hundredths of Inches; then the reading of the
exposed thermometer, the relative humidity
and the direction of the wind; after this, the
velocity of the'wind ls recorded, and then the
state of the weather, "clear," "fair," "light
rain," heavy rain," "snow" or "hall,"
?c. In this report the amount and kind
of upper and lower clouds are also given,
and the amount of rain-fall during the
past 24 hours. This entire report, by
the use of figures, is transmitted with only
20 words of telegraphing, and from it the
elaborate reports furnished to the press are
made out. Tue afternoon and night reports
are made by the use ol 10 words represented
by figures as in the morning report. The
Government pays to the Western Union Tele?
graph Company two cents a word for each
circuit over which the message passes, and
the yearly expense is about $63,000. The
weather reports have precedence of all other
messages until they are complete.
80W1S? THE INFORMATION BROADCAST-STORMS.
Haviag received the reports, Professor Abbe,
the meteorologist ot the Signal Corps, at once
translers them to a map, in order to see at a
glance the exact condition of the atmosphere
in every part of the country, and what changes
have taken place since the last report. He tl: eu
makes out a synopsis of the weather during
the last 24 hours, and prepares his predictions.
In order to understand how these predictions
are made, it ls necessary to refer briefly to the
fenerally received theory of storms. It is well
nown that there are, lu the tropics, constant
winds that, with little variation, blow in the
same direction during the whole year. Those
south of the equator are the more powerful,,
blow toward the northwest, and are known
as the "southeast trade-winds;" and those
north of the equator blow toward the south?
west, and are called the "northeast trade?
winds." Between the two there is a narrow
belt of equatorial calms and rains. Now it ls
evident that if the southeast trade-winds
should at any time reach north of the equator,
and there come in contact with the north?
east wind, the most natural result would be a
rotary motion of the wind, turning in
the direction opposite to that ot the
bauds of a clock, and moving lu a northwest
direction. IQ this wav, it ls supposed, the cy?
clones of the West Indies are formed. On
reaching the Gulf Stream they take the course
of that great ocean current and are finally lost
in the ocean. But, sometimes, it ls supposed,
a entailer storm ls thrown ofi" from the large
cyclone, which, taking a westerly direction,
passes through the Gull of Mexico aud strikes
the coast of Texas, or first reaches land on the
southeastern coast of the United States. Il
has also been proved that the air which the
trade-winds bring to the equator rises there to
great altitudes and dows back to the poles.
Now if these winds in the northern hemis?
phere meet the other colder currents from the
pole, the result would naturally be a storm,
which would* first show itself lu the north?
western part ot the continent, and having
crossed the Rocky Mountains would move
across the United Slates in au easterly or
southeasterly direction. The observations of
the Signal Corps, thus far, seem to confirm
these theories, the severe storms that have
occurred during the past winter and spring
having been first observed In the southwest,
northwest, or on the eastern coast of the
Southern States, and the wind at various sta
stlons on the outskirts ot the storm blowing in
a circle, the centre of which was the point of
lowest barometrical pressure.
TRACKING A STORM-WARNING OF ITS APPROACH.
Professor Abbe, having therefore marked
his map according to the report, connects by
lines those places at which the barometer
stands at the same height. These Is?baro me trie
lines are generally found to form circles,
ovals, or arcs of these figures, and in tue re?
gion of lowest pressure (it the barometer
stands very low there) a storm ls generally re?
ported, The next report ls likely to show
that the region ot lowest pressure has moved
toward the east, northeast or southeast, Its di?
rection being In great measure determined by
the mountain ranges, rivers, the temperature
of different parts ol the country, and various
local causes. The direction and rate at which
the storm bas moved since the last report,
with the consideration of local Influences
which are likely to affect it. form then the
basis for a prediction. If, for Instance, a
storm which has moved In a northeasterly di?
rection 300 miles during the last eight hours
ls now In Indiana and Illinois, within 300 miles
of the lakes, it is safe to predict that it will
reach their shores within the next eight hours,
and to warn shipmasters and others to prepare
for it. It will thus be seen that the "probabili?
ties," as published every day, are no wild gues?
ses, but are founded on the best of data, and
may, therefore, be read with a great degree ol
confidence. The United States are far more
favorably situated for the observation of com?
ing storms than any European country, and.
yet the records show that in England 73 per
cent ol the storm warnings have proved cor?
rect, while in France the percentage hos been
as high as 71, 76, 89 and 94. No system ol
warning signals lor shipmasters and farmers
has yetbeen adopted in ibis country, though
the subject ls now under consideration. The
predictions made all relate to storms ol a gen?
eral nature, and net to local disturbances,
such as thunder-showers, Ac, which, though
they may affect the course ol' a storm, gene?
rally extend over small areas. Warnings of
these might be given from one station to an?
other, though as yet no arransrements lor such
warnings have been made. General Mver has
only lust begun his work, the reporting'of thu
weather having been assigned to the signal
corps only last November, but not only tho
possibility, but the- great advantages of re-'
porting the approach of storms have already
been demonstrated, and lhere can be no doubt
that this division of the War Department will
rapidly develop, until, In time of peace, it will
be the most important in its practical results
of all the bureaus in that department.
THEIR DOINGS IN WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, July 28.
The Ku-Klux committee examined H. W.
Guion, of North Carolina, to-day. He said thst
the failure of conviction, and the immediate
pardon ol rascals, compelled the people to
organize. Guion, who was an officer ol a rail?
road company, bad bonds ol the State tender?
ed his road at a shave of ten per cent
SPARKS PROM: THE WIRES.
-Eighteen thousand dollars' worth of win?
dow glass was broken al Chicago by hall.
-A large meeting at New York bitterly de?
nounced Hoffman and resolved to elect the po?
licemen, who were dismissed for disobedience
ol orders on the 12th, to some office.
-Domingo Ruaz, Indicted in New York for
violating the neutrality laws, In furnishing
aid and comfort to the Cubans, has been re?
TAKING A DIP.-A seashore correspondent
gives ihe following lively pen picture ot a
acene which will be iamlliar to many readers:
"It is very amusing to see the varions methods
in which different bathers enter tho water at
the seashore. Some run in very boldly with
a Bkip and jump but are frightened ut the first
wave, and beat a hasty retreat to be followed
by a more cautious advance; some dance about
on the shore In the wildest manner, as If per?
forming a can-can, with the ocean tor a part?
ner; others walk in deliberately till beyond
their depth, when they turn on their backs,
and float quietly along lill a wave lands them
high and dry among the promenaders. On the
shore the ladies trip down to the water's edge
in dainty slippers and pretty fancy bathing
dresses, and after wetting the head walk slow?
ly and cautiously lo, whilst In others lt seems
lo produce the greatest nervous excitement
and they scream and laugh at the top of their
lungs, beg to be taken out, and when out im?
plore you to take them back ag ?In.
THE WAGES OF SIN.
HANGING Of A NEGRO MURDERER
A. Ghastly and Revolting History.
[From the Anderson Intelligencer.]
On the nth day of last May a brutal murder
was committed in the neighborhood of Honea
Path, lu this county. The victim was a colored
woman named Adeline Agnew, who had a
quarrel with a colored man, Shadracb. Web?
ster, with whom she had been living in
adultery. They had just returned to the house
In which they were living, when the quarre1
ensued. In the altercation that took place be?
tween them, the woman was stabbed with a
home-made dirk knife, the blade of which was
seven or eight Inches long. The wound was
mortal, and the woman died In a very short
time. The murderer fled instantly after he \
dealt the fatal blow. Two days afterwards, be f
was arrested at the house ol a neizhbor, though. '
not without makins great resistance. He dior
not deny the cha-ge, and stated that he was
perfectly calm during the affair, until th J wo?
man struck him with a plank board, when he
inflicted a wound with the knife, which was
sheathed at the time; and he subsequently de?
clared that it was not his Intention to use this
dangerous weapon, and would not have done
so. on)y that his evil passions were fully aroused
by the assault of the woman.
THE MURDERER. SHADRACH WEB3TER.
was lodged In'Jall, and there remained until the
second Monday in June, when be was arraign?
ed before Judge Orr, and alter due trial was
convicted of ibis terrible, crime. On Thurs
day, June 15th, Judge Orr pronounced the
sentence ot the court, that he be hanged by
the neck until he be dead, and that the exe?
cution ct the sentence take place on Friday,
21st of July. The prisoner remained stolid
and indifferent, to all outward appearances,
during the brief and forcible admonition of bis
Honor, who warned him against entertaining
hopes ol pardon or commutation of sentence,
os that, in all human probability, he would
sunVr the extreme penalty of the law on the
day Axed. He was advised lo make prepara?
tions for the awful event, and for appearing
before the judgment bar ol Almighty God.
In accordance with the sentence ol the court,
Shadrach Webster was executed on Friday
last, 21st ot July. The awful nature of the
crime did not admit of Interference with the
judgment of the court, and If there were any
efforts made to obtain Executive clemency, we
are not aware ot the fact.
A PUBLIC EXECUTION
alwava attracts large numbers of people, but
in this Instance the attendance was tar greater
than on any previous occasion for many years.
Indeed, the estimated number exceeds any
public occasion within our recollection. At au
"early hour the crowd began to pour in irom
every direction. We have beard that colored
people were la attendance from Athens, Ga.,
Franklin, Hart and Elbert Counties, and irom
adjoining counties In this State for thirty and
forty miles around. Between three ana four
thousand persons were thronging our streets
bet?re ll o'clock A. M.. and as the prepara?
tions about tbe Jail Indicated the time ap?
proaching Tor the prisoner to meet his doom,
that vicinity was one dense mass of human be?
ings, anxiously walting the movements of the
About hall-past eleven, the prisoner was
brought from the jail, accompanied by Sheriff
McGukin and bis deputies. He was seated in
a wagon, which was surrounded by a guard of
white men on horseback and a small detach?
ment of the colored militia-all wearing side?
arms. By the aide of the prisoner, we noticed
the attendance of Bev. D. E. Frlerson, pastor
of the Presbyterian Church, and Rev.-F. S.
Morris, colored. The precession moved slowly
to the place of exeoution, an old field just op?
posite the mile-post, south of this town, where
a gallows had'been erected only a few days
On arriving at the place designated, the wa?
gon was driven
BENEATH THE GALLOWS
and halted just beyond.
The guard formed a hollow square, around
which the spectators of the terrible scene
drew in large numbers. After a few moments
spent in conversation with the ministers and
others, the prisoner ascended the scaffold,
and Deputy Sheriff McConnell adjusted tbe
rope. It was then made known to the prison?
er that he had the opportunity of addressing
the crowd, If he desired. He called for his
brothers and Bisters, who were present, and
bade them good-bye, and turning to ibe
crowd, expressed his willingness to expiate
his crime upon the gallows, and asserted that
he was prepared lo die, believing fiat God
bad pardoned his great alas, and would re?
ceive bim lu glory. He wished every one,
white and colored, to take warning from this '
day, and to prepare for au eternal world. This
is the substance ol his address, which waa de?
livered In a firm, clear voice, and In an Intelli?
The cap was then drawn over the face of the
prisoner. At this moment, there was
A DEATH-LIKE STILLNESS UPON THE SCENE,
amid which Rev. Mr. Frlerson offured a brief
and appropriate prayer, and as the word
"Amen" fell from the ministers Hps, at 12 15
o'clock, the sheriff removed the pin sustalulng
the scaffold, and the body of Shadracb Webster
was suspended lo mid-air, by the rope from
the gallows beam. The fall dislocated His
neck, and there wus no struggling of any con?
sequence. After* a few moments the body
ceased to quiver, but lt was allowed to remain
suspended tor about thirty-five or forty
minutes, when the ropo waa severed. The
body was then consigned to the care ot rela?
tives and friends. It was taken to the depot,
and on Saturday morning was conveyed to Ab?
beville lor the purpose ot Interment. We un?
derstand that Webster was raised by Mr. John
Gordon, three miles from Abbevllle'C. H.
Such is a concise describion of thc public
execution last Friday.
THE IMMENSE CROWD
returned to the public square, and although
there was considerable whiskey-drinking
amoug white and colored, there was no seri?
ous disturbance of the peace, which speaks,
volumes for the custodians of law aud order,
and attests the law-abiding spirit and good
conduct of our people. Several private fisti?
cuffs between white mea were Imminent, but
they were quickly suppressed by tho police.
The absence of loud talking and cursing in
these instances, too, was quite remarkable.
Altogether, the day passed off with singular
exemption from difficulties, 6uch us might be
anticipated in a large and promiscuous assem?
blage of people, where there was no restraint
upon their conduct beyond the ordinary meth?
ods of enforcing obedleuce to lawful authority
and a due regard for the public peace.
NEW ORLEANS, July 23.
The election ot delegates to the Republican
State Convention which meets here on the 91 h
August is progressing throughout the parish.
Lively encounters occur between the Dunn
and Warmoittli factions, and Indicate that bit?
ter strife would be had over the nominations.
A NEW CUBAN EXPEDITION.
A Cuban Expedition Forming-Several.
Thousand Ifen to be Enlisted.
NEW YORK, July 28.
A Montreal dispatch says, lt ls definitely as?
certained that the Cuban Junta of New York,
lor some weeks, has been actively enlisting
men to form part of an expedition of about
seven thousand, expected to sall for Cubain
two or three weeks. The commander of the
Canadian contingent is Major Robinson, of the
Prince of Wales Hilles, who was engaged in the
Red River expedition last year, and was very
active and efficient. The regiment which Major
Robinson ls to command will number about a
thousand men. About seven hundred men
are enlisted, anda portion of them have been
sent to the Slates were several rendezvous are
made along the coast Some of the men are
lu Portland, but the majority are near New
York City. It ls generally supposed the men
will assemble near Barnegat and embark, or
go direct from New York t;ity. taking pleasure
boats, seemingly for fishing excursions, and
beioz met by steamers outside. Several
thousand stands of apms (the short Snyder
rifles) have quietly been passed across the
border, and lt is supposed are safely shipped
I by thia time. The men receive one hundred
I dollars bounty.
THE GREAT EARTHQUAKE.
Fearful Loss of Life tn the Phill ipi ne
Islands-Acceptance of Favre's Resig?
LONDON, July 28.
Carmaguin, PhlUiplne Islands, is abandoned
by Its twenty-six thousand inhabitants. The
earthquake, sinking the laud, eugulphed one
hundred and fifty persons. This was followed
by a volcano firing the woods. Carmaguin
produced one-tenth of the whole manilla hemp
PARIS, July 28. .
The Journal de Paris eays Favre is no longer
Minister of Foreign Affairs.
MADRID, July 28.
The new ministry has resolved to put down
the Cuban Insurrection regardless of the sacri?
fice of life or money.
i THE SOUTH CAROLINA KU-KLUX.
Discovery of a Diabolical Plot aiYork
ville-A ?ad Case of Mare's Nest.
[From the Yorkvllle Enquirer.]
The sub-outrage committee, consisting of
Messrs. Scott, Stevenson and Van Trump,
reached this place on Saturday last, accom?
panied by A. S. Wallace, M. C. from this dis?
trict. As much effort had previously been
made to prepare suitable coses for them, the
committee were ready to go vigorously to
work early on Monday morning; and tho'early
part of the day was occupied in the examina?
tion, of several young men of this town. In
thealternoou, Hon. W. D. Simpson and Colo?
nel B. W. Ball, of Laurens, after having obeyed
snmmons to meet the committee at various
points, obtained an examination, and left early
on Tuesday morning for home.
The second day was opened by continuing
the examination of persons from this town
and the surrounding country. The street re?
ports are to the effect, that the persistence of
the majority of the committee-aided by the
military and other influences equally potent
bad been rewarded by the discovery ol a wit?
ness who had made out a capital case lor the
next Republican campaign document; Thia
witness, lt is reported, stated In substance to
the committee that he knew a number of
persons who hod been engaged in the Ku
Klux outrages, and gave the names of eigh?
teen gentlemen lrom this vicinity-persons
of high respectability. These eighteen had per?
formed a wonderful amount of deviltry; had
most ot them been present at the murder
of the negro, Anderson Brown, which oc?
curred last winter four miles from this
5lace; and many of them were also the mur
erers of the militia captain, Jim Ralney, oc?
curring . shortly afterward In the Bethesda
neighborhood, ten miles below here. They
had also raided on Bose's hotel, the probate
office, and done other crimes equally heinous.
The witness also admitted, on a cross-exami?
nation, that he bad stolen a horse, a quantity
of bacon and tobacco from his employer, and
was generally "a bad man." His name is
William H. Owens, and he has been employed
for some time in the coach factory of Messrs.
Kerr dc Roach. The statements of this wit?
ness were so palpably false In every particular
as to cause little concern to those whose
names he has used lu his story: but, at the
same time, it is sufficiently credible, perhaps,
for all tlie purposes for which the testimony ls
wauted at Washington.
The committee have summoned some forty
witnesses, and are calling on others as occa?
sion requires. Among those present as wit?
nesses, lrom a distance, are Dr. A. P. Wylie. J.
J. McLure. Esq., Wm. H. Brawley, Esq., Major
James G. Lowry, J. M. McDaniel and Dr. A. H.
Davega, from Chester. All of these were dis?
charged without being examined, except Dr.
Wylie and Mr. McDanel. On Wednesday
morning the committee began the examination
of Dr A, P. Wylie, offered upon the part of the
Democratic member of the committee. Up to
the hour of going to press, this testimony had
not been concluded.
Ills announced that the committee will close
their work here to-day (Wednesday,) and dis?
solve until September, when many of the un?
examined witnesses will be called to Washing?
ton, and their testimony taken in time to finish
up the Investigation before the meeting of
Congress. Thus far, no arrests of suspected
persons have been made at this place.
THE CROPS JA' THE STATE. ^
The Press says : "During the post week we
have been visited with some unseasonably cool
weather. Nearly all sections of the district
have been favored with copious rains, and the
crops generally, both of cotton and corn, are
very promising. Some sections have" suffered
from the drought, especially lu the lower oart
ol the district ana on the Savannah Rlver,'bat
these are exceptions to the very promising
crops which are seen generally."
The Inquirer says : "The farms in this
county have begun to suffer from the drought
of near four weeks now upon us. Thus far
the cotton crop seems to have suffered most
Beverley, in many places leaves and fruit drop?
ping to such au extent as to severely Impair
the prospect of the crop. Rains huve fallen in
the southern section of the county over a
small area. A dry, easterly wind prevailing
up to the time of going to press leaves the
prospect still without encouragement."
An attentive correspondent, J. M. G., writ?
ing from Alston on tht 26th, Bays:
"Our crop prospect i3 gloomy In the extreme.
We bad a superabundance of rain up to the 2d
July. Since then, none;* and with the uncom?
promisingly hot weather, the crops are Utterly
parched up. Very eftrly planted corn, which
was worked well, will make a medium crop.
April planted corn is a completo failure. Cut
ton ls small and stopped growing, and at mid?
day looks as it it was taken out of warm
water. Without rain in a very short time, we
can't possibly make a halt crop of colton, and
the corn we considera failure even with rain."
The Index says : "Four or five weeks ago
the prospects for a good crop in this county
and f hose adjoining were better than they had
been lor years. Reasonable hopes were enter?
tained that the incubus of debt which bod para?
lyzed the efforts ol our planters ever 6lnce the
war would be removed, and such an impetus
given to the agricultural Interests of the coun?
try as would place lt beyond further reach ol
the disastrous results of the war; cut these
hopes, apparently based on the strongest proo
abllilles, have been sadly wrecked. Every?
where we hear it said th it the crop is cut down
at least one-half. The drought has been so
severe that corn In many places is actually full?
ing down. That which had not partially ma?
tured before the dry weather set in will scarce?
ly make auything at all. Colton has suffered
great damage. The leaves appear crisped,
and bolls that have not attained a consider?
able size are lulling off. Taking all things into
consideration we Bhall do well lo make a half
SALE OP THE FIRST BALE.
NEW YORK, July 26.
The first bale of new crop Texas colton was
sold at the New York Cotton Exchange to-day,
at forty-three ceuis per pound.
The Narrow Gauge-The Pacific Eall
WASHINGTON, July 28.
The President has appointed a commission?
er to examine the first twenty miles of the
Southern Pacific Bailruad in California.
LOUISVILLE, July 28.
The proposed change of gauge ol the Louis?
ville and Clnctnnaii Short Line Road is post?
poned till August 13th. The narrow gauge
rolllngstock could not be got lrom tho East
sooner. The road will, when the change ls
made, conform to the gauge of its northern
connections, making a through line fi om
Louisville to Eastern cities without change of
cars for freight or passengers.
SAN FRANCISCO, July 28.
Negotiations recently in progress here defi?
nitely terminated In the purchase by the Cen?
tral Pacific Railroad Company, of California, of
the Pacific Railroad line between Vallejo
THE RADICALS Ci CODICE.
A SECOND CONVENTION AND ITS
Thc Amended Ticke t-vame* of the
According to the programme determined on
in caucus Wednesday night, the Radical Nomi?
nating Convention reassembled last night at
the Market Hall. Nominally It was held to fill
vacancies on the ticket, caused by the with?
drawal of Major E. Willis and Mr. Archibald
Cameron; but in reality the object was to over?
haul the whole ticket, and to give It, If practi?
cable, some colo* of ability and decency.
It was known early In tbe day that Mr. T. J.
Mackey had consented, for what Mr. Trapbois
called "a consideration," to waive his claims
to the aldermanlc chair. Coroner Taft and
Mushlngton were equally accommodating.
There was, Indeed, no room for child's play.
The chief of police had Interviewed Governor
Scott in Columbia. Constable Hubbard and
Mr. Timothy Hurley bad hurried to the scene,
In order to give to the New England section of
the Ring the assistance of their advice and lone
experience. There was but one conclusion
the Mackey party must take a modified bock
seat. The ticket must be bolstered up by the
introduction of some respectable names. Un?
less this were done, defeat was certain; and
Mayor Pillsbury, packing his trunks, would
make bis way "to hum." How far tho con?
vention was guided by the advice ot very disin?
terested friends, tbe new nominations will
After some discussion, conducted with less
heat than might bave been expected, the con?
vention reconsidered the action of Tuesday,
and rescinded all Its nominations. Balloting
WARD 1.-The candidates nominated from
this ward are: Messrs. James F. Green, one
of tbe present aldermen, and Mr. Bernard
O'Neill, one of the candidates on .the Citizens'
ticket. These nominees took the place of Mr.
T. J. Mackey and Coroner Taft.
WARD 2.-There Is no change in this ward,
Messrs. E. W. M. Mackey and Wm. McKinlay
WARD 3.-The candidates from tbls ward are
Robert Howard, one of the colored members
of the present Council, A. B. Mitchell, colored,
and Garret Byrnes. The only chance ls the sub?
stitution of Robert Howard for A. F. Farrar,
the Tuesday's nominee.
WARD 4.-The nominees from tbls ward are
R. H. Hampton, colored, and G. I. Cunning
bam, members of the present Council; J. H.
Albet-s, Moses Goldsmith, and William Fields.
The only change ia that Mr. Moses Goldsmith
ls substituted for Major E. Willis, who declined
tbe previous nomination.
WARD 5.-The nominees for this ward are as
before, Wm. A. Grant aud Archibald Cameron.
Mr. Cameron announced In the daily papers of
yesterday that he was not a candidate.
WARD 6. -Messrs. M. H. Collins and R. H
Cain are renominated.
WARD 7.-For this ward Mr. E. D. Enston ls
nominated In the place of John A. Mushlngton.
WARD 8.-Mr. James Powers was renomi?
nated from tbls ward.
This completed the nominations; but a mo?
tion was made to reconsider the nomination
from Ward 5, An acrimonious debate ensued,
lasting for a long time. The motion to recon?
sider was finally carried, and A. A. Aspinall
was nominated lu the place of Wm. A. Grant.
Upon this, five of the nine delegates from that
ward, with the defeated Grant at their head,
withdrew In disgust from the convention.
The seceders being out ot the way, the nom?
inations were made unanimous, and cheers
were given for tbe Reconstructed Ticket. The
convention then adjourned a little ofter two
o'clock this morning.
ALT ABOUT THE STATE.
A Burglar Gan.
Senator Wilson, ot Anderson, bas Invented
a burglar-proof gun. The following reference
to tbls invention ls copied from tbe Knoxville
(Tenn.) Chronicle: "Yesterday we saw an In?
geniously contrived shooting iron, which is
death on burglars. It revolves on a pivot, and
by a simple arrangement of wires, the muzzle
is made to turn toward an Intruder, aud puts
a ball through him belore he can get out of
the way. It 18 the Invention of a South Caro?
'Ofurder Will Oat."
The Edgefield Advertiser says: "Most of
our readers will remember the murder of our
fellow-citizen, Price, at Quaker Springs, near'
Augustn, In December or 1867. This dendlsb
outrage was committed by six negro lellows,
of whom one was shot and killed In a difficul?
ty tbe next night, another died In Jail, a third
Is now serving a term In the penitentiary, a
fourth turned State's evidence, a filth bas just
been arrested In Augusta, while tbe sixth is
still at large. The one Just arrested ls named
Nathan Collier. Immediately after the mur?
der, ne escaped to Savannah, shipped as a
cook on board a vessel going to Nassau, and
since that time until very recently has been
serving lu the same capacity on different ves?
sels lu West India waters. But at last-trust?
ing thut time had brought oblivion of his
crime-he ventured back, nos been promptly
arrested, and will probably be hanged."
A. Uad Place for Carpet-Baggers.
Kingstrce, a station on the Northeastern
Railroad, between Florence and Charleston, i3
not a healthy place for "carpet-baggers." A
friend, who witnessed the spectacle, Informs
us that duringa short stoppage of the train
there a few days ago a colored Conservative
went into one ot the cars, lu which was seated
a prominent Radical of the genua "carpet?
bagger," and shaking a horsewhip which he
held in his haud repeatedly over his head In a
threatening manier, cursed, abused and de?
fied him, Informing him at the santo lime that
be owed him a barroom bill for a considerable
amount. In reply to this lurious outburst of
Indignation on the part cf the irate colored
mau his victim opened not his mouth. The
Interesting scene was witnessed by a number
of persons who were lu the car at the time,
who enjoyed thc evident confusion of ihe
man. believing from every indication that he
deserved the castigation.
A Street Affray In Yorkville.
The Enquirer says: "On Saturday night last,
the colored brass band ot this town assembled
before Rawlinson's hotel, to serenade the Re?
publican members of the Congressional Ku
Klux committee who had arrived here thut
afternoon. An Immense crowd of persons
tilled the side-walk above and below the notel,
collected partly by the music ol the band, and
partly, perhaps, tu create a demonstration In
honor of iho members ol the committee. The
marshals of the town occupied iheraselves in
an effort to keep the sidewalks clear of the
crowd. Toward the close of the demonstra?
tion, Wm. H. Snyder-one of Hie mar?
shals-while discharging this duty, met
one Tom Johuson, colored, who refused
io "ive way to the command of the officer of
the" law. Snyder then attempted to arrest
him, but Tom, refusing to acknowledge the
supremacy of the law, jerked loose Beveral
times, and attempted to force hl3 way at the
head of the crowd whether or no. Upon a
third attempt to arrest him, he jerked Snyder's
baton from bis hand and knocked him down.
Suvder then drew a pistol and fired five shots
at tbe belligerent darkey, wounding him in
the face, shoulder, hand, arm and back each
shot taking effect, but not inflicting danger?
ous wounds. The balls have been extracted,
and Tom ls In a fair way to recover After a
special Investigation of the facts before the
town council. Mr. Snyder was exonerated
from all blame In the matter, the shooting
having occurred in the discbarge of his duty
aa an officer of the town."
Shreds of State News.
During a severe storm last week, the zia
house of Mr. J. M. Laiimer, Jr.. near Lowndes
vllle, was blown down, making a perfect
wreck of a cotton gin within.
A Chester colored man is committed to jail
for threatening a violation of the peace.
Mr. E. W. Boyd has resigned the position of
Mr. and Mrs. Hollingsworth and their child
were thrown from a buggy in Edgefield, but
were not hurt.
Mr. J. H. Bush, formerly of Edgefleld, was
murdered at Albany, Ga., on the 18tb.
THE WEATHER THIS DAY.
_ WASHINGTON, July 28.
Threatening and rainy weather will proba?
bly extend to-night eastward to Michigan and
Eastern Tennessee. The same 1B probable
for Saturday in the interior o? the Southern
and Gull States, and pleasant weather for New
Yesterday's Weather Reports of the
Signal Service, U. S. A.-4.47 P. M.,
Buffalo. N. V....
Cheyenne, W. T,
Key West, Fla...
Lake City, Fla ..
New London, Ct.
Oswego, N. Y....
Rochester, N. Y.
St. Paul, Minn..
Nor*.-Tue weather .report dated 7.47 o'clock,
this morning, will be posted in tti9 rooms of the
Chamber of commerce at 10 o'clock A. M., and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
courtesy of the chamber) be examined by ship?
masters at any time daring the day.
Newspapers, iHaga?itus, Ut.
ENGLISH AND SCOTCH QUARTERLIES,
REPRLSTED IN NEW YOBS BY
THE LEONARD SCOTT PUBLISHING CO
The Edinburgh Review, London Quarterly Re vi G w
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Black wood's Edinburgh Magazine.
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stan tly brought Into moro or less Intimate com?
munication with the world of readers. History,
Biography, Science, Philosophy, Art, Religion, '
great political questions cf the past and of to-day
are treated in their pages as the learned alone
can treat them. No one who would keep pace
with the times can alford to do without these pe?
or all the monthlies, Blackwood holds the fore
For any one or the Reviews.$4 00 per annum
For any two of the Reviews.7 oo
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the Reviews.10 00 "
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Reviews.'..13 oo "
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Single numbers of a Review, $1 ; stogie num?
bers of Blackwood, thirty-tlve cents a number.
Postage two cents a number.
circulars with further particulars may be bad
THE LEONARD SCOTT PUBLISHING CO.
No. 140 Fulton street, New York.
Postmasters and others disposed to canvass
liberally dealt with.
THE LEONARD' SCOTT PUBLISHING CO.
THE PABMEB'S GUIDE
To Scientific and Practical Agriculture.
By HUSKY STEPHENS, F. IL S., Edinburgh, and
the late J. P. NORTON, Professsor of scientific Ag?
riculture lu Yale College, New Haven.
Two vols. Royal octavo. 1600 pages and numer
ous engravings. Price, $7; by mau, post-paid, $8.
rj\ H E C E L E.B RATED
GERMAN SOOTHING CORDIAL,
A reliable and invaluable remedy In COLIC,
CHOLERA INFANTUM, Dysentery, Dlarhcea, and
such other diseases as children are subjected to
during the period of Teething..
This Cordial ls manufactured from the best
Drugs, all carefully selected, and contains no in?
jurious ingr?dient. No family should be without
lt. The best Physicians have recommended lt.
and Mothers may administer lt with perfect con?
Ic contains no Opium or other Anodyne.
Manufactured by DR. H. BAER,
Wholesale and Retail Druggist,
No. 131 Meeting street, Charleston.
Price 25 cents a bottle. The usual discount to
A FCLL ASSORTMENT just reoeived by
DR. H. BAER,
j i .y ? No 131 Meeting street.
gPONGES! SPONGES i
Just received a Une assortment
Surgeon's Sponge, Ac., Ac.
For sale by Da. H. DAER,
nuyts_No. 131 Meeting street.
JUST H E C ?JIVED,
CARBONATE OF AMMONIA
Sicarbcnate or Soda
Cream of Tartar
For sale, wholesale and retad, by
Dr. H. BAER,
oem Sn. lal Meetine street.
HE FOUNTAIN SYRINGE
SELF ACTING.-NO PUMPING.-NO ALB
The best universal SYRINGE m the market
lt is recommended by the brat Physicians of th
lt ls so simple that it cannot get out of order.
There are uo valves, sud nothing that wlil cor
rode. Ono wlU last a life time.
Dr. JOS. H. WARREN, an eminent Phlslclan, OJ
Custou writes to the manufacturers:
"From the fact or its ata.p"<4ty and correct
principle In the structure of you? 'Fountain Sy
ringe,' and for the easy manipulation, practicable
result, and comfort to the patient, I have recom?
mended this Instrument extensively."
The Profession are Invited to call and examine
For sale, wholesale and retail by
Dr. H. BAER,
ito. 181 Meeting street,
ma/30 Agent for Soath Carolina.
m- SCIENCE ADVANCES.-AS SOON
aa aa article purporting to be or utility has been
tested, and ita merita endorsed by public opinion,
unprincipled parties endeavor to replenish their
depleted purses by counterfeiting, and substitut'
lng a spurious for the genuine article. Some
time since, mercury, in the dlagnlae or puls, pow?
ders, ?c., was given for all diseases or the stom?
ach and liver, while quin tue waa freely adminis?
tered, for tho chills. At length HOSTBTTER'S
STOMACH BITTERS made Its advent, arra an ea -
tire hew system of healing was inaugurated. The
beneficial effects of this valuable- .preparation
were at once acknowledged, and. mineral poisons
antlered to sink into that obscurity to which an
enlightened ape bas consigned them. Tb ere have
been many spurious b utera palmeaupon the com?
munity, which, after trial, have been' found per?
fectly woi thiess, while H?STETTER'S baa proved
a biteeing t J thousands, who owe to lt their resto?
ration to health. . . .
For many years we have watched the steady
progress or HOSTETTER'S STOMACH BITTERS
In public esumat ion,and its beneficent effects as a
core for all complaints arising rr?m the stomach
or a morbid nature, and we are free to say that it
can be relied upon aa a certain relief and remedy.
Its proprietors have made the above preparation,
arter yean of careful atudy and sitting, and are
now reaping the reward claimed by thia val uah lo
specific, and which they so richly merit. It la the
only preparation of the kind that ls reliable in au
cases, and lt therefore demands the attention of.
the afflicted._, Jaly2tt-8totb8D*o *.
^MANAGERS OF ELECTIONS. -OF-.
FIOE COMMISSIONERS OF ELECTIONS},
CHARLESTON, 8. a, 20IE JULY, 1871.-No?ce ls
hereby given that tbe folio wing named persons
have been duly appointed Managers at the polling
places herein designated, for the registration ol
Votera, and for the purpose of conducting the
Municipal Election to be held in the city of
Charleston on the first WEDNESDAY In August,
1871, being the second day of ?aid month. The
Registration of Votera will begin on SATURDAY,
the 2eth day of inly, and be continued fer three
(3) days (Sunday excepted,) commencing at ?.
o'clo ct A. M., and closing ac 6 o'clock P. M. each
day. The polia will be opened on the day of elec?
tion ax 7 o'clock A. M., and close at % o'clock
The Managers herein appointed are requested
to meet the Commissioners or Elections on MON?
DAY, the 24th instant, at le o'clock, precisely, at
the City Hall, Council Chamber, for the purpose
of taking the oath prescribed bylaw, and to re?
ceive necessary instructions.
N. MONTGOMERY. Chairman,
E. W. M. MACKEY,
R, S. BRUNS.
City Hall-W. M Sage, J. J. Young, John Reed.
Courthouse-F. M. Johnstone, H. 0. Baker, S.
W. Ramsay. ...
' WARD 3.
First Precinct, Market Hall (including all of the
said Ward south of Market street)-A, F. Farrar,
J. D. Kennedy, W. T. Elie.
Second Precinct, Palmetto Engine House (in?
cluding all or said Ward north or Market street
and south of Wentworth street}-A. B. Mitchell,
William Wood, 0. S. Miller.
Third Precinct, Engine House, inspection street
(including all or said Ward north or Wentworth
street)-j. w. Lloyd, Charlea B. Grant and Robert
' WARD 4.
First Precinct, Hope Engine House (moulding
ali or said Ward south of Hasel and Beaafaln
streets)-E. R. Walter, Charles Simons, L. T.
Gardner. / .
Second Precinct, Stonewall Engine House (In?
cluding all of said Ward north ot Hasel and Bean
rain stree ts, and south or George and Bon streets)
M. Goldsmith, Jr., T. Osborn, S. G. Russell.
Third Precinct, Engine House, Smith street (In?
cluding all or said Ward north of George and Bali
streets)-G. L. Pratt, H. J. N. Eing and E. G.
First Precinct, Eagle Engine Honse (including
all or aald Ward south or Ann and Judith streets)
W. F. Barnett, E. A. Carson, J. Feronneau.
second Precinct, America airest (including ali
of aald Ward north of Ann and Judith streets)
W. S. Fraser, Wm. Glover, E. F. Jefferson.
. WARD e.
First Precinct, Washington Engine House (in?
cluding au or aald Ward east of Smith street and
south of Radcliffe street)-J. H. Happoldt, Richard
Forrest, W. H. Whitlock.
Second Precinct, Marion Engine House (lnclnd
8ng all of said Ward east of Smith street and
north or Radcliffe street)-P. H. Rivera, Charles
Linning and L. Plnckney.
Third Precinct, No. 49 Smith street (including
aU of aald Ward* west or Smith Btreet)-J. W. Wil?
kinson, S. G. Proctor and John Freeman.
Engine House, Columbus street-J. B. Mushlng?
ton, J. N. Gregg and w. G. Eaaon.
First Precinct, Niagara Engine House, Sires
street (Including all of said Ward aputh of Une
street)-P. M. Gregorle, J. E. Bowers and J. M. .R
Second Precinct, corner of King and Congress
streets (Including au of said Ward north of Une
street)-J. F. Mason, J. B. Morris and R. R.
Coste. . Jnly22
'pf APPLICATION "WILL BE- MADE
to the Union Bank or South Carolina, at the expl
ration of three weeks, for RENEWAL OF CER?
TIFICATE No.-, for Nine Shares, standing in
name of "Charleston Fire Company or Axmen."
J5r MEDICAL NOTICE. -PATIENTS
suffering from Diseases pertaining to the GEMTO
URINARY ORGANS, wiU receive the latest scien?
tific treatment by placing themselves under the
care oi Dr. T. REENSTJERNA, office No. 74 Hasel
street, three doora from the Postofflcc.
iise-JOHN C. BAKER & CO.'S GEN?
IN E MEDICINAL COD LIVER OIL.-ESTABLISH?
ED 1830.-Acknowledged by eminent physicians
to be the beat in the world. Sold by Druggists
:eneraUy. JNO. C. BARER A CO., Philadelphia.
A IuU supply on hand by
DR. H. BARR,
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BAILEE'S CITRATE MAGNESIA,
A splendid preparation. Completely superseding
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by Druggists. JNO. C. BAKER A - CO., Philadel?
A full supply on hand by
DR. H. BA ER,
feb7-tuths6moa No.-131 Meeting street.
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^ GOOD ADVERTISING MEDIUM.
GREENVILLE, S. C.,
Has tne largest real circulation ef any paper
in that section. Subscription price 91 a year.
O. E. ELFORD, Editor and Proprietor.
O. G. WELLS, Associate Editor.