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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1671.
CHARLESTON, WEDNESDAY" MORNING, MAY 3, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE BLUE RIDGE SCHEME.
? A NUT FOB THE PUBLIC TO CRACK.
To the Executive Committee of the Tax?
payers' Convention of the State of |
GENTLEMEN-Under the Instructions of the
Taxpayers' Convention, we have examined
the legislation in relation to the Blue Ridge
Railroad Company, and the action of the
?company under those acts, and beg leave to
That, in 1854, (12 Stat, 373,) the State sub?
scribed one million of dollars to the company,
and authorized the Governor to Issue State
bonds to pay such subscription.
The State also* authorized the comptroller
general, by the saine aet, to endorse bonds of
ie Blue Ridge Railroad Company to the
amount of one million ot dollars. The en?
dorsement to be void it the bonds were sold
or issued below the par value. Other condi?
tions were also attached to the endorsement
by the State. These endorsed bonds were to
Si secured by a mortgage ot the property of
e company in South Carolina, Georgia, North
.Carolina and Tennessee..
It appears that the State never did endorse
any bonds under the act of 1854, but the com?
pany Issued its bonds to about $260,000, and
secured them, by a mortgage, to Henry Gour?
din, James Rose and Mitchell King, of all ot
.'ts property In the several States.
In 18GS the State, referring to the above pro?
visions of the act of ?854, and recltiug (erro?
neously, however.) that the Blue Ridge Com?
pany had executed the mortgage required by
the act of 1854, and that no bonds had been
endorsed by the State, and that the conditions
..imposed upon the endorsement by the act of |
1854 "have become impossible and Injudicious
while the necessity of the completion of the
road has become more urgent," passed- an act
authorizing the comptroller-general, "without
referrence to the said provisions and condi?
tions," to endorse bonds to the amount of one
million. No security was provided for the en?
dorsement by the State. (See seo. I of act of j
1868, 14 stat 25.)
The second section of the act authorized the
-comptroller-general to endorse bonds ot toe
Blue Kldge Company- "to an additional amount
not .exceeding three million.'' and "that as
soon as the comptroller-general shall bave
made any such endorsement on any such con
tract the whole estate, property and funds in
the States of South Carolina. Georgia, North
-Carolina and Tennessee, which the said com?
pany may then possess or shall afterwards ac?
quire, shall henceforth stand pledged and
mortgaged to the State without any r arther act
or deed on the part of the company."
The section authorizing the endorsement of j
the three million,- provided that the bonds
"shall not be used .unless upon tue express
condition that upon application to Congres?,
or to private capitalists, the amount of three
millions in currency, or so much ot that sum
as may be necessary, shall be furnished in ex?
change or npon the security ot. said bonds."
The object of the proriso was to prevent the
sale or pledge of the bonds at less than par.
It was, in fact, a continuation of the proviso
in the act of 1854 that the endorsement was to
be void if the bond3 were sold or Issued below
their par value.
Before the endorsement of the bonds by the
State (as we are lnlormed) the Blue Ridge
Company executed to Messrs. Henry Gourdin.
H. Clews and G. S. Cameron a mortgage of all
o? its property in the States of South Carolina,
Georgia, North Carolina and Tennnessee, to
-secure the four million of bonds authorized by
the act of 1868. This mortgage was executed
and recorded before the bondi were signed by
the company or endorsed by the State.
From this review of the legislation, and of
the action of the company, it appears that the
bonds authorized and liens created were as
1st. The mortgage to Gourdin, Rose and
King, to secure about $260,000 or bonds of the
2d. One million of endorsed bonds author?
ized by thc act of 1868, which were unsecured
by any legislation -1300,000 ot these bonds
were to be applied " to the redemption of the
present bonded debt of the company," desig?
nated above as drat lien.
3d. Three million of endorsed bonds author?
ized by tho act of 1868, secured by a statutory
lien on the property of the company in South
Carolina, Georgia, North Carolina and Tennes?
4th. The mortgage, by the company to
Messrs. Gourdin, Clews and Cameron, to se?
cure the entire lour million issued under the
act of 1868.
Whether the statutory lien or the mortgage
by the company is to be regarded as the prior
lien, bas been made a question, but does not
appear to us material. The object of both is
to secure the application of the property of the
?mpany to the payment of the bonds, and
e mortgage accomplishes this much more
effectually than the statutory lien. The mort?
gage covers tbe e;.'.ire. four millions of bonds,
ana embraces all the property of the company
wherever situated, while the statutory lien
only extends to the property within the State,
and only covers three millions of the bonds.
In any light in which it can be regarded, it
appears to us that the security to the State
-afforded by the mortgage ls better than that ol
the statutory lien. e?|
The mortgage and statutory'Hens secured [
the property of the company for the payment
-of the bonds, and the act of the Legislature
provided that the bonds should not be used at
less than par. If the legislative provisions had
been strictly ! adhered to, the State would
have been comparatively safe, but ibo provis
lons of the act were not complied with by tbe
Blue-Ridge Company. President Harrison In?
forms us that "$600,000 of the bonds were
Slaced In tbe hands of H. H. Elmpton In D?cern?
er, 1860, or January, 1870, as collateral for
loans made and to be made to the company,
without reference to any value or rate fixed
to the bonds, and that under this arrangement
$200,000 have, been borrowed by the com
When the only provision which the Legisla?
ture had enacted for tbe security ol the State
was thus easily violated, the effort to procure
its repeal seems a work of supererogation.
Some doubts as to the legality of the action of
the compady must, however, have been enter?
tained by the lenders, for the Blue Ridge
Company was advised that the bonds could
not be negotiated it tbe- provision of tbe sec?
ond section of the act of ?868 was adhered to.
Application was therefore made to the Legis?
lature, and in 1871 an act was passed entitled
"An act to promote the consolidation of the
Greenville and Columbia Railroad Company
and the Blue Ride Railroad Company."
The first three sections give large powers I
and pr i vi reges to the Greenville and Columbia
Railroad Company. The fourth section pro?
vides "that in view of the consolidation of the
Greenville and Columbia Railroad Company
and the Blue Ridge Railroad Company," the
issue of tbe bonds authorized by tbe act of
1868, the endorsement by the comptroller
.ceneral, and tbe execution of the mortgage by
the Blue Ridge Company to Messrs. Gourdin,
Clews and Cameron, a: e ratified and confirmed,
and tbe mortgage declared to be a Hen prior
to the statutory lien.
The sixth section repeals the provision,
making lt an express condition that the bonds
shall not be used at less than par.
We have already indicated our opinion that
tlie mortgage Is a better security than the
statutory lien, and we do not think it neces?
sary how to discuss the question whether the
State could postpone the lien to the mortgage.
The more Important question is,-has the
?State postponed it? lathe act of 187-1 opera?
tive without consolidation *
The object and Intent dt tbe act was to pro?
mote the consolidation of the two companies.
A special act was not necessary to enable the
two roads to consolidate. They had that pow
.er under the general railroad act of 1870, but
that act Imposed terms which were regarded
as objectionable. The Legislature by this
special act relieved the compaoles from the
objectionable terms, authorized them to con
-solldate, granted powers and privileges to
each in view of consolidation, and to induce
lt, and enacted provisions regulating them
The privileges and powers granted were to
promote consolidation; were to that end and
for that purpose. The consideration of the
grants was tbe. consolidation of the com?
panies. They were not absolute grants-iree
Srifts to be held and enjoyed by the companies
n any event-but conditional gran ts, i he bene?
fits of which were to accrue on consolidation.
The act means consolidation, or it means
ATo maintain that the companies can lake all
the benefits granted to each and refuse to per?
form the condition upon which the grants
.were made, ia to say that they caa perpetrate
?a fraud upon the Legislature. It could be as
well contended that tu,e grant to. a railway
company ol a right to condemn land with a
view of constructing a railway, would author?
ize them to take the land and refuse tp build
One ol two interpretations must prevail
either the powers and privileges are absolute
grants to the respective companies, or they
are grants on condition that the companies
It Is only by considering them aa grants on
condition, that the act can be maintained as.
The title of the act is, uAn act to promote
the consolidation of the Greenville and Co?
lumbia Railroad Company and the Blue Ridge
The constitution provides that every act
"shall relate to but one subject, and that shall
be expressed in the title." (Art. 2. Sec 20.)
If this act Is a grant of powers and privi?
l?ges to the Greenville and Columbia Railroad
Company, and of powers and privileges to the
Blue Ridge Railroad Company, it relates to
two subjects, and neither is expressed in the
title, and the act has nob the force of law.
But If the grants are on condition that the
companies consolidate, then the whole act re?
lates to the consolidation, and to the regula?
tion of the two companies after consolidation.
It ls all one subject matter, and that expressed
in the title, and the act is valid.
In like manner the sixth Beetloo, repealing
the proviso that the bonds shall not be nego?
tiated at less than par, takes effect only on the
consolidation of the companies.
We have thus briefly reviewed the legisla?
tive history of the Blue RidgA Railroad Com?
pany. It. is marked by many changes, and
some peculiarities, but whatever the nature of
the legislation, one unvarying en a rac erl s Lie
painfully pervades it all.
Each successive act bas diminished the se?
curity which the State held, until Anally the
act of 1871 repealed or attempted to repeal the
last security which the State held against the
misuse ot its bonds.
If we are correct in the views we have ex-,
pressed, the proviso prohibiting the uso of the
bonds at less than par 1B still of force. It has
not, however, Been regari*! by the Blue Ridge
$2,000,000 of the bonds are ilaet apart to "se?
cure to Thomas Steers, the contractor, com?
pensation under bis contract for the construc?
tion ol 35 miles of the heaviest part of the
$600,000 are held by H. H. Kimplon. as col?
lateral for about $200,000, as above stated.
$250,000 are held by Et. .Clews as collateral
for advances made and to be made.
$250,000 are in the minds of Baring Brothers
?fe Co., of London, subject to an arraugement
with Mr. G. S. Cameron and others.
' $3,100,000 are thus lodged as collateral in
one shape or another.
President Harrison says 'that the residue are
lu safekeeping, but declines to say where, as
Injunctions may be laid upon them.
According to the views we entertain, the ac?
tion of the Blue Ridge Company in pledging
those bonds was In violation ot law, and ii is
a very serious question whether the State is
liable for th? bonds thus illegally "used:." The
act of 1854 declares that in such case the en?
dorsement ot the State shall be void. 1 he act
of 1868 continues this proviso, in different
words, but with the same intent, and under
the rules governing the constitution of statutes
in pan materia, we think that the penalty
affixed to a violation of the proviso o:* the act
of 1854 equally applies to a violation ot the act
By the resolution of the Taxpayers' Cpnven
tlon we are requested, vlf it be practicable, to
take such steps as are necessary lo p; event,
by due process of law, the consummation of
this fraud upon the property-holders of the
We do not regard a resort to legal process
as now practicable. The greater portion ot
the bonds have been already pledged, and the
residue have been designedly placed by the
president, as he himself states, where process
of injunction cannot affect them. Nor ls pro?
cess of law available to recover the bonds from
the parties to whom"they are pledged. The
liability of the State on these bonds is a ques?
tion to be decided when payment of the bouds
is demanded from the State. , . .
But while we regard legal proceedings as
impracticable, some action la, we think, ne?
cessary to protect the State against the evils
already existing, and to arrest others of even
greater magnitude. "
A scheme is now projected which we regard
as more dangerous to the Interests ol the
State than any which has yet boen under'Con?
Articles of agreement have been'executed,
or are under consideration, by which, the stock
held by the State and city lu the Blue Ridge
Company ls to be transferred to an association
which ls to take charge of the work aud com
plete lt. In the event of. the successful com?
pletion of the road $50,000 ls to be paid to the
State In ?ve annual instalments. It" unsuccess?
ful, nothing ls to be paid, and the stock re?
The stock held by the State and city amounts,
par value, to about $2,300,000.
The four million of bonds are also to be
placed In the control of the association, and
with the restriction removed by the act of
1871, as they maintain, the bonds can be nego?
tiated at any price ihey please.
Who compose the association is unknown.
It is at present represented by Mr. G. S. Cam?
eron, the trustee to protect the bondnolders,
and Mr. Steers, the contractor to build the
road. This ls lu Itself anomalous and objec?
tionable, for It ls the union, In the same asso?
ciation, of interests which are antagonistic
and should be kept separate. When the trus?
t?e to protect the bonds becomes the pam' to
receive the benefit of the bonds, the position
ls, to say the least, not conducive to rigid Im?
li tills arrangement is consummated the city
and State will' have parted with all control
over the enterprise: they can exercise no dis?
cr?tion as to who shall receive or disburse the
funds, or how they-shall be expended; they
cannot elect a director or be present at a
meeting, or Investigate the affairs of the com?
pany, or even ask for Information. They will
have turned over the road and Its property
and four millions of bonds to an unknown as?
Who can tell whether the money will be
spent on the road at all, and if it ls not, where
is the remedy ? Suppose lt is not; then the
State is liable on the bonds, and has as secu?
rity an unfinished road.
But suDpose that the money is honestly and
judiciously expended and the road built. The
control of the road is in the hands of an as?
sociation who'have built lt with State money. '
How will they control lt ? In the Interest- ol'
the State or against it ? Who can tell ? On
all these points, -so important, the agreement
ls 'lieut-no guarantee of any kind is given.
If controlled agalnp-the State, weare pow?
erless to prevent lt.
The utter loss of four million ol dollars
would be hard to bear; but the active employ?
ment ol four millions ol State money to divert
trade and commerce from the State, would be
still barder to be' borne. *
It la certain that the association ls to get the
stock and'four millions of dollars; everything
else is uncertain.
The proposal of the association to the State
in lact, ls: Givens your road and four mil?
lions of bonds. If we succeed, the profit
shall.be ours; If we fall, the loss shall be yours.
Such a plan seems to us fraught with ruin.
The true remedy for this and the other evils
ls, we respectfully Bubmit, for the executive
committee and the citizens to memorialize the
State and city authorities not to part with the
stock and assets ot the road, but to retain
them in their own hands-exercise the power
which they possess, reform the present ad?
ministration,.and place the road in charge ot
those whose integrity and ability will Insure a
judicious administration of the finances of the
company and ? speedy completion of the
Or, If It should be deemed advisable to trans?
fer the road, with its stock, assets and bonds,
to an association, let it be distinctly known
how that association is composed, who consti?
tute It, how long they are to continue, and
how their places are to be supplied; let lt be
an association with definite powers and fixed
responsibilities, so. constituted that it will in?
spire confidence, and so bound that the State
will have a guarantee for the faithful perform?
ance of its part ol.the contract to complete the
The Importance of an early completion of
the road is universally conceded. . Scarcely
atv project has appealed more earnestly or
more successfully to-the sympathies and sup?
port of the State. To the large amounts al?
ready expended there has recently been added
the appropriation of four millions of bonds. It
la not the desire of any to oppose Its progress
or hazard its success, but it ls of the utmost
importance, especially in the impoverished,
condition of the State, to guard against useless
expenditure, and to take every precaution to
insure that the moneys raised on the credit of
.the State shall be faithfully and economically
applied to the interests ot the State.
The evils of the past are, perhaps, without
remedy; let us at least profit by experience,
and take such precautions that the future shall
not repeat the Bad story of expenditures with?
out benefit, and debt Incurred without hope of
PORTER it CONNER,
July 20th, 1871.' JAMES CHESXUT.
P. S. Since the preparation of the above,
we have been informed that the State stock
has been sold to an association of gentlemen
In this State. Upon what terms and what con?
ditions we were not able to learn. P. & C.
ANOTHER FIRST BALE.
SAVANNAH, GA., August 9.
The first bale of cotton raised In Georgia,
this year, was received to-day by A. M. Sloane
tc. Co. It was grown In Decatur County, and
was sold this morning at auction, by Washburn
& Silva, for 324 cents per pound. It classed
strict middling. This ts the second bale of
new cotton received at this port.
THE B OFFENBAR OER POISONING
LONDON, OHIO, August 9.
Mr. and Mrs. Colburn, n?e Bufl?nbarger, are
here at their old home. They are confident of
success. The feeling here is all In their, favor, the
majority thinking that poison was Injected after
death by the malice of Thompson, the prose?
cuting witness, who has not, up to the present,
made his appearance at the Inquest. To-mor?
row Professor Warmly, of Columbus, will be
cross-examined on the presence of poison by
absorption, and a new question in medical
THE GEORGIA AGRICULTURAL CON?
ROME, GA., August 9.
The State Agricultural Convention met in
this city yesterday. Three to four hundred
delegates and many distinguished persons from
Georgia, Alabama and South Carolina were In
attendance. Their deliberations are of vital
Importance to the State. A mammoth picnic
takes place at the Fair Grounds to-day.
Aii Interesting Account of his Treat?
ment In Prison.
The Journal Officiel of Paris has published
the following letter, which was addressed to
the minister for public instruction. It gives
us some very interesting particulars about the
captivity of the late Archbishop of Paris :
Monsieur le Ministre-A. few days after the
arrest of the hostages I Journeyed from Ver?
sailles to Pari3. Belore my departure you ask?
ed me to tty to obtain some exact information
regarding the fate of Archbishop Darboy, who
was said to have been shot, and to do all in my
power to alleviate his captivity, if he was still
alive. My steps in this direction were not al?
together fruitless, and on my return I had the
honor to give you an account of what I had
done. By the assistance of several persons
whom I had seen, the Archbishop was, mate?
rially, as well off as he could be In a prison,
and from a conversation which one of my
friends had with Raoul Rigaulr, I learned that
it was not then the Intention of the Commun?
ists to inflict any violence upon the prisoners.
I shall also enter into details about the per?
sons whose devotion to the Archbishop waa be?
yond all praise. At the outbreak ot the revolt
M. Core, the director of the Prefecture of
Police, who refueed to recognize the authority
ot the Central Committee, was incarcerated In
his own prison, and one Garran appointed in
his place. Madame Core, however, remained
lu the appartments formerly occupied by her
husband. A few days afterwards. President
Boujean was brought to the prefecture.
Madame Core had several Interviews with
him, and did all she could to lessen his suffer?
ings On April 4. at half-past 5 o'clock la the
evening, the Archbishop, his sister, and seve?
ral priests were incarcerated at the prefec?
ture. Madame Core at once placed herself at
their disposal, providing linen, food and
money for them. She particularly attached
herself to the Archbishop and his sister. The
Archbishop, by the following letter, expressed
bli thanks to her:
" Ma da me-ll nw l am touched by those reli?
gious and patriotic sentiments which you have
expreased toward me t Accept my tuanks. Above
all. I thank you for having been so kind to my
sister, who shares my captivity, for what reason
1 know not. Al! the kindnesses you will render
her will- go to my hean, and I shall make it my
duty to repay -von here below, if I remain on
earth, or high above, for they cannot prevent me
from going there. I cannot see her, but I would
request her liberation of the delegate who ls charg?
ed with the pretection or Individual liberty, only 1
do not know what la passing in tne outside worid.
Everything goes so fast that lt may be that M.
Protol no longer fills that office. I should bo glad
to receive your advice on that subject. My sister
ls greatly touched by your tender cares, and will
ever remember them. I was Informed of M.
core's sad trish, and I have been very sorry roc
him, because or lils excellent qulittles, and thc
merciful manner In which he exercised his func?
tions. Permit me to encourage you to sapport
this grier. 1 hope lt will soou end. Be good
enough to convey my expression or sympathy to
your husband. I shall tike the liberty to avail
myseir or your offer, ir lt should be necessary,
and I again thank you ror what you already have
done ror my sister and myseir.
? Receive, madame, the homage of my respect
and dcvo lon. G., Archbishop of Pans."
On April C, the Archbishop, M. Bonjean, M.
Core, and all the priests were transferred to
Mazas. The Archbishop's sister was sent to
the female prison. Saint Lazare, whence she
was set at libertv. As aeon as M'me Core
learned that Mgr. Darboy was about to leave
the Conciergerie, she made efforts to see him,
and after many difficulties reached his cell.
The following Interview then took place, ac?
cording to the account of M'me Core:
Mgr. Darboy arose, uncovered himself, and
took her by both hands.
"Monslegneur." she said, "you are about to
leave for Mazas."
"I know lt," he replied.
"Courage, Monslegneur ; I have one re?
quest, but make no ceremonies about what I
am going to tell you. You are, no doubt, left
Upon an affirmative sign of the Archbishop.
"Will you do me the honor of sharing what
I have !*
He accepted. Then he pressed M'me Core
to his heart, and Imprinting a kiss upon h r
"Thanks, thanks, my child. I leave my sis?
ter here a prisoner; will you promise me to be
a Bister to her while these terrible events will
She gave her solemn promise, and knelt
down in tears. The Archbishop extended hts
arms and gave her his blessing. The same
day M'me Core went to a tavern near the
prison of Mazas, and made arrangements that
the Archbishop, M. Benjean, and lier husband
should be regularly supplied with good food.
She also sent thfm frequently change of linen.
At the first meal which Mgr. Darboy had at
Mazas he saw thal the person who had cared
lor him was there. He sent a little note to M.
Benjean, his neighbor, with these words: "Our
good angel follows us. Have you received
your dally1 meal ?"
On May 22d, Mgr. Darboy was transferred to
the priaou La Roquette, with the other hosta?
ges. On entering the prisoners' van, he per?
ceived a messenger named Millet, to whom he
called ont, "Do net forget No. 43 Rue Riche?
lieu. Give them .information of me with all
my blessings." And the carriage left. Two
days afterwards the Archbishop was shot at
the Roquette, where M'me Core could not pre?
vent his being treated as one condemned to
Such Is my account, Mousier Ie Ministre, of
the steps I took regarding the Archbishop,
and ot the admirable' conduct of M'me Core,
which speaks for Itself.
I remain, &c, GASPARD.
AN ARCHBISHOP ON LOTTERIES.-Following
the bad precedent of a "gift concert" In aid of
the San Francisco Mercantile Library. In which
the money prizes amounted io $500,000, gold,
the lottery mania bas raged in California The
lateBt announcement was for a clft concert
"having for its object the building of a free
8Chooland orphanage on the grounds of the
Sisters ol Mercy in Sacramento. "Upon this
Archbishop Alemany publishes a card in which
he takes the opportunity to inform the public
that "I disclaim all connection with lt, and I do
not wish my name, or that of any religious
body under my charge, to appear as counte?
nancing or encouraging enterprises of this na?
ECHOES OF OUR VICTORY.
THE STATE SENDS GREETING TO
"That Same Old Rooster.*'
[From the Marton Star.]
From the Charleston election let the Dem?
ocracy of the State learn an Important lesson.
Let it see what can be effected by nerve, by
management, by patriotism. Let it remem?
ber what a gallant lew with' unity, harmony
and energy can accomplish. Radicalism has
received Tts first but not last great shock in
South Carolina, andthe huge wave that surges
near the "City by the Sea" will ere long da9h
Its spray over every leaf of the Palmetto
tree, which spreads its branches over old Caro?
lina. Honorable Indeed Is a victory obtained
against such odds ; and the Peedee section
sends its warmest congratulations to gallant
Charleston. That '"same old rooster," which
crows in -Charleston, is heard all over the
State ; and the sound travels along plain and
valley, over bill and mountain. The flag under
which the Citizens' party defeated Radical
numbers in August, .1871, is worthy of honor*
able mention along with the pennant which
their ancestors refused to lower to British
squadrons lr. June, 1776.
Let them Act Wisely.
[From tbe Marlboro' Times ]
Tbe result ol the Charleston election is not
claimed as the victory of a political party.
But it is more than this; lt is the triumph ot
the friends ot good and- honest government,
of law and order, without regard to party
lines, over the most shamelessly corrupt
"ring" that ever controlled the destiny of any
party. We congratulate the people of Charles?
ton upon their glorious achievement, and
hope they will make a wise use ot the victory
they have gained. It will be their own fault
if they fail to retain the advantages they have
acquired. Let them act wisely, and the Pills?
bury Ring will never again control the desti?
nies of the grand old "City by the Sea."
A New Departure.
[From the Klngstree Star.]
The people of Charleston made a 41 new de?
parture " on last Wednesday, in the municipal
election of tbat city, and the result ls they
have elected a decent set of officials to admin?
ister the affairs of their city government. In
1868 they, or at least a portion or them, tried
the "do-nothing " policy, and they have paid
dearly for their folly. They said they
would not work in the harness unless lt
was of the same old cut that they had
been .accustomed to. hut after two year's
experience of being driven in the modern
style, they wisely came to the conclusion to
adapt themselves to the circumstances they
could not avoid, and make the best of the sit?
uation. The impracticables would say stand
still and let the city and State go to ruin rath?
er than aid tn extricating them from the con?
trol of such men as those just defeated in
Charleston. This ls the kind of "new depar?
ture" that we advocate. . Who objects to it ?
, . tigris of Returning Life.
[From the Wlnasboro' News.]
Charleston for some rime has shown signs of
returning Ute. The organization of ber rifle
clubs last wlntec and spring proved that the
spirit of despondency and supineness bad
passed away, and been succeeded by tbe spirit
of cheerfulness and work. And here is vic?
tory as the first i nuts of the change. Let not
the lesson be lost upon the State. Let the
young men In every county associate together'
In rifle club?, or in some other practical form
calculated lo unite them and keep their
scorn of misrule and tbelr self-reliant
spirit fully alive, and the future ot
the State will brighten from day to
day, untljjour redemption is complete. It ls
association and union that gives strength and
encourages activity. We do not iavor political
clubs.* They don't Interest sufficiently. Let
our young men unite in organizations whose
purposes, per se, create a healtny and whole?
some interest. Rifle clubs and shooting
matches, for example, ever excite not only In?
terest, but earnest enthusiasm. We should
have them all over the State. .If we are to
be ruled by negroes for as many years as some
think, but which we do not believe, let us
the more earnestly keep up the spirit of manly
self-reliance br associating together until the
State Government passes out of the bands of
The Lesson of the -Hour.
[From the Marlon Crescent.]
These victories teach us bow much can be
done by earnest, zealous work, and effectually
.disprove the arguments ol time-servers, who
try to impress on the people the imagined im?
possibility of accomplishing anything in this
State against the Radical offlce-holoers and
their tools. In Chester and Charleston the
Radicals have uniformly carried the day,
but this time the Conservatives deter?
mined to save the county tn tbe one case,
and the city In tho other, and they did lt.
Encouraged by their success, we should take
heart and hope that for our entire State there
.ls a "better lime coming," and, not only to
hope, but to work with a will, for that end.
We congratulate our friends of Chester aud
Charleston on their good fortune, and trust
that they will so use their victory, by contrast?
ing good government and bad, as to force
commendation even lrom their opponents.
LYNCH LAW IN KENTUCKT.
LOUISVILLE, August 9.
Two hundred masked men took two negroes
from the Frankfort jail, one of whom was
charged with firing a shot in a riot where two
whites were killed, and hanged them a short
distance from town.
. A later dispatch says that the negroes were
taken from the Frankfort Joli so quietly that
hardly any one was aware of the deed. The
negroes were taken across the Kentucky
River and hung near the spot where one had
committed a rape a few days before.
WOMAN'S RIGHTS !
ST." Louis, August 9.
In the Labor Convention to-day the follow?
ing resolution was adopted: That this organ?
ization cheerfully recognize the right of
women .everywhere to learn and engage in
any profession, trade or occupation wnlch
they may desire, and that, for any certain
amount of work, they should receive the same
pay as men._
THE LOUISIANA RIFF-RAFFS.
NEW ORLEANS, August 9.
The Radical State Convention was organ?
ized tbls morning. Warmouth led his torces out
of the convention, and Is attempting to bold
a "bolting" convention. He took with him a
delegation from only three or four parishes
that were regularly elected. Most of bis ad?
herents who were entitled to seats remained.
A guard of soldiers was In the building to pro?
tect the public property, and prevented a riot
by a mob that demanded admission.
FiR9T NARROW GAUGE RAILROAD IN VIRGI?
NIA.-The Richmond State Journal says : "Mr.
Richard B. Roane, of Charles City County,
chief engineer of the proposed railroad to be
butlt by the Badford Iron Company lu Pulaski
County, will leave this city to-morrow for a
point on the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad,
aboat ten miles below Dublin, for the purpose
of makin? the final survey of the road prior to*
letting out the contracts tor different sections
of ' :.e work. This road is strictly a private
enterprise on the part of the Iron Company
above mentioned. It will be narrow-gauged,
two and a half feet wide, and will run through
the iron regions of Pulaski (said to bethe rich?
est in the Slate) io the company's furnaces
and beyond to Carroll County, a distance oi
ABOUT MONKEYS.-Reugger observed an
American monkey carefully driving away the
flies which plagued her inlant; and Duvancel
saw a hylobate8 washing the faces ol her young
ones in a stream. So intense is the grief ot fe?
male monkeys for the loss of their young, that
it invariably caused the death of certain kinds
kept under confinement by Brehm In North
Afclca. Orphan monkeys were always adopted
and carefully guarded by the other monkeysj
both male and female. One female baboon
had so capacious a heart that she not only
adopted young monkeys ot other species, but
stole young dogs and cats, which she continu
alfjfcarrled'ab?ut. An adopted kitten sciatched
this affectionate baboon, who certainly had a
sharp intellect;' for she was much astonished
at being scratched, and Immediately examined
the kitten's feet, and without more ado bit off
the claws.- AU Vie Year Round.
THE WESTFIELD DISASTER.
The Inquest Begun-An Absent Engi?
neer-Secreta of the-Inspection Service
NEW YORK, August 9.
One more death from the Westfield disaster
occurred to-day. and four more of the victims
are lo a most critical condition and are notez
pected to survive the night The coroner's
Inquest, as to the cause of the disaster, com?
menced to-day. Julius Raymond, whose
father was killed by the explosion, was the
first witness examined. He testified that he
was standing beside the engine and watching
Its action when the explosion took place; was
certain that no one but himself had been In
the engine-room for about ten minutes before
the explosion; had observed the steam gauge
Just before the boiler exploded, but had not
noticed the degree of pressure Indicated by
the figures. In answer to a Juror be positively
reiterated the statement that there bad been
no one but himself in the engine-room for ten
minutes before the explosion.
Ex-Inspector of Boilers Berryman has made
serious charges before the regular board of In?
vestigation against Inspector Matthews, one
of which ls that the latter had forged his
(Berry man's j name to the certificate of the
steamer North America. This charge was,
however, preved to be unfounded. Berryman
also exhibits a list of six or eight steamers
which were at various times refused certifi?
cates by him, but were afterward passed by
Matthews, and he asserts that the latter waa
actuated by Interested motives. Incidentally
his statements also tend to show that the
greatest demoralization exists In the inspec?
tion service. Inspector Matthews, on being
re-examined, admitted that when the Inspec?
tors have a great deal of work they authorize
their clerks to make out certificates and sign
the Inspector's name; also that the Inspectors
do not get inside the hollers to make their ex?
ALL ABOUT THE STATE.
Sales-day passed off quietly. No property
sold and no tree fights.
The store of Mr. E. H. Gasque was broken
Into on the 5th, and a quantity of molasses
and groceries were stolen. .
- Miss Norah Spencer, eldest daughter of Mr.
John F. Spencer, died last week.
A new postoffice has been opened at Cen?
Dr. Smith, a practicing physician, living a
few miles from Floral College, was shot and
Instantly killed on Thursday, the 3d inst., a
few hundred yards from his house, when re?
turning from a visit to a patient. Some sup?
pose that the deed was done by Lowry 's band,
but the prevailing opinion is that it was com?
mitted by a colored man with whom the Dr.
had had some difficulty at the election that
The Union meetlnsr at the Baptist Church is
in progress. About twenty persons have pro?
fessed religion, and have been received tor
baptism; and many more appear to be deeply
concerned about their spiritual Interests. In
addition to Rev. J. A. W. Thomas, pastor of the
church, Rev. Messrs. Beattie, Dargan and
Rice have been In attendance upon the meet?
ing, and have rendered valuable and efficient
THE WEATHER AND THE CROPS.
Richland and Edgefleld.
Reports from all parts of Richland County
relating to the crops are encouraging. Since
the general rain they have recovered much.
A gentleman from Edgefleld yesterdav
states that there never was a better corn pros'
peet in that county than the present.
The Crescent says: "Rains have fallen In the
greater part of the county, and the crops are
very much relreshed and benefited. Though
in some sections the crops both of corn and
cotton will-be probably less than one-half, yet
we think our figures given last week are not
far from the mark. It will, at any rate, reach
two-thirds of the usual crop."
The Star says : " This neighborhood was
refreshed on Saturday last by a heavy fall of |
rain, which will assist the growth of cotton,
potatoes, peas, rice, ?c., but it ls too late to do
corn any good. We have had several showers
since Saturday, which have had the effect of |
making the weather much more pleasant."
The Times says: "On Saturday and Sunday
last the rains were pretty general throughout
the county. Everybody that we have seen re- j
ports rain, and a plenty of lt, at last. Crops
are undoubtedly cut short, to a great extent,
by the protracted drought, but these, recent
rains will arrest the burning up process which
has been going on, and enable our farmers,
we hope, yet to rejoice In pretty fair crops."
The News says: "The drought In this sec?
tion, we are assured from all quarters, has se?
riously injured the crops. Cotton Dolls dre
shedding ireely, and In places where there
were seemingly better prospects lor a good
yield, as much as sixteen bolls have been
picked up, having dropped from one stalk.
On Saturday evening a refreshing shower
visited our vicinity, and Saturday night we
had more rain, but not sufficient to thorough?
ly moisten the ground, and if we do not have
more very trace of lt will disappear tn a day
or two. Ic Is seriously thought that tho cotton
crop, under no circumstance, can exceed the
half of an average."
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, -August 9.
Partially cloudy and pleasant weather will
probably continue in the Middle and Eastern
States until Thursday evening. The low pres?
sure in the Northwest will probably by that.j
time extend eastward to the lower lakes, with
local storms from Missouri to Michigan and
northwestward. The barometer will probably
fall somewhat Ut the Gulf States, with threat?
ening weather and with rain on the immediate
coast during the day. The threatening weather
In the Carolinas will probably extend north?
eastward over the ocean.
Yesterday's Weather Reports of the
Signal Service, U. S. .1.-4.47 P. M.,
Buffalo, N. Y....
Cheyenne, W. T.
Duluth, Min ....
Lake City, Fla ..
New London, Ct.
Oswego. N. Y....
Rochester, N. Y.
st. raul, Minn..
78 SB '
Gen i le.
NOTE.-The weather renou dated 7.47 o'clock,
this morning, will be poseed In Che rooms ol Che
Chamber of Commerce at io o'clock A. M., and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
conrtesv of the chamber) be examined by ship?
masters at any time during the day.
TEE OTHER MllSPHERE.
y EG OTT A HON OF THE TWITED STATES
Organizing a New Rel lg lon-The Oer? ?
mana Leaving France-Fail are of Mr.
Ashbary'd Sew Yacht.
PARIS, August 9.
The Germans have commenced evacuating
the loris north and east of Paris.
The police of the arrondlsement of Batlg
nolles have received a hint from Versailles to
moderate their zeal In the arrest of Commu?
LONDON, August 9.
A meeting was held at Heidelberg, on Sun?
day, to take measures for the foundation of a
German Catholic Church. Forty delegates
were present from various parts of Germany,
Austria and Switzerland. A committee was
appointed to draw up a constitution for the
new church. Its main points will be the prin?
ciples of the Council of Constance, of 1314;
subordination of tbe Pope to the Council; eep-1
aration of church and State; participation of
laymen in tbe management of the church;
'free election of bishops; communal election of |
pastors, and a modification of the confessional
The delegates are divided in opinion as to |
whether the new church should acknowledge
the primacy of the Pope. The committee
were instructed to submit their report for rati?
fication at a meeting to be. held at Munich in
Commodore Ashbury's new yacht, the Li?
vonia, not having answered the expectations
of the owner in contests in which she has been
engaged, will remain ht home, instead of going |
to New Tork to compete for the Queen's cup,
won by the America, with the vessels of the
New York squadron. The Cambria is to be
refitted and will take the place of the Livonia.
The Assistant Secretary of the United States
Treasury, Richardson, has completed the nego?
tiation of the balance of tbe new American five
per cent bonds with tbe London house of Jay
Cooke,McCulloch ?fc Co. The announcement of
the arrangement has occasioned a considera?
ble advance in the prices of all 'United States
bonds In this market.
MADRID, August 9.
The official newspaper denies on authority
that any intention exists on the part of the
government to impose a tax upon Spanish
bonds held by persons outside the Kingdom.
VERSAILLES, August 8.
The court-martial commenced the examina- \
tlon of witnesses. Ferry, one of the accused,
attempted to make a speech in defence of the
Commune, but he was not permitted tojpro
ceed. He denied he had ordered the burning
of the Palace of the Ministry of Finance. Sev?
eral witnesses swore Ferry personally forbade
the release of prisoners in the Prefecture while
It was burning. Ferry and A'ssl were both in?
solent In speech and manner, and- were ire- J
quently reprimanded by the court. The court
room was crowded with spectators.
THE VICTORY IN KENTUCKY.
LOUISVILLE, August 9.
Leslie's friends claim 35,0Q0 majority. Har-1
Ian's friends concede 25 to 30,000.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-Delano Is stumping in Ohio.
-The Warmpulh faction claim a majority ia |
the Louisiana convention.
-Roberts ls elected president of Liberia.
Roye, the present president, disputes the va?
lidity of the election.
-A dispatch from Salt Lake says a Mormon
has been held in $5000 ball In the Third District
Court, on the charge of adultery, preferred by |
his first wife.
-The usual monthly explosion of nitro
glycerine at the Hoosac Tunnel was caused
yesterday by a flash of lightning. Only two
deaths resulted this time. .
-At the Buffalo races Clara G. won the first
race In three straight heats. Time : 2.30,
2.2GJ, 2.26. Fullerton won the second, win- j
ning third, fourth and fifth beats. Time : 2.27|,
2.29rV, 1.311 The third race was postponed.
. -A whirlwind at Wlnnecoune, Wisconsin,
capsized the steamer Star, drowning Captald
George Smith and a raftsman. A boom of fifty |
million feet logs was broken. The Boman
Catholic church, at Granville, was destroyed.
Grain stacks are scattered and corn is laid fiat.
IMPROVEMENTS IN WASHINGTON.-A letter-to
the New York Tribune says : "The number of |
dwelling-houses erected this year In Washing?
ton, lt ls believed, will exceed the number
built last year, which was thought to be the
most remarkable year in that respect in the
history of the capital. There is also a notice?
able Improvement In the character of the j
houses now going up. Last year there were a
great many blocks of cheap houses, built to
rent or to sell on speculation; but this season
the new buildings are chiefly separate dwell?
ings, intended for homes for those who built
them, and ranging in value from $10,000 to
$50,000. The steady growth of the portion of the
city occupied by the better class of dwellings
is a constant surprise to even those people who
have always been sanguine in their bopes for
the prosperity of the capital, and is thought to
indicate a steady influx of persons of leisure i
and means, who find in Washington attrac-1
tlons wblch induce them to make their homes
here." _ _ _ .
MONTPELIER FOR SALE.-This magnificent
estate, containing 1065 acres of land, situated
in Orange Connty, Va., four miles from Orange
Courthouse, on the Alexandria and Manassas
Railroad, is for sale privately, and offers to
gentlemen of property ont? of the most desi?
rable country residences to be found in the ?
State of Virginia. Located in a fine grain
growing section, with a soil adapted to cereals j
and grasses, surrounded by beautiful scenery,
the purchaser would not only obtain, a farm
valuable for its fertility and productiveness,
but one which presents other attractions, ol j
which the refined and cultivated society of the '
neighborhood ls not tbe least. There are on
the premises a substantial mansion, the usual
outbuildings, -grist and saw mills, ?c. Tbe
property will be sold either as a whole or In
parcels-the mansion house with 500 or 600
acres, and the balance to sait purchasers.
Montpelier was formerly the home of Presi?
dent Madison. For full particulars apply to I
Dr. George W. Bagby.-State Librarian, Blch-|
COLUMBIA, S. C.,
WM. GORMAN, PROPRIETOR.
The Proprietor of this pleasantly located and
elegantly furnished Establishment, at the State
capital, desires to inform the travelling public and
others seeking accommodations, that the' "CO?
LUMBIA" ls in every resped?' a nnt-citas Hotel,
unsurpassed by any In the State or the United
States. Situated in the business centre of the
city, with line large airy rooms, and a table sap
plied with every delicacy of the season, both from
New York and Charleston markets, the Proprio
tor pledges that no efforts will be spared to give
perfect satisfaction In every respect
A ?TBt-dlasB Livery stable la attached to the
Hotel, where vehicles of every description can be
tad at the shortest notice.
' omnibuses attend the arrival and departure ot
every Train. WM. GORMAN,
Proprietor and Superintendent.
J. D. BUDDS. Cashier._aoru* mtm
HASKELL'S ELECTRIC OIL.
HASKELL'S CARBOLIC CANCER SALVE,
For.sale bv DR. H. BABR, .
may2f _131 Meeting street.
JgLECTRO MAGNETIC BATTERIES,
MEDICINE CHESTS, PHYSICIANS'' SADDLE?
For sale by DR. H. BAER,
mario No.l3iMeetlng street.
NOS. ?344. A.?Tt> 437
Invite attention to their large assortment of
REAL LLAMA LACE POINTS
Bick Black Silks .
Japanese Silks "?
Nainsook and Mall M asilas.
GOODS FOR BATHING SUITS
Cloths - - ~ .
Towelling . '.
i Sheetmgs, Ac
Ah of which we now offer at ?..
ii EB ucEi) -p ?rc ?iar
A SEPARATE DEPARTMENT \
CARPETS, OIL CLOTHS,
The Finest, Best and Cheapest
Stock of Goods in Town.
JOlyaT_. .... . j."
Oruga ano ilUuititue.
C. F. PANKMIN,
. . '. ,..-?..,:..-"?. OJ?";-.
No. 123 MEETING STREET,
CHARLESTON, &. -C.
ATTENTION IS RESPEOTF?LLT GALLED TO
the NEW NON-POISONOUS and ODORLESS DIS?
INFECTANT and ANTISEPTIC,
(Chloride of Aluminium, the Saline Antiseptic
harmless as common salt)
The Lancet, August 27th, 1870, says of this pre?
paration; "lt ls quite as potent as Chloride of Eine
or Carbolic Acid, and is at the same time non.
poisonous and devoid of unpleasant smell of every
kind. These qualities will, no doubt, losare in
being extensively used, and at no distant date we
may expect lt to displace the antis?ptica wt ich
are at present In vogue."
OHLORALUM ia an astringent aatiargtio,'ap?
plied to fool ulcers by London surgeons,' as a gar?
gle In scarlet fever, diphtheria and common sore
throat, and has been found invaluable lh.Inflam?
mation of the eyes, Ac
OHLORALUM can be relied- on by Farmen in
the treatment of Foot and Mouth Disease; and In
carrying on disinfection in their homes, stables,
cowbeds, plgstyes and poultry-houses.
OHLORALUM for dog kennels can be used with
great advantage and .economy m keeping meat
fresh for any length of time, in purify lng the
benches and yards, and'complet ely removing tho
fool and sickening.odor of dirty or ill-drained
ter For sale m quantities to suit purchasers.
The advertiser la also la receipt of as mall lot ot
Espies Cigarettes, for Asthma.
Together with a Fresh supply of '
Fer Bale low by the* case.
Pi.MM'S HEPATIC BETTERS
Which have established for themselves.a reputa?
tion surpassed by none for the relief or Diseases
of the Stomach and Liver.
A full assortment of MEDICINES, PERFUME?
RIES, CHEMICALS, Ac, of his own Importation.
Through constant effort and attention, h? ho?es
to merit a continuance of the public" patronage
which bas hitherto bejn extended to him..
j u n 15- 2 m os_ - .
m HE CELEBRATED
GERMAN SOOTHING CORDIAL,
A reliable and invaluable', remedy in COLIC.
CHOLERA INFANTUM, Dysentery, Dlarhosa, and
such other diseases ns. children are subjected ?a
during the period of Teething. .
This Cordial ls manufactured from the best
Drugs, all carefully selected, and contains no In?
jurio us ingredient. No family should be without
lt. The bess Physicians have recommended It,
and Mothers may administer lt with perfetf ;C0tt
fldence. - __,
It contains no Opium or other Anodyne.
Man nf ac tared-by Da! H. BAER> .
Wholesale and Retail .Dragglflt,
No. 181 Meeting street, Charleston.
Price 25 cents a bottle. The usual discount tra