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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1671.
CHARLESTON, WEDNESDAY" MORNING, MAY 3, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE RELATION'S. RET WEEN FRANCE
AND VICTORIOUS GERMANT.
The Cholera In Prussia-Arrival of a.
French Deputation In Dublin-Great
Enthusiasm - Gt n cr a I McMahon's
Son Received Like a King-Garibaldi
alct-The Communist Trials.
BERLIN, August 16.
A leading journal confirms the report that
negotiations are pending for the complete
evacuation^! F.ance, but affirms that provo?
cations offered to Germany by French news?
papers endanger peafte between the two
countries. I: adds: "If the French offers to
make early payment of the indemnity are ful
Ailed, and there be no untoward disturbance
ot'peaceful relations, the withdrawal of the
German forces irom French territory will soon
LONDON, August 16.
fue House of Commons ls rapidly dispos?
ing of accumulated business before IL Cus?
toms and Inland revenue bills passed to-day.
The miners' strike In the Sou' h ot Wales is
Cholera In Prnisla.
LONDON, August 16.
In K?nigsberg, Prussia, ou the 4th, sixty
two persons were attacked with cholera, and
The meeting of the Emperors and their
^advisers, at Gasteia, is generally reported as
pledge of peace. The government pretend
to be Indifferent to the meeting, and prog?
nosticate au alliance between France aad
Ireland and France.
LONDON, August 16.
A deputation o? French citizens, appointed
to visit Ireland to thank the people for aid
given for the relief of the wounded during the
war with Prussia, has arrived. The people of
Dublin are wild with excitement, and the roads
leading to the stopping places of the French?
men became impassable because ol the crowds.
At night the city bands, dressed in green,
inarched to the hotel where the Frenchmen
were steeping, and played American, Irish
?nd French national airs, also some Fenian
tunes. There was no interference by the po
lice. ; he deputation reached Shelborne Hotel
at three o'clock, and In response to calls came
out on the balcony. Martin, member of Par?
Lament, made an address to the crowd. A son
ofMarsbal McMahon also arrived with the dep?
utation, and was loudly cheered by the thous?
ands of people assembled. His reception was
worthy of a king. Many houses are illumin?t- j
.ed to-night, and the enthusiasm of the people
FLORENCE, August 16.
Garibaldi ls very til
Pams, August 16.
- It is rumored that the Bight wing of the As?
sembly offered the Presidency of France to the j
Duke d'Abmale, and that he refused it. The
Assembly to-day selected G re ry as Its presi?
dent. A proposition to draw up a constitution j
f)T At the court-martial to-day, M. Lulller de?
nied that he had anything to do with the as?
sassination ol prisoners or the incendiary acts
of the Commune, or that he had attempted to
make himself dictator. The prisoners appear |
The Tide Against Thiers.
VERSAILLES, AugUSt 17.
The election committee to whom was refer?
red the prolongation of M Thiers'* term for |
three years, oppose the proposition by nine to
4? Italian Affairs.
BOUS, August 17.
The Italian Government has appointed Gen- j
eral Hendra one of the arbitrators at Geneva
under the Washington treaty.
THE WESTFIELD DISASTER.
Summary Action of the Coroner- The
Odlr.era of th? Ferry Compaay Lodged
NKW YORE, August 17.
Jacob Vanderbilt, president of the Staten
Island Ferry Company; William Bralsted, su?
perintendent, and Henry Robinson, engineer,
against whom the coroner's Jury yesterday re?
turned a verdict of criminal negligence in
connection with the Westfield disaster, were
brought up before Coroner Keenan this morn?
ing, and committed to the Tombs Prison, the
?coroner refusing to accept ball. This action
ot the coroner has caused some surprise, as
.ball to any amount was offered and could have
been given. T
Judge Soatherland subsequently admitted
the prisoners to ball-Mr. Vanderbilt, the
president, in the sum of $25,000; Bralsted, the
superintendent, and Robinson, the engineer,
410,000 each. George Law became the bonds?
man in all the cases.
THE WEATEJSR THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, August 17.
Southerly winds and local storms are prob?
able for Friday north and west of Illinois,
clear weather for the interior of New York and
New Ens and to-night, followed by cloudy
and threatening weather on Friday noon or I
afternoon. A severe storm is probably ad?
vancing northwestward over Florida, whlcn
0will bring strong easterly winds and rain to
th? South Atlantic coast, and northerly winds
to Alabama and Louisiana.
Yesterdays Weather Report* or thc
Signal Service, U. S. A.--1.47 P. M.,
Augusta..I29.*7 . 88JE Gentle. Cloudy.
Baltimore. 30.06 76 N Gentle. Cloudy.
Boston.29.90 83 NW Br.sk. Cloudy.
Buffalo, N. V".... 30.08 73 SW- Fresh. Fair.
Charleston.?9.94 82 E Gentle. .Thr'ng.
Cheyenne, W. T. 29.32 91 SE Fresh. Clear.
Chicago. 30.11 74 E Fresh. Clear.
Cincinnati.30.01 81 SE Fresh. Fair.
Cleveland. 30.13 72 NW Gentle. Clear.
Corinne, Utah... 29.01 97 SW Gentle. Bazy.
Detroit. 30.04 76 E Light. Smoky.
Duluth, Minn... 29.30 82SW Fresh. Fair.
Indianapolis.... 80.03 83 N Gentle. Clear.
"Knoxville,Tenn. 29.87 90 S Brisk. Thr'ng.
Lake City. Fla .. 29.90 78 NE Brisk. Hy Rain
Memphis, Tenn . 30.00 82 N Gentle. Fair.
Milwaukee, Wis, 30.12 77 SE Fresh. Clear.
Mobile. 29.82 89 N Gentle. Fair.
Nashville.30.00 86 NW Gentle. Cloudy.
New London, Ct. 22.92 79 NW Gentle. Fair.
New Orleans.... 29.98 86 N Light, Fair.
New York.29.94 79 NW Geutle. Cloudy.
Omaha, Neb.%.03 82 S Fresh. Clear.
Oswego. N. Y.... 2P.98 74 NW Fresh. Clear.
Philadelphia.30.01 77 NW . Fair.
Pittsborg, Pa.... 30.09 76 W Geutle. Fair.
Portland. Me.... 29 89 78 s Fresh. Fair.
Bochester, N. Y. 29 98 71 NW Fresh. Hazy.
San Francisco.. 30.oe 68 SW . Clear.
Savannah.129.87 88 E Gentle. Cloudy.
St. Louis. 30.06 82 NW Fresh. Clear.
St. Paul. 30.07 77 SW Fresh. Clear.
Toledo. 0. 30.07! 8? NW Light. Clear
Washington.DC. 30.021 76 N Gentle. Smoky.
Wilmlngton.NC. 29.97 | 88 SE Gentle. Cloudy
Norfolk. 29.93 87 B Gentle. Cloudy
Leavenworth.... 30.23 8? NW Light. Clear
?Cape Ma?. 29.99 79 NE Light. Pair.
Mt. Washington. 30.01 44 NW Gentle. Fair.
Lynchbarg. 29.96 | 76|* (QentK Cloudy.
NOTE.-The weather report dated 7.47 o'clock,
this morning, will be posted lo the rooms of the
Chamber of commerce at 10 o'clock A M.. aud,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
courtesy of the chamber) be examined by ship
iffasters at any time during the day.
THE LATE COAL-MINE DISASTER,
Thrilling Details of the Fire Damp
Explosion in the Eagle Shaft at Pitts?
Fuller details of the tragedy enacted at the
Eagle shaft, Pittston, Pennsylvania, on Mon?
day last, already reported by telegraph, In
which an explosion of "fire damp" caused the
death of eighteen men, are given as follows
by a correspondent of the New York Tribune.
Tile account was written on the spot on Mon?
In going.to and from their work the miners
used au air shaft, which they ascended and
descended by means of a ladder, the malu
opening not being provided with a safety car,
and therefore considered unsafe. It is sup?
posed that the explosion blew away the props,*
and a consequent fall of the roof lollowed,
completely blocking up the passages, and cut?
ting off the means of escape, should the men
have escaped death from the explosion, which
ls not probable. At the present time it is not
easy to estimate the amount of damage, but
experienced miners say that lt ts not possible
that any of the men will be got out alive. The
mine boss, Henry Harris; Thomas Tucker, act?
ing footman; James Jones, a driver; John
Meredith, a miner, and Robert Davis, bis labo?
rer, were working in a slope running in a dif?
ferent direction from the one lu which the ac?
cident happened, and escaped unhurt. The
two latter, on hearing the explosion, hastened
to the foot, and hearing a man groaning, call?
ed (or assistance.
Volunteers at once proceeded In the direc?
tion ot the noise without lamps, and in about
three-quarters of an hour brought up the body
of aminer named Benjamin Davis. Scores of
willina: hands Immediately proceeded to re
?alr the brattice, sa board partition used to
eep the fresh air from rushing DJ the
worked-out chambers, so that lt will enter
only to those .where men are working. At
about 3 o'clock, the body ot Evan E. Jones
was found and brought up. During the after?
noon, the dead bodies of Thomas Leyshon,
James Morgan and David Harris were found
and brought up.
On entering the chamber lu which the ex?
plosion occurred, a fall of rock was first found,
which laid partly upon a car, completely
blocking up one side, and leaving a space on
the other Just sufficient for a man to force
himself through. Some distance further lu
there was another fall, which completely filled
the passage, and behind this the men are wall?
ed so completely that lt will take hours of the
most persistent labor to reach them. Volun?
teers are now at work endeavoring to get
around this fallen rock, so as they can reach
the entombed miners, but the density of the
black-damp prevents them from prosecuting
their work with full effect. They are contin?
ually being brought up In an exhausted condi?
tion, but their places are immediately supplied
by other volunteers, and so the vy>rk goes on
unremittingly. All that mortals can do ls do?
ing to rescue the unfortunates, but only black?
ened and disfigured remnants of mortality
have thus far rewarded the tollers.
THE SCENE ABOVE GROUND.
; Outside the scene is heart-rending in the
extreme. Thousands of sympathizing citizens,
miners and others are present, and rendering
all the assistance that is possible under the
circumstances. Women and children are weep?
ing, wringing their hands, and mourning aloud
tor the loved:andlost, and waiting In anxious,
hopeless expectation for each new report from
the poisonous pit. Words of sympathy fall
like empty sounds upon their anguished souls,
and nothing can still the aching void within.
Women are everywhere doing what they can
to minister to the wants ot the exhausted vol?
unteers, as they are borne with helpless chil?
dren back from the mouth of the pit. Great
cauldrons of steaming coffee are ready, and
all the known restoratives are at hand. Wo?
men's hearts and women's bands are first in
the work, and where brave men falter and
turn pale, they neither shrink nor turn away
irotn their ministering mission. Sad hearts
are everywhere to-nlsjht; some in sympathy
with bereaved friends, and In mourning for
. This mine has been nearly exhausted, and
was known to be filled with the black-damp,
and yet lt was considered safe, and has been
constantly worked since the conclusion of the
strike, although not to its full capacity. It is
owned by Mr. J. Schooler, of Wyoming, and
worked by Mr. A. Tompkins, who ts exten?
sively engaged in the business of mining coal,
and owns and operates several other openings.
Twelve feet of gas was found in a heading
just off the gangway, which had been traversed
all day by explorers with a naked light, and
the merest accident would have caused
another and a worse explosion, involving a
loss of at least fifty lives. During the forepart
of the night those assuming control have or?
dered the pumps reversed, and water has been
forced dowu the shaft, thus hcplng to increase
the volume ol pure air and expel me foul. At
this hour, ll o'clock, Superintendent Kendrick
and Inspector Blewitt are preparing to de?
scend into the mine; but even should they find
their jexpectatlocs of replenishing the avenue
with pure air realized, they will hardly be
able to draw away the debris necessary to
reach the imprisoned miners before morning.
Recovery ot the Bodies.
PITTSTON*, August 15.
The last body was taken out of the Eagle
shaft at about 4 o'clock this morning. The
work was continue* all day yesterday, and up
to midnight last night only five had been taken
out. About this time the mine inspector put
a stop to all proceedings, lu order to ventilate
the mine, so that those who went down could
work without danger. A stream of water was
turned in, and the passage-way arranged by
means of doors, so that a current of fresn air
circulated throughout the mine, which soon
.removed the after-damp or choke-damp, as it
ia sometimes call? which always follows the
explosion of gas or fire-damp, which suffocated
seventeen men, or those of the number who
were not killed outright. About half-past two
eight bodies were discovered and brought up.
and a fresh gang of workmen went
dowu, and lu a snort time brought up
Martin Manson. The remaining three fune?
rals will be held to-morrow at Odd Fellows'
Cemetery. A Jury was impanelled, by Coron?
er Imalley, and au inquest will be' held on
"Friday morning at 10 o'clock. Meautime a
committee has been appointed, who will ex?
plore the mine and give evidence before the
Jury as to the cause of the accident. The vic?
tims have been carried to their homes and
placed in coffins ready for Interment to-mor?
row. It ls not known, and most likely never
will be known exactly, how the men came to
their death, whether all were instantly killed
by the expioslon, or whether stunned and af?
terwards suffocated. One or two bodies were
badly burned and others cobslderably bruised.
The mine has always been endangered by
gas to a greater extent thaa any other in this
region, and for a long time gas has been at
places walled In and burned lu pipes like or?
dinary illuminating ga". Mr. Tompkins, the
operator, has always endeavored to comply
with all the provisions'of the mine ventilation
law, and the calamity cannot be attributed to
any neglect on his part. Patrick Blewitt,
mine inspector for this district, was telegraph?
ed to by Mr. Tompkins soon after the explo?
sion. He has been at the scene ali day super
j intending the operations.
-1 BOLD DELIVERY.
NEW YORK, August 17.
This afternoon a tugboat ran in at Sing Sing
and carried off a large number of convicts,
steaming down the river. The alarm was
Bent out from the police headquarters, caution?
ing the force to be on the lookout tor the land?
ing of the convicts. The police boat started
up the river in pursuit.
A QUESTION OF STAMPS.
. NEW TOBE, August 17.
A friendly suit has been commenced in the
United States District Court to determine the
question whether stamps placed on Imported
gooda, by foreign manufacturers, should not
Be recognized bv the United States authorities
without any additional duty by importers.
HEAVY BAIN STORM IN RICHMOND.
RICHMOND, August 17.
The heaviest rain storm of the season oc?
curred this aiternoon, accompanied by consid?
erable hall. The thermometer, which had
been ranging midday among the nineties, fell
[ twenty-one degrees in fifteen minutes.
THE PLANTING OUTLOOK.
TR US T WOR THY ACCOUNTS OF THE
GROWING COTTON AND CORN CROPS.
What Carefal and Intelligent Planter?
Think on the Subject.
The following letters have beeD addressed
to us by well known planters and merchants
in the interior In reply to a request that they
would give THU NEWS all the Information in
their possession upon the following points:
1. The area planted in cotton this year, as
compared with the area of 1870.
2. The-condition ot the cotton crop at this
3. The probable crop, as compared with last
year, If the season prove favorable, and also
the probable crop if the season prove unfa?
4. The probable cost of the present crop, as
compared with that of preceding years.
5. The area and prospect of the crop of
Our correspondent, Zozlmus, writes from
Blackville, under date of August 10, as folio we?
in this section some fifteen to twenty per
cent, lesa land ls planted in cotton than there
was last year.
About one-third the quantity of fertilizers is
Nearlv all cotton "got in the grass" during
the months of May and June, and, as a natural
consequence, lt "run a straight stalk" and
failed to fruit. The late drought, preceded by
very heavy rains and storms, caused tne plant
to yellow and shed its forms. The present
condition of the crop does not compare lavora
bly with that of last year at this time.
Even with such a "picking season" as we
had last year, the colton crop lu this section
could not exceed two-thirds of last year's
yield, and with r n unfavorable season the half
of last year's crop will not be gathered.
The cost of making the crop, thus tar, is
something less than last, but until it has been
gathered no well grounded opinion can be
Twenty-five to -thirty per cent. Increase In
area planted lu grain-wheat, oats, rye, etc.,
fallec? almost entirely; twenty to twenty-five
per cent, increase la yield of com ovealast
liverpool and Manchester regulate the cot?
ton markets of the world. Your factor does
not feel disposed to sell In the morning until
he receives his Liverpool telegram. And Liv?
erpool will tell you that your reports of the
crop are not to be credited-because Interest?
ed motives have influenced them. And here
remember that she never heard the baleage
overrated on this side. However, I think tne
present crop will worry the "bulls" and
"bears." The planter owes less money this
year than last, and will be disposed, after sell?
ing a portion to pay his dues, to hold the re?
mainder with a peculiar tenacity.
Our correspondent, J. W. Bice, Esq., writes
from Bamberg, under date of August 16 as fol?
The area of cotton planted this year as com?
pared with the last will be about one-quar?
ter os much.
The condition ot the cotton crop at this
time ls unfavorable, owing to the drought ot
The cotton crop for this year will not proba?
bly be over three and a quarter millions of
The cost of the present crop will be from a
fourth to a third less, owing to the small
amount of phosphates used.
The corn crop will be at least one-third
more than was made lau year, the prospects
being generally good.
Our correspondent, W. 8. Sharpe, Esq.,
writes from Anderson Courthouse under date
of August 10 as follows:
The area planted in cotton, compared with
1870, Is fitteen per cent. less.
The condition of the cotton crop at present
ls unfavorable, as we have been suffering from
want of rain lrom six to eight weeks. The
small bolls are dying on the stalk, and the
squares are drooping off rapidly. We have
had some raia la the last four days ia some
sections of our county.
The probable crop, If the season is favorable,
will be twenty-five per cent, less than last sea?
son; If unfavorable, fifty per cent. less.
The probable cost of the crop compared with
the last five years, fifteen per cent. less.
The area of the corn crop, compared with
last year, is fifteen per cent. more. The pros?
pect ls, that the production will be twenty per
cent, less than last year.
The area lu oats, compared with last year,
about the same. The production about fifty
The area In wheat, compared with last year,
about twenty per cent. less. The production
fifty per cent less.
Our correspondent, S., writes from Pendle?
ton under date ol August 13, as follows:
From the 4th of June, after a four or five
days' rain, with aa excess before that, we had
uot a sffower till the 18th of July, and then not
a thorough season. From that date to the Stu
of August distressingly dry and hot. On that
day we bad another light rain. The thermom?
eter the day before stood at 94 degrees in an
east and west passage, at 1 P. M., and 96 at 4,
but there was some reflection from the floor of
a west piazza at that time; 94 is the highest
degree we have noticed at I P. M. this season.
Our upland corn that was not in the shook be?
t?re the dry weather set In, ls about as effectu?
ally cut efl* as ls, we hope, the carpet-bag, scal?
awag, ragtag and bobtail party ol Charleston.
Cotton does not appear to have suffered so
much as corn; we cannot yet estimate the
damage, but we fear much shedding of forms
and bolls alter the ground becomes thorough?
ly wet. Gardens that were not deeply prepar?
ed before planting are "burnt up," as the say?
ing ls. All early Irish potatoes have been
gathered. Sweet potatoes are progressing but
slowly. Very lew turni p seed sown yet; time
enough for them, however. Sorghum stands
the drought better than other corn. Our wheat
and oats crop turned out not better, or as good,
as we expected when we last wrote you; both
suffered greatly from rust. Many crops ot
wheat yielded not more than two to the bushel
of light grain to one of much better quality
sown. Some crops of oats not worth cutting.
Our county ls comparatively healthy.
Our correspondent at Orangeburg Court?
house writes aa follows, under date of August
I give the opinion of our "Agricultural So?
ciety," with regard to the condition and pros?
pects of the crops.
The area of iand planted in cotton this year
is about one-quarter less than that of 1870.
The present condition ot the crop is a good
acreage, and the yield promises to be from
three-quarters to live-eighths that of last year.
The cost of making the present crop ls di?
minished one-eighth, when compared with last
The area planted 'a breadstuff; is one-ti;lrd
greater than that o 1370. It is a noticeable
feature that the freedmen are more ia earnest
than ever before to give politics (which prom?
ised, but failed to pay,) the go by, and attend
more industriously to their little larms.
Our correspondent, the Hon. David Houser,
writes from St. Matthews under date of Au?
gust ll, as follows :
"The area planted in cotton th?3 year, as
compared with the area in 1870." The area Is
much less this year than last, and the condi?
tion of the cotton crop at this time is unfavor?
able, owing to a severe drought we had the
last of July and the first of August, which has
caused all the large bolls to drop up to the
forms. The cotton will have to take a fresh
growth, and being so late ia thc season but
little will mature from the second growth.
With the best of seasons and a late fail we
cannot make much. Consequently, I think,
one-fourth of the cotton crop is cut'off on the
light sandy lands. I have been told that the
cotton on the clay lands did not suffer so much
from the drought, but the rust is now started.
I do not think there will be near as much
cotton made this year as last, let the seasons
be as they may.
As regards the probable cost of the present
crop, as compared with the last year's crop,
the present will not cost by one-third as much
as last year, owing to the large amount of fer?
tilizers bought last year.
The area and prospect ol* the crop of bread
stuffs. The area ls much greater this year
than lt has been since freedom, and the pros?
pect good for an abundant crop.
Our correspondent, E. McC. Clarkson, Esc
writes from Hopkln's Turnout, under date i
August ll, as follows: -
I would say, first, that the area planted 1
cotton this season ls perhaps about a fourt
less than last year.
The condition of the crop Is only tolerabW
the frequent rains In the early part of th
working season rendering it difficult to kee
down grass, and the recent drought has mt
terially damazea the yield, by causing th
plant to throw off a large proportion of ll
If the season prove favorable, I think th
yield will be about two-thirds as compare
with that of last year; if unfavorable, a llttl
more than half.
This crop has cost tbe farmers generali
less to make it than last year's.
The area plantea ia corn ls much greate
than last year, and, although the yield ls muc
impaired by the drought, the farmers for th
most part will make enough to do them fo
another year. More attention is being pal
also to small grain and peas.
Our correspondent, tbe Hon. J. C. Weathei
ly, writes from BeunettsvlUe under date o
August 14, as follows:
1. '-The area planted lu cotton in thl
county, as compared with that ot 1870," eighty
Ave per cent.
2. -The condition of the crop at this time" 1
3. "The probable crop, as compared wltl
last year, if i he seasons prove favorable. an<
also the probable crop if the season prove un
favorable." If the seasons hereafter are a!
lavorable as last year, tree from storms aurini
the early picking season, with frost to kill th?
plant the 11th of November, as last year, thc
crop might tura out seventy-five per cent, o
that ot 1870; bat with unfavorable seasons
hereafter, and frost the 25th of October, a
frequently occurs, the crop might be reduced
by one-half, or little more, of the last.
4. "The probable cost of the present crop
as compared with that of preceding years." 1
am'inclined to think that the present ero?
will be made twenty per cent, cheaper than
the average of the last three years.
5. "Area and prospect of the crop of bread'
stuffs." I suppose that twenty-five per cent
more of corn and peas have been planted thc
present than the last year. The early plantee
corn, when well cultivated and fertilized, wa;
made before the drought commenced. Th?
middle planting ls not more than a half crop,
and the late, lt the seasons are favorable, may
turn out well. It is probable that more corr
will be made than last season. The pea cror.
now looks well. The sweet potato crop ii
poor at this time from the exceedingly hot
and dry July.
, Our correspondent, H. A. James, Esq., write
fro m Bishop?hie, under, date of August 12, as
1. The area planted In cotton this year, a;
compared with tae area of 1870, ten per cent,
2. The condition of the cotton crop at this
time, closed up.
3. Toe probable crop, as compared with lasl
year, If the season prove favorable, and alsc
the probable crop if the season prove unfavor?
able, half crop, all probabilities excluded.
4. The probable cost ot the present crop, at
compared with that of preceding years, twen?
ty-five per cent less.
5. The area and prospect of the crop of bread
stuffs, one-half to three-quarters crop, witta
twenty per cent, more planted. -
Our correspondent, John May, Esq., writes
from Yorkvllle under date of August ll, as
I beg to submit the following answers to
your queries therein contained :
1. Fully as large as last year.
2. Condition bad; between five and six weeks
drought throughout the Southern portion ol
county, and no rain to date.
3. Should the drought continue but one wees
longer, only halt a crop can be calculated on.
4. Have no authentic information.
5. Wheat proved but half a crop, and corn,
though promising a heavy yield at one time,
will, by the prevailing drought, make but bab
a crop at best.
Our correspondent, C. T. H., writing from
Abbeville on the nth August, says:
I consider the area of cotton planted as
somewhat less than that of 1870.
The spring was backward, bat the season
becoming more favorable the cotton progress?
ed finely until the middle of July, and the
prospect was flattering. A drougbt then com?
menced and has continued until this date, only
relieved in a few localities by partial showers,
but DO general rain. Its effect on cotton has
been most disastrous, causing every form to
drop off, and, In fact, causing a complete de?
struction oi the crop, except the bolls too far
advanced to drop off. The crop cannot be
more than two-thirds of a good crop under
the most favorable weather, the cotton having
stopped growing, and having to make new
wood and squares, which ls too late In the
season to do.
The crop of cotton will not nearly equal that
of la?t year.
The corn crop exceeds In area that of 1870
and is better, the Joly rains making all for?
ward com; the swamp lauds generally making
a good crop.
The expenses of carrying ou a plantation are
less by one-third than 1870.
Our correspondent, J. C. 8., writes from
Greenville as follows, under date of August ll:
I wish I could give you a flattering account
of the crops in this section of the State. The
prospects up to six weeks ago was the best
ever seen for cotton and cora. Since that
time we have had one of the most severe
droughts known to us. Ia the* latter part of
June rain was abundant, cotton and corn was
looking splendid, and the farmers were in
good heart. This was followed by very hot
weather. For ten days such excessive heat
has rarely visited the upper part of our State.
This was followed by cool nights and days,
with no rain to the present lime, except in the
upper part of-the county, where they have
bad copious showers the past week. Our far?
mers are looking dull and gloomy, and should
the drought continue the crop will not make
two-thirds of that of 1870. A good deal of the
corn on the uplands is literally burnt up. Fod?
der, corn and stalk are so dry that they could
be burnt with Are without the least trouble.
The wheat crop was a total failure, ia many
cases not making the seed.
Tho quantity ot fertilizers used tn this coun?
ty this year as compared with last year ls
about one-half. The Wando Fertilizer manu?
factured In your city has proved a No. 1 fertili?
zer, and is a great iavorlte in this section. Our
fafmers have no reason for spending their
earnings for Northern made fertilizers, when
they can get a superior article at their very
doors made in their own State.
Greenville shipped about 9000 bales of cot?
ton for the crop or 1870; about 3500 bales may
be set dowu as grown In Spartanburg and
Laurens. Before the war, we shipped from
this county about 3000 or 3500 bales, I am In?
formed. By thls,you will see.our shipments b&n
more than doubled since the war. The condi?
tion of the county ls crowing betier every
year, and if we had had good crops this year,
it would have placed both farmers and mer?
chants in a prosperous condition.
I have taken the pains to Inquire of farmers
in the various sections of our county, and
have gathered the following answers:
1. Th? area planted la cotton this year ls
about the same as 1870.
2. The condition of the crop at this time
3. The propable crop as compared with last
year about two-thirds, and ll drought con?
4. The cost of present crop as compared
with 1870, it is 8omethln2 less, In consequence
of less expenditure for fertilizers aad the re?
duction ia the prices of the articles mostly
bought by farmers.
5. The area aad prospects ot crop of bread
stuffs is: Wheat a total failure. Corn on up?
lands almost burnt up, not a half crop; on
bottom lands about three quarters or a crop
will be made. About the same area planted as
Our correspondent J. writes as follows from
Marion under date of the 15th :
After endeavoring to post myself fully in
reference to the condition aid prospects of the
growing crops, I write you the result of my
inquiries, and think you may rely on the flg
I ures I send you. Where I did not have the
benefit of seeing the crops. Jn localities at
some distance from the courthouse, I obtained
my information from experienced and trust?
worthy planters-men who do not make a
habit of dressing up matters better or worse
than they really are.
It Is difficult, to arrive at any close average,
as the good and bad seasons have appeared to
run In swarths In some places, and in others
a few adjoining plantations would have rain In
plenty, while the surrounding country for
miles would be parched for want of lt. But
the best information leads me to name the fol?
lowing Azures, which will be fonnd as near the
true mark as we can get: The area planted in
cotton ls at least one-fourth less than the acre?
age of last year. This is the maximum figure,
as many planters reduced one-half, and I could
hear of no large planter who had Increased a
single acre. This cotton, lust now, ls very un?
promising. The drought had seriously injured
it, causing it to shed quantities of bolls, and
farmers affected by lt could not reckon on more
than three-fourths of a crop; and in the last
ten days rust has set in, and ls ruining what
was lett by the drought. As yet, this rust has
not been so very serious except in some small
sections of the county, but by every one I
hear o? Its appearance in almost every field,
and it ls lair to presume the damage done by lt
will be general.
Should this prove to be the fact, and the sea?
son be a short one, as ls likely, and also other?
wise unfavorable, then cotton may not more
thun reach half the average crop; at any rate,
will not greatly exceed it If we have favor?
able and long seasons, and the rust should not
spread, we may average a three-fourths crop;
but, I think, to make a direct calculation on
what now appears to be the probabilities, I
should say that we have every reason to ex?
pect that the crop will reach to nearly two
thirds the usual yield, and no more.
The cost ot producing this crop has been less
than that ot any preceding year; wages paid
for labor being about the same as those elven
previously, nod smaller quantities ot commer?
cial fertilizers being bought by the planters.
To put the estimate In figures, I should say the
cost of producing this year's crop has been at
least two-fifths less than that of previous years
since the war. The decreased ratio of com?
mercial fertilizers ls much less than this esti?
mate, which I give as a general average of all
lam glad to be able to make a better re?
port aa io breadstuff's. Corn, our great staple
In. that line, will average much oetter than
colton. In the first place, at least a third
more was planted than lost year, and in the
next, the drousrht did not injure lt aa much.
In some localities it will be found to be an en?
tire failure, and again others will be found
better than usual. I think then that this crop
will nearly be sufficient to supply the county
demand, and that a full crop (In quantity)
will be made, as the average per acre will be
about three-fourths ol au ordinary yield, and
so much more area was given to it. However
this too depends in a great measure on the
next few days' seasons, whicn will make or
mar young com. The other crops, pota?
toes, rice, dec, do not, in this county, have
any perceptible Influence on the market, the
planters appearing to cultivate them simply
for home consumption. They will average
considerably below a good crop.
Ia this county the probable yield is variously
estimated at from one-half to three-quarters of
a full crop, and lt is probable that not more
than two-thirds will be realized. One gentle?
man who, five weeks ago, estimated his crop
at one hundred and fifty bales, now expresses
his perfect willingness to sell lt for seventy
five bales, and his neighbors generally shore
his gloomy views.
Ia Laureas a rather better condition of af?
fairs ls reported, and lt is thought that the fall?
ing off will not exceed twenty-five per cent, of
the crop. A falling off of about that extent
ls, however, very generally anticipated.
ALL ABOUT TBE STATE.
Burglaries In Colombia.
The Columbia burglars began operations in
earnest on Tuesday night. They entered the
sleeping apartment of Mr. W. G. McGregor,
Washington street, and taking his clothing,
carried the same outside, where they rifled it
of a large amount of money, notes, Ac Mr.
McGregor offers $400 reward for the recovery
of the stolen articles. They also entered the
house of Mr. Kinard, on Lady street, and stole
clothing and other things.
The Spragae Canal.
The "Columbia Phoenix says: "We are
pleased to lean that, after a suspension ot tea
days, work was resumed upon this important
enterprise yesterday, under the supervision of
Major Charles Mahon, the chief engineer hi
charge. The old dam at the head ol Bull
Sluice-reselling far into Broad Hiver-for the
purpose of collecting the necessary water to be
thrown into the canal, ls now being rebuilt.
Another dam and waste-way have also been
lately completed, to control the Bull Sluice
water at the upper lock. From this point to
Geiger's mill, a distance of about two miles,
the canal has been greatly improved, both ia
width and depth. A large amount of work bas
also been done near the Congaree Ferry, and
lt ls the intention of Colonel Pearce and the
engineer to push the work forward lo an early
The Rev. G. W. Boegs, of Columbia, died
in Pendleton on the H th instant, and Wm. H.
Scarborough, Esq., died on Wednesday. Mr.
Bogga was au aged mau. and for many years
a zealous missionary ia Hindost?n and other
foreign countries. He was, we believe, a
native of this State, and had, for the past fif?
teen years, resided In Columbia and vicinity.
He leaves several sons and many other relatives
and friends to mourn his decease. Mr. Scar?
borough had been a resident of Columbia for
t many years, an t was skilled In lils profession
of portrait painting. He had been confined to
his bed tor a length of time. A large circle of
relatives aud friends are left to lament his
THE NEW COTTON CE OP.
ATLANTA, GA., August 17.
The first bale of new cotton was received
to-day by C. H. Strong from W. M. Rivers, of
Henry County. It was classed middling, and
sold for thirty cents.
S AB ATO O A EACES.
SARATOGA, August 17.
Tammany won the steeple Chase-time 6.15.
Rlchards'a bav ?1 lev won the Kentucky stakes
time 1.27k Climax* won the selling race-time
WASHINGTON', August 17.
The President recognized Emelia Beylie as
Nicaraguan Consul at New Orleans.
Mr. Brandt declines the Indian commislon
THE ANTI-CATHOLIC LECIUBER.
OODEXSBDRG, August 17.
The mob again prevented Baron de Camln
from delivering an anti-Catholic lecture, and
he was taken to the station-house for safety.
The excitement here is very high.
CHEATING THE GALLO?S.
TOPEKA, August 17.
Mrs. Scales and Mr. Ford, convicted of mur?
dering Mr. Scales and sentenced to bo hanged
to day, have had their sentence commuted to
imprisonment for life. The Judge and Jury re?
fused to sign the petition for commutation.
The Governor's action causes surprise, as the
convicts confessed the crime and there were
no extenuating circumstances.
THE R.I 1)ICAL SHIBBOLETH.
ST. Loors, August 17.
Senator Morton addressed an lmmese au?
dience here this evening. He thought Gene?
ral Grant's chance a little the best at present.
He opposed State sovereignty as taught by
the Democrats, and says there is no safety for
the people without ceuiraliz?tion. The great?
est Idea of the Republican party was, he said,
national unity; ii we abandon that we are not
a nation, but Bluiply au aggregation of Inde?
pendent States, which, at some time or other,
will go to pieces.
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