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VOLLME XI.-NUMBER 1774.
CHARLESTON, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1871.
THE ISSUES Of THE HOUR.
SPEECH OF SENATOR DOOLITTLE.
Dead Isaacs and Live Issues-A. Masterly
Review of thc Political Situation.
Senator Doolittle, in accepting the Demo?
cratic nomination lor Governor of Wisconsin,
spoke as follows:
Gtntleaien-I am deeply moved by the con?
fidence reposed in me by the convention, and
no less bv the manner In which it has been
done. Saying that does not tell one-half I leel
at this moment: I am proioundly grateful;
and. yet. I could have wished your choice had
fallen upon another. I: was not sought. It
was not expected. Near friends assent with
reluctance, and my own Inclinations do not
yield without a struggle. But there are times
when a man's personal wishes and in?
terests must yield to the public Judgment.
I know full well how much of time and
labor it will C03t. But If the use ol my
name can do anything to save constitutional
liberty and republican institutions, in sub?
stance as well as in name, from the dangers
wileri threaten them, be it so. I yield my?
ee?: to the judgment ot the convention, and
accept the nomination. [Applause.] Gentle?
men : It may be proper tor me, in brief words,
THE TRUE SITUATION.
In doing so, I must sneak from my own stand?
point, i can speak from no other. The last
lew years have witnessed great events in the
history of our country. This generation has
been summoned to meet great issues, duties
and responsibilities-before the war, during
the war, and since its close. Some of these
issues have been discussed in the forum, aod
decided at the polls; others on the field of bat
^fle. Many ol the ii are now closed, and can
wnever be reopened. They have passed into
history. For a few ?moments let me recall
some bf those now burled In the past, and in
?order to state more clearly the issues and du?
ties of the present. .
First among the issues of the past, I men
tion the repeal of the Missouri compromise
which divided to some extent the Democratic
and originated the Republican party. Next
.came Kansas with its bloodshed, slave code
and Leco upton constitution, followed by the
war on Douglas, the secession from the Charles?
ton convention, the break in the Democratic
farly, and thereby the election of Lincoln,
hen came conventions and for m il re Solutions
in favor of secession and Independence in the
.Southern States. These %reat issues, upon
which men divided who act together now,
.each of itself sufficient to divide and to create
political parties, were followed by the still
greater issue of war-war declared and waged
for secession and Independence by the South
war declared and waged for the Integrity of
the Union, under the constitution, by the
North. During its progress, however, not
only thc armies, but the ideas of the North
and Sou ti: came in conflict-ireedom and slave?
ry met face to face in battle. To establish
an Independent confederacy upon slavery, as
Its/corner-stone, was the idea and purpose ol
those who led the So-un Into secession and
war; and history now records among the most
memorable events the proclamation of ^man?
cipation and the thirteenth amendment abol?
ishing slavery forever. At length, alter four
long years of blood and sacrifice, by the bless?
ing of Heaven and by the strength and endur?
ance of our patriotic armies, came the Anal
surrender of the South, and the complete tri?
umph ot the Union army. The war was ended.
Oh! how our hearts went up to Almighty God,
when peace, blessed peace, had come-when
blood bad ceased to flow' and no more sons
were to go down to battle and to death. Hard?
ly, however, bad this first exultation come and
THE KEW ISSUE OF RECONSTRUCTION
came-to the conqueror a more tryiug one
..than war Itself. I repeat, more trying; for lt
Nvvas to determine whether a party all power?
ful, with the sword of victory In its nand?,
when dealing with the vanquished, could rule
its own spirit-could itself obey the very con?
stitution lt had sacrificed three hundred thous?
and lives and five thousand millions of dollars
to maintain-whether in the dav of its strength
it could keep the pledges lt made in its numil
lation, and olten repeated from the first bat
tie ot Bull Run to the end ot the war.. Tou
remember President Lincoln proposed as the
basis the reconstruction of the States and the
people of the South to their rights under the
constitution. He was opposed lo reconstruc?
tion based upon disfranchisement of the
whites and subjecting them to the universal
suffrage of the blacks. To those who suggest?
ed it, his reply was like that of Gustavus Adol?
phus, the King of Sweden, who, after saving
the religious liberty of Germany, when his
officers urged him to retaliate upon his ene?
mies, replied: "I came to break the chains
ot slavery for one people, and not to forgo
new ones for another." With malice toward
tcjpe, and charity for all, pursuant to the
CC istitutlon. and the provisions of an act of
Congress, he proclaimed the conditions of am
nest y and peace. That proclamation was ap?
proved by the whole country, Including a very
large majority of his own party. Had he lived,
I have no doubt lt would nav 3 been realized,
and we should have bad reconstruction under
the constitution, and not military reconstruc
tion outside of lt. Officially, as President, he
had proclaimed lt. Unofficially, in a speech,
the last o? his life, he pleaded for it. His whole
soul was in lt He was never stronger ia bis
own party than at that .10 ment. But Just then
he was stricken down by an assassin. The re?
sponsibility fell upon Mr. Johnson, who had
less power to control that party. From that
moment the spirits of evil were unloosed. The
?tassions ot the North were inflamed: its Rad
cal leaders, infuriated, strengthened and em?
boldened, reckless of oaths, pledges and con?
stitutional obligations themselves, they de
nounced in both houses of Congress Demo?
crats and all others who stood for the consti?
tution as little better than rebels. With fatal
blindness or deliberate ?rpose, under the
lead ol Thaddeus StevenB, they forced upon
the country a plan of reconstruction
OUTSIDE THE CONSTITUTION,
involving a reconstruction of the constitu?
tion itself by the sword; and to accomplish
that, they abolished all civil law and civil gov
-eminent even, in eleven States, and subject?
ed ten million people to martial law, and Hieb*
Vives, liberty and property to trial by courts
martial. It was a clear violation of the consti?
tution, a gross usurpation of power. Mr. Stev?
ens, their great leader, knew it and avowed
lt. When the McArdle case from Mississippi,
which Involved that question, was pending in
the Supreme Court, and after it had been ar
fued, a law was rushed through Congress in
ot baste, to take away their jurisdiction, be?
cause they believed the court would decide
the act of reconstruction unconstitutional; and
wtih unspeakable sorrow we saw that court,
suspend Its decision ior Congress to pass that
act. A fatal surrender ! Mr. Stevens waged
An Implacable war upon President Johnson,
who strove in vain to save the policy of his
predecessor. The struggle was long, earnest
and intense. But that policy was overborne;
and resonstruction, under the constitution,
gave way to military reconstruction outside of
it, and even to a reconstruction of the consti?
tution itself, culminating in the XlVth and
General Grant, who, at the beginning, was
opposed to lt, yielded himself to the Radical
policy, and was elected President in 1868. A
partial reconstruction ol' the Supreme Court
soon followed, and then every department of
the government was brought into unison with
it. That reconstruction has been carried into
eflect. It has become a part of the history of
the country. However much we may have
opposed it we cannot ignore the tact that
whether fairly adopted or not, whether by
force or by fraud in the elections,
THE FOURTEENTH AND FIFTEENTH AMENDMENTS
bave been proclaimed and adopted, under all
the forms of law, as part of the Constitution
ol' the United 8tates, and they are formally
accepted and acted upon as such by every de?
partment of the government.
The views and purposes of the Democratic
party and of all who opposed the adoption of
these amendments, have been lrequently call
.ed in question, and that quite recently by
Senator Morton and Speaker Blaine, whom I
regard aa the leaders of the administration
ucarty. They say, in substance, because the
-.^Democratic party opposed military recon?
struction and voted against those amend?
ments in Congress and the State Legislatures,
it intends, when lt comes Into power, and
come lt will, [applause,] to disregard those
amendments and set them aside.
In saying this they assert what they cannot
knVw to be true, and they assert what we
?Know cannot be true. Long before Mr. Tal
iandigham said anything upon the subject,
the address of the Democratic members of
Congress declared the contrary. l,We earn?
estly entreat our fellow-citizens in all parts of
the Union to spare no effort to maintain peace
and order-to carefully protect the rights of
every citizen-to preserve kindly relations
among all men, and to discountenance and
discourage any violation of the rights ot any
portion of the people, secured under the con?
stitution or any of tue amendments." As to
Mr. Vallandlgham, it might have been a new
departure, but to the Democratic members of
Congress, the leaders of the party, it was
KO NEW DEPARTURE.
How could the Democratic party disregard
or set aside those amendments, if they woiild *
But three ways can be conceived or have ever
been suggested :
First-By obtaining a decision of the Su?
preme Court, declaritg them void. The pre?
sent constitution of that court makes the thing
Impossible, and no Democrat woytt propose to
reconstruct the Supreme CourtTtpreverse its
decision. They honor the judiciary too much
to do that., Besides it is almost certain that
upon all such political questions, depending
upon the result of elections, the judiciary
would feel bound to accept and follow the dec?
larations of the political power, Congress and
the Executive; that the Supreme Court could
neither take Judicial notice of events depend?
ing upon elections, except as they are de?
clared, nor trame an issue to try the question
of fact, whether a constitutional amendment
has or has not been ratified by the Legisla?
tures of three-lourthB of all the States, after
the same has been proclaimed duly ratified by
the proper officers under the forms ot law.
Second-By proposing a n?w amendment to
set them aside directlv. This would be a le?
gitimate move, but is wholly impracticable.
Beyond question, more than one-fourth of the
States would vote against it, rtnd three-fourths
are required to carry it. The attempt to do so
would renew the agitation of the negro ques?
tion in another form, but could bring no prac?
tical result. Besides, all parties. North and
South, are unwilling to reopen that question.
The negro ls free, and none will enslave him;
and negro suffrage has become a fixed iact-a
Third-The only other possible mode ia the
military one-of using the army to control 1
elections, and to change the constitution.
Radicals, like Senator Morton, might consist- '
ently adopt this mode; tor they do not hesitate '
to put the army above the constitution and 1
civil law In order to control or set aside elec- j
lions. But no man who still cherishes the '
doctrines of the old Democratic Republican 1
school of Jefferson and of Jackson would dare ]
to use the standing army lor any such pur- |
Besides, the attempt lo take away negTO sut- 1
frage by force would lead to
A BLOODY STRUQGLE,
probably to civil war, and without doing any i
.rood, would Involve greater evils than now i
ixlst. I should net have dwelt upon this sub- i
eel so long, but tor the constant efforts of our |
Kadical opponents to place us in a taine posi- 1
lion; and to charge us wita the purpose of (
ieallng with the constitution, as they them- t
?elves have done, viz : To reconstruct lt by 1
.he sword and to renew civil strife. i
And now, gentlemen, let me inquire what
TOE ISSUES AND DUTIES OK THE PRESENT BOOR !
First. In relation to those amendments, we
iannot expect a decision of the Supreme Court
o annul them-we do not propose a new
imendment to set them aside-aud least of all
>y the sword. But the question arises, how
viii you remedy the unbearable evils which c
low rest upon the Souther? Slates ? You c
enow the disfranchisement ot hundreds of a
housands of the most intelligent whites, and t
be universal suffrage of the blacks, led by ad- t
venturers, with the aid of the standing army, t
tas subjected that people to the worse form ri
il government, and taxed, and robbed, c
lurdened and humiliated them beyond de- '
crlptlen. Will you Ignore all that and leave ?
hem without remedy ? No, gentlemen. What u
re propose is to cure, and not to aggravate o
he diabase. Io th? language of th? Demo- v
ratlc Congressional address : "Our hopes Tor a
edress are In the carm, good sense of the p
ober, second thought of the American people.
Ve call upon them to be true to themselves r
\?? to their past, and, disregarding party F
tame and minor differences, to Insist upon a u
tecent equalization cf power, and the restrict?
ion of Federal power within its just and C
.roper limits, leaving to the States that con- ?
roi of their domestic affairs that ls essential v
0 their happiness and tranquillity and good
tovernment." We appeal to the reason and n
etiirnlng sense of jus.ice. magnanimity and V
raternal feeling of all the people. North and
louth, In favor of amnesty. In this ap
teal large numbers, thousands upon thou
ands of liberal Republicans, like Brown
nd Schurz of Missouri, have already
olned. The negroes themselves at the d
louth will join lu demanding amnesty for ;
heir late masters. The example of Missouri !?
annotloog be resisted. The Choctaws and
Cherokees, In their treaties of peace six years
go, gave universal amnesty; and their exam- ?
hould shame Christian white men out of a '
lolicy resting on unforgiving hate or unmanly
ear. Tne sentiment must become nearly uni- !
ersal for amnesty, and two thirds cf Congress J,
rill vote for the bill. Although late lu coming Jj
: will tend to restore fraternal feeling. It will r
ertalnly restore to intelligence and character ?
t the South, a voice once more in the man
gement ot its local affairs, and restore to
hose States what they have not had for years,
republican form of government. Gentle
?en, among the
OTHER IMPORTANT ISSUES
f the present the greatest is this, viz; f
IThether our government is to be In sub- J
tance, If not in form, revolutionized ? Wheth- J
r the Federal Government is to remain as c
ur lathers made it, based upon a written ^
onstltutlon, limiting and defining Its powers, S
nd reserving the mass of powers not delega- 5
?d, to the several States and to the people; or, "
rhether it is to become a government of un- !~
mr.ed and centralized power ? In a word, r,
rhether thc United States shall continue to
e a Union of States under the constitution, or
ecome a centralized despotism, at Washing
)n, to be ruled by the secret resolves of a
lucas, and by the President at the head ot
ie army. Our faithful representatives at
fashington say: "Under prentence ol J.J
asslng laws to enforce the fourteenth w
?aendment and for other purposes Con- w
ress has framed and passed laws by n<
hich the liberties of the people are menaced o
ld the sacred rights of local sell-government ai
1 the States Ignored, if not tyrannically over- v
irown. Modelied by the sedition laws, so
Bous in history, they are at variance with all
ie sanctified theories of our institutions, and
ie construction given by these Badlcal inter- _
'eters to the fourteen'': amendment is, to
;e the language of an eminent senator-Mr.
.umbali, of Illinois-an "annihilator of
ates." Under the last enforcement bill, the
cecutlve may, in his discretion, thrust aside
e government of any State; suspend the writ
habeas corpus; arrest its governor; imprison
disperse its legislature; silence its Judges, -
id trample down its people. Uuder the arm- AI
1 heel ot his troops, nothing is left to the th
tizens or State which can any longer be Bi
died a right; all is changed Into mere suffer
ice." AB certain as we live, ^[
THI3 IS THE GREAT ISSUE QI
id danger upon us now. Everybody feels
lat a revolution is going on in that direction; J2l
ie very ground giving way under our feet. D,
adicaU admit it. Some avow and juBtlfy it; p,
id some ol' the best friends of republican iQ
overnment fear that revolution has already Ki
one too far to be arrested. But, gentlemen, Ki
it us not despair; truth will rise again. In Lt
ie nature ot things, in our svatem ot govern- 5S
lent, two forces are alwavs at work, like the "
vo forces in our planetary system-the one S
inding to draw all planets to the centre; the \
ther to take them out of the system alto- N<
sther. They have been constantly struggling s<
1th each other from the beginning and from Qi
?fore the beginning. AR by a compromise of Os
trees the planets were made to revolve iu Pl
leir orbits around the sun, so by a wise com- D
roml8e and balance of forces, In our political &
?stem, our composite form of government ci
as made. To the Federal Government was |?
?ven defined and delegated powers necessary st
i the Union, to the deience, and the general r<
elfare. All the remalBder, except just w
lough to carry Into effect the powers delega- JJ
d, were reserved to the States and to the f*
With men of extreme views and Radiea'. ten- 0(
mcles, it seems almost Impossible to com- u
.ehendalimliation of rights and power?,
j illustrate. With the Radicals of the 8outh,
id I might add, some at the North, before
ie war, the Federal Government had no t0
ghts the States were bound to respect. The a
ar, I think, hap cured, or ought to cure that DJ
delusion; but I fear it. has riven rise to another;
tor since tue war the Radicals ot' the North
seem to think
THE STATES HAVE NO RrOIITS THE FEDERAL GOV?
ERNMENT 13 BOUND TO RESPECT;
and, this last delusion is as dangerous to liber?
ty as the first. Extreme follow* extreme. The
pendulum, (rom one side ol the arc, swings
always to the other; and the higher lt rises on
the one side, the higher it rises on the other.
The rebound lrom a war begun upon the
Southern Radical's idea of all power in the
States, is now, under the lead of those who
control this administration, fast driving all
power into the Federal Government.
I repeat, in my opinion, gentlemen, the real
issue paramount over all others, at this mo?
ment, is, whether the true republican form of
government ot our fathers shall give way to
centralization ud to military despotism. It
has already made long strides in that direc?
tion. The great duty of the Democratic party,
and of all who love republican liberty, is to
bury all the issues of the post and to unite in
an honest, earnest, Bell-Bacriflcing effort to ar?
rest the further progress of that revolution.
We can only do that by a change of adminis?
tration; by restoring, as far as the constitution
will allow lt, to St&te legislatures, State Judici?
aries, State executives, and State military
forces, the defence and maintenance o? the
rights and liberties of the people, which cen?
tralized power cannot defend, but will certain?
ly destroy-by placing the civil above the mili?
tary power, in all the States; by reducing the
standing army-that standing menace of all
republics-willi its lite tenures, aristocratic
tendencies and extravagant expenditures, to a
peace standard-and by preventing its further
interference' with the freedom of elections.
Ol her issues r.nd duties o? great importance
rest upon us also, growing out of our own for?
eign relations, finance, national debt, tariff
and internal revenue relorm. Gentlemen,
LET US ORGANIZE KOR VICTORl*
and not for defeat in the next great contest.
Many who were divided upon the Issues of
the pastare shoulder to shoulder with us now
upon the issues ol the present, and many
more are coming. Let us restore to its pres?
tige and power thc old Democratic Republican
party of Jefferson, o? Madison, and ot Jack?
son. Let us cordially invite to its support all
who are with us upon the great issues Involved
-a'l who love republican institutions as es?
tablished by our fathers, in substance as well
is In name; all who cherish republican sim
olicity, integrity, economy and fidelity, every?
where in the Stale and Federe! admin
stratton; all who would lighten the heavy
pecuniary burdens o? our people by their
more equal and Just distribution; and all
svho, while maintaining the national iallhand
lonor inviolate, look foward with hope and
:ourage to the return of that period when the
)urdens ot tue general government will be as
lght as its blessings are beneficent, when the
-ich will not be made richer and the poor
joorer, by act of Congress; when the Federal
ind State Governments, each in their sphere,
irotecting the equal rights of air, and gr aci?
ng lavors to none, shall, in the language of
General Jackson, bestow their blessings "like
he dews of heaven unseen and unfelt, save
n the richness and beauty they contribute to
TBE RICHLAND FARMERS' CLUB.
Regalar Monthly Meeting.
IFrom the Pheonix. .
This club held its regular monthly meeting
m Saturday. The chairman of the committee
m irrigation, Colonel Wm. Wallace, presented
,n Instructive and a suggestive essay upon
his important theme. He. took the ground
hat a good system of irrigation was one of
he best means ol providing lor the summer
Iroughts to which this section ls liable. The
balrmanoftbe committee on the subject of
'Birds as connected with agriculture," Dr.
aired Wallace, read a most Interesting article
?pon thesubjecr. Mr. F. Trenholm, chairman
I the committee upon the steam plough, re
orted oroinvRs. From the. rmRjrr mad Oj u.
ppears lhat the cost 01 introducing sucn a
Tough would amount to $5500.
Upon motion, a committee was appointed to
irepare an essay upon the best method of
irovldlng for the annual summer droughts
isual in this State.
Messrs. Thomas Taylor, W. H. Giboes,
leorge Davie and A. Y. Lee were appointed
elegatea to the Poinologlcal Convention,
'hieb meets this month in Richmond, Va.
The president announced that the next
leetlng would be on the farm ' of Messrs.
8AVAXNAH. September 5.
The statement, in the New York Herald to?
ny to the effect that yellow fever exists In
uis city, has called forth the following from
"I learn that the New York Herald, of this
?ornlng, asserts the existence of yellow fever
i Savannah. The statement is wholly with?
in foundation. There ls not now, nor bas
lere been, any yellow fever in Savannah dur
lg the present year, and the city is lreer of
isease ol' any kind, and healthier, than In any
revlous year. A retraction of the statement
y the Herald, so far as Savannah ls concern
d, ts requested."
A SINGULAR CASE.
NEW YORK, September 4.
J. D. Rymert, lawyer, and president of the
[erculesLlfe Insurance Company, C. J. Dan?
ie, Mrs. Georgine Dankle and J. S. Talmadge,
rere arrested Saturday by the United States
eputy marshal, charged with making false
?presentations respecting the properly of a
?rtain bondsman, in the suit ol' the United
tates against Dankle, to recover a forfeiture
ir running an Illicit distillery. To-day Cora
ii88ioner Davenport heid Rymert in $15,000,
ad Talmadge in $10.000 ball, and Mr. and
rs. Dankle in $10,000 ball each.
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, September 4.
Clear and hazy weather will probably con?
nue from New England to South Carolina,
Ith southerly winds. Falling barometer,
Uh southwesterly winds and increased cloudl?
ess from- the lakes southwestward to the
bio and Missouri Rivers, and continued cloud
id local rains on the Gulf coast,
esterday's Weather Reports of the
ts igual Service,
U. S. A.-4.47 P. M.,
lffalo, X. ?....
leyenne, W. T.
?y West, Fla.,
ike City. Fla..
JW London, Ct.
iwego, N. Y....
ichester, X. Y.
NOT8.-The weaner re-i irt dated 7.47 O'CIUCK
ls morning, wm be posted in the rooms of the
lamber or Commer.-e at io o'clock A. M.. and,
nether with the weather chart, may (by the
lurteay or thc chamber) be examined by ship
asters at anj time daring ene day.
MORE POPULAR DEM OS'S TRA TTOS'S
Another Row Beween the Police and
the People-Ula?-- Arrest- Policemen
Injured-The Vrxallles Assembly
The Cholera In ttrmany-Shipwreck?
and Loss of Life.
DUBLIN, September 4.
On Sunday Lhere ws a monster demonstra?
tion and a vast procesi?n. A hundred thous?
and people were preent In Phoenix Park.
Smythe, Butt and Nfan spoke. Resolutions
demanding the releas ot the Fenians were
adopted. Several corsions took place as the
people were retiring. The police drew their
staves, and the peo p'.< used sticks, stones, Ac.
Eventually the mob was dispersed. There
were many arrests.
LATER.-It appears ;hat only six of the pol?
ice were hurt. Forty-line or the rioters were
arrested. Dlsorderlypersons were In the
street all night slnglngiedillous songs.
rbxDOX, September 4.
Smythe, member of ?arllament, presided at
the Phoenix Park meetbg. In the right which
followed, participants li the meeting attacked
the police. Fifty poltemen were injured.
The police were relnforied and many arrests
The Times has a VerauTles dispatch, saying
there will be no adjournment of the Assembly
until the Germans evacuate the four depart?
ments surrounding Paru
Fatal cases ot cholera have occurred at
Dantz'c, Elblng, Coblentz, Altona, Leipslcand
A bark capsized near;he English coast-all
lost. A brig capsized 06 Shields-all lost. "
Queen Victoria ls so ouch indisposed as to
be confined to the house
A general strike for higher wages among
the coal miners of Northumberland ls immi?
yEws FROM rASHiyarox.
WASHINGTON, September 4.
The President has ptrdoned Alfred Foster,
of Brooklyn, convicted of selling unstamped
The secretary of th? Interior has Issued an
order forbidding whites to settle in the Chero?
The Grand Duke Alexis sailed hither ward
Ten of the Warnwutb delegation, from
Louisiana, departed tonight. They will meet
the balance of the delegation at New York,
and at 10 o'clock to-norrow proceed to Long
Branch to meet the President by appointment.
Letters from vincent Coilyer Indicate that
his mission to the Apaches, of Arizona, has
tailed. Cochise would not come to the council.
THE COTTOy QUESTION'.
The Course of the Market Last Week
Prediction of a Short Crop.
The New York Financial Chronicle, of Satur?
The cotton market the past week has con?
tinued quiet, but prices, under the influence
ot the same causes operating last week, have
further Improved. Rumors that the crop has
been greatly damaged of late In many ways
[?o?r? n?reV?fWfivVlpu^ft^A'tt?ff?l supply is,
therefore, counted upon, and with the
present consumption tho upward move?
ment In prices was only a legitimate
and necessary consequence. Liverpool has
advanced during the week about .jd. for mid?
dling uplands, with the week's sales tor con?
sumption at 82,000 bales, and tor export 11,000
bales. It is claimed, however, by many, that
loreign spinners are accumulating unusually
large stocks, and that they must soon with?
draw from the market. This idea is based
upon the current estimates of consumption
(58,000 bales weekly) as given by the leading
Liverpool circulars. If those figures are cor?
rect the Manchester spinners now hold 267,000
bales stock; but it their consumption is In ex?
cess ol the above' weekly total, as we hav
claimed, then the stock ls less to Just the same
amount. So long, therefore, as the sales lor
consumption and export at Liverpool remain
at the present large figure, there will be a be?
lief in an enlarged consumption and a ebon
The Selma, Ala., Times, published at a cen?
tral point in the great cotton belt, and usually
a well-informed authority concerning the
growing staple, editorially remarks:
Many estimates have been made in reference
:o the "present crop ot cotton. The opinions as
lo the aggregate ot the crop have been as va?
ried as the Interests represented have been
DU me rous. We have our own opinion, based
upon what we have seen of the crop in the
States of Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee and
alabama, and what information we have been
ible to glean from our exchanges of the cotton
States. We do not believe that the present
:rop will reach two and a half millions of
jales. The crop In this State is poorer than it
ms been for years, and the combination of
llsasters ls being dally added to. These
ilsoslers are general throughout the South,
ind where the cotton ls to come from
n order to give as the aggregate three and a
lalf, or even three millions of bales, for the
lotion crop ol 1871, we do not know.
BAD ACCOUNTS OF COTTON'.
MOBILE, September 4.
The general crop accounts received here by
-esponslble merchants Bay the cotton pros?
pects lu Alabama and Mississippi are very dls
:ouraging. There ls a drought io some locali?
ses and too much rain la others. The plant is
ilso suffering trom worms. The planters are
?oldlng back their cotton for higher prices.
The Working Plan:
[From the Laurens Herald.]
We have tried the cursing and bullying plan,
ind we have failed, and we now propose that
he working plan be tried, after the manner
hat we have suggested. It can be done, and
he brilliant victory but recently achieved by
he deserving people of Charleston is proof
positive that all we have to do is to work and
vin. Neither mass meetings, high flown ora
lons, nor newspaper articles, can secure the
.ictorv. It is entrusted to the care ol the in?
ti vidual; and lt there is one thing that we de
ire to impress upon our people more than
mother, lt ls the individual responsibility of
?very man In the political struggle soon to
weep our Slate, from mountain to seaboard,
vlih its hurricane of passion.
The other View.
IKrom the Barnwell Sentinel.]
When the Press Conference was called, it
vas not opposed In advance, and if we mistake
lot, THE NEWS was very willing to receive the
id of another conference when Its action he?
arne the topic of discussion. The Press Con
erence bound nobody, the conference which
ucceeded it bound nobody, and yet both of
hese consultations were of service, and result
d in producing the Reform movement. How?
ly concentrating public opinion. Borne of
ur friends take exception to the phrase "lead
ag men," as if this expression alluded to par
icular individuals. The leading men to whom
re allude are not old men or young men, old
olilicians or new politicians, but the men of
und. earnest, thinking men, who, putting
side Belrlsh views, work patriotically tor the
;ood of the State. Such men be they young
r old, will always recommend wise action
rhen thev meet in conference for the common
? Lt t ns Tall lt this Time."
[From the Walhalla Courier.;
The Democratic Darty of South Carolina has
ieen devoted to voluutary, non-responsible,
ion-obligatory conferences and conventions
ince 1866. If any, the least good has ever re
ulled irom the assembling ol' such bodies we
ave never been able to see or ascertain it.
Such assemblies are usually controlled by a
few spirits, who manage to say or do some?
thing, which is converted by the opposing
party into an instrument with which to defeat
us. What could we effect In State matters ?
We do not desire to lead in national affairs.
Let us tall it this time. The memorable plank
put into the platform or 1868 bv South Caro?
lina crushed the very life out of the party.
We will make more by staying at home
and harvesting our little crops, than talking
about matters over which we have no control.
Besides, if a conference be advisable in any
event, this is too early a day. We have al?
ways been too apt and too ready to expose
our hand. We play too fair and should try a
little -bluff." But, says the Camden Journal,
we are for conference and early organization,
not agitation. Is that possible? Whatever
might be done In that conference would be
agitated In twenty-four hours after Its adjourn?
ment. Not agitate ? Impossible. Carolinians
possess one of the traits of Frenchmen, and
that ls Impulse. They are good on a charge,
but tire in a long campaign. This is a reason
why, if any course ls designated, lt should be
done at a late day. If we begin now, we will
And ourselves like the bear in the fable, only
we will have worn ourselves out fighting the
wind. While we are panting on our backs at
the opening of the campaign, the enemy,
lresh and strong in past victory and the spoils
of office, will sweep everything before them.
We men of business can" afford a long and
heated campaign, but the farmers and labor?
ing men cannot and will not. At first they
are warmed up and Interested, but their busi?
ness soon cools their ardor, ond as the thing
becomes old they grow careless. Let us have
no conference lor the present.
KIM BROUGH-ROUX -On Wednesday, COth
ultimo, at St. Paul's Church, Augusta Ga., by the
Bev. W. H. Clark, THUMS M. KIMBROCOH. of
P.lchmond, Ya., and EMILIE FLORENCE, youngest
oaughterof F. L. Roux, Esq., or charleston, S. C.
STICKN'EV.-Died, In this city, on the morning
or the 1st september, 1871, In the thlrry-nrtti year
or her age. or yellow rever, Mrs. SARAH STICKNEY,
consort or Mr. Asa Stlikney.
The dear mend whose untimely end we record
was one whose many lovely traits or character
could not (all to endear her to all whose privilege
lt was to be associated with her. Without any
pretension to Christian perfection, she yet practi?
cally followed the Master's example In the gentle?
ness or her dealings with those who needed kind?
ly words or cheer, or who might be materially
beneflted by more substantial evidences or sym?
pathy. Her heart and hand were responsive to
each other In aflording prompt relier to the wants
and necessities or the unfortunate and distressed,
who came within reach or her ooservailon. No
ostentation or obtrusiveness marked her gentle
deeds or kindliness and benevolence; but they fell
as refreshingly as the dews or the morning.
While she was modest and unassuming in her de?
portment, there conitnually emanated from her
life and works Influence* lor good that will not
ceas ? because ol her death, bat the good seed thus
sown will bear rich fruit ror nose who knew and
loved her best, ber friendships were warm, sin?
cere and lasting, and she was an ornament to her
sex, and an intelligent, useful member or society.
She was an affectionate, devoted wire, and
thought no trouble, no sacrifice or self too great.
ir she might thereby minister te the comfort and
happiness or her beloved husnanrt. As a daughter
she WAS full or reverential affection ror her sged
1 mother, ande instantly manifested lt by herir?
quent tokens or kindly remembrance. For her
sisters and crothers, who loved her with unusual
tenderness, she proved her unfaltering devotion
by her 8'eady Interest and action ror their wel?
fare. But she ls gone from ocr earthly vision.
To her surviving nusband. and to her mother, sis?
ters and brothers, who remain at the old home?
stead where her Infant eyes first saw the light or
day, no mortal words can couvey sufficient con?
solation. To the relatives or her far-away home,
we offer the assurance that everything that care
and the rao-t unt.rlair attention could bi stow
was yielded with solicitous tenderness, to miti?
gate the pains or disease and stay the hand or
death. She was among friends who dearly loved
her. We most sincerely believe that oar departed
mend ls now basking la tho light of a brighter
whom all blessings rio w, bestow on thy bereaved1
and suffering children such cons latlon as Thou
only knowest how to adapt to their wants.
'What though o'er my mortal tomb,
Clouds and mist be blending !
Sweetest hope shalUchase the gloom,
Hopes to Heaven ascending.
"These shall be my stay, my trust.
Ever bricht and vernal.
Lire shall blossom out or dust,
Life and Joy eternal."_
^ ?S-^KEU^nVES, FRIENDS AND
"."quaintances of Mr. and Mis. Edward S. Johnson
ntd Mr. T. W. Johnson, are respectfully Invited
to attend the Funeral Services or Mrs. EDWARD
S. JOHNSON, at Glebe street Presbyterian
Church, at 9 o'clock THIS MOBXIKO. sepj .?
pm* ?N MABRIA.GE.-ESSAYS FOB
young men on great Soilal Evils and Abuses,
which interfere with Marriage, and rain the hap?
piness or thousands-with sure means or roller
ror the erring and unfortunate, diseased and de?
bilitated. Sent in sealed letter envelopes rree or
charge. Address HOWARD ASSOCIATION, No.
2 3. Ninth street. Philadelphia. Pa. aep4-3mos
pm*H OTIC E-OFFICE SAVANNAH
AND CHARLESTON RAILROAD COMPANY,
CHARLESTON, S. C.-The Coupons lor Interest
on the Bonds or the Charleston and Savannah
Railroad Company, guaranteed by the State or
South Carolina, which mature September 1st,
1871, will be paid on presentaron at the First Na?
tional Bank or Charleston. S. W. FISHER,
?M* NOT I CE-OFFICE SAVANNAH
AND CHARLESTON RAILROAD COMPANY,
CHARLESTON, S. C.-The Coupons on the Bonds
or the Savannah and Charleston Railroad Com?
pany, ror Funded Interest, which mature Septem .
ber l, 1871, will be paid on presentation at the
Banking House or H. H. KIMPTON, Financial
Agent State South Carolina, No. 9 Nassau street,
New York, or at the First National Bank or
Charleston, at the option or holders.
ang3l-thrstuth5 S. W. FlStiER, Treasurer.
pm* ANYBODY IN WANT OF A FINE
Head or Hair should use at once JAYNE'S HAIR
TONIO, lt will excite the tcalp to new and
healthy action, cleanse lt from scurf and dand?
ruff, prevent the hair from railing off, cure those
eruptive diseases which orten appear on the head,
and In most cases produce a fine growth of new
hair. As a dressing, no better preparation can be
obtained for Imparting a rich and glossy appear?
ance to the hair. Sold everywhere, and by GOOD?
RICH, WINE ll AN A CO., Wholesale Agents,
Charleston, S. C._sep2-stuth3
jZ?rST?LL ONWARD AND UPWARD.
The extraordinary Increase that has taken place In
the sale of Hostetter's Stomach Bitters during the
past year ls another proof that an intelligent peo?
ple, although they may try all thtDgs, hold rast
only to that which ls good. No amount or puffery
can lift lnrerlor anieles to the position or stand?
ard t-peclflcs. To use the words or Tom Paine,
they may go up like a rocket, but are sore to
comedown ignominiously like its extinguished
stick. Hundreds or such nostrums have gone up
and come down since the Introduction or Hostet?
ter's Stomach Bitters, nearly the firth or a century
ego. Yet it still remains the s ?preme tonic or the
age lc has not, and never has had a rival in eta
cacy or popularity, and now Btands at the head
orall proprietary remedies manufactured on this
6ideor the Atlantic. Ia every civilized communi?
ty on this Continent, or la South America, lt is
the accepted remedy ror dyspesla, bilious com?
plaints, constipation, general debility, nervous
weakness and many other unplea?aut or danger?
ous miladies. A medicine so widely extended is
of course pirated and Imitated by dealers without
conscience or In egrity.
Therefore, let every man and woman who de?
signs to purchase the genuine Ho3tetter's Stom?
ach Bitters see to it tha t they have what they
pay ror, and not the resulta of an infam?os im
posture. Look carefully at label, stamp and
name blown In the glass, and do not forget that
the true Bitters ls sold in bottles only.
CONSIGNEES PEE MERCHANTS"
Line Schooner FRANCIS SATTERLY will send tc
Adger's Wharf for GoodB, or pay storsge If lort on
wharf. WM. ROACH A CO.
^CONSIGNEE NOTICE.-THE BRIG
W. H. PARKS, from Baltimore, ls discharging
her cargo ac Kerr's Wharf. All goods on thc
dock at sunset will be stored at risk and expenr.
of owners. STREET BROTHERS,
pm* CONSIGNEES PER STEAMSHIP
JAMES ADC ER, from New York, are treeby noti?
fied that she ts discharging cargo at Adger's
South Wharf. Goods uncalled Tor at su: set will
remain on the wharf at owners' risk.
sepS-2 JAMES AD3ER A CO., Agents.
^CONSIGNEES PER STEAMER SEA
GULL, from Baltimore, are hereby notified that
the Steamer is THIS DAT discharging cargo at
Pier No. 1, Union Wharves. AU goods not taken
away at sunset will remain on the wharf at own?
ers' rhk. MORDECAI A CO., Agents.
pm* SPECIAL NOTICE.-THE STEAM
ER CITY POINT having been quarantined at
Jacksonville, Fla., for ten days from the time of
lier departure, (Thursday last,) no Freight will be
received until further notice.
sep5-3 . RAVENEt, A CO., Agents.
^EDISTO ISLAND, S. C., AUGUST
26, un.-AU persons having claims against and
ail those Indebted to the late R. 0. CHRISTY,
Esq., are requested to settle accounts with Mr. G.
STEAVENS, Edlito, S..C.
8ep5-2? MARGARET CHRISTY.
pm* CONSIGNEES PER STEAMER
SEA GULL from Baltimore, are hereby notified
that she ls THIS DAT discharging Cargo at Pier
No. 1, Union Wharves. All goods not taken away
at sunset, will remain on wharf at consignees'
risk. MORDECAI A CO.,
?STOFF?CE HOWARD ASSOCIATION,
MARKET HALL, CHARLESTON, SEPTEMBER,
1, ian.-The office or this Assocta'lon will be
opened dally from 7 o'clock A. M. untune- o'clock
P. M. Mr. DANIEL S. HART, Clerk of the Board,
will be In constant attendance to meet all app'l
cations for relief, receive contributions, Ac.
The Secretary wUl be at the office daily At 1
o'clock P. M., to examine and select nurses, and.
those who desire situations as nurses must apply
at this Office. GEORGS S. PELZER, M. D,
OFFICEBS OF THE HOWARD ASSOCIATION
JAMES H. TAYLOR,
Residence No. 7 Rutledge street; office corner
Hay ne and Church streets.
THOMAS S. BUDD,
Residence No. 7 Water street; office 15 Boyce's
JUNIOR VICK PRESIDENT,
W. 0. DESAUSSURE,
Residence No. 25 East Battery; office 23 Broad
GEORGE H. MOFFETT,
Office Adger A Co 's Hardware Store, Meeting
GEORGE S. PELZER,
Office la Market Hall.
H. F. Baker, residence No. 27 Queen street;
office No. 20 Cumberland street, (H. F. Baker A
Co's. Coal Yard.)
W. 0. DeSaussure, residence No. 25 East Bat?
tery; office No. 23 Broad street.
T. P. Lowndes, residence Llmehouse street;
office No. 26 Broad street.
W. H. Peronneau, residence Sm th's lane; cilice
Bank of Charleston.
Thomas M. ila a ck el, residence No. 47 ll ase
street; orr.ee No. 1 Broad street.
H. C. Robertson, residence No. 1 Malden lane;
wharfinger, Atlantic wharf.
Jacob Small, residence No. 4 Buil street: office
corner King and Princess streets.
S. A. Nelson, residence No. 21 Archdale street
oftlce No. 2 Hay ue street.
S. Y. Tupper, residence NO. 2 Ann street; office
Planters' and Mechanics' Bank.
J. H. Devereux, residence No. 28 Reid street
office corner Broad and East Bay.
Joseph A. Sanders, residence No. 08 Pitt street
next corner Van der horst street.
F. S. H Ormes, residence corner Pitt and Vautier
horst streets; office Holmes's Book Store.
B. F. Evans, residence No. 7 Drake street; office
Walker, Evans A Cogswell, Broad street.
James M. Eason, residence No. 15 Drake street;
office corner Columbus and Nassau streets.
W. 0. Whilden, residence southwest corner
Ashley and Spring streets; office corser King and
W. S. Henerey. residence southeast corner
Spring and St. Phillp streets. sep2
pa* DISINECTANTS.-T HOSE IN j
want of DISINFECTANTS will find a full assort?
ment at the Drug Store or DR. H. Ba ER, m Meet?
ing street. sepl
pm* THE SEASON IS APPROACHING
ror Children's Summer Complaints, especially In
those who are Teething. A sale and secure reme?
dy ls all Important, and mothers will find such a
one In DR. BAER'S GERMAN SOOTHING COR?
DIAL. To be had of all Druggists. apr24-mwf
su ?rering from Diseases pertaining to the GENITO
URINARY ORGANS, will receive the latest scien?
tific treatment by placing themselves under the
care oi Dr. T. REENSTJERNA, office No. 74 Hasel
street, three doors from the Postoffice.
pa* NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN
to all Sub-Agents or the Land Commission, that,
frc ra and after thc first day or March, 1871, they
will report all their proceedings to Hon. F. L.
CAKDOZO, Secretary or the Advisory Board.
ROBT. C. DsLARGE, L. C. S. S. C.
Columbia. February 28,1871._m aril
pm* FOR COUGHS, BRONCHITIS AND
Consumption, in Its early stages, nothing equals
Dr. PIERCE'S ALT. EXT. or Golden Medical Dis?
covery. It ls also a great blood purifier and
Btrength restorer or tonic, and ror "Liver Com?
plaint'' and costive conditions of the bowels lt
has no equal. Sold by all Druggists.
pa* CHARLESTON BIBLE SOCIETY.
The Treasurer of the Charleston Bible Society wlh
receive Subscriptions or Donations at his office,
So. 88 East Bay, corner or Atlantic Wharf. The
payment of Two Dollars will constitue a person a
member for one year. Bibles are kept on bat.d
for distribution. The Society has ono Colporteur
tn the field, and solicits aid to Introduce another.
Persons interested In the work or seeking farther
information will please call on the Treasurer.
J. N. ROBSON,
aprl8-6moa Treasurer C. B. S.
Drugs ano ?tlc&innee.
FOR INFANTS TEETHING.
This Is thc Ut st Medicine for Infants sod young
Children eve? offered to U?oublic. It ls carefully
prepared from the beat Drift, accord ng to a pre?
scription furnished by a distinguished German
Physician of largs and successful practice, and
has been tried and approved by many of our heft
physicians. It la specially adapted to the diseases
Incident to childhood during the, trying period of
teething, and recommends Itself for the core of
Diarrhoea, Dyscoftry, Colic, Griping fl the
Borrels, Sommer Complaint, Ac. It contains
or other injurious Drug, and should, therefore,
be preferred to the Sootblag Syrups that now flood
the marker, which are known 'to contain opium,
and ".re, therefore, more or lesa Injurions. Thous?
ands of children are murdered annually by Sooth?
ing Syrups ; In some cases, thia'Act has been pub?
lished In the newspapers, where the physician Ut .
attendance so stated m his death certificate. In
the numerous other cases, where the innocents
are murdered by this modern Herod of the Nur?
sery, the caus?is laid to a thousand other causes
to &11 bot the right one.
Mothers, bear this in mind, and use the GER?
MAN SOOTHING CORDIAL, which ls safe, effi?
cient an.l satisfactory. . *
DO NOT FAIL TO TRY A BOTTLE
This SOOTHING CORDIAL ls also an excellent
Tonic, admirably adapted in cases of debility
giving tone to the system, recuperating the
strength and restoring the appetite.
TRIOE-TWENTY-FIVE CENTS PER BOTTLE.
Dr. H. BAER,
CHARLESTON, S- C.
Also for sale by the fallowing Druggists:
A. W. ECKEL A 00.,*3t?r. A. RAOUL,
Ur. W. A. S KAINE, A. O. BAKBOT,
TOOT A CU.. J. BLACKMAN,
Dr. P. M. COHEN, Dr. H. H. KELLERS,
tl. S. BURNHAM, GRAMAN A .-CUWAKE
A. M. COHEN, W. A. GIBSON,
ABU by Druggists generally._angil
rjlHE UNIVERSITY MEDICINES,
PREFABED BT TBS
NEW YORK MEDICAL UNIVERSITY.
COMPOUND FLUID EXTRACT OF CANCER
Cough Llnctus-Price $1
Uiianthus Extract, for Epilepsy, St. Vitas' Dance,
Spinal and Brain Affections-Price $2
Catarrh Specific-Price $2
Hydrated oxymel, for Consumption, Bronchitis,
Whooping Cough. Ac-Price $2
Pile Extract-a never falling Pile cure-Price $2.
May Apple Pills, for Dyspepsia, Torpidity of the
Liver, Constipation, Ac-Price 60 cents
Headache Pills-Price 50 cents
Alkaline Resolvent-an Iodized chemical water
superior to Vichy, Kissingen, Seltzer, Ac
Five Minute Pain Curer-Price $1
Chemical Healing, Blood and Bone Ointment. ;
Ethereal Phosphorus-Price $3
Lithla-for the Kidneys-Price $3
Katalpa Extract-the woman's friend-Price $3
Victoria Regla-unrivalled for beautifying
Amaranth-for t ho Hair-stops faUing hair-Price
Neuralgia-Rheumatic Elixir-Price $2
Fever and Ague Globules-Price $2 per box.
For sale by DR. H. BAER,
arm No. 131 Meeting street. Charla- ja.
fTPHAM'S ANTIDOTE FOR STRONG
A SURE CURE FOR DRUNKENNESS.
One Dollar a Bottle Sent by mau, postage
paid, on receipt of price.
Tlie Antidote is the best remedy that can be
ad ministered m Manla-a-Potu, and also for all
For sale by Dr. H. BAER.
NO. 131 Meeting street,
pets_Agent, for South Carolina
"VALLE CR?CIS," NEAR COLUMBIA, S. 0.,*'
FOR THE EDUCATION OF YOUNO LADIES, UNOIB
THE IMMEDIATE SUPERVISION OF THE Rsm
GIEtrSES OF THE URSULINE '
The ladles of the Ursuline Community, s. C., re?
spectfully announce to their friends, and to the
public, that the annual exercises of the Academy
will commence September 1st. Their Institute
being devoted to the education of yonth, aa 1
each member having received a long and care: ni
training for that purpose, the echoes under
their charge, as weU In the various countries ot
Europe as m America, have never tailed to win
and retain the confidence of parents and guar?
Nothing will be left undone in imparting to tba
pupils confided te tlietr care a thorough educa?
tion, in the highest sense of the word-not alone
Instructing the intellect, but with maternal care
guiding aul training the heart.
The situation of the Convent la all that can be
desired for health and beauty. The buildings are
on elevated ground, about two miles from the
capital, and in the midst of an oak grove or
twenty acres. It ls within half an hoar's drive
from thc depot, where omntbusses and baggage
wagons await the arrival of passengers. .
No distinction of religion will be made in the
admission of pupils, nor will any undue influence
be used over their religious principles: bat, for
the maintenance of good order, all will be requir?
ed to attend the exercises of Divine Worship pre?
scribed for the Academy.
From Individuals or societies disposed to aid in
the education of young ladles, applications for
the admission of pupils, at reduced terms, wm
receive the most favorable consideration that
the circumstances of the school will admit.
The Scholastic Year ls divided into two Sessions
-the first commencing september 1st, and ending
February 1st; the Becond commencing February
1st, and ending July 1st.
TERMS FE a SESSION*-PAYABLE IS ADVANCE.
Eoard, Washing, Fuel, Lights, Tuition In Eug
i;sh.Needle Work and Domestic Economy..1150
Peus. Ink and use of Library. 2
Kreuch, Latin, each. io
Uarp, $30-use of Instrument, $'>. 86
Plano, $25-use of Instrument, $3. 28
Guitar, $18-use of Instrument. $2. 20
Vocal Music, (Bas lni's Method). J*
Vocal Music, private lessons. *?
Drawing In Crayon. JJ
Painting In Water colors. JJ
Painting in Pastel. 2
Painting tn Oils. g
For?ur'her Information, application may ba
made to the MOTHER SCPEKlult, to Bight Rev.
Bishop LYNCH, or to the Reverend Cleigj.