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VOLLME XI.-NUMBER 1774.
CHARLESTON, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1871.
r EDUCATIONAL REFORM.
THE IMf'ROrEMENT OE OUR SYSTEM
OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
Who Pays the Tax '-Ho. 1.
Of the sum of nearly three hundred thou?
sand dollars expended upon public education
In South Carolina, about one-fourth is absoi bed
and devoured by sinecures, receiving compen?
sation and rendering no services, and the re?
mainder Is spent to so little purpose that,
except in the City ot Charleston, it might as
well not be expended at all. I propose, Mr.
Editor, in a series of papers, to review the
entire system, and to call the attention ol the
Legislature about to meet to a few suggestions
of practical utility, pei maded and desirous
that they, too, should believe that South Caro?
lina must originate a system of public educa?
tion ot her. own, and should abandon the
attempt to import a plan unsuited to the con?
dition ol her people, and beyond the resources
OjVher treasury. In the course of the discus?
sion I shall suggest and advocate the cutting
down of the South Carolina University lrom
Its present too extensive programme, and a
return to a prescribed curriculum for at least
two (the freshmen and sophomore) years,
doing away with the learned faculties of medi?
cine and of law, or at least withdrawing their
salaries, and remanding them to the lees
which they will be able to obtain from those
students that their eminent ability will, in
time, attract to the University; an appropria?
tion to Claflin University for the benefit of the
blacks, the South Carolina University being
virtually pledged, for the present, to the whites;
the inauguration ot a State Normal School, as
provided by an ordinance of the convention ol
'68; .he organization of a State board of exam?
iners, strict and impartial, for giving certifi?
cates, and when the merit is very great,
diplomas to teach to those, and those only,
who deserve them; the organisation of a State
board of education, and of county boards of
education, composed of leadlngVcltlzens, not
politicians nor legislators, and the establish?
ment of two graded schools of a high order
(one for each race) at every county seat. It
ahall not be said that these papers are without
a purpose, or give forth an uncertain sound.
It Is evident that the State, as such, ls the
proper agent for the education of its citizens;
and it can be shown that taxation, for
purposes ot education, ls altogether legiti?
mate, since lt ls the duty of the property
* ol the State (in case lt can be proved that a
tjptx for education, or any other tax, rests ex
.elusively upon properly) to educate the people
.of the State. Experience testifies that educa?
tion, though often counteracted, Is, In Itself,
an Improving process, and Sute education can
be vindicated upon this simple ground, that it
tends to make net merely more Intelligent,
more skilful and more wealth-producing, but
more obedient, more orderly, and, in all re?
spect?, much better citizens. This can be
proved by the close companionship of- virtue
and enlightenment, and conversely of Igno?
rance and crime. Cum hoc, ergo, propter hoc.
To those who wish to read the argument In
this form, John Foster's '-Essay upon Popular
f Ignorance" will prove both Instructive and
convincing. I preler, at present, very briefly,
to present the argument (and it ls irr?futable)
m priori, from the very nature or education as
?essentially o morai pr otes s.
For what ls education ? Is lt cot causing
the child to exercise self-control over its rov?
ing thoughts and desires and actions, and to
strengthen its will by continually collecting
its iaculties and concentrating them upon the
fixed and definite end of attaining knowledge,
under the conviction that the attainment of
knowledge ls not only desirable aa an accom.
pllshment, but that striving to attain knowl?
edge is obligatory, while at Behool, as a duty *
Can such a process as this result in no im?
provement of character, when not counteract?
ed by influences outside of it * Is it not next
to idiotic to state what the process of educa?
tion necessarily and invariably is, and then to
deny that, it its essential tendencies be not
thwarted by some powerful outside evil Influ?
ence, it must improve the child and the citi?
zen In mind, manners and morals? Fortu?
nately, this once, mooted question ls rapidly
passing beyond debate, and it Is now pretty
much settled, thank God ! that education lean
unmixed benefit to the individuals and to so?
ciety, and that the State ought to educate its
Citizens, and should tax Its property for the
support of its schools. Education Increases
the virtues and the enjoyments of a people,
and ls, as Edmund Burke long ago strongly
put it, "the cheap defence of nations."
There are some, however, but fortunately
only a daily decreasing few, who hold that
taxes for education are paid by properly
holders for the benefit of non-property-holders.
The truth ls, they benefit all classes. But
were the groundless assumption irue.lt will be
shown hereat ter that such laxes would, never?
theless, be equitable. But property-holders
never did, and never will, exclusively pay any
tax whatever. The question, uWho does pay
the te ?es V lt is admitted, is difficult and ob
scure; but, surely, th'-y are in error who hold
W that no portion of the burden tails on the non
property-holder or laborer. On the contrary,
who does not ku ow how skilful the small
class of manufacturers ever are to shift the
burden of a tax, by means of a change of price,
upon the large class ol consumers ?
And when did property-holding employ?
ers ever fail, by means of lower
?rages, or higher rents, or an increased
rate of Interest, to loree employees and labor?
ers to bear an equitable proportion of any tax
that was ever laid upon them ? It ls not true,
then, tbat a tax for purposes ot education is or
can be paid by property-holders alone. In
whatever form it be Imposed, the people, the
entire people of the State, pay lt. In propor?
tions somewhat approaching an equitable dis?
tribution of the burden. It is a common con?
tribution (or a common benefit, and the sooner
that contribution is made, provided lt ls not
wasted, and that oommon benefit is secured,
the sooner will a State, our own State, for ex?
ample, enter upon a career of more rapid pro?
gress in culture, wealth, power, reputation and
L TJfCH LA W IN TENNESSEE.
NASHVILLE, September 29.
Three negroes who had burned a MeihodlBt
Church were taken from the jail at Winches?
ter, Tenn., and hanged.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
_Xhe case ol supposed yellow fever at
Brooklyn, N. Y., turns out to be typhoid.
-A company ol United States artillery left
Mew York yesterday to reiuforce the garrisons
in North Carolina.
-The paper and rag warehouse of Jessup A
Moore, lo Philadelphia, was burned yesterday
It was situated In the centre of a uumber of
paper stores. Loss $150,000.
-A number of coolies who hail completed
their eight years'service in Cuba, arrived In
New York yesterday en route for Calilornia,
?o which ooint Cuba pars '.heir expenses.
ANOTHER LIE EXPOSED.
The Plain Traill About the Edge field
The following affidavits and letters, publish?
ed in the Edgefleld Advertiser, completely re?
fute the horrid story about Ku-Kluxis n In
the "Dark Corner," printed conspicuously by
the Columbia Union about two weeks ago:
7} the Editor of the Advertiser:
I have read tn your Issue of the 21st, an arti?
cle copied from the Columbia rjnion over the
signature of "An Old Republican," in refer?
ence to a Ku-Klux outrace said to have been
committed, in this vicinity within the last
month. Since then I have troubled myself no
tittle to ascertain if there was any foundation
for the rumor, and am satisfied that the state?
ment ls an ucaltlgated falsehood throughout.
I have seen the old colored man, Sile Robin?
son, upon whom the outrage is said to have
been perpetrated, and he utterly disclaims
knowing anything in reference to the report?
ed Ku-Klux disturbance, or having said any?
thing to that effect. And he is willing lo sign
a paper giving the lie to the whole story.
Ttie colored people in this neighborhood say
they are willing to testify that no such out?
rage has occurred in this section cf country;
and tbev turther wish meto say for them that,
while they are satisfied, and are living, in
pe ice and quietness, as they have been doing
iura long while, they hope the party will not
disturb the friendly relations existing between
them and the whites by representing the
weakest of their race as circulating such libel?
lous and unwarranted falsehoods.
I send you a list of names of both white
and buick, who are willing to testily in this
matter should you desire fun her evidence,
viz: Messrs. T. j. Thurmond, Jesse Bailey, P.
P. Doolittle, J. W. Glanton, B. F. Glanion,
Wm. Parkman. W. J Holmes, C. L. Blair. Dr.
J. H. Jennings, Landon Tucker, E. A. Searle?,
Startllog Freeman, W. BusBey. white, and
Sile Robinson, Lewis Gilchrist, Thomas Col?
lins, Alic Hampton. Pleasant Holmes, colored,
and could send hundreds ol others, if neces?
sary, of both colors, living in the vicinily o?
Red Oak Grove Church.
WYATT L. HOLMES.
Affidavit of "the Victims."
EDOEFIELD COUNTY, 8. C..
September 25, 1871.
We, Sile Robinson and sons, John Robinson
and Spencer Robinson, do hereby cerdly that
we are informed that certain persons have re?
ported that we are the persons referred lo in
communication headed " Heights above
Hamburg, 8. C., September 14, 1871," and pub?
lished in the Daily Union, over the signature
of "An Old Republican," upon whom a Ku
Klux outrage was said to have been commit?
ted; that we live near Red Oak Grove, and
that no outrage bas been committed upon us
ot any nature whatever; that no section of the
State can be more lree (rom Ku-Klux outrages,
its we have not heard ol a single act ot any or?
ganized band of lawless persons.
Witness : Wyatt L. Holmes and Wm. Park
GOOD WORDS FOR CHARLESTOX.
[From the Sumter Watchman. 1
In times like these lt Is pleasant to fee "our
City by the Sea"-nobie old Churlestcjo-rising
at fast from her sackcloth and ashes and as?
suming once more her ancient rights-robing
herselt once more in the royal garments ol
prosperity and placing herself again fore?
most In tue ranks ol' our comme cul marts.
And tbls bright feature ls owing to wiiai ? It ls I
due to the i?dorr.iiable energy of her men of]
business-men who have the* interest of the
city at heart-men who have been with her
In her hours of adversity and sorrow-of sun?
shine and shadow-and who for year after year
have extended their capita! and devoted their
energies to her welfare and her interest.
[From the Walhalla Cour er.]
We are satisfied the merchants of Charleston
can job their goods ai Iowas the merchants or
New York, because buying by the case, they
can buy as cheap, and by reason of the leBs ex?
pensive living, house reut, Ac. they can sell
as cheap and realize a larger profit. We are
also satisfied that merchants buying a general
stock of three to five thousand dollars never
save a dime by buting in New York, but, on
the contrary, are losers to the exton' of the
Increased cost of freight and travel from the
place ot business lo New York over that to
Charleston. Every citizen should feel an in?
terest in Charleston, lor its growth and enrich?
ment adds to the wealth of the State. In trad?
ing with Charleston, we keep more money in
ohr State than in buying from New York, for
though Charleston buys from the North, yet
buying by the case, her Jobbers keep within
this State the prout paid to the Jobbers ol'
THE ROGUES' STARCH.
ATLANTA, September 29.
Foster Blodgett, lat? superintendent of the
State Road, was arrested yesterday, charged
with fraud. H. P. Farrow, attorney-general,
was arrested to-day, charged with cheating j
THE YELLOW FEVER SCARE IN NEW
NEW ORLEANS, September 29.
A meeting representing the principal dry
goods, grocery, drug and western produce
houses and embracing one hundred and fifty
flrms, was held to-night to protest against
the quarantine ol New Orleans vessels enter?
ing Texas ports. Pointed resolutions to that
effect were adopted and telegraphed lo Gover?
nor Davis. A letter declaring there was uo
yellow fever In the city, signed by Doctors
Breckel, Brune, Choppln and Holiday, was
read at the meeting.
THE HEATHER THIS DAY.
WASHINGTON, September 29.
The barometer will probably continue rising,
and high on the A antic aud Gulf coast and
lower lakes, with pleasant weather on Satur?
day; but w'll fall rapidly north aud west of|
the Ohio valley, with increasing southeasterly
wiodsron the upper lakes. A storm ot consid?
erable severity is probably approaching from
Montana and Dakota
Yesterday's Weather Reports of thc
Statuai service, U. S. A.-4.4T P. M.,
Bu (Talo. N. Y....
Cheyenne, W. T
Rey Weat, Fla..
Lake etty. pia..
New Haven, CL
rxwego, N. Y....
Rochester, N. Y.
St. Paul. Minn..
Mt.. Washinu ton
Ge n l le.
24 i NW
? ?en tie.
Gen i lc.
NOTB.-The weather ranon ilutert 7.47o'ciock,
this morning, wiil be posted in the rooms of the
Cnamber or Commerce at io o'clock A. M.. and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
courtesy of the chamber) be examined by ship?
master:; at any Hmo during tne day.
A RADICAL AVAR WHOOP !
SCOTT, MOSES & CO. ECHO THU TI?
DINGS FROM RALEIGH.
The Governor Taken a N'cw Departure
He Goes Back on the Taxpayer?' Con.
vent lon amt Pat? his Faith in "Win?
chester Rifle Law"-Tribute of Oar
Young Aloses to the ?"Ilonesty and
Integrity" or Governor Scott-Injured
Innocence in thc Kxecutive Chair
Sailing into Judge Bryan and the
United Stat* s Marshal-H?ge Wants
to Stand In Marshal Johnson's Official
Boots-Getting Ready for the October
Colored Convention, die, die.
A noteworthy meeting of the Republican
State central committee was held in the Senate
Chamber at Columbia, or. Thursday. Lieuten?
ant-Governor Itansler presided, and twenty
three counties were represented. We are fold
that "General F. J. Mose3, Jr.. speaker of the
House of Representative?, Governor R. K.
Scott, General Worthington and Judge H?ge"
were present as "Invited visitors."
THE WOnK CUT OCT.
The chairman ot the executive committee
rendered several reports and explained the ob?
ject of the meeting in effect a3 follows : First,
It had been decided by the executive commit?
tee that under the present condition of affairs
in the State, and in view of the objects In an
ticlpation, lt was best that the State and dis?
trict committees be cailed together to consider
these matten* :
1. To consider the question ol the proposed
colored convention of repr?sentative colored
men from the Southern States, to be held OH
the 18th proximo, In this city, suggested under
the rules and regulations cf thelate Georgia
Convention. The chairman stated that he had
advices that members had been chosen in sev?
eral of the States for this purpose, and speedy
and correct action was needed here.
2. The choice of delegates to the convention.
The president remarked that some had said
lhere was a seeming anti-Republican move?
ment lo the tact that lt was exclusively col?
ored. It wa?, he acknowledged, a delicate
question, but lt had been profoundly discuss?
ed, and lt had been deemed best lor t!>e col?
ored people to come together In this manner
and consult upon their political and material
Interests. The question to consider above all
others being what conrse ls the best to be pur?
sued to bring about the greatest good to the
country at large.
3. To consider the present condition of af?
fairs In this Slate. It being an unmistakable
duty that something must be done, and thai
speedily, to save the lives and property of citi?
zens, and to make it safe for them to say. "I
am a Republican." That if the party amounts
to anything; if 30,000 majority is of any value
for anything lo the State or to the nation, said
the chairman, then let there be an unmistaka
he expression of the fact, and means be pro?
vided to prevent the recurrence of midnight
assassinations, and that in doing this, vt there
be calm and impassiouale action, but firmness
In all things.
REPRESENTATION IX THE OCTOBER COLORED
On motton, the Georgia preamble and reso?
lutions were adopted, amended after much
discussion so as to allow four delegates for the
State at large, and two from each Congre .
Monal Disir.ct. Instead of suggestions ot two at
large and oue from each district, as the repre?
sentation to the convention ot October 18th.
On motion, a committee, consisting ot F. H.
Frost, of the First, R. H. Cain, of the Second,
W. B. Nash, of the Third, and W. J. McDowell,
of the Fourth Congressional Districts, were
appointed to report names for delegates to
The committee on delegates at large report?
ed the names of Rev. B. H. Cain and Hon. A.
J. Ransler, of Charleston; Hou. R. B. Elliott,
of Richland, and Mr. Wilson Cook, o: Green?
The nominations were confirmed separately,
and two from each Congressional district were
elected, as follows: First District, J. H.
Rainey, H. E. Hayue; 8econd DI strict, W. J.
Whipper, B. A. Bosemon; Third District. W. B.
Nash, S. Y. Lee; Fourth District, J. H. White,
ATTACKS ON THE UNITED STATES COCBT.
General Worthington, ot Richland, and Mr.
Wilson Cook, of Greenville, were called upon
to sneak upon the condition ot affairs In the
State. Mr. Cook gave a history and a scath?
ing review of the recent trials of Ku-Klux in
the United Stales Court or Greenville, and the
conduct ol U. S. Judge Bryan and the U. S.
Marshal. The former gave his attention more
especially to the application of remedies, and
neglect of applying remedies, and the causes
of the outrages that have occurred.
The Rev. Mr. Cain followed in a short speech,
very severe on the Uuited Slates marshal, and
demanding a change in officers that the laws
may be executed.
GOVERNOR SCOTT'S NEW DEPARTURE.
The Governor addressed the meeting by in?
vitation, expressing lils determination to ex?
haust his powers to suppress the Ku-KlUX or?
ganization, and assured the committee that
measures had been taken to make the session
of the next United States Court In this city ns
memorable to the midnight assassin* as was
the late session of the court presided over by
Judge Bond, in Raleigh. He said I hat every
pledge ot the Democratic leaders tn the up?
country, und the pledges of the same party in
the Taxpayers' .convention had been broken,
and that he had no longer any faith in any?
thing but the strong arm cf power.
KORT SUMTER HOSES A3 TUE EULOGIST OF R. E.
General F. J. Moses was then invited to ad?
dress the meeting. Ile painted in glowing
\ colors the trials and difficulties through which
the Republican party had passed; paid a glow?
ing tribute ot respect to the honesty and in?
tegrity ot the Governor, and failed to see how
he could be blamed for being deceived by the
promises ot men who for twenty years hud
imposed themselves as leaders upon the peo?
ple ot the. Untied States and were accounted
to be the smartest politicians In the country.
He asserted that the scales had fallen lrom the
eyes of the Governor and his Republican ad?
visers, and that hereatter the dependence ol
the people should rest solely upon their own
efforts. He urged vehemently the removal of
the present United States marshal, and assert?
ed that the Ku-Klux before Judge Bond would
result in ihe same farcical manner as those in
Greenville before Judge Bryan, unless this*
change was made.
THE COMMITTEE " GOES FOR" UNITED 3TATE8
Hon. H. E Hayne introduced a resolution,
which was adopted, calling for the removal ot
the present United States marshal, and endors?
ing Judge H?ge for the position.
A resolution endorsing President Grant was
A resolution that a committee of five be ap?
pointed to draft a memorlel to the President
in favor ol Judge H?ge for United States mar?
shal was adopted, and the following were ap?
pointed on the committee : R. J. Donaldson,
F. H. Frost, C. D. Hayne, H. E. Hayne and W.
The committee then adjourned till 10 A.M.
ALABAMA'S FAVORITE SON.
MONTGOMERY, September 29.
The grandest demonstration ever known lo
Alabama was made to Ciantnn. His body lying
In suite at the capitol waa vIMted bv over ten
thousand persons. The Methodist'Episcopal
Church, where the funeral sermon waa preach?
ed, was filled, and the square around packed
with people. The procession to the cemetery
WHS over two mlleH long. It ls estimated that
the crape on the stores and public buildings
and private, residences will make a line ten
miles long. Tue grief is great, and men ami
women freely shed tear?. The colored popu?
lation vied with the whites in their demonstra
tionfi f>r respect to the gmit Democratic leadet
of Alabama. I arge contrlbnllona have already
be?-n made to a fund for his family. Everj
business house wa? closed.
KKLMA, September 29.
The death ot Clanton created au universal
and profound sorrow in this community to
day. The church bells were tolled and othei
.JemcDitrotton?' ? -??c, ".r "..vi"
CRIME IN THE STATE.
Arrest of Alleged Kn-Klnx.
The York ville Enquirer pays that on Monday,
the 25th, H. C. Moseley, United States deputy
marshal, upon warrants Issued by Samuel T.
Polnier, United States commissioner, arrested
under the Ku-Klux act of Congress, the follow?
ing named persons residing in the upper.part
of York County : 0. C. Beamguard. Charles
Beamguard, J. Newman Thomas, William C.
Thomas, John C. Watson, Thomas H. Lessley,
William D. Lessley and John L. Wood. They
were arrested on the charge of having whipped
a negro woman by the name of Phoebe Smith,
who resides in the same neighborhood of the
Eersons accused, on the night o? the 12th of
fay last. The prisoners were brought to
Yorkvllle on Tuesday morning by a equad
of United States soldiers and lodged In jail,
preparatorv to a preliminary examination
before the United Slates commissioner. Rob?
ert Faulkner, of the same neighborhood,
charged with participating in the same offence,
and for whose arrest a warrant had also been
issued, was absent from his home when the
officer called to arrest bim; but on his return,
and ascertaining that a warrant had been is?
sued lor bim, he Immediately came to this
place and surrendered himself to the marshal.
On Tuesday an investigation was had by the
commissioner, and after the examination of I
witnesses in behalf ot the prosecution, the ac
cased were required to give bond in the sum
or $2000 each, for their appearance before the
United States Circu? Court to be held in Co?
lumbia on the second Monday of November
np.vfc, at which term, we understand, Judge
Bond will preside? At the time of writing,
(Wednesday morning' the required bail had
not been given.
A Shooting Affray at Lynchburg.
The Sumter Watchman, of the 27th Instant,
says : "We learn that Mr. John Murphy was
shot and severely, it not mortally, wounded
by men in disguise, athis store at Lynchburg
about half-past 8 o'c'ock ou Thursday night
last. From statements made to tis, lc seems
that about the time ike train rolled up to the
depot, some men in d sgulse entered Murphy's
store. Une account is that he immediately
seized his weapons ind fired into the partv,
receiving in return the shots that wounded
him. Another that the disguised party fired
first, and whilst Murphy was making some
movement to use his weapons. Two shots took
effect, one in the Bide and one in the neck, both
ot which are said to have travelled downwards.
Others of the disguised party who remained
outside the house are said to have fired, and the
marks of many balls, lu cluster, lt ls said, may
be seen on the counters inside. The shoot?
ing was rapid and soon over, and the party
mounted their horses and rode away. Some
persons who were netr, went to Murphy's as?
sistance, and remained with bim until morn?
ing, who Bay that later in the night voices out?
side asked, 'Is he dead ?' And after a pause,
the expression, 'So mote it be with all seed cot?
ton buyers !' was heard. Surgical aid was
sought for Murphy-th? wounds were probed, ]
but search for the balls was vain. Of two
physicians who were present, one we learn re?
garded the wounds monal, whilst the other
did not so regard them Murphy was moved,
next morning, to the house of Mr. C. Boyle, a '
near neighbor, where he ts being cared for. It
is said that he was a considerable dealer In
cotton In the seed, that he bad been warned,
and that he armed himself and defied those
that menaced him."
A Brutal Assault.
The Camden Journal says: "We have been
credibly Informed that cu last Saturday after?
noon, a brutal assault was committed upon
the person of John Pickett by John Jac'-fon
and two ol his brother?, on the western side
ot Wateree. Our Informant state* that, while
? crossing Cbesnnrs Ferry that afternoon, John
Jackson and Pickett became Involved la an
altercation, and that Pickett struck Jackson,
after which they made friends, and proceeded
on their way, riding together tor more than a
mile. That Jackson suddenly disappeared,
and shortly afterwards the party separated,
Pickett going home, alone. After proceeding
a short distance, he found himself confronted
by John Jackson and his two brothers, who at
once set upon, struck bim with an Immense
club, ten inches in circumference, by measure,
and beat him most brutally. They then left
him. Mr. Pickett has since been laid up. He
has, however, taken out a warrant against the
Another Arrest of So-Calted Ku-Klux.
The same paper has the following: "Just as
we were going to press last week we mentioned
the arrival of a squad of United States sol?
diers who did not know why they were sent
here, and that we had our suspicions which we
would walt to see verified or not, as the case
might be. Those suspicions proved correct.
We are informed that the circumstances are as
follows: Some time Rince Messrs. T. J. An?
crum, Jr.. and A. H. Boykln went into the
store of F. Goss, a prominent Radical, about 3
o'clock in the afternoon, to purchase some?
thing, and. an altercation having arisen. Mr.
Ancrum struck Goss with a small riding whip.
Thereupon Goss took out a warrant
against both of the young men lor as?
sault, and battery, Issued by J. F. Suther?
land, E-q., trial Justice. They were ar?
rested and bound over to appear at the
present term of Court of Sessions. In the
meantime, Goss makes an affidavit and has a
warrant Issued from the United States Court,
bringing the case under the Ku-Klux bill. A
United States marshal. Sherman by name,
came over, supported by the soldiers and
their bayonets, and arrested Messrs. Ancrum
and Boykln, who were taken before Commis?
sioner Gayle, and bound over to appear at the
United Slates Court to be held at' Columbia
on the 4th day of next month. To the credit
ot the marshal be lt said, he did not carry the
soldiers with him, but went down quietly and
performed his unpleasant duty, as agree?
ably as was possible, under the circum?
stances. When called upon by Judge Melton to
know whether he had any bills to be given
out to the grand Jury, J. M. Davis, Esq., act?
ing solicitor. Biated to his Honor that he hnd
been informed that a prosecution had been en?
tered In the United States Court against Messrs.
Boykln and Ancrum, by (joss, for the same
offence for which he then had a bill to give
out, but did not do so, preferring to walt until
it was seen what was to be done in the United
States Court. Tnls is a rather unusual case,
but lt really ts nothing more nor less than a
simple assault and battery, and hasnothlnr
more to do with Ku-Kinxism than a larceny
has. The result or this attempt to gratify
malice will soon be seen, as the United States
Court will convene in Columbia next week."
HORACE GREELEY BACKS DOWN.
NEW YORK, September 29.
The Tribune sa\>: "We uccept the ticket
nominated yesterday at Syracuse," and adds:
"We accept the miracle ol clumsiness called
the platform, and bow to the monstrous State
THE NATIONAL COMMERCIAL CON?
BALTIMORE, September 29.
The convention adopted the report of the
committee on interior lines of water commu?
nication, recommending the dredging of the
mouth ol the Mississippi, and a sb ip canal
connecting the Mississippi with the ocean; the
canal lu run near Fort St. Philip, on the lett
bank, to the Gulf of Mexico, and to be main?
tained at the government cost nnd free of
tolls. An appropriation of tour millions is
asked for to do this work. The action of the
previous convemlon regarding the Janes
River and Kanawha Canal, was approved,
aud the appeal to Congress for aid was renew?
ed. Reverdy Johnson addressed the conven?
At the evening session a report that Con?
gress compel the removal of the bridge of the
Mobile and Texas road over Grand Rtgolets to
a more suitable crossing, and that, it be placed
at right angles to the current, was adopted.
The; convention adopted varions reports and
a resolution recommending Congress to pass
an universal amnesty act, also the following :
Wliei eas, This convention having adopted a
resolution asking the General Government lo
refund the tax collected on cotton, therefore,
Resolved, That coal oil. Iron and ether com?
modities, having paid asimilar tax, be includ?
ed in ihe resolution asking the refuuding ol
the tax on colton.
Ihe convention meets in St. Louis in 1872.
Adjourned sine die. _
-The residence ol' Captain R. F. McCaslan,
at Ninety-Six, took fire on Saturday last, ami
but tor the most strenuous efforts would havt
beeu consumed. Tue tire is supposed to have
THE ENGLISH CROWN.
QUEEN VICTORIA'S ILLNESS-TB E
MUTTERINGS OF REVOLUTION.
The Nature of the Queen'* Disease-Her
Death may be Announced at any Mo?
[Cornspon?ence of the New York world.)
LONDON, September 14.
The Times thia morning Is penetrated with
remorse. It abused the Queen during last
session of Parliament because she refused to
show in public; and now it beats its breast,
strews ashes on its head, and scourges itself
without mercy because It has discovered that
the painlui and dangerous disease which has
i lately placed her Majesty's life in danger, and
I from which she bas not yet recovered, was
even then preying upon her. Here ls the
Times' account of the Queen illness:
The public will have observed with conslder
! able anxiety the recent statements in the Court
Circular respecting the health of the Queen.
They are the more grave as coming from the
Highland home in which for so many years her
Majesty has been wont to find health and re
reshment. She ha? sought, like numbers of her
subjects, a renewal ot strength in the fresh
mountain air ol Scotland, and that she should
there be prostrated by weakness ls matter lor
special regret and concern. We grieve to say,
however,lt ls true that her Majesty has suffer?
ed from a severe and painful attack of Illness.
It commenced with a grave general derange?
ment of health. This was followed by a violent
affection of the throat,which rendered swallow?
ing or speaking above a whisper very palnlul
and difficult; and the attack ended in a very se?
vere abscess under the arm. The abscess was
opened by Professor Lister last Monday week,
and proved to be much larger than he had an?
ticipated. Fearing lest lt should full to pro?
gr?s satisfactorily, or lest there should be any
appearance of another, he remained at the
castle the whole of last week. Happily, there
has been no drawback to the process of cure,
and the professor left Balmoral on Suuday.
We may trust, therefore, that there is no occa?
sion for further anxiety. The Queen's health
has much Improved during the last lew days,
and she appears In a fair way to recovery. We
observe with pleasure that she ls able to re?
sume her drives, but such an illness ls ex?
tremely weakening and distressing. Her
strength ls much reduced, and we fear lt must
be some time before she recovers even ber
usual state of health.
I am sorry to say that this does not begin to
tell the whole truth. The Queen is still In Im?
minent danger. I do not entirely credit all that
I hear about the state of her mind; the truth
about that, if lt were unfavorable, would be
almost impossible to ascertain until affairs had
reached a hopeless stage. But from authority
that I can rely upon I learn that the scrofulous
disease under which ber Majesty is suffering ls
ot a very persistent, dangerous and malignant
nature, and that fatal results may et.sue at any
There Is a whisper that the military manoeu?
vres now going on at Aldershot have some
reference to possible outbreaks that may oc?
cur on the announcement ot her Majesty's
death, and that the presence of the Prince of
Wulos with the army was considered expe?
dient for the same reason. All these stories
must be taken for what they are worth; but
i hey are significant straws showing how the
wind blows. When the Queen ls more than
usually affected In her mind they always send
for Lady Churchill, and that lady Ja now at
Ulurac 11' a Remarkable Speech.
. [By Cable to the New York Herald.]
LONDON, September 2G.
The Bight Honorable Benjamin Disraeli, ex
premier of England, attended a dinner to-day
at Hughenden, his country residence and
home. In proposing the toast ol the health of
her Majesty the Queen, he took occasion to as?
sure his trlenda and neighbors that the sover?
eign lady has become physically, and Is mor?
ally, Incapacitated from performing her public
duties longer. This assertion was accompan?
ied with sentences of fervent eulogy of her Ma?
jesty personally, concluding with the words
that '-her duties are excessive, and that no
Englishman is under such complete control ot
the pr i i ti cal traditions of the country as Its sov?
Hts words have been published. The utter?
ance has produced the most tremendous ex?
citement among the people. It is canvassed
by the highest of the aristocracy, and talked
of among the most humble of the Democracy.
Disraeli has overshadowed Gladstone almost
completely in the eyes of the people, who have
been accurately Informed of every word ot his
remarks, despite a very vigorous effort which
hos been made by some of the metropolitan
Journals to suppress them by non-publication.
The subject of the propriety of an abdica?
tion by the Queen is spoken of in the clubs,
and very many of the most extreme loyalists
now regret that her Majesty did not hearken
to the advice which was given to her by the
late Lord Palmerston years since, when he
counselled her to delegated part of her mon?
archal duty-such as signing the acts of Par?
liament-by royal warrant to a member of the
Privy Council, and thus beglu ot her own free
will to accustom the public mind to her grad?
ual and graceful disappearance from the
throne years before her death.
The Queen rejected Palmerston's advice,
and has since held on to a rigid assertion
ot every essential of the royal prerogative with
that spirit ot tenacity or obstinacy which has
ever been characteristic of the reigning mem?
bers of her lamtly.
Disraeli h likely to master the public crisis
notwithstanding. His bold diagnosis of the
slate of health of the Queen ls accepted very
generally as being correct. The royal lady
has remained fevered and irritable during
very many months. She has been lately
afflicted with inflammatory sore throat and
most palnlul glandular tumors, and has only
lust shaken off a severe attack ot general Ill?
ness. People speak of the tendency to Insani?
ty which is hereditary In her family, and there
remains, on the whole, not the sligheat doubt
lhat Disraeli has ezpre-sed a sentiment which
Is already national-Victoria's abdication,
cheaper government, or a complete change In
the form ol the ruling power of Great Britain.
ALL ABOUT THE STATE.
-The telegraph line to Yorkvllle ls com?
-Greenville has three policemen and a tele?
graph office, and now wants a dally newspa?
-There is a good deal of sickness, with
many cases of bilious lever, In Abbeville Dis?
-The Bev. Edgard R. Miles has accepted
the rectorship of Trinity Church, Abbeville,
and will enter upon his pastoral duties at the
beginning of the next year.
-The Lancaster Ledger says that Rev. P.
G. Bowman has withdrawn from the South
Carolina Conference. Charges had been pre?
ferred against bim for disseminating the fol?
lowing doctrines: First. Holding and teaching
that the soul of man ls unconscious from death
to the resurrection. Second. Teaching and
holding the annihilation of the wicked.
-The probate Judge of Greenville County is
engaged in taking evidence on behalt of Col?
onel I. G. McKidBick, who ls contesting Colonel
A. S. Wallace's seat in Congress as a represen?
tative from the Fourth District of this State.
Colonel McKissick is represented by Messrs.
E.isley & Wells and Donaldson, and Colonel
Wallace by Messrs. Earle A Blythe. Ex-Gov?
ernor Perry ls a witness on behalf of Colonel
THE WEATHER AND THE CROFS.
The Press ol Wednesday, the 27th incant
says: "We have had during the past week
some cool weather which made tires comforta?
ble. The weather Is again warm and promises
rain. The heavy rains ol'last week raised the
. streams and did some damage to the crops.
Cotton is opening rapidly, and will be soou
gathered. 'A short horse ls soon curried.' "
Thc Enterprise of Wednesday, the 27th in
stant, says : "With the exception of Thursday
I last, th- weather lus beeu clear for the week
i post. The mornings were quite cool, although
* there has beeu no lrost, making tires and addi
ilcxt! scver!fia at :v?ti VOIT com?oriaole."
THE OLD WORLD'S NEWS.
I LONDON, September 29
Alderman Gibbons, a successful merchant
and member of the Conservative party, is
elected Lord Maror of London.
The gales continue. Several additional dlas
ters are reported.
The Times has a telegram from Versailles
saying that France declines to give other pow?
ers the same favorable customs clauses that
are accorded to Germany under the recently
negotiated treaty. On the other band, a cor?
respondent of the Times, writing from the
same place, expresses the opinion that the ne?
gotiations with Germany will be protracted
The Newcastle engineers have . agreed to
submit the difficulties between themselves and
their employers to arbitration.
The bishop or l.lch?eld has sailed for the
united States to artend the conlerence ot the
bishops of the Protestant Episcopal Church.
VERSAILLES, September 29.
The Minister of Commerce Informs the
committee of the Asssembly, which controls
affairs during the recess, that the negotiations
with Germany are making fair progress. The
rumored discovery or evidence of a Bonapar
tist conspiracy is unfounded.
PARIS, September 29.
Bull?n increased two million tranca.
M. Oe Baunevtlle, the French ambassador to
Rome, bas arrived at Marseilles. The loan of
the City of Paris bas been taken. The sub?
scriptions were thirteen limes more than re?
quired. Several conflicts have occurred be?
tween the French and German garrison at
NEVER GIVE VP THE SHIP.
The Washington Treaty and Ute Cotton
Bo nd li o ld eut- .tn English Statement
of the Case.
[From the Manchester Examiner. September IC]
The appointment ol tho Joint High Com?
mission, which is "by common consent lo in?
clude all claims lor compensation which have
or may be made by each government,.or by its I
citizens upon the other," bas Induced the |
holders of Confederate cotton bonds to vigor?
ously prosecute their claims, and a very influ?
ential committee has been formed in London
to watch over the Interest of the claimants. A
very voluminous correspondence has passed,
between the committee and the Foreign Office,
and, Inasmuch as Ave millions sterling of claims
are affected, the present position of matters is
of the greatest Interest and Importance. Earl
Granville refuses to put any Interpretation on
the articles of the treaty ot Washington by
which the bondholders are governed, and,
writing on Hie subject a few days ago, Mr.
Odo Russell Informed the committee that, "I
am directed by Earl Granville to state to you
that his lordship cannot offer any opinion or ?
give any instructions respecting any particu?
lar class of British claims, but that all state?
ments of claims which may be forwarded to
her Majesty's agent for claims at Washington
In accordance with the terms ot the notifica?
tion ot the 27th and 30th June, will be submit?
ted by him to the commission."
Tue case of the bondholders Is this. The
bondholders, alter obtaining from Lord Cairns
aud Mr. Cotton, Q. C., their opinion as to the
legality of the loan, advanced their money at
ninety per cent, for the $100 bond, for the
option of exchanging that bond for colton at
the rate of six pence per pound six months
after the expiration et the war between the
two belligerents, and many bonds were so
exchanged by those who ran the blockade.
The price at which the bondholders advanced
their money, viz., ninety per cent,, is, lt is j
said, a clear proof that it was a mercantile
transaction, based on colton, for the Federal
bonds were not above sixty at the time. Du?
ring the existence of the Confederate States
they tuiQlied their contract with the British
bondholders, and. consequently, they had no
wrong to complain of. Between 1863, and
even up to March, 18G5, the dividend was paid .
on the bonds. But six month* after the expi?
ration of the war, when the time came
to exchange them for cotton, the
Northern States seized on all the pub
He assets of the Confederate States, especially j
cotton, and compelled them to repudiate the
debt conlrated with British subjects. The
United States, neither at the time the colton
loan was made nor during the war, never
gare notice to the bondholders that, il victori?
ous, they would repudiate the debt It ls
urged that if either of the belligerents bad
made known that repudiation of debt was to
be the Issue, neither would have been able to
raise money in Europe. The United States,
after the war, seized the assets of the Southern
States, and also commenced actions for the re?
covery of properly In this country; but the
English courts of law have invariably main?
tained that they could only obtain the assets
subject to the liabilities. The Confederate
States assets In England were computed by
Mr. Seward at $20,000.000, and the cotton
seized and sold in the United States and paid
into the Treasury realized upwards of $15,000,
000, exclusive ol what was burnt and destroy?
ed. In 18G7 the cotton loan bondholders me?
morialized Lord Stanley and stated their
wrongs, and prayed that If any tribunal
were established for the settlement ol' the
claims between the two countries, that
theirs should be impartially heard and adjudi?
cated on. Lord Stanley, as Minister for Foreign
Affairs, promised that If any Joint commission
were established that it would be open to the
bondholders to submit their claims lo it. Lord
Clarendon promised the bondholders the same
thing, and the bondholders believe that their
claims wertvovered by the Reverdy Johnson
treaty. At til events, Mr. Sumner gave as one
ot the reasons for rejecting the treaty that the
bonds were Included in it. Lord Granville
promised the same as his predecessors. With
respect to the Washington treaty, it may be
stated that the bondholders so relied on the
promises of the three Secretaries ol State that
when her Majesty's speech announced that a
commission was to be appointed tor the settle?
ment of all claims, the bonds rose from 5 to
10 12. The treaty ol Washington was negotiat?
ed, but pending negotiations gradually fell to
?. when it was confidently stated that the
claims of the bondholders were excluded
from the treaty. 'J he committee wrote to
Lord Granville, stating the rumors, and re?
questing lo know iiow the bondholders stood
under the treaty. They were referred to Ar?
ticle 12 of the treaty, which limits this claim
io between April, 1861, and April, 1865. The
loan was made in 18G3, and the assets were
seized and the loan repudiated aller the 9th
ol April, 1865. By Article 12 lt is provided
"That the commissioners shall then proceed
lo the investigation of the claims which shall
be presented to them, but upon such evidence
only as shall be luruished by or In behalf of
their respective governments." By Article 17
ol'the treaty all claims mentioned iu Article 12
are to be considered fully and finally settled,
whether or not they may have been present?
ed before the conclusion of the commission,
are to be coneidered as finally settled, barred,
and thenceforth Inadmissible.
Such Is the position of affairs In which the
bondholders are placed, and we understand
that they have determined to have 'heir
claims represented before the Jolut High C m
mis-iun by the highest English or Ame ii
counsel, but most probably by the latter.
rpHE UNIVERSITY MEDICINES,
PREPARED BY THU
NEW YORK MEDICAL UNIVERSITY.
COMPOUND FLUID EXTRACT OF CANCEB
Cough Linc:us-Price $1
OUantha* Extract, for Epilepsy, Sr. Vitus' Dance,
Spinal and Brain Affections-Price $2
Catarrh Specific-Price S?
Hydrated oxymel, for Consumption. Bronchitis,
Whooping Cough. Ac-Price $'?
Pile Extract-a never tailing Pilo cure-Price $1
May Apple Pills, for Dyspepsia, Torpidity of the
Liver Constipation, ftc.-Price 00 cents
Headache Pills-Price ?0 cents
alkaline Resolvent-in Iodized chemical water
superior to Vichy, Kissingen, seltzer, Ac
Five Minute pain Curer-Price fi
Jhemical llt-aiu.g, Liu vi and Lone Ointment
ihi-re.il Phosphorus- Price $3
,ulila-for the Kidneys-Price $3
tinaip i Extract-Hie woman's irlend-Price $3
letona Begin-unrivalled for beautifying
Amaranth-for the Hair-stops falling hair-Price
Neuralgia-Rheumatic Elixir-Price $2
Fever and Ague Olobules-Price f ? per box.
For sa:c by DK. H. BAER,
ai ru No. 131 Meeting street, 1.1 aries ron.
^ funeral tifoticc*.
p*9* THE RELATIVES AND FRIENDS
or Ur. samuel Kingmaa and family, and of Mr.
and Mrs. W. G. Mood, are respectfully Invited to
attend the Funerel Services of Mr. SAMUEL
K INOMAN, at Bethel Methodist Episcopal Church,
corner or Pitt and Calhoun streets, THIS AFTBB
KOON, at hair-past 3 o'clock. sepSO-*
. THERE WILL BE NO SERVICE
In the Orphans' Chapel on SABBATH A?TBHKOOH.
Divine Service will ba held la this Church by the
Rev. W. B. TATES TO-MOHROW MOBXIHO, at hair
past 10 o'clock. The congregation of the Mari?
ners' Church are Invited to attend. sep2S-s
^^"TRINIT? CHURCH -REV. ABEL
M. cn R EITZ BER J win preach TO-MOBBOW MOBH
1NC, at half-past io o'clock:.
sunday School in the afternoon, at hair-past 3
o'clock. So service at night. eep30-l*
pm- WENTWORTH 8TREET LU-"
THERAN CHURCH.-Thls Church wtU be opened
for Divine Service on TO-MOBBOW (Sunday) MOB*-'
INO at the usual 1 oar of Morning Service. The
Sacrament or the Lord's Sopper w?l be adminis?
tered, se pao a
pm* CONSIGNEES PER STEAMSHIP
CHAMPION, from New Torte, are notified that,
she ls discharging cargo at Adger's Wharf.
Gooda uncalled for at suiset will remain on the
wharf at owners' risk. ~*
sep30-l JAMES ADO ER ? CO., Agents. J
pm* UNITED STATES DISTRICT I
COURT.-By an Order or the HOB. GEO. s.
BRYAN, United States District Judge, the hearing ?
or ail petitions and motions in Bankruptcy, or In ;
the general business or the District Court is post?
poned until t he first Monday or November next.
tep30_HANL. HORLBECK, Clerk.
jJsa-THE SOUTH CAROLINA LOAN
AND TRUST COMPANY, SAVINGS DEPART?
MENT.-Depositors are'requested [to leave their;
books on snd after MOKDAT, October ii, to be
credited with the quarterly interest due 1st prox?
All deposits made on or before the 30th Octobtr ?
will bear interest from 1st October.
Interest, Six Per Cent, per annum, will be com?
pounded quarterly. F. A. M1T0HELL,
sep3)-stuthort Assistant Cashier.
pm* A. SEASONABLE FAMILY BEMEDT.
Cholera Morbus, Summer Complaint, Cn He, Sonr
Stomach, Diarrhoea, and all ariectiena of the bow-'
e's incident to the season are cared at once by
DB. JAYNE'S CARMINATIVE BALSAM, lt allay s
thc irritation and calm? the action of the stom?
ach and being pleasant to the taste ls readily
taken by children. While lt may be given with,
entire safety to Infants, lt yet acta promptly and
thoroughly, when administered according to di?
rections, to either children or adults. Sold by all '
Druggists GOODRICH, WISEMAN A CO., Whole?
sale Agents. sepSO-stnthS
^AN UNPBOTEOTED SYSTEM.
Do not fancy becao?e yon feu strong that yon
are Impregnable to sickness. Whole neighbor?
hoods are frequemly prostrated at this season by -
ma ar lons revers. Vigor?os muscles and strong
sinews, broad shoulders and sound lange, are no,
I -defence against the mephltlc vapors of autumn.
Frames which have withstood the summer heat
may succumb now. Many an athletic man,
whose family depends for Its sapport on his in?
dustry, now lies prostrate, weak and helpless tu
a babe. underjthe periodical ai sam ts of chilis and
fever, or billons remittent fever. This could not -
be If all were wise enough to provide against
such a contingency, by toning and fortifying the
system with BOSTETTEB'S STOMACH BITTERS..
1 his approved vegetable t nie ls absolutely harm?
less, so that lt ls sheer rolly not to take it as a
safeguard at a season when diseases or the liver,
the stomach, the bowels, and indeed all the visce?
ral organs are generally prevalent. Tb seep the
system in order and inenre health, or to pot lt in.
order when this pr?caution has been neglected,
ls the duty of every haman being who values life.
For both these purposes HOSTETTEB'S BITTERS
ls designed, and lt answers both. Petty local
dealers are endeavoring In many parts or the
country, to substitute preparations made of Im?
pure and dangerous materials tn Its stead. Give
them a wide berth. Taey are prepared by unskil?
ful experimento?, who want to turn a penny at
the expense or the public health.
pm* DISINFECTANTS.-THOSE V?
want ot DISINFECTANTS Will find a mil assort?
ment at the Drag Store of Da. B. BA EB, in Meet?
ing street. sept
pm*Lk CANDEUR LODGE, No. 36, A.
F. M.-Any member ot this Lodge who msy be
taken sick, or who may require narcing or medi?
cal attendance, Is requested to give notice of the
same, without delay, to Senior Warden D MUL?
LER, No. SU King street. sep2l
pm- NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN
to all Sub-Agent*, or the Land Commission, that,
from sud siter tho first day or March, 1871, they
will report all their proceedings to Hon. F. L.
CA RU oz 0, Secretary of the Advisory Board.
ROBT. C. DsLARGE, L. O. S. 8. 0. .
Columbia, February 28.1871._marti
pm- ON MARRIAGE.-ESSAYS FOR
young men on great Social Evils and Abases,
which interfere with Marriage, and raia the hap.
pmess or thousands-with sure means or relief
for the erring and unfortunate, diseased and de?
bilitated. Sent in sealed letter envelopes free of
charge. Address HOWARD ASSOCIATION, No.
2 P. Ninth street. Philadelphia, Pa. sep4-3mo?
CHARLESTON BIBLE SOCIETY.
Tho Treasurer or the Charleston Bible Society will
receive subscriptions or Donations at his office,
No. ss East Bay, corner or Atlantic Wharr. The
payment or Two Dollars will constitue a person .
member for one year. Bibles are kept on baud
for distribution. The Society has one Colporteur
tn the field, and souci ts aid to introduce another.
Persons interested in the work or seeking farther
tntorraatlou will please eau on tho Treasurer.
J. N. ROBSON,
npr?R-fimos_Treasurer C. B. 8.
^SB-STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
KERSHAW COUNTY.-Court or Common Pleas.
JOSEPH D. DUNLAP, as Receiver or the Assets
or the Estate or WILLI AM A. ANCRUM, decest)
ed, plaintiff agalost WILLIAM DA ASH, Defend?
ant.-Copy Summons for Money Demand,
[Complaint not served.]
To WILLIAM DA ASH, Defendant In thu ac?
tion: Yon are hereby summoned and required tb
answer the complaint In this action, which JO
SK i'll D. DUNLAP, Receiver of the Assets of the
Estate or WILLIAM A. AN CRU ti, deceased,
flied in the oma ot the Clerk of the' Court ot
Common Pleas for the said county, and to serve
a copy of your answer on the subscribers, at
their otrlce. In Camden, within twenty days after
thc service or this summons on yon, exclusive or
the day or service.
ir yua rall to answer this complaint within the
time afore-a d, the Plaintiff wnl take lodgment
against you (or the sum of five thousand niuo
hundred and three dollars and-fifty certs, wrfli^
Interest at the rate or seven per cent, per annan
from the first day or August., one thousand eight
hundred and seventy one.
Dated August 21,1871. . _ .
LEITNER A DUNLAP, * 1 '
?en9-&0 PtatotUPi A^or-eys-.