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VOLLME XI.-NUMBER 1774.
CHARLESTON, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1871.
THE EPISCOPAL CHURCH.
PROCEEDINGS OF TBE TRIENNIAL
CONVENTION AT BALTIMORE
Uniformity la th? Ritual-The Fall Re?
port to the House of Bishops-What
wa? Said In the House of Deputies
The Memory of the Rev. C. P. Gads?
The report on uniformity In tlie ritual was
aub milted a few days ago to the House of
Bishops as the result of the labors f acorn,
mlttee appointed at the last Triennial Conven?
tion of the Episcopal Church of the Ualted
States, and was ordered, on Friday last, to be
sent down to the lower house, where lt has
been made the order of the day for Tuesday
(yesterday.) It has not yet been touched by
the House of Bishops. It ls unusually inter?
esting, as it maps out to a great extent the
work which ls now before the convention.
Although lt bears strong marks of conserva
tism.aad mutual concession-for what ls known
as the High Church and the Low Church were
both represented in the committee-there are
-rn?ry portions which will doubtless lead to au
animated debate. We give the report in full,
as few of our Episcopal readers will be satis?
fied with the i inperfect abstract sent by tel?
egraph, and which has already appeared in THE
HEWS. A message was received on Saturday
by the House of Deputies from the House of
Bishops as follows :
Uniformity In Ritual.
Resolved, That In the gravity of the subject
and Us bearings, the house la unprepared for
immediate action on the report submitted by
^ jUa committee on ritual uniformity, without
P^revloiia consideration of the same In joint
committee of the two houses of the conven?
Resolved, The House of Clerical and Lay
Deputies concurring, that a joint committee
be appointed for the consideration ol the
above named report of the committee of the
House of Bishops concerning ritual, and to re?
port if any, and if any, what action may prop?
erly be taken in the premises.
H KN RT C. POTTER, Secretary.
The following is the
The committee of five bishops appointed by
the House of Bishops, at the general conven?
tion ot 1868, uto consider whether any addi
tiona: provision for uniformity, by canon or
otherwise, Is practicable and expedient, and
to report to the next general convention,"
baring held sundry meetings at several differ?
ent places, at each vf which all the members
of the committee were present through the
entire session; and having, as they believe,
given to the subject-matter entrusted to them
that careful consideration which its Impor?
tance merits, respectfully ask leave to report :
The resolutions under which the committee
-was appointed raises several questions for ex?
amination and answer. Is any legislation
touching the performance of Divine service
and "the administration of the sacraments and
other rites and ceremonies ot the church''
practicable ? If practicable, is it, at this time,
-expedient ? If practicable and expedient, shall
it take the shape of a canon or canons; or
?hail U. be otherwise provided for f .And. final?
ly, what shall the actual details of legislation
be ? Assuredly, these are questions that touch
tile church, and its ministers and its members,
in many and very vital points, and Involve
many delicate as well as precious relations.
In considering these questions the commit?
tee have endeavored never to forget that sub?
stantial uniformity ls entirely compatible with
very considerable Individual liberty; that non?
essentials should never be unduly magnified,
and, far lees, raised to an equality with essen?
tials; that many troublesome and objectlona
ino-a ?rm "ph ame ru! ia thnlr nature, and
-"perish In the using," and that, under any
circumstances, hasty legislation ls ever to be
avoided. Nor have they omitted to keep in
mind the wise words of the XXXI Vi ti Article
"It ls not neceeiary that tradition and cere?
monies be In all places one, or utterly like:
for at all ti mes they have been divers, and
may be changed according to the diversity of
countries, times and men's manners, so that
nothing be ordained against God's Word."
"Every ?.-Articular or national church hath
authority to ordain, change and abolish cere?
monies or rites of the church ordained only by
man's authority, so that all things be done to
While, however, the committee have kept
these considerations in view, lt has been, and
is, their unanimous conviction that some ac?
tion of the general convention, in regard to
the Important matters named in the resolution
appointing them, ls very desirable, If not, in?
deed, absolutely demanded. Among many
reasons for this conviction that present them-1
seWes, they venture to ask attention to the ,
First. It is obvious to remark that there are
among us great and growing "diversities o?
use" in the performance of Divine service and
the offices ol the church. Unless something 1B
done, and done soon, In the interests of uni?
formity, these diversities bid fair to equal, ii
they do not exceed, those which, at the period
of the American reformr.tlon, were regarded
as an evil to be removed; and which led to the
decision that "the whole realm" should have
"but one ilse." They occasion, moreover,
even now, conluslon, trouble and perplexity
among our people; and these evils must in?
crease as their causes are multiplied.
Secondly. It ls believed that various services
over and above those provided In the Book of
Common Prayer, or set forth in accordance
with the provisions of Title I, Canon 13, Sec
XIV, of the Digest, and not coming under the
denomination of Sunday or other schcol ser?
vices, are publicly used in certain churches.
How far liberty in this regard is to be allowed,
or la what respects lt ls to be restrained, the
committee do not undertake to say. It ls ob?
vious, however, that any such services are
sources of disorder and confusion, In propor?
tion as they are framed on principles, and em?
body acts, words or forms-come these from
what outside quarter they may-that are not
In accord with the "doctrine, discipline and
worship" of our own church, or are loreign to
Che genius and spirit of our services.
.?Thirdly. The committee have reason to be?
lieve that in some instances the services of the
Prayer Book are urlawfully altered or muti?
lated, and in other? are so performed as to
make it difficult, to say the east, to diatin
Klsh them, except in the language employed,
m thorn of the Church of Rome. Against
such wrongs our people have a riga t to de?
mand protection; and whether they demand lt
or not, it would seem to be a plain and bounden
duty t? provide for lt.
for these reasons, besides others which it is
not necessary to rehearse, the committee
unanimously recommend action by the pres?
ent general convention; and, after maturely
weighing the different modes in which this re?
commendation may be carried out, they
further unanimously recommend that any
action which the convention may take shall be
in the form of a canon or canons.
In proceeding to state the various details
which they believe ought to be made the sub?
jects of such action as has been proposed, the
committee desire to say, that while on the
freat majority of the points presented there
as been entire unanimity of opinion, some
things are, nevertheless, proposed, and others
are omitted, which, had each member's Indi?
vidual wish regulated the final result, would
have been differently disposed of. They have
strongly felt that uniformity necessarily in?
volves the giving up of some things, and the
acceptance o? other things which individuals
may desire, on the one hand, to retain, or, on
the other, to remove.
The committee report the following as the
matters upon which they respectfully recom?
They recommend that certain acts In the ad?
ministration of the holy communion, and on
other occasions of public worship, hereinafter
enumerated, be prohibited by canon, to wit:
1. The use of Incense.
2. Placing or retaining a crucifix in any part
o? the church.
3. Carrying a cross in procession in the
4. The use of lights on or about the holy
table, except when necessary.
. 5. The elevation oklhe elements in the holy
communion In such twiner as to expose them
to the view o? the peeble as objects toward
which adoration is to be made, in or after the
prayer of consecration, or in the act ot admin
istering them, or in conveying them to or lrom
6. The mixing of water with the wine as
part of the service, or in presence of the con?
7. The washing of the priest's hands, or the
ablution of the vessels, in the presence of the
8. Bowings, crossings, genuflexions, prostra?
tions, reverences, bowing down upon or kis?
sing the holy table, and kneeling, except as
allowed, provided for, or directed, by rubric
or canon; it being provided that reverence
at the mention of the name o? the Lord
Jesus is not intended to be disallowed;
and it being further provided ?hat private
personal devotion, before or after official min?
istration, is not to be understood to Include or
justify any of the acts prohibited.
9. The celebration or receiving of the holy
communion by any bishop or priest when no
person receives with him.
10. Employing or permitting any person or
persons not In holy orders to assist the minis?
ter in any part of the order for the adminis?
tration of the holy communion.
11. Using, at any administration ef the holy
communion, any prayers, collects, gospels or
epistles, other than those provided in the
Book of Common Praver, or under section
XIV of Canon 13 of Title* I of the Digest
They further recommend here.
1. 'i hat no rector of a parish or other minis?
ter shall be allowed to introduce the choral
service without the consenting vote of the
vestry, or contrary to the prohibition of the
2. That no surpliced choir shall be employed
except under the same limitations; and when
such choirs are employed, the only addition
to their ordinary attire shall be a surplice
reaching to the ankles.
3. That no chancel shall be allowed to be so
arranged as to prevent the minister from of?
ficiating at the right end of the holy table. It
is to bu noted that a credence table ls lawful.
The committee further recommend that
canonical provision be made touching the dress
appropriate to clergymen ministering in the
congregation; and that the only vestments de?
clared to be appropriate to clergymen so min?
istering be :
1. For bishops, the present episcopal robes.
2. For all ministers, a white surplice; a black
or white stole; a black cassock not reaching
below the ankles; a black gown, and bands.
They also recommend that provision be made:
1. That on occasion ot services, where expe?
diency or necessity of health may require lt,
the university cap may be used.
2. That candidates for orders, who are li?
censed to act as lay readers, may nae the acad?
emical black gown.
In addition to the canonical-provisions now
recommended, and In consideration of the fact
that "nothing can be so plainly set lorin but
doubts may arise in the use and practice of the
same," the committee further unanimously re?
commend that some action be taken to carry
out, in such manner as may secure its obser?
vance, the principle declared In the second
resolution sent lo this house by the House of
Clerical and Lay Deputies, at the General Con?
vention of 1868, to wit: That "ia all matters
doubtful, reference shall be made to the ordi?
nary and no changes shall be made against
the godly counsel and Judgment of the bishop."
In conclusion, the committee recommend the
adoption of the following resolutions:
Resolved, That this report be communicated
to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies.
Resolved, The House of Clerical and Lay
Deputies concurring, that a Joint committee,
consisting of three bishops, three presbyters,
and three laymen, be appointed, to whom the
subject matter of this report 'Shall be referred,
with directions to report to this convention, at
as earlier a day as practlnable. such canons as
they may deem necessary in the premises.
All which ls respectlully submitted.
T. M. CLARK,
W. H. ODENHEIMER,
J. B. KCKFOOT.
Rev. Dr. Height, of New York, then moved
that the rules of order be suspended for the
purpose of laking action on the message of
the House of Bishops, which was agreed to.
Mr. Welsh, of Pennsylvania, then moved
(hat the house concur la the message or tne
House of Bishops.
Mr. McCrady, ot Sr-a th Carolina, opposed
taking any action on concurring in the mes?
sage until the house properly understood what
was before lt. He wanted to know how this
committee was to be appointed. He thought
that the proper way was to select the commit?
tee by ballot.
Mr. Welsh said lt had not yet been proposed
how the committee should be appointed. He
moved now to lay the subject on the table,
and make lt the special order for Monday at 12
Rev. Dr. Mead, of Connecticut, thought lt
very proper to postpone this matter to Mon?
day, so that lt could be thoroughly under?
stood. He thought lt proper to select the
committee by ballot as that was the proper
course to get at the voice of the house. The
House of Bishops have taken no action on this
subject; what they have sent here is merely a
report of one of their committees, and before
taking any action they ask to consult this
Rev. Dr. Height, of New York, charged that
the House of Bishops had shirked its duty In
this matter. It had been respectfully asked
by this house at the last general convention
that the House of Bishops would take action,
and would express its will as to the form of
worship, and yet lt now Bends back here to
this house, and asks an expression from this
house on the very subject which we have re?
ferred to them. For one, he must express bis
surprise at this message from the House of
Rev. Dr. Adams said this was a most Impor?
tant and exacting subject. If the committee
was appointed he wanted it selected In such a
manner as to give the minority a proper rep?
resentation, so that there could be a full and
free discussion, and alter the subject was dis?
posed of every member of this house would be
satisfied that lt had been disposed of fairly.
Mr. Welsh modified his motion as follows :
Resolved, That message No. 5, ol the House
of Bishops, be so far concurred in as to ap?
point the proposed committee by ballot
Resolved, That the further consideration of
the subject i>e postponed until ll o'clock on
Tuesday next, and that lt be the order of the
day at that time.
Mr. Melga, of Connecticut, moved to lay the
whole subject on the table, with the under?
standing that lt be taken up on Tuesday,
which was agreed to.
The Lata Rev. C. P. Gadsden.
In the House of Deputies, on Saturday, the
Rev. C. C. Plnckney, of South Carolina, offer?
ed the following :
Resolved, That this house record upon Its
Iournal a sense of our loss In the death ot the
lev. Christopher P. Gadsden, of the diocese
of South Carolina, one of the deputies to rills
convention, whose high character and fervent
spirit had endeared him to many hearts, and
promised even longer usefulness in the church
Rev. Mr. Plnckney followed with a warm
eulogy on Mr. Gadsden.
Rev. Mr. Plnckney gave an account of the
services of Mr. Gadsden, and as an evidence
ot the love felt for him by all In South Caroli?
na, he mentioned the fact that prayers were
offered up for his recovery in all the Protes?
tant and Catholic churches. Mr. Gadsden was
but lorty-Blx years of age at the time of his
death; he was cut off In the midst ol his use?
fulness. He had been one of those who had
always strenuously labored for the religious
education ol the colored people of the South.
Rev. Dr. Halght, of New York, had but a
brief period ol acquaintance with Mr. Gads?
den, but In the convention where he met him
his nobility, his largeness of heart and mind
impressed him (Dr. H.) profoundly. He was
above all petty jealousies and dissensions; the
love of Christ was with him above ali other
Mr. McCrady, of South Carolina, related
how Mr. Gadsden bad devoted alL his earthly
possessions to the cause.of Christ..
The resolution was then passed unani?
THE R?XE, OA., FAIR.
ROME, October 10.
The fair opened here to-day. The entries
and attendance were very large.
THE TEXAS ELECTIONS.
NEW ORLEANS, October 10.
The Texas Congressional election, as far as
heard from, gives the Democratic candidates
the following majorities: First district, five
counties, 525; second, seven counties, 3364;
third, thirteen counties, 599; lour tb, twenty
five counties, 3735,
THE CHICAGO CALAMITY.
AWFUL HAVOC OF THE O REA T CUV
A Scene of Desolation-The Houseless
and the Hungry-Great but Unknown
Loss of Life-Stringing np Incendia?
ries-The Limits of the Fir e-The
Losses-Help for the Suffering-How
the ln?m aure Companies Stand it,
?ic, ?Sic., ?Sic.
NEW YORK, October 10-12 M.
The excitement In regard to the Chicago
fire is nowise abated. An Immense number of
newspapers bare been sold, and business ls
Many Insurance companies have temporarily
suspended to see how they stand. All of them
will pay up as rapidly as possible, and have be?
gun their arrangements for meeting all claims.
The life insurance companies have lent many
millions upon the security of real estate In
Chlcigo, but, as their rule is to advance less
than the value of the naked loan, they appre?
hend no lost.
A special telegram to the New Fork Times,
dated at 2.20 A. M.', says :
Chicago is in ruin?, and still burning in Divi?
sion, Taylor and Halsted streets. The water?
works went early. The loss of Hie by the fall?
ing of walls ls fearful. Ten thousand business
men will be compelled to make assignments.
An insurance crash is Inevitable. The river ls
impassable, except at Bridge 12. The other
bridges are burned, and lt ls teared that
Bridge 12 will be crushed by the overwhelm?
ing travel. All the railroads are closed and
there are no mails. Tne loss Is estimated at
two hundred millions. Fire-proof buildings
burned like tinder. Few of the business flrmB
saved their papera No newspapers can be
published until type and materials are brought
from other points. 8ome vessels escaped by
being sent adrift Into Lake Michigan.
The fire originated in a stable, and toas
caused by the upsetting of a kerosene lamp,
carried by a woman who went to milk a cow.
A large number of firemen were killed. The
convent of the Sisters of Mercy was burned.
A hundred squares are burned in the som h
division of the eily. One hundred thousand
persons aro out of employment. The county
records were saved, but the city records are
At midnight last night the Western Union
Telegraph office was driven by the flames
lrom the corner of Wabash avenue and Six?
teenth Btreet, and was removed to Twenty
second street. At 3 o'clock this morning no?
tice was given that the fire was again upon
them, and they retreated further. Since that
time there has been no communication with
The Stock Board to-day authorized a dona
tlon of not less than $20,000, nor more than
$50,000, to the Chicago sufferers.
It is reported that three heavy houses have
failed. Stocks are greatly depressed, and the
whole list bas declined. The Western stocks
are not called in the hoard to-day. Many fail?
ures are undoubtedly pending, and all ls con?
Steam ?agines and provisions ore going to
Chicago from ail points. Nearly every theatre
is playing for the relief of the Chicago suf?
The Chicago fire was put out by the heavy
rains. This statement is confirmed through
the regular and official channels. The latest
news ls that all ls burned north of Harrison
street, between the river and lake northward
to the extreme northern limits of the city.
Not a bu i'ding ' is left. Even the trees in the
Lincoln Park are destroyed. The government
is using all its resources for the rellei of the
city. All railroads are carrying supplies by
fast trains free ot charge.
The News in England.
LONDON, October 10.
The news of the Chicago conflagration ex?
cites general sympathy and depresses Ameri?
Failures in the flanker City.
PHILADELPHIA, October 10.
Two prominent brokers suspended this
The World of Fashion Aroused.
CINCINNATI, October 10.
Several Jewish societies which had balls
last night sent thc suppers provided for them
Reports from Chicago.
CmcACio, Monday Night.
Men who were millionaires yesterday morn?
ing are nearly penniless to-day, but more ter?
rible than all is the certainly that many per?
ished In the flames; how many no one can tell
-perhaps no one ever will be able to tell
but lt is known that several perished, and there
is only the heart-sickening fear that the vic?
tims will be counted by scores. Hundreds of
horses and cows have been burned in their
stables, and on the north side numbers of ani?
mals, though released from confinement,
were so bewildered and contused by the sea
of fire which surrounded them that they rush?
ed wildly to and fro, uttering .cries of fright
and pain until scorched and killed.
Any attempt at description of the scenes o?
the appalling calamity would be idle. The
simple facts are that the once great city of
Chicago is destroyed; that hundreds of active
capital here have vanished, and nearly one
third of Chicago's inhabitants are houseless
and dependent, and any attempt to embellish
would be mockery. As this awful day draws
to a close thousands of anxious eyes watch the
clouds oi smoke which still roll over the burnt
district with evident dread that a sudden
change of wind may turn the flames on that
portion of the city yet spared. There seems,
however, little cause lor apprehension of lt,
and firemen lrom other cities are arriving.
Cincinnati promises two hundred thousand,
and Cleveland Is proportionately generous, al?
though a great deal more will be required to
relieve immediate wants. Colonel Clowry, or
St. Louis, telegraphs that seventy thousand
dollars have been subscribed by the merchants
there. About three-fourths of the United
States mall was saved.
CHICAGO, October 10-Noon.
The fire continued to burn all night on the
north side, but a?, this A. M. is under control.
There ls nothing remaining on that side from
the river to Lincoln's Park on the north, and
from the north branch of the river on the west
to the lake on the east. This portion of the
city, except along the main river, where there
were business blocks, was occupied by dwell?
ings. Two-thirds of the population ot thia
dhtrict were German and Scandanavlan. These
people are now houseless. At three o'clock
this morning the rain came, but it did not rain
long; the roofs and ground were wet. Fifteen
hundred citizens were sworn in as special po?
lice. There is a Federal force employed to
guard the property. A hundred thousand
[ rations were issued. Two men that were
caught at ' incendiarism were huBg at the
lamp post. This summary proceeding awed
the thieves into harmlessness. Every train
brings engines and firemen, who imme?
diately go to work. They are playing on
the coal piles to sare fue!. A few business
men, with more nerve than others, are seek.
lng business places od the west side. Rooms
which rented last week for fifty dollars now
command five thousand. The newspapers are
already at work preparing for resumption.
Water for drinking and cooking is secured
from the lake and parks. Thousands ?f peo?
ple are camped about the Artesian well. The
people are fed in churches and school-houses.
It was cold this morning, causing great suffer?
ing, but the people ar? praying for more rain.
CHICAQO, October 10 - 3 P. K.
Word has just been brought that the fire is
raging in Thirty-first llreet This street ls two
miles south of the southern fire limits on the
west side. It is evidently incendiarism. Two
men that were cauglt firing buildings were
shot, and two others ?ere led off with ropes
around their necks, is the wmd is now blow?
ing a gale, the end carnot be told.
The Very Latest.
KW YORK, October 10.
The report which stales that fire had broken
ont again In Chicago I; positively contradicted
by a dispatch from General Anson Stager, of
the Western Union Tdegraph Company, now
at Chicago, to Geneal Palmer, secretary of
the company here. Grneral Stager says that
the fire started in a imall house on .Thirty
first street, in the souta division, In the after?
noon, but was speedie extinguished. Incen?
diaries were busy, bit seven or eight were
hung or shot at sight.
The Spectator, an insurance journal, says
that none of the leading corporations are ia -
solvent. A number if the less promlnecr
sunk all their capital, but a failure of every
one of these neither caeca panic or seriously
affects the general process of insurance. The
great majority of companies pay losses
promptly, and some nae begun to put their
assets in order to I liquidate their ob?
ligations. The Specstor estimates the
actual losses of pe companies will
not much exceed thiiy-flve millions. The
companies doing business in Chicago held
seventy-three millions j of assets, including
seven millions held bj Chicago companies.
Rumor says that eight jompanles have failed,
but it is better to await the official announce?
ment. The president If the International
Company leaves tor Cht ago to make settle?
WASHINGT??, D. C., October 10.
The sub-treasury it ihlcago lost two mil'
lions, ol" which a Laif Billion was in gold.
The Cabinet met the first time for several
weeks, Robeson and Deano being absent.
Henry Clews & Co. fid Jay Cooke <fc Co.,
gave each ten tbousandjlollars to Cbicage. J.
L. Horgan <fc Co., of Lotion, telegraphed their
correspondent to draw for five thousand dol?
lars lor (he same purpob.
RIOT IN PHILADELPHIA.
PHILADELPHIA, October 10.
There was a serious riot In the southern
part of the city, in whicl five were killed and
twenty wounded. The militia were ordered
to the scene. A lieutenant ol police was held
to baTTTtl otto thousand dftlai?-tn obstructing
LATER.-Trouble comaenced between the
blacks and whites at Eighth and Fitzwater
street. The crowd was attacked by a shower
of paving stones, followed jy pistol shots. A
number of men were armed with bright musk?
ets, who charged about and fired Into the
crowd. The battle raged through several
streets, courts and alleys. A number of color?
ed men came out of the alleys armed with
muskets, and charged upon the police. The
negroes were beaten back; took refuge In a
tavern and fired from tte second story. The
fire wassbarply returnel for lea minutes. The
wounded were carried iff by friends, and the
riot was finally suppressed.
A NEW TALKIS'O MACHINE.
[From the New Yolk Sun, October 6.]
There is soon to be ethlbited in this city a
combination of wood, vire and India rubber
-a machine-which cai talk in any language;
say anything; pronounce distinctly; laugh, cry,
Jalss, shriek, squeal; sing divinely In alto, so?
prano and basso; In short, do anything ol
which the human voice is capable. This ex?
traordinary result of ltgennlty and persever?
ance ls the invention of Professor Taber, ot
Vienna, and hts nethew. The latter has
brought lt to this country, after an extended
tour throughout Europe, during which it has
elicited :he commendation ot some ol the
greatest scientists of the Old World.
A reporter visited the Prescott House yes?
terday for the purpose of testing lt. It con?
sists ot a fancy gilded table, beneath which ls
a foot lever lor moving a bellows above. On
top are a combination of wires, strings, deli?
cate wooden levers, rubber tubes and trestle
work forming the speaking machine. Behind
ls a bellows, which represents the lungs. The
air is forced through a narrow aperture into a
tube representing the windpipe, and thence
into a large swelling representing the glottis.
Thence lt passes out through a vent represent?
ing a human mouth, with movable lower jaw,
lips and tongue ol India rubber. Wires from
below push up the jaw and tongue, lu imita?
tion of the human mouth and tongue, giving ex
?resslon to the sound ol the rushing air.
hese wires, and others which act Instead of
teeth, are worked by wooden levers, at the
end of which are keys.
There were fourteen levers and wires, each
creating a different sound when manipulated,
and certain combinations of these sounds pro?
duce any sound or syllable asked for. A sepa?
rate lever makes a laughing sound. Skilful
manipulation ot all these levers causes the ar?
tificial mouth to speak as well as that of a hu?
man being, except that there ls no inflection,
and the sound of the final d or t is imperfect,
being pronounced like th. The principle ls a
sort of Inverse stenography, combining the
component sounds of syllables Into perfect
words. A small box, furnished with plano
keys and filled with wires and wooden slats,
produces the singing in combination with a
mask made In imitation of the human face and
its organs ot speech.
Madame Faber, a modest looking lady, play?
ed upon the keys wlih great skill. There was
no humbug about lt. Every sentence, short
and long, every word asked for, no matter
how difficult ot pronunciation, in English,
French or German, was instantly reproduced
with astonishing distinctness. Its style of talk?
ing ls as follows :
Faber said that he was seven years endeavor?
ing to produce the sound of 1. To show how
he succeeded at last he touched a number ol
kevs and the machine said "Mis-sis-slp-pi."
Several of the most difficult words were cs.ted
1er-such as shrimp, sister, Paulina, and the
German letters Icks, upsilon, tzet, but all were
pronounced with the greatest readiness. The
utility of the machine may be questioned; but
as a curiosity of Ingenuity its success cannot be
disputed. It is the only one ever perfected.
There have been others Invented at different
periods, but their articulation has been confin?
ed to a few sentences. This can articulate
-Carl Schurz said in his speech at Nash?
ville: "I cannot be a candidate for the Presi?
dency, owing to a benignant provision of the
constitution, which declares foreign-born
citizens ineligible-a high constitutional privi?
lege I might cull it, lor it exempts us irom
that most malignant of all moral diseases-a
disease almost sure to kill whomsoever lt at
tacks-the Presidential fever."
-Brigham Young was before the United
States court yesterday and balled In the sum
THE DEFECTS IS OUR S TS TEX OF P UB
Claflln Vnlver?lly,-\o. 4.
The L?gislature should remember, ia COD
Eldering the recommendations in No. 3 of this
series, that their educational resources are
limited, both in morney and by the nature of
the material they are to educate. The preju?
dices as well as the rights of the whites must
be considered. The 8outh Carolina College,
virtually pledged for the present to the whites,
should have no* colored man among its trus?
tees; but colored-men should magnanimously
use their majority in electing a new board of
Ave white men, nene of whom are politically
prominent. The time will come, and come
rapidly, when women will attend our colleges
and universities along with men, just ar they
now attend our churches, and the same de?
corum will prevail. The races, too, will attend
the same lectures, as they now attend the same
public speeches. But festina lente. A' system
of recitation In separate sections could even
now harmonize a college with students of
separate races but for political bitterness ex?
isting between them. But what is the practi?
cal sense of trying to force forward nature's?
processes ? Why insist ur on pluckiig unripe
fruit ? Why make a State institution the butt
of prejudice for no practical good purpose
whatever ? It is better to take things as they
are, and build your mill-wheel as the water
runs. Let the South Carolina College be vir?
tually pledged, by some significant action, to
the whites. Strengthen the faculty, lop offits
redundancies, and fling wide its doors. And
let a liberal appropriation be made to Clarita
[/niversify for the benefit of the blacks. This
would be practical statesmanship, and the se?
curing of equal rights, in a common sense
way. to all. This would restore -some of that
confidence which ls ot so slow a growth, and,
together with other measures to be presently
suggested, would, In a few years, lift up the
college from the dust. FAIRFIELD.
THE HORROR IS THE CLOUDS.
The Awful Death of Professor Wilbur
Falling a Mlle from a Balloon-The
Par tic ni ar? of the Shocking Disaster
in Paoli1 Indiana.
[Paoli (Ind.) Corresnondence of the N. Y. World.]
Should I live to be a hundred years old the
horrible scene witnessed by me on Staturday
last will never be effaced from my memory.
I see lt before me now, and since that day
have been haunted ever since in dreams by
a sea of upturned faces and anguished eyes,
straining to watch in its descent through the
air the body ot a human being, which In a lew
seconds was dashed, mangled and bleeding,
upon the earth, at my feet. I would have
written of it before, but the sight so unstrung
my nerves that I was rendered utterly Incapa?
ble even of collecting my thoughts, much less
of putting on paper a deliberate account
of the facts in the case. To see a man whom
scarcely a minute before I had spoken to as a
friend. Jerked up into the clouds, and then
burled down again, hishair streaming wildly
behind him, like that of Lucifer, hurled over
the battlements of heaven, (ailing, falling,
whirled, doubled up, and then spread out, his
arms apart as if rushing to embrace death, might
well unstring the strongest nerves; and wheu
to this are added the agonized cries ol the dy?
ing man-'*?"|f** - ,l" ?'?'?iiiA-ms arm ???.*
ahrleked, " My God ! my God I will he die ?" I
wonder that even yet, with these things In my
mind, I am able to record what I heard, tele
and saw. You have doubtless received by tel?
egraph a brief dispatch telling how Professor
Wilbur, the well known seronant, tell while
attempting to climb Into his balloon, and bow
he was killed, but facts so meagre are but an
aggravation. I will therefore state the affair
simply as it occurred. The Agricultural Asso?
ciation of this county had been holding ItA an?
nual fair for some days, and no greater Inter?
est attached to lt than is commonly connected
with such exhibitions of the industrial pro?
ducts of a large and flourishing cemmu
-alty. The farmers came in their wagons,
springing with them their wives and daugh?
ter?, tm dressed In as gorgeous array as
*thelr circumstances would permit. The
large pumpkins and enormous squashes,
'the new patent churn and washing-ma?
chine, and the country boys lounging about
.and gazing in open-mouthed admiration of the
voluble gentleman who displayed with all the
eloquence of a Cicero his i niall i ble toothache
eradicator, received their due share ot atten?
tion, and before long the interest in the fair
was on the wane. But lt had been announced
.that on Saturdav, the last day of the exhibi?
tion, Professor Wilbur, the great American
aeronaut, would make an ascent In bis balloon,
as he had done one week before at Croydon.
It is not often that the Inhabitants of Orange
County have an opportunity of witnessing such
a sight, and, curiosity being on tiptoe, lt Is not
to be wondered at that when Saturday arrived
the fair ground was full almost to suffocation,
while on the outside of the enclosure a large
crowd bad assembled to witoess the flight of
the great ship ot the air. It was the gayest
day of the week; everybody was In holiday
dress, the girls looked their prettiest, the farm?
ers their most florid, and the country beaux
were benecktled and Invested in colors vleing
not only with the rainbow, but with the utmost
powers of anon ne. The centre ot attraction was,
of course, the enclosed space where the bal?
loon was to be Inflated, about which gathered
an eager crowd, looking at everything connect?
ed with the expected event, studying the
ropes, peering about to find where the gas
come from, and pestering the amiable profes?
sor wlih questions as to how the gas was
made, what made the balloon go up and other
things of the sort. The professor laughed
food-naturedly, explained as much as possl
le, and everybody was Jolly In the anticipa?
tion of witnessing that to them most unusual
of things-a balloon ascension. At about i
o'clock In the afternoon the Inflation of the
I balloon was commenced, and as the bag swell?
ed out almost to bursting and struggled to be
free, everybody was on the qui vive, those
remote trom the spot straining their uecks,
climbing into carriages, and even upon the
fences, to see the car. It had been announced
that the editor of the Orange County Union
would accompany Professor Wilbur in his as?
cent, and great things were expected from the
report which his well known ability as a de?
scriptive writer gave every reason to believe
would be forthcoming In the next issue ol his
newspaper. I was standing beside the pro
lessor, laughing and holding a necessarily dis?
jointed conversation with him, tor he was
busy with preparations tor his flight. He had
just nodded his head and said laughingly,
"Well good-bye, old fellow, I'll see you again
soon " Tuen Mr. Knapp stepped Into the car.and
the nroIe8Sor, who had hold of the rope fastening
the car to the body of the balloon, shouted,
"Let go !'' But he had spoken too soon and
was uuable to reach the car, but still unwisely
kept the rope In his hand and endeavored to
climb to his place, succeeding only so far as to
?et one arm over the rim ot the basket, where
e hung dangling and struggling. His mo?
tions and the fact that the basket came In con?
tact with a rope that fastened the balloon to
the earth while it was being inflated, upset the
car when it was about twenty-five feet lrom
the ground, and Mr. Knapp fell stunned lo the
cround. But lhere was no time for caring for
bim for terror held everybody spell-bound.
A shout of admiration went up lrom those
who were too far distant from the scene to
know that an accident had befallen the adven?
turers and who supposed that the ascent was
being made sans contretemps. But to those In
the Immediate vicinity of the car the sight was
an awful one, and for a moment everybody
seemed paralyzed with terror, and stood root?
ed to the spot without uttering cry or wt J.
The balloon, lightened by the fall of Mr. Knapp,
shot upward with dreadfully increased veloci?
ty and a scream of terror which chilled the
blood of the hearers came down from the upper
air, where the doomed aeronaut bung, utterly
nopeless ol escaping death. At my side stood a
woman, who, as I afterwards neard, was the
prolessor's wile. Her eyes were bursting
from their sockete, and her lace pallid and
ghastly with fear. Ehe clutched the air as If I
for support, and with one bend grasped my
arm, still looking upwards at the balloon,
which, swifter than an arrow, shot through
the air. Up, up lt went, growing smaller and
smaller in its flight, and then, with increased
velocity lt gave a sudden start and shot yet
faster towards the clouds. Then a speck was
seen far up in the air, growing larger ?nd
larger as lt fell. "0, my God," cried the wo?
man, who clung to me with iron grasp, "he
will die-he will be killed !" Yet her eyes re?
mained fixed npon that falling body. At first
lt seemed like the stick of a rocket coming
down with the speed of light; then lt was
doubled up like a ball, then seemed to unfold,
and whirling about with a gyratory motion,
with .hands and legs spread out. It seemed an
age Willie the man was falling; for before he
loosene d his grasp the balloon must have been
at least a mlle from the earth-and what an
age to Unat poor wife who watched her husband
rushing towards her and death with the speed
of light! When about half a mlle from the
ground his body ceased fte gyratory motion, as?
sumed a perpendicular position and came
down head first. It struck the earth .some
distance irom u?, and' then rebounded, falling
again within a few feet of where lt struck.
Then, irom paralyzed fear, the crowd broke
forth Into shrieks of terror, women ran wild?
ly about screaming and actually tearing their
hair, and a rush was made for the spot where
the mao had strack the' ground'. There was
an Indentation not less than eight or ten inch?
es deep, and filled with blood and brains
which had burst Irom the skull, when, like a
cannon bal! let drop from ah Immense height,
lt crushed into the earth. The dead'man was
then taken up and carried tb the Albert House,
where the poor wife, who bari often safely trav
er.sed the air with her husband, cared 1er it. Th? j
excitement in the town was-of the most fear?
ful and intense description, ea may readily be I
believed. Those who had ccatb out for pleas* |
ure returned borne in sorrow, and the town
wore the aspect of a place vrhich had- been
visited by some fearful calamliy in wbictilts
own Interest had suffered. There- was no more
of the fair that day, and the remembrance of |
the dreadful occurrence will loag - be a story
told by the Inhabitants when those who>wit
neased lt sholl long since have died.
?PARS? FROM TOE JFZRFS.
-A Baltimoreaegro. named Margin, beat Lie
wife to deatt.
-A private watchman In Baltimore was bili
ten by a dog and is dead from hydrophobia.
THE OLD WORLD'S NETVS.i
CONSTANTINOPLE. October 10.
A violent earthquake shock was- experi?
PARIS, October 10.
Pierre Lonfrey is appointed French Minister
to Berlin. The Duke de Join ville, who ls now
an officer In the United States navy, has re?
ceived permission to enter the French navy.
LONDON, October 10.
Gladstone has announced the determina-1
tion of the government not to yield to the ap?
peals for the release ot the remaining Fenian
prisoners on the ground that their offences
are not political.
Rothschild's Correasand won the Czarorloh.?
stakes at Doncaster.
THE HEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, October 10.'
The low barometer on the lower lakes willi
?robably more eastward over Northern New
brk, with cloud and rain in New England.
Brisk westerly winds from the East Atlantic to
Lake Huron. Southeasterly winds on the
middle Atlantic will probably be followed on
Wednesday by cold northwest winds *md ris?
ing barometer. Easterly winds with rain con?
tinue in Florida; northwest winds with partial
cloudy and clearing weather north and west
ot the Ohio Valley.
yesterday's Weather Reports or tbs
Signal Service, U. S. A.-4.47 P. M.?
Buffalo, N. Y.... 29.06
Ulieyenne, W. T. 29.58
Corinne, Otah... 80.07
Rey West, Fla.. 29.9J
Knoxville, Tenn. 29.94
Lake City, Fla.. 29.93
Memphis, Tenn.. 30.08
New London, OL 30.ll
New orleans.... 29.94
Oswego, N. Y.... 29.77
Portland, Me.... 30.06
Rochester, N. Y.|*9.65
Sr. Louis. 30.03!
Toledo. 0. 29.821
Leaven worth.... Z).u
Mt. Washington, -n.-JO
I Cl'g op.
NOTE.-The weather report dated 7.47o'ciock,
this morning, will be posted in the rooms of the
cnamuer of Commerce at 10 o'clock A. M., and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
courtesy of the Chamber) be examined by ship,
masters a: any time during the dar.
want of DISINFECTANTS will And a full assort
ment at ike Drug Store of DR. II. BA ER, In Meet?
ing street. aepl
~~pm* UNITED STATES DISTRICT
COURT.-By an Order of the Hon. OEO. S.
BRYAN, United States District Judge, the hearing
of all petitions and motions in Bankruptcy, or In
the general business of the District Jourt ls post?
poned until tue first Monday of November next.
sep30_DANL. HORLBECK, Clerk.
P?r ON MARRIAGE.-ESSAYS FOR
young men on great Social Evils and Abuses,
which Interfere with Marriage, and rain the hap?
piness of thousands-with sore means of relief
for the erring and unfortunate, diseased and de?
bilitated. Sent In sealed letter envelopes free of
caarge. Address HOWARD ASSOCIATION, No.
2 S. Ninth street. Philadelphia, Pa. sep4-3mos
pm* THERE IS NO EXCUSE FOB
those who drag their weary and disordered bod?
ies into our company, when a few dopes of
AYE R'S SARSAPARILLA would cleanse .Heir
murky bio:d and restore their health and ?
Ye muddy victims of bilious disease, have fa . \
regard for your neighbors, If not for yourselves.
^BATCHELOR'S HAIR DYE.-THIS
SUPERB HAIR DYE is the best in the world-per?
fectly harmless, reliable and instantaneous. Ko
disappointment. No ridiculous tints or unpleas?
ant odor. The genuine W. A. B ATC DE LO R'S HAIR
DYE produces IMMEDIATELY a splendid Black
or Natural Brown. Does not stain the skin, but
leaves the hair clean, sort and beautiful. The
only Safe and Perfect Dye. Sold by all Drug?
gists. Factory No. 16 Bond street, New York.
pm* CHARLESTON BIBLE SOCIETY.
The Treasurer of the Charleston Bible Society will
receive Subscriptions or Donations at his office*
No. es East Bay, corner of Atlantic Wharf. The
payment of Two Dollars will constitue a person a
member for one year. Bibles are kept on baud
for distribution. The Society has one Colporteur
in the field, and solicits aid to introduce another.
Persons interested in the work or seeking fnrthcr
information will please call on the Treasurer.
j. K- ROBSON,
; a?m-6moa Treasurer c. B. S.
ber, 1971, at the residence of the bride's father,
by the Rev. John Johnson, JKNNINGS W, PERRY
to CATHARINE P., second daughter of Charles Fos
ter, Esq , of tills city._? . . *
MITCHELL.-Died la this city anthe morning"
of Hie loth instant, CHABLIS TBBNHOLM, son of
Jsmea D. and Mary Portia Mitchell, in toe ninth
year of his age.
flat* THE RELATIVES AND FRIENDS
oftbe above, and of Mrs. E. 0. E. Fiudd, are in?
vited to attend the Fanerai Services, at their resi?
dence, No se spring street, THTS MOBNIKO, at io
o'clock. _ lepii-*
STILLMAN-Oled, yesterday morning-, of the
prevailing epidemic, ALFBID MOBTOK STILLMAN.
?THE RELATIVES, .FRIENDS AND
acqnaintaaces of Mr. and Mrs. A H. stillman,
also of Mr. and Mrs. Charles P. Frazer, are re?
quested to attend the Fanerai services or
ALFRED MORTON; only ton of the former, at
their residence, corner of Calhoun and Pitt
streets, THIS AFTSBMOOK. at 4 o'clock:. octll
.CLARK.-Departed this life, on the evening ol
october io, la theslxty-niath year of his age, Mr.
UBKBT Cl,illK. if, '
?ar ms RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
Acquaintances, and those of Mr. and Mrs. John
H. stelameyer, and the members of the different
Societies of which he was a member, are respect?
fully invited to attend the Panerai Services, at
lils late resilience, corner of Beau rain and Gads?
den streets, THU) AFTERNOON, at half-past' 8
PIONEER STEAM FIRE ENGINE
COMPANY OF AX Sf ES.-You are hereby sum?
moned to appear at your Engine-house Tau
(Wednesday) APTSFNOON, the 11th inst., at half
past 2 o'clock, in citizens' dress, to pay the last
tnhnte of respect to your late ox-President,
HENRY OLA PK.
j By order. J. w. MoKENBY, '
; oetH-* ._ Secretary P. S. F. E. Co.
SOCIATION.-The RAFFLE of the Charleston
Charitable Aascelation will take place on the 13th
-In Columbia in place of C.naries ton, as li ere tore
(advertised, it being Impossible to make the necea
'sary arrangements for the same to take place
' Tickets will be on sale at No. 147 Meeting street
by Hi T. PETERS, Sr., and at No. 42 Market street
by H. T. PETERS, Jr., and by W. A ZIMMERMAN
at the Office of War di aw A Carew, ap at hil
om ce, No. 42.State street, until 6 o'clock 'ima Ar
TBftHOON. & BROADBENT,
octil-l_President and Manager..
par THE CHARLESTON CHARITA?
BLE ASSOCIATION, FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE
F BEE SCHOOL FUND.-OFFICAL RAFFLES
CLASS Na 172-Montnxs.
1 o-rt- 59*-3ft-14-51-64 ? 64 -24- 45-4-34
, AB witness oar hand at Columbia this loth day or
c nouer, 1871. FENN PECK,
j pmrUk CANDEUR LODGE, Na 36, A
F. M.-Any member of this Lodge who may be
taten sick, or who may require nursing or medi?
cal attendance, ls requested to give notice of the
same, without delay, to Senior Warden D. MUL?
LER, No. 325 King street._sepZl
aCHOOL BOOKS I SCHOOL BOOKS!
BUY YOUR SCHOOL BOOKS AT
FO<?ARTIE'S BOOK DEPOSITORY.
NEW CATALOGUE-NO. 17.
LOSSLNG'S HISTORY OF ENGLAND, Political
Military and Social, from the Earliest Tunes to Ute
Present, with Appendix. Index and Maps, ta M.
Gold Dost, for tue Beautifying of Lives and
Homet. By "Brick" Pomeroy, Si M.
Brick Da it, a Remedy f jr Blues, Ac. By "Brick"
Pomeroy, $1 80.
The Teeth, and How to Save Them. By h. P.
Meredith. St 25.
Lire of John Bu a van, with No ices of some of
his Co temporaries and Specimens or his Style.
By D. A. Marsha, $1 60.
Library of Biblical Literature, b:lng a Reposi?
tory or larormatloa on Geographical, Historical,
Biographies, Scientific, Archaeological and Lite?
rary Subjects in relation to toe Holy Scriptures.
London s. 5. Union 6 vols, in 3, $1 50.
The Wonders of Engraving. By George Dnpies
sts. illustrated with ten Reproduction* In Ante
type, and thirty four Wood Engravings, by Sel?
Gutenberg, and the Art of Prlnti 'g. By Emily
C. Pearson, wita numerous illustrations, $2
"The Speaker's commentary." The Holy Bible
according to the authorized version (A. D.
1611.) with an Explanation and Critical Com?
mentary and a Revision of the Translation by
Bishops and other Clergy of the Anglican Charon,
edited by F. C. Cook, M. A., Canon of Exeter.
Vol. 1, part 1. Genesis-Exodus. "From the
fulness, fairness, thoroughness and candor with
whloh all d fflcult questions are discussed, this
Bible Commentary is sure to be satisfactory .to
the scholar; while the plain, direct and devout
manner in which the meaning of the Sacred Text
ls explained, thoroughly adapts lt for the widest
popular use, whether In the closet, in the family,
or in the Sunday-scuool,".S5. ? ? "
Systematic Theology, by Charlea Hodge, D. D.,
Professor In the Theological Seminary, Princeton,
N. J.. Vol. 1, S4 50.
Castllltan Days, by John Hays author of ?'Pike
County Ballads," Ac, 82.
Hood's Works, complete in 4 Vols, comprising
Prose and Verse, Whimsicalities, Whims, Ac,
Hood's Own and Poems. Up the Rhine, 86.
Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy, Library Edi*
tlon, 3 VON. Mor. Cloth; 86 26.
Isaac Disraeli, One Library Edition, edited with
notes by his son, viz: Curiosities or Literature,
4 Vols, $7; Amenities of Literature, 2 Vols., S3 60;
Calamities and Quarrels or Authors, 2 Vols., S3 60;
The Literary Character, 82 25.
Milman'* History or the Jews, from the Earli?
est Period down to Modern Times. 3 Vols., 85 26.
MHman's History of Latin Christianity, s Vols.,
Thora well: The Collected Writings of James
Henly Thornweil, D. D., LL. D., edited by John
B. Adger, D. D., Professor of Ecclesiastical His?
tory in the Theological Semloary at Columbia, S.
C. Vols. 1 and 2. Per VoL 84.
Howe's History of the Presbyterian Church In
Sooth Carolina, Vol. 1. 84
49? Persons residing in the country will please
' near m mind that by sending their orders to ns
tor any books published in America, they will be
charged only the price of the book. We pay for
the postage or express.
FOG ARTIE'S BOOK DEPOSITORY,
Mo. 260 Kin g street, (in the Band.) Charleston, S. O
jy E BING'S PILE REMEDY.
For s ale b? Da. H. BAER.
FINE FRENCH EXTRACTS FOR THE
For sale, in quantities to suit purchasers, by
DB? H. BAER,
mayas_ Ko. ttl Meeting street.
rTPHAM'S ANTIDOTE FOR STRONQ
A SURE CURE FOR DRUNKENNESS.
One Dollar a Bottle. Sent by mau, postage
paid, on receipt of price.
The Antidote ls the best remedy that can be
administered In Manla-a-Potu, and also for ail
For sale br Dr. H. BAER,
No. 131 Mee tm g street,
octs Asenr. for South o?rniina.
/VOOD NEWS FOR THE SICK I
LIEBIG'S EXTRACT OF BEEF,
(The gennlne article.)
UPHQAM'S FRESH MEAT CURE for the pre?
vention and cure of Consomption, after Dr.
Beef, Wine and Iron.
Elixir Calisaya Bark. . ".
Elixir Calisaya Bark and Pyrophosphate er
"hese and all other new preparations are tobe
tpond at the Drug Store of^ ?????f^