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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1820.
CHARLESTON, WEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 25, 1871.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
i THE CLIMAX OF TYRANNY.
A REIGX OF TERROR ZN THE UP
COO'TRF COI STIES.
How the Operations of the Ku-Klui
Hunters are Coaducied-A Specimen
A rn nt -Disastrous Effect on the Com?
munit}- Demoralization of the Ne?
groes-Y Gloomy Picture.
[From the Columbia Phoenix, October 24 l
We call attention to the following extract
from the letter of a citizen of Yorkvllle, ad?
dressed to a gentleman ol this city. The wri?
ter is a gentleman of the highest character.
H?B letter will give some idea of the scenes en?
acting in York. Nor will our readers fail to
appreciate the indignant emotions evinced
by this writer, whom we know to be a quiet,
law-abiding man :
YORKVILLB, S. C., October 21.
Although I feel secure in my own inno?
cence of any complicity in the causes which
have been made the pretest tor the infamous
proceedings Inaugurated here by the party In
power, yet I cannot but be shocked, and feel
uneasiness, at the total overthrow ot all my
preconceptions of republicanism, freedom
and law. Indeed, no stranger to our com?
munity could remain here unaffected by the
?revalling gloom and sense ol Insecurity,
verv bulwark of civil protection seems
levelled, and personal liberty appears now to
depend entirely upon the absence of malice on
the part of the Ignorant and depraved. No
warrants are lssned, no charges specified, no
authority exhibited; a soldier under arms,
sometimes a commissioned or non-commis?
sioned officer, sometimes merely a private,
presents himself and orders a march to jail.
Arrived there, the prisoner ls searched, and
r^t?Len locked up in a cell and told that he
55 cSn have no source of amusement to wile
away lae time, as he is placed there for pun?
ishment, and not for pleasure. In some
cases a little consideration has been
shown, such as time to take leave ol wife
and children, wlien convenient; in many
others, the "summary process" is most
scrupulously adhered to. A case of this kind
took place In town to-day, which illustrates
well "the changes and variety of untried
being we must pass." A Mr. Mitchell, highly
esteemed as a straighttorward. upright man
by all who know him, came to town last night
to attend a Masonic meeting. This morning
while standing in a store he was arrested bj a
common .?soldier, who, after cocking his mus?
ket and putting on a fresh cap, ordered him
to hold up his hands, and told a negro to
search his pockets and disarm him. This
being done, the doughty soldier, with his
sable assistant, carried the prisoner to Jail.
What adds poignancy to this shameful indigni?
ty, ls tne fact that the black rascal who took
part In it has been strongly suspected of hav?
ing been one of Rose's gang ol' barn-burners.
There are now some thirty-two or three In Jail ;
but this number will, doubtless, be largely In?
creased by morning, as nearly all of the caval?
ry companies are ranging over the county,
anoVhlgbt arrests seem to be in special favor.
Alitais is bad enough, God knowe, but there
are consequent evils to be apprehended, which
dwarfs lt into petty annoyance. The county
ls being depopulated. Numbers of farmers
and other citizens, innocent as well as guilty,
appalled at the prospect of a long Incarcera?
tion, a packed Jury, an unscrupulous Judge,
and a ready host of accusing witnesses, eager
to swear, according to instructions, for "two
dollars a day and expenses paid," have left
homes and families Just as the threatened dan
fer found them. -The matured crops are but
alf gathered, and the unprotected farms stand
as tempting balts for the Idle negro. It will
no?, be long before larceny, arson and outrage
of every sort will be committed throughout
this helpless section. Already the signs of
exultation are shown on the faces of the
Dfgroes. The town ls dally filled w'.tu mom
ffby coming to sell their concocted tales
of Ku-Klux Injuries, or to seize the
chance or easy vengeance r.poa those whom
they dislike. This very afternon, my friend
-was subjected to annoyance of this
kind. About a month ago, he Informed a
worthless negro tenant on his mother's farm
that he must make other arrangements for
next year. To-day the rascal came to town to
report him as "a Ku-Klux and a friend to Ku
Klux." Knowing Mrs. - waa In town,
he actually rode up here to brag to Mrs.-,
his wife, about what he had done. Fortunate
a, his tale was so ridiculous and so badly told,
at lt was rejected at headquarters. This ls
a straw, but it shows the drttt of negro feel?
ing. It Is needless to add that all business
and industry are paralyzed. Through all this,
A. S. Wallace, directing and controlling spirit
of this scheme of infamous outrage, remains
In our midst. He dally airs himself upon our
streets, here in the very heart of murder and
conspiracy, as he calls lt, and gloats over the
verification of his prophetic threat that "he
would yet have this people beneath bis heel."
Bu'< I must stop before I grind my teeth to
The Reign of Terror-Shameful Con?
ductor the Federal Officers.
[From the Camden Journal.]
In Spartanbnrg we are Informed that the
jail ls so full of so-called Eu-Klux that many
are camped outside under guard. In York
we are told that all the roads leading to the
courthouse are picketed by soldiers, and any
one attempting to pass either way ls arrested,
and in many instances thrown into Jail, and
that In one case where a party had gone to
make an arrest at night they intruded upon
the privacy of young ladies* chambers, and
pulled the covering from their bodies, pre
tending to search for their victim. Weare
further Informed that many persons are leav?
ing their homes in order to avoid i hese arrests,
not that they feel themselves gull ty, but because
they may be arrested upon mere suspicion or
idle accusation, anotpnt to great trouble and
expense to procure ball, ail perhaps by per?
jury be convicted or the crime alleged, and
sent to the penitentiary, all or which ls not
only poss! ble, but very probable.
The Supreme Insue-Liberty or Des?
[From the Barnwell Sentinel.]
The question naturally arises, why should
General Grant assume such a grave responsi?
bility ? The answer Is, the country ls about
to Hiter upon the most important political
struggle that has ev Sf been agitated since the
formation of the government. It ls a contest
between constitutional liberty and central des
Eotlsm. This Is the supreme Issue. We be?
ere that General Grant intends to hold the
government for himself and bis party: that if I
e can carry thlB election by a popular vote,
he will not call Into exercise the dictatorial
powers conferred on him by the Ku-Klux bill;
but in the meantime he ls preparing and using
the machinery of that billin these reconstruct?
ed Stales, to familiarize the public mind with
this mode of usurpation, so that lt it be?
comes necessary, be can apply lt to the large
States ot the North and West, should ne
be convinced the majorities there are like?
ly to be turned against his re-election. The
single question to be presented to the popular
mind ol the American people at the next gen?
eral election will be, is this a confederacy cf
independent States, united under a written
constitution, clearly defining the rights of the
States, and the powers of the General Govern?
ment, or ls lt a centralized despotism at Wash?
ington, to be used lor the aggrandizement of
Gen. Grant and his supporters ? We think the
signs are unmistakable; they foreshadow the
march ot Gen. Grant lo imperial power, for
the benefit of himself and followers, or the tri?
umph ot constitutional liberty. The decision
of this, the great question ol modern limes, is
in the hands of the people of these United
States, not as citizens of a centralized govern?
ment, but as citizens of Independent, sovereign
States. As they love liberty or prefer tyranpy.
so will they decide.
What Does lt Alean f
[From the UntonvlUe Times.J
A present we are in the dark as to the in?
tentions of the government. We do not think
that martial law would be much, it any, worse
than the reign of terror which ls now driving
the beet citizens of Spartanburg out of the
county, and so prostrating all business as to
cause merchants to seriously think of boxing
up the stock ut goods just laid In and return
tbejp to the Normern merchants ut whom they
v*#e purchased. How this will end God only
knows; but we tear ihe result will be anything
VUt peaceable. Th? intimidation heretofore
exercised over the colored voters to make
them vote the Radical ticket ls now seen
through by that class, and the leaders of that
party are seeing them leave their ranks. They
have, therefore, determined to make a holo?
caust of every white man in this section,
rather than yield the power they find so profit?
able to themselves.
A Peaceful County-The Negro Militia
the Only Conspirators.
[From the Cheater Reporter.]
. Chester can proudly compare her record lor
good order and obedience to the laws with
any county from Maine to California, and
suffer nothing by the contrast. The statement
that there is within her borders an armed
combination or conspiracy either able or dis
Sosed to defy the constituted authorities of the
late or ol the United States is without the
shadow of truth. That the execution of the
laws either of the State or of the United States
are now, or ever have been, obstruct?
ed here, since the surrender, is equal?
ly without foundation. The only sin?
gle exception to this general statement
that has ever come to our knowledge was the
resistance made last January by the armed
negro militia at Landsford, to the arrest of
some of their number by the sheriff on bench
warrants issued from the Court of General
Sessions. In this Instance, the execution of
the law was obstructed by an armed loree of
negroes, and the cotton thieves for whose
arrest the warrants were issued were rescued
from the hands o' the civil officers. But of
what avail is it for us to interpose our denial
to these solelmn assertions ol the President ot
the United States ?
We have been under martial law before,
and have lived through it. Let us hope that
we may survive lt again, and that, under its
benignant sway, we may learn to love and to
kiss the rod when laid upon us by "the best
government the world ever Baw.''
Is Reconstruction a Failure ?
(From the Marlboro' Times.;
We do think it is a sad commentary on the
government of South Carolina that the party
in ascendancy, with the control of every de?
partment of the government, and a voling
majority of thirty thousand, cannot administer
the law, keep down disturbances, and punish
the o.-i.ders; that when a drunken youth
comm.is an assault and battery upon an indi?
vidual, he should not be tried by a court of
justice having lull jurisdiction of the case
where be lives, and punished by laws in force
in the State, but should be spirited away to be
tried by other tribunals. Is reconstruction a
failure ? Il lt is, let the present government
give way to some other that can graople with
questions at issue, bring order out of chaos,
and make this what tne Republican party bas
long boasted of, but gone no farther-the best
government the world ever saw.
Facts ?re Stubborn Things.
[From the Laurensvllle Herald.]
From beginning to end the proclamation ls
based upon ialse and untenable premises. No
such unlawful combinations as referred to ex?
ist, and the Radical leaders know it just as
well as we do. A corporal's guard can arrest
any suspected party, and carry him from one
end of the nine counties to the other, and
never meet with any opposition or disturb?
ance. Any officer of a county can do the same
within hlB jurisdiction. If alleged disturbances
of the peace have not been properly prose?
cuted, the fault is not with the people. The
courts and the prosecuting officers are In
the keeping ot the Radicals, and ll there has
been any neglect of. duty, it ls there that the
responsibility rests. Warrants, however, are
very necessary lu arresting disturbers of the
peace, and this devolves upon the injured
The Coll of the Empire-Let the People
be Prudent and Hopeful.
[From the Columbia Phoenix.]
That the cause of law and order should be
maintained In South Carolina ls right; but it
does not follow that to effect this, the severe
measure ot martial law should have been re?
sorted to. Against this, however Impotent it
may be, we raise an indignant protest. The
grounds upon which the President predicates
his declaration do not in point of fact exist,
and his edict ls but the exercise of the des?
potic power that he derives from a partisan
Congress. Great ls the provocation, and great
ls the desire of our foes that disturbances may
OCCUr. Wa say to our people: b? prudent_ba
ann-be true-be discreet. We are power?
less now, and must yield to power. But be of
good cheer. This state of things cannot last.
As "the coll of the empire" draws closer and
closer around outraged communities and so
called States, wider and wider, we think, will
open the eyes of the North. Throughout the
North there are thousands and thousands of
gallant men that are knit to us of the South In
closest bonds. The reaction, then, must come.
Courage, faith, endurance, hope-these are
the qualities .hat our citizens are called upon
Be Patient and Prudent.
[From the Wlnnsboro' News.]
In view of the great provocations and of the
manliest design of this procedure, we would
counsel our people to the exercise of a greater
patience and prudence than we have yet been
called upon to exhibit. Resistance to such
oppression, as natural as lt might be, would
best subserve the interests ot those who inau?
gurated this condition ot things. Emboldened
by a resistance upon which the whole power
ot the general government would be brought
to bear, with what fiendish glee would they
press on to spoliation of our property, the in?
sult of our families, and the final confiscation
of our lands ? To our people, then, we repeat,
" be patient," even though by cruel and ty?
rannical measures we be torn from our families
and thrown into the common jail.
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, October 24.
The barometer will probably continue high
on Wednesday from the lower lakes to the
Middle and East Atlantic, with clear and
A,?arlog and smoky weather; cloudy weather
continues on the South Atlantic coast, and an
area ot low barometer extend from Missouri to
Wisconsin, with easterly winds on Michigan
and Superior. No Important change for the
Yesterday's Weather Reports or th?
Signal Service, U. S. A.-4.47 P. UL.,
? R Bl
Buffalo, N. f.... 30.15
Corinne, Dtah... 29.69
Duluth, Minn... 29.93
Key West, Fla.. 29.87
Knoxville, Tenn. Itt. 93
Lake city. Fla.. 29.86
Memphis, Tenn.. 29.92
Milwaukee, Wis, 30 14
New London, OL?30.19
New Orleans.... 29.91
Oswego, N. Y.... 30.19]
Pittsburg, Pa.... SO.eel
Purtland, Me.... 3u.27
Rochester, N. Y. 30.20J
San Francisco.. 30.161
St. Paul, Minn.. 129.91
79! s W"
NOTS.-The weather ranon dated 7.47 o'clock,
this morning, will be posted in the rooms ot the
Cnamber of Commerce at 10 o'clock A. M.. and,
together with the weather chart, may (oy the
courtesy of the Chamber) be examined by ship?
masters at anv ump nunnar Tne day.
AFFAIRS IS UTAH.
SALT LAKE, October 24.
An expert from Cornwall 6ays the discover?
ies of tin mines will work a revoluti m In the
trade. The receipts of gold and sliver are in?
Mrs. Cooke sues Brigham Young for money
collected upon her husband's death. Mrs.
Cooke was formerly a Mormon, and ls cow an
THE EPISCOPAL CHURCH.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE TRIENNIAL
Reports of Committee-Sisterhoods ia
the Church-Exciting Debate on the
SIXTEENTH DAT1-OCTOBER 21.
In the Episcopal General Convention on
Saturday, the report of the committee on
canons being under consideration, lt was re?
solved that new canons shall take effect on
the first day of January succeeding the Gene?
ral Convention at which they are made; that
it is inexpedient that minorities shall be repre?
sented; that the name ol the body shall not be
changed from convention to council; that the
proposition "that two-thirds of a theological
court shall be required to convict of a violation
o: the canons/ ls In conflict with the provi?
sions ol the constitution, and that it ls inexpe?
dient that luture sessions of the convention
be permanently held in the CUy of New York.
Rev. Dr. Van Deusen, ol Central New York,
presented a report from the committee on the
state ol the church on the subject of "Sister?
hoods," a subject which they regard as of
great imnortance and worthy of grave consid?
eration. ' The time has come when some pro?
vision should be made to meet the growing
necessities for more help In carrying on the
great work of education and charity in the
church. * * The committee will
not conceal the difficulties which at
the threshold spring up to obstruct any
scheme ot practical measures lor utilizing
the proffered work of women by organized
sisterhoods. The prejudice which identifies
every such movement with thelalseand per?
nicious system of the Church of Rome, and
would forget the pure and living church of
early ages which adopted such instrumentali?
ties for the great work of charity she was sent
Into the world to do, has too long kept the
church In apathy, and quenched the spirit
which has been poured out on her daughters
yearning to consecrate themselves, as the
Phebes and Prisclllas of the Apostle's time, to
the labors which the love ot Christ constrained
The report, which is lengthy, recommends
the adoption of the following:
i?esoiwd, That this house regarde with deep
Interest the work of women In the church, and
the lormatlon of such Christian organizations
as ni&y consist with the government and rules
of the church.
Resolved, That lt be recommended to the re?
spective dioceses and missionary Jurisdictions
which may desire the aid of such organiza?
tions, to adopt such measures as may promote
the efficiency of such auxiliaries and guards
The resolutions were adopted.
Rev. Dr. Howe, of Pennsylvania, from the
Jo'tic committee on the hymnal, submitted a
supplementary report recommend Int: the omis?
sion from the hvmnal ot hymns ll, 72, 98, 124,
193, 209, 250, 253, 315, 367, 444, 492; also, that
the committee recommend the insertion of
several hymns recommended by members of
the convention. The committee are satisfied
that no hymns will now be found In the hym?
nal offensive to the most refined taste, or in
the slightest conflict with the doctrines of the
church. The committee conclude with a reso?
lution authorizing them to proceed with the
publication of the hymnal. Adopted.
DEBATI ON THE RITUAL.
At 12 o'clock the debate was resumed on
the canon providing for uniformity of the
Mr. McCrady, of South Carolina, continued
his remarks (rom the point lett off yesterday,
and proceeded to show the connection be?
tween the canons of the church in England
and of the church In America, and said but a
row or mose present understood this matter.
The conservatives here should go for this
canon, because lt would make the canons the
law and do away with that ruble that had
made all the trouble in the Church of England.
Some may sacrifice something, but we must
make that sacrifice for peace. We can find
nothing that will bu so conservative, so well
calculated to avoid all cause or encourage?
ment of strife. This canon only declares that
the canons of the Cburch of England in use in
America in 1769 shall be the authority. That
was before any of these questions agitated the
church. Mr. McCrady then impressed upon
all those who were within the church the
necessity of obeying i is laws and regulations.
Rev. Dr. Norton, of Virginia, reminded the
Rev. Deputy from Alabama (Rev. Mr. String?
fellow,) that the Bishop of Alabama bad, In an
address to his own convention, regretted that
the general convention of 1868 had not taken
action on this subject, and expressed the hope
that his diocese had been free lrom the evils
which had afflicted other dioceses. Gentlemen
said Ibis was a small matter, that there was no
necessity for any action, that lt was trying to
prescribe in what part of the chancel the min?
ister should stand. And yet they knew that
last Sunday ministers of this church stood up,
and by peculiar inflections of tbe voice, by
significant pauses, by genuflections, they gave
adherence to those monstrous heresies in re?
ference to the blessed Eucharist which the
English martyrs died sooner than admit. He
was a churchman in his inmost core: whatever
came, he expected to be In this church, but he
must express his opposition to this trumpery
of Rome. He indicated his doubts as to the
efficacy of the proposed canon, for, even after
the- able arguments that had been made, he
was not satisfied as to the English canons. He
could have wished that something had been
done to preserve the blessed Eucharist from
Mr. Andrews, ot Ohio, said If this canon was
adopted every form or vestige of Romanism
that any man has attempted to bring In tbe
church will be exterminated. What he was
afraid of was that If they got Into the discus?
sion of what was and what was not the canon
law in force of 1789-for this ls a subject on
which able men differ-it would result in a
thoroughbred discussion that would swamp
the whole thing.
Some think they may be injured by this
thing, if they cannot carry out a certain form
of ritual, but was not this a matter for the
whole Church ot God ? Was lt a personal
wrong to any mao, because he could not In?
vent a new posture, or drape his altar with
canvas, or stand In a particular place, or pros?
trate himself before Inanimate objects? ls lt
his own pleasure or wishes he ls etrlvlBg for,
or ls lt the good of the church ! The man
who comes to the church with a menace that
If things he wants cannot be done, he will
leave lt, had better leave lt. [Slight applause,
which was quickly suppressed by the chair.]
Rev. Dr. De Koren, of Wisconsiu, objected
in principle to deducing the canons In force in
1789 as the law on ritual. It was not really
known what canons were In force in 1789. It
was known surplices were not In use before
1789. Now. according to this canon, tbe can?
ons of the Church ol England In force In 1789
are to be the law. The speaker then read the
canon ol' the Church ol England "on vest?
ments," prescribing in certain cases short
gowns and long gowns, without cuffs, no col?
ored hose, no wrought nightcaps, clergyman's
cloaks, &c. Now, If the canons ol' the Church
ot England were to be adopted, the ministers
of the church would have to conform to these
regulations. He did not believe in transubstan?
tiation, but he and others believed in the
catholic doctrine which had come down
through the Church of England from primi?
tive times, that somehow in the celebration ol
the Holy Eucharist the spirit of our Lord was
present. He asked why there should be this
opposition, this feeling against reverence being
observed In the ceremonies of the church. Is
lt. that too much reveretice is thc curse of this
land ? Is lt not true that the congregations
are dreadfully irreverent ? Do they not have
paid choirs to tickle their ears and Bing the
praises of God by proxy ? The cry is that we
shall have no incense ascending from our
altars; but do not the women who fill our
churches-do we not see them filling them?
selves with incense, the odor nf which is very
fragrant, to be sure - but ls it for the glory
of God ? Rather is it not for the glory of men
and women ?
Rev. Dr. Mead, of Connecticut, said he was
satisfied that some alterations should be made
mt. tnia canon, and he would propose them.
There had been a great deal said about the let
alone policy. That was done in 1868. and what
had he seen then ? He saw on one occasion,
in the administration of the Holy Sacraments,
men remaining kneeling until the whole con?
gregation had received me sacrament, and
what were they doing ? Posturing and smit?
ing their hearts, and looking out ot the corner
of their eyes to see if any one was looking at
them. He had asked the bishop who was pre?
sent, and saw this, what he thought ol it ? The
bishop shrugged his shoulders and said noth?
ing. He wouid tell them that this ritualism
was sapping at the very church founda?
tions ; lt was polsenlng the theological
institutions ; poisoning the minds of the
students. In one of the theological semi?
naries, now, Us usefulness was destroyed, be?
cause a professor, a rigid ritualist, was at
enmity with the fest ot the faculty. Ninety
nine hundredths of those in this convention
were in ?avor of putting a stop to these prac?
tices, and all the opposition came Irom the
handful of ritualists here. Why were those
who went to worship God to be compelled to
endure these practices, to witness a revival of
those monstrous heresies which the church re?
jected ? These lanUics, with their parti-color?
ed gowns and vestments, might Just as well
appear In the dress of a circus clown. Dr.
Mead then proposed his amendment, which
was to strike out tte second sub-section of the
canon providing tint the canons of the Church
of England in force in 1789 be the law of ritual,
and to Insert in place thereof the recommen?
dation made by tte five bishops In their re?
port to the House of Bishops to prohibit the
practices enumerated, and marked-from one
to ten, inclusive, asfollows:
1. The use of incense.
2. Placing or retanlng a crucifix In any part
of tbe church.
3. Carrying a cress In procession in the
4. The use of lights on or about the holy
table, except when accessary.
5. The elevation o? the elements In the Holy
Communion in such manner as to expose them
to the view of the people as objects toward
which adoration ls to be made, in or after
prayer of consecration, or In the ad of admin
lsterlng them, or in conveying them to and
from the communicants.
G. The mixing of water with the wine as
part ol the service, rr in presence ot the con?
7. The washing of .he priest's hands or the
ablution of the vesses. in the presence of the
8. Bowings, crossbgs, genuflections, pros?
trations, reverence^ bowing down upon or
kissing the holy table and kneeling, except as
allowed, provided fa or directly by rubric or
canon, it being prov ried that reverence at the
mention of the nameof the Lord Jesus Is not
intended to be disallowed; and it being further
provided that private personal devotion, be?
fore or after official ministration, Is not to be
understood to include or justify any of the acts
9. The celebration or receiving or the Holy
Communion by any Ushop or priest when no
person receives with him.
10. Employing or permitting any person or
persons not In holy oilers to assist the minis- '
ter in any part of the :.der for the administra?
tion of the Holy Com nunton.
Mr. Gordon, of Alabama, said the amend?
ment now proposed hy Dr. Mead, had robbed
the proposed canon of Ul Its worth'. This was
entering into class legislation. It was not the
proper work tor the Clurch of God. The con?
ventions of the eli ure! are called upon to de?
liberate upon something grander and better
than to put a stop to be eccentricities of this
or that man, or class of men. He thought
this church was broad enough to Include both
the gentleman from Wisconsin and the gen?
tleman from Virginia.; He frankly confessed
that he loved to see the beautiful in the
church; that lt was pleasant to him to see it
decked by loving hand). He saw not why he
should spend hid monly in his own house to
make lt attractive and beautiful, and should
not do the same for the House of God. He
confessed that he liked his praises to God to
ascend to Heaven in1 the strains of sweet
music; but while he feld this he would not in?
terfere with his brotber who disliked such
accessories, who preferred a plain place to
worship in, and wno desired no accessories;
and all that he asked was that his brother
should extend to him tte same toleration.
Mr. Carter, of Marylaad, moved to postpone
the whole subject indefinitely. He said the
House of Bishops, by its non-action on the re?
port pt Its own committee, lodloated that lt
did not deem this subject a proper one lor
Rev. Dr. Cady, of New York, proposed the
following as a substitute for the whole:
Canon of Ritual-In all matters ot ritual that
are doubtful reference shall be made to the
ordinary, and no charges shall be made
against the godly counsel and Judgment of the
Mr. Judd, in the course of his remarks, al?
luded to the canon of the Church of England
prescribing that due reverence shall be made
at the name of Jesus, and then read from
Corinthians, "at the name of Jesus every
knee shall bow." Here was the Divine law
above all human law: and yet there are bishops
of the church who stand erect when the name
of our Redeemer is pronounced.
Rev. Mr. Currie, ot Rhode Island, called Mr.
Judd to order.
Mr. Judd. I don't wonder that the gentleman
The chair expressed the opinion that Mr.
Judd was out of order in criticising the action
or demeanor of a bishop.
A deputy here asked Mr. Judd if he con?
sidered that crooking the neck was bending
the knee ?
Mr. Judd replied that the deputy was trying
to escape under technicalities. It was the
spirit of the law lor which he contended. But
he asked the gentleman If he obeyed even the
letter of the law by bending the knee ?
In the midst ot some confusion the house
at this time (4 P. M.) adjourned, with Mr.
Judd still on the floor.
[The debate was of more absorbing interest
than on any day since the opening ot the con?
vention. At times the feeling both among the
deputies and the large number of spectators
present was intense, ami applause and cries of
order, when some unusually bitter expressions
escaped from the lips of speakers, brought to
mina the deliberations of heated political as?
semblages. The demeanor of the ritualists, if
such there be, was, both In word and act, in
marked contrast with the excited manner and
the opproblous terms heaped upon them by
members of the antagonistic branch of the
BALTIMORE, October 24.
The convention resolved to entertain no new
question, and restrain members to one In ten
minutes' speech on any subject except ritual?
ism. Upon the vexed questions involving in?
novations, the committees report against pre?
TUE OLD WORLD'S NEWS.
LONDON, October 24.
The Times, this morning, suggests the ap?
pointment ot an impartial commission to set?
tle any International difficulty which may grow
out of the cutting out of the schooner Horton.
It believes that any complications will be thus
compromised promptly and on an equitable
VERSAILLES, October 24.
In the six departments named in the recent?
ly concluded treaty, the Prussian evacuation
ls proceeding quietly. In the Supreme Coun?
cil ol Corsica the Bonapartlst party, on a test
vote, were defeated by two majority. It is
currently reported that Prince Napoleon will
tender his resignation us a member of the
A. crisis from sctrclty of money ls appre?
hended. Bank of France to-day commenced
to issue thirty-five million of small currency
BERLIN, October 24.
A bill for the formation of an Imperial war
fund was Introduced in Parliament to-day.
PARIS, October 24.
A boiler exploded at Borbacx, in the depart?
ment du Nord, killed ten and hurt many.
SEWS FROM WASUISGTOS.
WASHINGTON, October 24.
There was a Cabinet meeting to-day. Ab?
sent : Sherman and Boutwell.
The question ol the Hornet, which was
blockaded by thc Spanish fleet In a Haylien
port, was considered in Cubinei. Grunt holds,
that bearing I he American Hug, and being
nader bonds to this government, entitles the
Hornet lo freedom in neutral waters. The
diplomatic correspondence has made some
progress, and au early release of ihe Hornet
Tlte Star says a strong effort is being made
to effect the removal of Colonel Robb, collec?
tor ol customs at Savannah, and appoint in
Iiis place Mr. James Alkina, who, it ia said, is
backed by Senator Hid and the Congressional
delegation Irom Georgia. Robb's friends
claim that he will not be removed.
POLITICS AT THE NORTH.
THE NEW TORR STATE CANVASS.
Mr. Tilden Gives the Democracy Words
of Cheer -The Loeal Nominations
The Germans "Fight Mit Slgel" Agafn
-The Streets Filled with Target Com?
panies-How Candidates are Bled
Expected Arrival of thc Russian
Grand Duke-Horrible Treatment or
the Newspaper Reporters.
[FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
NEW YORK, October 21.
Hr. Tilden, chairman of the Democratic
State central committee, on behalt of said
committee, announces officially to-day, in the
columns of the World, the reception of "news
of the most encouraging character of the pro?
gress of the canvass throughout the State,"
and "every indication of a satisfactory majori?
ty for the general ticket" H?B course ls un?
usual and would seem to justify the supposition
that the committee must have some strong
reason for believing that the Democrats will
carry the State, or they would not take this
public method of expressing confidence. The
trouble about all such announcements as these'
ls. that people will bet money on the strength
of them. If the result ls contrary to the pre?
diction and they lose their money, they visit
reproaches on the prophets, kr. Tilden
knows thia tull weil, and blows his trumpet
with a thorough appreciation of the conse?
Abeut the Legislature, however, there is
great doubt. New York City electa twenty
one assemblymen, usually a solid Democratic
delegation. But now in consequence ot the
quarrels between Tammany ana the Reform?
ers, the Republicans expect to carry a dozen
districts or more. This would insure them a
majority of the Lower House at Albany. The
next Legislature has the redistricting of
the State, under the census of 1870, and lt ls
important that the Republicans should not
have the supervision of the work. They did
not scruple under the last census to disfran?
chise, virtually, halt of the Democratic strong?
holds. The Senate to be elected will partici?
pate In the choice of an United States senator
to succeed Roscoe Conkllng.
The present Interest In local politics is the
coalition between the Reform Democrats and
the Republicans on a local ticket. Af. the con?
vention of the former, on Tuesday night, Gen?
eral Franz Slgel, a Republican, was accepted
as a candidate for registrar, and Judges Bar?
rett and Daly, Democrats, were nomloated for
judicial offices. The customhouse Republi?
cans met In convention last night, and en?
dorsed the nominations, and the Greeley Re?
publicans are expected to do the same to?
night. The Tammany nominations have not
yet been made.
The office of registrar ls a prize which poli?
ticians naturally struggle for with eagerness.
Next to the position of sheriff and county
clerk lt yields the largest income in the local
civil list. If?fees mount up sometimes to fifty
thousand dollars per annum, and Its plcklogs
and stealings to as much more as the registrar
dares to take. The Anti-Tammany Coalition
candidate, Gen. Si gel, ls the well known Slgel of
the war, who, In consequence of bis frequent
retreats down the Shenandoah valley before
Stonewall Jackson's hosts, was dubbed by the
wits "the Flying Dutchman." He has done
nothing since the war but run for office and
be beaten. He Invariably turns up a candi?
date for something as sare as election day
comes around. Two years ago he headed the
Republican State ticket with Greeley. The
Germans of both parties like him, however,
and he will poll the full German vote. His
Tammany opponent will be a full-blooded
Irishman-for the contestants for the "Boss's
nomination are Hike Connolly and Ned
Shandley-so that Celt and Teuton will
again be arrayed In conflict.
About these times, target company parades
abound. The Intelligent foreigner. Just landed,
who stands on the steps of the Astor House as
a gang of red-shlrted butcher boys and long?
shoremen, with the Inevitable darkey and tar?
get at the tall end, march by, gets an Incorrect
Idea of the boasted citizen soldiery of New
York. The Individuals In red shirts and cigars
are not a company ot the Seventh Regiment,
but a gang ol "bummers" and "beats," who
have gathered themselves together for the
purpose of extorting money and drinks out of
candidates for local offices. Yesterday and to?
day the streets' resounded with bands of music
conducting these heroes about town, from
Louee to house and store to store.
The target company, usually named after
some ward politician, assembles about nine
o'clock in the morning, In front of a liquor
store, where drinks are free for the occasion.
The uniform and equipments consist of
red shirts, black pantaloons, wide-awake
hats, cigars, and muskets, with bouquets
stuck in the muzzles. The officers are
BO numerous, that when the targeters
march a couple have to be sandwiched be?
tween each nie ot privates. They are gor?
geously gotten up. and flash their swords in
the sunlight like the gallant warriors that they
are. When the company have sufficiently
"liquored-up," it starts on its round of visits
to the candidates, with a band in front and a
negro staggering under a target behind. When
the bouse of a victim ls reached, the company
is drawn np in front, the band plays "Hail to
the Chief," and the candidate appears at the
door with a Mirer pitcher or butter dish and
an envelope containing greenbacks, which be
presents to the captain. Then he delivers a
short speech to the boys, and they give
him three cheers In return. The band
strikes up "Wearing of the Green," and
the company proceeds to interview the next
candidate around the corner. When the list
of the bleeding is exhausted, and all the prizes
to be shot for collected and placed In the
hands ot young men In citizens' clothes, who
take position In the cortege Just behind the
musicians, the company heads for Broadway
and a steamboat landing, from which lt em?
barks to a suburban village to pass the remain?
der ol the day. The close of the festivities is
almost always characterized with drunkenness
and fighting, and sometimes with murder.
The target company, such as I have described,
ls almost peculiarly a New York Institution.
It ls an outgrowth of some of the worst lea
tures ol our local political demoralization.
The Grand Duke ls expected to arrive off
Bandy Hook at any moment. A painful report
was circulated In the city yesterday. It was
to the effect that the Polish refugees here had
threatened to attempt the Ule of the Prince if
he appeared in our streets. The story gained
BO much credence, that the Polish National
Society felt lt necessary to hold a hasty meet
lug last night and authoritatively deny that
the Poles of New York had any such absurd
enterprise on foot. The Prince will be feted
exclusively by a self-appointed committee of
wealthy gentlemen. The mayor and authori?
ties decline to have anything to do with the
reception. They probably see very little rea?
son why Americans should go wild over a boy
who represents the most cruel and blood?
thirsty absolute despotism of Europe-a sys?
tem which bas nothing at all In common
with Republicanism, and the house which has
outraged and butchered Poland. The pre?
tence is that honors should be showered upon
the Muscovite Emperor's son because the Em?
peror sympathized with the North during our
civil war. An ovation in which only one-half
of the American people can participate is not
national but sectional In Hs character, and, as
such, cannot receive the approval of those
Americans who are anxious to see the bitter?
ness of the past burled.
The committee have taken the precaution to
hed"e in his Imperial Highness from the New
York" reporters. A guara will be stationed at
the hotel doors with strict instructions to
drive off all interviewing newspaper men.
This will put the ostracised on their mettle.
It remains to be seen which enterprising re?
porter will get access to the roof and let him?
self down by ihe chimney Into the imperial
apartments. You can depend upon it, Alexis
will be interviewed. NYM.
AMBUSCADING A STEAMER.
NEW ORLEANS, October 24.
The crew of the steamer Planter, on going
ashore for water, near Mulatto Bayou, was
fired into by an unknown parly. Two were
mortally and one severely wounded.
TUE FOREST El RES.
DETROIT, October 24.
The high winds rekindled the fires on the
ihe military reservation, and Port Huron ls en?
THE COLORED CONVENTION.
Tue convention consumed most ol Monday's
session in the discussion of questions pertain?
ing to the national administration.
A resolution was adopted pledging the alle?
giance of the colored people of the Southern
States, first to the United States Congress for
the enactment of laws looking to the protec?
tion of them; and, second, to President Grant
j for the prompt and faithful execution of the
Resolutions favoring the renomination of
Grant being reported, Barbadoes offered as a
substitute the following:
Whereas, This ls a class convention, com?
posed entirely of colored men, convened for
the purpose of considering our peculiar condi?
tion growing out of our own enfranchisement;
Reselved, That we deem it impolitic, at this
time, to appear even to dictate or anticipate
the action ot the great Republican party, of
which we form but a fraction. Adopted.
Deveaux, of Georgia, moved a reconsidera?
tion, whereupon a very exciting debate en?
sued and was kept up for about four hours.
At one time it was thought that some of the
members would come to blows.
A letter was read from Charles Sumner, of
Massachusetts, recommending that the mem?
bers of the convention Insist upon their
rights-civil, political and educational; reitera?
ting his apposition to the annexation of San
Domingo; advising the removal from office ol
all dishonest men, both Democrats and Re?
publicans; referring In high terms to the
supplementary civil rights bill now before
the United States Congress; urging equal
rights in all public conveyances, hotels and
OUR RADICAL RRETHREX.
How the Washington Chronicle Dis.
puses of oar Amiable Lteatenant-Gov
[From the Washington Chronicle, October 21.]
FOB THE BENEFIT OF A. J. RAK8IER.
We intensely desire that the Interests of the
Republican party of South Carolina, as of other
States, shall be managed by its general com?
mittee lu a wise, firm, vigorous, consistent
and honest way. The chairman ol the com?
mittee in that State, Mr. Ransler, has proved
himself to be ignorant, weak. Indolent, vacil?
lating and dishonest, besides being vain,
pompous, assuming and irrepressibly garrul?
ous. We said so for bis good and for that of
Whereupon the said Ransler replies to our
paragraph of ten lines In a dense column of
innuendo, brag and bluster, which of itself
furnishes Incomestible evidence of nearly
every characteristic named in our faithful
analysis of bis character.
Mr. Ransler waddles forward in the stolen
raiment of a man pleading "In the Interest of
the life of the party, as well as that of the In?
dividual members of lt, and ia the interest of
outraged liberty and law." This aptly illus?
trates the character of that person. Just be?
fore thinking to make capital with native
secessionists, he had written a letter denying
all unusual crime in South Carolina, and in?
sisting that there was no need of troop's or
martial law, or of any special efforts to pre?
serve life and property. This letter ne dared
to sign, totally without authority, as chairman
of the State central committee, and as the
voice of that committee lt has been trumpeted
with great glorification by the Democratic
newspapers throughout the country. For this
we censured him. For this, at Its meeting,
the committee denounced him to his face for
cowardice, truckling, falsehood and usurpa?
tion. He confessed, apologised, and almost
on his knees -begged absolution and swore
fidelity. And now from his new position, to
which he has come by a square somersault, he
whines out a delence as ll he had been there a
year Instead of a week, and intended to stay
there always, instead ol already looking both
sides ol him and behind to see which way he
shall Jump next.
Mr. Banaler comes,, however, pretty near
makfag one point on us, which ls, that he can
not be very bad, unless that we, In once sup?
porting him for Lleutenant-Governor, did
knowingly commend a very bad man. It is
true that the Dally Republican, of Charleston,
S. C., of which the writer, in 1870, was one of
the editors, felt called upon to support him as
the regular Republican candidate, because, lu
Its view, a great necessity, demanding unity,
was upon the party. We then did that which
we never again, on God's green earth, will do
-pretend to commend a man, conspicuous
only for demerit, simply because he has been
nominated by our party.
We can further truly say that we did not
know the worst of the facts of his political his?
tory, which we now state. In the summer of
1870 he entered Into a corrupt combination
which proposed to secure control of the State
for two years by the pending election. To
affiliate with that combination be basely de?
serted and betrayed the secrets of a candidate
for Congress, who had done for him more
than all other men. When he found that this
combination was not so strong as to elect him
to the State Convention, he offered plainly to
desert his new friends for hts old, provided
the latter would elect him. This refused, he
rejoined bis new friends and headed a bolting
delegation to the convention. He used his
position as chairman ot the State committee
with vlllanous treachery to secure his seat and
the nomination by a bolting convention of a
candidate for Congress, receiving therefor the
nomination as Lleutenant-Governor and his
continuance as chairman of the State commit?
tee, because supposed to be the most pliant
and cheapest tool the aforesaid combination
When he still found that his old friend was
the stronger in Charleston, he united with him
in the county convention, In a speech declar?
ing that he was glad to be with his friends
once more; that he left them to carry his own
point in the State convention; that baving
done it, he was back again. In the conven?
tion he made a long and very urgent speech
for the nomination of Mr. Tomllnson to the
Legislature, and sitting down, immediately
went from delegate to delegate, saying, "Do
not vote for Tomllnson. It was tor my Inter?
est to speak for him, but I do not want him
nominated." Throughout the campaign he
was on the side ol' both candidates, and dally
explained to each how lt was that he had lo
say and do things which looked like helping
the other. This he obtusely fancies to be
shrewd political diplomacy. By it he justly
lorfeited the confidence of every Republican
who knew him.
And yet he struts before the world as chair?
man of the committee which repudiates him,
and pretends to represent a party which will
not again endure him at the tall of a ward
committee. When we find such a man back?
ing and filling at the head of what ought to be
a working party committee, a man having
neither knowledge, energy, capacity, good
Judgment or Integrity, we deem it a privilege
to drive something Into him, or to Inspire the
rest of the committee to go over him to digni?
ty and success.
Mr. Ransler assures us that he will not per?
mit us to silence him. We shall not again at?
tempt todo what long years ago Balaam so
ineffectually tried. But we commiserate the
Republican party and committee In that State.
Mr. Ransler hints that we ventured to say
what we have because at a safe distance from
his puissant arm. We beg to suggest to him
that Washington is but a short ride from
We leave him to b^ comforted by two reflec?
tions-the first, which doubtless often occurs
to him. that his liberty is not likely to be re?
strained while justice ls so rarely done In South
Carolina; and the second, that we shall proba?
bly not take the trouble to tell the worst that
we know about him.
THE RISE IN COFFEE.-The recent extraor
diuary'rlse In the price of coffee has produced
much discussion In commercial circles. The
price of good Rio in cargo, for instance, has
within u lew weeks advanced from II4 cents
to nearly 17 cents per pound, cold, omer de?
scriptions of coffee have risen "nearly as much.
Il is stated that there an- at preseut but iorty
odd thousand bags of coffee in first hands in the
Uuiied Slates, and some of the large dealers
are ordering cargoes from Europe. When the
tariff was reduced on coflVe, tea and sugar, a
year ago, there was an almost immediate de?
cline in the price o? those articles; but the
short crop ol'coffee has Influenced the present
rise in that "necessity "
-A feature of the Virginia 8tate Fair is to
be a gentleman's hurdle race, ridden by mem?
bers of Ute Virginia Hurdle Club, ol which
Thomas W. Doswell ls president. The eutrles
are by Phil. Haxall, Thomtvs Crouch and W. A.
A PRECIOUS RAILROAD MISS.
_ ,, ATLANTA, October 24.
Parties are seizing the rolling stock and
other property of the Brunswick and Albany
Railroad lot debt. Iron for the road was
seized at Brunswick. No payments have been
made for some time. Kimball's Inability ls
said to result from losses at the Chicago fire.
There are rumors of the repudiation of the
State bonds hypothecated by him. Governor
Bullock has seized the road and placed lt in
the hands of Colonel John Screven, of Savan?
nah. He and B. H. Brown, attorney of the
road, has gone to New York to Investigate the
affairs of the company. There are many ru?
mors afloat, but nothing more definite than
gCHOOL BOOKS ! SCHOOL BOOKS!
BUY YOUR SCHOOL BOOKS AT
POGABTIE'S BOOK DEPOSITORY.
NEW CATALOGUE-NO. 17.
LOSSINO'S HISTORY OF ENGLAND, Political
Military and social, from the Earliest Times to the
Present, with Appendix. Index and Maps, S3 60.
Gold Dust, for the Beautifying of Lives and
Homes. By "Brick" Pomeroy, si fio.
BrlcltDust, a Remedy for Blues, 4c. By "Brick"
Pomeroy, SI 60. '
The Teeth, and How to Save Them. Bj L. F.
Meredith, si 26. '
Life or John Bnnyan, with Nolloes of some of
his Cotemporarles and Specimens of hts Style.
By D. A. Hartha, SI 60.
Library of Biblical Literature, being a Reposi?
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The Wonders or Engraving. By George Duples
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ner, $fl. ,
Gutenburg, and the Art of Prlntl-g. By Emily
C. Pearson, with nnmerous Illustrations. $2.
"The Speaker's Commentary." The Holy Bible
according to the authorized version (A. D
1611,) with an Explanation and Critical Com?
mentary and a Revision of the Translation by
Bishops and other Clergy of the Anglican Church,
edited by F. C. Cook, M. A., Canon of Exeter.
Yoi. 1, part 1. Genesis-Exodus. "From the
fulness, fairness, thoroughness and candor with
which all difficult questions are discussed, thia
Bible Commentary ia sure to be satisfactory ta
the scholar; while the plain, direct and devout
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Systematic Theology, by Charles Hodge, D. D.,
Professor in the Theological Seminary, Princeton,
N. J.. Vol. 1, $4 60.
Castllllan Days, by John Hays author or "Pike
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Hood's Works, complete m 4 Vols, comprising
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Hood's Own and Poems. Up the Rhine, $6.
Burton's Anatomy or Melancholy, Library Edi?
tlon, 8 Vols. Mor. Cloth, S6 25.
Isaac Disraeli fine Library Edition, edited with
notes by blB son, viz: Curiosities or Literature,
4 Vols, $7; Amenities or Literature, 2 Vols., $3 60;
Calamities and Quarrels or Authors, 2 Vols., $8 60;
The Literary Character, $2 26.
Milman'* History or rae Jews, from the Earli?
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MUman's History of Latin Christianity, 8 Vols.,
Thornwell: The Collected Writings or James
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the postage or expresa.
FOGARTIE'8 BOOK DEPOSITORY,
so. seo King street, (in the Band,) Charleston, 8.0
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