Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1826. _CHARLESTON, WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 1, 1871._EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE ABBEVILLE FAIR.
A CREDIT TO THE COUNTY AND STATE
Inspecting the Stock-A Grmnd Dis
play-The Crowd of Visitors-A Warn
lng to Charleston and Columbia.
TO TUE EDITOR OF THE NEWS.
ABBEVILLE COURTHOUSE. October 30.
Chance, or some other leader, brought me to
this place last week in time to attend the
Abbeville Agricultural Fair, and I am de?
lighted lt did so, tor that fair was a splendid
success, and would have been creditable to the
Wednesday morning, the first day of tbe
fair, was gloomy: the lowering clouds emptied
themselves in occasional showers during the
day, which prevented a very large attendance;
but I knew that was the day to examine for
myself, so I rambled to the grounds, and enter?
ing the gates turned Immediately to the right
and began seeing for myself.
First came the porkers-and there they
were in perfection. Imported Berkshires,
beautiful grades, the plump Essex, lazy Ches?
ters and fine natives were there, of all sizes
and ages, from ninety days to two years, and
Irom sixty pounds to nine hundred. If these
people don't live well lt Isn't because they
don't and can't raise hogs. Further on were
the sheep; the ugly, but valuable curled horn,
tight-wooled Merino, the square South Down,
and the long-legged native were the varieties
on exhibition. The cattle display was u.. 20m
moa-splendid milch cows, fatted beeves,
^^whose quarters seemed almost too lat for
^rf^oks, handsome heifers, patient oxen, man?
ageable bulls and otVr classes of Ayreshlres,
Durhams. Brahmins and natives filled up
?^ery stall on the grounds.
?assing beyond these and continuing my
.ambles through a romantic looking grove,
across a pretty stream that affords water
enough for the occasion, I came next to the
horses, and the row of stalls over two hun?
dred yards long is filled entirely, and several
splendid animals are hitched out in the grove.
There stands a noted stallion, whose beautiful
colts are in more than a dozen stalls, and
not one of them Inferior. Just beyond are
matched horses from Kentucky, and adjoining
counties In the State; further up are single
horses, saddle horses, jacks, muies, mares and
colts, and. each and every one of them would
be pronounced "hard to beat" out of the fair
Somewhat jaded from this stroll of our two
hours, I repaired to the fair oullding expect?
ing to get a seat; but to my surprise there was
scarcely room for the crowd to stand, noch
less luxuriate upon seats. Bales of cotton,
hay and wool filled one end of the lower story,
while upon counters running through the mid?
dle and on the sides of the house were placed
bags ol every conceivable ;..\ln; and under
the counters, and wherever space could be
found, were strewed the handsomest collection
of vegetables I ever saw. Nearly all the Sum?
mer vegetables, over fifty varieties of garden
seeds, exhibited by two or three, potatoes as
big as milk pigging, turnips that wouldn't get
In a peck measure, and pumpkins that would
furnish shells as large as batteaus, literally
-covered the floor ol the hall. But these were
* ot hali, for up-stairs there were bacon, lard,
hams, butter, (Oh, didn't I wish some of your
City folks could only see that butter '.) pre
serves, pickles, syrups, cakes, breads, and
every Imaginable article of cooked food that
would tantalize a poor hungry devil, as I was
about that time; but just behind the railing
they had a sharp, keen-eyed, freckle-faced lit?
tle fellow that seemed to have eyes in the back
of his head, and he would neither let a man
touch, taste, nor smell. So, on I went among
the paintings, and patchwork, and needle?
work, and quilts and blankets, and enough of
ladles' handiwork to make as good a dry goods'
store as King street could want.
When I came down stairs I actually felt be?
wildered, and couldn't tell whether my
stomach or eyes had suffered moBt; and, as lt
to provoke a tired man, Just as I stepped out o?
th** door below, a great Shanghai rooster,
almost as big as I was, stretched open his
Immense bill and crowed in my face, seeming
to say proudly to me: And-what-did-you
see-up-t-h-e-r-e i I wished I could have
told him; but I couldn't, and didn't.
The display of poultry surpassed all else, as
fine as all else was. There were games
enough to whl^ out the State of Georgia;
Bramahs, Crev? Cours, Shanghais, and half a
dozen other loreign names; dunghills, domes?
tics, and every other kind that anybody ever
had; turkeys of all sizes and colors; ducks that
qua-qua-ed, and geese that squalled and
8queeled with every possible note.
Well, about this time I began to think of
hunting my hotel, and ruminating whether I
had not made in a lew short hours one hun?
dred per cent, on my Investment of fifty cents
in a gate tick. t ? I concluded I had.
The next day was the day. By sunrise, bug?
gies, carriages, wagons, ox-carts, wheelbar?
rows and vehicles without names began to
rollin, and by 10 A. M. the population of Ab?
beville village had increased about five-fold.
?twas a beautiful sight to stand on the fair
founds a mile out of town, and watch the
continuous stream of vehicles and pedestrians
as they wound along over the hills towards
the grounds like a variegated worm. This un?
broken line was in constant and unceasing
motion from 7 A. M. till noon, and a finer
looking population could not be found In
America. Handsome, well-dressed men, beau?
tiful women, genteel and orderly freedmen,
all^togetber, created a tout ensemble I have
never seen before. What'a pity Grant could
not have been there, instead of at Bangor !
Tbe exhibition to-day was magnificent.
Prom 10 A. M. till nearly 3 P. M., the "ring"
was occupied by some variety of stock, and
there was not an instance where a horse
"walked over the track." Every entry had
lis competitor, and the contest was generally
very close. Ten of the finest saddle horses I
ever saw, all ridden and handled well, were
on the track at once. The display was so fine,
the directors authorized two premiums to be
given, though the list called for but one. The
second premium was awarded to a Bad, who,
I'm told, declined being second best. Well, li
so, he is simply a contributor to that amount
to the society. Clever fellow.
Bul, Mr. Editor, I am tiring you and your
readers, and will only say further, I've not told
you bait. In the afternoon, I asked one of
the officers what the receipts of that day were.
He replied, " I ''an't tell exactly, but I under?
stand we sold over 1300 tickets." To estimate
the crowd, you must remember that every
stockholder carried himself and family in free.
There could not have been less than 2500
people on tbe grounds that day. Pretty good
^Uor a county fair.
The next day, over one thousand dollars'
worth ot premiums were distributed. I am
.told they were furnished by our friend
Whllden. and they did him credit too. Charles
ion, with her splendid buildings and beautiful
grounds, and Columbia, with ber heavy invest?
ments and meddlesome council, had better
both be looking to their laurels, or ia less than
ten years Abbeville Village will be the agricul?
tural capital of the State, and the seat of her
State fairs. PASSENGER.
A NIGHT OF TERROR.
The Tornado of Fire In Michigan-The
Experience of a Man who Staid to See
lt Oat-Taking Refuge In a Well.
[From the Detroit Post.'
Allison Weaver, who reached Detroit irom
Port Huron on Wednesday, had a narrow and
curious escape from being roasted alive in the
north woods. Weaver ls a single man, about
fllty years old. Up to two weeks ago he was
at work for a man named Bright, ten miles
from Forestville, as fireman for a shingle
mill. Two or three days before the approach
of the flames, which eventually destroyed that
section. Bright and bis family lett lor Forrest
ville, and the next day all the men
employed about the place either fol?
lowed his example or made haste to reach
their homes. On leaving Bright informed
his men that the fire would sweep that way,
and warned them to lose no time in makins;
their escape. Having no property to lose or
family to care for, Weaver determined, as he
says "to stay ttnd see the circus out." meaning
that he Intended saving the mill if possible.
He has a stubborn sort ol a spirit, and the fact
that, everybody else went induced him to
stay. As soon as the men left he set to work
and burled all the provisions left In the house,
and during the day also buried the knives and
other light machinery o? the mill, as well as a
stove and a quantity of crockeryware. There
was a plentv ol' waler in the vicinity of the
mill, and he* filled severa! barrelsful, besides
wetting down house, mill, stock and every?
thing which would burn, scattering several
hundred pailfuls of water on the grounds
around the buildings.
When night came, and the fire had not ap?
peared, he negan to jeer his absent comrades.
But his self-conoeit soon left him. About 10
o'clock the heavens were so light that he
could see the smallest objects around him, and
there was a roaring in the forests, which
sounded like the waves bealing against rocks
on the shore. He began to suspect that he
would soon receive the visit projected, and ac?
cordingly made preparations for lt. In lev?
elling up the ground around the shingle mill,
earth had been obtained by digging here and
there, and Weaver went to work and dug one
of these pits deep enough for him to stand up
in. He then filled it nearly full of water, and
took care to saturate the ground around lt
for a distance of several rods. Going to
the mill he dragged out a four-Inch plank,
sawed it in two, and saw that the
parts tightly covered the moutn ot the little
well. "I cal Related it would be tech and go,''
said he, "but lt was the best I could do." At
midnight he had everything arranged, and the
roaring then was awful to hear. The clearing
was ten or twelve acres In extent, and Wea?
ver says that for two hours before the fire
reached him there was a constant flight across
the ground of small animals. As he rested a
moment from giving the house another wet?
ting down, a horse dashed into the opening at
fair speed, and made for the house, where be
stopped and turned toward the fire. Weaver
could see him tremble and shake In his excite?
ment and terror, and felt a pity for him. After
a moment the animal gave utterance to a snort
of dismay, ran two or three times around the
house, and then shot off Into the woods like a
Not long after this Are came. Weaver stood
by his well, ready for the emergency, yet Cu?
rious to see the breaking tn of the flames.
The roaring increased In volume, the air be?
came oppressive, a cloud of dust and cinders
came showering down, and he could see the
flames through the trees, it did not run
along upon the ground, nor leap from tree to
tree, but it came on like a tornado, a sheet of
flame reaching from the earth to the tops of
the trees. As it struck the clearing he jumped
into his well and closed over the planks. He
could no longer see, but he could hear. He says
that the flames made no halt whatever, nor
ceased their roaring for an Instant; but he had
hardly got the opening closed before the house
and mill were burning like tinder, and both
were down in five minutes. The smoke
came down to him powerfully, and hip den
was so hot that he could hardly breathe. He
knew that the planks above him were on fire,
but remembering their thickness, he waited
till the roaring or the flames had died away,
and then with his head and hands turned them
over and put out the fire by dashing up water
with his hands. Although it was a cold night,
and the water bad at first chilled him, the beat
gradually warmed it up until he says he felt very
comfortable. He remained in his den until
daylight, frequently turning over the planks
and putting out the fire, and then the worst
had passed. The earth around was on fire In
spots, house and mill were gone, leaves, brush,
and logs were swept clean away as If shaved
off and Bwept with a broom, and nothing but
soot and ashes were to be seen.
After the fire had somewhat cooled off,
Weaver made an investigation, of his caches,
and found that considerable of the property
buried bad been saved, although he lost all
his provisions, except a piece of dried beef,
which the fire had cooked as in an oven with*
out spoiling it. He had no other resource
than to remain around the place that day,
during the night and the greater part of the
next day, when the ground bad cooled enough
so that he could pick his way to the site of the
burned village. He was nearly twelve hours
going the twelve miles, as trees were tailing,
logs were burning, and the falling timber had
in some places heaped up a breastwork over
which no one could climb.
THE HEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, October 31.
The barometer will probably continue to fall
on the Atlantic coast, with southeasterly
winds and cloudy weather, with rain on Wed?
nesday from New England to North Caroll na;
rising barometer with westerly winds on the
Gulf coast. The low pressure In Indiana will
probably move to the northeastward, with
easterly winds veering to the south and south?
west on Lake Erie, and northeasterly winds
backing to the northwest and west on Lake
Michigan. Cloudy and rainy weather will
continue on the lower lakes, and clearing
weather on Wednesday succeed to the rain ol
to-night on the upper lakes.
Yesterday'* Weather Reports or the
Sigua! Service, U. S. A.-4.47 P. M.,
Butralo, N. V....129.88
Cheyenne, W.T.. 129.33
Cleveland. .-.?.?. s
Duluth. Minn... 30.13!
Rey West, Fla.. 29.94'
Knoxville, Tenn. 29.97'
Lake City, Fla..129.95;
Memph's. Tenn.. 129.89.
Milwaukee, Wis, .9.89:
New London, ct. 00.15
Oswego. N. Y....|30.00'
Pittsburg, Pa.... ?9.95,
Rochester, N. Y. .O.Oo!
San Francisco.. 30.15,
SL Louis. 29.83.
St. Paul. Mlnn..;30.24,
nape Ma*. 30.201
50 ; W
I Lt. Rain
i Lt. Rain
NOTE.- The weather renort dated 7.47O'CIOCK,
this muming, will be posted lu the rooms of the
cnamberof commerce at 10 o'clock A. M., and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
courtesy or the chamber) be examined by ship?
masters at any time during the day.
A MONSTER'S DOOM.
8BQVEL TO THE TR WK HORROR.
Rosenzweig Fourni Guilty and Sen?
tenced to Seven Years' Imprisonment
Closing Scenes of the Trial.
The trial of Jacob Rosenzweig, in New York,
for tbe murder, by malpractice, of Alice
Bowlsby, in tbe celebrated trunk mystery,
was concluded Saturday, by the conviction
and sentence ol Rosenzweig to seven year3 at
hard labor In the penitentiary. Towards the
close of this case the deience attempted to
prove that the body found in the trunk wa9
not that of Alice Bowlsby, that the handker?
chief lound in Rosenzweig's house was not
hers, and that Ihe woman did not die from
malpractice. A certain "Mrs. Dr. Bowlsby,"
of Brooklyn, no relation to the Patterson
Bowlsby family, attempted to show that the
bandkerchlei found in Rosenzweig's bouse be?
longed to her daughter, A. M. Bowlsby, who
dropped it there, but the girl herself did not
put In an appearance. Rosenzweig then
came upon tue stand, and swore most vigo?
rously in his own b jhalf. He said that he did
not know Alice B iwlsby, and had never seen
that trunk in his I ">use, and had never per?
formed any operation there. On his cross-ex?
amination be denied that he had admitted
performing abortions. This closed the case
lor the prisoner,
ADDRESS FOR THE DEFENCE.
Mr. Howe, for the defence, called the atten?
tion ot the court to the point that no proof was
given of any woman with child.
The recorder thought that it was abundantly
proved uv Dr. Cushman and tbe other medical
witnesses that the abortion had been commit?
Mr. Howe. Then your Honor holds that the
fotus was a child ?
Recorder. Yes, an unborn child.
Mr. Howe. Then I call on the district attor?
ney to prove at thia stage that Alice A. Bowls
byV^ alive in this city on the 23d of August.
Recorder. That ls the great question lor the
jury to pass upon.
Mr. Howe. I now ask that your Honor direct
an acquittal, on the ground that they have not
proved that the operation was unnecessary lor
preserving the life ot the woman.
Recorder. That ls affirmative proof, to be
shown by you, if the jury are satisfied the ope?
ration was performed by your client.
Mr. Howe then proceeded with his address,
contending that the identification of the body
by the vaccine mark, the scar and filled tooth
was Insufficient. The handkerchief wa9 shown
to belong to another Ml98 Bowlsby; the
pads were lound, with bloody garments, ac?
knowledged to belong to Mrs. Bosenzweig.
How, then, was Rosenzweig Implicated ? By
the testimony of the carman Pickett, who
never saw Rosenzweig before, had no reason
for taking particular notice of him, and only
Identified bim "to the best of his belle!." On
the other band were the Samuels brothers and
others, who swear to the prisoner having been
attending to a case of citolera at the very time
Pickett says the prisoner placed the trunk on
his car. It might have been that the corpse
was sent there by the seducer, Walter Conk
llng. Counsel concluded by calling on the
Jury to give the prisoner his right, the benefit
ol the doubt which exists.
THE DISTRICT ATTORNEY
delivered the reply for the prosecution. The
audience were deeply moved by the touching
picture he drew of the miserable condition ol
the seduced girl. Driven to desperation, she
sees the advertisement that Dr. Ascher does
business of this description in Amity Place.
She finds the man who. for gold, takes the
lives of unborn babes, and sometimes ol their
mothers; the blood vessels are torn and lacer?
ated, and she leaves the place a corpse,
doubled up, naked, in a trunk, and her
wretched seducer, without walting tor accusa?
tion, puts a pistol to bis head and takes that,
awlul leap lu the dark which lands him in
THREE DEATHS LAID TO ROSENZWEIG.
At this point Judge Garvin turned around,
and with dashing eyes and upraised arm, and
a voice that struck terror into the cowering
prisoner, continued: "And there, gentlemen,
sirs the man for judgment before you twelve
men, who is the author ot these three deaths
-the mother, the child, the seducer-and all
the punishment thl9 monster can get when
you find him guilty is seven years Tn State's
prison. Would that the legislators who make
these laws could sit at this trial and see tears
that we have seen here; and then we would
ask them lt statutes of this description are not
to be reformed so that lt would be held to be
murder, not manslaughter, to perpetrate of?
fences ot chis description."
The address closed at half-past 1 o'clock,
and a recess was taken for fifteen minutes.
? TBE RECORDER'S CHARGE.
Recorder Hackett recited the statute under
which the prisoner was Indicted, and directed
the Jury that to Justify conviction the evidence
should establish, free from reasonable doubt,
that on or about the 23d August, In the City,
County and State of New York, the prisoner
used some Instrument, or other means, on the
person of Altee Augusta Bowlsby, being a
woman with child, with felonious intent to
produce a mlsoarriage; that is. that it was not
necessary to preseve her life, and that lt
directly caused her death. The recorder then
remarked that it was singular how Dr. Bowls
by's daughter should have one handerchlef
only marked, and that though living lu this
city, she was not produced to identify that
handkerchief, and prove bow it was marked.
He also directed the jury to take Into account
how the breastpads, so clearly identified as
made and worn by the deceased, were lound
In the cellar ol the prisoner's house.
His Honor then directed the Jury to ask
themselves why was not the prisoner's daugh?
ter Rosy produced, to give him the benefit of
any explanations. Why did the prisoner not
speak to the carman, but, without a word, left
toe trunk on the car, which, however, the
prisoner denies ? Why was the body doubled
up, when, os we kaow, life could scarcely
have departed, and the stiffness ol death had
not set In? Who was lt that packed ber up,
naked and seemingly with no more considera?
tion than would have been given to a dog? If a
crime had not been committed, why was the
trunk checked for Chicago, and why did Netta,
who hired the car, mysteriously disappear ?
His honor cautioned the Jury against being
swayed by sympathy lor the mother and sister
of the deceased, and concluded as
follows : "The case ls a sensational
one, as far as this community is con?
cerned, but with that you have nothing
te do. The cr;me ot which he is accused bas
been practiced from the formation of the
world, and will continue to be practiced as
long as human nature remains as ll is. It can
only be restrained by potent legislative penal?
ties and the vindication of the law. The poor
girl's story is shortly told. Trusting, betrayed,
she and her seducer sleep Hie sleep that knows
no waking. Your duty ls to calmly weigh the
testimony, and render a verdict according lo
your oaths." The jury then retired.
TUE VERDICT AND SENTENCE.
After an hour and a half the Jury returned
into the court, which was at this time crowded
Clerk. How say you, gentlemen, is Jacob
Rosenzweig guilty or not guilty ol man?
slaughter in the second degree?
Amidst breathless silence the foreman
answered: "We find him guilty and recom?
mend him to mercy."
Mr. Howe requested the clerk to poll the
Jury, which was done, and Mr. Sullivan moved
Clerk. Stand up, Rosenzweig. Did you ever
learn any mechanical trade ?
The prisoner looked eiupidlv at the clerk
and made no reply.
Captain McClosky (court-keeper). What is
your business ?
Prisoner. A physician.
Clerk. What have you now to say why
judgment should not be pronounced accord?
ing to law ?
The prisoner whispered with his counsel,
and then with a gesture of his hands replied:
"Your Honor, I ara not guilty."
TUE WUOLE 8TORY OUT.
The Recorder. Rosenzweig, no person liv?
ing knows better than you that on the Wed?
nesday the operation was performed with a
steel Instrument; on Thursday she was better;
and on Saturday, when she got up against
your advice, she "got il! and died. Ordinarily I
would mind the recommendation ol' the Jury
to mercy, but In this case I must Ignore lt, for
you deserve no mercy. In my view of the law,
in which the learned district attorney differs
from me, merely, I believe, on the evidence
given In this case, you stand to-day In the atti?
tude of a murderer. You sent two human be?
ings to their last account, deliberately, wilful?
ly, murderously. That ls the law. and under
that construction an Indictment should have
been found against yon fer murder in the first
degree. You would stand now in the attitude
of a murderer, and the sentence I would pro?
nounce against you would be deatb. I quite
concur with the" sentiments uttered by my
colleague, Judge Bedford, In regard to
cases of this description, and shall unite
with him In a recommendation to the
Legislature that the law be changed,
and this felonious and barbarous prac?
tice be ended. Tou are a man of uncom?
mon nerve, as bas bean exhibited in this trial.
I never saw a man who stood the remarks of
the district attorney and his sweeping denun?
ciations so utterly unmoved. You are an edu?
cated man. having practiced your profession
abroad before you came here; but you are a
dangerous man. I sentence you to seven
years in State's prison, with hard labor.
The audience loudly applauded. The pris?
oner received the sentence with a stolid look,
and very coolly, to all appearance, walked
back to the pen in the rear. Rosenzweig was
subsequently removed to the Tombs. The
corridors and staircases of the court building,
and the sidewalk in Chambers street, were
crowded with spectators, eager to get a look
at the convk ted abortionist as he passed from
the court-room to the prlsor. van In the custody
of several ofllcers.
TBE CHANCES FOB COTTON.
The Fluctuations of the Staple In New
York-The Agricultural Bureau on
the Extent of the Crop.
A Kew York letter of Friday last says :
Many of our "bulls'" In cotton, who have
been disposed to operate heavily on the short
crop theorv, have been thrown into a great
lrisk by the excessive receipts at the ports.
They are astounded) and as the end of the
month approaches they have to settle a little
difference of two cents a pound against them,
which makes a sad inroad upon their bank ac?
counts. Still there is no disposition to repeat the
lolly ot a year ago, and run prices down; in lact,
the bears were yesterday very industriously
covering their contracts and securing their
profits, thus checking the decline. The pres?
ent position of the colton market has Its coun?
terpart in the hop market. It is known that
the hop crop is not more than one-third of an
average, and prices have been corresponding?
ly advanced, but at the high prices now ruling
everybody wants to sell. The consequence ls
that the receipts of hops at this market tims
far this season have been actually in excess ot
the corresponding period of last season. It ls
to be presumed that planters want money, and
will market their crops rapidly so long as
prices approach satisfactory figures.
The present decline in cotton does not sur?
prise me. An early speculation on short crop
reports always works disastrously by check?
ing export and consumption, and stimulating
the deliveries at the ports. I do not appre?
hend, however, any further decline. Renew?
ed tailing off In receipts at the ports would ex?
AJWashlngton telegram, of Monday, says:
The following deductions are made from the
official report of the Bureau of Agriculture
just issued. The reports contained therein
from the several counties of each cotton State
show an average falling off in the quality of
the crop as compared with the crop ol 1870 of
over thirty-three per cent.; to the decrease
must be added the decrease in average ot one
million three hundred thousand acres. The
crop has matured earlier by from two to three
weeks than lt has for several years. Let?
ters from many sections, dated Octo?
ber 10th, show that one-half the crop
has already been gathered. To 'his
cause may be attributed the large receipts
at the several cotton ports. It ls, therefore,
but reasonable to suppose that by the 15th of
November the greater portion of the crop will
have been gathered, and that on and after
that period there will be a large failing off in
receipts, as compared with last year. In con?
clusion, after a careful analysis of the report of
tho Bureau of Agriculture and other semi?
official information received here, the present
crop, under continued favorable circum?
stances, ls estimated at two million four hun?
dred thousand bales. Sbould the beavy rains
which have prevailed on the Atlantic coast for
the past two days extend to the Gulf States, a
decrease of this estimate mun ensue.
TBE F LIO BT OF BULLOCK.
[From the Augusta Chronicle.]
Rufus B. Bullock, who bas been, for three
years past, filling the Executive chair of this
?tate, has resigned ; and Benjamin Conley
has assumed the role of Governor by virtue
of his position as president of the Senate.
The immediate cause or causes which
have Influenced Bullock to resign are not
stated. The almost Immediate assemblage
of the Legislature, composed, as lt is, of
a large majority of honest, upright men,
who are determined to have a thorough ven?
tilation and exposure ol the monstrous vtllan
ies of Bullock's administration, has no doubt
been the controlling cause which has produced
this sudden but not altogether unexpected
resignation. The recent (allure of Kimball
ha?, no doubt, precipitated this gratllylng
action on the part of Bullock. It has been
suspected for some days past that bonds of
the State were issued and paid to Kimball
largely In excess of the amount authorized by
law. Indeed, thia iratidulent issue ol bonds
has been, within the last few days,
virtually admitted by Bullock's political
friends, and the disclosure of this monstrous
fraud, In all its villanous deformity, was sure
to have been made In a few days. We thought
last week, when Bullock left the Stale so sud?
denly and under the shallow pretexts which
were given by his friends, that he would not
return. He has had a good time-has well
feathered his own and the nests of his part?
ners in traud and crime, and now, when the
light ls about lo be let in on his robberies, he
flees the State, and resiens the seals of office
to one of bis own henchmen.
THE OLD WORLD'S NEWS.
LONDON, October 31.
Prince Gortschakoff had a long interview
with the Emperor William, and subsequently
with Bismarck. The subject ls unknown.
Thiers refused to modify his ultimatum to
England regarding the commercial treaty.
The English Cabinet had five councils with?
in the week. The foreign policy was the main
subject of discussion. The reorganization of
the English army Is rapidly progressing, and
the regiments are being brought toa war foot?
ing. There are immense accumulations of
VIENNA, October 31.
The resignation of the Hoheawarth ministry
has been formally accepted.
Baron Halz?;etham ls forming a new minis?
try. Halzgetham was minister of finance in
Count Pot?cki's Cabinet.
TBE POLYGAMOUS MORMONS.
WASHINGTON, October 31.
The correspondence between the eovern
ment and the government officers in Utah in?
dicates a determination to crush out polvgamy.
SALT LAKE, October 31
Daniel H. Wells, the mayor of f-alt Lake
City, is released on bail in fifty thousand dol?
lars on the charge of murder. Cases for
divorce and alimony are pending. lu one
case the ninth wife ls the plaintiff.
ONE MORE B OILER- BURS TINO.
ST. Lons, October 31.
Two boilers, in quick succession, exploded
in the Vulcan Iron Works. One man was
fatally and eight were seriously hurt.
NEW ORLEANS ITEMS.
NEW ORLEANS, October 31.
Arrived, the Frankfort, from Vienna, with
six hundred emigrants.
8lx hundaed feet of the levee caved, from
Mentaght to Louisa streets.
THE DOWNFALL OF TWEED.
OUT OF A BRITISH tl AIL INTO AN
A H?ERICAN LEGISLA TURE.
i O'Donovan Koua for State Senator
The Love* of Greeley and Hastings
Rich Men who Decline Nominations
Dickinson on the Labor Question
Boutwell on the Income Tax-A. New
Book by a Carolina Lady-Crowds of
Charlestonlans at the Hotel*-Their
Extraordinary Mode of Killing Time.
[FROM OCR OWH CORRESPONDENT.]
NEW YORK, October 28. j
Two events In the life of William M. Tweed
happened yesterday: he was arrested for steal?
ing, and O'Donovan Ross?, was nominated
against him, by the Reform Democrats, for
State senator. Of the arrest lt is sufficient to
say that our "Boss" took lt with exquisite
coolness. He simply said he expected lt, and
was glad that the machinations of bis enemies
had taken a definite lorm. He gave ball in
the startlingly large sum of one million of dol?
lars, his bondsmen being a railroad president,
an auctioneer, two contractors, and tbe editor
of the Grant-Murphy Customhouse organ.
Between this editor, Mr. H.igh Hastings,
and the editor of the Tribune tti.;re ls not a
little very bad blood. Hastings dissents from
the popular Idea of Greeley's character, and
does not hesitate to say so, generally, about
twice a day in his paper, the Commercial Ad?
vertiser. He does not regard Mr. Greeley as
"eccentric but honest,'' but Insists that he ls
corrupt and a hypocrite, and yet very shallow.
Some ancient quarrel over the division of the
Legislative plunder at Albany set these two
excellent old persons at the unsavory task of
calling each ot her thief and liar. Mr. Hastings
having become bondsman for his friend
Tweed. Mr. Greeley takes occasion this morn?
ing to get In another blow at him. He styles
him a "poor devil," and sneers at his pretence
of being a superior Republican, while he and
his partner. Tom Murphy, are accomplices
The nomination of O'Donovan Rossa for
State senator was accomplished by the anil
Tammany Democrats for the purpose ol catch?
ing the Irish vote, which otherwise would be
pretty certain to be controlled by Tweed. The
"Boss" is popular with the poorer classes in
his district, not, of course, because he ls a
thiel, but because ne is generous and warm?
hearted, and gives away a great deal ot money
to the suffering. Probably no man but Rossa
could Induce these poor persons to swerve In
their allegiance to their benefactor. But Rossa
is regarded as a hero. He Is just out of a
British jail, where he has been suffering Im?
prisonment for attempting to make Ireland
lree. He ls in Indigene circumstances and he
wants an office. Can the voters who have
enshrined him in their hearts turn a
cold ear to his appeal ? The district em?
braces the lower part of the city, Including
the lamons Sixth Ward, almost wholly inhabit?
ed by Irish. Tweed had 22,088 majority In the
district two years ago. This ls rather a heavy
majority to overcome, but It was made up
partly of people who are now acting with the
Reformers. A great.effort will be made to In?
duce all the opposing factions to unite on
Rossa. The Tribune warmly Indorses him
this morning, and calls upon Republicans to
work and vote for bim. Only a little while
ago lt was ridiculing him as a Jail-bird, and in?
sinuating that his cropped head and striped
uniform were deserved. Politics maire strange
bed-fellows. Who would have supposed a
year ago that Greeley and the Irish chieftain,
George Jones, of the Times, and Jimmy
O'Brien and Samuel J. Tilden, chairman or the
Democratic State central committee, could
ever have crawled under the same blanket ?
The attempt to get respectability to accept
office, even at this crisis, appears to be a fail?
ure. Charles O'Conor declines definitely to be
a candidate for the State Assembly. Urgent
private business is the excuse. It ls always
the excuse of rich men, or men of marked
ability, when asked to take subordinate official
positions ot trust where their responsibility or
talents would prove of Immeasurable advan?
tage to the public weal. They forget the ex?
ample of James Madison who', though he had
been a President, did not feel afterwards that
he had the right to refuse to serve as a magis?
trate in his Virginia home. Among the promi?
nent citizens who have received nominations
for Aldermen, assistant Aldermen and Assem?
blymen, and who will undoubtedly decline, are
ex-Mayor Havemeyer, Edward Cooper, (son of
Peter,) Alexander Wilder, one of the editors
of the Evening Post, Peter Gilbey, the million?
aire owner ot' the Gllsey House, Jackson S.
Shultz, one of the Radical king pins, General
John Cochrane, ex-member of Congress, and
John Hecker, the dour man. Some of these
are bitter political partisans, but they are all
respectable and most of them would not steal.
The lecture season has opened for the win?
ter with tbe public appearances in this city ot
Anna Dickinson and Secretary Boutwell. The
strong-minded lady bas grappled with the
labor question, and presents her solution of
the problem affecting work and capital as her
lyceum attraction for the winter. The report?
ers say she is dull. Sne will draw fair audi?
ences of workingmen, not because what she
has to say is popularly believed to be worth a
farthing, but because 01 the very incongruous?
ness of the woman and the subject. Secretary
Boutwell attracts large audiences, but dis?
gusts them with the assurance that the in?
come tax will be maintained until the public
debt is paid. His remarks on this subject at
Steinway Hall last night were received with a
storm ol hisses. The Democracy, whose re?
cord ls popular on the Income tax question,
might make a plenty of capital out of the Sec?
retary's unpopular decision.
The Appietons announce a new book by a
Southern lady, a North Carolinian, who has
created a sensation lu literary circles. It Is
"Morton House," a novel, by the author of
"Valerie Aylmer." The scenes are laid In Ala?
bama, and the characters are mostly people ot
that section. Mr. Alexander H. ?stephens
speaks enthusiastically of the ability of the
authoress, and a leading editor pronounced
the first work to be the best society novel of
the day. Some of the most successful of mod?
ern American writers of novels appear to be
Southern ladies-witness the riches laid up by
Marion Harland and the authoress ol "Beu?
Broadway swarms with Charlestonians. A
walk up the street during the afternoon, or a
stroll into the hotels in the evening, brings
one In contact with scores of iamiliar faces.
The unusual accumulation of your townsmen
here is, of course, caused by the prevalence ol
the fever at home. Some express no tear of
the consequences of returning, others say
they are advised by their lrlends to stay away
until frost. I fancy this enforced tarrying is
not altogether unpleasant to most ot the latter
class. New York Is very lively, and the thea?
tres afford a plenty ol amusement at night.
The weather has been delightful until within a
day or two. The Charleston colony can be
found scattered along at the hotels on Broad?
way, between the New York and the St.
Nicholas. In the sample department ot the
Grand Central the other evening, an acciden?
tal call revealed to my eyes such an unusually
large collection ol East Bay and Meeting street
bon vivants, that with a Utile aid of the Imagi?
nation, I might easily have fancied myself in
the Chamber ot Commerce rooms (upstairs.)
NEWS FROH WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, October 31.
The Ku-Klux arrests were considered In the
Cabinet to-day. Applications for bail were re?
ferred to the attorney-general, he having ex?
W. T. Forbes, pension agent at Philadelphia,
has been suspended, charged with a deialca- !
tion of twenty-five thousand dollars.
General 8herman leaves Boston next week
for a six months' European visit.
There are assurances that Colonel T. G.
Stokes, ot Alabama, wiU be appointed consul
to Rio de Janeiro.
The Postoffice Department ls engaged to?
day In considering bids tor uncomplied con?
tracts. The routes include West Virginia
three, Virginia eleven, North Carolina two,
Georgia lour, Alabama seventy-eight, Missis?
sippi two, Arkansas fifty, Louisiana twelve,
There are good assurances that no change
will be made in the Savannah Customhouse,
notwithstanding the efforts made for Colonel
A contrae? ls Concluded whereby the Chesa?
peake and Ohio Railroad secures the controll?
ing interest In the Louisville and Cincinnati
and Lexington Road.
MONTGOMERY.-Died, on the morning of the
? 31st October, 1871, of the prevailing fever, NOR.
HAN ALEXANDER, son of Norman and Theo'oceo
M. Montgomery, aged one } ear, seven months
and twenty-seven daye.
faT THE RELATIVES AND FBIENDS
of bis parents are invited to attend his Funeral
Services THIS MORNING, from NO. 8 Laartl street.
I at io o'clock._non*
??-GERMAN STEAM FLEE COMPANY.
You are respectfully Invited to attend the Fanerai
of your late brother member, HENRY WITTS
CHEN, at the corner OT Morris and Coming
streets, at 9 o'clock A. M. THIS DAV.
BURNS.-Died, yesterday, a', the residence of
her parents, ELLIE ELIDA SCRKS, aged eight
years, eight months, and seventeen days;
youngest child and only daughter of David M.
and Lavinia A. Burna.
THE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
acquaintances cf the family, also the teachers
and scholars of Spring street, Bethel and Trinity
Sunday schools, are Invited to attend her Fanera
Services, at Bethel Church, THIS AFTERNOON, at
half past 3 o'clock._ novi&i
faT THE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
acquaintances of Mr. GUSTAV LASS, of his
Brother, E. Das), and of Messrs. C. and E. Strock,
are respectfully Invited to attend the Funeral of
the former, from his late residence, No. 378 King,
above George street, THIS AFTZRNOO.V, at 8
o'clock, without further Invitation. novl
^GERMAN ARTILLERY SCH?TZEN
CLUB.-The Offlcera and Members of this Club are
respectfully Invited to attend the Funeral Services
of their late Treasurer, Mr. G. DASS, at his Resi?
dence, No. 378 KIDB; street, Trna AFTERNOON, at
3 Q'?lOCK, A. F. MELCHERS,
?ar-D EUTSCHER BR?DERLICHER
BUND.-The members are respectfully requested
to attend the Funeral Services of oar late Brother,
Mr. GUSTAV DASS, from his late residence, No.
378 Ring street, at 3 o'clock THIS AFTERNOON.
novl WM. MICHAELIS, Secretary.
AND COUNTY TAXES, ?871.-COUNTY TREAS?
URER'S OFFICE, COURTHOUSE, WALTER
BORO', S. C.-Notlce ls hereby given that this
ofnce.wlll be open for the receipt of STATE AND
COUNTY TAXES for the year 1871, on the 15th day
of November, 1871.
Taxes not paid on or before the 15th day of ]
January.1S72. will be liable to a penalty of twenty
All Taxes remaining unpaid on the first day of
March, 1872, will be liable to be collected by dis?
tress, or otherwise. All Real and Personal Pro?
perty ls charged with seven (7) mills on the dollar j
for State purposes, and three (3) mills on the doi.
lar for county purposes.
The Treasurer will visit the following named
places in the county to facilitate the collection of J
Taxes, and on the daya named below the office
la Walterboro' will be closed:
George's Station.December 6th and 6th
Summerville.December s th and 9th
Adam's Rna.December nth
Smoke's Cross Roads... .December 14th
Bell's Croas Roads.December 15th and 16th ?
JAMES W. Q RACE,
novl-13_Treasurer Polleton County.
far J. B, SOLOMONS, M. D,
Has returned to the city._oct30
par- NOTICE.-THE UNDERSIGNED
do hereby give notice that neither they nor any
member or their firm have any business connec?
tion or association of any kind ?with Mr. E. E.
BEDFORD, No. 276 King street, Charleston, S. 0.,
Grocer, and that the ase of their name by E. E.
BEDFORD In any way la entirely without authori?
ty. W. S. CORWIN A CO.
f?T NOTICE.-A LATE CARD OF W.
S. CORWIN A CO. having notified the pubUc that
they were In no way connected with the under?
signed la baslness, and not responsible for any
use of their name, In order the more effectually
to advertise the same, the undersigned hereby
announces that he has had no baslness relations
with the said firm since April, 1870, except of
being their debtor for tbej stock then purchased,
and alnce paid for.
EVERT E. BEDFORD,
oct20_Successor to W. S. Corwin & Co.
par- COLLEGE OF CHARLESTON,
OCTOBER 2511871.-The WINTER TERM Of this
College will commence on WEDNESDAY next,
November l. candidates lor admission In the
Freshman or the Sophomore Class will present
themselves at the Pres dent's room at io o'clock
A. M. F. A. PORCHER,
faT NOTICE .-NATIONAL FREED?
MAN'S' SAVING AND TRUST COMPANY,
CHARLESTON BRANCH. No. 74 BROAD STREET.
Deposits made on or before the first or November
will draw Interest from the first November.
fmr UNITED STATES DISTRICT
COURT.-By an Order or the Hon. GEO. S. |
BRYAN, United States District Judge, the hearing
of all petitions and motions In Bankruptcy, or of
the general business of the District Court is post
poned until the first Monday of November next.
sep30_HANL. HORLBECK, Clerk.
fST SHAVING SALOON.-MR. J. H.
WEICHMAN will superintend the business lately
conducted by Mr. LOMBARDO, and will be
pleased to see bis friends and the patrons or the
establishment, at the Old Stand, lu Market street,
where no pains will be spared to please.
ESPECIAL NOTICE.-SOUTH CARO?
LINA RAILROAD COMPANY, CHARLESTON, S.
C., OCTOBER ll, 1871.-The following Fairs wil
commence on the dates mentioned below:
AU FreUht shipped over this Road for the above
Falra will be returned FREE, upon the Certificates
of the Secretaries that they were on exhibition.
Return Tickets for ONE FARE will be sold to
visitors, commencing sale three days before the
date of each Fair, and good for fifteen days.
J. M. SELKIRK.
Superintendent G. S. F. Line.
S. B. PICKENS, General Ticket Agent.
YE PIMPLED, BLOTCHED AND
ulcerated victims of scrofulous diseases, who
drag your unclean persons Into the company of
bettet men, take AVER'S S IRSAPAKILLA, and
purge out the foul corruption of your blood.
Restore your health, and you will not only enjoy
life better, but make your company more tolbra,
ble to thoae who mmt keep lt. oct26-fmw3DSw
far ON MARRIAGE, -ffc^
Happy relief ror Young Men rrom the effects
of Errors and Abuses la early life. Manhood re?
stored. Nervous debility cure!. Impediments
to Marriage removed. New method or treat?
ment. New and remarkable renie ues. fcooks
and Circulars sent tree, lu sealed envelope*. Ad
dresa UOWARD ASSOCIATION, No. 2 South
Ninth street, Philadelphia, Pa. octl2
Spinal SS otic ts.
pa- NOTICE.-WE HAVE ESTAB?
LISHED a branch of oar house In Savannah un?
der the name of HOWARDS A SMITH, Cotton and
Rice Brokers, and will carefully attend lo any
business entrusted to ua.
noyl_S. L. HOWARD A 00.
*W CONSIGNEES PKri MERCHANTS?
Line bark KEYSTONE, will send to South Atlan?
tic Wharf for goods before sunset No claims
allowed after goods are removed. v
novl-1_WM. ROACH A OO.v
pa* OFFICE HOWARD ASSOCIATION,
CHARLESTON, OCTOBER 27, 1871.-At a resalar
weekly meeting of the Executive Committee of
this Association, held this day, the following reso?
lution was unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That the continued demanda upon the
Howard Association make lt necessary for ns to
appeal directly to tbs public for fonda, Oar im?
mediate necessities are pressing, and we feel as?
sured that lt ls only necessary to make our wants
known to receive prompt relief.
From the minnies.
CEO. S. PELZER, M. D., Secretary.
JAMES H. TAYLOR, President._QflttQ
pa- THE CHARLESTON CHARITA?
BLE ASSOCIATION, FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE
FREE SCHOOL FUND.-OFFIOAL BAFFLED
CLASS No. 193-MORNING.
24-43-CO -36-55 -21-61 -60-39 -29 -22-4
Aa witness oar hand at Columbia thia Slat day of
Ojtober, 1871. FENN PECK,
JAMES GILLILA ND,
?WBATCHELOR'S HAIR DYE.-THIS
SUPERB HAIR DYE ls the best in the looria- per?
fectly harmless, reliable and instant?neo us. No
disappointment. No ridiculous tinta or unpleas?
ant odor The genuine W. A- BATCQELOR'S F*TR
DYE produces IMMEDIATELY a splendid Blank?
or Natural Brown. Doea not stain the akin, bot
leaves the hair clean, soft and beautiful. The
only Safe and Perfect Dye. Sold by all Drug?
gists. Factory No. 16 Bond street, New York.
pa* A SAFE, SURE AND SPEEDY
remedy for Dlarrhos, Dysentery, Cholera, Som?
mer Complaint and all Bowel Affections may be
had n JAYNE'S CARMINATIVE BALSAM. Com?
pounded with care from the best understood in?
gredients known to the Medical Faculty, its ac?
tion ls prompt a ad always to be depended upon ;
while the reputation lt has attained as a Standard
Household Remedy should induce all, at this sea?
son or the year, to keep a bottle of so useful a
medicine by them. Sold by all Druggists. GOOD?
RICH, WIN EM AN A CO., Wholesale Agenta.
pa* NOTICE TO PLANTERS.-LU
order to accommodate my planting friends who
may wish to use the COMPOUND ACH) PHOS?
PHATE for composting wltn Cotton Seed, pre?
pared at Rlkersvflle by the Paclflc Guano Com?
pany, under the personal supervision of Dr. ST.
JULIEN RAVENEL, and which has given such
general satisfaction, I am wining to denver KOW,
charging no interest until the 1st or Mareil next
at that time to be paid in cash, or on time, at the
price and terms I am then selling at
J. N. ROBSON,
No. 63 East Bay and Nos. 1 and 2 Atlantic Wharf
TUE ARE NOW OPENING A GREAT
YV VARI ET Y OF FANCY ARTICLES, OBSKS,
WORK BOXES, WRITING CASES, PORTFOLIOS,
SCHOOL BOOKS, AND ALL KINDS OF SCHOOL
FOG ARTIE'S BOOK DEPOSITORY.
NEW CATALOGUE-No. 18.
TRAYELS IN THE AIR, BY JAMES GLAISHER.
F. B. 8, Camille Flammarion, W. De Foti vine, and
Gaston Tlssandler. Edited by James Glaisher,
with one hundred and twenty-five Illustrations.
A Second Edition, giving an account or the use
or the Balloon dutlog the Siege or Paris, $10.
Second Series of Fronde's Short Studies on
Great Subjects, $2 60.
The Elementa or Intellectual Science, Abridged
from "The Human Intellect," by Noah Porter;
Musklngum Legends, with other Sketches and
Papers, descriptive of the Young Men or Germany
and the Old Boys of America, by Stephen Powers,
The Transformations (or Metamorphoses) or In?
sects, being an Adaptation, for English Readers, of
M. Emile Blanchard's "Metamorphoses, Moeurs et
Instlncte des Insects;" and a compilation from
thc Works or Newport, Darwin. Muller, Ac, Ac,
by P. Martin Dunc m, F. R. S.. Professor of Gaol*
ogy In King's College, London, profusely illus?
trated, $7 ?0. _ .
Eleven-Volume Edition of Thackeray's Works,
demy, 8 vo; thia Edition will contain Thackeray's,
own drawings and all the other Illustrations in
the Twenty-two Volume edition. "Vanity r,.ir"
ls now ready and other volumes will a? n be
ready. Cloth, $3 2>; bair calf, $6.
"The Speaker's Commentary.? The Holy Blbie
according to the authorized version (A. D.
len,) with an Explanatory and Critical Com?
mentary and a Revision or the Translation by
Bishops and other Clergy or the Anglican Charon,
edited by F. C. Cook, M. A., Canon of Exeter.
Vol. 1, part 1. Genesis-Exodus. "From the
fulness, fairness, thoroughness and candor with
which all d fflcult questions are discussed, this
Bible Commentary ia sore to be satisfactory to
the scholar; while the plain, direct and devout
manner In which the meaning of the Sacred Text
ls explained, thoroughly adaptait for the wldeat
popular nae. whether In the closet, in the family,
or in the Sunday-school," $5.
Systematic Theology, by Charles Hodge, D. D.,
Professor In the Theological Seminary, Princeton,
N. J., vol. l, $4 60.
Oastlillan Days, by John Hay, author of "Pike
County Bailada, Ac, $2.
Hood's Works, complete In 4 Vols, comprising
prose and Verse, Whimsicalities, Whims, Ac,
Ho d's Own and Poema. Up the Rhine, $6.
Bn. ton's Anatomy or Melancholy, Library Edi?
tion, 3 Vol?. Mor. Cloth, $5 26.
Isaac Disraeli, doe Library Edttlon, edited with
notes by his son, viz: Curiosities of Literature,
4 Vols, $7; Amenities of Literature, 2 Vols., $3 60;
cal amities and Quarrels or Authors, 2 Vols., $3 60;
The Literary Character, $2 25.
Milman'? History of the Jews, from the Earli?
est Period down to Modern Times, 3 Vols., $6 26.
MUman's History or Latin Christianity, 8 Vols.,
Thornwell: The Collected Writings or James
Henly Thornwell, D. D., LL. D., edited bV Joan
B. Adger. D. D., Professor or Ecclesiastical His?
tory in the Theological Seminary at Columbia, S.
C. Vols. 1 and 2. Per Vol. $4.
Howe's History of the Presbyterian Church in
South Carolina Vol. 1. $4
Memoir or Dr. Channlug. with extracts from
his Correspondence and Manuscripts, 2 vols.,
Morris' New Poem: the Life and Death of Jason,
a Poeu, by William Morris, $160.
The Earthly Paradise, a Poem by Winiam Mor?
ris, parts l, 2 and 3, In 2 vols each, $2 25.
Prose Writers of Germany, by Frederick H.
Hedge, revised and enlarged, $5.
Longfellow's Poprs and Poetry of Europe, a new
edition, enlarged, $6.
aa- Persona residing In the country will please
sear in mind that by sending their ordere to na
tor any books published In America, they will be
charged only the price of the book. We pay rot
the postage or express.
FOG ARTIE'S BOOK DEPOSITORY,
So. 280 King street, (rn the Bend.) Charleston, 8.0
CORNIR BROAD STRIKT AND EAST BAT.
ADVERTISEMENTS taken at publishers' lowest
cash rates for ALL PAPERS In the United States.
WALKER. EVitNS A COGSWELU
^ GOOD ADVERTISING MEDIUM..
GREENVILLE. S. C..
Has tne largeat real circulation of any pap?
lu that section. Subscription price ??J*****'
O E EL FORO, Editor and Proprietor,
* o. W ELLS, Associate Editor.