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VOLLME XI.-NUMBER 1774.
CHARLESTON, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I, 1871.
TIIE E?-KLUX MALS.
^DSFESSIO?TS OF A CONTRITE MEM
Tile Ku.Klux Formed for S< If-?Defence
-Y oik v lile Threatened by the Negroes,
and Gin-Uous;s Burned-More True
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS J
COLUMBIA, S. C., December 13.
ID the Ku-Klux court, to-day, the case of R.
H. Mitchell and others was continued. Sev?
eral more wltoesses were called to sustain
the charge of conspiracy. The crcss-examl
na'ion of ajmember of the Ku-Klux who had
coufessed, elicited the statement that an or?
ganization was formed la 1863 for purposes
of self-dele ace, and to prevent incendiarism
by the negroes. Threats had been made by
th- R ?Teils that Torkville would be burned,
and many gin-houses had already been de?
The defence showed, by a number of wit?
nesses, that the whole county was terror
stricken, and that the need of self-protection
W03 the cause cf the organization. One wll
nessjtamed Julia Ralney lost her gin-house
and twenty-five bales of colton by incendiary
Aa immense crowd was In the court-room
during the proceedings, and the excitement
True bills have been presented against Ed?
ward P. Roery, et al, against Lawson Arm?
strong, et al, and against Thomas B. White
shir j, et ai. _ _ PICKET.
BACKING A JURT.
^ The C ml net of the ProHecutlng Officer?
A Mortel Panel and Choice Jury-AV h o
and What They Be- \ Specimen Ju?
ror-Opening the'Cate in Barnett.
[FROM OUR SP SCI 4L REPORTER.]
COLUMBIA, S. C., December 12.
In the Ku Klux Court, to-day, the proceed?
ings hav- been of unusual interest. It was
very evident, last evening, from the general
deportment of the prosecuting attorney, that
he would make a break for some more tenable
. ground than ls afforded him under the various
constructions of a law ol questionable consti?
tutionality at the beet.' One.by one he has
withdrawn counts claimed to have been framed
under thi~ law, and bas been obliged to do so
after much time fpent. In putting the defence
to the trouble of showing the folly and futility
of such charges. The last dodge of this nature
was practiced this morning where an Indict?
ment had been presented containing a count
relative to the right to bear arms, mentioned
in eire ol the sections of this act, which has
been so thoroughly overhauled and torn to
pieces by the very able counsel for the de
lenee. Thus has he been driven down to the
solid fads, and these resting, as already stated,
by a very slim chance, as the points made
and exceptions taken by Messrs. Stan
berry and Johnson will have great
weight lu the minds of the judge's of the Su?
preme Court, and not the leatt in this direc?
tion can be the fact that these proceedings put
Into operation an ex post facto law, In oirect
violation of the constitution, to say nothing
of the misery already caused, and being pro?
duced, by dragging before the courts, And this
wlih the strong ir>n of the military power, a
people who werna otherwise remain in the
peace and quietness of their homes, and in the I
Iciest pursuits of life.
*But here they are, and the morbid senti?
mentality that would find something to gloat,
over In their misfortunes ls not contine.!
alone to ihe sterner sex, for among the large
throng that crowded th? court-r?om to-day
were Dot a few ladles, vives ot officers
under the present government, whose curiosi?
ty must have Indeed beeu a singular one to
have drawn them to such a scene.
The proceedings, however, were started In
with a snarley remark that 'twas time to go
on, and a manifest disposition to browbeat
counsel for the defence, which Increased as the
business of the day progressed.
After the court had announced that counsel
making application for witnesses to be brought
at the expei.s-? of the government must wait
until the parties tor w.iom the witnesses were
desired to be procured had been Indicted, the
district attorney called the case of the United
States against Robert Hayes Mitchell and
others, of Tork County, charged with conspi?
racy, the other charge of the violation of tue
right lo bear arms having been withdrawn by
the itel rict attorney, the counsel lor the de- j
fencTnaving prepared to wipe ont this count
in like manner as was done In nose pertain?
ing to burglary and murder, '. he attorney
doubtless thought he would have his hands
full with that left in the indiamente-conspi?
The following citizens named in this "om?
nibus1' bill were then called ov the clerk, and
each pleaded not gulltv In firm and unmis?
takable manner.Le., R. H. Mitchell,Sylvau
u ? Shearer, William Sneerer, Hnsrh H. Shear?
er, James D. Shearer, Henry Warley,
Milus Carro1, Ell B. Stewart and Josiah Martin;
The counsel lor the pYieouers availed them?
selves ot the right often peremptory chal?
lenges, and for this purpose severed. The
prosecuting officer then severed the parties
Damed in the Indictment, and put Robert
Haye: Mitchell upon trial. The' "next
move In the comedy was to procure a Jury,
and such a crowd to select from was probably
never before seen In any court lb any county;
but at lt they went, and'from the mus* ot igno?
rance, the defence boped, by exercise of great
diligence, to separate a little tense, with what
result will be seen in the perusal of the com?
position of Hie juiy mentioned hereafter.
A question wa? raised, when the usual Inter?
rogatory was put to each Juror, by Mr. John?
son, il: at the Jut or must answer if he bad
formed any opinion as to the guilt or Innocence
of all the persons named in the indictment,
not the particular person whom the prosecu?
te J J had eelected from among I he number; but
wrfn the Fame promptness as has marked
many decisions lo objections raised by the de?
fence, it was decided otherwlB?. So lt was
when the defeuce afterward objecnd to the
setting aside of four Jurors who had been ac?
cepted by them. The district attorney said,
rather snappishly, in reply to some remark to
the point by Mr. Johnson, that he would not
enter toto any discussion; that the government
had the right to set aside Jurors, ?nd he woul j
exercise it until the panel was exhausted,
wherrhe would either accept or peremptorily
challenge them. In this manner Andrew W.
Birney, white, James T. Holloway, colored,
William H. De Berry, white, and John A.
Pugh, colored, were disposed'- of. They were
the' most intelligent looking of all the jurors
Before the defence had exhausted the num?
ber of challenges, they were entitled to, a Jury
_if lt can be dignified by such a name-was
formed. Ten blacks and two white men, and
such a spectacle. The following ls a list of
names of the twelve persons wno are trying
Mr. B. H. Mitchell lor having, a9 ls charged,
violated a cons: lt ut ional right o' an, as ls held,
unconstitutional law, and this bef re the law
was pissed, viz : January Simpson, colored,
Columbia; WhUam Smith, colored. Columbia;
Gabriel Cooper, colored, Columbia; Joseph
Tavior, colored, Columbia; Isaac Black, col?
ored. Columbia; Phillp Salte?, colored,
Charleston; William F. Dover, colored,
Charleston County; Joseph Keene, colored,
8iate8b?rg; Jarnos McGill, colored, George?
town; Ephraim Johnson, colored, George?
town; William Mooney, white, Columbia;
James McMacken, white. Newberry. (?)
Comment ls almost, superfluous, except In the
cases of the two white men, aa the colored
men are all known Radicals ot the mo.-t de?
cided stamp, or it may be ventured perhaps to
aay they would have been "stood aside" by
the district attorney. Without doubt this In?
stance for comp iciness beats any essence that
, ever was dlrtiiied from any other Ingredient
than that of pure Radicalism as lt exists In
"TJPUI h Carolina. ' Packed"-and that ls about
the whole of it. Of the two white men this can
be said: Mooney ls one of the City Connell of
Columbia. With an honorable exception or so,
this would be a sufficient description-ol this
juryman; for to belong to the council ot the
City of Columbia Just now, requires, to suc?
cessfully proceed, a man with the knowledge
of the "ins and outs" hardly second to that
possessed or acquired by manipulators of the
State fluances. The austere Whitemore him?
self could hardly fill a Juryman's seat wHh
more "eternal fitness for (such) things " The
other maB, Mr. James McMacken, of New?
berry. Of Newberry ?
This gentleman, lt the Information ls cor?
rect, and it is very strongly authenticated,
immigrated iato the ranks of Scott o State
constabulary lu 1870, and was stationed at New?
berry, where he may have stopped about three
months. This is the representative Juryman
lrom Newberry, only it may be added he bas
subsequently been employed at the State Lu?
natic Asylum, guarding a class of men whose
condition is one to be commiserated, and
who m'ght find, even in their deplorable de?
mented situation, proper subjects for exchange
of feeling without the walls that fence them
In, in security from the woes they little seek
of, that are DOW the lot of those who were
once the associates with them around happy
The Jury formed, witnesses were placed
upon the stand to prove the horrible conspira?
cy about which the charges have been rung
until they're stale. To do this the famous Eu
Klux constitution and by laws which the man
who Judges of the average gentleman ot South
Carolina tried to immortalize. Several wit?
nesses were put upon the stand to prove the
genuineness of the document, and the remain?
der of thu afternoon and evening cession was
occupied by the examination of these witness?
es and other testimony, with the endeavor to
show that ia 1868 a conspiracy did exist ot the
nature described, and which the prosecution ls
trying to bring dpwn to the present lime so as
to embrace his charges and the acts of Congress.
One witness testified that an organization was
formed lor the purpose of security against in?
The case ls not yet finished, and doubtless
the cross examination of these willing wit?
nesses will reveal something of the true state
of affairs, shorn of all the Radical garbage that
bas been so thickly piled about the trutn.
FAILURES OF COTTON BOUSES.
NEW YORK, December 13.
Much excitement prevailed in the cou 2
market yesterday ID consequence of the
failure ofeaveral houses and rumored Insolv?
ency ot many others. . The small receipts of
cotton last week-, as compared with the cor?
responding time last year, and lears of a
short crop thereby engendered, together
with the rise in cotton in Liverpool, where
the supply ls very scanty, has caused alarm
for several days past among the' short In?
terest in the market. This resulted In a
sudden and marked advance in price, which
seriously embarrassed those dealers who
were hampered by contracte, and rendered
some unable to fulfil them. Three failures
'are officially announced, namely : Wm. K
Wright ? Co., Adolphus C. Schaefer ? Co. and
J. Lea? craft. The failures resulted from ina?
bility of the parties to fulfil contracts In con?
sequence of sudden fluctuations of the mar?
ket. Wright <fc Co. place their Indebtedness at
$39.000. aud are ready to compound at fifty
cents on the dollar. They expect to settle
affairs and continue business in a few days.
Schaefer * Co. and Leay craft have failed tor
?considerable amounts, but declare themselves
uaable to state the sum of their obligations.
They profess confidence in their ability to set?
tle with their creditors and continue business.
Hauy rumors were afloat yesterday aft*moon
affecting the solvency of other firms, but no
other failure? bare been officially announced.
Some ot the dei "ers reported to be ia difficulty
baye, confessed to serious embarrassment
. when questioned on the subject, but expressed
the belief that they would be able to "tide
over" the trouble.
THE PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS.
WASHINGTON', December 13.
A special instead of a Joint committee was
ordered on the Senate resolution appointing a
committee of seven on retrenchment, to be
elected as other committees. Trumbull, wlio
favored the Joint committee, proposed an
amendment as an instruction to th<> commit?
tee to do certaio ihiogs. -The administration
wing are fightlog this. The Democrats take
no part in me debate, - and the result ls re?
garded as significant. Thurman, favoring
Trumbull's amendment the result of the con?
test will indicate whether the disaffected Re?
publicans and Democrats can control the
The discussion of the Joint resolution occu?
pied the S?mate.all day. no decn-ion being
reached. Spencer introduced a bill granting
land aid to the Florida Bailroad.
Io the House, Hoar, from the committee on
education and labor, reported a bill providing
for the appointment by the President, wltu
the advice and consent of the Senate, of a com?
mission ot tbree, to hold office for two years,
unless their duties shall have been sooner ac?
complished, who are to investigate the subject
of the wages and hours of labor, and of the di?
vision of the Joint profits of labor aud capital
between the laborer and the capitalist, and
the social, educational, and the sanitary con?
dition of the laboring classes of the united
States, and hew the same are affected by the
existing laws regulating commerce, finance
and currency. The commissioners are to re?
eel ve a salary ot five thousand dollars each,
may employ a cierk, and shall report the re?
sult ot their Investigations to the President,
lo he hr him transmitted to Congress. Dis?
cussions showed a favor for the bill from all
'sides, but it went over with the morning hone
The following nominations have been made:
J. J. Mott, collector or the Ninth District ol
North Carolina; G. 0. Richards, collector ot
the Second D,strict or Virginia; H. <v. Taylor,
assessor. Third Texas; T. H. Brooks, assessor,
First Virginia; J. Hogan, assessor, Third Lou?
THE MEXICAN REVOLUTION.
NEW YORK, December 13.
A Matamoros special says the conference be?
tween Generals Paladas and Cortina and the
government treasurer resulte i in a call upon
the merchants for a loan of sixty thousand dol?
lars. The merchants relus d' to subscribe.
Cortina ls supposed to be iu league with the
insurgents. Serious trouble ls apprehended.
Geueral Paladas ls almost Isolated. It ls ru?
mored that Chlla hos pronounced for Diaz,
which stops the only road open hence to the
capital. General Qulroga has left Monterey
lor Mier with a number ot cavalry, and may
reach the latter place In two days. Generul
Trevino will follow with a portion of hts army,
and lt ls expected he will try to reach this
A FAMINE ON TURK'S ISLAND.
NEW YORK, December 13.
Arrivals from the West Indies state that
vessels pased cur Turk'* leland were boarded hy
boats and asked to bring in their cargoes free
of duty, as the people were starving.
THE NEW HAMPS HIRE DEMOCRACY.
CONCORD, December 13.
The Democratic Convention nominated Geo.
Weston for Governor, and passed resolutions
denouncing the suspension ot the habeas cor?
pus in the Southern States as atrocious and
THE OLD DOMINION.
A large meeting ot gentlemen representing
all portions of the State ls progressing here in
ihe Interest of imm gration. The Court of
Appeals to-day jrendeied a decision In the
case of ex-Major George Chahoon. heretofore
con vic ed of complicity in the HanSlIen forge?
ry, affirming the Judgment ol tue court below.
This case uow rests with the Governor, to
whom the Jury convicting Chahoori recom?
mended him to mercy.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-The Wharton trial was uninteresting yes?
-The patent for Daniel Pratt's cotton gin,
extended in July last, has been reissued with
-The Eighth National Bank of New York Is
in trouble, and two other banks are reported
in a difficulty.
-lue Republican caucus at San Francisco,
nominated Sargeant for the Senate, which ls
equivalent to his election.
-The reports from the sugar districts in
Havana are Jarerable to the cane yielding
THE LEGISLATIVE DOINGS.
A SMALL EARTHQUAKE IN FINANCIAL
The Effect of the Newa' Dispatch-Work
oT the Senate-A Full-sized Bill In the
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE MEWS.]
COLUMBIA, fe. C., December 13.
Ia tile Senate a bill was Introduced to create
a board ot commissioners of pilotage for
Charleston, Georgetown and Beaufort The
resolution lo take a recess from December 22,
1871, to January 2, 1872, was amended by sub?
stituting January 5, and passed.
The following biils were passed to a third
reading: Bill to regulate the deposit of public
moneys by county treasurers; Joint resolution
requiring the treasurer to prepare an exhibit
of all bonds and stocks of the State; bill to
alter and amend the charter of the Town of
Georgetown; bill to amend section 279 of the
Code. The following were tabled: An act to
regulate the manner of keeping and disburs?
ing public funds; bill lo prohibit the bringing
of paupers Into the State. In executive ses?
sion the nomination of W. J. Gayer as Jury
commissioner for Charleston County was re?
In the House, Bosemon Introduced a bill to
incorporate Ihe Edlsto, Cawcaw and Watles
Creek Canal Company, with wonderful pow?
ers, Including that of bringing fresh water to
There ls no change ia the financial situa?
tion. TF? NEWS' special unveiling the de?
signs of ihe Ring caused a small earthquake
In monetary circles. ? PICKET.
SOMETHING NEW IN FINANCE.
The Developments of the Scheme to
Save the Credit of the State-How it
will Work-The Talking Against
Time in the L?gislature-After the
Railroad Companies-Patsage of ihe
Northwestern Railroad Bill Over the
. Vt to.
[PBOli OUR OWN COHRB3 PONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, December ll.
The hobby of the Senate, as Nash calls lt
financial investigation-is still being ridden
to death. Some old adage about "beggars on
horseback" occurs to me here; butas we all
have tho most profound respect for Messrs.
Whmemore, Leslie, Bowen, Dennis, Hurley
et al, of course I will not Introduce lt. To the
Joint special Investigating committee, whose
title ls as long drawn ont as its labors, ls new
added Bowen's House committee of five,
created last Saturday, and both are hard at
work everyday, and calling for persons and
papers at a terrible rate. In the meantime,
more bonds are belog issued under the very
elastic laws of last winter-there ls no doubt
about thai; and the necessity of such action ls
plausibly explained by the State officials as
follows: They say that the financial dis?
closures (howls, they term them,) of the Con?
servative press have se nearly destroyed the
credit of thc State, that its bonds can be
bought fur a song; that the present is there?
fore a good time to secretly buy and retire
them for the benefit of the State, and that, for
that purpose, lt ts necessary to raise actual
money to send to New York and elsewhere
fur tue purchase of bonds. Of course lt is
necessary to keep this scheme an secret as
the grave, in order lo injure, its success. The
majority ot the members of the Legislature
are densely ignorant of it. Enough of ihe
scheme was explained at the Governor's
champagne ambuscade the other night to
prevent any effective opposition to it in either
house; but the bulls of the Assembly were not
allowed lo get very far into the Governor's
china shop. The full knowledge of Hie scheme
is confined to the members of the Scot t Ring,
the Reform leaders in both houses, Financial
Agent Klmpton, (he officers of two banks in
Columbia, your humble correspondent, and a
very few other*, and the intention of the con?
spirator ls now, and will be uni il they read
this revelation, te keep the thing quiet until
no more money can be raised In that way, and
then bi in? forward the wonderful report of
"Ingersoll" Dennis's committee, which re?
port, as now drawn, contains a rather full ex?
planation of this device. In the meantime, a
very pretty farce is playing in the Assembly,
lathe House. Bowen is mildly howling for,
reform, and Jones, M obley, By as, Jamison
and the other fellows of that ilk, are talking
at random for the same reason as
is explained by Dr. Watts as causing
the lillie dissension of dogs. In the Senate
the members are talking against lime by gen?
eral consent, with a good deal of Incidental
throwing of mud between leslie and. Whltte
more for the very obvious purpose of throwing
sand in ihe eyeaof the. people? Thc comedy
degenerates into very broad larce, occasion?
ally, however. Ia the House there Is always
an abundance of stable yard wit, and the Sea
ate is not without its little Jokes. One of them
wai perpetrated by one ol the Communist.*,
this morning, ia the statement "we don't
I know nothing, officially." This remark, amend?
ed by cutting off Its last word and slruigbten
! lug ont Hs grammar, would, of course, be
eminently true. A richer joke, however, was
perpetrated to-day by another member, on the
same Bide ol the Senate, in making some dec
I claraiioa or ether "upon his honor as a eena
The actual business transacted by the 8enate
to-<iny was very small. The followlog bills
I were referred lo the Judiciary committee :
Bill (by Mr. Wnlttemore). to amend aa act
entitled "An act to revl>e, slmpllty and abridge
the rules, practice, ( leadings and forms of the
conns ol' this 8iate."
B ll (by Mr. Hollinshead) to rep?al an act
entitled '-An net to establish thc Charleston
Charitable A's cia-lon ol ihe State ol South
Carolina, fer ihe benefit of ihe Free SJIIOOI
Fund," approved Match 8,1871.
The biil (by the -omnluee on finance) to
amend an act entitled "An act to regulate the
manner of keeping and di.-bursing funds by
certain officen?," was made the sueclal older
for to-morrow afternoon, and Whiitemore's
concuirent resolution to order and authorize
ihe comptroller general to commence le;al
proceedings to secure books, accounts, vouch?
ers and paperB of financial agency ot ihe Stale
or South Carolina, over which the Semite have
been haggling since last Thursday, was flually
adopted, but will doubtless be killed ia the
In the House there was some business of
considerable importance, and some that would
seem to Indicate that another champagne sup?
per at the Executive mausion would be requir?
ed lo "fix i hi litis" with some ot the dusky and
rural legislators. The following notices and
resolutions were Introduced :
By Wilke", notice ot a bill to further provide
for the admlu'stratlon of derelict estates.
By Cain, notice of a bill to repeal the act au?
thorizing the employment of a Slate constabu?
By Kencdy, resolution declaring vacant the
seat ol'J. B IUKS Lyle, t f Spananburg.
By Smart, notice or a bill lo Invest clerks of
courts with ihe duiies heretofore performed
by comm ssioners In equity.
By Adamson, notice of a bill to amend au act
relating io the duties and Jurisdiction ol county
By Corwlu, Jo'ut resolution authorizing a
special lax In Newberry ol' two mills on the
dollar (to pay coi mtv indebtedness.)
By Gary, resolution requiring the committee
of investigation into the affairs of the land
commission to make a report by Moaday. the
By Thompson, notice of a bill to authorize
the erection of a new courthouse la Richland
By Frost, a bill to confer upo a trial J us i ices
cen aln civil Jurisdiction.
By White, a bili to prohibit the superinten?
dent of the Penitentiary from hiring out con?
victs confined therein.
Another bill was al?o Introduced by White
to provide for the payment ot pensions to the
widows and orphans of persons "killed by the
ruthles3 hands of an Organization known as
the Ku-Klux." The bill provides for a special
lax of- mills on the dollar, to be levied
upon the Counties or Newberry, Union, Spar
tanburg. Laurens, York, Chester, Lancaster,
Fairfield and Chesterfield, the tax so collect?
ed to constitu? e a fund for the pensioning of J
the widows and orphans of such persons as
have been or may be killed by the ruthless
handsofan organization known as the Ku
Klux, the said persons (the widows and or- j
phans aforesaid are doubtless Intended by
this word persons although by the language
of the bill the corpses are indicated_PICKET)
to make applications to the county treasurers
for their pensions at the rate of-dollars
A bill was introduced by Wilkes to prohibit
the further sale, issue or hypothecation ol any
bonds under any act heretofore passed by the
Legislature. The bill prohibits the financial
agent (rom selling, p'edging or transferring
any bonds under actB hitherto passed by the
Legislature; If any such bonds are Issued,
neither the principal nor the Interest shall be
paid; the secretary cf State ls prohibited from
fixing the seal of the State to any more bonds
printed under authority of any act of the Leg?
islature; the Governor ls required to call In all
bonds printed but not signed, or signed but
not Issued, and burn them up as fast as re?
ceived, in the presence of the treasurer, comp?
troller-general, attorney-general, Lieutenant
Governor, speaker of the House, and the chair?
men of the finance committee of the Senate
and ways and means committee of the House.
A concurrent resolution was introduced by
H ay ne whereby the joint special investigating
committee is discharged and ordered to report
at once by what means, from whom and by
what authority, they have been paid their per
d;<m and mileage.
Ii ay ne also introduced his bill, previously
noticed, to regulate the fare lo be charged by
railroads tor passengers. It provides that no
railroad lu the State shall charge more than
two and a half cents per mile for carrying pas?
sengers under a penally of $100 fine and Im?
prisonment of the officers for terms "not ex?
ceeding twenty days. Passengers are author?
ized to refuse to pay more, ana If ejected may
brlng'actions .md recover damages.
Hunter introduced a bill to prevent the
sa e of lottery tickets, which provides (hat if
any person, cr pet sons, shall open, seton
foi t, carry on, promote, make or draw pub?
licly or privately any lottery or scheme of
chance of any description, or If any persona
shall, by fuch ways and means, expose to
sale any house or houses, lands or real estate,
or any goods or chattels, cash or written evi?
dences of debt, or certificates of claims, or
anything of value whatever, every per-on so
offendlug sha'l. on conviction, be fined In a
sum not exceeding $1000 or be imprisoned for
a term not exceeding one year, or both. Any
person selling Bnch lottery tickets, or in any
way concerned In a lottery by acting as own?
er or agent I mids State for any lottery scheme,
either lu or out of the State, shall be punished.
In like manner."
The House then proceeded to the considere-'
! lion of the Governor's message, returning,
without his approval, an act to charter the
Northwestern Railroad Company of South
Carolina, and after a debate of about an hour,
participated in by Singleton, Mobley, Jami?
son, Duncan, Wilkes, Jones, Hurley et al.
the act was passed over the veto by a vote of |
fifty-five to twenty-six, being one vote -jnqre
than the requisite two-thirds, and ordered to
be sent to the Senate. PICKET.
TBE CONDITION OF TBE PRINCE.
No Farther Chang? ?or the Woree-Ul
? nay Eilee Hie Head-.1 Queer Rumor
LONDON, December 13.
An official dispatch this morning reports the
condition of the Prince of Wales as unaltered.
He lakes food and stimulants and ba? had two
lucid Intervals, but sleep is badly wanted.
His condition ls somewhat more hopeful.
SANDRINGHAM, December 13-8 A. H.
The Prince pasted a sleepless nlgbt, and
here ls no improvement in bis condition.
LONDON, December 13-6 P. M.
The Prince of Wales has been .very uneasy
all the afiernocn, and his grave symptoms
There Is a feeling in some circles that the
official bulletins have representa* the case ot
the Prince as worse than it really ts, in order
io arrouae sympathy with him, und make bim
THE OLD WORLD'S NEWS.
Rd MK, Decembers.
The Italian Budget shows a deficiency of |
sixty million lire.
BERLIN, D?cember 13.
Count Von Arnim is appointed minister lo
LONDON, December 13.
Dispatches from the far South report excel?
lent success In observing the total eclipse of |
The Standard has a special from St. Peters?
burg reporting a disagreement between Czare?
vitch Alexander and Prince DeReuss, the Ger?
man minister to Russia. Alexander assailed
.DeRvuss, and the friends separated the parties.
MONSIEUR TON80N COME AGAIN.
Nsw TORE, December 13.
Eugene Daly sutes that Clueeret, the. Com?
munist general, arrived in the elly on the I
17th November, via Halifax, and started oft
last Sunday night for Mexico.
Hie Reply lo the Criticisms or the Oppo?
To the Editor of the Columbia Phonix:
Your frequent references to me of late, In
connection with what yo,, call the ''bund
frauds," lead me to tay a elogie word.
I have been before 'the people of this State
as a public officer for neariy four yeal s, and
during that period I believe I have received
and ueserwd the re-pec', of the community
generally. With opportunities as abundant as
thoBe of other public officer to Injure others,
or to enrich myself at the expense ot the pub?
lic, I have never, to my knowledge, been sus?
pected, either by my political associates or op?
ponents, of using my office, or my official
knowledge aud influence, for unworthy or dls
on< st purposes.
Now, however, you and othors, while mak?
ing no direct charges, nor furnishing any
proof to sustain your allusions, are seeking to
convince the public that I have been a party
to some great public wrong. I, therefore,
break allene* simply to say to all, whether
friends or foes, that i have neither committed
nor sanctioned, nor winked at any lraud what?
soever, either In connection with bonds or any
other matter. For all that I have done I am
responsible, and I do not seek any Immunity;
but I have neither done nor consented io any
act which was not Justified, In my honest
I Judirment, by the demanda of my official dm y.
You must, therefore, pardon me if I say to
you that your attacks give me no unoa-in-ss,
though lt would not be true if I were to say
that I do not regret them. After four years of
honest endeavor to so conduct myself os to ,
give no occasion to po it leal Intolerance, even
to charge me with offliial misconduct; and,
after earning the f nra tj of many of my own
pa- ty. on account of my opposition to what I
believed to be corrupt men and measures, I
find you and others ready to denounce me as a
dishonest public officer, and calling upon me
to clear myself from charges which are wholly
vague, and of which the proofs are only dark?
ly described as "iorthcoming." No man
knows better than you thal your demand ls
wholly unreasonable and unfair, and that no
worihy purpose can be subserved by such a
course. Until, therefore, you can make dis?
tinct charges, I prefer to let my character,
now pretty well established in this commu?
nity, stand against all your at acks.
D. H. CHAMBERLAIN.
Columbia, 8. C., December 7,1871.
-A new guillotine has lately been Intro?
duced by M. Heinricn, executioner general of j
Pails. M. Heinrich, who is a very humane
mau, thought it was cruel to force criminals
to go some distance from their cells, and then
climb a fi ghi ot s;air? to be killed, and his new
machine ia so arranged that there Is no plat?
form to ascend. The condemned no sooner
emerges irum the prison than he is thrown
dowu on the planks, s-'cured, und his neck
thrust under the knife, which ls made heavier
and broader than bet?re. But the first appli?
cation of ihe new machine was not wholly suc?
cessful, as the victim, after being tofsed under
the knife, contrived to get his head loose, and
to scream aloud until he was agaln^secured,
and the knife fell.
THE GREAT AMERICAN STEAMSHIP
OWNER A I'HIL.I DELPHIAN.
We copy from the Germantown (Pa.) Tele?
graph the following interesting letter, by
which It appears that Thomas Clyde, Esq., of
Arch street, Philadelphia,ls the heaviest steam?
ship capitalist in America. We need hardly re?
mind our readers that this gentleman ls asso?
ciated largely in the steamships of the New
York Iron Line and of the Philadelphia and
Charleston steamers, represented here by
Messrs. Wagner. Huger ? Co., and Mr. Wm.
A. Courtenay. The Philadelphia correspon?
dent of the Germantown Telegraph writes:
Oar city has the well-known reputation of
having the most colossal railroad corporation
in the world, bat has not much repute for
maritime enterprise. It will, therefore, prob?
ably surprise your readers to learn that we
have here the greatest ship-owner in Amer?
ica. Such is the fact. His name is Thomas
Clyde, and he resides In Arch street, and has
a Bblpping house here and one In New York,
and also has brauch houses in Baltimore,
Charleston, Fernandina, New Orleans and Gal?
veston, ana other cities of the Southera sea?
board. He owns flfiy-two steamers, all in con?
stant use, and is-steadily a iding to lils fleet by
building uew ones. W. P. Clyde Is his son and
fl mm ??al manager and resides In New York,
where his office ls at No. 119 Wall street; The
old gentleman ls rather modest about his ship?
ping, and d'-'es not wish any display ou the
subject, but i take the Uoerty of putting in his
claim as the largest ship-owner in America.
He has come to tne wise conclusion to buy
ho more wooden vessels and to build no more,
being saltshed now that it ls belter lo substi?
tute iron for wood. Cramp has now in process
of construction a new iron screw propeller for
this great shipping merchant. So you see, al?
though our city dues not rate very high as a
seaport, the race of our great merchants is not
extinct yet by very great odds. If any one man
In America can beat Mr. Clyde's fleet of Ally
two steamers, I should be pleased to bear of
Mr. Cramp has got the keel of one of the
floe new propeller steamers for our Liverpool
line laid, and it measures three hundred and
thirty feet, from which some idea of the size
of the vessels may be formed. This ls at
Stockham'? old yard at the foot of Norris
street, Kensington, where Cramp ls building
very large shops for the maklog of the iron
plates and machinery. The tiret steamer will
not be ready before next September, but by
the time tbe whole contract is filled. Cramp
will have tbe most complete Iron shipbuilding
establishment In America. The engines wilt
be of the latest and best English compound
pattern, the saving of fuel by which consti?
tutes an Important item both In cost of run?
ning and in storage room. Among the Arms
who competed for this contract was that of
Boich St Steers, who succeed the Heaney En?
gineering Company ot Chester. I understand
that their designs for the four steamers have
been accepted by a New York party and a
contract entered Icto. The Information reach?
ing me is that the ships are to run from New
York to Liverpool, but as they will cost more
than our steamers we shall have the advan?
tage of them. Cramp's estimates are consid?
ered by the trade generally to be very low,
but his managements are made in such a way
that I think he will be able to realize a profit
on the steamers. That, however, ls less aa
object with him than to put opon the sea four
first-class steamers that will be a card for bim
wherever they go." J
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, December 13.
The barometer will probably rise through?
out the Missouri Valley, but fall on Thurs jay
cn the Gulf coast. Cloudy weather will pre?
vail from Kentucky west and eastward, with
snow to-night very generally from Maryland
to Maine; the lowest barometer advance
northestward over New England, preceded by
Increasing easterly winds, and followed on
Thursday by fresh northwest winds and cloudy
weather in the Middle and 'Eastern States.
Cloudy weather will continue on the Gulf
coast, and partially cloudy weather and a ris?
ing temperature m the Interior of the Gulf
and Southern States. Cau'lonary Mgoals con?
tinue at Cape May, New Ycrk, Oswego and
Yesterday's Weather Reports or the
Signal Service, U. S. A.-1.47 P. M.,
Key West, Fia..
SOTE - Tiie weather resort dated 7.47o'ciocK?
this morilug, will bc posted In the rooms ot the
Chamber of Commerce at 10 o'clock A. M.. and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
courtesy or the Chamber) be examined by shlD
.uanrer? at anv time dunne the dav
To the Ladies of Charleston.
To be Raffled by the CHARLESTON CHARITA?
BLE ASSOCIATION, in public, on SATURDAY,
THE 23D OF DECEMBER Instant, can be seen
at Mr. VERINE'S DRUG STORE, No. 260 King
The DIAMONDS consist or sets of Earrings and
Breastpins, and Kings, Bracelets, Gold Watches
and Opera Chains, Gentlemen's Fine Gold
Watches (Stem-winders) and Chains. All the
goods are warranted to be of the Ant quality,
and any Jeweller caa examine them as to their
genuineness and quality. The Diamonds aro rich
and large, and set In the latest st} le. and have
just been Imported for the Association by the cele?
brated Importing Jewellers "LARMOUR ? CO.,"'
of Baltimore City.
CERTIF CATE CHANCES only ONE DPLLAR,
an J can be purchased at Mr. SK RINE'S STORE.
Ladles and Gentlemen are respectfully Invited
to examine these Beautiful Goods. A lady will be
in attendance there from 10 to 1 o'clock, each day,
and will be pleased to show the Diamonds,
Watches, Ac. dec7-15
Jons, Confectioneries, &t.
We have Just received an Invoice of fine CRYS?
TALLIZED and GLACEE FRUITS, consisting of :
NUS SE, AC
These Goods are of the very best quality, and ef
direct importation. Also, a large assortment
FINEST FRENCH CONFECTIONERY.
decu-wtz Na 379 King street.
?rano flr?K JUietribnt.oii.
r^HrfE OH ARISES TON
FOR THE BENEFIT OP TrfE 1
FREE SCHOO hfWtf N D,
Incorporated by Act of Assembly, 1870. Approved
March 8th. 187L
SECOND GRAND SINGLE NC M BER RAFFLE AND
DISTRIBUTION OF AWARDS.
Awards of United States Gold Bonds, Diamonds,
Gold Watches, Jewelry, Ac, for the Benefit of the
Free School Fund, will take place on
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 33,1871,
At No. 147 Meeting street, Charleston, S. C., at 1
o'clock, P. M., in pabllc.
CERTIFICATE SHARES ONE DOLLAR.
SCHE'ULE OF AWARDS.
One Award of a set of Diamond Ear-Rings
and Breastpin-the diamonds are large
and of tho purest water. Also a large
Solitaire Diamond King and a pair of
very heavy Gold Bracelets, with Tassels
(designate 1 as No. l In tbe awards,) val?
One Award of one setof Diamond Ear-Rings
and Ureas t ptu, large and rire bril I an ta,
richly set (JesUnated aa No. 2 In the
awards,) valued at.1,260
One Award of one set of Diamond Ear-Rtngs
and Brea-tpiD large brilliants, (desig?
nated as No. 3 In tbe awards,) valued at. 1,000
One Award of one f ct of Diamond Ear-Kings
and Breastpin, (designated as No. 4 tn
tbe awards,) valued at........1.000
One Award of one large Diamond Gross
Breastpin, larrie diamonds, (designated
as No. 6 tn '.Ue awards,) valued at....... SOO
One Award of one rich Cluster Diamond
Ring, (designated au No. 6 lu the awardsj
valued at. 400 j
One Award or one Oinster Diamond nmg,
set oval, (designated as No. 7 tn the
awards,) valued at.. 800 |
One Award of a Gentleman's Diamond Clus?
ter Breastpin, larpe diamond m centre,
(designatedas No. 3 in the awards,) vat?'
ued at.v.... 700
One Award of a single stoue Diamond King,
(designated as So. o In the awards,) val- 1 * 1
ned ac.V. loo
One Award of a Lady's Geld -Watch, with
splendid Gold (Opera Chain and Tassels,
(designated as Ko. lo in the awards,)
valued at.?.*..'....... 3001
One Award or a Lady's Gold Watch sad . .
heavy Gold Opera chain, (des gusted as
Ko. ll In the awards.) valued at. 260
One Award of a Lady's Gold Watch and
large God Chain, with Tassels, (desig?
nated as No. 12 In the awards,) valued
One Award of a Lady's Gold Watch and
large Opera chain Tasselled, (designated"
as No. 18 in the awards,) valued at. 20$v
One Award of a Gentleman's Gold Watch,
B em winder, timing fifth and quarter
seconds, made by Jerggenson, one of the
best timing watches tn the United
States, with massive Gold Chain, (daelg
dated as Na 14 In UM award*,) valued
One Award or e Gentleman's Gold watch,
stem winder, with ?arze Gold Chain, (de?
signated as Ko. 15 In the awards.) val?
ued at. 800
One Award of a Gentleman's Gold Watch,
stem winder, and massive Gold Chain,.
(designated as No. io hi the awards,)
valued at. 800
One Award of a Gentleman's large Geld .
Hunting Watch, made by Tobias, with
massive Gold Chain, (designated as No.
IT In the awards,) valued at. soo
One Award of a Gentleman's Gold Watch.
Btem winder, with heavy Gold Chain,
des'gnated aa No. 18 in the awards,)
valued at.. 300
One Award of one - et of Solid Sliver epoons
and Forks, (designated aa No. 19 in tbe
awards,) valued at.'. 200
One Award of one triple plated Tea Set on
White Metal, large Plated Walter, one ,.
pair of Frnlt Stands, and one pair Cake
Basiceis. (designated as No. 20 In the
a wa d s, ) val oed at,. 200
?Twenty Awards, each or a $60 Unlted States
Gold Bond, new fssue, valued at.1,000
Sixty Awards, each of one-fourth of a $100
Gold Bond, United States, new issue,
valued each at $25. 1,600
All the above awards can be examined at
Dr. W. A. Sarine's Drug Store. No. 260 Ring street,
charleston, S. C. Ail the diamonds are of the
purest quality, and are large and mounted in the
latest style, and have been expressly Imported by
Messrs. Larmonr Jt Co, Jewellers, Baltimore,
Marylaud, tor tbe Association and the vaines
named are Just at market prices The ladles of
Char eston are respectfully requested to call and
examine these beautifnl goods.
Remen -ber. every Award must be distributed on
tbe day of the liafflt to the Certificate Holders.
The above Awards to be distributed In Gold
Bends. Diamonds, Watches Jewelry, Ac, In con?
formity to law.
For all orders, address
CHARLESTON CHARITABLE ASSOCIATION.
147 Meeting street, Charleston, s. 0.
Boots aub Shoes.
HO! FOR REPUDIATION!
THOSE FAMILY STATE BONDS OF SCOTT k
CO., spread broadcast in New York, to the detri?
ment and ruin of our people, must'be repudiated.
Hence I win REDUCE THE PRICES of my
ELEGANT AND FASHIONABLE
BOOTS ANO SHOES.
PLANTERS, FACTORS AND MERCHANTS
WILL FIND IT TO THEIR INTEREST
TO CALL AND EXAMINE MY
BOOTS AND SHOES.
Havlngmade this branch of my business another
I feel confident to be able to supply tbe Trade at
ALL GOODS BEING BOUGHT FOR CASH.
ORDERS FROM MY COUNTRY FRIENDS,
OR THROUGH COMMISSION MERCHANTS
OR FACTORS WILL MEET WITH PROMPT
NO. 121 MEETING STREET.
RECEIVING THIS DAY PER STEAMSHIPS "SEA
GULL," from Baltimore, "VIRGINIA," from
Philadelphia, Invoices of
GENT'S FRENCH JED OT CALF OPERA
GENT'S FRENCH LERIN CALF WATER?
GENT'S FRENCH LERIN CALF SCOTCH
MOKE OF THE
ADAPTED FOR WINTER WEAR.
noTU-tuttuimo No, 121 MEETING STREET.
IS?TOES TO 0HABLB8T0?
SHOULD BE SURE TO STOP
.".J .:: ... -.d >. '?? -. m?X
DURING THEIR STAT IN THE OTTT.
Tola elegantly appointed HOUSE, which was
temporarily cloted daring tte prevalence o? the
rever, Has jjpw been reopened after haying rn
dergone many important improvements wita a
view to the increased comfort of toe guests.
Mr. D. 0. BURNETT, Proprietor of tte Ottawa
House,. MontreU, Canada, wilL in? connection
wita Mr. PARKER, conduct the MILLS HOUSE In
a style second- to tbit of no Hotel in the country .
No. 256 KIKO STREET, (IN TH? BEND.)
. CHARLESTON, 8. C.
"!. n ?. - -
Mrs. A. J, KJB?KlDT begg te announce that "The
Waverly" bas not been closed daring the preval?
ence or the fever, but bas been renovated aedpatnt
ed throughout. The location of "The Waverly"
u the best of any hotel tn Charlton, bera? to the
lmiLdiate vicinity of the- leading retaU.stores
and public promenade, making lt ITpleaflUnt place
foe strangers to stop white in CTiarie?tQttiT-The
'fastidious coola dealt?. Commerciallti?Jr?li?i
win find this hoose a ^ome._ The proprietress
would most respe&raiy'fco fieri I share ofthat
Satronage which ha? letetoiore-baanrae liberally
es towed. Maa. A. J. KENNED T,
novl6-wfmlmo - - Proprietress.
O- A X T ? -K H O ,
. :~ ' ,;-T:: . ' : .
? h . '. ? .'
This House, tttnated on Bay street, i
a mw view of .1 f?icu t.'.: I
? >9 BEAUFORT RTT?R, ? T '
and many ot the Sea Islands. The tnxtitn?
pubne wlH'naffhe^a'?^ayr"! ? '' -
and the invalid will nod no betUTOs nore
fal climate on the _ ? . Q
o spa nd the winter. The House Vwkin ate
minutes' walk of Steamboat, and tineen minutos
wale of R&nroad Mmmunlcattonl A good
.... ?aa ml.
has hist been added to the House.
Wetten Union Telegraph Offleelon Ant floor.
- H. n, KraOMAH, .
O UT H CAROLINA RAILROAU
CHAXuarcnr, s. a., jiine 8, UTL.
On and after SUNDAY, Jone ll, the Partee
gar Trains on the Sonta cardona Railroad- wi>4
run as follows: nf? :..?. LsR-r
Lsavo Charleston.8JO A. IL
arrive at Augusta.Itt P. M.
Leave Charleston.8.20 L. M.
Arnve at columbia ......... 3.40 P.M.
LiatCAUgUSta. 7.40 A. M.
Arrive at Charleston...3.30 P. H.
L?ve Columbia..~.... 7-40 A. fe.
Arrrlve at charleston.8J0 P. M.
THBODOB WILMINGTON THAIK. ,
Leave Aupa-ta. 3.00 A.M.
Arrive at KingvUlt.9.06 A. M.
Leavo Ringville. 1.46 P. M.
Arrive at Augusta. 7.46 P. M.
ACOCOTA KiaUT 1XPR38?.
Llave Charleston..--.8.80 P. M.
Arrive a* Augusta.... 7.04 A JJ.
LJSTO Aug-asta. fl.oop. M.
Arrive at Charleston. 6.40 A. M.
COLUMBIA Maur ixniss.
(Son dayl excepted.)
L?ave Charleston.....?.'. M0;P,Jt.
Arrive at Columbia........... ~. e. oo, A, M.
Lave Colombia.. 7.60Pirn,
Arrive at Charleston.A.A.
8 mona VT LLB TBADU jattbao'J
Lmvo Charleston...3.4| P. M.
Arrive at Summerville.................. 4.10 P. JL
L^ve Summerville..L.7.00 :A> M.
Arrive at Charleston..............8.16 A.M.
Lsave Camden. coo A. M.
Arrive at Colombia.10.40 A. M.
Laave Columbia.........,?,........ 1.06 P.M.
Armo at camden..fl.00 P. M.
Day and Bight Trains make close connections
at Augusta with . Georgia Railroad and Centrai
Sight Train connects with Macon and Angusta
Go lum bl a Night Train connecta with GreenvlLn
and OolambU Railroad. ? J. "
Camden Tram connects at KlngvlllB daily ter?
cel* Sundays) with Day Passenger Train, ard
rans through to Columbia and returns on .Mon
day?, Wednesdays and Saturdays.
? L. TYLER* Yiee-PresMSnt.
9. B. PIOKENS. O.T. A ' lani?
OFFICE OF THE SAVANNAH AND
CHARLESTON. S. C., Nov ember 32,1871.
On and after MONDAY, December the ltth, the
Passenger Trains on thia Road will mn as follows :
Leave Charleston dally.3.26 P. M.
Arrive at Savannah dally.0.16 P. M.
Leave savannah daily.1L16 P. M.
Arr. ve at Charleston dally.5.80 A. Jr*
Leave Charleston. Sundays excepted.. 8.16 A.M.
Arrive at savannah, Sundays excepted. 4.16 P.M.
Leave sa van Hah, Sundays excepted... 8.00 A. BL
Arrive at Charleston, Saodsys excted. 4.06 P. BI.
Freight forwarded daiiv on through bills of lad?
ing to points in Florida and by Savannah Une ot
steamships to Boston. Prompt dispatch given to
freights for Beaufort and points on Port Royal
Railroad and a: as low rates ashy any otter line.
C. 8. GADSDEN,
Engineer and Superintends
S. 0. BOYLSTON, Gen'l Ft. and Ticket A|
NORTHEASTERN RAILROAD OOM
(huauoTOH. s. a, February ll, 18TL
Trains wul leave Charleston Daily at 0:80 A. K.
Arrive at Charleston 7*80 A. M. (Mondays ex
opted) and 2:30 P. M.
Train does not leave Charleston 6 P. M., sra
Train leaving 6*80 A M. makes through oonneo*
Xfn to New York, via Richmond and Actinia
oreek only, going through tn 40 boors.
Passengers leaving by 6 P. M. Train have
choice nf route, via Richmond and Washington, '
ur via Portsmouth and Baltimore. Those leaving
fm DAV by this Train lay over ou SUNDAY ta Bel?
lmore. Those leaving on SATURDAY remain Suv*
HAY in Wilmington, N. 0.
This ls the Cheapest, quickest and most pleasant
-onto to Cincinnati. Chicago and other points
West and Northwest, both Trains mating con?
nections at Washington with Western tains
ol Baltimore and o hlo Railroad. . .
s. s. SOLOMONS;
Engineer and Superintendent.
?. L. CLXAPOB, General Ticket Ageat.
The largest and most varied Stock cf southern
acclimated FRUIT TRER?, adapted to ar sett
and climate, consisting of Apples, Pea? hes, Pears,
Plums, Alumnus, Apricots and Nectarines, from
the earliest io the latear; Cherries, Qalnces Pigs,
Hazie Nuts, English Walnuts and bpanisb Qhest
nota, several hud varieties; Grap*) vines, em?
bracing choice table kinds; strawberries and
Raspberries, Svergreena, lu great variery, for or
nam> nt and for Cemeteries; Roses-all ute best;
D hilas. Gladiolas, Lilies, Ac.;.Ornamental Flow?
ering Shrubs, Asparagus and Horse Radish
Roots, Osage Oranae and Macartney Rose, for
hedges. Choice Frau Trees or ?ll kinds, which
will bear the first season ir transplanted early,
will be i urn ia h ed at moderate prices. Anew
Catalogue sent to all who apply. k "
Persons wishing, will please apply direct to the
Proprietor. Wit. NIMHL
n o v23-c2m o a Pomarta, 8.0.