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m--- CHARLESTON, SATURDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 9, 1871. _ . , ';
DICKENS'S GREAT SECRET.
THE SPECTRE TI ' T HAUNTED HIM
WAKING ANJO SLEEPING.
HU Norning of Lifo Overshadowed
? Uli Hopeless Hillery-A Boy vf Ten
In thc Fangs of Pate-"I Often Forget
In my Dreams that I Huvu a Dear
Wife and Children, and Even that I
am a Mun."
[From the Londoa 'UnifS-l
Charles Dickens, years ago. left lo his be?
loved and iut maie friend. Mr. John Fors?
ter the sad but deeply interesting tusk ut
giving lo the world the true story of his life.
Mr. Forster was on the mest Intimate terms
with the great uovel st iroiu ihe spring nfl
1837 to the day of Dickt ns's death ;n June,
1870. They were men of about the same nae,
?nd to no one, probably, did ,Dickens confide
%to much of his Inmost nature as to the litera?
ti companion who nov gives us this record ot
Tue story pf lhat caree.- is oue or the deep?
est interest. To the outer world. Dickens is
seen only in the light of Ul unparalleled suc?
cess; but those who kuew bun better than Ihe
world could know were not ignorant that all
that sunshine was cht chored by many and
deep shadows. Dickens suffered more tliau
ordinary men, and the "othello part ol his
writings was the richer for the knowledge
thus acquired. Doubtless his enjoyment, too,
.vas Intense; yet, on looking back over his
whole life, it Is'difflcult to resist the thougla
that lt was rather a sad lhan a happy one.
There was a middle period In Dickens's career
when he certatuly uppears to have enjoyed
life, to the finger-tips, with a vivid and Hu
gllng sense of pleasure, very delightful to re?
call. But his cnildbood was painful, and his
waning years were overshadowed.
'.He was a very little and avery sickly boy,"
says Mr. Forster "He was subject to attacks
of violent spasm, which disabled him for any
active exertion. He was nevera?ood Utile
cricket player. He was nev?r a first-rate
hand at marbles, or peg-top. or prisoner's
base." This was at Cha'ham. Alterward,
when the elder Dickens removed to London,
this small, sickly child-then about ten years
old-had a series of experiences very unusual
with the children ol middle-class pareuts, but
which, while they gave him ?hw most exqui?
site pain at the time, and toa great extent
threw a cloud over the whole of lils subse?
quent existence, were undoubtedly ihe Booree
of lils marvellous knowledge of human rature,
and bis familiar.ty with scenes of want ami
wretchedness. It need be no secret now, for
the tact will do his memory no disher vic. that
the childhood ol Charles Dickens was passed
in almost abject poverty.
-His father, Mr. John Dickens, fell Into money
ouflculties, and ww confined in the Marshal
sea prison, afterward so vividly describi d In
"Little Dotrit." Every small sum of ninney
that could be earned by any member of ihe
family became ol vital Importance; so the boy
Charles, at about ten yeais of age-that is lo
say, some time In the year 1822-was p'aced
In a blacking warehouse, belonging to a dis?
tant connection of ihe family named Lam?*ri,
which establishment was opened as a rival to
the famous blocking shop of Warren, In ihe
SINKING IN THE DREGS.
Lameros hons* was at old Iluntxerfnril
stalrs and it is to be found exactly described
in "David Copperfield." What many suspect?
ed before is now specifically revealed, "ftim
life of the boy David Copperfield ls the Hf* ot
? the boy Charles Dickens. Tri?* nu ure novel si
entered the wai chouse of James Lamen tn the
most menial capacity, at a malary of six or
seven shillings a week. ITis work was io
cover the pots of paste blacl' .ng, Hist, wit* eli
paper and then with blue paper, to Ile them
round with siring, lo clip the paper close and
neat, and to paste on a printed label. lu the
discharge of these duties his companions were
boys of humble bindi und uncultured manners,
and young Dickens, remembering his happier
childhood at Chatham, longing for education
and a start in lite, and fearing that, ii hi?
present employment continued, he would
sink Into the mt*te dregs ot soc ety, stiff-red
a degree of anguish, the memory of which he
could never shake offal the very height ol'bis
STRUCK DUMB WITU HORROR.
In a fra^meut of autobiography, which
Die kei.s wrote in 1847, lie sa d:
"From that hour uuttl this. ai. which I write,
no word of that part of my childhood, which I
have now ul idly brought to a close, hus pass
?1 my lips t) any human being. I have no
ea how loug lt lasted; whether for a year, or
much more, or less. From that hour until
this my father and uv mother have been
stricken d'imb upon lt. I have never heard
the least alluslo:: to lt, however far off and re?
mote, from either of them. I have never un?
til I now impart ir to this paper, in any burst
ot confidence wiih any one, my own wile not
excepted, raised the ennuin I then dropped,
thank God !"
Many portions of this unfinished autoblo
grapby were introduced, almost word for
word, two years later into "David Copper?
field," and the manuscript has now been
largely drawn upon by Mr. Forster.
HOW THE SECRET WAS BROUGHT TO LIGHT.
That geutleman thus relates fie way lu
wri?h the revela'loa was rirst made to htm:
. ."he Incidents to be told now would prob?
ably never have been known io tue, or indee 1
anv of the occurrences of Ids childhood and
youth, but lor the accident of a question
which I put tn him one dav in the March or
April of 1847. I asked him if he iemembere.1
ever having 8Peu In his boyhood our iriend
the elder Mr. Dilke, his father's acquaintance
and contemporary, who had been a derk lu
ihe same office III S>mer.-ei house to which
Mr. John Dickens belonged. Yes, he said, he
recollected seeing him ut a house in Gerard
street, wheie his uncle Barrow lodged during
_ an Hines.", and Mr. Dilke hal visited lum.
ft Xever at any other time. Upon which I told
him that some one e'te had been intended in
the .mention made to me, for that ihe refer?
ence implied not merely his being nu t acci?
dentally, but lils haviug had some Juvenile
employment lo a warehouse near the Strand ;
at which place Mr. D ike, being with Hie elder
Dickens one day, had noticed lum, and receiv?
ed, in return for the gill of a half crown, a
verylow bow. He was silent for several min?
utes; I felt that I had unintentionally touched
a painful place in his memory; and to Mr.
jfjike I never ?poke of the subject again. Jt
Was nut, however, men, bul some weeks later,
that Dickens made immer allusion to my ihns
having struck unconsciously upon a lime ol
which he never lould lose ihe remembtance
while he A-merabered anything, and the recol?
lection of which, at intervals, haunted ruin
and made him miserable, even to that hour.
DICKENS'S SECRET A :OXT OF SOUL.
"Very shonly afterward, I h arni lu all their
detail the incidents (hut had been FO pain?
ful io him; and whit then was said lome
or wrilteu respecting tnem revealed the story
ol his boyhood^ The idea of 'David Copper?
field,' which was to lake all Hie world imo his
confidence, had not at this time occurred to
him; but what it had so startled me lo know,
his readers were allerward told with only
such change or addition as for Hie lime in gui
FufflcteLtty di-g iise himself under cover of
Ins hero. For Hie roov lillie lad, with good
nbliity and a most centilitre nature, turned at
the age of ten Into a 'laboring hind' in the ser
vice ot ^Murdstoneand Qrimby,' and conscious
already of wh it made it seem very strange to
him that he could s i easily have been thrown
away au RUCII an age, was Indeed hlmsell.
His was Hie secret agony of soul at undioi:
hmseif 'companion lo Mick Walker and Mealy
Potatoes,'and his tears that mingled with the
water in which he and they rinsed and wash
rd out hollies. It had nil been writ ten as
fact, belore he thought of any ether use R r il;
and lt wa8 not until several months inter,
when the fancy of 'David Coppetfield,' I s.-li
suggested by what he had so written cf his
early troubles, l eg m to take shape in h s
mind, that he abaudoned his first latent lon ot
writing his own life. Those warehouse . x
peri-?uces lell then so apt y iuto the subj-et tie
had chosen, that he could not resist ihe temp?
tation of Immediately using them; und the
manuscript recording (hem, which was but
tufe first portion of what he had designed lo
write, was embodied iu the substance ol the
eleventh and earlier chapters ? f his novel.
What already had been seul to ni-, however,
and proof sheets of the novel Interlined at the
time, enable me now to separate the fact from
the fiction, and to supply to ihe story of thc
authors childhood 'hose passages omitted
from the book, which, apart from their
trallon of ihn growth ol his character, pi
to us a picture of tragical suffering, a
tender as well as humorous fancy, un?
sed in even the wonders of tua pub
TDK SPECTRE OF HIS LIKE.
Writing lo bia own proper person, 1
fragment to which allusion has beeu i
Dickens said of this period of his life :
.The deep remembrance of the sense
of beim: utterly neglected and hopele
the si ame I felt In my position; of tho n
lt was lo mv young heart to believe that
by day, whit I had learned, and thought
delighted in, and raised my fancy am
emuaiion up by, was pushing away Iron
never to bi brought back any more, ci
be wm i en. My whole nature was so
?rated with the grief and humiliation of
considerations, that even now, lamons,
caressed and happy. I often forget li
dre lins thai I have a dear wife and chili
even that I am a man; and wander desol
buck i thai, lime of my life. My mother
my brothers and sisters (excepting Pant
the Royal Academy of Music) were still
camped, with a young servant ghi
Chm hum workhouse, lu the two parloi
the empty house in (?tower street North
was it long way lo BO and rei urn within
dinner hour, and, usually, I eliher carriet
dinner with me, or went and bcugut
some neighboring shop. lu the luiiercai
was commonly a saveloy and a penny
some!Imes. a four-penny plate of beet fro
cook's shop; sometiims, u plate of bread
cheese, and a itl-tsss of b* er, irom a miser
old public house over the way-Hie .Swan,
remember right, or the Swan aud somer
else thal I huve forgotten. Ouce. I remen
tucking my own birad (which I had broi
from home in the raoruiug) under my i
wrapped up in a piece ol paper like a b
and going imo the best dining room inJ<
son's alamode-beef house lu Charles cc
Drury lane, and magnificently crdcrin
small plate of alamode beef to eat witt
Wnatthe waller thought of such a strn
little appatliiou, coming in all aloue, I d
know; but I can see him now, staring at
as I ut- my dinner, and bringing np the o
walter tu iook. I give him a half-penny,
I wish, now, he hadn't takeu lt."
A GLIMMER OF LIGHT.
Iii these and oilier passages the reader
recognize some of the earlier paris of "(
perllekl." Mr. John Dickens being unabl
make any arrangement willi his credit
Mrs. Dickens wat? obliged to break up
poor household lu Gower street Non h. ant
imo the Marshals?.a. The autobiography l
'.The key of the house was Iben sent b
to tti*> landlord, who was very g'nd to get
and one (small Cain I hal I was, except'th
luul never done harm tu any one) was han
over as a lodger lo a reduced old lady, I?
known io our lamlly, in Lil tie College stn
Carah-n-iown, who took lillie children it
board, ami had once done so at dighton, i
who, wlih a fowalleratio s and embelli
ment4, unconsciously began to aH. fur A
Pinchin In 'Dombey' when she took me lt
..".she hail a little brother and sister un
her care llien. st niel ody's nauual cl.ildr
w ho were very Irregularly paid for, ant
widow's little son. The two b< ysand I ?let t
the same room. My own exclusive breaki
of a penny cottage" 1; ?af und a peanj worth
milk I provided for myself. I Kept anoil
small lout and a quarter ol a pound of du i
on a particular shell" ol a particular cupboa
m make my supper un when I came back
night. Tney made a hole in Hie six or SOT
shillings i know well; andi was out alt
blacking warehouse all day, and ha t to si
port myself upon that money alli he we?
[suppi s . my lodging was paid tor by i
lather. 1 certainly did not pay it myself; a
[certainly had no other assistance whaler
[the making ol my c'olhes. I think, except?e
?om Monday morning until Saturday iilgl
?o advice, no counsel, no encouragement, i
jonsolu'lm, no support froin any oue ihjj
jan call to mind.
so DEI P MK QOD.
"Sundays Fanny aud I passed In the priso
[ was at tho Academy in Tenterden si rei
llanover Square, at nine o'clock In the mor
lng, to lett h her, aud wo walked back Hie
ogeiht r at night,
I was so young and childish.>and so lilt
piaJified-how contd 1 be otherwise ?-to II
iiermke the whole charge of my existenc
lint in going to Hungerford-Slalrs ol a mor
ing I could aol re.-lst the si ale pastry put oi
it half price on trays at the confection, r
lotus In tottenham Court Hoad, und I oft*
spent IP thal the money I should have kept f,
my diu-icr. Theu I went without; my diane
cr bought a roll or a slice of pudding. Ti;ei
were two pudding shops between wlneh I wt
dlvi'led. accorOlug io my finances. One wi
lu a court dos ? to St. Martin's Church, (at Hi
back ol the church,) which ls now removed a
together*-The pudding at I hat shop w as mud
wini curriinis, and waa ra'lier a special pia
liing, but w as dear-two penn'orth not bi In
larg.T than a penn'orth of more ordinary put
ding. A good shop for the Inlier was in th
Strand, somewhere near where the Lowilu
Arcade ls now. lt was a stout hale puddin'
heavy and flabby, with great raisins in li
stuck In whole, ai. gnat di.-tinces apart. 1
came up hot, at about noon every day; an
many aud many u day did I dine off lt.
ALMOST A LITTLE ROHIIER AX I) VAGABOND.
"We had half an hour, I think, for les
When I had money enough, I used to go to
coffee-shop and huve hall a pun of cottee, an
a slice of bread and bulter. When I had n
money, " took a turu In Covent Garden Mar
net, and stared al the pineapples. The coffee
?hops to which I most resorted were one ii
M ti.i? ii lane; one iu a court (uon-existen
now) close to Hungerford Market, and one ii
3t, Marlin'.- lane..ot which I only recoll?e
hal. lt stood near Mle church, and i hat. in tin
io.?r lhere was an oval glass plate, willi'col
lee-room' painted on lr, addressed lowuid HM
street. If I ever Un i myself in a difieren
kind of coffee-room uow. "but where there ??
such uu inscription On g H?4, and read it back
ward on the w rong side, "moor eeff <c" (us 1
ollen used lo do tuen, in a dismal reverie,) i
Shock goes through my blood.
"I know I donut exaggerate, unconscious!}
ami ititeuiionully. Hie seaminess cf mv re.
sources and Hie dillicullles of my life. 1 know
that if a shilling or so were given me by any
one, I spent il ls a dinner ora lea. I know Hun
I worked lrom morning till night, with com?
mon nu n and boys a shabby child. I know
that I tried, but ineffectually, hot to anticipate
my money, ami to make'It last Hie week
through, by pulling it away in a draw er I had
in the counting house, wrapped Into six little
[larct ls, each parcel containing the same
amount, and laoelled wu h a different day. I
know that I have lounged about the streets,
Insufficient ly and unaausiactoriiy fed. I know
that, but for Hie mercy of (Sod, I might easily
have beeu, for any care thai was lakea of me,
? lill!?! robber or a little vagabond.
THE TOOXG UKXTI.KMAN*.
"But I hell some station at the blacking
warehouse, toe. Besides that myrelailveat
the counting-house did what a man so reco?
pied, a'jtl cealing wiih u Hiing anomalous,
could, to ireat. rae as one upon a different foil?
ing irom Hie iv. r. I never said, lo tuan or boy,
how it Was I nit 1 came to be there, or gave
the least indien1 U n of being sorry that I wns
there. Tint I swTfeied lu secret, and i hat I
suffi red exquisitely, no one ever knew bul I.
How much 1 suffered, it ls. us I have siitl al?
ready, utterly beyond my [tower to tell. No
man's imagination eui overstep the reuliiy.
Cur. I kept my ow n counsel, un I [ did my
work. 1 knew i'.o :i the lit si 111 U if I could not
do my work us well as any of Hie rest. I could
not huid mytelf above slight and contempt. I
soon became at le isl as expeditious amias
skilful with my hands as either of Hie other
boys. Tnoiigu perfectly familiar willi them,
my conduct and manners were different
enough from tholts lo place a space between
ns. i hey und the men always spoke of me as
'the young gentleman.' A ceitain mau (a
soldier once) named Thomas, who was the
Foreman, and another named Harry, who waa
ihe cai fi m, and wi re a red jacket, used to call
me 'Cnailes' sometimes*, lu speaking lome;
lint I think it was mostly when we were vt ry
Confidential, und when I had made some ef?
forts lo entertain Hiern over our work willi Hie
results ol* some of the old readings, which
were fast perkhtng out tf my riilud.*'
OCT OF THE DEPTHS.
Alt-ra Hine Hie lonely lillie hiv. thinking
lhere was DO reason why he should bc obliged
io live so far dom the Marshalsea, remonstra?
ted with his father so pathetically, and wiUi
so many inns, that, as Hie sen records, thu
kind lumire ol the patent gave way. Mr.
John Dickens appears lo have Icu n one of
those g nial, kindly, eusj-tempered. Imprac?
ticable human beings, wl.o, in spite of all
their good and pleasant qualities, their hon?
orable disposition, and even their industry,
(for he had all these virtues, as his ?on be?
comingly sets down) tull to make their wu y
in the world, for want or the one facility of
adaptation to ihe stern conditions of life. The
consequences of Charles's remonstrances witta
his lather on the score ol his exile, was that
he was provided with a back attic at the house
of an insolvent court agent, in Lant street
Borough, "where," says Dickens, in his auto?
biographical sketch, ""Bob Sawyer lodged
many year- atterward." Here he slept on the
floor; but "the window had a pleasant pros?
pect of a limber jard," and the poor little
lodger, feeling that he was close to his true
home, the prison, thought the new sleeping
room a Paradise.
When his father left prison, the boy (who
hud by that time been removed from the
blacking establishment) was put, at about
twelve years ol a??o, to school in the Hamp?
stead Road, where he soon became ?'.?led for
his vivacity aud fun. A favorite nick of his
was heading a number ot his schoolfellows io
the streets in pretending to be beggars. When
the old ladles of whom they begged answered
Witta tart speeches, Char es would explode
with laughter, ard take to his heels.
By and by came the stait In life- first os a
lawyer's Clerk, then asa newspaper reporter,
and'then asa successful auihor. Hh old pov?
erty became a mine of riches to him, and the
rough material ol his fame. He never lost the
habit, ol'coining his life into enduring fiction.
The Dora ol "David Copperfield" wap, it seems,
his first love, the memory of whom al ways
dwelt willi him; anti the Flora of "Little Dor?
rit" was the same lady, not dead Inflict, but
somewhat altered by the l;ipse ol a quail er ol
a century (as thai same quarter of a century
will change us all,) to whom, one day, Dickens
and his wife paid a lormal visit, and lound the
Stuffed favorite, Jip, In the passage.
Pianos, CDrgarts, #c.
JDABENTS G >N DO NOTHING BETTER
to remind their children of thc hirth of their Sa?
viour, ami to let them express th lr joy and happi?
ness on this great and glorious event, than to huy
of FR. DAUEIt'S Il.ie stock of Musical Instru?
ments, a Violin, Flute, Quit ir. Accord?on, Music
Box, Tiumpc, or even a Druci. Oo and see that
Prussian Militaire Drum, ?t Flt DAUEIt'S Mus.c
Store, No. 377 Klug streer. dccll-mwr7
JEWELRY, DIAMONDS, ?fcc.
F. (COLDEWEY, formerly located at No. 202
King street, can now he found at lils New stand,
No. 302 Kln< street, ab ive Wentworth street. In
anuotinclng this change of location, he will men?
tion to his friends that he has provided for the
Christmas Holidays. Ills recent lmport.nl n of
JRWELRT, DIAMON s, aud other Precious
Stones, are worthy thc attention of all seeking
presents at this tline. He still Repairs Jewelry,
and guarantees a l fepalrlug of Wa ches and
flecks. . . decll-mwfe
glEGLlNG'S MUSIC STORE.
' (IC - TA;; LI SM Kl) IN 1810.)
Now on hand, and for sale, a large and varied
assortment of PIANO FORTES, of approved good
makers, new and second-hand. A?so CABINET
ORGANS und Musical Mmliatullse generally;
together with the latest an l mo-t fa-luonahle
Music constantly receiving. PIANO POKTKS tu
Hue. Tuned, Kui aired a: d taken In exchange.
Apply coiner King and U,.iiif.uti streets, lu rear
of ol i stund, third door. HENRY blEGLING.
<?rait? \)vi]: Distribiu on.
m ni" CHARLESTON
FOR TUE BENEFIT OF TUB
FREE SCHOOL FUND,
Incorporated by Act of Assembly, 1870. Approved
March Hill. 1871.
SECOND GRAND SINGLE NUMBER It IFFLE AND
DISTRIBUTION OF AWARDS.
Awards of Uniti d Statos Gold Brnds, Diamond-,
uo.d Watches. Jewc ry, Ac,., fur the Benefit of the
tree School Fuud, wnl tike place ou
SATURDAY, PECEl?f?EK 23. 1871,
At No. U7 Meeting street, Charleston, S.O., at 1
o'clock, P. M., ia public,
CERTIFICATE SHARES ONE DOLLAR.
SCHE' ULE OF AWARDS.
Gue Award of a set of D.amond Ear-Ringi
and Breastpin-thc diamonds arc Urge
and of thc purest water. Also a largo
s i.taire Hiujuoud King an i a pair of
very heavy Gold Bracelets, with Tassels
(design ito i as Nf?. 1 in the awards,) vul
One AW.nd of ono set of Diamond Kar-Kings
" and Breastpiu, lutgc sud pure bul lams,
richly set ( lest g bated as No. 2 lu the
avards,) valued at. 1,250
One Award of uueuetnf Diamond Kar-R ngs
aud Brea tpm. large brilliants, (deag
na ?d HS .\u. 3 In tue uwards.) valued ir. 1 OOO
One Award of one set of Diamond Har Kings
and Breastpin, (d?sign?t d us No. 4 lu
tne awards,) valued at.1,000
One Award of one large Diamond Cress
Breastpin, large diamonds, (dcslgnaud
us No. 5 in the awardsi value I at. SOO
One Award or one rich Cluster Diamond
King, (design ited us No. 6 lu the awards)
v.i ce i a. 400
One Award of one C uster Diamond King,
set oval, (designated as No. 7 In the
awards.) valued ut. 300
One Award ol a Gentleman's Diamond Clus?
ter Breastpin, liirgc diamond in centre,
(deslgUatedasK'j. 8 In the awards.) va
t.eil at. 700
One Award of a single stone Diamond King,
(designated as No. 0 in the uwarda ) val?
ued ai. 100
One Award of a Lady's Gold Wutch, with
splendid Gold Hoot* Chain and t assels,
(designated as No. 10 in the awards,)
valued at. ooo
One Award of a Lady's G nd Watch and
heavy Uold opera Chain, (des guated as
No. ll in thc awards.) valued ut. 2j0
One Award of a Lady's Gold Watch and
large Go d Chain, with lasset?, (de?dg- -
nated as No-12 lu the awards ) valued
One Award of a Lady's Gold Watch and
large Opera Chain T:sselled. (designated
as MI. 13 lu thc awards,) valued at. '.00
One Award of a Gentleman's Gold Watch,
s em w inier, I nullo.' tlf h and quarter
seconds, made by Jerggenson. one of tho
best Hilling watches in the United
states, wini massive Gold chain, (deMg
dated as No. 14 lu tho awards.) valued
One Award or a Ccntleinuu'H Gold Walch,
stem winder, willi arze Gold chalti, (de?
signated n-> No. 15 lu the awards.) val?
ued at. 300
One Award of a Gentleman's (?od Watch,
stem winder, und massive Cont Cham,
(.leslimiiled as No. 10 io the awards.)
valued nt. 300
one Award of a cenileman s large Gold
Hunting Watch, nude by Tobias, with
massive Gol 1 chaiu, (designated us No.
17 in the awards,) ?allied at. S;o
One Award of it Gentleman's Goal Watch,
stem winder, with h-.avy Gold Cham,
desgnated as No. 18 in the awards.)
valu- d ai. 000
One Award of one -et ot Solid silver spoons
aud Forks, (designated as No. IB tu the
awards.) Valued at. 200
One Award of one tiiplo plated Tea Set on
White Metal, large Plated Watter, one
pair of Finit .stands, and one pair Cake
Ba.kcts, (designated as So. ito lu the
a wa ds.) valued at. 200
Twenty Awards, cacti of a fi J United states
(?old Bond, new tss e. valued at. l,oco
Sixty Awards, each of one-fuurth of a $iuo
G dd Bond, United states, new issue,
vf.lued each at *25. 1,500
All the above awards can ne examined at.
Dr. W. A. SKTine's Drus Store. No. 260 h lng street,
chariest!n, s. c. ?til the diamonds ate of the
purest quality,and arc large aud mounted ni the
latest style, and have been expressly import.- d by
Messrs. Larmonr A CO. Jewellers. Bal.'more,
Maryla d, for the Association and the values
named ?ire just at market prices The ladles of
Char eston ure rc<p' ct fully reque-ted io call and
examine these beautilul got ds.
Kernott.ber, eery Award must be d'stributed on
the day or the Kattie to tue Certificate Holde:s.
The above Awards 11 bc insinuated in Gold
Bonds. Diamonds, Watches, Jewelry, Ac, In con
romilly to law.
lor all orders, address
CHARLESTON CHARITABLE ASSOCIATION.
147 Meeting street, charleston, s. C.
QTlolIjing ano irurmsliing
THE BEST SELECTED STOCK
BOYS' & MEN'S CLOTHING,
CORNER KINO ANO WENTWORTH STS.
ELEGANT HT STYLE
MODERATE IN PRICES.
OK ?KR ri? WORK DEPARTMENT
ENGLISH & FRENCH GOODS.
decl 5-1 mo
. MENKE & M?LLER,
NO. 325 KING STREET,
Invite attention to their large and splendid
STOUK OF CLOTH,
FURNISHING GOODS, &.C.
READY MADB SUIT? for nil ages, from the
snmllost hoy to ihe largest, mau.
Dress a:.<l Business Sofa of ?ll descriptions.
Elegant Overcoats, Pea Jacke'?, D%;rby ami
nam Sack Milts, Fine EmtlUh Wa.kmc Coats nud
Suits of all culors, simile find Double Breaate<i
Black F rock Coots, BlHck Doeskin ami Fancy Cas
si in ere Dress P nt*, Velvets, s Iks, Cloth, Castor
Heave' and Cassim.re Vests, manufacture.!
utnler our om ol wei vat'on. we are therefore
burc of a good Ut and durable work.
Is sir piled with thc flne<t selection of BitOAD
CLOTII8, Doeskins, Castor BcavcrB. Chinchilla
Diagonals, M> lions, ami oil r.tyles of Casslin-res
for Hus Ines Suits. Velvets, Si?s, Plusii ind cash?
mere Vestings. And a vatlety of Iniinls nie Pau
taioon Patten 8. which we make up to order dy
uit'iLsure at Un* shortest, untie*, und guarantee
hist class and primer workmanship.
This Department ls supplied with thc celebrated
STAK MI I IMS. Imported and Domestic Merino
Shaker Flannel, A.l-W'ol Underwear doods, Half
Hose, sui penders. Ilandkerciilefa, Linen wd
Pape"Culls and Co lars, Imperial, Alexander ami
Courvolsur's Kid Gloves Ami a fu 1 assortment
of Buckskin, Dogskin. Heaver and Cass. Gloves.
And a very large assortment of Silk, Alpaca and
scotch Glu.ham Water-Proof  Umbrellas.
Our stock has iiecn selected with the greatest
care, and price- in irked very low In plain ll gu res.
Our motto ls tju-.ck sales and small profits, fair
dealings. (Jrods may he returned If not satisfac?
tory. Buyers In our Hue will Dad lt to their ad?
vantage to give us a call. ' nctl9-Smos
I M~ M S MS W~?~R~K~ S
ROMANCE AND HIsTORY BLENDED.
THE LILY AND THE TOTEM,
THE HUGUENOT IN FLOR.DA,
BY WILLIAM GILMORE SIMMS
IN CLOTII-PtflOB $1 60.
ri'DI.ISIIEO AND VOR SALK HY
WALKER, EVANS A COGSWELL
Nos. 3 BliOAD AND 109 EAST BAY STREETS,
ClIAltl.KSTON, S., (J.
T^OGAllTIE'S BOOK DEPOSITORY.
We arc now displaying an unrivalled stork or
ELEGANT BOOKS lu every department of Lite?
All the New and Standard Pr?ts, Illustrated;
Standard Literature and Theo ogy, the best edi?
E?p dal care has been taken to mave this de?
partment attractive hy the selection of Good
Hooks, combining entertainment as wrll as In?
struction to tue young. Tue little folks li ive nad
especial attention irlven io their wants this sea?
son by the publishers generally. Books for the
young of all ag. s are amongst the most beautiful
publlcatlous of the scacon, und much lower lu
pi ices than last year.
BIBLES AND PR IYER BOOKS.
Oxford Editions of Family and Pocket Bibles.
We have just n-celv. d a large invoice ot oxford
Bib es and Prayer Hooks. The assortment embra?
ces (-very variety of editions and styles Issued by
the Oxfoid pn ss. which, together with a variety
of othrr Knghshand American entions, make
I ?ie laigcsi. and most elegant variety of Bibles and
Prayer Book* ?Ter MTeied for sate lu Charleston,
and at greatly i educed pi Ices.
Illu-i rated Books and Sets of Standard Authors,
including Scott, Couper. Dickens, Thackeray,
Isaac Dlstaell Lamb, Waverly Novels, Macaulay,
Chrl-topher North, foe. Hallam, Milman, tloud,
1-rnude. Mommsew. Jowell's I'laio, .vc. Ac.
Our stock ls too large and varied to enumerate,
but our store ls arranged wu li a view t > Hie OH
venl nee of customers, and the price of each
book marked lu plain ligures.
Desks, Work Boxes, Writing Cases, rortfoll >s,
Photograph Albums, Facey luk Stands, Fancy
Boxes of Note Pape
sunday School Library and Books for Prizes,
sunday school Cams, Illuminated Texts, Faucy
Books, and a large variety of Books suitable lor
present a: lon to teachers and schnlars.
Persons residing in tue country will please
.ear h. mind thai-by sending their orders to u'
or any books published In America, they will be
charged only the price of the book. Wc pay for
he postage or express.
FOOARTI E'S BOOK DEPOSITORY,
io. MO Kins street, (in thc Bead,) Outtrim on, 8.0
. ?o.let (?nb iFa?crj ?o;bs.
HAIR OILS, &C.
JEAN MARIE FARINA'S,
Corner King and Vander
Sijitti ano -tfnrmsmny I??OC.2
T IEL E^BES T~
IN THE SOD PH.
ALL-WOOL SHAKER FLANNEL
SHIRTS .AND DRAWERS,
WITH TUE VB RY LATEST NOVELTIES IN
ELEGANT NECK WEAR,
STAR SHIRT EMPORIUM,
Opposite tho Market.
~??ITA1? O~H?TB~B ?
"BUT ONCE A YEAR!"
TH3 KICUK3T AND TH8 NICKST
lo the City, Always oa hand or made to order at
" A iso,
JELLIES, Ac, AC,
TULLY'S OLD STAND,
NO. 124 KING STREET,
dec?s_ N.'ar Queen strert.
rjl O Y S, MILL I N E R Y
AT VERY LOW PRICES,
decll-18 No. 233 King street.
J. 0. H. CLATJSSEN'S
CHRISTMAS I CHRISTMAS ! CHRISTMAS ! SUP?
PLIES HAVE ARKIVtP,
consisting in part of the fo iowlng Indispensable
Sugar Plums, Sugar Almonds,
Mixed Candles, Rock Dandy,
Gum Drops, Cinnamon Sinngs,
Cream Bo i Rons, Caraway Seed,
Cream Chocolate Drop*. Sugar Almonds,
Cream Almonds, humt Almonds,
Cream strawberries, Corianders,
P Conversation Lozenges, Fig Paste,
Licorice Drops, Marshmallow mops,
Cordial Drops, Jordan Almonds,
Fancy Snectaltles, Cream Dates,
Assorted Lozenge1, Cream Figs, Ac, Ac
Christmas Sugar Toys.
Surprise and Cash Boxes of all kin ts to rt tall at
5 cents to $1 per package, sud guaranteed to con?
tain Cash or Prizes.
Assorted Candy, Stick Candy and Fancy Kisses.
BISCUIIS, CRACKERS, OAKES, AC
Soda Biscuit?, Sugar Crackers,
Boston Biscuits, Fancy Clackers,
Cream Biscuits, Lemon Crackers,
Egg Biscuits, Ginger Crackers,
; Wine Biscuits, Novelty Crackers,
j Fancy Sugur Bl-cults, Oyster Crackers,
Lemon Biscuits, Picnic Crack-rs,
Assorted Biscuits, Reform Cracker-,
Milk Biscuits, Union Crackers,
Jumbles, Mixed Cakes,
Tea Cakes, Christmas Cakes,
Sugar aud Molasses Gungers and Sheet Cai.es.
Merchants from the country will save money,
time and disappointment, by calling soon or send?
ing their orders, which will meet prompt and
careful attention, to
J. C. II. CL A USS EN,
No. 10 Market street.
CHRISTMAS TRUES SUPPLIED GRATIS AS
tj?im?oio s ?nenn.
MANHO O? .
The vegetative powers of life are strong, but In
a few j ears bow often the pallid hue, the 1 ick las?
tre eye, and emaciated form, show their baneful
Influence. It soon becomes evident to the observ?
er that some depressing Influence ls checking the
development of the body. Consumption l? inliced
of, and perhaps the youth ls removed from school
and sent Into the country. This is one of the
worst movements. Removed from ordinary di?
versions of the ever-changing scenes of the city,
the powers of the body, too mnch enfeebled ts
give zest to healthfnl and rural exercise, thought?
are turned Inwardly upon themselves.
If the patient baa female the approach of the
menses ls l' oked for with anxiety as the first
symptom In which naturels to show her saving
power in diffusing the circulation and visiting the
cheek with the bloom of health. Alas I Increase
of appci it? has grown by what lt fed on. The
energies of the system are prostrated, t. ." Mie
whole rconomy ls deranged. The beautiful and
wonderful period in which body and mind under?
go so fascinating a change from child to woman
ls looked for in vain. The parent's heart bleeds
In anxiety, and fancies thc grave but waiting for
FOR WEAKNESS ARISING FROM EXCESSES
OR EARLY INDISCRETION,
attended with the f allowing symptoms: INDIS?
POSITION TO EXERTION, LOSS OF POWER,
LOSS OK MEMORY, DIFFICULTY OF BREATH?
ING, General -\ eakness, Horror of DUense, Weak
Nerves, Tr niblint*. Dreadful Horror of Death,
Night Sweats, O M F et, Wakefulness, Dimness of
VUlon, Laiigor, Universal Lassitude of the Muscu?
lar Sy-teiu, often Enormous Appetite with Dys?
peptic Symptoms, Hot Hands, Flasrfing of Hie
body. Dryness of the Skin, Pallid Countenauccs
and Eruptions on-the Face, Pain In the Rack,
Heaviness of the Eyelids, Fn quern ly Black spots'
flying before the Ky es, with temporary Suffusion
and Loss of Sight. Want of Attention, Great Mo?
bility, Restlessness, with Horror of Society.
Nothing ls more desirable to snell patients i linn
Solitude, and nothing they more dread, for fear
of themselves; no repose of manner, no earnest
ness, no speculation; but a harried traust Hon
from one question lo ano'lier.
THESE SYMPTOMS, IF ALLOWED TO GOON
-WHICH THIS MEDICINE INVARIABLY RE?
MOVES-SOON FOLLO Af L'SS OF POWER,
FATUITY AND EPILEPTIC FITS, IN ONE OF
WIIJCHTllE PATIENT MAY EXPIRE.
During thc Superintende .cc.or Dr. WILSON at
tho BLOUMlNG?aLE ASYLUM, this sad result
occurred to two patients. Reason had for a time
left them, and both died of" epilepsy. They were
of both si xi s, and about ; wenty years of age.
Who c tn ray that their execs-es aie net fre?
quently followed by those dlreiul diseases, IN
SAN ITY and t ONSUMPTION f Hie records of the
INSANE ASYLUMS, and the melancholy deaihs by
Consumption, bear ample wu near, to Hie truth of
Hit se assertions. In Lunatic Adlums the most
mel incholy exhibition appears. 1 ae countenance
ls actually sudden and natta destitute; neither
mirth nor grief ever visits lt. S lould a sound of
thc volte occur lt is rarely artic jlaio.
" With woful measures WP a despair
Low sulleu sounds their grief beguiled."
While wc regret the exigence of the above dis?
tases and symptoms, we are prepared to offer aa
invaluable gift of chemistry for the removal of
Cures secret and delicate disorders in all their
stages, at litte expense, Utile or no change In
diet, no inconvenience, and no exposure. It ls
pleasant In taste and odor, Immediate IQ Its ac?
tion, free from all Injurious properties, superse?
ding Copaiba aud all other nauseous compounds.
FLUID EXTRACT OF BUCHU.
There ls no tonic like lt. It ls an anchor of hope
to thc physician ami patient. This ls the testi?
mony of all who have used or pre-cribed lt.
Beware of counterfeits and thc-e cheap decoc?
tions called Rocha, most of whlcfc are prepared
by self styled doctors, from deleterious Ingre?
dients, and ollere 1 for sale at "less price" i.nd
..larger bottles," Ac. They are unreliable and
Ask for Helmbold's. Take no
PRICE $ I 25 PER BOTTLE. OR SIX
BOTTLES FOR $6 50.
Delivered to any address. Describe symptoms in
Established upward of twen'y years, prepared by
H. T. HELMBOLD,
PRACVICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,
No. 591 Broadway, New York,
No. 104 Sooth Tenth Street, Philadelphia. Pa.
OJ-?ol.I dy Druggist* Every ? lu re.-5a
THE NEW IMPROVED
WHEELER & WILSON,
TI IE MOST POPULAR
FMLY SEWING MINE.
Between six and seven hundred thousand now
in ase. Is the most simple, runs easier, and makes
less noise than any other first-class Lock Stitch
Machine. Does all kinds of work usually done by
bann. Bas bitter attachments for Hemming,
Frilling, Tucking. Cording, Quilting, Gathering,
Ac, than any other Machine. These Machines
are now offered for sile In this city on th? LEASE
PLAN, at Ten Dollars per month, until paid foi.
Thorough Instruction given, and satisfactk i
guaranteed In all cases. Old Machines repalreu
and adjusted by a competent machinist. A few
live men can find regular and profitable employ?
ment, either on salary or commission, by applying
Parlor and Sale.-room Ko. 209 KING STREET.
W. G. BRUCE, Agent.
WHYTE A HARftAL, General Agents, ojee 18
F. F. SEWING MACHINE'
has not} et become such a drug In the market as
to require to be hawked through the streets or
left at thc residences against the wishes of the oc?
cupants. But my sales have not diminished, nor
bas the reputation ol these Machines suffered by
Call and see them and you will be convinced of
D. B. HASELTON,
dec20-imo |K 307 KING STREET,
tioots, SijOCS, Ut.
HOES! SHOES ! SHOES!
SPECIAL BV STEAMSHIP VIRGINIA THIS DAY,
PATTERN OF AMERICAN GAITER,
COM KO ETA I; LK. STYU81I AND GKNTBBL,
bolted for the Ball ro m.
Toons Gents walling for them will p ease call
and procure a flt.
dec?s No. 121 Meeting street.
THE NEW '
BOOT AND SHOE STORE,
NO. 245 KING STREET,
OPPOSIT.E WAVERLY HOUSE.
I desire to Inform my friends that I am no
longer to be fount at the "Big Boot S'ore." hav?
ing associated myselftn business with Mr. DAVID
We wld take great pleasure In having our
friends esl1 on us at our NEW ESTABLISHMENT,
No. 245 KING sri'.KET, oppos.te Waverly House,
where we will keep on hands well selected steele
of LADIES'. GENT-?1, MISSEJ', BOYS' and CHIL?
DREN'S BOOTo AND SHOES.
TRUNKS. BAGS, VALI ES AND SATCHELS.
Onr country friends wld lind lt to their advan?
tage to examine our stock berore purchasing
elsewhere, stock replenished weekly.
P. A. CHASE. I DAVID S. OfJTTINO,
Foi mei ly with Formerly with
.Big Koot." I W. G. Whl id eu A Co.
jpACIFIG GUANO 0 OM P A N Y ' S
ACID PHOSPHATE OF LIME,
FOR COMPOSTING! WITH COTTON SEED.
PRICE-125 CASH, WITH USUAL ADVANCE FOR
This article ls prepared nnder the superintend?
ence of Dr. ST. JULIAN RAVENEL, expressly for
Composting wIMi Cotton seed.
lt was Introduced by this Company two yea-.s
ago, and Its use Ins fully attested its value. 200
to 260 pounds of this article per acre, properly
composted with the same weight of cotton seed,
famishes the planter wltn a Fertiliser of the high?
est excellence at the smallest cost. A Compost
prepared with this article, as. by printed direc?
tions furnished, contains ad the elements or fer?
tl Pv that can enter tuto a First c a-s F?rtil zer,
while ifs economy must commend its ll .eral uso
to planters. For supplies and printed directions,
for Composting, apply to J. N. HOBSON, ' '
Agent Pacific Gnantf Company.
Nos. 63 East Bay and 1 and 2 ?.. t an v. o Wharf.
Chai leston, S. C.
JNO. S. REESE A CO., General Agents.
O L ? B L E
PRICE, $45 CASH, WITH USUAL ADVANCE
Experience In the use of this GUANO for the
past six years In this state, for Cotton and Corn,
has so far established Its character for excellence
as to render comment unnecessary.
In accordance with the established policy of the
Company to furn'sn the best concentrated Ferti?
lizer at the lowest cost to consumers, this Guano
ls put into market this season at thc above re?
duced price, which the Company ls euabled to do
by reason o its large facilities ant the reduced
cost of manufacture.
The supplies put luto market this season Are, as
heretofore, prepared under the personal superin?
tendence of Dr. St. Juhau Ravenei, Chemist of
Hie Cumpanv, at Charleston. S. C.. hence planters
may rest assured t- at its quality and c mposltlon
ls precisely the same as that heretofore sold.
At the present low price, every acre planted
can l e fertilized with 200 pounds Guano ata cost
uot exceeding the prese, t value of 30 pounds of
cotton, while experience has shown that, under
favorable condition of seasou and cultivation, the
crop ls increased hy the ap heat lon from tw?> to
three fold the natural caimctty of the soil, hence
under no condition could tts application fall to
eompensatu foT the outla/.
? Apply to J. N. ROBSON,
Agent Pacific Guano C meany.
Nos. 68 East Bay and 1 and 2 Atlantic Wuarf,
Charleston, a. C.
JOHN S. REESE ? CO., General Agents.
BOWEN & MERCER'S
SUPERPHOSPHATE OF LIME
AGRICULTURAL SHELL LIME.
Of Superior Quality, for sale
P. C. TRENHOLM.
n v2i mwil7