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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1883.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 18, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A
THE KU-KL?X TRIALS.
A DULL BAT IN THE COURT.
The Case of the Contumacious Counsel
for the Fugitive Avery.
(SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE HEWS ]
COLUMBIA." January 4.
The entire time of the court to-day was oc?
cupied by the arguments In the case of Colonel
McMaster, the recusant counsel for Dr. Avery.
Chamberlain and Corbin spoke in support of
the rule of the court, and John Wat les la
favor of the respondents. A decision ls ex?
NOTES AND DETAILS BT MAIL.
The Confuting Ku-Klux-What they
hadl to say about the Klan-Failure
to Connect Respectable Alen with the
Organization-The Case of Colonel
nie Slatter-A Manly Reply to the
Court-Corbin Takes Time to Consider.
[FROM OUR SPECIAL REPORTER J
COLUMBIA, S. C., January 3.
A^crge batch of prisoners from Spartan
burg County were brought up to-day lu the
Ku-Klux Court to plead guilty. There were
ten of them in all, mostly, from their appear?
ance, belonging to the lowest classes of socie?
ty, and all of them, by their own confessions,
unable lo read and write. They were ail
questioned at considerable length by the
Jiresidlng justice as to their reasons
br Jo'nicg tho Ku-Klux. their complicity in
the deeds of the Klan and their knowledge as
to whether or not their more respectable
neighbors knew, or were members, ot the or
fanlzatlon. One poor old man, who said he
ad been frightened Into the order, had never
been on any raids, and had now left his wife at
home dying of consumption, was mercifully
allowed to go on his own recognizance for
fl ve hundred dollars. The rest were r<vi anded
for sentence at some future day. Then stories
were all nearly alike. They all claimed to
have gone into the klan for their own safety,
?nd testified to several raids on which various
people, white and black, bad been either
warned or whipped. In some of the. cases,
the judg* Inquired why these people bad been
?mulshed, and various offences and acts of
awlessuess were given as the reason.
One of the persons had umade trouble
between man and wife," another had beaten
another man's steer to death and thrown it
Into a ditch, and others were accused of steal?
ing, disobeying their parents, chipping white
boys, 4c. The prisoners were all asked
Whether they had questioned their victims as to
their poetics, and warned them against voting
the Radical ticket, but none of them remem?
bered any such conversations. One man testi?
fied that he was, or had been, a member of
the Union League, and had learned more
about the Ku-Klux since he had been down
here In prison than he ever heaid before.
Mo-t of them knew very little about the
respectable people of the county. One
young boy was asked to name over some of
the ?last men In his neighborhood, and he
gave the names of all the men of any wealth
or position that he could apparently remem?
ber. He was then asked If they were not the
JKu-Klux, and replied that they were not, eo
for as he .knew or believed. One gentleman,
a farmer named William McKenqa, the pris?
oner said, bad been visited by the Ku-Klux,
and might probably have been forced into the
order lr lt had noe been broken up at just
?bout that time. The court then recalled Mr.
T. Phillips, one of the apartanburg prisoners,
who pleaded guilty yesterday, and elicited
-from bim the etatement that be had heard
-three men in Spartauburg County-Gilbert
Surratt, Preston Goforth and Ross Bay-utter
Borne vague threats against witnesses for tue
government. They had said that their turns
(the witnesses) would come next. This was I
last summer, while the Ku -Klux trials were
going on at Ra'eigh, and referred to the wit?
nesses who hid gone over to North Carolina
to testify. It was said at a public meeting at
Grassy Pond, where William Foster was
making a speech against the Ku-Klux.
The case of Colonel McMaster. counsel for
Dr. Avery, was then taken up. It will be re?
membered that ah order was issued on
Monday requiring Colonel' McMaster to show
cause to-day why he should not be thrown
over the bar for contempt In refusing to give
certain Information regarding his client.
Colonel McMaster's answer was read by Mr.
Ficklin. Tne answer, after reciting the order
served on Colonel McMaster, declared that
according to his memory the only question
asked him was, . -Where is your ?lieut ?" to
which be answered, "I hone the court will ex?
cuse me ?rom answering that question." The
question was repeated and the same reply
again given. He was not aware that he was
asked whether he bad had any communication
with hts client previous io his departure. He
disclaimed any intentional disrespect toward
the court, and declared that as an attorney In
the tftscaarge of bis duty he had never for?
gotten the respect due to the court. He
claimed, however, that there were also some
rights lhat belonged to the bar, and that there
was no requirement on his part to answer the
question propounded. ..If he had known any?
thing as to the whereabouts of bis client lt
could only have been from his client's own
statement, and if he bad received such a com?
munication from his client it would he a breach
of professional confidence for him to have dis?
closed lt. He was ia no sense the custodian of
his client, who had not been admitted to ball
at his request, or as a favor to bim, but as an
act of justice to the prisoner himself, and after
an examination by the court of the recogni?
Mr. Ficklin, in submitting this answer,
eulogized Colonel McMaster as a gentleman of
honor, integrity and virtue; one who had the
confidence, esteem, respect, and. he might
. Bay, love of all who knew him. He was in?
capable of knowingly commiting any act that
would be Improper for a gentleman of honor
and a member of the bar of South Carolina.
Colonel McMaster had been startled at the
magnitude of the charge and of the proposed
infliction. He had been ordered to sbow
cause why be should not be degraded, dis?
graced and rendered infamous for all time, as
far as the Judgment of that court could do lr.
Ur. Ficklin continued with a carefully con?
sidered argument of some length, in support
of his client's answer, and cited a large num?
ber of authorities to sustain his position.
At the co icluslon of Mr. Fioklin's argument
the district-attorney stated that, owing to the
pressure of bis other dulles, he had not been
able to give his attention to the rule against
Colonel McMaster, and, therefore, desired to
be allowed until to-morrow morning to pre?
pare his argument. He thought, however,
that rive rei usai ol Colonel McMaster to an?
swer was a proof of his complicity in the
flight ot Dr. Avery,' and that he had made
himself amenable, by thus assisting to obstruct
the administration of justice, to the fullest
penalty that the court could inflict.
The request of the district-attorney was
granted, and the court adjourned uutll to?
morrow. _ ?_ _PICKET.
ANOTHER SHOCKING OUTRAGE
RICHMOND, January 4.
A negro in Prince Edwards County took by
force from her mother's bouse a respectable
flrl aged thirteen, outraged her and escaped,
be people are In pm suit.
How YOUNO MR. TWEED GOT RICH.-Richard
H. Tweed, Jr., (Tweed's son.) was subjected
to a rigid examination on the 30. h ult., in the
New York Supreme Court, on his proposition
to be one of the bondsmen for his father. He
said the total value of his real estate was about
$1,584,000. He owned none of this property
before last August. He had received Itali from
his father and mother, partly for a consider?
ation and partly for "love and affection." Had
no understanding with his father that the con?
veyance of this property was to enable him to
become bail-In fact there was no understand?
ing at all between him and bis father on the
subject. He went on to say, further, that a
large proportion of this real estate was given
to him with an idea that it would be turned
over to bis mother. It was recorded on the
26th of October. When the deeds were given
to him the father said, "Here, Richard, this is
to make you a rich man." His father was
lessee of the Metropolitan Hotel, and had ad?
vanced the money to flt lt up. Should his
father ask bim to give back all this property
he said he would use his judgment in com?
plying. A recess was then taken until Wed?
THE CITY DEBT.
The Limits of tiie Authority of the Mu?
To the Members of the City Council:
GENTLEMEN-Ia a recent article we sought
to show that the city debt, not ob latory for
want of capacity In Council to contract it,
cannot be enforced by Council, that being an
act of adjudication. Each assessment is a
judgment rendered against each Individual In
Charleston for his proportion of the debt, and
that judgment the Council cannot render, and
the less should be allowed to do so, in that
the debi was contracted by itself, and Us own
authority to contract lt is the point in issue.
But if you undertake to try this question,
we have, at least, the right to ask that you
will try lt. We nave right to the forms adopt?
ed lor the protection o? legal rights-to
notice-to appearance-to trial, and the oppor?
tunity of witnesses and authorities for our de?
fence. Do you propose to do this ? If you do
not, and to show also the authority you have
to sit In judgment, your judgment, In what?
ever form rendered, will be void, your execu
t ion will be a trespass, and each of you Indi?
vidually will be responsible to ns individually
for every act of violence to result (rom the ef?
fort to enforce lt
You cannot dodge that responsibility by as?
suming to act under your power to tax. That
was given to you for the expenjes of govern?
ment. The State itself can use it for no other.
In State vs. Allen, 2 McCord, 56. It attempted
to impose, by way cf tax, a penalty of $10,
000 upon the defendant for the sale of lottery
tickets; InHorlbeck vs. Council, 12 Rich, 128,
in that way to recover the sum charged
against adjacent lot owners fur the expense
of widening a street, and in both failed, upon
the principle that having the political right to
so much only of the property of citizens as ls
necessary lo Its support, the State has the
political power to take so much only by taxa?
tion. To the extent only to which the State Is
itself possessed of thc political power of taxa?
tion can it confer that power on a corporation,
?md to no individual or corporation could it
give the power In that way to enforce the con?
tracts which, as agent, it might Incur.
But if the State could have given you that
power lt has not. If It could have authorized
you as agent of the people, and with their con?
sent, of course-for the State cannot force us
to accept such agent In our private matters
to make the contracts you nave undertaken,
and to tax us for their payment, it has not
done so. It has authorized you'to make the reg?
ulations proper to the peace and order of the
town and to assessments thereto as you may
deem expedient. Clearly, you, at least, have
the taxing power but to the regulations nec?
essary to the peace and order of the town. No
one of you has the simplicity to suppose that |
while you have but the power to make regula
tions respecting certain designated subjects
of municipal government, you wera Intended
to make assessments to any other purpose
you might deem expedient to the private tor
tunes of the people.
Nor ls even that power without limit. Not
only nave you but the power to assess the ex?
penses of your local government, but even
those expenses you can only assess when it ls
expedient. You, yourselves, if yon had made
this debt, could not assess lr, for you have no
power to raise money but by assessment, and
that you have borrowed lt on stock would be
conclusive that it was not expedient to assess,
and that if for governmental i ur pose?, th e refo re
lt was not within the condition upon which
you could assess lt at all. Nor made by your
predecessors, and for the like purposes, could
you assess it, for it would be conclusive then
that; they also did not deem lt expedient to
raise it by assessment, and lt is inconceivable
that you could deem lt expedient to assess
now expenses which were Incurred for objects
of which you are Ignorant, or which you know
to have been unprofitable, and utterly unim?
portant to the city government, and which the
Council then, without the knowledge of re?
sults possessed by you, deemed lt inexpedient
Finally, gentlemen, youghave had enough to
do with that matter, and had better let lt resr.
The officious intermeddling of your predeces?
sors has cost us much, and has, perhaps, in?
volved us further, and from that we would ex?
tricate ourselves, as best we may, without
further impediment from you. You .say the
credit of the city will suffer. Let lt. We
know nothing of so little use or so much to be
deprecated as Its credit. The officers of a city
government, with the power of issuing money
out without the sense of individual interest
inila use, are necessarily, if not worse, the vic?
tims of imposition.
But you Bhrlnk from repudiation ! Be
at rest on that. It is not your debt,
if it be a debt, but ours, and we will
meet that responsibility. Your body without
authority, as we conceive, certainly without
our consent, has undertaken to bind us; that
is all that was ever expected of lt, and that It
has done to the best of its ability, and then Its
office and concern about the matter ends, or
ought to end, and, for ourselves, if there be
odium in resisting the obligation into which
we have not, eitner personally or by procura?
tion entered, we will meet lt.
But creditors will suffer If lt be not paid !
More will suffer if it be. You are singularly
Ignorant of the condition of this town if you
do not know the Bufferings this debt occa?
sions the people. The payment of the tax
imposes the crushing weight of lt upon the
fortunes and prospects of the town. But that
is not the question. It is not for you to act as
special providence. There must be evils, and
this ls one of them, of which you are not the
arbitrator. It ls presumed the court will do
light about the matter, and should that exon?
erate us-lt would be but courtesy to assume
we ought to be exonerated-and becoming In
you at least to be content.
But the debt, you say, ia valid, for that the
Legislature confirmed lr. This debt ls in the
form of certificates of stock to the amount of
$5,350,000, issued without authority, and void,
therefore. All that the Legislature did was to
declare*valld certain subscriptions to railroads.
Such declaration could give no validity to the
contracts of a corporation void for want of
power; but ll it did, it left' the stock where it
was before. That ls not even mentioned, and
there Is, therefore, no pretence of validity to
that from confirmation.
But lt ls valid at least from time or acquies?
cence in it. No debt becomes valid from time.
That discharges, butoaonot create lt, and if it
be claimed that the acquiesence In the
tax gives the right to its continuance,
that is error. The purpose of assessments
bas never been declared. Few knew the
debt was taxed upon them, but If they did
that tax without authority was a wrong, and
the wrong never becomes right by repetition.
That were Infringement upon common right,
which has no authority btu from act of Legis?
lature, or special custom. There is no pre?
tence of legislative authority, never of special
custom. That must have existed from lime
immemoiial, and is not applicable to a corpo?
ration created within the memory of liviog
But, again, we say, that is not the question.
Be lt valid, and lt ls not tor you to adjudicate
and enfo ce it. Whether valid for confirma?
tion or acquiescence ls a question we have the
right to try. You cannot iry lt. It ls a legal
question that is for the courts, and to the
wrong done already you add a greater, when
you undertake either to entertain or to pre?
clude lt. _ TAXPATERS.
NEW YORK ITEMS.
NEW YORK, January 4.
The archives of the old New York board of
aldermen were seized and locked up by Com?
missioner Yan Nort.
A meeting ot the bar will be held to-night,
the object being to secure the removal or
Judges McCunn, Cardozo, Barnard and one
THE WHARTON TRIAL.
ANNAPOLIS, Jantmry 8.
The conclusion of Dr. Warren's direct evi?
dence is that on Wednesday, the day of
Ketchum's death, the symptoms of cerebro
spinal meningitis were present, and not those
of a tartar emetic poison, and thinks the diff?
erent diagnoses ot those diseases proves this.
The increased sensitiveness cf the skin on
that day was a characteristic of meningitis
and not of tartar emetic. Indeed, insensitive?
ness of the skin is a characteristic ot the lat?
ter. This proves to the witness that Eetchum
died of meningitis. This conclusion was from
symptoms alone. The post-mortem went to
show that death did not result from poison,
which had it been present would have been
developed by the irritation of the mucous
THINGS IN COLUMBIA.
A Gala Bay with the Firemen-Rail?
road Matter?-The Water Power
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA., Jauuary 3.
This has been quite a gala day among the
firemen. The quarterly parade of both the
Indepenacut and Palmetto Companies took
place, and both companies turned out with
full ranks, making a creditable display. After
the procession the Independents stationed
their fine steamer on Main street, near the Co
lumbla Hotel, and exhibited its performance
to the satisfaction of the spectators and the
infinite amusement of the pickaninnies. The
Palmettoes expect very soon to be in posses?
sion of their new five-thousand-dollar steamer,
from the Amoskeag works, which has been
completed and Is nearly paid for by a citizens'
The affairs of the Spartanburg and Union
Railroad Company appear to be aoproachlng j
a crisis. I understand that a motion to force
tho company into involuntary bankruptcy has
beim prepared by counsel for the Hon. Joe
Cn?ws, and will be argued before Judge Bryan
as soon as he can spare time enough from the
Kn-Kltx trials to near It, accompanied by a
motion to postpone the sale of the road which
Is now ordered by Judge Rutland.to be made
early next month.
The transfer of the Greenville and Columbia
Road to the South Carolina Railroad Company
appears to be still hanging fire. Kimpton re?
mains In town, ostensibly occupied with the
details of this transfer, and irequently engag?
?e i In long and anxious Interviews with the
State officials on the subject of finances. He
declares that he has long ago submit:?d his
report as financial agent, and that all Ute talk
about Treasurer Parker's inability to report to
the comptroller-general by reason of the non
receipt of his (Krmpton's) report, Is all moon?
shine, and only another instance of the at?
tempts ot the State officials to shift the respon?
sibility ot their acts to other shoulders, lu
w]tlch attempts they seem to be adepts.
. The operations of the Columbia Water
Power Company (the Sprague enterprise) are
being energetically pushed co completion.
The company has now, under the supervision
of Colonel Pearce and Mal or Mahon, a force of
one hundred and sixty laborers engaged In
widening and deepening their canal, besides a
number ot masons, master builders, &c" en?
gaged on the rock and-carpenter work, tt is
now claimed that the canal will be completed,
according to contract, lu three or four weeks
from date, Including three bridges for the con-'
ve ni en ce ot the public, five culverts and new
waste weir and lock gate. PICKET.
LOVELY TIMES IN LOUISIANA.
NEW ORLEANS, January 3.
In the Senate yesterday there was no quo?
rum. In the House, on a motion to declare
the chair vacant, the cry ot "Aye" rang
through the House. Thirty or forty members
rushed towards the chair, but were checked by
a number of persons who mounted the plat?
form from the speaker's private room. Speaker
Carter declared the proceedings revolutionary.
The Warmothltes claim six majority against
Carter on the test question.
NEW ORLEANS, Janury 4.
The excitement In political circles continue.
After the House adjourned yesterday, the War?
mothltes asserted- that Speaker Carter was
surrounded by an armed mob. The men
about fifteen-who suddenly appeared yester?
day on the platform in the rear of the speak?
er's desk, certainly checked the contemplated
movement ot putting Carter out by force. To
guard against the influence of such parties
two hundred Metropolitans were ordered on
duly at the Mechanic's Institute early this
morning, and a detachment of city guards
(military) were said to be stationed lu sup?
porting distance. It is stated that the Carter
ites last night called on General Emory for
troops to be used If the emergency required lt
At six o'clock this morning about two hun?
dred colored troops, with two Gatlin guns,
marched up from the barracks and were sta?
tioned lu the customhouse. The factions,
therefore, were about equally matched as re?
Two carriages drove up to the Statehouse.
The inmates of the vehicles at once walked
Into the Governor's office, and a small knot of
bystanders followed. Warrants were pre?
sented for the arrest ol Governor Warmoth,
Mr. Dewees, General Campbell and a number
of others. The Governor, glancing at the
documents, said to those accused gentlemen,
"You must at once accompany the marshal,"
and turnias: to the deputy asked him If he
was authorized lo take bonds for their ap?
pearance. The marshal replied that he was
not, but be thought there would be no diffi?
culty In procuring their release on proper se?
curity. The Governor was then handed a war?
rant for his own arrest, and informed by the
marshal tl it he was not prepared to lake bim,
but simply requested him to appear when
notified. The Governor replied that ho would
be happy to accompany them if he desired it,
and the marshal replied that such was not his
The House was called to order by Speaker
Carter. An attempt was made to break a
quorum by the Warmothltes retiring, but
was unsuccessful, fitty-three members re?
maining, as appeared by a call of the House.
At this time the utmost excitement prevailed
both Inside and outside the chambers, al?
though unattended with any violent manifes?
- An affidavit was made before the United
States commissioner charging that Warmoth
and others were engaged lu an unlawful com?
bination and conspiracy of a secret character
for the purpose of obstructing and hindering
the execution of the laws, the purpose of the
said conspiracy being to deprive the repre?
sentatives of the General Assembly of their
rights under the laws and constitution; that
the constituted authorities were In jpart unable
and unwilling to protect them. Said parties
have taken violent atftl illegal possession ot
the Hall of the House of Representatives;
have attempted violently to eject the speaker,
and have been engaged in bribing and cor?
rupting the members of the House.
At twenty-five minutes past 12, the Governor
entered the court-room, accompanied by a I
deputy marshal, and was loudly cheered by
those assembled, and cries of uCall the Senate
to order;" "We have a quorum;" "Good for the'
Governor." The Governor looked around, I
and said, "Order, gentlemen." The uproar
subsided and the Governor took a chair. After
consulting with the district attorney, he said
he would accept ball. The parties were then!
released on $500 ball, to appear when cited.
NEWS FROM WASHINGTON.
The "Southern Outrages" Investiga?
tion-Reports of the Committee.
WASHINGTON, January 4.
The Joint select committee of the two houses
on the Investigailon Into the alleged outrages
In the Southern States have virtually com?
pleted their work, and will submit a report to
Congress at an early day. The testimony,
with a single exception, is the most volumi?
nous ever taken by a Congressional commit?
tee, and will make several volumes of closely
printed matter. The verbatum reporting will
cost the government at least ten thousand
dollars. There will be a majority and a minor?
ity report. The report made by that portion
ot the committee detailed roi the purpose on
the debts Incurred by the Soul hem States, and
the rates of taxation there, lo a most Interest?
ing and startling exhibit, for it shows that
these debts have been increased in
the last five years in an aggregate of two
hundred millions of dollars, while taxation
bas Increased In proportion. The majority re?
port will maintain that the Ku-Klux organi?
zation Is a secret armed power existing in
most of the Southern States, but that it is
being gradually broken up by the enforcement
of the Ku-Klux act. The report will recom?
mend no legislation unless it declare that
Congress ought to pass a general amnesty
measure. There is good reason to believe
that ex-Attorney-General Akermau has been
retained by the government as special counsel
to prosecute the Ku-Klux cases in the South
before the Federal Courts.
General Halleck is dangerously 111. The
Secretary of the Treasury and the President
have gone to Philadelphia and will return on
The Haytlen Minister Bassett bas been ca?
bled that it ls the determination ot' the United
Statea to protect the Hornet.
THE PETTICOAT WAR.
Olive Logan Abandoning the Woman
The New York Tribune publishes a letter
from Olive Logan, (Mrs. Wirt Slkee,) in which
she Indignantly repudiates any connection
with the free-love doctrines of the woman's
rights advocates, and clteB her recent mar?
riage as proof of her respect forthat sacred in?
stitution. She adds:
I little dreamed, when I attended the
Woman's Convention, at Steinway Hall, in the
spring of 1869, (the only one I have ever at?
tended) that the utterances of that body
would ever lead up to such monstrous doc?
trines as are now put forth in the names of
the advocates of woman suffrage. Ia the short
speech I made on that occasion, I conjured
my hearers to believe that we sought no con?
flict with the gentle household gods, that we
waged no war on the sweet home virtues, and
much of like purport. I have not "progres?
sed" one inch in this matter since. I still
think a happy home the best thing there Is on
this earth, and I still believe that the old
fashioned marriage is the basis ol it. There?
fore I, like my husband, do not "stand In the
front line of the ultra-progressionists of the
age with regard to marriage."
Meantime, the subject of woman's enfran?
chisement has become so loaded with obnoxi?
ous features that what once seemed a fair pro?
test against the tyranny of taxation without
representation, (the principle lor which our
forefathers fought and died,) Is now becoming
a nuisance to audiences. It ls also" becoming
a nuisance to me; and I have resolved to. con?
fine myself in future to a line of remark which
has don? more toward winning me such fame
and fortune as I possess than anything I have
said about suffrage. Unclean hands have been
laid upon it-let it go. Sufficient for me are
the old-fafhloned themes af a noble life, a
good man's love, frolics with the children, bow
to-mtke home nappy, the flowers on virtue's
window-sill, the follies of Miss Jap?nica, the
vapidities of Mr. Fitz Noodle, the funnlments
of Miss Jerusha, the honest little comedies ol
daily life, and the sweet household pixies.
With tnese themes I am happy and at home,
and with these I am content.' Only let me do.
my work in my own way-let me use my mal-.'
den name as a norn de plume, and don't let
people call md "an ultra progressionist .with
regard to marriage.*
Yours truly, ' OLIVE LOGAN.
On a railroad train, December 28, 1871.
THE ROCHESTER EXCITEMENT.
ROCHESTER, January i.
AU quiet. The people are not allowed to
gather In the vicinity of the jail or the streets
Th? man who knocked a soldier down yes?
terday was sect to the penitentiary to-day for
The negro's victim is reported Improving.
The people of Rochester were not allowed
last night to stop and talk on the streets.
THE OLD WORLD'S NEWS.
Bismarck's note to lie Gei?iau agents Indi?
cates distrust of the Thiers government.
The arms taken from Fraice by Piussla are
being secretly purchased by the International?
The Irishmen at Liverpool made a demon?
stration In favor ot a hom? government for
Ireland. Sullivan, editor , of the Dublin Na?
tion, addressed the meeting.
Two members of Parliament from Liver?
pool, addressing their constituents, advocated
an alliance between Great Britain and the
United States, and praised the treaty. The
Advertiser, alone of the Journals, opposes the
trea'y, declaring that the Enrltsh commission?
ers were outwitted and England bound hand
and foot. War ls preferable to allowing Yan?
kee claims. It appeals to England to withdraw
from a treaty which insults the country.
A church was burnod a^lf-ncaester by
An earthquake ls reported at Sheffield.
The Roumanian Chambers have adopted a
convention which provides lor the settlement
of the Danubian Railway obligations.
Queen Victoria has returned to Windsor.
Four Greek vessels were sunk in the Black
Sea and all hands lost.
Official advices show that the Persian famine
continues, and entire districts are depopula?
ted. The suffering in the cities Is terrible.
A SWEEPING PROPOSITION.
What the Internationals Want In New
At a meeting of the International Working
men's Society, tn New York City, on Sunday,
"Citizen Banks" submitted the following docu?
ment, which was ordered to oe sent to all
sections, and if approved by them to be adopt?
ed and acted upon: "The International work?
ingmen of the city, through their delegate In
the Federal Council, recommend io the citi?
zens of New York City the embodiment of the
fo lowing propositions in the forthcoming city j
charter: That the city shall institute gas works
of their own, and not only supply the streets
but all the buildings In the city with gas at cost.
That the city shall institute coal depots to sup?
ply fuel to its citizens at cost of mining and
transportation. That the city shall Institute
markets where the provisions of the country
may be garnered and dispensed to the
people at cost of purchase, transportation
and distribution. That the city rescind
the charters of the city railroads and ferries,
take possession of and run them in the inter?
est ot the people, at cost. That economical
dwellings be erected by the city upon its own
unimproved lois, to be let to the people at
cost. That the system of contracting public
work shall be abolished where lt can Be done
by the city authorities. That all public officers
shall receive their commissions direct from
the people, while the names of deputies,
clerks and other employees shall be taken from
the Hst of qualified applicants, as Jurors are, by
being draw n from a wheel. That all fee ?nices
shall be abolished, and salaries reduced to
comport to the wageB of working people. That
(to prevent venal legislation) all tax levies
and other Important measures shall be sub?
mitted to the people, and heads of depart?
ments shall publish frequent reports, In detail,
of all receipts and disbursements. That
school houses and town halls shall be free for
the people to convene In to consider subjects
of public wollare, when not otherwise occu?
THE GERMAN EMPIRE.
The establishment of the German Empire
dates from the 18th of January, 1871, and lt is
coDsequeutly they oungest of the great powers
The German Empire Is a confederation of
twenty-five States. It comprises four King?
doms (Prussia, Bavaria, Saxony and Wurtem
burg.) six Grand-duchies, five Duchies, seven
Principalities and three Republics. The lat?
ter, which are usually called the Free Cities,
are Lubeck, Bremen and Hamburg. Besides
these, Alsace and Lorraine, the newly-acquired
territories, are direct dependencies of the Ger?
man Empire, and are administered by a gov?
ernor. It was formerly believed that republics
only were able to lorm a compact federal gov?
ernment, but the successful organization of
the German Empire refutes this argument.
The German Empire ls inhabited by forty
millions or people. With the exception ol
about 1.500,000 of Poles in Eaetern Prussia,
100,000 Danes In Northern Schleswig and about
200,000 French in Alsace and Lorraine, the pop?
ulation constats entirely of Germans. By far
the largest State ls Prussia, which has a popu?
lation of 24,000,000; next comes Bavaria with
4,800,000; Saxony with 2,400,000; and Wurtem?
berg with 1,800,000. The aggregate population
of the other twenty States ls about 5,500,000.
The population of Alsace and Lorraine, accord?
ing to the French census of 1868, is nearly
The German Empire has 9916 geographical
square miles; its area is consequently consid?
erable smaller than that of European Russia,
which has 100,285 square miles, and it ls also
smaller than the Austrian Empire, which em?
braces 10,780 square miles, and it is only a
little larger than France (9588 square miles,)
but considerably larger than Great Britain and
Ireland (5732 square miles,) and Italy with
Rome (5766 square miles.) With regard to
population, European Russia, with nearly 70,
000,00a of people, exceeds the German Empire,
but the latter outranks all the other European
states with regard to the number of lnhabl*
BABON GEROLDS DAUGHTER.
A Diplomatic Rcmance.
George Alfred Townaend writes to the
Chicago Tribune the following gossip about
the seclusion of Baron Gerolt's daughter, In a
convent at Georgetown, D. C. He says :
One of the romances of Washington City
was recently enacted in the diplomatic corps.
For nearly thirty years Baron Gerolt served
the Interests ot Prussia at Washington
City, and he lived long enough to rear native
born American children under the shadow
of our capitol, one of whom married
Hr. Bangabe, the Greek minister.' Gerolt
owed , his appointment to this country to
Baron Humboldt, who had been entertained
by him while charge in Mexico, and who
recommended him to the King of Prussia.
Gerolt was an affable, Republican sort of a
man In society, fond of the American people,
and his social associates were men like
Charles Sumner and others who Inclined him
toward the Federal side In the war of the re- j
hellion. He probably got considerable credit
for original principle during the war, when he
was really subordinate to acquaintances of
stronger will, who Impressed the claims of the
North upon him. It ls charged that at home
he was somewhat tyrannical with his family, as
is the German custom, and that he and his wife
wished to assert too much authority over their
children, who had inhaled the breath of the
western hemisphere. Whatever the interior
side ot his Hie might have been, Gerolt ls
remembered enthusiastically by some of the
best people in Washington, Republicans and
Democrats alike. He resides at Linz, near
Bonn, lu Rhenish Prussia, and ls permanently
out of the diplomatic service of North Ger?
The Gerolts, although Prussians, are Catho?
lics, and the girls were strictly brought up un?
der the tuition of the Sisters at Georgetown.
Bertha, the youngest daughter of the Baron,
now twenty-three years of age, and a very
rich and handsome type of the young Ger?
man girl, fell In love three or four years ago
with her father's secretary of legation, a tail,
handsome, dashing, and somewhat reckless
Prussian, and a connection or relative of
Bismarck. This young secretary belonged to
a fine old Brandenburg Protestant family,
which had decided notions against forming
Catholic alliances. The young gentleman would
have fairen heir, In time, to large estates
in North Prussia, but th'?se were in some
manner, as lt is staled, made conditional upon '
bis keeping up the ancestral Lutheran faith.
This young Prussian chap you may recol?
lect aa being the adversary of one of our min?
isters, Lawrence, of Central America, some
two or three years ago, when the two met on
what is called the field of honor, exchanged
shots, and then patched up the fight without
bloodshed. He paid court to Bertha Gerolt,
and she was intensely- enamored of him. in
order lo make the nupiiala easy on both eldee,
Geroit applied to the Catholic Church authori?
ties for an indulgence, or something warrant?
ing the marriage of this hereditary Protestant
with his Catholic daughter; but as lt was speci?
fied that the children issuing from such mar?
riage were to be brought up Protestants, the |
Roman dignitaries refused.
Gerolt, who appears sincerely to have wish?
ed to please his child, bad also Intentions
upon the Pope; but, while these ecclesiastical
efforts were being made, the domestic corres?
pondence between the secretary and bia
mother in Germany, and some ensuing letters
from Madame Gerolt to the other family,
growing warmer and more indignant from
time to time, had the effect of.rackiog the
poor girl's feelings, and. in the end, the hand?
some Prussian went off home. This Is the
end to the matter up to the present. Bertha
Gerolt refused to accompany either her father
or mother to Germany, and has retired to the
Georgetown Convent, where, some say, she
will take the last veil; and others, that she will
repent after awhile and reappear in the world.
Opinion ls divided In this city as to why
Gerolt was remanded to his own country.
Some say he suffered certain Indignities at the
hands of our State Department. Others al?
lege that bo was Inefficient, particularly about
the time that American arms were shipped to
France to be used against the Prussians. It ls
said that, on that occasion, Bismarck asked
Mr. Bancrolt why our government permitted
such things; and Bancroft, to make lt easy for
himself, retorted that there was Baron Gerolt,
lo Washington, and, lt he had been attend?
ing to lils business, the arms would
have been detained. Others say' that
Catacazy drew Gerolt into an Intrigue,
and got him to work against the late
treaty which we made about the Alabama
claims. Whatever the facts the Baron baa
gone for good, and bis admirers here are pre?
paring to forward bim an elaborate service of
sliver, to show that what he did tor the coun?
try In Its crisis is remembered at least by Its
[All such gossip as the above should be
taken with due allowance. There may be
some fact mixed with much fiction in the
?'WORN- OUT WITH FIOORE9."-The suicide
of a clerk In the Bank of New York occurred
recently. The name of the deceased was Ru?
fus Ripley, aged twenty-three. He had been
employed for several years in the bank as
bookkeeper In the gold department. He had
suffered at Intervals from neuralgia In the
head, which caused the moat Intense pain, and
at times unfitted him for business. He left a
letter In which he said : "I am worn out with
headaches and figures, and I am going to my
long rest. I have made the last posting In the
ledger of Ute, and now lam going to 'tick off.'
Good by ! God blets you !" The bank officers
state that the accounts of the deceased are
correct. _ _ _'
THE WEATHER THIS DAY.
WASHINGTON, D. C., January i.
The barometer will probably continue rising
on Friday throughout the Atlantic States and
on the lower lakes, with partially cloudy and
clear weatber and tailing temperature; north?
westerly winds in the Middle and Eastern
atates. and north and northeast winds on the
South Atlantic and Gulf coasts. Dangerous
winds are not anticipated for the Atlantic
Yesterday'? Weather Reports Of the
Signal Service, U. S. A.-4.4T P. M.,
Key West, Fla..
NOTE.-The weatber resort dated 7.47O'CLOCK,
this morning, will be posted In the rooms of the
Clamber of commerce at io o'clock A. M., and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
courtesy of the Chamber) be examined by ship?
masters at any time darius; the dar
WE LITE AND LEARN, DYE AND
THU! SO?XIIKK-1 DYE HODSR,
NO. 359 UNO STREET,
Dyes and Cleans, by means of steam, Gentle?
men's, Ladies' and Children's Otothes. Fuie
Laces and Lace Curtains cleaned and dont
up with the Soft or Manufacturers' Finish; Lace
and Crape Shawls and Kid GI?ves Cleaned and
49? Goods received and returned by Expresa,
Juuaa-lyr L BILLER, Proprietor.
fi&TRE RELATIVES AND FRIENDS
or ISAAC v. OASKJNS, and the Members cf
Salem Baptist church, are invited to attend the
Funeral Services or tte ronner, at the residence or j
W. T. Leitch, No. 8 Pitt street, TH? AITKBKOON,
at 3 o'clock. . . ? ' . . jan5
ACADEMY OF MUSIC DRAWING
Club List*, on the following plans, are now open
for members to Join:
1. -Small and Large Clubs to divide equally.
1 Each member selects his own Ticket and de?
posits it with the Treasurer or the. Club. One
half of any Prize drawn by a Ticket to be given
to the member who chose lt; the other half to be
owned by club.
2. Clubs appropriating three-rourths and nine .
tenths on the same principie.
The best plan to secure something In the BUT?
LER, CHADWICK A GART DRAWING, ls to put
hair the amount invested in single tickets, and
half in Clubs of sixty-two. There ls one prize
In every sixty-two tickets.
Any smaller Clubs formed that wish to increase
the sise of ci nb, caa do so by applying to me,
who will add them to smaller Clubs now formed.
Apply to EBEN COFFIN, Sab-Agent,
Office, E. M. Moreland, No. 29 Broad Street.
^BANK OP CHARLESTON,
CHARLESTON, JANUARY 4, 1872.-This Bank
has resumed business as a Banking Corporation.
OFFICE LIFE ASSOCIATION OF
AMERICA , ST. LOUIS, DECEMBER 28,1871.-An
Election for Directora of the Life Association of i
America will be held at the office of the Associa?
tion, In the City of St. Louis, Mo., on the80th day
Ol January, 1872.
Polls open rr tm ll A. M. to 3 P. M. *
. jan5-rtu8 WM. HANLEY;Secretary.
$S~ FRESH VACCINE MATTER, JUST J
taken from the Arm, kept constantly on hand at |
BURNHAM'S Drug Store. jans-?
OFFICE OF THE CITY APPRAIS?
ER, CITY HALL, CHARLESTON, S. C., JANUARY
l, 1872.-NOTICE.-This office win be opened from
this date, and remain open until the 20th instant,
for Issuing Licenses for the year 1872.
WM. H. EASTERBY, '
jan l-l s City Appraiser.
/BT THE CHARLESTON OHARITA
BLE ASSOCIATION, FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE j
F?ES SCHOOL FUND,-OFFIOAL RAFFLED
CLASS NO. 281-EVXNIKQ.
13- 9-23- 5 -37-26 -71-24-57-33 -76-*4
As wit a ess oar hand at charleston this 4th day
or January, 1872. FENN PECK,
oct8 Sworn Commissioners.
fi&* CITIZENS' SAVINGS BANK OF
SOUTH CAROLINA - CHARLESTON BRANCH,
No. 8 BROAD STREET-All moneys deposited in
this Bank on or before the fifth day or each calen?
dar month will bear interest (six per cent.) for
that menth, as If deposited on tbe 1st
D. RAVENEL, Jr.,
/BT UNION BANK OF SOUTH CARO?
LINA, CHARLESTON, 29th DEOEMBER 1871.
DIVIDEND.-A SEMI-ANNUAL DIVIDEND OF
FOUR PER CENT, free from tax, having been
desjfered by the Board of Directors, the same will
be paid to Stockholders ou and alter TUESDAY,
2d day of January next.
dec30-B_H. D. ALEXANDER, Cashier.
CITIZENS' SAVINGS DANK OF
SOUTH CAROLINA-CHARLESTON BRANCH,
No. 8 BROAD STREET.-On and after THURSDAY,
18th January, 1872, the regular semi-annual Utter?
est will be paid to depositors.
All interest not paid on the3lst day ol January
will be added to the principal or the depositor,1
and will draw interest as ir deposited on the lat j
1 January. Depositors are requested to bring in ]
their books, that the interest may be entered,
interest ls compounded quarterly, but payable ai
heretofore m January and Joly.
D. RAYEKEL, Jr.,
/ar NOTICE.-THREE MONTHS
arter date application will be made to the City
Connell or Charleston for a RENEWAL OF OER. j
'CIFICATE No. 174, period 84, for $10,170, dated
?ttth October, 1867, of city 6 per oent. stock, issued
to the Trustees Shina's Dispensary, and the origi?
nal of which is lost or destroyed.
ON MARBIA G E. -?B\
Happy relier for Young Men from the effects
of Errors and Abases in early ure. Manhood re?
stored. Nervous debility cored. Impediments
to Marriage removed. New method or treat?
ment. New and remarkable remedies. Books
and circulars sent free, In sealed envelopes. Ad?
dress HOWARD ASSOCIATION. No. 2 South
Ninth street Philadelphia. Pa._ootl2
/?t-BATOHELOB'S HALB DYE.-THIS
SUPERB HATE, DYE ls the best in the waria-per?
fectly harmless, reliable and instantaneous. No
disappointment. No ridiculous tints or unpleas?
ant odor. The genuine W. A. BATCHELOR'S BAIR
DYE produces IMMEDIATELY a splendid Black
or Natural Brown. Does not stain the skin, bnt
leaves the hair clean, soft and beautiful. The
only Safe and Perfect Dye. Sold by all Drug?
gists. Factory No. ie Bond street Kow York.
WHEELER & WILSON,
THE MOST POPUTiAH
FAMILY SEWING MINE.
Between six and seven hundred thousand now
in nse. fa the most simple, rons easier, and makes
lesa nolsa than any other first-class Lock Stitch
Machine. Does all kinds of work ns u ai ly done by
hand. Bas better attachments for Hemming,
Frilling, Tucking, Cording, Quilting, Gathering,
Ac, than any other Machine. These Machines
are now offered for sale in this city on the LEASE
PLAN, at Ten Donara per month until paid for.
Thorough instruction given, and satisfaction
guaranteed in au cases. Old Machines repaired
and adjusted by a competent machinist. A few
live men can find regular and profitable employ?
ment either on salary or commission, by applying
Parlor and salesroom No. 209 KING STREET.
W. G. BRUCE, Agent
WHYTE A HARRAL, General Agents, dec 18
F. F. SEWING MACHINE
has not yet become such a drag In the market as
to require to be hawked through the streets or
left at the residences against the wishes of the oc?
cupants. But my sales Have not diminished, nor'
has the reputation of these Machines suffered by
Call and see them and you wUl be convinced o
D. B. HASELTON,
dec20-imo No. 307 KING STREET.
THE SALE. OF TICKETS FOB THE
South Carolina Laad and immigration Gift Con?
certs win close on SATURDAY, the eth instant, at
? o'clock P. M.
?CTLEB, CHADWICK, GABY Sc CO.
J an 6-3
?tf CON SIGNE E NOTICE.-THB
Schooner J. H. STICKNEY, from Baltimore, ls dis-.
charging her cargo at Kerr's wharf. Goods re>
main lng" on the dock at sunset will be store i at
risk and expense of owners. .? ? '
lan3 ' ' STREET BROTHERS A 00., Agenta.' .
BAFFLE.-A BEAUTIFUL SET
of TOY FURNITURE to be Baffled at MCLHAN'S
Stores. Kos. 844 and 443 Slug street. Everybody
that sees lt wants lt, especially ?tose who hare a
lttleglrltoglveltto. . j wt*
BANK,OF SOUTH CAROUNA CHARLESTON
DECEMBER 80TH, 1871 .-A DIVIDEND OF FOUR*
PER CENT, upon the capital Steck of this Bank
will be paid to Stockholders on and after Sd prox?
imo, exclusive of government tax.
WILLIAM E. HASKELL,
?S* SOUTH GASOLINA LOAN AND
TRUST COMPANY-SAVINGS DEPARTMENT.
Depositors are requested to leeve their Books to
be cr edited with the January Quarterly Interest, ?
doe m'proximo. - AllDeposits made on or berore
the 20th January will bear hatereat from the 1st of
January/' ' rio . rio ; & f??3v?a?f
Interest Six Per Cent., compannded Quarterly.
dec22-fmwl2 F. A MITCHELL, Cashier.
?&- SPECIAL NOTICE.-DR. GEORGE
S. PELZER, Residence No. 48 Cannon street. Of?
fice at BURNHAM1^ Drug S'.ore, Ring, near Cal
nonn street- ''. ?' : " - ;: I " jani*mwf3 ^
?S-ClTY HALL, OFFICE GLEBKT.OF
COUNCIL, CHARLESTON, 5. C., DECEMBER 2?,
1971.-Estimates wfllbe received at this office uaw
the 6ih or Jannarr, IST2, at li M., for the build lng
or ? PLANK ROAD" on King street, irom Shep?
herd street to City Boundary. . same to be made
per running foot, according to the plans And
specifications in the City Engineer's office/ H ..
:. Estimates to be directed to Committee on Con?
tracts. W. W. SIMONS, , .. h
decaro , oierkofOonnciL. ?
/WrSCREVEN- HOUSE.-NOTICE TO
PARTIES INTE RESTED.-.Major JOHN W. OAK
EROS has consented to conduct,'and ls duly ap?
pointed Manager of the SOREVEN HOUSE. ... . ^
docM-lmo /.. ? B.BRADLEY..
^NATURE'S OWN REMEDY.-CER?
TAIN CURE FOB HEADACHE, Dyspepsia,' DIS
.ates ot the Kidneys, AC-SARATOGA PAVIL?
ION SPRING WATER;: Try lt i For sale br au
Druggists._.,, ' decia-amo
gefregtinucht Saloons. ^
rjlHfi MERCHANTS' EXCHTNGE
CORNER OF EAST BAY AND UNITY ALLEY. :
NEW BARROOM AND RESTAURANT.
HOT AND COLD LUNCHES EVERY DAT FROM
10.30 TO 1 O'CLOCK. ~?
. ? . . t ill 1
WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS.
. HOT AND COLD DRINKS.
H. H. BADEN HOP, El
Janl-6 Corner East Bay and Unity Altey. .
"~NEW ANlf CHEAP
D RESS GOODS.
J. R. READ,
No. a63 KING STREET,
Rea pee tfully announces that he has Just receiv?
ed a CHOICE LOT OF DRESS GOODS, to whick
he invites attention.
COBURGS AND POPLINS, ^
At as cents a yard, worth 35 cents.
STRIPED AND PLAID DRESS GOODS,
At as and as cents per yard, worth 37 I-A.
This Day Received,
ALL-WOOL SERGES, MERINOS,
WOOL.VELOURS, POPLIN MOHAIRS,
And other DESIRABLE DRESS GOODS, at 45c,
75 , and $i per yard.
RICH BLACK 8ILK8.
COLORED SILKS, IRISH POPLINS.
BLACK DRESS GOODS, in great variety.
SEPT VELOURS, for Trimming?, both in Black,
White and Colors.
_J. R. READ.
CLOAKS! CLOAKS !
NEW BLACK CLOTH CLOAKS,
Received per late Steamers,
STYLISH AND CHEAP.
I have now the LARGEST AND BEST ASSORT?
ED STOCK OF CLOAKS, SACQUES, JACKETS,
Ac, to be found in the city, all or which will be
sold at LOW PRICES, for CASH.
_J. R. READ.
HOSIERY! GLOVES !
RIBBONS, FANCY NECKTIES,
Table Damasts, (very superior.)
Fine Towels, Napkins, Linens,
Black sut Parasols, (new.)
GENTLEMEN'S SCARFS !
FINE HAIR BRUSHES, COMBS,
Lubln's Extracts, French Pomade.
?LACK DRE88 TRIMMING*!
VELVET RIBBONS, BUTTONS, Ac, ?c.
OOt27-mWfSmol Wo. ?63 KINO ST".