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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1883.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 18, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A
THE FINANCIAL JUGGLE.
BING TACTICS-THE KEW WAT TO PAT
Details of the Project-A Discrimina?
tion Proposed In Favor of the New
Bonds-Who Air. Wesley is-Nearly
all the New York Stock-jobbers in Fa?
vor of the Plan-What Governor Scott
Said-The Legislation Needed to Carry
ont the Arrangement-Scenes at the
Election of Ju iges, ?tc, &c.
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, S. C., January 18.
The Assembly to-day held its joint session
and determined the composition of the Judi?
ciary of this State for the next four years by
the election of eight circuit judges and one as?
sociate justice of the Supreme Court. At pre?
cisely one o'clock the officers and members of
?he Senate filed into the chamber of the
House and took: the first row of seats, which
?had been vacated for the purpose. The chair
was taken by Lieuttn? nt-Governor Bansler as
the ranking officer, who announced that five
minutes and no more would be allowed to
?esjfh member who rose to nominate or second
the nomination of a candidate, and under the
-operation of this law of self-protection the
proceedings went very smoothly along for
about an hour,- and until the nomination for
the second Judicial circuit was made. Then C.
D. Hayne put in Domination Mr. John J. Ma?
lier, and Jones, of Georgetown, rising to sec?
ond lt, began a furious attack on the present
incumbent, Judge Charles B. Farmer, saying,
- among other things, that be had refused
to be sworn in by the Supreme Court
-because there was a colored man upon
the bench. He was cut short by the pr?si?
dent under the five minutes' rule, but, like Ban
quo'a ghost he "would not down athis bid?
ding." He kept jumping up and chattering
away with much volubility and virulence,
while Mobley, Jamison, Holmes, Byas and
half a dozen others were also on their feet,
-and vociferously shouting for the .president.
That officer was vigorously hammering the
desk, and evidently wishing he were safely
back in the comparative peace and quiet of j
the Senate chamber. General Moses looked
-on as a disinterested spectator, but with an
expression that seemed to say, "Well Mr.
Bansler. how do you like my little bear gar?
den? Wouldn't you like me to put the curb
on some of these fellows ?'' Mobley, very
plainly and very Impudently, told the presl
. dent that be was not in the Senate chamber
then, and tbat they proposed to have their
way, and he concluded with the apalliog pro?
position that each member should be allowed
fifteen minutes to speak upon each nomina?
tion, but this was opposed by Mr. Corbin and
waf voted down. Finally the president man
- aged to restore some degree of order, and
the election proceeded quietly enough with
"the following results:
ASSOCIATE JUSTICE SUPREME COURT.
Johnston nominated A. J. Willard; McIntyre;
.nominated George S. Bryan.
Whole number of votes.130
Necessary to a choice. 06
A. J. willard receive ?.m
' George S. Bryan tecelved. 3
JUDGE FIRST CIRCUIT.
Jamison Dominated B. F. Graham. _
Whole number of votes.........."!.1ST
Necessary to a oholce.60
R. F- Graham received.134
JUDGE SECOND CIRCUIT.
C. D. Hayne nominated John J. Maher;
?Holmes nominated Charles B. Farmer; Smalls
-nominated William F. Colcock.
Whole number of votes.13B
Necessary to a choice.70
John J. Maher received.107
William F. Colcock received.?** 16
Charles B. Farmer received.13
JUDGE THIRD CIRCUIT.
Swalls nominated John T. Green.
Wnole number of votes cast.125
Necessary to a choice.63
John T. Green received.125
JUDGE FOURTH CIRCUIT.
Maxwell nominated Charles P. Townsend;
Crittenden nominated Henry Mciver; Keith
? no-fainated B. W. Edwards.
Whole number of votes.131
Necessary to a choice.66
Charles P. Townsend received.97
Henry Mciver received.22
B. W. Edwards received.12
JUrME FIFTH CIRCUIT.
Nash nominated Samuel W. Melton.
Whole number of votes.123
Necessary to a choice.62
Samuel w. Melton received.123
JUDGE SIXTH CIRCUIT.
Clinton nominated Thomas J. Mackey ;
'White nominated Isaac D. Witherspoon.
Whole number or votes.120
Necessary to a choice.61
Thomas J. Mackey received.74
Isaac D. wi mers pc on received.46
JUDGE SEVENTH CIRCUIT.
Hurley nominated Montgomery Mo3es;
?Crews nominated William E. Earle.
whole number of votes.24
Necessary to a choice.63
Montgomery Moses received.98
William E. Earle received.M.26
JUDGE EIGHTH CIRCUIT.
E. Cain nominated James L. Orr.
Whole number of votes.107
Necessary to a choice.64
James L. Orr receive J.107
Some further Information has transpired
-relative to the recent visit to Columbia of Mr.
Wesley, of the Union Trust Company, New
York, and his proposals in reference to the
?funding of the State debt. It appears that Mr.
Wesley (who was at one time a partner with
tte late Mr. Henry J. Raymond in the propri?
etorship of the New York Times, and is now a
financier of considerable reputation, and a di?
rector of the Union Trust Company,) came
here more In the Interest of himself and a
number of other New York stock-jobbers, with
-whom he had been in consultation, than of
.the Trust Company, and his project is intend?
ed, aa h J says, mainly for the benefit and pro?
tection of the bondholders. The proposition
was not, as I had been Informed, to include
the whole debt of the State In the fifty per
cent, funding measure, but only those bonds
issued sluce 1368. The ante-war debt and
the bonds of Governor Orr's administra?
tion standing much higher lu the mar?
ket than the new bonds, he proposes
to discriminate in their favor and scale
them at seventy-five cents on the dol?
lar, while he would only redeem the new
?ones at fifty per cent, reduction. Mr. Wesley
Came here alter fui! y maturing this plan in New
York, and claims to have secured the endorse?
ment of every bondholder in New York,
with the single exception of Messrs. Mor?
ton & Bliss. He unfolded the project to
-Colonel Palmer and Colonel Childs, the
presidents respectively of the Central and
Carolina National Banks here, and had sev?
eral full and extended conversations with
them and other gentlemen. These gentle?
men approved of Mr. Wesley's scheme, and
arranged for an interview with the Governor
upon the subject. This Interview was had by
Mr. Wesley, and the Governor very readily
acquiesced, suggesting, however, that he con?
stituted only one branch of the government,
and that there might be some difficulty In
passing the requisite legislation. Upon
this Mr. Wesley left for New York,
via Charleston, and promised to have a bill
drawn up by able counsel for presentation to
the Assembly, which he ls confident will ac?
complish the desired reault. It will, of course,
be necessary, In order to secure confidence in
the new bonds, to prevent future Legislatures
from issuing more bonds, and it is Mr. Wes?
ley's intention to draft a bill similar lu sub?
stance to one passed In New York some years
ago, which will require future issues of bonds
to be dependent upon a direct majority vote
of the people of l he whole State at a general
or special election held for that purpose.
THE PROCEEDINGS OF YESTERDAY.
A Dall Day-TUe Proposed Jitw Court
for Charleston County.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, ?..nuary 19.
The proceedings in both Houses to-day was
tame and unimportant. In the House, Hunter
introduced a bill lo establish a Superior Court
In Charleston with original Jurisdiction lu all j
civil cases up to five hundred dollars, and In
criminal cases, less than capital. The bill also
abolishes the City Court, and deprives the
members of the City Council of Charleston ot
all judicial and magisterial functions.
WASHINGTON, January 19.
The supervising steamboat inspectors to?
day approved three steam gauges, Ashcroft's,
of Boston, Greenwood's, of Cincinnati and Da- J
VIB'S, of New York.
The lollowlng extracts (rom the forthcom?
ing January report of the agricultural depart
m?nt will be read with interest: The depart?
ment ls now receiving, principally for distri?
bution to the South In liberal portions tor ex?
perimental purposes, Improved varieties of ]
field and sugar corn, field and garden peas
and beans, Italian rye, grass, bromus, Schro
del and Lucerne mongrel wurzel and sugar
beet, cabbage and onion seed. It will also
receive during this month fresh seeds of the
ramie and jute plants, the latter of which can?
not be grown successfully north of Tennessee.
Oats and barley of approved varieties
have been ordered from Scotland and Germany,
and will be distributed in ample time for
spring Eowlog. A choice variety of white
spring wheat, grown In Oregon, from seed
Imported from Australia, bas just been dis?
tributed to I he North western?State3 and Terri?
tories. As there is much inquiry in the South?
ern States for seed of the Japan clover, lt ls
deemed proner to republish, from the annual
report for 1869, the following opinion by the
department ol the garden and grounds ot the
department: "Lespedeza Striata, the Japan
bush clover, ls a leguminous plant thal has
lately attracted some attention In the Southern
Stales as a forage plant. It ls poorly adapted
to any such use, and not by any means worthy
of recognition by the cultivator. It is a low',
hard-wooded annual, spreading freely on
sandy and poor solis, with very small and
In the House there was a discussion on al?
lowing Edwards, of Arkansas, further time to
take testimony. Schofield's commit Iee will
decide to-day whether and when lt will go to
The bill for funding the debt ol the City of
Washington was passed. _
Carte proocmea a bin leimour?lng Texas
Tor dlsbursrnents for frontier defence.
There was no session In the Senate.
There was a lull Cabinet, but only routine
business was transacted.
Greeley declines to sign the call for a Repub?
lican National Convention. He wants to be
Independent. _ _
DEATH OP A WELL-KNOW.< COLORED MAN.
Dudley Talley, well known to all the old citi?
zens of Greenville City and County, died at
his residence in Greenville on Saturday morn?
ing, 6tb Instant, aged seventy-three. He was
Et remarkable negro in many respects. When
a Bia ve, belonging to the late Captain D. Long,
he earned for himself near eight hundred dol?
lars; he bought the freedom of his son for
(800. The son unfortunately died soon after.
Be remained a slave till after his master's
death. Having accumulated some $150 prior to
the sale ot Captain Long's personal property,
several years before tho war, he requested a j
gentleman, In whom he had confidence, to buy
him at the sale and give him his liberty,
and that he would repay the Bum, which was
?650. This was done. True to his wbrd, he,
by little and little, added to the $150, and
extinguished the debt. He a'so accumulated
sufficient to buy a bouse and lot, and died
owning real estate of considerable value.
Dudley was respected for his Industry, honesty
and native good sense. He wa9 a moral and
religious man, having been for many years an
active .member of the church (Baptist.) He
was attached to his friends, white and black.
He had a great regard for Rev. Dr. Williams,
of the Theological Seminsry at this place, and
had expressed the wish that he should preach
hlB funeral sermon. This Dr. Williams did on
Sunday, 7th instant, in the colored Baptist
Church, before a large congregation, among
whom were some of our most respectable
white citizens.-Greenville Enterprise.
PATINO TAXES IX CHESTER.-The office of |
the coauty treasurer was thronged on Satur?
day and Monday last with an eager crowd
availing themselves of the last days ol grace
to eave the twenty per cent, penalty. Many
vere the bitter remarks made by the honest
and Industrious people who were called on lo
rob themselves that the riog of robbers in Co?
lumbia may live. There being no help for lt,
though, they bore the imposition good humor
edly, and parted with their hard earned
greenbacks with all that cheerfulness
with which brave and sensible men are
wont to endure the unavoidable Ills
of Ute. The whole taxes of Chester County
State, county and poll taxes-assessed by the
auditor last lall, amounted to a little over
forty-nine thousand dollars. Of this amount
the couDty treasurer has collected over forty
six thousand dollars. Ot the Hirer jousand
dollars uncollected, at least one thibaud dol?
lars is tax on colored polls. We doubt ll any
county in the State can show a cleaner record
than this, or a more ready compliance with
the iniquitous demands ol our thieving gov?
ernment.- Cliester Reporter.
TUE BIG MEN OP PATAGONIA.-It is a little
curious that In the modern rage for explora?
tion Into the unknown pans Oi the world, so
little has been learned concerning that land of I
amazons and ot men of Incredible stature and
large feet-Patanoola. At last, however, a
traveller has penetrated the land ot romance- j
one Captain G. C. Musters, of the royal navy
who has written a book concerning the un?
trodden ground between the Straits ot Magel?
lan and the Rio Negro. He confirms what
has been stated so uniformly concerning the I
extraordinary stature of the Patagonians, and
also states, contrary to the received opinion
that they develop their legs at the ex?
pense of their arms, that the muscular
development of the arms and chests
is in all particularly sulking, and as a
rule they ore well proportioned throughout.
They are, however, great walkers, and their
powers of abstaining from food while travel?
ling ls wonderful, as lt Is not unusual for them
to go two and even three days without a
mouthful of anything but wild bolt. They are
polygamists, but do not generally go beyond
iwo* wives. In religion they salute the new
moon with respectful words, and believe lu a
great and good spirit, who, according to tra?
dition, created the Indians and animals, and
dispersed them from "God's hill;" but they
have no Idols or objects of worship. They
have, however, wizard doctors, whose busi?
ness 1. is to propitiate or drive away the prin?
cipal evil spirit known as the Gualich?. The Pat?
agonians, or "Tehuelches," do not exceed
fifteen hundred men, women and children,
and are rapidly decreasing through the rava?
ges of disease and or liquor, which the traders
bring Into the settlements.
OUR STAPLE ABROAD.
A REVIEW OF TUE BRITISH COTTON
TRADE FOR 1871.
English Predictions as to the Future
Course of Prices.
Messr?. Smith, Edwards & Co., Liverpool,
in tbelr annual circular, make the following
remarks on the cotton trade of Great Britain
We may remark, further, that the home
trade department, has been much better than
the India and China department. Much of
the strength ol Manchester has arisen from
the excellent home demand, caused by the
high wages and good employmeut prevailing
all over the kingdom, and this department
still keeps healthy; but the news from the
Eastern markets Das been extremely dis?
appointing for many months, the goods
shipped early in the year, when colton
was second to third lower than it is now,
are barely covering cost; and the great
rise that has taken place generally in cotton
values on this side has not met the faintest re?
sponse in the East, and, indeed, the China
markets are much lower now than at the be?
ginning of the year, with every sign of being
at last fairly overdone. If we were to looa
merely at the Eastern trade, it would be Im?
possible to understand the strength of Man?
chester, for in former years it was lhat depart?
ment that gave tone to the whole market; but
of late the home and nearer markets have rel?
atively increased in Importance, and that to
such an extent as to overshadow somewhat
the Eastern demand. It would be unwise,
however, to forget that this Important element
of strength fs wanting lu Manchester at pres?
ent, and, speaking generally, we rather fear
that the trade doing nf late l's somewhat forced
in its character, and is based more upon
the expected scarcity and dearness of the raw
material than upon real consumptive require?
The consumption of Great Britain has In?
creased in a remarkable manoer during the
past year; the deliveries show the very large
average of 62,000 bales, against 54,000 bales
last year, but no doubt the trade bold much
larger stocks, allowing them a surplus of 100,
000 bales, the consumption of the year must
have been 60,000 bales per week, of which no
less than 35,000 were American cotton.
This ls an unexampled Increase of one year
over another, considering thr.t last year was
one of full consumption, no short time being
worked. Undoubtedly a large addition has
been made to the machine power of England
the past year. The late factory returns con- j
firm this, and from these returns, and private
inquiries made, we incline to the belief that
the consuming power of Great Britain has In?
creased ten to fifteen per cent, in the last two
years, and we would now put the full consum?
ing capacity, with cheap cotton and profitable
trade, at 62,000 bales per week, including
35,000 bales of American cotton, but we should
say, with dear cotton and unprofitable trade,
58,000 bales would be a sufficient estimate.
It ls surprising how this Increase of spindle
power has been gained, considering that no
great addition has been made to the mills In
the past two years-perhaps not many more
have been built than those burned down; lt
would seem that much unappropriated space
previously existed In the mills, which has DOW
been filled with machinery, and also much
old and useless metal has been replaced with
new. The demand for machinery is still
atroDg, and the makers are deeply uuder con?
tract, and, therefore, we conclude that the
consuming power will Increase further dur?
ing the coming year, though we believe most
ol' the addition will be for fine spinning,
which does not involve a large consumption
ot cotton. Besides the general tendency of
the trade is to produce higher numbers, and,
therefore, we do not expecr that the delive?
ries will be so large as last year. Probably
if cotton keeps dear, they may be considera-1
bly less, and this will oe more apparent if
spinners part with the large slocks they now
hold. As already observed, (he consumption
will depend very much upon the price of cot
ton-?iwi moi.riiiii-u. thnr tho difference be?
tween 8d. and lOd., as an ir?^r ?.O^
wou^d imply a difference ot at least 4000 bales
per week in the amount spun up.
In treating of the prospects of our market for
ihe coming year, we are happy to be relieved
from the necessity of discussing the state of |
foreign politics. For many years we have
either had great wars to disturb the course oi
trade, or heavy thunder-clouds on the horizon
which a trill mg Incident might at any moment
cause to explode. We believe lhat both
Europe and America have now attained a de?
gree of stable equilibrium unknown In this gen
sratlon, and wu look hopefully forward to a
long period ot peace-admitting, nevertheless,
that no mJUenlum is possible while millions ot
men are trained to the art of war.
We can, therefore, deal with the question ol
future price exclusively on the ground of sup?
ply and demand. The circumstances uHder
which we open the year are just the reverse of |
those that prevailed a twelvemonth ago. We
then expected an enormous crop In America,
now we expect a small one; the world was then
very bare of both cotton and goods, now we
hold fair stocks of cotton, and the large pro?
duction of the past year has fuliy supplied the
markets wilh goods; prices were then nearly
2d. per lb lower than they are now, and yet
tending rapidly downwards, now they are sup?
ported wltn great firmness at the high eleva?
tion, and till the last few days the feeling was
strongly io favor of a further advance; at this
lime last year the future was discounted with
a high degree ol caution, now lt ls looked at
through ihe medium ol'sanguine expectation.
We think in these facts which we have enu?
merated will be found reason for Inculcating
extra prudence lu forecasting the future.
The great subject of controversy for several
months past lia's been the size of the Ameri?
can crop. We have already tully referred to
the changes of opinion on this point, and we
must add that even now there ls remarkable
diversity of views. We find the best authori?
ties in america differing to the extent cf half |
a million of bales, for we should say that the
estimates of reliable men raoge all the way
from three to three and a ha'f millions. Look?
ing merely to the large scale of receipts at the
moment, we should tay that the higher esti?
mate was nearer the mark, but remembering,
on the other band, that the Agrlculiuial Bu?
reau report8 fifteen per cent, less land under
culture, and knowing beyond all doubt that
the season has been a poor one. and the yield
per acre vastly below that or last year, wc
should feel inclined rather to lean towards
the smaller one. Our present blas, on the
whole, ls for a crop of about three and a quar?
ter millions, or say fully a million bales below
the last one.
The first impression ls that so vast a deficit
as this will create an extreme scarcity, and
many think lt will lead to a decided advance
in price, but several countervailing circum?
stances have to be considered. Spinners all
over the world are unusually well supplied;
the actual s'.ock in the three great European
depots-Liverpool, London and Havre-ls
370,000 bales above last year. The amount
coming from India is much larger, and, at
the high scale of prices ruling, we expect to
draw from that country u large additional
supply compared with last year. Altogether,
?rom one source and another, we believe that
an American crop of three and a quarter mil?
lions will admit of a full consumption of cot?
ton throughout the season, and without re?
ducing stocks inconveniently low at any
period; but lt will require that spinners part
with the surplus Block they now hold, and
that the consumption be thrown lar more
largely upon East India cotton. The strength
of our market lies In the fact that a dis?
proportionate consnmplion of American
cotton hus taken place this past year; for lt is
impossible to aee how so large a consumption
of thar, class can be fed this coming year out
of a crop ot less than three and a bull millions
of bales. This we freely admit; the actual
consumption of American cot'ou In Europe
and America the past twelve months must
have been nearly four millions of bales, (at one
time last year we think it was forty thousand
bales per week in Ihls country alone) ihe ques?
tion is how will this consumption be cut down
to three and a half millions ot bules during the
coming year?* Our own spinners show an
unusual reluctance to substitute short stapled
cotton: though the margin of pi Ice Is much
larger t han usual between American aud Surat
they adhere tenaciously to the former. We sus?
pect that this cause will operate during the en- j
Buing year,(though with perhaps lessened force
if trade becomes worse) and that spinners *UI
only be drawn on to Surat cotton by great
relative cheapness; but on the Continent we
anticipate a far larger consumption of the
cheaper material and a much smaller demand
tor American. Continental spinners always
avoid high-priced cotton, and we have no
doubt they will take much less of the Ameri?
can supply this year, leaving us ihe lion's
share of the crop. We further expect that at
the high prices ruling America will be com?
pletely drained at the end of the season. No
stocks will be left either in the depots or In
the hands of their spinners, and ail this extra
supply will find Its way to England. When1
these considerations are taken Into account,
we do not expect that any alarming reduction
will need to be made in the consumption of
American cotton, but only a moderate read?
justment, which will be brought about imper?
ceptibly as the year goes on.
The fact ot starting the yearatlOd Instead
8d ls a ereat Incentive to economy, and if
such a price Is maintained throughout the
season, we will be surprised it the supply Is
not found to lengthen out beyond expectation,
justas last year, the low prices ruling caused
an absorption beyond expectation.
We must lurther remember that the great
void caused by the war on the continent has
been fully filled UD, even to repletion, ibis past
year. We estimate the extra demand thus
caused at not less than 300,000 bales, and this
large item may be struck out of the require?
ments of the world for the coming year.
But In looking to the distant luiure, we at?
tach most importance of all to the influence
that the next American crop will have on the
markets of the world. The planters will have
an extraordinary inducement to sow largely
the coming eeason ; they are reaping an un?
precedented profit from this crop. We have
good grounds for believing that the actual cost
is not over 12 to 14 cents per lb. delivered at
the ports ; and they are getting 18 to 20 cents,
or 00 per cent, prout. No crop since the war
has been grown so economically ; and as pro?
visions are very cheap lu the Souih we expect
a very great increase of area to be planted,
and, should the crop get a favorable start, we
may be sure lhat Europe will be treated to
enormous estimates of future yield.
The feeling In America ls at present very
sanguine, as is shown by the excessive price
paid for future delivery, and we may therefore
conclude that small receipts are expected In
the spring months. This may for a time give
strength to our market, for we confess we are
apprehensive that the crop will turn out dis?
appointingly small* and If la February and
March there should be aa immense falling off I
In receipts, causing our visible supply of Ameri?
can cotton to be one-third less than last year,
it is by no means Impossible that higher prices
than the present may be reached for a time.
Ww onside: that this ls the only ground upon
which an advance In our market can be predi?
cated; but If, on the other hand, receipts hold
on tolerably well, and we reach the planting
season without any cause for excitement, we
should say that all chance of a serious rise ls
gone, for afterwards the controlling Influence
will be the expectation of next crop; the next
two or three months will be critical for spin?
ners, but alter that we lean to the expectation
of lower rather than higher prices.
Ezvptian cotton, however, stands in a dir.
feront position. It has long ruted far cheaper
relatively than American, and this, combined
with the except Ional goodness of Ihe fine
splunlng trade, has developed a vast increase:
ol' consumption. At Bolton there Is a great
extension of consuming power in progress,
and elsewhere spinners of American are try?
ing to substitute Egyptian cotton, and go on
to finer counts ol yarn. The last Egyptian
crop, large as lt was, entirely disappeared,
only 16,000 bales remaining in stock here be?
fore the new crop arrived. The present crop
ls believed to be rather less than the last, and
it has to meet a great Increase of consump?
tion, and we conclude that, as the year ad?
vances, Egyptian cotton must rise consider?
ably above the price of American, and there
may, at times, be inconvenient scarcity. The
great expansion of the tine spinning trade
makes lt Imperative that the crops in Egvpt
should be rapidly increased, for no other cot
ton can be substituted on any large scale for
the long and strong stapled sort that comes
from that country.
?Galling the crop three and a quai ter millions,
we allow quarter ut a mil,?on to fe drawn from
the surplus stocks of European spinners and for
additional Imports before Christmas text year.
INTERESTING COTTON STATISTICS.
The f?TI?wing statistics are conTpTTeir "irdm
the Liverpool Cotton Brokers' Circular, of |
29th December, 1871:
AYERAQK WEIGHTS OP
INTO GREAT BRITAIN
Madras and Bengalas
COTTON BALES IMPORTED
DURING THE PAST FIVE
18G8. 1889. 18T0.
443 437 434
155 160 104
600 ' 604 517
330 302 384
180 203 200
330 ? 378 336
300 300 300
Compound average.364 364 *bi>l 330 417
CONSUMPTION Of GREAT BRITAIN IN 1871.
Brazil....... 402 090
West india. 127,790
East India.. 635.930
AVERAGE CONSUMPTION PER WEEK FOR PAST FIVE
TEARS OF ALL CLASSES.
EXPORT FROM GREAT BRITAIN FOR PAST FIVE
TEARS OF ALL CLASSES.
8TOCI8 IN TUE PORTS OF GREAT BRITAIN AT CLOSE
OF BACH OF PAST FIVE TEARS.
STOCKS IN SPINNERS HANDS IN GREAT BRITAIN 'AT
CLOSE OF EACH OF THE PAST FIVE TEARS.
AVERAGR PRICE OF MIDDLING UPLANDS IN LIVER
THE WEATHER TRIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, D. C., January 19.
An area of rising barometer, with north?
west winds and clearing weather, will proba
blv extend on Saturday from Lake Superior
to*Florida and westward. Northwest winds,
with snow and clearing weather, will extend
eastward to the Ohio Valley and Michigan.
The lowest barometer will move northeast
over New York, and a subsiding area con?
tinue in the South Atlantic States, moving
northeastward. Rain will continue on the
South and Middle Atlantic coasts during ihe
night, followed by clearing weather Saturday
afternoon. Rain or snow will prevail on
Saturday from the New England coast west?
ward to Lake Huron. Dangerous winds are
not anticipated lor the evening at thc Gulf
and Atlantic stations.
Yesterday's Weather Reporta of the
Signal Service, t. S. A.-1.4.7 P. M.,
Local Time. _
Key West, Fla..
29. ? 5
NOTE.-The weather report dated 7.47O'CIOCK,
this morning, will be posted in the rooms of the
Chamber or commerce at io o'clock A. M., and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
courtesy or the Chamber) be examined by ship?
masters at any time daring the day.
THE RUSSIAN FLARE-UP.
SATISFACTION TN NEW TOBE AT Tir^
BURSTING OF THE BUBBLE
Why Catacazy Intrigued and Why
GortschakorT Swears-Astounding Re?
sults of the Customhouse Investiga?
tion-Will the Exposures ' Defeat
Grant's Renomination 1-What the
Democratic Senators Think of the
Evidence-Bayard and Casserly as In?
[FROST OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
NEW YORK, January 17.
Everybody eec ms to be glad that the ridicu?
lous Russo-Amerlcan alliance is at an end. It
never had any very tangible existence. People
at the North, during the late war between the
States, had a sort of grateful feeling towards j
Russia, because no Confederate privateers
were fitted out at her ship yards, which was
probably because Russia had no ship yards to
fit out Confederate privateers io. France was
anxious to intervene, England was supposed
to be semi-hostile, and because the other
great power, Russia, did nothing whatever,
her inaction was construed into sympathy.
The Northern newspapers ever since have
been exalting and glorifying the mammoth
Russian statesmen have traded upon this
imaginary alliance with the growing Western
giant. They have been carelul to spread the
Impression in Europe that the Americans
favored their schemes of territorial expan?
sion, and would give moral ir not material aid
to any Russian movement against Great Bri?
tain. So general has been this belief that so
eminent and Intelligent a stateeman as Count
Yon Beust once asked the correspondent of a
New York newspaper If the American people
would force their government to Join Russia
if another attempt was made to conquer Tur?
The real cause of the rupture of amicable
relations between the supposed allies is the
consummation of the Treaty of Washington
between Great Britain and the United States.
Catacazy, the wily, Intriguing Greek, waa sent
here, by Prime Minister GortschakorT, under
Instructions, to prevent the consummation of
the treaty, if possible. Russia was reaping
too much benefit from the ill feeling in Amer?
ica towards England to look with complacen?
cy on any healing of the sore. Whatever may
have been the motives to which the intrigues
of Catacazy were al first attributed, there ls
no question now that be was acting under di?
rection of the Imperial Cabinet. He attempt?
ed to use the New York press against the
treaty, and falling to make much progress
here, induced Washington correspondents to ,
write down Secretary Fish. Since a real al- ,
Uance bas been effected between the United
States and Great Britain, the Russian Gov- i
ernment has abandoned any attempt to keep
up appearances longer. The mask bas been 1
thrown aside. It ls even believed that the (
visit of Prince Alexis, which was made with a '
purpose, has been cut short. Hence Prince .
Gortschakoff's Insulting dispatch to Minister '
It ls thought in Washington that the Empe- :
ror nilly sympathizes with the policy of nie I
premier, and that Catacazy will be ostenta- I
tlously sustained and promoted when he
reaches St. Petersburg. As we are too heavy
to be thrashed with ease, we shall be punished
with diplomatic degradation-only a charge j
d'affaires will be vouchsafed to us. Prince
Gortschakofi's note has created a feeling of ]
genuine indignation among the-New York
newspapers, in which the Republican organs 1
join, so that we may really consider that affair .
of dividing the world between us off The new 1
alliance, if HUCO, lt can be called, is more rea- ;
sonable, because lt is between nations of com- ?
mon origin, language, laws and Interests. I
The senatorial Investigations at the custom?
house are beginning to create consternation I
at Washington. Thu administration senators
themselves bad no Idea of the depth of the 1
corruption existing here. They knew that a .
great deal might be unearthed that'mlght be
useu tu lujui*. ?iiuiiuioitativu, ?ca ruev ra- i
slincilvely opposed Investigation, but the evl- 5
dence astounds them. The majority of the I
committee would adjourn at once If they dared.
Messengers have come on from Washington F
urging them to make some excuse to close the F
examination. In response to tbelr protesta- ?
tions of the danger of stopping now, the of- !
dee-holders urge thal nothing can be worse
than to let the revelations continue.
The fear among Democrats ls that the ex- ?
posiires will so horrify the country that Grant ?
will fail to secure bis nomination. It was re- <*
ported on Monday that he had Indulged in a ?
coup d'etat to save himself; that he had de- 1
creed the decapitation of the entire official E
force of the Customhouse and the disgrace of j
Porter, Dent, Leet, Babcock, and other mern- B
hers ol his swindling back-stairs cabinet. But fi
a moment's reflection shows how Impos?
sibly lt would be for him to throw off these B
creatures under the pretence of virtuous in- ti
digestion. He is "in" with (hem in the dis- n
tributlon of the spoils. His would be the fate
of the unfortunate mythological person torn B
to pieces by his own dogs, should he provoke
retaliation from those who have been his part- E
nera In Iniquity. B
One of tue two Democratic senators con?
ducting the Investigation said to my Inform- j]
ant yesterday, "I came here believing in the I
corruption of the customhouse officials, but u
believing also lu the personal honesty of B
President Grant I proposed, of course, to B
take a party advantage ol' the exposures, but I u
did not think we would be able to do more fi
than make the President culpable for bad or B
careless appointments. But we have the evl- ?
dence, link by link, of Grant's lull connection ?
with thia frightful mass ol corruption. It is ?
worse than Tammany. Tweed's rasca [ties af- ?j
fected only one city; they have been exposed B
and stopped. But we have reason to believe e
tbat what we find la the New YorK custom- fi
house will also be lound in every customhouse
in the country. The cflrruptlon IB as wide- E
spread as the Republican party."
Senators Casserly and Bayard deserve the h
highest praise for the adroit and vigorous E
manner In which they are pushing the investi- <
gallon. If the Democratic side In the Senate c
had been permitted to select their representa- c
tlves on the committee, Thurman and Blair C
would probably have been the men. But the
Republicans reckoned without their hosts, If c
they thought they had only average oppo- f
nenls In Casserly and Bayard. The latter is a ~
new mau in the Senate, and has hitherto had t
but little opportunity to show what he ls made c
of. But this Investigation proves that he pos- c
sesses a keen, clear, logical, legal mind of the
first class. Nothing to make a point of es- C
capes him. Casserly ls an old Californio law- j;
yer; but, as he began life as a New ?ork news?
paper reporter, he has an additional advan- c
ta^e as an "Interviewer" of witnesses.
^* NVM. f
THE OLD WORLD'S NEWS. C
LONDON, January 19. J
A terrible explosion occurred in the car- \
fridge factory at Greenwich yesterday aller- !
noon. The clothing of a large number ol girls j
employed in the laclory took fire, and they ?
rushed shrieking through the town Into the 1
surrounding marshes in hopes of quenching 1
the flames. The factory ls totally destroyed.
ROME, January 19. I
The Pope waa taken suddenly ill on Wednes- j
PARIS, January 19. ,
It is rumored that Thiers threatens to resign j
If ihe proposed raw material tariff is rejected. ]
The reported cession of the tobacco monopoly 1
in order to secure immediate payment of the
war debt ls contradicted. The bullion is in- 1
creased three and a half million francs.
SPARKS FROH TBE WIRES.
-The small-pox is decreasing In Brooklyn, j
-The Governor of Sonora has sent twelve
hundred men to assist the Juariats to capture
Mazatlan. " . _
-The 103S of Youngton, Marselly & Co.,
Cleveland, Ohio, at the tire on Thursday night,
was $100.000. Over one hundred workmen ]
are thrown out ol* employment. j
-The Democratic caucus in Annapoll?, Md., 1
have nominated George B. Dennis for the Uni?
ted States Senate, wnlch Is equivalent to his
election. ; ,
-A dispatch from St. Louis says a danger?
ous five dollar counterfeit legal tender ls In 1
-Nineteen members of the Kansas Legisla?
ture, at Leavenworth, have been accused ot
. GREAT FLEE IST ABBEVILLE
One Half of tn? nosiness Portion of
the Tillage.In Raina. -wr'
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS,] ?
COLUMBIA, January 19. ?
lhere w^, a lerrI51e flre ?t Abbeville Court
house last nig,. A" ^ hoteljJ Md -j^gg
of the business *^r* weTB CQa&nmea. tfg
origin of the fire ls unK^WD PICKET
LIST OF LETTERS remaining bi the Pu^
at diaries ton, for the week ending January "
1871, and printed officially in THE DAILY NEWS, 1
ia che newspaper haring the largest circulation
In the City of Charleston.
STANLEY G. TROTT. Postmaster.
Adams, Liddy Fowler, Ida M Mci wine v, An?
il ls ton, . Hattie Flood, Margret na
M Foard, Rebecca Nalghion. Mary
Allen, Mrs Alex Frost, Mrs Nelson, Emma J
Mluorthe, Miss Frahme, Hnlde Nelson, Miss H
E E Gaimard, Sall e Nesbet, Schar?
am ell, Martha F locte
Ann Garden, Ann L O'Brien, Mar
imar, Lowry Gass, Amelia gre: Ann
Badenboff, Gillock, Eliza Osten, Eliza
Henrietta Gallcott, Eliza Patterson, Bes
tang, Lisais Glbbes.Mrs Ben- sy
Baxter, Matilda Jamlu Paterson, Maria
Barregan, Ju- Glover, Louisa L
hana Goodhall. Mrs M Page, Elizabeth
2ell, Mrs Della Graham, Lizzie Petrinovich,
Bee, Jada H Fannie
Bennett, Lucln- Graham. Sarah Petrie, Fannie
da Green, Flora Phelps, Caroline
Sennett, Patsey Grlmble, Mrs Pinckney, Jane
Benjamin, Ce- Thoa U Pierce, Dofuae
lia drier, Adeline Prince, Mrs Q
Boyd, Rebecca Quont, Mrs G Rans.er, Mrs O
Brooks, Mis M Gunen, Matilda J
Brodie, hhza Marleston, ta- Rahal!, Mrs Ma
Bright, Eugenia genia ry
lurgan, Mrs E Harris, Mary Raysor, Mrs G
B Hall, Martha W
lalkley, Julia :.amnion, Lela Randall, Carrie
BurKmever, A Reed, Molsey
Miss M B Ela wood, Becka Richardson, Lu
Butler, Martha Harrison, Fan- cy
Inlier, Eliza me Hivers, Agnes B
Bul winkle, Car- Hargreve, Mrs Robeson, Hose
cline Bausner, Jane Robson, Mrs M
lurdges, Eliza B T
3asswell, Mrs B Hemmlt, Annie Roland, Kate
8 Hedley, Eu Teresa
tapers, Aman- gene Rodgers, Mrs
da B Holme?, Nancy Josiah
:nase. Ada House, Miss F R Ruddock, Mrs
morry, Margret K Theo D
Ih'BOlm, Mrs Horsey, Mary Rutledge, Mrs O
jno Hnor, Margret Rutledge, Mrs E
near. Miss M Huggln, Ida A M L .
?lanton, Lizzie Jencis, Mrs J B Sander.', Caro
p Jenkins, Sibby line
Ionian, Mary Jones, Martha Sarbell, Mrs Jas
lon tey, Ellen T Jane T
lorcorao, Oath Jame?, Mrs M Scott, Rose
enne James, Mrs Es- Scott.Flora Ann
looper, Mrs tella Service, Caro?
chas Johnson, Mrs line E
?raIT, Agnes Samnel Sabrook, Mary
irouch, Eliza Johnson, Rebec- Shannahan, Ju
innnlngha'c, ca Ann la
Miss M B Johnstone, Mrs Shendaw, Mira
Javis, Marv A H J simmons, Eiter
)avis, Hattie Keller. Mrs J M Simons, Sallie .
Jardin, Eliza Kennedy, Mary Smith, Julia B
l?vese, Hattie E Sued, charlotte
levaux, Annie Kensedy, Iee- Stokes, Ann
) ckerman, E bella Thompson, Mrs
W Kirk, Mrs M L Alfred
Dickson, Rosa J E Thomas, Celia
Jolson, Kathe- King. Mrs W M Tobin, Mrs M J
rlne LavAtr*. Anna Torck, Henrlet
Duncan, Jen- F ta
nette Lee. Mrs M Todd, Sarah G
)uepney, Mri Lee, Lizzie Truall, Lenora
Martha Lesense, Caddy Vanderhorat,
Sdgersln, Ade- Marshall, Mar- Mary
Une grec ! Vennlag, Mr E
?dward, Miss E Man, Eliza J R
L Mackey, Mis? Wallace. Jose
'dwards, Mary Marla phineE
Idard, Mary Middleton, Mrs Waring, M?s
immerly. Mary AD W Anna
Elizabeth Mitchell, ?orin-Wederhorn, An
:mmerlv, Mrs da na
Mary ? Morehalr, Ade- Welch, Sarah
:nglehardt, Une Wieners, Ade
Loulsa Monz?n, Mar- line
Tarara, Mrs P gret williams. Fran
j IT...., X.oufaa nra _
'ell. Sallie M oney, Mar- Williams, Hen
eehan, Jno gret netta
'erguaon, Mrs C Mulcahy, Mary Williams, Re
A McAllister, Mrs bscca
'lyon, Ella McClellan, Mol- Wilson, Lizzie
iood, Mrs M He Woods, Miss
oater, Julia McCarrell, Eliza Hennle
owler, Cetta | McGill. Amelia .
.sher, Wm M
lancruft, J E
lecker, I W
enedlck, Rev J
radley, J W
rown, Wm K
lasllon, O F
Iblsolm, L N
Haussen, J 0
?ole, C C
loles, Llzer A
lohen. * ?*.
iramer, A T 0
Usher, Cadet T
Johlen, W O
)i scher, H C
)ougherty, J ?
Janean, Z G
JuPre, Dr J G
id wards, R M
Bvers, J P C
Freltas, H S
S aether, Thoa H
liage, Kdwara J
Glbbea, James G
Ellerstadt, L E
Glover, L F
Gordon, J B
Graut, J B
Orlffln ft Smith
Hart, Joshua L
Haskell, Jno N
Heath, E A
Hutson, J W
Jervey, E P
Jlnklns, B R
Ked ney, J S
King, H J N
Knight, G H
Rn ght. Wm
Ladsoa, J F
L-awrence, W B
Longcope, T M
Lyon, J M
May, John J
Manlgault, Mr H
Massen, L L
Meyeraoff, W H
Meyer, Jno F
Middleton, E R
Mitchell, A B
Misti!, F W
Nelson, J D
Olden. E D
O'Ne ll, Henry
Parson, H E
Pattcrion, G W
Perry, E J
Pe ter m an, Hen?
Phillips, Jno M
Pinckney, D F
Pinckney, F H
Kogan, M B
Rice. B H
Rielly, E W
Ito-i is, Joseph
Salvo, P H
Shuter. J O
Schuckert, L ft
Scott, W H
Sexlas, L M
Seabrook, W H
Slobohm, H L
amtth, Dr W B
Taylor, G W
Thompson, J D
Thompson, R A
Venned unter, B
Walten, E A
Webb, 0 W
Wells, C H
Wells, Jno R
West, Thos H
Wes, J 0
Whitney, E G
Wlik nc, Berga
IN THE V
The vegetativo powers of life aie strong, kat Ia
a few years how often the pallid line, the lack-Its*
tre eye, and emaciated form, show their Useful
lnbvmce. It soon becomes < i vi dent to the . ??erv
er that depres8jIlg influen?ait checking tia .
aerem/mfc^c* the body. Consomption lststoC
of, and Perhaph^ejouth ls removed from aooo?l
and sent Into the jjjjj te nt
worst movements. Bet*oTe). ^ ommiJ ?j>
venions of the ever-chsngta, sounes of tte' tUrl
the powers or the body, too Won enfeeble* ta
give zea t to heal th mi and mal exercise, thoughts
are turned inwardly opon themselves.
If the patient bea female the approach or ta
menses ls looked for with anxiety aa the first
symptom m which nature 1B to show, her saving
power in diffusing the circulation and viii tlig tho
cheek with the bloom of health. Alas I lMcreate
ot appetite has grown by what lt fed cn. Tl*
energies of the system are prostrated, and tte
whole economy is deranged. T?e beautiful AI?
wonderful period m which body ?nd mind under
go so fascinating a change from child to womat
ls looked for in vain. The parent's heart Meeds
m anxiety, aad fancies the grave but walting fer
H E L M BO LD'S
. ' . . .. yu' -vrjsi
FOB WEAKNESS ARISING FROM EXCESSES
OB EABLT INDISCRETION, :
attended with the following symptoms: INDIS?
POSITION TO EXERTION, LOSS OF POWER,
LOSS OF MEMORY, DIFFICULTY OF BBJUTH
INO, General Weakness, Horror of DI seise, Weak
Nerves, Trembling, Dreadfal Horror of Desi*,
Nig tit Sweats, Cold Feet, Wakefulness, Dlmnaax er
Vision, Lan g or, Universal Lassitude of the Hosea*
lar Sy&tem, often Enormous Appetite witt Dys?
peptic Symptoms, Hot Hands, Flushing of tte
Body, Dryness of the Skin, Pallid Countenances
and Eruptions on the Face, Pain In the Back,
Heaviness of the Eyelids, Frequently Black Spots
flying before the Ey ea, with temporary Bnfl ailsa
and Loss of Sight, Want of Attention, G rea t Ho?
bin ty, Baselessness, with Horror of Society.
Nothing ls more desirable to such patients than
Solitude, and nothing they more dread, for fear
of themselves; no repose of manner, no earnest?
ness, no speculation; but a .harried transltles
from one question to another.
TBESE SYMPTOMS, IF ALLOWED TO GO 0?
-WHICH THIS MEDICINE INVARIABLY RE?
MOVES-SOON FOLLOW LOSS OF PO WEB,
FATUITY AND EPILEPTIC "FITS, IN ONE OF
WHICH THE PATIENT MAT EXPIRE.
v * * * .
Daring the Superintendence of Dr. WILSON at
the BLOOMIN 3D ALE ASYLUM, thia sad result
occurred to two patients. Rea?on had for a time
left them, and both died of j epilepsy. They were
of both sexes, and about twenty years of age. -
Who can say that their excesses are not fre?
quently followed by those direful diseases, IN?
SANITY and CONSUMPTION ? The records of the
INSANE ASYLUMS, and the m elan oh oly deaths bj
Consumption, bear ample witness to the truth of
these assertions. In Lunatic Asylums the most
melancholy exhibition appears. The countenance
ls actually sodden and quite destitute; neither
mirth nor grief ever visits lc Should a sound of
the voice occur lt is rarely articulate.
" With woful measures wan despair
Low Ballee sounds their grief beguiled.?
While we regret the existence of the above dis?
eases and symptoms, we are prepared to offer aa
Invaluable gift of chemistry for tte removal of
IMPROVED R? WISH
Cares secret and delicate disorders in all their
stages, at little expense, little or no* cMange la
diet, no inconvenience, and 110 exposure. It lg
pleasant in taste and odor, immediate in its ac?
tion, free from all Injurious properties, superse?
ding Copaiba and all other nause?os Compounds;
FLUID EXTRACT OF SUGHU.
There 1B no tonio like lt. It is an anchor of nape ?
to the physician and patient. This ls the tess
mon? of all who have used or prescribed lt.
Eew?reoTcounterfeits and those cheap aeons*
tiona called Bc chu, most or which tro prepared
by self-styled doctors, from deleterious inrje*
die nts, and offered for sale at "less price" sn?
'larger bottles," Ac. They are unreliable ana
Ask for Helmbold's. Take no
PRICE $ I 25 PER BOTTLE. OR 8IX
BOTTLES FOR $6 50.
Delivered to any address. Describe symptoms im
Established upward of twenty years, prepared bf
H. T. HELMBOLD,
PRACTICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMIST?
No. 591 Broadway, Hew York,
No. 101 fouth Tenth street, philadelphia, Pa?
j|y Sold by Druggist- Kverywherfl.-S*.