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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1883.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 18, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A
THE GENERAI ASSEMBLY.
A WORKING DAT IN BOTH BRANCHES
OF THE LEGISLATURE.
Preparing to Ward Off Prosecutions
from the Ring Officials-Tbe Hogues
Fleeing to Cover-A Move to Help the
Rebuilding of Charleston-Another
Personal Collision, &c.. d(c.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO 1 HB NBW9 ]
COLUMEIA, Wednesday, January 24.
There was a considerable amount of impor?
tant business dispatched in both branches of
the Legislature to-day.
In the Senate the following bills were intro?
duced: Br Gaillard, a bill to incorporate the
'Citizens' Building and Loan Association of
Charleston. By Whitemore, a bill to provide
for an uniform system of school record*. By
Swails, a bill restricting the time for bringing
civil or criminal actions against the past or
present State officials, for acts while In office,
to within sis monthB of the alleged offence.
By Swails, a bill to aid in the construction of
the Georgetown and Charlotte Railroad. (This
merely authorizes towns and counties to sub?
Ia the House the following bills were Intro?
duced : By Levy, a bill to prohibit trial jus?
tices from praciiclng in each others courts
under a penalty of uve hundred dollars One
and twelve mouths' Imprisonment. By Hur?
ley, a bill to encourage the rebuilding of the
waste places in Charleston. [This exempts
improvements and new buildings from State
and county taxes for five years, provided
Council ordain that they shall be exempt Irom
City tax for five years.] By Giles, a bill re?
quiring a five-foot fence to Inclose all cultiva?
ted lands. By L. Cain, a Mil to require mem?
bers of the General Assembly to reside In the
counties whence they are elected. By Gary,
ablll to require trial Justices to turn over
fines monthly to the county treasurers for
A violent personal altercation toot place
this evening between Mr. Charles Porcher and
Major E W. Selbels, growing out of a diffi?
culty that liss existed between them for some
time past. P.. rober attacked Selbels In the
Columbia Hotel, but the parties were separa?
ted without any exchange of shots or severe
* Injury. PICKET.
PROCEEDINGS OF TUESDAY.
A DetaUed Report-The Defamatory
[FROM OCX OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBI*, S. C., January 23.
Both houses of the Legislature got to work
with commendable promptnets to-day, and
disposed of a considerable amount of business.
In the Senate there were no new bills intro?
duced, but a considerable inroad was made
Into the calendar business, and ihefol:owlng
measures were passed and sent to the House:
Bill to require tbe county commisioners of
Barnwell County to construct a Jail at Black?
ville, the county seat. Tblrd reading.
Bill to regulate the labor of persona confined
In the penitentiary of the State of South Caro?
lina. Third reading.
Bill to authorize the construct! >n of a pub?
lic road from Blnnaker's Bridge, via Honey
Ford, across the Big Saltkehatchie. Third
Joint resolution authorizing the State treas?
urer to pay the salary of the late Judge Platt
to his widow. Tblrd reading.
Considerable debate was bad upon the con?
current resolution offered yesterday by Mr.
Whitemore that the Assembly adjourn sine
die on the 15th of Februray, buc the sense of
the Senate appeared to be that, on the whole,
the Assembly had outlived its usefulness, and
the resolution was carried, and 8jnt to the
House, with a single amendment, substituting
the 16th for the 15ih of February. A resolu?
tion was also carried to discharge all special
investigating committees, which resolution, if
concurred In by the House, will make very
ihott work of the phosphate committee,which
It was understood was to beglu to-day In
Charleston, with a prospector some Jolly old
lu the House the following bills and resolu?
tions were introduced :
By Levy, a bill to incorporate the Citizens'
Building and Loan Association, of Charleston,
With the following Incorpor?t ors : Wm. B
Heriot, Hutson Lee, B. S. Rhett, H. L. P.
McCormick, W. B. Sieedman, Wm. Fair, L. T.
Mow?y, F. A. Wilbur and V. J. Tobias.
By Whipper, a resolution to Impeacu R. E.
.Scott for high crimes and misdemeanors. This
resolution, which wculd seem to Indicate that
the Impeachers proposed to go "once more
unto the Imminent and deadly breach," was
ordered for consid?ration to-morrow, when it
ia expected that General Whipper, Mr. Bowen
and (possibly) Byus may have something to
say about lr.
By Hedges, a joint resolution to authorize
the land commissioner to execute titles to cer?
tain lands in Charleston County.
By Jervey, a resolution to devote Tuesdays
and Fridays of each week to the considera?
tion of private incorporation bills.
By S. J. Lee, a resolution discharging the
Joint special financial investigating commit
By Barker, a bill to limit the. terms of office
?o? notaries public.
The following notices of bills were given :
By Levy, a bill to prohibit trial justices
from practicing in each others' couria.
By Jervey, a biil to incorporate the St. An?
drew's Rifle Corp* of Charleston County.
By Barker, a bill to grant power to tue Au?
gusta Canal Company to build a dam across
the Savannah River.
By Galther, a bill to provide for the better
protection of crops under cul'i van on.
ColOEOi Yocuin Introduced ihe following
resolution, from which lt rn ghi appear that
be as well as some other members of the
House desired to curtail the freedom of ex
?iresslon which journalists are very apt to usd
n speaking of the proceedings of this lemark
ablti assembly, but the invesitgat on proposed,
if lt can be made thorough enough, will cer?
tainly reveal some curious transactions, and
afford ample vindication for all the strictures
?of the pres*.
Whereas, certain defamatory statements
have appeared In the columns of the New
York Sun, of - December last, purpor lng lo
emanate from the regu ar correspondent of
that journal In Columbia, who occupies a seat
at the reporters' table, corroborated subse?
quently by an almost similar sut. meat from
the Washington correspondent of ihe New
Yoik Herald, as constituting ihe result of an
Interview with a member ot this Legislarme,
which said t-tatemeot, together with oihers,
have been most extensively copied through?
out the Union, and more generally by the!
press of South Carolina, in which lt was
charged that undue influences were employed
in certain proceedings upon the floor ol this
Whereas, said statements materially affect
the speaker of this House and other.*, and are
calculated to prejudice the party Interests
representing the majority of this Legislature
therelore, be lt
Resolved. Tliat a committee of three mem?
bers of this House be appointed by the speak?
er to inquire Into the tacts connected with ail
euch allegations and report the same at the
earliest possible moment; said summit tee ic
bave power to send for persons and papers.
The committee appointed are Yocum, Jone.'
and C. D. Mayne.
I suppose your readers have heard before
this ot a Utile ?ff.iir occurring in the Statehouse
to day, in which Byas, ot Or-ingebur^, at
tempted to cowhide me, hut whien r?sult?e
in.-t-ad in my shooing him, and I will no
Ure them with arepetulou or li. It was ai
extremely clumsy attempt to muzzle the press
but unf n iuna'ely for the man irom orange
burg THK NKWS doesn't muzzle so easily.
-" Ahr mused Smith, as he contemplate
bb extensive collect Ion of New Year's bills
"Bow true it ls that In the midst ol life we ar
ACQUITTAL OF MRS. WHARTON.
ANNAPOLIS, January 24.
Mrs. Wharton has been acquitted. She was
admitted to ball upon the Indict >ent lor at?
tempting to poison Van Ness, and discharged.
The scene waa touching, but only murmured
applause was heard.
THINGS IN CUBA.
HAVANA, January 24.
Trouble is brewing between Spain and
France over several persons, including Blaves,
held by a French steamer. The closing of the
Cuban pons against French vessels is threat?
ened unless the fugitives are returned.
The Cubans captured and burned Gules,
killing several volunteers and regulars. The
Spaniards'sent for reinforcements, and reoc?
cupied the ruins. The Cubans captured forty
carts near Los Tuna?. Several were killed on
both sides. The Cubans outnumbered the
THE OLD WORLD'S NEWS.
MADRID, January 24.
Sagosta and Malcampo, of the ministry,
LONDON, January 24.
Amass meeting, in suppoit of Dilke, has
been called iu Trafalgar Square for Feb- j
A hurricane occurred last night. The rain
penetrated the roof of the House of Par?
liament, damaging the decorations.
The Bishop of Exeter was insulted while
presiding at a temperance meeting. In the
row the policemen used their clubs.
PARIS, January 24.
Pilnce Napoleon has been elecied to the
Council o? AJJaccl?, Corsica.
McMahon re Hised the nomination for vice
President tendered him by the Right Centre.
NEW YORK ITEMS.
NEW YORK, January 24
Concert saloons, notwithstanding the raid
on Monday, are ia lull blast.
A kerosene lamp explosion burned an elder?
ly lady and three houses.
The specie shipment to-day was a quarter of
a million dollars.
Small pox has appeared in eeveral parts of
Three garroters entered a street car and
robbed a passenger, without molestation from
the conductor or driver.
It ls stated that Secretary Conklln of the
Harket Savings Bank ls defaulter for four
hundred thousand dollars.
The trial of Stokes, Fisk's murderer, has
been postponed on account of the sickness of
The Countess Von Etta has been arrested on
(he charge of bigamy. The man she married,
a month ago, complain* that her husband, a
German count, still lives.
Margaret Saunders gets five thousand dol?
lars damages for the loss ot her husband by
the Westfield disaster, from the Staten Island
Ferry Company??The Jury regretted their
legal inability to give her more.
NEWS FROM WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, January 24.
The Louisiana commiitee departed to-night
Jas. Shepard was nominated collector of cus?
toms for St. Mary v. Ga. General Emery tele?
graphs that all is quiet, and the parlies seem
preparing for the Congressional Investigation.
In the Senate (he relief of the Chicago suf?
ferers occupied lo-day. No aoiioo was taken
upon inefinal decision. Adjourned.
In the House the morning hour was ex?
hausted upon education, without action. But?
ler presented a petition signed by 35,000 wo?
men for female suffrage, Baying they only de?
sired a declaratory resolution, as they claimed
the right under the constitution. Buller fa?
vored eai ly action In the matter. It was re?
ferred to the Judiciary committee. Shellabar
ger, chai i man of the commiitee on.commerce,
reported a resolution directing that committee
to inquire-first, whether the com meroe among
the several States was injuriously affected by
any inadequacy in the present means of laud
transportation, or by any combination or
monopoly in the control or ownership
thereof, * or by menes of any excessive
or Inequitable rates of frelgnt or fare
charged by common carriers, or by means
of other burdens and restraints Imposed on
such commerce by carriers; second, whether
the commerce with foreign nations und the
coasts and waters of the United Slates, or any
port thereof, was subjected to any oppressive
or illegal requirements or restraints under
color of quaranline, health or other law or
custom of any State; third, whether at any
ports of the United States American seamen
or loreign emigrants on arriving thereat are
subjected to wrong or deprivations which re?
quire legislation; fourth, what legislation or
OU.' " means ls reaulred to relieve, revive and
sustain the tonnage and foreign commerce of
the United States. Tue committee and sub?
committee are lo have power to send for per
eous and paperp, and to sit at such places as
may be convenient. The resolution, which
7as repotted unanimously from the commit?
tee, was adopted. Adjourned.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-Jewell has been renominated for Governor
-Henry F. Phomhoff, of Baltimore Md.,
committed suicide yesterday.
-The Rev. Dr. E. J. Robinson has been
elected president of Brown's College in Provi?
dence, K. I.
-The crew of the bark Warren Hallet, bound
from Boston to Cape de Verde, mutinied. One
was killed and one fatally wounded.
-A bill has been introduced in the New
York Legislature vacating the office of every
director in the Erle Road.
-Omaha ls experiencing the worst storm of |
the season, and ls without a quorum In the
-Two companies of the Sixth United StateB
Cavalry have been ordered irom St. Louis to
-The Louisiana factlonista are awaiting in
quiet the coming of the Congressional com?
-The Wisconsin Legislature have Instruct?
ed their Congressional delegation to support'
the postal telegraDh.
-General R. S. Ewell ls seriously ill ol
pneumonia, at Nashville. His wife died on
Tuesday of the same disease.
-Yesterday lt was snowing and blowing a
gale at Cheyenne. No ti alas had arrived from
the West and the road on both sides ol Chey?
enne has oeen blocked up for several days.
-Wm. A. Johnson, of Austin Ranch, Cali?
fornia, became insane from grief, upon the
death of his wife, and shot him-elf dead when
she was placed lu the coffin. They were both
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, D. C., January 24.
The barometer will continue rising on
Thursday east of the Ml-slssippl Valley, with
continued cold weather, to northerly winds.
Clear and pleasant weather will prevail very
generally, the winds over the Gulf State?
veering possibly to easterly, with increased
Yesterday'* Weather Reports or lue
Signal Service, U. S. A.-4.47 P. BL,
Key West, Fla.
N irfolk .
NOTB.-The weather resort dated 7.47 o'clock,
tuu morning, will be posted in the rooms of the
un.miber or commerce at io o'clock A. M., and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
oonrtesy cr the Chamber) be examined by ship'
masters at any time during the day.
ALL ABOUT JAPAN.
THE JAPANESE EMBASSY COMING
A Prince and Several Dlamiea Inter?
viewed for The Dally New?-"Wonder?
ful Progress of the Yankees of Asia
Changes In the Japanese Political
and Social Systems-Railroads, Tele?
graphs, Steamboats,Newspapers, Sew?
ing Machines and Pianos-The Most
Extraordinary Revolution In History.
[PCOH OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
NEW YORK, January 21.
The arrival ls expected here ia a few days
of the Dew embassy from Japan, headed by
the ex-Prime Minister Iwa-Kura. Congress
has appropriated money for the entertainment
of the tourists, and doubtless the hospitalities
of the metropolis will also be tendered to
them from our local officials. All New York
turned out twelve years ago to welcome the
deputation led by Sima Boozen, and it receiv?
ed much attention from our government, but
Ihe parly now on Us way east from Sau Fran?
cisco ls of much greater dignity and impor?
tance, and the impressions Americans may
make upon its members will be of more con?
sequence. It has been sent out by thc Mikado
and the Japanese Parliament, to confer willi
the governmenta ot the whole civilized world,
with the view ol placing Japan among civiliz?
ed nations. How largely American influence
predominates in Japan may be seen from Ihe
circumstance that our minister, Mr. DeLong,
bas been selected by the Japanese ambassa?
dors lo do f>r i hem what Mr. Burlingame did
lor the Cnlnese a few years ago-to adas
their cicerone with foreign nations.
The Japanese Government. In pursuance of
its new policy, has sent to this country and
Europe about six hundred young men, be?
longing to Hie noble families, to be educated
In every branch of learning. Rather more
than half are studying in the United Stales,
being scattered through New England, New
York and PenDsylvaul-i. The government
bas also resolved to give (he women of IIB
country the same advantages, and with
Iwa-Kura's embassy are six young Japanese
ladleB, who are on their way to vassar Col?
lege, at Poughkeepsie, on the HudsoD. Many
of the young men are at school lu New York
It was my good fortune, a few days ago, to
be able to inierview several of the Japanese
gentlemen who have been attending the
classes of the Polytechnic Institution lu Brook?
lyn. One of these students, a nobleman of
high rank, has since left by Captai u Robert
Lockwood's steamer for Charleston, where he
will remain a few days, and then proceed to
Aiken lor the benefit ol'bis heall h. All who
come in contact with him will find him lo be a
courteous intelligent and exceedingly well
informed gentleman. Among those, who re?
main in Brooklyn Is a prince of the Imperial
lamil v, the only one in America, though news?
paper reporters are in the habit of conferring
t he princely title on all our Japanese visitors.
This young man. who ls known here by his
travelling name, Mr. Asyuma, Is a kinsman by
blood to the emperor, and his adopted brother
by law. He Is about twenty years of age, ls
well formed and gracelul in his movements,
has a good head and delicate features, and the
same refinement and good breeding that dis?
tinguish all the Japanese noblemen I have yet
Talking with this gentlemen and h's com?
panions, I have learned some facts about the
future Great Britain of Asia which may be of
Interest tu the readers of THE NEWS. The
modern awakening ot Japan took place with
ihe revolution of 1867-8. which dethroned the
Tycoon, restored the Mikado to the supreme
power, and opened Japan to the introduction
of western civilization. Since then the pro?
gress ol the country and the people towarjs
enllghtment bas been wonderful. When it ls
reflected that, but a few years ago, the noni 1
ty were wrapped in exclusiveness, and the
common people in ignorance, that foreign
sailors wrecked on ihe coa-t were rut in
cages, ani foreign vessels reluclautly p>r
milted to trade at one port only, the change
seems more astonishing still. It ls but five
j ears since reform began, and to-day this
quick-witted people have their rivers and
coasts swarming with siearaboit?, all their
principal ports connected with the capital by
lines of telegraph, r?ilroaris building mid part?
ly in operation through the country, a daily
Japanese newspaper published in Yeddo, and
Yankee sewing machines, washing machia? s
and wringers, and Chtckerlng's and Steln
wuy'a pianos lu their houses.
A still more curious change ls the gradual
adoption of the European costume by the peo?
ple. They have an aptness In finding what ls
most oB 'ful and comfortable In the Western
arts and customs, and permit no national pre?
judices to stand In the way of their adoption.
"The Japanese clothes are very well In sum?
mer," said one, "but we find your costume ihe
mest sensible all the year round.'' The Mi?
kado, who ls, according to the religion of tho
upper classes, a lineal descendant of God, bas
been regarded with so much awe and rever?
ence, that be has lived a life apart from und
above the rest of the world, but be has now
come down from the clouds, and leads the re?
form movement in person. Recently he visit?
ed the United Slates war vessels In purl, and
In return entertained the American officers in
(his palace at dinner lu the European tasbion.
The political changes have been equally
great. The government was formerly aa ab?
solute despotism, the Mikado b-ing the nomi
nal and the Tycoon the actual monarch. The
system is now an odd combination of absolut?
ism and democracy. The Mikado ls still su?
preme ruler, with the power of life and death
over his subjects; but ls under morai check
from a parliament of two bouses, correspond?
ing to our Senat? and House of R-pieseuta
lives, the first of which is composed of mem?
bers appointed by himself, ann the last of del?
egates chosen by universal suffrage. Within
a year the order of the nobility, which has ex
isle?! since time immemoria1, has been swept
away by Parliament.' Tiier>- uro now but two
ranks In the empire-the Mikado and the peo?
ple. With the exception of the ministry and
high officers of the government, all the offi?
cials in Japan are now chosen by the elective
sj>tem. We can get Fome conception of the
greatness of lbs revolution when we see the
foundations of ages thus oven urned lu a mo?
ment, and with the acquiescence uf the peo?
ple, too; for I am as.-ui ed Ibero is but use
party lu Japan now, and that is the Relorm I
party. But the wonder growB when we learn
that'ihe people will permit their religion to
be reformed also. The latest decree of the
Mikado strips the pri. sthood of their pecu iar
Privileg- s, and orders them into ihe army or
to useiiil mechanical employments. Hitherto
it has not been thought ot consequence to ed?
ucate the women to be more than good house?
wives. But under the n>-w order of things
women are to be as highly educated as men.
and to have the chance to become DeStaels or
NIISBOIIS, lt they have t he fire in t hem.
Knowing the interest tina is felt in the mat?
ter by so many of our people. I asked the
Japanese gentlemen fur i-oine infurmaiion re?
specting the a1 titule of th"* government ami
inhabitants towards Christian missionaries.
At present no foreign religions ure tolerated,
but they have no doubt thal ere long every
man will be permitted to worship according
to the dictates of his own conscience. In?
deed, this seems to be the logical consequence
of all Hie other liberul changes thal are lu
progress. Japan will offer an inviting field
to the Christian propagandists, for the ppople
are naturally so intelligent and eager for im?
provement, that they will readily Bee and ac?
cept what ts good In new systems, either of
revlon, morals or politico. The census of
last year returned a population of over 36.000,
000. and as the country IB no larger than tho
two Carolinas and Georgia, some idoa of its
populousness may be firmed.
During ihU Interviewing some peculiar top?
ics were approached wini delicacy, as I waa
not certain they would be received with com?
posure, but I lound ray Japanese fileuds affa?
bly willing to talk on any Biibject. The cuBtom
of hari kiri they admitted, but they claimed
that it wus prompted only by the noblest im?
pulses, and was regarded as the most convinc?
ing evidence of the sincerity and clilvulilc
feelinuB of the victims. A sample case of huri
kari was related One ol the Japanese utaieB
men advocaied the abolition of the feudal sys?
tem. His views were opposed by a majority
of th? members of Parliament, ?nd by the
Emperor, or Mikad , himself. Failing to con
vince the government of the Justness o? thc
policy, the patriot sent his dying appeal lo his
Majesty in writing, and thea disembowelled
himself on the door-step of the Parliament
house. It was this act which led to the gene?
ral awakening ot' ihe public io the evils of the
feudal system in Japan, and to Its abolition.
This hero, unknown byname to us, deserves a
place in history by the side ot the SHil'-pacriflc
ing Leonidas and Guriius. Concubinage ex?
ists to a limited extent But one wife ls allow?
ed by law, but il she is childless the man is
permitted to take a concubine, whose children
by him are legit?male. This custom ls recog?
nized on account ol the great importance with
which the Japanese regard the inheritance of
Some of the facts I have given here are
fresh to this part of the world-at least I have
never seen them "in print. Others have ap?
peared in books. But the information about
the material progress In Japan and the
changes In the political system ls recent. In
date, and ls probably now given for the first
time to the public. As the new embassy will
?oon be on the Atlantic coast, and will receive
unusual honors at the hands of our govern?
ment, this letter on a subject of growing in?
terest may not be amiss, ir we wish to reap
ihe advantages of the opening commerce with
Japan, we cannot be too careful to impress
our il ?'Hoi s and guests with our cood wlU
towards them and their country. Because or
their energy, intelligence and public spirit,
the Japunese ere desmied to become the lead?
ing nail u of Aila. Theyare a hundred years
ahead or the Cnioese, abd it is a question If,
they will not sometime overrun and subdue
that mighty empire as a comparative handful
or brave and warlike Englishmen have con?
quered Hindost?n, or as ihe army ol' Alexan?
der twenty centuries before laid the same
Asia at ii s leet.
I will only add that my Japanc-c remark
Hint all Americans who have some useful
ktiowlege to Impart, such as phy.-Iclans. teach?
ers and military men, would be gladly wel?
comed In Japan anti receive employment at
remunerative salaries. Englishmen, French?
men and Germans are going there lu large
numbers, but thu Americans are the favo?
rites. The Japanese State Department ls or?
ganized, and a diplomatic and consular Bys
10 tn, baBed on that of the United States, ls
adopted. Hoo. E. Penshine Smith, of New
York, late of our Slate Department at Wash?
ington, ls now In the service of Japan as or?
ganizer of its diplomacy. The Japanese min?
ister resident at Washington ls Mr. Jugol
Arlnorl Morl, a very pleasant and enlightened
gentleman. Nra. I
SKETCHES IN JAPAN.
Dispensing with Beds and Sleeping on
the Floor-K t t c -V 1 y I n g Extraor?
We have been furnished with a series of
letters from a young CharleBtonlan, now so?
journing in Yokohama, Japan, in the service
ol the Pacific Mail Steamship Company. Some
extracts will be round interesting:
* ? . We had quite a break In our life
since the arrival of the San Francisco steamer,
as lt brought, as guests of the company, the
Hon. James Brooks and daughter, of New
York, accompanied by a lady friend from
Washington. You may imagine that the ad?
vent of two fashionable young ladles to a
bachelor's abode Is quite au event. They will
be with us till the 12th. Any how lt ls quite
pleasant In this man's laud to have an occa?
sional peep at ladies.
Last month I took quite a pleasant trip inlo
the country, leaving on Saturday atternoon
and getting back the following morning. We
went to a place about tweniy miles distant,
and I got my first sight ot Japan country life.
The slopping houses are called tea houses,
and we were each given a room thickly mat?
ted. Etiquette obliges you to take off your
shoes on entering-very nece-sarylt is, too,
as there being no beds, the floor ls your rest?
ing place. The rooms are divided by paper
walls. I managed to get some sleep, though
the country bas two plagues-the musquito
and Hie flea. Trie ronku>r Wu wrr? partially
rid of by the aid of the net, which was
stretched over the whole mom'. The latter
we could do nothing with. We next morulng
v l-l ted a temple, one of the largest in
tho country. It Is the place where the
Mikado stops on his jimmey across this
island. We were shown ail the rooms attached
tn lt, being, I suppose, about one hundred and
Qfty, all on one floor. We also saw the rooms
where the Mikado and his wire sleep-the dif?
ference beiweeo them and the others being
the raised mats on which they sleep. The
screens, too. by which In fact all the rooms
ar* surrounded,- were much finer. There is
also some very pretty wood carving In their
rooms. These two rooms are, of course, re?
served entirely for royalty, no others being
allowed to rest their bones in them.
During my stay In the country I saw won?
ders lu the way of kite flying. This, you know,
ls the land of that amusement. They have
regular days In the year devoted entirely to it,
and we were fortunate enough to strike one
of them. Two of the kites flown were of
such a size that I took the dimensions
and counted the men engaged in starting it
They were made of Japanese colored paper,
were nearly tweniy feet square, fifteen men
assisted In holding up, and fltteeo more ran
off with the string, wblch was brought on the
ground In baskets carried by four men. After
they were fairly got in the air ihey were
backed from the field Inlo the village, where
every house atmest had one fastened In front
of lt. They pulled with great force. Anoiher
young man and myself were l if ea' from the
ground In trying to make an Impression on
the string. Tnere were flying altogether
about sevenly-flve kites, and I suppose there
were not more than three or four which a bey
could have held. This account I can assure
you, is not In the least exaggerated, although
since our return we have told the story io
people here and they have been inclined to
look at lt asa "fish tale." R. B. H.
TUE RAILROAD GOBBLERS.
MEMPHIS, January 21.
Scott, McCombe, Gariher, Plant, Wallets,
and oiher railroad men, are looking lo the
absorption of the Memphis and Littio Roik
B<.ad by tho Pennsylvania Central combina?
Hotel Arrlvoli-January ?4.
Wm. McManarny, Augusia; Jas. McDougall,
Columbia; J. R. Vaughan, Philadelphia; V.
Smllh, 8outh Carolina; John Wliann, Rich?
mond; J. M. Richardson, Clarendon; E. P.
Baker, Richmond; R, Williams, Leesville.
Ed. H. Synde, Now York; Dr. 8. B. Thomp?
son, J. G. Thompson, Beaufort; Mr, and Mrs.
B. F. Cortie.*, New York; Chas. Newhouse,
Philadelphia; M. J. Hirsch, South Carolina,
Mrs. G. A. Kendall, Miss Kendall, M?SE
Glover, Bosion;Thos. Marlin, Miss C. Martin,
Miss Mary Martin and twoservunts. New York
State; J. C. Mays, Beuuforl; J. W. Le.vigh, Or?
ange, N.J.; George M. Baldwin, Nuw Haven
H. T. Bessellieu, North Samee; P. Cuppln,
New York; John S. hadleigh, New Hamp?
G. F. Gtillck, Wa-hlngton; Thomas Emer
son, BoBton; Wm. Walsh, New York; Johr
Lawton, Miss L. D. Lawton, South Carolina
Moses Sander?, Barnwell; Wm. Gorman, Co
lumbla; John W. Tench, Uulon; H. Crowell
New York; B. Salterthwait und wile, M. M
Cohen, New York; J. H. Gowan, D. H. Thurs
ton, Massachusetts; J. W. Brown, M. S. Pan
worth, New Jersey; G. A. Boardman, Maine
J. Thomas, wile and child, Miss Carrie Thom
as, Jersey City; A. J. Hanscora, wife am
danghier, E. C. Williams. G. H. Bloornhnri
New York; J. A. Smith, Boston; W. L. Ellie
Macon: J. D. Wyman, agent "Blind Tom" Cor
cert; Jumes A.Tilton, J. L. Newhall, Maasr
-The last subiect discussed by a debatln
society was, " if you had io have a boil, wher
wnnl i you prerer to have II?" The unauimui
decision of the membeis was, "On some othi
LAWS OF THE STATE.
ACTS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
Published by Authority.
AN ACT to Incorp?rate tbe Town or Midway.
SECTION 1. Be it enacted bj the Senate and
Ho ase of Representatives of the State of Sooth
Carolina, now met and sitting in General As?
sembly, and by the authority of the same:
That all persons, citizens of the United States,
who now are, or hereafter may be, inhabitants
of the Town of Midway, shall be deemed, and
aro hereby declared, to be a body politic and
corporate, and that said town shall be called
and known by the name of Midway, and its
limits shall be deemed and held to extend
four hundred and ?fty yards in each direction
from the present railroad depot in said town.
SEO. 2. That tho said town shall be governed
by an intendant and four wardens, who shall
be el?oted on the fonrtb Monday in March
next, on which div, as well as oo the fourth
Monday of March of each year thereafter, an
election shall be held for an intendant and fonr
wardens, who shall be citizens of tbe United
States, and shall bave been residents of said
town for sixty days immediately preceding said
election, at euch places in said town as the
intendant and wardens shall designate, ten
days' public notice thereof being previously
given, in writing; and that all male inhabitants
of said town, of the age of twenty-one years,
who shall have resided therein sixty days pre?
vious to the election, shall be entitled to vote
for said intendant and wardens, and the elec?
tion shall be held from nine o'clock in the
morningjintil three o'clock in the afternoon,
when the polls shall be closed, and the mana
gars shall count the 'Votes and proclaim the
election, sud give notice thereof to the pei sons
elected, and that the intendant and wardens
for the time being shall appoint the managers
to bold the ensiling election. That the inten?
dant and wardens, before entering upon the
duties of their respective ofBoes, shall take the
oath prescribed by the Constitution of this
State, and also the following oath, to wit: "As
intendant (or warden) of Midway, I will
eqaally and impartially, to tbe best of my
ability, exercise the trust reposed in me, and
use my best endeavors to preserve the peace
and carry into effect, according to law, the
purposes of my appointment. So holp me
SEO. 8. That in case a vacancy shall occur in
the office of intendant or any of the wardens,
by death, resignation, removal from the State,
or from any ether cause, an eloction ebal! be
held by the appointment of the intendant and
warden, or wardens, as the case may be, ten
days' notice thereof, as aforesaid, being given;
and in the case of sickness or temporary ab
senoe of the intendant, the wardens forming a
council shall be empowered lo elect one of
themselves to act as intendant dnring snob
sickness or absenoe.
SEO. 4. That the intendant and wardens,
duly eleoted and qualified, shall, during their
term of service, s morally and respectively, be
vested with all the powers of trial justices or
other inferior courts in this State, in matters
civil and criminal, within the limits of said
town. That the intendant shall, as often as
of >a>?ioa may roqo'Vp. summon the wardens to
meet him in oouncil, a majority of whom shall
constitute a quorum for the transaction of
business, and shall be known by the name of
the town council of Midway, and they and
their successors in office shall have a oummon
seal, and shall have power and authority to
appoint, from time to time, such and so many
persons, to act as marshals and constables,
as they shall deem expedient and proper,
which officers shall have all tho powere, privi?
leges and emoluments, be subject to all the
duties, pinaltios and regulations provided by
the laws of this State for the office of consta?
bles; and tho intendant and wardens in conn
eil shall have power and authority, under their
corporate seal, to ordain and establish all
such rules and by-laws and ordinances re?
specting the streets, ways, public wells and
watering places, market and police of the said
town, and for preserving health, peace, order
and good government within the same, as
they may deem expedient and proper; and the
said council may affix fines for offences against
Buch by-laws and ordinances, and appropriate
tba same to the use of the corporation, but no
fine ?htill exceed fifty doll J rs. Ail fines may
be recovered by an action for debt before a
SEO. 5. That the said council shall have
power to abate and remove nuisances within
the limits of said town, and also to classify and
arrange tho inhabitants liable to police daly,
and to require them to perform such duty as
occasion may require, and to enforce the per?
formance thereof under the eamo penalties as
aro now, or may hereafter be, established by
law: Provided, always, never theloss, That the
said town council shall have power to com?
pound with persons liable to perform such
duty, upon snob terms as they anal), by ordi
Bsc. 6. That it shall be tho duty of the in?
tendant and wardens to keep all streets and
ways which may be necessary for public usc
within the limits of the said town open and
in good repair; and for that purposo they arc
hereby vested with all tho powere, ngbts and
privileges granted by law to the county com?
missioners within tho limits of said town, and
for any neglect of duty they shall bo liable tc
tho pains and penalties imposed by law upor
county commissioners for like neglect; ant
they arc hereby, individually, exempt from thc
performance of road and police duty; and thc
inhabitants of said town aro hereby exempl
from road and police duty without the limits o:
SEC. 7. That the said intendant and wardens
shul! have power to compound with persons
liab'e to work on said aireats and wavs, ant
release such persons as may desire it, upoi
tho payment of such Bum of money as tbo;
may deem a fair equivalent therefor, to be ap
plied by them to the use of tho siid corpora
SEO. 8. That the said town council of Mid
way shall also be empowered to retain, posses
and enjoy all Bach properly as they may now b
possessed of, or entitled to, or which sha:
hereafter be given, bequeathed to, or in an
manner acquired by them, and to sell, alier
or in any way transfer tbe same or aoy pal
thereof: Provided, The amount or property a
held or stock inves tod shall in no case excee
fifteen thousand dollars.
SEO. 9. That tho said town council of Mu
way shall have power to Imposo an annual ta
ou all real and personal property within tl
corporate limits of said town: Provided, Bai
tax docs not exceed ten couts on the one hoi
SEO, 10. That the intendant and wardens
tho Iown of Midway shall have power to reg
late eales at auction, within the limits of ea
town, and to grant licenses to auctioneei
Provided, That nothing herein contained shi
extend to estes by sheriffs, clerk of court
judge of probate, coroner, executors, ad
ministrators, assignees, or by any other per
eon, under the order of any court or trial
SEO. ll. That the intendant and wardens
of the town ot Midway shall have power and
authority to require all persons owning a lot qt
lots, in said Town of Midway, to keep in repair
the sidewalks adjacent to their lota, respeolive
ly, and for default in this matter, shall hare
power and authority to have the warfe ?one at
the expense of auch lot owner.
Ssa 12. That the power to grant or refuse
licenses to keep a tavern, or to retail intoxicat?
ing'drinks, be, and tb? same is hereby, vested
in the town council of tho Town of Midway,
and that they bc also invested with aline?os
sary power,- by ordinance, or ordinances, to
suppress or regulate the sale of intoxicating
drinks to be drunk at the place where sold, or
in or npon any of ita appurtenances, or in or
upon any of the highways, streets, lanes, alleys,
commons, kitchens, stores, shops, ' public
baile inge, booths, stalls, or outhouses, of tb?
said town, or within one-fourth of a mile of the
present railroad depot, in the Town of Midway,
in the County of Barnwell. Provided, That no
rule or regulation shall be made inconsistent
with the Constitution and laws of the State.
SEO. 13. That this act shall be taken and
deemed as a publio a jt in all courts of justice,
and Eihall oontinue of force for the term of four?
teen years from its passage.
Approved January 8th, A D. 1872.
CIVIL- CON TB A cxa.
TO THE EDITOR OF TBE NEWS. .
Many of your readers no doubt bave seen
by the proceedings of City Council, at Its last
meeting, that Thomas A. Johnson had lodged
a complaint with that body against the com?
missioners of the Almshouse for the awarding
of the contract for furnishing that Institution
with beef to one of their brother commission?
ers, at six cents per pound, over his bid of
four cents per pound, and that said board of
commissioners stated to Council their reasons
(not published) why they did not give the
contract-to Johnson, and asile that Council ap
I prove of their action. Approved.
'.Facts are stubborn things." We know
tbat there is a reason for the course adopted
as given in the proceedings of Council, con?
sequently let the public know why George
Shrewsbury gets six cents per pound for fur?
nishing meat rather than to have given it to
Thomas A. Johnson, at four cents per pound.
CloMiing ano Xnrmsriing ?DOCS
IM THE SOUTH.
ALL-WOOL SHAKER FLANNEL
SHIRTS AND DRAWERS.
WITH' THE VERY LATEST NOVELTIES IN
ELEGANT NECK WEAR.
STAR SHIRT EMPORIUM,
Opposite the Market,
" AND PLASTER.
uoo barrels warranted Pare Nova Scotia LAND
PLAST? R. For sale by
HERMANN BUL WINKLE, Kerr's Wharf.
?ACIFIO GUANO COMPANY'S
ACID PHOSPHATE OF LIME,
FOE COMPOSTING WITH COTTON SEED.
PRICE-S25 GASH, WITH USUAL ADVANCE FOR
ThlB article is prepared under the superintend?
ence of Dr. ST. JULIAN RAVENEL, expressly for
Composting wp h Cotton Seed.
it was introduced by this Company two years
ago, and Its use has fully atti seed Its value, zoo
lo '?bo pounds of this article per acre, properly
composted with the same weigh;, or cotton seed,
furnishes the planter witn a Fertilizer of the high?
est excellence at the smallest cost. A Compost
prepared with this article, as by prime 4 direc?
tions furnished, contains ail the elements of fer?
tility that can enter luto a First C a^s Fertilizer,
while us economy must commend its llneral use
to planters For supplies and printed directions,
for Composting, apply to J. N. HOBSON,
Agent Pacific Guano Company.
Nos. 63 East Bay and 1 and 2 a ian tic Wharf.
Charleston, S. C.
JNO. S. REESE ? GO., General Agents.
O L U B L E
PRICE, $15 CASH, WITH USUAL ADVANCE
Experience In the cse of this GUANO for the
past six years lu this Slate, for Cotton and Corn,
ha- so far established its character fur excellence
as to render comment unnecessary.
In accordance with the established policy of the
Company to furn sn the best Concentrated Ferti?
lizer ai the lowest cost to consumers, this Gnano
ls put into market this season at the above re
nuced price, which tlie Company ls enabled to do
by reason o its large facilities an i the reduced
cust or maouf?oture.
The supplies put Into market this season are, ae
heretofore, prepared under the personal superin?
tendence of Ur. St. Julian Raveuel, Chemnt ul
the Conipanv, at Charleston. S. G., hence planten
may rest assured ti at Its quality and c m potior,
is precisely the same us that heretofore sold.
At the present low price, every acre planted
can he fertilized with '?00 pounds Guano ata cosi
not exceeding the prese lvalue of 80 pounds o
colton, while experience has sliowu mar. nude
favorable condition of season and cultivation, tin
crop ls increased ny the ap llcatlon from two ti
three-fold the natural capacity of the soil, nene
under no condition could Its application faU ti
compensate fur the outlay.
Apply to J. N. ROBSON,
Agent Pacific Guano Company,
Noa. 68 East Bay and 1 and 2 Atlantic wnarr,
Charleston, S. C.
JOHN S. REESE A CO., General Agents.
M .A. *W H O ? 1>?
? - . ?.
The vegetative powers or life are strong, batu? - ?
a f?w years how often'the pallid hoe, the lacklua* "
tre ey?, an d emaciated form, show their baneful
inuaence. n soon becomes evident to the onaerv
er that some ??pressing lnfloenoe is ohecxlng Use
development of tn? body. Oonsnmptlou Li taire* ;
of, and perhaps the youth, is removed fr?m schoot
and sent Into the country. This is one of the
worst movements. Removed tra m ' ordinary di?
vers lons or the ever-changing scenes of the city,
the powers of the body, too moen ^feeble* ta -
grve zest to healthful and rural exercise, thought?
are turned Inwardly upon t nemselves.
If tho patient Ima female the approachofthe
menses ls looked for with anxiety as the Ant \
sy m pt om la which nature ls to stow ' her tavlag
power In diffusing the circulation and visiting tho.
cheek with the bloom of health. Alas t lnoreue
of appetite has grown by what lt fed on. The ;
energies of the system are prostrated, and the - :
whole economy ls deranged. The beautiful aid g
wonderful period In which body and mind under?
go so fascinating a change from child to woman
ls looked for in vain. The parent's heart bleed!
lo anxiety, asia fancies the grave but walting for 1
FOB WEAKNESS ARISING FROM EXCESSES
OB EABLT INDISCRETION^ 'i
attended with the following symptoms: INDIS- "*
POSITION TO EXERTION, LOSS OF POWER,
LOSS OF MEMORY, DIFFICULTY OF BRBATH*
INO, General Weakness, Horror or Disease, Weak
Nerves, Trembling, Dreadful Horror of Death,
Night Sweats, Cold Feet, Wakefulness, Dlmnws of
Vision, La egor, Universal Lassitude of the ii OJ ca?
lar Sy&tem, often Enormous Appetite, with Dys?
peptic Symptoms, Hot Hands, Flushing of the
Body, Dryness of the Skin, Pallid Conn te nan ces
and Erupnoss on the Face, Pain in the Back,
Heaviness of the Eyelids, Frequently Black Spots
flying before the Byes, with temporary s uflus. lon
and Loss of Sight, Want or Attention, Great Mo?
bility, Restlessness, with Horror of Society.
Nothing ls more desirable to snob patients than
Solitude, and nothing they more dread, for fear
of themselves; no repose or manner, ' no earnest?
ness, no speculation; but a hurried transition
from one question to another.
THESE SYMPTOMS, IF ALLOWED TO GO ON
-WHICH THIS MEDIOINE INVARIABLY RE?
MOVES-SOON FOLLOW LOSS OF PO WEH,
FATUITY AND EPILEPTIC FITS, IN ONE OF
WHICH THE PATIENT MAY EXPIRE.
During the Superintendence of Dr. WILSON at
the BLOOMIKGDALE ASYLUM, this sad result
occurred to two patients. Reason bad for a time
left them, and both died of epilepsy. They wero
of both sexes, and about tweaty years of age.
Who can say that their excesses are not fre?
quently followed by those direful diseases, IN?
SANITY and CONSUMPTION ? The records of the
INSANE ASYLUMS, and the melancholy deaths by
Consumption, bear ample witness to the truth of
these assertions. In Lunatic Asylums the most
melancholy exhibition appears. The countenance
ls actually sodden and quite destitute; neither
mirth nor grief ever visits it. Shoald a sound of
the voice occur lt ls rarely articulate.
" With wofol measures wan despair
Low sallen Bounds their grief beguiled."
WhUe we regret the existence of the above dis?
eases and symptoms, we are prepared to offer aa
Invaluable girt of chemistry for the removal of
IMPROVED ROSE WISH
Caree secret and delicate disorders in all their
stages, at little expense, little or no change In
diet, no inconvenience, and no exposure. It ls
pleasant in taste aad odor, Immediate In lu ac?
tion, free from all Injurious properties, superse?
ding Copaiba and all other nauseous compounds.
FLUID EXTRACT OF BUGHU.
There ls no tonie like it. it ls an anchor of hopa
to the physician and patient. This ls the testl- r
mony or all who have used or prescribed lt.
Beware of counterfeits and those cheap decoc?
tions called Buchn, most of which are prepared
by self-styled doctors, from deleterious Ingre?
dients, and offered for sale at "less price" and
larger bottles," AC. They are unreliable sad
Ask for Helmbold's. Take no
PRICE $1 25 PER BOTTLE. OR SIX
BOTTLES FOR $6 50.
Delivered to any address. Describe symptoms la
all communications; .. ;
GENUINE PREP AKATIONS,
Established upward of twenty years, prepared by
H. T. HELMBOLD,
PRACTICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,
No. 504 Broadway, New York,
No. 104 South Tenth street, PhUadelphla, Pa.
i ay-Sold tty Druggists Kverjrw??".-?