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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1883.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 18, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A
THE STATE DEBT AGAIN.
A KEW EXHIBIT-A CALL FOR MORE
TAXES TO PAT IXTEREST.
Proceedings In the General Assembly
The Cotton Tax-Rumored Resigna?
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, Tuesday, February 6.
The proceedings in thc Senate to-day were
devoid o? interest.
The House spent the entire day IQ the discus?
sion ol the metropolitan police bill. The chief
participan? B in the. debate were Jervey, Lee,
Jones, Hunter and Hedges.
Governor Scott Beat to the General Assem?
bly to-day a special message, enclosing memo?
rials from the Charleston Chamber of Com?
merce and Board of Trade, and from the Mo?
bile Board of Trade, in favor of the refunding
of the cotton tax. He advises the General
Assembly to memorialize Congress for the
The Governor reports that a large deficiency
has appeared over the appropriations for cur?
rent expenses and interest. He states the
amount of the debt-bearing interest to be
$11,994,908 98, and insists that a tax of four
mV^t will be required to raise the interest
It ls rumored to-night that Bleman, Bur?
roughs, Holcombe, Du vail and Wilson will re?
sign their Beats In the General Assembly to?
THE DEBATE ON THE POLICE BILL.
The Points of the Two Metropolitan Po?
lice Frauds-They are Supported on
General Want of Principle-The Dan?
ger in the Details-A Blow at the
Three Proposed Commissioners-mis?
[FROM O ?B OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, S. C., February 5.
The principal feature in to-day's proceed?
ings in the General Assembly bas been the be?
ginning of the battle in the House over the
metropolitan police scheme. Tbe subject
came up on the consideration of the bill Intro?
duced by Bowen, which had been made the
special order for this morning, and the debate
continued for about an hour, when the House
adjourned-so that the subject will be resumed
to-morrow morning as the unfinished busi?
ness of the day. The maltee was handled
gingerly to-day, and the merits of the scheme
were hardly touched; but lt ls probable that a
lively time will be had to-morrow. The
irlends of the measure do not find such
smooth sailing as they anticipated. Al?
most every member of the House ls pledged
to Its support on general principles, be?
cause it wrests from the conservative ma
jot ity of Charleston the police control of their
own,city and gives lt to the Radicals; but in the
details of the scheme there ls such a conflict
of local Radical interests that it now appears
eminently probable that the whole measure
will fall through. Of the three metropolitan
Sol ice bills now before the House only two
ave any chance of passing, and the third ls
virtually withdrawn. O? these two the one
introduced by Hedges is understood to have
been written by Sheriff Mackey, and to be the
pet device of the Mackey family, Coroner Taft,
Commissioner McLaughlin, and the rest o? the
Charleston County officials. The other was
prepared and introduced by Bowen, and has
the active support of the entire Charleston
delegation. As between the two, there ls but
Utile choice of evils. Both contain the same
general provisions, but the Mackey bill pro?
vides for the election by the General Assembly
Of the police commissioners once in four
years, while Bowen proposes to leave the
election of the commissioners in the
hands of the people at the next general elec?
tion, and every two years thereafter. The
last named bill also provides for the appoint?
ment of R. B. Artson, Aaron Logan and H.
C. Minott as ad interim commissioners te
serve till next October, and lt was upon these
names that the fight was made to-day. As
soon as the bill came up an amendment was
offered by Lee, ofEdgefield, that the names
be stricken out, leaving a blank to be filled
by the General Assembly. This was opposed
by Hurley, Jervey and others, who insisted that
the persons named were eminently flt and
proper persons ior the place, and that such
matters of detail as this should, in all fairness
and decency, be left to the decision of the
members from Charleston. The amendment
was lost, and, alter a few unimportant
speeches, the House adjourned.
Previous to this little excitement, the fol?
lowing bills and notices were introduced:
By Mr. Jervey, a bill to amend an act to re?
gulate the drawing of lurtes. This provides
tor the payment to the Jury commissioners of
Georgetown, Sumter, Barnwell, Orangeburg.
Edge?eld and Beaufort Counties of an annual
salai y of $500 each, and to the Jury commis?
sioners of Charleston County am&nnual salary
By Mr. Bosemon, a bill to amend an act to
revise and extend the charter of the Relief
Loan Association, of Charleston; also, a bill
to incorporate the Charleston Homestead As- '
By Mr. L. Cain, a bill compelling represen?
tatives to reside In the counties from which
elected. The provisions o? this measure are
expressed by its title, and the penalty for Its
violation is that the seats of offending mem?
bers shall be declared vacant, and special elec?
tions ordered to fill t he; r places.
By Mr. Gary, ~ resolution requiring the
chairmen of the various committees to report
back all bills In their possession on or before
next Monday, the 12th Instant. ThlB looks
like a movement toward adjournment, and, as
Buch, deserves the heartiest commendation.
One circumstance, however, which may prove
fatal to the hopes o? an early termination of
the session ls the fact that the members are
unable to get their pay, the treasurer con?
stantly complaining of an utter dearth of
greenbacks. Under these circumstances,
many o? the members have expressed their
intention of prolonging the session until their'
demands are paid, and it may be, If they fight
it out on this Une, lt will take all Bummer.
Quite a little debate was also Indulged In
over the joint resolution introduced the other
day by Briggs to appoint another high joint
special financial Investigating committee, this
time to be composed of lawyers, and to be
empowered to bring such criminal or civil
prosecutions against all offending State offi?
cials as they shall deem advisable. Mr. Briggs
made a long and well considered speech in
favor of his resolution, which provoked re?
plies from Singleton, Smart, Hunter and
others, the resolution being at last killed by
striking out the resolving clause by a vote ol
40 to 38.
In the Senate, there was a remarkable
dearth ol debate, and but little business o?
general Importance was transacted.
The following bills were passed:
Bill to Incorporate the Mechanics' and Far?
mers' Building and Loan Association of Rich?
land County, South Carolina.
Bill to provide for the speedy apportionment
of the State appropriations made for the sup?
port and maintenance of free common
Bill to renew and amend the charter of Er?
skine College, at Due West, In Abbeville
County, S. C.
Bill to amend an act entitled "An act to ex?
tend the limits of the Town of Camden."
Bill to revive and renew the charter and
corporate privileges of the trustees of the
BennettBvllle Academical Society.
Bill to authorize clerks o? the Court of Com?
mon Pleas to take testimony In certain cases.
Considerable debate was had upen the bill
which was recently passed by the House to
provide for the election by the people instead
of the appointment by the Governor of county
treasurer?, commissioners and trial Justices.
It was evident that the senators were not dis?
posed to look with much tavor upon this propo?
sition, which by depriving them of the power
of confirmation would materially abridge their
perquisites and their Importance, and the
measure found an untimely grave by being In?
definitely postponed. PICKET.
THE SEIBELS-POBCHER DIFFICULTY.
The Basia of Settlement.
[From the Colombia Phoenix.]
The undersigned, having applied to inter?
vene in the matters of difference between Mr.
J. T. Seibels and Mr. P. M. Porcher, and these
two gentlemen havlDg consented, at our re?
quest, to suspend any and all action tending
to a hostile meeting, we think that the diffi?
culty ls susceptible of honorable adjustment.
Inasmuch as the said difficulty is an assault
made by Mr. P. M. Porcher upon Mr. E. W.
Seibels, the father of Mr. J. T. Seibels, which
assault, in our opinion, was unwarrantable
and unjustifiable, we think that Mr. Porcher
should address to Mr. E. W. Seibels the fol?
COLUMBIA, February 1,1872.
Major E. W. Seibels:
8IB- Having heard that you had used certain
expressions calculated to injure my character
and credit in the City of Columbia, I accosted
you personally, In front of the Columbia Hotel,
on the evening of the 2 uti ult., and demanded
to know li my information was correct. You
replied that you had not assailed my character,
but as to my credit you could not say. There?
upon I proceeded to assault you with a weap?
on, and In a manner entirely unwarrantable;
and I beg to say to you now, that I
greatly regret my conduct upon that occa?
sion, and feel deeply the wrong that I have
done you. Feeling that I was wrong, I have
the courage to admit it, and propose to meet
you, unarmed, at any time that you may sug?
gest, with a view to a conference for the set?
tlement of our difficulties. I came to Colum?
bia, yesterday afternoon, in response to a
card signed by Mr. J. T. Seibels, but have. de?
termined, after notifying that gentleman of
my presence here, and of my willingness to
meet him at any place, and in any way ihat
he may designate, to ignore all complications,
until I shall bave made this, which I consider
only a proper amend to you. Since my ar?
rival here I have learned that you are under
oond to the civil authorities. This Increases
the obligation on my part to make this amend.
Hoping that you may receive this note In
the spirit ia which lt ls written, I am, yours,
very respectfully, P. M. PORCHER
Upon the receipt of this note by Mr. E. W.
Seibels. In which Mr. Porcher lrankly and
fully acknowledges hlmselt in the wrong, we
advise that Mr. Seibels should address the
following note to Mr. Porcher, which should
be accepted as satisfactory, and thereupon
amicable relations should be restored:
COLOMBIA, February 1,1872.
Mr. P. M. Porcher-SIB: Your note of this
date has been received. I know it is unusual
to accept an explanation for an assault of the
character you nave made upon me; but recog?
nizing the trank acknowledgment of wrong
which you have made, I have the courage to
accept your amend, and am prepared to meet
you unarmed. Yours, very respectfully,
E. w. SEIBELS.
These two notes having passed and been ac?
cepted by Mr. E. W. Seibels and Mr. Porcher,
we think that Mr. J. T. Seibels, on the de?
mand of Mr. Porcher, should publicly with?
draw his card of the 30th ult.
Upon compliance with the terms suggested,
it ls the opinion of the undersigned that the
differences have been adjusted nonorably for
all parties. In making this award, we express
the opinion that Mr. E. W. Seibels in accept?
ing lt. has shown forbearance and generosity,
while Mr. Porcher ls entitled to credit for the
frankness with which he has acknowledged
himself In the wrong, and the manliness with
which he has relieved Mr. Seibels of the pain?
ful necessity ot resorting to extremities la
vindication of his character aad honor.
WADE HAMPTON', JOHN WATIES,
M. C. BUTLER, HUGH 8. THOMPSON,
WILLIAM WALLACE, JOHN PRESTON, Jr.,
THOMAS TAYLOR, B. C. SHIVER,
JOHN S. GREEN.
COLUMBIA, S. C., February 2, 1872.
To Messrs. Wade Hampton, M. G. Butler. S.
G. Shiver, John S. Green, Wm. Wallace,
Thos. Taylor, John Waties, Hugh S. Thomp?
son, John Preston, Jr. :
GENTLEMEN-I have the honor to acknow?
ledge, by the bands of Messrs. John 3. Green
and John Preston, Jr., the paper signed by
you in the matter of difference between
Messrs. Seibels and myself. After careful de?
liberation, I consent to the terms of adjust?
ment indicated therein.
With a full appreciation of the obligations I
am under to you, I am yours, very respect?
fully, PHILIP M. PORCHER.
COLOMBIA, February 3,1872.
GENTLEMEN-I have considered with care
the award made by the board of which you are
members. I hereby signify my acceptance of
the terms proposed.
Thanking you for the interest you have taken
in this matter, I am, very truly yours,
E. W. SEIBELS.
Messrs. Wade Hampton, M. C. Butler, and
COLOMB^ S. C., February 5, 1872.
Messrs. Bampton? Butler, Wallace and others:
GENTLEMEN-The difficulty between my
father, Major E. W. Seibels, and Mr. P. M. Por?
cher, having been honorably adjusted, I here?
by withdraw my card of the 30th ult. I have
the honor to be yours, very respectfully,
J. T. SEIBELS.
THE OLD WORLD'S NEWS.
PARIS, February 6.
President Thiers was shot at last night, but
was not hurt. Tne assassin escaped.
LeFranc becomes minister of the interior.
The treasury 1B ready to pay the fourth half
milliard of the German Indemnity due May 1.
The Assembly is discussing the establish?
ment of a provincial commission to govern the
country if the Assembly is illegally dissolved.
Tumultuous scenes attend the discussion.
LONDON, February 6.
A bill to abolish the Polynesian coolie slave
trade will be Introduced in Parliament this
HOME, February 6.
Cardinal Antonelll is sick.
NEWS FROM TP ASHING TON.
WASHINGTON, February 6.
1 In the House bills were introduced for bridg?
ing the Mississippi! from a point south of St.
Louis; ior mall service to Austria; to promote
iron shipbuilding; to encourage telegraphic
communication with Europe and Asia; to re?
lieve actual settlers on the Cherokee neutral
lands; for bridging the Mississippi at ll a sea
tine. The educational bill was discussed to
In the Senate, Fenton presented a petition
from over a thousand leading merchants, pro?
testing against the seizure of private books
and papers by government officials. A pro?
test from the South Carolina Legislature
against a reduction of the duly on rice was
presented. Edmonds introduced a resolution
calling for the correspondence looking to the
abrogation ol the Washington Treaty, which
he followed ia a warlike speech. Amnesty
was discussed to adjournment.
The steamer Congress, now at New York,
has been ordered to Join the European squad?
There was a full Cabinet to-day, and the ses?
sion was unusually long.
Garrett Davis is critically 111.
The treaty complications were Informally
discussed in the Cabinet to-day.
The committee on ways and means hereaf?
ter will only hear committees In writing.
Gage was confirmed as collector of customs
for Beaufort, S. C.
A NATIONAL BANK IN A Flt.
ATLANTA, February 6.
The Georgia National Bank was attached to?
day for refusing to pay one hundred and twen?
ty thousand dollars deposited by Governor
Bullock as State funds.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-Several hundred small-pox deaths have
taken place In the City of Mexico.
-The snow blockade reports from the Pacific
Ballroad are more discouraging than ever.
-It is reported that a large portion of Hele?
na, Arkansas, has been destroyed by fire.
-Squire John Horten was killed in Mem?
phis by Deputy Sheriff 8prager, who alleges
that he acted in^seli-defence.
THE BRITISH FLURRY.
LANGUAGE OF TBE QUEEN'S SPEECH
ON THE ALABAMA CLAIMS.
The Indirect Damages not Understood
to be Within the Province of the Ar?
bitrators-"A Friendly Communica?
tion" Addressed to the Governmental
Washington-Tone of thc English
Press, &C, Sic.
LONDON, February 5.
The Times this morning says that the Treaty
et Washington has become Inoperative, not
being based on a perfect understanding be?
tween the parties concerned. "It ls with the
utmost reluctance," says the Times, "that we
contemplate the possibility ol a reference of
the claims to a board of arbitration which will
come to nothing. A satisfactory answer from
Washington, excluding claims for Indirect
damages, cannot be anticipated."
The Queen's speech, so far as it relates to
the Alabama claims, will be short and friend?
ly, but general in terms.
The Times urges English statesmen to si?
lence. The Telegraph denounces the Ameri?
can claim for Indirect damages as utterly in?
The Queen's Speech.
LONDON, February 6.
The session of Parliament was opened'short
ly after noon to-day. When the members of
the House had assembled in the Chamber of
Peers, the Queen's speech was delivered.
The Royal speech begins with thanks to
God for the recovery of the Prince of Wales
and gratitude for the sympathy of the people.
The relations with foreign powersjare friendly
and in all respects satisfactory. A bill will be
presented to check the slave trade In Polyne?
sia, which ls severely denounced.
The efforts to secure the continuance of the
commercial treaty with France have so far not
succeeded, but the negotiations are still pend?
The following language is used with regard
to the Alabama claims: "Arbitrators appoint?
ed pursuant to the Treaty of Washington for
the purpose of amicably settling the Alabama
claims, held their first meeting at Geneva.
The cases were laid before the arbitrators on
behalf of each party to the treaty. In the case
submitted by America, large claims were In?
stituted, which were understood on my part
not to be within the province of the arbitrat?
ors. On this subject I have caused a friendly
communication to be made to the Government
of the United States." Nothing further is said
In regard to the Alabama claims; but in re?
gard to the other provisions of the Treaty of
Washington, it Is stated that the Emperor of
Germany has accepted the arbltratorshlp of
the dispute In regard to the ?-an Juan boun?
dary, and the cases are now preparing for pre?
sentation. The mixed commission appointed
under the treaty ls also In session.
SALE OF THE SPARTANBURQ AND
A correspondent of the Columbia Phoenix,
writing from Union Courthouse on the 5th,
The sale of I he Spartanburg and Union Rail?
road took place to-day, according to an?
nouncement. It was attended by H. Solomon,
E-q., president of the fcouth Carolina Rank
and Trust .Company; General Austell, of the
Air Line Railroad, J. D. Pope, J. H. Rion, E.
F. Gary, (State auditor,) J. S.Jacobs, (teller
South Carolina Bank and Trust Company,)
Joseph Crews, J. M. Baxter, General Worth?
ington, Captain Wiley McFadden, (president
First National Bank, Charlotte,) Hon. Mr.
Duncan, and Thomas Do dam ead, Esq., super?
intendent Greenville and Columbia Railroad.)
The interest of the Slate was represented by
State Auditor E. F. Gary and J. D. Pope, Esq.;
the South Carolina Railroad was represented
by Thomas Dodamead, Esq. The road was
first bid in by the State at $610,000; but the
terms not being compiled with, lt was resold,
and bid in again by the State at $410.000. The
terms not being complied with again, lt was
put up the third time and bid in by General
Worthington at $400,000.
Reminiscences of the Great English
[From the London News, January 6.]
Considering the antiquity of the British flat
racing, lt seems strange that the first steeple?
chase In England should have taken place so
recently as the year 1792. It was run In Lei?
cestershire-eight miles irom Barkly Holt to
the Coplow and back, catch weight, gentle?
men riders, and the winner was Mr. Charles
Meynell, son of the great F. M. H. The
course could not have been very strictly de?
fined, when Mr. Needham, of Hungerston,
sung out to Lord Forrester, "It will save you
one hundred yards if you'll come through
my garden and Jump the gate into the
road." In the early days of steeple?
chasing, while there were no artificial
slaughter traps, there was no compromise. It
was real business, that Wiltshire steeple-chase
In 1833 between Lord Ducie and Jem Hill, the
Yale of White Horse huntsman, with the plain?
spoken conditions that it was to be "four miles
straight ahead, neither to ride more than a
hundred yards along a road, every gate to be
locked, and no fences cut." Ju tnose early
dayp, St. Albans was a great steeple-chasing
centre, under the auspices of Tommy Cole?
man, whose idea of a Bteepfe-chase was two
miles out and two miles in, and "keeping the
lice quite dark." With Tommy there was no
going over the ground the night before lo see
what it was like. The riders saddled in the
Inn yard, and he marched them out three
abreast, like cavalry, to the starting post,
dropping down heavily on any one that he
detected looking over the hedges. From
twenty to thirty years ago, steeple-chasing
with gentlemen riders was up in its glory
"the Marquis," nor. he who owned Lady Eliza?
beth and killed himself before he was thirty,
but the Marquis of Waterford, on Cock Robin;
"the Squire" (Mr. Osbaldeston) on Grimaldi
the gallant horse that would face everything
but water; Captain Beecher, the "copper-bot?
tomed amphibious," on Yiviau, wont to gallop
open-mouthed over the doubles-or on Lot?
tery, Mr. Elmore's wonderful Jumper. That
was something like a stepple-chase between
"the Squire," on Grimaldi, and Captain
Beecher, on Napoleon, In the stout-fenced
Pvtchley country. The River Lem was the
tt?irty-elghth Jump irom the start and the
sixth from the finish-forty-six Jumps In one
steeple-chase. Both went In headlong, and
were seen no more of men for some time. At
last Beecher's cap was saen, and then Napo?
leon's ears, and the pair floated a hundred
yards down stream, the horse "fighting like
a bad swimming dog."' For all the mischance
at the water Jump, the race was ridden home,
and after being rubbed down and dressed,
both riders went out hunting, and had to cross
thc Lem again.
THE DAVENPORT BROTHERS CAUGHT.-The
Davenport Brothers lately irave some of their
psychic exhibitions at Ithaca, New York, bm
their tricks were sadly disarranged by some ol
the Cornell University fellowe. A private let?
ter says that some of the students, having a
scientific lum of mind, provided themselves
beforehand with pyrotechnic balls containing
phosphorus, so made as to Ignite suddenly
with a bright light. During the dark seances,
when the Davenports purported to be, and a3
the audience supposed were, bound hand and
foot within their closet or cabin, and when the
guitar was floating in the "air and playing mu?
sically around, the aforesaid students struck
their ligbts all of a sudden, when the spirits
were found to be none other than the Daven?
ports themselves, who were dodging about the
stage, brandishing the guitars, and playing
the tunes. The music suddenly ceased, the
committee declared the performance ahum
bug, and the players departed from Ithaca by
the earliest train.
TBE WIDOWS' BOITE.
What Charleston has Done for Confed?
erate Widows and Orphans.
[Ooirespocdenceof the havannah Republican.]
CHARLESTON, 8. C., January 27.
There is a building on Broad street of this
city, once known as the Stewart House, by
many as the Carolina Hotel, but now
known by a partial misnomer, which shall
be explained after awhile, as "The Confed?
erate Widows' Home." Last evening, half
past seven o'clock found me there, by earnest
invitation of its noble-hearted lady president.
Judge of the surprise of a visitor, however,
when, on entering the spacious reception
room, he found it occupied-not by widows,
nor even by matrons, but-by fifty or sixty
young ladles and children, daughters of the
Confederate dead of Carolina, and represent?
ing, In almost every case, a once wealthy but
now Impoverished family.
It ls easy to conceive what must be the as?
pect of an assemblage of gentlemen's daught?
ers, even though compelled for a time to
tread the humble vale of poverty. But I con?
fess being taken by surprise In the sight that
met my gaze-a little crowd of maidens, of
every age, from eight to eighteen years, all
clad with tasteful simplicity, as became an
elemosynary institution, but all cheerful and
happy, many of them radiant with beauty,
and most ol them attesting, In form, feature
and tone, the high blood Inherited from a
noble line of ancestry. In the names given
me I recognize families over whose marble
thresholds I had passed In happier days, and
In whose princely-mansions I had enjoyed
many a pleasant hour.
Two little cherubs, about eight or nine years
old, interested me much. One of them I bad
seen, a few minutes before, standing on a
chair to which she had climbed or been lifted,
in order that she might bring her laughing,
sunny face Into contact with ute cheek of an
elderly, benevolent gentleman who bad as?
sumed the expense of her education,. and
whose heart evidently yearned over the little
orphan. The face of tbe other child also was
very sweet, though marked with somewhat of
a pensive cast. Both of them were brought to
me, to receive a few words of cheer, and while
I held the hand of one and put mvarm around
the nestling form of the other, lt was hard to
keep the eye and voice from the signs of emo?
tion. These were the youngest of the
crowd. Soon after a tal!, graceful girl,
of "sweet sixteen," was introduced to
a seat near me. My attention bad
already been excited by tbe unusual grace
with which she, and a sylph-like companion,
bad whirled and glided in a waltz, to the
sound of a piano; and my interest was by no
means diminished by, the Interchange of a
few thoughts with them both. These, I be?
lieve, were the eldest with whom lt was my
privilege to become personally acquainted.
After half an hour thus spent, during which
about twenty or thirty visitors came drop?
ping in, there was heard ue tinkle of a little
bell; a pair of folding doors flew suddenly
apar!; the company gathered In a dense
semi-circle around the open space, and
there we saw a grotesque assemblage of
apparently wax flgurts. It was a tableaux,
capitally acted by the parties, and humor?
ously explained by the "exhibitor" of the
wax works. An acted charade was followed
by some rich music, both vocal and Instru?
mental, and then your correspondent retired.
The history of the Institution, and of the
partial misnomer in its title, is as follows: At
the close of our late disastrous war certain la?
dies of Charleston, beholding with grief so
many families ef the noblest and most heroic
citizens of the State left In perfect destitution,
resolved to establish a Home, where at least
the female members should be cared for. One
of them, hearing of a Home of the kind in Bal?
timore, obtained a free ticket over the roads,
and went there to Inspect lt. During that
visit a poor widow In that Institution urged
upou her acceptance one dollar, all she could
spare, to help In the work. That one dollar,
thus urged until lt was accepted, determined
the lady to begin. She returned home, mort?
gaged her own handsome house and lot as se?
curity for expenses,.rented the old Carolina
Hotel, or Stewart House, on Broad street, at
two thousand dollars a year, as a necessary
preliminary, and united with other ladies In
Inviting the "mother?, widows, Bisters and
daughters" of Impoverished Confederate sol?
diers to come and enjoy the refuge thus pro?
The original aim being mainly the relief of
Confedetate widows, lt received naturally tie
tide ot "The Widows' Home." BUL It waa
soon discovered that the daughtersW? these
families were more in need ol help than the
mothers, and the result is that, during the
last three years, the chief effort has been to
maintain and educate these daughters as
nearly as possible In a manner befiting their
There are now about thirty widows and
mothers connected with the institution, while
there are sixty-five daughters ina course o?
education, of whom all but ten are boarded
as well as taught In the house. Three -o?
these young ladies have already become as-'
Blatant teachers; several more will soon be
ready to go out Into the world as teachers and
governesses, and all are In a course of prepa?
ration to earn their own livelihood, befog
taught all the branches of education usually
in demand, and also music and dancing as
The pupils, with the exception of four, who
are residents of the city, come from all parts of
the State. The expenses, amounting to six
thousand dollars a year, are detrayed almost
wholly by the citizens of Charleston. And the
education is conducted mainly by two sisters,
cousins of the distinguished Dr. Palmer, of
New Orleans, and grand daughters of the elder
Dr. Palmer, late pastor ol'the Circular Church,
Charleston, supplemented by instructions In
Latin and French by a scholarly pastor in the
city, and by a lady professor of the latter
Yours, truly, F. B. GOULDISO.
THE DISPERSION OF THE JEWS.
The Allegemeine Zeltung gives some Interest?
ing nartlculars as to the dispersion of the Jews
over the world. In Palestine they have long
been reduced to a very small proportion of
their former numbers. They are now most
numerous in the northern part ot Africa, be?
tween Morocco and Egypt, (where, especially
in the Barbary State?, they lorm the chief ele?
ment of the population,) and in that strip of
Europe which extends from the lower Danube
to the Baltic. In the latter region there are
about four million Jews, most of whom are of
the middle class among the Slavonic nationali?
ties, while in the whole of Western Europe
lhere are not one hundred thousand of them.
In consequence ot Europeau migrations, des?
cendants of these Jews-have settled lu America
and Australia, where they are already multi?
plying iu the large commercial towns in the
same manner as in Europe, and much more
rapidly than the Chrisiiun population. The
Jewish settlers In Northern Africa are also In?
creasing so much that they constantly spread
larthcr io the south. Timbuctoo has since 1858
been Inhabited by a Jewish colony ol traders.
The other Jews In Africa are the Falaschas, or
Abyssinian black Jews, and a few European
Jews at the Cape of Good Hope. There are
numerous Jewish colonies in Yemen and Ned
BOhran, in Western Arabia, It has long been
known that there are Jews in Persia and the
countries on the Euphrates; in the Turcoman
countries thev inhabit the four iortresses ol
Scuerisebs, Kltab, Sihamatan and Urta Kur?
gan, and thirty small villages, residing in a
separate quarter, but treated on an equal foot?
ing with the other inhabitants, though they
have to pay higher taxes. Tnere are also Jews
In China, and In Cochin Cnina there are both
white aud black Jews. Tne white Jews have
a tradition, according to whicb, in the year 70
A. D. their ancestors were ten thousand Jews
who settled at Cranganore, on the coast of
Malabar, after the destruction of the Temple
of Jerusalem. The Jews remaiued at Cranga?
nore until 1565, when ihey were driven into
the interior by the Portuguese,- The black
settlers are Buppose to be native proselytes,
and have a special synagogue of their own.
SOUTHERN MANUFACTURES.-The Columbus
(Ga.) Inquirer says: "Our cotton manufactories
are crowded with orders. A l?ge merchant
told us, the other day, lt was with difficulty he
could get a tew bolts of goode, as the mills had
orders ahead frem every section. Our mills
are now running 30,000 spindles and over 1000
looms, and consume over ten bales of cotton
per day. They have already taken over twice
as much cotton as to same date last year."
MAKING PATRIOTISM PAT.
OUR PECULATING PRESIDENT.
Grant's Little Operations in Cotton.
[From tiie Kew Yoi k World, January 30.]
The connection of Mr. Grant with illicit
speculations in cotton has long been known
in outline lo all readers of newspapers. But
the publication o? the whole record in the case
of Grant vs. Mack is nude for the first time in
the World this morning^ and that publlcaton
ls the only authentic and detailed statement
of what the Republican Judge who tried the
cause declared to be a transaction disgraceful
to all concerned In lt.
From this record lt appears clear ot doubt
or dispute that the Macks made an arrange?
ment with Jesse B. Grant, whereby they were
to give him a share In the profits of smuggling
cotton through the lines in return for the In?
fluence which he promised to exert with his
son, General U. S. Grant, to connive at the
smuggling. Tnis Influence was the only con?
tribution of Jesse R. Grant to the partnership.
He put in no money. He did no labor. He
only undertook to persuade his son to use bis
position as a major general to further the
schemes of himself as an Illicit adventurer.
The subsequent squabbles of the parties need
not Interest us. For lt waa not denied that
the Grants, father and son, did their best to
make the adventure a success.
If ibis were told of almost any other regular
and educated officer of the American army
than Ulysses 8. Grant, we are proud to. hope
that it would be Incredible, and we are certain
that lt would be surprising. For whatever
may be nrzed against West Point officers there
are very few instances of one of them using
his military command to promote his private
gain or the gain of any one of his- relatives.
The use which Grant was besought to make of
his position, however, was not merely an
irrelevant use. It was an abuse. It cotton
trading between North and South had been a
lawful branch of Industry, the action of a
major-general in facilitating lt would only
have bees undignified and indelicate. And
nobody now expects, nor did those who knew
him thea expect, any sense of dignity or deli?
cacy to be shown by U. B. Grant. But lt was
a grave breach of trust as well. The whole
object ot the blockade or the Confederacy by
sea, and the investment of the Confederacy by
land, was to prevent the exchange of Confede?
rate cotton for the money of Europe and the
North. Major-General Grant was in bis place,
to a considerable degree, for the purpose of
preventing such an exchange. By consenting
to promote lt, he showed that he valued pelt,
his own, or another's, more than patriotism,
and proved himself unworthy of his commis?
sion, and false to bis flag.
It will not do to palliate Grant's complais?
ance on the score of his filial affection. If he
had been a man of high honor he would have
flung the letter which urged him to trade or
let others trade upon his official opportunities
In the face of the man who dared to present
it to bim. whoever might have written lt. If |
be had been a man of common honesty he
would at least have sent the man back empty
handed. But no word or act of protest ever
came from him until lt appeared that Hie en?
terprise he bad stooped to promote turned out
disastrous instead of profitable. And then he
showed resentment, not because he had been
used, but because he had been used In vain.
And ne showed lt again by abusing his office,
not this time to Increase the gains of his
family, but to wreak the grudges of his family.
And be showed lt with the spite of a small [
mind and a bad heart, by Issuing an order of |
Eroscrlptlon against the whole Hebrew race,
ecause he and bis father had quarrelled with
two Jews In Cincinnati.
This is a nasty scandal to revive. But Its
revival ls a public duty. For the things which
were thus done io the green tree are doing
now in the dry. If General Grant, with the j
honorable traditions of the army behind him
and the honorable associations of the army
about bim, traded on bis office then, what else
can we look for than that President Grant,
with the low traditions of Washington behind
him and the low associations of Washington
about him, should trade upon bis office now.
The capital which Jesse Grant brought to his
partnership with the cotton conspirators in
1863 was the same capital which Corbin
brought to bis partnership with the gold con?
spirators of 1869, and which Leet brought to
bis "arrangement" with Grlnnell In 1869. It |
was the influence In the one case of General
and In the other cases of President Grant, and
and the belief which Mack and Gould and
Grlnnell alike held, and Justly held, that Grant
held his public functions in trust for his pri?
vate uses, and, as has been bitterly and truly
said by one of the men who knew him best,
"treated the Presidency of the United States
as If he had won lt In a raffle."
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, D. C., February 6.
The area of rising barometer, with falling
temperature, will prodably advance eastward
over Alabama and the Middle and Eastern
States during Wednesday. Cloudy and clear- j
lng weather, with cold northerly winds, will
prevail from Florida to Virginia. Dangerous
winds are not anticipated for the Atlantic
Yesterday's Weather Reports of the
Signal Service, U. S. A.-4.4T P. Bl.,
Ajgustn, QA.... 30.14
Key West, Fla.. 30.06
Knoxville, Tenn. 30..o
Memphis. Tenn.. 30.61
Mt. Washington. 29.77
New orleans.... 30.09
furilau<i. Me.... 29.90
Wilmington,N.e. 30.1 ;
NOTE.-The weather resort dated 7.47O'CIOCK,
tills morning, will be posted in the rooms of the
Cnamber of Commerce at 10 o'clock A M., and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
courtesy or the Chamber) be examined by ship
.ua.it era at any time dunne the day.
INTERESTING RESULTS OF THE CENSUS.
There has been for some lime In course of pr??
parai lon at the census office a series of maps
exhibiting some of the results of the census.
For instance, there ls a map of the United
States and Territories showing the distribution
of the German population. In localtles where
there ls less than a certain per cent.-say five
per cent, of the population-the map is left
uncolored. In those places where the percent?
age of the Germans ls a little higher, the fact
is indicated by a slight reddish tint or coloring,
and the coloriog Increases in strength with
the Increased proportion of the Germans.
There is on the margin a key to the meaning
ot the different tints and the percentage each
indicates, so that one sees at a glunce where
in the country Germans have mainly gathered,
and where they are very few. The distinctions
are so minutely and thoroughly made that even
small German settlements in tbe Western
States and Territories are exhibited. Maps
showing the distribution of the colored popu?
lation of the country in a similar manner have
been prepared, and others are In contempla?
tion. Sucb, fur example, as will show graphi?
cally the distribution of the wheat ana other
crops. These maps will be brought to the at?
tention ot'Congres-, anti a plan presented to
secure their publication. One ol these maps
shows at a glance the results of days of study
ol long census tables, and enables many per?
sons to comprehend fads which they never
would or could learn from examlnatlou of the
printed tables of the report.
A SOUTH CAROLINA KNOW-NOTHING.-The
comptroller-general ut South Carolina says he
does not know how much money will be
needed to pay the Interest on the State debt,
because he does not know how many of the
Stale bonds are out. If lhere 1B a man, living
or dead, who does know, let him come forth
and enlighten the shavers of Wall street.
New York Herald.
M ^ IV H O O IX
The vegetative powers of lire are strong, bat in
a few years how often the pallid hue, the lack-lus?
tre eye, and emaciated form, show their ba?era)
Influence. It soon becomes evident to the observ?
er that some depressing influence is checking tbe
development of the body. Consumption U talced
of, and perhaps \he youth ls removed from school
and sent into the country. This ls one of the
worst movements. Removed from ordinary di?
versions of the ever-changing scenes of the city,
the powers of the body, too m ooh enfeebled te
give zest to healthful and rural exercise, thoughts
are turned Inwardly npon themselves.
If the patient bea female the approach of the
menses ls looked for with anxiety aa the first
symptom in which naturels to show her saving
power In diffusing the circulation and visiting the
cheek with the bloom of health. Alas l increase
of appetite has grown by what lt fed on. The
energies of the system are prostrated, and thc
whole economy ls deranged. The beautiful and
wonderful period in which body and mind under*
go so fascinating a change from child to woman
ls looked for in vain. The parent's heart bleeds
in anxiety, and fancies the grave but walting for
H ELM BO LD'S
FOE WEAKNESS ABISING FBOM EXCESSES
OB EARLY INDISCRETION,
attended with the following symptoms: INDIS?
POSITION TO EXERTION, LOSS OF POWER,
LOSS OF MEMORY, DIFFICULTY OF BREATH?
ING, G?n?ral Weakness, Horror of Disease, Weak
Nerves, Trembling, Dreadful Horror of Death,
Night Sweats, Cold Feet, Wakefulness, Dimness of
Vision, LaDgor, Universal Lassitude of the Mason
lar System, often Enormous Appetite with Dys.
peptic Symptoms, Hot Hands, Flashing or the
Body, Dryness of the Skin, Pallid Countenances
and Erupt lot a on the Face, Pain in the Back,
Heaviness or the Eyelids, Frequently Black Spots
flying before the Eyes, with temporary Suffusion
and Loss of Sight, Want of Attention, Great Mo?
bility, Restlessness, with Horror of Society.
Nothing ls more desirable to snoh patients than
Solitude, and nothing they more dread, for fear
or themselves; no repose or manner, no earnest?
ness, no speculation; bnt a hurried transition
from one question to another.
THESE SYMPTOMS, IF ALLOWED TO GO ON
-WHICH THIS MEDICINE INVARIABLY RE?
MOVES-SOON FOLLOW LOSS OF POWER,
FATUITY AND EPILEPTIC FITS, IN ONE OF
WHICH THE PATIENT MAY EXPIRE.
Daring the Superintendence of Dr. WILSON at
the BLOOMING DA LE ASYLUM, this sad-ses ult
occurred to two patients. Reason had for a time
left them, and both died or j epilepsy. They were
or both sexes, and about twenty years or age.
Who can say that their excesses are not fre
quently followed by those direful diseases, IN?
SANITY and CONSUMPTION i The records of the
INSANE ASYLUMS, and the melancholy deaths by
Consumption, bear ample witness to the trnth or
these assertions. In Lunatic Asylums the most
melancholy exhibition appears. The countenance
is actually sodden and quite destitute; neither
mirth nor grier ever visits lt. Should a sound or
the voice occur lt ls rarely articulate.
" With worul measures wan despair
Low sullen sounds their grief beguiled."
While we regret the existence or the above dis?
eases and symptoms, we are prepared to offer aa
invaluable girt or chemistry for the removal of
IMPROVED ROSE WISH
Cures secret and delicate disorders in all their
stages, at little expense, little or no change in
diet, no Inconvenience, and no exposure. It ls
pleasant In taste and odor, immediate in its ac?
tion, free from all l?Jurlou8 properties, superse?
ding Copaiba and all other nauseous Compounds*
FLUID EXTRACT OF BUCHU.
There ls no tonic like lt. lt ls an anchor or hepe
to the physician and patient. This ls the testi?
mony or all who have used or prescribed lt.
Beware of counterfeits and those cheap decoc
tlons caliea Buchu, most of which are prepared
by self-styled doctors, from deleterious Ingre?
dients, and oflered for sale at "less price1' and
larger bottles," ic. They are unreliable and
Ask for Helmbold's. Take no
PRICE $1 25 PER BOTTLE, OR SIX
BOTTLES FOR $6 80.
Delivered to any address. Describe symptoms in
Established upward of twenty years, prepared by
H. T. HELMBOLD,
PRACTICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,
No. 594 Broadway, New York,
No. lol South Tenth street, Philadelphia, *Pa.
47-So ld by Druggists Ereryw here.-?a.
TAYLOR-Departed this life at Charleston. 8
C., February 5,1872. at 6 o'clock P. M. ?ra Bm'.
LAH FRANCES TAYLOB, wife of Mr. Thomas R.
Taylor, and daughter or the ute Rev. w iL
[ THE FRIENDS AND ACQUAINT-^
AN CES or Ur. and Mrs. Taylor, of Mrs. W. L.'
Hughes and family, of the Misses Auld, and tba
members or Zion (Glebe street) Presbyterian
Church, are respectful^ Invited to attend th?
Funeral Services or Mn. TATLOB, at Zion (Glebe'
street) Presbyterian Church, at ii o'clock THIS .
p?f THE RELATIVES AND FRIENDS
or Mr. and Mrs. Jas. L. Fraser, and or the late
Colonel D. L. McKay and family, are reepectMly
invited to attend the Funeral Serrice of Mrs,
FRASER, at St. Michael's Church, THIS DAY, tit.
hair past 2 o'clock. \ -febT .
" iBS-THE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
Acquaintances of Mr. JAMES SAVAGE, and of
Mr. and Mrs. Fahrtet Savage, are respectfully in?
vited to attend the Funeral of the former THIS
APTEBKOON, at 4 o'clock, irom his late residence,
No. 18 Archdale street, without farther invitation.
JAMES AUGER, from New Tort, are notified that
she will discharge cargo THIS DAT at AdgerU ?
South Wharf. Goods nncalled for at sunset will
remain on the wharf at owners' risk.
feb7-l JAMES ADGEB A CO., Agents. ?
' ^tsT*ALL PERSONS HAVING CLAIMS
against me will please present their billa for pay -,
ment up to the 26th instant, and all these Indebted.
to me will please make payment at once. '
L. LORENZT, j,,' .
feb6-s cornir Eing and Wentworth street*. '
? ?**NOTTCE~-0 F F IC E OF THE
CHABLESTON CHARITABLE ASSOCIATION,
FEBRUARY 1, 1872,-H. T. PETERS, Efl?,:; Ot.
Charleston, has been appointed General Agent by
the Manager of the Association. febee
JV THE CHARLESTON CHARITA?
BLE ASSOCIATION, FOB THE BENEFIT OP THE '
FBEE SCHOOL FUND.-OFFICAL RAFFLEB '
CLASS NO. 835-MoBMIMO. .?; _
CLASS NO. 830^ET>MIlfO. . ? <? 3
17-34-24-26-59-25-29-2)-45-57- 1-28 ,
As witness our band at Charleaton this otb day
or February, 1872. FENN PECK, . ;i ;
JAMES GILLI LAND, . j
Ogg_swbrn commissioners. ?
ps- CITADEL SQUARE BAPTIST
CHURCH.-The present week will b3 observed by
this Church as a SEASON OF PRAYER in behalf
A Meeting for Prayer ror the Spread of the Gos .
pei win be held in the Lecture Boom' of this '
Church every evening, (except Saturday,) oom
menclng at half-past 7 o'oloek. The Bev. J. E.
HARTWELL, a Missionary to Calna, lately from
thence, and about to return there again, will be
present, and will give some interesting informa- '
tlon with respect to Mhutonv'tn that great Em?
pire. ? febfi-6
ST. JOSEPH AND DENTEE
CITY RAILROAD COMPANY.'
EXECUTIVE OFFICE, NO. 81 NASSAU STRSBT, \
Nsw YOBS, February 1,1872.
The Coupons and registered interest doe Feb?
ruary 16,1872, on the First Mortgage Eight Per
Cent (8 p. c.) Gold Bonds (E. D.) and the Eight
Per Cent. (8 p. c) Gold First Mortgage Sinking
Fund Land Grant Bonds (W. D.,) of the St. Joseph
and Denver ?jty Railroad Company will be paid
at the office of the Farmers,' Loan and Trust
Company or the City of New York, opon preset ta?
tton and demand on and arter that date, Free of
Tax. - FRANOIS A COFFIN,
feb6-12 St. J. A D. C. B. B? Co.
CITY TAX NOTICE-OFFICE '
OF CITY APPRAISER. CITY HALL, CHARLES?
TON, S. C., FEBRUARY 6, IS72.-Notice ls
hereby given to all concerned that Returns
ror all Beal and Personal Property within tte
limits or the city or Charleston shall be made
and delivered at this office, on or before the 2iat
of February, instant, for the year 1872, verified
by the oath of the person whose duty lt ls so to
retnm said property, as principal, agent, trustee,
By Act or the Legislature, passed March 1, 1870,
lt ls made the duty or the City Appraiser to add
Fifty Per Ccu:, and One Dollar as penalty for
failure or neglect to make returns of property
within the time pi scribed.
Tne rollo wing must be returned tor taxation as
Personal Property, viz :
Horses and Mules, Neat Cattle.
Gold and Sliver Watches.
Gold and Silver Plate.
Plano Fortes, Melodeons and Cabinet Organs.
Carriages, Wagons, Drays, Carts and other
Average value or Goods, Merchandise or other
commodities pertaining to any business as Mer -
chant? Agent, or otherwise, between the 1st of
January, 1871, and 1st January, 1872.
Average valse or all materials used, or provided
ror use, as a Manufacturer, or otherwise, between
1st January, ISTI, and 1st January, 1872.
Value of all Machinery, Engines, Tools, Fix?
tures and implements used, or provided, and of
all manufactured articles on hand on January
Value or all Moneys-Including bank bills and
circulating notes on hand or deposit.
Value or all credits, over legal Indebtedness.
Value or au investments in the bonds*or stocks
or any company, corporation, or person, (Includ?
ing City or Charleston stock,) In or out or this
City, (except National Banks out or the City,) and
or the gross receipts or Insurance Agencies, in
money and notes, between the first day of Janu?
ary, 1871, and first day or January, 1872.
Value or all other Personal Property, including
AU persons who shall pay their taxes m one in?
stalment, on or before the 1st MARCH, 1872, shall
be allowed a reduction of Five Per Cent, on the
amount or the same.
W. H. EASTEBBY,
ieb5-mwiB City Appraiser.
BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS OF
PUBLIC LAND.-The Board of Commissioners of
Public Land will, at its next meeting, to be held
on WEDNESDAY, February 7, 1872, receive Con?
tracts for supplying the various Institutions under
their charge with WOOD, Oak and Pine, until the
1st day or May, 187a. Parties applying ror the
Contract, will hand In the same on or before that
day. By order ol the Board.
J. M. F. DEREEF,
reb3-smw3 Secretary B. C. P. L.
Happy relier for Young Men from the effect*
of Errors and Abases ta early life. Manhood re?
stored. Nervous debility cured, impedimenta
to Marriage removed. New method or treat?
ment. New and remarkable remedies. Booka
and Circulars sent free, in sealed envelopes. Ad?
dress HOWARD ASSOCIATION, No. 2 South
Ninth street, Philadelphia, Pa. ootia
COASTWISE AND FOREIGN MARINE RISKS
taken at reasonable rates in the ORIENT MUTUAL
INSURANCE COMPANY, or New York, and upon.
Iberal terms. HUGER A RA VENE L,
I Jan27-stuthsr5 No. 8 Broad sreew